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Городской семинар по английскому языку
«Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел
Сочинение»
(Из опыта работы учителя английского языка
высшей категории, отличника народного
образования Т. Д. Чигриневой)
23 октября 2013 года
Гимназия №39 «Классическая»
Writing an opinion essay
5 Paragraphs
Writing an opinion essay
▫ I paragraph Make an introduction/state the problem.
▫ II paragraph - Express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for it.
▫ III paragraph - Express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion.
▫ IV paragraph - Explain why you disagree with the opposing opinion.
▫ V paragraph - Make a conclusion relating to your opinion.
I paragraph - Make an introduction/state the
problem.
• Since time immemorial.../For centuries...people have been
arguing.../thinking about.../struggling for... /
• For years the problem of ... has been one of the most serious.
• It has been widely discussed in recent years whether... or not.
• People have always wanted...
• Today we still... (This problem) is/are getting more and more...
• Some people believe/argue/claim... that ..., while others
think/believe/argue...
• How does ... influence ...?
II paragraph - Express your personal opinion
and give 2-3 reasons for it.
To state your opinion:
• I (strongly) believe .../ In my opinion.../ From my point of view...
To list points:
• First of all.../ Firstly.../Secondly.../Finally...
To give reasons:
• ...because.../...because of.../...since.../...as.../...due to the fact that...
To say about the result:
• ...as a result.../...consequently...
To introduce example:
• For example.../For instance.../...such as...
III paragraph - Express an opposing opinion
and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion.
To introduce the opposite opinion:
• However, some people argue...
• On the other hand, many people believe that ... They argue that ...
because...
• On the other hand, many people are convinced that...They claim that...
because...
IV paragraph - Explain why you disagree with
the opposing opinion.
To disagree:
• I strongly disagree with this view, because ... (give a counter-argument)
V paragraph - Make a conclusion relating to
your opinion.
• In conclusion.../To sum up...
• Despite other people's opinion, I still believe/argue... that ...
Only people who earn a lot of money are
successful. Do you agree?
I paragraph - Make an introduction/state the
problem.
• Since time immemorial.../For centuries...people have been
arguing.../thinking about.../struggling for... /
People
have
wanted
to been
earn one
as much
as possible. It has
• For years
thealways
problem
of ... has
of themoney
most serious.
been widely discussed in recent years whether a great amount of
• It has been widely discussed in recent years whether... or not.
money can make a person successful in life. Some people claim that
•wealthy
People have
always wanted...
and luxurious
life may be a good foundation for being a
success,
while
others
hold a different
point more
of view.
• Today we
still...
(This problem)
is/are getting
and more...
• Some people believe/argue/claim... that ..., while others
think/believe/argue...
• How does ... influence ...?
Arguments
I’m against
I’m for
may have problems with your family
money gives independence
money can spoil people
enjoy all pleasures of life
lose their true friends and to attract jealous people
possess power
suffer from nervous breakdowns and feel lonely.
there are more essential values
II paragraph - Express your personal opinion
and give 2-3 reasons for it.
To state your opinion:
• I (strongly) believe .../ In my opinion.../ From my point of view...
In my
To
list opinion,
points: being rich doesn’t necessarily mean that you are successful.
For
example,
your main goal in life is making a fortune and all your
• First
of all.../ifFirstly.../Secondly.../Finally...
thoughts
are concentrated on this, you may have problems with your family
To give reasons:
as
you don’t have the time
for your close people. Moreover,
money
can spoil
• ...because.../...because
of.../...since.../...as.../...due
to the fact
that...
people because the rich become greedy, arrogant, treat other people as their
To
say about
result:
inferiors.
As athe
result,
they are likely to lose their true friends and to attract
•jealous
...as a people
result.../...consequently...
and have a lot of enemies. Last but not least, they can suffer
To
introduce
from
nervousexample:
breakdowns and feel lonely.
• For example.../For instance.../...such as...
III paragraph - Express an opposing opinion
and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion.
To introduce the opposite opinion:
• However, some people argue...
On
convinced
millionaires
• Onthe
theother
otherhand,
hand,many
manypeople
peopleare
believe
that ...that
They
argue thatenjoy
... all
the
pleasures of life buying luxury things, travelling around the globe,
because...
besides, they possess power and often appear on TV screens, consequently,
• On the other hand, many people are convinced that...They claim that...
they are happy and feel their importance in their country.
because...
IV paragraph - Explain why you disagree with
the opposing opinion.
I strongly disagree with this view. I suppose that the people who consider
To disagree:
money to be the only way of being successful are wrong. I know a lot of
•people
I strongly
disagree
view,
... can
(givecall
a counter-argument)
in Russia
andwith
in mythis
town,
asbecause
well, who
themselves successful
although, they never had much money but they got recognition for their
contribution in different fields; medicine, education, science, politics.
V paragraph - Make a conclusion relating to
your opinion.
• In conclusion.../To sum up...
• Despite other people's opinion, I still believe/argue... that ...
Despite other people’s opinion, I still believe money has nothing to do with
success. From my point of view, it is more important to be respected by the
people from your community, have positive thinking and desire to help those
people who are in need.
Only people who earn a lot of money are
successful. Do you agree?
On the have
People
otheralways
hand, many
wanted
people
to earn
areasconvinced
much money
thatas
millionaires
possible. Itenjoy
has been
all thewidely
discussed of
pleasures
in life
recent
buying
years
luxury
whether
things,
a great
travelling
amount
around
of money
the globe,
can make
besides,
a person
they
successful
possess
power
in life.
and
Some
often
people
appear
claim
on TV
that
screens,
wealthy
consequently,
and luxuriousthey
life may
are happy
be a good
and
foundation
feel
their importance
for being ainsuccess,
their country.
while others hold a different point of view.
IInstrongly
my opinion,
disagree
being
with
richthis
doesn’t
view.necessarily
I suppose that
mean
the
that
people
you are
whosuccessful.
consider money
For
example,
to
be the only
if your
way
main
of being
goal in
successful
life is making
are wrong.
a fortune
I know
and aalllotyour
of people
thoughts
in are
Russia
concentrated
and
in my town,
on as
this,
well,
youwho
maycan
have
callproblems
themselves
withsuccessful
your family
although,
as you don’t
they never
have
the time
had
muchfor
money
your close
but they
people.
got recognition
Moreover, money
for theircan
contribution
spoil people
in different
because the
fields;
rich
become greedy,
medicine,
education,
arrogant,
science,
treatpolitics.
other people as their inferiors. As a result, they are
likely
to lose
true friends
and
to attract
and have
a lot
of
Despite
othertheir
people’s
opinion,
I still
believejealous
moneypeople
has nothing
to do
with
enemies.
Last my
butpoint
not least,
theyitcan
sufferimportant
from nervous
success. From
of view,
is more
to bebreakdowns
respected byand
thefeel
people
lonely.
.
from your. .community,
have positive thinking and desire to help those in need.
Критерии оценивания задания С2 Opinion
Essay
1. Содержание – 3 балла
Вступление – постановка проблемы
Мнение автора с 2-3 аргументами
Противоположная точка зрения с 1-2 аргументами
Объяснение, почему автор не согласен с противоположной
точкой зрения (контраргументы)
Заключение с подтверждением позиции автора
Стилевое оформление выбрано правильно: соблюдается
нейтральный стиль
Критерии оценивания задания С2 Opinion
Essay
2. Организация – 3 балла
Логичность
Деление на абзацы
Использование средств логической связи
Критерии оценивания задания С2 Opinion
Essay
3. Лексика – 3 балла
Запас слов и разнообразие используемой лексики (синонимы,
антонимы, фразеологизмы ) и их соответствие высокому уровню
(В2 по общеевропейской шкале).
Точность в выборе слов и выражений и их соответствие теме и
ситуации общении; правильность их употребления в контексте
Правильность формирования лексических словосочетаний
Критерии оценивания задания С2 Opinion
Essay
4. Грамматика – 3 балла
Разнообразие и корректность используемых грамматических
средств;
Сложность используемых конструкций (пассивный залог,
модальные глаголы, причастия, инфинитив, перфектные формы)
Критерии оценивания задания С2 Opinion
Essay
5. Орфография и пунктуация – 2 балла
*Only people who earn a lot of money are successful. Do you agree?
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