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FR2514876A1

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Publication
_________________________________________________________________
Number FR2514876A1
Family ID 8113904
Probable Assignee Gimenez Christian
Publication Year 1983
Title
_________________________________________________________________
FR Title ISOLATION THERMIQUE DYNAMIQUE THERMODYNAMIQUE A FLUIDES
PARALLELES
EN Title DOUBLE WALLED INSULATED ENCLOSURE - USES INSULATING FLUIDS
WITH HEAT PUMP TRANSFERRING HEAT BETWEEN THEM
Abstract
_________________________________________________________________
L'INVENTION CONCERNE UN DISPOSITIF PERMETTANT D'ISOLER THERMIQUEMENT
UN VOLUME DE L'AMBIANCE EXTERIEURE OU DEUX ESPACES, AVEC UNE FAIBLE
ENERGIE CONSOMMEE OU MEME NULLE CAR RECUPEREE (EN FONCTION DE LA
PUISSANCE DU SYSTEME DE TRANSFERT DE CHALEUR).
ELLE CONSISTE EN DEUX FLUIDES 1 ET 2 CIRCULANT PARALLELEMENT ENTRE EUX
ET ENTRE LES VOLUMES A ISOLER 3 ET 4. UN SYSTEME DE TRANSFERT DE
CALORIES 5 PRELEVE DES CALORIES DANS LE FLUIDE COTE FROID ET LES
REINJECTE DANS LE FLUIDE COTE CHAUD.
LE DISPOSITIF SELON L'INVENTION POURRA SERVIR D'ISOLATION THERMIQUE DE
VOLUMES ET EST PARTICULIEREMENT DESTINEE A L'INDUSTRIE (BALLONS,
CANALISATIONS...) ET AU BATIMENT.
The enclosure has three walls (7-9) forming a double skin (1,2) each
filled with a fluid, i.e. air or water. Each enclosure is connected to
one of the elements of a heat pump (5). The heat pump upgrades the
heat in the outer enclosure (1) and transfers it to the inner
enclosure (2) thus reversing the normal sense of the heat flow and
providing thermodynamic insulation.
Description
_________________________________________________________________
La presente invention concerne un dispositif d'isolation thermique
dynamique particulier, avec syteme de transfert de chaleur.
En matiere d'isolation thermique hautement efficace on arrive
rapidement a des limites dues aux proprietes des isolants existants,
et aux epaisseurs admissibles d'isolant. Les procedes d'isolation
dynamique utilises parfois actuellement, procedent differemment du
dispositif decrit cidessous.
La technique decrite ici prmettrait de reculer fortement les limites
de la haute isolation thermique.
l},J,)
Le dispositif comporte dans sa partie active trois parois entre
lesquelles circulent deux fluides (/ et t). Cet ensemble constitue la
paroi isolante.
La paroi isolante separe l'espace en deux volumes de temperatures
differentes.
Le volume de temperature la plus elevee est le volume chaud, 1' autre
volume est le volume froid. Le but du procede est de diminuer ou meme
inverser le flux de chaleur du volume chaud vers le volume froid. Le
fluide cote volume chaud est appele fluide chaud, l'autre fluide
froid. Le disposiif selon l'invention, consiste a prendre des calories
dans le fluide-froid et a les reinjecter dans le fluide chaud.
tS)
L'appareil qui assurera le transfert de calories pourra etre une pompe
a chaleur. L' un ou l'autre des fluides utilises pourait etre l'air ou
l'water.
L'une ou plusieurs des parois delimitant les fluides pouraient
comporter des systemes isolants; ainsi par exemple l'isolation
resultante de la paroi separant les deux fluides pourra limiter la
puissance du dispositif assurant le transfert de calories.
Selon une variante, afin de limiter les deperditionsdans le cas d'une
interuption de la paroi isolante pour une raison quelconque, celle-ci
pourra ne comporter localement que le fluide froid qui recuperera
ainsi les calories de fuite ( exemple: pont thermique - fig 2 5.
Le present procede pourra servir d'isolation thermique de volumes et
est particulierement destine a l'industrie ( isolation de ballons, de
canalisatione chambres frigorifiques... 5 et au batiment.
Les parois servent d'enveloppe aux fluides et ont eventuellement des
liasonsentre elles. Cet ensemble peut etre realise par injection ou
coulage d'isolant autour des enveloppes circulation de fluides, ou par
injection d'isolant dans un moule comportant les matrices des futures
circulations des fluides.
Claims
_________________________________________________________________
REVENDICATIONS
15 Dispositif d'isolation thermique caracterise en ce qu'il comporte
deux fluides (1et25 circulant parallelement entre eux et entre les
volumes a isoler (3et4), et un systeme de transfert de chaleur (55
assurant ce transfert d' un fluide a l'autre dans le sens oppose au
transfert naturel en l'absence de systeme. L'ensemble des parois et
des circulations de fluides admet des liasons mecaniquesentre parois,
les parois servent d'enveloppe auy fluides.
25 Dispositif selon la revendication 1 caracterise en ce que
l'appareil de transfert est une pompe a chaleur.
3) Dispositif selon la revendication 1 caracterise en ce que les
fluides s soit l'air, soit l'water, soit l'air et l'water.
45 Dispositif selon la revendication 1 caracterise en ce que les
parois enveloppes ou de separation sont isolantes.
55 Dispositif selon la revendication 1 caracterise en ce que le
dispositif ne comporte qu'un seul fluide.
65 Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 a 4
caracterise en ce outil a plus de deux fluides paraleles et plusieurs
transfert de chaleur.
78 Dispositif selon l'une des revendications precedentes caracterise
en ce qu'il est realise par injection, soit par coulage d'isolant,
autour des enveloppes circulation des fluides.
85 Dispositif selon l'une des revendications precedentes caracterise
en ce qu'il est realise par injection d'isolant dans un moule
comportant les matrices des futures circulations de fluide
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