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The Daily Telegraph January 2 2019

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Wednesday 2 January 2019
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The key fashion trends for
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Fashion & Features,
pages 21-23
B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY
for 16 and
Triumph for Nasa at
edge of solar system
By Jack Maidment
Political corresPondent
Hunt: Britain must not
play down its strengths
Britain should stop “underestimating”
its global influence as the country
prepares to leave the European Union
in less than three months’ time, Jeremy
Hunt will say in a major speech in
Singapore. The Foreign Secretary
will say that the UK will open a new
mission in Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital,
to promote trade links with countries
in the Far East, as it engages more with
countries outside the EU. Mr Hunt will
say the UK needs to be “realistic”, meaning
“not overestimating our strength but
not underestimating it either”.
Page 8
A Nasa probe has reached the furthest
cosmic object ever explored by
humankind, revealing new clues to
how the planets formed. Ultima Thule,
a space rock 22 miles long and nine
miles wide, sits in the Kuiper belt, four
billion miles from Earth, on the edge
of the known solar system. The New
Horizons probe flew by at 32,000mph,
passing within 2,200 miles of the
surface. From there, it took 10 hours
for an anxiously awaited “phone
home” signal to reach mission control.
Page 14
Philip Johnston
We may be divided,
but our future still
looks rosier than it
did under
Labour in
the 1970s
Page 18
Theatres caught
short on ladies’ loos
A survey of West End theatres has
found an average of one ladies’ lavatory
per 38 female audience members –
barely half the number recommended
as the industry standard. The averagesized West End theatre should have a
minimum of 45 loos, according to official
guidelines, but the actual number is 25.
Page 11
TV listings
is away
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THE prices of train tickets for school
and college students are to be slashed as
Chris Grayling today announces plans to
introduce a new teenage railcard.
The travel card – due to be rolled out
in September to coincide with the start
of the new academic year – will offer
16- and 17-year-olds a guaranteed 50 per
cent discount on all train travel.
Meanwhile, a Government-backed
railcard for 26- to 30-year-olds, which
will cut a third off the cost of most rail
tickets, goes live nationally today.
The announcements come on the
same day fares go up by an average of
3.1 per cent, despite many passengers
having endured a year of rail misery.
The botched roll-out of a new timetable in May resulted in the widespread
cancellation of services, leaving many
commuters stranded, while passengers
have also been affected by strike action.
Writing in today’s The Daily Telegraph, Mr Grayling suggests he wants to
draw a line under the chaos of 2018.
He says: “I want passenger journeys
to be as good as they can be: punctual,
reliable and fairly priced.
“From bitter experience, it’s clear
improving the most congested network
in Europe – as it carries record passenger
numbers – is not easy. Some disruption
when major works are taking place is
unavoidable, but what happened last
year was unacceptable.”
The introduction of the new railcard
for teenagers, as well as the full roll-out
of a railcard for people up to the age of
30, is part of Mr Grayling’s push to make
train travel more accessible.
Those aged 16 to 25 are already eligible
for a railcard, saving them a third on
many fares at an annual cost of £30,
Clash of the titans
while the 26-to-30 railcard also offers a
third off most fares for the same cost.
The new 16- and 17-year-old card will
go further, offering a 50 per cent discount on all fares, including season tickets, to 1.2 million eligible young people.
The Government is due to consult on
how much the railcard will cost, but it is
understood it will be no more than £30.
The railcard for people aged 26-30
will go on general sale at noon after a
successful trial in March last year saw
10,000 sell out in a matter of hours.
Mr Grayling says travel costs “should
not be a barrier to opportunity for our
young people”. “The new 16 & 17 and 26to-30 railcard will cut fares for a generation of travellers, ensuring more young
people than ever will be able to travel on
our railways for less,” he says. “Today’s
announcement ... could cut the cost of
travel by hundreds of pounds a year for
young people and their parents.
“This builds on the roll-out of the new
26-to-30 railcard and our record
investment into our railways, ensuring
people get the frequent, affordable and
reliable journeys they deserve.”
Emily Yates of the Association of
British Commuters said passengers
were being “pushed to the brink” by
fare rises and what was needed was a
major overhaul of the entire industry
and not just “piecemeal” solutions.
She said: “It is a time of crisis, and the
proper response would be to freeze fares
and suspend the awarding of new
franchises while a proper, independent
review takes place that must consider
public ownership and non-profit
solutions. With the May timetable
collapse, the whole system has been
proven rotten.”
Reports and Chris Grayling: Page 4
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Roger Federer takes a selfie with Serena Williams after their first ever confrontation on a tennis court, in the Hopman Cup mixed
doubles in Perth, Australia. Federer, whose team Switzerland defeated the USA, said Williams’s serve was ‘wonderful’. Reports: page 7
Hurt officer risked life to stop terror attack ‘Pudding tax’ is on the menu
By Robert Mendick, Jack Hardy
and Patrick Sawer
A POLICE sergeant was stabbed after
showing “incredible bravery” to prevent a suspected terrorist from rampaging through a train station just
yards from the scene of the Manchester
Arena suicide bombing.
A couple in their 50s were seriously
injured in the “frenzied” and “random”
New Year’s Eve attack on a platform at
Manchester Victoria Metrolink station.
The police officer, who is in his 30s,
was also wounded as he and three colleagues rushed to the scene after hearing “a blood curdling scream” at just
before 9pm.
Praise for the officer came as police
said last night the suspect had been de-
tained under the Mental Health Act after
assessment by specialist medical staff.
Last night, Andy Burnham, the
mayor of Manchester, said the attack
happened close to the site of the Manchester Arena bombing, in which 22
people died in 2017. Police chiefs and
politicians praised the officers’ actions
in putting themselves at risk to save the
couple and prevent the man marauding through the station.
O’Callaghan from British Transport
Police said: “They were fearless, running towards danger and preventing
further harm coming to passengers.”
The suspect, aged 25, was caught on
video shouting “Allahu akbar” as he
was ushered into the back of a police
van following his arrest. Witnesses
said he was heard to scream: “Long
live the Caliphate” in possible reference to the Islamic State of Iraq and
the Levant (Isil).
One witness claimed he shouted: “As
long as you keep bombing other countries, this sort of s---- is going to keep
Police said: “There is nothing to suggest the involvement of other people in
this attack, but confirming this remains
a main priority for the investigation.”
A house in Cheetham Hill, north
Manchester – thought to be the man’s
last known address – was searched yesterday by counter-terrorism police.
Neighbours suggested the suspect
was of Somali-origin and was thought
to have lived in the Netherlands before
Continued on Page 2
By Laura Donnelly HealtH editor
HEALTH officials are to push for a
“pudding tax” on cakes, biscuits, and
other sugary snacks amid warnings
that Britain’s sweet tooth is fuelling its
obesity crisis.
The move comes as new figures
show the average child has consumed
18 years’ worth of sugar by the age of 10.
Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Health England (PHE) said
officials would tell ministers that further action – including taxes – was
needed, if results of food manufacturers’ efforts to cut sugar content do not
show a significant improvement when
they are released in the spring.
She told The Daily Telegraph: “We
will be very clear to Government if it is
not good enough. We would be saying
that other actions are needed.” A pudding tax could work in a similar way to
the sugar tax on soft drinks which was
introduced last year.
Manufacturers have been set targets
to cut the sugar content of common
foods by a fifth by 2020, but have made
little progress.
Last year, the fall was just two per
cent overall, against a goal of five per
cent. There was no change in the sugar
content of chocolates or biscuits, while
puddings became even sweeter.
“Puddings were going in completely
the wrong direction,” Dr Tedstone said,
Continued on Page 2
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Tanya Gold: Page 25
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
had called
Pure fear ... terror returns to Manchester Isil
for knife
attacks in UK
over New Year
Special Report
By Robert Mendick
n the hours before midnight
when the nation would be
welcoming in the new year,
terror returned to Manchester.
Just before 9pm and yards
from the Manchester Arena,
where 22 people, many of them
children, had been murdered in a
suicide attack, all hell was about to
break loose.
Between platforms A and B at
Manchester Victoria Metrolink tram
station, a man dressed head-to-toe in
black mounted a frenzied and sustained attack on a couple in their 50s
waiting patiently for a tram.
He screamed “Allahu akbar!” while
stabbing at them with two knives, one
in each hand.
“I just heard this most bloodcurdling scream and looked down the
platform,” said Sam Clack, 38, a BBC
producer. “What it looked like was a
guy in his 60s with a woman of similar
age and another guy all dressed in
black. It looked like they were having
a fight but she was screaming in this
blood-curdling way.”
The screams alerted British
Transport Police officers on patrol at
Victoria train station, which stands in
the same complex as the tram stop and
the nearby Manchester Arena.
Four officers, unarmed but for
standard issue taser stun gun and a
special incapacitating gel, raced to
the scene. The suspect, said to be
of Somali origin, was carrying two
kitchen knives, each about 12in long.
Mr Clack thought the attacker was
coming for him next. “I just had a
feeling in the pit of my stomach,” said
Mr Clack. “Here’s a man who’s very
agitated, angry, skittish. It appears he
had already attacked someone. He had
police coming towards him and he’s
coming towards me. I looked down
and saw he had a kitchen knife with a
black handle with a good 12in blade. It
was just fear, pure fear.”
Mr Clack thought about jumping on
to the tram tracks and running for his
life. Other passengers already had. But
before he needed to flee, the police, at
breakneck speed, had pounced.
Video footage shows four officers –
including one female officer – pinning
the knifeman to the ground. They had
tried to taser him and in the melee one
officer – a sergeant in his 30s – was
stabbed in the shoulder.
The suspect was then dragged away
to a police van, shouting “Alahu akbar”
while the victims sat on a bench on the
station platform being treated for their
wounds, tended to by female police
Continued from Page 1
moving to the UK about 10 to 15 years
ago. One neighbour said his mother,
who has five children, was a nurse
while his brother worked at Manchester airport. A police source said the suspect was refusing to co-operate and
detectives were working to establish
his identity. He is believed to have
acted alone.
The attack took place at a tram station that forms part of the complex
that includes the Manchester Arena,
where in May 2017, Salman Abedi, an
Isil supporter, blew himself up killing
23 people, more than half of them
children, as they left an Ariana
Grande concert.
Mr Burnham told The Daily Telegraph: “This attack has brought back
some very painful memories for everyone involved, particularly given how
close it was to the Manchester Arena,
which appears to have been deliberate.
‘This has brought back some
very painful memories ...
particularly given how close
it was to Manchester Arena’
officers. A Muslim woman, wearing a
hijab, put her arm around the injured
female victim.
Nazir Afzal, a former prosecutor,
tweeted: “The woman with hijab helping victims is far more reflective of
Muslims than the idiot with a knife.”
Andy Burnham, Manchester’s mayor, said last night that the “vile attack”
could have been “much more serious
if not for the outstanding bravery from
British Transport Police who were instantly on the scene”. He suggested its
location had been deliberately picked
to cause maximum impact because of
its proximity to the Manchester Arena,
scene of the barbarous suicide bomb
attack in May last year.
“This attack has brought back some
very painful memories for everyone
involved,” Mr Burnham told The Daily
Telegraph. “Particularly given how
close it was to the Manchester Arena,
which appears to have been deliberate. But the city is strong, united and
Unarmed police
restrain a man after
he stabbed three
people, including an
officer, at Victoria
train station in
Manchester, close
to the Manchester
Arena where 22
people, many of
them children, died
in a suicide attack
last year. Left, the
scene after the
resilient, and the way the incident was
dealt with by the emergency services
and others was exemplary.”
Yesterday, police raided a newly
built semi-detached house in a street
in Cheetham Hill, a mile north of the
city centre. Police said it was the last
known address of the 25-year-old
suspect. Neighbours said police arrived at the address in the morning.
Nousha Babaakachel said a Somali
family live at the address, a mother and
father of five in their 40s who came to
live in the street around 12 years ago
from the Netherlands.
Mrs Babaakachel, 40, said two of
the four sons are at university, one
works at Manchester Airport and the
youngest is back in Somalia. They also
have a daughter.
Last night, the suspect was detained
under the Mental Health Act. Manchester was coming to realise it had
had a narrow escape. The city has the
bravery of its police officers to thank.
Health officials push
case for pudding tax
Continued from Page 1
adding that the “jury was out” on
whether this year’s results would show
sufficient improvement.
The Government’s childhood obesity strategy has already warned that
“mandatory and fiscal levers” could be
introduced if the food industry does
not make sufficient changes.
“We were pleased to see that,” Dr
Tedstone said. “If progress isn’t made
in the categories within the sugar reduction programme, that would be the
obvious place to start.”
Last week, The Daily Telegraph revealed new calorie caps drawn up by
PHE which would reduce the content
in thousands of meals sold by restaurants and supermarkets.
Sandwiches would be capped at 550
calories, with a limit of 544 calories for
any ready meal and a maximum of 951
calories for a restaurant main meal.
Dr Tedstone defended the plans –
which have met a significant backlash
– suggesting consumers would be unlikely to notice changes to the portions
and formulations of favourite foods.
She said: “We have seen portion
sizes getting bigger and bigger.
“Research shows that people tend to
eat what they are given. If you are given
a slightly smaller pizza, you don’t notice.” She said the plans remained at an
early stage, although officials have indicated action could be taken to ensure
manufacturers comply if they do not
take sufficient voluntary action.
Last month, the chief medical officer
hit out at manufacturers and retailers,
saying voluntary cuts in sugar and salt
content had failed.
Dame Sally Davies called for extra
taxes on sugary and salty foods, in a bid
to persuade manufacturers to reformulate foods, or face extra costs.
National data shows the average
child consumes the equivalent of eight
excess sugar cubes every day.
It means the average child has at
least 304lb (138kg) of sugar by the age
of 10. If consumption was in line with
recommended limits, they would not
reach this point until they were 18.
Severe obesity in children aged 10-11
has reached a record high – with almost
one child in 20 now classed this way.
Earlier this year, research found
cases of Type Two diabetes, which is
fuelled by obesity, were soaring among
children, including those as young as
Second ‘Beast from the East’
could bring snow and gales
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
BRITAIN is braced for the return of the
“Beast from the East” as the Met Office
warned of plummeting temperatures
and freezing fog.
The new year is set to get off to a cold
start as unsettled weather and low temperatures bring a return to the cold
snap that hit the country at this time
last year.
Forecasters warned of snow on hills
and potentially at lower levels, along
with freezing fog, by the end of the
week. Cold and dry weather today is
expected to give way in the second
week of January to increasingly unsettled conditions, with rain, strong winds
and severe gales possible.
“By the third week of January there
is then an increased likelihood of a
change to much colder weather generally, bringing an enhanced risk of frost,
fog and snow,” the Met Office said.
Several councils, including Blackburn with Darwen, Lancs, said they
had deployed gritters, amid warnings
of the threat of frost and ice on some
roads as temperatures dropped as low
as 25F (-4C).
The Beast from the East saw large
parts of the UK blanketed in snow last
year, with the cold weather lasting into
Speaking about the potential for a repeat of the cold snap, Met Office
spokesman Simon Partridge said: “Last
year there was widespread snow across
many parts of the UK.
“There’s a higher chance of seeing
colder spells, and given that, as a result,
there’s a slightly higher chance of snow
across the UK.”
The warning from the Met Office
came as the odds were cut on this
month being Britain’s coldest January.
“It may be a mild start to the month
and new year, however, temperatures
are set to drop sharply later in the week
and with some frosty conditions on the
horizon, we have cut the odds on this
month ending as the coldest January
on record,” said John Hill, of the bookmaker Coral.
But the city is strong, united and resilient and the way the incident was dealt
with by the emergency services and
others was exemplary.”
Video footage from the scene shows
the man pinned to the ground by police. He was thought to have carried
two knives, one of which appeared to
be a foot-long kitchen knife.
In the days before the New Year’s
Eve attack, Isil had urged its followers
to carry out a knife attack in the UK.
The British Transport Police officers
had been patrolling the adjacent Victoria train station when they rushed to
help the couple from Manchester who
suffered multiple stab wounds. They
used a Taser stun gun and “Captor gel”,
an irritant designed to incapacitate suspects, in arresting the man.
The woman was stabbed in the face
– suffering a “significant injury” to her
forehead – while the man was wounded
in the stomach. They are expected to
remain in hospital for some time while
the officer stabbed in the shoulder was
discharged yesterday morning.
Ian Hopkins, Greater Manchester
Police Chief Constable, said: “My
thoughts are with the couple who are
still being treated in hospital for their
serious injuries and with the brave
British Transport Police officer who
was also stabbed during the attack.
“We are treating this as a terrorist investigation which is being led by counter terrorism officers with support
from Greater Manchester Police.”
Patients who keep NHS
crutches costing millions
Cash-strapped hospitals are being
forced to spend millions of pounds
every year replacing unreturned,
broken or missing crutches.
Nearly four in every five aids such as
walking sticks, wheelchairs and
crutches were never brought back by
English hospital patients, it was
reported last night. Figures from 66
NHS trusts showed £14 million was
spent on 560,000 walking aids since
January 2014, but 241,779 went missing.
39 released after man
stabbed in west London
Thirty-nine people arrested following
a stabbing in west London have been
released from custody.
A man in his 30s was left fighting for
his life after the incident in
Hammersmith in the early hours of
Monday morning.
The Metropolitan Police said the
victim was chased by a group of men
and women from a nearby shop where
the altercation began, while two
knives were found close to the scene.
Two 18-year-old men and two boys
aged 16 and 17 were released on bail.
Forced marriage victims
must pay to return to UK
Vulnerable young women sent abroad
for forced marriages are being charged
by the Foreign Office to cover the costs
of their rescue, it was reported.
The department helped to repatriate
27 victims of forced marriage in 2017,
but four women who were imprisoned
at a “correctional school” in Somalia
were made to pay £740 each for their
flights. Any victims who cannot pay
are made to sign emergency loan
agreements, The Times reported.
is a member of the
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Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe
to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you
have a complaint about editorial
content, please visit www.telegraph. or write to
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The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham
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The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
The launch of the
RA’s ‘Oceania’
exibition, left.
Disputed items
include the Benin
bronzes, right; the
Elgin Marbles,
bottom – claimed
by the Acropolis
Museum, far right
– and below right, a
golden crown from
Museums vow
to come clean
over ‘stolen’
sary of the
e siege and battle of Maqdala
ination of the British expedi– the culmination
tion to Abyssinia
byssinia – was developed in
sultation” with the Ethiopian
“close consultation”
n London and an advisory
embassy in
m the Ethiopian community
group from
entatives from the Orthodox
and representatives
Tewahedo Church, Anglo-Ethiopian
d Rastafarian community, a
society and
n said.
ritish Museum, curators are
At the British
ting new provenance reincorporating
o audio guides, as well as
search into
striving forr “very honest” labels.
el on the Benin bronzes curThe label
tes they were among the
rently states
“thousandss of treasures taken as
booty” in a “punitive expedition” in Nigeria.
ormation provided alongside
The information
a controversial bark shield from New
South Wales, thought to have been
brought back by Captain Cook, states:
“First contacts in the Pacific were often
tense and violent.”
The museum also has a series of
tours on objects with colonial pasts and
how they entered the collection.
Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford is advertising for a research assistant to
manage a labelling project to “identify
and find ways to redress a range of ethical issues in the current displays”.
Paid between £32,236 and £39,609,
the successful candidate will “tackle a
complex problem around historical labelling and language use in the muchloved and criticised Pitt Rivers
Museum”, with the aim to “dissect and
dismantle some of the complex contested words, stereotypes and concepts that are present not only in
museums but in society at large”.
Tristram Hunt, the director of the
V&A, said: “Through exhibitions,
conservation work, provenance
research, talks and events, the
V&A is committed to exploring
our own colonial history with
rigour and transparency – and to
building platforms for partnership and collaboration
around the world.”
It follows a number of temporary
exhibitions that
have aimed to
tackle the issue
head on. The curators of the
Academy’s Oceania
Staff recruited to rewrite
labels and acknowledge
controversial origins of
key colonial-era objects
By Hannah Furness
BRITAIN’s leading museums are employing full-time staff to revisit their
colonial-era collections in an attempt
to acknowledge any controversies
about their provenance.
Major institutions, including the
British Museum and V&A, are working
to reassess the origins of some of their
key objects brought to Britain from
overseas under the Empire, to provide
an honest assessment for visitors.
The collections have come under increasing pressure in recent years to acknowledge “stolen” items, facing calls
to return star objects to their native
The British Museum, which holds
the Elgin marbles and Benin bronzes,
has regularly emphasised the “great
public benefit” of having such items on
display in the context of its world collection, and its commitment to the
safe-keeping of its treasures.
But, as a new generation of visitors
demand answers, the museum, along
with the V&A and the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford, has encouraged staff
to look again at its labels.
The V&A has “strengthened its commitment to provenance research”, a
spokesman said. It recently appointing
a dedicated “provenance and spoliation research curator” to look into
the origins of the Gilbert Collection – made up of gold
and silver, enamel
boxes and mosaics
the 20th century –
and co-ordinate the
museum’s re-examination of where objects came from.
programme of 2018 included conferences on
colonial history entitled
“Troubling Objects” and
“Practices of Engagement with Contested
Heritage Collections”.
A current exhibition
about the 150th anniver-
The paintings Queen Victoria
loved more than any others
colours by talented ladies-in-waiting,
who would “take a view” for their
The albums themselves, worn
through use, were disbound in the
Thirties, but a typescript list records
the original order of the pictures.
Paintings being exhibited for the
first time include a watercolour by
Queen Victoria of her third son, Prince
Arthur, as well as a Joseph Nash picture
of the Great Exhibition, and royal visits
to the Château d’Eu, in Normandy, and
UNSEEN watercolours collected by
Victoria and Albert in their prized
sketchbooks are to be sent on tour
around Britain, providing new insight
into their marriage on the 200th anniversary of their births.
The paintings, described by Queen
Victoria as her “most valuable albums”,
were so loved that the binding that
held them together wore out during
her widowhood, as they were admired
over and over again.
Depicting their children, favourite
places and key moments of Victoria’s
reign, the watercolours are considered
a snapshot of their tastes as the prolific
patrons of their era.
Some of the works, which will travel
to Newcastle, Poole and Wolverhampton, were painted by members of the
Royal family, and many will be going
on display for the first time.
Victoria’s diaries record how she and
Albert spent “many quiet evenings after dinner alone”, organising their
Nine albums, dated between 1840
and 1861, are considered by curators
from the Royal Collection Trust to be a
“visual record of their marriage”, covering their homes, birthdays, christenings, weddings and family celebrations.
Overseas tours, including visits to
relatives in Germany, are included,
along with scenes of their proudest
Victorian achievements, such as the
Great Exhibition.
The collection includes professional
paintings commissioned by the couple,
gifts from amateur artists and water-
By Hannah Furness
A painting depicting the arrival of Queen
Victoria at the Château d’Eu, Normandy
St Pierre, Guernsey. “It’s a particularly
personal type of collection,” said Dr
Carly Collier, the curator. “We know
Victoria and Albert formed a large collection of works on paper and they
were very engaged with it. They were
almost curators themselves.
“I hope people will really respond to
the variety of images on display. I hope
it will give them a sense of Victoria and
Albert’s taste.”
welcomed a “sea change”
in how museums
showcase other cu
mmuniIndigenous communied sasaties privately blessed
e they
cred objects before
xh bi
bwent on display in the exhibicurator conducting
tion, with curators
ith the
hundreds of conversations
many tribal communities of the Pacific
Islands. The British Museum’s
Aborigin phopho
onal exhibition included a ban on
tography in particular rooms
outt of
respect for indigenous culture.
u A collection
of 120 Zulu artefacts
th battle that inspired the Mifrom the
ael Caine
film has emerged for sale
for £50,000.
It includes
shields and weapons used
R k
att Rorke’s
Drift, where a 140-strong
r tis
h garrison
defied all odds to ded the
h mission station successfully
from 4,000
Zulu warriors in 1879.
Micha Woodfield, a former council
e , was inspired to begin the colworker,
n after
being taken to see the film
u, which
was released in 1964, as a
young boy.
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Cost of rail
season ticket
£800 higher
than in 2010
After a year of travel chaos,
passengers face another
‘kick in the wallet’ from
fare rise of 3.1 per cent
By Jack Maidment
COMMUTERS are now paying almost
£800 more for their season tickets
than they did in 2010, according to Labour analysis, after average rail fares
increased nearly three times faster
than wages.
Fares went up by an average of 3.1
per cent across the board today, despite
train-service punctuality being at a 13
year low.
Rail campaign groups described the
latest fare rise as “another kick in the
wallet” for passengers.
Chris Grayling, the Secretary of State
for Transport, has announced measures to make train travel more affordable for young people through the
introduction of a new railcard for 16
and 17-year-olds, while also extending
an existing discount to include people
up to the age of 30.
He has pledged to do “everything I
can to cut the cost of rail travel for as
many people as possible” and the Government has hailed the fact that since
2014 fares have, on average, remained
below the annual inflation cap.
Ministers want to see lower fares in
the future, with a root-and-branch review of the rail industry examining affordability for passengers and reforms
due to be implemented in 2020.
But Mr Grayling is under growing
pressure to do more now to tackle the
issue, with Labour describing “falling
standards and rising fares” on the nation’s railways as a “national disgrace”.
Commuters are unlikely to forget a
2018 that was blighted by rail chaos after the disastrous roll-out of a new
timetable in May.
The state of the nation’s railways remains a key political battleground,
with the Tories struggling to effectively counter Labour’s call for nationalisation – one of Jeremy Corbyn’s most
popular policies.
Labour has published an analysis of
the cost of travelling on more than 180
train routes between when the Conservatives took power and the prices
facing passengers today.
The party found the average com-
How much more some of the worst-hit
commuters will be paying for their annual
season ticket than they paid in 2010
muter will now be paying £2,980 for
their annual season ticket which is
£786 more than in 2010.
Labour’s analysis also found some of
the worst-hit commuters will now pay
more than £2,850 more to travel to
work than in 2010 and that average
fares have risen nearly three times
faster than wages.
Andy McDonald, the shadow transport secretary, said: “Today’s rail fare
increases are an affront to everyone
who has had to endure years of chaos
on Britain’s railways.
“Falling standards and rising fares
are a national disgrace. The Government must now step in to freeze fares
on the worst performing routes.
“Labour will bring our railways back
into public ownership so they are run
in the interests of passengers, not private profit.”
Labour’s analysis found average fares
have risen nearly three times faster
than wages. The party said that regulated rail fares, which include season
tickets, have risen by 36 per cent on average between 2010 and 2019, while
weekly wages grew by 14 per cent.
Increases in about 45 per cent of
fares, including season tickets, are
regulated by the UK, Scottish and
Welsh governments..
They are predominantly capped at
July’s RPI inflation figure, which was
3.2 per cent, while other fare rises are
decided by individual train companies.
Bruce Williamson, a spokesman for
the campaign group Railfuture, said:
“After a terrible year of timetable chaos,
passengers are being rewarded with
yet another kick in the wallet.”
The latest punctuality data showed
that one in seven trains were delayed
by at least five minutes in the past 12
months, while analysis of historical
data revealed the performance in 2018
to be the worst since 2005. Writing in
The Daily Telegraph, Mr Grayling said
that the Government had “ended Labour’s inflation-busting price rises –
which saw rail fares rise by as much as
7.5 per cent a year”.
“Today, for the sixth year in a row,
fares will rise with inflation, not above
it,” he said.
The Transport Secretary insisted
that 2019 “heralds the start of a broader
change for the railways” as he dis-
missed Labour’s demands for nationalisation. He said “who the railways are
run for is far more important than who
they’re run by” but conceded “it is now
clear that the franchising model cannot
be the path for the future”.
Union leaders, politicians and campaigners are expected to protest
against rising fares outside stations
across the country today.
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Revamped service will put last year’s unacceptable disruption behind us
By Chris Grayling
here’s no point in beating
around the bush; over the
past few years we’ve had
to take some difficult
decisions in Government
to deal with the deficit
left behind by Labour.
But at the same time we’ve done
what we can to help working people
across the country – almost doubling
the amount people can earn before
they start paying tax from £6,475 in
Labour’s last year in power to £11,850
today – allowing 31 million people to
keep more of what they earn and
taking millions out of income tax
altogether. In the Department of
Transport, we’ve been determined to
do what we can too. For car and van
drivers Conservatives have now frozen
fuel duty for nine years in a row.
On the railways we’ve ended
Labour’s inflation-busting price rises
that resulted in rail fares rising by as
much as 7.5 per cent a year. Today, for
the sixth year in a row, fares will rise
with inflation, not above it.
We’re doing this while investing for
the long term – with £48 billion going
into improving our railways over the
next five years, starting with
£3.7 billion for Transpennine and East
Coast mainline upgrades in the spring.
I’m determined to do everything I
can to cut the cost of rail travel for as
many people as possible too,
particularly for young people starting
out. After a successful trial last year
and working with the rail industry,
today, the 26-30 railcard comes live
across the board – offering savings to
millions of young people who use our
Today, I can announce we’ll go
further still. From the start of the new
academic year in September, I’ll be
halving fares for all 16 and 17-year-olds
in the country by extending the child
rail fare discount with a new railcard.
That means 50 per cent off all fares
(including peak and season tickets) for
everyone aged 16 and 17. Travel costs
should not be a barrier to opportunity
for our young people. Families who
have 16 and 17-year-olds at school or
sixth form and young people working
in their first jobs who commute by
train will see very significant savings
of hundreds and in some cases
thousands of pounds a year.
This policy won’t just mean more
pounds in the pockets of young people
and their families. It will have positive
knock-on effects too: reducing
congestion, helping young people into
work by making it pay even more at
the start of their careers, and
furthering social mobility by making
travel to school and college more
affordable. When we’re raising the
education and training leaving age to
18, helping them with the cost of travel
is clearly the right thing to do.
But my work on the railways is not
limited to doing what I can to keep
fares down. I want passenger journeys
to be as good as they can be: punctual,
reliable and fairly priced. From bitter
experience it’s clear that improving
the most congested network in Europe
as it carries record passenger numbers
is not easy. Some disruption when
major works are taking place is
unavoidable, but what happened last
year was unacceptable. Now these
improvements are starting to bed in
we’re seeing more trains carrying
more people on key routes across the
North and South-east on key routes.
This year heralds the start of a
broader change for the railways too.
For me, who the railways are run for is
far more important than who they’re
run by. Unlike Jeremy Corbyn’s
Labour Party, I am not ideologically
obsessed with the structure of our rail
network; for me it is a matter of
The railways should be run in the
best interest of passengers and,
overall, taxpayer’s money should be
spent improving the network, not
subsiding it.
However, two decades on from rail
privatisation – in which time we’ve
seen a doubling of passenger numbers
– it is now clear that the franchising
model cannot be the path for the
future. Last year, I commissioned
Keith Williams, John Lewis’s deputy
chairman, to carry out the Rail
Review, looking at fares, affordability,
as well as the broader industry. It will
report this year and changes will begin
in 2020 and will mark the next
important era of rail in Britain.
So, while we prepare for all the
possible outcomes of Brexit, my
department is keeping its eye firmly
on the ball to help in our domestic
transport agenda. Wherever possible
I’ll look to deliver the best deal for
passengers. I am committed to
delivering a rail network fit for the
future, with record investment, and in
working practically, not ideologically,
in the best long-term interests of both
passengers and taxpayers. We will act
quickly following the Rail Review to
deliver the change needed to ensure
our railways continue to flourish, grow
and deliver for working people across
the country.
Chris Grayling is the Secretary of State
for Transport
Silence is golden ticket for forgotten station Transport police bearing brunt of violence
BRITAIN’S quietest train station has
seen a passenger boom – after tourists
flocked to see why no one was using it.
The isolated Sugar Loaf station in the
Welsh countryside had more passengers in the past 12 months than it had
seen in the previous 17 years.
The station, 820ft up in the Cledan
Valley on the Swansea to Shrewsbury
line, was deemed Britain’s loneliest after it had the lowest passenger numbers
in the UK.
But since winning the title it has
seen a remarkable turnaround, with
visitor numbers shooting up by more
than 700 per cent in the past 12 months
from 228 to 1,824.
All aboard: passengers wanting to take the
train have to flag it down as it arrives
Local volunteer Peter Joyce looks
after the remote hillside halt near
Llandovery in Mid-Wales, which
doesn’t have a ticket machine, car park
or mobile phone signal. A tannoy
announces the trains into Sugar Loaf,
which is one of the 17 request stops on
the picturesque Heart of Wales line. It
used to average one visitor every 36
hours until its reputation as a deserted
outpost made it popular.
Mr Joyce, 70, a retired photographer
said: “People have come from all over
the world to get a ticket to Sugar Loaf,
just to say they’ve been here.”
Opened in 1868 and named after a
local landmark, the station was built to
serve the railway workers’ cottages.
Today people stop the singlecarriage train by flagging it down when
it comes into view.
By Patrick Sawer
POLICE tasked with protecting the
travelling public are bearing the brunt
of acts of random violence.
Figures have revealed that more
than 12 British Transport Police (BTP)
officers are being assaulted each week,
with many suffering serious injuries.
That compares to about 10 assaults a
week against officers serving with the
other 43 forces in England and Wales.
The statistics emerged the day after a
man stabbed a BTP officer and two
other people during a suspected terror
attack at Victoria station, Manchester.
A 25-year-old man was arrested at the
scene and was being questioned by police. The officer, who was struck in the
shoulder, has since left hospital.
In the three years to last October
there were 1,939 reported assaults
against BTP officers, resulting in more
than 230 injuries, the figures obtained
through a Freedom of Information request show.
Leeds station had the greatest number of assaults in that time, with 66.
London Victoria was second, with 60,
closely followed by Manchester Piccadilly, with 56 attacks.
A large number of assaults were reported at other stations in the capital,
with 48 at Stratford and 44 at St Pan-
cras International. Glasgow Central
station suffered the most assaults of
any station outside England with 38.
Assaults on BTP officers were
recorded at more than 500 locations,
including level crossings, hospitals and
in custody, with 226 incidents of actual
bodily harm and 13 more serious
offences of grievous bodily harm.
Supt Darren Malpas, of the BTP,
called the figures a “shocking
revelation”. He said: “Attacks on officers
will not be tolerated and every assault
is one too many.”
There were 24,000 assaults on
officers serving with other forces in
2016-17, with 8,973 resulting in injury.
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Assad’s wealthy aunt secretly allowed to live in UK
By Robert Mendick CHIEF REPORTER
THE wealthy aunt of Syria’s brutal dictator was secretly granted the right to
live in the UK after she promised to invest millions in this country, The Daily
Telegraph can disclose.
Her two grown-up children – first
cousins of Bashar al-Assad, the Syrian
president – were also allowed to stay.
The woman and her two sons are the
wife and children of Rifaat al-Assad,
dubbed the “Butcher of Hama”, who
earned his nickname after allegedly
ordering the killing of up to 40,000
Syrians in 1982.
Rifaat, 80, is the uncle of Bashar alAssad and owns hundreds of properties
in France, Spain and the UK, many of
which have now been seized. According to recent reports he faces corruption charges in France.
The decision to give his 63-year-old
fourth wife indefinite leave to remain
in the UK was made in 2012 at the
height of the Syrian civil war and when
Theresa May was home secretary.
Her two sons, now aged 22 and 37,
were allowed to stay at about the same
time. Another son of Rifaat who has a
different mother was granted indefinite leave to remain in 2014. Rifaat has
four wives and is thought to still be
married to all of them. He fell out of favour with his brother Hafez, Bashar alAssad’s father, after a failed coup in the
1980s that led to his exile.
Details of the case are contained in a
37-page ruling by the Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC). Under its rules, the woman and children
cannot be named. The family had ap-
pealed after being denied British citizenship. The court rejected their claim.
The woman, known in the ruling
only as “LA”, is, according to the judgment, the fourth wife of Rifaat al-Assad.
According to the ruling, his wife first
came to the UK in 2006 and was given
“entry clearance as an investor” after
she told the Home Office that she was
“investing in bonds, hedge funds etc”.
A number of relatives of President
Assad and his British-born wife Asma
live in the UK, including her father
Fawaz Akhras, a cardiologist. Rifaat al-
Assad gained the nickname the
“Butcher of Hama” after leading an
elite force that put down a Muslim
Brotherhood insurrection in Hama in
1982, a crackdown that claimed between 10,000 and 40,000 lives. Human Rights Watch reported that he
was responsible for the massacre of
more than 1,000 prisoners in the notorious Tadmur jail in 1980. He owns a
£10 million Georgian mansion off Park
Lane, central London and has houses
in London, Marbella and France.
According to the SIAC ruling, the
Home Office told the wife: “You are the
wife of Rifaat al-Assad the uncle of
President Bashar Al-Assad of Syria. Although widely reported as estranged
from Bashar Al-Assad, Rifaat was a
prominent member of his brother’s regime during the Seventies and Eighties
– a regime that is widely held to have
committed crimes against humanity.”
The Home Office concluded to grant
the family citizenship would have an
adverse impact on the UK’s international relations and would not be in the
public interest.
Two stabbed to
death as capital
suffers a violent
start to the year
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
By Gareth Davies
A 93-YEAR-OLD woman died after a
mix-up resulted in care staff not visiting
her for three days to administer vital
heart medication, an inquest has heard.
Elsie Melling was found collapsed at
home by her daughter, and died days
later in hospital.
An inquest heard she had had a fall at
home and that a podiatrist treating her
feet called an ambulance.
When her daily carers came, they
were told by the foot specialist that she
was going to hospital so they need not
come in. But when paramedics came, it
was decided not to take her to hospital.
The carers, who were meant to visit
four times a day, did not come back,
meaning Mrs Melling, from Barnsley,
South Yorkshire, never got her daily
medication for heart problems.
At the inquest, Ian Jukes, director of
Creative Care and Support, apologised
to her family.
He said: “The podiatrist said ‘you can
go, the ambulance is on its way’. We
took that as she was going to hospital.
We should have checked that thoroughly. That was our mistake, and I
want to apologise to Mrs Melling’s family for that.
Julie Loveland, Mrs Melling’s daughter, described how she had found her
mother on Jan 28: “I knew something
wasn’t quite right because the curtains
weren’t open. She was still in her pyjamas and the heating wasn’t on.”
David Urpeth, the coroner, recorded
a narrative verdict, which stated:
“There was a breakdown in communication, which led to Mrs Melling not
receiving care for a three-day period.”
AFTER London suffered its most
deadly 12 months in a decade, it was
hoped that the new year would prove
to be a catalyst for change, but 2019
was a little more than four hours old
when the capital claimed its first suspected murder victim.
A woman was stabbed to death in the
early hours of New Year’s Day at a property on John Ruskin Street, in Camberwell, south London. The victim, aged
in her early 30s, was pronounced dead
at 4.50am after paramedics tried for
half an hour to save her life.
A 34-year-old man was initially held
at the scene on suspicion of attempted
murder but has been bailed until midJanuary.
Less than an hour later, a security
guard was stabbed to death and three
others injured as they tried to bar a
group of men from entering a New
Year’s Eve party at a property on Park
Lane, Westminster, at around 5.30am.
The victim, believed to be in his
early 30s, died of his injuries. Two
other men, aged 37 and 29, and a
29-year-old woman were also stabbed.
Det Chief Insp Andy Partridge said:
“It appears the deceased and the two
injured males were working as security
staff for the party. They were attacked
by a group of males who were outside
trying to enter the venue.”
Meanwhile, a woman was shot in the
leg at Visions Video Bar, in Hackney,
east London, in the early hours of yesterday. She was taken to hospital with
non-life threatening injuries.
Scotland Yard confirmed there had
been 134 homicides in London in 2018.
Woman, 93,
died after care
visits stopped
for three days
Horses and hounds The Rockwood Harriers ride out for their 150th New Year’s Day meet at Roydhouse, near Huddersfield.
Founded in 1868, its members trail hunt the West Yorkshire area wearing “old gold collars” exclusive to the hunt.
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Serena Williams
and Roger Federer
in action during
their mixed doubles
match at RAC Arena
in Perth, Australia
it’s a wonderful serve because you just
can’t read it,” he said.
“What a pleasure. What an honour.
She is a great champion. You see how
focused and determined she is and I
love that about her.”
The pair, who have 43 Grand Slam
singles titles between them, posed for
an on-court selfie which Federer
posted on social media along with the
Oh what a night.”
caption: “Oh
The clas
clash was certainly a more
affair than the
original Battle
of the Sexes in
1973, when self-confessed
pig” Riggs
King to a
King beat Riggs in
straight sets before an
estimated audience of
90 million
and the episode was
turned into a Hollywood film starring
Emma Stone and
Steve Carell in 2017.
A crowd of around
14,000 watched Will
and Federer in
Team USA versus
at RAC Arena. “It
By Anita Singh
IT WAS the modern tennis world’s Battle of the Sexes – Serena Williams and
Roger Federer, two giants of the game,
battling it out for the very first time.
Forty-five years after Billie Jean King
beat Bobby Riggs in a historic victory,
all eyes were on Williams to see
uld repeat the win.
whether she could
It was not to be, with Federer and
inda Bencic, beathis partner, Belinda
d Frances Tiafoe
ing Williams and
ed doubles con4-2 4-3 in a mixed
pman Cup in
test at the Hopman
Perth, Australia.
But Federer was left
in awe of Williams’s
powerful serve, and
Williams joked afterwards: “I was just
warming up.”
Federer admitted
the prospect of facnent
ing his opponent
ackwas “nerve-racky
ing”, particularly
returning her
serve. “People
talk about her
serve so much
and you see why
Oh what a night:
love-all in Roger
and Serena’s
‘clash of sexes’
Williams and
Federer pose for a
selfie on court, and
after their match
they walked off
together, left
was so much fun. It was super-cool,”
Williams said afterwards. “He is the
greatest of all time, both on and off the
court. He has such charisma.
“I don’t know if this is the right thing
to say but his serve is super-underestimated. He has a killer serve. Hopefully
I can get some tips later on.”
Federer insisted: “Yours is better.”
In 2017, John McEnroe prompted
controversy when he claimed that Williams was capable of beating some male
players “but if she had to just play the
circuit – the men’s circuit – that would
be an entirely different story. She’d be,
like, 700 in the world.” Williams re-
sponded at the time: “Dear John, I
adore and respect you but please please
keep me out of your statements that are
not factually based.”
The last face-off between big male
and female names in the tennis world
was in 1992, when Jimmy Connors
played Martina Navratilova in the Battle of Champions in Las Vegas.
Connors revealed in his autobiography that, in a grip of a gambling addiction, he bet $1 million that he would
win in straight sets and lose no more
than eight games. He won 7-5, 6-2.
Williams and Federer are friends off
court, bonding over the trials of travel-
‘She is a
You see how
focused and
she is and I
love that’
ling the world with young children in
tow. In the run-up to the match, Williams praised Federer for juggling a
tennis career with being father to two
sets of twins.
She brought her one-year-old
daughter, Alexis Olympia, to Perth and
a day before the clash posted a picture
of herself warming up while holding
the little girl. “I am getting ready for
the first match of the year and my dear
sweet baby was tired and sad and simply needed mama’s love. So if it means
warming up and stretching while holding my baby that’s what this mama will
do,” she wrote.
The 37-year-olds with legitimate claim to the title Greatest of All Time had a point to prove
and lay claim to the overall GOAT tag.
In true Federer fashion, he hardly
needed to wipe his brow during the
Hopman Cup mixed doubles contest,
although there were fleeting moments
when he let his guard down.
There was the body blow at Frances
Tiafoe, Williams’s team-mate, that saw
the American comically tumble to the
By Vicki Hodges
AMID the jovial nature and exhibition
match feel of Serena Williams’s and
Roger Federer’s duel in Perth, there
was an underlying tension of both
players trying to upstage each other
hard surface. It drew a witty one-liner
from Federer: “Sorry, but I meant it.”
Federer’s concentration waned on
the next point as he double-faulted,
but his focus never slipped when he
went toe-to-toe with Williams.
With Switzerland a set up, it wasn’t
until the fourth game of the second set
that the 37-year-olds indulged in a
‘I don’t know how much longer
this can last,’ says tearful Murray
By Vicki Hodges
ANDY MURRAY has cast renewed
doubt over his future in tennis with an
emotional interview after a comeback
win in Australia.
The former world No1 fought back
the tears, conceding he did not know
“how much longer it’s going to last”.
The 31-year-old had kicked off the
new year with a first-round win at the
Brisbane International, but became
emotional as he spoke about how tough
his return from hip surgery has been.
He admitted he did not know how
much longer he would be able to play
competitive tennis after his 6-3, 6-4
win over James Duckworth.
Murray reflected on his challenging
past 18 months, which included a hip
operation last January.
In an on-court interview after the
tough encounter against Australian
Duckworth, he said: “It’s not easy to
sort of sum up in one sentence or one
answer, it’s been really hard; 18 months,
Andy Murray poses with champagne
bottles in his Instagram New Year message
a lot of ups and downs, it’s been tricky
to just get back on the court.
“I’m happy I’m back out here again, I
want to try and enjoy it as much as I can
and just try and enjoy playing tennis as
long as I can.
“I don’t know how much longer it’s
going to last but we’ll see.”
It was this time last year in Brisbane
A fifth child on the way for
Gordon and Tana Ramsay
GORDON and Tana Ramsay have announced that they are expecting their
fifth child.
The couple revealed the news in a
video on Instagram in which each of
their children says “Happy New Year”.
After Tana offers her own greeting,
the camera pans down to reveal she has
a large baby bump.
The 52-year-old celebrity chef can
be heard off-camera saying: “And guess
what? Happy new year because …”
He captioned the post: “Exciting
news. Happy new year from all the
Tana, 44, also shared the video, writing: “Happy New Year. Oh, and a little
news …” followed by the prayer emoji.
The couple are already parents to
Megan, 21, Matilda, 17, and twins Jack
and Holly, 19. In June 2016, they suffered a miscarriage when Tana was five
months’ pregnant. It is not known
when the new baby is due.
The news came just weeks after the
couple had celebrated their 22nd wedding anniversary.
On Dec 21, the chef shared on social
media a photo from their wedding,
By Gareth Davies
Gordon and Tana Ramsay and their children
shared new year greetings on Instagram
writing: “22 years today. Happy anniversary, gorgeous.”
A string of celebrities rushed to congratulate the family on their news, including Paddy McGuinness, the
comedian, and David Beckham, the
former England football captain.
Beckham told Ramsay: “Best news
ever, mate,” while McGuinness wrote:
“My hero.”
when Murray decided he would have
to have surgery for a problem that first
surfaced in the summer of 2017.
He played just half a dozen tournaments in 2018, including an emotionally charged Citi Open in Washington
which saw the two-times Wimbledon
champion break down in tears following victory over Marius Copil.
Now down at 240 in the world rankings, and 17 in the British rankings,
Murray was positive about his win over
Duckworth and admitted to feeling
anxious beforehand.
“I think for a first match of the new
year after quite a long break it was all
right,” Murray said.
On New Year’s Eve, the Scotsman
posted a tongue-in-cheek picture on
Instagram of him surrounded by bottles of alcohol.
He captioned the picture, in which
he appears to be mimicking drinking
directly from a champagne bottle:
“Celebrating the end of 2018. What a
s--- year that was.”
In tomorrow’s
Features Section
Shane Watson
The alternative
life resolutions
you should
baseline rally that drew gasps of
giddyness from the 14,000-plus
spectators lucky enough to witness
the battle of the legends.
Both Federer and Williams were
hitting their forehands with verocity,
but before a victor could be
determined in the rally, Federer
switched his line of fire to strike into
Tiafoe’s path, drawing slight groans
from the crowd in the process, but
ultimately winning the point.
While Williams is an accomplished
doubles player, Federer rarely features
in the format. Yet it was the Swiss
demonstrating his soft hands at the
net, dispatching a series of volleyed
winners and ensuring his team victory.
At the end, it was Williams who was
feeling the effects. She spent the
conclusion to the second set rubbing
her shoulder, such was the firepower
loaded on her serving cannon.
Both players stepped away from
their duel with their reputations
enhanced, and a memorable selfie
to boot.
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Hunt: Britain should stop
underestimating power
of its global influence
Foreign Secretary envisions
the UK as a connector of
democracies as it opens
Indonesian embassy
By Christopher Hope
BRITAIN should stop “underestimating” its global influence as the country
prepares to leave the European Union
in less than three months’ time, Jeremy
Hunt will say in a major speech in Singapore.
The Foreign Secretary will say that
the UK will open a new mission in Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, to promote
trade links with countries in the Far
East as it engages more with countries
outside the EU.
Mr Hunt, a contender to succeed
Theresa May as the Conservatives’
leader, will stress that the UK needs to
be “realistic about our global position”.
However, he will add: “That means not
overestimating our strength but not
underestimating it either.
“We are not a superpower and we do
not have an empire. But we do have the
fifth biggest economy in the world, the
third biggest overseas aid budget, the
second biggest military budget in Nato,
one of the two biggest financial centres, the world’s language, highly effective intelligence services and a world
class diplomatic network, including
permanent membership of the Security Council.”
Mr Hunt, who is also expected to
visit Malaysia later this week, is hoping
a new mission in Jakarta will improve
links with the 10 members of the Association of south-east Asian Nations
(Asean). Mr Hunt will say: “Britain is
already the biggest European investor
in South-east Asia, with Asean trade of
nearly £37 billion, and over 4,000 British companies employing more than
50,000 people in Singapore alone.
“Those connections are why Britain’s post-Brexit role should be to act as
an invisible chain linking together the
democracies of the world, those countries which share our values and support our belief in free trade, the rule of
law and open societies.”
In his speech – titled “Britain’s Role
in a Post-Brexit World” – to a think tank
in Singapore, he will say: “In a world
where it is rarely possible for one country to achieve its ambitions alone, we
have some of the best connections of
any country – whether through the
Commonwealth, our alliance with the
United States and our friendship with
our neighbours in Europe.
“Those connections mean that in
this part of the world Britain is amongst
only a handful of European countries
with an embassy or high commission in
every member of the association of
south-east Asian nations.
“Those connections are why Britain’s post-Brexit role should be to act as
an invisible chain linking together the
democracies of the world, those countries who share our values and support
our belief in free trade, the rule of law
and open societies.”
Toothy grin Nigel Farage, the former Ukip leader, poses with a shark in a Twitter message
wishing his followers a happy new year, explaining: “What a fight to land this bronze
whaler shark (it was tagged for research purposes and put back into the water).”
Stealth migrant
patrols ‘at risk
of collisions’
By Dominic Nicholls
THE UK Border Force is
risking collisions in the
English Channel by turning
off tracking systems on
vessels looking for migrants,
experts have warned.
One cutter is now patrolling the Channel amid a migrant crisis which has seen
over 100 people either make
it to the UK or be intercepted
at sea since Christmas Eve.
It will soon be joined by
two more vessels after Sajid
Javid bowed to pressure to
redeploy British cutters
from the Mediterranean.
The Home Secretary previously raised concerns that
more cutters would act as a
“magnet” for migrants.
The Border Force ship is
believed to have been
switching off its Automatic
Identification System (AIS),
to prevent migrants from
tracking it via an app.
However, the move has
been described as a risky
one in one of the world’s
busiest shipping lanes.
Tom Sharpe, a former
Royal Navy officer and captain of HMS Endurance, said:
“Operating without AIS is
pretty dodgy. It’s not very
clever and not very seamanlike. In a busy shipping area
like the Dover Strait there
are a number of vessels go-
ing through who are not paying attention and AIS is their
only means of anti-collision.
“The merchant vessel on
autopilot may not be maintaining a proper lookout, so
AIS … saves your bacon.”
He added: “I wouldn’t go
to sea in any boat, no matter
what size without AIS,
because nobody looks out
the window.”
The Home Office refused
to deny Border Force had
been operating without AIS.
‘I wouldn’t go to sea
in any boat without
AIS. Nobody looks
out the window’
A spokesman said: “We don’t
comment on operational
The International Convention for the Safety of Life
at Sea requires all ships over
300 tonnes in international
waters, cargo ships over 500
tonnes not on the high seas
and all passenger ships to be
fitted with AIS.
A spokesman for the International Maritime Organisation said the rules do not
apply to military vessels or
service, but that all countries are “encouraged to apply the same regulations”.
Brexiteers’ anger at
‘politicised’ fireworks
By Christopher Hope
SADIQ KHAN, the London
mayor, infuriated Brexiteers
after a landmark was lit up
like the European Union flag
during the capital’s New
Year’s Eve fireworks display.
The London Eye near the
Houses of Parliament was illuminated in blue with gold
stars around the rim for the
display on Monday night.
As fireworks went off
along the Thames, the words
“London is open” were said
in English, French, German,
Italian, Polish, Romanian
and Spanish. Eurosceptic
Tories said they were appalled by what they said was
a politicisation of the event.
David Jones, the former
Brexit minister, said: “This
was a golden opportunity to
project London as a confidant, global city. Instead
[Sadiq Khan] chose to portray it as tied to the EU’s
apron strings.”
Andrew Bridgen, the Tory
MP, said: “It’s low, it’s very
low, to politicise what is an
international public event.”
Mr Khan was unapologetic, with a source pointing
to last year’s “women’s
equality-themed” display.
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Celebrity acquittals
may give wrong
message, legal
experts caution
By Martin Evans
RECORD numbers of drivers
caught speeding or using
mobile phones are opting to
face trial instead of taking
on-the-spot penalties.
showed a 43 per cent rise in
motorists going to court
over the past four years.
It is thought the success of
celebrities such as David
Beckham and Jimmy Carr in
beating road traffic charges
is convincing other drivers
that they also might be able
to get off.
However, legal experts
warned the chances of beatJimmy Carr, the
conviction in
his mobile
phone case
ing such charges was extremely slim and by opting
for court, drivers could be
making things worse for
Beckham, the former England football captain, was
recorded driving at 59mph
in a 40mph zone in a borrowed Bentley.
However Nick Freeman,
his lawyer, who is known as
Mr Loophole, successfully
argued that the papers had
been served too late.
Carr, the comedian and
television host, also used the
services of Mr Freeman to
escape a conviction when he
was caught using his phone.
The lawyer convinced magistrates he had not been using his phone to make a call,
but to dictate a joke.
According to the Home
Office data, the number of
motorists facing court action
was 342,000 in 2017, up from
240,000 in 2013.
At the same time, the
number of fixed penalty notices issued by the police for
motoring offences declined
by 19 per cent from 1,201,000
to 969,000.
In April 2017, the penalty
for using a mobile phone
while driving was increased
from three to six points.
This is also thought to be a
factor behind the sharp rise
in the number of people trying to challenge motoring
Peter Dodd, a partner at
Nockolds law firm, said that
despite the high-profile
cases, it was not always wise
to opt to go to court.
He said: “The police do
not have any discretion but
people don’t like the police
acting as judge and jury,
which is what these on-thespot punishments represent.
“As police have been given
powers to impose harsher
penalties, a greater proportion of motorists want to
challenge those decisions.
“But this idea of being
able to get off on a technicality is a bit of a myth and by
going to court, you risk making things much worse.
“Magistrates can apply
unlimited fines linked to
your income and you will
also be liable for court costs.”
Mr Dodd added that many
motorists wrongly believed
that the registered owner of
a vehicle could avoid a fine if
they did not identify who
was driving at the time.
He said: “There is a persistent urban myth that a driving fine or penalty can be
avoided if the owner ... does
not identify the driver. We
see a large number of cases
which could have been
avoided if the keeper had
named the driver.
“For the sake of a fine in
the hundreds … drivers are
risking thousands of pounds
in fines and costs in a magistrates’ court plus six points
on their licence.”
Debriefing of serial
killer caused trauma
who was fired after developing post traumatic stress as a
result of debriefing a serial
killer police informant has
won a claim for unfair dismissal.
Wendy Lewis, a legal adviser, debriefed the terrorist
– described as “dangerous
and violent” – in an assigment lasting more than three
years instead of the predicted six months and involving
Ms Lewis worked for the
Public Defender Service,
part of the Legal Aid Agency,
as an accredited police station representative.
Between 2010 and 2013,
Ms Lewis was assigned to
debrief a Special Branch
informer who had been
involved in terrorism offences, including murder.
The man, questioned on
more than 500 serious
offences, was identified
during the hearing only as
“client X”.
Ms Lewis told a employment tribunal in Cardiff that
she developed psychiatric
symptoms and was subse-
quently diagnosed with
PTSD. After returning to her
Pontypridd office in 2013,
she was advised to attend
counselling and was placed
on sick leave.
uncertainty, an occupational
health report dated August
2015 confirmed she was not
fit to return to work, and the
hearing was told Ms Lewis
wished to be considered for
early retirement due to ill
Emails indicated she was
“agoraphobic, had difficulty
being in unfamiliar places
with unfamiliar people, cannot travel north by train as
she associates this with work
with client X, only socialises
with family and one or two
very close friends, suffers
from panic attacks and
insomnia and has traumatic
The tribunal was told:
“The respondent’s failure to
allow the claimant to work
from home instead of dismissing her was a failure to
adjustment.” Ms Lewis’s
decided at a later date.
Oxford fellow claims he
recorded harassment
By Daily Telegraph
AN OXFORD University researcher recorded sexual
harassment by a respected
professor 25 years his senior,
an employment tribunal has
The 32-year-old university fellow said he found the
2015 recording, in which he
claims his superior told him
he would destroy his career
if he refused his advances,
on an old iPhone.
Dr Matthew Levy is suing
the University of Oxford and
Prof Peter Norreys, his supervisor, for sexual discrimination. He claims Prof
Norreys made unwanted
sexual overtures towards
him. After “thwarting” advances, Dr Levy claimed that
he was subjected to a bullying campaign by the professor and his colleagues.
The authenticity of the recording claims are on course
to be scrutinised by an employment tribunal panel.
A preliminary hearing is
set to be held in the spring.
Mr Loophole
cases inspire
drivers to
seek their
day in court
Prince remembers The
Prince of Wales attended a
memorial service on the
centenary of a disaster that
caused the greatest loss of
life in British waters in
peace time. Only 82 of the
283 passengers aboard
HMY Iolaire (above) are
thought to have survived
when it smashed into rocks
near Stornoway on the Isle
of Lewis on Jan 1, 1919. The
men were mostly soldiers
returning to Lewis, Harris
and Berneray from the First
World War. Prince Charles,
who is also Duke of Rothesay,
gave a reading and joined
Nicola Sturgeon, Scotland’s
First Minister, to meet
relatives of those on board
and lay wreaths at Holm,
which overlooks the scene.
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Effort to curb
plastic in ocean
is ‘bailing bath
with a spoon’
Cost of missed
could fund
2,325 GPs
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
CURRENT efforts to reduce the
amount of plastic in the ocean are like
trying to bail out an overflowing bath
with a teaspoon, an environmental
charity has warned.
The devastation caused by plastic
pollution was catapulted to the public’s
attention in 2018 – largely due to the
powerful images broadcast in Sir David
Attenborough’s Blue Planet II.
Despite the positive noises, there has
been little tangible change in the UK,
according to scientists at the Marine
MISSED GP appointments cost
£216 million a year – the equivalent of
2,325 full-time family doctors – NHS
England has said as it urged patients to
cancel rather than not show up.
More than 15 million GP practice appointments – one in 20 – are wasted
every year as patients fail to attend
without cancelling with enough notice
for others to benefit.
Some 7.2 million of these are with
GPs, NHS Digital GP appointments
data shows, adding up to more than
1.2 million GP hours wasted each year –
the equivalent of more than 600 fulltime GPs for a year, NHS England said.
It added that, at an average cost of
£30 per appointment, the total cost
could pay for the annual salary of 2,325
full-time GPs.
Prof Helen Stokes-Lampard, the
chairman of the Royal College of GPs,
said: “When patients miss appointments it can be a frustrating waste of
resources for GPs and our teams, but
also for other patients who are struggling to secure an appointment for
“There may be many reasons why a
patient might miss an appointment, and
in some cases it can indicate something
serious is going on for that individual.
But we would urge patients to let us
know if they can’t attend as soon as possible, so that we can offer that time to
someone else who really needs it.”
Dr Nikki Kanani, acting director of
primary care for NHS England, said:
“Timely access to general practice appointments is a priority for the public,
which is why we are growing the workforce and offering evening and weekend
appointments. Patients can do their part
by letting the NHS know if they can’t
make their slot – freeing up doctors,
nurses and other professionals to see
those who do need care and attention.”
Conservation Society (MCS), who say
more drastic action is needed.
Dr Laura Foster, head of clean seas at
MCS, said: “The most important thing
should be to look at stopping the
amount going into the ocean.
“Think of an overflowing bath with
the taps on full blast. We’re trying to
bail with a teaspoon, and we’re wondering why that’s not having an effect.
“We need to focus on stopping
things going into the ocean in the first
place, and it may be that future generations look at a clean-up.”
She added: “We need to incentivise
– as soon as you give an empty container a value, you see people’s behaviour change.
“You won’t see them littered – the littering rate for on-the-go items is 20 per
cent – but if you have a deposit return
scheme on bottles and cans then that’s
The littering rate for on-the-go pieces of
plastic that are seen to hold no value,
according to Dr Laura Foster
Fine feathers Hundreds of thousands of spectators gathered to watch the annual London New Year’s Day Parade yesterday.
More than 8,000 performers from around the world took part in the event that included a message of thanks from the Queen.
Schools are producing children ‘without character’
Wrapping pupils ‘in cotton
wool’ may be linked to rise
of snowflake generation,
leading head master warns
SCHOOLS that “enfold pupils in cotton
wool” and focus only on exam grades
are producing a nation of children
without character, the head master of
Stowe School has warned. Dr Anthony
Wallersteiner said children once developed resilience and grit by playing
sports on cold, rainy days, collecting
tadpoles and climbing trees.
But the “scramble” to climb league
tables had led schools to neglect activities which traditionally helped pupils
understand their strengths and weaknesses and learn perseverance.
“Children are experiential learners,”
he said. “They learn how to ride a bicycle after they have fallen off a few
times. Building a den, climbing trees
and collecting tadpoles will give them a
better understanding of themselves
and their place in the world than playing Fortnite.
“They develop more resilience, grit
and character by playing lacrosse,
hockey or rugby on a cold, wet December afternoon than by vaping or watching 13 Reasons Why … character virtues
which seem to have been lost in the
scramble for schools to achieve ever
higher metrics in public exams.”
Dr Julian Lovelock, former dean of
arts and languages at the University of
Buckingham, has also noticed an curi-
ous trend in school stories, which reflects how institutions have changed.
In his new book, The Demon Headmaster, he writes that in the past 50
years tales about boarding schools
have become “fallow ground for the
novelist” because life has become more
sanitised. Authors were now forced to
set plots in fantasy schools such as
Hogwarts, in the Harry Potter series.
Although the humiliations and beatings that used to occur in schools had
largely been wiped out, he argued that
the traditional idea of character build-
ing had perhaps “receded too far”. Dr
Lovelock said: “Character building as it
used to be known, and as it is characterised in school stories, is another way
of saying that learning to survive physical and mental hardship is a good thing
– which of course it isn’t.
“There should be no return to that
kind of character building, but I believe fervently that schools should
have the time and resource to foster
such qualities as honesty, loyalty, determination, resilience, leadership.”
Without setbacks and character
building, educational experts are concerned that young people are being left
unprepared for adulthood.
Dr Wallersteiner said: “There may be
a connection between schools enfolding their pupils in cotton wool and the
rise of the ‘snowflake’ generation with
their safe spaces in universities, virtue
signalling and no-platforming of
speakers expressing different opinions
to their own.
“Successful people generally experience many setbacks before they discover a winning formula.”
Woman loses ‘30 years of life’ in self-storage warehouse fire
 A woman who gave up
her home after being made
redundant has lost all her
possessions in a fire at a
self-storage warehouse.
Marianna Georgiou, 51,
was one of hundreds of
customers whose
belongings were destroyed
in the blaze in Croydon,
south London.
She said she had been left
with just one set of clothes
and her car.
Ms Georgiou added that
she put her possessions in
storage when she moved in
with her daughter
temporarily after losing her
job in retail.
She said: “I cannot believe
it. Thirty years of my whole
life have gone in an instant.”
“I got made redundant
last year so I gave up my
home so I put everything in
storage. It’s the memories
and the sentimental things
that you cannot replace.”
Shurgard, which runs the
self-storage facility on
Purley Way in Croydon, said
it would contact all
customers in the next two
days, but added that it was
“highly unlikely” any items
would be saved.
The fire took hold at
around 7.45pm on Monday,
with up to 120 firefighters
working to extinguish the
blaze. The cause has yet to
be confirmed.
Nobody was injured,
police said, although the
four-storey building has
been extensively damaged.
Graham Ellis, assistant
commissioner of the
London Fire Brigade,
described the blaze as “very
He said: “Self-storage
units are generally full of
items like furniture which
when packed tightly provide
a lot of materials to burn.
These sorts of incidents
tend to create large fires that
burn hard for a long time.”
Male turtles at risk as climate
change makes future female
Good at wrapping presents?
Consider surgery as a career
Only one in 10 green
turtle hatchlings could be
male by 2100 as climate
change causes
“feminisation” of the
species, research suggests.
The sex of turtle
hatchlings is determined by
temperature, and at present
about 52 per cent of
hatching green turtles – one
of seven species of sea turtle
– are female.
But a study by the
University of Exeter and the
Marine and Environmental
Sciences Centre in Portugal
published in the journal
 Wrapping presents well
could be a sign children
should pursue a career in
surgery, a charity boss has
Penny Bendall, who hit
the headlines 12 years ago
after rebuilding three
porcelain vases damaged by
a visitor to the Fitzwilliam
Museum in Cambridge,
fears that natural craft skills
are not being recognised.
She has set up a charity
which runs workshops for
teenagers who enjoy
working with their hands.
Ms Bendall said: “Some
Global Change Biology
shows that in warmer
temperatures predicted by
Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change scenarios,
76 per cent to 93 per cent of
hatchlings would be female.
“Green turtles are facing
trouble in the future due to
loss of habitats and
increasing temperatures,”
said Dr Rita Patricio, from
the University of Exeter.
“As temperatures
continue to rise, it may
become impossible for
unhatched turtles to
children do not necessarily
have a talent for painting or
drawing but they do have
craft skills, which might
lead to a career. For
example, a child might be
naturally good at wrapping
presents. That kind of skill
might be indicative of a
child with unusually fine
craft skills, manual dexterity
and an ability to understand
3D shapes.
“Those are skills which
could be needed in the film
and theatre industries, and
also in professions like
architecture and surgery.”
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Many venues have
one lavatory per 38
women – far below
industry minimum
By Anita Singh Arts And
EntErtAinmEnt Editor
ANY theatregoer who has
spent an interval queuing
for the ladies’ loos will have
felt the facilities are a little
Now there are statistics to
back them up, after a survey
of West End theatres found
an average of one ladies’
lavatory per 38 female audience members – barely half
the number recommended
as the industry standard.
The average-sized West
End theatre should have a
minimum of 45, according to
British Standard sanitary
provision guidelines. The
actual number is 25.
It means female theatregoers would need a 57-minute interval if all were to visit
the loo mid-performance,
conducted by The Stage.
The worst offenders include the Criterion Theatre,
Piccadilly Circus, which has
one lavatory per 39.3 audience members. The National
Theatre is the best with one
for every 13.3 women.
Female customers account for 65 per cent of theatre ticket revenue, according
to the most recent figures.
However, the interiors of
most West End theatres have
changed little since the 19th
century and the buildings
are listed.
The problem is not restricted to London – the
1,347-seat New Alexandra
Theatre in Birmingham has
only 15 ladies’ lavatories.
Sir Cameron Mackintosh
has been granted planning
permission to install up to 33
new lavatories in the Queen’s
Theatre, one of his West End
The planning application
noted that women were being required to queue “for
up to 10 minutes into the
second act”.
Sir Howard Panter and
founded the Ambassador
Theatre Group, have made
women’s facilities a priority
with their new venture,
“Part of our development
plan is to address women’s
loos. It’s a perennial problem,” Squire said. Sir Howard
has described the situation
as “a complete disgrace at
the moment”.
The Old Vic is trying to
raise £100,000 for a refurbishment that will increase
the number of ladies’ lavatories, led by a video in which
actresses plead: “More loos!”
They include Glenda Jackson, who says: “What is this
ladies’ toilet situation? Is it
that you think women don’t
wee, or that women don’t
Joanna Lumley
is among the
stars calling for
more ladies’
loos at West
End theatres
like the theatre?” Joanna
Lumley jokily complains
that women should not have
to choose between queuing
at the bar for a drink and
queuing for the loo: “The
ladies are about to storm the
men’s loos. They can’t
manage to have a drink and a
waz at half-time.”
The theatre has 10 women’s lavatory cubicles for an
audience of more than 1,000.
A spokesman said: “Every
patron should be able to go
to the loo and order a drink
in the interval.”
The Stage included all venues with full membership of
the Society of London Theatre, excluding five owned by
Nimax. The research also
found that 62 per cent of the
42 theatres surveyed had
just one disabled lavatory,
while the Ambassadors and
Wyndham’s had none.
Men short-changed
over nappy duties
By Daily Telegraph
BABY-CHANGING facilities
should be made more
father-friendly, according to
a campaigner.
There are no laws requiring businesses to provide the
equipment, only a recommended standard to follow.
Jack Peacock, a father-ofthree
Peachicks Daddy blog, says
there are often no changing
facilities in men’s lavatories.
He told Sky News: “When
I’ve been out, we have
struggled. Sometimes I’ve
had to ask, and they’re like
‘It’s in the women’s’. If it’s
just me on my own, there’s
not really a lot I can do.
“I don’t feel comfortable
going into female toilets to
change my child and I imagine some women won’t be
comfortable with that either.”
Raymond Martin from the
British Toilet Association
(BTA) wants to see new
legislation passed that would
see businesses forced to
change their approach.
He told Sky News: “The
BTA has been campaigning
for 20 years to say to the
Government: do we really
need high-speed trains?
Aircraft carriers?
“We see more and more
single dads, fathers out with
their children, and we’d like
to see more money from the
government for facilities,
and better facilities.”
The Ministry of Housing,
Communities and Local
Government said it was considering a review of lavatory
provision, adding: “Building
regulations guidance recommends making reasonable
provision for separate unisex baby changing facilities.
“It is up to local authorities to provide the services
their communities need.”
Stars call
for more
ladies’ loos
in West End
They’re back A Dalek confronts a squad of soldiers in last night’s Doctor Who, confirming rumours that new Doctor Jodie Whittaker was to
meet the Time Lord’s most famous adversaries. The episode will be the Doctor’s only appearance in 2019. The series returns next year.
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
World news
Experts claim
parks at risk
from shutdown
of government
NATIONAL parks in the US are being
overwhelmed by rubbish and are at
risk of significant damage because of
the partial shutdown of the government, conservationists have warned.
Donald Trump claimed yesterday
that he had “no choice” but to continue
the 11-day shutdown, blaming Democrats as litter and human waste piled
up at tourist areas around the country.
Dakota Snider, 24, who works in
Yosemite Valley, said: “It’s so heartbreaking. There is more trash and
human waste and disregard for the
rules than I’ve seen. It’s a free-for-all.”
The shutdown happened because of
a standoff between the president and
Democrats in Congress, who are
refusing to authorise $5.7 billion to
fund a large part of the president’s proposed wall on the Mexico border.
Democrats take control of the House
of Representatives tomorrow and said
they would introduce a spending bill to
fund the government – but it contained
no money for a border wall.
Mr Trump wrote on Twitter: “The
Democrats, much as I suspected, have
allocated no money for a new Wall. So
He added: “The wall is one-hundred
percent foolproof. No, we are not
giving up. We have to have border
security and the wall is a big part of
border security. The biggest part.”
Hundreds of thousands of public
employees have been sent home
during the shutdown, including
rangers and other park staff.
John Garder, of the National Parks
Conservation Association, said: “It’s a
nightmare scenario. We’re concerned
there’ll be impacts to visitors’ safety.”
In California the Sequoia National
Park was closed due to overflowing
rubbish bins.
At Joshua Tree National Park, rows
were reported between campers with
no rangers to step in, and damage was
being caused by visitors illegally going
off-road in vehicles.
Mr Trump stayed in Washington DC
over the new year, cancelling a trip to
White House officials indicated the
president believes he has public
opinion on his side and that Democrats
will be blamed for the shutdown.
By Nick Allen in Washington
California dreaming Tear gas is thrown by US agents towards fleeing migrants who tried to climb the fence to get to San Diego in California from Tijuana in
Mexico yesterday. Discouraged by a long wait to apply for asylum, many people now cross the border illegally only to hand themselves in to US officials.
Kim to US: End sanctions or we’ll take ‘new way’
North Korean leader’s
US summit offer qualified
with further demands to
lift crippling embargoes
KIM JONG-UN has offered to hold a
new summit with Donald Trump,
but warned Pyongyang may pursue a
“new way” if Washington does not lift
crippling sanctions.
In his New Year speech, the North
Korean leader also suggested for the
first time that he would no longer
produce nuclear weapons. Mr Kim
added that relations with the US could
progress at a “fast speed” if it made
concessions, but he urged Washington
not to “misjudge” his patience.
Mr Kim’s annual address offers a rare
insight into his thinking and plans for
the coming year. This year’s 30-minute
speech was shown live on South Korean
television – a sign of how relations have
improved between the neighbours.
Mr Kim spoke of his satisfaction at his
meetings with Moon Jae-in, the South
Korean president, and expressed his
wish to turn the armistice at the end of
the 1950-53 war into a full peace treaty.
The bulk of the address focused on
economic development, but a key
message was reserved for the US
president, offering a gesture of peace
that could equally be withdrawn if the
US did not offer any give-and-take in
the denuclearisation process.
In particular, he demanded an end to
South Korea’s joint military exercises
with the US and to the sanctions damaging North Korea’s economic growth.
“I am ready to sit down again with
the US president at any time and will
make efforts to produce an outcome
that the international community will
welcome,” Mr Kim said of a potential
second summit with Mr Trump.
However, North Korea might be
“compelled to explore new ways” to
defend its sovereignty if the United
States “seeks to force something upon
Kim Jong-un during
his televised speech
addressing his nation
us unilaterally … and remains
unchanged in its sanctions and
pressure,” Mr Kim cautioned.
Mr Kim and Mr Trump met for their
historic summit in Singapore in June,
agreeing to work together towards the
denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, but without clearly defining what
that meant. In recent months, they have
Trump mocks Warren’s challenge
By Nick Allen in Washington
DONALD TRUMP attacked Elizabeth
Warren, the first major Democratic
candidate to declare for the 2020 presidential race, saying voters should “ask
her psychiatrist” if she could win.
Ms Warren, 69, the Massachusetts
senator, announced her intention on
New Year’s Eve, saying she would
“fight all the way” against Mr Trump.
The two politicians have previously
had high-profile disagreements. Mr
Trump’s nickname for Ms Warren is
“Pocahontas” over her controversial
claims of Native American ancestry.
Asked whether he thought she
believed she could win, Mr Trump told
Fox News: “Well, that I don’t know.
You’d have to ask her psychiatrist.” In a
taste of what may be to come when
election campaigning gets under way,
Mr Trump referred to her Native American claims, telling the interviewer: “I
think you have more [Native American
ancestry] than she does, and maybe I
do too, and I have nothing.
“I wish her well. I hope she does
well. I’d love to run against her.”
Mr Trump’s aides have suggested he
would be delighted if Ms Warren, an
outspoken critic of Wall Street, won
the nomination, believing he could
beat her more easily than some of the
other potential Democratic candidates.
Ms Warren already has a staff of 70
and $12.5 million (£9.8 million) in campaign funds. She grew up in Oklahoma
Elizabeth Warren, in
race for president
and went to work as a waitress aged 13,
before becoming a teacher, a law professor and a firebrand liberal senator.
Nate Silver, the election analyst, said
Ms Warren could become the standard
bearer for the Democrat left, adding:
“Voters know what she stands for.”
On New Year’s Eve, she hosted a live
broadcast from her kitchen on Instagram, the social media platform. She
cracked open a beer, cooked, introduced her dog and took questions.
In a new year message on Twitter,
written in capital letters, Mr Trump
By Our Foreign Staff
THE Taliban discussed Afghanistan’s
“post-occupation situation” with Iran
in their latest meeting, the group said
yesterday, as Tehran makes a concerted push for peace in the run-up to a
possible US withdrawal.
The militants made the disclosure
after Iran confirmed on Monday that
the Taliban had visited Tehran for a
second round of talks in just a few days
aimed at ending the 17-year conflict.
The Taliban delegation discussed
with Iran “the post-occupation situation, restoration of peace and security
in Afghanistan and the region”, the militants said in a statement.
It signals a growing confidence
among the Taliban over the prospect of
US troops pulling out of Afghanistan,
after Donald Trump decided to heavily
reduce the number of troops on the
Tehran’s peace push will be viewed
with concern in Washington, where
there are fears that the planned with-
drawal from Syria and Afghanistan will
cede regional influence to Iran.
The Taliban also met with the US, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia in the United
Arab Emirates earlier in December as
part of a flurry of diplomatic efforts to
end the war. But the Taliban refused to
meet a delegation from Afghanistan.
Iran and Afghanistan share a near
600-mile (960km) border and have
had a complex relationship in recent
years. Tehran worked alongside the US
and Western powers to drive out the
Taliban after the invasion in 2001.
But there have been allegations that
Iran’s Revolutionary Guards have in recent years established ties with the
Taliban aimed at driving out US forces.
u Taliban fighters killed more than 20
Afghan security forces in raids on a
provincial capital in northern Afghanistan yesterday. Hundreds of militants
were outside Sar-e-Pul city, which
Zabihullah Amani, the provincial
governor’s spokesman, warned was at
risk of falling to the Taliban if
reinforcements were not sent.
Tehran hosts Taliban peace
talks before troop withdrawal
Happy ending A baby boy is pulled alive
from the rubble of a tower block that
collapsed in Magnitogorsk, Russia.
reached a diplomatic impasse, each accusing the other of blocking progress.
Pyongyang has also accused Washington of failing to take corresponding
measures after it dismantled a nuclear
testing ground and suspended tests.
Those measures were in line with its
resolve to “no longer make, use or
spread” nuclear weapons, Kim said
yesterday, indicating a moratorium on
weapons production for the first time.
Although Pyongyang did not conduct nuclear or missile tests last year,
satellite images have pointed to continued activity at its related facilities.
Some analysts suggested the speech
was intended to drive a wedge between
Washington and Seoul, which is push-
ing for faster diplomatic efforts.
They said the North Korean leader
appeared to be gearing up to portray
the US as the obstacle to progress.
“North Korea has always been adept
at putting the onus for action on the US,
taking the initiative in a way that forces
Washington to either react on Pyongyang’s terms or look like the obstacle to
progress,” Mintaro Oba, a former US
diplomat specialising in the Koreas,
told The Daily Telegraph.
“Kim Jong Un drew from that playbook in his speech today by offering to
take actions that might be popular in
South Korea, but would require US
consent to lift sanctions. This puts both
Seoul and Washington in a bind.”
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Probe visits
peanut’ in
deepest space
By Nick Allen in Washington
A NASA probe has reached the furthest
cosmic object ever explored by humankind, revealing new clues to how the
planets formed.
Ultima Thule, a space rock 22 miles
long and nine miles wide, sits in the
dark and frigid Kuiper belt, four billion
miles from Earth, on the edge of the
known solar system.
The New Horizons probe flew by at
32,000mph, passing within 2,200
miles of the surface.
From there, it took 10 hours for an
anxiously awaited “phone home” signal to reach mission control at Johns
Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory in Maryland.
As cheers erupted, Alice Bowman,
the mission operations manager, said:
“We have a healthy spacecraft. We’ve
just accomplished the most distant flyby. This science will help us understand the origins of our solar system.”
A blurry initial image sent back of
Ultima Thule showed a white object resembling a bowling pin, or a peanut,
and rotating like a propeller.
The fly-by was more than a billion
miles beyond Pluto, previously the furthest space object ever visited.
Scientists hope fresh images of Ultima Thule will help them learn about
the ancient building blocks of planets.
Along with other bodies in the Kuiper belt, it is a relic from the early solar
system, having been deeply frozen and
perfectly preserved. It takes 295 years
to orbit the Sun.
Seven instruments on the New Horizons will be used to detect the chemical composition of its atmosphere and
terrain. Beaming all the discoveries
back will take two years.
Alan Stern, the lead planetary scientist for New Horizons, said: “Everything we are going to learn, from its
composition to its geology, to how it
was originally assembled, whether it
has satellites and an atmosphere and
those kinds of things, are going to teach
us about the original formation conditions of objects in the solar system.”
He said the initial picture looked like
a “pixelated blob” but better images
would arrive. He added: “The data we
ISS leak was
‘botched repair
job’, suggests
By Patrick Sawer
THE former commander of the International Space Station has confirmed
that a leak in its space capsule was
caused deliberately and could have had
“severe” consequences for the crew.
The leak was detected by Nasa officials on August 29, when flight controllers on Earth noticed a dip in the air
pressure of the ISS.
It was identified by the crew as coming from a two-millimetre puncture on
a section of the Russian-made Soyuz
space capsule.
Nasa said at the time the crew were
“never in any danger”, but photographs
of the hole released later showed what
appeared to be drill marks around it,
sparking speculation about who carried out what appeared to be a deliberate attempt at sabotage.
Alexander Gerst, who had been commander of the mission before passing
the role on to Oleg Kononenko in December, has scotched suggestions
have looks fantastic, and we’re already
learning about Ultima from up close.
From here out, the data will just get
better and better.”
Scientists are still unsure, until they
see further images, if the object is a single body, or two orbiting each other.
Ultima Thule was discovered in 2014
with the help of the Hubble Space Telescope. It was originally called 2014
MU69, but renamed after Thule, a
mythical island in medieval literature.
The space agency said “Ultima
Thule” meant “beyond Thule” and was
intended to indicate “beyond the bor-
The two-millimetre
hole on the ISS
caused a leak in the
capsule and there
was speculation
over its origin
aired in sections of the Russian media
that the hole was the work of US astronauts on a previous mission.
Instead Gerst appeared to suggest it
was the fault of a botched repair job
covered up by construction or maintenance crews on the ground.
Speaking on BBC Radio 4’s Today on
Tuesday he said: “It was pretty clear in
my opinion [it was] not the crew that
sprung the leak.
“That was just a few misunderstandings they had out there.
“It’s still pretty obvious that it was a
man-made hole. The hole was there
and it was just covered by a little glue,
so the question is how did it get there?”
Nasa control only informed the crew
about the leak once they woke the
following morning, reassuring them
there was plenty of air left in their
reserve tank to last for several days.
But Gerst said the situation might
have been much more serious had the
air leakage begun when the Soyuz was
taking the crew up to the ISS.
“As an astronaut you think, ‘Well,
what would have happened if it broke
loose a little bit earlier, when we were
travelling to the space station, when
you only have a very small volume of
air in that spacecraft?’,” he said.
“Even though the hole was small in
that case it would have been more
severe for us.”
An artist’s impression of the New Horizons
probe’s encounter with Ultima Thule
ders of the known world”.
New Horizons launched in 2006
with the stated mission of flying by
Pluto. It reached the dwarf planet in
2015, revealing methane-rich dunes on
the surface. The probe was then redirected to Ultima Thule.
While it has conducted the most distant close encounter with a space object, New Horizons is not the most
distant probe from Earth. Voyager 1
and Voyager 2, launched in 1977, both
reached greater distances.
Brian May, the Queen guitarist, who
has a PhD in astrophysics, is a participating scientist in the New Horizons
mission. He also wrote a song in honour of the probe.
After the fly-by, he said: “This is a
night none of us are going to forget.
This mission represents to me the spirit
of adventure, discovery and inquiry
which is inherent in the human spirit.”
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Oleg Kononenko on a spacewalk while attached to the International Space Station
Martian robot will explore the
Red Planet with mind of its own
chosen as a test site because it has a
red, rocky terrain that is very similar to
the surface of Mars.
The robot travelled more than 1.4km
without human interaction during the
month-long trial.
Catherine Mealing-Jones, director of
growth at the UK Space Agency, said:
“Mars is a very difficult planet to land
safely on, so it’s essential to maximise
the discoveries from each successful
“New autonomous robot technology
like this will help to further unlock
Mars’s mysteries and I’m delighted that
the UK is a key player”
Airbus in Stevenage, Herts, is the
prime contractor for the new European
Space Agency (ESA) ExoMars rover,
due to land on the planet in 2020.
Following a public competition last
year, the UK Space Agency will reveal
the name of the new UK-built rover this
ExoMars is part of a project to search
for evidence of life on Mars. It is a joint
mission by the ESA and the Russian
space agency Roscosmos.
The first part of the mission was to
place a communication satellite in
orbit over Mars, called the ExoMars
Trace Gas Orbiter. This was successful
after a launch in 2016.
In addition to orbiting the planet, the
satellite was meant to deliver a probe
called Schiaparelli. The probe crashed
upon landing on Mars that same year.
The UK Space Agency is the second
largest European contributor to ExoMars, having invested £260 million in
the mission and £14 million on the instruments.
The new autonomous technology,
called ERGO, was also developed with
the help of Wiltshire-based software
company SCISYS.
It was tested in Morocco alongside
software, called INFUSE, that combines data from different sensors and
sources on the rover and creates useful
information such as maps.
Father kills six family
members at Thai party
Congo internet cut over
‘fake’ election results
Four injured as German
rams car into migrants
A Thai man who reportedly felt
slighted by his in-laws shot dead six
family members including his two
young children at a New Year’s Eve
party, police said yesterday.
The shooting took place 10 minutes
after midnight as Sucheep Sornsung
joined his wife’s family to ring in the
new year in southern Chumphon
province. He was “heavily” drunk
when he pulled out his pistol at the
table in the beauty parlour where the
party was being hosted, police said.
“All of the victims were his family
members including his nine-year-old
son and six-year-old daughter,” Lt Col
Larp Kampapan of Phato police told
AFP. “They were shot either in the
head or the torso... he was angry that
as the son-in-law he was not being
made welcome by his wife’s family.”
The gunman then turned the
weapon on himself.
Internet connections and SMS services
were cut for a second day yesterday in
the Democratic Republic of Congo –
amid claims that fake election results
were being spread on social media.
Barnabé Kikaya bin Karubi, a senior
adviser to Joseph Kabila, the DRC
president, said the services were cut to
preserve public order.
“That (fake results) could lead us
straight toward chaos,” he said, adding
the services would remain cut until
the complete results were out on Jan 6.
Both the opposition and ruling
coalition claim to be on track to win
after a turbulent election in which
many Congolese were unable to vote
due to an Ebola outbreak, conflict and
logistical problems.
Congo has never had a democratic
transfer of power, and a disputed
outcome could lead to violence like
that after the 2006 and 2011 elections.
A man drove into a crowd of
pedestrians celebrating the new year
in the west German town of Bottrop
yesterday in an apparent xenophobic
The driver targeted a group of
Syrian and Afghan migrants in the
attack shortly after midnight. Police
are investigating whether he has any
far-Right links.
One woman was in critical condition, while three others received
serious injuries. The victims have
not been named but are believed to
include Syrians and Afghans.
The driver escaped the scene and
fled to the nearby city of Essen, where
he was captured by police. He is a German citizen, according to authorities.
He had a “clear intention to kill
foreigners”, Herbert Reul, the regional
interior minister for North RhineWestphalia told a press conference.
By Joseph Archer
SCIENTISTS in the UK have finished
testing a Martian robot that will make
its own decisions about where it
explores when it reaches the planet.
The rover, using artificial intelligence to work out where to go and how
to get there, will be able to drive up to a
kilometre a day on the Red Planet.
The software on the rover, developed by researchers at King’s College
London and aerospace company Airbus, will also make decisions about
managing its resources. For example, it
can shut down certain functions to
conserve power.
It will also give the rover the ability
to investigate things that it deems to be
interesting, but which human operators might miss.
The technology marks a significant
advance on the remote-controlled
Martian robots currently in use. Those
rovers are slow and unresponsive, because it takes eight minutes for commands sent from Earth to reach them.
This limits how far the robots can
travel, with current rovers moving
only a few dozen metres a day.
The new autonomous systems were
tested last month on a four-wheel rover
called Sherpa in the Sahara Desert.
The arid location in Morocco was
The Sherpa was tested in Morocco to
simulate terrain conditions on Mars
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
World news
British names go as India erases colonial past
Islands retitled to honour
rebel who fought alongside
Nazis and Japan during
the Second World War
By Rahul Bedi in New Delhi
THREE Indian islands have been given
new names as part of a campaign by
Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist
government to dissociate the country
from two centuries of British rule. On a
visit to the Andaman and Nicobar
archipelago in the Bay of Bengal, the
prime minister announced the
renaming of Ross, Neil and Havelock
Islands – named after colonial figures –
to honour Subhash Chander Bose.
Mr Bose, a radical Hindu nationalist,
raised a rebel army of Indian soldiers
during the Second World War to fight
the British with the help of Nazi
Germany and Imperial Japan.
His Free India Army was defeated
circumstances in 1945, two years
before India won its independence.
Ross Island, named after a marine
surveyor, will now be known as
Subhash Chander Bose Dweep (island).
Neil Island, commemorating a British
military officer, becomes Shaeed or
Martyr Dweep.
Havelock Island, that honoured the
British army general who crushed the
1857 mutiny by Indian soldiers against
British rule, has been renamed Swaraj
Dweep – Independent Island.
“When it comes to heroes of the
freedom struggle, we take the name of
Bose with pride and that is why the
government has issued a notification
changing the islands’ names,” Mr Modi
declared. He added that renaming the
islands fulfilled a demand Bose made in
1943, when he visited the Andamans,
then occupied by his Japanese allies.
Opposition parties have accused Mr
Modi’s BJP party of “seeking revenge
on India’s history”.
They also claim it is an attempt by
Hindu nationalists to extend their
cultural and political influence.
With a general election due in May,
Mr Modi suffered a string of setbacks in
December, when the BJP lost power in
three key states.
However, he insisted yesterday that
his party was on course to retain power.
“No reason for morale down. We are
confident and are moving ahead,” Mr
Modi said.
In October, the BJP launched a campaign to rename the colonial government’s summer capital of Simla in the
Himalayas to free the town from the
“oppressive” mental slavery of the past.
After weeks of agitation to rename it
Shyamala after a Hindu goddess, the
move has for now, been deferred.
The Mughalserai railway station in
Uttar Pradesh state has been renamed
after Deendyal Upadhya, an associate
of the Hindu ultra-Right Rashtriya
Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) or National
Volunteer Corps.
The RSS is devoted to keeping
Hinduism “pure” from influences such
as Islam and Christianity, a goal that the
BJP has been avidly pursuing.
Sharad Yadav of the National
Democratic Party said that by changing
names, the BJP was deflecting attention from its inability to rejuvenate the
flailing economy, create jobs and improve India’s crumbling infrastructure.
“It is a feeble attempt by the BJP to
try to hide its failures” he added.
The slip of
the desert
A camel
by a robot
jockey falls
during a
race at
the Liwa
near Abu
Dhabi in
the UAE.
Author Houellebecq gets Legion of Honour Belgian abbey beer becomes non-alcoholic
By David Chazan in Paris
MICHEL HOUELLEBECQ, the controversial author who predicts the doom
of western civilisation in his new novel,
was awarded the Legion of Honour,
France’s highest civilian distinction, in
the New Year honours list yesterday.
Seratonin, which is released on Friday, focuses on the festering rage in
provincial France that has exploded
into the “yellow vest” protests.
Like Houellebecq’s previous books,
it is set to become an instant bestseller
and is already being hailed as the biggest literary event of 2019.
It is also likely to enrage those who
object to the views that have made
Houellebecq, 62, an iconic figure for
the nationalist, eurosceptic Right.
Houellebecq’s bleak view of France
and Europe is much in evidence in the
novel, the title of which refers to an ingredient in the anti-depressant taken
by the anti-hero.
“No one in the West will ever be
happy again,” he writes. “This is how a
civilisation dies, without danger or
drama and with very little carnage.”
His previous book, Submission,
about a Muslim president governing
France, was featured in the satirical
magazine Charlie Hebdo just days before its office was attacked by Islamist
gunmen, who killed 12 people, in 2015.
“I’m prepared to vote for anyone
provided we propose to exit the European Union and Nato,” Houllebecq said
in October.
“Europe has chosen a particular
mode of suicide that involves murdering the nations that make it up.”
By James Crisp
A BELGIAN brewer will make history
when it produces the first non-alcoholic version of one of the country’s
celebrated and powerful abbey beers.
Known for complex flavours and
high alcohol content, the ales are
brewed by monks or on licence and
have long been praised as a central part
of Belgium’s cultural heritage.
Now, AB InBev, the world’s largest
brewing company, is to launch a zero
alcohol version of its Leffe beer, which
has a history dating back to 1240 and
normally packs a 6.6 per cent punch.
Traditionalists may call it sacrilege,
but the brewer said its decision was a
sign of changing attitudes towards
beer in Belgium, where a survey found
that 62 per cent of adults thought they
drank too much.
Non-alcoholic lagers and wheat
beers have been growing in popularity
in the country, with a 30 per cent
growth in the market this year. AB InBev will use a de-alcoholisation tech-
nique that allows the beer to first go
through the usual brewing process.
Eoghan Walsh, an award-winning
beer writer based in Belgium, said
brewing mythology was an “almost
foundational part” of Belgian identity.
“The popularity of these beers is
founded on their strength and the
fuller flavour that goes with it,” he said.
“A zero per cent abbey beer is a big
departure from a brewing tradition you
can trace back hundreds of years.”
AB InBev said 20 per cent of beer
would be low in alcohol by 2025.
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Jair Bolsonaro
gestures to the
Brazilian congress,
left, during his
inauguration as
the new president.
Right, with his wife
Michelle during a
parade in Brasilia to
mark the occasion
Brazil’s controversial new
president promises to
strengthen democracy and
fight violent street crime
By James Rothwell
JAIR BOLSONARO, the new president
of Brazil, promised to work closely
with Donald Trump “under God’s
protection” to bring prosperity to both
countries as he was sworn in last night.
The far-Right nationalist, known as
the “Trump of the Tropics”, vowed to
crack down on corruption and violent
crime in a long-awaited speech following his shock election in October.
The 63-year-old former army captain has pledged to tackle street crime
by arming civilians and believes police
officers who kill suspects should be
decorated rather than investigated.
“I will work tirelessly so that Brazil
reaches its destiny,” said Mr Bolsonaro,
the latest populist to exploit anti-establishment fury. “My vow is to strengthen
Brazil’s democracy,” he added.
Crowds of supporters, many with
the Brazilian flag draped around their
shoulders and with faces painted
yellow and green, the national colours,
gathered before the Planalto palace,
where Brazil’s new leader was
presented with the presidential sash.
Mr Bolsonaro is a hugely controversial figure because of his track record
for making racist and sexist comments
and displaying nostalgia for the former
military dictatorship. He has spoken of
how he would punch a gay couple if he
Bolsonaro sworn
in with pledge to
follow Trump to
‘bring prosperity’
saw them kissing in public and has
admitted he would “be incapable of
loving a homosexual child”.
Mr Bolsonaro is appealing a fine he
received for telling a female politician
during a heated row: “I wouldn’t rape
you because you don’t deserve it.”
In a TV interview in 1999, he said he
yearned for the days of the military
dictatorship, which killed hundreds
between 1964-85, adding: “I’m in
favour of torture. You know that. And
the people are too.”
The new president hopes to realign
Brazilian diplomacy towards the
Thousands join Hong Kong democracy protest
By Our Foreign Staff
THOUSANDS of protesters marched in
Hong Kong yesterday to demand full
democracy, fundamental rights and independence from China, in the face of
what many see as a Communist Party
clampdown on local freedoms.
Over the past year, countries such as
the United States and Britain have
expressed concerns about a number of
incidents they say have undermined
confidence in Hong Kong’s autonomy
under Chinese rule, including the
jailing of activists, a ban on a pro-independence political party and the de
facto expulsion of a Western journalist.
The march, which drew more than
5,000 people, according to organisers,
included calls to restart stalled
democratic reforms and to fight
“political repression” from Beijing.
“Looking back at the year that
passed, it was a very bad year. The rule
of law in Hong Kong is falling backwards,” said Jimmy Sham, one of the
The former British colony returned
to Chinese rule in 1997, with a promise
of a high degree of autonomy and universal suffrage as an “ultimate aim”.
Around 100 independence activists
joined the demonstration, holding up
banners and chanting for the city to
split from China, which considers
Hong Kong to be an inalienable part of
its territory and denounces “separatists” as a threat to national sovereignty.
“There will be continuous suppression of the Hong Kong independence
movement, but the movement will
grow stronger and stronger,” said
Baggio Leung, an independence leader.
Last year, in an unprecedented
move, Hong Kong authorities banned
the Hong Kong National Party on
national security grounds because of
its pro-independence stance.
interests of Mr Trump, who sent Mike
Pompeo, the US secretary of state, to
the inauguration ceremony. In scenes
reminiscent of Mr Trump’s own inauguration, the crowds were far smaller
than expected, according to witnesses.
Mr Trump congratulated Mr Bolsonaro on his “great inauguration speech”,
adding: “The US is with you!”
Responding on social media, which
he uses to sidestep the mainstream
press, Mr Bolsonaro said: “Dear Mr
President, I truly appreciate your
words of encouragement. Together,
under God’s protection, we shall bring
prosperity and progress to our people!”
In a clear sign of a diplomatic shift,
Mr Bolsonaro plans to move the Brazilian embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to
Jerusalem, breaking with his country’s
traditional support for a two-state
solution to the Palestinian issue.
During the campaign trail, Mr Bolsonaro was transformed from a fringe
eccentric into a populist firebrand.
At a rally in September he was
stabbed in the stomach by a mentally ill
man, losing 40 per cent of his blood
and requiring major surgery. He now
has to wear a colostomy bag. One third
of his cabinet are former army officers,
mostly fellow cadets at the Black
Needles academy, Brazil’s equivalent
of West Point, all outspoken backers of
the former military regime.
He is hugely popular among conservative voters, in particular evangelical churches, because of his strong
opposition to abortion and desire to
remove sex education from schools.
His vow to emulate Mr Trump by
pulling Brazil out of the Paris Agreement on climate change has concerned
environmentalists, along with plans for
hydroelectric dams in the Amazon.
Israeli centre-Left opposition coalition splinters
By Josie Ensor
Middle east Correspondent
ISRAEL’S main opposition bloc split
yesterday as Labour severed ties with
the Hatnua movement of Tzipi Livni,
the former foreign minister.
The move by Avi Gabbay, Labour’s
leader, to disband the centre-Left
Zionist Union appeared to catch Ms
Livni, the current leader of the opposition in parliament, by surprise.
Mr Gabbay said his party would now
run independently of Hatnua in Israel’s
elections on April 9.
“I hoped and believed this alliance
would bring about our blossoming, a
real connection and we would complement each other,” he said, acknowledging the Zionist Union’s weak showing
in recent polls. “But the public is smart;
[it] saw this is not the situation.”
Ms Livni, 60, a former peace
negotiator with the Palestinians, said
later in the day that she would continue
to lead Hatnua into the election.
The party has just five MPs in the
120-member parliament, compared
with Labour’s 19 and Likud’s 30.
The Zionist Union has lagged behind
the Likud party of Benjamin Netanyahu and was predicted to capture only
eight to nine seats in the election, compared with its current 24.
Opinion polls predict Mr Netanyahu
will remain prime minister. It is estimated Likud will take 27-31 seats –
enough to lead a right-wing coalition
– despite three corruption investigations against its leader. The party has
only grown in popularity as regional
threats to the Jewish state increase.
Israel’s attorney general is expected
soon to announce his decision on
whether to charge Mr Netanyahu.
The prime minister said yesterday
that he would not resign in the event of
his indictment.
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
What a delight
to see strong
women back on
the silver screen
To order prints or
signed copies of any
Telegraph cartoon,
go to
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 readerprints
achel Weisz, actress,
Oscar-winner and
all-round toast of
Tinseltown, believes today’s
leading ladies are rarely
given roles as interesting
and multifaceted as
Hollywood’s early queens
of screen. “Films in the
Forties and Fifties had very
strong women, who could
be villainous and vulnerable
and were allowed to be
complicated,” she says.
And she’s right. Back
then, stars like Bette Davies,
Myrna Loy and Vivien
Leigh were playing gutsy,
powerful characters, and
– especially in the case of
Katharine Hepburn and
Spencer Tracy – exchanging
whip-cracking dialogue
with their screen partners.
“A woman’s picture”
meant a strong storyline,
in which a female lead
was often fighting against
the odds, always showing
character and grit whether
she won or lost. If there
were tears, they were likely
to be for a social injustice –
not because some guy had
just walked out the door.
In part this was because
many of the screenwriters
were women. Anita Loos
wrote the film Gentlemen
Prefer Blondes, starring
Marilyn Monroe and
Rosalind Russell – although
the characters were never as
spiky as in her original book.
Women writers were
evident in other fields.
The acid-tongued essayist
and poet Dorothy Parker’s
reviews and poems for the
New Yorker were worldweary, funny and incredibly
moving, while in television,
Lucille Ball may have played
a ditsy housewife in I Love
Lucy, but she owned a TV
studio and her bandleader
husband worked for her.
From Raymond
Chandler’s sirens – “A
blonde to make a Bishop
kick a hole in a stained-glass
window” – to Myrna Loy
playing a maid in Love Me
Tonight (whose response,
when asked “Could you go
for a doctor?” was to fling
herself on the chaise longue
and growl: “Certainly! Bring
one in!”), these women had
confidence. But they also
had humour.
Mae West, “the vamp
of high camp”, whose star
quality brought Paramount
studios out of the red, could
find a double entendre in a
lullaby. She was no man’s
plaything. She laid her
cards – and her curves –
on the table.
As we moved into the
Sixties, the choice, for
women in film, seemed to
narrow. You could either
be laughed at or lusted
over – starched, scary
matrons or waifs in need
of looking after.
The latter, useless in
any kind of crisis, mostly
screamed or fluttered. Their
reward was sex with the
hero, and being a Bond Girl
was deemed to be desirable,
rather than demeaning.
And now? Rachel Weisz’s
latest film – The Favourite,
set during the reign of
Queen Anne, in which she
co-stars with Olivia Colman
and Emma Stone – is, she
says, “really quite unusual”
in having three leads who
are “textured, layered and
complex” women.
It was written before
2018’s seismic campaigns
for equal treatment
(campaigns that, it should
be noted, many actresses
from previous decades
would have longed for), as
was the towering Frances
McDormand’s vigilante
role in 3 Billboards Outside
Ebbing, Missouri, for which
she won last year’s Best
Actress Oscar.
But what these films
hopefully show is that
writing smart, strong,
satisfying roles for women –
which brought the postwar generation flocking to
the cinema – is becoming
the (new) Nouvelle Vague.
Even if it’s as old as Mae
West’s jokes.
‘Conversations from a Long
Marriage at Christmas’ by
Jan Etherington, on Radio 4,
is available on BBC iPlayer
Forty years ago, Britain faced a far worse
situation. Why are we so fearful now?
Yes, our nation is divided,
but the economic future
looks far rosier than it did
under Labour in the 1970s
ard though we tried to
make the festive season
a Brexit-free zone, the
subject simply refused
to go away. Christmas
party conversations over
the mince pies and mulled wine would
vainly seek some other less contentious
outlet – “Any holidays planned?”
“Will it be goose or turkey this year?”
– before they guiltily crept back to
the issue at hand. “So, what’s going to
happen, then?”
I wanted to say that for the next
week or so I couldn’t care less; but of
course I do and it would have been
churlish not to participate in the
nation’s new emotional tic – deep
foreboding. Theresa May’s deal –
disaster. No deal – disaster. Staying in
– disaster. A second referendum? Don’t
get me started.
What struck me most, especially
among contemporaries, was a
prevailing view that somehow we are
living through an almost apocalyptic
end-time period rather than a
readjustment of the country’s foreign
policy and trading priorities. “It’s never
been this bad,” said a friend ruefully.
“You can’t be serious,” I replied.
On this day 40 years ago I was on
strike, in a provincial newspaper
dispute that the National Union of
Journalists thought would be good to
bring to a head over Christmas. Other,
more sensible, unions waited until
the festivities were over before calling
out their members. The Winter of
Discontent was beginning.
It really did feel dystopian. The
weather was ferociously cold and
snowy, and we stood on a picket line
warming ourselves on improvised
braziers donated by the firemen who
had been on strike a few months earlier.
Within weeks, the public sector began
to shut down and rubbish piled up in
the streets of some cities. Hospitals
were blockaded and reduced to taking
emergencies only. When gravediggers
began unofficial action in Liverpool and
Manchester, and the dead remained
unburied for weeks, the sense of a
country unravelling became acute.
The main gripe was the Labour
government’s pay restraint at a time
when inflation was well into double
figures. We hacks were striking for a 40
per cent rise, if I remember correctly
(we didn’t get it). Overall, about 30
million working days were lost to strike
action that winter. Compare this to
2017, when 250,000 days were lost.
We need some perspective. As has
been pointed out many times, even
the bleakest Brexit prediction does not
envisage an impoverished and ravaged
nation but one where economic growth
might be less than it would otherwise
be. Since gross domestic product
predictions are hardly worth the paper
they are written on, this is just a guess
Compared to New Year’s Day
1979, the economic future looks far
rosier today. Indeed, the Winter
of Discontent was the harbinger
of a three-year period of massive
and painful restructuring as the
nationalised industries that the unions
had bankrupted became impossible
to sustain against international
competition. By 1982, unemployment
was above three million as pits,
shipyards and steelworks shut down.
Yet today there are more people in
work than ever and pay is going up
faster than at any time for 10 years.
It was impossible to assure those
afflicted with Yuletide anxiety
that everything would be fine and
dandy. Who knows? Clearly, the first
few weeks of 2019 are going to be
tumultuous on the political front. If the
Prime Minister’s deal is voted down
and she resigns, the prospect must be
high that the UK will seek to extend or
even withdraw Article 50.
Even so committed a Brexiteer
as Liam Fox believes the chances of
the UK leaving without a deal are
50:50. I suspect they are non-existent,
which leaves staying in as the only
other option. The idea that a no-deal
departure is a “default position” that
cannot be overridden by MPs is absurd;
just watch them. Perhaps when the
penny drops on the Brexiteer side they
will hold their noses and back Mrs May;
but probably not enough of them will
do so to forestall an inevitable defeat
for the Government. Too many – both
Remainers and Leavers – have burnt
their bridges to go back now.
However, while we cannot foretell
the future we can surely agree that the
current levels of trepidation are over
the top. Looking back 40 years to the
dawn of 1979, I don’t recall feeling that
we were going to hell in a handcart,
though maybe that was because I was
young and our parents had experienced
far worse 40 years earlier.
Today, we are told that young people
have the most acute sense of disquiet
about Brexit; but is that not because
everything in their lives so far has
been so straightforward? They have
Don’t miss
our daily
never known political and industrial
dislocation on any scale. That is why
many hero worship Jeremy Corbyn,
who probably looks back nostalgically
to 1979 as the zenith of the worker’s
struggle against the system, even if it
was a Labour government in office at
the time.
January Jeremiahs terrified of Brexit
should consider that it is far less of a
danger to the well-being of the nation
than the prospect of a Corbyn-led
government; and yet the collective
memory of the Left’s past failures has
At the 2017 general election, Labour
comfortably beat the Conservatives in
every age group up to 50. Among firsttime voters the lead was 66 per cent to
22 per cent.
The Conservatives commanded high
levels of support among older voters
because we know the consequences of
handing the country over to a Leftwing Labour government. There was a
time when the Tories had only to refer
obliquely to the Winter of Discontent
for the electorate to know precisely
what they were talking about and to
understand what had to be done to
avoid it.
The fact that Labour is not miles
ahead in the polls suggests that enough
still do appreciate the danger to make
the outcome of an election, which
could be held as early as this spring,
impossible to call.
So, those who greeted the New Year
with a glass of champagne and a deep
sense of misgiving, remember this:
things are not as bad as they have been,
not by a long chalk, and a disorderly
Brexit would be preferable to a Corbynled Labour government, which really
would be a threat to the fabric of the
Mind you, if we end up with both I’ll
be joining the doomsayers.
It’s time for Corbyn to back a ‘no-deal’ Brexit
The Labour leader must
follow his political instincts
and start arguing for a
clean break with the EU
ince 17.4 million people voted
to leave the European Union in
2016, the Government has wasted
time indulging in feeble negotiations.
These have eventually yielded a
Withdrawal Agreement that wouldn’t
actually withdraw us from very much.
Now, though, a window of
opportunity is opening up for the
UK. Beyond the smokescreen of
confusion within our majority Remain
Parliament, a straightforward path
to economic development, political
stability and true national sovereignty
has emerged. If the Government won’t
take it, then it is a golden opportunity
for the Labour Party.
Jeremy Corbyn should take the
lead by calling for the UK to leave
the entanglements of the Brussels
bureaucracy. That means discarding
Mrs May’s Withdrawal Agreement and
opting instead for what is sometimes
referred to as a no-deal Brexit;
life within the simpler and more
accommodating framework of the
World Trade Organisation.
Anyone who reads the detail in the
Withdrawal Agreement will realise
immediately that the scaremongering
about the WTO is as nothing compared
to the truly frightening implications
of the document the Prime Minister
wants us to vote for. It primarily seems
to be a mechanism to embed the UK in
the EU indefinitely.
The backstop, which sets Northern
Ireland apart from the rest of the UK,
has been the focus of most scrutiny
and is indeed an outrage. However, the
concentration on this one aspect has
obscured many other provisions that
also severely constrain our nation’s
future scope for independent action.
The enactment of the Withdrawal
Agreement will, for example, be
governed by a “joint committee” of
UK and EU representatives. These
decisions will, in effect, have the
same legal force as the agreement
itself. But who knows what traps
lie in the 500-page plus text, and
there is no provision for Parliament
to have a role in its application or
And while we may be able to
negotiate trade deals with other
countries around the world, we will
not be able to implement them until
we reach agreement with the EU on
our future relationship.
All told, the Withdrawal Agreement
really would leave us far more in than
out – and ultimately the EU will have
little incentive to try to move beyond it
towards a proper free-trade deal.
Faced with this, I would like to
see my party leader seizing on the
positives of a complete break.
This would not be “jumping off
a cliff ” – as those Remain MPs who
support either a second referendum
or the revoking of Article 50 might
put it. We know that the Civil Service
is putting in place the arrangements
needed for a smooth, managed exit.
This would actually provide more
certainty for business, by making
clear from day one the situation
facing them. What’s more, we would
keep the £39 billion payment to the
EU, and would be able to negotiate
immediately with any country
interested in a trade deal.
At the same time, we could continue
to work towards a new trading
relationship with the EU. Article 24
Hoey on Twitter
of WTO rules allows for a tariff-free
period while this is being done.
In return, we would become a
truly free nation, with future UK
governments having the sovereign
power to enact all the legislation
promised in their manifestos.
Everything that was routinely the
full responsibility of Parliament before
it mutated in a transmission belt for EU
regulations – tax rates, employment
law, environmental law, defence –
would once again be in the hands of our
own ministers. General elections would
truly matter once again. For Labour,
this would mean the ability to promise
and then deliver truly radical policies –
virtually impossible now under EU law.
Jeremy Corbyn is ideally placed to
seize this opportunity by trusting his
political instincts and the millions of
Labour supporters who voted Leave.
He must stay true to himself and
demonstrate his confidence in our
country’s future by embracing a clean
break with the EU.
Those Labour supporters across the
country who put their trust in their
politicians to honour the referendum
result will never forgive us if we fail
them. It’s over to you, Jeremy.
Kate Hoey is co-chairman of Labour
Leave and MP for Vauxhall
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Letters to the Editor
Railways need more
competition, not less
illions of commuters will end
their Christmas break and
return to work today to face
yet another increase in ticket
prices. Regulated fares, which
cover 45 per cent of the total
and are based on last July’s inflation figures, have
risen by 3.1 per cent, while some set outside the
scheme, such as off-peak leisure tickets, will go
up by even more.
Over the past 10 years, because wages failed
to keep pace with price rises, rail fares became
an added burden on hard-pressed travellers, and
commuters in particular, since they have little
option other than to use the railways.
But there are straws in the wind. After a long
period of growth in passenger numbers, these
declined in 2017 as more people worked at home,
put off travelling by high fares. Season ticket sales
among commuters fell steeply, casting fresh doubt
on the viability of some struggling franchises. It is
not yet clear whether this trend has continued, but
previous assumptions that higher costs would not
deter passenger growth need to be revisited.
It is widely accepted that extra money from
fares is needed to improve track and rolling
stock. A political decision was taken years ago to
load more of the network costs on to passengers
instead of the general taxpayer, and this must still
be the way forward. This was a position Labour
accepted under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown but
now, under the party’s new Left-wing leadership,
it wants to use disgruntlement over the railways
to argue for their renationalisation. Whatever
the flaws of the existing system, however, it still
works better than when it was nationalised and
it is getting investment that a cash-strapped state
would have denied the railways.
Many of the complaints about late trains are
often not the fault of the operators but of Network
Rail, which is effectively state-controlled. Overall
passenger satisfaction remains higher than under
British Rail. The old nationalised system was not
a golden age. This does not mean there is not
ample room for improvement in rolling stock,
stations, timetabling and fare structures. More
competition, not less, needs to be injected with
greater opportunities for new entrants to break
into the market.
Writing in the Telegraph today Chris Grayling,
the Transport Secretary, makes a significant
statement that “the franchising model cannot
be the path for the future” of the railways. But
assuredly, neither can renationalisation.
Say no to nanny taxes
he new year is traditionally a time for an
outbreak of abstemiousness that is rarely
sustained save by the most self-disciplined.
Diets abound and a dry January is encouraged,
even though scientists say it is of little or no benefit
to moderate drinkers.
This month, many are proposing to go vegan,
which is a lifestyle they are entitled to adopt,
provided they do not seek to impose it on the rest
of us. But these are matters of individual choice
and always have been, until now.
The Government thinks it has a direct role to
play in forcing us to make the “correct” culinary
choices. Public Health England (PHE) has a fiveyear target to cut sugar by 20 per cent in a range of
products, from cakes and confectionery to yogurts
and cereals. Last week, The Daily Telegraph
revealed new calorie caps drawn up by PHE, which
would control the content in thousands of meals
sold by restaurants and supermarkets.
That there is too much sugar and salt in many
shop-bought products is undeniable and the
quantities should indeed be reduced – but PHE
want to go beyond exhortation and advice towards
instituting higher taxes on such goods. It will
shortly provide an update on how the industry is
doing in reducing sugar under a voluntary scheme
and, as we report today, it is expected to say that
progress is too slow. Dame Sally Davies, chief
medical officer for England, has already indicated
that, in that case, she wants taxes raised on food
high in salt and sugar.
We do not doubt that too many people are
obese, but evidence from other countries where
such taxes have been tried suggests they don’t
work. Their effect on calorie consumption and
obesity is minimal and they are highly regressive,
economically inefficient and unpopular. The
Government should steer well clear.
To infinity and beyond
s those of us here on Earth greeted the start
of a new year, four billion miles away Nasa’s
New Horizons probe was exploring new
depths of space. The probe’s successful visit to
Ultima Thule, a frozen mass that now has the
distinction of being the most distant object ever
visited by a spacecraft, is a glorious – and welcome
– reminder of what mankind is capable of
achieving. This July marks 50 years since man first
walked on the Moon, but while most “giant leaps”
are now carried out by robots, the idea of the final
frontier being pushed ever further back continues
to thrill. Long may it continue.
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Telegraph Letters
on Twitter
Dental disaster
SIR – The RSPB and others (Letters,
December 31) claim that a “green
Brexit” depends on continued
cooperation with the EU. The opposite
could be argued, probably with
greater evidence.
Most biodiversity loss in Europe
is from the way we farm. Most
EU spending is on the Common
Agricultural Policy, which has
contributed to unsustainable farming.
The Common Agricultural Policy is
“among the most powerful drivers
of environmental destruction in the
northern hemisphere”, as George
Monbiot put it in October.
The RSPB and its fellow pressuregroups think it easier to continue with
the status quo, which has failed to
deliver their objectives in the past.
As the Agriculture Bill put forward
by the Department for Environment,
Food and Rural Affairs shows, Brexit
offers the opportunity to improve
our green landscape management.
I am saddened, as an organic farmer
and conservationist, that the Soil
Association, to which I have been
SIR – The number-one medical reason
for young children to be hospitalised
remains rotten teeth. Increasing
numbers have every single tooth
extracted, leaving only gums.
Dentists are frustrated that NHS
dental contracts continue to be
target-based. They should be based on
people and on prevention of dental
Pilot contract trials have been run in
the past year as before. But even where
these have failed, discredited targets
are retained.
Meanwhile, too many in the food
industry continue to put excess sugar
into many ordinary foods. This risks
establishing a generation with a
“sweet tooth” addiction to sugar.
Parents’ efforts to do the right thing
are thereby frustrated.
We know that frequent exposure to
sugar rots dental health, and brings
other associated medical problems.
There is still no national dental
prevention strategy in England, to
inform the population and help it to
act preventively.
We know from Childsmile schemes
in Scotland that every £1 million spent
upon prevention has saved the NHS as
a whole many more millions in return.
In England, a national prevention
strategy is itself being prevented.
Decisive central action is long
Tony Kilcoyne
Specialist in Prosthodontics
Martin Mayhew
Specialist in Dental Public Health
Andrew Nesbitt
Specialist in Oral Surgery
Surendra Patel
Specialist in Orthodontics
Tony Jacobs
Dentist and founder of GDPUK forum
and 626 other dental professionals; see
accredited for 25 years, is a signatory
of the RSPB letter, which peddles
pseudo-science and misuses the
political influence of the signatory
organisations, and the trust the public
has in them.
Nathaniel Page
Salisbury, Wiltshire
SIR – The “new chapter” that Theresa
May says Britain is beginning will not
come from her Brexit deal. The US
ambassador (report, December 31)
confirmed that a bilateral trade deal
with Britain would not be possible
under Mrs May’s Brexit plan.
John Robinson
Southwell, Nottinghamshire
SIR – Half Britain’s international trade
in goods is done on World Trade
Organisation terms with non-EU
countries, and that will rise to 100 per
cent if there is no deal with the EU.
Most MPs oppose no deal, but
Labour MPs in particular should be
proud of their party’s role in creating
the WTO. Back in 1947 a global trade
deal was negotiated by 23 countries,
including Britain, when Clement
Attlee was prime minister and Harold
Wilson was president of the Board
of Trade. It was called the General
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Gatt)
and was intended to reduce high
tariffs to boost international trade
and prosperity.
Gatt negotiated several rounds of
tariff reductions, starting 10 years
before the Common Market was set up
under the Treaty of Rome. Many other
countries joined Gatt over the years.
In 1973 Britain’s voting rights on
Gatt were taken over by the Common
Market. In 1994 Gatt was renamed the
So when Britain leaves the EU, it
will be picking up where it left off and
carrying on the good work started
by Attlee and Wilson. There is no
such thing as “no deal”, just the deal
negotiated by the Labour government
more than 70 years ago and it is one
that has stood the test of time.
Christopher Sharratt
South Wonston, Hampshire
Channel lifeboats
SIR – I find the sight of highly
acclaimed RNLI vessels acting as
unpaid Border Force patrol boats
Not only are volunteer seamen
being put into dangerous situations,
but they are operating in the front line
of a situation that has no precedent in
UK waters.
There are internationally
recognised laws and protocols in place
for crossing shipping lanes, all of
which are being ignored by migrants’
boats. The French authorities must
stop this wholesale abuse of the laws of
the sea, which are in place to prevent
accidents and loss of life.
This is not a situation that I foresaw
when raising funds for the RNLI,
whose people give their time freely, in
expensive, well-equipped vessels that
are funded solely by public donations.
Hugh Thompson
Sittingbourne, Kent
SIR – A total of five Border Force
cutters to police our shores seems
woefully inadequate, even if they were
all available. Sajid Javid would do the
people of Appledore and surroundings
a big favour if he were to resurrect the
shipyard to build a few more.
Vaughan Matthews
Golfers anonymous
SIR – I have just received my new golfclub diary. It no longer contains details
of members and their phone numbers.
This renders it pretty useless.
It seems that new data legislation
takes a sledgehammer to crack a nut.
Members of such an organisation
have no objection to providing
contact details so that they can be
reached by other members to arrange
participation in club competitions.
Roger Howard
Bishops Waltham, Hampshire
Beans talk
SIR – Martin Brown (Letters, December
31) found an avocado much improved
after 25 days in the fridge. We have
just had a sorer experience. Returning
from a week away over Christmas, we
found that a power cut had left the
house without electricity for several
Losing a salmon in the freezer that
was meant for New Year’s Day wasn’t
so bad. What hurt were the 25 bags
of broad beans I had lovingly sown,
nurtured, harvested and frozen, which
had to be dumped in the bin.
Peter Gardner
Hydestile, Surrey
Opera heroines
established 1855
The EU’s agricultural policy has driven environmental destruction
A tea-picker looking out from a plantation in Sri Lanka, where 5 per cent work in tea
Tea tastes very good without milk or sugar
siR – Reading Janet Kay’s letter
(January 1) asking how to make a
decent cup of tea without cow’s
milk, I almost choked with disbelief
on my black, flavoursome and
sugarless loose-leaf tea.
Richard Preece
Caldy, Wirral
siR – Try a dash of unsweetened soya
milk. The result tastes very similar
to semi-skimmed milk to me, and
it’s readily available.
Failing that, green tea can be
Ian Noble
Chandlers Ford, Hampshire
siR – For a cup of tea without milk,
use a couple of mint leaves instead.
Tony Geeves
Bracknell, Berkshire
siR – I would recommend cashew
milk for Janet Kay’s cuppa. She will
find the taste most acceptable.
However, she will have to deal
with the sludge left at the bottom of
the cup.
Adriana Place
St Ouen, Jersey
siR – Earl Grey.
Brian Meharg
Remembering the grandeur that was Cromer
SIR – Kennedy’s (Letters, December 31)
was not the only textbook whose title
was amended by imaginative readers.
Generations of pupils at my school
altered Kathleen Gadd’s From Ur to
Rome to become From Bury to Cromer
– a sort of gazetteer for East Anglia.
Richard Dade
SIR – Geography was enlivened by
The Comparative Atlas becoming
Ethel, a Comparatively Fat Lass.
Jane Byrne
Stone, Staffordshire
SIR – Our primer, when I was nine, was
Latin with Laughter, which was soon
adjusted to Eating with Slaughter.
Rev Canon Timothy Watson
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
SIR – All I retain after 50 years is
repeating at increasing speed the
imperatives: dic, duc, fac, fer to the
rhythm of a train picking up speed
on leaving Victoria. It was enough,
it seems, to guarantee me a place at
Jeremy Burton
Wokingham, Berkshire
SIR – Our Latin primers were Mentor
and Civis Romanus, which became
Tormentor and, in those happy Fifties
days, Elvis Romanus.
Michael Round
London SW19
SIR – My grandmother was mortally
offended when my mother came home
from school with a textbook entitled
Latin for the Lower Middle Class.
Judy Sutherland
Altrincham, Cheshire
SIR – The Royal Opera House wants to
make opera less misogynistic (Letters
December 29), but most of the violence
and unpleasantness in staged opera
owes a great deal less to the composer
than to the director or producer.
Most operatic females are actually
excellent characters in their own right.
Wotan’s plans in the Ring cycle are
brought to nothing, and the gods are
destroyed, mostly because of the sheer
strength of character of his wife and
Don Giovanni’s wronged ladies
eventually gang up on him and happily
see him off to hell (with very little help
from the extremely wimpy tenor).
Tosca actually kills her abuser; and
where would we be without Minnie in
La fanciulla del West, the ladies in
Falstaff or the Countess and Susanna
in The Marriage of Figaro?
Sally Gibbons
London SW19
Wedding with a will
SIR – You report (December 31) that
deathbed weddings are becoming
more common.
It should be remembered that
marriage renders a will void. Savings
in inheritance tax from a last-minute
wedding can be eaten away by legal
fees in trying to sort out the mess.
Anyone contemplating a deathbed
wedding should ensure that new wills
are made immediately afterwards.
Richard Peart
Barnet, Hertfordshire
Half-dressed animals
SIR – Why do the meerkats in the
television advertisements wear a top
covering ( jacket, jumper, T-shirt) but
leave their nether regions uncovered?
Pat Blenkinsopp
Winterbourne Dauntsey, Wiltshire
This Dad’s Army approach won’t secure our coast
The use of boats to traffic
migrants was predictable
– and our Government has
been woefully ill-prepared
etaking control of our borders
was one of the key factors that
led so many Britons to vote
for Brexit. So it must be a source
of profound concern for Brexit
campaigners that, when faced with
their first major migrant crisis
since the referendum, the British
authorities have been reduced to
adopting an approach more suited to
Dad’s Army.
It is not as though the appearance
of migrant boats in the Channel is
some new phenomenon that has
suddenly arisen while ministers were
enjoying the festive break. For the
better part of a decade, thousands
of refugees from areas of the globe
afflicted by poverty and conflict have
been congregating on the northern
coast of France in the hope of making
a better life for themselves in Britain.
Previous efforts to prevent
this desperate tide of humanity
from sweeping into Britain have
concentrated on improving the
security arrangements around key
French ports such as Calais, where
the primary focus of the occupants of
the various migrant camps established
around the town’s perimeter was
to gain illegal entry to Britain by
clambering on to the Eurostar or
British-bound lorries.
Consequently, that route is now all
but closed to migrants, forcing them
to search for new ways of reaching
their chosen destination. And, with all
other means of transportation denied
to them, it should hardly come as a
surprise to British officials that the
migrants should seek to make the
Channel crossing by boat.
After all, making hazardous sea
crossings in distinctly unsuitable craft
has been one of the more alarming
features of the migrant crisis that has
affected the entire European continent
since the start of the decade.
A significant majority of the
hundreds of thousands of migrants
who have sought to make their way
from the littorals of the eastern
and northern Mediterranean to the
European Union’s primary entry
points in Greece and Italy have done
so by risking their lives in boats
that are totally unsuited for such
enterprises. One of the main factors
in their decision to do so has been
the closure of the less challenging
land routes into the EU through the
Balkans and eastern Europe.
Thus, once the Calais-based
migrant communities were denied
access to the more attractive methods
of entering Britain by train or lorry, it
was only a matter of time before they
adopted the same tactics employed
in Turkey and Libya, and tried to
achieve their objective by sea.
And yet, despite the fact that
British border and police officials
have been involved in all aspects of
Europe’s migrant crisis from its outset,
they appear to have been caught
completely off-guard by the sudden
appearance of numerous migrant craft
attempting to make the treacherous
Channel crossing to southern England.
It was not until the Home Secretary,
Sajid Javid, was persuaded to return
from his holiday at a luxurious
South African safari resort that the
Government started to display any
serious interest in getting on top of
this wholly predictable development.
Following emergency meetings
with senior officials at the Border
Force and National Crime Agency,
Mr Javid has now announced that he
will be adding two more cutters in
support of HMC Searcher, the only
Border Force vessel currently dealing
with the migrant issue in the Channel.
But not even Mr Javid’s belated
display of enthusiasm for arresting
the flow of illegal migrants to our
southern shores can excuse the level
of rank incompetence so far shown by
those responsible for protecting the
British coastline.
At the same time that Mr Javid was
seeking to reassure the public that he
had matters under control, The Daily
Telegraph revealed that HMC Searcher
had been safely tied up at her berth
in Ramsgate for two days, thereby
making no contribution whatsoever
to the operation to disrupt illegal
smuggling operations. Moreover,
neither of the two cutters Mr Javid
is redeploying from their current
operations in the Mediterranean
to deal with illegal migrants in
the Channel will be available to
contribute to operations for at least
another week.
This is indeed a lamentable state of
affairs, particularly, with the Brexit
deadline fast approaching, as this is
a moment when the Government
should be demonstrating its ability
to police our coastline.
The whole point of people voting
for Britain to take back control of its
borders was that, in future, it would
be the British government, and not
a bunch of unelected bureaucrats in
Brussels, that would be responsible
for who could, and who could not,
gain entry to Britain.
Yet, when faced with its first major
illegal migration challenge since the
referendum, the Government has
shown itself woefully ill-prepared to
deal with such an eventuality.
Hopefully, ministers will learn
some important lessons from this
fiasco, not least that the British
authorities have a fundamental duty
to ensure we have the appropriate
resources in place post-Brexit to
protect Britain’s southern shoreline
from boatloads of illegal migrants.
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
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The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Tanya Gold
There’s only one way
to stall ‘fat Britain’,
and it’s not this
Style solutions
fashion to help you
feel positive in 2019
New year, new career
The networking apps
that could change the
way you do business
Page 25
Page 22
Page 26
An early
guide to
2019 fashion
From boiler suits to the new ballet
pump, and every shade of beige, Charlie
Gowans-Eglinton reveals everything you
need to know about style for the year ahead
50 shades of beige
This year’s colour of choice –
beige – may sound dreary, but
take heart: it’s easy to pair with
most other colours, and can
be flattering against the skin
(though if you’re very pale, look
for beige with a pink undertone
to avoid looking washed out).
A knee-length, beige wool coat
is elegant and often looks more
expensive than it is, so it’s an easy
way to spruce up workwear or
your off-duty jeans and jumper
staples. The most modern way
to wear the colour is top to toe,
as seen on the catwalks at Dior,
Burberry, Max Mara and Tibi, and
championed by the Duchess of
Sussex, who has quickly claimed
beige – and biscuit, ecru, ivory,
sand, buff and caramel – as her
signature colours.
Box ticking
Jodie Comer’s Killing Eve wardrobe,
and that pink tulle Molly Goddard
dress, gave fashion with a capital F a
place on prime-time telly – now, series
two promises a stylish follow-up.
Keeley Hawes’s turn in new Channel
4 Forties spy thriller Jerusalem will
likely leave you wanting a trench
coat, if not a change of career. Across
the pond, Meryl Streep is joining
the already impressive cast (Nicole
Kidman, Reese Witherspoon, Zoe
Kravitz) of Big Little Lies for the show’s
second series. Expect
more glossy Californian
mum (and grandmother)
style inspiration there. And
while you’ll have to wait
until the end of the year,
series three of The Crown
sees Olivia Colman take the
monarchal baton from Claire
Foy and – more excitingly,
from a fashion point of view
– Helena Bonham Carter
steps into fashion-loving
Princess Margaret’s shoes.
Royal baby watch
What will Meghan wear to leave
the Lindo Wing? What will royal
baby Sussex (RBS for short, not
to be confused with the bank)
be swaddled in? Does Meghan’s
go-to fashion house, Givenchy,
offer sizing from 0-6 months?
RBS is due in March or April, and
it seems I have a lot of questions.
The Cambridge three – Prince
George, Princess Charlotte and
Prince Louis – have set shopping
trends ever since a newborn Prince
George was first seen wrapped in
an Aden + Anais muslin on the steps
of the Lindo Wing, causing a 600 per cent increase in sales. Since
then, their retro outfits of chunky
knit cardigans, dungarees and
smock dresses have proved equally
popular, and RBS’s wardrobe will
no doubt influence childrenswear
Top to toe: beige by
(above, from left)
Max Mara, Tibi,
Burberry and
Christian Dior
floods the
catwalks; Helena
Bonham Carter
(above) in
The Crown
trends too. Then there’s Meghan’s
“mum-style”: can we expect a more
relaxed, off-duty era of style for the
Duchess? Will she swap the slick
newsreader dresses and neutral
colour palette for Princess Diana’s
mum jeans and polka dot blouses?
Cue pregnant pause.
Clean living
If you haven’t heard of Mrs Hinch,
then clearly you get out more than I
do. Sophie Hinchliffe, a hairdresser
from Essex, began sharing cleaning
tips alongside pictures of her home
(lots of grey and silver, looks a bit
Continued on page 22
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Muse: Christian
Dior with Lucie
Daouphars, aka
Lucky, in 1955,
left. The V&A’s
on the French
fashion designer
opens on Feb 2
Taking a bow
(right, from left):
Roksanda, Dries
Van Noten, Erdem
and Miu Miu
Clutching at
straws: Valentino
and Chanel, below
pink feathers, crystal-studded veils
and even a starched Elizabethan ruff)
is anything to go by, her wedding
dress will be quite something.
Elsewhere, we can expect
supermodel attendees to match the
bride at Emily Ratajkowski’s nuptials,
and perhaps a little healthy competitive
spirit at singer Joe Jonas’s wedding
to Game of Thrones alumna Sophie
Turner. Jonas’s younger brother, Nick,
married actress Priyanka Chopra last
month with not one but two jawdropping ceremonies in India, so the
groom’s side of the church, at least,
will have high expectations. All of
which is more than enough reason to
buy a hat.
Which brings me to…
Big hat energy
Hot ticket
Speaking of Princess Margaret’s
shoes – or rather her dresses – don’t
miss the V&A’s must-see exhibition
of the year, Christian Dior: Designer
of Dreams, opening Feb 2 (tickets on
sale now, Adapted from
the sell-out show staged at the Musée
des Arts Décoratifs in Paris, it’s the
museum’s largest fashion exhibition
since the mammoth McQueen
retrospective in 2015, and charts
the output of the fashion house
from 1947 to the present day. The
dress that Princess Margaret wore
to celebrate her 21st birthday will be
on show, as will pieces from other
clients, including Nancy Mitford,
Margot Fonteyn and Jennifer
Lawrence, alongside catwalk
creations shown everywhere
o Paris.
from Blenheim Palace to
Bow ties
The idea of a bow might
smack of the saccharine but,
on the catwalks, designers
are pushing the motif
miles away from any Little
Bo Peep associations. At Miu
Miu, large black satin bows
smartened up blue denim;
at Erdem, they added
texture to party coats.
Emilia Wickstead dabbled
with both large – like the
black minidress hidden
under a XXXL pink
bow that trailed down
the red carpet when
worn by supermodel
Alek Wek – and small, tying
satin bows at the top and
bottom of impossibly perfect
ponytails; the latter can be
achieved with a trip to the
haberdasher’s (vvrouleaux.
ray of
com has an excellent array
bon in
double-sided velvet ribbon
myriad shades).
Supersized weddings
If Lady Gaga’s tour-drobe
e for
A Star is Born (think candyfloss
Boiling point
Why has it taken fashion designers
so long to realise that women like
pockets? And not just “show” pockets
but ones that you fit an iPhone and a
tissue and a bank card in?
At Fendi, there were pockets on
jackets, handbags, even dangling
from utility belts: it seemed that
Karl Lagerfeld has been stockpiling
pockets for the past few years and is
now giving them to us all at once.
Still, don’t look a gift horse in the
mouth – buy a boiler suit instead, and
revel in the hands-free-dom of the
like a Wayfair advert) on Instagram;
she now has 1.5 million followers
and a debut book, the seemingly
non-ironically titled Hinch Yourself
Happy, due out in April. Just the
thought of the amount of chemicals
she uses brings me out in a rash,
but competitive mopping will make
a welcome change from all those
#ootd (outfit of the day) selfies on my
Instagram feed.
Following the pomp, ceremony and
spectacular hats of last year’s royal
weddings, it’s no surprise that the
hat is back on the catwalk, and there
is plenty of inspiration to be found
for this year’s
weddings and race
days, from
fro jauntily angled saucers
aatt M
Moschino to veiled-vergingon-beekeeper at Erdem
and Simone Rocha. But
the beret doesn’t stop
there: the everyday hat
iis making a comeback.
Ease yourself in with an
alic band: the Duchess of
has a growing
collection of Anne
Boleyn-esque toppers,
which she wears in lieu
of a tiara: think “offd
duty queen-in-waiting”.
You can find versions
everywhere from
Accessorize to Prada.
Come summer, the
oversized straw hats
shown at Valentino,
Chanel and Jacquemus
will g
go with almost
everything in your
wardrobe, and protect your
skin be
better than any SPF.
Cheeringly, the shades to
go wit
with them are equally
oversized: Balenciaga launches
sunglasses for the first time this
k (( and
they’re at least three times the size
of the tin
tiny, pointy, and singularly
sunglasses that were so
popular llast year.
buys to
start the
year off
in style
coat, £169
Once I’ve packed
away anything
“festive”, there’s not
much left – what are your
recommendations for the
new year?
January has never been
my favourite month,
not helped by having a
birthday in the middle. But
I’m determined not to moan
about it this year – despite
the fact I’m hitting the big
4 0 – so instead, I’m going to
look for some new workwear
pieces that will make me feel
good and positive, ready for
new projects and exciting
First up, a coat that will
make me feel taller and
because of said birthday,
youthful. A check is such
a good investment as
it will remain a classic:
just look for one that
has colours in it th
mirror what’s already
in your wardrobe.
This mustard and
black option ffrom
& Other Stor
would be gre
over a black outfit
and I love the
little glimps
glimpse of
pink in the p
The tailored
shoulders an
fitted waist
will help defi
Next up, a
dress that’s n
as snugly fitting
as I might usu
wear – ideally
something wi
with a
blouse-style ttop
and bias-cut skirt
that will skim over
the hips. I usu
always advoca
colour but I o
feel best in bl
at this time f y
especially if w
with a printed coat.
Cefinn’s pussy-bow
style is the most
flattering I’ve found
and, if you’re
feeling braver
brave than
Pussy-bow maxi dress
dress, £390
I am,
a it also comes in two
graphic prints.
A good oversized shirt
will be a welcome addition
to any work wardrobe, as
they really do look good on
most figures. Just get the
proportions right: if you
wear loose on top, go slim
below and vice versa. Arket
has an incredibly chic cream
version with caramel-hued
collar and cuffs.
A skirt in a bold but
easy-to-coordinate print
is also on my hit list, to be
worn with a simple knit or
shirting. Prints can be moodbo
boosting, and separates are
often the easiest way to wear
Poplin shirt, £59
hem. This office-friendly
triped skirt from H&M will
fit into my new January
wardrobe perfectly.
Last, but absolutely not
least as they will be the
key to any outfit, is a pair
of white boots. I have gone
back and forth on this trend
for months but recently put
my brave pants on and tried
the Zara pair. I can safely
say they revolutionise every
outfit I have in my wardrobe.
2019, I’m coming to get you.
Bell-shaped skirt, £34.99
To ask Isabel Spearman your
workwear questions, email
isabel.spearman@telegraph. or follow her on Instagram
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
ictoria �oss
rying it on
in calming
is just the
ticket for
hiding in
plain sight
this month
Zip it up: boiler suits
ts from (above,
from left) Hermès, Stella McCartney
and Isabel
lates designer iterations, which
pockets with the one-stepcom
out ease of a jumpsuit. At Jil Sander,
the were slouchy, almost pyjama-y
– particularly
appealing at this time
of year – and could be worn with
or flat sandals once the
turns. Hermès’s bright
red version was paired with
matching shoes and bag for a
dressier take.
Summer camp
If 2018
20 was a good year for Elton
John – from his collaboration with
Alessandro Michele at Gucci to the
John Lewis & Partners’ tear-jerking
Christmas advert – then 2019 looks
to be ever better. First, there’s
Rocketman, a biopic starring Taron
Egerton, produced by the man himself
(released in May).
Th there’s the theme of this
year’s exhibition at New York’s
Metropolitan Museum of Art Costume
Institute: Camp: Notes on Fashion. As
the e
exhibition also provides the dress
code for the Met Gala (basically the
fashion Oscars), and with this year’s
hosts including Gucci’s Michele and
‘I have been conscious
of respecting how
women actually dress’
He’s the designer who has mastered modern sexiness,
dressing everyone from Michelle Obama to Rihanna.
Now, the Duchess of Sussex is taking Joseph Altuzarra’s
name interstellar, finds Bethan Holt
Designer Joseph Altuzarra, above. Below:
Michelle Obama, the Duchesses of Sussex
and Cambridge wearing his designs
n September last year, the
Duchess of Sussex arrived at the
WellChild awards in what was
possibly her least “royal” outfit
yet. Her sleek black trouser suit
was simultaneously demurely
understated and outrageously
glamorous; she could either have been
stepping into a job interview or on
to the set of a Helmut Newton photo
The man behind the suit was
Joseph Altuzarra, a designer who has
made it his business to create these
dichotomies for his customers. In a
decade when sportswear and mannish
minimalism has dominated the fashion
conversation, Altuzarra’s sensual and
feminine, yet polished and work-ready,
aesthetic has offered a refreshing
alternative that has been embraced not
only by Meghan but Michelle Obama,
the Duchess of Cambridge, Rihanna
and Jennifer Lawrence as well as a
faithful coterie of clients.
“I just really wanted to create
clothes that you would want to wear
when it’s beautiful out, and that make
you feel in love and happy,” Altuzarra
tells me when we meet in Paris, as he
leafs through a rail of floral-printed
pencil skirts, gingham tailoring and
crocheted sundresses that make up
his summer-in-the-Mediterraneaninspired spring/summer 2019
collection; Luca Guadagnino’s Call
Me by Your Name, was an important
Altuzarra, an infectiously smiley
35-year-old Chinese/ French/American
who wears a white T-shirt, leather
trousers and trainers for our interview,
has never been one for overwrought
concepts, preferring to infuse his
offerings with ease, optimism and a
dash of modern sexiness.
For example, the reason that so
many of the looks he shows me expose
the décolletage “came from an article
about chakras. The solar plexus
is the seat of where your self and
confidence is, and exposing that is so
open and freeing”. Doing sexy clothes
as a male designer is something he’s
grappled with in the wake of MeToo,
he admits, but his focus is firmly on
ing women
“body positivity and helping
to feel empowered”.
Altuzarra, who is
married to husband
Seth, has been
revered in fashion
circles for years:
he has won
several CFDA
awards and,
in 2013,
Kering, the
that owns
Gucci and Yvess
Saint Laurent,
took a minority
stake in his
business – but
there is nothing
like a little
royal patronage
to take one’s
name stellar.
The Duchess of
Sussex has several
Altuzarra pieces
in her wardrobe,
including a
pinstripe dress,
s, a
white blazer and,
nd, of
Lady Gaga (the godmother of John’s
two sons), we can expect theatrical
fashion homages – and the man
himself – on the red carpet.
No-fuss flats
The trainer trend is still going strong,
but in 2019 there’s a contender to the
goes-with-everything shoe throne:
the ballet pump. The Sloane Rangerr
look is making a comeback. Ballet
pumps look good with jeans or skirts
of any length, and they’re more
flattering on the calf (at least, on my
calves) than a pair of trainers. I’d
recommend leaving ribbon-straps to
the more balletic of figure and look
for a good solid sole (try Repetto or
Joseph) as thin cardboard ones can be
agony on your shins.
For more debate, listen
to The Telegraph’s
Fashion Unzipped podcast
on Apple Podcasts now
course, that suit. Many of these pieces
sold out after she wore them, “a rare
power” in the realms of VIP dressing,
he tells me.
“The really nice thing about
Meghan, which obviously we
could not have planned, was that
we actually started working with
her prior to Harry,” Altuzarra
confides. “She came to the party
for our Target collaboration five
years ago and we’ve worked with
her ever since. She represents such
a modern idea of womanhood, as
well as a new idea of royalty.” He’s
proud of dressing her in pieces that
a designer may not have ordinarily
expected a duchess to select: “It sets
a nice tone for a newer generation.”
He lives and works in New York,
and showed his collections at the
city’s fashion week until 2017 when
he decided to take himself from “a big
fish in a small pond to a small fish in a
big pond” and show in Paris instead.
Having been brought up in the city, it
seemed like a natural move. “I think a
lot of French style is ingrained in me,”
he says.
One of his muses is Carine Roitfeld,
the 64-year-old former editor of
French Vogue. “She embodies the
idea that you don’t need to stop being
seductive because you’re ageing.
America is a society of correction, a
lot of it is about getting yourself to
be perfect through plastic surgery or
exercise or nutrition; in France, it’s
much more of a society of acceptance
of your flaws and sometimes even
highlighting them, celebrating them.”
Altuzarra has made this celebration
of ageless glamour a central tenet of
his label, which is celebrating its 10th
anniverrsary in 2019. His signatures
e nipped-in tailoring,
tailorin curveinclude
enhancing sk
skirts and
sinuous dresses
that are
imbued wit
with flattering,
feel-good power.
“I have
been really conscious of
being respectful
of how
women w
want to feel
and actual
actually dress,”
he says. “T
“They need to
a bra and
of them want
to wear Sp
Spanx, it’s got
to work with
wi that.
“A lot of the women
we want to talk to are
not just 20
20, 30 or 40
but also 50,
5 60 and 70.
The root of my idea
for the br
brand was
looking at
a women
like my m
mum, in
their 60
60s and still
wanting to be sexy
and not w
wanting to
feel like society was
relegating them to
having to wear
tweed suits.”
I like a calm
colour come
nothing too
hard on
pasty, dry
skin, and
for those
days when
you can’t
make your
mind up
know, it’s the second
of January and no one
wants to go shopping
or spend any money
and here I am writing
a fashion column
encouraging those options.
Did you get everything
you wanted for Christmas?
Perhaps you have a pile of gifts
waiting to be returned to their
retail origins, and a golden
ticket waiting for you to
choose something chic with.
I’ll offer you a glimpse
behind the velvet curtain,
while there are still sales
raging (feel free to look,
but by this point we are
getting down to the dregs)…
I can’t feature them here as
yesterday was a bank holiday
(yes, I was at home) and we
can’t be sure it won’t have sold
out before you get to it, by
which point you’ll have your
biro out writing me a letter
castigating the newspaper
for offering ideas that are
impossible to realise. It’s not
always an easy gig this. Do
you think I want to be the
person imploring you to buy
more and spend more on the
second day of the year, when
you’re possibly still running
your hands over your temples
from too many gins the night
before the night before?
So what I’ve come up with
is this: clothes to hide in. I
could have gone for gym wear
– “new
new year, new you” and all
that – but I’m not sure any of
us would be interested.
easy-to-we items that
soft, easy-to-wear
snuggl up in and
you can snuggle
feel somewhat close to being
i bed – now, that’s
For me, for my January,
that’s the holy
I take it any
(TBH, I’ll
month of the year).
In that
I’d advocate
with a hood. It
does have to
be cashmere
mix are often
mo than
two soft, snugly
one here
hav the added
of not
you look
like you’re
to m
mug anyone. I
like a calm colour
Pink Mosebacke raincoat, £239
Frankie denim dungarees,
dungarees £295
Callahan hooded sweater, £270,
Ganni (
Wool runners in Tuke
French Fry, £95
Colfax grey beanie, £22,
c es (
(u ba out tte )
Cotton and yak
hooded cardigan, £62
come midwinter, nothing
too hard on pasty, dry skin,
and equally inoffensive for
those days when you can’t
make your mind up – a noncolour colour that goes with
everything is a salve.
The dungarees might have
thrown you, I understand,
but do offer a natty soupçon
of Barbara Good, perhaps if
she’d gone to Central Saint
Martins – note the pearl
detail. But dungarees (which
are moving sharply into
comeback territory) offer a
simple, pulled together outfit
in one slouchy-fit pull-on
move. I’ve been wearing my
merino wool Allbirds non-stop
since October-ish. If you’re
keen to wear a shoe that feels
like a slipper but looks like
acceptable out-of-house attire,
I implore you to get a pair.
Lastly, this coat. Is it a bit
colourful? I mean, it is a little,
but I saw it and it spoke to
me. Do you know what it
said? “It might only be the
beginning of January, but
spring is but a skip, two colds,
several frosts and a Brexit
deal away.” Chin up.
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
recognise that some people have had
significant macro stress doses in their
life – adverse experiences, whether
as a child or an adult, that have left a
permanent mark on their well-being.
If you’re one of these men or women,
there’s a strong likelihood that you’re
living your life much closer to your
stress threshold than most, which
means it takes fewer daily MSDs to
cause you problems.
While none of us can avoid MSDs
completely, these tips will help
you to deal with their effects more
successfully and, hopefully, experience
fewer of them.
1. Develop a morning routine
e’ll never
rid ourselves
of stress. It’s
particularly now
that the tech explosion has ushered
in an era of information overload and
work overload – not to mention sugar,
alcohol and sitting-on-our-backsidesall-day overload.
Every day, we are exposed to a
barrage of what I call micro stress
doses, or MSDs – whether that’s
waking up late or getting work emails
in the evening – and they don’t simply
vanish; you absorb them, they change
your mood and they alter your biology,
taking you closer to your own personal
stress threshold and pushing your body
into an alarm state.
We all know that nourishing our
bodies with the right food is important,
but we don’t think in the same way
about nourishing our minds. We need
to give our mental health the same daily
care we give our physical health. Just as
bodies need fuel, minds need stillness,
yet the thought of relaxing our minds
is often seen as laziness. But we need
relaxation just as we need vitamins, fat
and fibre if we are to live happier lives,
and significantly increase our ability to
handle MSDs.
What MSDs do to the body
We have two large neurological
systems that, very loosely, we can
talk about as the rational brain (which
makes logical decisions) and the
emotional brain (which processes
our feelings and fears) – each one
3. Do somethi
something every day
that brings you joy
Chronic stress makes it
harder for the brain to
experience pleasure,
so bu
yourself against
this with a daily
pleasure hit
(beyond relaxing
Everyday work pressures can do lasting damage, says Dr Rangan
Chatterjee. Here, in a second extract, he shows how to deal with them
As much as I value sleep, I’d argue
4. Do nothing
that getting up 10 or 15 minutes earlier
One of the big problems with modern
to give yourself some time and space
culture is that it associates “busy”
in the morning – perhaps to do some
with “suc
“successful”. But when
light exercises in the kitchen
we sw
switch off, a system
while you wait for your tea
in th
the brain called the
to brew; or to write down
mode network
three priorities for the day
(DMN) goes into
ahead – is more important..
overdrive. The DMN
The very act of putting
is a powerful source of
yourself through a series
idea generation. It’s why
of familiar, habitual steps
people come up with their
at the same time every
best ideas in the shower or
day tells your system that
when walking the dog.
you’re in a place of safety
So, nex
next time you are in a
u from
and control, and shifts you
f or the supermarket,
queue att a café
t being
b i in
being in a reactive mindsett to
a proactive one. If I wake up a little late try to do nothing. Don’t jump on to
your smartphone to check emails or
and don’t get time for my routine, or
lack motivation and jump on Facebook social media. It is also good practice
to have a “golden hour” each morning
or email instead, I start the day much
without your phone on. Allow your
closer to my personal stress threshold.
mind to wander and you will often
2. Schedule your day
come up with creative ideas, whether
Humans are wired to get a little
they are for work, play or solving
dopamine buzz from ticking even tiny
nagging problems in your wider life.
achievement off, sending positive
5. Reframe your day
information to the brain: we’re in
Stewing over stressful incidents just
control of the day, and life is good.
makes them seem worse and keeps
My wife, Vidh, used to be a
the emotional brain dominant. But
successful criminal barrister, so we
a 2012 study found that if we can
were both shocked when it became
reframe the way we think about a
apparent that taking time out to raise
stressful event we can improve the
our children left her feeling more
way our brain reacts to MSDs, as
stressed and anxious than her highpowered legal work. The relentlessness well as our physical health: lowering
blood pressure and even improving
of it crushed her: “I just don’t get any
the efficiency of the heart muscle.
time to myself,” she’d keep saying. “I
The key is to focus your attention
don’t get anything done.”
not inwardly, on yourself, but on the
Her solution was to make a detailed
wider world. For example, if you’re
daily schedule that accounted for
a teacher, feeling overworked and
every minute of the day. It sounds
underpaid, try to reframe “I’m being
intense, but she soon began to feel
exploited by the system” to “I’ve got
more in control and q
quickly started
the opportunity to inspire all these
“beating” her sched
schedule, finding
children and help them to fulfil their
gaps for herself th
that hadn’t been
there before. I’ve ssince learnt that potential”. Feeling there’s a point to
many top CEOs aro
around the world our existence beyond picking up a
pay cheque is the best way of keeping
use scheduling for this reason.
clear of our stress threshold.
Ways to raise your
stress threshold
constantly vying for the top spot.
Normally, when we’re in a “thrive”
state, our logical brain is in control
and we can make sensible decisions.
But when we’re in a stress state, the
emotional brain takes centre stage.
The problem is that the brain is
“plastic” (that is, it changes its form
over time), so the more MSDs life
throws at you, the more powerful your
emotional brain will become, and the
more sensitive it is to detecting danger
– even when there’s none present:
the smell of a summer barbecue is
misinterpreted as a house fire; an
email from your boss is interpreted as
ng; an innocent
a prelude to sacking;
nd seems
glance from a friend
sarcastic and hostile.
This is a feed-forward
cycle. The more stress
he more
you experience, the
resses you
sensitive to new stresses
so likely to
become. You’re also
make bad food choices,
have less sleep and
drink more alcohol.
This physical stress
state will begin
to damage your
body and you may
become unwell.
I absolutely
on the sofa or mucking about online).
This could be anything from five
minutes of playing an instrument,
to listening to music, to taking up a
brand new hobby.
If you pursue potential new
passions, without judging yourself in
the process, you may well discover
that what brings you true joy is
something creative, be it painting,
dancing, drawing or something else.
Society teaches us that some people
are “creative types” but, actually,
we’re all naturally creative. I’m
convinced that the underlying cause
of so much of our stress these days is
that modern life constantly pressures
us to consume more than we create.
Tomorrow: De-stress your
Adapted from The Stress Solution by
Dr Rangan Chatterjee, published by
Penguin Life (£16.99). To order a copy
for £14.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871 1514
or visit
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
anya old
Allison Pearson is away
Read more
There’s a reason
Britain is so fat, and
it’s not fine dining
ublic Health England,
a quango to place fear
in the heart of any
innocent diner, wants
to limit the calorie
count of foods sold in
supermarkets and restaurants. The
draft proposals are floating joylessly
around Whitehall, demanding a
maximum of a very prescriptive 544
calories per “convenience meal” (that
means sandwich, or ready meal, to
us) and 1,040 calories per pizza. It
places caps on onion bhajis, volau-vents and coleslaw; on dishes of
vegetables; on pasta sauces; possibly
on your own saliva.
The proposals run to more than
100 pages – now that is a mouthful
– and amount to a manifesto for
people who do not know how to
eat. It is, essentially, a manifesto for
dogs, in which you are the dog, and
Public Health England is your careful
owner. It will, if implemented, put
every curry house in Britain out
of business, including my own
beloved Paradise, in Hampstead,
currently celebrating 50 years of
serving delicious food to self-aware
adults. But possibly not 51 years. Not
I have been the restaurant critic
of The Spectator for seven years and
I have seen some terrible things. I
have seen nude dining at Bunyadi,
a pop-up vegan hole in London,
which probably would pass the
Public Health England proposals
with no amendments to its menu,
but which also forces the nude
diners to sit in trees, while they are
served by topless waiters dressed
as elves. I have seen plant-based
If implemented,
this will put every
curry house in Britain
out of business
Stake out: my beef
with Public Health
England will be
shared by anyone
who loves dining
out for escapism
chocolate milkshakes at an evil west
London café called Farmacy, which
would also pass the proposals with
no amendments, if you could keep
the food down, and especially if you
could not. I have eaten, or rather
tried to eat, a chorizo pretzel at
Winter Wonderland (or Blunderland,
in this case), an English breakfast
stew at Sketch in Mayfair and
a haute cuisine turnip at Eleven
Madison Park in New York. So, I
have seen some terrible things, but
nothing I have seen is as terrible for
restaurants and the people who seek
happiness in them as this.
None of the restaurants that I
beg people to spend their money
in before they die, just to feel the
ecstasy of a perfectly turned dish in
wondrous surroundings, would pass
the Public Health England test. I do
not think that Public Health England
understands, at its deepest root,
what a restaurant is. A restaurant is
not your dining room, transported
elsewhere, so you are eating in
your own home but by mistake. A
restaurant, at its best, is a house of
joy, in which you experience the
fleeting happiness of something
perfect on your plate.
No matter. In this dystopia, we can
presumably wave goodbye to Rules,
in Covent Garden, and its rib of beef
for two with Yorkshire pudding
and dauphinoise potatoes, finished,
later, with golden syrup steamed
sponge and clotted cream or custard.
I wouldn’t eat at Rules if it passed the
Public Health England test, for what
would be the point? I could roast a
lean piece of beef in my own oven,
and steam my own vegetables, and
yearn for the skill to make a golden
syrup pudding. I do this almost every
day anyway, and I do not pay £100 for
it. Who would?
We can say farewell to afternoon
tea at the Diamond Jubilee Tea Salon
at Fortnum & Mason, for I cannot
see its cake carriage surviving the
world that Public Health England
would have it live in. We might as
well have lost Claridge’s and the Ritz
in the Blitz, for they would not be
allowed to serve what they do best.
A low-fat scone? What for? And you
can forget hog roast and chocolate
sundaes, pork scratchings and lemon
meringue pie.
It is true that many British
children are fat, and will, without
intervention, become fat adults, and
this has prompted the hysteria at
Public Health England and its very
precise limit of 134 calories per volau-vent. But I have very rarely seen
children dining in Rules, or Fortnum
& Mason, or stuffing themselves with
vol-au-vents. Or are these proposals
only for middle-market restaurants –
Nando’s and Pizza Express – and the
rich, again, left untouched, which
surely is much worse?
Any sentient person will tell
you: it is not restaurant food, or
even supermarket food, that is the
problem. It is not meals at all but
treats. It is sugar and television.
That is why children are fat – not
because they are sneaking out of
school to try the tasting menu at Hide
Above on Piccadilly. If you want to
ban something – and I’m more for
hiding than banning – drop a bomb
on Cadbury. Or Kellogg’s. Or Nestlé.
Discourage them from releasing
Easter eggs in January and chocolate
advent calendars in October. Or at
least hide the sugar at the back of
the shop with the dog food. When
my son eats three good meals a day
– including red meats and homemade puddings – he looks fine. After
a children’s party with cake and
chocolate, he swells like a raging frog.
It is sugar. I want to type it,
repeatedly, like “redrum”, for it is
essentially the same thing. Sugar.
Sugar. Sugar.
So, don’t blame the restaurants
and the ready-meal counters, giving
exhausted adults a burst of joy or,
at least, a bit of peace on a wet, cold
winter’s night. Blame the idiot box
of a television in the corner, or the
iPhone in the hand – paralysing
children who were born to run.
If you want them to be slender
and healthier, perhaps you could
teach them to avoid sugar in its purer
forms. Or you could teach them
how to cook a varied, wholesome
diet for themselves. Like they do in
restaurants, for example.
Here come the woebots...
to save your marriage
oday is a busy day for
divorce lawyers and
relationship counsellors,
as people decide, after the
Christmas break, that they can
no longer bear their partners.
I am not a woman to get
between anyone and a divorce
court, but there is a glimmer
of hope for people forced, as
an unwanted new year gift,
into the terrifying labyrinth
of couples’ counselling. I have
done it, and it’s frightening.
There is talk of “toxic spaces”
and “childhood trauma”
and “sex”. You have to know
yourself. You have to change.
The nervous, though, can
take solace in the fact that,
in future, some couples’
counselling may be done with
a computer programme, or
“woebot”, rather than a live
human being.
“We have to start to look at
what can be done with a nonhuman interaction,” said Aidan
Jones, chief executive of Relate,
the charity that helps saves
relationships. It is a sentence
that could not have been
spoken in any other century
and is, without meaning to be,
very funny.
“[The woebot]
can learn as it
interacts with
different clients
and ‘present the
which has value in
the same way as with
real counsellor.”
Do you really wantt
your relationship to
Talk to me: Relate is
considering the use
of ‘woebots’
be in the hands of software
on a learning curve? Mr
Jones thinks so, and Relate
is already providing remote
counselling to couples. Some
30,000 online sessions with
still-human counsellors were
requested from Relate last
year, and this is the next stage.
Apparently, you are more likely
to tell the truth to a computer
programme, or sink, or
sandwich. It’s less threatening
than a skilled human being,
who might judge you or tell
you something that is difficult
to hear – and you have to leave
your sofa to visit the counsellor
and this is irritating.
Forget that it
m have been
that level of selfabsorption that
brought you to
Relate. I wouldn’t
to come
betwee a robot and your
either, but
contact still
h value. I can’t
thinking that
anyone healed by
a woebot probably
wasn’t that woeful
to begin with.
Sharing cabs
could be just
the ticket for
country folk
Mom or
Serena can
serve up
Hands-on mum:
Serena Williams
warms up while
comforting her
tired daughter
Serena Williams,
one of the
greatest tennis
players in
history, with
23 Grand Slam
victories, posted
a photograph
on Twitter
ahead of her
match against
Roger Federer
in Australia.
It shows her
in the gym,
while holding
her 15-monthold daughter,
Olympia Alexis,
in her arms.
“As I head into
next year,” she
writes, “it’s not
about what we
can do, it’s what
we MUST do as
working moms
and working
dads. Anything
is possible. I am
getting ready for
the first match
of the year
and my dear
sweet baby @
was tired
and sad and
simply needed
mama’s love.
So if it means
warming up
and stretching
while holding
my baby, that’s
what #thismama
will do.”
I do not know
what it feels like
to win 23 Grand
Slams, and I
doubt I would
give my child
its own Twitter
account, but I
do know what it
feels like to write
an article with a
child in my arms
and a dog on my
head. Women
should not
have to choose
between a
career and active
they don’t.
I know an
actress who
keeps her baby
in her theatre
dressing room;
daughter, when
awake, claps
her mother
on the tennis
court. It’s an
excellent thing
for children
to watch their
mothers excel,
and still be
close at hand.
n Carnyorth, west Cornwall, near
where I live, there are six buses a
day on Sundays to the metropolis
of Penzance. Miss the last one and you
are trapped with the cows and the
abandoned mine engines, watching
the Land Rovers drive past to the
restaurant at the Gurnard’s Head. Catch
it, and you feel like a woman on the last
helicopter out of Saigon, except you
won’t get back to Saigon until morning,
at which point my metaphor fails.
Rather like the bus service. Even so, the
elderly and car-less are left stranded, as
if rural idylls are only for car-owners,
and the rest can move to town.
Rural bus services are expensive
– sometimes three times the price of
London buses, which are subsidised –
and rare. Rural bus mileage fell 6 per
cent between 2011/12 and 2016/17,
and local authority funding across
Britain was cut last year for the eighth
consecutive year. Drivers of the
supermarket shuttle services are quick
to spot your intention if you use them
for lifts, rather than grocery shopping.
Morally, it’s theft, so it follows that
those who most need someone to drive
them somewhere won’t do it. They
wouldn’t have the nerve.
The Campaign for Better Transport
is encouraging people to share
minicabs as an alternative to a rural
bus service that is either limited or
does not exist. It suggests an online
booking service could ease its passage,
although the kind of people who can’t
afford cars may not be able to afford
computers either.
Still, it’s an excellent notion, if the
British reserve that precludes sharing
cars with strangers can be overcome.
On the buses: rural coach links are
often very limited, if they exist at all
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
New career,
new you?
There’s an
app for that…
made her a better
networker in faceto-face situations –
something she used
to be terrified of.
Stephanie put
that into practice
when she attended
one of Bumble
Bizz’s dinners,
events that take its
networking into
a more traditional
offline setting.
There she met Naomi, a brand
marketing consultant, and Emily, an
employee at Google, both of whom
have taken Stephanie under their
wing. The three now regularly meet
up, and their professional advice
has seen Stephanie’s brand hit new
When I try my hand at Shapr
– another networking app with a
similar design and set-up to Tinder
– I meet someone whose entire
career changed because of it: Liane
Katz, whose company,,
teaches children how to code. “We’d
had a hard time pitching the business
to get funding,” she tells me, “partly
because I had never done it before.”
On Shapr, she met Ben Dickens,
the founder of UK marketing agency
DVO. After a coffee, Ben offered to
connect Liane with his network,
and by their next coffee, he had
come on-board to help
raise £150,000. He worked on the
We use our smartphones to find love,
so why not job opportunities too? MarieClaire Chappet tries networking online
to go on besides the company they
work for and a picture. So, unless you
know what the firm does, you’ve got
no idea what you’re swiping right for.
There’s a picture of Tony who does
lord-knows-what for a living and I’ve
also got links to a random invitation to
join a videographers group in Hungary.
All of which sounds great – if you’re a
videographer in Hungary.
Next, I try Let’sLunch. The
brainchild of software engineer Syed
Shuttari, its USP is organising lunch
dates with prospective employers.
They have more than 2,000 companies
on board, largely connecting investors
to start-ups, or tech bods to companies.
Shuttari tells me that they have
organised more than 100,000 lunch
dates in six countries – and there are
some remarkable success stories, such
as an entrepreneur who used the app
to meet, and secure, investors when
he moved to Silicon Valley, and an
individual who got a tour and lunch
at the Dropbox offices – oh, and a job.
You can sign in via LinkedIn, Facebook
or email, and, just like a dating app,
people and company profiles pop up,
which you can either disregard or
enthusiastically tap “Let’s lunch!” and
pick a calendar date if they accept.
At this point, I have a knee-jerk
reaction – on the basis of a three-line
online bio, I have to eat with someone?
I wonder who has time to have a
sit-down lunch these days, and feel
as nervous as I would about having
dinner on a first date – and that’s before
you even get to the issue of who pays.
According to the app, it should be the
company that invites you – but it still
makes me nervous. I start to feel that
The more I
started reaching
out, the more
confident I felt
ike many of us, I have
made a resolution to
get out there and make
the best career choices
I can in 2019. And most
self-help manuals will
tell you that the best path to career
success is being part of a powerful
network. Those same books are
also likely to advise you to seek out
professional groups of like-minded
souls and the networking events they
are organising. But the very idea of
walking into a room of strangers –
clutching a glass of warm white wine
and wearing a name tag – brings me
out in hives. We now orchestrate so
many facets of our lives online: why
shouldn’t that extend to networking?
So far, I have done this through my
usual social platforms of Twitter and
Instagram. But I am curious about the
professional networking apps that
claim to do for careers what Tinder
has done for dating. The premise is
similar – matching you with profiles
that you find attractive – only here,
the appeal is a person’s potential
use for your career. You could be
searching for a new role, a freelance
gig, a business partner for a start-up,
an investor, or even a mentor. What
all these apps have in common, is
the desire to be a conduit for such
connections. After all, if you can
swipe right for love, why can’t you do
the same for a job?
I turn to Ripple first, Tinder’s own
creation, which is celebrating its first
birthday this month. Unfortunately,
a few days on Ripple made me
remember why I hated Tinder. The
profiles fly in, but there’s not much
Swipe right:
networking app
Shapr has a similar
set-up to Tinder
Let’sLunch is not for me, and would be
far better suited to my friends in the
City, for whom lunch does not mean a
sandwich eaten at their desk.
I have better luck with Bumble Bizz.
It’s the next iteration of dating app
Bumble – founded by former Tinder
creator Whitney Wolfe Herd – and aims
to create a safe space, specifically for
working women.
“The business world was a natural
next step,” explains Louise Troen,
Bumble’s VP of international marketing
and communications. “It’s another area
where women are undervalued. Not
only are we under-represented, but we
don’t have the access.”
Much like the dating version, you
are presented with detailed profiles of
each person and can tap on the ones
you like. If you match, the woman must
initiate conversation – although if both
parties are female, that imperative is
up for grabs. It’s on Bumble Bizz that I
really start networking. The app is easy
gh profiles
to use, and it has very thorough
o you
and refined interest filters, so
can really get a measure of who
you’re swiping on.
Before long, I’m rattling off
introductory messages without
cringing. I meet a couple of
other writers. I am invited to join
not one, but two, female work
collectives, and meet Stephanie
Reynders, who is currently building
her own activewear brand, Lagatta.
She thinks Bumble Bizz is a great
place to come to if you are a female
entrepreneur. “The more I started
dent I
reaching out, the more confident
es the
felt,” she tells me. She now uses
app every day and believes it has
company for eight months, two days a
week, and Katz counts him as “one of
the most crucial hires”.
I initially felt Shapr might be
awful, given my propensity to hate
anything that drops necessary vowels
for dramatic effect, but it actually
emerged as a bit of an addictive
joy. It’s incredibly detailed, great at
filtering profiles according to your
preferences, and it comes with a blog
full of networking tips and ideas.
My City friends also loved the app,
as it boasts a huge range of industries
and is particularly
great if you work
in start-up
start-ups. “At the early stages of
growth, y
you just need people who
understa start-ups and not people
coming o
out of corporates because
they take so long transitioning to
your way of doing things, says Katz.
“If you fi
find people on Shapr, you
know th
that they can hit the ground
running and understand the way
you work.”
As for me? I’m meeting one of
Sha connections next week.
my Shapr
If this iis what networking looks
like in 2
2019, sign me up. Just hold
gla of warm white wine.
the glass
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Don’t fall for this pompous political sob story
A new film blames
media muckraking
for the state of politics
today. Tim Stanley
respectfully disagrees
n March 1987, the odds-on
favourite to become the
Democratic Party’s presidential
candidate paid a visit to Miami.
Gary Hart and a friend joined an
overnight cruise to the island of
Bimini, and the married father-of-two
was introduced to a 29-year-old model
and pharmaceutical rep called Donna
Rice. What happened on board is
unknown but, acting on an
anonymous tip-off, a journalist for the
Miami Herald later travelled to
Washington D C and witnessed Miss
Rice visiting Hart’s house on a Friday
night just before midnight.
It might all sound insubstantial, but
within a week Gary Hart had
suspended his campaign amid a
torrent of innuendo and late-show
gags. It didn’t help that the name of the
boat was Monkey Business.
The story has now been retold in
The Front Runner, a gripping feature
film by the director Jason Reitman (Up
in the Air, Juno), and Hart should be
flattered. Not only is he played by
Wolverine stud Hugh Jackman, but
some critical details about this
mysterious affair have been cut out, to
make a point about politics.
In Reitman’s telling, Hart was a
natural-born leader from Colorado
with a patient wife and a perfect head
of hair. He wasn’t an angel, but he was
handsome, charismatic, liberal and on
course to win the presidency: by
spring 1987, Hart was the front-runner
for the Democratic nomination.
But this wannabe Lincoln could be
aloof and arrogant. When asked by a
reporter if he was 100 per cent
monogamous, Hart replied: “Follow
me around. I don’t care. I’m serious. If
anybody wants to put a tail on me, go
ahead. They’ll be very bored.”
The Front Runner implies it was
unfair of journalists to do what sounds
a lot like their jobs and casts Hart’s
disgrace as a turning point in US
politics. We are encouraged to share
Hart’s disgust of the media, to cheer
when he first pokes holes in the Miami
Herald’s story, and then die a little
inside when more allegations surface.
The public didn’t care, says the film,
because polls showed that they didn’t
think adultery, if that’s what
happened, was relevant to a man’s
whatever happened on the Monkey
Business wasn’t just the inference of
adultery – it was the suspicion of
hypocrisy and obfuscation. Plus, he
chose to go on the boat trip just when
US attitudes towards sex in politics
were on the turn. Betty Friedan, the
feminist, wrote after the scandal: “This
is the last time a candidate will be able
to treat women as bimbos.”
Friedan was unduly optimistic, but
what did change was that the “bimbos”
would get names, TV appearances and
book deals. Miss Rice proved to be the
last of a more private and dignified
breed: only later did she channel her
fame into a noble campaign to protect
children from online abuse.
It serves the film’s politics to suggest
Hart was a potentially great man
brought down by seedy hacks. If Hart
had won the nomination, it implies,
he’d have beaten Republican George
Bush and taken the White House in
1989, which would’ve meant a
multipolar world, a kinder economy,
no George W Bush, no Iraq War, no
Credit Crunch and no Donald Trump.
The press, in other words, destroyed
the US in pursuit of a scoop.
But if Hart had won the nomination,
there is no guarantee that he would
have beaten Bush. On the contrary, the
economy was good, which favoured
the Republicans, and the Cold War was
coming to an end thanks, in part, to
Ronald Reagan’s leadership. And there
was almost no substantive difference
between the Democratic nominee who
did lose to Bush, Michael Dukakis, and
Hart. Both men ran away from the
liberal label, and yet proved to be too
far to the Left of American voters on
the key cultural issues of 1988: crime,
abortion, patriotism.
The press was just as harsh to
Republicans as it was to Democrats,
which is why Bush had to spend so
much time fending off questions about
the Iran-Contra scandal. In fact, Bush,
unlike Hart, won plaudits for giving as
good as he got. That the Republicans
did a better job of reputation
management is not just why they won
but, arguably, why they deserved to.
Talk show host Johnny Carson, in
one of his late-night monologues, said:
“You’re running for the highest office
in the land, you’re gonna take a little
trip to Bimini with a couple of ladies
and you’re gonna go down and charter
a boat. Now, of all the boat names
there are – like Mother or Mother
Teresa – you hire a boat called Monkey
Business? That’s not good thinking.”
Hart was supposed to be the “smart”
candidate, but his failure to contain
the Rice episode ruined that image.
We don’t know what happened with
Miss Rice and, in fact, it doesn’t
matter: the point is, it was a farce.
We are
to cheer
when Hart
pokes holes
in the story,
and then die
a little inside
when more
qualification for the presidency. But
the press pack hounds would not let
go. The candidate suspended his bid
on May 8 with a speech on the dangers
of muckraking. He quoted Thomas
Jefferson: “I tremble for my country
when I think we may, in fact, get the
kind of leaders we deserve.” The notso-subtle hint is that years later, that’s
what it did get, in Donald J Trump.
The date the film ends on, however,
is a clue that it’s only telling half the
story. Weeks later, the National
Enquirer published a photo that
showed Miss Rice sitting on Hart’s lap.
He was wearing a T-shirt emblazoned
with the words “Monkey Business
Crew”. The photo proved nothing, but
it would’ve embarrassed most
husbands into a period of silence. And
yet, in December 1987, Hart threw
himself back into the Democratic race.
He did very badly and pulled out. I
spotted no mention of either of these
details – the photograph or the
shameless return to the spotlight – in
the film, even though they speak to the
real weaknesses of Hart, man and
I had the opportunity to interview
Hart in retirement in the late 2000s
and found him amusing, thoughtful
and profoundly intelligent. Far from
the intense hothead played by
Jackman, he was relaxed to the point
of Zen. I could understand how he’d
charmed his way into the Senate in his
30s, before mounting a second-place
run for the Democratic presidential
primaries in 1984.
The other candidates, however,
complained that, when it came to
detail, they couldn’t see much that was
exceptional about Gary Hart at all.
Walter Mondale beat him in 1984 by
deploying the tag-line from a popular
advert for the restaurant chain
Wendy’s: “Where’s the beef?” he
asked. In other words, where was the
substance behind Hart’s fine-sounding
No angel: Hugh
Jackman as Gary
Hart in a scene
from The Front
Runner, above; the
famous photograph
of Hart with Donna
Rice, left, that the
film fails to mention
words? There was also some confusion
about Hart’s real age. Although Hart
admitted to having been separated
from his wife, he said they were fully
reconciled. The problem with
The Front Runner
is released on
Friday Jan 11
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Court & Social
WALKER.—On November 16th,
to Jenny (née Fletcher) and Fred,
a daughter, Poppy Annie Martha.
Online ref: A229874
January 1st
The Prince Charles, Lord of the
Isles this morning attended a
Centenary Commemoration
Service for the loss of HMY Iolaire,
Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, and was
received by Her Majesty’s
Lord-Lieutenant of the Western
Isles (Mr Donald Martin).
For more details about the Royal
family, visit
Today’s birthdays
Sir Keith Thomas, President of
Corpus Christi College, Oxford,
1986-2000, is 86; Mr Nicholas
Baring, Chairman, Commercial
Union, 1990-98, 85; Mr
Christopher Campbell,
Chairman, British Shipbuilders,
1989-2002, 83; Sir Bruce Pattullo,
Governor of the Bank of Scotland,
1991-98, 81; Mr David Bailey,
photographer and film maker, 81;
Mr Doug McAvoy, former trades
unionist, 80; Sir Andrew Wood,
former diplomat, 79; Sir Algernon
Heber-Percy, who retires today as
Lord-Lieutenant for Shropshire,
75; Sir Dick Olver, Chairman, BAE
Systems, 2004-14, 72; Mr Tony
Woodley, trades unionist; Joint
General Secretary, Unite, 2007-11,
71; Mr Mark Sharman,
broadcasting executive, 69; Dr Sir
John Hood, Vice-Chancellor of
Oxford University, 2004-09, 67;
Baroness Neville-Rolfe,
Chairman, Assured Food
Standards, 66; and Mr William
Fox-Pitt, international three-day
event rider; Olympic silver
medallist, team eventing, London
2012, 50.
Mr T.O. Hemsley and
Miss R.A.E Wilkinson
The engagement is announced
between Tristan, elder son of Mr
and Mrs John Hemsley, of
Wokingham, Berkshire, and Ruth,
elder daughter of Major (Retd) and
Mrs John Wilkinson, of Clitheroe,
Online ref: 562620
Clergy news
Retirements and Resignations
Preb Adrian Richard Bailey,
p-in-c, Selattyn and Hengoed w
Gobowen and chapl, Robert Jones
and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic
Hospital (Lichfield), to retire with
effect from Jan 31; Revv Ellouise
(Ellie) Claire Bangay, asst c, St
Stephen, Acomb (York), to resign
with effect from Jan 9; Ronald
Anthony Farrell has resigned as v,
St Peter, West Bromwich
(Lichfield), continuing as v, St
Francis, West Bromwich (same
dio); Tanya Marie Lord, v, St
Stephen’s, Southmead (Bristol), to
resign with effect from Jan 5; John
Leslie Pretty, asst c, Walsall Wood
(Lichfield), has retired; Patricia
Rogers, tr, and miss community
leader, Binsey tm, Derwent
(Carlisle), to resign with effect
from Jan 31; Paul Anthony Van
Rossum, chapl to bp of Bristol
(Bristol), to retire with effect from
Dec 31, continuing as OLM,
Almondsbury (same dio); Stephen
Paul Reynolds, asst c, known as
assoc min, Cannock and
Huntington and of Hatherton
(Lichfield), to retire with effect
from Dec 31; David Neville
Hurford Stokes-Harrison,
resident min, Edgmond w
Kynnersley and Preston
Wealdmoors, and of Tibberton w
Bolas Magna and Waters Upton
(Lichfield), has retired.
Lay Appointments/Others
Ms Harriet Carty has been
appointed dio churchyards
environmental adviser (Lichfield);
Mrs Sharon March to be pioneer
min, Avon Swift (Leicester);
Capt Frank Michael Joseph
McGregor, creative missioner in
Haneley the Holy Evangelists
team (Lichfield), to resign with
effect from Dec 31; Mr Roger Reid
to be lay chapl, Archbishop
Tenison’s School, Kennington
(Southwark); Mrs Susanna
Somerville, personal assistant to
the director of world mission
(Lichfield), has resigned; Mrs
Veronica Whinney, licensed lay
worker (Birmingham), has retired.
Wireless messages sent out by the Bolsheviks claim many
successes of more or less importance during the last week of
December, in the neighbourhood of Gomel, Reval, Pernau, Vilna,
Bielgorod, Minsk, Walk, &c. The general impression which Lenin
and his associates are trying to convey is that the progress of the
“Red” army is continuous and irresistible, and that it is only a question of time when the greater part of Russia shall be subdued by
the Bolshevik forces. How far these claims have any substantial
basis it is impossible to say, but there is no doubt that from the
military point of view they are grossly exaggerated. The truth
seems to be that the Germans are vacating Russia as quickly as
possible, that as they retire the “Reds” advance and occupy towns
and villages, and that here and there some skirmishing takes place,
in which both sides sustain a certain number of casualties. Yesterday the Russian wireless stations circulated the following:
Dec. 30 – In the Reval direction our detachments have
advanced as far as the line Loksha-Kolk … after two days’
In the Riga direction we have taken Romotzkoe, fifteen versts (ten
miles) from Wenden. On the right bank of the Dvina we have taken
On the Sventziany-Ponevesh railway we have taken Ussiany.
A French transport ship has arrived at Odessa with two battalions
of Turos Arabs and Algerians on board.
Ufa, the capital of the White Guards on this side of the Urals,
was taken by our troops on Dec. 31. On the same day the town
of Sterlitamack, south of Ufa, was captured.
The Lithuanian bourgeois Government Tariba feel their situation
so endangered that they have left Vilna for Kovno.
It must be remembered that the wireless is at present the sole
means of rapid communication between Russia and the
outside world, and that it is entirely in the hands of the Bolsheviks, who are therefore free to circulate whatever stories
they choose without much risk of direct contradiction. As to
the strength of the Bolshevist army, there is no definite
evidence. In the Baltic Provinces the “Red” advance is creating a serious peril to Riga. Wiring from Copenhagen on
Tuesday, Reuter says:
Reports received here from Riga, viâ Berlin, state that the town
people are panic-stricken at the rumour that the Bolsheviks are
advancing on Riga, and are now only thirty kilometres (about
nineteen miles) distant from that town. Several families have
already fled, fearing bloodshed. The Russian fleet, it is added, will
attempt to put to sea from Kronstadt to meet the British Fleet in
the Baltic. The Russian Dreadnoughts Poltava and Sevastopol,
together with some cruisers manned by Letts and Esthonians,
have already put to sea, but were immediately fired upon from the
Finnish coast. They have now returned to Kronstadt owing to
dissensions on board ship.
The Esthonians are endeavouring to organise resistance, and
Allied naval aid is already on the spot. It is also reported that
Swedish volunteers have been landed. On Monday the following Esthonian communiqué was issued from Reval;
Our men of war bombarded the enemies’ batteries in the villages
of Kolgo and Vakko and silenced them. Our troops landed and
cleared the peninsulas of Juminda and Perispee of the enemy.
A French naval squadron, consisting of one battle cruiser,
one light cruiser, and three destroyers, rounded the Skaw on
Tuesday morning en route to the Baltic.
According to a Stockholm Reuter message:
A Finnish news agency reports that the formation of an
Esthonian auxiliary expeditionary force from Finland has
been enthusiastically supported, and over 10,000 volunteers have come forward. The first detachment started yesterday for Esthonia. Thousands of fugitives belonging to the
Russian bourgeoisie have arrived on the Finnish eastern
frontier in order to form fighting units against the Bolsheviks, with the intention of beginning an offensive against
A Helsingfors telegram states that the steamer Raskee which was
recently captured by the Bolsheviks, has been retaken by the
British, who have also taken two Russian destroyers. – Reuter.
Legal news
Miss Nathalie Marie Daniella
Lieven, QC, has been appointed
as a High Court Judge. She will
take up the appointment on Jan 11,
2019, consequential to the
retirement of Lady Justice
Mr Clive Stewart Dow has been
appointed a Salaried Judge of the
First-tier Tribunal, assigned to the
Health Education and Social Care
Chamber. He will be based in
Havant with effect from Jan 7,
Bridge news
The London Year End Congress
held at the Royal National Hotel
has concluded with the Swiss
Teams, 86 teams playing seven
matches, writes Julian Pottage,
Bridge Correspondent. The
winners are as follows:
1st Tom Townsend, Thor Erik
Hoftaniska, Janet de Botton and
Artur Malinowski, 104 VPs;
2nd Jacek Lapszys, Sandy Riach,
Paul Spencer and Marc Chawner,
103 VPs;
3rd Norman Selway, Kay Preddy,
Phil Bailey and Mike Hampton, 102
4th= Stefano Tommasini,
Sebastian Kristensen, Ben Green
and Ankush Khandelwal, 101
4th= Alex Hydes, Ben HandleyPritchard, Adele Gogoman and
Tom Paske, 101 VPs;
6th Michael Byrne, Dinah
Caplan, Marion Robertson, Sarah
Bell, 96 VPs;
7th Gilly Clench, Kath Stynes,
Margaret Nygren and Martin
Nygren, 95 VPs;
and 8th Richard Hillman,
Richard Bowdery, Samantha
Punch and Tim Rees, 88 VPs.
BOSCAWEN.—Hugh, died on 22nd
December 2018 forti�ed by the rites of
the Anglican Church and the love of his
wife Alexandra and sons Veryan and
Aldwyn. At his request a private funeral
has taken place. A memorial service will
be announced shortly.
Online ref: A229859
BRANDT.—Nigel Jeremy passed away
on 13th December 2018. Funeral to be
held at St Giles Church, Graam, on
Tuesday 8th January 2019 at
2.30 p.m. All enquiries to W. Bryder &
Sons. Tel: 01798 342174.
Online ref: 563219
BURGESS.—Peter, died peacefully in
Painswick, Gloucestershire, on 20th
December 2018. Much loved husband of
Lea, father of Lucinda and Grizzie,
loving grandfather of Oskar and Beanie.
Funeral Service will take place at
St Mary’s Church, Painswick, on Friday
11th January 2019 at 12 noon. Donations
in lieu of �owers for Médecins Sans
Frontières can be sent via Michael
Gamble Funeral Directors, Station
House, Station Road, Stroud, GL5 3AR.
Tel: 01453 790900.
Online ref: 563223
CARTER.—Marie, peacefully on
Christmas Eve, aged 98. Dearest and
loving wife of the late Francis Berin,
mother of Mark, Clare, the late Simon,
James, Paul and Anne; much loved
grandmother and great grandmother.
Requiem Mass will take place on 11th
January at 10.30 a.m. at The Church of
the English Martyrs, Strood. Enquiries
William Whitmey. Tel: 01795 227020.
Online ref: 563253
ELIAS.—Rosalie Emily (née Hextall),
peacefully at home on 18th December
2018, aged 91. Much loved mother and
grandmother. Private cremation to be
followed by her Funeral Service at St
George’s Church, Beckington at
1.30 p.m. on Tuesday 8th January.
No �owers please but donations to
SSAFA and Dorothy House Hospice
Care c/o E M Dorman Funeral
Directors Beechcroft, 69 High Street,
East Uppingham, Rutland LE15 9PY.
Tel: 01572 823976.
Online ref: 563337
FRENCH.—Dominic Arthur dear
father of Richard, James, Heddy and
Charlotte and proud grandfather of
Freddie died 22nd December 2018 in
Uganda. Memorial service to be
Online ref: A229907
JOHNSTON.—Richard Bernard died
peacefully at the Norfolk & Norwich
Hospital on 23rd December 2018, aged
80 years. Beloved husband of Wendy,
loving father to Helen, Gail and
Catherine and grandfather to Oberon,
Rui, Ottilie, Wesley, Aticus, Sebastian
and Hero. Memorial Service at St John
the Baptist Church, Garboldisham on
Thursday 10th January at 2 p.m.
Donations if desired to Beating Bowel
Cancer or National Playing Fields
Association c/o A E Thurlow and Son,
1 High Street, Ixworth, Bury St
Edmunds, Suffolk IP31 2HH.
Tel: 01359 230227.
Online ref: 563287
KENNING.—Aileen Margaret, Gordon
(née Willox), died peacefully on 13th
December 2018, aged 96 years. Much
loved wife of David (deceased) and
mother of Andrew, David and Stephen.
Funeral at All Saints’ Ashover Parish
Church on Friday 11th January 2019.
Family �owers only. Donations to
Derbyshire Girlguiding. All enquiries to
J.E. Nicholson Funeral Directors,
Wingerworth, Chester�eld.
Tel: 01246 207037.
Online ref: 563211
LUND.—John Keighley 29th December
2018 peacefully at Richmond Nursing
Home, Cultra. Late of Old Kilmore Road,
Moira. Dearly loved husband of the late
Erica and much loved father of Caspar,
Melissa and the late Oliver, father-in-law
to Colin, Richard and Rhainnon,
grandfather of Tilly and Darcy and
step-grandfather of Chris, Caroline and
Patrick. Funeral Service in St Johns
Parish Church, Moira, on Saturday 5th
January 2019 at 12 noon followed by
Cremation in Roselawn Crematorium at
2 p.m. Refreshments after at Royal North
of Ireland Yacht Club, Cultra. No �owers
please. Donations if desired may be
made for Save the Children c/o
Malcomsons Funeral Service, 7 Robert
Street, Lurgan, BT66 8BE. Will be
lovingly remembered by his family and
many friends. At Peace.
Online ref: 563289
STARMER-SMITH.—Julian Nicholas
George, Colonel Passed away peacefully
on 21st December 2018. Beloved
husband of Ann and loving father to
Joanna, Michael and Rebecca. All
enquiries to Michael Milller and
Partners. Tel: 01730 233244.
Online ref: 563261
STEVENSON.—Brenda Eve (née Bavin)
formerly of Felbridge, died in
Greenwich on 1st January 2019.
No funeral as she has donated her body
for medical research.
Online ref: A229902
WALLACE.—Gillian Mary, the partner
and wife of Rev Georgina Wendy
Everingham (formerly Rev Godfrey
Everingham Wallace), passed peacefully
into the presence of her Lord, the Lord
Jesus Christ, on Thursday 20th
December 2018. A Service for the
celebration and thanksgiving for the life
of Gillian will be held in the chapel of
Worcester City Crematorium on
Wednesday 9th January 2019 at 1.45 p.m.
No �owers please but donations may be
given to Impact Giving UK Trust for the
work of Rev Canon Ian Knox's African
Mission. Gifts donated through A.V.
Band Funeral Directors, 41 St Nicholas
Street, Worcester, Worcestershire, WR1
Online ref: 563122
WITTON.—Howard, Squadron Leader,
RAF, retired, passed away peacefully in
Hollesley, Suffolk, on 28th December,
aged 89 years. Beloved husband of
Eileen for 64 years, a loving father to
Howard, Trevor, Steph and Sue,
grandfather and great grandfather who
will be sadly missed.
Online ref: A229860
AND WHATEVER you do, in word or
deed, do everything in the name of the
Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the
Father through him.
Colossians 3.17
DR JOHN BOUGHEY AND FAMILY. Happy New Year. Joyce Rawstorne.
Online ref: A229901
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Robert Neild
Nancy Roman
OBERT NEILD, who has
died aged 94, was a
leading Cambridge
economist who also made
significant contributions
to peace studies – and
wrote a social and economic history of
the oyster.
Neild’s career – as a lecturer at
Trinity College, economic adviser to
the Treasury in the mid-1960s and
professor of economics from 1971 to
1984 – spanned both the zenith of the
Cambridge school’s influence on
Labour policymaking and the dismissal of its Keynesian orthodoxies by
Margaret Thatcher and her advisers.
Neild described himself as a
Keynesian empiricist with an
“earthbound approach” – meaning a
firm belief in the value of real-world
research rather than mathematical
modelling. In what he recalled as the
“snake pit” of the Cambridge faculty,
he was by no means as Left-wing as
some. But in March 1981, he was the
co-organiser and co-author (with
Frank Hahn) of a letter signed by 364
economists at UK universities
condemning the Thatcher
government’s adherence to
monetarism and its insistence, in the
midst of recession, on harsh
deflationary measures designed to
combat inflation – a policy the
signatories believed would “erode the
industrial base of our economy and
threaten its social and political
The revival of British economic
self-confidence that followed defied
such jeremiads and left Neild’s
intellectual cohort out in the cold. But
he noted ironically that it was “thanks
to Maggie Thatcher” he was able to
retire at 60 in 1984 – because she had
cut university budgets so savagely that
golden handshakes were offered to
entice senior academics like himself to
go early. Thereafter Neild was free, as
a Life Fellow of Trinity and emeritus
professor, to devote himself to the
kind of research he enjoyed.
Robert Ralph Neild was born on
September 10 1924 in Peterborough,
into a family with Quaker antecedents;
his father served in the Indian civil
service and later practised as a
solicitor. Robert received what he
recalled as an “indifferent” education
at Charterhouse – though he felt
fortunate to have been taught history
by W C Sellar, the co-author with W B
Yeatman of 1066 And All That.
In 1943 he joined the RAF, but was
Neild in 1967: he
was a Keynesian
empiricist, but not
as Left-wing as
invalided out and joined the
operational research section of RAF
Coastal Command. There, he worked
with a team of scientists assessing
optimum altitudes for air patrols
searching for U-boats and later, in
Germany, on the effects of air attacks
on ground targets.
In 1945 he returned to Trinity
(having earlier gone up on a short RAF
course) where he took a first in
economics in two years. At the Trinity
Political Economy Club early in 1946,
he heard a talk by John Maynard
Keynes, who was to die in April that
year. Though “tired and weak”, the
great man “came to life in an
extraordinary way … He had a gift
with words I have never seen
Finding the university an “ivory
tower”, Neild moved in 1947 to join the
UN Economic Commission for Europe
in Geneva under Nicholas Kaldor and
Gunnar Myrdal, two of the brightest
intellectual beacons of the post-war
years. He returned in 1951 to work as
an economist in the Treasury and the
Cabinet Office until 1956, when he
took up a teaching fellowship at
But he found the economics school
(where Kaldor was by now a big fish),
despite or because of its high
influence, “awful … savage and full of
prima donnas”. He left again two years
later to join the National Institute for
Social and Economic
Research in London, editing
its Quarterly Economic
Review and becoming deputy
When Labour came to
power in 1964, James
Callaghan, as Chancellor,
appointed Neild chief
economic adviser to the
Treasury. Roy Jenkins (who
would be Callaghan’s
successor) recalled in his
memoirs that Neild “won the
equal trust of Chancellor and
officials” – though he was
eventually caught up in
tangled argument over the
merits of devaluation, and in
1967 he changed path again,
rejoining Gunnar Myrdal to
help run the Stockholm
International Peace Research
Institute which undertook
studies of the arms trade and
the risks of chemical and biological
Neild reverted to mainstream
economics when (with Kaldor’s
backing) he was appointed to the
Cambridge chair in 1971, but peace and
war remained one focus of his later
work, and he was celebrated in 1998
for an observation on the supposed
threat of Saddam Hussein’s biological
weapons in Iraq: “To say that the UN
inspectors found ‘enough to have
killed the world’s population several
times over’ is equivalent to the
statement that a man in his prime can
produce a million sperm any day,
therefore he can produce a million
babies a day. The problem in both
cases is that of delivery systems.”
Neild’s published writings were
wide-ranging: they included How to
Make Up Your Mind about the Bomb
(1981), Public Corruption: the Dark Side
of Social Evolution (2002) and financial
histories of both Trinity College and
Cambridge University. He was a
member of the Fulton Committee on
the civil service (1966-68) and the
Armstrong Committee on UK
budgetary reform (1979-80).
Much as he claimed to disdain
academic infighting, Neild listed
“college politics” as one of his
recreations – and the other as
“oysters”. Having long wondered why
the bivalves he loved were scarcer,
more expensive and far less frequently
enjoyed in England than in France, he
embarked in semi-retirement on a
discursive study, published in 1995 as
The English, The French and
the Oyster.
“The book can be read with
reward by gourmets with no
interest in economics,” noted
the Journal of Institutional
Economics, “while
economists and other social
scientists can revel in its
historical and institutional
analysis.” The critic David
Sexton included it as “a
treasurable oddity” in a
Christmas round-up of foodie
books: as might be expected
from a don of Neild’s stripe,
he wrote, “it is a triumph for
interventionist France … and
a disaster for laissez-faire,
overfished Britain”.
Indicative of another
recreation, not listed in Who’s
Who, but for which Neild also
had a certain reputation, the
book diverted from market
economics to explore its subjects’
supposed aphrodisiac powers –
possibly derived from ancient myth,
but “a more common explanation is
that when [devotees] look at open
oysters they see a resemblance to the
intimate parts of the female body”.
Robert Neild married first, in 1957,
the radical American writer Nora
Sayle, but they were divorced in 1961.
The following year he married
Australian-born Elizabeth Griffiths,
with whom he had a son and four
daughters, including twins. The
marriage ended in 1986 after he had a
long affair with Margaret Jay (now
Baroness Jay of Paddington), who was
in the process of divorcing Peter Jay,
the former UK ambassador to
Washington – prompting Elizabeth
Neild to observe that “Margaret is a
brilliant mistress but seems to go
wrong when she wants to be a wife;
perhaps she should stick to what she’s
good at”.
Robert Neild married thirdly in
2004 Virginia Matheson, who survives
him with the children of his second
Robert Neild, born September 10
1924, died December 18 2018
Honey Lantree
Pioneering woman of pop who played drums with the Honeycombs on hits like Have I the Right
died aged 75, achieved the
unique feat of being the first
woman drummer in a pop
group to top the British charts as a
member of the group the
Honeycombs, whose single Have I the
Right, a classic of the beat group era,
produced by Joe Meek, reached
Number One in 1964.
While there were any number of
young female singers flourishing in
the early 1960s, among them Dusty
Springfield and Lulu, beat groups of
the day were a strictly a male preserve,
and the novelty of the attractive,
smiling figure of Honey Lantree, in
fashionable beehive hairdo, seated
behind a drum kit, was a potent tool
for promoting the group in television
appearances and newspaper and
magazine articles.
Such were the chauvinist attitudes
of the day that many queried whether
Honey Lantree had actually played on
the record at all. “People looked on it
as a gimmick,” she once recalled, “but
I played on every single track we
She was born Anne Margot Lantree
on August 28 1943 in Hayes,
Middlesex, to Nora (née Gould), a civil
servant, and her husband John
Lantree, a signwriter, but grew up in
Highams Park. Leaving school young
Anne worked as an assistant in a
hairdressing salon. Her boss, Martin
Murray, was the leader of a pop group
called the Sheratons that also included
Anne Lantree’s brother John, playing
bass. When the band’s drummer
suddenly announced that he was
quitting, Murray was faced with the
problem of replacing him. Anne
“Honey” Lantree, as she was soon
known, asked if she could have a go on
the drum kit, and, proving to be a
natural, was immediately drafted into
the band.
At the time, the Sheratons had a
residency at the Mildmay Tavern in
Stoke Newington, where the presence
of a female drummer made the group a
talking point, resulting in a full house
whenever they played.
“When I used to sit there and
rehearse I didn’t think, ‘Gosh I’m
doing this and I’m a girl’. ” Honey
Lantree later recalled. “It was only
when I went to play in the Mildmay
Tavern with the band that it dawned
on me, gosh everyone’s looking at me.
And that’s when I thought, ‘This hasn’t
been done before’. ”
Standing in the audience one night
were two aspiring songwriters, Ken
Howard and Alan Blaikley, who were
working as trainees for the BBC. The
pair had unusual qualifications for a
career in pop music; Howard had
studied Social Anthropology at
Edinburgh University; Blaikley had
studied classics at Wadham College,
Honey Lantree,
above, and two of
the Honeycombs’
singles: the
chart-topping Have
I the Right was a
classic of the beat
era; Something
Better Beginning
was written by Ray
Davies of the Kinks
Oxford. Taken by the group’s sound,
and the novelty of Honey Lantree
behind the drum kit, Howard and
Blaikley pitched them a handful of
their songs, among them Have I the
Murray had arranged an audition
with the producer Joe Meek, and in
need of original material, the group
included the song when they
performed for Meek at the tiny
flat-cum-recording studio above a
leather goods shop in the Holloway
Road, where had recorded hits for
artists including John Leyton, Heinz
and Mike Berry.
Meek was so impressed that he
recorded the group on the spot,
completing Have I the Right in just
three takes. In order to accentuate the
jackhammer drumbeat of the song,
Meek had the band members stamping
their feet in unison on the wooden
stairs leading up to the studio,
recording the sound with five
microphones he had fixed to the
banisters with bicycle clips. In
addition, a tambourine was beaten
directly onto a microphone.
In keeping with his usual practice,
Meek also speeded up the recording
– to the subsequent chagrin of Dennis
D’Ell, the group’s singer, who
complained that he was never able to
properly reproduce the sound of his
voice on stage.
Have I the Right was released in June
1964 on the Pye record label. At the
suggestion of Louis Benjamin, the
general manager and later chairman,
of Pye, the group had by now changed
their name from the Sheratons to the
catchier Honeycombs, a pun on the
drummer’s nickname and beehive
hair-do, and Honey Lantree’s and
Murray’s tools of the trade.
The record was slow to start selling,
until it was picked up by Tony
Blackburn on the pirate station Radio
Caroline who played it continuously.
“Joe Meek told us that the song was ‘a
certain Number One’,” Ken Howard
later recalled, “but for weeks after its
release it was only selling in
pathetically small numbers, five or six
a day. Then suddenly when I phoned
for the day’s figures there was great
excitement. ‘It’s done 20,’ we were
told. That still didn’t seem very
impressive. ‘No,’ they said, ‘20
The song reached Number One in
the UK charts on August 26, two days
before Honey Lantree’s 21st birthday,
and would remain in the Top 30 for 15
weeks. In America, it peaked at
Number Five in the Billboard charts.
It would go on to sell some two
million copies around the world,
proving fortuitous for all concerned,
giving Meek his third, and final,
Number One (the other two were
Johnny Remember Me by John Leyton
and Telstar by The Tornados), and
launching Howard and Blaikley, who
acted as the group’s managers, on a
songwriting career that would include
hits for Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick &
Tich, the Herd, and Lulu, among many
The Honeycombs enjoyed further
hits produced by Meek with That’s the
Way, Is It Because and Something Better
Beginning (written by the Kinks’ Ray
Davies), and toured extensively in
Australia and the Far East, gaining a
particularly loyal following in Japan,
but disagreements within the group
resulted in a split in 1966, and the
suicide of Meek the following year
ended their recording career.
Honey Lantree married David
Coxall, a pensions administrator, and
retired from music to raise a family,
briefly returning to the stage in the
1980s with a reconstituted version of
the Honeycombs, and in 1999
performing Live and Let Die on a
compilation album of James Bond
Once, reflecting on her career in
music, and asked if she would have
done anything differently, Honey
Lantree replied: “I wish I’d saved the
money …”
She was predeceased by her
husband in 2018, and leaves two sons,
Matthew and Simon.
Honey Lantree, born August 28 1943,
died December 23 2018
has died aged 93, was
the first woman to
hold an executive position at
Nasa; as the space agency’s
chief of astronomy for
almost two decades, she was
responsible for developing
and promoting the
technology that made deep
space observation possible.
The best known legacy of
her time with Nasa was the
Hubble telescope, which
launched in April 1990 and
remains in operation to this
day. The idea of an
observatory that would
orbit the Earth, beaming
back images unobstructed
by the absorbing layers of
the planet’s atmosphere,
had been proposed as far
back as 1946. But it took
years of lobbying and
research by Nancy Roman
and her colleagues to
convince politicians and
fellow astronomers that the
project could get off the
ground. As overall costs
ballooned to $1.5 billion,
senators demanded to know
why the US taxpayer should
be happy to see funding
continue. Nancy Roman
pointed out that the cost per
person for decades of
groundbreaking discoveries
was equivalent to “a single
night at the movies”.
Even after her retirement
from Nasa in 1979, she
continued to work as a
consultant for contractors
that supported the Goddard
Space Flight Center in
Maryland – the Hubble
telescope’s operational
“nerve centre”. In 1994
Nasa’s chief scientist
Edward Weiler paid tribute
to Nancy Roman as the
“mother” of Hubble.
Nancy Grace Roman was
born in Nashville,
Tennessee, on May 16 1925.
Her father Irwin was a
geophysicist, her mother
Georgia a pianist and music
teacher. Although not
scientifically minded
herself, Georgia encouraged
her daughter’s early interest
in the stars, taking her to
watch the Northern Lights
from their home, now in
Later they moved to
Baltimore and Nancy
founded an astronomy club
for fellow school pupils
– though support from
teachers was lukewarm. A
guidance counsellor poured
cold water on her plans to
study algebra for two years
running, asking: “What lady
would take mathematics
instead of Latin?”
Later, at Swarthmore
College in Pennsylvania, a
professor told her that he
usually tried to dissuade
girls from majoring in
Cambridge economist who advised Labour and also studied oysters and their aphrodisiac powers
Nasa astronomer and ‘mother’
of the Hubble space telescope
Nancy Roman in the 1950s: she
lobbied strongly for the Hubble
Physics, “but I think maybe
you might make it”. After
graduating with a BA in
astronomy she studied for
her PhD at the University of
Chicago, staying on as an
assistant professor. While
there she studied stars
bright enough to be seen
with the naked eye,
observing how their
compositions varied and
that these variations
correlated with differences
in the stars’ velocities and
Her work helped to lay
the foundations for
understanding the structure
of the Milky Way – but a
lack of funding made it hard
for her to progress further.
Having resigned herself to
the idea that she would
never be offered a tenured
position, she moved to the
US Naval Research
Laboratory. There she
worked in radio astronomy,
using radar to calculate the
Earth’s distance from the
Moon, before being
recruited by a fledgling
Nasa. From 1961 to 1963 she
was chief of astronomy and
solar physics, followed by 14
years as chief of astronomy
and relativity programmes.
Her remit included
launching and overseeing
three orbiting solar
observatories, three
astronomical satellites and
four geodetic satellites
(which measure the
dimensions of the Earth).
She also took part in the
development of the Cosmic
Background Explorer, a
satellite which launched in
1989 and spent four years
mapping the cosmic
microwave background
radiation of the Universe,
giving evidence to support
the “Big Bang” theory.
Nancy Roman’s work was
recognised by Nasa in 1969
with its Exceptional
Scientific Achievement
Award. In 2017 she was
rendered in plastic by Lego,
as part of its “Women of
Nasa” set.
Nancy Roman, born May 16
1925, died December 26
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Television & radio
Last night on television
What to watch
Luther gets the year off to a
breathless, gruesome start
serial killers are politically correct
nowadays. Michael Hogan
On the case: Idris Elba and Wunmi Mosaku as DCI Luther and DC Halliday
he fluffy festive TV has
finished, then. Like the
antithesis of cosy
Christmas viewing, crime
thriller Luther (BBC One)
came bulldozing back
onto our screens with guns held to
heads, bombs hung around necks
and graphic multiple murders.
Donning his grey overcoat and
hopping into his rickety Volvo to chase
down criminals was DCI John Luther
(Idris Elba, taking a holiday from
Hollywood to revisit his signature
character, three years since the last
episode). The grizzled, growling sleuth
was accompanied by a new sidekick
in by-the-book DS Catherine Halliday
(the wonderful Wunmi Mosaku). And
a spate of elaborate killings soon had
Luther ducking under yellow crime
scene tape and squinting moodily at
mutilated corpses.
The perpetrator was a knifewielding psycho in a sinister glowing
clown mask – the result of LED lights
sewn into his hoodie to confuse CCTV
cameras. The horror sequence where
the murderer stalked his prey on the
top deck of a London night bus was
the stuff of urban nightmares.
With such stylistic flourishes,
writer Neil Cross has clearly been
inspired by Thomas Harris’s Hannibal
Lecter novels. But Cross’s hard-boiled
script also brought in real-life
references too, with a mention of
“Grindr Killer” Stephen Port.
Thank goodness (or badness) for
the climactic last-second arrival of
Luther’s nemesis-cum-love interest
Alice Morgan (Ruth Wilson, in a role
millions of miles from her recent turn
as her own grandmother in Mrs
Wilson). Luther and Alice is a twisted
romance in the tradition of Hannibal
and Clarice Starling and their unusual
partnership was missed in the last
series. Alice’s sociopathic scenerychewing and camp one-liners should
prevent this four-parter, which is
screening on consecutive nights,
from becoming too relentlessly dark.
This was a breathless opener where
the next action sequence was never
more than a few minutes away. Elba
prowled through the city streets with
charismatically bruised physicality.
The multiple plot threads – a gangster’s
missing son, a haughty shrink
(Hermione Norris) with a murderous
husband, Alice’s return – will
presumably be knitted together
over the next three episodes.
It veered dangerously close to
torture porn at times, with lingering
shots of stab wounds and severed
extremities. Thankfully, our murderer
dodged the series’ previous
accusations of misogyny by being an
equal opportunities monster, happy to
butcher men or women. Even fictional
mid a year of exciting television,
the arrival of the first female
Time Lord felt frustratingly low
key. While I loved Jodie Whittaker’s
nurturing, off-kilter performance,
the series as a whole fell short of
expectation, swapping thrills and sci-fi
sparkle for plodding history lessons
and tedious moral lectures. So I was
cheered by the New Year’s Day special
of Doctor Who (BBC One) which
proved that the series’ head honcho,
Chris Chibnall, had finally got it right.
What this episode, titled Resolution,
proved is that Doctor Who is a series
that needs, in part, to embrace its
55-year history. The reintroduction of
the Daleks was like a much-needed
reunion with an old friend – albeit an
old friend who was a malevolent
killing machine intent on wiping out
the entire human race. We first saw
the Doctor’s most famous foe, not in all
its metallic glory but as a piece of
mutated ooze (its innards), scaling the
walls underneath Sheffield Town Hall.
Its subsequent attachment to a
delightful archaeologist called Lin
(Call the Midwife’s Charlotte Ritchie)
will have given viewers the requisite
amount of goosebumps, and its control
of her mind was terrifically done.
We were given just one solitary
Dalek (was that a budget cut?) but it
held its own against an unspecified line
of military personnel – the Doctor’s old
friends Unit having been wound down
due to lack of support from European
neighbours. But, unsubtle Remain
sentiments aside, this episode whizzed
along at a cracking pace and managed
to capture some of the adventure which
has made the rebooted series such a
success. Though there was still the odd
bit of sub-Hollyoaks dialogue, with the
arrival of Ryan’s (Tosin Cole) errant
dad prompting a perfunctory lesson
from the Doctor about the nature of
Doctor Who will now not return
until 2020, but hopefully by then
Chibnall will have worked out what
his responsibilities really are: to keep
the flame of one of the greatest TV
shows ever made alive. Ben Lawrence
Luther ★★★★
Doctor Who ★★★★
phones, so that their partner
can scrutinise the contents.
What will the mountains
of texts, photos, Facebook
posts and apps reveal about
their owners? GT
Nile: Earth’s Great Rivers
This latest series from
the BBC’s Natural
History Unit turns its
attentions to Africa’s
greatest river, the Nile,
which stretches 4,000
miles from its source
on the Equator to the
Mediterranean, with its
two major tributaries to
be found in Ethiopia and
Rwanda. There’s flora and
fauna aplenty, as you’d
expect, but also examples
of mankind living in
harmony with the river.
Among the anticipated
set-pieces of animals
squaring off and mucking
about lurk one or two
surprises – the unlikely
career of Amina Tayona,
living by Lake Victoria, is a
real jawdropper – but none
can compare to the fate
of Idi Amin’s lodge in
Uganda, which is now a
haven for an extraordinary
menagerie of animals,
including warthogs,
hyenas, lions and
mongoose, that are living
in seemingly peaceful
harmony. The behindthe-scenes postscript
examines this baffling
phenomenon in greater,
fascinating depth. As is so
often the case, the music
bursts with grandeur and
tries the patience, while
David Oyelowo’s narration
Bradley Walsh & Son:
Breaking Dad
ITV, 8.00PM
 No, this is not Bradley
Walsh and his son Barney
diversifying into crystal
meth production. Instead
it’s that time-honoured TV
tradition: the road trip
across America, with
assorted dangerous and
daft activities (skydiving,
bodybuilding) thrown in.
Walsh Sr’s Grumpy Old Man
shtick is every bit as familiar
as the concept, but the love
on display between father
and son is genuinely quite
touching. GT
Tom Kerridge’s Fresh Start
 In this new series, Tom
Kerridge helps families
who want to cook and eat
together in order to live
Majestic: the Nile cascades through Uganda’s Murchison Falls
is one of his hammier
performances of recent
years. But the camerawork
is every bit as stunning as
and chilling two-part
documentary, built around
audio recordings of Koresh
and the FBI, dissects the
bizarre rise of the former
and the mistakes on both
sides that led to an entirely
avoidable massacre. It also
hears from cult survivors
about how they have lived
their lives since. GT
The Twinstitute
 Doctors and identical
twins Chris and Xand van
Tulleken bring together
other sets of twins to test
an assortment of health
theories. They begin by
pitting diet pills against
exercise to see which
proves the most effective
in assisting weight loss. GT
Waco: Madman or Messiah
– Storyville
 Nobody who saw the
images from Waco on the
news in 1993 will forget
them: smoke billowed out of
you could ask for, and the
ecological message is laid
on discreetly enough.
Gabriel Tate
Storyville: David Koresh
Phone Swap
a Texan compound as, after
a lengthy siege, the FBI
stormed the buildings
occupied by the Branch
Davidians. Eighty-two
people were killed,
including 23 children
and the cult’s leader, David
Koresh. This gripping
 This is a good idea, with
plenty of potentially
explosive and almost
certainly cringeworthy
consequences. A twist
on the dating show format
sees two parties swap their
Tom Kerridge’s Fresh Start
more healthily. The chef ’s
six-step programme begins
with stir fries, salads and
pasta sauce. GT
What Britain Bought
in 2018
 It’s been yet another
difficult year for high-street
retailers. In this 2018
retrospective, Mary Portas
looks at “ethical fashion”,
wider trends for the big
name shops, and how
consumers were inspired
this year by everything
from the World Cup to
Jodie Whittaker’s turn
in the Tardis. GT
Radio choice Charlotte Runcie
Angela Barnes: You Can’t
Take It With You
RADIO 4, 6.30PM
 The father of comedian
Angela Barnes looms large
as a vibrant figure in this
comedy series about death.
“You can’t take it with you”
was one of the favourite
sayings of Barnes’s father
Derek, but when he died
Radio 1
FM 97.6-99.8MHz
6.30 am Mollie King and Matt
10.00 Adele Roberts
12.45 pm Newsbeat
1.00 Katie Thistleton and Cel
4.00 Jordan North
5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 Jordan North
7.00 Radio 1’s Future Sounds
with Annie Mac
9.00 The 8th with Dev
11.00 Radio 1’s Indie Show with
Jack Saunders
1.00 am Benji B
3.00 Radio 1 Comedy – Niki and
Sammy’s Peachy Podcast
3.30 Radio 1’s Workout Mix
4.00 - 6.30am Arielle Free
Radio 2
FM 88-90.2MHz
am Radio 2 Breakfast Show
Ken Bruce
Jeremy Vine
pm Craig Charles
Ore Oduba
The Folk Show with Mark
Gary Barlow – We Write the
Richard Bacon
OJ Borg
am Pick of the Pops
- 6.30am Nicki Chapman
Radio 3
FM 90.2-92.4MHz
6.30 am Breakfast
9.00 Essential Classics
12.00 Composer of the Week:
1.00 pm News
1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert
2.00 Afternoon Concert
3.30 Choral Evensong
4.30 Words and Music
5.45 New Generation Artists
7.00 BBC Proms 2018. The
Berlin Philharmonic
conducted by Kirill Petrenko
suddenly in 2008 at the age
of 60, Angela and her family
kept that saying in mind,
and each put different
objects and mementoes
into his coffin. The concept
for this surprisingly cheery
series is an exploration of
just what went into that
coffin, and a musing on
what Angela Barnes might
like in her own.
The Full Works Concert:
2019 in Music
 What will 2019 bring for
the world of classical music?
Tonight’s concert gives
us something of a preview,
with a performance of
Beethoven’s Violin Concerto
by the LA Philharmonic
Orchestra, who’ll celebrate
in ballet music by Dukas
and Franz Schmidt’s
Symphony No 4, plus
Prokofiev’s Piano Concerto
No 3 with Yuja Wang as
9.30 BBC Proms 2018. London
Contemporary Orchestra
performs Daphne Oram’s
Still Point
11.00 Late Junction
12.30 - 6.30am Through the
Radio 4
FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz
6.00 am Today
9.00 As Others See Us
9.45 FM: Book of the Week: Brief
Answers to the Big
9.45 LW: Daily Service
10.00 Woman’s Hour
10.55 The Listening Project
11.00 I Work for the Government,
and Let’s Leave It at That
11.30 Cracking Up
12.00 News
12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast
12.04 Adrian Mole: The
Cappuccino Years
12.15 You and Yours
12.57 Weather
1.00 The World at One
1.45 New Year Solutions
2.00 The Archers
2.15 Drama: Me, Mum and
Meena Kumari
3.00 Money Box Live
3.30 Art of Living: From the
4.00 Thinking Allowed
4.30 The Media Show
5.00 PM
5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast
5.57 Weather
6.00 Six O’Clock News
6.30 ◆ Angela Barnes: You Can’t
Take It With You. See Radio
7.00 The Archers
7.15 Front Row
7.45 Curtain Down at Her
Majesty’s – A Play in Five
The Bald Truth
Science Stories
As Others See Us
The World Tonight
Book at Bedtime: Adrian
Mole: The Cappuccino Years
The Damien Slash Mixtape
Dr John Cooper Clarke at
the BBC
The Digital Human
News and Weather
am Brief Answers to the Big
Shipping Forecast
As World Service
Shipping Forecast
News Briefing
Prayer for the Day
Farming Today
- 6.00am Tweet of the Day
Radio 5 Live
MW 693 & 909KHz
am 5 Live Breakfast
Your Call
Adrian Chiles
pm Afternoon Edition
5 Live Drive
5 Live Sport
5 Live Sport: Premier
League Football 2018-19
Phil Williams
am Up All Night
Morning Reports
- 6.00am Wake Up to
Classic FM
FM 99.9-101.9MHz
am More Music Breakfast
John Suchet
pm Jane Jones
Classic FM Drive
Smooth Classics at Seven
◆ The Full Works Concert.
See Radio choice
10.00 Smooth Classics
1.00 - 6.00am Bob Jones
World Service
6.00am Newsday 8.30 Business Daily
8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The
their centenary this year.
The eminent IsraeliAmerican violinist Pinchas
Zukerman is the soloist,
and Zubin Mehta conducts.
There’s also music to mark
the 60th birthday of the
American soprano Renée
Fleming, the 300th birthday
of Leopold Mozart, and 150
years since the death of
Hector Berlioz.
Documentary 10.00 World Update
11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 The
Documentary 12.00 News 12.06pm
Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 The
Compass 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News
3.06 HARDtalk 3.30 World Business
Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06
Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30
Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 HARDtalk
8.30 Healthcheck 9.00 Newshour
10.00 News 10.06 The Newsroom
10.20 Sports News 10.30 World
Business Report 11.00 News 11.06
The Compass 11.30 The Documentary
12.00 News 12.06am The
Documentary 1.00 News 1.06 Business
Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The
Newsroom 2.30 The Documentary
3.00 News 3.06 The Inquiry 3.30 The
Food Chain 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday
5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 6.00am Healthcheck
Radio 4 Extra
6.00am Strong Poison 6.30 Scientists
Go to Hollywood 7.00 Second Holmes
7.30 Count Arthur Strong’s Radio
Show! 8.00 The Navy Lark 8.30
Beyond Our Ken 9.00 Dilemma 9.30
Big Jim and the Figaro Club 10.00 The
Pickwick Papers 11.00 The Montana
Stories 11.15 Rumpole and the
Bubble Reputation 12.00 The Navy
Lark 12.30pm Beyond Our Ken 1.00
Strong Poison 1.30 Scientists Go to
Hollywood 2.00 History of the Rain
2.15 The Invention of Childhood 2.30
The Professor 2.45 Doubling Back
3.00 The Pickwick Papers 4.00
Dilemma 4.30 Big Jim and the Figaro
Club 5.00 Second Holmes 5.30 Count
Arthur Strong’s Radio Show! 6.00
Ghost Stories of Walter de la Mare
6.30 My Life in Five Books 7.00 The
Navy Lark 7.30 Beyond Our Ken 8.00
Strong Poison 8.30 Scientists Go to
Hollywood 9.00 The Montana Stories
9.15 Rumpole and the Bubble
Reputation 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00
Ghost Stories of Walter de la Mare
12.30am My Life in Five Books 1.00
Strong Poison 1.30 Scientists Go to
Hollywood 2.00 History of the Rain
2.15 The Invention of Childhood 2.30
The Professor 2.45 Doubling Back
3.00 The Pickwick Papers 4.00
Dilemma 4.30 Big Jim and the Figaro
Club 5.00 Second Holmes 5.30 6.00am Count Arthur Strong’s Radio
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019
Today’s television
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
Main channels
Channel 4
Channel 5
6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Countryfile
Winter Diaries (R) (S) 10.00 Homes
Under the Hammer (S) 11.00
Wanted Down Under (S) 11.45
Caught Red Handed (S)
12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (S)
1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S)
1.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
1.45 FILM: Jane Eyre (2011) Period drama
starring Mia Wasikowska See Film
choice (AD) (S)
3.35 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S)
4.15 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip (R)
5.15 Pointless (S)
6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S)
6.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.40 am Sign Zone: Trust Me, I’m a
Doctor (R) (S) (SL) 7.10 Sign Zone:
See Hear on Tour: Rome (S) (SL)
7.40 Sign Zone: Great British Menu
(R) (S) (SL) 8.10 FILM: Swallows and
Amazons (1974) (S) 9.40 FILM: The
Titfield Thunderbolt (1953) (S) 11.00
BBC Newsroom Live (S)
1.00 pm Coast (R) (S)
1.25 David Attenborough’s Natural
Curiosities (AD) (R) (S)
1.55 Kangaroo Dundee & Other Animals
– Part One: Natural World (AD) (R)
2.55 Kangaroo Dundee & Other Animals
– Part Two: Natural World (AD) (R)
3.55 FILM: Alexander and the Terrible,
Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day
(2014) See Film choice (S)
5.15 Flog It! (R) (S)
6.00 Eggheads (S)
6.30 Galapagos (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30
Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S)
12.30 pm Loose Women (S)
1.30 News; Weather (S)
1.55 Regional News; Weather (S)
2.00 Celebrity Catchphrase (R) (S)
3.00 Tenable (R) (S)
4.00 Tipping Point (S)
5.00 The Chase (S)
6.00 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.30 News; Weather (S)
6.20 am The King of Queens (R) (S) 6.45
The King of Queens (R) (S) 7.10 The
King of Queens (R) (S) 7.35
Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S)
8.05 Everybody Loves Raymond (R)
(S) 8.35 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.05
Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.30 FILM: The
Great Muppet Caper (1981) Comedy
with the voices of Jim Henson and
Frank Oz (S) 11.30 Channel 4 News
(S) 11.35 FILM: Willow (1988)
Fantasy adventure starring Warwick
Davis (S)
2.10 pm Countdown: Champion of
Champions (S)
3.00 A Place in the Sun (S)
4.00 The Secret Life of the Zoo (AD) (R)
5.00 Couples Come Dine with Me (S)
6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine 11.15
GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R)
12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S)
12.15 The Yorkshire Vet Winter Special
(R) (S)
1.10 Access (S)
1.15 Make You Laugh Out Loud (R) (S)
1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S)
2.15 FILM: Paint By Murder (2018, TVM)
Premiere. Thriller starring Alexxis
Lemire (S)
4.00 Friends (R) (S)
4.30 Friends (R) (S)
5.00 5 News at 5 (S)
5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 The Yorkshire Vet (R) (S)
6.50 5 News Tonight (S)
Holby City: Jaye Jacobs and Kaye Wragg
The Twinstitute: twins Hugo and Ross
7.00 Celebrity Mastermind Neil Jones,
YolanDa Brown, Paul Higgins and
Holly Hamilton compete (S)
7.30 University Challenge Christmas
2018 Jeremy Paxman hosts the first
semi-final of the academic quiz’s
festive edition (S)
7.30 A Question of Sport (S)
8.00 Holby City While on a road trip, Jac,
Ric and Sacha confront some old
enemies (AD) (S)
9.00 Luther The detective is forced to
confront a demon from his past (AD)
10.00 BBC News at Ten (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Match of the Day (S)
12.20 am FILM: Lara Croft: Tomb Raider
(2001) Action adventure starring
Angelina Jolie 2.00 - 6.00am News
8.00 Tom Kerridge’s Fresh Start New
series See What to watch (AD) (S)
8.30 The Twinstitute New series
See What to watch (S)
Bradley Walsh & Son: Breaking Dad
7.00 Emmerdale Harriet is impressed by
Dawn’s attitude (AD) (S)
What Britain Bought in 2018: Mary Portas
7.30 Coronation Street Audrey receives
alarming news of her finances (AD)
8.00 Bradley Walsh & Son: Breaking
Dad New series. Bradley Walsh and
his son Barney hit the road together
See What to watch (AD) (S)
BBC ONE, 1.45PM ★★★★★
 Cary Fukunaga’s adaptation
respects Charlotte Brontë’s novel
without following it blindly. Mia
Wasikowska and Michael Fassbender
(as imposing as ever) put plenty of
other Jane Eyre/Mr Rochester duets
to shame; their performances are
elevated by Moira Buffini’s excellent
script. Fukunaga’s film is shot with
masterly restraint and shorn of
sentimentality. It would be hard to
ask for more from Brontë on screen.
Ferdinand (2017)
8.00 Kirstie and Phil’s Love It or List It
New series. Kirstie Allsopp and Phil
Spencer meet the Lindleys from
Ashtead, Surrey (AD) (S)
8.00 Animals After Dark New series. A
look at what animals get up to at
night (S)
9.00 The Big Fat Lies About Diet &
Exercise The potential pitfalls of a
healthy lifestyle (S)
8.30 Coronation Street (AD) (S)
9.00 Nile: Earth’s Great Rivers Following
the astonishing wildlife, landscapes
and people of the world’s longest
river, the Nile See What to watch
(AD) (S)
9.00 Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?
Big-money quiz, hosted by Jeremy
Clarkson (S)
9.00 What Britain Bought in 2018
Britain’s spending habits over the
past 12 months See What to watch
(AD) (S)
10.00 Insert Name Here With Tom Allen,
Kate Williams, Angela Scanlon and
Griff Rhys Jones (S)
10.30 Dragons’ Den: Pitches to Riches?
Steph McGovern catches up with
previous contestants (AD) (R) (S)
11.30 NFL This Week 12.20am Sign Zone:
See Hear on Tour: Rome 12.50 Sign
Zone: Spy in the Snow 1.50 Sign
Zone: Grizzly Bear Cubs and Me
2.50 Sign Zone: School 3.50 6.20am This Is BBC Two
10.00 News; Weather (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Gordon, Gino and Fred: Road Trip
Culinary adventure with Gordon
Ramsay, Gino D’Acampo and Fred
Sirieix (R) (S)
10.00 Dispatches: The Truth About
Vegans (AD) (S)
10.35 Travel Man: 96 Hours in Jordan
(AD) (R) (S)
11.35 Rob Rinder’s Good Year, Bad Year
12.35am Ramsay’s Kitchen
Nightmares USA 1.25 Beatrix Potter
with Patricia Routledge 2.20 Virginia
McKenna’s Born Free 3.15 The
People’s Vet 4.10 Embarrassing Pets
4.35 Food Unwrapped 5.05 6.00am Come Dine with Me
11.45 Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?
12.35am Jackpot247 3.00 Lethal
Weapon 3.50 ITV Nightscreen 5.05
- 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show
Jane Eyre (2011)
The Big Fat Lies About Diet & Exercise
7.00 Ultimate Colossal Cruise Ship A
look at MS Freedom of the Seas (R)
7.00 Channel 4 News (S)
Film choice
11.05 Funniest Celeb Reality TV Ever!
12.05am Celebrity Game Night 1.00
Teleshopping 3.00 Access 3.10
Greatest Celebrity Wind-Ups Ever!
4.00 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.25
Tattoo Disasters UK 4.45 House
Doctor 5.10 Nick’s Quest 5.35 6.00am Wildlife SOS
 In this sweet CGI animation,
wrestler John Cena plays (rather
ironically) a sensitive bull called
Ferdinand, who would rather tend
to flowers than fight. He avoids the
bullring, but when famous matador
El Primero (Miguel Ángel Silvestre)
comes to town and slaughter beckons,
Ferdinand and nutty old goat Lupe
(Kate McKinnon) decide that it’s time
to take a stand. It’s colourful and
surprisingly moving too.
Alexander and the Terrible,
Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day
BBC TWO, 3.55PM ★★★
6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
12.05pm Sgorio: Dathlu 30 1.00 Y Wal: Berlin 2.00
Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00
Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 Pengelli 3.30 Llwybrau
Dei: Llanddwyn 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00
Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 3 Lle: Ifan Jones Evans
6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm
8.25 Adre 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Siwper
Stomp O’r ’Steddfod 11.30 - 12.05am Loriau Mansel
Davies a’i Fab
Northern Ireland
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
No variations
12.35 - 3.00am ITV
BBC One:
8.00 - 9.00pm River City
10.45 Holby City 11.45 Match
of the Day 1.20am FILM: Lara
Croft: Tomb Raider (2001)
3.00 - 6.00am BBC News
BBC Two:
No variations
BBC Four
FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118
7.00 pm The Celts: Blood, Iron
and Sacrifice with Alice
Roberts and Neil Oliver
8.00 Sicily: Wonder of the
9.00 Waco: Madman or Messiah
– Storyville See What to
10.30 Murder in Soho: Who Killed
Freddie Mills?
12.00 Shirley Bassey at the BBC
1.00 am Synth & Beyond with
Stephen Morris and Gillian
2.00 Sicily: Wonder of the
3.00 - 4.00am The Celts: Blood,
Iron and Sacrifice with Alice
Roberts and Neil Oliver
Theory 11.50 Naked Attraction
12.55am Gogglebox 2.05 Tattoo Fixers:
Extreme 2.55 The Goldbergs 3.454.25am The Big Bang Theory
11.35am Emmerdale 12.35pm
Coronation Street 1.40 The Ellen
DeGeneres Show 2.30 The Jeremy Kyle
Show 5.50 You’ve Been Framed! Gold
6.20 FILM: Star Wars: Episode I – The
Phantom Menace (1999) Two Jedi
Knights are sent on a mission to protect
a queen whose planet has been invaded,
and meet a boy with a sinister destiny.
Sci-fi prequel, with Liam Neeson and
Ewan McGregor 9.00 FILM: Pitch
Perfect (2012) A new student joins an a
cappella singing group made up of social
misfits to compete in campus music
competitions. Comedy, starring Anna
Kendrick and Rebel Wilson 11.15 Family
Guy 1.10am American Dad! 2.05 The
Cleveland Show 2.30-6.00am
Noon Young Sheldon 1.00pm The Big
Bang Theory 2.00 Melissa & Joey 3.00
Brooklyn Nine-Nine 4.00 The Goldbergs
5.00 Young Sheldon 6.00 The Big Bang
Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Young
Sheldon 8.00 The Goldbergs 9.00 FILM:
The Inbetweeners 2 (2014) The
awkward teenagers find university does
not live up to their expectations, and go
to Australia in search of adventure.
Comedy sequel, starring Simon Bird and
James Buckley 11.00 The Big Bang
11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come
Dine with Me 4.55 A Place in the Sun:
Winter Sun 5.55 The Supervet 7.55
Grand Designs 9.00 Hunt for the Arctic
Ghost Ship 10.00 Million Pound Mega
Yachts 11.05 24 Hours in A&E 1.15am 8
Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown
Christmas Special 2.15 Ramsay’s Kitchen
Nightmares USA 3.15-3.55am 8 Out of
10 Cats
Noon Gavin & Stacey 4.00pm Top Gear
7.00 Cops UK: Bodycam Squad 8.00 QI
9.00 Live at the Apollo 10.00
Taskmaster 11.00 QI 11.40 QI XL
12.20am Mock the Week 1.00 QI 1.40
QI XL 2.25 Mock the Week 3.00-4.00am
The Last Man on Earth
Sky Sports Main Event
Noon Sky Sports News 5.00pm Sky
Sports News at 5 6.00 Sky Sports News
at 6 7.00 Gillette Soccer Special 7.30
Live Premier League. Newcastle United v
Manchester United (Kick-off 8.00pm).
Coverage of the top-flight clash from St
No variations, except:
ITV Channel:
12.35 - 3.00am ITV
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117
am Agatha Christie’s Marple
pm The Royal
Classic Coronation Street
Classic Coronation Street
Midsomer Murders
Murder, She Wrote
am ITV3 Nightscreen
- 6.00am Teleshopping
 Steve Carell has become a dab hand
at making public embarrassment
ridiculous and borderline tragic, and
he saves the day in this slight but
entertaining comedy. Alexander (Ed
Oxenbould) blows out a candle for his
12th birthday and initiates a fateful
curse so that his family understand
how it feels to have a purely
maddening 24 hours.
ITV Regions
BBC One:
7.30 - 8.00pm Dirty Vegan
BBC Two:
5.15pm Extreme Wales with
Freeview, satellite and cable
FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107
Richard Parks 5.45 - 6.00 Flog
It! 10.30 - 11.30pm NI
ITV Wales:
6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News
Wales at Six
12.35am Quads: Our First
Year 1.25 - 5.05am ITV
am The Professionals
pm The Avengers
Quincy ME
The Professionals
The Sweeney
The Chase: Celebrity Special
River Monsters
River Monsters
FILM: Passenger 57 (1992)
Action thriller with Wesley
FILM: Hard to Kill (1990)
am Minder
The Sweeney
ITV4 Nightscreen
- 4.30am ITV4 Nightscreen
James’ Park 10.30 Sky Sports News at
Ten 11.00 Sky Sports News 1.00am Live
NBA: Minnesota @ Boston. Boston
Celtics v Minnesota Timberwolves (Tipoff 1.00am) 3.30-6.00am Live One-Day
International Cricket. New Zealand v Sri
Sky Sports Premier
Noon Premier League World – Sir Alex
Ferguson Special 1.00pm Premier
League Years 3.00 Premier League
Highlights 4.30 Premier League World –
Sir Alex Ferguson Special 5.30 Premier
League Highlights 7.00 Premier League
World 7.30 Live Premier League.
Newcastle United v Manchester United
(kick-off 8.00pm) 10.30 Premier League
World – Sir Alex Ferguson Special 11.00
Premier League World 11.30 Premier
League Legends 12.00 Premier League
Highlights 3.30-4.00am PL Greatest
BT Sport 1
12.30pm FA Cup Final Classics 1.00 FA
Cup Final Classics 1.30 FA Cup Final
Classics 2.00 FA Cup Final Classics 2.30
FA Cup Final Classics 3.00 FA Cup Final
Classics 3.30 FA Cup Final Classics 4.00
FA Cup Final Classics 4.30 FA Cup Final
Classics 5.00 FA Cup Final Classics 5.30
BT Sport Goals Reload 6.00 BT Sport
Sky One
SKY 106 VIRGIN 110
NCIS: Los Angeles
pm Hawaii Five-0
Hawaii Five-0
Modern Family
Modern Family
The Simpsons
The Simpsons
The Simpsons
FILM: Forrest Gump (1994)
Oscar-winning comedy
drama starring Tom Hanks
am The Force: North-East
The Force: North-East
A League of Their Own
- 4.00am Monkey Life
Reload 6.30 Premier League World 7.00
BT Sport Fight Night 8.00 Live Rugby
Tonight. BT Sport’s panel of experts are
joined by guests and a live studio
audience to discuss all things rugby and
look ahead to the upcoming domestic,
European and international action 9.00
Test Cricket Highlights 11.00-7.00am
Live Test Cricket. Australia v India.
Coverage of the opening day of the
Fourth Test in the four-match series,
which takes place at Sydney Cricket
Noon Swamp People 1.00pm Pawn
Stars 2.00 American Pickers: Best Of
4.00 Storage Wars 6.00 Forged in Fire
7.00 American Pickers 8.00 Buried:
Knights Templar and the Holy Grail 9.00
The Curse of Oak Island: A Family Album
10.00 The Curse of Oak Island 11.00
Ancient Aliens 12.00 Forged in Fire
Tournament of Champions 1.00am
Storage Wars 2.00 Buried: Knights
Templar and the Holy Grail 3.00-4.00am
Ancient Aliens
Sky Arts
Noon Dean Martin: A Legend in Concert
1.00pm Frank Sinatra: The Vintage Years
2.00 Andy Williams: My Favourite Duets
3.15 2019 Preview Show 4.15 Clint
Eastwood: A Life In Film 6.00 Johnny
Sky Atlantic
SKY 108
FV 15 FS 300 SKY 313 VIRGIN 428
pm Without a Trace
Blue Bloods
The West Wing
The West Wing
CSI: Crime Scene
Blue Bloods
Ray Donovan
Game of Thrones
Game of Thrones
am Fortitude
- 4.10am Ray Donovan
Cash: Song by Song 9.00 Paul Weller:
May Love Travel with You 10.00 Video
Killed the Radio Star 10.30 The Story of
the Jam: About the Young Idea 12.15am
Video Killed the Radio Star 12.45 The
Rise and Fall of the Clash 2.30
Discovering: Blondie 3.00-6.00am Too
Young to Die
Sky Cinema Premiere
24 hours, including at:
5.25pm Avengers: Infinity War (2018)
Superhero sequel starring Robert
Downey Jr 8.00 Pacific Rim Uprising
(2018) Sci-fi sequel starring John Boyega
10.00 Life Itself: Special 10.15 I Got
Life! (2017) Premiere. A single,
unemployed woman’s life takes an
unexpected turn when she crosses paths
with the great love of her youth. Drama,
starring Agnes Jaoui. In French 11.50
Rampage (2018) Fantasy adventure
starring Dwayne Johnson 1.50am
Thoroughbreds (2017) Comedy crime
drama starring Olivia Cooke 3.404.10am Aquaman: Special
PBS America
10.20am Trump’s Showdown 12.40pm
The Ghost Army 1.55 Fawn Identity 3.05
Trump’s Showdown 5.30 The Ghost Army
6.40 Fawn Identity 7.50 Ultimate
Restorations 9.05 Trump’s Showdown
11.35 Ultimate Restorations 12.45am
11.00 am From Up on Poppy Hill
(2011) Animated drama
12.50 pm The Indian in the
Cupboard (1995)
2.40 Rango (2011)
4.50 Back to the Future Part III
(1990) Sci-fi comedy sequel
starring Michael J Fox
7.05 Taxi (2004) Comedy
adventure remake starring
Queen Latifah
9.00 Die Hard 4.0 (2007) Action
thriller sequel starring Bruce
11.35 The Lobster (2015) Sci-fi
comedy drama starring Colin
2.05 - 4.00am Our Idiot Brother
(2011) Comedy
The Ghost Army 2.00-6.00am
24 hours, including at:
4.30pm Guns for San Sebastian (1968)
Western starring Anthony Quinn 6.50
The Captive Heart (1946, b/w) Second
World War drama starring Michael
Redgrave 9.00 Nowhere to Run (1993)
An escaped convict helps a widow and
her family drive off the corrupt
businessmen intent on stealing her farm.
Action adventure, starring Jean-Claude
Van Damme 11.05 Sherlock Holmes
(2009) Action thriller starring Robert
Downey Jr 1.45am Conspiracy Theory
with Jesse Ventura 3.30-5.30am
Hollywood’s Best Film Directors
Noon My Family 12.40pm 2point4
Children 1.20 Are You Being Served?
2.00 The Green Green Grass 2.40 My
Family 3.20 2point4 Children 4.00 Last
of the Summer Wine 6.00 Are You Being
Served? 6.40 Saluting Dad’s Army 7.40
Dad’s Army 9.00 Only Fools and Horses
9.40 The Royle Family 10.20 Two Doors
Down 11.00 Early Doors 11.40 Peep
Show 12.50am Two Doors Down 1.30
The Royle Family 2.05 Harry Hill’s TV
Burp 2.55 Early Doors 3.25-4.00am
Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Weather and crosswords
Nature notes
St Kilda marine
life ‘stunning’
Researchers have captured “stunning”
images of marine life in the waters
around St Kilda as a survey revealed its
reefs and sea caves are in good
Scottish Natural Heritage has
published the findings of the widereaching survey which was carried out
by a team of divers in 2015.
Home to nearly one million
seabirds, the St Kilda archipelago is the
UK’s only dual Unesco World Heritage
Site for both its natural and
cultural significance.
It was evacuated on Aug 29 1930
after the remaining 36 islanders voted
to leave because their way of life was
no longer sustainable.
The survey aimed to judge the
condition of the sea caves in the
archipelago, which is situated around
40 miles west of the Outer Hebrides.
The researchers also discovered a
new species of the soft coral
Clavularia within one of the caves.
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