** Wednesday 2 January 2019 telegraph.co.uk Fashion on Be Beige? It’s all the rage! The key fashion trends for Th 2019... and how to wear them 20 No 50,891 £ 1.80 Snuggle up Knitwear to n get cosy in Wednesday Plus: Office style Time to refresh orkwear your workwear be wardrobe Fashion & Features, tures, pages 21-23 B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY world Half-price railcards for 16 and 17-year-olds Triumph for Nasa at edge of solar system By Jack Maidment Political corresPondent NEWS BRIEFING news Hunt: Britain must not play down its strengths Britain should stop “underestimating” its global influence as the country prepares to leave the European Union in less than three months’ time, Jeremy Hunt will say in a major speech in Singapore. The Foreign Secretary will say that the UK will open a new mission in Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, to promote trade links with countries in the Far East, as it engages more with countries outside the EU. Mr Hunt will say the UK needs to be “realistic”, meaning “not overestimating our strength but not underestimating it either”. Page 8 A Nasa probe has reached the furthest cosmic object ever explored by humankind, revealing new clues to how the planets formed. Ultima Thule, a space rock 22 miles long and nine miles wide, sits in the Kuiper belt, four billion miles from Earth, on the edge of the known solar system. The New Horizons probe flew by at 32,000mph, passing within 2,200 miles of the surface. From there, it took 10 hours for an anxiously awaited “phone home” signal to reach mission control. Page 14 comment Philip Johnston We may be divided, but our future still looks rosier than it did under Labour in the 1970s Page 18 news Theatres caught short on ladies’ loos A survey of West End theatres has found an average of one ladies’ lavatory per 38 female audience members – barely half the number recommended as the industry standard. The averagesized West End theatre should have a minimum of 45 loos, according to official guidelines, but the actual number is 25. Page 11 Puzzles Obituaries TV listings is away ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,cx* ÊÀËÑ 20 29 31 THE prices of train tickets for school and college students are to be slashed as Chris Grayling today announces plans to introduce a new teenage railcard. The travel card – due to be rolled out in September to coincide with the start of the new academic year – will offer 16- and 17-year-olds a guaranteed 50 per cent discount on all train travel. Meanwhile, a Government-backed railcard for 26- to 30-year-olds, which will cut a third off the cost of most rail tickets, goes live nationally today. The announcements come on the same day fares go up by an average of 3.1 per cent, despite many passengers having endured a year of rail misery. The botched roll-out of a new timetable in May resulted in the widespread cancellation of services, leaving many commuters stranded, while passengers have also been affected by strike action. Writing in today’s The Daily Telegraph, Mr Grayling suggests he wants to draw a line under the chaos of 2018. He says: “I want passenger journeys to be as good as they can be: punctual, reliable and fairly priced. “From bitter experience, it’s clear improving the most congested network in Europe – as it carries record passenger numbers – is not easy. Some disruption when major works are taking place is unavoidable, but what happened last year was unacceptable.” The introduction of the new railcard for teenagers, as well as the full roll-out of a railcard for people up to the age of 30, is part of Mr Grayling’s push to make train travel more accessible. Those aged 16 to 25 are already eligible for a railcard, saving them a third on many fares at an annual cost of £30, Clash of the titans while the 26-to-30 railcard also offers a third off most fares for the same cost. The new 16- and 17-year-old card will go further, offering a 50 per cent discount on all fares, including season tickets, to 1.2 million eligible young people. The Government is due to consult on how much the railcard will cost, but it is understood it will be no more than £30. The railcard for people aged 26-30 will go on general sale at noon after a successful trial in March last year saw 10,000 sell out in a matter of hours. Mr Grayling says travel costs “should not be a barrier to opportunity for our young people”. “The new 16 & 17 and 26to-30 railcard will cut fares for a generation of travellers, ensuring more young people than ever will be able to travel on our railways for less,” he says. “Today’s announcement ... could cut the cost of travel by hundreds of pounds a year for young people and their parents. “This builds on the roll-out of the new 26-to-30 railcard and our record investment into our railways, ensuring people get the frequent, affordable and reliable journeys they deserve.” Emily Yates of the Association of British Commuters said passengers were being “pushed to the brink” by fare rises and what was needed was a major overhaul of the entire industry and not just “piecemeal” solutions. She said: “It is a time of crisis, and the proper response would be to freeze fares and suspend the awarding of new franchises while a proper, independent review takes place that must consider public ownership and non-profit solutions. With the May timetable collapse, the whole system has been proven rotten.” Reports and Chris Grayling: Page 4 Editorial Comment: Page 19 Roger Federer takes a selfie with Serena Williams after their first ever confrontation on a tennis court, in the Hopman Cup mixed doubles in Perth, Australia. Federer, whose team Switzerland defeated the USA, said Williams’s serve was ‘wonderful’. Reports: page 7 Hurt officer risked life to stop terror attack ‘Pudding tax’ is on the menu By Robert Mendick, Jack Hardy and Patrick Sawer A POLICE sergeant was stabbed after showing “incredible bravery” to prevent a suspected terrorist from rampaging through a train station just yards from the scene of the Manchester Arena suicide bombing. A couple in their 50s were seriously injured in the “frenzied” and “random” New Year’s Eve attack on a platform at Manchester Victoria Metrolink station. The police officer, who is in his 30s, was also wounded as he and three colleagues rushed to the scene after hearing “a blood curdling scream” at just before 9pm. Praise for the officer came as police said last night the suspect had been de- tained under the Mental Health Act after assessment by specialist medical staff. Last night, Andy Burnham, the mayor of Manchester, said the attack happened close to the site of the Manchester Arena bombing, in which 22 people died in 2017. Police chiefs and politicians praised the officers’ actions in putting themselves at risk to save the couple and prevent the man marauding through the station. Asst Chief Constable Sean O’Callaghan from British Transport Police said: “They were fearless, running towards danger and preventing further harm coming to passengers.” The suspect, aged 25, was caught on video shouting “Allahu akbar” as he was ushered into the back of a police van following his arrest. Witnesses said he was heard to scream: “Long live the Caliphate” in possible reference to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isil). One witness claimed he shouted: “As long as you keep bombing other countries, this sort of s---- is going to keep happening.” Police said: “There is nothing to suggest the involvement of other people in this attack, but confirming this remains a main priority for the investigation.” A house in Cheetham Hill, north Manchester – thought to be the man’s last known address – was searched yesterday by counter-terrorism police. Neighbours suggested the suspect was of Somali-origin and was thought to have lived in the Netherlands before Continued on Page 2 By Laura Donnelly HealtH editor HEALTH officials are to push for a “pudding tax” on cakes, biscuits, and other sugary snacks amid warnings that Britain’s sweet tooth is fuelling its obesity crisis. The move comes as new figures show the average child has consumed 18 years’ worth of sugar by the age of 10. Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Health England (PHE) said officials would tell ministers that further action – including taxes – was needed, if results of food manufacturers’ efforts to cut sugar content do not show a significant improvement when they are released in the spring. She told The Daily Telegraph: “We will be very clear to Government if it is not good enough. We would be saying that other actions are needed.” A pudding tax could work in a similar way to the sugar tax on soft drinks which was introduced last year. Manufacturers have been set targets to cut the sugar content of common foods by a fifth by 2020, but have made little progress. Last year, the fall was just two per cent overall, against a goal of five per cent. There was no change in the sugar content of chocolates or biscuits, while puddings became even sweeter. “Puddings were going in completely the wrong direction,” Dr Tedstone said, Continued on Page 2 Editorial Comment: Page 19 Tanya Gold: Page 25 2 ** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph News had called Pure fear ... terror returns to Manchester Isil for knife attacks in UK over New Year Special Report By Robert Mendick CHIEF REPORTER n the hours before midnight when the nation would be welcoming in the new year, terror returned to Manchester. Just before 9pm and yards from the Manchester Arena, where 22 people, many of them children, had been murdered in a suicide attack, all hell was about to break loose. Between platforms A and B at Manchester Victoria Metrolink tram station, a man dressed head-to-toe in black mounted a frenzied and sustained attack on a couple in their 50s waiting patiently for a tram. He screamed “Allahu akbar!” while stabbing at them with two knives, one in each hand. “I just heard this most bloodcurdling scream and looked down the platform,” said Sam Clack, 38, a BBC producer. “What it looked like was a guy in his 60s with a woman of similar age and another guy all dressed in black. It looked like they were having a fight but she was screaming in this blood-curdling way.” The screams alerted British Transport Police officers on patrol at Victoria train station, which stands in the same complex as the tram stop and the nearby Manchester Arena. Four officers, unarmed but for standard issue taser stun gun and a special incapacitating gel, raced to the scene. The suspect, said to be of Somali origin, was carrying two kitchen knives, each about 12in long. Mr Clack thought the attacker was coming for him next. “I just had a feeling in the pit of my stomach,” said Mr Clack. “Here’s a man who’s very agitated, angry, skittish. It appears he had already attacked someone. He had police coming towards him and he’s coming towards me. I looked down and saw he had a kitchen knife with a black handle with a good 12in blade. It was just fear, pure fear.” Mr Clack thought about jumping on to the tram tracks and running for his life. Other passengers already had. But before he needed to flee, the police, at breakneck speed, had pounced. Video footage shows four officers – including one female officer – pinning the knifeman to the ground. They had tried to taser him and in the melee one officer – a sergeant in his 30s – was stabbed in the shoulder. The suspect was then dragged away to a police van, shouting “Alahu akbar” while the victims sat on a bench on the station platform being treated for their wounds, tended to by female police Continued from Page 1 moving to the UK about 10 to 15 years ago. One neighbour said his mother, who has five children, was a nurse while his brother worked at Manchester airport. A police source said the suspect was refusing to co-operate and detectives were working to establish his identity. He is believed to have acted alone. The attack took place at a tram station that forms part of the complex that includes the Manchester Arena, where in May 2017, Salman Abedi, an Isil supporter, blew himself up killing 23 people, more than half of them children, as they left an Ariana Grande concert. Mr Burnham told The Daily Telegraph: “This attack has brought back some very painful memories for everyone involved, particularly given how close it was to the Manchester Arena, which appears to have been deliberate. I PA; JACOB KING/MERCURY PRESS ‘This has brought back some very painful memories ... particularly given how close it was to Manchester Arena’ officers. A Muslim woman, wearing a hijab, put her arm around the injured female victim. Nazir Afzal, a former prosecutor, tweeted: “The woman with hijab helping victims is far more reflective of Muslims than the idiot with a knife.” Andy Burnham, Manchester’s mayor, said last night that the “vile attack” could have been “much more serious if not for the outstanding bravery from British Transport Police who were instantly on the scene”. He suggested its location had been deliberately picked to cause maximum impact because of its proximity to the Manchester Arena, scene of the barbarous suicide bomb attack in May last year. “This attack has brought back some very painful memories for everyone involved,” Mr Burnham told The Daily Telegraph. “Particularly given how close it was to the Manchester Arena, which appears to have been deliberate. But the city is strong, united and Unarmed police restrain a man after he stabbed three people, including an officer, at Victoria train station in Manchester, close to the Manchester Arena where 22 people, many of them children, died in a suicide attack last year. Left, the scene after the incident resilient, and the way the incident was dealt with by the emergency services and others was exemplary.” Yesterday, police raided a newly built semi-detached house in a street in Cheetham Hill, a mile north of the city centre. Police said it was the last known address of the 25-year-old suspect. Neighbours said police arrived at the address in the morning. Nousha Babaakachel said a Somali family live at the address, a mother and father of five in their 40s who came to live in the street around 12 years ago from the Netherlands. Mrs Babaakachel, 40, said two of the four sons are at university, one works at Manchester Airport and the youngest is back in Somalia. They also have a daughter. Last night, the suspect was detained under the Mental Health Act. Manchester was coming to realise it had had a narrow escape. The city has the bravery of its police officers to thank. Health officials push case for pudding tax Continued from Page 1 adding that the “jury was out” on whether this year’s results would show sufficient improvement. The Government’s childhood obesity strategy has already warned that “mandatory and fiscal levers” could be introduced if the food industry does not make sufficient changes. “We were pleased to see that,” Dr Tedstone said. “If progress isn’t made in the categories within the sugar reduction programme, that would be the obvious place to start.” Last week, The Daily Telegraph revealed new calorie caps drawn up by PHE which would reduce the content in thousands of meals sold by restaurants and supermarkets. Sandwiches would be capped at 550 calories, with a limit of 544 calories for any ready meal and a maximum of 951 calories for a restaurant main meal. Dr Tedstone defended the plans – which have met a significant backlash – suggesting consumers would be unlikely to notice changes to the portions and formulations of favourite foods. She said: “We have seen portion sizes getting bigger and bigger. “Research shows that people tend to eat what they are given. If you are given a slightly smaller pizza, you don’t notice.” She said the plans remained at an early stage, although officials have indicated action could be taken to ensure manufacturers comply if they do not take sufficient voluntary action. Last month, the chief medical officer hit out at manufacturers and retailers, saying voluntary cuts in sugar and salt content had failed. Dame Sally Davies called for extra taxes on sugary and salty foods, in a bid to persuade manufacturers to reformulate foods, or face extra costs. National data shows the average child consumes the equivalent of eight excess sugar cubes every day. It means the average child has at least 304lb (138kg) of sugar by the age of 10. If consumption was in line with recommended limits, they would not reach this point until they were 18. Severe obesity in children aged 10-11 has reached a record high – with almost one child in 20 now classed this way. Earlier this year, research found cases of Type Two diabetes, which is fuelled by obesity, were soaring among children, including those as young as nine. Second ‘Beast from the East’ could bring snow and gales By Daily Telegraph Reporter BRITAIN is braced for the return of the “Beast from the East” as the Met Office warned of plummeting temperatures and freezing fog. The new year is set to get off to a cold start as unsettled weather and low temperatures bring a return to the cold snap that hit the country at this time last year. Forecasters warned of snow on hills and potentially at lower levels, along with freezing fog, by the end of the week. Cold and dry weather today is expected to give way in the second week of January to increasingly unsettled conditions, with rain, strong winds and severe gales possible. “By the third week of January there is then an increased likelihood of a change to much colder weather generally, bringing an enhanced risk of frost, fog and snow,” the Met Office said. Several councils, including Blackburn with Darwen, Lancs, said they had deployed gritters, amid warnings of the threat of frost and ice on some roads as temperatures dropped as low as 25F (-4C). The Beast from the East saw large parts of the UK blanketed in snow last year, with the cold weather lasting into March. Speaking about the potential for a repeat of the cold snap, Met Office spokesman Simon Partridge said: “Last year there was widespread snow across many parts of the UK. “There’s a higher chance of seeing colder spells, and given that, as a result, there’s a slightly higher chance of snow across the UK.” The warning from the Met Office came as the odds were cut on this month being Britain’s coldest January. “It may be a mild start to the month and new year, however, temperatures are set to drop sharply later in the week and with some frosty conditions on the horizon, we have cut the odds on this month ending as the coldest January on record,” said John Hill, of the bookmaker Coral. But the city is strong, united and resilient and the way the incident was dealt with by the emergency services and others was exemplary.” Video footage from the scene shows the man pinned to the ground by police. He was thought to have carried two knives, one of which appeared to be a foot-long kitchen knife. In the days before the New Year’s Eve attack, Isil had urged its followers to carry out a knife attack in the UK. The British Transport Police officers had been patrolling the adjacent Victoria train station when they rushed to help the couple from Manchester who suffered multiple stab wounds. They used a Taser stun gun and “Captor gel”, an irritant designed to incapacitate suspects, in arresting the man. The woman was stabbed in the face – suffering a “significant injury” to her forehead – while the man was wounded in the stomach. They are expected to remain in hospital for some time while the officer stabbed in the shoulder was discharged yesterday morning. Ian Hopkins, Greater Manchester Police Chief Constable, said: “My thoughts are with the couple who are still being treated in hospital for their serious injuries and with the brave British Transport Police officer who was also stabbed during the attack. “We are treating this as a terrorist investigation which is being led by counter terrorism officers with support from Greater Manchester Police.” NEWS BULLETIN Patients who keep NHS crutches costing millions Cash-strapped hospitals are being forced to spend millions of pounds every year replacing unreturned, broken or missing crutches. Nearly four in every five aids such as walking sticks, wheelchairs and crutches were never brought back by English hospital patients, it was reported last night. Figures from 66 NHS trusts showed £14 million was spent on 560,000 walking aids since January 2014, but 241,779 went missing. 39 released after man stabbed in west London Thirty-nine people arrested following a stabbing in west London have been released from custody. A man in his 30s was left fighting for his life after the incident in Hammersmith in the early hours of Monday morning. The Metropolitan Police said the victim was chased by a group of men and women from a nearby shop where the altercation began, while two knives were found close to the scene. Two 18-year-old men and two boys aged 16 and 17 were released on bail. Forced marriage victims must pay to return to UK Vulnerable young women sent abroad for forced marriages are being charged by the Foreign Office to cover the costs of their rescue, it was reported. The department helped to repatriate 27 victims of forced marriage in 2017, but four women who were imprisoned at a “correctional school” in Somalia were made to pay £740 each for their flights. Any victims who cannot pay are made to sign emergency loan agreements, The Times reported. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT ** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 3 News REUTERS; PAUL GROVER; MATTHEW FEARN/PA WIRE; AP; BBC The launch of the RA’s ‘Oceania’ exibition, left. Disputed items include the Benin bronzes, right; the Elgin Marbles, bottom – claimed by the Acropolis Museum, far right – and below right, a golden crown from Ethiopia Museums vow to come clean over ‘stolen’ treasures sary of the e siege and battle of Maqdala ination of the British expedi– the culmination tion to Abyssinia byssinia – was developed in sultation” with the Ethiopian “close consultation” n London and an advisory embassy in m the Ethiopian community group from entatives from the Orthodox and representatives Tewahedo Church, Anglo-Ethiopian d Rastafarian community, a society and n said. spokesman ritish Museum, curators are At the British ting new provenance reincorporating o audio guides, as well as search into striving forr “very honest” labels. el on the Benin bronzes curThe label tes they were among the rently states “thousandss of treasures taken as booty” in a “punitive expedition” in Nigeria. ormation provided alongside The information a controversial bark shield from New South Wales, thought to have been brought back by Captain Cook, states: “First contacts in the Pacific were often tense and violent.” The museum also has a series of tours on objects with colonial pasts and how they entered the collection. Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford is advertising for a research assistant to manage a labelling project to “identify and find ways to redress a range of ethical issues in the current displays”. Paid between £32,236 and £39,609, the successful candidate will “tackle a complex problem around historical labelling and language use in the muchloved and criticised Pitt Rivers Museum”, with the aim to “dissect and dismantle some of the complex contested words, stereotypes and concepts that are present not only in museums but in society at large”. Tristram Hunt, the director of the V&A, said: “Through exhibitions, conservation work, provenance research, talks and events, the V&A is committed to exploring our own colonial history with rigour and transparency – and to building platforms for partnership and collaboration around the world.” It follows a number of temporary exhibitions that have aimed to tackle the issue head on. The curators of the Royal Academy’s Oceania exhibition this year Staff recruited to rewrite labels and acknowledge controversial origins of key colonial-era objects By Hannah Furness ARTS CORRESPONDENT BRITAIN’s leading museums are employing full-time staff to revisit their colonial-era collections in an attempt to acknowledge any controversies about their provenance. Major institutions, including the British Museum and V&A, are working to reassess the origins of some of their key objects brought to Britain from overseas under the Empire, to provide an honest assessment for visitors. The collections have come under increasing pressure in recent years to acknowledge “stolen” items, facing calls to return star objects to their native countries. The British Museum, which holds the Elgin marbles and Benin bronzes, has regularly emphasised the “great public benefit” of having such items on display in the context of its world collection, and its commitment to the safe-keeping of its treasures. But, as a new generation of visitors demand answers, the museum, along with the V&A and the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford, has encouraged staff to look again at its labels. The V&A has “strengthened its commitment to provenance research”, a spokesman said. It recently appointing a dedicated “provenance and spoliation research curator” to look into the origins of the Gilbert Collection – made up of gold and silver, enamel miniatures, gold boxes and mosaics amassed through the 20th century – and co-ordinate the museum’s re-examination of where objects came from. The events programme of 2018 included conferences on colonial history entitled “Troubling Objects” and “Practices of Engagement with Contested Heritage Collections”. A current exhibition about the 150th anniver- The paintings Queen Victoria loved more than any others colours by talented ladies-in-waiting, who would “take a view” for their records. The albums themselves, worn through use, were disbound in the Thirties, but a typescript list records the original order of the pictures. Paintings being exhibited for the first time include a watercolour by Queen Victoria of her third son, Prince Arthur, as well as a Joseph Nash picture of the Great Exhibition, and royal visits to the Château d’Eu, in Normandy, and UNSEEN watercolours collected by Victoria and Albert in their prized sketchbooks are to be sent on tour around Britain, providing new insight into their marriage on the 200th anniversary of their births. The paintings, described by Queen Victoria as her “most valuable albums”, were so loved that the binding that held them together wore out during her widowhood, as they were admired over and over again. Depicting their children, favourite places and key moments of Victoria’s reign, the watercolours are considered a snapshot of their tastes as the prolific patrons of their era. Some of the works, which will travel to Newcastle, Poole and Wolverhampton, were painted by members of the Royal family, and many will be going on display for the first time. Victoria’s diaries record how she and Albert spent “many quiet evenings after dinner alone”, organising their scrapbooks. Nine albums, dated between 1840 and 1861, are considered by curators from the Royal Collection Trust to be a “visual record of their marriage”, covering their homes, birthdays, christenings, weddings and family celebrations. Overseas tours, including visits to relatives in Germany, are included, along with scenes of their proudest Victorian achievements, such as the Great Exhibition. The collection includes professional paintings commissioned by the couple, gifts from amateur artists and water- ROYAL COLLECTION TRUST By Hannah Furness A painting depicting the arrival of Queen Victoria at the Château d’Eu, Normandy St Pierre, Guernsey. “It’s a particularly personal type of collection,” said Dr Carly Collier, the curator. “We know Victoria and Albert formed a large collection of works on paper and they were very engaged with it. They were almost curators themselves. “I hope people will really respond to the variety of images on display. I hope it will give them a sense of Victoria and Albert’s taste.” hange” welcomed a “sea change” mus in how museums showcase other cu cultures. mmuniIndigenous communied sasaties privately blessed e they they y cred objects before exhi xh bi bwent on display in the exhibicurator conducting ductting i tion, with curators conversati ith the e hundreds of conversations with Pacifi Pa cific many tribal communities of the Pacific Muse borigibo Islands. The British Museum’s Aborigin phopho onal exhibition included a ban on r tography in particular rooms outt of cu respect for indigenous culture. co o u A collection of 120 Zulu artefacts th battle that inspired the Mifrom the cha ael Caine Ca chael film has emerged for sale £5 50, 0 for £50,000. incll inc It includes shields and weapons used R k Ror att Rorke’s Drift, where a 140-strong Bri r tis ish h garrison g British defied all odds to ded the the h mission station successfully fend 4,0 from 4,000 Zulu warriors in 1879. Micha Woodfield, a former council Michael worker e , was inspired to begin the colworker, n after a lection being taken to see the film Zulu u, which wh wh Zulu, was released in 1964, as a young boy. b young 4 ** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph News Cost of rail season ticket £800 higher than in 2010 After a year of travel chaos, passengers face another ‘kick in the wallet’ from fare rise of 3.1 per cent By Jack Maidment POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT COMMUTERS are now paying almost £800 more for their season tickets than they did in 2010, according to Labour analysis, after average rail fares increased nearly three times faster than wages. Fares went up by an average of 3.1 per cent across the board today, despite train-service punctuality being at a 13 year low. Rail campaign groups described the latest fare rise as “another kick in the wallet” for passengers. Chris Grayling, the Secretary of State for Transport, has announced measures to make train travel more affordable for young people through the introduction of a new railcard for 16 and 17-year-olds, while also extending an existing discount to include people up to the age of 30. He has pledged to do “everything I can to cut the cost of rail travel for as many people as possible” and the Government has hailed the fact that since 2014 fares have, on average, remained below the annual inflation cap. Ministers want to see lower fares in the future, with a root-and-branch review of the rail industry examining affordability for passengers and reforms due to be implemented in 2020. But Mr Grayling is under growing pressure to do more now to tackle the issue, with Labour describing “falling standards and rising fares” on the nation’s railways as a “national disgrace”. Commuters are unlikely to forget a 2018 that was blighted by rail chaos after the disastrous roll-out of a new timetable in May. The state of the nation’s railways remains a key political battleground, with the Tories struggling to effectively counter Labour’s call for nationalisation – one of Jeremy Corbyn’s most popular policies. Labour has published an analysis of the cost of travelling on more than 180 train routes between when the Conservatives took power and the prices facing passengers today. The party found the average com- £2,850 How much more some of the worst-hit commuters will be paying for their annual season ticket than they paid in 2010 muter will now be paying £2,980 for their annual season ticket which is £786 more than in 2010. Labour’s analysis also found some of the worst-hit commuters will now pay more than £2,850 more to travel to work than in 2010 and that average fares have risen nearly three times faster than wages. Andy McDonald, the shadow transport secretary, said: “Today’s rail fare increases are an affront to everyone who has had to endure years of chaos on Britain’s railways. “Falling standards and rising fares are a national disgrace. The Government must now step in to freeze fares on the worst performing routes. “Labour will bring our railways back into public ownership so they are run in the interests of passengers, not private profit.” Labour’s analysis found average fares have risen nearly three times faster than wages. The party said that regulated rail fares, which include season tickets, have risen by 36 per cent on average between 2010 and 2019, while weekly wages grew by 14 per cent. Increases in about 45 per cent of fares, including season tickets, are regulated by the UK, Scottish and Welsh governments.. They are predominantly capped at July’s RPI inflation figure, which was 3.2 per cent, while other fare rises are decided by individual train companies. Bruce Williamson, a spokesman for the campaign group Railfuture, said: “After a terrible year of timetable chaos, passengers are being rewarded with yet another kick in the wallet.” The latest punctuality data showed that one in seven trains were delayed by at least five minutes in the past 12 months, while analysis of historical data revealed the performance in 2018 to be the worst since 2005. Writing in The Daily Telegraph, Mr Grayling said that the Government had “ended Labour’s inflation-busting price rises – which saw rail fares rise by as much as 7.5 per cent a year”. “Today, for the sixth year in a row, fares will rise with inflation, not above it,” he said. The Transport Secretary insisted that 2019 “heralds the start of a broader change for the railways” as he dis- missed Labour’s demands for nationalisation. He said “who the railways are run for is far more important than who they’re run by” but conceded “it is now clear that the franchising model cannot be the path for the future”. Union leaders, politicians and campaigners are expected to protest against rising fares outside stations across the country today. Editorial Comment: Page 19 Revamped service will put last year’s unacceptable disruption behind us Commentary tary T By Chris Grayling here’s no point in beating around the bush; over the past few years we’ve had to take some difficult decisions in Government to deal with the deficit left behind by Labour. But at the same time we’ve done what we can to help working people across the country – almost doubling the amount people can earn before they start paying tax from £6,475 in Labour’s last year in power to £11,850 today – allowing 31 million people to keep more of what they earn and taking millions out of income tax altogether. In the Department of Transport, we’ve been determined to do what we can too. For car and van drivers Conservatives have now frozen fuel duty for nine years in a row. On the railways we’ve ended Labour’s inflation-busting price rises that resulted in rail fares rising by as much as 7.5 per cent a year. Today, for the sixth year in a row, fares will rise with inflation, not above it. We’re doing this while investing for the long term – with £48 billion going into improving our railways over the next five years, starting with £3.7 billion for Transpennine and East Coast mainline upgrades in the spring. I’m determined to do everything I can to cut the cost of rail travel for as many people as possible too, particularly for young people starting out. After a successful trial last year and working with the rail industry, today, the 26-30 railcard comes live across the board – offering savings to millions of young people who use our railways. Today, I can announce we’ll go further still. From the start of the new academic year in September, I’ll be halving fares for all 16 and 17-year-olds in the country by extending the child rail fare discount with a new railcard. That means 50 per cent off all fares (including peak and season tickets) for everyone aged 16 and 17. Travel costs should not be a barrier to opportunity for our young people. Families who have 16 and 17-year-olds at school or sixth form and young people working in their first jobs who commute by train will see very significant savings of hundreds and in some cases thousands of pounds a year. This policy won’t just mean more pounds in the pockets of young people and their families. It will have positive knock-on effects too: reducing congestion, helping young people into work by making it pay even more at the start of their careers, and furthering social mobility by making travel to school and college more affordable. When we’re raising the education and training leaving age to 18, helping them with the cost of travel is clearly the right thing to do. But my work on the railways is not limited to doing what I can to keep fares down. I want passenger journeys to be as good as they can be: punctual, reliable and fairly priced. From bitter experience it’s clear that improving the most congested network in Europe as it carries record passenger numbers is not easy. Some disruption when major works are taking place is unavoidable, but what happened last year was unacceptable. Now these improvements are starting to bed in we’re seeing more trains carrying more people on key routes across the North and South-east on key routes. This year heralds the start of a broader change for the railways too. For me, who the railways are run for is far more important than who they’re run by. Unlike Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour Party, I am not ideologically obsessed with the structure of our rail network; for me it is a matter of practicality. The railways should be run in the best interest of passengers and, overall, taxpayer’s money should be spent improving the network, not subsiding it. However, two decades on from rail privatisation – in which time we’ve seen a doubling of passenger numbers – it is now clear that the franchising model cannot be the path for the future. Last year, I commissioned Keith Williams, John Lewis’s deputy chairman, to carry out the Rail Review, looking at fares, affordability, as well as the broader industry. It will report this year and changes will begin in 2020 and will mark the next important era of rail in Britain. So, while we prepare for all the possible outcomes of Brexit, my department is keeping its eye firmly on the ball to help in our domestic transport agenda. Wherever possible I’ll look to deliver the best deal for passengers. I am committed to delivering a rail network fit for the future, with record investment, and in working practically, not ideologically, in the best long-term interests of both passengers and taxpayers. We will act quickly following the Rail Review to deliver the change needed to ensure our railways continue to flourish, grow and deliver for working people across the country. Chris Grayling is the Secretary of State for Transport Silence is golden ticket for forgotten station Transport police bearing brunt of violence BRITAIN’S quietest train station has seen a passenger boom – after tourists flocked to see why no one was using it. The isolated Sugar Loaf station in the Welsh countryside had more passengers in the past 12 months than it had seen in the previous 17 years. The station, 820ft up in the Cledan Valley on the Swansea to Shrewsbury line, was deemed Britain’s loneliest after it had the lowest passenger numbers in the UK. But since winning the title it has seen a remarkable turnaround, with visitor numbers shooting up by more than 700 per cent in the past 12 months from 228 to 1,824. All aboard: passengers wanting to take the train have to flag it down as it arrives Local volunteer Peter Joyce looks after the remote hillside halt near Llandovery in Mid-Wales, which doesn’t have a ticket machine, car park or mobile phone signal. A tannoy announces the trains into Sugar Loaf, which is one of the 17 request stops on the picturesque Heart of Wales line. It used to average one visitor every 36 hours until its reputation as a deserted outpost made it popular. Mr Joyce, 70, a retired photographer said: “People have come from all over the world to get a ticket to Sugar Loaf, just to say they’ve been here.” Opened in 1868 and named after a local landmark, the station was built to serve the railway workers’ cottages. Today people stop the singlecarriage train by flagging it down when it comes into view. By Patrick Sawer POLICE tasked with protecting the travelling public are bearing the brunt of acts of random violence. Figures have revealed that more than 12 British Transport Police (BTP) officers are being assaulted each week, with many suffering serious injuries. That compares to about 10 assaults a week against officers serving with the other 43 forces in England and Wales. The statistics emerged the day after a man stabbed a BTP officer and two other people during a suspected terror attack at Victoria station, Manchester. A 25-year-old man was arrested at the scene and was being questioned by police. The officer, who was struck in the shoulder, has since left hospital. In the three years to last October there were 1,939 reported assaults against BTP officers, resulting in more than 230 injuries, the figures obtained through a Freedom of Information request show. Leeds station had the greatest number of assaults in that time, with 66. London Victoria was second, with 60, closely followed by Manchester Piccadilly, with 56 attacks. A large number of assaults were reported at other stations in the capital, with 48 at Stratford and 44 at St Pan- cras International. Glasgow Central station suffered the most assaults of any station outside England with 38. Assaults on BTP officers were recorded at more than 500 locations, including level crossings, hospitals and in custody, with 226 incidents of actual bodily harm and 13 more serious offences of grievous bodily harm. Supt Darren Malpas, of the BTP, called the figures a “shocking revelation”. He said: “Attacks on officers will not be tolerated and every assault is one too many.” There were 24,000 assaults on officers serving with other forces in 2016-17, with 8,973 resulting in injury. The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 S ** 5 News Assad’s wealthy aunt secretly allowed to live in UK By Robert Mendick CHIEF REPORTER THE wealthy aunt of Syria’s brutal dictator was secretly granted the right to live in the UK after she promised to invest millions in this country, The Daily Telegraph can disclose. Her two grown-up children – first cousins of Bashar al-Assad, the Syrian president – were also allowed to stay. The woman and her two sons are the wife and children of Rifaat al-Assad, dubbed the “Butcher of Hama”, who earned his nickname after allegedly ordering the killing of up to 40,000 Syrians in 1982. Rifaat, 80, is the uncle of Bashar alAssad and owns hundreds of properties in France, Spain and the UK, many of which have now been seized. According to recent reports he faces corruption charges in France. The decision to give his 63-year-old fourth wife indefinite leave to remain in the UK was made in 2012 at the height of the Syrian civil war and when Theresa May was home secretary. Her two sons, now aged 22 and 37, were allowed to stay at about the same time. Another son of Rifaat who has a different mother was granted indefinite leave to remain in 2014. Rifaat has four wives and is thought to still be married to all of them. He fell out of favour with his brother Hafez, Bashar alAssad’s father, after a failed coup in the 1980s that led to his exile. Details of the case are contained in a 37-page ruling by the Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC). Under its rules, the woman and children cannot be named. The family had ap- pealed after being denied British citizenship. The court rejected their claim. The woman, known in the ruling only as “LA”, is, according to the judgment, the fourth wife of Rifaat al-Assad. According to the ruling, his wife first came to the UK in 2006 and was given “entry clearance as an investor” after she told the Home Office that she was “investing in bonds, hedge funds etc”. A number of relatives of President Assad and his British-born wife Asma live in the UK, including her father Fawaz Akhras, a cardiologist. Rifaat al- Assad gained the nickname the “Butcher of Hama” after leading an elite force that put down a Muslim Brotherhood insurrection in Hama in 1982, a crackdown that claimed between 10,000 and 40,000 lives. Human Rights Watch reported that he was responsible for the massacre of more than 1,000 prisoners in the notorious Tadmur jail in 1980. He owns a £10 million Georgian mansion off Park Lane, central London and has houses in London, Marbella and France. According to the SIAC ruling, the Home Office told the wife: “You are the wife of Rifaat al-Assad the uncle of President Bashar Al-Assad of Syria. Although widely reported as estranged from Bashar Al-Assad, Rifaat was a prominent member of his brother’s regime during the Seventies and Eighties – a regime that is widely held to have committed crimes against humanity.” The Home Office concluded to grant the family citizenship would have an adverse impact on the UK’s international relations and would not be in the public interest. Two stabbed to death as capital suffers a violent start to the year By Daily Telegraph Reporter By Gareth Davies A 93-YEAR-OLD woman died after a mix-up resulted in care staff not visiting her for three days to administer vital heart medication, an inquest has heard. Elsie Melling was found collapsed at home by her daughter, and died days later in hospital. An inquest heard she had had a fall at home and that a podiatrist treating her feet called an ambulance. When her daily carers came, they were told by the foot specialist that she was going to hospital so they need not come in. But when paramedics came, it was decided not to take her to hospital. The carers, who were meant to visit four times a day, did not come back, meaning Mrs Melling, from Barnsley, South Yorkshire, never got her daily medication for heart problems. At the inquest, Ian Jukes, director of Creative Care and Support, apologised to her family. He said: “The podiatrist said ‘you can go, the ambulance is on its way’. We took that as she was going to hospital. We should have checked that thoroughly. That was our mistake, and I want to apologise to Mrs Melling’s family for that. Julie Loveland, Mrs Melling’s daughter, described how she had found her mother on Jan 28: “I knew something wasn’t quite right because the curtains weren’t open. She was still in her pyjamas and the heating wasn’t on.” David Urpeth, the coroner, recorded a narrative verdict, which stated: “There was a breakdown in communication, which led to Mrs Melling not receiving care for a three-day period.” AFTER London suffered its most deadly 12 months in a decade, it was hoped that the new year would prove to be a catalyst for change, but 2019 was a little more than four hours old when the capital claimed its first suspected murder victim. A woman was stabbed to death in the early hours of New Year’s Day at a property on John Ruskin Street, in Camberwell, south London. The victim, aged in her early 30s, was pronounced dead at 4.50am after paramedics tried for half an hour to save her life. A 34-year-old man was initially held at the scene on suspicion of attempted murder but has been bailed until midJanuary. Less than an hour later, a security guard was stabbed to death and three others injured as they tried to bar a group of men from entering a New Year’s Eve party at a property on Park Lane, Westminster, at around 5.30am. The victim, believed to be in his early 30s, died of his injuries. Two other men, aged 37 and 29, and a 29-year-old woman were also stabbed. Det Chief Insp Andy Partridge said: “It appears the deceased and the two injured males were working as security staff for the party. They were attacked by a group of males who were outside trying to enter the venue.” Meanwhile, a woman was shot in the leg at Visions Video Bar, in Hackney, east London, in the early hours of yesterday. She was taken to hospital with non-life threatening injuries. Scotland Yard confirmed there had been 134 homicides in London in 2018. CHARLOTTE GRAHAM FOR THE TELEGRAPH Woman, 93, died after care visits stopped for three days Horses and hounds The Rockwood Harriers ride out for their 150th New Year’s Day meet at Roydhouse, near Huddersfield. Founded in 1868, its members trail hunt the West Yorkshire area wearing “old gold collars” exclusive to the hunt. 6 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 7 News Serena Williams and Roger Federer in action during their mixed doubles match at RAC Arena in Perth, Australia it’s a wonderful serve because you just can’t read it,” he said. “What a pleasure. What an honour. She is a great champion. You see how focused and determined she is and I love that about her.” The pair, who have 43 Grand Slam singles titles between them, posed for an on-court selfie which Federer posted on social media along with the Oh what a night.” caption: “Oh The clas clash was certainly a more good-tem good-tempered affair than the original Battle B of the Sexes in 1973, when self-confessed “cha “chauvinist pig” Riggs ch challenged King to a $ $100,000 contest. King beat Riggs in straight sets before an estimated audience of 90 million people, and the episode was turned into a Hollywood film starring Emma Stone and Steve Carell in 2017. A crowd of around 14,000 watched Will liams and Federer in t the Team USA versus T Team Switzerland m match at RAC Arena. “It By Anita Singh ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR IT WAS the modern tennis world’s Battle of the Sexes – Serena Williams and Roger Federer, two giants of the game, battling it out for the very first time. Forty-five years after Billie Jean King beat Bobby Riggs in a historic victory, all eyes were on Williams to see uld repeat the win. whether she could It was not to be, with Federer and inda Bencic, beathis partner, Belinda d Frances Tiafoe ing Williams and ed doubles con4-2 4-3 in a mixed pman Cup in test at the Hopman Perth, Australia. But Federer was left iams’s in awe of Williams’s powerful serve, and Williams joked afterwards: “I was just warming up.” itted Federer admitted the prospect of facnent ing his opponent ackwas “nerve-racky ing”, particularly returning her serve. “People talk about her serve so much y and you see why GETTY IMAGES; JAMES GOURLEY/BPI/REX Oh what a night: love-all in Roger and Serena’s ‘clash of sexes’ Williams and Federer pose for a selfie on court, and after their match they walked off together, left was so much fun. It was super-cool,” Williams said afterwards. “He is the greatest of all time, both on and off the court. He has such charisma. “I don’t know if this is the right thing to say but his serve is super-underestimated. He has a killer serve. Hopefully I can get some tips later on.” Federer insisted: “Yours is better.” In 2017, John McEnroe prompted controversy when he claimed that Williams was capable of beating some male players “but if she had to just play the circuit – the men’s circuit – that would be an entirely different story. She’d be, like, 700 in the world.” Williams re- sponded at the time: “Dear John, I adore and respect you but please please keep me out of your statements that are not factually based.” The last face-off between big male and female names in the tennis world was in 1992, when Jimmy Connors played Martina Navratilova in the Battle of Champions in Las Vegas. Connors revealed in his autobiography that, in a grip of a gambling addiction, he bet $1 million that he would win in straight sets and lose no more than eight games. He won 7-5, 6-2. Williams and Federer are friends off court, bonding over the trials of travel- ‘She is a great champion. You see how focused and determined she is and I love that’ ling the world with young children in tow. In the run-up to the match, Williams praised Federer for juggling a tennis career with being father to two sets of twins. She brought her one-year-old daughter, Alexis Olympia, to Perth and a day before the clash posted a picture of herself warming up while holding the little girl. “I am getting ready for the first match of the year and my dear sweet baby was tired and sad and simply needed mama’s love. So if it means warming up and stretching while holding my baby that’s what this mama will do,” she wrote. The 37-year-olds with legitimate claim to the title Greatest of All Time had a point to prove Analysis and lay claim to the overall GOAT tag. In true Federer fashion, he hardly needed to wipe his brow during the Hopman Cup mixed doubles contest, although there were fleeting moments when he let his guard down. There was the body blow at Frances Tiafoe, Williams’s team-mate, that saw the American comically tumble to the By Vicki Hodges AMID the jovial nature and exhibition match feel of Serena Williams’s and Roger Federer’s duel in Perth, there was an underlying tension of both players trying to upstage each other hard surface. It drew a witty one-liner from Federer: “Sorry, but I meant it.” Federer’s concentration waned on the next point as he double-faulted, but his focus never slipped when he went toe-to-toe with Williams. With Switzerland a set up, it wasn’t until the fourth game of the second set that the 37-year-olds indulged in a ‘I don’t know how much longer this can last,’ says tearful Murray By Vicki Hodges ANDY MURRAY has cast renewed doubt over his future in tennis with an emotional interview after a comeback win in Australia. The former world No1 fought back the tears, conceding he did not know “how much longer it’s going to last”. The 31-year-old had kicked off the new year with a first-round win at the Brisbane International, but became emotional as he spoke about how tough his return from hip surgery has been. He admitted he did not know how much longer he would be able to play competitive tennis after his 6-3, 6-4 win over James Duckworth. Murray reflected on his challenging past 18 months, which included a hip operation last January. In an on-court interview after the tough encounter against Australian Duckworth, he said: “It’s not easy to sort of sum up in one sentence or one answer, it’s been really hard; 18 months, Andy Murray poses with champagne bottles in his Instagram New Year message a lot of ups and downs, it’s been tricky to just get back on the court. “I’m happy I’m back out here again, I want to try and enjoy it as much as I can and just try and enjoy playing tennis as long as I can. “I don’t know how much longer it’s going to last but we’ll see.” It was this time last year in Brisbane A fifth child on the way for Gordon and Tana Ramsay GORDON and Tana Ramsay have announced that they are expecting their fifth child. The couple revealed the news in a video on Instagram in which each of their children says “Happy New Year”. After Tana offers her own greeting, the camera pans down to reveal she has a large baby bump. The 52-year-old celebrity chef can be heard off-camera saying: “And guess what? Happy new year because …” He captioned the post: “Exciting news. Happy new year from all the Ramsays.” Tana, 44, also shared the video, writing: “Happy New Year. Oh, and a little news …” followed by the prayer emoji. The couple are already parents to Megan, 21, Matilda, 17, and twins Jack and Holly, 19. In June 2016, they suffered a miscarriage when Tana was five months’ pregnant. It is not known when the new baby is due. The news came just weeks after the couple had celebrated their 22nd wedding anniversary. On Dec 21, the chef shared on social media a photo from their wedding, INSTAGRAM/GORDON RAMSAY By Gareth Davies Gordon and Tana Ramsay and their children shared new year greetings on Instagram writing: “22 years today. Happy anniversary, gorgeous.” A string of celebrities rushed to congratulate the family on their news, including Paddy McGuinness, the comedian, and David Beckham, the former England football captain. Beckham told Ramsay: “Best news ever, mate,” while McGuinness wrote: “My hero.” when Murray decided he would have to have surgery for a problem that first surfaced in the summer of 2017. He played just half a dozen tournaments in 2018, including an emotionally charged Citi Open in Washington which saw the two-times Wimbledon champion break down in tears following victory over Marius Copil. Now down at 240 in the world rankings, and 17 in the British rankings, Murray was positive about his win over Duckworth and admitted to feeling anxious beforehand. “I think for a first match of the new year after quite a long break it was all right,” Murray said. On New Year’s Eve, the Scotsman posted a tongue-in-cheek picture on Instagram of him surrounded by bottles of alcohol. He captioned the picture, in which he appears to be mimicking drinking directly from a champagne bottle: “Celebrating the end of 2018. What a s--- year that was.” In tomorrow’s Features Section Shane Watson The alternative life resolutions you should follow baseline rally that drew gasps of giddyness from the 14,000-plus spectators lucky enough to witness the battle of the legends. Both Federer and Williams were hitting their forehands with verocity, but before a victor could be determined in the rally, Federer switched his line of fire to strike into Tiafoe’s path, drawing slight groans from the crowd in the process, but ultimately winning the point. While Williams is an accomplished doubles player, Federer rarely features in the format. Yet it was the Swiss demonstrating his soft hands at the net, dispatching a series of volleyed winners and ensuring his team victory. At the end, it was Williams who was feeling the effects. She spent the conclusion to the second set rubbing her shoulder, such was the firepower loaded on her serving cannon. Both players stepped away from their duel with their reputations enhanced, and a memorable selfie to boot. 8 ** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph News Hunt: Britain should stop underestimating power of its global influence Foreign Secretary envisions the UK as a connector of democracies as it opens Indonesian embassy By Christopher Hope CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT BRITAIN should stop “underestimating” its global influence as the country prepares to leave the European Union in less than three months’ time, Jeremy Hunt will say in a major speech in Singapore. The Foreign Secretary will say that the UK will open a new mission in Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, to promote trade links with countries in the Far East as it engages more with countries outside the EU. Mr Hunt, a contender to succeed Theresa May as the Conservatives’ leader, will stress that the UK needs to be “realistic about our global position”. However, he will add: “That means not overestimating our strength but not underestimating it either. “We are not a superpower and we do not have an empire. But we do have the fifth biggest economy in the world, the third biggest overseas aid budget, the second biggest military budget in Nato, one of the two biggest financial centres, the world’s language, highly effective intelligence services and a world class diplomatic network, including permanent membership of the Security Council.” Mr Hunt, who is also expected to visit Malaysia later this week, is hoping a new mission in Jakarta will improve links with the 10 members of the Association of south-east Asian Nations (Asean). Mr Hunt will say: “Britain is already the biggest European investor in South-east Asia, with Asean trade of nearly £37 billion, and over 4,000 British companies employing more than 50,000 people in Singapore alone. “Those connections are why Britain’s post-Brexit role should be to act as an invisible chain linking together the democracies of the world, those countries which share our values and support our belief in free trade, the rule of law and open societies.” In his speech – titled “Britain’s Role in a Post-Brexit World” – to a think tank in Singapore, he will say: “In a world where it is rarely possible for one country to achieve its ambitions alone, we have some of the best connections of any country – whether through the Commonwealth, our alliance with the United States and our friendship with our neighbours in Europe. “Those connections mean that in this part of the world Britain is amongst only a handful of European countries with an embassy or high commission in every member of the association of south-east Asian nations. “Those connections are why Britain’s post-Brexit role should be to act as an invisible chain linking together the democracies of the world, those countries who share our values and support our belief in free trade, the rule of law and open societies.” Toothy grin Nigel Farage, the former Ukip leader, poses with a shark in a Twitter message wishing his followers a happy new year, explaining: “What a fight to land this bronze whaler shark (it was tagged for research purposes and put back into the water).” Stealth migrant patrols ‘at risk of collisions’ By Dominic Nicholls THE UK Border Force is risking collisions in the English Channel by turning off tracking systems on vessels looking for migrants, experts have warned. One cutter is now patrolling the Channel amid a migrant crisis which has seen over 100 people either make it to the UK or be intercepted at sea since Christmas Eve. It will soon be joined by two more vessels after Sajid Javid bowed to pressure to redeploy British cutters from the Mediterranean. The Home Secretary previously raised concerns that more cutters would act as a “magnet” for migrants. The Border Force ship is believed to have been switching off its Automatic Identification System (AIS), to prevent migrants from tracking it via an app. However, the move has been described as a risky one in one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes. Tom Sharpe, a former Royal Navy officer and captain of HMS Endurance, said: “Operating without AIS is pretty dodgy. It’s not very clever and not very seamanlike. In a busy shipping area like the Dover Strait there are a number of vessels go- ing through who are not paying attention and AIS is their only means of anti-collision. “The merchant vessel on autopilot may not be maintaining a proper lookout, so AIS … saves your bacon.” He added: “I wouldn’t go to sea in any boat, no matter what size without AIS, because nobody looks out the window.” The Home Office refused to deny Border Force had been operating without AIS. ‘I wouldn’t go to sea in any boat without AIS. Nobody looks out the window’ A spokesman said: “We don’t comment on operational matters.” The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea requires all ships over 300 tonnes in international waters, cargo ships over 500 tonnes not on the high seas and all passenger ships to be fitted with AIS. A spokesman for the International Maritime Organisation said the rules do not apply to military vessels or those on government service, but that all countries are “encouraged to apply the same regulations”. Brexiteers’ anger at ‘politicised’ fireworks By Christopher Hope SADIQ KHAN, the London mayor, infuriated Brexiteers after a landmark was lit up like the European Union flag during the capital’s New Year’s Eve fireworks display. The London Eye near the Houses of Parliament was illuminated in blue with gold stars around the rim for the display on Monday night. As fireworks went off along the Thames, the words “London is open” were said in English, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian and Spanish. Eurosceptic Tories said they were appalled by what they said was a politicisation of the event. David Jones, the former Brexit minister, said: “This was a golden opportunity to project London as a confidant, global city. Instead [Sadiq Khan] chose to portray it as tied to the EU’s apron strings.” Andrew Bridgen, the Tory MP, said: “It’s low, it’s very low, to politicise what is an international public event.” Mr Khan was unapologetic, with a source pointing to last year’s “women’s equality-themed” display. ** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 News Celebrity acquittals may give wrong message, legal experts caution By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT RECORD numbers of drivers caught speeding or using mobile phones are opting to face trial instead of taking on-the-spot penalties. Home Office figures showed a 43 per cent rise in motorists going to court over the past four years. It is thought the success of celebrities such as David Beckham and Jimmy Carr in beating road traffic charges is convincing other drivers that they also might be able to get off. However, legal experts warned the chances of beatJimmy Carr, the comedian, avoided conviction in his mobile phone case ing such charges was extremely slim and by opting for court, drivers could be making things worse for themselves. Beckham, the former England football captain, was recorded driving at 59mph in a 40mph zone in a borrowed Bentley. However Nick Freeman, his lawyer, who is known as Mr Loophole, successfully argued that the papers had been served too late. Carr, the comedian and television host, also used the services of Mr Freeman to escape a conviction when he was caught using his phone. The lawyer convinced magistrates he had not been using his phone to make a call, but to dictate a joke. According to the Home Office data, the number of motorists facing court action was 342,000 in 2017, up from 240,000 in 2013. At the same time, the number of fixed penalty notices issued by the police for motoring offences declined by 19 per cent from 1,201,000 to 969,000. In April 2017, the penalty for using a mobile phone while driving was increased from three to six points. This is also thought to be a factor behind the sharp rise in the number of people trying to challenge motoring prosecutions. Peter Dodd, a partner at Nockolds law firm, said that despite the high-profile cases, it was not always wise to opt to go to court. He said: “The police do not have any discretion but people don’t like the police acting as judge and jury, which is what these on-thespot punishments represent. “As police have been given powers to impose harsher penalties, a greater proportion of motorists want to challenge those decisions. “But this idea of being able to get off on a technicality is a bit of a myth and by going to court, you risk making things much worse. “Magistrates can apply unlimited fines linked to your income and you will also be liable for court costs.” Mr Dodd added that many motorists wrongly believed that the registered owner of a vehicle could avoid a fine if they did not identify who was driving at the time. He said: “There is a persistent urban myth that a driving fine or penalty can be avoided if the owner ... does not identify the driver. We see a large number of cases which could have been avoided if the keeper had named the driver. “For the sake of a fine in the hundreds … drivers are risking thousands of pounds in fines and costs in a magistrates’ court plus six points on their licence.” Debriefing of serial killer caused trauma A GOVERNMENT official who was fired after developing post traumatic stress as a result of debriefing a serial killer police informant has won a claim for unfair dismissal. Wendy Lewis, a legal adviser, debriefed the terrorist – described as “dangerous and violent” – in an assigment lasting more than three years instead of the predicted six months and involving nearly 1,000 interviews. Ms Lewis worked for the Public Defender Service, part of the Legal Aid Agency, as an accredited police station representative. Between 2010 and 2013, Ms Lewis was assigned to debrief a Special Branch informer who had been involved in terrorism offences, including murder. The man, questioned on more than 500 serious offences, was identified during the hearing only as “client X”. Ms Lewis told a employment tribunal in Cardiff that she developed psychiatric symptoms and was subse- quently diagnosed with PTSD. After returning to her Pontypridd office in 2013, she was advised to attend counselling and was placed on sick leave. After two years of uncertainty, an occupational health report dated August 2015 confirmed she was not fit to return to work, and the hearing was told Ms Lewis wished to be considered for early retirement due to ill health. Emails indicated she was “agoraphobic, had difficulty being in unfamiliar places with unfamiliar people, cannot travel north by train as she associates this with work with client X, only socialises with family and one or two very close friends, suffers from panic attacks and insomnia and has traumatic flashbacks”. The tribunal was told: “The respondent’s failure to allow the claimant to work from home instead of dismissing her was a failure to make a reasonable adjustment.” Ms Lewis’s compensation will be decided at a later date. Oxford fellow claims he recorded harassment By Daily Telegraph Reporter AN OXFORD University researcher recorded sexual harassment by a respected professor 25 years his senior, an employment tribunal has heard. The 32-year-old university fellow said he found the 2015 recording, in which he claims his superior told him he would destroy his career if he refused his advances, on an old iPhone. Dr Matthew Levy is suing the University of Oxford and Prof Peter Norreys, his supervisor, for sexual discrimination. He claims Prof Norreys made unwanted sexual overtures towards him. After “thwarting” advances, Dr Levy claimed that he was subjected to a bullying campaign by the professor and his colleagues. The authenticity of the recording claims are on course to be scrutinised by an employment tribunal panel. A preliminary hearing is set to be held in the spring. EUAN CHERRY/WENN Mr Loophole cases inspire drivers to seek their day in court Prince remembers The Prince of Wales attended a memorial service on the centenary of a disaster that caused the greatest loss of life in British waters in peace time. Only 82 of the 283 passengers aboard HMY Iolaire (above) are thought to have survived when it smashed into rocks near Stornoway on the Isle of Lewis on Jan 1, 1919. The men were mostly soldiers returning to Lewis, Harris and Berneray from the First World War. Prince Charles, who is also Duke of Rothesay, gave a reading and joined Nicola Sturgeon, Scotland’s First Minister, to meet relatives of those on board and lay wreaths at Holm, which overlooks the scene. 9 10 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph News Effort to curb plastic in ocean is ‘bailing bath with a spoon’ Cost of missed appointments could fund 2,325 GPs By Daily Telegraph Reporter By Daily Telegraph Reporter CURRENT efforts to reduce the amount of plastic in the ocean are like trying to bail out an overflowing bath with a teaspoon, an environmental charity has warned. The devastation caused by plastic pollution was catapulted to the public’s attention in 2018 – largely due to the powerful images broadcast in Sir David Attenborough’s Blue Planet II. Despite the positive noises, there has been little tangible change in the UK, according to scientists at the Marine MISSED GP appointments cost £216 million a year – the equivalent of 2,325 full-time family doctors – NHS England has said as it urged patients to cancel rather than not show up. More than 15 million GP practice appointments – one in 20 – are wasted every year as patients fail to attend without cancelling with enough notice for others to benefit. Some 7.2 million of these are with GPs, NHS Digital GP appointments data shows, adding up to more than 1.2 million GP hours wasted each year – the equivalent of more than 600 fulltime GPs for a year, NHS England said. It added that, at an average cost of £30 per appointment, the total cost could pay for the annual salary of 2,325 full-time GPs. Prof Helen Stokes-Lampard, the chairman of the Royal College of GPs, said: “When patients miss appointments it can be a frustrating waste of resources for GPs and our teams, but also for other patients who are struggling to secure an appointment for themselves. “There may be many reasons why a patient might miss an appointment, and in some cases it can indicate something serious is going on for that individual. But we would urge patients to let us know if they can’t attend as soon as possible, so that we can offer that time to someone else who really needs it.” Dr Nikki Kanani, acting director of primary care for NHS England, said: “Timely access to general practice appointments is a priority for the public, which is why we are growing the workforce and offering evening and weekend appointments. Patients can do their part by letting the NHS know if they can’t make their slot – freeing up doctors, nurses and other professionals to see those who do need care and attention.” 20pc Conservation Society (MCS), who say more drastic action is needed. Dr Laura Foster, head of clean seas at MCS, said: “The most important thing should be to look at stopping the amount going into the ocean. “Think of an overflowing bath with the taps on full blast. We’re trying to bail with a teaspoon, and we’re wondering why that’s not having an effect. “We need to focus on stopping things going into the ocean in the first place, and it may be that future generations look at a clean-up.” She added: “We need to incentivise – as soon as you give an empty container a value, you see people’s behaviour change. “You won’t see them littered – the littering rate for on-the-go items is 20 per cent – but if you have a deposit return scheme on bottles and cans then that’s superb.” PA The littering rate for on-the-go pieces of plastic that are seen to hold no value, according to Dr Laura Foster Fine feathers Hundreds of thousands of spectators gathered to watch the annual London New Year’s Day Parade yesterday. More than 8,000 performers from around the world took part in the event that included a message of thanks from the Queen. Schools are producing children ‘without character’ Wrapping pupils ‘in cotton wool’ may be linked to rise of snowflake generation, leading head master warns By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR SCHOOLS that “enfold pupils in cotton wool” and focus only on exam grades are producing a nation of children without character, the head master of Stowe School has warned. Dr Anthony Wallersteiner said children once developed resilience and grit by playing sports on cold, rainy days, collecting tadpoles and climbing trees. But the “scramble” to climb league tables had led schools to neglect activities which traditionally helped pupils understand their strengths and weaknesses and learn perseverance. “Children are experiential learners,” he said. “They learn how to ride a bicycle after they have fallen off a few times. Building a den, climbing trees and collecting tadpoles will give them a better understanding of themselves and their place in the world than playing Fortnite. “They develop more resilience, grit and character by playing lacrosse, hockey or rugby on a cold, wet December afternoon than by vaping or watching 13 Reasons Why … character virtues which seem to have been lost in the scramble for schools to achieve ever higher metrics in public exams.” Dr Julian Lovelock, former dean of arts and languages at the University of Buckingham, has also noticed an curi- ous trend in school stories, which reflects how institutions have changed. In his new book, The Demon Headmaster, he writes that in the past 50 years tales about boarding schools have become “fallow ground for the novelist” because life has become more sanitised. Authors were now forced to set plots in fantasy schools such as Hogwarts, in the Harry Potter series. Although the humiliations and beatings that used to occur in schools had largely been wiped out, he argued that the traditional idea of character build- ing had perhaps “receded too far”. Dr Lovelock said: “Character building as it used to be known, and as it is characterised in school stories, is another way of saying that learning to survive physical and mental hardship is a good thing – which of course it isn’t. “There should be no return to that kind of character building, but I believe fervently that schools should have the time and resource to foster such qualities as honesty, loyalty, determination, resilience, leadership.” Without setbacks and character building, educational experts are concerned that young people are being left unprepared for adulthood. Dr Wallersteiner said: “There may be a connection between schools enfolding their pupils in cotton wool and the rise of the ‘snowflake’ generation with their safe spaces in universities, virtue signalling and no-platforming of speakers expressing different opinions to their own. “Successful people generally experience many setbacks before they discover a winning formula.” Woman loses ‘30 years of life’ in self-storage warehouse fire A woman who gave up her home after being made redundant has lost all her possessions in a fire at a self-storage warehouse. Marianna Georgiou, 51, was one of hundreds of customers whose belongings were destroyed in the blaze in Croydon, south London. She said she had been left with just one set of clothes and her car. Ms Georgiou added that she put her possessions in storage when she moved in with her daughter temporarily after losing her job in retail. She said: “I cannot believe it. Thirty years of my whole life have gone in an instant.” “I got made redundant last year so I gave up my home so I put everything in storage. It’s the memories and the sentimental things that you cannot replace.” Shurgard, which runs the self-storage facility on Purley Way in Croydon, said it would contact all customers in the next two days, but added that it was “highly unlikely” any items would be saved. The fire took hold at around 7.45pm on Monday, with up to 120 firefighters working to extinguish the blaze. The cause has yet to be confirmed. Nobody was injured, police said, although the four-storey building has been extensively damaged. Graham Ellis, assistant commissioner of the London Fire Brigade, described the blaze as “very challenging”. He said: “Self-storage units are generally full of items like furniture which when packed tightly provide a lot of materials to burn. These sorts of incidents tend to create large fires that burn hard for a long time.” Male turtles at risk as climate change makes future female Good at wrapping presents? Consider surgery as a career Only one in 10 green turtle hatchlings could be male by 2100 as climate change causes “feminisation” of the species, research suggests. The sex of turtle hatchlings is determined by temperature, and at present about 52 per cent of hatching green turtles – one of seven species of sea turtle – are female. But a study by the University of Exeter and the Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre in Portugal published in the journal Wrapping presents well could be a sign children should pursue a career in surgery, a charity boss has said. Penny Bendall, who hit the headlines 12 years ago after rebuilding three porcelain vases damaged by a visitor to the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge, fears that natural craft skills are not being recognised. She has set up a charity which runs workshops for teenagers who enjoy working with their hands. Ms Bendall said: “Some Global Change Biology shows that in warmer temperatures predicted by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change scenarios, 76 per cent to 93 per cent of hatchlings would be female. “Green turtles are facing trouble in the future due to loss of habitats and increasing temperatures,” said Dr Rita Patricio, from the University of Exeter. “As temperatures continue to rise, it may become impossible for unhatched turtles to survive.” children do not necessarily have a talent for painting or drawing but they do have craft skills, which might lead to a career. For example, a child might be naturally good at wrapping presents. That kind of skill might be indicative of a child with unusually fine craft skills, manual dexterity and an ability to understand 3D shapes. “Those are skills which could be needed in the film and theatre industries, and also in professions like architecture and surgery.” *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 11 News Many venues have one lavatory per 38 women – far below industry minimum By Anita Singh Arts And EntErtAinmEnt Editor ANY theatregoer who has spent an interval queuing for the ladies’ loos will have felt the facilities are a little lacking. Now there are statistics to back them up, after a survey of West End theatres found an average of one ladies’ lavatory per 38 female audience members – barely half the number recommended as the industry standard. The average-sized West End theatre should have a minimum of 45, according to British Standard sanitary provision guidelines. The actual number is 25. It means female theatregoers would need a 57-minute interval if all were to visit the loo mid-performance, according to research conducted by The Stage. The worst offenders include the Criterion Theatre, Piccadilly Circus, which has one lavatory per 39.3 audience members. The National Theatre is the best with one for every 13.3 women. Female customers account for 65 per cent of theatre ticket revenue, according to the most recent figures. However, the interiors of most West End theatres have changed little since the 19th century and the buildings are listed. The problem is not restricted to London – the 1,347-seat New Alexandra Theatre in Birmingham has only 15 ladies’ lavatories. Sir Cameron Mackintosh has been granted planning permission to install up to 33 new lavatories in the Queen’s Theatre, one of his West End venues. The planning application noted that women were being required to queue “for up to 10 minutes into the second act”. Sir Howard Panter and Rosemary Squire, who founded the Ambassador Theatre Group, have made women’s facilities a priority with their new venture, Trafalgar Entertainment Group. “Part of our development plan is to address women’s loos. It’s a perennial problem,” Squire said. Sir Howard has described the situation as “a complete disgrace at the moment”. The Old Vic is trying to raise £100,000 for a refurbishment that will increase the number of ladies’ lavatories, led by a video in which actresses plead: “More loos!” They include Glenda Jackson, who says: “What is this ladies’ toilet situation? Is it that you think women don’t wee, or that women don’t Joanna Lumley is among the stars calling for more ladies’ loos at West End theatres like the theatre?” Joanna Lumley jokily complains that women should not have to choose between queuing at the bar for a drink and queuing for the loo: “The ladies are about to storm the men’s loos. They can’t manage to have a drink and a waz at half-time.” The theatre has 10 women’s lavatory cubicles for an audience of more than 1,000. A spokesman said: “Every patron should be able to go to the loo and order a drink in the interval.” The Stage included all venues with full membership of the Society of London Theatre, excluding five owned by Nimax. The research also found that 62 per cent of the 42 theatres surveyed had just one disabled lavatory, while the Ambassadors and Wyndham’s had none. Men short-changed over nappy duties By Daily Telegraph Reporter BABY-CHANGING facilities should be made more father-friendly, according to a campaigner. There are no laws requiring businesses to provide the equipment, only a recommended standard to follow. Jack Peacock, a father-ofthree who runs the Peachicks Daddy blog, says there are often no changing facilities in men’s lavatories. He told Sky News: “When I’ve been out, we have struggled. Sometimes I’ve had to ask, and they’re like ‘It’s in the women’s’. If it’s just me on my own, there’s not really a lot I can do. “I don’t feel comfortable going into female toilets to change my child and I imagine some women won’t be comfortable with that either.” Raymond Martin from the British Toilet Association (BTA) wants to see new legislation passed that would see businesses forced to change their approach. He told Sky News: “The BTA has been campaigning for 20 years to say to the Government: do we really need high-speed trains? Aircraft carriers? “We see more and more single dads, fathers out with their children, and we’d like to see more money from the government for facilities, and better facilities.” The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government said it was considering a review of lavatory provision, adding: “Building regulations guidance recommends making reasonable provision for separate unisex baby changing facilities. “It is up to local authorities to provide the services their communities need.” BBC / JAMES PARDON Stars call for more ladies’ loos in West End theatres They’re back A Dalek confronts a squad of soldiers in last night’s Doctor Who, confirming rumours that new Doctor Jodie Whittaker was to meet the Time Lord’s most famous adversaries. The episode will be the Doctor’s only appearance in 2019. The series returns next year. 12 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 13 World news Experts claim parks at risk from shutdown of government NATIONAL parks in the US are being overwhelmed by rubbish and are at risk of significant damage because of the partial shutdown of the government, conservationists have warned. Donald Trump claimed yesterday that he had “no choice” but to continue the 11-day shutdown, blaming Democrats as litter and human waste piled up at tourist areas around the country. Dakota Snider, 24, who works in Yosemite Valley, said: “It’s so heartbreaking. There is more trash and human waste and disregard for the rules than I’ve seen. It’s a free-for-all.” The shutdown happened because of a standoff between the president and Democrats in Congress, who are refusing to authorise $5.7 billion to fund a large part of the president’s proposed wall on the Mexico border. Democrats take control of the House of Representatives tomorrow and said they would introduce a spending bill to fund the government – but it contained no money for a border wall. Mr Trump wrote on Twitter: “The Democrats, much as I suspected, have allocated no money for a new Wall. So imaginative!” He added: “The wall is one-hundred percent foolproof. No, we are not giving up. We have to have border security and the wall is a big part of border security. The biggest part.” Hundreds of thousands of public employees have been sent home during the shutdown, including rangers and other park staff. John Garder, of the National Parks Conservation Association, said: “It’s a nightmare scenario. We’re concerned there’ll be impacts to visitors’ safety.” In California the Sequoia National Park was closed due to overflowing rubbish bins. At Joshua Tree National Park, rows were reported between campers with no rangers to step in, and damage was being caused by visitors illegally going off-road in vehicles. Mr Trump stayed in Washington DC over the new year, cancelling a trip to Florida. White House officials indicated the president believes he has public opinion on his side and that Democrats will be blamed for the shutdown. AP By Nick Allen in Washington California dreaming Tear gas is thrown by US agents towards fleeing migrants who tried to climb the fence to get to San Diego in California from Tijuana in Mexico yesterday. Discouraged by a long wait to apply for asylum, many people now cross the border illegally only to hand themselves in to US officials. Kim to US: End sanctions or we’ll take ‘new way’ North Korean leader’s US summit offer qualified with further demands to lift crippling embargoes By Nicola Smith ASIA CORRESPONDENT KIM JONG-UN has offered to hold a new summit with Donald Trump, but warned Pyongyang may pursue a “new way” if Washington does not lift crippling sanctions. In his New Year speech, the North Korean leader also suggested for the first time that he would no longer produce nuclear weapons. Mr Kim added that relations with the US could progress at a “fast speed” if it made concessions, but he urged Washington not to “misjudge” his patience. Mr Kim’s annual address offers a rare insight into his thinking and plans for the coming year. This year’s 30-minute speech was shown live on South Korean television – a sign of how relations have improved between the neighbours. Mr Kim spoke of his satisfaction at his meetings with Moon Jae-in, the South Korean president, and expressed his wish to turn the armistice at the end of the 1950-53 war into a full peace treaty. The bulk of the address focused on economic development, but a key message was reserved for the US president, offering a gesture of peace that could equally be withdrawn if the US did not offer any give-and-take in the denuclearisation process. In particular, he demanded an end to South Korea’s joint military exercises with the US and to the sanctions damaging North Korea’s economic growth. “I am ready to sit down again with the US president at any time and will make efforts to produce an outcome that the international community will welcome,” Mr Kim said of a potential second summit with Mr Trump. However, North Korea might be “compelled to explore new ways” to defend its sovereignty if the United States “seeks to force something upon Kim Jong-un during his televised speech addressing his nation yesterday us unilaterally … and remains unchanged in its sanctions and pressure,” Mr Kim cautioned. Mr Kim and Mr Trump met for their historic summit in Singapore in June, agreeing to work together towards the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, but without clearly defining what that meant. In recent months, they have Trump mocks Warren’s challenge By Nick Allen in Washington DONALD TRUMP attacked Elizabeth Warren, the first major Democratic candidate to declare for the 2020 presidential race, saying voters should “ask her psychiatrist” if she could win. Ms Warren, 69, the Massachusetts senator, announced her intention on New Year’s Eve, saying she would “fight all the way” against Mr Trump. The two politicians have previously had high-profile disagreements. Mr Trump’s nickname for Ms Warren is “Pocahontas” over her controversial claims of Native American ancestry. Asked whether he thought she believed she could win, Mr Trump told Fox News: “Well, that I don’t know. You’d have to ask her psychiatrist.” In a taste of what may be to come when election campaigning gets under way, Mr Trump referred to her Native American claims, telling the interviewer: “I think you have more [Native American ancestry] than she does, and maybe I do too, and I have nothing. “I wish her well. I hope she does well. I’d love to run against her.” Mr Trump’s aides have suggested he would be delighted if Ms Warren, an outspoken critic of Wall Street, won the nomination, believing he could beat her more easily than some of the other potential Democratic candidates. Ms Warren already has a staff of 70 and $12.5 million (£9.8 million) in campaign funds. She grew up in Oklahoma Elizabeth Warren, in race for president and went to work as a waitress aged 13, before becoming a teacher, a law professor and a firebrand liberal senator. Nate Silver, the election analyst, said Ms Warren could become the standard bearer for the Democrat left, adding: “Voters know what she stands for.” On New Year’s Eve, she hosted a live broadcast from her kitchen on Instagram, the social media platform. She cracked open a beer, cooked, introduced her dog and took questions. In a new year message on Twitter, written in capital letters, Mr Trump said: “2019 WILL BE A FANTASTIC YEAR FOR THOSE NOT SUFFERING FROM TRUMP DERANGEMENT SYNDROME. JUST CALM DOWN AND ENJOY THE RIDE.” By Our Foreign Staff THE Taliban discussed Afghanistan’s “post-occupation situation” with Iran in their latest meeting, the group said yesterday, as Tehran makes a concerted push for peace in the run-up to a possible US withdrawal. The militants made the disclosure after Iran confirmed on Monday that the Taliban had visited Tehran for a second round of talks in just a few days aimed at ending the 17-year conflict. The Taliban delegation discussed with Iran “the post-occupation situation, restoration of peace and security in Afghanistan and the region”, the militants said in a statement. It signals a growing confidence among the Taliban over the prospect of US troops pulling out of Afghanistan, after Donald Trump decided to heavily reduce the number of troops on the ground. Tehran’s peace push will be viewed with concern in Washington, where there are fears that the planned with- drawal from Syria and Afghanistan will cede regional influence to Iran. The Taliban also met with the US, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia in the United Arab Emirates earlier in December as part of a flurry of diplomatic efforts to end the war. But the Taliban refused to meet a delegation from Afghanistan. Iran and Afghanistan share a near 600-mile (960km) border and have had a complex relationship in recent years. Tehran worked alongside the US and Western powers to drive out the Taliban after the invasion in 2001. But there have been allegations that Iran’s Revolutionary Guards have in recent years established ties with the Taliban aimed at driving out US forces. u Taliban fighters killed more than 20 Afghan security forces in raids on a provincial capital in northern Afghanistan yesterday. Hundreds of militants were outside Sar-e-Pul city, which Zabihullah Amani, the provincial governor’s spokesman, warned was at risk of falling to the Taliban if reinforcements were not sent. AFP/GETTY IMAGES Tehran hosts Taliban peace talks before troop withdrawal Happy ending A baby boy is pulled alive from the rubble of a tower block that collapsed in Magnitogorsk, Russia. reached a diplomatic impasse, each accusing the other of blocking progress. Pyongyang has also accused Washington of failing to take corresponding measures after it dismantled a nuclear testing ground and suspended tests. Those measures were in line with its resolve to “no longer make, use or spread” nuclear weapons, Kim said yesterday, indicating a moratorium on weapons production for the first time. Although Pyongyang did not conduct nuclear or missile tests last year, satellite images have pointed to continued activity at its related facilities. Some analysts suggested the speech was intended to drive a wedge between Washington and Seoul, which is push- ing for faster diplomatic efforts. They said the North Korean leader appeared to be gearing up to portray the US as the obstacle to progress. “North Korea has always been adept at putting the onus for action on the US, taking the initiative in a way that forces Washington to either react on Pyongyang’s terms or look like the obstacle to progress,” Mintaro Oba, a former US diplomat specialising in the Koreas, told The Daily Telegraph. “Kim Jong Un drew from that playbook in his speech today by offering to take actions that might be popular in South Korea, but would require US consent to lift sanctions. This puts both Seoul and Washington in a bind.” 14 ** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph World news Probe visits ‘spinning peanut’ in deepest space By Nick Allen in Washington A NASA probe has reached the furthest cosmic object ever explored by humankind, revealing new clues to how the planets formed. Ultima Thule, a space rock 22 miles long and nine miles wide, sits in the dark and frigid Kuiper belt, four billion miles from Earth, on the edge of the known solar system. The New Horizons probe flew by at 32,000mph, passing within 2,200 miles of the surface. From there, it took 10 hours for an anxiously awaited “phone home” signal to reach mission control at Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Maryland. As cheers erupted, Alice Bowman, the mission operations manager, said: “We have a healthy spacecraft. We’ve just accomplished the most distant flyby. This science will help us understand the origins of our solar system.” A blurry initial image sent back of Ultima Thule showed a white object resembling a bowling pin, or a peanut, and rotating like a propeller. The fly-by was more than a billion miles beyond Pluto, previously the furthest space object ever visited. Scientists hope fresh images of Ultima Thule will help them learn about the ancient building blocks of planets. Along with other bodies in the Kuiper belt, it is a relic from the early solar system, having been deeply frozen and perfectly preserved. It takes 295 years to orbit the Sun. Seven instruments on the New Horizons will be used to detect the chemical composition of its atmosphere and terrain. Beaming all the discoveries back will take two years. Alan Stern, the lead planetary scientist for New Horizons, said: “Everything we are going to learn, from its composition to its geology, to how it was originally assembled, whether it has satellites and an atmosphere and those kinds of things, are going to teach us about the original formation conditions of objects in the solar system.” He said the initial picture looked like a “pixelated blob” but better images would arrive. He added: “The data we ISS leak was ‘botched repair job’, suggests ex-commander By Patrick Sawer THE former commander of the International Space Station has confirmed that a leak in its space capsule was caused deliberately and could have had “severe” consequences for the crew. The leak was detected by Nasa officials on August 29, when flight controllers on Earth noticed a dip in the air pressure of the ISS. It was identified by the crew as coming from a two-millimetre puncture on a section of the Russian-made Soyuz space capsule. Nasa said at the time the crew were “never in any danger”, but photographs of the hole released later showed what appeared to be drill marks around it, sparking speculation about who carried out what appeared to be a deliberate attempt at sabotage. Alexander Gerst, who had been commander of the mission before passing the role on to Oleg Kononenko in December, has scotched suggestions have looks fantastic, and we’re already learning about Ultima from up close. From here out, the data will just get better and better.” Scientists are still unsure, until they see further images, if the object is a single body, or two orbiting each other. Ultima Thule was discovered in 2014 with the help of the Hubble Space Telescope. It was originally called 2014 MU69, but renamed after Thule, a mythical island in medieval literature. The space agency said “Ultima Thule” meant “beyond Thule” and was intended to indicate “beyond the bor- The two-millimetre hole on the ISS caused a leak in the capsule and there was speculation over its origin aired in sections of the Russian media that the hole was the work of US astronauts on a previous mission. Instead Gerst appeared to suggest it was the fault of a botched repair job covered up by construction or maintenance crews on the ground. Speaking on BBC Radio 4’s Today on Tuesday he said: “It was pretty clear in my opinion [it was] not the crew that sprung the leak. “That was just a few misunderstandings they had out there. “It’s still pretty obvious that it was a man-made hole. The hole was there and it was just covered by a little glue, so the question is how did it get there?” Nasa control only informed the crew about the leak once they woke the following morning, reassuring them there was plenty of air left in their reserve tank to last for several days. But Gerst said the situation might have been much more serious had the air leakage begun when the Soyuz was taking the crew up to the ISS. “As an astronaut you think, ‘Well, what would have happened if it broke loose a little bit earlier, when we were travelling to the space station, when you only have a very small volume of air in that spacecraft?’,” he said. “Even though the hole was small in that case it would have been more severe for us.” An artist’s impression of the New Horizons probe’s encounter with Ultima Thule ders of the known world”. New Horizons launched in 2006 with the stated mission of flying by Pluto. It reached the dwarf planet in 2015, revealing methane-rich dunes on the surface. The probe was then redirected to Ultima Thule. While it has conducted the most distant close encounter with a space object, New Horizons is not the most distant probe from Earth. Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, launched in 1977, both reached greater distances. Brian May, the Queen guitarist, who has a PhD in astrophysics, is a participating scientist in the New Horizons mission. He also wrote a song in honour of the probe. After the fly-by, he said: “This is a night none of us are going to forget. This mission represents to me the spirit of adventure, discovery and inquiry which is inherent in the human spirit.” Editorial Comment: Page 19 Oleg Kononenko on a spacewalk while attached to the International Space Station Martian robot will explore the Red Planet with mind of its own chosen as a test site because it has a red, rocky terrain that is very similar to the surface of Mars. The robot travelled more than 1.4km without human interaction during the month-long trial. Catherine Mealing-Jones, director of growth at the UK Space Agency, said: “Mars is a very difficult planet to land safely on, so it’s essential to maximise the discoveries from each successful touchdown. “New autonomous robot technology like this will help to further unlock Mars’s mysteries and I’m delighted that the UK is a key player” Airbus in Stevenage, Herts, is the prime contractor for the new European Space Agency (ESA) ExoMars rover, due to land on the planet in 2020. Following a public competition last year, the UK Space Agency will reveal the name of the new UK-built rover this spring. ExoMars is part of a project to search for evidence of life on Mars. It is a joint mission by the ESA and the Russian space agency Roscosmos. The first part of the mission was to place a communication satellite in orbit over Mars, called the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter. This was successful after a launch in 2016. In addition to orbiting the planet, the satellite was meant to deliver a probe called Schiaparelli. The probe crashed upon landing on Mars that same year. The UK Space Agency is the second largest European contributor to ExoMars, having invested £260 million in the mission and £14 million on the instruments. The new autonomous technology, called ERGO, was also developed with the help of Wiltshire-based software company SCISYS. It was tested in Morocco alongside software, called INFUSE, that combines data from different sensors and sources on the rover and creates useful information such as maps. Father kills six family members at Thai party Congo internet cut over ‘fake’ election results Four injured as German rams car into migrants A Thai man who reportedly felt slighted by his in-laws shot dead six family members including his two young children at a New Year’s Eve party, police said yesterday. The shooting took place 10 minutes after midnight as Sucheep Sornsung joined his wife’s family to ring in the new year in southern Chumphon province. He was “heavily” drunk when he pulled out his pistol at the table in the beauty parlour where the party was being hosted, police said. “All of the victims were his family members including his nine-year-old son and six-year-old daughter,” Lt Col Larp Kampapan of Phato police told AFP. “They were shot either in the head or the torso... he was angry that as the son-in-law he was not being made welcome by his wife’s family.” The gunman then turned the weapon on himself. Internet connections and SMS services were cut for a second day yesterday in the Democratic Republic of Congo – amid claims that fake election results were being spread on social media. Barnabé Kikaya bin Karubi, a senior adviser to Joseph Kabila, the DRC president, said the services were cut to preserve public order. “That (fake results) could lead us straight toward chaos,” he said, adding the services would remain cut until the complete results were out on Jan 6. Both the opposition and ruling coalition claim to be on track to win after a turbulent election in which many Congolese were unable to vote due to an Ebola outbreak, conflict and logistical problems. Congo has never had a democratic transfer of power, and a disputed outcome could lead to violence like that after the 2006 and 2011 elections. A man drove into a crowd of pedestrians celebrating the new year in the west German town of Bottrop yesterday in an apparent xenophobic attack. The driver targeted a group of Syrian and Afghan migrants in the attack shortly after midnight. Police are investigating whether he has any far-Right links. One woman was in critical condition, while three others received serious injuries. The victims have not been named but are believed to include Syrians and Afghans. The driver escaped the scene and fled to the nearby city of Essen, where he was captured by police. He is a German citizen, according to authorities. He had a “clear intention to kill foreigners”, Herbert Reul, the regional interior minister for North RhineWestphalia told a press conference. By Joseph Archer SCIENTISTS in the UK have finished testing a Martian robot that will make its own decisions about where it explores when it reaches the planet. The rover, using artificial intelligence to work out where to go and how to get there, will be able to drive up to a kilometre a day on the Red Planet. The software on the rover, developed by researchers at King’s College London and aerospace company Airbus, will also make decisions about managing its resources. For example, it can shut down certain functions to conserve power. It will also give the rover the ability to investigate things that it deems to be interesting, but which human operators might miss. The technology marks a significant advance on the remote-controlled Martian robots currently in use. Those rovers are slow and unresponsive, because it takes eight minutes for commands sent from Earth to reach them. This limits how far the robots can travel, with current rovers moving only a few dozen metres a day. The new autonomous systems were tested last month on a four-wheel rover called Sherpa in the Sahara Desert. The arid location in Morocco was The Sherpa was tested in Morocco to simulate terrain conditions on Mars WORLD BULLETIN ** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 15 World news British names go as India erases colonial past Islands retitled to honour rebel who fought alongside Nazis and Japan during the Second World War By Rahul Bedi in New Delhi THREE Indian islands have been given new names as part of a campaign by Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist government to dissociate the country from two centuries of British rule. On a visit to the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago in the Bay of Bengal, the prime minister announced the renaming of Ross, Neil and Havelock Islands – named after colonial figures – to honour Subhash Chander Bose. Mr Bose, a radical Hindu nationalist, raised a rebel army of Indian soldiers during the Second World War to fight the British with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. His Free India Army was defeated and he died in mysterious circumstances in 1945, two years before India won its independence. Ross Island, named after a marine surveyor, will now be known as Subhash Chander Bose Dweep (island). Neil Island, commemorating a British military officer, becomes Shaeed or Martyr Dweep. Havelock Island, that honoured the British army general who crushed the 1857 mutiny by Indian soldiers against British rule, has been renamed Swaraj Dweep – Independent Island. “When it comes to heroes of the freedom struggle, we take the name of Bose with pride and that is why the government has issued a notification changing the islands’ names,” Mr Modi declared. He added that renaming the islands fulfilled a demand Bose made in 1943, when he visited the Andamans, then occupied by his Japanese allies. Opposition parties have accused Mr Modi’s BJP party of “seeking revenge on India’s history”. They also claim it is an attempt by Hindu nationalists to extend their cultural and political influence. With a general election due in May, Mr Modi suffered a string of setbacks in December, when the BJP lost power in three key states. However, he insisted yesterday that his party was on course to retain power. “No reason for morale down. We are confident and are moving ahead,” Mr Modi said. In October, the BJP launched a campaign to rename the colonial government’s summer capital of Simla in the Himalayas to free the town from the “oppressive” mental slavery of the past. After weeks of agitation to rename it Shyamala after a Hindu goddess, the move has for now, been deferred. The Mughalserai railway station in Uttar Pradesh state has been renamed after Deendyal Upadhya, an associate of the Hindu ultra-Right Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) or National Volunteer Corps. The RSS is devoted to keeping Hinduism “pure” from influences such as Islam and Christianity, a goal that the BJP has been avidly pursuing. Sharad Yadav of the National Democratic Party said that by changing names, the BJP was deflecting attention from its inability to rejuvenate the flailing economy, create jobs and improve India’s crumbling infrastructure. “It is a feeble attempt by the BJP to try to hide its failures” he added. KARIM SAHIB/AFP/GETTY IMAGES The slip of the desert A camel ridden by a robot jockey falls during a race at the Liwa Moreeb Dune Festival 2019 near Abu Dhabi in the UAE. Author Houellebecq gets Legion of Honour Belgian abbey beer becomes non-alcoholic By David Chazan in Paris MICHEL HOUELLEBECQ, the controversial author who predicts the doom of western civilisation in his new novel, was awarded the Legion of Honour, France’s highest civilian distinction, in the New Year honours list yesterday. Seratonin, which is released on Friday, focuses on the festering rage in provincial France that has exploded into the “yellow vest” protests. Like Houellebecq’s previous books, it is set to become an instant bestseller and is already being hailed as the biggest literary event of 2019. It is also likely to enrage those who object to the views that have made Houellebecq, 62, an iconic figure for the nationalist, eurosceptic Right. Houellebecq’s bleak view of France and Europe is much in evidence in the novel, the title of which refers to an ingredient in the anti-depressant taken by the anti-hero. “No one in the West will ever be happy again,” he writes. “This is how a civilisation dies, without danger or drama and with very little carnage.” His previous book, Submission, about a Muslim president governing France, was featured in the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo just days before its office was attacked by Islamist gunmen, who killed 12 people, in 2015. “I’m prepared to vote for anyone provided we propose to exit the European Union and Nato,” Houllebecq said in October. “Europe has chosen a particular mode of suicide that involves murdering the nations that make it up.” By James Crisp BRUSSELS CORRESPONDENT A BELGIAN brewer will make history when it produces the first non-alcoholic version of one of the country’s celebrated and powerful abbey beers. Known for complex flavours and high alcohol content, the ales are brewed by monks or on licence and have long been praised as a central part of Belgium’s cultural heritage. Now, AB InBev, the world’s largest brewing company, is to launch a zero alcohol version of its Leffe beer, which has a history dating back to 1240 and normally packs a 6.6 per cent punch. Traditionalists may call it sacrilege, but the brewer said its decision was a sign of changing attitudes towards beer in Belgium, where a survey found that 62 per cent of adults thought they drank too much. Non-alcoholic lagers and wheat beers have been growing in popularity in the country, with a 30 per cent growth in the market this year. AB InBev will use a de-alcoholisation tech- nique that allows the beer to first go through the usual brewing process. Eoghan Walsh, an award-winning beer writer based in Belgium, said brewing mythology was an “almost foundational part” of Belgian identity. “The popularity of these beers is founded on their strength and the fuller flavour that goes with it,” he said. “A zero per cent abbey beer is a big departure from a brewing tradition you can trace back hundreds of years.” AB InBev said 20 per cent of beer would be low in alcohol by 2025. 16 ** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph World news Jair Bolsonaro gestures to the Brazilian congress, left, during his inauguration as the new president. Right, with his wife Michelle during a parade in Brasilia to mark the occasion Brazil’s controversial new president promises to strengthen democracy and fight violent street crime By James Rothwell JAIR BOLSONARO, the new president of Brazil, promised to work closely with Donald Trump “under God’s protection” to bring prosperity to both countries as he was sworn in last night. The far-Right nationalist, known as the “Trump of the Tropics”, vowed to crack down on corruption and violent crime in a long-awaited speech following his shock election in October. The 63-year-old former army captain has pledged to tackle street crime by arming civilians and believes police officers who kill suspects should be decorated rather than investigated. “I will work tirelessly so that Brazil reaches its destiny,” said Mr Bolsonaro, the latest populist to exploit anti-establishment fury. “My vow is to strengthen Brazil’s democracy,” he added. Crowds of supporters, many with the Brazilian flag draped around their shoulders and with faces painted yellow and green, the national colours, gathered before the Planalto palace, where Brazil’s new leader was presented with the presidential sash. Mr Bolsonaro is a hugely controversial figure because of his track record for making racist and sexist comments and displaying nostalgia for the former military dictatorship. He has spoken of how he would punch a gay couple if he BLOOMBERG; AFP/GETTY IMAGES Bolsonaro sworn in with pledge to follow Trump to ‘bring prosperity’ saw them kissing in public and has admitted he would “be incapable of loving a homosexual child”. Mr Bolsonaro is appealing a fine he received for telling a female politician during a heated row: “I wouldn’t rape you because you don’t deserve it.” In a TV interview in 1999, he said he yearned for the days of the military dictatorship, which killed hundreds between 1964-85, adding: “I’m in favour of torture. You know that. And the people are too.” The new president hopes to realign Brazilian diplomacy towards the Thousands join Hong Kong democracy protest By Our Foreign Staff THOUSANDS of protesters marched in Hong Kong yesterday to demand full democracy, fundamental rights and independence from China, in the face of what many see as a Communist Party clampdown on local freedoms. Over the past year, countries such as the United States and Britain have expressed concerns about a number of incidents they say have undermined confidence in Hong Kong’s autonomy under Chinese rule, including the jailing of activists, a ban on a pro-independence political party and the de facto expulsion of a Western journalist. The march, which drew more than 5,000 people, according to organisers, included calls to restart stalled democratic reforms and to fight “political repression” from Beijing. “Looking back at the year that passed, it was a very bad year. The rule of law in Hong Kong is falling backwards,” said Jimmy Sham, one of the organisers. The former British colony returned to Chinese rule in 1997, with a promise of a high degree of autonomy and universal suffrage as an “ultimate aim”. Around 100 independence activists joined the demonstration, holding up banners and chanting for the city to split from China, which considers Hong Kong to be an inalienable part of its territory and denounces “separatists” as a threat to national sovereignty. “There will be continuous suppression of the Hong Kong independence movement, but the movement will grow stronger and stronger,” said Baggio Leung, an independence leader. Last year, in an unprecedented move, Hong Kong authorities banned the Hong Kong National Party on national security grounds because of its pro-independence stance. interests of Mr Trump, who sent Mike Pompeo, the US secretary of state, to the inauguration ceremony. In scenes reminiscent of Mr Trump’s own inauguration, the crowds were far smaller than expected, according to witnesses. Mr Trump congratulated Mr Bolsonaro on his “great inauguration speech”, adding: “The US is with you!” Responding on social media, which he uses to sidestep the mainstream press, Mr Bolsonaro said: “Dear Mr President, I truly appreciate your words of encouragement. Together, under God’s protection, we shall bring prosperity and progress to our people!” In a clear sign of a diplomatic shift, Mr Bolsonaro plans to move the Brazilian embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, breaking with his country’s traditional support for a two-state solution to the Palestinian issue. During the campaign trail, Mr Bolsonaro was transformed from a fringe eccentric into a populist firebrand. At a rally in September he was stabbed in the stomach by a mentally ill man, losing 40 per cent of his blood and requiring major surgery. He now has to wear a colostomy bag. One third of his cabinet are former army officers, mostly fellow cadets at the Black Needles academy, Brazil’s equivalent of West Point, all outspoken backers of the former military regime. He is hugely popular among conservative voters, in particular evangelical churches, because of his strong opposition to abortion and desire to remove sex education from schools. His vow to emulate Mr Trump by pulling Brazil out of the Paris Agreement on climate change has concerned environmentalists, along with plans for hydroelectric dams in the Amazon. Israeli centre-Left opposition coalition splinters By Josie Ensor Middle east Correspondent ISRAEL’S main opposition bloc split yesterday as Labour severed ties with the Hatnua movement of Tzipi Livni, the former foreign minister. The move by Avi Gabbay, Labour’s leader, to disband the centre-Left Zionist Union appeared to catch Ms Livni, the current leader of the opposition in parliament, by surprise. Mr Gabbay said his party would now run independently of Hatnua in Israel’s elections on April 9. “I hoped and believed this alliance would bring about our blossoming, a real connection and we would complement each other,” he said, acknowledging the Zionist Union’s weak showing in recent polls. “But the public is smart; [it] saw this is not the situation.” Ms Livni, 60, a former peace negotiator with the Palestinians, said later in the day that she would continue to lead Hatnua into the election. The party has just five MPs in the 120-member parliament, compared with Labour’s 19 and Likud’s 30. The Zionist Union has lagged behind the Likud party of Benjamin Netanyahu and was predicted to capture only eight to nine seats in the election, compared with its current 24. Opinion polls predict Mr Netanyahu will remain prime minister. It is estimated Likud will take 27-31 seats – enough to lead a right-wing coalition – despite three corruption investigations against its leader. The party has only grown in popularity as regional threats to the Jewish state increase. Israel’s attorney general is expected soon to announce his decision on whether to charge Mr Netanyahu. The prime minister said yesterday that he would not resign in the event of his indictment. The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 *** 17 18 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph Comment What a delight to see strong women back on the silver screen To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/ prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 readerprints @telegraph.co.uk JAN ETHERINGTON R achel Weisz, actress, Oscar-winner and all-round toast of Tinseltown, believes today’s leading ladies are rarely given roles as interesting and multifaceted as Hollywood’s early queens of screen. “Films in the Forties and Fifties had very strong women, who could be villainous and vulnerable and were allowed to be complicated,” she says. And she’s right. Back then, stars like Bette Davies, Myrna Loy and Vivien Leigh were playing gutsy, powerful characters, and – especially in the case of Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy – exchanging whip-cracking dialogue with their screen partners. “A woman’s picture” meant a strong storyline, in which a female lead was often fighting against the odds, always showing character and grit whether she won or lost. If there were tears, they were likely to be for a social injustice – not because some guy had just walked out the door. In part this was because many of the screenwriters were women. Anita Loos wrote the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, starring Marilyn Monroe and Rosalind Russell – although the characters were never as spiky as in her original book. Women writers were evident in other fields. The acid-tongued essayist and poet Dorothy Parker’s reviews and poems for the New Yorker were worldweary, funny and incredibly moving, while in television, Lucille Ball may have played a ditsy housewife in I Love Lucy, but she owned a TV studio and her bandleader husband worked for her. From Raymond Chandler’s sirens – “A blonde to make a Bishop kick a hole in a stained-glass window” – to Myrna Loy playing a maid in Love Me Tonight (whose response, when asked “Could you go for a doctor?” was to fling herself on the chaise longue and growl: “Certainly! Bring one in!”), these women had confidence. But they also had humour. Mae West, “the vamp of high camp”, whose star quality brought Paramount studios out of the red, could find a double entendre in a lullaby. She was no man’s plaything. She laid her cards – and her curves – on the table. As we moved into the Sixties, the choice, for women in film, seemed to narrow. You could either be laughed at or lusted over – starched, scary matrons or waifs in need of looking after. The latter, useless in any kind of crisis, mostly screamed or fluttered. Their reward was sex with the hero, and being a Bond Girl was deemed to be desirable, rather than demeaning. And now? Rachel Weisz’s latest film – The Favourite, set during the reign of Queen Anne, in which she co-stars with Olivia Colman and Emma Stone – is, she says, “really quite unusual” in having three leads who are “textured, layered and complex” women. It was written before 2018’s seismic campaigns for equal treatment (campaigns that, it should be noted, many actresses from previous decades would have longed for), as was the towering Frances McDormand’s vigilante role in 3 Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, for which she won last year’s Best Actress Oscar. But what these films hopefully show is that writing smart, strong, satisfying roles for women – which brought the postwar generation flocking to the cinema – is becoming the (new) Nouvelle Vague. Even if it’s as old as Mae West’s jokes. ‘Conversations from a Long Marriage at Christmas’ by Jan Etherington, on Radio 4, is available on BBC iPlayer READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion Forty years ago, Britain faced a far worse situation. Why are we so fearful now? Yes, our nation is divided, but the economic future looks far rosier than it did under Labour in the 1970s PHILIP JOHNSTON H ard though we tried to make the festive season a Brexit-free zone, the subject simply refused to go away. Christmas party conversations over the mince pies and mulled wine would vainly seek some other less contentious outlet – “Any holidays planned?” “Will it be goose or turkey this year?” – before they guiltily crept back to the issue at hand. “So, what’s going to happen, then?” I wanted to say that for the next week or so I couldn’t care less; but of course I do and it would have been churlish not to participate in the nation’s new emotional tic – deep foreboding. Theresa May’s deal – disaster. No deal – disaster. Staying in – disaster. A second referendum? Don’t get me started. What struck me most, especially among contemporaries, was a prevailing view that somehow we are living through an almost apocalyptic end-time period rather than a readjustment of the country’s foreign policy and trading priorities. “It’s never been this bad,” said a friend ruefully. “You can’t be serious,” I replied. On this day 40 years ago I was on strike, in a provincial newspaper dispute that the National Union of Journalists thought would be good to bring to a head over Christmas. Other, more sensible, unions waited until the festivities were over before calling out their members. The Winter of Discontent was beginning. It really did feel dystopian. The weather was ferociously cold and snowy, and we stood on a picket line warming ourselves on improvised braziers donated by the firemen who had been on strike a few months earlier. Within weeks, the public sector began to shut down and rubbish piled up in the streets of some cities. Hospitals were blockaded and reduced to taking emergencies only. When gravediggers began unofficial action in Liverpool and Manchester, and the dead remained unburied for weeks, the sense of a country unravelling became acute. The main gripe was the Labour government’s pay restraint at a time when inflation was well into double figures. We hacks were striking for a 40 per cent rise, if I remember correctly (we didn’t get it). Overall, about 30 million working days were lost to strike action that winter. Compare this to 2017, when 250,000 days were lost. We need some perspective. As has been pointed out many times, even the bleakest Brexit prediction does not envisage an impoverished and ravaged nation but one where economic growth might be less than it would otherwise be. Since gross domestic product predictions are hardly worth the paper they are written on, this is just a guess anyway. Compared to New Year’s Day 1979, the economic future looks far rosier today. Indeed, the Winter of Discontent was the harbinger of a three-year period of massive and painful restructuring as the nationalised industries that the unions had bankrupted became impossible to sustain against international competition. By 1982, unemployment was above three million as pits, shipyards and steelworks shut down. Yet today there are more people in work than ever and pay is going up faster than at any time for 10 years. It was impossible to assure those afflicted with Yuletide anxiety that everything would be fine and dandy. Who knows? Clearly, the first few weeks of 2019 are going to be tumultuous on the political front. If the Prime Minister’s deal is voted down and she resigns, the prospect must be high that the UK will seek to extend or even withdraw Article 50. Even so committed a Brexiteer as Liam Fox believes the chances of the UK leaving without a deal are 50:50. I suspect they are non-existent, which leaves staying in as the only other option. The idea that a no-deal departure is a “default position” that cannot be overridden by MPs is absurd; just watch them. Perhaps when the penny drops on the Brexiteer side they will hold their noses and back Mrs May; but probably not enough of them will do so to forestall an inevitable defeat for the Government. Too many – both Remainers and Leavers – have burnt their bridges to go back now. However, while we cannot foretell the future we can surely agree that the current levels of trepidation are over the top. Looking back 40 years to the dawn of 1979, I don’t recall feeling that we were going to hell in a handcart, though maybe that was because I was young and our parents had experienced far worse 40 years earlier. Today, we are told that young people have the most acute sense of disquiet about Brexit; but is that not because everything in their lives so far has been so straightforward? They have READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion Don’t miss our daily Brexit update telegraph.co.uk/ brexitbulletin never known political and industrial dislocation on any scale. That is why many hero worship Jeremy Corbyn, who probably looks back nostalgically to 1979 as the zenith of the worker’s struggle against the system, even if it was a Labour government in office at the time. January Jeremiahs terrified of Brexit should consider that it is far less of a danger to the well-being of the nation than the prospect of a Corbyn-led government; and yet the collective memory of the Left’s past failures has waned. At the 2017 general election, Labour comfortably beat the Conservatives in every age group up to 50. Among firsttime voters the lead was 66 per cent to 22 per cent. The Conservatives commanded high levels of support among older voters because we know the consequences of handing the country over to a Leftwing Labour government. There was a time when the Tories had only to refer obliquely to the Winter of Discontent for the electorate to know precisely what they were talking about and to understand what had to be done to avoid it. The fact that Labour is not miles ahead in the polls suggests that enough still do appreciate the danger to make the outcome of an election, which could be held as early as this spring, impossible to call. So, those who greeted the New Year with a glass of champagne and a deep sense of misgiving, remember this: things are not as bad as they have been, not by a long chalk, and a disorderly Brexit would be preferable to a Corbynled Labour government, which really would be a threat to the fabric of the nation. Mind you, if we end up with both I’ll be joining the doomsayers. It’s time for Corbyn to back a ‘no-deal’ Brexit The Labour leader must follow his political instincts and start arguing for a clean break with the EU KATE HOEY S ince 17.4 million people voted to leave the European Union in 2016, the Government has wasted time indulging in feeble negotiations. These have eventually yielded a Withdrawal Agreement that wouldn’t actually withdraw us from very much. Now, though, a window of opportunity is opening up for the UK. Beyond the smokescreen of confusion within our majority Remain Parliament, a straightforward path to economic development, political stability and true national sovereignty has emerged. If the Government won’t take it, then it is a golden opportunity for the Labour Party. Jeremy Corbyn should take the lead by calling for the UK to leave the entanglements of the Brussels bureaucracy. That means discarding Mrs May’s Withdrawal Agreement and opting instead for what is sometimes referred to as a no-deal Brexit; life within the simpler and more accommodating framework of the World Trade Organisation. Anyone who reads the detail in the Withdrawal Agreement will realise immediately that the scaremongering about the WTO is as nothing compared to the truly frightening implications of the document the Prime Minister wants us to vote for. It primarily seems to be a mechanism to embed the UK in the EU indefinitely. The backstop, which sets Northern Ireland apart from the rest of the UK, has been the focus of most scrutiny and is indeed an outrage. However, the concentration on this one aspect has obscured many other provisions that also severely constrain our nation’s future scope for independent action. The enactment of the Withdrawal Agreement will, for example, be governed by a “joint committee” of UK and EU representatives. These decisions will, in effect, have the same legal force as the agreement itself. But who knows what traps lie in the 500-page plus text, and there is no provision for Parliament to have a role in its application or interpretation. And while we may be able to negotiate trade deals with other countries around the world, we will not be able to implement them until we reach agreement with the EU on our future relationship. All told, the Withdrawal Agreement really would leave us far more in than out – and ultimately the EU will have little incentive to try to move beyond it towards a proper free-trade deal. Faced with this, I would like to see my party leader seizing on the positives of a complete break. This would not be “jumping off a cliff ” – as those Remain MPs who support either a second referendum or the revoking of Article 50 might put it. We know that the Civil Service is putting in place the arrangements needed for a smooth, managed exit. This would actually provide more certainty for business, by making clear from day one the situation facing them. What’s more, we would keep the £39 billion payment to the EU, and would be able to negotiate immediately with any country interested in a trade deal. At the same time, we could continue to work towards a new trading relationship with the EU. Article 24 FOLLOW Kate Hoey on Twitter @KateHoeyMP; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion of WTO rules allows for a tariff-free period while this is being done. In return, we would become a truly free nation, with future UK governments having the sovereign power to enact all the legislation promised in their manifestos. Everything that was routinely the full responsibility of Parliament before it mutated in a transmission belt for EU regulations – tax rates, employment law, environmental law, defence – would once again be in the hands of our own ministers. General elections would truly matter once again. For Labour, this would mean the ability to promise and then deliver truly radical policies – virtually impossible now under EU law. Jeremy Corbyn is ideally placed to seize this opportunity by trusting his political instincts and the millions of Labour supporters who voted Leave. He must stay true to himself and demonstrate his confidence in our country’s future by embracing a clean break with the EU. Those Labour supporters across the country who put their trust in their politicians to honour the referendum result will never forgive us if we fail them. It’s over to you, Jeremy. Kate Hoey is co-chairman of Labour Leave and MP for Vauxhall ** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 19 Letters to the Editor Railways need more competition, not less M illions of commuters will end their Christmas break and return to work today to face yet another increase in ticket prices. Regulated fares, which cover 45 per cent of the total and are based on last July’s inflation figures, have risen by 3.1 per cent, while some set outside the scheme, such as off-peak leisure tickets, will go up by even more. Over the past 10 years, because wages failed to keep pace with price rises, rail fares became an added burden on hard-pressed travellers, and commuters in particular, since they have little option other than to use the railways. But there are straws in the wind. After a long period of growth in passenger numbers, these declined in 2017 as more people worked at home, put off travelling by high fares. Season ticket sales among commuters fell steeply, casting fresh doubt on the viability of some struggling franchises. It is not yet clear whether this trend has continued, but previous assumptions that higher costs would not deter passenger growth need to be revisited. It is widely accepted that extra money from fares is needed to improve track and rolling stock. A political decision was taken years ago to load more of the network costs on to passengers instead of the general taxpayer, and this must still be the way forward. This was a position Labour accepted under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown but now, under the party’s new Left-wing leadership, it wants to use disgruntlement over the railways to argue for their renationalisation. Whatever the flaws of the existing system, however, it still works better than when it was nationalised and it is getting investment that a cash-strapped state would have denied the railways. Many of the complaints about late trains are often not the fault of the operators but of Network Rail, which is effectively state-controlled. Overall passenger satisfaction remains higher than under British Rail. The old nationalised system was not a golden age. This does not mean there is not ample room for improvement in rolling stock, stations, timetabling and fare structures. More competition, not less, needs to be injected with greater opportunities for new entrants to break into the market. Writing in the Telegraph today Chris Grayling, the Transport Secretary, makes a significant statement that “the franchising model cannot be the path for the future” of the railways. But assuredly, neither can renationalisation. Say no to nanny taxes T he new year is traditionally a time for an outbreak of abstemiousness that is rarely sustained save by the most self-disciplined. Diets abound and a dry January is encouraged, even though scientists say it is of little or no benefit to moderate drinkers. This month, many are proposing to go vegan, which is a lifestyle they are entitled to adopt, provided they do not seek to impose it on the rest of us. But these are matters of individual choice and always have been, until now. The Government thinks it has a direct role to play in forcing us to make the “correct” culinary choices. Public Health England (PHE) has a fiveyear target to cut sugar by 20 per cent in a range of products, from cakes and confectionery to yogurts and cereals. Last week, The Daily Telegraph revealed new calorie caps drawn up by PHE, which would control the content in thousands of meals sold by restaurants and supermarkets. That there is too much sugar and salt in many shop-bought products is undeniable and the quantities should indeed be reduced – but PHE want to go beyond exhortation and advice towards instituting higher taxes on such goods. It will shortly provide an update on how the industry is doing in reducing sugar under a voluntary scheme and, as we report today, it is expected to say that progress is too slow. Dame Sally Davies, chief medical officer for England, has already indicated that, in that case, she wants taxes raised on food high in salt and sugar. We do not doubt that too many people are obese, but evidence from other countries where such taxes have been tried suggests they don’t work. Their effect on calorie consumption and obesity is minimal and they are highly regressive, economically inefficient and unpopular. The Government should steer well clear. To infinity and beyond A s those of us here on Earth greeted the start of a new year, four billion miles away Nasa’s New Horizons probe was exploring new depths of space. The probe’s successful visit to Ultima Thule, a frozen mass that now has the distinction of being the most distant object ever visited by a spacecraft, is a glorious – and welcome – reminder of what mankind is capable of achieving. This July marks 50 years since man first walked on the Moon, but while most “giant leaps” are now carried out by robots, the idea of the final frontier being pushed ever further back continues to thrill. Long may it continue. We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk Dental disaster SIR – The RSPB and others (Letters, December 31) claim that a “green Brexit” depends on continued cooperation with the EU. The opposite could be argued, probably with greater evidence. Most biodiversity loss in Europe is from the way we farm. Most EU spending is on the Common Agricultural Policy, which has contributed to unsustainable farming. The Common Agricultural Policy is “among the most powerful drivers of environmental destruction in the northern hemisphere”, as George Monbiot put it in October. The RSPB and its fellow pressuregroups think it easier to continue with the status quo, which has failed to deliver their objectives in the past. As the Agriculture Bill put forward by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs shows, Brexit offers the opportunity to improve our green landscape management. I am saddened, as an organic farmer and conservationist, that the Soil Association, to which I have been SIR – The number-one medical reason for young children to be hospitalised remains rotten teeth. Increasing numbers have every single tooth extracted, leaving only gums. Dentists are frustrated that NHS dental contracts continue to be target-based. They should be based on people and on prevention of dental disease. Pilot contract trials have been run in the past year as before. But even where these have failed, discredited targets are retained. Meanwhile, too many in the food industry continue to put excess sugar into many ordinary foods. This risks establishing a generation with a “sweet tooth” addiction to sugar. Parents’ efforts to do the right thing are thereby frustrated. We know that frequent exposure to sugar rots dental health, and brings other associated medical problems. There is still no national dental prevention strategy in England, to inform the population and help it to act preventively. We know from Childsmile schemes in Scotland that every £1 million spent upon prevention has saved the NHS as a whole many more millions in return. In England, a national prevention strategy is itself being prevented. Decisive central action is long overdue. Tony Kilcoyne Specialist in Prosthodontics Martin Mayhew Specialist in Dental Public Health Andrew Nesbitt Specialist in Oral Surgery Surendra Patel Specialist in Orthodontics Tony Jacobs Dentist and founder of GDPUK forum and 626 other dental professionals; see telegraph.co.uk accredited for 25 years, is a signatory of the RSPB letter, which peddles pseudo-science and misuses the political influence of the signatory organisations, and the trust the public has in them. Nathaniel Page Salisbury, Wiltshire SIR – The “new chapter” that Theresa May says Britain is beginning will not come from her Brexit deal. The US ambassador (report, December 31) confirmed that a bilateral trade deal with Britain would not be possible under Mrs May’s Brexit plan. John Robinson Southwell, Nottinghamshire SIR – Half Britain’s international trade in goods is done on World Trade Organisation terms with non-EU countries, and that will rise to 100 per cent if there is no deal with the EU. Most MPs oppose no deal, but Labour MPs in particular should be proud of their party’s role in creating the WTO. Back in 1947 a global trade deal was negotiated by 23 countries, including Britain, when Clement Attlee was prime minister and Harold Wilson was president of the Board of Trade. It was called the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Gatt) and was intended to reduce high tariffs to boost international trade and prosperity. Gatt negotiated several rounds of tariff reductions, starting 10 years before the Common Market was set up under the Treaty of Rome. Many other countries joined Gatt over the years. In 1973 Britain’s voting rights on Gatt were taken over by the Common Market. In 1994 Gatt was renamed the WTO. So when Britain leaves the EU, it will be picking up where it left off and carrying on the good work started by Attlee and Wilson. There is no such thing as “no deal”, just the deal negotiated by the Labour government more than 70 years ago and it is one that has stood the test of time. Christopher Sharratt South Wonston, Hampshire Channel lifeboats SIR – I find the sight of highly acclaimed RNLI vessels acting as unpaid Border Force patrol boats distressing. Not only are volunteer seamen being put into dangerous situations, but they are operating in the front line of a situation that has no precedent in UK waters. There are internationally recognised laws and protocols in place for crossing shipping lanes, all of which are being ignored by migrants’ boats. The French authorities must stop this wholesale abuse of the laws of the sea, which are in place to prevent accidents and loss of life. This is not a situation that I foresaw when raising funds for the RNLI, whose people give their time freely, in expensive, well-equipped vessels that are funded solely by public donations. Hugh Thompson Sittingbourne, Kent SIR – A total of five Border Force cutters to police our shores seems woefully inadequate, even if they were all available. Sajid Javid would do the people of Appledore and surroundings a big favour if he were to resurrect the shipyard to build a few more. Vaughan Matthews Monmouth Golfers anonymous SIR – I have just received my new golfclub diary. It no longer contains details of members and their phone numbers. This renders it pretty useless. It seems that new data legislation takes a sledgehammer to crack a nut. Members of such an organisation have no objection to providing contact details so that they can be reached by other members to arrange participation in club competitions. Roger Howard Bishops Waltham, Hampshire Beans talk SIR – Martin Brown (Letters, December 31) found an avocado much improved after 25 days in the fridge. We have just had a sorer experience. Returning from a week away over Christmas, we found that a power cut had left the house without electricity for several days. Losing a salmon in the freezer that was meant for New Year’s Day wasn’t so bad. What hurt were the 25 bags of broad beans I had lovingly sown, nurtured, harvested and frozen, which had to be dumped in the bin. Peter Gardner Hydestile, Surrey Opera heroines ALAMY established 1855 The EU’s agricultural policy has driven environmental destruction A tea-picker looking out from a plantation in Sri Lanka, where 5 per cent work in tea Tea tastes very good without milk or sugar siR – Reading Janet Kay’s letter (January 1) asking how to make a decent cup of tea without cow’s milk, I almost choked with disbelief on my black, flavoursome and sugarless loose-leaf tea. Richard Preece Caldy, Wirral siR – Try a dash of unsweetened soya milk. The result tastes very similar to semi-skimmed milk to me, and it’s readily available. Failing that, green tea can be delicious. Ian Noble Chandlers Ford, Hampshire siR – For a cup of tea without milk, use a couple of mint leaves instead. Tony Geeves Bracknell, Berkshire siR – I would recommend cashew milk for Janet Kay’s cuppa. She will find the taste most acceptable. However, she will have to deal with the sludge left at the bottom of the cup. Adriana Place St Ouen, Jersey siR – Earl Grey. Brian Meharg Liverpool Remembering the grandeur that was Cromer SIR – Kennedy’s (Letters, December 31) was not the only textbook whose title was amended by imaginative readers. Generations of pupils at my school altered Kathleen Gadd’s From Ur to Rome to become From Bury to Cromer – a sort of gazetteer for East Anglia. Richard Dade Peterborough SIR – Geography was enlivened by The Comparative Atlas becoming Ethel, a Comparatively Fat Lass. Jane Byrne Stone, Staffordshire SIR – Our primer, when I was nine, was Latin with Laughter, which was soon adjusted to Eating with Slaughter. Rev Canon Timothy Watson Cheltenham, Gloucestershire SIR – All I retain after 50 years is repeating at increasing speed the imperatives: dic, duc, fac, fer to the rhythm of a train picking up speed on leaving Victoria. It was enough, it seems, to guarantee me a place at Cambridge. Jeremy Burton Wokingham, Berkshire SIR – Our Latin primers were Mentor and Civis Romanus, which became Tormentor and, in those happy Fifties days, Elvis Romanus. Michael Round London SW19 SIR – My grandmother was mortally offended when my mother came home from school with a textbook entitled Latin for the Lower Middle Class. Judy Sutherland Altrincham, Cheshire SIR – The Royal Opera House wants to make opera less misogynistic (Letters December 29), but most of the violence and unpleasantness in staged opera owes a great deal less to the composer than to the director or producer. Most operatic females are actually excellent characters in their own right. Wotan’s plans in the Ring cycle are brought to nothing, and the gods are destroyed, mostly because of the sheer strength of character of his wife and daughter. Don Giovanni’s wronged ladies eventually gang up on him and happily see him off to hell (with very little help from the extremely wimpy tenor). Tosca actually kills her abuser; and where would we be without Minnie in La fanciulla del West, the ladies in Falstaff or the Countess and Susanna in The Marriage of Figaro? Sally Gibbons London SW19 Wedding with a will SIR – You report (December 31) that deathbed weddings are becoming more common. It should be remembered that marriage renders a will void. Savings in inheritance tax from a last-minute wedding can be eaten away by legal fees in trying to sort out the mess. Anyone contemplating a deathbed wedding should ensure that new wills are made immediately afterwards. Richard Peart Barnet, Hertfordshire Half-dressed animals SIR – Why do the meerkats in the television advertisements wear a top covering ( jacket, jumper, T-shirt) but leave their nether regions uncovered? Pat Blenkinsopp Winterbourne Dauntsey, Wiltshire This Dad’s Army approach won’t secure our coast The use of boats to traffic migrants was predictable – and our Government has been woefully ill-prepared CON COUGHLIN HLIN R etaking control of our borders was one of the key factors that led so many Britons to vote for Brexit. So it must be a source of profound concern for Brexit campaigners that, when faced with their first major migrant crisis since the referendum, the British authorities have been reduced to adopting an approach more suited to Dad’s Army. It is not as though the appearance of migrant boats in the Channel is some new phenomenon that has suddenly arisen while ministers were enjoying the festive break. For the better part of a decade, thousands of refugees from areas of the globe afflicted by poverty and conflict have been congregating on the northern coast of France in the hope of making a better life for themselves in Britain. Previous efforts to prevent this desperate tide of humanity from sweeping into Britain have concentrated on improving the security arrangements around key French ports such as Calais, where the primary focus of the occupants of the various migrant camps established around the town’s perimeter was to gain illegal entry to Britain by clambering on to the Eurostar or British-bound lorries. Consequently, that route is now all but closed to migrants, forcing them to search for new ways of reaching their chosen destination. And, with all other means of transportation denied to them, it should hardly come as a surprise to British officials that the migrants should seek to make the Channel crossing by boat. After all, making hazardous sea crossings in distinctly unsuitable craft has been one of the more alarming features of the migrant crisis that has affected the entire European continent since the start of the decade. A significant majority of the hundreds of thousands of migrants who have sought to make their way from the littorals of the eastern and northern Mediterranean to the European Union’s primary entry points in Greece and Italy have done so by risking their lives in boats that are totally unsuited for such enterprises. One of the main factors in their decision to do so has been the closure of the less challenging land routes into the EU through the Balkans and eastern Europe. Thus, once the Calais-based migrant communities were denied access to the more attractive methods of entering Britain by train or lorry, it was only a matter of time before they adopted the same tactics employed in Turkey and Libya, and tried to achieve their objective by sea. And yet, despite the fact that British border and police officials have been involved in all aspects of Europe’s migrant crisis from its outset, they appear to have been caught completely off-guard by the sudden appearance of numerous migrant craft attempting to make the treacherous Channel crossing to southern England. It was not until the Home Secretary, Sajid Javid, was persuaded to return from his holiday at a luxurious South African safari resort that the Government started to display any serious interest in getting on top of this wholly predictable development. Following emergency meetings with senior officials at the Border Force and National Crime Agency, Mr Javid has now announced that he will be adding two more cutters in support of HMC Searcher, the only Border Force vessel currently dealing with the migrant issue in the Channel. But not even Mr Javid’s belated display of enthusiasm for arresting the flow of illegal migrants to our southern shores can excuse the level of rank incompetence so far shown by those responsible for protecting the British coastline. At the same time that Mr Javid was seeking to reassure the public that he had matters under control, The Daily Telegraph revealed that HMC Searcher had been safely tied up at her berth in Ramsgate for two days, thereby making no contribution whatsoever to the operation to disrupt illegal smuggling operations. Moreover, neither of the two cutters Mr Javid is redeploying from their current operations in the Mediterranean to deal with illegal migrants in the Channel will be available to contribute to operations for at least another week. This is indeed a lamentable state of affairs, particularly, with the Brexit deadline fast approaching, as this is a moment when the Government should be demonstrating its ability to police our coastline. The whole point of people voting for Britain to take back control of its borders was that, in future, it would be the British government, and not a bunch of unelected bureaucrats in Brussels, that would be responsible for who could, and who could not, gain entry to Britain. Yet, when faced with its first major illegal migration challenge since the referendum, the Government has shown itself woefully ill-prepared to deal with such an eventuality. Hopefully, ministers will learn some important lessons from this fiasco, not least that the British authorities have a fundamental duty to ensure we have the appropriate resources in place post-Brexit to protect Britain’s southern shoreline from boatloads of illegal migrants. READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 20 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk UZ Z L E S P Enjoy all your favourite puzzles online If you haven’t joined yet, try our free trial now at puzzles.telegraph.co.uk 1. 3. FASHION FEATURES *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 Tanya Gold There’s only one way to stall ‘fat Britain’, and it’s not this Style solutions Mood-boosting fashion to help you feel positive in 2019 New year, new career The networking apps that could change the way you do business Page 25 Page 22 Page 26 GETTY IMAGES; SOPHIE MUTEVELIAN An early adopter’s guide to 2019 fashion From boiler suits to the new ballet pump, and every shade of beige, Charlie Gowans-Eglinton reveals everything you d need to know about style for the year ahead 50 shades of beige This year’s colour of choice – beige – may sound dreary, but take heart: it’s easy to pair with most other colours, and can be flattering against the skin (though if you’re very pale, look for beige with a pink undertone to avoid looking washed out). A knee-length, beige wool coat is elegant and often looks more expensive than it is, so it’s an easy way to spruce up workwear or your off-duty jeans and jumper staples. The most modern way to wear the colour is top to toe, as seen on the catwalks at Dior, Burberry, Max Mara and Tibi, and championed by the Duchess of Sussex, who has quickly claimed beige – and biscuit, ecru, ivory, sand, buff and caramel – as her signature colours. Box ticking Jodie Comer’s Killing Eve wardrobe, and that pink tulle Molly Goddard dress, gave fashion with a capital F a place on prime-time telly – now, series two promises a stylish follow-up. Keeley Hawes’s turn in new Channel 4 Forties spy thriller Jerusalem will likely leave you wanting a trench coat, if not a change of career. Across the pond, Meryl Streep is joining the already impressive cast (Nicole Kidman, Reese Witherspoon, Zoe Kravitz) of Big Little Lies for the show’s 21 second series. Expect more glossy Californian mum (and grandmother) style inspiration there. And while you’ll have to wait until the end of the year, series three of The Crown sees Olivia Colman take the monarchal baton from Claire Foy and – more excitingly, from a fashion point of view – Helena Bonham Carter steps into fashion-loving Princess Margaret’s shoes. Royal baby watch What will Meghan wear to leave the Lindo Wing? What will royal baby Sussex (RBS for short, not to be confused with the bank) be swaddled in? Does Meghan’s go-to fashion house, Givenchy, offer sizing from 0-6 months? RBS is due in March or April, and it seems I have a lot of questions. The Cambridge three – Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis – have set shopping trends ever since a newborn Prince George was first seen wrapped in an Aden + Anais muslin on the steps of the Lindo Wing, causing a 600 per cent increase in sales. Since then, their retro outfits of chunky knit cardigans, dungarees and smock dresses have proved equally popular, and RBS’s wardrobe will no doubt influence childrenswear Top to toe: beige by (above, from left) Max Mara, Tibi, Burberry and Christian Dior floods the catwalks; Helena Bonham Carter (above) in The Crown trends too. Then there’s Meghan’s “mum-style”: can we expect a more relaxed, off-duty era of style for the Duchess? Will she swap the slick newsreader dresses and neutral colour palette for Princess Diana’s mum jeans and polka dot blouses? Cue pregnant pause. Clean living If you haven’t heard of Mrs Hinch, then clearly you get out more than I do. Sophie Hinchliffe, a hairdresser from Essex, began sharing cleaning tips alongside pictures of her home (lots of grey and silver, looks a bit C Continued on page 22 22 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph ph FASHION Muse: Christian Dior with Lucie Daouphars, aka Lucky, in 1955, left. The V&A’s retrospective on the French fashion designer opens on Feb 2 Taking a bow (right, from left): Roksanda, Dries Van Noten, Erdem and Miu Miu Clutching at straws: Valentino and Chanel, below pink feathers, crystal-studded veils and even a starched Elizabethan ruff) is anything to go by, her wedding dress will be quite something. Elsewhere, we can expect supermodel attendees to match the bride at Emily Ratajkowski’s nuptials, and perhaps a little healthy competitive spirit at singer Joe Jonas’s wedding to Game of Thrones alumna Sophie Turner. Jonas’s younger brother, Nick, married actress Priyanka Chopra last month with not one but two jawdropping ceremonies in India, so the groom’s side of the church, at least, will have high expectations. All of which is more than enough reason to buy a hat. Which brings me to… Big hat energy Hot ticket Speaking of Princess Margaret’s shoes – or rather her dresses – don’t miss the V&A’s must-see exhibition of the year, Christian Dior: Designer of Dreams, opening Feb 2 (tickets on sale now, vam.ac.uk). Adapted from the sell-out show staged at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris, it’s the museum’s largest fashion exhibition since the mammoth McQueen retrospective in 2015, and charts the output of the fashion house from 1947 to the present day. The dress that Princess Margaret wore to celebrate her 21st birthday will be on show, as will pieces from other clients, including Nancy Mitford, Margot Fonteyn and Jennifer Lawrence, alongside catwalk creations shown everywhere where o Paris. Paris from Blenheim Palace to Bow ties The idea of a bow might smack of the saccharine but, ers on the catwalks, designers are pushing the motif tle miles away from any Little Bo Peep associations. At Miu ows Miu, large black satin bows m; smartened up blue denim; at Erdem, they added texture to party coats. ed Emilia Wickstead dabbled e with both large – like the black minidress hidden under a XXXL pink bow that trailed down the red carpet when worn by supermodel ying Alek Wek – and small, tying d satin bows at the top and rfect bottom of impossibly perfect ponytails; the latter can be he achieved with a trip to the ux. haberdasher’s (vvrouleaux. ray of com has an excellent array bon in double-sided velvet ribbon myriad shades). Supersized weddings gs If Lady Gaga’s tour-drobe e for dyfloss A Star is Born (think candyfloss Boiling point Why has it taken fashion designers so long to realise that women like pockets? And not just “show” pockets but ones that you fit an iPhone and a tissue and a bank card in? At Fendi, there were pockets on jackets, handbags, even dangling from utility belts: it seemed that Karl Lagerfeld has been stockpiling pockets for the past few years and is now giving them to us all at once. Still, don’t look a gift horse in the mouth – buy a boiler suit instead, and revel in the hands-free-dom of the GETTY IMAGES CONTINUED FROM PAGE 21 like a Wayfair advert) on Instagram; she now has 1.5 million followers and a debut book, the seemingly non-ironically titled Hinch Yourself Happy, due out in April. Just the thought of the amount of chemicals she uses brings me out in a rash, but competitive mopping will make a welcome change from all those #ootd (outfit of the day) selfies on my Instagram feed. Following the pomp, ceremony and spectacular hats of last year’s royal weddings, it’s no surprise that the hat is back on the catwalk, and there is plenty of inspiration to be found for this year’s y weddings and race days, from fro jauntily angled saucers aatt M Moschino to veiled-vergingon-beekeeper at Erdem and Simone Rocha. But the beret doesn’t stop there: the everyday hat iis making a comeback. Eas Ease yourself in with an alic band: the Duchess of alice Ca Cambridge has a growing co collection of Anne Bo Boleyn-esque toppers, w which she wears in lieu o of a tiara: think “offd duty queen-in-waiting”. Y You can find versions everywhere from Accessorize to Prada. Come summer, the ov oversized straw hats sh shown at Valentino, Ch Chanel and Jacquemus will g go with almost everyth everything in your wardro wardrobe, and protect your skin be better than any SPF. Cheeri Cheeringly, the shades to go wit with them are equally oversi oversized: Balenciaga launches sungla sunglasses for the first time this week wee k ((doverstreetmarket.com) and they’re at least three times the size of the tin tiny, pointy, and singularly u unfl atter unflattering sunglasses that were so popular llast year. ISABEL SPEARMAN W H Y I T WO R K S Moodboosting buys to start the year off in style Hourglass coat, £169 (stories. com) Q Once I’ve packed away anything “festive”, there’s not much left – what are your recommendations for the new year? A January has never been my favourite month, not helped by having a birthday in the middle. But I’m determined not to moan about it this year – despite the fact I’m hitting the big 4 0 – so instead, I’m going to look for some new workwear pieces that will make me feel good and positive, ready for new projects and exciting opportunities. First up, a coat that will w make me feel taller and and, because of said birthday, birth youthful. A check is such a good investment as a it will remain a classic: clas just look for one that tha has colours in it th that mirror what’s already al in your wardrobe. wardro This mustard and black option ffrom & Other Stor Stories would be gre great over a black outfit and I love the th little glimps glimpse of pink in the p print. The tailored shoulders an and fitted waist will help defi define curves. Next up, a dress that’s n not as snugly fitting fitti as I might usu usually wear – ideally something wi with a blouse-style ttop and bias-cut skirt s that will skim over usually the hips. I usu always advoca advocate often colour but I o feel best in bl black at this time f y year, especially if w worn with a printed coat. Cefinn’s pussy-bow pussy style is the most mo flattering I’ve found and, if you’re feeling braver brave than Pussy-bow maxi dress dress, £390 (cefinn.com) I am, a it also comes in two gr graphic prints. A good oversized shirt wi will be a welcome addition to any work wardrobe, as th they really do look good on m most figures. Just get the pr proportions right: if you w wear loose on top, go slim be below and vice versa. Arket ha has an incredibly chic cream ve version with caramel-hued co collar and cuffs. A skirt in a bold but ea easy-to-coordinate print is also on my hit list, to be w worn with a simple knit or sh shirting. Prints can be moodbo boosting, and separates are often the easiest way to wear Leather boot, £69.99 (zara.com) Poplin shirt, £59 (arket.com) them. hem. This office-friendly striped triped skirt from H&M will fit into my new January wardrobe perfectly. Last, but absolutely not least as they will be the key to any outfit, is a pair of white boots. I have gone back and forth on this trend for months but recently put my brave pants on and tried the Zara pair. I can safely say they revolutionise every outfit I have in my wardrobe. 2019, I’m coming to get you. Bell-shaped skirt, £34.99 (hm.com) To ask Isabel Spearman your workwear questions, email isabel.spearman@telegraph. co.uk or follow her on Instagram @isabelspearman *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 201 23 GETTING DRESSED (WITHOUT THE FUSS) ictoria �oss rying it on Cosy knitwear in calming colours is just the ticket for hiding in plain sight this month Zip it up: boiler suits ts from (above, from left) Hermès, Stella McCartney Marant and Isabel Is lates designer iterations, which latest combine pockets with the one-stepcom out ease of a jumpsuit. At Jil Sander, outfit the were slouchy, almost pyjama-y these p – particularly appealing at this time of year – and could be worn with tr trainers or flat sandals once the w weather turns. Hermès’s bright red version was paired with matching shoes and bag for a dressier take. Summer camp If 2018 20 was a good year for Elton John – from his collaboration with Aless Alessandro Michele at Gucci to the John Lewis & Partners’ tear-jerking Chris Christmas advert – then 2019 looks to be ever better. First, there’s Rock Rocketman, a biopic starring Taron Eger Egerton, produced by the man himself (relea (released in May). Th there’s the theme of this Then year’ year’s exhibition at New York’s Metr Metropolitan Museum of Art Costume Instit Institute: Camp: Notes on Fashion. As the e exhibition also provides the dress code for the Met Gala (basically the fashi fashion Oscars), and with this year’s hosts including Gucci’s Michele and ‘I have been conscious of respecting how women actually dress’ He’s the designer who has mastered modern sexiness, dressing everyone from Michelle Obama to Rihanna. Now, the Duchess of Sussex is taking Joseph Altuzarra’s name interstellar, finds Bethan Holt I Designer Joseph Altuzarra, above. Below: Michelle Obama, the Duchesses of Sussex and Cambridge wearing his designs SIMON CAVE; ASAHI SHIMBUN; WIREIMAGE; EDDIE MULHOLLAND n September last year, the Duchess of Sussex arrived at the WellChild awards in what was possibly her least “royal” outfit yet. Her sleek black trouser suit was simultaneously demurely understated and outrageously glamorous; she could either have been stepping into a job interview or on to the set of a Helmut Newton photo shoot. The man behind the suit was Joseph Altuzarra, a designer who has made it his business to create these dichotomies for his customers. In a decade when sportswear and mannish minimalism has dominated the fashion conversation, Altuzarra’s sensual and feminine, yet polished and work-ready, aesthetic has offered a refreshing alternative that has been embraced not only by Meghan but Michelle Obama, the Duchess of Cambridge, Rihanna and Jennifer Lawrence as well as a faithful coterie of clients. “I just really wanted to create clothes that you would want to wear when it’s beautiful out, and that make you feel in love and happy,” Altuzarra tells me when we meet in Paris, as he leafs through a rail of floral-printed pencil skirts, gingham tailoring and crocheted sundresses that make up his summer-in-the-Mediterraneaninspired spring/summer 2019 collection; Luca Guadagnino’s Call Me by Your Name, was an important reference. Altuzarra, an infectiously smiley 35-year-old Chinese/ French/American who wears a white T-shirt, leather trousers and trainers for our interview, has never been one for overwrought concepts, preferring to infuse his offerings with ease, optimism and a dash of modern sexiness. For example, the reason that so many of the looks he shows me expose the décolletage “came from an article about chakras. The solar plexus is the seat of where your self and confidence is, and exposing that is so open and freeing”. Doing sexy clothes as a male designer is something he’s grappled with in the wake of MeToo, he admits, but his focus is firmly on ing women men “body positivity and helping to feel empowered”. Altuzarra, who is sband married to husband Seth, has been hion revered in fashion circles for years: rs: he has won several CFDA awards and, in 2013, Kering, the conglomerate that owns Gucci and Yvess Saint Laurent, took a minority y stake in his business – but there is nothing ng like a little royal patronage ge to take one’s name stellar. The Duchess of Sussex has several eral Altuzarra pieces es in her wardrobe, be, including a pinstripe dress, s, a white blazer and, nd, of Lady Gaga (the godmother of John’s two sons), we can expect theatrical fashion homages – and the man himself – on the red carpet. No-fuss flats The trainer trend is still going strong, g, e but in 2019 there’s a contender to the goes-with-everything shoe throne: the ballet pump. The Sloane Rangerr look is making a comeback. Ballet ts pumps look good with jeans or skirts of any length, and they’re more flattering on the calf (at least, on my calves) than a pair of trainers. I’d o recommend leaving ribbon-straps to the more balletic of figure and look for a good solid sole (try Repetto or Joseph) as thin cardboard ones can be agony on your shins. Fashion Unzipped For more debate, listen to The Telegraph’s Fashion Unzipped podcast on Apple Podcasts now course, that suit. Many of these pieces sold out after she wore them, “a rare power” in the realms of VIP dressing, he tells me. “The really nice thing about Meghan, which obviously we could not have planned, was that we actually started working with her prior to Harry,” Altuzarra confides. “She came to the party for our Target collaboration five years ago and we’ve worked with her ever since. She represents such a modern idea of womanhood, as well as a new idea of royalty.” He’s proud of dressing her in pieces that a designer may not have ordinarily expected a duchess to select: “It sets a nice tone for a newer generation.” He lives and works in New York, and showed his collections at the city’s fashion week until 2017 when he decided to take himself from “a big fish in a small pond to a small fish in a big pond” and show in Paris instead. Having been brought up in the city, it seemed like a natural move. “I think a lot of French style is ingrained in me,” he says. One of his muses is Carine Roitfeld, the 64-year-old former editor of French Vogue. “She embodies the idea that you don’t need to stop being seductive because you’re ageing. America is a society of correction, a lot of it is about getting yourself to be perfect through plastic surgery or exercise or nutrition; in France, it’s much more of a society of acceptance of your flaws and sometimes even highlighting them, celebrating them.” Altuzarra has made this celebration of ageless glamour a central tenet of his label, which is celebrating its 10th anniverrsary in 2019. His signatures si anniversary e nipped-in tailoring, tailorin curveinclude enhancing sk skirts and dres sinuous dresses that are imbued wit with flattering, p feel-good power. “I have been really conscious of respe being respectful of how women w want to feel and actual actually dress,” he says. “T “They need to w wear a bra and m maybe some o of them want to wear Sp Spanx, it’s got to work with wi that. “A lot of the women we want to talk to are not just 20 20, 30 or 40 but also 50, 5 60 and 70. The root of my idea for the br brand was looking at a women like my m mum, in their 60 60s and still wanting to be sexy and not w wanting to feel like society was relegati relegating them to havin having to wear tweed suits.” twe I like a calm colour come midwinter, nothing too hard on pasty, dry skin, and equally inoffensive for those days when you can’t make your mind up I know, it’s the second of January and no one wants to go shopping or spend any money and here I am writing a fashion column encouraging those options. Did you get everything you wanted for Christmas? Perhaps you have a pile of gifts waiting to be returned to their retail origins, and a golden ticket waiting for you to choose something chic with. I’ll offer you a glimpse behind the velvet curtain, while there are still sales raging (feel free to look, but by this point we are getting down to the dregs)… I can’t feature them here as yesterday was a bank holiday (yes, I was at home) and we can’t be sure it won’t have sold out before you get to it, by which point you’ll have your biro out writing me a letter castigating the newspaper for offering ideas that are impossible to realise. It’s not always an easy gig this. Do you think I want to be the person imploring you to buy more and spend more on the second day of the year, when you’re possibly still running your hands over your temples from too many gins the night before the night before? So what I’ve come up with is this: clothes to hide in. I could have gone for gym wear – “new new year, new you” and all that – but I’m not sure any of us would be interested. inter Cosy, easy-to-we items that soft, easy-to-wear snuggl up in and you can snuggle feel somewhat close to being i bed – now, that’s th in lovely. J For me, for my January, h that’s the holy grail I take it any (TBH, I’ll month of the year). t In that vein, ad I’d advocate som something with a hood. It does have to doesn’t c be cashmere bec because wool mix are often mixes mo than more eno enough. These two soft, snugly one here ones hav the added have ben benefit of not mak making you look y like you’re going to m mug anyone. I like a calm colour Pink Mosebacke raincoat, £239 (stutterheim.com) Frankie denim dungarees, dungarees £295 (motherofpearl.co.uk) £270 0, Callahan hooded sweater, £270, Ganni (matchesfashion.com) Wool runners in Tuke French Fry, £95 (allbirds.co.uk) Colfax grey beanie, £22, Dickies c es (urbanoutfitters.com) (u ba out tte s.co ) Cotton and yak hooded cardigan, £62 (arket.com) come midwinter, nothing too hard on pasty, dry skin, and equally inoffensive for those days when you can’t make your mind up – a noncolour colour that goes with everything is a salve. The dungarees might have thrown you, I understand, but do offer a natty soupçon of Barbara Good, perhaps if she’d gone to Central Saint Martins – note the pearl detail. But dungarees (which are moving sharply into comeback territory) offer a simple, pulled together outfit in one slouchy-fit pull-on move. I’ve been wearing my merino wool Allbirds non-stop since October-ish. If you’re keen to wear a shoe that feels like a slipper but looks like acceptable out-of-house attire, I implore you to get a pair. Lastly, this coat. Is it a bit colourful? I mean, it is a little, but I saw it and it spoke to me. Do you know what it said? “It might only be the beginning of January, but spring is but a skip, two colds, several frosts and a Brexit deal away.” Chin up. 24 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph FEATURES recognise that some people have had significant macro stress doses in their life – adverse experiences, whether as a child or an adult, that have left a permanent mark on their well-being. If you’re one of these men or women, there’s a strong likelihood that you’re living your life much closer to your stress threshold than most, which means it takes fewer daily MSDs to cause you problems. While none of us can avoid MSDs completely, these tips will help you to deal with their effects more successfully and, hopefully, experience fewer of them. 1. Develop a morning routine W e’ll never completely rid ourselves of stress. It’s unavoidable, particularly now that the tech explosion has ushered in an era of information overload and work overload – not to mention sugar, alcohol and sitting-on-our-backsidesall-day overload. Every day, we are exposed to a barrage of what I call micro stress doses, or MSDs – whether that’s waking up late or getting work emails in the evening – and they don’t simply vanish; you absorb them, they change your mood and they alter your biology, taking you closer to your own personal stress threshold and pushing your body into an alarm state. We all know that nourishing our bodies with the right food is important, but we don’t think in the same way about nourishing our minds. We need to give our mental health the same daily care we give our physical health. Just as bodies need fuel, minds need stillness, yet the thought of relaxing our minds is often seen as laziness. But we need relaxation just as we need vitamins, fat and fibre if we are to live happier lives, and significantly increase our ability to handle MSDs. What MSDs do to the body We have two large neurological systems that, very loosely, we can talk about as the rational brain (which makes logical decisions) and the emotional brain (which processes our feelings and fears) – each one 3. Do somethi something every day that brings you joy Chronic stress makes it harder for the brain to experi experience pleasure, so bu bulletproof your yourself against this with a daily ple pleasure hit (be (beyond relaxing U N ILLUSTRATION: CHRIS NEWELL Everyday work pressures can do lasting damage, says Dr Rangan Chatterjee. Here, in a second extract, he shows how to deal with them R As much as I value sleep, I’d argue 4. Do nothing that getting up 10 or 15 minutes earlier One of the big problems with modern to give yourself some time and space culture is that it associates “busy” in the morning – perhaps to do some with “suc “successful”. But when en light exercises in the kitchen we sw switch off, a system a while you wait for your tea in th the brain called the to brew; or to write down de default mode network three priorities for the day Y E EW A (D (DMN) goes into ahead – is more important.. ov overdrive. The DMN The very act of putting is a powerful source of yourself through a series ide idea generation. It’s why of familiar, habitual steps EW O pe people come up with their at the same time every Y best ideas in the shower or day tells your system that when walking the dog. you’re in a place of safety So, nex next time you are in a u from and control, and shifts you f or the supermarket, queue att a café t being b i in i being in a reactive mindsett to a proactive one. If I wake up a little late try to do nothing. Don’t jump on to your smartphone to check emails or and don’t get time for my routine, or lack motivation and jump on Facebook social media. It is also good practice to have a “golden hour” each morning or email instead, I start the day much without your phone on. Allow your closer to my personal stress threshold. mind to wander and you will often 2. Schedule your day come up with creative ideas, whether Humans are wired to get a little they are for work, play or solving dopamine buzz from ticking even tiny nagging problems in your wider life. achievement off, sending positive 5. Reframe your day information to the brain: we’re in Stewing over stressful incidents just control of the day, and life is good. makes them seem worse and keeps My wife, Vidh, used to be a the emotional brain dominant. But successful criminal barrister, so we a 2012 study found that if we can were both shocked when it became reframe the way we think about a apparent that taking time out to raise stressful event we can improve the our children left her feeling more way our brain reacts to MSDs, as stressed and anxious than her highpowered legal work. The relentlessness well as our physical health: lowering blood pressure and even improving of it crushed her: “I just don’t get any the efficiency of the heart muscle. time to myself,” she’d keep saying. “I The key is to focus your attention don’t get anything done.” not inwardly, on yourself, but on the Her solution was to make a detailed wider world. For example, if you’re daily schedule that accounted for a teacher, feeling overworked and every minute of the day. It sounds underpaid, try to reframe “I’m being intense, but she soon began to feel exploited by the system” to “I’ve got more in control and q quickly started the opportunity to inspire all these “beating” her sched schedule, finding children and help them to fulfil their gaps for herself th that hadn’t been there before. I’ve ssince learnt that potential”. Feeling there’s a point to many top CEOs aro around the world our existence beyond picking up a pay cheque is the best way of keeping use scheduling for this reason. clear of our stress threshold. N Ways to raise your stress threshold constantly vying for the top spot. Normally, when we’re in a “thrive” state, our logical brain is in control and we can make sensible decisions. But when we’re in a stress state, the emotional brain takes centre stage. The problem is that the brain is “plastic” (that is, it changes its form over time), so the more MSDs life throws at you, the more powerful your emotional brain will become, and the more sensitive it is to detecting danger – even when there’s none present: the smell of a summer barbecue is misinterpreted as a house fire; an email from your boss is interpreted as ng; an innocent a prelude to sacking; nd seems glance from a friend le. sarcastic and hostile. rward This is a feed-forward ress cycle. The more stress he more you experience, the resses you sensitive to new stresses so likely to become. You’re also oices, make bad food choices, d have less sleep and ol. drink more alcohol. ss This physical stress state will begin to damage your body and you may become unwell. I absolutely on the sofa or mucking about online). This could be anything from five minutes of playing an instrument, to listening to music, to taking up a brand new hobby. If you pursue potential new passions, without judging yourself in the process, you may well discover that what brings you true joy is something creative, be it painting, dancing, drawing or something else. Society teaches us that some people are “creative types” but, actually, we’re all naturally creative. I’m convinced that the underlying cause of so much of our stress these days is that modern life constantly pressures us to consume more than we create. Tomorrow: De-stress your relationships Adapted from The Stress Solution by Dr Rangan Chatterjee, published by Penguin Life (£16.99). To order a copy for £14.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871 1514 or visit books.telegraph.co.uk *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 anya old Allison Pearson is away Read more telegraph.co.uk/ opinion Twitter @TanyaGold1 There’s a reason Britain is so fat, and it’s not fine dining ublic Health England, a quango to place fear in the heart of any P innocent diner, wants to limit the calorie count of foods sold in supermarkets and restaurants. The draft proposals are floating joylessly around Whitehall, demanding a maximum of a very prescriptive 544 calories per “convenience meal” (that means sandwich, or ready meal, to us) and 1,040 calories per pizza. It places caps on onion bhajis, volau-vents and coleslaw; on dishes of vegetables; on pasta sauces; possibly on your own saliva. The proposals run to more than 100 pages – now that is a mouthful – and amount to a manifesto for people who do not know how to eat. It is, essentially, a manifesto for dogs, in which you are the dog, and Public Health England is your careful owner. It will, if implemented, put every curry house in Britain out of business, including my own beloved Paradise, in Hampstead, currently celebrating 50 years of serving delicious food to self-aware adults. But possibly not 51 years. Not anymore. I have been the restaurant critic of The Spectator for seven years and I have seen some terrible things. I have seen nude dining at Bunyadi, a pop-up vegan hole in London, which probably would pass the Public Health England proposals with no amendments to its menu, but which also forces the nude diners to sit in trees, while they are served by topless waiters dressed as elves. I have seen plant-based If implemented, this will put every curry house in Britain out of business Stake out: my beef with Public Health England will be shared by anyone who loves dining out for escapism chocolate milkshakes at an evil west London café called Farmacy, which would also pass the proposals with no amendments, if you could keep the food down, and especially if you could not. I have eaten, or rather tried to eat, a chorizo pretzel at Winter Wonderland (or Blunderland, in this case), an English breakfast stew at Sketch in Mayfair and a haute cuisine turnip at Eleven Madison Park in New York. So, I have seen some terrible things, but nothing I have seen is as terrible for restaurants and the people who seek happiness in them as this. None of the restaurants that I beg people to spend their money in before they die, just to feel the ecstasy of a perfectly turned dish in wondrous surroundings, would pass the Public Health England test. I do not think that Public Health England understands, at its deepest root, what a restaurant is. A restaurant is not your dining room, transported elsewhere, so you are eating in your own home but by mistake. A restaurant, at its best, is a house of joy, in which you experience the fleeting happiness of something perfect on your plate. No matter. In this dystopia, we can presumably wave goodbye to Rules, in Covent Garden, and its rib of beef for two with Yorkshire pudding and dauphinoise potatoes, finished, later, with golden syrup steamed sponge and clotted cream or custard. I wouldn’t eat at Rules if it passed the Public Health England test, for what would be the point? I could roast a lean piece of beef in my own oven, and steam my own vegetables, and yearn for the skill to make a golden syrup pudding. I do this almost every day anyway, and I do not pay £100 for it. Who would? We can say farewell to afternoon tea at the Diamond Jubilee Tea Salon at Fortnum & Mason, for I cannot see its cake carriage surviving the world that Public Health England would have it live in. We might as well have lost Claridge’s and the Ritz in the Blitz, for they would not be allowed to serve what they do best. A low-fat scone? What for? And you can forget hog roast and chocolate sundaes, pork scratchings and lemon meringue pie. It is true that many British children are fat, and will, without intervention, become fat adults, and this has prompted the hysteria at Public Health England and its very precise limit of 134 calories per volau-vent. But I have very rarely seen children dining in Rules, or Fortnum & Mason, or stuffing themselves with vol-au-vents. Or are these proposals only for middle-market restaurants – Nando’s and Pizza Express – and the rich, again, left untouched, which surely is much worse? Any sentient person will tell you: it is not restaurant food, or even supermarket food, that is the problem. It is not meals at all but treats. It is sugar and television. That is why children are fat – not because they are sneaking out of school to try the tasting menu at Hide Above on Piccadilly. If you want to ban something – and I’m more for hiding than banning – drop a bomb on Cadbury. Or Kellogg’s. Or Nestlé. Discourage them from releasing Easter eggs in January and chocolate advent calendars in October. Or at least hide the sugar at the back of the shop with the dog food. When my son eats three good meals a day – including red meats and homemade puddings – he looks fine. After a children’s party with cake and chocolate, he swells like a raging frog. It is sugar. I want to type it, repeatedly, like “redrum”, for it is essentially the same thing. Sugar. Sugar. Sugar. So, don’t blame the restaurants and the ready-meal counters, giving exhausted adults a burst of joy or, at least, a bit of peace on a wet, cold winter’s night. Blame the idiot box of a television in the corner, or the iPhone in the hand – paralysing children who were born to run. If you want them to be slender and healthier, perhaps you could teach them to avoid sugar in its purer forms. Or you could teach them how to cook a varied, wholesome diet for themselves. Like they do in restaurants, for example. Here come the woebots... to save your marriage T oday is a busy day for divorce lawyers and relationship counsellors, as people decide, after the Christmas break, that they can no longer bear their partners. I am not a woman to get between anyone and a divorce court, but there is a glimmer of hope for people forced, as an unwanted new year gift, into the terrifying labyrinth of couples’ counselling. I have done it, and it’s frightening. There is talk of “toxic spaces” and “childhood trauma” and “sex”. You have to know yourself. You have to change. The nervous, though, can take solace in the fact that, in future, some couples’ counselling may be done with a computer programme, or “woebot”, rather than a live human being. “We have to start to look at what can be done with a nonhuman interaction,” said Aidan Jones, chief executive of Relate, the charity that helps saves relationships. It is a sentence that could not have been spoken in any other century and is, without meaning to be, very funny. “[The woebot] can learn as it interacts with different clients and ‘present the environment’, which has value in the same way as with ha real counsellor.” Do you really wantt your relationship to Talk to me: Relate is considering the use of ‘woebots’ be in the hands of software on a learning curve? Mr Jones thinks so, and Relate is already providing remote counselling to couples. Some 30,000 online sessions with still-human counsellors were requested from Relate last year, and this is the next stage. Apparently, you are more likely to tell the truth to a computer programme, or sink, or sandwich. It’s less threatening than a skilled human being, who might judge you or tell you something that is difficult to hear – and you have to leave your sofa to visit the counsellor and this is irritating. Forget that it may m have been that level of selfabsorption that brought you to Relate. I wouldn’t wish to come w between betwee a robot and your marriage either, but mar human contact still h has h value. I can’t help thinking that h anyone healed by a woebot probably wasn’t that woeful to begin with. Sharing cabs could be just the ticket for country folk I Mom or tennis? Serena can serve up both Hands-on mum: Serena Williams warms up while comforting her tired daughter Serena Williams, one of the greatest tennis players in history, with 23 Grand Slam victories, posted a photograph on Twitter ahead of her match against Roger Federer in Australia. It shows her stretching in the gym, while holding her 15-monthold daughter, Olympia Alexis, in her arms. “As I head into next year,” she writes, “it’s not about what we can do, it’s what we MUST do as working moms and working dads. Anything is possible. I am getting ready for the first match of the year and my dear sweet baby @ olympiaohanian was tired and sad and simply needed mama’s love. So if it means warming up and stretching while holding my baby, that’s what #thismama will do.” I do not know what it feels like to win 23 Grand Slams, and I doubt I would give my child its own Twitter account, but I do know what it feels like to write an article with a child in my arms and a dog on my head. Women should not have to choose between a career and active motherhood and, increasingly, they don’t. I know an actress who keeps her baby in her theatre dressing room; Williams’s daughter, when awake, claps her mother on the tennis court. It’s an excellent thing for children to watch their mothers excel, and still be close at hand. n Carnyorth, west Cornwall, near where I live, there are six buses a day on Sundays to the metropolis of Penzance. Miss the last one and you are trapped with the cows and the abandoned mine engines, watching the Land Rovers drive past to the restaurant at the Gurnard’s Head. Catch it, and you feel like a woman on the last helicopter out of Saigon, except you won’t get back to Saigon until morning, at which point my metaphor fails. Rather like the bus service. Even so, the elderly and car-less are left stranded, as if rural idylls are only for car-owners, and the rest can move to town. Rural bus services are expensive – sometimes three times the price of London buses, which are subsidised – and rare. Rural bus mileage fell 6 per cent between 2011/12 and 2016/17, and local authority funding across Britain was cut last year for the eighth consecutive year. Drivers of the supermarket shuttle services are quick to spot your intention if you use them for lifts, rather than grocery shopping. Morally, it’s theft, so it follows that those who most need someone to drive them somewhere won’t do it. They wouldn’t have the nerve. The Campaign for Better Transport is encouraging people to share minicabs as an alternative to a rural bus service that is either limited or does not exist. It suggests an online booking service could ease its passage, although the kind of people who can’t afford cars may not be able to afford computers either. Still, it’s an excellent notion, if the British reserve that precludes sharing cars with strangers can be overcome. On the buses: rural coach links are often very limited, if they exist at all 25 26 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph FEATURES New career, new you? There’s an app for that… made her a better networker in faceto-face situations – something she used to be terrified of. Stephanie put that into practice when she attended one of Bumble Bizz’s dinners, events that take its networking into a more traditional offline setting. There she met Naomi, a brand marketing consultant, and Emily, an employee at Google, both of whom have taken Stephanie under their wing. The three now regularly meet up, and their professional advice has seen Stephanie’s brand hit new heights. When I try my hand at Shapr – another networking app with a similar design and set-up to Tinder – I meet someone whose entire career changed because of it: Liane Katz, whose company, mama.codes, teaches children how to code. “We’d had a hard time pitching the business to get funding,” she tells me, “partly because I had never done it before.” On Shapr, she met Ben Dickens, the founder of UK marketing agency DVO. After a coffee, Ben offered to connect Liane with his network, and by their next coffee, he had come on-board to help mama.codes raise £150,000. He worked on the We use our smartphones to find love, so why not job opportunities too? MarieClaire Chappet tries networking online to go on besides the company they work for and a picture. So, unless you know what the firm does, you’ve got no idea what you’re swiping right for. There’s a picture of Tony who does lord-knows-what for a living and I’ve also got links to a random invitation to join a videographers group in Hungary. All of which sounds great – if you’re a videographer in Hungary. Next, I try Let’sLunch. The brainchild of software engineer Syed Shuttari, its USP is organising lunch dates with prospective employers. They have more than 2,000 companies on board, largely connecting investors to start-ups, or tech bods to companies. Shuttari tells me that they have organised more than 100,000 lunch dates in six countries – and there are some remarkable success stories, such as an entrepreneur who used the app to meet, and secure, investors when he moved to Silicon Valley, and an individual who got a tour and lunch at the Dropbox offices – oh, and a job. You can sign in via LinkedIn, Facebook or email, and, just like a dating app, people and company profiles pop up, which you can either disregard or enthusiastically tap “Let’s lunch!” and pick a calendar date if they accept. At this point, I have a knee-jerk reaction – on the basis of a three-line online bio, I have to eat with someone? I wonder who has time to have a sit-down lunch these days, and feel as nervous as I would about having dinner on a first date – and that’s before you even get to the issue of who pays. According to the app, it should be the company that invites you – but it still makes me nervous. I start to feel that The more I started reaching out, the more confident I felt GETTY IMAGES L ike many of us, I have made a resolution to get out there and make the best career choices I can in 2019. And most self-help manuals will tell you that the best path to career success is being part of a powerful network. Those same books are also likely to advise you to seek out professional groups of like-minded souls and the networking events they are organising. But the very idea of walking into a room of strangers – clutching a glass of warm white wine and wearing a name tag – brings me out in hives. We now orchestrate so many facets of our lives online: why shouldn’t that extend to networking? So far, I have done this through my usual social platforms of Twitter and Instagram. But I am curious about the professional networking apps that claim to do for careers what Tinder has done for dating. The premise is similar – matching you with profiles that you find attractive – only here, the appeal is a person’s potential use for your career. You could be searching for a new role, a freelance gig, a business partner for a start-up, an investor, or even a mentor. What all these apps have in common, is the desire to be a conduit for such connections. After all, if you can swipe right for love, why can’t you do the same for a job? I turn to Ripple first, Tinder’s own creation, which is celebrating its first birthday this month. Unfortunately, a few days on Ripple made me remember why I hated Tinder. The profiles fly in, but there’s not much Swipe right: networking app Shapr has a similar set-up to Tinder Let’sLunch is not for me, and would be far better suited to my friends in the City, for whom lunch does not mean a sandwich eaten at their desk. I have better luck with Bumble Bizz. It’s the next iteration of dating app Bumble – founded by former Tinder creator Whitney Wolfe Herd – and aims to create a safe space, specifically for working women. “The business world was a natural next step,” explains Louise Troen, Bumble’s VP of international marketing and communications. “It’s another area where women are undervalued. Not only are we under-represented, but we don’t have the access.” Much like the dating version, you are presented with detailed profiles of each person and can tap on the ones you like. If you match, the woman must initiate conversation – although if both parties are female, that imperative is up for grabs. It’s on Bumble Bizz that I really start networking. The app is easy gh profiles to use, and it has very thorough o you and refined interest filters, so ho can really get a measure of who you’re swiping on. ff Before long, I’m rattling off out introductory messages without cringing. I meet a couple of other writers. I am invited to join k not one, but two, female work nie collectives, and meet Stephanie uilding Reynders, who is currently building agatta. her own activewear brand, Lagatta. She thinks Bumble Bizz is a great emale place to come to if you are a female arted entrepreneur. “The more I started dent I reaching out, the more confident es the felt,” she tells me. She now uses app every day and believes it has company for eight months, two days a week, and Katz counts him as “one of the most crucial hires”. I initially felt Shapr might be awful, given my propensity to hate anything that drops necessary vowels for dramatic effect, but it actually emerged as a bit of an addictive joy. It’s incredibly detailed, great at filtering profiles according to your preferences, and it comes with a blog full of networking tips and ideas. My City friends also loved the app, as it boasts a huge range of industries part and is particularly great if you work in start-up start-ups. “At the early stages of growth, y you just need people who understa start-ups and not people understand coming o out of corporates because they take so long transitioning to your way of doing things, says Katz. “If you fi find people on Shapr, you know th that they can hit the ground running and understand the way wor you work.” As for me? I’m meeting one of Sha connections next week. my Shapr If this iis what networking looks like in 2 2019, sign me up. Just hold gla of warm white wine. the glass *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 27 Arts Don’t fall for this pompous political sob story A new film blames media muckraking for the state of politics today. Tim Stanley respectfully disagrees SONY PICTURES; GETTY IMAGES I n March 1987, the odds-on favourite to become the Democratic Party’s presidential candidate paid a visit to Miami. Gary Hart and a friend joined an overnight cruise to the island of Bimini, and the married father-of-two was introduced to a 29-year-old model and pharmaceutical rep called Donna Rice. What happened on board is unknown but, acting on an anonymous tip-off, a journalist for the Miami Herald later travelled to Washington D C and witnessed Miss Rice visiting Hart’s house on a Friday night just before midnight. It might all sound insubstantial, but within a week Gary Hart had suspended his campaign amid a torrent of innuendo and late-show gags. It didn’t help that the name of the boat was Monkey Business. The story has now been retold in The Front Runner, a gripping feature film by the director Jason Reitman (Up in the Air, Juno), and Hart should be flattered. Not only is he played by Wolverine stud Hugh Jackman, but some critical details about this mysterious affair have been cut out, to make a point about politics. In Reitman’s telling, Hart was a natural-born leader from Colorado with a patient wife and a perfect head of hair. He wasn’t an angel, but he was handsome, charismatic, liberal and on course to win the presidency: by spring 1987, Hart was the front-runner for the Democratic nomination. But this wannabe Lincoln could be aloof and arrogant. When asked by a reporter if he was 100 per cent monogamous, Hart replied: “Follow me around. I don’t care. I’m serious. If anybody wants to put a tail on me, go ahead. They’ll be very bored.” The Front Runner implies it was unfair of journalists to do what sounds a lot like their jobs and casts Hart’s disgrace as a turning point in US politics. We are encouraged to share Hart’s disgust of the media, to cheer when he first pokes holes in the Miami Herald’s story, and then die a little inside when more allegations surface. The public didn’t care, says the film, because polls showed that they didn’t think adultery, if that’s what happened, was relevant to a man’s whatever happened on the Monkey Business wasn’t just the inference of adultery – it was the suspicion of hypocrisy and obfuscation. Plus, he chose to go on the boat trip just when US attitudes towards sex in politics were on the turn. Betty Friedan, the feminist, wrote after the scandal: “This is the last time a candidate will be able to treat women as bimbos.” Friedan was unduly optimistic, but what did change was that the “bimbos” would get names, TV appearances and book deals. Miss Rice proved to be the last of a more private and dignified breed: only later did she channel her fame into a noble campaign to protect children from online abuse. It serves the film’s politics to suggest Hart was a potentially great man brought down by seedy hacks. If Hart had won the nomination, it implies, he’d have beaten Republican George Bush and taken the White House in 1989, which would’ve meant a multipolar world, a kinder economy, no George W Bush, no Iraq War, no Credit Crunch and no Donald Trump. The press, in other words, destroyed the US in pursuit of a scoop. But if Hart had won the nomination, there is no guarantee that he would have beaten Bush. On the contrary, the economy was good, which favoured the Republicans, and the Cold War was coming to an end thanks, in part, to Ronald Reagan’s leadership. And there was almost no substantive difference between the Democratic nominee who did lose to Bush, Michael Dukakis, and Hart. Both men ran away from the liberal label, and yet proved to be too far to the Left of American voters on the key cultural issues of 1988: crime, abortion, patriotism. The press was just as harsh to Republicans as it was to Democrats, which is why Bush had to spend so much time fending off questions about the Iran-Contra scandal. In fact, Bush, unlike Hart, won plaudits for giving as good as he got. That the Republicans did a better job of reputation management is not just why they won but, arguably, why they deserved to. Talk show host Johnny Carson, in one of his late-night monologues, said: “You’re running for the highest office in the land, you’re gonna take a little trip to Bimini with a couple of ladies and you’re gonna go down and charter a boat. Now, of all the boat names there are – like Mother or Mother Teresa – you hire a boat called Monkey Business? That’s not good thinking.” Hart was supposed to be the “smart” candidate, but his failure to contain the Rice episode ruined that image. We don’t know what happened with Miss Rice and, in fact, it doesn’t matter: the point is, it was a farce. We are encouraged to cheer when Hart pokes holes in the story, and then die a little inside when more allegations surface qualification for the presidency. But the press pack hounds would not let go. The candidate suspended his bid on May 8 with a speech on the dangers of muckraking. He quoted Thomas Jefferson: “I tremble for my country when I think we may, in fact, get the kind of leaders we deserve.” The notso-subtle hint is that years later, that’s what it did get, in Donald J Trump. The date the film ends on, however, is a clue that it’s only telling half the story. Weeks later, the National Enquirer published a photo that showed Miss Rice sitting on Hart’s lap. He was wearing a T-shirt emblazoned with the words “Monkey Business Crew”. The photo proved nothing, but it would’ve embarrassed most husbands into a period of silence. And yet, in December 1987, Hart threw himself back into the Democratic race. He did very badly and pulled out. I spotted no mention of either of these details – the photograph or the shameless return to the spotlight – in the film, even though they speak to the real weaknesses of Hart, man and politician. I had the opportunity to interview Hart in retirement in the late 2000s and found him amusing, thoughtful and profoundly intelligent. Far from the intense hothead played by Jackman, he was relaxed to the point of Zen. I could understand how he’d charmed his way into the Senate in his 30s, before mounting a second-place run for the Democratic presidential primaries in 1984. The other candidates, however, complained that, when it came to detail, they couldn’t see much that was exceptional about Gary Hart at all. Walter Mondale beat him in 1984 by deploying the tag-line from a popular advert for the restaurant chain Wendy’s: “Where’s the beef?” he asked. In other words, where was the substance behind Hart’s fine-sounding No angel: Hugh Jackman as Gary Hart in a scene from The Front Runner, above; the famous photograph of Hart with Donna Rice, left, that the film fails to mention words? There was also some confusion about Hart’s real age. Although Hart admitted to having been separated from his wife, he said they were fully reconciled. The problem with The Front Runner is released on Friday Jan 11 28 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph Court & Social Court Circular FIRST WORLD WAR LONDON, THURSDAY JANUARY 2, 1919 WALKER.—On November 16th, to Jenny (née Fletcher) and Fred, a daughter, Poppy Annie Martha. Online ref: A229874 RUSSIAN ANARCHY CLARENCE HOUSE January 1st The Prince Charles, Lord of the Isles this morning attended a Centenary Commemoration Service for the loss of HMY Iolaire, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of the Western Isles (Mr Donald Martin). For more details about the Royal family, visit royal.uk Today’s birthdays Sir Keith Thomas, President of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 1986-2000, is 86; Mr Nicholas Baring, Chairman, Commercial Union, 1990-98, 85; Mr Christopher Campbell, Chairman, British Shipbuilders, 1989-2002, 83; Sir Bruce Pattullo, Governor of the Bank of Scotland, 1991-98, 81; Mr David Bailey, photographer and film maker, 81; Mr Doug McAvoy, former trades unionist, 80; Sir Andrew Wood, former diplomat, 79; Sir Algernon Heber-Percy, who retires today as Lord-Lieutenant for Shropshire, 75; Sir Dick Olver, Chairman, BAE Systems, 2004-14, 72; Mr Tony Woodley, trades unionist; Joint General Secretary, Unite, 2007-11, 71; Mr Mark Sharman, broadcasting executive, 69; Dr Sir John Hood, Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University, 2004-09, 67; Baroness Neville-Rolfe, Chairman, Assured Food Standards, 66; and Mr William Fox-Pitt, international three-day event rider; Olympic silver medallist, team eventing, London 2012, 50. Mr T.O. Hemsley and Miss R.A.E Wilkinson The engagement is announced between Tristan, elder son of Mr and Mrs John Hemsley, of Wokingham, Berkshire, and Ruth, elder daughter of Major (Retd) and Mrs John Wilkinson, of Clitheroe, Lancashire. Online ref: 562620 Clergy news Retirements and Resignations Preb Adrian Richard Bailey, p-in-c, Selattyn and Hengoed w Gobowen and chapl, Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital (Lichfield), to retire with effect from Jan 31; Revv Ellouise (Ellie) Claire Bangay, asst c, St Stephen, Acomb (York), to resign with effect from Jan 9; Ronald Anthony Farrell has resigned as v, St Peter, West Bromwich (Lichfield), continuing as v, St Francis, West Bromwich (same dio); Tanya Marie Lord, v, St Stephen’s, Southmead (Bristol), to resign with effect from Jan 5; John Leslie Pretty, asst c, Walsall Wood (Lichfield), has retired; Patricia Rogers, tr, and miss community leader, Binsey tm, Derwent (Carlisle), to resign with effect from Jan 31; Paul Anthony Van Rossum, chapl to bp of Bristol (Bristol), to retire with effect from Dec 31, continuing as OLM, Almondsbury (same dio); Stephen Paul Reynolds, asst c, known as assoc min, Cannock and Huntington and of Hatherton (Lichfield), to retire with effect from Dec 31; David Neville Hurford Stokes-Harrison, resident min, Edgmond w Kynnersley and Preston Wealdmoors, and of Tibberton w Bolas Magna and Waters Upton (Lichfield), has retired. Lay Appointments/Others Ms Harriet Carty has been appointed dio churchyards environmental adviser (Lichfield); Mrs Sharon March to be pioneer min, Avon Swift (Leicester); Capt Frank Michael Joseph McGregor, creative missioner in Haneley the Holy Evangelists team (Lichfield), to resign with effect from Dec 31; Mr Roger Reid to be lay chapl, Archbishop Tenison’s School, Kennington (Southwark); Mrs Susanna Somerville, personal assistant to the director of world mission (Lichfield), has resigned; Mrs Veronica Whinney, licensed lay worker (Birmingham), has retired. BOLSHEVIK CLAIMS THE MENACE TO RIGA Wireless messages sent out by the Bolsheviks claim many successes of more or less importance during the last week of December, in the neighbourhood of Gomel, Reval, Pernau, Vilna, Bielgorod, Minsk, Walk, &c. The general impression which Lenin and his associates are trying to convey is that the progress of the “Red” army is continuous and irresistible, and that it is only a question of time when the greater part of Russia shall be subdued by the Bolshevik forces. How far these claims have any substantial basis it is impossible to say, but there is no doubt that from the military point of view they are grossly exaggerated. The truth seems to be that the Germans are vacating Russia as quickly as possible, that as they retire the “Reds” advance and occupy towns and villages, and that here and there some skirmishing takes place, in which both sides sustain a certain number of casualties. Yesterday the Russian wireless stations circulated the following: Dec. 30 – In the Reval direction our detachments have advanced as far as the line Loksha-Kolk … after two days’ fighting. In the Riga direction we have taken Romotzkoe, fifteen versts (ten miles) from Wenden. On the right bank of the Dvina we have taken Romorshof. On the Sventziany-Ponevesh railway we have taken Ussiany. A French transport ship has arrived at Odessa with two battalions of Turos Arabs and Algerians on board. Ufa, the capital of the White Guards on this side of the Urals, was taken by our troops on Dec. 31. On the same day the town of Sterlitamack, south of Ufa, was captured. The Lithuanian bourgeois Government Tariba feel their situation so endangered that they have left Vilna for Kovno. It must be remembered that the wireless is at present the sole means of rapid communication between Russia and the outside world, and that it is entirely in the hands of the Bolsheviks, who are therefore free to circulate whatever stories they choose without much risk of direct contradiction. As to the strength of the Bolshevist army, there is no definite evidence. In the Baltic Provinces the “Red” advance is creating a serious peril to Riga. Wiring from Copenhagen on Tuesday, Reuter says: Reports received here from Riga, viâ Berlin, state that the town people are panic-stricken at the rumour that the Bolsheviks are advancing on Riga, and are now only thirty kilometres (about nineteen miles) distant from that town. Several families have already fled, fearing bloodshed. The Russian fleet, it is added, will attempt to put to sea from Kronstadt to meet the British Fleet in the Baltic. The Russian Dreadnoughts Poltava and Sevastopol, together with some cruisers manned by Letts and Esthonians, have already put to sea, but were immediately fired upon from the Finnish coast. They have now returned to Kronstadt owing to dissensions on board ship. The Esthonians are endeavouring to organise resistance, and Allied naval aid is already on the spot. It is also reported that Swedish volunteers have been landed. On Monday the following Esthonian communiqué was issued from Reval; Our men of war bombarded the enemies’ batteries in the villages of Kolgo and Vakko and silenced them. Our troops landed and cleared the peninsulas of Juminda and Perispee of the enemy. A French naval squadron, consisting of one battle cruiser, one light cruiser, and three destroyers, rounded the Skaw on Tuesday morning en route to the Baltic. According to a Stockholm Reuter message: A Finnish news agency reports that the formation of an Esthonian auxiliary expeditionary force from Finland has been enthusiastically supported, and over 10,000 volunteers have come forward. The first detachment started yesterday for Esthonia. Thousands of fugitives belonging to the Russian bourgeoisie have arrived on the Finnish eastern frontier in order to form fighting units against the Bolsheviks, with the intention of beginning an offensive against Petrograd. A Helsingfors telegram states that the steamer Raskee which was recently captured by the Bolsheviks, has been retaken by the British, who have also taken two Russian destroyers. – Reuter. telegraph.co.uk/news/ww1-archive Legal news Miss Nathalie Marie Daniella Lieven, QC, has been appointed as a High Court Judge. She will take up the appointment on Jan 11, 2019, consequential to the retirement of Lady Justice Pauffley. Mr Clive Stewart Dow has been appointed a Salaried Judge of the First-tier Tribunal, assigned to the Health Education and Social Care Chamber. He will be based in Havant with effect from Jan 7, 2019. Bridge news The London Year End Congress held at the Royal National Hotel has concluded with the Swiss Teams, 86 teams playing seven matches, writes Julian Pottage, Bridge Correspondent. The winners are as follows: 1st Tom Townsend, Thor Erik Hoftaniska, Janet de Botton and Artur Malinowski, 104 VPs; 2nd Jacek Lapszys, Sandy Riach, Paul Spencer and Marc Chawner, 103 VPs; 3rd Norman Selway, Kay Preddy, Phil Bailey and Mike Hampton, 102 VPs; 4th= Stefano Tommasini, Sebastian Kristensen, Ben Green and Ankush Khandelwal, 101 VPs; 4th= Alex Hydes, Ben HandleyPritchard, Adele Gogoman and Tom Paske, 101 VPs; 6th Michael Byrne, Dinah Caplan, Marion Robertson, Sarah Bell, 96 VPs; 7th Gilly Clench, Kath Stynes, Margaret Nygren and Martin Nygren, 95 VPs; and 8th Richard Hillman, Richard Bowdery, Samantha Punch and Tim Rees, 88 VPs. BOSCAWEN.—Hugh, died on 22nd December 2018 forti�ed by the rites of the Anglican Church and the love of his wife Alexandra and sons Veryan and Aldwyn. At his request a private funeral has taken place. A memorial service will be announced shortly. Online ref: A229859 BRANDT.—Nigel Jeremy passed away on 13th December 2018. Funeral to be held at St Giles Church, Graam, on Tuesday 8th January 2019 at 2.30 p.m. All enquiries to W. Bryder & Sons. Tel: 01798 342174. Online ref: 563219 BURGESS.—Peter, died peacefully in Painswick, Gloucestershire, on 20th December 2018. Much loved husband of Lea, father of Lucinda and Grizzie, loving grandfather of Oskar and Beanie. Funeral Service will take place at St Mary’s Church, Painswick, on Friday 11th January 2019 at 12 noon. Donations in lieu of �owers for Médecins Sans Frontières can be sent via Michael Gamble Funeral Directors, Station House, Station Road, Stroud, GL5 3AR. Tel: 01453 790900. Online ref: 563223 CARTER.—Marie, peacefully on Christmas Eve, aged 98. Dearest and loving wife of the late Francis Berin, mother of Mark, Clare, the late Simon, James, Paul and Anne; much loved grandmother and great grandmother. Requiem Mass will take place on 11th January at 10.30 a.m. at The Church of the English Martyrs, Strood. Enquiries William Whitmey. Tel: 01795 227020. Online ref: 563253 ELIAS.—Rosalie Emily (née Hextall), peacefully at home on 18th December 2018, aged 91. Much loved mother and grandmother. Private cremation to be followed by her Funeral Service at St George’s Church, Beckington at 1.30 p.m. on Tuesday 8th January. No �owers please but donations to SSAFA and Dorothy House Hospice Care c/o E M Dorman Funeral Directors Beechcroft, 69 High Street, East Uppingham, Rutland LE15 9PY. Tel: 01572 823976. Online ref: 563337 FRENCH.—Dominic Arthur dear father of Richard, James, Heddy and Charlotte and proud grandfather of Freddie died 22nd December 2018 in Uganda. Memorial service to be announced. Online ref: A229907 JOHNSTON.—Richard Bernard died peacefully at the Norfolk & Norwich Hospital on 23rd December 2018, aged 80 years. Beloved husband of Wendy, loving father to Helen, Gail and Catherine and grandfather to Oberon, Rui, Ottilie, Wesley, Aticus, Sebastian and Hero. Memorial Service at St John the Baptist Church, Garboldisham on Thursday 10th January at 2 p.m. Donations if desired to Beating Bowel Cancer or National Playing Fields Association c/o A E Thurlow and Son, 1 High Street, Ixworth, Bury St Edmunds, Suﬀolk IP31 2HH. Tel: 01359 230227. Online ref: 563287 KENNING.—Aileen Margaret, Gordon (née Willox), died peacefully on 13th December 2018, aged 96 years. Much loved wife of David (deceased) and mother of Andrew, David and Stephen. Funeral at All Saints’ Ashover Parish Church on Friday 11th January 2019. Family �owers only. Donations to Derbyshire Girlguiding. All enquiries to J.E. Nicholson Funeral Directors, Wingerworth, Chester�eld. Tel: 01246 207037. Online ref: 563211 LUND.—John Keighley 29th December 2018 peacefully at Richmond Nursing Home, Cultra. Late of Old Kilmore Road, Moira. Dearly loved husband of the late Erica and much loved father of Caspar, Melissa and the late Oliver, father-in-law to Colin, Richard and Rhainnon, grandfather of Tilly and Darcy and step-grandfather of Chris, Caroline and Patrick. Funeral Service in St Johns Parish Church, Moira, on Saturday 5th January 2019 at 12 noon followed by Cremation in Roselawn Crematorium at 2 p.m. Refreshments after at Royal North of Ireland Yacht Club, Cultra. No �owers please. Donations if desired may be made for Save the Children c/o Malcomsons Funeral Service, 7 Robert Street, Lurgan, BT66 8BE. Will be lovingly remembered by his family and many friends. At Peace. Online ref: 563289 STARMER-SMITH.—Julian Nicholas George, Colonel Passed away peacefully on 21st December 2018. Beloved husband of Ann and loving father to Joanna, Michael and Rebecca. All enquiries to Michael Milller and Partners. Tel: 01730 233244. Online ref: 563261 STEVENSON.—Brenda Eve (née Bavin) formerly of Felbridge, died in Greenwich on 1st January 2019. No funeral as she has donated her body for medical research. Online ref: A229902 WALLACE.—Gillian Mary, the partner and wife of Rev Georgina Wendy Everingham (formerly Rev Godfrey Everingham Wallace), passed peacefully into the presence of her Lord, the Lord Jesus Christ, on Thursday 20th December 2018. A Service for the celebration and thanksgiving for the life of Gillian will be held in the chapel of Worcester City Crematorium on Wednesday 9th January 2019 at 1.45 p.m. No �owers please but donations may be given to Impact Giving UK Trust for the work of Rev Canon Ian Knox's African Mission. Gifts donated through A.V. Band Funeral Directors, 41 St Nicholas Street, Worcester, Worcestershire, WR1 1UW. Online ref: 563122 WITTON.—Howard, Squadron Leader, RAF, retired, passed away peacefully in Hollesley, Suﬀolk, on 28th December, aged 89 years. Beloved husband of Eileen for 64 years, a loving father to Howard, Trevor, Steph and Sue, grandfather and great grandfather who will be sadly missed. Online ref: A229860 AND WHATEVER you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him. Colossians 3.17 DR JOHN BOUGHEY AND FAMILY. Happy New Year. Joyce Rawstorne. Online ref: A229901 *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 29 Obituaries Robert Neild Nancy Roman RON KROON/ANEFO R OBERT NEILD, who has died aged 94, was a leading Cambridge economist who also made significant contributions to peace studies – and wrote a social and economic history of the oyster. Neild’s career – as a lecturer at Trinity College, economic adviser to the Treasury in the mid-1960s and professor of economics from 1971 to 1984 – spanned both the zenith of the Cambridge school’s influence on Labour policymaking and the dismissal of its Keynesian orthodoxies by Margaret Thatcher and her advisers. Neild described himself as a Keynesian empiricist with an “earthbound approach” – meaning a firm belief in the value of real-world research rather than mathematical modelling. In what he recalled as the “snake pit” of the Cambridge faculty, he was by no means as Left-wing as some. But in March 1981, he was the co-organiser and co-author (with Frank Hahn) of a letter signed by 364 economists at UK universities condemning the Thatcher government’s adherence to monetarism and its insistence, in the midst of recession, on harsh deflationary measures designed to combat inflation – a policy the signatories believed would “erode the industrial base of our economy and threaten its social and political stability”. The revival of British economic self-confidence that followed defied such jeremiads and left Neild’s intellectual cohort out in the cold. But he noted ironically that it was “thanks to Maggie Thatcher” he was able to retire at 60 in 1984 – because she had cut university budgets so savagely that golden handshakes were offered to entice senior academics like himself to go early. Thereafter Neild was free, as a Life Fellow of Trinity and emeritus professor, to devote himself to the kind of research he enjoyed. Robert Ralph Neild was born on September 10 1924 in Peterborough, into a family with Quaker antecedents; his father served in the Indian civil service and later practised as a solicitor. Robert received what he recalled as an “indifferent” education at Charterhouse – though he felt fortunate to have been taught history by W C Sellar, the co-author with W B Yeatman of 1066 And All That. In 1943 he joined the RAF, but was Neild in 1967: he was a Keynesian empiricist, but not as Left-wing as some invalided out and joined the operational research section of RAF Coastal Command. There, he worked with a team of scientists assessing optimum altitudes for air patrols searching for U-boats and later, in Germany, on the effects of air attacks on ground targets. In 1945 he returned to Trinity (having earlier gone up on a short RAF course) where he took a first in economics in two years. At the Trinity Political Economy Club early in 1946, he heard a talk by John Maynard Keynes, who was to die in April that year. Though “tired and weak”, the great man “came to life in an extraordinary way … He had a gift with words I have never seen equalled.” Finding the university an “ivory tower”, Neild moved in 1947 to join the UN Economic Commission for Europe in Geneva under Nicholas Kaldor and Gunnar Myrdal, two of the brightest intellectual beacons of the post-war years. He returned in 1951 to work as an economist in the Treasury and the Cabinet Office until 1956, when he took up a teaching fellowship at Trinity. But he found the economics school (where Kaldor was by now a big fish), despite or because of its high influence, “awful … savage and full of prima donnas”. He left again two years later to join the National Institute for Social and Economic Research in London, editing its Quarterly Economic Review and becoming deputy director. When Labour came to power in 1964, James Callaghan, as Chancellor, appointed Neild chief economic adviser to the Treasury. Roy Jenkins (who would be Callaghan’s successor) recalled in his memoirs that Neild “won the equal trust of Chancellor and officials” – though he was eventually caught up in tangled argument over the merits of devaluation, and in 1967 he changed path again, rejoining Gunnar Myrdal to help run the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute which undertook studies of the arms trade and the risks of chemical and biological warfare. Neild reverted to mainstream economics when (with Kaldor’s backing) he was appointed to the Cambridge chair in 1971, but peace and war remained one focus of his later work, and he was celebrated in 1998 for an observation on the supposed threat of Saddam Hussein’s biological weapons in Iraq: “To say that the UN inspectors found ‘enough to have killed the world’s population several times over’ is equivalent to the statement that a man in his prime can produce a million sperm any day, therefore he can produce a million babies a day. The problem in both cases is that of delivery systems.” Neild’s published writings were wide-ranging: they included How to Make Up Your Mind about the Bomb (1981), Public Corruption: the Dark Side of Social Evolution (2002) and financial histories of both Trinity College and Cambridge University. He was a member of the Fulton Committee on the civil service (1966-68) and the Armstrong Committee on UK budgetary reform (1979-80). Much as he claimed to disdain academic infighting, Neild listed “college politics” as one of his recreations – and the other as “oysters”. Having long wondered why the bivalves he loved were scarcer, more expensive and far less frequently enjoyed in England than in France, he embarked in semi-retirement on a discursive study, published in 1995 as The English, The French and the Oyster. “The book can be read with reward by gourmets with no interest in economics,” noted the Journal of Institutional Economics, “while economists and other social scientists can revel in its historical and institutional analysis.” The critic David Sexton included it as “a treasurable oddity” in a Christmas round-up of foodie books: as might be expected from a don of Neild’s stripe, he wrote, “it is a triumph for interventionist France … and a disaster for laissez-faire, overfished Britain”. Indicative of another recreation, not listed in Who’s Who, but for which Neild also had a certain reputation, the book diverted from market economics to explore its subjects’ supposed aphrodisiac powers – possibly derived from ancient myth, but “a more common explanation is that when [devotees] look at open oysters they see a resemblance to the intimate parts of the female body”. Robert Neild married first, in 1957, the radical American writer Nora Sayle, but they were divorced in 1961. The following year he married Australian-born Elizabeth Griffiths, with whom he had a son and four daughters, including twins. The marriage ended in 1986 after he had a long affair with Margaret Jay (now Baroness Jay of Paddington), who was in the process of divorcing Peter Jay, the former UK ambassador to Washington – prompting Elizabeth Neild to observe that “Margaret is a brilliant mistress but seems to go wrong when she wants to be a wife; perhaps she should stick to what she’s good at”. Robert Neild married thirdly in 2004 Virginia Matheson, who survives him with the children of his second marriage. Robert Neild, born September 10 1924, died December 18 2018 Honey Lantree Pioneering woman of pop who played drums with the Honeycombs on hits like Have I the Right ALAMY H ONEY LANTREE, who has died aged 75, achieved the unique feat of being the first woman drummer in a pop group to top the British charts as a member of the group the Honeycombs, whose single Have I the Right, a classic of the beat group era, produced by Joe Meek, reached Number One in 1964. While there were any number of young female singers flourishing in the early 1960s, among them Dusty Springfield and Lulu, beat groups of the day were a strictly a male preserve, and the novelty of the attractive, smiling figure of Honey Lantree, in fashionable beehive hairdo, seated behind a drum kit, was a potent tool for promoting the group in television appearances and newspaper and magazine articles. Such were the chauvinist attitudes of the day that many queried whether Honey Lantree had actually played on the record at all. “People looked on it as a gimmick,” she once recalled, “but I played on every single track we recorded.” She was born Anne Margot Lantree on August 28 1943 in Hayes, Middlesex, to Nora (née Gould), a civil servant, and her husband John Lantree, a signwriter, but grew up in Highams Park. Leaving school young Anne worked as an assistant in a hairdressing salon. Her boss, Martin Murray, was the leader of a pop group called the Sheratons that also included Anne Lantree’s brother John, playing bass. When the band’s drummer suddenly announced that he was quitting, Murray was faced with the problem of replacing him. Anne “Honey” Lantree, as she was soon known, asked if she could have a go on the drum kit, and, proving to be a natural, was immediately drafted into the band. At the time, the Sheratons had a residency at the Mildmay Tavern in Stoke Newington, where the presence of a female drummer made the group a talking point, resulting in a full house whenever they played. “When I used to sit there and rehearse I didn’t think, ‘Gosh I’m doing this and I’m a girl’. ” Honey Lantree later recalled. “It was only when I went to play in the Mildmay Tavern with the band that it dawned on me, gosh everyone’s looking at me. And that’s when I thought, ‘This hasn’t been done before’. ” Standing in the audience one night were two aspiring songwriters, Ken Howard and Alan Blaikley, who were working as trainees for the BBC. The pair had unusual qualifications for a career in pop music; Howard had studied Social Anthropology at Edinburgh University; Blaikley had studied classics at Wadham College, Honey Lantree, above, and two of the Honeycombs’ singles: the chart-topping Have I the Right was a classic of the beat era; Something Better Beginning was written by Ray Davies of the Kinks Oxford. Taken by the group’s sound, and the novelty of Honey Lantree behind the drum kit, Howard and Blaikley pitched them a handful of their songs, among them Have I the Right. Murray had arranged an audition with the producer Joe Meek, and in need of original material, the group included the song when they performed for Meek at the tiny flat-cum-recording studio above a leather goods shop in the Holloway Road, where had recorded hits for artists including John Leyton, Heinz and Mike Berry. Meek was so impressed that he recorded the group on the spot, completing Have I the Right in just three takes. In order to accentuate the jackhammer drumbeat of the song, Meek had the band members stamping their feet in unison on the wooden stairs leading up to the studio, recording the sound with five microphones he had fixed to the banisters with bicycle clips. In addition, a tambourine was beaten directly onto a microphone. In keeping with his usual practice, Meek also speeded up the recording – to the subsequent chagrin of Dennis D’Ell, the group’s singer, who complained that he was never able to properly reproduce the sound of his voice on stage. Have I the Right was released in June 1964 on the Pye record label. At the suggestion of Louis Benjamin, the general manager and later chairman, of Pye, the group had by now changed their name from the Sheratons to the catchier Honeycombs, a pun on the drummer’s nickname and beehive hair-do, and Honey Lantree’s and Murray’s tools of the trade. The record was slow to start selling, until it was picked up by Tony Blackburn on the pirate station Radio Caroline who played it continuously. “Joe Meek told us that the song was ‘a certain Number One’,” Ken Howard later recalled, “but for weeks after its release it was only selling in pathetically small numbers, five or six a day. Then suddenly when I phoned for the day’s figures there was great excitement. ‘It’s done 20,’ we were told. That still didn’t seem very impressive. ‘No,’ they said, ‘20 thousand’.” The song reached Number One in the UK charts on August 26, two days before Honey Lantree’s 21st birthday, and would remain in the Top 30 for 15 weeks. In America, it peaked at Number Five in the Billboard charts. It would go on to sell some two million copies around the world, proving fortuitous for all concerned, giving Meek his third, and final, Number One (the other two were Johnny Remember Me by John Leyton and Telstar by The Tornados), and launching Howard and Blaikley, who acted as the group’s managers, on a songwriting career that would include hits for Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich, the Herd, and Lulu, among many others. The Honeycombs enjoyed further hits produced by Meek with That’s the Way, Is It Because and Something Better Beginning (written by the Kinks’ Ray Davies), and toured extensively in Australia and the Far East, gaining a particularly loyal following in Japan, but disagreements within the group resulted in a split in 1966, and the suicide of Meek the following year ended their recording career. Honey Lantree married David Coxall, a pensions administrator, and retired from music to raise a family, briefly returning to the stage in the 1980s with a reconstituted version of the Honeycombs, and in 1999 performing Live and Let Die on a compilation album of James Bond themes. Once, reflecting on her career in music, and asked if she would have done anything differently, Honey Lantree replied: “I wish I’d saved the money …” She was predeceased by her husband in 2018, and leaves two sons, Matthew and Simon. Honey Lantree, born August 28 1943, died December 23 2018 N ANCY ROMAN, who has died aged 93, was the first woman to hold an executive position at Nasa; as the space agency’s chief of astronomy for almost two decades, she was responsible for developing and promoting the technology that made deep space observation possible. The best known legacy of her time with Nasa was the Hubble telescope, which launched in April 1990 and remains in operation to this day. The idea of an observatory that would orbit the Earth, beaming back images unobstructed by the absorbing layers of the planet’s atmosphere, had been proposed as far back as 1946. But it took years of lobbying and research by Nancy Roman and her colleagues to convince politicians and fellow astronomers that the project could get off the ground. As overall costs ballooned to $1.5 billion, senators demanded to know why the US taxpayer should be happy to see funding continue. Nancy Roman pointed out that the cost per person for decades of groundbreaking discoveries was equivalent to “a single night at the movies”. Even after her retirement from Nasa in 1979, she continued to work as a consultant for contractors that supported the Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland – the Hubble telescope’s operational “nerve centre”. In 1994 Nasa’s chief scientist Edward Weiler paid tribute to Nancy Roman as the “mother” of Hubble. Nancy Grace Roman was born in Nashville, Tennessee, on May 16 1925. Her father Irwin was a geophysicist, her mother Georgia a pianist and music teacher. Although not scientifically minded herself, Georgia encouraged her daughter’s early interest in the stars, taking her to watch the Northern Lights from their home, now in Michigan. Later they moved to Baltimore and Nancy founded an astronomy club for fellow school pupils – though support from teachers was lukewarm. A guidance counsellor poured cold water on her plans to study algebra for two years running, asking: “What lady would take mathematics instead of Latin?” Later, at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania, a professor told her that he usually tried to dissuade girls from majoring in ALAMY Cambridge economist who advised Labour and also studied oysters and their aphrodisiac powers Nasa astronomer and ‘mother’ of the Hubble space telescope Nancy Roman in the 1950s: she lobbied strongly for the Hubble Physics, “but I think maybe you might make it”. After graduating with a BA in astronomy she studied for her PhD at the University of Chicago, staying on as an assistant professor. While there she studied stars bright enough to be seen with the naked eye, observing how their compositions varied and that these variations correlated with differences in the stars’ velocities and directions. Her work helped to lay the foundations for understanding the structure of the Milky Way – but a lack of funding made it hard for her to progress further. Having resigned herself to the idea that she would never be offered a tenured position, she moved to the US Naval Research Laboratory. There she worked in radio astronomy, using radar to calculate the Earth’s distance from the Moon, before being recruited by a fledgling Nasa. From 1961 to 1963 she was chief of astronomy and solar physics, followed by 14 years as chief of astronomy and relativity programmes. Her remit included launching and overseeing three orbiting solar observatories, three astronomical satellites and four geodetic satellites (which measure the dimensions of the Earth). She also took part in the development of the Cosmic Background Explorer, a satellite which launched in 1989 and spent four years mapping the cosmic microwave background radiation of the Universe, giving evidence to support the “Big Bang” theory. Nancy Roman’s work was recognised by Nasa in 1969 with its Exceptional Scientific Achievement Award. In 2017 she was rendered in plastic by Lego, as part of its “Women of Nasa” set. Nancy Roman, born May 16 1925, died December 26 2018 30 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph Television & radio Last night on television What to watch Luther gets the year off to a breathless, gruesome start serial killers are politically correct nowadays. Michael Hogan A T On the case: Idris Elba and Wunmi Mosaku as DCI Luther and DC Halliday he fluffy festive TV has finished, then. Like the antithesis of cosy Christmas viewing, crime thriller Luther (BBC One) came bulldozing back onto our screens with guns held to heads, bombs hung around necks and graphic multiple murders. Donning his grey overcoat and hopping into his rickety Volvo to chase down criminals was DCI John Luther (Idris Elba, taking a holiday from Hollywood to revisit his signature character, three years since the last episode). The grizzled, growling sleuth was accompanied by a new sidekick in by-the-book DS Catherine Halliday (the wonderful Wunmi Mosaku). And a spate of elaborate killings soon had Luther ducking under yellow crime scene tape and squinting moodily at mutilated corpses. The perpetrator was a knifewielding psycho in a sinister glowing clown mask – the result of LED lights sewn into his hoodie to confuse CCTV cameras. The horror sequence where the murderer stalked his prey on the top deck of a London night bus was the stuff of urban nightmares. With such stylistic flourishes, writer Neil Cross has clearly been inspired by Thomas Harris’s Hannibal Lecter novels. But Cross’s hard-boiled script also brought in real-life references too, with a mention of “Grindr Killer” Stephen Port. Thank goodness (or badness) for the climactic last-second arrival of Luther’s nemesis-cum-love interest Alice Morgan (Ruth Wilson, in a role millions of miles from her recent turn as her own grandmother in Mrs Wilson). Luther and Alice is a twisted romance in the tradition of Hannibal and Clarice Starling and their unusual partnership was missed in the last series. Alice’s sociopathic scenerychewing and camp one-liners should prevent this four-parter, which is screening on consecutive nights, from becoming too relentlessly dark. This was a breathless opener where the next action sequence was never more than a few minutes away. Elba prowled through the city streets with charismatically bruised physicality. The multiple plot threads – a gangster’s missing son, a haughty shrink (Hermione Norris) with a murderous husband, Alice’s return – will presumably be knitted together over the next three episodes. It veered dangerously close to torture porn at times, with lingering shots of stab wounds and severed extremities. Thankfully, our murderer dodged the series’ previous accusations of misogyny by being an equal opportunities monster, happy to butcher men or women. Even fictional mid a year of exciting television, the arrival of the first female Time Lord felt frustratingly low key. While I loved Jodie Whittaker’s nurturing, off-kilter performance, the series as a whole fell short of expectation, swapping thrills and sci-fi sparkle for plodding history lessons and tedious moral lectures. So I was cheered by the New Year’s Day special of Doctor Who (BBC One) which proved that the series’ head honcho, Chris Chibnall, had finally got it right. What this episode, titled Resolution, proved is that Doctor Who is a series that needs, in part, to embrace its 55-year history. The reintroduction of the Daleks was like a much-needed reunion with an old friend – albeit an old friend who was a malevolent killing machine intent on wiping out the entire human race. We first saw the Doctor’s most famous foe, not in all its metallic glory but as a piece of mutated ooze (its innards), scaling the walls underneath Sheffield Town Hall. Its subsequent attachment to a delightful archaeologist called Lin (Call the Midwife’s Charlotte Ritchie) will have given viewers the requisite amount of goosebumps, and its control of her mind was terrifically done. We were given just one solitary Dalek (was that a budget cut?) but it held its own against an unspecified line of military personnel – the Doctor’s old friends Unit having been wound down due to lack of support from European neighbours. But, unsubtle Remain sentiments aside, this episode whizzed along at a cracking pace and managed to capture some of the adventure which has made the rebooted series such a success. Though there was still the odd bit of sub-Hollyoaks dialogue, with the arrival of Ryan’s (Tosin Cole) errant dad prompting a perfunctory lesson from the Doctor about the nature of fatherhood. Doctor Who will now not return until 2020, but hopefully by then Chibnall will have worked out what his responsibilities really are: to keep the flame of one of the greatest TV shows ever made alive. Ben Lawrence Luther ★★★★ Doctor Who ★★★★ phones, so that their partner can scrutinise the contents. What will the mountains of texts, photos, Facebook posts and apps reveal about their owners? GT Nile: Earth’s Great Rivers BBC TWO, 9.00PM This latest series from the BBC’s Natural History Unit turns its attentions to Africa’s greatest river, the Nile, which stretches 4,000 miles from its source on the Equator to the Mediterranean, with its two major tributaries to be found in Ethiopia and Rwanda. There’s flora and fauna aplenty, as you’d expect, but also examples of mankind living in harmony with the river. Among the anticipated set-pieces of animals squaring off and mucking about lurk one or two surprises – the unlikely career of Amina Tayona, living by Lake Victoria, is a real jawdropper – but none can compare to the fate of Idi Amin’s lodge in Uganda, which is now a haven for an extraordinary menagerie of animals, including warthogs, hyenas, lions and mongoose, that are living in seemingly peaceful harmony. The behindthe-scenes postscript examines this baffling phenomenon in greater, fascinating depth. As is so often the case, the music bursts with grandeur and tries the patience, while David Oyelowo’s narration Bradley Walsh & Son: Breaking Dad ITV, 8.00PM No, this is not Bradley Walsh and his son Barney diversifying into crystal meth production. Instead it’s that time-honoured TV tradition: the road trip across America, with assorted dangerous and daft activities (skydiving, bodybuilding) thrown in. Walsh Sr’s Grumpy Old Man shtick is every bit as familiar as the concept, but the love on display between father and son is genuinely quite touching. GT Factual Tom Kerridge’s Fresh Start BBC TWO, 8.00PM In this new series, Tom Kerridge helps families who want to cook and eat together in order to live Majestic: the Nile cascades through Uganda’s Murchison Falls is one of his hammier performances of recent years. But the camerawork is every bit as stunning as and chilling two-part documentary, built around audio recordings of Koresh and the FBI, dissects the bizarre rise of the former and the mistakes on both sides that led to an entirely avoidable massacre. It also hears from cult survivors about how they have lived their lives since. GT Documentary The Twinstitute BBC TWO, 8.30PM Doctors and identical twins Chris and Xand van Tulleken bring together other sets of twins to test an assortment of health theories. They begin by pitting diet pills against exercise to see which proves the most effective in assisting weight loss. GT Waco: Madman or Messiah – Storyville BBC FOUR, 9.00PM Nobody who saw the images from Waco on the news in 1993 will forget them: smoke billowed out of you could ask for, and the ecological message is laid on discreetly enough. Gabriel Tate Storyville: David Koresh Entertainment Phone Swap a Texan compound as, after a lengthy siege, the FBI stormed the buildings occupied by the Branch Davidians. Eighty-two people were killed, including 23 children and the cult’s leader, David Koresh. This gripping BBC THREE, FROM 10.00AM This is a good idea, with plenty of potentially explosive and almost certainly cringeworthy consequences. A twist on the dating show format sees two parties swap their Tom Kerridge’s Fresh Start more healthily. The chef ’s six-step programme begins with stir fries, salads and pasta sauce. GT What Britain Bought in 2018 CHANNEL 4, 9.00PM It’s been yet another difficult year for high-street retailers. In this 2018 retrospective, Mary Portas looks at “ethical fashion”, wider trends for the big name shops, and how consumers were inspired this year by everything from the World Cup to Jodie Whittaker’s turn in the Tardis. GT Radio choice Charlotte Runcie Angela Barnes: You Can’t Take It With You RADIO 4, 6.30PM The father of comedian Angela Barnes looms large as a vibrant figure in this comedy series about death. “You can’t take it with you” was one of the favourite sayings of Barnes’s father Derek, but when he died Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am Mollie King and Matt Edmondson 10.00 Adele Roberts 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Katie Thistleton and Cel Spellman 4.00 Jordan North 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 Jordan North 7.00 Radio 1’s Future Sounds with Annie Mac 9.00 The 8th with Dev 11.00 Radio 1’s Indie Show with Jack Saunders 1.00 am Benji B 3.00 Radio 1 Comedy – Niki and Sammy’s Peachy Podcast 3.30 Radio 1’s Workout Mix 4.00 - 6.30am Arielle Free Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 12.00 3.00 5.00 am Radio 2 Breakfast Show Ken Bruce Jeremy Vine pm Craig Charles Ore Oduba The Folk Show with Mark Radcliffe Gary Barlow – We Write the Songs Richard Bacon OJ Borg am Pick of the Pops - 6.30am Nicki Chapman Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Gershwin 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert 2.00 Afternoon Concert 3.30 Choral Evensong 4.30 Words and Music 5.45 New Generation Artists 7.00 BBC Proms 2018. The Berlin Philharmonic conducted by Kirill Petrenko suddenly in 2008 at the age of 60, Angela and her family kept that saying in mind, and each put different objects and mementoes into his coffin. The concept for this surprisingly cheery series is an exploration of just what went into that coffin, and a musing on what Angela Barnes might like in her own. The Full Works Concert: 2019 in Music CLASSIC FM, 8.00PM What will 2019 bring for the world of classical music? Tonight’s concert gives us something of a preview, with a performance of Beethoven’s Violin Concerto by the LA Philharmonic Orchestra, who’ll celebrate in ballet music by Dukas and Franz Schmidt’s Symphony No 4, plus Prokofiev’s Piano Concerto No 3 with Yuja Wang as soloist 9.30 BBC Proms 2018. London Contemporary Orchestra performs Daphne Oram’s Still Point 11.00 Late Junction 12.30 - 6.30am Through the Night 8.00 9.00 9.30 9.59 10.00 10.45 Radio 4 12.48 1.00 5.20 5.30 5.43 5.45 5.58 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz 6.00 am Today 9.00 As Others See Us 9.45 FM: Book of the Week: Brief Answers to the Big Questions 9.45 LW: Daily Service 10.00 Woman’s Hour 10.55 The Listening Project 11.00 I Work for the Government, and Let’s Leave It at That 11.30 Cracking Up 12.00 News 12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast 12.04 Adrian Mole: The Cappuccino Years 12.15 You and Yours 12.57 Weather 1.00 The World at One 1.45 New Year Solutions 2.00 The Archers 2.15 Drama: Me, Mum and Meena Kumari 3.00 Money Box Live 3.30 Art of Living: From the Heart 4.00 Thinking Allowed 4.30 The Media Show 5.00 PM 5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast 5.57 Weather 6.00 Six O’Clock News 6.30 ◆ Angela Barnes: You Can’t Take It With You. See Radio choice 7.00 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 7.45 Curtain Down at Her Majesty’s – A Play in Five Acts 11.00 11.15 11.30 12.00 12.30 The Bald Truth Science Stories As Others See Us Weather The World Tonight Book at Bedtime: Adrian Mole: The Cappuccino Years The Damien Slash Mixtape Dr John Cooper Clarke at the BBC The Digital Human News and Weather am Brief Answers to the Big Questions Shipping Forecast As World Service Shipping Forecast News Briefing Prayer for the Day Farming Today - 6.00am Tweet of the Day Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909KHz 6.00 9.00 10.00 1.00 4.00 7.00 8.00 10.30 1.00 5.00 5.15 am 5 Live Breakfast Your Call Adrian Chiles pm Afternoon Edition 5 Live Drive 5 Live Sport 5 Live Sport: Premier League Football 2018-19 Phil Williams am Up All Night Morning Reports - 6.00am Wake Up to Money Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 am More Music Breakfast John Suchet pm Jane Jones Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven ◆ The Full Works Concert. See Radio choice 10.00 Smooth Classics 1.00 - 6.00am Bob Jones World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The their centenary this year. The eminent IsraeliAmerican violinist Pinchas Zukerman is the soloist, and Zubin Mehta conducts. There’s also music to mark the 60th birthday of the American soprano Renée Fleming, the 300th birthday of Leopold Mozart, and 150 years since the death of Hector Berlioz. Documentary 10.00 World Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 The Documentary 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 The Compass 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 HARDtalk 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30 Healthcheck 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 The Newsroom 10.20 Sports News 10.30 World Business Report 11.00 News 11.06 The Compass 11.30 The Documentary 12.00 News 12.06am The Documentary 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 The Documentary 3.00 News 3.06 The Inquiry 3.30 The Food Chain 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 6.00am Healthcheck Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Strong Poison 6.30 Scientists Go to Hollywood 7.00 Second Holmes 7.30 Count Arthur Strong’s Radio Show! 8.00 The Navy Lark 8.30 Beyond Our Ken 9.00 Dilemma 9.30 Big Jim and the Figaro Club 10.00 The Pickwick Papers 11.00 The Montana Stories 11.15 Rumpole and the Bubble Reputation 12.00 The Navy Lark 12.30pm Beyond Our Ken 1.00 Strong Poison 1.30 Scientists Go to Hollywood 2.00 History of the Rain 2.15 The Invention of Childhood 2.30 The Professor 2.45 Doubling Back 3.00 The Pickwick Papers 4.00 Dilemma 4.30 Big Jim and the Figaro Club 5.00 Second Holmes 5.30 Count Arthur Strong’s Radio Show! 6.00 Ghost Stories of Walter de la Mare 6.30 My Life in Five Books 7.00 The Navy Lark 7.30 Beyond Our Ken 8.00 Strong Poison 8.30 Scientists Go to Hollywood 9.00 The Montana Stories 9.15 Rumpole and the Bubble Reputation 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 Ghost Stories of Walter de la Mare 12.30am My Life in Five Books 1.00 Strong Poison 1.30 Scientists Go to Hollywood 2.00 History of the Rain 2.15 The Invention of Childhood 2.30 The Professor 2.45 Doubling Back 3.00 The Pickwick Papers 4.00 Dilemma 4.30 Big Jim and the Figaro Club 5.00 Second Holmes 5.30 6.00am Count Arthur Strong’s Radio Show! *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 January 2019 31 Today’s television FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing Main channels BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Countryfile Winter Diaries (R) (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (S) 11.00 Wanted Down Under (S) 11.45 Caught Red Handed (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (S) 1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 FILM: Jane Eyre (2011) Period drama starring Mia Wasikowska See Film choice (AD) (S) 3.35 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S) 4.15 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip (R) (S) 5.15 Pointless (S) 6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S) 6.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.40 am Sign Zone: Trust Me, I’m a Doctor (R) (S) (SL) 7.10 Sign Zone: See Hear on Tour: Rome (S) (SL) 7.40 Sign Zone: Great British Menu (R) (S) (SL) 8.10 FILM: Swallows and Amazons (1974) (S) 9.40 FILM: The Titfield Thunderbolt (1953) (S) 11.00 BBC Newsroom Live (S) 1.00 pm Coast (R) (S) 1.25 David Attenborough’s Natural Curiosities (AD) (R) (S) 1.55 Kangaroo Dundee & Other Animals – Part One: Natural World (AD) (R) (S) 2.55 Kangaroo Dundee & Other Animals – Part Two: Natural World (AD) (R) (S) 3.55 FILM: Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day (2014) See Film choice (S) 5.15 Flog It! (R) (S) 6.00 Eggheads (S) 6.30 Galapagos (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 Celebrity Catchphrase (R) (S) 3.00 Tenable (R) (S) 4.00 Tipping Point (S) 5.00 The Chase (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.20 am The King of Queens (R) (S) 6.45 The King of Queens (R) (S) 7.10 The King of Queens (R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.05 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.35 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.05 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.30 FILM: The Great Muppet Caper (1981) Comedy with the voices of Jim Henson and Frank Oz (S) 11.30 Channel 4 News (S) 11.35 FILM: Willow (1988) Fantasy adventure starring Warwick Davis (S) 2.10 pm Countdown: Champion of Champions (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun (S) 4.00 The Secret Life of the Zoo (AD) (R) (S) 5.00 Couples Come Dine with Me (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine 11.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R) (S) 12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S) 12.15 The Yorkshire Vet Winter Special (R) (S) 1.10 Access (S) 1.15 Make You Laugh Out Loud (R) (S) 1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S) 2.15 FILM: Paint By Murder (2018, TVM) Premiere. Thriller starring Alexxis Lemire (S) 4.00 Friends (R) (S) 4.30 Friends (R) (S) 5.00 5 News at 5 (S) 5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 The Yorkshire Vet (R) (S) 6.50 5 News Tonight (S) Holby City: Jaye Jacobs and Kaye Wragg The Twinstitute: twins Hugo and Ross 7.00 Celebrity Mastermind Neil Jones, YolanDa Brown, Paul Higgins and Holly Hamilton compete (S) 7.30 University Challenge Christmas 2018 Jeremy Paxman hosts the first semi-final of the academic quiz’s festive edition (S) 7.30 A Question of Sport (S) 8.00 Holby City While on a road trip, Jac, Ric and Sacha confront some old enemies (AD) (S) 9.00 Luther The detective is forced to confront a demon from his past (AD) (S) 10.00 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Match of the Day (S) 12.20 am FILM: Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001) Action adventure starring Angelina Jolie 2.00 - 6.00am News S4C 8.00 Tom Kerridge’s Fresh Start New series See What to watch (AD) (S) 8.30 The Twinstitute New series See What to watch (S) Bradley Walsh & Son: Breaking Dad 7.00 Emmerdale Harriet is impressed by Dawn’s attitude (AD) (S) What Britain Bought in 2018: Mary Portas 7.30 Coronation Street Audrey receives alarming news of her finances (AD) (S) 8.00 Bradley Walsh & Son: Breaking Dad New series. Bradley Walsh and his son Barney hit the road together See What to watch (AD) (S) BBC ONE, 1.45PM ★★★★★ Cary Fukunaga’s adaptation respects Charlotte Brontë’s novel without following it blindly. Mia Wasikowska and Michael Fassbender (as imposing as ever) put plenty of other Jane Eyre/Mr Rochester duets to shame; their performances are elevated by Moira Buffini’s excellent script. Fukunaga’s film is shot with masterly restraint and shorn of sentimentality. It would be hard to ask for more from Brontë on screen. Ferdinand (2017) SKY CINEMA PREMIERE, 3.25PM ★★★★ 8.00 Kirstie and Phil’s Love It or List It New series. Kirstie Allsopp and Phil Spencer meet the Lindleys from Ashtead, Surrey (AD) (S) 8.00 Animals After Dark New series. A look at what animals get up to at night (S) 9.00 The Big Fat Lies About Diet & Exercise The potential pitfalls of a healthy lifestyle (S) 8.30 Coronation Street (AD) (S) 9.00 Nile: Earth’s Great Rivers Following the astonishing wildlife, landscapes and people of the world’s longest river, the Nile See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? Big-money quiz, hosted by Jeremy Clarkson (S) 9.00 What Britain Bought in 2018 Britain’s spending habits over the past 12 months See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.00 Insert Name Here With Tom Allen, Kate Williams, Angela Scanlon and Griff Rhys Jones (S) 10.30 Dragons’ Den: Pitches to Riches? Steph McGovern catches up with previous contestants (AD) (R) (S) 11.30 NFL This Week 12.20am Sign Zone: See Hear on Tour: Rome 12.50 Sign Zone: Spy in the Snow 1.50 Sign Zone: Grizzly Bear Cubs and Me 2.50 Sign Zone: School 3.50 6.20am This Is BBC Two 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Gordon, Gino and Fred: Road Trip Culinary adventure with Gordon Ramsay, Gino D’Acampo and Fred Sirieix (R) (S) 10.00 Dispatches: The Truth About Vegans (AD) (S) 10.35 Travel Man: 96 Hours in Jordan (AD) (R) (S) 11.35 Rob Rinder’s Good Year, Bad Year 12.35am Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.25 Beatrix Potter with Patricia Routledge 2.20 Virginia McKenna’s Born Free 3.15 The People’s Vet 4.10 Embarrassing Pets 4.35 Food Unwrapped 5.05 6.00am Come Dine with Me 11.45 Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? 12.35am Jackpot247 3.00 Lethal Weapon 3.50 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show Jane Eyre (2011) The Big Fat Lies About Diet & Exercise 7.00 Ultimate Colossal Cruise Ship A look at MS Freedom of the Seas (R) (S) 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) Film choice 11.05 Funniest Celeb Reality TV Ever! 12.05am Celebrity Game Night 1.00 Teleshopping 3.00 Access 3.10 Greatest Celebrity Wind-Ups Ever! 4.00 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.25 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Nick’s Quest 5.35 6.00am Wildlife SOS Variations In this sweet CGI animation, wrestler John Cena plays (rather ironically) a sensitive bull called Ferdinand, who would rather tend to flowers than fight. He avoids the bullring, but when famous matador El Primero (Miguel Ángel Silvestre) comes to town and slaughter beckons, Ferdinand and nutty old goat Lupe (Kate McKinnon) decide that it’s time to take a stand. It’s colourful and surprisingly moving too. Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day (2014) BBC TWO, 3.55PM ★★★ 6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Sgorio: Dathlu 30 1.00 Y Wal: Berlin 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 Pengelli 3.30 Llwybrau Dei: Llanddwyn 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 3 Lle: Ifan Jones Evans 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.25 Adre 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Siwper Stomp O’r ’Steddfod 11.30 - 12.05am Loriau Mansel Davies a’i Fab Northern Ireland Scotland BBC One: No variations BBC Two: No variations UTV: 12.35 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen BBC One: 8.00 - 9.00pm River City 10.45 Holby City 11.45 Match of the Day 1.20am FILM: Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001) 3.00 - 6.00am BBC News BBC Two: No variations Wales BBC Four ITV3 ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 7.00 pm The Celts: Blood, Iron and Sacrifice with Alice Roberts and Neil Oliver 8.00 Sicily: Wonder of the Mediterranean 9.00 Waco: Madman or Messiah – Storyville See What to watch 10.30 Murder in Soho: Who Killed Freddie Mills? 12.00 Shirley Bassey at the BBC 1.00 am Synth & Beyond with Stephen Morris and Gillian Gilbert 2.00 Sicily: Wonder of the Mediterranean 3.00 - 4.00am The Celts: Blood, Iron and Sacrifice with Alice Roberts and Neil Oliver 10.35 12.40 1.40 2.40 3.15 3.50 5.55 7.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 1.55 2.30 11.45 12.45 1.50 2.50 3.55 4.55 5.55 7.00 8.00 8.30 9.00 ITV2 Theory 11.50 Naked Attraction 12.55am Gogglebox 2.05 Tattoo Fixers: Extreme 2.55 The Goldbergs 3.454.25am The Big Bang Theory 11.35am Emmerdale 12.35pm Coronation Street 1.40 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.30 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.50 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 6.20 FILM: Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (1999) Two Jedi Knights are sent on a mission to protect a queen whose planet has been invaded, and meet a boy with a sinister destiny. Sci-fi prequel, with Liam Neeson and Ewan McGregor 9.00 FILM: Pitch Perfect (2012) A new student joins an a cappella singing group made up of social misfits to compete in campus music competitions. Comedy, starring Anna Kendrick and Rebel Wilson 11.15 Family Guy 1.10am American Dad! 2.05 The Cleveland Show 2.30-6.00am Teleshopping E4 Noon Young Sheldon 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 Melissa & Joey 3.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 4.00 The Goldbergs 5.00 Young Sheldon 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Young Sheldon 8.00 The Goldbergs 9.00 FILM: The Inbetweeners 2 (2014) The awkward teenagers find university does not live up to their expectations, and go to Australia in search of adventure. Comedy sequel, starring Simon Bird and James Buckley 11.00 The Big Bang 10.50 12.55 1.55 2.45 3.00 3.30 More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.55 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun 5.55 The Supervet 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 Hunt for the Arctic Ghost Ship 10.00 Million Pound Mega Yachts 11.05 24 Hours in A&E 1.15am 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown Christmas Special 2.15 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 3.15-3.55am 8 Out of 10 Cats Dave Noon Gavin & Stacey 4.00pm Top Gear 7.00 Cops UK: Bodycam Squad 8.00 QI 9.00 Live at the Apollo 10.00 Taskmaster 11.00 QI 11.40 QI XL 12.20am Mock the Week 1.00 QI 1.40 QI XL 2.25 Mock the Week 3.00-4.00am The Last Man on Earth Sky Sports Main Event Noon Sky Sports News 5.00pm Sky Sports News at 5 6.00 Sky Sports News at 6 7.00 Gillette Soccer Special 7.30 Live Premier League. Newcastle United v Manchester United (Kick-off 8.00pm). Coverage of the top-flight clash from St No variations, except: ITV Channel: 12.35 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 am Agatha Christie’s Marple pm The Royal Heartbeat Classic Coronation Street Classic Coronation Street Midsomer Murders Heartbeat Murder, She Wrote Endeavour Vera Vera am ITV3 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping Steve Carell has become a dab hand at making public embarrassment ridiculous and borderline tragic, and he saves the day in this slight but entertaining comedy. Alexander (Ed Oxenbould) blows out a candle for his 12th birthday and initiates a fateful curse so that his family understand how it feels to have a purely maddening 24 hours. ITV Regions BBC One: 7.30 - 8.00pm Dirty Vegan BBC Two: 5.15pm Extreme Wales with Freeview, satellite and cable FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 Richard Parks 5.45 - 6.00 Flog It! 10.30 - 11.30pm NI Trending ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six STV: 12.35am Quads: Our First Year 1.25 - 5.05am ITV Nightscreen am The Professionals pm The Avengers Kojak Quincy ME Minder The Professionals The Sweeney The Chase: Celebrity Special River Monsters River Monsters FILM: Passenger 57 (1992) Action thriller with Wesley Snipes FILM: Hard to Kill (1990) am Minder The Sweeney ITV4 Nightscreen Teleshopping - 4.30am ITV4 Nightscreen James’ Park 10.30 Sky Sports News at Ten 11.00 Sky Sports News 1.00am Live NBA: Minnesota @ Boston. Boston Celtics v Minnesota Timberwolves (Tipoff 1.00am) 3.30-6.00am Live One-Day International Cricket. New Zealand v Sri Lanka Sky Sports Premier League Noon Premier League World – Sir Alex Ferguson Special 1.00pm Premier League Years 3.00 Premier League Highlights 4.30 Premier League World – Sir Alex Ferguson Special 5.30 Premier League Highlights 7.00 Premier League World 7.30 Live Premier League. 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Action adventure, starring Jean-Claude Van Damme 11.05 Sherlock Holmes (2009) Action thriller starring Robert Downey Jr 1.45am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura 3.30-5.30am Hollywood’s Best Film Directors GOLD Noon My Family 12.40pm 2point4 Children 1.20 Are You Being Served? 2.00 The Green Green Grass 2.40 My Family 3.20 2point4 Children 4.00 Last of the Summer Wine 6.00 Are You Being Served? 6.40 Saluting Dad’s Army 7.40 Dad’s Army 9.00 Only Fools and Horses 9.40 The Royle Family 10.20 Two Doors Down 11.00 Early Doors 11.40 Peep Show 12.50am Two Doors Down 1.30 The Royle Family 2.05 Harry Hill’s TV Burp 2.55 Early Doors 3.25-4.00am Bread 32 *** Wednesday 2 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph A Weather and crosswords Nature notes St Kilda marine life ‘stunning’ Researchers have captured “stunning” images of marine life in the waters around St Kilda as a survey revealed its reefs and sea caves are in good condition. Scottish Natural Heritage has published the findings of the widereaching survey which was carried out by a team of divers in 2015. Home to nearly one million seabirds, the St Kilda archipelago is the UK’s only dual Unesco World Heritage Site for both its natural and cultural significance. It was evacuated on Aug 29 1930 after the remaining 36 islanders voted to leave because their way of life was no longer sustainable. The survey aimed to judge the condition of the sea caves in the archipelago, which is situated around 40 miles west of the Outer Hebrides. The researchers also discovered a new species of the soft coral Clavularia within one of the caves. Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. 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