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AppleMagazine - November 02 2018

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iPAD PRO AND ALL NEWS
FROM NEW YORK EVENT
42
HOW USERS AND CRITICS
ARE RESPONDING
TO THE iPHONE XR
CAN A HOLOGRAPHIC
SCREEN HELP
A NEW PHONE
BREAK OUT?
74
‘BOHEMIAN RHAPSODY’
WON’T ROCK YOU,
BUT MALEK WILL
08
132
VIRGIN ORBIT MATES ROCKET TO JET FOR AIRBORNE LAUNCH SYSTEM 28
GOOGLE TO GIVE AWAY $25 MILLION TO FUND HUMANE AI PROJECTS 30
WHY IS IT SO HARD TO TEXT 911? 34
GOOGLE SPINOFF TO TEST TRULY DRIVERLESS CARS IN CALIFORNIA 68
WALL STREET SOURS ON SILICON VALLEY, BATTERING TECH STOCKS 82
IBM’S $34B RED HAT DEAL IS RISKY BID TO BOOST CLOUD BUSINESS 90
US ELECTION INTEGRITY DEPENDS ON SECURITYCHALLENGED FIRMS 94
BEATLES RELEASE NEW VIDEO FOR ‘GLASS ONION’ ON APPLE MUSIC 130
COULD HAVE BEEN WORSE? FACEBOOK POSTS MIXED 3Q RESULTS 140
JUSTICES WEIGH $8.5M SETTLEMENT WITH $0 TO 129M GOOGLE USERS 148
NASA SPACECRAFT SETS RECORD FOR CLOSEST APPROACH TO SUN 154
HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE WORKING AGAIN AFTER 3WEEK SHUTDOWN 156
US LIMITS TECH EXPORTS TO CHINESE FIRM ON SECURITY GROUNDS 168
EUROPEAN TECH LEADERS WARN AGAINST EU DIGITAL SERVICES TAX 174
UKCANADIAN ‘GRAND COMMITTEE’ SEEKS TO QUESTION ZUCKERBERG 180
TURKEY’S LEADER OPENS NEW ISTANBUL AIRPORT AS GLOBAL HUB 184
TOP 10 APPS 110
iTUNES REVIEW 114
TOP 10 SONGS 158
TOP 10 ALBUMS 160
TOP 10 MUSIC VIDEOS 162
TOP 10 TV SHOWS 164
TOP 10 BOOKS 166
8
9
THE ‘ENTRY-LEVEL’ DEVICE IS ALREADY
PROVING A HIT
On Friday, October 26, the iPhone XR was
released to a largely rapturous response.
Indeed, in the run-up to the handset’s retail
release, Apple went as far as sharing a roundup of positive reactions from critics.
Digital Trends, for instance, has hailed the
“stunning” colors, “great” battery life and
“industry-leading” Face ID technology – and with
all of this being available from just $749, the
iPhone XR has also been deemed great value
for money. Daring Fireball called the XR, in this
respect, “almost certainly the best iPhone Apple
has ever made.”
10
11
A ‘CHEAPER’ iPHONE WITH
A DIFFERENCE
Nonetheless, what such efusive comments
as the above perhaps fail to highlight is that
the iPhone XR is, at its heart, a curious beast
compared to what we have come to expect
from a new iPhone. It has much in common
with the lagship iPhone XS and XS Max,
including slim bezels and the TrueDepth
camera system enabling the sophisticated Face
ID and Animoji features. Like those models, the
XR also houses the A12 Bionic chip with two
performance cores, making it 15% speedier
than the A11.
However, there remain quite a few key ways in
which the XR departs from the XS series. The
price is perhaps the most noticeable, given that
pricing starts respectively from $999 and $1099
for the XS and XS Max. With the XR, Apple has
made a few compromises to help justify its
lower pricing – with, to list two examples, OLED
screen technology and 3D Touch being omitted.
However, the XR is available in a higher number
of color inishes, six: white, black, blue, coral,
yellow and PRODUCT(RED).
When all of the included features – and for that
matter, those left out – are taken into account,
it does raise quite a few questions. Is the iPhone
XR worth buying over the XS or XS Max, for
example, and do the XR’s omissions really make
a noticeable diference to the user experience?
Fortunately, the Internet is awash with reviews
and reactions from not only press outlets and
tech journalists, but also regular users – and
what we have gleaned from the early sales
igures tells an interesting story, too.
12
13
“The iPhone XR is, at its
heart, a curious beast.”
14
Image: Apple Inc.
15
16
PRESS REVIEWS PUT THE XR
UNDER SCRUTINY
Although Apple has already cherry-picked
opinions from more than a few press reviews of
the iPhone XR, we obviously can’t rely on those
remarks to provide a wholly objective view of
the handset. It’s reassuring, then, that various
reviews quoted by the respected Apple news
site MacRumors have also shown optimism, if
slightly more cautiously on a few aspects.
The Verge’s Nilay Patel, for instance, has
described the XR’s display, which measures
6.1 inches rather than the respective 5.8 and
6.5 inches of the XS and XS Max screens, as
“ine”. He noted that despite the use of aging,
albeit enhanced ‘Liquid Retina’ LCD technology,
people “coming to this phone from any iPhone
save the iPhone X will not notice a huge
discrepancy in resolution.”
Apple has replaced the usual 3D Touch
pressure-sensitive technology with the more
rudimentary Haptic Touch, which is somewhat
akin to the functionality of the MacBook
Trackpad. However, you might not notice the
absence of 3D Touch unless you have habitually
and widely used it on another iPhone. iMore’s
Rene Ritchie has commented that, where the
XR does allow the use of Haptic Touch, “it feels
enough like 3D Touch that I sometimes ind
myself forgetting it’s not 3D Touch.”
Then, there’s the battery life. Apple has already
hailed this as 90 minutes longer than that of the 8
Plus, but according to TechRadar’s Gareth Beavis,
the situation is even better than this. He declares
that the XR “inally achieves the holy grail of allday battery life in an iPhone”. Even the Pixel 3 XL
17
is left trailing in the distance; rigorous batterytesting by Tom’s Guide saw the XR enduring for 11
hours and 26 minutes, while the Pixel 3 XL could
only muster nine and a half hours.
DON’T JUST PHONE IT IN – READ
REGULAR USERS’ REACTIONS, TOO
Naturally, every new iPhone model attracts a
number of “early adopters” who are willing to
quickly put the phone through its paces and
report back with their indings. The iPhone XR
has been no exception, with many of its users
having already taken to the MacRumors forums.
If you were tempted to buy the XR due to the
middle ground its screen size appears to strike
between the display measurements of the XS
and XS Max, MacRumors reader Kendo has
sounded a note of caution. Kendo remarked
that, with the bezels each a millimeter thicker
than those of the Max, the XR is actually very
similar to the Max in the overall size of its
enclosure – meaning that someone seeking
an “in-between” size is “better of just getting a
Max” if their budget allows.
On the lipside, watch out if you prefer your
phones on the relatively small side. MacRumors
reader tks900 has called the XR “quite big” and
“heavy”, adding: “Coming from the 6S, this is a
really diferent animal.” Even with his large hands,
he found one-handed use of the XR “impossible”.
18
19
COLORING HOOK: EARLY IMPRESSIONS
OF THE VARYING FINISHES
If you are eager to buy an iPhone in a color that
has long been neglected in the smartphone
range, your preference might be sated with
the XR. However, if you feel especially drawn
towards one of its colors, you should consider
judging it with your own eyes at a retail store.
An especially large number of question marks
might linger over the coral inish. Is it somewhat
close to orange, as online images of the coral XR
might have led you to believe? ZDNet scribe
Matthew Miller begs to difer, describing
the back panel as “salmon color and more of a
pink than orange in most lighting conditions”,
although it “appears orange-ish in some
environmental conditions”.
20
The aluminum sides, however, difer from the
rear panel’s shade, as they “look more orange
or copper in color”. There is more uniformity
with the color of the PRODUCT(RED) model.
In a hands-on video of this particular XR,
AppleInsider commented that the red of both
the back and sides “matches up very well” and
even called the “gorgeous” shade “the best red
color you could possibly get on an iPhone”. Red
has previously been an available inish on both
the iPhone 7 and iPhone 8.
21
22
(PRODUCT) RED iPhone XR Hands-on
23
HOW WELL THE iPHONE XR APPEARS TO
HAVE SOLD SO FAR
Although precise sales igures for the iPhone
XR are – unsurprisingly at this early stage – hard
to come by, there has been a suicient array of
positive indicators to keep optimism brewing.
Just days after the XR went on sale, Rosenblatt
Securities analyst Jun Zhang cited “weak
pre-orders” and “slowing demand”, but still
estimated that the irst weekend sales globally
totaled roughly nine million units.
There had earlier been good news in a research
note quoted by MacRumors. TF International
Securities analyst Ming-Chi Kuo claimed that,
in the initial three days of the XR’s pre-order
availability, this particular version of the iPhone
attracted more pre-orders than the iPhone 8
series during the equivalent period of 2017.
Whether you are still on the fence about whether
to pick up an iPhone XR or have already acted
on the urge to buy one, 9to5Mac has ilmed
a video of what it deems the XR’s 20 best
features that you might be intrigued to watch.
All in all, the picture being painted of the iPhone
XR so far has been a strongly positive one,
despite a few caveats here and there. As for
whether all of this will be enough to motivate
you to place your own order… naturally, that
decision will be down to you.
by Benjamin Kerry & Gavin Lenaghan
24
iPhone XR: top 20 features
25
Image: Greg Robinson
28
VIRGIN ORBIT
MATES ROCKET TO
JET FOR AIRBORNE
LAUNCH SYSTEM
Southern California-based Virgin Orbit has
reached a milestone in developing its airborne
orbital launch system.
The company says this week it mated a
LauncherOne rocket to a special Boeing 747 at
Long Beach Airport and will soon begin a series
of flights that will culminate with a drop test in
which the booster will be released from beneath
the jet’s left wing.
The system is intended to carry small satellites
into orbit.
Virgin Orbit is a sister company of Virgin Galactic,
which is developing an air-launched rocket
plane for carrying tourists on suborbital flights
into space.
Virgin Orbit said it already has hundreds of
millions of dollars worth of launches on contract
for a wide range of customers including NASA
and the U.S. Defense Department.
29
Image: Fabian Bimmer
30
GOOGLE
TO GIVE AWAY
$25 MILLION TO
FUND HUMANE
AI PROJECTS
Google will give away $25 million to projects
that propose ways to use the artificial
intelligence of computers to help create a more
humane society.
The grant program announced Monday is part
of a broader Google initiative called “AI for Social
Good” that aims to ease concerns that advances
in artificial intelligence will eliminate jobs and
perhaps even be autonomously deployed by
militaries to kill people.
Other technology companies have taken similar
steps to address ethical issues in AI. For instance,
Microsoft has committed $115 million to an
“AI for Good” initiative that provides grants to
organizations harnessing AI for humanitarian,
accessibility and environmental projects.
31
Image: Patrick Semansky
32
During a presentation in Sunnyvale, California,
Google demonstrated how its AI technology is
already being used to diagnose diseases, help
people with disabilities, predict areas likely to
flood and protect endangered species.
Despite commitments like those being made by
Google and Microsoft, the specter of AI going
horribly awry lingers.
Even as it pledges to do good things with AI,
Microsoft is pursuing a massive U.S. military
contract that prompted an open letter earlier
this month from a purported group of Microsoft
employees worried the company might
be betraying its own artificial-intelligence
principles. Microsoft reaffirmed its resolve to
win the military contract in its own blog post
last week, promising to address any ethical
concerns that may arise if it ends up working
on the project.
Google decided not to bid for the same military
contract that Microsoft wants after some its own
employees protested. The company concluded
the contract, potentially worth $10 billion, didn’t
comply with its AI principles , which preclude
the technology from being used to “cause or
directly facilitate injury to people.”
The company’s AI For Social Good program was
already in the works before Google employees
raised objections about the military contract,
said Jeff Dean, a senior fellow overseeing AI.
Google’s nonprofit arm will announce the
winners of its AI grants next spring at an annual
company conference.
33
34
WHY IS IT SO
HARD TO
TEXT 911?
People can livestream their every move on
Facebook and chatter endlessly in group chats.
But in most parts of the U.S., they still can’t
reach 911 by texting — an especially important
service during mass shootings and other
catastrophes when a phone call could place
someone in danger.
Although text-to-911 service is slowly expanding,
the emphasis there is on “slow.” Limited funds,
piecemeal adoption and outdated call-center
technology have all helped stymie growth.
Emergency 911 centers stress that a phone call
is still the best way to reach them, since calls
provide them with location data and other
needed details. But in some cases — for instance,
if a person has a hearing disability, or when a call
might attract the attention of assailants — texting
is a far better way to call for help.
The 911 emergency system was developed for
landlines. But now about 80 percent of U.S. 911
calls come from cellphones, according to the
federal government’s National 911 Program.
35
There is no legal requirement for call centers to
offer text-to-911 services.
If a center requests the service from mobile
companies like Verizon or Sprint, however, the
companies are required to provide it within
six months.
More money would speed implementation.
“We need a significant federal grant program
to modernize 911 systems across the country,”
said Jeff Cohen, chief counsel at advocacy
group the Association of Public-Safety
Communications Officials.
Congressional legislation could speed adoption
of text-to-911, and while there are two bills
currently making their way through Congress
related to the issue, they need more bipartisan
support, Cohen said. Traditionally 911 call
centers have been funded by a combination of
state and local funding, rather than relying on
federal grants. For that reason technology and
adoption varies widely between states, cities
and counties.
While some areas may have plenty of money
to implement text-to-911 service, “others are
cash strapped cities or communities that would
rather spend money on a police car rather than
text-to-911,” said Brian Fontes, chief executive
officer of the National Emergency Number
Association. “When you don’t have the money
you have to prioritize what you do with the
money you have.”
36
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Image: Lisa Marie Pane
38
The first text-to-911 was sent in 2009 in Iowa.
Now, according to data collected by the Federal
Communications Commission, more than 1,600
emergency call centers across the nation have
configured systems to receive text message
requests for 911 services, up from about 650
two years ago . But that’s barely a quarter of the
roughly 6,000 overall in the country. Figures
are a bit murky since they are self-reported
to the FCC.
Implementing text-to-911 service usually starts
with a state law requiring emergency centers to
support it.
Indiana, for example, has state 911 requirements
set by the Indiana General Assembly and a
state 911 board that oversees the operation
of the statewide 911 network, which routes
and delivers 911 voice and text messages from
people to their local 911 authority. It pays for
911 from monthly end user surcharges, $1 for
landline, wireless and other types of phones,
which are collected by phone service providers.
Four years after Indiana dispatch centers began
adopting text-to-911 technology, residents
in all 92 of the state’s counties can send texts
during emergencies if they’re unable to speak to
dispatchers, the state said in June . Minnesota,
Connecticut, Maine and Vermont also offer
statewide coverage.
Without state legislation, adopting text-to-911
can be more piecemeal. In California, a plan
to raise taxes to pay for modernizing the 911
emergency dispatch system statewide fell
one vote short in September in the Senate
when Republicans refused to sign onto a
tax increase.
39
But cities and municipalities can decide to
support text-to-911 on their own. Los Angeles
County, which includes cities like Los Angeles,
Burbank and Glendale, has supported textto-911 since late last year, for example.
Allegheny County in Pennsylvania, where the
synagogue shooting took place, does offer
text-to-911 service. But high school students
hiding from a gunman in Parkland, Florida, last
February, had to make whispered 911 calls to
authorities. Broward County, which includes
Parkland, plans to have text-to-911 in place by
the end of this year.
“We will never know where the next active
shooter is going to be, whether it’s a rural school,
synagogue, church or any public place,” said
Fontes. “Certainly we want people to be able to
text 911 for safety purposes.”
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Image: Justin Lane
42
43
MORE IN THE MAKING
Spirits were high at Apple’s ‘There’s more in the
making’ event, which was held at the Howard
Gilman Opera House in Brooklyn, New York on
October 30. Hot of the heels of the launch of
the new iPhone XS, XS Max and XR, Tim Cook
and Co were ready to show of next-generation
models of two of the company’s most beloved
products: the Mac, and the iPad. Introducing a
whole host of new editions, this was an Apple
event to remember, and professionals’ hunger
for new high-end tablets and notebooks was
inally fed. In this week’s issue, we uncover the
all-new iPad Pro, MacBook Air, and Mac mini,
and see what technology critics and the public
had to say.
44
45
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A BRAND NEW MACBOOK AIR
After the launch of the 12-inch MacBook in 2015,
many thought the MacBook Air was dead.
Today’s Pro models are almost as thin as the Air,
and MacBooks are as afordable as the Air but
come packed with high-end processors, a touch
bar and more. However, much to the surprise
of Apple analysts, the MacBook Air, which
this year celebrated its tenth birthday, was
given a new breath of life, with the Cupertino
irm introducing an all-new version. “The Mac
was the irst computer that was designed for
creativity,” teased Cook at the keynote speech,
adding that “it’s become one of the world’s most
essential creative tools,” before unveiling the
new Retina display MacBook Air. With its iconic
wedge-shaped design and two USB-C ports,
the refreshed MacBook Air has waved goodbye
to its aluminum bezel, and features a stunning
13.3-inch display, with narrower black glass and
borders to allow for more screen estate. The
updated model ofers four times the resolution
as previous editions, and for the irst time, a
Touch ID button which allows for Apple Pay and
ingerprint recognition - without the inclusion
of the controversial touch bar.
With a new T2 system controller, users will be
able to summon Siri using the famous ‘Hey Siri’,
whilst a larger trackpad and keyboard will
make everyday tasks more enjoyable. The
new Air has speakers that are louder than ever
before, and the device is packaged with an 8thgeneration Intel Dual-Core i5 and up to 16GB
2133MHz memory and a 1.5TB SSD, which is said
to be 60% faster than previous models. Battery
life also holds up well, with the Air ofering up
to 12 hours of web browsing and 13 hours of
47
Mac mini — The Arrival — Apple
48
iTunes movie playback. What’s more, the model
is a quarter-pound lighter than the previous Air,
and is made from 100% recycled aluminum.
The new Air starts at $1199, which is the “most
afordable retina Mac” Apple has ever ofered
and ships in the gold, silver, and space gray
colors we have come to know and love.
MAC MINI GIVEN SOME LOVE
The Mac mini has struggled in recent years,
with the last version of the device launched
back in October 2014. According to the popular
Apple news website MacRumors, the average
cycle between Mac mini releases is more than
438 days - but the latest gap is more than
1,475 days. After years of complaints from
power-users who want the Mac experience
with the freedom of using their own screen
and peripherals, Apple caved in and designed
an all-new Mac mini, with a stunning
introduction video of a Mini lying through
the air as if it was a spaceship. The mini has
four cores, can be upgraded to six and uses
eighth-generation CPUs which ofer 60% faster
graphics performance. The device can be
conigured to include up to 64GB of memory
and an SSD drive of up to two terabytes. The
mini now supports Gigabit Ethernet, comes
with four Thunderbolt 3/USB C ports, as well
as HDMI and two USB-A ports to allow users
to connect as many devices as they would
like. Also new is the ability to ‘string together’
Mac minis for video editing, or a server farm,
ofering more performance. Made from 60%
post-consumer recycled plastic, the new Mac
mini starts at $799 and is available November 7
on Apple.com.
49
50
THE iPAD PRO, TAKEN UP A GEAR
After a brief presentation about the new
Sessions coming to Apple Stores around the
world, Tim Cook returned to the stage to ofer
a peek into the new iPad. Leaks of the longawaited Pro model made their way onto the
internet months before its oicial unveiling,
but that didn’t stop the audience from raising
the roof when the lid was oicially lifted. With
no home button, Face ID, a thinner bezel and a
magnetic Apple Pencil, the new iPad Pro is more
advanced than ever before, and “the iPad we’ve
dreamed of making from the very beginning,”
according to designers. Apple will continue to
ofer two versions of the Pro, one with an 11inch display, and the second featuring a 12.9inch display and a smaller, more portable frame
compared to its predecessor, making it great for
working on the go. Both new iPads measure in
at 5.9mm thick, and in typical Apple style, are
15% thinner than previous Pros.
But it’s not just the screen that’s impressive - the
real magic happens under the hood. The new
iPad Pro comes with Face ID for the irst time,
allowing users to unlock their devices, pay for
goods and more. And unlike previous iPads,
there is no “right side up” - iPad Pro automatically
adjusts to your position. The models are powered
by an all-new A12X Bionic processor, which is
more advanced than the latest iPad XS with
more than 10 billion transistors. The device has
an 8-core CPU and a 7-core GPU and is claimed
to be 92% faster than all portable PCs sold in
the past year. Apple really is marketing the
new iPad Pro as an alternative to a computer,
making references and comparisons to laptop
and desktop devices from Dell, HP, and Google.
51
The new Neural Engine on the iPad Pro allows
for 5 trillion operations per second, which makes
it “not just faster than your last computer, but
smarter and more capable.” Designed to target the
professional market, the iPad Pro, for the irst time,
will be available with a one terabyte storage
capacity and is powered by USB-C, allowing
users to connect accessories, collect data, add
high-resolution 5k displays, and even to charge
an iPhone. The 11-inch model starts at $799, while
the larger 12.9-inch model starts at $999.
52
SUPERPOWERED ACCESSORIES
The iPad Pro takes personal computing to
the next level, and the second-generation
Apple Pencil only adds to its performance
and capabilities. The new stylus, which is now
magnetic, automatically pairs and charges
from the iPad’s sides, meaning you’ll no longer
have to plug it in to charge. When combined
with the brand new Smart keyboard folio, which
protects the front and back of the iPad and
ofers comfortable typing whether you’re on
the couch or in the oice, the iPad Pro has never
been a more viable alternative to a computer
- and we’ll no doubt see more consumers
make the switch and jump aboard the Apple
ecosystem whilst they’re in the oice.
53
Mac Mini: Up close with the all-new tiny desktop
AN ELECTRIC RECEPTION
When Tim Cook walked onto the stage at the
keynote speech, attendees were quick to show
their admiration with electric applause, despite
the event’s early start. All of the new products
were met with praise, particularly the magnetic
charging pencil and Mac mini, two products
that professional users were hoping for. Initial
hands-on reviews were positive for the Mac
mini, with CNET saying that, though the Mac
mini looks the same as its predecessor, they
“ought to call it the Mac mini Pro, because
it’s clearly been redesigned from the ground
up and performs great” and complimented
the design’s new space gray inish, while
Apple Insider was impressed with the number
of ports, and said that “one of the coolest
features” was that multiple Mac minis can
work together as part of a cluster.
54
Hands On with the New Updated 2018 Mac Mini!
55
The new MacBook Air was also given some
love; Dieter Bohn from The Verge loved the
new butterly keyboard and Touch ID sensor
that was “way more convenient than typing in
your passcode” and pointed out that the Air
looked “quite a bit like the new generation
of MacBook Pros we’ve seen recently,” while
popular YouTuber Austin Evans said the old
MacBook Air was an “endurance champ” but
that the new model lived up to the hype, and
added that “the new Air is noticeably lighter,
which is impressive considering that the old
MacBook Air was deinitely light already”.
56
Apple Macbook Air 2018 hands-on
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The 2018 MacBook Air is FINALLY Updated
Image: Stephanie Keith
59
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However, it was the iPad Pro that stole the
show at this year’s event, with Nilay Patel from
The Verge saying “Face ID works like a charm,
just like the XS and XR iPhones” and that the
iPad “looks pretty cool” but that he’d “have to
get over the lack of headphone jack,” whilst
Marques Brownlee added that the new iPad
was “very striking to look at and to hold, and
just feels like you’re holding a display” but was
critical of the camera bump, which “kinda ruins
the possibility of it being a completely lat tablet
on a lat surface,” and questioned why Apple
decided to keep the rear-facing camera at
all. Engadget praised the iPad Pro’s “cleaner,
sleeker look,” and added that “this is a machine
that’s kinda premium… it’s meant to get things
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iPad Pro 2018 hands-on:
Apple’s new all-screen tablet
62
2019 iPad Pro Impressions: Incredibly Thin!
63
Apple iPad Pro (2018) Hands-On:
Even closer to a computer
64
done… and for the irst time, its design really
relects professional users.” GadgetMatch, on
the other hand, said “the change I’m happiest
to see is the USB port, allowing you to connect
it to even more devices, like DLSR cameras,”
and added that the Apple Pencil was “always
ready” and ofered “extreme functionality
and performance.”
Of course, until the products are oicially
released later this month and consumers, critics,
and professional users get their hands on them,
it’s hard to know for sure just how revolutionary
the new iPads and Macs will be. But one thing is
clear: Apple continues to push the boundaries
with its hardware, and this latest batch shows
why the company is at the cutting-edge of both
design and innovation. We’re still holding out
hope for a new iMac, Mac Pro and long-awaited
AirPower, which was announced more than
a year ago, but until those products come to
fruition, we’ve got plenty of new gadgets to
keep us busy and increase our productivity. Time
for a shopping spree!
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iPad Pro (2018) Hands-On:
Can this replace your laptop?
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68
GOOGLE SPINOFF
TO TEST TRULY
DRIVERLESS CARS
IN CALIFORNIA
The robotic car company created by Google
is poised to attempt a major technological
leap in California, where its vehicles will hit the
roads without a human on hand to take control
in emergencies.
The regulatory approval announced this week
allows Waymo’s driverless cars to cruise through
California at speeds up to 65 miles per hour.
The self-driving cars have traveled millions
of miles on the state’s roads since Waymo
began as a secretive project within Google
nearly a decade ago. But a backup driver had
been required to be behind the wheel until
new regulations in April set the stage for the
transition to true autonomy.
69
Waymo is the first among dozens of companies
testing self-driving cars in California to persuade
state regulators its technology is safe enough to
permit them on the roads without a safety driver
in them. An engineer still must monitor the fully
autonomous cars from a remote location and be
able to steer and stop the vehicles if something
goes wrong.
California, however, won’t be the first state to
have Waymo’s fully autonomous cars on its
streets. Waymo has been giving rides to a group
of volunteer passengers in Arizona in driverless
cars since last year. It has pledged to deploy its
fleet of fully autonomous vans in Arizona in a
ride-hailing service open to all comers in the
Phoenix area by the end of this year.
But California has a much larger population and
far more congestion than Arizona, making it
even more challenging place for robotic cars to
get around.
Waymo is moving into its next phase in
California cautiously. To start, the fully
autonomous cars will only give rides to Waymo’s
employees and confine their routes to roads
in its home town of Mountain View, California,
and four neighboring Silicon Valley cities
— Sunnyvale, Los Altos, Los Altos Hills, and
Palo Alto.
If all goes well, Waymo will then seek volunteers
who want to be transported in fully autonomous
vehicles, similar to its early rider program
in Arizona . That then could lead to a ridehailing service like the one Waymo envisions
in Arizona.
But Waymo’s critics are not convinced there is
enough evidence that the fully autonomous
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cars can be trusted to be driving through
neighborhoods without humans behind
the wheel.
“This will allow Waymo to test its robotic cars
using people as human guinea pigs,” said John
Simpson, privacy and technology project
director for Consumer Watchdog, a group that
has repeatedly raised doubts about the safety of
self-driving cars.
Those concerns escalated in March after fatal
collision involving a self-driving car being tested
by the leading ride-hailing service, Uber. In that
incident, an Uber self-driving car with a human
safety driver struck and killed a pedestrian
crossing a darkened street in a Phoenix suburb.
Waymo’s cars with safety drivers have been
involved in dozens of accidents in California, but
those have mostly been minor fender benders at
low speeds.
All told, Waymo says its self-driving cars have
collectively logged more than 10 million
miles in 25 cities in a handful of states while in
autonomous mode, although most of those trips
have occurred with safety drivers.
Waymo contends its robotic vehicles will save
lives because so many crashes are caused by
human motorists who are intoxicated, distracted
or just bad drivers.
“If a Waymo vehicle comes across a situation
it doesn’t understand, it does what any good
driver would do: comes to a safe stop until it does
understand how to proceed,” the company said.
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CAN A
HOLOGRAPHIC
SCREEN HELP A
NEW PHONE
BREAK OUT?
Most leading phones offer the same basics: Big
screens, decent battery life and good cameras.
So when a newcomer brings something
innovative to the party, why is it difficult to break
through a phone market dominated by Apple
and Samsung?
One such smartphone comes out this week from
Red, a company with roots in digital cameras for
movie productions. The new Hydrogen One has
a holographic screen that produces 3-D visuals
without needing special glasses. It is launching
with two major movies converted to this format
and allows users to create and share their own
videos shot with the phone.
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Red’s goals are modest — about 16 million
units a year, based on Red’s stated target of 0.5
percent of Samsung’s sales. But Red will need
customers beyond the tech elite and camera
buffs; it’ll need their friends and friends of their
friends. It doesn’t help that the Hydrogen One
carries a hefty $1,295 price tag.
“The Red Hydrogen One stands little chance
of upsetting the smartphone status quo,” said
Geoff Blaber, a research analyst at CCS Insight.
Chipping away at Apple’s and Samsung’s
dominance is much harder than it used to be
because phone innovation isn’t so much about
hardware any more, Creative Strategies analyst
Carolina Milanesi said. What matters more, she said,
is the software and artificial intelligence behind it.
Consider Apple’s new iPhones. Sure, the new
XR and XS models all have decent screens,
battery life and cameras. But Apple has also
been emphasizing such software-based features
as augmented reality, artificial intelligence
and automation using the Siri digital assistant.
Or take Samsung’s Galaxy Note 9. Signature
features include the use of AI to automatically
fine-tune images.
While the Hydrogen One’s screen is different,
Milanesi said, it’s not necessarily something the
mass market will gravitate to.
Red founder Jim Jannard said his phone is about
making waves in a sea of smartphone sameness.
“We don’t buy the same make, model or color of
car that our next-door neighbor has,” he said. “It’s
important to keep this industry pushing along ...
and give people some new choice. What we’ve
done is pretty nuts.”
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The phone starts selling this week through AT&T
and Verizon in the U.S.
Red calls the screen technology 4V, for four view,
which is another way of saying it’s doubling
what twin-lens 3-D cameras produce by adding
depth data to each image. There’s a special
material under the screen that lets 4V photos
and video appear to the viewer in 3-D. Images
that aren’t shot or converted to this format will
look the same as they do on any other screen.
Attempts to photograph a 4V screen will also
produce images that don’t look any different.
Yet the 3-D wizardry indeed works, though
it’s more pronounced in some scenes than
others. Images of a soccer goalie blocking a
shot feels realistic, but a waterfall at Yosemite
National Park looks like video taken with a
regular camera (though leaves in the foreground
looked 3-D). The Red phone might remind you
of holographic stickers in which the view shifts
slightly as you tilt them.
The Warner Bros. studio is giving customers of
parent company AT&T two free 4V movies: the
first “Harry Potter” prequel, “Fantastic Beasts and
Where to Find Them,” and Steven Spielberg’s
“Ready Player One,” which is set in a virtual
world. The studio plans to convert about a halfdozen other movies initially. Red will have tools
for producers to convert existing 3-D video into
the 4V format.
The Hydrogen One also has twin lenses in the
back to capture 4V photos and video. Trouble is,
people you share them with will get a normal
image unless they also have a Hydrogen One.
The phone also has a handful of 4V games.
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Red’s 4V could run into the same problems that
virtual reality has faced. People haven’t been
rushing out for headsets, while video creators
haven’t been rushing out to make VR experiences.
There’s a chicken-and-egg problem at play.
Beyond the fancy screen, the phone is thick at a
time Apple and Samsung make thinner phones.
That’s done to fit in a bigger battery, with 12
percent more capacity than the super-charged
Note 9. The sides have ridges to improve the
grip. The phone has pins for expansion modules,
such as an adapter for any standard SLR lens.
(Incidentally, a major manufacturer that tried
this modularization approach, LG, backed away
from it after a year.)
Jannard has a history of disrupting other
industries, too. He previously founded Oakley,
which became a force in sunglasses using many
of the word-of-mouth techniques he is hoping
to replicate with the new phone.
“We’re not trying to win over the whole world,”
he said. “We’re trying to provide a phone that we
hope enough people like. Otherwise, I’m going
to own the single most expensive cellphone in
the world, and I’m happy with that.”
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Image: Brendan Mcdermid
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WALL STREET
SOURS ON
SILICON VALLEY,
BATTERING
TECH STOCKS
Investors for years have seemingly adored
technology stocks as much as most people love
their smartphones.
But Wall Street has suddenly soured on Silicon
Valley and the rest of tech, triggering a stomachchurning downturn in a turbulent October.
Some of the hardest hit stocks belong to five
companies — Facebook, Apple, Amazon,
Netflix and Google. They have collectively
attracted billions to their products, carving
out lucrative markets they each dominate in
an increasingly digital world. Investors latched
on to their success and gave them their own
acronym, “FAANG.” (It’s still in use even though
Google now trades under the stock of its parent
Alphabet Inc.)
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What a difference a month makes. Since the end
of September, individual FAANG stocks have
plunged between 4 percent and 20 percent,
collectively wiping out nearly $400 billion in
paper shareholder wealth.
The downturn may seem puzzling, given that
Apple’s iPhone sales are booming, the online
shopping traffic keeps sending more consumers
to Amazon, people are constantly asking Google
to enlighten and direct them, people keep
posting on Facebook and Netflix has never been
a more popular entertainment destination.
But these companies are facing rising
challenges. President Donald Trump has
escalated a trade war with China, for instance,
and governments are starting to consider
tougher regulation that could curb tech’s
influence. Employees at some large tech
concerns are increasingly restive about their
companies’ contributions to military and
immigration-related projects.
Much of that contributes to concerns that the
tech companies won’t be growing as much and
as quickly as investors had expected. “We are
starting to see ‘fork-in-the-road’ situation for
technology,” said Wedbush Securities analysts
Daniel Ives.
Investors currently are betting it will be a bumpy
road. The tech-driven Nasdaq index is 12 percent
below the high it reached in August.
The big-name tech stocks have been faring so well
for so long that investors have been betting on
even bigger things to come from the companies.
Those wagers might take longer to pay off, or
worse, fizzle completely if a slowing economy
or a recession undermines their future growth.
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Facebook and Google, for instance, might
not be able to entice as many new users to
their free digital services, and the advertising
that generates most of their revenue might
shrivel away.
For Amazon, it might mean consumers curtail
their spending on merchandise in its e-commerce
site or decide they really don’t need an internetconnected speaker like the Echo after all. Netflix
might have more difficulty attracting subscribers,
and could even start seeing more cancellations if
households feel squeezed.
Rising interest rates are also weighing on stock
prices, analysts say. Higher rates reduce the
present value of future corporate earnings,
which in turn undermines the justification for
the lofty valuations — and high share prices —
of tech companies.
These valuations are commonly measured by
price-to-earnings ratios — the amount investors
are willing to pay for each dollar of anticipated
earnings. Consider Netflix, a company that
began renting DVDs through the mail during
the late 1990s, and which not long ago was
considered to be worth more than Walt Disney
Co. and its Magic Kingdom.
Even after the recent sell-off, Netflix’s priceto-earnings ratio stands at $107 for every $1
in earnings. By comparison, Disney’s is a more
reasonable $14 for every $1 in earnings —
and it’s also now worth about $37 billion more
than Netflix.
The long tech rally boosted two members of the
FAANG club — Apple and Amazon — to trilliondollar market valuations, making them the first
U.S. companies to reach that milestone.
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But Amazon’s market value now stands below
$800 billion. Apple could also be knocked out
of the $1 trillion club if its earnings for the latest
quarter disappoint investors the same way
Amazon and Alphabet reports did this past week.
“There are a lot of white knuckles out there right
now, so all eyes are on Apple to emerge as the
knight in shining armor,” Ives said.
Apple’s report for its fiscal fourth quarter is
scheduled to be released Nov. 1. Analysts expect
Apple to have earned $13.5 billion for the JulySeptember quarter, or about $6 million every hour.
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IBM’S $34B RED
HAT DEAL IS RISKY
BID TO BOOST
CLOUD BUSINESS
IBM’s plan to buy Red Hat is both the biggest
acquisition in IBM’s century-long history and a
risky effort to position itself as a major player in
cloud computing.
The $34 billion stock deal translates to $190
per Red Hat share — a 63 percent premium to
the closing price Friday for the Raleigh, North
Carolina, company. Red Hat Inc.’s stock soared
about 45 percent in trading Monday.
The path for revitalization for IBM may be found
in cloud technology, a driving force behind the
blockbuster deal for Red Hat over the weekend.
“It’s a big bet but ultimately they’re in a situation
where they needed to make a significant
acquisition to move them potentially forward,”
Wedbush analyst Daniel Ives said.
Cloud computing, in which services are
delivered over the internet from remote
computers, accounted for nearly a quarter
of IBM’s total revenue over the past year.
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But the company has been overshadowed
by top cloud rivals Amazon, Microsoft and
Google in competing to sell its internet-based
computing services to businesses.
“This is about resetting the cloud landscape,”
IBM Chairman and CEO Virginia Rometty said
Monday in a conference call.
The hybrid cloud — when companies use a mix
of on-site, private and third-party public services
— is an emerging $1 trillion opportunity that the
companies want to be prepared for, Rometty said.
Ives said there’s still plenty of room for growth
as financial services, retailers and industrial
firms increasingly migrate their workloads into
the cloud.
IBM’s Red Hat acquisition follows Microsoft’s
recently completed $7.5 billion purchase of
computer coding hangout GitHub. Both deals will
allow the larger companies to tap into a broader
community of open-source software developers.
Red Hat, founded in 1993, has built a software
platform using the open-source Linux operating
system that’s become “one of the key paths for
enterprises in their moves to the cloud,” Ives said.
The deal requires the approval of Red Hat
shareholders as well as U.S. regulators. It is
targeted to close in the second half of 2019,
but Stifel’s Brad Reback said others may wish to
make a counterbid given Red Hat’s strengths in
data centers.
That prospect sent shares up $52.88 to $169.56,
close to an all-time high. The stock of IBM, which
is headquartered in Armonk, New York, slipped
nearly 5 percent.
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US ELECTION
INTEGRITY DEPENDS
ON SECURITYCHALLENGED FIRMS
It was the kind of security lapse that gives
election officials nightmares. In 2017, a private
contractor left data on Chicago’s 1.8 million
registered voters — including addresses, birth
dates and partial Social Security numbers —
publicly exposed for months on an Amazon
cloud server.
Later, at a tense hearing , Chicago’s Board
of Elections dressed down the top three
executives of Election Systems & Software,
the nation’s dominant supplier of election
equipment and services.
The three shifted uneasily on folding chairs as
board members grilled them about what went
wrong. ES&S CEO Tom Burt apologized and
repeatedly stressed that there was no evidence
hackers downloaded the data.
The Chicago lapse provided a rare moment
of public accountability for the closely held
businesses that have come to serve as front-line
guardians of U.S. election security.
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Image: Mel Evans
A trio of companies — ES&S of Omaha,
Nebraska; Dominion Voting Systems of Denver
and Hart InterCivic of Austin, Texas — sell and
service more than 90 percent of the machinery
on which votes are cast and results tabulated.
Experts say they have long skimped on security
in favor of convenience, making it more difficult
to detect intrusions such as occurred in Russia’s
2016 election meddling.
The businesses also face no significant federal
oversight and operate under a shroud of
financial and operational secrecy despite their
pivotal role underpinning American democracy.
In much of the nation, especially where tech
expertise and budgets are thin, the companies
effectively run elections either directly or
through subcontractors.
“They cobble things together as well as they can,”
University of Connecticut election-technology
expert Alexander Schwartzman said of the
industry leaders. Building truly secure systems
would likely make them unprofitable, he said.
The costs of inadequate security can be high.
Left unmentioned at the Chicago hearing: The
exposed data cache included roughly a dozen
encrypted passwords for ES&S employee accounts
. In a worst-case scenario, a sophisticated attacker
could have used them to infiltrate company
systems, said Chris Vickery of the security firm
Upgard, which discovered the data lapse.
“This is the type of stuff that leads to a complete
compromise,” he said. ES&S said the passwords
were only used to access the company’s
Amazon cloud account and that “there was no
unauthorized access to any data or systems at
any time.”
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All three of the top vendors declined to discuss
their finances and insist that security concerns
are overblown. ES&S, for instance, said in an
email that “any assertions about resistance
to input on security are simply untrue” and
argued that for decades the company has “been
successful in protecting the voting process.”
STONEWALLING ON SECURITY
Many voting systems in use today across the
more than 10,000 U.S. election jurisdictions are
prone to security problems. Academic computer
scientists began hacking them with ease more
than a decade ago, and not much has changed.
Hackers could theoretically wreak havoc at
multiple stages of the election process. They
could alter or erase lists of registered voters to
sow confusion, secretly introduce software to
flip votes, scramble tabulation systems or knock
results-reporting sites offline.
There’s no evidence any of this has happened, at
least not yet.
The vendors say there’s no indication hackers
have penetrated any of their systems. But
authorities acknowledge that some election
mischief or malware booby traps may have
gone unnoticed.
On July 13, U.S. special counsel Robert Mueller
indicted 12 Russian military intelligence
operatives for, among other things, infiltrating
state and local election systems. Senior U.S.
intelligence officials say the Kremlin is wellpositioned to rattle confidence in the integrity of
elections during this year’s midterms, should it
choose to.
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Election vendors have long resisted openended vulnerability testing by independent,
ethical hackers — a process that aims to identify
weaknesses an adversary could exploit. Such
testing is now standard for the Pentagon and
major banks.
While the top vendors claim to have stepped up
their cybersecurity game, experts are skeptical.
“The industry continues to stonewall the
problem,” said Bruce McConnell, a Department
of Homeland cybersecurity czar during the
Obama administration. Election-vendor
executives routinely issue assurances, he said,
but don’t encourage outsiders to inspect their
code or offer “bug bounties” to researchers to
seek out flaws in their software.
Sen. Ron Wyden, an Oregon Democrat, has long
criticized what he calls the industry’s “severe
underinvestment in cybersecurity.” At a July
hearing, he accused the companies of “ducking,
bobbing and weaving” on a series of basic
security questions he’d asked them.
ES&S told The Associated Press that it allows
independent, open-ended testing of its
corporate systems as well as its products. But
the company would not name the testers and
declined to provide documentation of the
testing or its results.
Dominion’s vice president of government affairs,
Kay Stimson, said her company has also had
independent third parties probe its systems
but would not name them or share details. Hart
InterCivic, the No. 3 vendor, said it has done the
same using the Canadian cybersecurity firm
Bulletproof, but would not discuss the results.
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Image: Susan Walsh
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ES&S hired its first chief information security
officer in April. None of the big three vendors
would say how many cybersecurity experts
they employ. Stimson said that “employee
confidentiality and security protections
outweigh any potential disclosure.”
SLOPPY SOFTWARE
AND VULNERABILITY
Experts say they might take the industry’s
security assurances more seriously if not for
the abundant evidence of sloppy software
development, a major source of vulnerabilities.
During this year’s primary elections, ES&S
technology stumbled on several fronts.
In Los Angeles County, more than 118,000
names were left off printed voter rolls. A
subsequent outside audit blamed sloppy
system integration by an ES&S subsidiary
during a database merge.
No such audit was done in Kansas’ most
populous county after a different sort of error
in newly installed ES&S systems delayed the
vote count by 13 hours as data uploading from
thumb drives crawled.
University of Iowa computer scientist Douglas
Jones said both incidents reveal mediocre
programming and insufficient pre-election
testing. And voting equipment vendors have
never seemed security conscious “in any phase
of their design,” he said.
For instance, industry leader ES&S sells votetabulation systems equipped with cellular
modems, a feature that experts say sophisticated
hackers could exploit to tamper with vote counts.
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A few states ban such wireless connections; in
Alabama, the state had to force ES&S to remove
them from machines in January.
“It seemed like there was a lot more emphasis
about how cool the machines could be than
there was actual evidence that they were
secure,” said John Bennett, the Alabama
secretary of state’s deputy chief of staff.
California conducts some of the most rigorous
scrutiny of voting systems in the U.S. and
has repeatedly found chronic problems with
the most popular voting systems. Last year,
a state security contractor found multiple
vulnerabilities in ES&S’s Electionware system
that could, for instance, allow an intruder to
erase all recorded votes at the close of voting.
In 2014, the same contractor, Jacob Stauffer
of the security firm Coherent Cyber, found
“multiple critical vulnerabilities” in Dominion’s
Democracy Suite that could allow skilled
hackers to compromise an election’s outcome.
“These systems are Frankenstein’s monster,
essentially,” Stauffer said.
The federal Department of Homeland Security
began offering confidential vulnerability
testing to vendors over the summer. But only
one vendor has submitted to such testing, said
an agency official who spoke on condition
of anonymity because the official was not
authorized to discuss the matter publicly.
STALLED INNOVATION
More competition might help, but industry
barriers to smaller vendors are “absolutely
enormous,” said Larry Moore, president of
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upstart Clear Ballot. Its auditable voting
system took two and a half years to win
federal certification at a cost of $1 million.
Startups are hard-pressed to disrupt an
industry whose main players rely heavily
on proprietary technologies. ES&S and
other vendors have jealously guarded
them in court — and also unleash lawyers
against election officials who purchase
competitors’ products.
In October, ES&S sued Cook County,
Illinois, seeking to void its $30 million,
10-year contract with a competitor. It also
recently threatened Louisiana and Douglas
County, Kansas, with lawsuits for choosing
other suppliers.
Cook County elections director Noah
Praetz said litigious behavior only chills
modernization. Competition and innovation
are already hampered in an industry with “really
low” margins, especially considering limited
government funding for election equipment.
“The market isn’t functioning real well,” he said.
LIMITED OVERSIGHT
Elections are run by the states, whose oversight
of suppliers varies. California, New York and
Colorado are among states that keep a close
eye on the vendors, but many others have
cozier relationships with them.
And the vendors can be recalcitrant. In 2017,
for instance, Hart InterCivic refused to provide
Virginia with a paperless e-Slate touchscreen
voting machine for testing, said Edgardo
Cortes, then the state election commissioner.
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In this year’s midterms — as in the 2016
election — roughly 1 in 5 voters will use such
electronic machines. Their tallies cannot be
verified because they produce no paper record.
Cortes decided to decertify all such systems.
If anyone tried to break in and alter votes, he
concluded, “there was really no way for us to
tell if that had happened.” Hart InterCivic’s vice
president of operations, Peter Lichtenheld,
did not dispute Cortes’ account in July Senate
testimony, but said its Virginia customers were
already moving to newer machines.
At the federal level, no authority accredits
election vendors or vets them or their
subcontractors. No federal law requires
them to report security breaches or to
perform background checks on employees
or subcontractors.
Election vendors don’t even have to be U.S.
companies. Dominion was Canadian-owned
until July, when a New York private equity firm
bought a controlling interest.
Federal oversight is limited to the littleknown Election Assistance Commission, a
30-employee agency that certifies voting
equipment but whose recommendations are
strictly voluntary. It has no oversight power
and cannot sanction manufacturers for
any shortcomings.
“We can’t regulate,” EAC chairman Thomas
Hicks said during a July 11 congressional
hearing when the question came up. Neither
can DHS, even though it designated the
nation’s election systems “critical infrastructure”
in early 2017.
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#01 – Tomb of the Mask
By Playgendary GmbH
Category: Games / Free
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#02 – Go Fish!
By Kwalee Ltd
Category: Games / Free
Requires iOS 10.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#03 – Hello Stars
By SamShui Corporation
Category: Games / Free
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#04 – Instagram
By Instagram, Inc.
Category: Photo & Video / Free
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#05 – Snapchat
By Snap, Inc.
Category: Photo & Video / Free
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#06 – Messenger
By Facebook, Inc.
Category: Social Networking / Free
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#07 – Facebook
By Facebook, Inc.
Category: Social Networking / Free
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#08 – Bumper.io
By Voodoo
Category: Games / Free
Requires iOS 7.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#09 – Fortnite
By Chair Entertainment Group
Category: Games / Free
Requires iOS 11.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#10 – Google Maps
By Google, Inc.
Category: Navigation / Free
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
110
#01 – GarageBand
By Apple
Category: Music / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.10 or later
#02– Microsoft Remote Desktop 10
By Microsoft Corporation
Category: Business / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.9 or later, 64-bit processor
#03 – WhatsApp Desktop
By WhatsApp Inc.
Category: Social Networking / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.9.0 or later, 64-bit processor
#04 – Flick for Netflix: Watch Movie
By Cao Minghui
Category: Video / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.10 or later, 64-bit processor
#05 – AdBlock for Safari
By BETAFISH INC
Category: Productivity / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.10 or later, 64-bit processor
#06 – Shazam
By Shazam Entertainment Ltd.
Category: Music / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.10 or later, 64-bit processor
#07 – Microsoft OneNote
By Microsoft Corporation
Category: Productivity / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.10 or later, 64-bit processor
#08 – MKPlayer - Media Player
By Rocky Sand Studio Ltd.
Category: Video / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.10 or later, 64-bit processor
#09 – Xcode
By Apple
Category: Developer Tools / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.11.5 or later
#10 – DeskApp for YouTube
By Rocky Sand Studio Ltd.
Category: Video / Free
Compatibility: OS X 10.8 or later, 64-bit processor
111
#01 – Minecraft
By Mojang
Category: Games / Price: $6.99
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#02 – Heads Up!
By Warner Bros.
Category: Games / Price: $0.99
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#03 – PlantSnap Plant Identification
By PlantSnap, Inc.
Category: Education / Price: $3.99
Requires iOS 10.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#04 – Plague Inc
By Ndemic Creations
Category: Games / Price: $0.99
Requires iOS 6.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#05 – Human Anatomy Atlas 2019
By Argosy Publishing
Category: Medical / Price: $0.99
Requires iOS 11.3 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#06 – Facetune
By Lightricks Ltd.
Category: Photo & Video / Price: $3.99
Requires iOS 7.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#07 – Bloons TD 6
By Kaiparasoft Ltd
Category: Games / Price: $4.99
Requires iOS 11.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#08 – Sky Guide
By Fifth Star Labs LLC
Category: Reference / Price: $9.99
Requires iOS 10.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#09 – Dark Sky Weather
By jackadam
Category: Weather / Price: $3.99
Requires iOS 8.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
#10 – Pocket City
By Bobby Li
Category: Games / Price: $4.99
Requires iOS 9.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
112
#01 – Logic Pro X
By Apple
Category: Music / Price: $279.99
Compatibility: OS X 10.10 or later, 64-bit processor
#02 – Magnet
By CrowdCafé
Category: Productivity / Price: $1.39
Compatibility: OS X 10.9 or later, 64-bit processor
#03 – Final Cut Pro
By Apple
Category: Video / Price: $399.99
Compatibility: OS X 10.11.4 or later, 64-bit processor
#04 – Adware Doctor: Malware Remove
By YONGMING ZHANG
Category: Utilities / Price: $6.99
Compatibility: OS X 10.6.6 or later
#05 – iGoOffice - Microsoft Office Edition
By Time Base Technology Limited
Category: Business / Price: $54.99
Compatibility: OS X 10.9 or later, 64-bit processor
#06 – The Sims™ 2: Super Collection
By Aspyr Media, Inc.
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Compatibility: OS X 10.9.2 or later
#07 – Affinity Photo
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Compatibility: OS X 10.7 or later, 64-bit processor
#08 – Dr. Cleaner Pro
By Trend Micro, Incorporated
Category: Utilities / Price: $20.99
Compatibility: OS X 10.10 or later, 64-bit processor
#09 – Fibbage XL
By Jackbox Games, Inc.
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#10 – Filezilla Pro - FTP SFTP S3
By Business Follows srl
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Compatibility: OS X 10.11 or later, 64-bit processor
113
by Jesse Peretz
Genre: Comedy
Released: 2018
Price: $12.99
23 Ratings
Trailer
Movies
&
TVShows
114
Rotten Tomatoes
81
%
Juliet, Naked
Annie Platt’s (Rose Byrne) long-term
relationship with Duncan Thomson (Chris
O’Dowd) – a superfan of obscure rocker
Tucker Crowe (Ethan Hawke) – is tested
when she enters into a romantic encounter
with the rock star himself.
FIVE FACTS:
1. Juliet, Naked holds a ‘Tomatometer’ rating
of 82% on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 125
reviews and an average rating of 6.9/10.
2. The movie is based on Nick Hornby’s 2009
novel of the same name.
3. Megan Dodds also stars, as Carrie.
4. The film premiered at the Sundance Film
Festival on January 19, 2018.
5. It is directed by Jesse Peretz, who
previously directed Our Idiot Brother (2011)
and The Ex (2007).
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116
Sorry (2018) Ethan Hawke
117
BlacKkKlansman
BlacKkKlansman is an American biographical
comedy-drama film, directed by Spike Lee.
Based on Ron Stallworth’s memoir, Black
Klansman, the film focuses on the actions
of the first African-American detective in
the Colorado Springs police department in
the 1970s, as he attempts to infiltrate the
local Ku Klux Klan.
FIVE FACTS:
1. The film premiered at Cannes Film
Festival, competing for the Palme d’Or and
winning the Grand Prix.
2. The film is based on a true story.
3. Its theatrical release date coincided
with the one-year anniversary of the white
supremacist Unite the Right rally.
4. It stars John David Washington as Ron
Stallworth and Adam Driver as Detective
Flip Zimmerman.
5. It grossed $10,845,330 in its
opening weekend.
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by Spike Lee
Genre: Drama
Released: 2018
Price: $14.99
126 Ratings
Trailer
Rotten Tomatoes
95
%
119
120
Undercover (2018)
121
“Do You Love Texas?”
Music
122
Shooter
Shooter Jennings
Shooter is the eighth album from Shooter
Jennings. Jennings is the son of leather-andlace country couple, Waylon Jennings and
Jessi Colter, but he hasn’t always followed
in his parents’ country footsteps, dabbling
in dystopian rock opera in 2010 with Black
Ribbons. However, this new album sees
Jennings reverting to his country and
Southern rock and roll roots.
Genre: Country
Released: Aug 10, 2018
9 Songs
Price: $7.99
47 Ratings
FIVE FACTS:
1. In the first few years of his life, Shooter
Jennings lived on his parents’ tour bus,
surrounded by the likes of Willie Nelson and
Johnny Cash.
2. Jennings signed his first recording
contract in 2005 with Universal South
Records and released his first album, Put the
“O” Back in Country, that same year.
3. In the Johnny Cash biopic, Walk the Line,
Jennings portrays the role of his father.
4. For Shooter, Jennings is reunited with
Grammy-winning producer Dave Cobb.
5. Jennings would love to work with robots
– he is determined to record an album with
an animatronic band called the Rock-afire
Explosion, who are fronted by a keyboardplaying gorilla.
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“Shades & Hues”
124
125
Evolution (Deluxe)
Disturbed
This groove-heavy hard-rock album, Evolution,
comes from the heavy metal band Disturbed,
which was formed in Chicago, Illinois in 1994.
The group consists of vocalist David Draiman,
bassist John Moyer, guitarist/keyboardist Dan
Donegan and drummer Mike Wengren. In an
interview with radio station CITI-FM, Draiman
said Evolution was the “most powerful body of
work as a whole that we’ve ever released”.
FIVE FACTS:
1. Disturbed took a three-year hiatus before
recording their new album, Evolution.
2. Five of the band’s seven studio albums
have consecutively debuted at number one
on the Billboard 200.
3. The group’s debut album, The Sickness,
has sold over four million copies since its
release in 2000.
4. The band has an official mascot, ‘The Guy’.
5. Before lead singer David Draiman joined
the band, Disturbed’s bassist, guitarist
and drummer were in a separate band
called Brawl.
126
Genre: Rock
Released: Oct 19, 2018
14 Songs
Price: $12.99
385 Ratings
“The Sound Of Silence”
127
“A Reason To Fight”
128
129
130
BEATLES RELEASE
NEW VIDEO FOR
‘GLASS ONION’
ON APPLE MUSIC
The Beatles have released a new music video on
Apple Music for their 1968 song, “Glass Onion.”
The video was released Tuesday and features
rare photos and performance footage. The
song appeared on their self-titled ninth album,
often referred to as the “White Album,” which
celebrates its 50th anniversary this year.
The Beatles will re-release the “White Album” on
Nov. 9, featuring 30 tracks newly mixed by Giles
Martin, the son of longtime Beatles producer
George Martin.
The repackaging also includes 27 acoustic
demos of material the Beatles made at George
Harrison’s house before recording sessions
began, as well as 50 studio outtakes.
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‘BOHEMIAN RHAPSODY’
WON’T ROCK YOU,
BUT MALEK WILL
Where does a preening, pansexual rock god
get his powers? The Freddie Mercury biopic
“Bohemian Rhapsody” traces his sonorous
majesty to an unlikely place: his back teeth.
Mercury, nee Farrokh Bulsara, was born with
four extra incisors, giving him a bigger mouth.
Introducing himself to his future Queen
bandmates Mercury, as played by Rami Malek,
explains that the added chompers have benefits
beyond a provocative, pronounced overbite. It
endows him with enhanced vocal range.
Teeth-assisted or not, Mercury’s voice was so
expansive that it prompted genuine scientific
inquiry. But range is one thing sorely lacking in
Bryan Singer’s “Bohemian Rhapsody,” a slavishly
conventional rock biopic that at every turn
opts for the stereotypical despite a subject who
devoted himself to the unconventional. It’s a
remarkably bland movie about a deliciously
vibrant performer.
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Image: Alex Bailey
134
Yet while “Bohemian Rhapsody” is so hollowly,
even comically formulaic that even Dewey Cox
of “Walk Hard” might snicker, it’s filled, often
fantastically, by Malek’s sinuous, fully inhabited
performance as the Queen frontman. It’s as if
he didn’t get the note about the half-hearted
filmmaking going on around him, or if he did,
he’s hell-bent on ignoring it.
Malek, the “Mr. Robot” actor, throws himself
into every strutting second of screen time as
Mercury. He lacks both Mercury’s voice (it was
overdubbed for singing and performance
scenes) and Mercury’s teeth (Malek was outfitted
with fake ones). But Malek’s performance,
especially on stage, is so full-bodied that he
transcends both his own differences with
Mercury and the tepid surrounding melodrama.
That “Bohemian Rhapsody” is a bit of a mess isn’t
altogether a surprise. Singer was fired toward
the end of shooting for not showing up on set
(Singer said it was to visit an ill parent) and was
replaced by Dexter Fletcher. Singer remains the
credited director; Fletcher is listed as a producer.
The script, too, underwent several passes before
one by Anthony McCarten (“Darkest Hour, “The
Theory of Everything”) ultimately prevailed. The
film opens moments before Queen’s Live Aid
performance at Wembley Stadium in 1985, and
— as if by rock biopic decree — shifts back in
time to young Freddie, in his mid-20s and living
with his parents in the London suburbs.
Mercury was born to a Parsi family from Zanzibar
(he attended boarding school in India), but
we get only the slightest of hints of his family
heritage or what made Mercury run from it. By
the time we meet him, he hasn’t yet adopted his
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Roman god moniker (more than a stage name,
he made “Mercury” legal), but he might as well
have. Young Freddie is already a larger-thanlife figure clearly destined to a life of skin-tight
jumpsuits and glam-rock anthems. In a flash he
goes from slinging luggage on the Heathrow
tarmac to convincing guitarist Brian May
(Gwilym Lee) and drummer Roger Taylor (Ben
Hardy) that he’s their new lead singer.
Everything in “Bohemian Rhapsody” happens
less with the thrust of life than the rapid-fire
recounting of a biographical history, sometimes
rigorously in step with Wikipedia, sometimes
taking shortcuts to avoid anything that strays
outside a neatly contrived narrative. In the span
of minutes, Queen is a sensation with a record
contract (Mike Meyers joins for a tongue-incheek cameo as EMI executive Ray Foster) and
aspirations for much more: a world tour, a farout concept album and beyond. Our sense is
that Mercury has swiftly — and with curiously
little trouble — realized his true self, in all his
peacocking glory.
The conflict, hinted at in passing glances in
between recording sessions, is that Mercury,
who died of AIDS-related pneumonia in 1991
at 45, isn’t quite so free off stage as he is on,
despite all his radical flamboyance. Much time
is spent with his longtime partner Mary Austin
(Lucy Boyton) and, later, with a diabolical
personal manager-boyfriend, Paul Prenter (Allen
Leech), who gets most of the blame for anything
bad Mercury ever did.
But the film mostly sticks to the familiar
trajectory of rock stardom: studio magic,
backstage excess, band infighting, misguided
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Image: Alex Bailey
137
solo efforts, drug problems and — that most
heinous of menaces in the music biopic — the
temptation of disco.
The only time “Bohemian Rhapsody” works is
when it finally retreats from not just the standard
biopic narrative but from storytelling altogether.
It concludes with a nearly song-by-song
recreation of the band’s reunion show at Live Aid
which, despite the movie’s fudged timeline, took
place two years before Mercury’s AIDS diagnosis.
Still, the power comes mainly from the tunes
and from Mercury/Malek’s magnificent stage
presence. “Bohemian Rhapsody” might be easy
come, easy go, but Malek makes for a showstopping silhouetto of a man.
“Bohemian Rhapsody,” a 20th Century Fox
release, is rated PG-13 by the Motion Picture
Association of America for thematic elements,
suggestive material, drug content and language.
Running time: 134 minutes. Two stars out of four.
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139
140
COULD HAVE
BEEN WORSE?
FACEBOOK POSTS
MIXED 3Q RESULTS
Facebook didn’t hit it out of the ballpark with
its latest quarterly report, but the bar isn’t so
high these days for the image-battered social
networking giant.
The company reported a slight revenue miss
but stronger than expected profit for the JulySeptember period. Coming three months after
its stock suffered its worst one-day drop in
history, wiping out $119 billion of its market
value, the mixed results were perhaps not the
redemption Facebook hoped for.
Shares were volatile in after-hours trading —
dropping the most, briefly, when executives
discussed a decline in expected revenue growth
and increasing expenses during the conference
call. Still, the stock generally vacillated in the
low single-digit percentages, suggesting, at
least, that the social media giant didn’t spook
investors too badly.
With the myriad problems Facebook is facing,
that passes for good news these days.
141
“Overall, given all the challenges Facebook has
faced this year, this is a decent earnings report,”
said eMarketer analyst Debra Aho Williamson.
Facebook had 2.27 billion monthly users at
the end of the quarter, below the 2.29 billion
analysts were expecting. Facebook says it
changed the way it calculates users, which
reduced the total slightly. The company’s user
base was still up 10 percent from 2.07 billion
monthly users a year ago.
The company earned $5.14 billion, or $1.76 per
share, up 9 percent from $4.71 billion, or $1.59
per share, a year earlier. Revenue was $13.73
billion, an increase of 33 percent, for the JulySeptember period.
Analysts had expected earnings of $1.46 per
share on revenue of $13.77 billion, according
to FactSet.
CEO Mark Zuckerberg called 2019 “another year
of significant investment” during the earnings
call. After that, he said “I know that we need
to make sure our costs and revenue are better
matched over time.”
The company had already warned last
quarter that its revenue growth will slow
down significantly for at least the rest of
this year and that expenses will continue to
balloon as it spends on security, hiring more
content moderators around the world and on
developing its products, be they messaging
apps, video or virtual reality headsets.
The following day the stock plunged 19
percent. Shares not only haven’t recovered,
they’ve since fallen further amid a broader
decline in tech stocks.
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143
Image: Justin Sullivan
144
Facebook’s investors, users, employees and
executives have been grappling not just with
questions over how much money the company
makes and how many people use it, but its
effects on users’ mental health and worries
over what it’s doing to political discourse and
elections around the world. Is Facebook killing
us? Is it killing democracy?
The problems have been relentless for the past
two years. Facebook can hardly crawl its way
out of one before another comes up. It began
with “fake news” and its effects on the 2016
presidential election (a notion Zuckerberg initially
dismissed) and continued with claims of bias
among conservatives that still haven’t relented.
Then there’s hate speech, hacks and a massive
privacy scandal in which Facebook exposed
the data of up to 87 million users to a data
mining firm, along with resulting moves toward
government regulation of social media. Amid
all this, there have been sophisticated attempts
from Russia and Iran to interfere with elections
and stir up political discord in the U.S.
All this would be more than enough to deal
with. But the business challenges are also
piling up. There are stricter privacy regulations
in Europe that can impede how much data
it collects on users. Facebook and other tech
companies face a new “digital tax” in the UK.
On Tuesday, Arjuna Capital and the New York State
Common Retirement Fund filed a shareholder
proposal asking Facebook to publish a report on
its policies for governing what is posted on its
platform and explain what it is doing to “address
content that threatens democracy, human
rights, and freedom of expression.”
145
“Young users are deleting the app and all users
are taking breaks from Facebook,” said Natasha
Lamb, managing partner at Arjuna Capital.
“When you start to see users turn away from the
platform, that’s when investors get concerned.”
A recent Pew Research Center survey found
that more than a quarter of U.S. Facebook users
have deleted the app from their phones and
42 percent have taken a break for at least a few
weeks. Younger users were much more likely to
delete the app than their older counterparts.
Nonetheless, Facebook is still enjoying healthy
user growth outside the U.S.
Facebook’s stock climbed $4.07, or 2.8 percent,
to $150.29 in after-hours trading. The stock had
closed at $146.22, down 17 percent year-to-date.
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147
148
JUSTICES
WEIGH $8.5M
SETTLEMENT WITH
$0 TO 129M
GOOGLE USERS
The Supreme Court struggled this week over
what to do about an $8.5 million class-action
settlement involving Google and privacy
concerns in which all the money went to lawyers
and nonprofit groups but nothing was paid to
129 million people who used Google to perform
internet searches.
The justices considered objections to the
settlement in a case involving Google searches
people do about themselves. The lawsuit argues
that Google sends website operators potentially
identifying information when someone clicks
on a link produced by a search. The suit says the
practice violates users’ privacy under federal law.
The issue at the court concerns the rare
instances in which courts approve a “cy pres”
settlement, roughly translated as near as
possible, and find it’s impractical to send money
to the very large class of affected people.
149
Google agreed to settle the class action for
users of its search function between 2006 and
2014. Of the $8.5 million, $2.1 million eventually
went to lawyers, $1 million paid administrative
costs and $5.3 million was set aside for six
organizations that deal with internet privacy
issues. Four of the groups are affiliated with
universities, while the other two are the World
Privacy Forum and AARP.
The three individuals who initially sued received
$5,000 each, but the millions of Google users
they represented received nothing. If all 129
million people had been paid, they would have
gotten 4 cents each.
Settlements in which class members get no
money at all are rare, class action expert and
Harvard law professor William Rubenstein wrote
in a court filing. Rubsenstein counted 18 such
settlements stretching back to 1995.
Theodore Frank, representing himself and other
objecting Google users, said that if the court were
to uphold the settlement, it would create “perverse
incentives for class counsel to divert money
away from their clients and to third parties.”
The justices seemed to approach the case from
several different angles, making it hard to see
how it would be resolved.
Chief Justice John Roberts, among the justices
who appeared most critical of the settlement,
tended to sarcasm in asking whether AARP was
an appropriate recipient of some of the money.
“As if this is only a problem for elderly people?”
Roberts asked.
The chief justice also raised questions about
Google’s involvement in the process of picking
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151
the recipients of the money, including a group
it had previously contributed to. “Well, don’t
you think it’s just a little bit fishy?” Roberts asked
lawyer Jeffrey Lamken, who supported the
settlement on behalf of the individual plaintiffs
and the class.
Less than a month removed from his
tumultuous confirmation with its allegations of
sexual misconduct, Justice Brett Kavanaugh said
he understood why people would object to the
information about their searches being provided
to websites. “I don’t think anyone would want
the disclosure of everything they searched for
disclosed to other people. That seems a harm,”
Kavanaugh said.
The justices’ understanding of the technology
at issue in their cases can be imperfect. On
Wednesday, Andrew Pincus, the lawyer
representing Google, had to explain several
times that the initial lawsuit was over referrer
headers, information that is sent to a website
when someone clicks on a link suggested by a
Google search.
Justice Samuel Alito complained that following a
search for men’s shoes, he is bombarded by ads
for shoes. Different issue, Pincus said.
Justice Sonia Sotomayor wasn’t persuaded. “And
given that I went into a store not long ago, and
without giving them anything except my credit
card, they came back with my website, I -- it
seems,” Sotomayor said, not explaining what she
meant by her website.
Pincus replied: “Well, there are lots of ways that
information is disclosed that don’t have to do
with the referrer header. Again, we’re talking
about the referrer header here.”
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153
154
NASA SPACECRAFT SETS
RECORD FOR CLOSEST
APPROACH TO SUN
NASA’s Parker Solar Probe is now closer to the
sun than any spacecraft has ever gotten.
Parker surpassed the record of 26.6 million miles
(43 million kilometers) set by Helios-2 back
in 1976. And it will keep getting closer to the
sun until it flies through the corona, or outer
atmosphere, for the first time next week, passing
within 15 million miles (24 million kilometers) of
the solar surface.
Parker will make 24 close approaches to the sun
over the next seven years, ultimately coming
within just 3.8 million miles (6 million kilometers).
Launched in August, Parker is on track to set
another record late Monday night. It will surpass
Helios-2’s speed record of 153,454 miles per hour
(247,000 kilometers per hour), relative to the sun.
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156
HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE
WORKING AGAIN AFTER
3-WEEK SHUTDOWN
The Hubble Space Telescope is studying the
cosmos once again after a three-week shutdown.
NASA says the orbiting observatory resumed
scientific observations over the weekend.
Hubble’s pointing system was compromised
earlier this month when an old gyroscope finally
failed. The backup did not kick in properly,
forcing flight controllers to come up with a
fix. Controllers managed to coax the backup
gyroscope into operation through a variety of
maneuvers and switches. Three gyroscopes
need to be working for optimal performance.
Launched in 1990, Hubble has made more than
1.3 million observations of stars, galaxies, black
holes and other celestial targets. Some are more
than 13 billion light-years away.
The telescope resumed operations Saturday
by staring down a distant star-forming galaxy
in the infrared.
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158
SHALLOW
LADY GAGA & BRADLEY COOPER
WITHOUT ME
HALSEY
A MILLION DREAMS
P!NK
HAPPIER
MARSHMELLO & BASTILLE
ALWAYS REMEMBER US THIS WAY
LADY GAGA
MONEY
CARDI B
HIGH HOPES
PANIC! AT THE DISCO
NATURAL
IMAGINE DRAGONS
YOUNGBLOOD
5 SECONDS OF SUMMER
I’LL NEVER LOVE AGAIN
EXTENDED VERSION
LADY GAGA
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160
A STAR IS BORN SOUNDTRACK
LADY GAGA & BRADLEY COOPER
LOOK UP CHILD
LAUREN DAIGLE
THE GREATEST SHOWMAN
ORIGINAL MOTION PICTURE SOUNDTRACK
VARIOUS ARTISTS
CHRISTMAS IS HERE!
PENTATONIX
SÌ DELUXE
ANDREA BOCELLI
HONEY
ROBYN
NAMANANA  THE 3RD ALBUM
LAY
A STAR IS BORN SOUNDTRACK
LADY GAGA & BRADLEY COOPER
ANTHEM OF THE PEACEFUL ARMY
GRETA VAN FLEET
LOVE ME NOW
TORY LANEZ
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162
DIP FEAT. NICKI MINAJ
TYGA
WOMAN LIKE ME FEAT. NICKI MINAJ
LITTLE MIX
THRILLER
MICHAEL JACKSON
GOT MY NAME CHANGED BACK
PISTOL ANNIES
NAMANANA
LAY
GIRLS LIKE YOU FEAT. CARDI B
MAROON 5
PERFECT SYMPHONY
WITH ANDREA BOCELLI
ED SHEERAN
FALL ON ME
ANDREA BOCELLI & MATTEO BOCELLI
LOST IN JAPAN ORIGINAL + REMIX
SHAWN MENDES & ZEDD
SICKO MODE FEAT. DRAKE
TRAVIS SCOTT
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164
THE OBLIGED
THE WALKING DEAD, SEASON 9
THE LORD & HIS LADY
KEEPING UP WITH THE KARDASHIANS, SEASON 15
REQUIEM
MADAM SECRETARY, SEASON 5
ARACHNIDS IN THE UK
DOCTOR WHO, SEASON 11
EVERYDAY ANGEL
GREY’S ANATOMY, SEASON 15
WARNING SIGNS
THE WALKING DEAD, SEASON 9
YOUNG AND RESTLESS
90 DAY FIANCE, SEASON 6
TRAITOR
AMERICAN HORROR STORY: APOCALYPSE, SEASON 8
HONOR
THE LAST SHIP, SEASON 5
CHAPTER THIRTYEIGHT:
“AS ABOVE, SO BELOW”
RIVERDALE, SEASON 3
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166
THE RECKONING
JOHN GRISHAM
EVERY BREATH
NICHOLAS SPARKS
HALLOWE’EN PARTY
AGATHA CHRISTIE
DENIM AND DIAMONDS
DEBBIE MACOMBER
THE GIRL WHO CHASED THE MOON
SARAH ADDISON ALLEN
WINTER IN PARADISE
ELIN HILDERBRAND
HOLY GHOST
JOHN SANDFORD
DARE TO WANT MORE BOX SET
CARLY PHILLIPS
WORLD GONE BY
DENNIS LEHANE
WHERE THE CRAWDADS SING
DELIA OWENS
167
US LIMITS TECH
EXPORTS TO
CHINESE FIRM
ON SECURITY
GROUNDS
The Trump administration has imposed
restrictions on technology exports to a statesupported Chinese semiconductor maker,
citing national security grounds amid a
mounting tariff battle.
The controls imposed Monday on Fujian Jinhua
Integrated Circuit Co. reflect concern Chinese
competition could drive American technology
suppliers out of business, leaving the military
without secure sources of components.
Beijing has spent heavily to build up Jinhua and
other chip makers as part of efforts to transform
China into a global leader in robotics, artificial
intelligence and other technology industries.
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169
The United States, Europe and other trading
partners say Beijing’s tactics violate its marketopening obligations. American officials worry
they might erode U.S. industrial leadership.
President Donald Trump has imposed tariffs
of up to 25 percent on $250 billion of Chinese
goods in an effort to pressure Beijing to roll
back those plans.
Jinhua is completing “substantial production
capacity” for integrated circuits, possibly
using U.S. technology, which “threatens
the long-term economic viability of U.S.
suppliers of these essential components of
U.S. military systems,” said a Commerce
Department statement.
The company was added to the department’s
“Entity List,” which will require it to obtain an
export license for all software, technology and
commodities, the Commerce Department said.
It said such applications “will be reviewed with
a presumption of denial.”
That “will limit its ability to threaten the supply
chain for essential components in our military
systems,” Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said
in the statement.
China’s foreign ministry said it hoped foreign
governments would treat Chinese companies
“reasonably and fairly.”
“We hope the United States will do something
that serves the two sides’ interest and helps
improve mutual trust, instead of the other way
around,” said a ministry spokesman, Lu Kang.
Calls to Fujian Jinhua’s offices rang unanswered
Tuesday and there was no immediate response
to an inquiry made through their website.
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The order marks the second U.S. action this
year blocking technology exports to a
Chinese buyer.
ZTE Corp., China’s second-biggest maker of
telecoms equipment, faced possible bankruptcy
this year after Washington imposed a seven-year
ban on sales of U.S. technology to the company
over its exports to Iran and North Korea.
American authorities lifted the ban in July after
ZTE paid a $1 billion fine, agreed to replace
its executive team and hired U.S.-selected
compliance officers.
Meanwhile, Jinhua is embroiled in a court battle
with U.S. chip maker Micron Technology Inc.,
which accuses the Chinese company of stealing
its technology.
Micron sued Jinhua in December in federal
court in California. Jinhua sued the U.S.
company the following month in a Chinese
court and obtained an order blocking sales of
some Micron products.
172
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174
EUROPEAN TECH
LEADERS WARN
AGAINST
EU DIGITAL
SERVICES TAX
Technology company chiefs have warned that
a digital services tax proposed by the European
Union would hinder innovation and hurt
economic growth.
In a letter to finance ministers of the 28-nation
European Union, leaders of 16 tech companies
including Spotify, Booking.com and Zalando
say the proposed tax would undermine the
EU’s goal of a digital single market and “harm
the very businesses that are the catalysts for
economic growth and employment in the
European economy.”
175
Johannes Bahrke, spokesman at the EU’s
executive Commission, defended the proposal
Tuesday, saying it aims to create a “level playing
field” for companies whether they are based in
or outside the EU.
“Our proposal remains fully grounded on the
most basic principle of corporate taxation which
is that profits should be taxed where the value is
created,” he said.
However, Bahrke added that the commission
would prefer an international agreement to a
new EU law.
The European Commission unveiled its
plan in March, insisting that EU member
countries should be able to tax firms that
make profits on their territory even if they
aren’t physically present.
The proposal was seen as a way of making tech
giants like Google and Facebook pay more taxes.
Brussels argues that corporate tax rules haven’t
kept up with the emergence of the borderless
digital marketplace that allows some
companies to make huge profits in Europe yet
pay very little tax.
In the EU, foreign companies like Amazon,
Google and Facebook pay what tax they owe in
the country where they have their regional base
— usually a low tax haven like Ireland.
Britain, which is scheduled to leave the EU on
March 29, announced its own tech tax this week.
Treasury chief Philip Hammond said the
proposed tax would target U.K.-generated
revenues of specific digital platform business
models. Hammond, like the EU, said he would
prefer an international solution.
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In their letter, tech CEOs warned that the
EU proposal “will have a disproportionate
impact on European companies, resulting in
unfair treatment.”
They also said the tax will be difficult to
implement, could result in double taxation for
some businesses and might trigger retaliatory
measures from other countries.
Addressing EU finance ministers ahead of a Nov.
6 meeting, the letter urged them “not to adopt
a measure which would cause material harm to
economic growth and to innovation, investment
and employment across Europe.”
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180
UK-CANADIAN ‘GRAND
COMMITTEE’ SEEKS TO
QUESTION ZUCKERBERG
Parliamentary committees in Britain and Canada
on Wednesday urged Facebook CEO Mark
Zuckerberg to testify before a joint hearing of
international lawmakers examining fake news
and the internet.
Damian Collins, the head of the U.K. parliament’s
media committee, is joining forces with
his Canadian counter part, Bob Zimmer, to
pressure Zuckerberg to personally take part
in hearings, as he did before the U.S Congress
and the European Parliament. The so-called
“international grand committee” session would
be held Nov. 27 and could include lawmakers
from other countries.
Image: Chris McAndrewIm
181
“We understand that it is not possible to
make yourself available to all parliaments.
However, we believe that your users in other
countries need a line of accountability to your
organization_directly, via yourself,” the pair
said in a letter to Zuckerberg. “We would have
thought that this responsibility is something
that you would want to take up.”
Social media companies have been under
scrutiny in Britain following allegations that
political consultancy Cambridge Analytica used
data from tens of millions of Facebook accounts
to profile voters and help U.S. President Donald
Trump’s 2016 election campaign. The committee
is also investigating the impact of fake news
distributed via social media sites globally.
Collins has been irate with Facebook for sending
Zuckerberg’s underlings to his committee’s
hearings while the leader of the Silicon Valley
company declined invitations to attend. Joining
forces with Canada — and perhaps other
countries — seems designed to prod Zuckerberg
and persuade him to change his mind.
“No such joint hearing has ever been held,” the
pair wrote. “Given your self-declared objective
to ‘fix’ Facebook, and to prevent the platform’s
malign use in world affairs and democratic
process, we would like to give you the chance to
appear at this hearing.”
Image: Saul Loeb
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183
TURKEY’S LEADER
OPENS NEW
ISTANBUL AIRPORT
AS GLOBAL HUB
Turkey’s president inaugurated a gleaming
new aviation hub in Istanbul this week, a
megaproject that he has pushed to fulfill his
dream of making Turkey a global player.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced
that Istanbul Airport was open for operations
on a special day — the 95th anniversary of
Turkey’s establishment as a republic following
its war of independence.
Image: Emrah Gurel
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185
With the sprawling new airport on shores of
the Black Sea, Erdogan declared that Turkey has
become the “most important transit location on
the north-south, east-west axes, connecting 60
countries and $20 trillion economies.”
“With this airport, we are furthering our
country’s key role in the integration of global
economies,” he said.
It was a symbolic opening, with only a few
flights scheduled this week. But by the end
of the year, the massive airport will replace
Istanbul’s Ataturk International Airport, named
after Turkey’s founder.
Istanbul Airport is expected to host 90 million
passengers per year in its first phase, and in
10 years handle 200 million travelers on six
runways. That’s almost double the traffic at
the world’s current busiest airport, Atlanta’s
Hartsfield-Jackson.
In a reversal, Erdogan said the old airport
would remain open for non-commercial flights,
aviation fairs and other activities. Some of its
grounds will be turned into a park.
Turkish Airlines will launch its first flights out
of the new airport to three local destinations:
Ankara, Antalya and Izmir. It will also fly to Baku
and Ercan in northern Cyprus.
Erdogan slammed critics who doubted that
the megaproject could be completed safely on
time. The 5-company consortium Istanbul Grand
Airport, which built the airport and will run it for
25 years, said 36,000 workers completed the first
phase of the project in 42 months.
But labor issues have also tarnished the
airport’s image.
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188
Image: Emrah Gurel
“The prestige project has been marred by
reports of accidents and arrests of protesting
workers,” said Emma Sinclair-Webb of Human
Rights Watch, which cited at least 38 workplace
deaths over the past three years.
Hundreds of workers were detained in
September after a strike against poor working
conditions, including unpaid salaries, bedbugs,
unsafe food and inadequate transport to the
site. Human Rights Watch said some protesters
were fired and at least 31 people, including a
union leader, were arrested.
Posters of Erdogan in the shiny terminal read
“This is not just an airport. This is a monument
to victory.”
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