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Ы
Я
ХЯ
28–29
я
я 2016
2017
81+37.016:81
81.2-9
43
-
№7
13
(
2017 .)
:
. .
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,
,
(
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,
-
-
.
.);
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43
:
, 28–29
2016
:
, 2017. – 123 .
]. –
,
.
.
.
-
«
-
/ [
»,
,
,
,
.
2016
28–29
.


ISBN 978-5-4222-0333-8
2
«
, 2017
. .
-
», 2017
28–29
2016
-
«
»,
,
,
,
,
.
,
,
(
.
(
. .
. . . . .
. .
. .
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,
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81.111’367.623’37
81.432.1-213
.А.
«
.
А
»
,
.
,
.
:
,
,
.
,
,
.
S.A. Vinogradova
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
SEMANTIC DERIVATION OF RELATIVE ADJECTIVES
Abstract. In the article, the semantic derivation of relative adjectives is considered in the diachronic aspect, revealing the patterns and directions of the semantic
processes in the historical perspective. Substantive and indicative models of semantic
derivation are revealed in different groups of relative adjectives.
Key words: semantic derivation, relative adjectives, metaphor, metonymy, diachronic analysis.
,
,
.
–
,
,
14
.
,
,
,
.
4
,
,
,
,
,
.
,
:
,
.
-
.
-
,
flowery dew = flower + dew.
:
.
(
-
,
): wooden figure, woollen sock, etc.,
flowery
,
.
<related to>,
: <abounding in or covered with flow-
ers>; <producing flowers>
The floury ʒer [orig. florifer annus] (1374).
Come, sit thee downe vpon this flowry bed (1590).
The flowery May, who from her green lap throws The yellow cowslip
(
) (1630) [OED].
,
– <†flourishing, vigorous>
flower <the state or time of
bloom; season>,
,
:
That floury youthe in his cesoun conquered (1420) [OED].
,
,
flourishing, efflorescent, floriferous,
bloomy, flowering
.
,
flowery
,
,
.
5
,
-
,
<ornamented with figures
,
,
of flowers>; <of floral design>,
(
)
flower <an ornamental representation of a
flower, etc.>,
1230
:
As a flourie verge, to binde The skirts of that same watrie Cloud (1667).
flowery <abounding in flowers of speech; full of fine words
and showy expressions>,
flower,
<
>
1508
.
Thinke you I can a resolution fetch From flowrie tendernesse? (1603).
Certain flowery gentlemen, who told us, in very pretty language… (1784).
The answer was plain and practical; not flowery (1824) [OED].
(COCA)
,
“disapproving”,
‘
’, ‘
’
Directly following his paean to Darwin from his English monograph and
as an excuse for such flowery generality, he wrote… (1996) [COCA].
<composed of flowers>; <having the nature of
flowers>; <proceeding from or characteristic of flowers>
<related to flower(s)>
,
:
Neighbring Hermon sweated flowry dew (1635).
She viewed the flowery luxuriance of the turf (1671) [OED].
,
<smelling or tasting of a flower>
Oxford English Dictionary [OED],
19
,
1810
:
Catching no flowery scent from fields Elysian, Weak, groveling and
blind! (1854) [COHA].
When a gust of flowery fragrance comes to me, as when I walk by a blossoming bean-field or a field of lu’cerne, it is always like a new and wonderful
experience, a delightful surprise (1922) [COHA].
.
,
,
6
ery,
,
,
.
flow-
,
.
-
woollen
,
,
,
,
:
Ic ʒe-an sancte Æðelðryðe anes wullenan kyrtle (1046).
Þe spere carf þorouʒ out As þorouʒ a wollene clout (1300) [OED].
woollen tunic, woollen cloth <made of wool>
File de Layn appelle Wolyn-yerne (1376).
woollen yarn <manufactured from wool>
,
<wearing
,
woollen
<covered with (a fleece of) wool>.
clothing>
:
By comyn accord of the bisshoppes they cam wullen and barfote in the
chirche of our lord (1481).
woollen bishops – bishops <wearing woollen clothes>
,
,
7
pedes laneos or lanatos habere ‘to have woollen feet’
<to walk silently, to move unperceived>.
,
woollen feet – feet, as if <made of wool>, <silent>
.
Following with wollen feet, but smiting with an arme of iron (1597)
[OED].
,
,
:
<
>,
<related to the production
of wool>:
A company in the interior of Illinois are putting up a woolen factory
(1850).
In the woolen industry, peculiar advantages are gained by mixing different
varieties of the raw material (1871) [COHA].
,
:
,
.
-
,
.
,
:
1. Corpus of Contemporary American English. URL: http://www.corpus.byu.edu.coca [COCA].
2. Corpus of Historical American English. URL: http://corpus.byu.edu/ [COHA].
8
3. Oxford English Dictionary. The definite record of the English Language. Copyright 2016.
URL: www.oed.com.
9
[378.016:81’25’34]:004.9
74.268.19=432.1,1
. .
«
, . .А
.
А
»
,
.
,
Rinel-Lingo.
,
;
-
:
,
.
,
E.N. Kvasyuk, E.V. Aleksandrova
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
USE OF MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING ENGLISH
PHONETICS AND FOR AUTOMATION OF TRANSLATION SKILLS
Abstract. The article states the advantages of using multimedia technologies in
teaching English phonetics and interpreting; it describes the possibilities of working in
a language laboratory, equipped with a multimedia language Rinel-Lingo set to train
a foreign language.
Key words: multimedia technologies, language laboratory, teaching English
phonetics and interpreting.
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Rinel-Lingo SX108 Audio.
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Rinel-Lingo
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Rinel-Lingo
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4
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,
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3.
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,
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:
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.
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17
,
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a)
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),
-
)
.
(
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,
rtf, doc, docx, odt.
,
)
,
(
,
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pdf,
;
,
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)
(
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-
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.
:
1.
2.
. .
[
. .
[
. .
3.
4.
]. URL: http:festival.1september.ru.
. .
//
]. URL: http://festival.1september.ru.
[
]. URL: http:festival.1september.ru.
[
] /
. .
. URL: http://ito.edu.ru/1999/II/3/362.html.
18
,
Rinel-Lingo
5.
6.
http://www.rinel.ru/po.htm.
. .
[
].
URL:
Rinel-Lingo
[
] //
,
. 2015. № 11. URL: http://psychology.snauka.ru/2015/11/6069.
-
19
I.
81’367.627:659.1
81.055
.А.
«
, . .
.
А
.
,
.
,
:
.
:
,
.
,
.
»
,
,
S.А. Vinogradova, S.S. Klimentyeva
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
NUMERALS IN ADVERTISING DISCOURSE
Abstract. This article analyzes the use of numerals in the contemporary advertising discourse. The authors offer three options for the use of digital information in
manipulative purposes: distortion, concealment, dosing of information. Examples of
the use of numerals in all the three functions in order to manipulate human mind are
suggested.
Key words: theory of manipulation, numerals, manipulative effect, the advertising discourse.
.
,
«
. .
» [2, . 60].
,
.
,
;
,
20
.
,
,
.
,
,
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,
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,
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.
»
,
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-
,
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–
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,
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:
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(
);
,
,
[1, . 2].
.
,
,
,
.
,
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–
«
.
,
-
,
99
,
«
,
.


,
.
,
,
,
:
,
;

,
;
,
.
.
Blizzard Fruits.
: “99% fat free”, “99% fruit juice”.
,
,
«
»
»
21
,
,
,
,
.
.
,
.
,
,
“70% more vertical lashes”.
,
«
: 6,99 –
,
«
,
,
-
,
»
,
».
- -
.
.
7,
7
,
,
,
“3 Hot Looks in 1 Mascara!”
,
.
,
.
“Turn
to
1
for
up
to
3x
more
volume;
turn
2 for up to 5x more volume; turn to 3 for up to 10x more volume”.
,
,
.
,
1,67
,
–
2
.
,
,
,
.
7
,
,
3
22
,
–
:
to
,
,
:
: “7 years of re-
search”, “3 patents”.
,
.
,
,
.
,
6,99$,
–
,
,
;
.
.
,
,
,
Pepsi 1993
calories” (
,
.
, 1/3
).
,
–
).
.
,
,
: “All the taste, 1/3 of the
,
,
,
,
.
.
CNN: “Be the first to know” (
,
.
,
,
,
,
,
.
.
,
,
70% off”
.
,
.
.
,
“50%,
,
,
;
,
,
,
this new card” (50
).
50
,
,
(
,
,
.
–
Chase Bank,
: “50$ says you’re going to sign up for
,
.
;
50$ –
, ,
).
Crest 3D White Luxe.
23
,
,
,
,
3D-
,
.
3D
,
,
,
;
.
5
5 –
(Breath Feels Fresh up to 5X Longer).
,
;
2
3,
,
.
,
–
,
«
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
– 5,5%.
,
,
-
»
.
100$,
.
10$,
,
,
,
,
«
,
.
150$ – 25$,
250$ – 45$ +
Free Shipping
,
;
.
,
,
.
10%,
,
»
.
– 6%,
,
.
,
,
.
,
,
.
,
,
24
,
,
:
. .
1.
2.
. .«
№ 22. . 57–63.
. 2011. № 2. . 86–91.
»–
.
.
25
//
.
//
. 33. 2009.
81’37(=1.481.7)
81.433.4-003
.А.
«
.
,
(
А
)
.
-
:
,
»
.
,
.
,
,
.
,
,
,
,
S.A. Kobtseva
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
DOMINANTS OF THE CONCEPTUAL WORLD PICTURE
OF THE RESIDENTS OF NORTHERN NORWAY
(based on the associative experiment data)
Abstract. The article is devoted to the description of the linguo-culturological
study of the conceptual world image of the inhabitants of Northern Norway. This study
is based on the material of the regional newspaper discourse and the associative experiment.
Key words: nordic co-operation, conceptual sphere, concept, national-cultural
identity, picture of the world, associative experiment, stereotype core, cognitive and
meaning structure, associative field.
.
«
» [1, . 3].
,
,
,
,
,
.
.
26
,
,
,
,
.
.
,
,
,
,
:
[7].
.
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-
,
,
,
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.
ё
,
.
«
.
» (Finnmarken) –
–
(
. fylker)
,
.
,
.
,
. .
[3, 4, 5, 6].
.
2 199
1
,
2015
,
27
:
31
.
2016
,
.
,
,
,
,
,
[2].
,
,
,
34
– 11
– 11
– 12
16–25
26–50
51–70
;
;
.
2016
http://webanketa.com
(
. bokmål – «
»).
,
(
24%),
:
,
,
(
).
)
.
:
,
5
,
: Politikk,
Økonomi, Kultur, Sport, Miljø [10].
,
(
. .
, . .
.
«
200
.
-
,
.
»)
,
.
:
. nynorsk –
(
.
.
,
,
85–90%
[12].
,
28
.
795
: Politikk (171
), Kultur (158
), Sport (153
5
(168
(145
), Økonomi
), Miljø
).
-
.
,
,
,
«
.
(
. .
[3, 5].
“Politikk”,
,
),
» [4]
171
: demokrati/
(18), makt/
(17), valg/
(16), parti/
(12),
likestilling/
(7), løgn/
(7), flyktninger/
(7),
Arbeiderpartiet/
(6), penger/
(5), statsminister/
(5), korrupsjon/
(5), politiske skikkelser/
(5), grunnlov/
(4), viktig/
(3), politiker/
(3), sosialisme/
(2),apartheid/
(2), forhandlinger/
(2), stemmerett/
(2), debatt/
(2), Venstre parti/
(2), Høyre parti/
(2), kiaos/
(2), lytter ikke
til folk/
(2), regjering parti/
, kompromiss/
, forklare/
, bestemme/
, retorikk/
,
dele sin egen kake/
, svindel/
, kjeddelig/
,
nødvendig/
, urettferdighet/
, inkompetanse/ , teater/
, spill/
, Oslo/
, samfunn/
,
Jens
Stoltenberg/
,
verdensherredømme/
,
fordelingsnorm/
,
muliggjør
politikk/
,
Sametinget/
,
ubarmhjertig/
, kapitalisme/
, kontroll/
,
solidaritet/
,
mennesker/
,president/
,stat/
,
lovgivning/
, statsbudsjett/
,
29
, regjeringen/
.
skatt/
verden/
.
171
, lovgiver/
,
84
87
,
.
»(
.
(49%),
,
51%
«
,
,
.).
“Politikk”
(
1.
2.
3.
4.
5–7.
5–7.
5–7.
)
demokrati/
makt/
valg/
parti/
likestilling/
løgn/
flyktninger/
:
18
17
16
12
7
7
7
84
7
: demokrati/
(17), valg/
(16), parti/
(7), løgn/
(7), flyktninger/
(7).
(18), makt/
likestilling/
(12),
“Politikk”.
,
.
,
.
-
-
“Politikk”:
, grunnlov/
1. Politikk/
[ ]
: valg/
,
regjeringen/
.
2.
Politikk/
: sosialisme/
, kapitalisme/
.
3. Politikk/
[
]
: makt/
, likestilling/
,
kontroll/
.
4. Politikk/
[
]
: politiske skikkelser/
, statsminister/
, politiker/
, Arbeiderpartiet/
, Venstre parti/
, Høyre parti/
.
30
5. Politikk/
: verden/
, stat/
,
muliggjør/
.
6. Politikk/
[
]
: Oslo/
, samfunn/
.
7. Politikk/
: løgn/
, korrupsjon/
, viktig/
.
8.
politikk/
: demokrati/
, flyktninger/
, apartheid/
.
9.
politikk/
(
)
: parti/
, penger/
,
forhandlinger/
.
«
1.
»
(23
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
valg/
, lovgiver/
16,
-
4, regjeringen/
, Sametinget/
.
(3
.): sosialisme/
2,
kapitalisme/
.
(31 .): makt/
17, likestilling/
7, kontroll/
, solidaritet/
, lovgivning/
, verdensherredømme/
, fordelingsnorm/
, statsbudsjett/
, skatt/
.
(27 .): Arbeiderpartiet/
6,
politiske skikkelser/
5, statsminister/
5, politiker/
3, Venstre parti/
2, Høyre
parti/
2, regjering parti/
, Jens
Stoltenberg/
, mennesker/
, president/
.
(4 .): verden/
, stat/
,
muliggjør/
, ubarmhjertig/
.
(2
.): Oslo/
, samfunn/
.
–
(27
.): løgn/
7, korrupsjon/
5, viktig/
3, kiaos/
2, lytter ikke til folk/
2, dele sin egen kake/
,
svindel/
, kjeddelig/
, nødvendig/
,
urettferdighet/
,
inkompetanse/
,
teater/
, spill/
.
(27 .): demokrati/
18, flyktninger/
7, apartheid/
2.
(27 .): parti/
12, penger/
5, forhandlinger/
2, stemmerett/
2,
debatt/
2,
kompromiss/
,
forklare/
,
bestemme/
, retorikk/
.
grunnlov/
2.
.):
:
31
“Politikk”,
:
(31
.)
(27 .)
(27 .)
(27 .)
(27 .)
(23 .)
(4 .)
(3 .)
(2 .)
1.
2–5.
2–5.
2–5.
5–5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
,
–
:
“Politikk”
.
–
10%
15%
–
.
– 14%
: 5%
– 2%
– 2%
– 1%
: 14%
(
(17%),
(16%),
81%
15%
(16%),
(
(14%).
(2%),
(1%).
10%
:
: 81%
– 17%
– 16%
– 16%
– 16%
– 16%
,
,
“Politikk”
: 5%.
10%
.
“Politikk”
“Politikk”
32
,
):
(16%),
(16%),
)
:
(2%),
løgn/
(7), korrupsjon/
(5), apartheid/
(2), lytter ikke til folk/
(2), kiaos/
(2), dele
sin egen kake/
, svindel/
, ubarmhjertig/ , urettferdighet/
, inkompetanse/
, teater/
, spill/
,
“Politikk”,
.
“Politikk”,
, flyktninger/
.
: valg/
,
,
“Politikk/
”
,
.
,
,
,
,
,
,
.
:
.
1.
2.
.
.:
. .
. «
( )
-
. 2009.
, 2005. 543 .
33
» //
. 1 (41). . 3–21.
.
.
:
3.
.
4.
5.
. .
- . 2011. № 7.
«
. .
:
, 2012. . 147–162.
. .
«
. 70–77.
6.
.
7.
[
-
».
. 4 «
//
//
. .
. . .
-
». . 174–179.
:
.
- . 2012. № 29.
».
:
.
].
: 29.11.2015).
URL:
.
//
, 20
2015 . /
:
, 2015. . 13–23.
//
http://www.norway.mid.ru/ru/rn-politics.html (
«
]. URL: https://www.scienceforum.ru/
8. VII
» – 2015 [
2015/1079/14658 (
: 17.01.2016).
9. b-port [
]. URL: http://www.b-port.com/index/item/21055.html
(
: 28.08.2015).
10. Webanketa [
]. URL: http://webanketa.com/ru/myforms/?sessid=
d1bf821c8ae3dfa3d2a20a057838c00f6a3527011dk.
11. iFinnmark [
].
: http://www.ifinnmark.no.
12. Sprakradet [
]. URL: http://www.sprakradet.no/Fakta/ (
: 22.10.2016).
34
81’25:1
81.18
А. .
«
.
«
А
.
,
,
,
«
»
:
.
»
,
»
,
.
,
.
,
,
,
A.V. Kopylov
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
PHILOSOPHY AND THE ‘OBLIVION OF TRANSLATION’
Abstract. The article discusses the traditional lack of interest in the phenomenon of translation on the part of mainstream European philosophy, which appears
odd, given the key role translations have played in creating and maintaining the entire
Western philosophical tradition. The author suggests that this ‘oblivion of translation’
is largely due to the effect of the functioning of a number of cultural mechanisms
whose emergence may be traced back to as early as Ancient Greece.
Key words: translation, philosophy of translation, ‘oblivion of translation’, fictitious translations.
,
,
C
,
.
,
,
«
,
.
».
.
.
,
,
,
35
,
,
«
»
,
:
-
[1, c. 55].
,
,
–
(
«
) [5, c. 423].
,
,
«
,
,
»,
»,
[1, c. 56],
,
.
,
: «
,
,
,
.
,
,
,
» [4, c. 221].
,
:
.
–
,
,
,
,
,
«
,
»
(«
.
,
»)
(«
,
,
»)
[5, c. 423].
,
,
,
:
1
–
,
.
,
.
«
»
[7, c. 25].
1
,
,
36
,
–
,
,
.
[3].
(
),
,
.
,
,
,
,
,
.
»
,
»
,
.
,
»
,
.
,
.
,
:
,
,
[7, c. 25].
,
,
.
),
,
.
.
(
.
,
,
,
,
37
,
,
«
(
«
1820-
,
» [10,
-
,
,
.
»,
«
«
,
,
«
c. 352–353].
,
«
»
,
,
.
«
«
,
:
,
»
,
,
,
)
»,
,
.
1829
,
,
.
,
,
(
,
«
,
»
«
,
,
.
,
–
»,
,
,
.
» [2, c. 72].
.
,
,
Index,
lators) [11, c. 168].
,
,
«
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
«
(
),
,
-
.
.)
,
,
,
,
,
,
Oxford World’s Classics,
» (translations),
«
,
:
.
,
» (trans-
.
«
»
,
,
«
,
,
[11, c. XX].
.
.
[7, c. 25–26].
»
, «
»
,
«
» (De Doctrina Christiana)
,
,
,
[8, c. 58].
,
.
,
:
38
,
,
,
,
:
.
,
,
,
,
,
(
,
,
,
,
,
,
«
,
«
,
»,
.
»).
,
,
,
.
».
,
«
XIX
.
«
,
,
,
;
,
«
ó
,
.
,
.
,
1858
«
» [6, c. 74].
,
».
»
(fictitious translations)
,
,
–
:
.
,
,
,
»
«
.
.
.
.
39
,
,
.
.
«
,
,
,
,
»,
«
[9, c. 3–4].
.
»,
,
«
»(
–
»
:
,
«
,
-
),
«
» (languages of enlightened mediation),
,
–
«
,
. .),
.
(
,
,
«
,
»
«
,
,
,
,
,
(inferiorizing activity)»,
,
25–26].
,
.
»,
:
,
.
,
.
[7, c.
,
:
. .
1.
.
2.
3.
4.
5.
.:
.
.
;
.:
/
, 2008. 398 . (
/
, 1989. 704 .
.
.
«
.
, 2003. 494 .
.
. 2-
.
.
: 2 ./
/
. .
.
.
.:
», 2006. 348 .
.
. . .
).
.
.:
;
.
.:
, 1990. . 1. 592 .
;
.
. .:
.
. .
.
.
.
.
.:
, 2001. 496 . (
.
. XXIX).
7. A Companion to Translation Studies / ed. by P. Kuhiwczak and K. Littau. Cleveland; Buffalo; Toronto: Multilingual Matters, 2007. 182 p. (Topics in Translation: 34).
6.
40
8. Hermans T. Translation, Irritation and Resonance // Constructing a Sociology of Translation / Ed. by M. Wolf, A. Fukari. Amsterdam; Philadelphia, 2007. P. 57–75.
9. Hung E. (Ed.) Translation and Cultural Change. Studies in history, norms and image-projection. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2005. xvi + 195 p.
10. Meschonnic H. Texts on Translation. Introduction and translations by A. Pym // Target.
15(2). 2003. P. 352–353.
11. St. Augustine. On Christian Teaching / St. Augustine; translated with an introduction and
notes by R.P.H. Green. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. 168 p. (Oxford World’s
Classics).
41
811.111’373.423
81432.1-3
.А.
«
.
А
,
»
.
.
,
,
,
.
,
.
:
,
,
,
,
,
.
.
E.A. Kozlova
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
ON FUNCTIONING OF HOMONYMS IN MODERN ENGLISH
Abstract. This article is devoted to the study of such practical problem of homonymy as the functioning of homonyms in speech and writing. Our study shows that
the functioning of homonyms in speech is not similar to an expressive use of synonyms
or antonyms, with the exception of their use in puns and jokes. The decisive factor in
differentiating homonyms is the interaction of semantics of a particular homonym and
its context. A subsidiary factor is the difference in the spelling of homonyms and their
different grammatical forms.
Key words: homonyms, homographs, homophones, lexical collocation, grammatical collocation, differentiation of words.
,
.
,
,
.
:
,
,
,
42
.
,
,
.
,
straight –
« .»
narrow
,
.
«
strait –
« .»,
.»
,
.
: strait
,
,
-
2 540
(93%)
. . .
,
, 230 (9,1%) –
,
,
straight
.
,
2 286 (89%)
, 24 (0,9%) –
,
[3, c. 84].
«
.
10 888
,
-
,
. .
»
,
,
, 2 370
[4, c. 80].
?
,
.
,
.
,
.
.
.
.
,
,
,
,
,
,
[6, c. 118].
,
,
,
43
,
.
.
1)
2)
,
)
)
)
3)
4)
:
,
,
1.
(
,
; /’big/
; /’taim/
(
); /’ai/
); /’greit/
,
; /’ha:t/
; /’kæ∫/
,
,
),
–
; /’∂:n/
; /’eit/
« » (
; /’wen/
,
; /’mæt∫/
; /’neil/
,
; /’bæŋk/
.
.
:
(
); /’pla:nt/
; /’pju:pl/
,
.
»
,
.
,
«
); /’paund/
; /’wit∫/
) [7].
(
; /’konkri:t/
; /’keis/
; /’mΛst/
(
,
/’kæpit∂l/
(
,
,
2.
.
«
.
,
,
.
,
-
.
/’o:l/
-
;
(
).
:
;
;
);
,
,
;
,
,
,
.
»
; /’fa:st/
,
,
44
,
,
,
,
,
.
,
.
.
,
.
,
You promised to tell me your history, – said Alice – Mine is a long and
sad tale, – said the Mouse sighing. – It is a long tail, certainly, – said Alice,
looking down with wonder at the Mouse’s tail. – But why do you call it sad?!
(L. Carrol. Alice in Wonderland) [5, c. 73].
***
“What’s the difference between soldiers and girls?” “The soldier faces
powder. Girls powder faces.” [2, c. 222]
***
“Waiter!”
“Yes, sir.”
“What’s this?”
“It’s bean soup, sir.”
“Never mind what it has been. I want to know what it is now.” [1, c. 167]
***
Husband and wife were enjoying a quiet evening by their fireside. He
deep in a book and she in a crossword puzzle. Suddenly she questioned him:
“Darling, what is a female sheep?”
“Ewe [ju:]”, he replied. His further explanation hardly soothed her
[1, c. 177].
)
,
,
,
,
.
,
,
.
,
I could not bear the sight of the poor bear in the bare forest near the construction site [5, c. 72].
,
,
.
)
,
,
.
, /’blou/
about –
(
), up –
, in –
, off –
, over –
, upon –
(
).
, /’blou/
: (to) /’blou/ one’s own horn (trumpet)
, (to) /’blou/ the coals (fire)
(
,
,
).
/’blou/
45
: /’blou/, /’blouz/, /’blouiŋ/, /’blu:/, /’bloun/,
.
/’lait/
/’lait/
,
.
,
: /’laiti∫/
/
; /’laits∂m/
(
)
(
).
/’laitn/
.
light
lightly
. /’lait/
:
/’lait/ – minded
, /’lait/ – hearted
, /’lait/ – headed
, /’lait/ – footed
, /’lait/ – fingered
,
/’lait/
[4, c. 82].
)
,
,
,
,
:
/’tai∂/
(
- )
(
), /’heil/
(
- )
, /’peid /
(
- )
,
(
- )
[7].
(
)
,
,
,
.
3.
,
,
:
/’pi:s/
,
,
/’pi:s/
,
.
/’ε∂/
, /’trΛst/
, /’ai∂n/
.
,
,
,
.
,
/’kru:z/
,
/z/
,
/’kru:z/
/z/
,
.
,
,
–
.
,
,
.
, /’dai/
.
,
: /’ring/
;
: /’so:/
, /’faund/
, /si:z/
[7].
46
4.
–
: /’o:/ or – ore- oar awe, /’ai/ I – eye – ay, /’rait/ write – right –
wright –rite, /si:z/ seas-sees – seize
.
,
,
: /’bo:n/ born
borne
, /’tΛn/ tun
ton
, /flau∂/ flour
flower
.
: /’bai/ buy – bye – by, /∂’laud/ aloud –
allowed, /’nouz/ nose – knows, /’au∂/ our – hour;
: feet – feat, bitts – bits, guise – guys, laches – latches;
(
,
,
): rose – rows
– rose; breches
– breeches
– breaches
(
) [7].
,
,
,
.
(
).
.
.
,
,
,
.
,
,
, –
.
,
.
,
.
:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
.
. .,
. .
. .
. .,
. 3.,
. .
. .:
(
. .
. .
, 2001.
(
. 1960. № 5. C. 80–84.
.
, 1992.
) //
47
:
). ., 1977.
. .:
, 1990.
6.
.
C. 117–124.
7.
//
. .
.
. 1960. № 5.
-
, 1975.
81.255.2+821.11
81.18
. .
«
.
А
.
»
,
,
«
».
-
.
:
,
,
.
,
N.V. Ovcharenko
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE PRESERVATION OF THE HUMOR
EFFECT IN THE TRANSLATION OF FICTION
Abstract. This article is devoted to the analysis of methods of translation, when
translating the story of the Strugatsky brothers “Monday begins on Saturday”. A comparison is made between the methods for creating a humorous effect in the original
text and the methods of its re-creation in the text of the translation.
Key words: humorous effect, methods of translation, stylistic means, artistic
translation.
–
,
.
.
,
,
): «
».
,
.
…
,
(
,
48
.
,
;
,
XIII
,
,
–
.
,
. .
ё
.
»
. 50].
–
. .
,
. .
,
,
,
. .
,
,
,
,
.
.
,
, «
:
.
,
» [3, . 81].
,
.
,
.
,
49
,
,
.
«
-
» [2,
–
,
,
.
«
.
ё
ё
ё
,
.
,
,
.
.
,
»
.
,
«
, . .
.
. .
«
[1, . 117–118].
:
,
,
,
,
,
. .
,
,
:
. .
,
.
.
»,
[5, . 11].
[1, . 117–119].
,
,
,
[4, . 34].
»
«
,
,
,
ё
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
.
“And later, of course, the tempered arrow and off with all the three
heads. Ivan removes the three hearts
… and carts them home to his mother; the
, . cretin… Now, how do you like that for
a gift [Strugatsky]!”
[
28]!
!»).
(«
,
–
,
.
:
,
.
,
–
,
,
(
«
»),
,
you like them apples”,
,
,
,
,
.
-
,
.
,
,
[
,
,
“how do
.
Everyone tried to maintain only
the nicest of relations with Modest
Matveevich, inasmuch as he was a man
, of power, unbending and monumentally ignorant [Strugatsky].
, . 97].
,
,
50
,
«
,
».
.
,
[
,
,
, . 35]?..
. .
…»)
.
,
be climbing trees”.
–
,
»[
«
,
At the end of the story, I asked
the lieutenant most earnestly not to interpret my actions as an attempt to save
up the price of a car [Strugatsky].
».
,
,
,
“car”.
«
, . 48].
,
, “I couldn’t picture how one could
,
“scale”
«
»,
– «
scale
«
»,
,
,
, . 56].
», («…
,
.
«
[
«
.
».
I
have
nothing
against
, mermaids, but I couldn’t picture how
… one could be climbing trees... But
on the other hand, what about the
scales [Strugatsky]?
» I bought a two-day-old Pravda [Strugatsky].
«
».
,
.
.
.
,
51
,
.
.
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
.
,
,
,
,
.
,
,
.
:
. .
1.
2.
.
. .
(
, 1975.
3.
.
4.
5.
. .
-
, 1972.
.
.
, 2008.
.:
;
.:
:
, 1995.
, 1974.
.
).
.:
.
.:
.:
:
:[
]. .:
, 2016.
2. Strugatsky Arkadi and Boris. Monday begins on Saturday: [translated from the Russian by
Leonid Renen]. DAW Books, INC., 1977.
1.
. .,
. .
52
811.111’37:115
81.432.1-003
. .
«
.
,
»
А
.
,
.
:
.
,
,
,
.
,
V.G. Piksendeeva
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
THE LANGUAGE AND COGNITIVE MODELLING
OF TIME IMAGES IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of describing abstract mental
constructions with the help of concrete models. The author depicts the ways of building up a special model of the TIME concept, as it is one of the ways to describe the
language representation of this concept within the framework of cognitive science.
Key words: cognitive linguistics, concept, conceptualization process, world picture, cognitive picture, language picture, language system, mental pictures, the method of modeling.
–
.
:
.
.
:
,
,
,
-
.
,
53
.
.
–
.
.
,
,
,
,
,
.
.
,
,
.
(
).
,
,
,
.
«
»,
»,
–
.
,
.
,
.
,
–
,
–
,
ё
(
ё
,
,
:
«
,
»
,
));
.
.
:
«
(
,
,
,
-
.
,
;
,
);
,
,
(
,
» [1, . 38].
.
,
.
ё
54
,
,
,
.
,
,
.
.
,
,
.
,
,
,
.
,
:
.
,
,
,
,
(It’s 10.30.
(
)
before war, after his
His life belongs to the time of Noble Knights).
arrival,
time
lately, soon, recently.
.
,
-
,
,
,
.
,
,
.
.
,
[1, . 176].
,
time.
55
(The Oxford English Dictionary, The New Oxford English Dictionary,
Oxford Advanced Learner’r Dictionary of Current English, Webster’s Third
New International Dictionary of the English Language, The Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)
“time”.
time
2
:
1. Time – a period, portion of time, measured in minutes, hours, days, etc.
–
,
,
(
,
,
:
,
,
,
).
2. Time – a point of time.
–
ё
.
“time”
.
ё
: time-ball, time-bomb, time-card, time-sheet, time-expired, timeexposure, time-honored, timekeeper, time-lag, time-fuse, time-limit, timepiece,
time-saving, time-server, time-serving, time-signal, time slip, time-switch, timetable, time wrap, time-work.
,
ё
,
.
time,
,
(
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
ё
,
,
,
,
,
1 800
,
,
. .
):
Time:
the particular minute, hour, day when something happens or should happen (30%
);
a particular point in time shown on a clock in hours and minutes (27%);
an occasion when something happens (15%);
a period of time during which something happens (13%);
an amount of time that is available for you to do something (6%);
a period in history (5%);
an experience (good/bad/hard time) (4%).
,
–
,
,
56
time.
“TIME”
,
.
,
(
.
,
ago,
later)
,
.
:
1)
in,on, at, within, during, for
2)
before, after,
. .;
,
ago, later, soon, never, ever;
3)
:
: occasionally, regularly, frequently, repeatedly, often, temporarily.
:
1)
2)
3)
;
;
,
,
,
,
–
,
, in all times, forever and ever, never ever.
,
,
,
,
,
.
,
,
,
.
,
.
.
,
-
,
,
57
.
,
:
,
,
,
1)
(time heals all wounds; time took its toll
on him);
2)
3)
4)
(in 3 minutes; in the last century);
(we are going through a hard time);
(the time will come when...; time flies).
,
,
.
:
. .,
1.
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2007.
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81’42
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M.A. Uksusov
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
UNITS OF TEMPORAL STYLIZATION IN THE TEXT
Abstract. The article comprises the review on temporal (historical) stylization
units in texts and the various opinions on the issue of classifying such units, their ability to hold the archaic language style and, thereby, to reflect the national-historical
colour of the text.
Key words: National-historical colour, historical stylization, temporal stylization, archaization, modernization, archaisms, historisms, inversion, cultural-historical
adaptation, linguistic text analysis.
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. 2013. № 7–1 [
]. URL: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/klassifikatsiya-arhaizmov-v-angliyskihnarodnyh-pesnyah (
: 18.10.2016).
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: 07.10.2016).
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. № 5.
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. 157–159.
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. 2009. № 5 [
]. URL: http://cyberleninka.
ru/article/n/lingvisticheskiy-analiz-poeticheskogo-teksta-cherez-prizmu-natsionalnogo-kolorita-na-primere-proizvedeniya-m-yu-lermontova-demon (
: 07.10.2016).
66
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81.003
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И И А
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Y.A. Tyurkan
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
SPHERE OF CONCEPTS POLITICS IN THE NEWSPAPER
DISCOURSE OF THE MURMANSK REGION AND ALASKA
Abstract. The paper dwells on the parameters which define the formation of the
sphere of concepts POLITICS as part of the conceptual world picture through the
prism of the newspaper discourse with special reference to the press of the Murmansk
Region and Alaska.
Key words: actual/key concept, conceptual world picture, semantic structure,
dominants of the conceptual world picture, newspaper discourse.
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Alaska Dispatch News)
Alaska Dispatch News
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.
.
2
.
.
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6
15
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2016
(
),
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.
).
-
,
«
):
/106
»
.
, .
.
:
Sen. Lisa Murkowski announces re-election campaign (November 7,
2015);
Steve Lindbeck announces run for Congress against Don Young
(April 7, 2016);
:
State Senate candidate cites praise from a United Way official, then
changes her mind (October 2, 2015);
,
:
Alaska gas line board member quits for state Senate run, blaming legislative dysfunction (May 25, 2016).
:
:
:
How Alaska Republicans and Democrats choose presidential candidates (January 24, 2016);
:
(
):
With state Senate election still distant, McGuire and Landfield start
Facebook feud (July 30, 2105);
:
Online feud erupts between Alaska GOP and ex-spokesman over ‘lurid rumors’ (March 12, 2016);
:
GOP party leaders say Mat-Su Republican is guilty of bipartisanship
(April 13, 2016);
:
Elder Republicans quit a party they no longer believe in (April 28, 2016);
77
(
):
Don Young may have a 2016 challenger (March 21, 2016);
-
:
Murkowski, Sullivan and Young: Lips sealed ahead of GOP presidential nomination fight (March 1, 2016);
.
:
Murkowski, Sullivan and Young unite around Donald Trump, in the
sense that he is not Hillary Clinton (May 6, 2016);
:
Super Tuesday in Alaska: An Ivanka Trump video and others on talk
radio (March 1, 2016);
:
.
:
Outside billionaires fuel joint effort between Clinton, Alaska Democrats (December 22, 2015);
Cruz, Trump tie in Alaska delegates after Rubio exit (March 22, 2016);
(
.
)
:
Sanders campaign making push in rural Alaska before Democratic
caucus (March 19, 2016);
:
.
:
Trump campaign unveils Alaska backers, including Treadwell,
McGuire (May 16, 2016);
.
:
At tense Alaska Democratic convention, allegations of Clinton favoritism fly (May 16, 2016);
«
»
.
.
:
Riled Sanders fans rise up as state Democratic convention begins
(May 14, 2016).
,
:
:
,
(
78
. .
)
.
,
.
(

,
. .).
,
,
:
,
:
GOP supporters file suit to loosen Alaska’s strict campaign donation
limits (November 21, 2015);
:
How minorities and families are reshaping Alaska politics (May 7,
2016);
:
Linking voter registration to PFD would create fundamental change
(2 August, 2015).
,
:
.
:
Anchorage voters have given Berkowitz a mandate, but to do what?
(April 10, 2016);
Mayor Berkowitz seeks to ramp up Anchorage’s lobbying presence in
Juneau (January 21, 2016);
:
Familiar faces square off in Assembly race in West Anchorage (March 9,
2016);
Fourth candidate emerges in South Anchorage Assembly race (January, 28, 2016);
:
Kassel beats Wilson in Fairbanks North Star Borough mayoral race
(October 7, 2015);
2018:
Fear of a Begich bid for governor looms large over Alaska GOP convention (May 22, 2016).
,
,
:
,
:
APOC delays decision to fine groups tied to Walker aide (February 11,
2016);
79
,
(
(
):
Campaign to recall North Slope Borough mayor underway (November 13, 2015);
,
:
North Slope Borough mayoral recall campaign heats up ahead of
April 5 vote March 21, 2016 (May 5, 2016);
Ousted mayor confirmed as one of seven candidates in North Slope
race (May 13, 2016).
,
,
:
Ethics crusader tells court campaign contributions swayed his votes
(April 30, 2016);
Parade of politicians expected to appear at trial over Alaska campaign donation limits (April 25, 2016);
Judge challenges attorneys as campaign finance trial wraps up (May 4,
2016);
(
):
Campaign group tied to Walker aide under investigation (October 8,
2015).

.
.
:
:
.
.
.
:
Shannyn Moore: Who will Sullivan and Murkowski blame without
Obama in the White House? (15 November, 2015);
.
:
Murkowski’s energy bill passes Senate after months of delays April
(20, 2016);
.
:
Murkowski halts federal work toward removal of feral cattle from
Aleutian islands (April 29, 2016);
(
,
):
From Harvard to White House, Alaskan helps shape Obama’s Native
agenda (November 28, 2015);
80
.
:
Sen. Sullivan introduces bill to curtail growth in federal regulations
(August 6, 2015).

,
:
:
:
Anchorage election deadlines changed for initiatives, referendums
(January 15, 2016);
(
)
:
Alaska House leaders losing grip over rank-and-file, complicating finale in Juneau (May 19, 2016);
(
)
(
):
GOP Permanent Fund strategy puts future dividends at risk (May 18,
2016);
(
):
Gov. Walker ousts state ag (agriculture) director appointed by Palin
(November 6, 2015);
2
:
Two Anchorage Assembly members quit committee without explanation (January 7, 2016);
:
Alaska education commissioner to step down March 1; interim commissioner named (February 4, 2016);
:
Four finalists announced for Alaska education commissioner (May 5,
2016);


:
Elvi Gray-Jackson elected Anchorage Assembly chair, new members
sworn in Tuesday (April 20, 2016);
:
Long-open seat on Alaska oil and gas board won’t be filled this legislative session (April 15, 2016).
81
.
:
,
:
Will Gov. Walker act to protect Alaska sovereignty? (August 12, 2015);
:
Walker’s most recent poll numbers belie Republican chorus of critics
(September 9, 2015);
:
Polling reveals how Alaskans’ political views have changed in recent
years (April 23, 2016);
:
As legislative session begins, Walker says he won’t sit back and watch
(January 20, 2016);
,
,
:
.
2015
,
:
Obama’s upcoming visit to Anchorage: A little bit climate, a little bit
Arctic (July 24, 2015);
Welcoming the president is a matter of courtesy, not party politics
(August 9, 2015).

.
.
.
,
:
:
Alaska and BC: Salmon, clean water and good neighbors (September
10, 2015).
.

,
,
:
While short on icebreakers, US surpasses Russia in Arctic subs (October 7, 2015);
Arctic meeting in Alaska being planned for Kerry, Lavrov and other
officials (July 14, 2015);
Current talk echoes Cold War, but Alaskans know diplomacy still
counts (September 15, 2015);
For now, the Arctic remains a refuge of friendly US-Russia relations
(March 23, 2016).
82
,
,
:
Hold off on cutting Alaska troops, Army chief of staff tells Senate
panel (February 24, 2016);
:
It’s official: Anchorage military base cuts are delayed (March 21, 2016);
:
How Kodiak could get a major boost in military funding (April 23, 2016);
:
Defense spending bill is heavy with Arctic and Alaska interests (May
27, 2016).
.
:
US strategy for Arctic includes the Aleutians and Bering Sea (January
25, 2016);
2017
:
Obama’s upcoming visit to Anchorage: A little bit climate, a little bit
Arctic (July 14, 2015);
Fairbanks to host 2017 Arctic ministerial meeting January 25, 2016
(January 15, 2016).

:
Coverage of Chinese ships failed to deal with scale, size of Alaska
(August 13, 2015);
Military leader urges Senate to ratify sea treaty amid Chinese maritime moves (September 17, 2015).
,
:
3
.
10 12
10 8
6
2
15 19
2 6
6
1
1
–
3
1
7
1
14 11 11 115
1 1 1 35
–
2
10
3
–
1
2
1
11
8
10 51
– 2 2
12 17 59
3
7
10
11
5
5
–
5
– 5 2 2
18 17 22 34
– 31
9 216
2
83
.
.
.
2
3
3
1
3
3
2
5
14
–
26
9
71
2
5
5
–
–
2
2
7
–
7
3
–
33
7
7
50
1
6
–
–
4
1
12
–
–
88
1
2
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5
2
–
–
2
2
3
5
–
23
3
3
–
8
9
–
–
3
1
4
1
–
32
2
3
–
4
9
–
–
3
1
4
1
–
27
1
–
–
4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5
25 32 65 30 39 11
/122
/80
6
24 25 40 46 20
363
/55
/106
(
-
.
):
.
– 20%
– 24%
–14%
– 10%
:
– 9%
– 9%
– 7%
:
– 1%
,
,
– 5%
,
,
(
,
,
).
,

.
(
(32
),
84

,
, . .
.
(216
.
).
.
),
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.
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.
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),
2016),
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2
,
.
,
,
,
.
:
1.
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2.
.
3.
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.
, 2011.
. .,
. .
.
5.
6.
(
. .
//
. .
7.
8.
. .,
. .
9.
20.11.2015.
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[
[
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]. URL: https://www. adn.com.
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378.016:811.111’36
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Zh.Ye. Voinova
Petrozavodsk State University
Petrozavodsk, Russia
THE FUNCTIONAL APPROACH TO TEACHING PRACTICAL
GRAMMAR TO ENGLISH EDUCATION MAJORS
Abstract. The article highlights functional teaching grammar issues; effective
ways of incorporating speech situations of different types into the grammar-teaching
environment and using them in building students’ grammar competence and sums up
the author’s personal experience of speech situation based functional teaching English
grammar to 2nd year Education majors in foreign languages.
Key words: functional approach, English grammar, foreign language communication, grammar and communicative competences, lifelong learning, speech situations, individual educational route.
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V.M. Litvin
Municipal educational institution
secondary school № 19 named after M.R. Yankov
Zapolyarny, Murmansk region, Russia
ORGANIZATION OF PROJECT AND RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
OF STUDENTS IN RESOURCE CENTER
Abstract. This article discusses the necessary and sufficient conditions for the
organisation of the research work of the senior pupils. It also provides an example of
the organization of the research and scientific activities in high school. It examines its
methods, structure and results.
Key words: cognitive experience, personal development, the personality of the
teacher, Borderology, national specific rules, public etiquette.
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378.018.43:811
81.2-9 3
А
.
»
:
,
,
,
T.V. Lobovskaya
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
SPECIFICITY OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING
AT THE CORPORATE DEPARTMENT
Abstract. This article presents the problems of the correspondence Department:
combination of work and studies; the lack of academic time; the limitation of theoretical material; the predominance of independent forms of work; the prevailing value of
the results of examinations in the assessment of knowledge.
Key words: correspondence/extramural department, self-study limitation of academic time, educational process, electronic textbooks, knowledge control.
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. 2011. № 13. . 213–217.
. //
//
«
»,
, 15–22
, 2014.
. 191 [
]. URL:
https://docviewer.yandex.ru/?url=http%3A%2F%2FCyberLeninka.ru%2Farticle%2Fn%2
Fprintsipy-obucheniya-inostrannym-yazykam-na-zaochnomotdelenii.pdf&name=printsipy-obuche-niya-inostran-nym-yazykam-na-zaochnomotdelenii.pdf&lang=ru&c=58bd364bb777.
103
378.016:811-26
81.432.1-9 3
. .
«
.
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»
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»,
-
«
,
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.
:
,
,
».
.
,
.
O.V. Putistina
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
DEVELOPING STUDENTS’ WRITING SKILLS THROUGH
CLASSROOM INTERACTION AT FOREIGN
LANGUAGES DEPARTMENTS
Abstract. The article discusses the teaching potential of interactive forms of work
in the process of developing students’ writing skills in foreign languages within the
bachelors’ academic program “Pedagogical education. Foreign language. Second foreign language”. The author in the article gives examples of interactive tasks aimed at
developing students’ spelling and communicative writing skills in foreign languages.
Key words: interactive forms of work, spelling skills, communicative skills,
writing skills.
,
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:
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(
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104
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.
1.
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,
.
Clockwise Writing
Take a piece of paper. Distribute the sentences below among the members
of your group. Copy your sentence at the top of the piece of paper. Pass it over
to your partner and get one from another partner. Look at the sentence, memorise it in 30 seconds, fold the paper so that you can’t see the sentence and write
it down. Unfold it and check your spelling. Pass the paper again to your partner
and get a new paper from your other partner. Do the same. When you get your
“original” paper, see what words caused problems with spelling among your
group mates. Put them down on the board. Let other students do the same. Work
in small groups. Make up stories with those words. Exchange the stories, read
them, check the spelling. Was the story interesting to read?
2.
.
,
Running Dictation
Student A puts this book open in one corner of the classroom. Student B
sits in another corner. Student A reads one sentence below, memorizes it, goes
to Student B, dictates it to him/her and let him/her write it down. Then Student A
does the same with the rest of the sentences. After sentence 5, students swap
roles.
107
3.
.
-
,
108
Gapped dictation
Your teacher will dictate the text below to you (don’t look at it yet!). As
you listen write down only the initial and the last letter of each word.
Example: She rarely journeyed farther than the corner grocery.
S__er___yj_____df_____rt_____nt__ec______rg_____y.
Then get together into small groups and try to reconstruct the whole text.
After that, open the book and check your work.
.
1.
-
,
.
Written Brainstorming
Look at the ideas below about smoking. Find in these sentences the words
with the 3d and the 4th types of syllables. Which of the ideas do you share?
Smoking is harmful for your health.
Selling cigarettes is a good source of money for the government.
Nobody should smoke near children.
It’s unfair to non-smokers.
Smoking is a curse.
Divide a piece of paper into two columns. In one column write down
1 idea about why smoking must be banned, in the other column write down
1 idea about why smoking should not be banned. Then pass over your paper to a
partner clock wise and get one from another partner. On a paper you have got
from your partner write down one more idea into each column. Don’t repeat the
ideas! Continue in this way.
Once you get your own paper read through all the ideas and rank them
according to how plausible (convincing) they are. Get together into groups of
4–5, present the strongest arguments from your papers, together decide which
arguments “for” or “against” smoking are stronger.
Chain stories
Write down the initial sentence of a short story on top of a paper sheet.
Pass over the paper to a partner on your left, get one from a partner on your
write. Continue the story by writing another sentence. Pass it over again to a
partner on your left. Work in the same way until all stories are complete.
Read the story with your initial sentence. Edit it if necessary. Read all the stories
aloud. Which is the most interesting one. (
.)
2.
-
,
.
109
Role-play
The university where you study is planning to introduce a new English
course which is to be called “Topical Issues”. The purpose of the course is to study
social issues of national and international importance. The Head of the Department has asked the students to call the meeting of the Department debating society and discuss students’ suggestions for what should be included in the course.
a. Elect the secretary of the meeting, who will take notes and present the
minutes of the meeting.
b. Elect the chairman of the meeting, who will write the report to the
Head of the Department, clearly stating the ideas that have been suggested, and
including any other relevant information, such as conclusions reached, students’
participation, etc. The chairman might need the minutes written by the secretary. You should write approximately 250 words.
c. After discussing the ideas and gathering opinions from the students, all
other students should write a proposal to the Head of the Department, submitting up to three Best suggestions for consideration and saying why You think
students would benefit from a deeper knowledge of these issues. You should
write approximately 250 words.
3.
-
,
.
Giving directions
(
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4.
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News in Brief
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News in Brief (
.
2–3
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110
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. .,
1.
2.
2000. № 4. . 9–15.
3.
. .
4.
. .,
.
. .
, 2000.
//
5-
6.
7.
8.
:
.
.
. ...
.
.
.
. .
[
] //
.
. 133–137. URL: http://www.fundamental-research.ru/ru/article/view?
: 21.04.2016).
.
.
44.03.05
(
) [
]. URL:
http://fgosvo.ru/uploadfiles/fgosvob/440305.pdf.
Matarese V. Collaborative research writing: developmental editing with an underlying educational vein // Supporting research writing: roles and challenges in multilingual settings.
Oxford, 2013. pp. 221–235.
Murray D. Collaborative writing as a literacy event: implications for ESL instruction. //
Collaborative Language Learning and Teaching. Ed. by David Nunan. Cambridge University Press, 2003. P. 100–117.
Onrubia J., Engle A. Strategies for collaborative writing and phases of knowledge construction in CSCL environments // Computers & Education, 2009. Vol. 4. P. 1256–1265.
2014. № 1.
id=33519 (
5.
., 1975.
111
378.2:811.112.2
81.432.4
. .
«
.
А
»
,
.
.
.
,
,
.
:
,
,
.
N.N. Rafikova
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE CERTIFICATES
IN THE GERMAN LANGUAGE
Abstract. The article describes the exams and certificates for proficiency in the
German language within the framework of the Common European language competencies in Germany and Austria. These certificates allow foreign students to study at a
German, Austrian or Swiss university. With the beginning of the integration of the national education in the European educational space, this opportunity becomes actual
also for Russian students.
Key words: international certificates, the German language proficiency, examinations for a certificate, language diploma.
,
,
Framework of Reference for Languages/
).
,
CEFR (Common European
2003
(Association of Language Testers in Europe),
26
112
– ALTE
.
,
CEFR
,
:
Э
6
:
1–
2–
:
1–
2–
:
1–
2–
,
.
.
.
,
,
.
. .
,
,
,
-
,
“Prüfungsjungel”,
[1, c. 86].
.
,
CEFR/ALTE
: 1
ALTE Break
A2
ALTE Level 1
B1
ALTE Level 2
B2
ALTE Level 3
ё ,
91
.
,
. ё
:
.
ё
Goethe-Zertifikat A1: Fit in Deutsch 1
Goethe-Zertifikat A1: Start Deutsch 1
Goethe-Zertifikat A2: Fit in Deutsch 2
Goethe-Zertifikat A2: Fit in Deutsch 2
Goethe-Zertifikat B1: ZD für Jugendliche (ZDj)
Goethe-Zertifikat B1: Zertifikat Deutsch (ZD)
Goethe-Zertifikat B2: Deutsch für den Beruf (ZDfB)
Test Deutsch als Fremdsprache –Test DaF (Nivea 3) – TDN 3
Deutsch für den Sprachlichen Hochschulzugang – DSH I
113
.
10
16
10
16
12
16
18
16
Test Deutsch als Fremdsprache – Test DaF (Nivea 4) – TDN 4
Deutsch für den Sprachlichen Hochschulzugang – DSH II
Deutsches Sprachdiplom der Kultusministerkonferenz – DSD
Goethe-Zertifikat C1: Zentrale Mittelstufenprüfung – ZMP
Prüfung Wirtschaftsdeutsch – PWD
Test Deutsch als Fremdsprache – Test DaF(Niveau5) – TDN5
Deutsch für den Sprachlichen Hochschulzugang – DSH III
Deutsches Sprachdiplom der Kultusministerkonferenz Stufe C1 – DSD C1
Goethe- Zertifikat C2: Zentrale Oberstufenprüfung – ZOP
Kleines Deutsches Sprachdiplom – KDS
Grosses Deutsches Sprachdiplom – GDS
ÖSD – Österreichisches Sprachdiplom: MD – Mittelstufe Deutsch
ÖSD: OD – Oberstufe Deutsch
WD – Wirtschaftssprache Deutsch
C1
ALTE Level 4
C2
ALTE Level 5
C2+
: B2
C1
C2
18
16
18
16
16
16
Goethe-Zertifikat B2: Deutsch für den Beruf – (ZDfB –
») –
,
«
.
Goethe-Zertifikat C1: Zentrale Mittelstufenprüfung –
») –
,
(ZMP – «
,
18
.
Prüfung Wirtschaftsdeutsch – (PWD – «
») –
1
.
Goethe-Zertifikat C2: Zentrale Oberstufenprüfung – (ZOP –
«
») Kleines Deutsches Sprachdiplom
(KDS – «
») –
.
,
.
Grosses Deutsches Sprachdiplom – (GDS – «
»)
2,
.
Test Deutsch als Fremdsprache – (Test DaF «
») –
.
,
3
,
,
.
chprüfung für den Hochschulgang – «
114
,
,
– DSH – (Deutsche Spra-
»),
,
.
.
DSD – (Deutsches Sprachdiplom der Kultusministerkonferenz – «
»),
.
,
50
ÖSD (Österreichisches Sprachdiplom – «
»)
: Mittelstufe Deutsch – MD («
»), Oberstufe Deutsch – OD («
»), Wirtschaftssprache Deutsch – WD («
»)
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(GDS – “Grosses Deutsches Sprachdiplom”).
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www.alte.org
www.goethe.de/pruefungenweltweit
www.oedaf.at
www.osd.at
www.sprachnachweis.de
www.studienkollegs.de
www.testdaf.de
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378.016:811.111’36
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O.V. Savateeva
Murmansk Arctic State University
Murmansk, Russia
PECULIARITIES OF TEACHING STUDENTS-LINGUISTS:
ASPECTS OF PRACTICAL GRAMMAR
Abstract. The article justifies the choice of the communicative approach in
teaching practical grammar of the English language to the students of the linguistic
departments. Various methods of teaching English grammar are analyzed, and a possible algorithm for the classroom work on the discipline “Practical Grammar” is suggested.
Key words: practical grammar, communicative aim, linguistic activities, semicontrolled activities, communicative grammar activities.
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“Grammar is the business of taking a language to pieces, to see how
it works” [4].
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The children are playing in the garden,
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Tickets! Tickets, please.
Can you show me your tickets?
May I see your tickets?
Would you mind if I had a look at your tickets?
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, “advanced”.
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[1]
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. Scott Thornbury [2]
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1980,
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(
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1982; Brumfit, 1992; Ervin-Tripp, 1973; Hymes, 1972; Klippel, 1994;
Littlewood, 1994; Morrow, Johnson, 1981; Rivers, 1973; Rosesweig, 1974;
Savignon, 1972, 1983; Shells, 1993; Widdowson, 1990;
, 1988;
, 1988;
, 2001;
, 1997;
, 2000;
,
1991).
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(Bird, 1997; Celce-Murcia, Hills, 1988; Celce119
Murcia & Larsen-Freeman, 1983; Costas, 1994; Halliday, 1994; Littlewood,
1985; Lock, 1999; Mora, 2002; Scarcella & Oxford, 1992; Ur, 1999).
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[3].
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“Forms expressing unreality”
[5]:
Choose the correct meaning, A or B.
0 If Charles got a pay rise, he’d buy a better car.
A: I think Charles will get a pay rise.
B: I think Charles is unlikely to get a pay rise.
1. If house prices rise, we’ll sell our flat and buy a cottage in the country.
120
A: The speaker thinks house prices will probably rise.
B: The speaker thinks house prices probably won’t rise.
2. If I were you, I’d take the train to Cornwall; it’s more relaxing than
driving.
A: I’m giving advice.
B: You’ve taken the train before.
3. If I had a mobile phone, I’d call the police.
A: I might call the police.
B: I can’t call the police.
4. Suppose you had a yacht, where would you sail to?
A: You have a yacht.
B: You don’t have a yacht.
5. Pablo would be very disappointed if he didn’t pass the exam.
A: Pablo expects to pass the exam.
B: Pablo doesn’t expect to pass the exam.
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[5]:
Write what these people said. They are talking about their regrets
with would, might or could. For 5 and 6 write sentences that are true for
you. Listen and check.
0 Pietro didn’t get a place at college because he didn’t apply in time.
If I’d applied in time, I might have got a place at college.
1. Last year Olivia spent all her money on clothes and couldn’t afford a
holiday.
2. Samuel didn’t notice the speed camera and he got a fine for driving too
fast.
3. Patrice broke her leg on a skiing trip and wasn’t able to become a footballer.
4. Kimiko ate some fish which was bad so she was very ill.
5. If I hadn’t_________________________________
6. If I had ___________________________________
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: 1. Speak on the man shown in the pictures.
121
Who is that man? Where does he work? What is he doing now? Where did he
get the money? Why did he decide to put the money in the bank?
2. Look at the following pictures and say what really happened.
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comparatives/superlatives
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Conditionals
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Situation or Context
Follow a recipe or instructions from a boxed
cake mix to bake a cake.
Give directions to another person to get to a
store, the post office, or a bank using a map.
Discuss plans for a class field trip to the zoo.
Describe a past vacation, weekend, etc.
Role play a shopping trip to buy a gift for a
family member or friend.
Points of Grammar
Imperative verb form
Present continuous tense
Present tense
Non-referential it
Future tense
If-clauses
Conditional tense
Simple past tense
Question formation
Forms of verb to do
Word order in negation
May, might
Collective nouns and quantifiers
(any, some, several, etc.)
Present tense of verb to be
Possessive adjectives
Locative prepositions
Modal verbs (can, may, should)
Present perfect tense
Present perfect progressive
Answer information questions: Name, address, phone number, etc.
Tell someone how to find an object in your
kitchen.
Fill out a medical history form. Then role
play a medical interview on a visit with a new
doctor.
Make a daily weather report
Forms of verb to be
Idiomatic expressions
Report daily schedules of people (in the class, Habitual present
buses in the city, airline schedules, trains, Personal pronouns
etc.)
Demonstrative adjectives
Extend an invitation over the telephone to Would like… Object-Verb word order
someone to come to a party
Interrogative pronouns
Explain rules and regulations to someone, i.e. Modal verbs: Can, must, should, ought to
rules for the school cafeteria; doctor’s in- Adverbs of time & frequency
structions to a sick patient
124
Report a historical or actual past event and
discuss conditions under which a different
outcome might have resulted
React to the burglary of your house or
apartment in the presence of another person
upon discovery (active voice) and in making
a police report (passive voice)
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Past conditional and past perfect tenses
If clauses
Present perfect tense
Contrast between active and passive voice
Direct and indirect object
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2.
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4.
5.
. .,
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..
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«
», 2001.
Thornbury S. How to teach grammar / ed. by J. Harmer. Longman: Pearson education limited, 1999.
. .
:
.…
.
.
, 2007.
Crystal D. Rediscover Grammar with David Crystal. Longman: Pearson Education Limited, 1985.
Foley M., Hall D. My Grammar Lab 1/ 2. Longman: Pearson Education Limited, 2012.
125
…………………………………………………………………………….……………3
………………………………………………………….…………….
4
………………………
4
. .
Vinogradova S.A.
Semantic derivation of relative adjectives……………………………………………………………. 4
. .,
. .
……………………………………………………. 9
Kvasyuk E.N., Alexandrova E.V.
Use of multimedia technologies in teaching English phonetics and for automation
of translation skills…………………………….…………………………….……………………………. 9
…………………………
I.
. .,
. .
17
…………………………………………. 17
Vinogradova S.A., Klimentyeva S.S.
Numerals in advertising discourse………………………………………………………..……………. 17
. .
(
)………………………………..……………. 22
Kobtseva S.A.
Dominants of the conceptual world picture of the residents of Northern Norway
(based on the associative experiment data)…………………………………………………..………. 22
. .
«
» …………………………………………………………………. 31
Kopylov A.V.
Philosophy and the ‘oblivion of translation’…………………………………………...………………31
. .
…………………………
37
Kozlova E.A.
On functioning of homonyms in Modern English……………………………………………………. 37
. .
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
43
Ovcharenko N.V.
Recommendations for the preservation of the humor effect in the translation of fiction…… 43
. .
………..…… 48
Piksendeeva V.G.
The language and cognitive modelling of time images in the English language……………… 48
126
. .
………………………………………..…………….
54
Uksusov M.A.
Units of temporal stylization in the text…………………………………………………………..……. 54
. .
…..
62
Tyurkan E.A.
Sphere of concepts POLITICS in the newspaper discourse of the Murmansk region and
Alaska…………………………………………………………………………………………..……………. 62
II.
…………………………………………………………….………….
81
………………………………………………………………………..
81
. .
Voinova Zh.Ye.
The functional approach to teaching practical grammar to English education majors…….. 81
. .
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….…
87
Litvin V.M.
Organization of project and research activities of students in resource center……………… 87
. .
…………………… 93
Lobovskaya T.V.
Specificity of Foreign language teaching at the correspondence department………………… 93
. .
…………………………….97
Putistina O.V.
Developing students’ writing skills through classroom interaction at foreign
languages departments……………………………………………………………………………………. 97
. .
……………………..………. 104
Rafikova N.N.
International language certificates in the German language………………………………………104
. .
:
……………………………………………………………..…….108
Savateeva O.V.
Peculiarities of teaching students-linguists: aspects of practical grammar…………………… 108
127
/ AUTHORS
,
; .
e-mail: aevea@mail.ru
Aleksandrova
Yelena Vladislavovna
,
;
PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Modern Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk, Russia
,
,
-
; .
,
;
e-mail: svetvin@mail.ru
Vinogradova
Svetlana Ayupovna
PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Head of the Modern
Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social
Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk,
Russia
,
; .
e-mail: zhanna@onego.ru
Voinova
Zhanna Yevgennyevna
,
;
PhD in Education, Associate Professor of the English Department, Petrozavodsk State University; Petrozavodsk,
Russia
,
; .
,
e-mail: lkvasyuk@pochta.ru
Kvasyuk
Elena Nikolayevna
;
PhD in Education, Associate Professor of the Modern Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk, Russia
«
»
; .
,
e-mail: sofa270898@yandex.ru
Klimentyeva
Sofia Sergeyevna
:
;
student of the Bachelor programme “Linguistics: Translation and Translation Studies” of the Institute for Humanities
and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University;
Murmansk, Russia
128
,
; .
,
e-mail: kobtseva@yandex.ru
Kobtseva
Svetlana Alexandrovna
;
PhD in Education, Associate Professor of the Modern Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk, Russia
;
.
,
;
e-mail: elenaserebrennikova@yandex.ru
Kozlova
Elena Alekseyevna
Senior Lecturer of the Modern Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic
State University; Murmansk, Russia
,
; .
,
;
e-mail: andreikopylov2010@yandex.ru
Kopylov
Andrei Vasilievich
PhD in History of Philosophy, Associate Professor of the
Modern Languages Department, Institute for Humanities
and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University;
Murmansk, Russia
№ 19, .
,
;
e-mail: lit-viktoriya@yandex.ru
Litvin
Viktoria Miroslavovna
,
teacher of English at school № 19, Zapolyarny, Murmansk
region, Russia
,
; .
,
e-mail: lobovskaya@bk.ru
Lobovskaya
Tatyana Vasilyevna
;
PhD in Phil, Associate Professor of the Modern Languages
Department, Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences,
Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk, Russia
«
:
»,
; .
e-mail: novchare@mail.ru
129
,
;
Ovcharenko
Natalya Vladimirovna
student of the Master programme “Philology: teaching foreign languages”, Assistant Lecturer of the Modern Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk, Russia
,
; .
e-mail: pvg12@mail.ru
Piksendeeva
Viktoriya Gennadjevna
,
;
PhD in Philology, Assistant Professor of the Modern
Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social
Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk,
Russia
,
; .
e-mail: onitsitup@mail.ru
Putistina
Olga Vladimirovna
,
;
PhD in Education, Associate Professor of the Modern
Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social
Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk,
Russia
,
; .
,
e-mail: drb-murmansk@mail.ru
Rafikiva
Nadezhda Niazovna
;
PhD in Education, Associate Professor of the Modern Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk, Russia
,
; .
,
e-mail: ovsavateeva@mail.ru
Savateeva
Oxana Viktorovna
;
PhD in History of Philosophy, Associate Professor of the
Modern Languages Department, Institute for Humanities
and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University;
Murmansk, Russia
,
; .
,
e-mail: elenabelichenko@mail
130
;
Tyurkan
Yelena Alexandrovna
PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Modern Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk, Russia
«
:
»,
; .
,
;
e-mail: mixail9693@mail.ru
Uksusov
Mikhail Andreyevich
student of the Master programme “Linguistics: translation
and translation studies”, Assistant Lecturer of the Modern
Languages Department, Institute for Humanities and Social
Sciences, Murmansk Arctic State University; Murmansk,
Russia
131
2016
28–29
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183038, .
. . .
30.03.2017.
. . 7,7.
100
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132
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60×90/16.
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