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The Union Jack

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Welcome to Britain!
The United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
• population
• political system
• education
• culture
• traditions
• sports
• London
• Authors
Population, People
and Languages
Official Symbols of the UK
The British Flag
The Union Flag
The Union Jack
It embodies the emblems of three
countries united under one Sovereign.
The British Flag , known as the Union
Jack is a combination of three flags:
the Saint George’s cross
the Saint Andrew’s cross
the Saint Patrick’s cross
The Welsh
Flag
doesn’t appear
on
the Union
Jack.
The Union Jack.
On the flag appear:
1) the red cross of Saint George on the white
ground, for England;
2) the white diagonal cross of Saint Andrew
on a blue ground, for Scotland;
3) the red diagonal cross of Saint Patrick on
a white ground, for Ireland.
National Emblems
The English
a red rose.
The Scottish
a thistle.
The Irish
a shamrock.
The Welsh
a leek or
a daffodil.
These are Britain’s patron
saints and their days.
England – St George – April 23rd
Wales
- St David – March 1st
Ireland - St Patrick - March 17th
Scotland – St Andrew –November 30th
Population in Britain:
about 58 mln
228 per sq km
England– 354
Scotland - 65
Wales
- 134
Northern
Ireland - 110
People in four lands of Britain
derive from:
•The Celts (from western & central Europe)
•The Romans –occupied Britain in AD 43
•The Angles,Saxons and Jutes –Germanic
peoples –from the 3rdcentury
People in four lands of Britain
derive from:
•The Vikings from Scandinavia –from the
end of the 8th century
• Scots from Ireland, merging with Picts –
in the 9th century
* The Normans from France – in 1066
The Celtic Kingdoms
Wales
Ireland
Scotland
Early Invaders
The Vikings
LANGUAGES
Indo-European Family
The Celtic Languages
The Welsh
Wales, western countries
The Scottish
Scotland, the Highlands
(form of Gaelic)
The Irish (Erse)
of Scotland
Southern Ireland
(form of Gaelic)
Cornish
the peninsular of Cornwall
The Max variety
the Isle of Man
Early Invaders
Angles
Saxons
Jutes
Official Language of the UK
The English Language
* Germanic by its origin
* a marriage of Anglo-Saxon
&
Norman-French tongues
*
the Queen’s English
* standard one
Regional dialects of Britain
ancient but full
of interest;
pronunciation
and actual words
vary greatly from
county to county.
Political System
of Great Britain
Great Britain is a
parliamentary
monarchy.
The head of the
State is the Queen.
The Queen of Great Britain now is Elizabeth the
Second.She is a symbol of Britain’s long history
and tradition.
.
The Queen’s duties are:
to open Parliament sessions,
to sign laws and important documents,
to meet important people,
to visit other countries and public places,
to appoint ministers.
The real political power
belongs to the Parliament.
The Parliament consists of two Houses
the House of Commons,
the House of Lords.
MP’s are not elected
to the House of
Lords.
The head of the
House of Lords is
Lord Chancellor.
There are 659
elected MP’s
in the House
of Commons
The Head of
the House of
Commons is
the Speaker.
The head of the
Parliament
is the present Prime
Minister
David Cameron
He lives and works at Downing Street,10.
The Prime Minister forms the Cabinet. There are
about 20 MP’s in the Cabinet.
The Prime Minister + the Cabinet
=the British Government.
Great Britain is a multipartite state.
The main political parties are:
the Liberal party,
the Conservative party .
The British
educational system
State schools –
are free and
provide their
pupils with
books and
equipment for
their studies
Private education
7% of British children
go to independent
schools. Fees vary
from about 250
pounds a term for a
private nursery to
3.000 –for a secondary
boarding school
Public schools
“Public”
are the most
famous schools among
private ones.
Eton is the best known
of these schools.
The majority of
independent secondary
schools are single-sex.
First steps.
Nursery school
prepares children
for the start of
compulsory
education.
Atmosphere is
informal
Starting off
Compulsory primary
education begins at 5
and continues until
11 At 7 and 11
teachers measure
children’s progress in
each subject.
At 11 most pupils
go to secondary
schoolscomprehensives.
At 16 they take a
national exam
called �GCSE’ and
they can leave
school if they wish
Some 16-year-olds can stay on at school
and study for 2 further years for A level
in 2 or 3 subjects.
Other 16-year-olds choose to study for more
practical (vocational) diplomas relating to the
world of work.
On a higher level
Universities and
colleges accept
students with
“A”levels from
18.Students study
for a degree that
takes 3 years of
full-time study
Education never stops.Millions of adults
enrol each year on further education
courses leading to different qualifications.
The Hidden Curriculum refers to the way the
school is organised
uniform
discipline
School-rules
Form tutor
punishment
obedience
It includes rules pupils are expected to follow.
Cultural Life
in Britain
There are several
main stages in
Cultural life
Literature
Art
Musical
An english architector
Christopher
Wren
St. Pauls Cathedral 1675
year
It is one of the
finest pieces of
architecture in
Europe.
Westminster Abbey is a
fine Gothic building
The 8
century.
Stands
opposite
the Houses
of
Parliament.
The Tower of
London
11 century.
It has been
a fortress, a
palace, a
prison, and
a royal
treasure.
Art Galleries
The Tate Gallery
The National Gallery
Turners Paintings
Modern Collection
Theatres of Great Britain
300 professional
Royal Opera House
The Royal Shakes
peare Theatre
Music and
Musicians
“The Beatles”
With their
Benjamin Britten new style of
singing
became very
Popular.
Great Shakespear
The Globe Theatre-the first
professional theatre.
Plays: “Romeo and Juliet”
“Othello”
“Hamlet”
“King Lear”.
British Poetry :
Robert Burns,
Bernard Show,
Samuel Johnson.
Customs and Traditions
in Great Britain
Britain is full of customs and
traditions.
There are many royal occasions:
the trooping of the colour
the state opening of parliament
the changing of the guard
swan upping
The traditions are also widely
connected with holidays.
The most important celebrations are:
New Year’s Day
St.Valentine’s Day
Easter
Mother’s Day
Father’s Day
Halloween
Guy Fawkes Night
Christmas
New Year’s Day
is celebrated on the 1st of January
British people visit friends and
relatives,eat and drink a lot,
make resolutions.
In Scotland after midnight people wait for
the first visitor of the year who must carry
coal into the house.
It is first footing.It
brings good luck.
St.Valentine’s Day is celebrated
on the 14th of February.
It is a day of sweethearts.
They show the friends or loved ones that
they care sending “valentines”
Easter is celebrated on a Sunday in April
It is a religious
holiday
and the meeting
of spring.
Children wake up and look for Easter
eggs the Easter Bunny has left for them.
Mother’s Day is celebrated on the 2nd
Sunday in May
Children of all ages
treat the mothers to
something special to
show how much they
appreciate the mothers.
Father’Day is celebrated on the 1st
Sunday in June
On this day fathers are
honored by the children.
Halloween is on
the 31 of
October
It was originated as a celebration
connected with evil spirits but now it is
time for fun.
Р eople wear masks and dress as ghosts
and witches. Children dressed in white
sheet knock on doors and ask if you
would like “trick” or “treat”.
Pumpkin is a popular Halloween
symbol.
People make special
lamps, called “Jacko-lantern”, out of
pumpkins”to keep
the witches away.
Guy Fawkes Night is
on the 5th of November
Children make guys out of straw
and old newspapers and fire them at
night.
Christmas is on the 25
of December.
It is the most beloved of all holidays.
On Christmas Day people
decorate fur trees
bring evergreen branches
hung up stockings by the fire place
sing Christmas Carols
give each other presents
prepare Christmas dinner
Santa Claus
gets his list of
toys from the
millions of
children and
fills his sack
with presents.
Each child
hangs a
stocking over
the fireplace for
Santa to leave
candy and
presents inside.
Boxing Day is on the 26th of December
It comes from an old custom of giving
poor people Christmas boxes with food.
Enjoy your holidays!
Have a good fun!
Sports in Great Britain
В«All Work and No Play
Makes Jack a Dull BoyВ»
The British are known to be
great sport-lovers.
When they are neither
playing, nor watching games,
they like to talk about them
Many of the games
we play now have
come from Britain.
Football is one of the most
popular games in the British
Isles played from late August
until the beginning of May
Large crowds of people
support their favorite sides in
football grounds.
There are plenty of professional and
amateur soccer clubs all over Britain.
International football
matches and the Cup Finals
take place at Wembley.
One of the most British games is
cricket.
To many Englishmen cricket is
both a game and a standard of
behavior.
The next chief spectator
sport in British life is
horserasing.
The Derby is perhaps the most
famous single sporting event in
the whole world.
People all over
the world know
Wimbledon as
the centre lawn
tennis
Andre
Agassi
Boat-race between the teams of
Oxford and Cambridge attracts
large crowds of people
The British also like to play
golf
baseball
hockey
grass-hockey
Scottish Highland Games attract
large numbers of spectators .
Tossing the caber
Putting the weight
Throwing the
hammer
Dancing
Piping
Riverside London
Discover the Thames
Over 80 places to visit along the
bank of the river
Hampton Court Palace
Richmond
• Richmond Museum
•Old Deer Park
•Royal Botanic Gardens
Richmond
•Richmond
Park
•Marble Hill
House
•Strawberry
Hill
Westminster
•The Houses of
Parliament
•Big Ben
Westminster
•Westminster
Abbey
•Palace of
Westminster
•St James’s
Park
Westminster
•White Hall
•Downing Street
•Buckingham Palace
Westminster
•Horse Guard’s
Parade
•Tate Gallery
Charring Cross
Trafalgar Square
Charring Cross
National
Gallery
Charring Cross
•St. Paul’s
Cathedral
•Covent
Garden
The Tower
The Tower
The White Tower
A Beefeater
The Tower
Tower Bridge & H.M.S Belfast
Docklands
The area from Tower Bridge
to the Royal Docks in the
East is known as London
Docklands.
The Docklands area is now
the most modern section of
the City.
Docklands
Canary Wharf
Tower,
Britain’s tallest
building
Docklands
London
Docklands
Visitor Center is
a good place to
start with an
exhibition and
guided tours to
the computerdriven
Docklands Light
Railway.
Greenwich
Royal Observatory 1675
Greenwich
The Queen’s
House 1635
When a man is tired of London
he is tired of life;
for there is in London
all that life can afford.
Dr. Samuel Johnson. 1777.
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