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FR2516964A1

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3 millimetres
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104 centimetres
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[8][_]
42,5 centimetres
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[9][_]
5 millimetres
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[10][_]
45 centimetres
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[11][_]
de 45 centimetres
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[12][_]
de 1 metre
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[13][_]
98 centimetres
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[14][_]
one meter
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[15][_]
a few centimetres
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[16][_]
about 45 centimetres
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[17][_]
4 millimetres
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[18][_]
approximately 1 meter
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[19][_]
length of about 1 meter
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[20][_]
approximately 45 centimetres
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[21][_]
approximately 98 centimetres
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[22][_]
Gene Or Protein
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Etre
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Rne
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SILICONE
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qutil
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water
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ROOF
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butene
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Chemical Role
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coolant
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Publication
_________________________________________________________________
Number FR2516964A1
Family ID 8057349
Probable Assignee Technologie Innovations Indles
Publication Year 1983
Title
_________________________________________________________________
FR Title SYSTEME D'ASSEMBLAGE DE PANNEAUX SUR UNE OSSATURE
EN Title STUD AND CLAMPS FOR ASSEMBLING ROOF TOP SOLAR ENERGY PANELS -
PREF. INVOLVING SEALS AND SPACERS OF SILICONE RUBBER TO TOLERATE
DIFFERENTIAL EXPANSION
Abstract
_________________________________________________________________
DANS CE SYSTEME, CHAQUE PANNEAU 7 EST PINCE AU NIVEAU DE DEUX DE SES
BORDS OPPOSES ENTRE DEUX PROFILES 8 MONTES EN OPPOSITION, DONT CHACUN
POSSEDE UNE AME CENTRALE 9 PROLONGEE PAR DEUX AILES 10 DIVERGENTES A
PARTIR DE L'AME, ELLES-MEMES PROLONGEES CHACUNE VERS L'EXTERIEUR PAR
UN REBORD 12 PARALLELE A L'AME ET PRESENTANT UNE GORGE SERVANT AU
LOGEMENT D'UN JOINT 14 CHAQUE AILE INCLINEE POSSEDANT, A PROXIMITE DE
L'AME, UNE NERVURE LONGITUDINALE 17 FAISANT SAILLIE EN DIRECTION DE
L'AUTRE AILE.
APPLICATION A LA REALISATION DE CAPTEURS SOLAIRES.
Strip profiles for clamping flat panels to a timber framework have a
divergent channel profile with internal longitudinal ribs and can be
assembled mouth to mouth to clamp the borders of pairs of adjacent
panels. Pref. the clamps are studs featuring an intermediate shoulder
to carry and ancillary panel at a level different from those at which
the main panels are clamped. Esp. for construction of rooftop solar
energy traps etc., to allow assembly in situ for adaptation to the
area/shape of specific roofs. Pref. the studs pass through
longitudinally slotted holes in the rigid channels and superimposed
sheet layers, e.g. absorbant panels and cover panels, clamped by
common studs, are kept apart by an elastic spacer which pref. is of
silicone rubber. The low friction of the silicone rubber spacer
permits differential thermal expansion normal to the stud axis. Lap
joints between e.g. glass panels for adjacent areas of the roof are
bridged by a resilient seal profile.
Description
_________________________________________________________________
La presente invention a pour objet un systeme d'assemblage de panneaux
sur une ossature, et plus specia- lement de panneaux destines a
realiser le captage d'energie solaire. Dans le cadre du captage
d'energie solaire, il est connu d'utiliser l'enveloppe d'un batiment
comme zone de captage1 qutil s'agisse de la toiture ou des murs, et
que l'nergie captee serve au chauffage d'air ou d'un liquide, avec ou
sans stockage des calories. Generalement, le captage est realise par
l'interme- diaire de capteurs entierement fabriquas en usine, qui
presentent l'inconvenient d'etre complexes, notamment puisqu'ils
possedent leur propre isolation thermiques entre tres couteux et de ne
pas permettre n'importe quel type d'architecture et n'importe quel
agencement, par exemple pour la realisation de fenetre d'imposte en
toiture La presente invention vise a remedier a ces inconve- nients en
fournissant un systeme dassemblage de panneaux permettant la
realisation in-situ d'installations de captage solaire avec une grande
souplesse architecturale, tant au niveau des murs d'un bfttiinent que
sur une soustoiture classique. A cet effet, dans le systeme
d'assemblage qu'elle concerne, chaque panneau est pince au niveau de
deux de ses bords opposes entre deux profiles montes en opposition,
dont chacun possede une Ame centrale prolonge par deux ailes
divergentes a partir de l' and e, elles-memes prolongees chacune vers
l'exterieur par un rebord parallele a l'ame et presentant une gorge
servant au logement d'un joint, chaque aile inclinee possedant, a rne,
une nervure longitudinale faisant saillie en direction de l'autre
aile. Le pincement des panneaux qui, dans le cas d'un capteur solaire,
sont constitues par des vitres, est realise entre les rebords en
vis-a-vi a deux profiles superposes. En pratique, chaque paire de
profiles sert au maintien des bords de deux vitres pinces entre leur
rebords en vis-a-vis. La structure des profiles permet, sur une ligne
de longueur correspondant a la longueur d'un pan de toiture par
exemple1 de ne pas disposer seulement d'un profile inferieur et d'un
profile de recouvrement, chacun de longueur correspondant a celle de
la toiture, mais d'une pluralite de profiles, chacun dune longueur de
1 'ordre de un metre par exemple, les differents profiles de chaque
serie se chevauchant avec embottement sur quelques centimetres dans
leur zone de liaison. Que la structure soit legerement inclinee par
rapport a l'horizontale ou en position verticale, l'extremite du
profile le plus haut vient en appui sur l'extremite du profile le plus
bas, si l'on considere le chevauchement de deux profiles. Dans leurs
zones de chevauchement, l'appui d'un profile sur l'autre se fait par
l'intermediaire de l'ame de l'un des deux profiles sur les nervures de
l'autre profile. Ces nervures qui jouent un rale de raidisseur forment
des butees lors de ltemboltement de deux profiles, et egalement pour
les pieces de fixation sur la structure support, qui est la charpente
elle-mAme dans le cas d'un captage en toiture. L'ecartement horizontal
entre deux profiles est de l'ordre de 45 centimetres, valeur GOrres-
pondant a ltecartement entre chevrons dans une toiture traditionnelle,
ce qui permet la fixation des profiles directement sur les chevrons
sans utilisation d'un support intermediaire.Les panneaux de verre
realises avantageusement en un verre trempe dont I'epaisseur ne
depasse pas 3 millimetres, ont des dimensions correspondant
sensiblement a la longueur des profiles et a P'cartement entre
ceux-ci, soit 104 centimetres x 42,5 centimetres. Dans le cas de
serres ou le rapport surface d'ensoleil- lement/surface totale demande
a etre plus eleve, l'augmentation du pas transversal des panneaux
vitres peut necessiter une augmentation de l'epaisseur des panneaux
qui peut etre alors de 4 ou 5 millimetres par exemple. Le montage de
ces panneaux aura lieu a l'aide de profiles similaires, mais non
identiques en ce qui concerne leurs cotes Compte tenu des faibles
dimensions des panneaux de verre, le prix de revient de ceu-ci est
modere, et ils sont faciles a manipuler tant en vue de leur premiere
mise en place que d'un eventuel remplacement. La trame de l'ossature
etant d'environ 1 metre x 45 centimetres, laisse une grande souplesse
au niveau de l'architecture. Avantageusement, la fixation de chaque
profile sur la structure support est realisee a proximite de ses
extr(Rites par traversee de pieces dans des trous oblongs du profile,
allonges dans le sens de la longueur de celui-ci. La presence de trous
oblongs combinee a la relativement faible longueur des profiles, evite
tout dommage du a la dilatation en raison des differences de
temperature entre les periodes diurne et nocturne. Selon une autre
caracteristique de liavention, la distance entre l'ame d'uz profile et
les nervures faisant saillie de ses ailes est telle que l'ecartement
entre deux rebords superposes de deux profiles emboites l'un dans
l'antre soit sensiblement egal a l'epaisseur des panneaux a maintenir,
augmentee de l'epaisseur du joint d'etancheite. Cette caracteristique
est interessante car permettant le passage du bord d'un panneau entre
les ailes correspon- dantes de deux profiles ayant la mne orientation
dans leur zone de chevauchement. Afin de faciliter le positionnement
des panneaux lors de leur mise en place, chaque profile support de
deux panneaux presente, au niveau de son extremite inferieure, une
levre transversale servant de butee pour les panneaux consideres. Dans
le cas d'un captage solaire en toiture, la charpente est recouverte de
plaques de bois agglomere ou similaire, avec isolation traditionnelle
entre chevrons sur la face interieure an batiment, par exemple a de
laine de verre, comme cela est courant dans le cas d'une toiture
traditionnelle. Entre les plaques d'agglomere et les panneaux en
verre, est monte parallelement a ceux ci un absorbeur. Dans la mesure
ou le fluide caloporteur est de l'air, l'absorbeur est constitue par
une tble mince nervuree, le fluide caloporteur circulant entre les
plaques de bois agglomere de la sous-toiture et l'absorbeur, tandis
que le volume compris entre l'absorbeur et les panneaux en verre est
clos et joue le role de serre.Dans un tel cas, l'absorbeur joue
egalement un role d'etanche- ite de secours en cas de bris d'un
panneau vitre. D'un point de vue esthetique, le resultat obtenu est
tout a fait interessant, la face visible de l'absorbeur pouvant Qtre
teintee de differentes couleurs, par exemple en gris, en bleu fonce ou
en brun, pour s'integrer au mieux dans le site sur lequel 1. batiment
est construit. L'etancheite horizontale au niveau du recouvrement de
deux panneaux est obtenu par l'intermediaire d'un joint qui, fixe sur
le bord superieur du panneau inferieur, possede une partie en forme de
U venant coiffer ledit bord, l'une des ailes du joint presentant deux
ivres paralleles faisant saillie vers l'exterieur, destinees a prendre
appai sur l'autre panneau. Selon une forme interessante d'excutlon due
l'intention, les moyens de fixation de l'absorbeur, des panneaux et de
leurs profiles de maintien, sont constitues par des tiges dont chacune
comprend des aoyens de fixation sur le support, tels qu'un tire-fond
si le support est constitue par une charpente en bois, chaque tige
comportant, depuis son extremite de fixation vers l'exterieur, une
butee rigide servant a' l'appui de l'absorbeur, une rondelle elastique
engagee sur la tige, prenant appui sur l'absorbeur et servant de
support a l'ame d'un premier profile dont ltourerture est tournee de
l'autre catie une plaquette etant prevue qui, engagee sur la tige,
vient prendre appui sur les nervures de ce profile et est maintenue
plaquee contre celles-ci par un ecrou ou similaire, la tige traversant
enfin le profile de couverture monte en sens inverse du premier
profile, qui est maintenu plaque contre celui-ci par serrage d'un
ecrou ou similaire. Cet agencement est extremement simple car, apres
montage des tiges sur la charpente, la fixation au niveau de chaque
tige de 1'absorbeur, des panneaux vitres et de leur profile de
maintien est realisee par simple serrage de deux ecrous. Dans la zone
de chevauchement de deux profiles supports de panneaux, la mamie tige
sert a la fixation des deux profiles, la plaquette precitee prenant
appui sur les nervures du profile superieur qui exerce lui-mme une
pression sur le profile inferieur. La rondelle elastique associee a'
chaque tige est constituee par un plot en silicone, matiere qui
presente l'interet de posseder une tres bonne tenue au fluage dans le
temps et de resister a de temperatures assez elevees, de l'ordre de
200 C. La presence du plot de silicone permet a l'empilage de tous les
composants principaux, absorbeurs, profiles et panneaux, de glisser le
long de chaque tige de fixation, en fonction des coefficients de-
dilatation differentielle. De toute facon, l'invention sera bien
comprise a l'aide de la description qui suit en reference au dessin
schematique annexe representant, a titre exemple non limitatif, une
forme d'execution de cette structure appli quee a la realisation d'un
captage solaire en toiture Figure i est une vue d'une partie de
toiture9 partiellement en coupe Figure 2 est une sue en perspective de
deux profile$ de fixation de panneaux Figure 3 est une vue en coupe
longitudinale d'un pan de toiture, le plan de coupe passant par une
serie de profiles de maintien des panneaux Figures 4 et 5 sont deux
vues en coupe selon la ligne 5-5 de figure 3, respectivement, en
position eclatee et apres assemblage Figure 6 est une vue en coupe
selon la ligne 6-6 de figure 3, d'un assemblage entre plusieurs
profiles Figure 7 est une vue en coupe transversale des moyens de
realisation de l'etancheite dans la zone de chevauche ment de deux
plaques. La toiture representee au dessin est de type traditionnel,
ctest-a-dire comprenant, au niveau d'un pan de toiture, un certain
nombre de chevrons en bois 2 orientes selon la ligne de plus grande
pente, avec un bandeau de rive 2 Sur les chevrons 2 sont fixees un
certain nombre de plaques 4 en bois agglomere, l'isolation de la
toiture etant realisee sous les plaques 4 entre les chevrons 2 a
l'aide de laine de verre 5. La partie de la toiture formant couverture
et captage comprend un absorbeur 6 constitue par une tole nervuree
maintenue parallele aux plaques 4 a une certaine distance de
celles-ci, et des plaques de verre 7 maintenues paralleles a
l'absorbeur 6, les plaques 7 etant fixees par l'intermediaire de
profiles 8. Le volume compris entre l'absorbeur 6 et les plaques 7 est
clos et forme une serre, tandis que le volume compris entre les
plaques 4 et l'absorbeur 6 6 sert a la circulation d'air qui constitue
le fluide caloporteur, cet air etant amene en partie basse de la
toiture et collecte en partie haute de celle-ci. Chaque profile 8 de
fixation des panneaux en verre comprend une ame e, prolongee par deux
ailes 10 divergentes a partir de l'ame a la facon d'un V, chaque aile
10 etant elle-meme prolongee vers l'exterieur par un rebord 12 dans la
face exterieure duquel est menagee une nervure 13 semicirculaire
servant au logement d'un joint 14. Chaque profile presente, sur sa
longueur, un certain nombre d'ouvertures circulaires 15 pour le
passage de vis de fixation, ainsi quta proximite de chacune de ses
extremites une ouverture oblongue 16. Chaque profile presente
egalement deux nervures longitudinales 17 faisant saillie de chacune
de ses ailes 10, en regard de l'autre aile. La distance entre 1'ame 2
du profile et les nervures 17 est faible, et correspond au moins a
l'epaisseur des panneaux en verre 7 a fixer. Les profiles 8 ont une
longueur de l'ordre de 1 metre, et sont fixes sur les chevrons 2, qui
sont, de maniere traditionnelle, a un ecartement de 45 centimetres
environ. Les panneaux de verre 7 utilises ont des dimensions imposees
par les profiles et leur ecartement, c'est-a-dire ont des dimensions
d'environ 98 centimetres x 42,5 centi- metres. D'un point de vue
pratique, et cc-e montre aux figures 4 et 5 qui correspondent a un
montage a l'extremite inferieure d'un pan de toiture, la fixation des
profiles au niveau des trous oblongs est realisee par l'interme-
diaire de tiges 18 comprenant chacune une extremite 19 en forme de
tire-fond engage dans un chevron 2, jusqu'a ce que l'ecrou 30 fixe sur
elle vienne en butee contre la plaque d'agglomere 4 reposant sur les
chevrons. Depuis son extremite formant tire-fond vers son autre
extremite, la tige i8 presente une butee 22 sur laquelle vient en
appui l'absorbeur 6.Sur la tige 18 est engagee une rondelle elastique
Il prenant appui sur l'absorbeur 6 et servant de support a l'ame 9
d'un premier profile 8 dont l'ouverture est tournee vers le haut. Une
plaquette 23 de forme carre engagee sur la tige 18 prend appui sur les
ailes 17 du profile considere et est maintenue en pression contre
celles-ci par un ecrou 24. Apres mise en place des deux panneaux
vitres 7 aux- quels ce profile 8 sert de support, qui sont positionnes
a l'aide des butees 212 il est prosede a l'engagement, sur la tige 18,
d'un second profile identique au premier, mais tourne en sens inverse,
de telle sorte que les deux panneaux consideres soient pinces entre
les bords correspondants des deux profiles. La fixation du second
profile et son maintien en pression contre le premier sont assures par
un ecrou 25. Comme montre a la figure 3, le montage est realise avec
un leger decalage longitudinal des profiles supports et de
recouvrement, de maniere a permettre, dans une zone de chevauchement,
telle que celle representee a la figure 6, la superposition de trois
profiles. Corme montre a cette figure, l'extremite superieure du
profile inferieur 8a est coiffee par l'extremite inferieure du profile
8b le prolongeant, ces deux profiles etant disposes dans le azyme
sens. Ce chevauchement des deux profiles se fait par appui de laine 9
du profile 8b sur les nervures 17 du profile 8a. Le profile 8c monte
en opposition avec le profile 8a s'arrete en retrait de celui-ci, pour
permettre le chevauchement des profiles 8b et 8a. L'extremite
superieure du profile 8c est elle-mee recouverte par l'extremite
inferieure d'un profile 8d dispose dans le meme sens que lui, qui
realise le pincement de deux panneaux en cooperation avec le profile
8b. A ce niveau, il faut noter que la meme tige 18 sert a la fixation
des profiles 8a, 8b et 8d. La fixation des profiles 8a et 8b est
realisee a l'aide de la meme plaquette 23 qui prend appui sur les
ailes 17 du profile 8b, lequel exerce une pression sur le profile 8a
qui est en appui sur la rondelle elastique 11. En outre, l'etancheite
du volume compris entre l'absorbeur 6 et les panneaux de verre 7 au
niveau des extremites inferieure et superieure des pans de toiture est
assuree par des profiles en bois, respectivement 26 et avec
interposition de joints 28. Comme montre a la figure 7, l'etancheite
horizontale au niveau du recouvrement de deux panneaux de verre est
realisee par l'intermediaire de joints 29. Chaque joint 29 est monte
sur le bord superieur d'un panneau 7, et presente une partie 30 en
forme de U venant coiffer ledit bord, deux levres 32 faisant saillie
de l'une des ailes du joint et venant prendre appui sur le panneau de
verre recouvrant le panneau sur lequel le joint est monte. Comme il
ressort de ce qui precede, l'invention apporte une grande amelioration
a la technique existante en fournissant un systeme d'assemblage de
panneaux, et notamment de panneaux en verre, constitutifs d'un capteur
solaire, qu'il s'agisse d'un captage en toiture avec presence d'un
absorbeur a air ou a water ou d'un captage en serre. L'agencement
selon l'invention est tres interessant du fait que la surface de
captation est realisee in-situ sur une sous-toiture traditionnelle a
l'aide d'un nombre tres limite d'elements de petites dimensions, qui
peuvent etre assembles soit par des specialistes, soit par des
artisans traditionnels, tels que charpentiers ou macons. La taille des
elements rend le remplacement de ceux-ci extremement facile et laisse
une grande souplesse au niveau de la conception architecturale. Comme
il va de soi, l'invention ne se limite pas a la seule forme
d'execution de ce systeme d'assemblage, decrite ci-dessus a titre
d'exemple; elle en embrasse, au contraire, toutes les variantes de
realisation. C'est ainsi notamment que les tiges de fixation des
profiles pourraient etre solidarisees, de maniere differente, avec le
support, par exemple par soudage Si celui-ci est metallique, ou que
ces profiles pourraient etre utilises a dtautres fins, par exemple
pour la realisation d'une serre, sans que l'on sorte pour autant du
cadre de l'inventionOThe present invention has as an aim a system of
assembly of panels on a framework, and more specia- lement of panels
intend has to carry out the collecting of solar energy. Within the
framework of the collecting of solar energy, it is known to use the
envelope of a building as zone of captage1 qutil acts of the roof or
the walls, and than the nergie captee serf with the heating of air or
a liquid, with or without storage of the calories. Generally,
collecting is carried out by the interme- diaire sensors entirely
manufactured in factory, which present the disadvantage of being
complex, in particular since they have their own heat insulation
between very expensive and not to allow any type of architecture and
any fitting, for example for the realization of window of transom in
roof the present invention aims has to cure these inconve- nients has
by providing a system dassemblage panels allowing in-situ realization
of installations of solar collecting with a great architectural
flexibility, as well on the level of the walls of one bfttiinent as on
a traditional soustoiture. For this purpose, in the system of assembly
which it relates to, each panel is grip on the level of two of its
edges oppose between two profile go up in opposition, of which each
one has a central Heart prolongs by two divergent wings from and E,
themselves prolongees each one towards outside by a parallel edge has
the heart and presenting a throat being used for housing of a joint,
each tilted wing having, near the rne, a longitudinal vein making
covered in direction of the other wing. The pinching of the panels
which, in the case of a solar collector, are constitute by panes, is
realized between the edges out of screw-A-VI has two profile
superimpose. In practice, each pair of profile is used for the
maintenance of the edges of two panes grips between their edges in
opposite. The structure of profile allows, on a line length
corresponding to the length of a side of roof by exemple1 not to have
only one profiles lower and of one profiles covering, each one length
corresponding A that of the roof, but of a plurality of profile, each
one dune length of 1 'order of one meter for example, the different
ones profile each series overlapping with attachment on a few
centimetres in their zone of connection. That the structure is
slightly tilted compared to the horizontal one or in driving position,
itend of profiles highest comes resting against the end of profiles
low, if one considers the overlapping of two profile. In their zones
of overlapping, the support of one profiles on the other is done via
the heart of the one of both profile on the veins of the other
profiles. These veins which play a rail of stiffener form thrusts at
the time of ltemboltement of two profile, and also for the attaching
parts on the structure support, which is the frame it-mAme in the case
of a collecting in roof. The horizontal spacing between two profile is
about 45 centimetres, laying GOrres- value has ltecartement between
rafters in a traditional roof, which allows the fixing of profile
directly on the rafters without use of an intermediate support. The
panels of glass made advantageously out of glass soaks whose I'
thickness does not exceed 3 millimetres, have dimensions corresponding
appreciably to the length of profile and has P' between those
cartement, that is to say 104 centimetres X 42,5 centimetres. In the
case of greenhouses or the report/ratio surfaces ensoleil-/total
surface lement requires has to be more raises, the increase in the
transverse step of the panels panes can require an increase thickness
of the panels which can be then 4 millimetres or 5 millimetres for
example. The assembly of these panels will take place using profile
similar, but nonidentical with regard to their dimensions Taking into
account low dimensions of the panels of glass, the cost price of
ceu-Ci is moderate, and they are easy has to handle as well for their
first installation as of a possible replacement. The screen of the
framework being from approximately 1 meter X 45 centimetres, leaves a
great flexibility on the level of architecture. Advantageously, the
fixing of each profiles on the structure support is carried out near
its extr (Rites by crossing of parts in oblong holes of profiles,
lengthening-pieces in the direction length of this one. The presence
of oblong holes combinee to the relatively low length of profile,
avoids any damage of with dilation because of the differences in
temperature between the periods diurnal and night. According to
another characteristic of liavention, the distance between the heart
of uz profiles and the veins making covered its wings is such as the
spacing between two edges superimpose of two profile encase one in the
cave is appreciably equal A the thickness of the panels has to
maintain, augmentee thickness of the seal. This characteristic is
interesting bus allowing the passage of the edge of a panel between
the wings correspon- dantes of two profile having the mne orientation
in their zone of overlapping. In order to facilitate the positioning
of the panels at the time of their installation, each profiles support
of two panels presents, on the level of its lower end, a transverse
lip serving as butted for the panels consider. In the case of a solar
collecting in roof, the frame is covered with wood plates agglomerated
or similar, with traditional insulation between rafters on the
interior face year building, for example has of glass wool, as that is
common in the case of a traditional roof. Between the plates of
agglomerate and the panels out of glass, east parallel to assembles
those Ci an absorber. In measurement or the coolant is air, the
absorber east constitutes by a thin tble nervuree, the coolant
circulating between the wood plates agglomerated of the under-roof and
the absorber, while the volume ranging between the absorber and the
panels out of glass is closed and plays the part of greenhouse. In
such a case, the absorber also plays a part of tight ite of help in
the event of breaking of a panel glazes. From an aesthetic point of
view, the result obtained is completely interesting, the visible face
of the absorber which can Qtre teintee of various colors, for example
in gray, blue sinks or brown, to be integrated as well as possible in
the site on which 1. building is built. The horizontal sealing on the
level of the covering of two panels is obtained via a joint which,
fixed on the higher edge of the lower panel, has a U-shaped part
coming to cap the aforementioned edge, one of the wings of the joint
presenting two drunk parallels making covered towards outside,
intended has to take appai on the other panel. According to an
interesting form of excutlon due the intention, the means of fixing of
the absorber, panels' and of their profile maintenance, are constitute
by stems of which each one includes/understands aoyens of fixing on
the support, such as a sleeper screw if the support is constitute by a
wooden carpentry, each stem comprising, since its end of fixing
towards outside, a rigid thrust serving a' the support of the
absorber, a cup spring committed on the stem, fascinating support on
the absorber and being used as support has the heart of a first
profiles whose ltourerture is turned of different the catie a plate
being envisaged which, engaged on the stem, comes to take support on
the veins of this profiles and is maintained plated against those by a
nut or similar, the stem crossing finally profiles it cover goes up in
opposite direction of the first profiles, which is maintained plate
against this one by tightening of a nut or similar. This fitting is
extremely simple bus, after assembly of the stems on the frame, fixing
on the level of each stem of 1 ' absorber, of the panels panes and of
their maintenance profiles is carried out by simple tightening of two
nuts. In the zone of overlapping of two profile supports of panels,
the granny stem is used for fixing of both profile, the above
mentioned plate taking support on the veins of profiles higher which
exerts him-Mrs. a pressure on profiles lower. The associated cup
spring a' each stem is consisted a silicone stud, matter which
presents the interest to have a very good creep resistance in time and
to resist have raised enough temperatures, about 200 C. the presence
of the silicone stud allows has the stacking of all the components
principal, absorbent, profile and panels, to slip along each stem of
fixing, according to the coefficients of differential expansion. In
any event, the invention will be readily understood using the
description which follows in reference to the diagrammatic drawing
annexes representative, has title nonrestrictive example, a form of
execution of this structure appli quee with the realization of a solar
collecting in roof Appear I is a sight of part of toiture9 partially
out of cut Figure 2 is known in prospect for two profile$ of fixing of
panels Figure 3 is a longitudinal cross-section of a side of roof, the
plan of cut passing by a series of profile maintenance of the panels
Figures 4 and 5 are two cross-sections according to line 5-5 of figure
3, respectively, in burst position and after assembly Figure 6 is a
cross-section according to line 6-6 of figure 3, of an assembly
between several profile Figure 7 is a transverse cross-section of the
means of realization of the sealing in the zone of overlaps lies of
two plates. The roof representee with the drawing is of traditional
type, ctest-A-statement including/understanding, on the level of a
side of roof, a certain number of rafters drink 2 of them direct
according to the line of greater slope, with a bank 2 stringcourse On
rafters 2 are fixees a certain number of plates 4 out of agglomerated
wood, the insulation of the roof being realized under the plates 4
between rafters 2 using glass wool 5. The part of the roof forming
cover and collecting includes/understands an absorber 6 constitutes by
a sheet nervuree maintained parallel with plates 4 has a certain
distance from those, and plates glass 7 maintained parallel has
absorber 6, plates 7 being fixees via profile 8. The volume ranging
between absorber 6 and plates 7 is closed and forms a greenhouse,
while the volume ranging between plates 4 and absorber 6.6 is used for
circulation of air which constitutes the coolant, this pleasing air
being partly low of the roof and partly high collection of this one.
Each profiles 8 of fixing of the panels out of glass
includes/understands a heart E, prolongee by two divergent wings 10
from the heart the made-to-order of a V, each wing 10 being itself
prolongee towards outside by an edge 12 in the outside whose is
menagee a semicircular vein 13 being used for housing of a joint 14.
Each profiles presents, over its length, a certain number of circular
openings 15 for the passage of fastening screw, thus quta proximity of
each one of its ends an oblong opening 16. Each profiles also presents
two longitudinal veins 17 doing covered each one of its wings 10,
compared to the other wing. The distance between 1 ' heart 2 of
profiles and veins 17 is weak, and corresponds at least has the
thickness of the panels out of glass 7 has to fix. Profile 8 have a
length of about 1 meter, and are fixed on the rafters 2, which are, in
a traditional way, has a spacing of approximately 45 centimetres. The
panels of glass 7 use have dimensions imposees by profile and their
spacing, i.e. have dimensions of approximately 98 centimetres X 42,5
centi- meters. From a practical point of view, and the CEC shows on
the figures 4 and 5 which correspond has an assembly has the lower end
of a side of roof, the fixing of profile on the level of the oblong
holes is realized by the interme- diaire stems 18
including/understanding each one an end 19 in the shape of sleeper
screw engages in a rafter 2, until fixed nut 30 on it comes into
obstinate against the plate from resting agglomerate 4 on the rafters.
Since its end forming sleeper screw towards its other end, the stem i8
presents a thrust 22 on which in support the absorber 6.Sur comes stem
18 is committed a cup spring It fascinating support on absorber 6 and
being used as support has heart 9 of a first profiles 8 whose opening
is turned upwards. A plate 23 of form squares committed on stem 18
takes support on wings 17 of profiles considers and is maintained in
pressure against those by a nut 24. After installation of the two
panels panes 7 with which this profiles 8 is used as support, which is
position using thrusts 212 it is prosede has engagement, on stem 18,
of a second profiles identical to the first, but turns in opposite
direction, so that the two panels consider are grips between the
corresponding edges of both profile. The fixing of the second profiles
and its maintenance in pressure against the first are ensure by a nut
25. As shows on figure 3, the assembly is carried out with a light
longitudinal shift of profile supports and of covering, so as to
allow, in a zone of overlapping, such as that representee on figure 6,
the superposition of three profile. Corme shows has this figure, the
higher end of profiles lower 8a is coiffee by the lower end of
profiles 8b prolonging it, these two profile being lay out in the
unleavened direction. This overlapping of both profile is done by wool
9 support of profiles 8b on veins 17 of profiles 8a. 8c profiles goes
up in opposition with profiles 8a stopped in withdrawal of this one,
to allow the overlapping of profile 8b and 8a. The higher end of
profiles 8c is it-mee covered by the lower end with one profiles 8d
lays out in the same direction than him, which carried out the
pinching of two panels in co-operation with profiles 8b. This level,
it should be noted that same stem 18 is used for fixing of profile 8a,
8b and 8d. The fixing of profile 8a and 8b is carried out using the
same plate 23 which takes support on wings 17 of profiles 8b, which
exerts a pressure on profiles 8a which is resting against the cup
spring 11. Moreover, the sealing of the volume ranging between
absorber 6 and the panels of glass 7 on the level of the ends lower
and higher of the sides of roof is ensured by profile out of wood,
respectively 26 and with interposition of joints 28. As shows on
figure 7, the horizontal sealing on the level of the covering of two
panels of glass is carried out via joints 29. Each joint 29 east goes
up on the higher edge of a panel 7, and presents a U-shaped part 30
coming to cap the aforementioned edge, two lips 32 doing covered one
of the wings of the joint and coming to take support on the panel of
glass covering the panel on which the joint east goes up. As it arises
by what precedes, the invention makes a great improvement to the
existing technique by providing a system of assembly of panels, and in
particular of panels out of glass, constitutive of a solar collector,
which it is about a collecting in roof with presence of an absorber
has air or has water or of a collecting in greenhouse. The fitting
according to the invention is very interesting owing to the fact that
the surface of collecting is carried out in-situ on a traditional
under-roof using a very limiting number of low-size elements, which
can be assemble either by specialists, or by traditional craftsmen,
such as carpenters or masons. The size of the elements makes the
replacement of those extremely easy and leaves a great flexibility on
the level of the architectural design. As it goes without saying, the
invention is not limited to the only form of execution of this system
of assembly, described above as example; it embraces some, on the
contrary, all the alternatives of realization. They is thus in
particular that the stems of fixing of profile could be solidarisees,
in a different way, with the support, for example by welding If this
one is metal, or that these profile could be use has dtautres fine,
for example for the realization of a greenhouse, without one leaving
for all that the framework inventionO
Claims
_________________________________________________________________
1. - REVENDICATIONS i. - Systeme d'assemblage de panneaux sur une
ossature, caracterise en ce que chaque panneau (7) est pince au niveau
de deux de ses bords opposes entre deux profiles (8) montes en
opposition, dont chacun possede une ame centrale (9) prolongee par
deux ailes (10) divergentes a partir de l aine, elles-mmes prolongees
chacune vers l'exterieur par un rebord (12) parallele a l'ame et
presentant une gorge servant au logement d'un joint (14), chaque aile
inclinee possedant, a proximite de l'ame, une nervure longitudinale
(17) faisant saillie en direction de l'autre aile.
2. - Systeme selon la revendication 1, caracterise en ce que la
fixation de chaque profile (8) sur la structure support est realisee a
proximite de ses extremites par traversee de pieces (18) dans des
trous oblongs (16) du profile, allonges dans le sens de la longueur de
celui-ci.
3. - Systeme selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2,
caracterise en ce que la distance entre l'ame d'un profile et les
nervures faisant saillie de ses ailes est telle que l'ecartement entre
deux rebords superposes de deux profiles emboites l'un dans l'autre,
soit sensiblement egal a ltepaisseur des panneaux a maintenir,
augmentee de l'epaisseur du joint d'etancheite.
4. - Systeme selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 a 3,
caracterise en ce que chaque profile (8) support de deux panneaux
presente, au niveau de son extremite inferieure, une levre
transversale servant de butene pour les panneaux consideres
5. - Systeme selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 a 4,
caracterise en ce que ltetancheite horizontale au niveau du
recouvrement de deux panneaux est obtenue par l'intermediaire d'un
joint (29) qui, fixe su le bord superieur du panneau inferieur,
possede une partie (30) en forme de U venant coiffer ledit bord, l'une
des ailes du joint presentant deux levres paralleles (32) faisant
saillie vers l'exterieur, destinees a prendre appui sur l'autre
panneau.
6. - Systeme selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 a 5, applique
au captage solaire en toiture avec un absorbeur situe derriere des
panneaux en verre, caracterise en ce que les moyens de fixation de
l'absorbeur (6), des panneaux (7) et de leurs profiles (8) de
maintien, sont constitues par des tiges (18) dont chacune comprend de
moyens de fixation sur le support, tels qu'un tire-fond (19) si le
support est constitue par une charpente en bois, chaque tige
comportant, depuis son extremite de fixation vers l'exterieur, une
butee rigide (22) se2sant a a' l'appui de l'absorbeur (6), une
rondelle elastique (11) engagee sur la tige, prenant appui sur
l'absorbeur et servant de support a l'aine d'un premier profile (8)
dont l'ouverture est tournee de l'autre cote, une plaquette (23) etant
prevue qui, engagee sur la tige, vient prendre appui sur les nervures
(17) de ce profile et est maintenue plaquee contre celles-ci par un
ecrou (24) on similaire, la tige traversant enfin le profile de
couverture monte en sens inverse du premier profile, qui est maintenu
plaque contre celui-ci par serrage d'un ecrou (25) ou similaire.
7. - Systeme selon la revendication 6, caracterise en ce que la
rondelle elastique (11) est constituee par un plot en silicone.
1. - CLAIMS I. - System of assembly of panels on a framework,
characterizes in that each panel (7) is grip on the level of two of
its edges oppose between two profile (8) go up in opposition, of which
each one has a central heart (9) prolongee by two wings (10) divergent
from L groin, they-Mrs. prolongees each one towards outside by an edge
(12) parallel A the heart and presenting a throat being used for
housing of a joint (14), each tilted wing having, near the heart, a
longitudinal vein (17) making covered in direction of the other wing.
2. - System according to claim 1, characterizes in that the fixing of
each profiles (8) on the structure support is carried out near its
ends by crossing of parts (18) in oblong holes (16) of profiles,
lengthening-pieces in the direction length of this one.
3. - System according to any of claims 1 and 2, characterizes in that
the distance between the heart of one profiles and the veins making
covered its wings is such as the spacing between two edges superimpose
of two profile encase one in another, that is to say appreciably equal
A ltepaissor of the panels has to maintain, augmentee thickness of the
seal.
4. - System according to any of claims 1 has 3, characterizes in that
each profiles (8) support of two panels presents, on the level of its
lower end, a transverse lip being used as butylene for the panels
consider
5. - System according to any of claims 1 has 4, characterizes in that
ltetancheite horizontal on the level of the covering of two panels is
obtained via a joint (29) which, fixes known the higher edge of the
lower panel, has a part (30) U-shaped coming to cap the aforementioned
edge, one of the wings of the joint presenting two parallel lips (32)
making covered towards outside, intended has to take support on the
other panel.
6. - System according to any of claims 1 has 5, applies to solar
collecting in roof with an absorber locates panels out of glass
behind, characterizes in that means of fixing of the absorber (6), of
the panels (7) and of their profile (8) maintenance, constitute by
stems (18 are) of which each one includes/understands means of fixing
on the support, such as a sleeper screw (19) if the support east
constitutes by a carpentry wooden, each stem comprising, since its end
of fixing towards outside, a rigid thrust (22) se2sant has a' the
support of the absorber (6), a cup spring (11) committed on the stem,
fascinating support on the absorber and being used as support have the
groin of a first profiles (8) whose opening is turned of the other
dimension, a plate (23) being envisaged which, engaged on the stem,
comes to take support on the veins (17) of this profiles and is
maintained plated against those by a nut (24) one similar, the stem
crossing finally profiles it cover goes up in opposite direction of
the first profiles, who is maintained plate against this one by
tightening of a nut (25) or similar.
7. - System according to claim 6, characterizes in that the cup spring
(11) is consisted a silicone stud.
? ?
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