** Thursday 3 January 2019 telegraph.co.uk No 50,892 £ 1.80 Mum’s the word The trouble with having five children James May Why we’re tearing up The Grand Tour Pep talk Guardiola p piles pressure on Liverpool Family & Features, page 19 Arts, page 23 Sport, ort, pages 8-10 B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY Javid calls on Navy to save lives in Channel Davis says May should delay Brexit deal vote ‘My mother protected me in Hollywood’ By Gordon Rayner and Anna Mikhailova By Steven Swinford Deputy political eDitor SAJID JAVID has asked the Royal Navy to help deal with the Channel migrant crisis as he warned that desperate families trying to make the crossing could drown. The Home Secretary has written to Gavin Williamson, the Defence Secretary, requesting a military patrol vessel, dozens of sailors and aerial surveillance to help save lives and stop the crossings. Mr Javid is understood to have made a “broad” request for support after Mr Williamson said on Sunday that the Navy, Air Force and Army “stand ready to assist”. A Whitehall source said the letter from Mr Javid represented a challenge for Mr Williamson to “put his money where his mouth is” and show that he can deliver on his promises. However, The Daily Telegraph understands that discussions are still ongoing about whether the Ministry of Defence or the Home Office should fund the £20,000-a-day cost of the vessel. A defence source said that HMS Mersey, a military patrol vessel, would be in the Channel on other operations today, but was ready to divert and begin patrols for migrants. Meanwhile a 24-year-old British man and a 33-year-old Iranian national were being held last night on suspicion of arranging the illegal movement of migrants across the English Channel to the UK. The National Crime Agency said it had arrested the pair in Manchester. Having initially been reluctant to call in more patrol vessels amid concerns that it could act as a “magnet” for more migrants, Mr Javid has ramped up Britain’s response. Earlier this week he announced the redeploy- ment of two Border Force cutters from the Mediterranean. During a visit to Dover in Kent yesterday, the Home Secretary questioned whether migrants crossing the Channel were “genuine” asylum seekers. He said they should have claimed asylum in France rather than risking their lives by attempting to cross the Channel. He told Sky News: “A question has to be asked: if you are a genuine asylum seeker why have you not sought asylum in the first safe country that you arrived in? Because France is not a country where anyone would argue it is not safe in any way whatsoever, and if you are genuine then why not seek asylum in your first safe country?” Mr Javid was forced to break off his safari holiday to South Africa on Sunday and take personal control of the crisis after he was directly criticised by Tory MPs. Since Christmas Eve, more than 100 migrants have either made it to the UK or been intercepted at sea. HMS Mersey, a river-class patrol vessel, is capable of operating 24 hours a day. It has a crew of 30 split into three watches, enabling the vessel to stay at sea for hundreds of days on end. It is twice as long as the Border Force’s cutters and has been used for everything from fishery protection duties to shadowing Russian warships encroaching on British waters. Mr Javid is planning to use the vessel until cutters from the Mediterranean are redeployed in the Channel, which could take up to a month. The Home Secretary also requested additional sailors after The Telegraph disclosed that the only cutter currently patrolling the Channel spent two days Continued on Page 2 Editorial Comment: Page 17 HARPER’S BAZAAR UK/ERIK MADIGAN HECK Home Secretary asks for more vessels as he questions migrants’ need for asylum Saoirse Ronan, the Irish actress, credits her mother with protecting her from the ‘seedy’ side of Hollywood after she made her film breakthrough in Atonement at the age of just 13. ‘I don’t know what would have happened if she hadn’t been around,’ she tells Harper’s Bazaar magazine Report: Page 7 Five-year-olds to learn first aid MPs call for pumps Kitemark to as part of the school curriculum stop rip-off petrol station prices arriving at university I was struck that the American students I met knew how to do CPR and I didn’t have a clue. “As a father I want my children to have the knowledge and skills they need to keep themselves safe and help others, and as Education Secretary I want that for every child.” By the time they leave secondary school, all children in England should know how to administer CPR, the purpose of defibrillators and Continued on Page 2 By Jack Maidment political corresponDent FIVE-YEAR-OLDS will learn basic first aid and children as young as 11 will be taught CPR at school, under plans to make it a compulsory part of the curriculum. Next year, all schools in England will be required to teach “life-saving skills” under the Government’s new health education plans. From the age of five, pupils will be taught how to deal with common injuries, including head injuries. They will also learn how to call 999 and in what circumstances. Every child should have the chance to learn CPR and other life-saving skills, Damian Hinds, the Education Secretary said. “We hear these incredible stories about children acting with confidence in an emergency, keeping a cool head, phoning the emergency services and helping to save someone’s life,” he added. “I think that all children should be given these skills and feel this confidence. On NEWS BRIEFING news news business business Jeremy Warner rner se and Ambrose Evans-Pritchard hard on 20 faltering, ring, crisis-hit years ars of the euro Apple is hit by shock profit warning By Anna Mikhailova political corresponDent Cassettes are Bouncer stabbed to death had just Puzzles 18 heading back up the charts moved to UK Obituaries 25 cassette has made a A bouncer stabbed to death TV listings 27 The comeback, according to at an exclusive new year music industry figures, as party in Mayfair, central is away nearly 50,000 albums were London, moved to the UK to ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,v.* ÊÀËÑ bought last year on tape, a leap of 125.3 per cent on 2017. Many artists in the bestseller list hark back to a time when cassettes were all the rage, including Kylie Minogue and Take That. Page 3 start a new life only months ago. Romanian Tudor Simionov, 33, died after attempting to stop a group of gatecrashers. A 26-yearold man was being held on suspicion of murder. Page 5 PETROL stations that offer “fair” prices at the pumps could display a Kitemarkstyle symbol on their forecourts as part of a push to set up a new fuel watchdog. MPs want the Government to establish an independent body to monitor pump prices to ensure motorists are not ripped off. The body – provisionally called PumpWatch – would devise a formula for or setting retail fuel prices linked inked to Comment, page 16 Business, page 2 the wholesale price. Retailers that complied could display a symbol, like the Kitemark of quality used in other industries, so that motorists could be “safe in the knowledge they are being treated fairly”. It comes amid concern that pump prices do not fall swiftly enough when the cost of oil drops. The All Party Parliamentary Group for Fair Fuel for UK Motorists and UK Hauliers is behind calls for an independent price moni monitoring body. It is supporting an on- line petition created by FairFuelUK, a campaign group, which is demanding an end to “excessive” fuel prices. Howard Cox, the FairFuelUK founder, said: “A Kitemark-style system ... would allow [motorists] to make an informed choice.” Between October and the middle of December 2018, the wholesale price of diesel fell by 13 per cent, but pump prices only dropped by 3 per cent. Meanwhile wholesale petrol prices fell 14 per cent, but pump prices dropped just 7 per cent. Apple last night slashed its revenue forecasts by billions of dollars after iPhone sales fell well short of expectations, causing shares in the company to plunge. It blamed an economic downturn in China as it revealed that sales had unexpectedly declined at the end of 2018. Business, Page 1 THERESA MAY has been urged to delay the “meaningful vote” on her Brexit deal for a second time after government whips failed over Christmas to persuade enough MPs to back it. David Davis, the former Brexit secretary, says today that time is the Prime Minister’s “friend” as Brexit day looms, because “the more we prepare to leave the EU without a deal, the more likely a good deal becomes”. Meanwhile, Jeremy Hunt has risked undermining Mrs May’s negotiating hand as he said no government would “willingly” impose a no-deal exit on its people. The Foreign Secretary made his intervention on a visit to Singapore where he said that both a no-deal Brexit and a second referendum were undesirable. Mr Davis, writing in The Daily Telegraph, insists that a deal will be reached “at the eleventh hour” because the EU is worried about losing the £39 billion “divorce payment” that would come with a Brexit deal. The vote, which was delayed at the last minute in December, is scheduled for the week beginning Jan 14. Mrs May will begin a charm offensive next week by inviting every Tory MP to Downing Street for drinks parties on Monday and Wednesday, in the hope that she can win over those who doubt her Brexit deal. Whips have been hard at work over the Christmas break contacting Tory rebels individually to discuss their specific concerns about the deal, but senior Brexiteers said nothing had changed since Parliament went into recess last month. Yesterday Mrs May spoke to Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, who is seen as the key to unlocking a more favourable deal that could win the support of Parliament. Mrs May wants legally binding assurances from the EU that the backstop arrangement to prevent a hard border in Ireland in the event of no future trade deal being agreed would only be temporary. She also wants Britain to have a unilateral exit mechanism from that backstop. She is expected to return to Brussels before the vote takes place, but Mr Davis speculates that the vote could be put off for a second time if Mrs May looks likely to lose it. He says: “The Withdrawal Agreement does not respect the referendum result. That is why the meaningful vote had to be delayed and one wonders if even the January vote will go ahead. “Attempts to frighten MPs into supporting it are unlikely to work, because voting down this substandard deal will not result in no Brexit.” Urging Mrs May to take her time to get a better deal, he adds: “We know that the EU is worried about the loss of the £39 billion ‘divorce’ payment if there is no deal ... so this is the moment to be hard-nosed about these issues. The more we prepare to leave the EU without a deal, the more likely a good deal becomes.” Nigel Dodds, Westminster Continued on Page 4 David Davis: Page 16 Editorial Comment: Page 17 2 ** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph News Police hero tells of Manchester knife attack hailed as heroes for tackling the armed man seconds after a couple were stabbed at Manchester Victoria station on New Year’s Eve. The sergeant, who is in his 30s, suffered a puncture wound to the shoulder as he helped wrestle the suspect to the ground. A 25-year-old man is now being held under the Mental Health Act in connection with the incident as police continue a counter-terrorism investigation. Police say they believe the suspect acted alone, but are also examining whether he received any help in the run-up to the attack and how he came to be radicalised. Speaking in public for the first time, ‘Instinct took over’ says officer who was stabbed after tackling terror suspect in station By Jack Hardy and Patrick Sawer A POLICEMAN injured as he wrestled a knife-wielding terror suspect to the ground at a Manchester station has described how “instinct took over” when he raced towards danger, saving dozens more passengers from attack. Lee Valentine was one of four officers from the British Transport Police Mr Valentine, who was discharged from hospital on New Year’s Day after receiving treatment for his injuries, said the recognition he had received for his actions was “overwhelming”. He said: “My team and I are grateful to everyone who sent in messages of support – it really does mean the world to us. We had no idea what we were running towards when we heard the screams on New Year’s Eve. “When we saw the man wielding a knife, instinct took over and we were able to – in company with Travel Safe Officers from Metrolink – successfully detain the male.” Officers using a Taser stun gun and “captor gel”, an irritant designed to incapacitate suspects, managed to pin the attacker, who was thought to be armed with two knives, to the ground. The two other victims, a man and a woman in their 50s, suffered serious but non-life-threatening injuries and are making good progress in hospital. The triple stabbing took place at a tram station that forms part of the complex that includes the Manchester Arena, where 22 people were killed and dozens – half of them children – severely injured in 2017 when Salman Abedi detonated a bomb as they left a concert by pop star Ariana Grande. During what witnesses described as a “frenzied” rampage on the station platform, the suspect allegedly shouted “Allahu akbar” (God is the greatest). He was also said to have screamed “Long live the Caliphate”, in possible reference to the Isil terror group. It is believed the suspect lived with his family in Cheetham Hill, a mile north of Manchester city centre. Neighbours said the family had moved there from the Netherlands 10 to 15 years ago, having originally come from Somalia. Police said yesterday that mental health specialists will have up to six months to carry out their assessment of the suspect. Javid request to Navy seen as challenge to Williamson Air crash deaths show steep increase in 2018 There was a sharp increase in the number of air crash deaths last year, figures show. A total of 556 people were killed in incidents involving commercial flights in 2018 – 12 involving passenger flights and three involving cargo carriers. The figure was up from 44 deaths in 10 incidents in 2017, according to the Netherlands-based Aviation Safety Network. It means that 2018 was worse than the five-year average of 14 accidents and 480 fatalities – while 2017 was the safest year in aviation history. The accident with the most deaths in 2018 was October’s Lion Air crash in Indonesia, which killed 189 people. Man wins right to appeal conviction… on the run A man found guilty of manslaughter after his date was killed in a speedboat crash has won the right to appeal against his conviction, despite being on the run. Jack Shepherd, of Paddington, was sentenced to six years in jail in July for the manslaughter of Charlotte Brown, 24. Shepherd, absent from his Old Bailey trial, let Ms Brown, of Clacton, drive his speedboat “at full throttle”. The Court of Appeal confirmed a judge had given him permission to appeal against the conviction on Dec 19. Ms Brown’s parents did not want to comment until after Jan 22, when they will meet the Home Secretary to discuss efforts to trace Shepherd. Firearms dealer cleared of handling ‘stolen’ rifles A firearms dealer has been acquitted of handling weapons allegedly stolen from the Ministry of Defence by a former Army captain. Adrian Bull, 64, of Devizes, Wilts, was acquitted after a judge said there was no case to answer. He was on trial alongside Peter Laidler, 71, of Marcham, Oxon, who faces 11 counts of stealing rifles worth tens of thousands of pounds between 1998 and 2016. Roger Smith, 61, of, Emsworth, Hants, is charged with five counts of handling stolen goods. Stuart Pemberton, 52, of Warminster, Wilts, is accused of one count of handling stolen goods. The men deny all the charges. Non-sugar sweeteners may not help slimmers PA Continued from Page 1 in port earlier this week. The Navy will be asked to supply dozens of sailors to help man the Border Force’s cutters and ensure they can remain at sea and conduct continuous patrols. The MoD has also been asked to provide aerial surveillance to monitor the Channel. Other types of aircraft could be tasked with carrying out maritime surveillance. Discussions between the Home Office and MoD are ongoing. The Home Secretary has asked the MoD to provide support under a process known formally as Military Aid to the Civil Authorities. The cost of military assistance is usually funded by the department requesting it. An MoD spokesman said: “Our Armed Forces stand ready to provide additional capacity and expertise to assist the Home Office with the response to migrant crossings. Royal Navy ships continue to conduct patrols to protect the integrity of UK territorial waters.” Mr Javid suggested yesterday that migrants could be deterred from crossing the Channel by making it harder for them to gain asylum in the UK. He said: “If you make it to the UK we will do everything we can to make sure you are often not successful because we need to break that link, and to break that link means we can save more lives.” Mr Javid’s suggestion that the migrants crossing the Channel were not “genuine” sparked a backlash from opposition MPs, who accused him of “normalising anti-refugee rhetoric”. u Spanish coastguards rescued 401 migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean over the first two days of the new year. The news comes just days after a charity rescue vessel carrying 311 mainly African migrants plucked off the coast of Libya docked in Spain. NEWS BULLETIN Sajid Javid, the Home Secretary, meets Border Force staff on board HMC Searcher in Dover. The Ministry of Defence has pledged to help stop crossings and save migrants’ lives Immigrant faces third deportation By Laura FitzPatrick AN ILLEGAL immigrant who drove a Mercedes at 130mph is facing deportation for the third time. Ahmed Ali has already been deported from the UK twice for motoring offences and is disqualified from driving, but he managed to return illegally then committed another offence in the early hours of Dec 30. Ali, who was born in the Netherlands to Somalian parents, raced a white Mercedes on the A38 in Derby at 12.35am but was stopped near Findern without causing an incident. He gave the police a false identity, concealing his name and date of birth, but Ali, who lived in Normanton and studied at Birmingham City University, was arrested and fingerprint checks revealed his true identity and past record. It showed he was deported to the Netherlands after receiving a 12-month driving disqualification for a conviction at southern Derbyshire magistrates’ court last October. The 23-year-old had illegally returned to Britain after his last deportation in November, according to prosecutor Peter Bettany. Theo Addae, Ali’s lawyer, said he was sent back to the Netherlands by the authorities after his convictions, but that he does not “know anyone there and does not speak the language”. He added that Ali had come back to the UK twice, breaching his deportation order on both occasions. Mr Addae said that in terms of Ali’s immigration status, and following the latest offences, he would now be subject to a Home Office review as to whether he would be deported again. Ali, who originally came to the UK when aged five, pleaded guilty to entering the UK in breach of a deportation order, driving while disqualified and without insurance, and giving a false identity. His was sentenced to a 12-month community order with 300 hours’ unpaid work. His 12-month driving ban remains in place and he was ordered to pay £85 costs and an £85 victim surcharge. Joshua Harris, the director of campaigns at Brake, the road safety charity, said: “Driving at such excessive speeds is a dangerous and selfish act which puts innocent lives at risk.” Children to be taught CPR and how to treat injuries Continued from Page 1 how to treat common injuries, according to the Department of Education’s guidance. Schools will have the flexibility to design and plan their specific ageappropriate content on the subject. The lessons will use the first aid resources already available to schools from the Every Child a Lifesaver Coalition, which consists of the British Heart Foundation, St John Ambulance and the British Red Cross. Simon Gillespie, the chief executive of the British Heart Foundation, said the plans marked a “decisive moment in the battle to improve cardiac arrest survival rates”. Nearly a third of people are not likely to perform CPR if they saw someone having a cardiac arrest, according to research by the British Heart Foundation published in October. “There are 30,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests every year, and each day people needlessly die because bystanders don’t have the confidence or the knowledge to perform CPR and defibrillation,” Mr Gillespie said. “This is why all schoolchildren should be given the opportunity to learn these skills. “Introducing CPR lessons into health education in all state-funded ‘Each day people needlessly die because bystanders do not have the confidence or knowledge to perform CPR’ secondary schools is a significant step that promises to improve the odds of survival for countless people who have a cardiac arrest in the future.” Robert Halfon, the Tory MP and chair of the education select committee, said: “It is a great idea. I suspect not enough people at work, let alone children, know these skills”. Starting in primary school was important, he said, adding: “The younger the better.” Low-calorie sweeteners added to drink and food in an effort to cut sugar intake may not help people lose weight, according to new evidence. The review was carried out by the Cochrane collaboration and published in the British Medical Journal. It said there was “no evidence” of health benefits from non-sugar sweeteners (NSS) – “and potential harms could not be excluded”. Their use was widespread and “they continue to be heavily promoted as health alternatives to sugars”. The review will provide evidence for the World Health Organisation, which is preparing guidance on NSS. Lotto 8 | 9 | 10 | 35 | 40 | 53 | B/Ball 21 Thunderball 5 | 6 | 20 | 21 | 31 | T/Ball 10 Curb Your Enthusiam star Bob Einstein dies Bob Einstein, the Curb Your Enthusiasm actor, has died at the age of 76. Einstein was best known for playing Marty Funkhouser in the satirical comedy starring Larry David, and stuntman Super Dave Osborne in Super Dave. He also appeared in Arrested Development and Ocean’s Thirteen. Fellow actor and comedian Albert Brooks, his younger brother, wrote on Twitter: “R.I.P. My dear brother Bob Einstein. A great brother, father and husband. A brilliantly funny man. You will be missed forever.” Girl, 14, raped in car park at shopping centre Police have launched an investigation after a 14-year-old girl was raped on New Year’s Day in a shopping centre car park. The incident is reported to have happened around 9am when a stranger, believed to be in his 30s or 40s, approached the teenage girl at the bottom of the steps of the car park in Burnley, Lancashire. Her attacker was described as having short dark curly hair, a tanned complexion, a short beard and wearing dark clothing. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 3 News Press rewind: the humble music cassette is making a comeback By Natasha Bernal TECHNOLOGY REPORTER Left: the top 10 cassette bestsellers of 2018, including Kylie, Take That, Ariana Grande and the 1975. Rick Astley also sold well By Anita Singh gh ARTS AND ENT EDITOR ENTERTAINMENT SHIRLAINE FORREST/WIREIMAGE ur cassette recorder.. DUST off your The tape has made a comeback, as listeners rediscover the delights of the only music format n that can be rewound using an old pen. ,000 cassette al-Nearly 50,000 r, bums were bought last year, m according to new figures from the British Phonographic In-dustry. It is a leap of 125.3 per cent on 2017, and the largest volce 2004. ume sold since vices may provide bet-Digital devices uality and ease of use, ter sound quality e but cassettes now appear to have the “cool” factor. st-selling act on cassette The biggest-selling was the 1975, a band whose lead singer stalgia-laden name from a took their nostalgia-laden ption but was not born n book inscription himself until 1989. Their latest album, ry Into Online RelationA Brief Inquiry n ships, sold 7,500 copies on cassette. he artists in the best-Many of the gan at a time when cascassseller list began g settes were all the rage, including e Minogue and Rick k Queen, Kylie Astley. The latest Now That’ss n What I Call Music compilation d in the top 10 forr also appeared s. But the list also cassette sales. unger acts such as includes younger 25-year-old Ariana Grande. One of the ‘Cassettes are stirring back to life ... some major artists see some cachet in releasing on the format’ lar cassettes was the most popular o Guardians of the Galaxy, soundtrack to dwritten” tracklist featurwith a “handwritten” sics as Mr Blue Sky by ELO ing such classics and George Harrison’s My Sweet Lord. assettes are still relatively “Sales of cassettes red to other mainstream small compared formats and clearly have a way to go before they can fully match the vinyl here are signs the format revival, but there ack to life,” said the BPI’s is stirring back taldo. Gennaro Castaldo. e marketing around the “Innovative Guardians off the Galaxy film frano had a galvanising effect, chise has also g that a number of major and it’s telling me cachet in releasing on artists see some The new phone that could have you rubbing your hands the format again,” n,” Mr Castaldo said. Sales of the LP, which h h celebrated celebra l b ated its 70th anniversary in 2018, are at a their highest level since the early 1990s with more than one in 10 of all physical album purchases now on n vinyl. However, audio streaming accounts acc counts for nearly two-thirds of UK music consumption. Demand for CDs, the format formaat that helped kill off the cassette at the th he beginning of the 1990s, was down dow wn by more than a fifth, although deluxe de eluxe box-sets by Kate Bush, David Bowie Bo owie and the Beatles performed well. welll. Overall, consumption of music mu usic was up nearly 6 per cent on the t y previous year, with 143 million albou bums bought, downloaded or streamed Movie musicals were streamed. driv of sales, especially a big driver The Great Greatest Showman. fil loosely based on the The film, life of PT Barnum and starring Jac Hugh Jackman, was dismissed critic but became a wordby critics of-mouth hit. The soundtrack b was the biggest album of 2018, 1,6 selling 1,621,905 copies. Gr The Greatest Showman was also the biggest-selling film in home entertainment, with 2.68 mil illion copies bought either as DVDs or downloaded via Amazon, iTunes, Sky and others. It outsold the closest competition, Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again and Avengers – Infinity War, combined, according to figures from the British Association for Screen Entertainment. In the music charts, the soundtracks for the Mamma Mia sequel, A Star Is Born and the Freddie Mercury biopic Bohemian Rhapsody were also major sellers. The biggest-selling albums by solo artists were from George Ezra and Ed Sheeran. Dua Lipa was the only female solo artist to make the top 10. Editorial Comment: Page 17 A GOOGLE sensor that allows users to control their smartphones using hand gestures has been given the green light by regulators. The company is developing a radarbased motion-sensitive technology, known as Project Soli, that it wants to fit into smart devices. It allows users to control everything from smartphones to fitness trackers. “Imagine an invisible button between your thumb and index fingers – you can press it by tapping your fingers together,” said a Google spokesman. “Or a virtual dial that you turn by rubbing thumb against index finger. “Imagine grabbing and pulling a virtual slider in thin air. These are the kinds of interactions we are developing and imagining.” The technology works by emitting a radar beam that can track hand movements in a three-dimensional space. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved Google’s use of sensor technology in a filing this week after months of delays for the project. In March, Google asked the FCC to allow its Soli radar to operate in the 5764GHz frequency band at power levels consistent with European Telecommunications Standards Institute, but higher than permitted in the United States. However, Facebook said the high power levels used by Google’s technology could interfere with existing technologies. Both companies reached an agreement in September after Google reduced the level of power requested to US regulators. The FCC waiver notice, which was first reported by Reuters, notes that Soli poses “minimal potential of causing harmful interference” and states that the project is in the public interest. Experts told The Telegraph that gesture command technology could be trained with the help of artificial intelligence so devices could recognise an individual’s gestures to unlock them. Roy Kalawsky, director of advanced VR Research at Loughborough University, said gesture commands could also mean “big steps” toward giving people who are not able to use computer keyboards or hold smartphones access to a wider range of technologies. He said: “It wouldn’t be impossible to train a system to convert some of the gestures into meaningful commands for computer systems. It opens up their access to a wider range of technologies.” 4 ** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph News Hunt no-deal warning threatens to undermine May’s negotiations Continued from Page 1 leader of the DUP, on whose votes Mrs May relies for her majority, was in Downing Street yesterday for a Brexitfocused meeting in the Chief Whip’s Office. A DUP spokesman made clear the party still intended to vote down the deal unless it was changed, saying: “The DUP has been consistent in these negotiations.” Speaking in Singapore, Mr Hunt appeared to suggest that no-deal was not a serious prospect, as he warned against the “disruption” that it would lead to. He said: “We have to remember that a no-deal Brexit would cause disruption that could last some time. Even if you are someone who believes that Britain will flourish and prosper whatever that disruption might be, that is not something that any government should willingly wish on its people. “A second referendum would be also incredibly damaging in a different way ... the social consequences of not going ahead and leaving the EU on the 29th of March as we have been instructed to do would be devastating.” Mr Hunt, who supported Remain in the 2016 referendum but says he would now vote Leave if the referendum happened again, said Mrs May was still talking to EU leaders to improve the deal currently on the table. In particular, she wanted to make sure that the UK would not be “trapped” indefinitely in a customs union with the EU, he said. This would mean fresh concessions over the Northern Ireland backstop. He added: “I think she [Mrs May] will find a way to get this deal through Parliament and think that is what the British people would want.” Speaking on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme earlier in the day, Mr Hunt said MPs could get “absolutely every- thing we want” from Mrs May’s Brexit deal. He said: “We have a clear opportunity to leave the EU on March 29. It has the vast majority of things that people wanted, not absolutely everything. “The question is, can we turn this into something that gives us absolutely everything we wanted, and I believe we can,” he declared. Jeremy Corbyn will defy calls to change course on the party’s Brexit policy ahead of the meaningful vote. He said yesterday that Labour’s policy remained “sequential” and that no decision could be made on a second referendum until parliament voted down the deal on offer. n Michael Gove will today urge Mrs May to protect funding for agriculture after Brexit. In a speech to the Oxford Farming Conference, the Environment Secretary will stress that food and drink contributes £113 billion to the economy. Put down your phone and join up, says military in call to youth Army unveils recruitment drive saying some things young are derided for are what today’s soldiers need Old campaign: above, the Army’s previous ‘Be The Best’ recruitment advertisement By Dominic Nicholls DEFENCE CORRESPONDENT A NEW Army recruitment campaign is seeking to entice gamers and the smartphone generation to its ranks. In a series of adverts, the Army hopes to show how today’s young people may already have many attributes needed in the modern military, even though they may be dismissed as either irrelevant or embarrassing. The recruitment campaign, called Your Army Needs You, launches today with a series of three adverts on television and on the internet, as well as on billboard posters. The adverts tell the stories of individuals whose perceived weaknesses are seen as strengths by the modern Armed Forces. Potential recruits are shown at home or at work, with others calling out their stereotypes. Then the scene changes to depict them in the Army in roles where their potential is fully recognised. The military hopes to show that it can see the potential beyond stereotypes of millennials and Generation Z – those born between the 1980s and the mid-2000s. The Ministry of Defence says 72 per cent of young people see themselves as ambitious yet feel undervalued and seek a job with purpose. The Army is struggling to meet its manning levels after the most recent official statistics put soldier numbers at 79,640, short of the required level of 83,500. Its strength declined by 3.1 per cent in the year to Oct 1, 2018. Some 12,130 soldiers were recruited in the same period, 130 down on the previous year, and 14,760 left the ranks. The new campaign will feature First World War Kitchener-style illustrations of soldiers with labels relating to stereotypes often associated with millennials. These will be placed on billboards around the UK. In one of the posters a “class clown” is ‘The Army is proud to look beyond the stereotypes and spot the potential in young people, from compassion to self-belief’ praised for his spirit. Another highlights the compassion shown by so-called “snowflakes”. Gaming and selfie addicts are said to have admirable levels of drive and confidence, and a woman described as a “me me me millennial” is celebrated for her self-belief. According to new figures from The Entertainment Retailers Association (ERA), the video games sector now accounts for more than half of the entertainment market. It said the gaming market’s annual value, of £3.9 billion, is more than double its worth in 2007. The video game Fortnite is considered the most popular computer game ever made and is currently thought to have more than 200 million users and the Army hopes to reach these people. Major General Paul Nanson, the head of Army recruiting said: “The Army sees people differently and we are proud to look beyond the stereotypes and spot the potential in young people, from compassion to self-belief. “We understand the drive they have to succeed and recognise their need for a bigger sense of purpose in a job where they can do something meaningful.” In one of the new adverts a young person is seen avidly playing computer games, to the derision of his family, before his interest in technology is shown to be a skill the military wants. In another, a supermarket worker is being ridiculed by her colleagues for being slow, then she is shown in a combat situation where patience and attention to detail are critical. Gavin Williamson, the Defence Secretary, said: “People are fundamental to the Army. The Your Army Needs You campaign is a powerful call to action that appeals to those seeking to make a difference as part of an innovative and inclusive team. “It shows that time spent in the Army equips people with skills for life and provides comradeship, adventure and opportunity like no other job does ... now all jobs in the Army are open to men and women. The best just got better.” The campaign has kept the slogan “Be The Best”after Mr Williamson reportedly intervened personally to make sure it was preserved. The Army’s latest campaign, which aims to convince young people that it sees their valuable qualities behind the stereotypes often used to describe them. Kitchenerstyle imagery identifies essential skills for army life, such as self-belief, compassion, focus and spirit Anglers hope Brexit will end Cameron loses the right to ban on bluefin tuna fishing wander corridors of power By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR THE ban on recreational fishing for bluefin tuna should not be lifted after Brexit, scientists have said, despite growing pressure from sea anglers. Over-fishing has meant it is currently illegal to catch the largest variety of tuna, which can grow to 2,000lb and which largely vanished from British waters in the 1990s. In the past few years, large schools of bluefin have been seen off the south coast of England and in the Irish Sea, leading to calls for the ban to be lifted. A study by Dr Richard Kirby, a British marine biologist formerly of Plymouth University, and researchers at the University of Lille, found the fish were coming further north because of the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, which increases sea temperatures in a 60 to 120 year cycle. “Bluefin tuna have been extensively overfished and the recent changes in distribution are most likely environmentally driven rather than due to fisheries management and stock recovery,” said Dr Kirby. “Before we further exploit bluefin tuna ... we should consider whether it would be better to protect them by making the UK’s seas a safe space for one of the ocean’s most endangered top fish.” The EU has a fishing quota of 16,000 tonnes of bluefin, around 98 per cent of which is designated to commercial fishing off Spain and France. The UK has no quota, making it illegal to catch the fish, either commercially or recreationally. After Brexit, the Government will be allowed to apply for a quota. David Mitchell, head of marine at the Angling Trust, said: “The return of giant bluefin tuna to our shores provides the UK with a once-in-a-generation opportunity to establish a sustainable, economically optimal, scientifically important fishery.” By Gordon Rayner POLITICAL EDITOR DAVID CAMERON can no longer enter Parliament unaccompanied after he failed to renew his security pass. The former prime minister, who is currently writing his memoirs, allowed his pass to lapse several months ago, even though he was entitled to update it. Until last autumn, he was one of 400 former MPs who still had unrestricted access to the parliamentary estate, including its subsidised restaurants and bars. However, House of Commons officials confirmed that his name did not appear on a list of pass holders published in October 2018, nor is it on a list to be published later this month. Mr Cameron, who was prime minister from 2010 until 2016, can still visit Parliament as a guest, but would have to be accompanied at all times by a pass holder, such as a serving MP. In contrast, his former close col- leagues, including George Osborne, his former chancellor, still have their passes. Mr Cameron’s failure to renew his pass appears to have been an oversight, David Cameron has failed to renew his security pass that allowed him free access to Parliament rather than a conscious decision, as his office had expected parliamentary officials to contact him when the pass was due for renewal. In November it was rumoured that Mr Cameron, bored of writing his autobiography in a hut in his garden, was planning a return to front-line politics and even had his eye on the job of foreign secretary. Seeds of discontent as garden workers left off migrant quota By Christopher Hope CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT GARDENERS could be in short supply after Brexit unless they are included in immigration quotas, a cross-party group of MPs and peers is warning. The All-Party Gardening and Horticulture Group wants the Home Office to include “ornamental horticulture” in its new seasonal workers scheme. Ornamental horticulture is defined as “the study of growing, arranging and tending decorative plants and flowers”. The MPs and peers said there were real concerns about whether the 60,000 annual vacancies would be filled after the UK left the EU as there was a “heavy reliance on EU labour”. Gardeners were not included in a pilot scheme announced in September last year to allow fruit and vegetable farmers to employ 2,500 non-EU migrant workers for seasonal work for up to six months. The group said ministers should “expand the seasonal workers pilot to include ornamental horticulture to mitigate a continued fall in the number of EU nationals”. Its report said: “Horticulture offers a wide range of opportunities for young people to gain qualifications, upskill and embark on successful careers. “However, horticulture is often perceived to be a second-rate career route and the sector is facing a significant skills gap as it is struggling to recruit enough people into the workforce.” The group, whose secretary is Rebecca Pow, who last year was voted the “greenest MP”, is calling for more government support. It also said that gardening and horticulture should be included in the national curriculum in schools, and that there should be “more high-quality horticulture advice through the National Careers Service”. The Home Office was approached for comment. ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 News By Yohannes Lowe A BOUNCER who was stabbed to death as he attempted to stop gatecrashers storming a new year’s party had moved to Britain just months earlier in search of a better life, it emerged yesterday. Tudor Simionov, 33, sustained fatal injuries trying to protect his colleagues while working outside an exclusive party in Mayfair during the early hours of New Year’s Day. Mr Simionov, a Romanian national who lived in Ilford, east London, was pronounced dead at 6.05am despite efforts to save him. A 26-year-old man was arrested on suspicion of murder and was last night in custody at a London police station. Madalina Anghel, Mr Simionov’s girlfriend, said the couple had planned to get married and start a family in 2019. “Right now I can’t think about him in the past. He was my future husband and we came to London from Romania for a better life,” she told the Evening Standard. “I can’t explain in words how much pain I am in. He was a The scene of the murder in Park Lane really good man.” Emergency services were called to the £12.5 million house on Park Lane in Westminster at around 5.30am following reports of violence. Video footage has emerged of Mr Simionov blocking the assailants’ entrance to the venue and throwing punches as the gang attempted to break into the luxury apartment. Leroy Rose, 25, a club promoter, tried to save Mr Simionov’s life, however he died of his injuries. Two of his colleagues – aged 37 and 29 – and a Family demand medal for Thai rescue diver By Helena Horton THE parents of a diver who helped rescue a trapped Thai football team from a flooded cave last year have urged the Government to act after he was left off the New Year’s Honours list. Tim Acton worked with a team of ex-Thai navy seals to rescue 12 players from a youth football team and their coach who were stuck in a cave system in Tham Luang, Thailand, for 17 days. Although he was among the dive rescue team and also carried stretchers to save the children, he was not acknowledged in this year’s awards. Other divers involved in the rescue received MBEs, the George Medal for bravery and the Queen’s Gallantry Medal. Although Mr Acton has lived in Thailand for more than a decade and owns a hotel there, his parents have argued that the Government should commend him for his bravery. His father, John, said the villagers of Wrabness, Essex, where his son grew up, were incensed and were in the process of setting up a petition. He told The Daily Telegraph: “He didn’t go in there for any awards or a pat on the back but to help the kids. “We just feel it is so unfair. It’s immoral that they awarded everyone except Tim and left him out. He’s British, he has a British passport! I just think it’s dis- graceful. Hopefully it is a clerical error – I don’t know why it could be ... everybody’s appalled, the people in the village want to start a petition. “He said he’s not that bothered about it, but it’s the principle.” While the Cabinet Office does not comment on people left off the New Year’s Honours list, Mr Acton thinks his son was left out because he was part of a Thai diving team rather than the British one. Lynne Acton, the diver’s mother, told the Colchester Gazette: “I would hope it is just an administrative error which has come about because he was from outside the British association and got involved because of his work with the Thai Navy Seals.” The bravery of the 39-year-old, who sustained a knee injury that resulted in him being kept in hospital for days after diving to save the Thai children, was commended by the Thai Navy. Apakorn Youkongkaew, the commander of the Royal Thai Naval Special Warfare Command, wrote in a letter to the Thai authorities: “This is to certify that Mr Timothy James Acton ... was integrated within the Thai exNavy Seals Unit as a volunteer, he participated as both diver and stretcher carrier within the cave and throughout the search and rescue in the Tham Luang Nang Non cave in Chaing Rai Provence.” Student dies after 500ft Ben Nevis fall By Laura FitzPatrick A SECOND university student has died climbing Ben Nevis after a “horrific” 500ft fall on New Year’s Day. The death of the 22-yearold woman, who has not been named, comes just two weeks after Patrick Boothroyd, 21, was killed climbing the same face of Britain’s highest mountain. The Bristol University student was scaling the Ridge Route on Carn Dearg near Fort William when she slipped and fell to her death on Tuesday morning. She was on an organised climb with two men and another woman at about 3,300ft when the accident happened, according to John Stevenson, leader of Lochaber Mountain Rescue Team. He said: “The rocks are very icy at the moment and where she slipped there was an almost vertical drop of 500ft. It would have been a horrific fall to happen where it did.” He said a coastguard helicopter from Inverness airlifted her companions off the 4,411ft mountain as they were stuck and “clearly very shocked”. “Our thoughts and condolences are with the young woman’s family and friends. It is very sad start to 2019,” Mr Stevenson added. Miller Harris, another member of the mountain rescue team, told The Daily Telegraph that the victim’s group was “pretty well equipped” but may have gone “slightly off route on to more difficult terrain that they didn’t expect”. A spokesman for the University of Bristol said: “This tragic accident will be deeply felt across our uni- ‘It would have been a horrific fall to happen where it did’ versity community.” Her death is the first tragedy on Scotland’s mountains this year. Cardiff University student Mr Boothroyd lost his life on December 16 after slipping 100ft from Tower Gully with fellow climber Leo Grabowski. Mr Boothroyd, 21, suffered a fatal head injury, while Mr Grabowski sustained just broken bones in the fall. Last year, Lochaber Mountain Rescue Team attended 109 incidents – 10 of which were fatalities. 29-year-old woman were also injured. Mr Rose said: “The security guards were getting beaten up and he went out to help them. He had only been out there for about 30 seconds when he was stabbed in the middle of the chest. “I saw him bleeding and ... grabbed a towel and held the wound. He never said a word to me. He only survived for about a minute. He died in front of me with his eyes open, staring at me.” There were suggestions last night that the party had been attended by, and possibly organised by, Lord Davenport, also known as “Fast Eddie”. An employee at the party told MailOnline: “Eddie organised the party. He was the one who handled payment. When I say payment, I mean entry fee to the party and table prices.” Sanjay Panesar, Lord Davenport’s lawyer, said his client did not organise the party or take money from clients. Mr Simionov was the second person to die in the capital in 2019, after Charlotte Huggins, 33, a mother-of-one, was stabbed in Camberwell, south-east London. DINENDRA HARIA/LNP Bouncer killed at Mayfair new year party had moved to Britain ‘for a better life’ Tudor Simionov, with girlfriend Madalina Anghel, died after coming to the aid of guards at a Mayfair new year’s party 5 ** 6 Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph News Berlin Wall comes down to earth and up for auction THE HISTORIC ENGLAND ARCHIVE By Daily Telegraph Reporter Helping hand Nurses use model limbs and a head to practise their bandaging at a training school established in the Thirties in Dumbarton, Scotland. The picture is part of a collection of 4,000 images that have been uncovered and digitised by Historic England. SECTIONS of the Berlin Wall will be auctioned as the 30th anniversary of the day it fell approaches. Symbolising the end of the Cold War and the reunification of Germany after border controls between the east and west of the country were lifted on Nov 9 1989, parts of the historic masonry could fetch up to £18,000 when they go under the hammer in West Sussex in March. The wall was built in sections which were each 12ft (3.6m) tall and 4ft (1.2m) wide. Six complete sections will be available to buy in two lots at Summers Place Auctions in Billingshurst. They feature messages painted in 1990 by Ben Wagin, the German artist and environmental activist, after visitors chipped off the original graffiti, the auction house said. Since then, the blocks have been part of a memorial garden called the Parliament of Trees which stood in Berlin opposite the Reichstag parliament building to honour the 258 people killed at the wall trying to escape to freedom. Parts of the commemorative structure had to be removed to make room for one of the city’s new parliamentary buildings, and now these sections are for sale. The larger lot – made up of four sections and expected to sell for between £10,000 and £12,000 – is inscribed with a quote from Richard von Weizsacker, the then-German president, which is translated as: “To unite means to learn to share.” On the other side of the stone is graffiti that reads “Berlin November 1989”. The smaller lot of two sections could fetch between £4,000 and £6,000 and includes a phrase translated as “Earth will become earth”. Nazis ran out of victims in ‘frenzy’ to kill Jews Study points to 100-day surge in 1942 when regime gassed more than a quarter of all Holocaust victims By Sarah Knapton Science editor NAZI murder rates during the height of the Holocaust was almost three times higher than previously thought, and only declined once there was “no one left to kill”, a study has found. At the genocidal regime’s peak about 15,000 Jews were being murdered every day in the death camps of German-occupied Poland under Operation Reinhard. Previous estimates suggested that 6,000 people were murdered daily at Auschwitz alone, but exact figures were difficult to verify because the deaths were covered up by the Nazis. To determine the true picture, Prof Lewi Stone, of the University of Tel Aviv in Israel, studied records of the “special trains” used to transport millions of people to the three camps of Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka. After studying the figures he found a “threemonth phase of hyperintense killing” highlighting the Nazis’ “pure focused goal of obliterating the entire Jewish people of occupied Poland in as short a time as possible”. The results, plotted on a graph, showed that of the 1.7 million people killed between 1942 and 1943, about 1.32 million died in a 100-day surge between August and October of 1942. The number of deaths during those three months is so huge that it accounts for more than a quarter of the known Holocaust victims. Prof Stone told The Daily Telegraph he “couldn’t believe his eyes” when he uncovered the results and looked back on previous research to check that he had not made a mistake. “To my surprise historians have completely avoided quantitative approaches for examining this period. But the graphs show with chilling immediacy the bloodlust of the Nazi programme to obliterate the Jewish people in as short a time as possible,” he said. “The subsequent rapid plunge in the death rate in November and December 1942 simply reflects that there were very few Jewish victims left alive to murder. “It highlights the frenzied killing the Nazis planned for the Final Solution to the Jewish Question and their ability and eagerness to carry it out.” The new estimates are based on work by Yitzhak Arad, an Israeli historian who compiled data on 480 train deportations from 393 Polish towns and ghettos during the German offensive. Most of the victims of the Nazi mission to wipe out Polish Jews were gassed to death and their bodies buried in pits. The corpses were later exhumed, cremated and their bones ground up to hide the huge numbers. The new murder rate also shows that the Rwandan genocide, in which 800,000 people were murdered in just 100 days, was not the most intense of the 20th century – as widely claimed. Commenting on the findings, published in the journal Science Advances, Holocaust expert Prof Sir Richard J Evans of Cambridge University, said a more orderly SS leadership stepped in Aug 1942. “It is not surprising therefore that the killing rate accelerated as it became more efficient,” he added. Bins overflowing as councils get to grips with festive fallout By Daily Telegraph Reporter LOCAL authorities face a backlog of overflowing bins and empty bottles as the evidence of Britain’s Christmas and new year celebrations waits to be disposed of. Photographs on social media show overflowing bottle banks at recycling centres and piles of bin bags waiting for collection. Twitter users have been messaging local councils after collection timetables were altered for the festive period. Some reported that their rubbish had not been collected since before Christmas Day. Greenwich council in south London said it was working hard to collect “extremely large volumes of waste and recycling” and it hoped to have services back to normal by Jan 7. With the beginning of January synonymous with abandoned Christmas trees on street corners, many councils are also advising people to recycle their old trees or even replant potted trees. Martin Tett, the environment spokesman for the Local Government Association (LCA), said: “Christmas is a time when households produce more waste than usual, and councils are doing all they can to collect these significant amounts of waste and recycling. “Most residents would have only ‘Councils are doing all they can to collect these significant amounts of waste and recycling’ seen minor disruptions to their bin collection services over the festive period, to account for the bank holidays, and these services will now be returning to normal. “Councils offer real Christmas tree recycling in a variety of ways: some will collect Christmas trees with normal garden waste, some will have In tomorrow’s Arts section Beyond the barricades The true history behind the BBC’s Les Misérables designated collections and others will have special drop-off points, while many shops and garden centres recycle trees if they are returned to them.” The LCA added that homeowners should follow council guidance on what to put in bins to make collection easier. “People can carry out the ‘Scrunch Test’ on their wrapping paper to make sure it goes in the right bin. Scrunch the paper in your hand and if it stays scrunched, it can go in your recycling bin. If it bounces back, then that means it can’t be recycled and needs to go in the rubbish bin,” said a LCA spokesman. “We would also ask households to remember that paper which is contaminated with food cannot be recycled. This can be removed, which adds to councils’ costs, but can lead to batches of otherwise good material being rejected for recycling and sent to waste. Cards with plastic or glitter should also go in general waste and not recycling.” Accountant jailed for five years for £400,000 fraud AN ACCOUNTANT has been jailed for stealing more than £400,000 from her employers over seven years to fund a gambling addiction. Kathleen Weir, 40, from Southampton, spent £1.2 million on online sports betting from 2009 to 2016, prosecutors said. She previously admitted two counts of defrauding Elliotts builders merchants in the city. Weir, also known as Kathleen Griffin, was jailed for five years at Southampton Crown Court. She began to steal within six months of starting a job as deputy head management accountant at the firm, the court was told. She made 43 money transfers and cashed 72 cheques before Elliotts noticed “irregularities”, the court heard. Procedures to prevent fraud “were not strictly adhered to” by other employees at the firm, prosecutors said. Most of the losses were covered by insurance but the company was fined £10,000 for unpaid tax and suffered “reputational damage”, the court was told. In a statement, Elliotts said it was “deeply saddened” by the fraud, which totalled £406,049.38. ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 7 News Television has killed the novel, says screenwriter By Anita Singh ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR THE 20th century was blessed with novels that shaped the way we see the world, from Lady Chatterley’s Lover and Lolita to The Color Purple and The Handmaid’s Tale but, according to a leading television writer, there are no equivalents in the 21st century. Neil Cross, creator of the television police series Luther, claims that dramas such as The Sopranos have taken the place of books. Cross, who has written several novels of his own and a well-received memoir, said: “I like books but I can’t think of a novel published since the year 2000 that is as culturally important as The Sopranos or The Wire or Breaking Bad. “I just think that the narrative function of television is supplanting the novel.” He went on: “I think the way television is being watched is replacing the societal and cultural function of the novel. We consume television like we used to read books …. “Instead of a chapter before I turn off my light, it is [now] one more [TV] episode before I turn the light off.” Cross argued that episodic television is “fulfilling a similar function” to novels of the Victorian era “in the way that people talk about and analyse the characters”. Writers including Charles Dickens and Henry James released their work in instalments, with readers keenly awaiting the next update. The Sopranos, which began 20 years ago next week, was named by the Writers Guild of America as the best-written television series of all time. The Wire and Breaking Bad, also US By Anita Singh ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR SAOIRSE RONAN has credited her mother with shielding her from influential Hollywood executives who preyed on young women. At 24, the actress is practically an industry veteran, having made her breakthrough as Bryony Tallis in Atonement – earning her an Oscar nomination at just 13. “I don’t know what would have happened if she hadn’t been around,” she said of her mother, Monica, a former nanny. “I’m sure I would have been exposed to that quite a bit, but she just protected me from all that. I wasn’t unaware that there were people in the industry who abused their power, or who were seedy or untrustworthy. “But because of her I was never a television dramas, were adored by critics and audiences alike. Meanwhile, sales of literary fiction have been falling since the mid-Nineties. The biggest sellers published this century have included The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown, the later Harry Potter stories, the Fifty Shades of Grey books and The Twilight Saga. Cross was speaking to Variety to promote the return of Luther, the BBC One crime drama that is airing across four nights this week. It stars Idris Elba as the eponymous detective. The macabre content – this series features Enzo Cilenti in terrifying form as a disturbed killer – may be off-putting for some viewers but Cross said his inspiration for Luther came from that Saoirse Ronan talks about her role in ‘Mary Queen of Scots’ in Harper’s Bazaar UK and says she has never been cast for her looks ‘Instead of a chapter before I turn off my light, it is [now] one more [TV] episode before I turn the light off’ staple of daytime television, Columbo. “I can trace Luther’s DNA back to Columbo, which is one of my all-time favourite television shows. We stole lots from Columbo. We stole the format from Columbo … it’s not a ‘whodunnit’ or a ‘whydunnit’ it’s a ‘howcatch’em’... and the coat was a nod to Columbo. And the car was a nod to Columbo.” Luther is rarely seen without his overcoat, and drives an ageing Volvo. He said of the show’s dark themes: “People often express surprise that I am psychologically normal and welladjusted, but that’s because I never write about what I want to do to other people; I always write about what I am scared other people will do to me. “All of the bad guys are avatars of my fears and anxieties.” Cross said the enduring success of Luther, which began in 2010, is down to its leading man: “Idris in this role is a singular, unrepeatable phenomenon.” ITV/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK Luther creator fears way we watch drama series has ‘replaced societal and cultural function of books’ Ronan: mother protected me from sleazy side of Hollywood Dress sense Hermione Norris, who returns this month in a new series of the ITV show Cold Feet, has confessed she is not a fan of glamorous dresses. “I think you need confidence to wear a dress. I often feel silly in a dress. Quite vulnerable,” she told Good Housekeeping. “Whenever I go shopping, I go to the men’s department and think, ‘I want that’.” victim and I’m very, very thankful,” she told Harper’s Bazaar UK. “I didn’t leave home at 19 all bright-eyed and bushytailed. I hadn’t been wrapped in cotton wool but I had been protected.” Ronan, who still lives in her native Ireland, went on to be Oscar-nominated for Brooklyn and Lady Bird. In her latest film, Mary Queen of Scots, which opens on Jan 18, she plays the lead role opposite Margot Robbie as Elizabeth I. In a separate interview last week, Ronan said she had never been cast for her looks but acknowledged that there was a double standard in the film industry. “I suppose I was playing girls from an early age that had nothing pretty about them – they were weird or they were tomboys,” she said. “So many male actors are odd-looking, and they’re just considered to be interesting, and they have amazing careers and they play romantic figures. “But I wonder – does that just maybe go back to how women view men? We are, in general, more forgiving.” u The February issue of Harper’s Bazaar is available now. Small-screen drama all the rage as literature languishes on critical list Commentary By Jake Kerridge ARTS CRITIC F or more than a century people have been declaring that the novel is dying or dead, and yet it has always shown a Wile E Coyote-like ability to bounce back from what looked like certain extinction. But now Neil Cross, the creator and writer of the television series Luther and a man who ought to be able to recognise a corpse when he sees one, has been administering the last rites, declaring that long-form television dramas are “supplanting the novel”. “I can’t think of a novel published since the year 2000 that is as culturally important as The Sopranos or The Wire or Breaking Bad,” Cross has declared. That’s put The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time, The Corrections, Fifty Shades of Grey, One Day, Twilight, Gone Girl, Wolf Hall, Atonement, The Fault in Our Stars, The Road and The Tattooist of Auschwitz in their place. One could argue that the more distinguished novels in that list don’t have the reach, and the more popular ones don’t have the merits, of Cross’s favoured television shows. That may be true, although one ought to bear in mind that the esteem in which these shows are held by the chattering classes is not always reflected in the viewing figures; in the UK, most of them are watched by fewer than half the audience of, say, Mrs Brown’s Boys. Still, it is hard not to wonder whether the novel is still holding its own in terms of cultural importance. Sales of literary fiction are drastically down, and this may be partly because, as Cross suggests, the best television dramas now have the depth, scope and richness of the best novels. Superior types, patronising the proles, used to argue that television would kill off the novel because it offered a less demanding alternative. In fact, if television does finally kill off the novel, it will be because its dramas have become intellectually nourishing enough to seduce sophisticated viewers away. The fact is that millions of viewers are hungry for something they can get their teeth into and chew over with one another. As Clive James points out in Play All, his brilliant book about box set binge-watching, “any water-cooler conversation about the screen stories tends to be at least as learned, allusive and interesting as any critical analysis on the page”. People talk about their favourite shows, he argues, with the same depth and passion that their Renaissance equivalents would have brought to a discussion about Ovid’s Metamorphoses. So, is it true that – to put it in terms that fans of Luther will appreciate – the novel has been smugly basking in its superiority, only for the long-form drama to creep up on it, eviscerate it with a carving knife, and leave it for dead? In an ideal world, the two forms, both of which have advantages over the other, would continue to lead a healthily complementary existence. But perhaps the novel’s vital signs are not as strong as they once were. 8 ** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph News Government accused of ‘mishandling’ transgender healthcare By Anna Mikhailova POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT TRANSGENDER people do not have sufficient access to basic healthcare, a senior Tory MP has said, accusing the Government of “mishandling” its approach to trans issues. Maria Miller, who chairs the Commons women and equalities select committee, said ministers should focus more on improving service provision, not just reforming the legal recogni- tion system. The former Cabinet minister said the Government had failed to fully implement the recommendations made by her committee on transgender equality three years ago. The MPs’ report said the NHS is “letting down” transgender people and too often has a “discriminatory approach”. It described “serious deficiencies in the quality and capacity of NHS Gender Identity Services”, and said waiting times for surgery were “completely unacceptable”. In an interview with the Press Association, Mrs Miller said: “Many trans people simply don’t have access to the basic healthcare that the rest of us take for granted – things like cervical smears are often things that trans men are not able to access.” The Government’s announcement of the Gender Recognition Act, which was only one of 33 recommendations made by MPs, has “eclipsed” efforts to provide healthcare to trans people. Focusing on legislation alone was ‘Many trans people simply do not have access to the basic healthcare that the rest of us take for granted’ “wrong-headed”, Mrs Miller said, arguing instead for a greater focus on the provision of services. “There has been very little headway made,” she said. “Even on the area the Government has announced its inter- est, the Gender Recognition Act, there have been very little concrete proposals put forward over the past three years and I think that has left a vacuum which has been unhelpful.” The provision of services requires a renewed focus, Mrs Miller said, adding that this would not mean a threat to “single-sex” services. Other recommendations included better training for public sector workers on gender identity issues. “I think [ministers] have mishandled their approach to trans issues,” said Mrs Miller, who last year hit out at media outlets she claimed aired anti-trans views. “The debate has been focused on issues that are much less important to trans people’s lives,” she added. “My advice to ministers is that they should focus on getting their services right first and foremost, and also be clear that there is no threat to singlesex services – they are clearly protected in law and they need to be clearer on that.” Breath tests to diagnose cancer move a step closer By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR CANCER could soon be picked up through a simple breath test after researchers launched a clinical trial to see if molecules in the mouth could identify disease. In tests run by Cancer Research UK, breath samples from 1,500 people will be collected in the hope that odorous molecules called volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can be detected. All cells produce VOCs through their normal day-to-day operation, but if their metabolism changes, such as in cancer, they release a different pattern. If the trial is successful it would mean that cancer could be spotted quickly before it has spread, when it is easier to treat and when chances of survival are greatest. Prof Rebecca Fitzgerald, lead trial investigator at the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Centre, said: “We urgently need to develop new tools like this breath test, which could help to detect and diagnose cancer earlier, giving patients the best chance of surviving their disease. Through this clinical trial we hope to find signatures in breath needed to detect cancers earlier – it’s the crucial next step in developing this technology.” The breath biopsy test has been developed by the Cambridge-based biotech firm Owlstone Medical and is the first that works for multiple cancer types, paving the way for a universal breath test that could be quickly administered by a GP. The trial will start with patients with suspected oesophageal and stomach cancers and then expand to prostate, kidney, bladder, liver and pancreatic cancers in the coming months. The trial is recruiting patients to Addenbrooke’s Hospital in Cambridge who have been referred by their GP with these specific types of suspected cancer. They will be given the breath test prior to other diagnostic tests. Rebecca Coldrick, 54, from Cambridge, was one of the first to sign up to take part in the trial. She was diagnosed in her early 30s with Barrett’s oesophagus, a condition where the cells lining the oesophagus are abnormal, which can be an early warning sign of cancer. Mrs Coldrick needs an invasive endoscopy to check for disease every two years, but if the new breath test is successful she would no longer have to undergo the procedure. She said: “Initially, I thought I might feel a bit claustrophobic wearing the mask but I didn’t at all. I think the more ‘Technologies such as this breath test have the potential to revolutionise the way we detect cancer’ research done to monitor conditions like mine the better.” More than 350,000 people are diagnosed with cancer each year in Britain, but nearly half are picked up at a late stage. Only 12 per cent of oesophageal cancer patients live for 10 years or more after diagnoses. Dr David Crosby, head of early detection research at Cancer Research UK, said: “Technologies such as this breath test have the potential to revolutionise the way we detect and diagnose cancer. “Early detection research has faced a historic lack of funding and industry interest, and this work is a shining example of Cancer Research UK’s commitment to reverse that trend and drive vital progress in shifting cancer diagnosis towards earlier stages.” Billy Boyle, co-founder and CEO at Owlstone Medical, added: “There is increasing potential for breath-based tests to aid diagnosis, sitting alongside blood and urine tests.” ANDREW MCCAREN/LNP Clinical trial brings hope that many diseases could be spotted before they have chance to spread Water colours The Western Belle passenger steamer glides through the calm waters of Ullswater lake near Pooley Bridge in Cumbria. The Western Belle was built in 1935 and during her 83-year history has graced many of the UK’s waterways. Getting radiotherapy at a different time of Hookah pipe puts smokers at greater risk the day could reduce the worst side effects of diabetes and obesity than cigarettes By Laura FitzPatrick RADIOTHERAPY should be given at different times of day to reduce terrible side effects, according to a new study. A breakthrough study by genetic scientists at the University of Leicester shows that radiotherapy toxicity – the side effects from radiotherapy – can be reduced by scheduling treatment according to the body’s circadian rhythm. They found that 24 per cent of patients treated in the morning had bright red skin after radiotherapy compared to 11 per cent of those treated in the afternoon. The treatment, which uses high-energy rays to target cancer cells, has typical side effects including skin pain, burning and swelling immediately after treatment. The issues can mani- fest in nerve damage and weaker bones at a later stage. According to the researchers, around 90 per cent of operable breast cancer patients are treated with radiotherapy, of which 45 per cent experience unpleasant side effects. But the new research suggests these can be reduced, after it revealed the pivotal role of changing the time of day of treatment according to whether a patient is a “morning lark” or a “night owl”. Dr Christopher Talbot, senior lecturer in medical genetics at University of Leicester, said: “This is all part of personalised treatment, it will revolutionise cancer treatment.” The study tested 1,007 participants for two gene variants to decipher the nature of their circadian rhythms. All participants had either previously un- dergone a course of radiotherapy or were currently on one. Using information about how they reacted to the treatment both in the short and long term, the researchers were able to understand how timing of radiotherapy could affect different patients according to their genes. Overall, they found that breast cancer patients suffered worse side effects from radiotherapy in the morning. Dr Talbot and Prof Paul Symonds, a consultant oncologist at Leicester’s Hospitals, said they felt that the to implement their findings, all cancer patients should have their genes sequenced at the time of diagnosis. They added: “It’s an upfront cost but it will save a lot of people from getting bad side effects… the money is a good investment.” By Yohannes Lowe SMOKING shisha “significantly increases” the risk of users developing diabetes and obesity, a study has found. Research carried out at Brighton and Sussex Medical School found hookah smokers were more likely to gain weight and develop type 2 diabetes. Shisha is the tobacco smoked through a water-pipe, known as a hookah. Popular in many Arab cultures, fruit-scented tobacco is burnt using coal, passed through a water vessel and inhaled through a hose. In the largest study to explore the adverse effects of hookah smoking, the participants’ baseline characteristics were contrasted with their biochemical results through blood tests. Of the 9,840 participants involved, 6,742 were non-smokers, 976 were exsmokers, 864 were cigarette smokers, 1,067 were hookah smokers and 41 were cigarette and hookah smokers. Obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes ‘A single session of hookah smoking may be the equivalent of more than a packet of cigarettes’ and dyslipidemia were all positively associated with hookah pipes and negatively associated with cigarettes. The research casts doubt on the widespread belief that smoking hookah is less toxic than cigarettes because it involves an apparatus designed to purify tobacco smoke through water. Prof Gordon Ferns, head of the Department of Medical Education at Brighton and Sussex Medical School, said: “A single session of hookah smoking may be the equivalent of more than a packet of cigarettes, and the inhaled toxic compounds may be even greater. “It is unclear why hookah smoking is associated with obesity and diabetes.” Omar Derissi, manager at Dar Marrakesh lounge in Marylebone, said: “Shisha is a social thing that doesn’t involve alcohol. It does not cause any violence and it generally brings a nice vibe for people to use it and catch up with their friends.” However, while a cigarette is finished in an average of 20 puffs, shisha smokers can be exposed to greater volumes of tar-heavy metals and other carcinogenic chemicals. In tomorrow’s Features section Town councillor who sexually abused ‘naive’ young girls jailed A FORMER town councillor who sexually abused three teenage girls after he was elected has been jailed for 32 months. James Anderson, 34, who was a councillor on Uckfield town council, in Sussex, attacked two of the girls in a shop he owned. All of the offences happened while he was a councillor, Sussex Police said. Anderson, of Uckfield, pleaded guilty to three counts of sexual activity with a child below the age of 16, two counts of sexual assault and a charge of causing a person to engage in a sexual act without consent. Det Con Jeanette Reilly, from the East Sussex safeguarding investigations unit, said Anderson had “preyed upon naive and trusting young girls who he got to know … though his work, and subjected them to humiliating and distressing experiences for his own sexual gratification.” Anderson was placed on the sex offenders’ register for life and made the subject of a sexual harm prevention order, which “severely” limits his access to females under 16, police added. Five of the six incidents happened against two girls in Anderson’s shop, in Uckfield High Street, which he no longer owns. All the offences, which Anderson admitted at a court hearing in November, happened between 2014 and 2017. He also denied four other charges, one relating to a fourth girl, which a judge ordered to remain on file. An NSPCC spokesman said: “Anderson’s actions will have had a catastrophic effect and we hope the young girls have received all the help and support available to them … thankfully they have been spared the ordeal of reliving their experiences in court and we hope that today’s sentence brings them some measure of closure.” Bryony Gordon Why I’m launching a podcast to inspire people to change the world *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 9 News Consumers choose fruit over staples such as mushrooms and tomatoes By Katie Morley CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR BRITAIN has gone “berry mad”, supermarket sales figures show, as fruit has now overtaken vegetables in consumers’ shopping baskets. Sales data released by Asda found a 53 per cent increase in sales of blueberries over the past year, overtaking potatoes and broccoli to become the nation’s sixthmost purchased produce. Whilst staples such as bananas, grapes and clementines still sit in the nation’s top five fruit and vegetables, raspberries jumped eight places and blueberries six places in popularity. Asda’s annual list of top 10 fruit and vegetables sold is made up of seven fruits and three vegetables, compared to seven vegetables and just three fruit in 2016. Meanwhile, despite a trend towards plant-based foods as families cut back on meat, old favourite vegetables have tumbled out of the top 10, with broccoli (11th), tomatoes (12th) and mushrooms (13th) making way for sweeter fruit bowl choices. It comes after a smoothie craze gave berries a boost, with sales moving past the £1 billion mark for the first time and overtaking fruits in- cluding apples and bananas. Millions of health-conscious Britons are now piling strawberries, blueberries and raspberries into their blenders as part of their daily routine, sending total berry sales soaring by 20 per cent over the past four years. Other British-grown fruit and veg to make it into the top 10 include cucumbers (5th), Gala apples (8th) and peppers (10th). Ian Harrison, Asda’s produce technical director, said: “2018 was a renaissance year for berries, which were graced with an incredible growing season thanks to the weather and our British growers making the most of the sunshine to produce quality, sweet fruit. “When it comes to fruit, we’re a nation where the sweeter, the better. We’re investigating a number of new varieties of grapes, stone fruit and berries to deliver the perfect fruit.” Asda is predicting that 2019 will see a resurgence of blue and purple fruit and vegetables as customers become increasingly aware of the benefits blue foods offer. Blueberries are flying off shelves and Asda predicts other blue produce including plums, blackcurrants, blackberries, purple carrots and elderberries will become more popular as people turn to the hue thanks to its nutritional benefits and a growing trend for blue and purple products in the home, fashion and beauty. Getting fruity Britain’s changing appetite 2018 1 Bananas 2 Red grapes 3 Strawberries 4 Clementines 5 Cucumbers 6 Raspberries (up from 14) 7 Blueberries (up from 13) 8 Gala apples (new entry) 9 White potatoes 10 Green grapes (new) 2017 1 Bananas 2 Cucumbers 3 Strawberries 4 Mushrooms 5 Broccoli 6 Clementines 7 Carrots 8 Red grapes 9 Iceberg lettuce 10 Baking potatoes BBC goes vegan and unleashes ‘the beast’ By Helena Horton THE BBC has “gone vegan” as it launched its first plantbased cookery show as part of a series of new programmes that will explore veganism. Dirty Vegan, which features former stuntman Matt Pritchard, premiered last night on BBC Wales and could be screened on BBC Two later this year. In the series, Pritchard, who is known to audiences for the dangerous pranks he performed as part of the Dirty Sanchez television series, will be showing Welsh people how to live on a meat-free diet after he became a vegan in 2015. Pritchard, a trained chef, will be seen feeding rugby stars plant-based meals as well as baking vegan cakes with the Women’s Institute. The presenter, who owns a tattoo parlour in Cardiff, said the Women’s Institute members had “enjoyed” his egg-free cakes. “It differs a lot from Dirty Sanchez, as you can imagine,” he told the BBC. “From what I have seen on social media, a lot of people like the fact that I have changed from a headbanging lunatic to a health and fitness freak. But the beast is still there. He just needs to be released. But I try to keep that beast away from temptation.” The first show will feature the 45-year-old daredevil trying to feed a vegan meal ‘If someone told me I would have a vegan cookery show I would have laughed’ to the Scarlets women’s rugby team ahead of one of their matches. He said: “If someone had told me I would have had a vegan cookery show I would have laughed all the way to my grave. But life takes you in strange directions.” A BBC spokesman said: “We have a couple of projects on veganism in development, looking at its environmental impact as well as those who choose veganism for health reasons.” Less bitter coffee bean for mellow millennials By Katie Morley and Jack Schofield STARBUCKS is attempting to lure millennials who dislike strong coffee with a new “less bitter” bean. In an effort to appeal to young adults who are not yet coffee connoisseurs, it has launched a new “blonde” bean, which is lighter in colour and less bitter in taste. Starbucks said it hopes the new bean will appeal to “aspirational millennials” who don’t usually choose coffee. It follows the targeting of younger consumers through a secret menu that included a multi-coloured “unicorn” frappuccino. Despite the milder taste, it contains more caffeine than Starbucks’ classic bean. Rachel Chatterton, the senior innovation manager at Starbucks, said: “This new bean allows customers to choose the intensity of [their] coffee. We learnt that customers find [the classic roast] a bit polarising and want to have more choice.” LAURENT LIOTARDO Vegetables pushed to side of plate as sales of berries soar Swoon of the swan English National Ballet is staging Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake, choreographed by Derek Deane and starring Jurgita Dronina as Odette/Odile and Isaac Hernández as Prince Siegfried, at the London Coliseum from now until Jan 13. 10 ** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph News No railcards, fares up again, and overcrowded trains Worst rail routes are, on average, 187 per cent over capacity – and situation is predicted to get worse By Katie Morley, Jack Maidment and Ashley Kirk YOUNG rail passengers could face fines for having the wrong ticket after being unable to buy the new Millennial railcard. The discount cards for 26- to 30-yearolds launched yesterday but passengers were forced to wait more than four hours when trying to buy them online. Unlike other railcards they are not available to buy at train stations and must be bought online. Some passengers said they had booked journeys with a Millennial discount, assuming they would be able to buy one of the cards, then found they were unable obtain one. They were told by the railcard’s Twitter account they would need a “valid ticket” to travel, suggesting they could be fined for having the wrong ticket if they cannot purchase the discount card before travel. A spokesman for National Rail said: “We are experiencing high demand for the 26-30 railcard, which is resulting in higher wait times than usual. “When customers access the website they are put into a live queue and are able to sign up to receive email alerts so they do not have to wait by their computer. There isn’t a limited number of railcards being made available so anyone who isn’t planning to travel today can come back another day to make their 26-30 railcard purchase.” Meanwhile, it emerged that the top 10 busiest peak train services in England and Wales are carrying almost twice as many passengers as they are designed for. New analysis published by the Labour Party revealed that the worst rail routes are now, on average, 187 per cent over capacity – an increase of more than 25 per cent since 2011. The situation is predicted to get worse, with the top 10 most overcrowded train routes expected to carry Big squeeze The most overcrowded train services 04:22 Glasgow Central to Manchester Airport, at Manchester Oxford Road: 211 per cent capacity 16:00 Manchester Airport to Edinburgh, at Manchester Oxford Road: 202pc 16:16 King’s Cross to Royston, at London King’s Cross: 199pc 07:16 East Grinstead to London Bridge, at London Bridge: 191pc 17:46 London Euston to Crewe, at Euston: 187pc 07:27 Reigate to London Bridge, at London Bridge: 178pc more than twice as many passengers as they should by the end of 2022. Labour yesterday sought to capitalise on commuter fury after fares went up by an average of 3.1 per cent despite widespread rail misery in 2018. But the party was accused of “hypocrisy” after Jeremy Corbyn and Andy McDonald, the shadow transport secretary, attacked the fare increases at the same time as similar rises were rolled out in Labourcontrolled Wales and Merseyside. A row also erupted over how fare increases should be calculated. Chris Grayling, the Transport Minister, wants to switch from the retail price index (RPI) to the lower rate consumer price index (CPI) but faces opposition from unions as the measure could result in smaller staff pay rises. Labour has committed to keeping fares as low as possible and pegged to no more than the rise in CPI but it is unclear how the party would square such a move with its union backers. The cost of many railway season tickets has increased by more than £100 due to the 3.1 per cent average rise. The increase came after train punctuality was revealed to be at a 13-year low. Mr McDonald said: “It’s outrageous that passengers will be hit with aboveinflation fare rises following such a miserable year on the railways. Making passengers pay more to travel on overcrowded trains is not sustainable.” Business: Page 5 Foreign Office criticised over fees for forced marriage rescue Want your dog to live longer? Don’t give it so much food By Anna Mikhailova POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR JEREMY HUNT said he wants to “get to the bottom” of revelations the Foreign Office has made women pay for their own rescue after being sent abroad to enter into forced marriages. The Foreign Secretary said Britain should always act with “compassion and humanity” after MPs attacked the policy of recouping the cost of helping British citizens return home. Victims have had to pay hundreds of pounds for plane tickets, food and shelter or, if they are over 18, take out emergency government loans, an investigation by The Times has shown. Conservative MP Tom Tugendhat, 82 who chairs the foreign affairs select committee, said he is “deeply concerned” by the revelations and called on Mr Hunt to publish data on the number of women charged in the last five years. The Foreign Office, which jointly runs a Forced Marriage Unit with the Home Office, said it has an obligation to recover money spent on repatriating victims when public money is involved. However, women’s rights campaigners accused the Government of profiteering from the protection of victims. The Foreign Office helped 27 victims of forced marriage return to the UK in 2017 and 55 in 2016, according to figures acquired by The Times under freedom of information laws. In the past two years the Foreign Office has lent £7,765 to at least eight forced marriage victims who could not pay for their repatriation. About £3,000 has been repaid, and debts of more than £4,500 are still owed. A 10 per cent surcharge was added to outstanding amounts after six months. WIM VAN DEN HEEVER/CATERS NEWS The number of forced marriage victims helped to return to the UK by the Foreign Office during 2016 and 2017 Water wings A fishing bat’s wing skims a river surface in Pantanal, Brazil, in this rare shot of the species in mid-hunt. The image is one of a series by photographer Wim van den Heever, who said: “It was exceptionally difficult to capture.” PODGY dogs die more than two-and-ahalf years earlier than pets of a healthy weight, a study of 20 years of veterinary records has shown. Researchers at the University of Liverpool examined the lifespan of 50,000 dogs from 12 popular breeds taken to 900 Banfield Pet Hospitals in the United States between 1994 and 2015. They discovered that being overweight reduced longevity in all breeds, from a minimum of five months in German shepherds to two and a half years for male Yorkshire terriers. Dogs that are overweight are more likely to suffer problems such as joint disease, breathing issues, and cancer, as well as having a poorer quality of life, which could impact lifespan, researchers believe. Alex German, professor of small animal medicine at the University of Liverpool, said: “For many owners, giving food, particularly tasty table scraps and titbits, is the way we show affection for our pets. “Owners are often unaware that their dog is overweight, and many may not realise the impact that it can have on health. Being careful about what you feed your dog could go a long way to keeping them in good shape and enabling them to be around for many years to come.” The results of the study, published in the Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, showed that while a healthy labrador could expect to live for around 13.3 years, being overweight knocked five months off its lifespan. Likewise a chihuahua’s lifespan was reduced from 16 years to 13.9 and a Shih Tzu from 14.5 to 13.8. Around one quarter of households in Britain own a dog and obesity is rising. Last year, the University of Liverpool found around 65 per cent are overweight and 9 per cent are obese. A recent survey also found that 54 per cent of cat and dog owners always or often give their pet food if they beg for it, while a quarter admit to overfeeding their pet to keep it happy. And just one in five owners correctly measure portions at mealtimes. Five-year ban for teacher who stole pupils’ school trip money Record university borrowing has led to credit crunch risk u A teacher who stole pupils’ school trip money has been banned from teaching for five years. Andrew Cowey, head of Year Seven at Dene Community School in Peterlee, Co Durham, lied about the true cost of school trips and pocketed the extra money for himself. The 28-year-old has been banned from the profession following a teaching misconduct hearing. The Teaching Regulation Agency, sitting in Coventry, heard Cowey – a part-time scout leader – took money from students and then tried to cover his tracks. Cowey said he was in debt when he took the money between July 2016 and April 2017. John Pemberton, the chairman of the panel, said: “For some of these pupils, Mr Cowey falsely recorded these pupils as attending for free or, alternatively, benefiting from receiving funding from the Friends of Life will never be same, says widow of motorsport broadcaster killed in crash u The widow of Henry Hope-Frost, the motorsport broadcaster, yesterday said “life can never be the same again” as the driver who killed him in a head-on collision was spared jail. The presenter, 47, died when Tahir Mehmood’s Toyota Prius – which he bought just the day before – ploughed into Hope-Frost’s Honda motorbike. At Guildford Crown Court, Mehmood, 47, yesterday admitted causing death by careless driving on the A286 in the village of Grayswood, Surrey, on March 8 last year. He was given a two-year community order, 60 days’ curfew and 200 hours’ unpaid work after the court heard he Motorsport broadcaster Henry Hope-Frost, who was killed in a road accident last year was “a man of good character [who] works at a religious centre”. Describing the impact on their sons Oscar, 13, Jasper, six, and Felix, three, in the statement, Charlotte Hope-Frost said: “He was a rare gem of a man [and] one of the very best dads. Life can never be the same again.” Footballer jailed over smash that left two dead now banned for drink-driving u A former Manchester City youth footballer who killed a brother and sister while speeding has been banned from the wheel for 22 months after he was caught drink-driving. Courtney Meppen-Walter, 24, told magistrates he was “embarrassed” at his latest driving offence of being more than twice the legal limit when he was stopped in his vehicle by police in Manchester city centre last month. In 2013, he was jailed for 16 months for causing the deaths of Kulwant Singh, 32, from Salford, and his sister, Ravel Kaur, 37, by careless driving when he hit their Nissan Micra in his grandfather’s high-powered Mercedes C220 saloon in Sept 2012. On this occasion, his Kia Picanto was seen swerving in the road in the early hours of Dec 10 and appeared to hit a kerb and stall at a red light. Mr Meppen-Walter was arrested and gave a reading of 85 microgrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres of breath – the legal limit being 35mcg. He told the court: “I will probably get called every name under the sun and I deserve it. I’m just embarrassed.” He must also serve a 12-month community order, do 80 hours unpaid work and pay court costs of £170. Dene charity. Mr Cowey instead retained the money for himself. “Mr Cowey deleted the school trip funding spreadsheets from the school’s electronic systems.” Cowey had pleaded guilty to theft at Durham Crown Court and was given a community order. However, the panel ruled that “public confidence in the profession could be seriously weakened if such conduct … was not treated with the utmost seriousness.” u Universities may be on the brink of a “credit crunch” as a result of their record levels of borrowing despite uncertainty about the financial future. The sector’s debts have reportedly risen over the past year to £10.8 billion, three times more than before the financial crash, The Times reported. The move comes amid what experts describe as “unprecedented uncertainty” for higher education, with minister said to be considering a Our new Health newsletter cut in tuition fees and predictions that Brexit could result in a fall in student numbers. Nick Hillman, director of the Higher Education Policy Institute, said that “too many institutions are borrowing too much”. He added: “Some universities will always be fine, but others will face a credit crunch in 2019.” Sir Michael Barber, head of the Office for Students watchdog, accused some universities of behaving like overconfident banks before the financial crisis that thought that they were “too big to fail”, adding that no bailouts with public money would be available if universities could not service their debts. Five universities, including Southampton, UCL and Imperial College London, have more than doubled their borrowing in the past year to compete in the ever-tougher battle to attract students from home and abroad. Marmalade lead singer Dean Ford, who topped the charts in a kilt, dies at 72 Ready for Telegraph 365? Sign up now for your daily dose of fitness u Dean Ford, the lead singer of Scottish pop band Marmalade, has died at the age of 72. The news was broken by his daughter on Facebook, describing him as “an amazing man, a gentle soul and extremely talented musician”. Marmalade reached Number One in 1968 with a cover of the Beatles’ Ob-la-di, Ob-la-da. Marmalade’s version saw them make history as the firs first ever Scottish group to top the UK cha charts and to celebrate they appeared on Top of the Pops in kilts. T Their single I See The Rain was hai hailed by Jimi Hendrix as “the best cut 1 of 1967”, and the band also had success telegraph.co.uk/365daily Husband convicted of assault after he H stopped ‘hysterical’ wife’s suicide attempt st u A husband who stopped his wife from taking her own life was convicted of aassault for being too heavy-handed in his h rescue attempt. Graham Page, 46, found his wife G Alexandra had left a suicide note at Ale their home and, after discovering her the intoxicated and “hysterical” in her car, into dragged her to safety. dra But his well-meaning rescue got B “out of hand” and was reported to the “ou police as an assault by a witness. pol At Bristol magistrates’ court, Page A admitted that after pulling his wife from the car, he had “cuffed” her head when she was hysterical and had Dean Ford, the lead singer of Scottish pop group Marmalade, was a ‘gentle soul ‘ and ‘talented musician’ with Reflections of My Life and Rainbow, which were penned by Ford. Ford’s real name was Tomas McAleese, and he grew up in Airdrie, North Lanarks. He went solo after the band split until he moved to Los Angeles, where he started working as a limousine driver for celebrity clients. dragged her along the ground by her clothes. Magistrates handed him a 12-month community order, including 100 hours of unpaid work. After the hearing, Page, of Redland, Bristol, said: “Obviously it got way out of hand... It was a difficult situation. I did what was necessary at the time and I wish it had been different.” Mike Wynter, defending, said police spoke to Mrs Page and she had no facial injuries. He added: “A suicide note was left by her at her address. This clearly concerned my client when he saw her in the vehicle.” ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 11 News Magistrate can dispute sacking over his views on gay adoption JUDGES are permitted to hold “intolerant views”, a tribunal has heard, as a Christian magistrate was given leave to appeal his dismissal over views he expressed on gay adoption. Richard Page, a former magistrate, was sacked for “serious misconduct” in March 2016 by then justice secretary Michael Gove and Lord Thomas, then Lord Chief Justice, who claimed his comments about gay adoption suggested he was “biased and prejudiced against single-sex adopters”. During a same-sex adoption case in A judge has ruled that Richard Page can take his case for unfair dismissal to the Employment Appeal Tribunal Kent in 2014, Mr Page, 71, from Headcorn, said that in his view it was in a child’s best interests to be raised by a mother and a father. He later repeated his views during an interview with BBC Breakfast, which led to his dismissal from both his job and his post as non-executive director at Kent and Medway NHS and Social Care Partnership Trust. In February last year, he alleged he was fired for expressing his personal opinion and he began appeal proceedings against the Lord Chancellor and Lord Chief Justice At a hearing before Christmas, Judge Katherine Tucker upheld his application and ruled that judges can hold “intolerant views” that should be respected. She granted Mr Page permission to take his case against the Lord Chancellor and Lord Chief Justice to the Employment Appeal Tribunal in Croydon, south London. Ms Tucker said that although judges can hold potentially partial views, there may be limits as to how they can be expressed so as not to impugn the impartiality of the courts. Representing Mr Page, barrister Paul Diamond argued that although judges are expected to show restraint while commenting in public, Mr Page’s remarks were within the bounds of his judicial functions. Mr Page, who had served as a magistrate for 20 years with an exemplary record, said: “I am amazed it has taken so long to get this far. “It is vital that we maintain the true independence and impartiality of the judiciary and that ordinary people like me are not excluded from it.” The original adoption case that resulted in his dismissal saw Mr Page and two other magistrates consider an application by a same-sex couple to adopt a child. During the hearing, Mr Page said: “I hold the view that it is in the best interest of the child to have both a mother and a father, and I believe this to be a lawful and reasonable position for a family court judge to hold. “It could be that an adoption by a same sex couple or a single person is in the best interest of the child, but a report would need to satisfy me of that. I believe this is a reasonable and fair position, and not one of discrimination.” Following the case, the other magistrates made a formal complaint and claimed Mr Page had applied his Christian beliefs to make his decision. By Helena Horton THE British winner of almost £115 million in the New Year’s Day EuroMillions draw has claimed the prize. Players across the country had been double-checking their numbers after the National Lottery said the winner had still not come forward by yesterday afternoon. Lottery operator Camelot said the player would become the fourth biggest £115m The total value of the New Year’s Day jackpot, won by one player, making it the fourth biggest lottery prize in UK history CHARLOTTE GRAHAM FOR THE TELEGRAPH By Laura FitzPatrick UK player wins £115m in draw for new year EuroMillions Crystal clear Staff clean and polish a 17th-century chandelier in the South Sketch Gallery during the winter cleaning programme at Chatsworth House in Derbyshire to prepare the stately home and seat of the Duke of Devonshire for the season ahead. winner in UK history by taking the entire £114,969,775.70 jackpot. A further 10 players have won £1 million each. The winning EuroMillions numbers were: 1, 8, 11, 25, 28. The EuroMillions Lucky Star numbers were 4 and 6. Andy Carter, senior winners’ adviser at the National Lottery, said: “What a start to 2019 for UK EuroMillions players. We look forward to helping them begin to enjoy their win.” The money will be paid out at a ticket validation appointment. It is then up to the winner to decide whether they want to go public with their news. Only if they decide to go public will the lottery operator disclose whether the winner is an individual or a syndicate, or where the ticket was bought. Tuesday’s win follows a series of high-profile lottery prizes. In 2011, Colin and Chris Weir became the biggest lottery winners in the UK and Europe when they scooped £161 million. Adrian and Gillian Bayford, from Suffolk, took home more than £148 million in 2012, while the biggest prize awarded in the UK last year was £121 million and went to an anonymous winner in April. Last November, builder Andrew Clark, 51, from Boston, Lincs, discovered he had won £76 million, six weeks after the draw. Victims urged to reclaim haul of goods stolen by jailed family gang By Laura Fitzpatrick POLICE are hoping to return “thousands of items” to their owners, as a 12man gang responsible for about 250 burglaries was jailed. Among the Cambridgeshire extended-family gang’s £2 million haul are Rolex watches, diamond rings and coins. They also stole cars, guns and a Kuwait war medal in an 11-month period across five counties. The “prolific criminal gang”, aged between 20 and 55, broke into homes and business premises in their home county and neighbouring Bedfordshire, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex. Targeting rural areas the gang with £2m The estimated value of items stolen by a family’s ‘crime wave’, including Rolex watches, diamond rings and coins Suspected arsonist among three killed in ‘ferocious’ house fire By Yohannes Lowe A MURDER investigation is under way after a house was burnt to the ground, leaving three people dead. Detectives suspect the person who started the blaze was one of the three killed when the fire swept through a home in Lincolnshire during the early hours of New Year’s Day. Firefighters recovered the bodies of a 27-year-old woman and two men, aged 24 and 32, from the house on Pear Tree Road, in the village of Kirton. Lincolnshire Police have confirmed that two other people who were taken to hospital following the fire have been discharged and they are not looking for anyone else in connection with the fire. Despite emergency services responding to the 999 call within 10 minutes, workers were forced to watch alongside horrified residents as the property was engulfed in flames. Flowers have since been laid outside the large red-brick detached property. Witnesses have spoken of the intensity of the blaze, which completely gutted the first floor and roof of the house. Officers have said it may take days to establish the exact cause. David Danby, chairman of Kirton parish council, who lives nearby, said: “What was amazing An investigator at the scene of the fatal house fire in Kirton, near Boston, Lincs was the ferocity. The speed at which the flames went from one side of the building to the other on the top floor was amazing. “One of the investigators said that the police were there first and the fire tender got there within seven minutes of the 999 call, and by the time they got there, there was very little they could do. I think they were surprised at how quickly it moved across the house. The house is completely gutted.” The house is owned by Paul Edmunds, a chef, and his wife, Donna, both 45. They moved to Devon in May 2017 to set up a hotel, but their daughter, Jay, 27, is registered as living at the house with her brother Liam, 24. It is not known if they were among the fatalities. Finance director gambled away half of £1m stolen cash Death of burglary victim, 91, who slept with hammer A FORMER finance director who stole £1.1 million from his former employer and used £500,000 of it to fund his gambling has been jailed for four years. Steven Girling, 36, diverted company money into his own account and then tried to cover his tracks by adjusting spreadsheet entries, Norwich Crown Court heard yesterday. Judge Stephen Holt told Girling, who admitted a single count of theft: “For nearly a four-year period, you stole over £1 million from the company you worked for as finance director. “These thefts were skilfully planned and executed so the loss to the company wasn’t noticed and was passed by three separate audits.” Girling, of Costessey, near Norwich, admitted stealing from Premier Education Group, his employer, between May 2014 and October 2017. Martin Ivory, prosecuting, said Girling moved money into his own ac- By Laura FitzPatrick count and hid this by “adjusting and fabricating” entries on spreadsheets provided to the board of directors. The judge said Girling spent £500,000 of the stolen money on gambling “but the other half is effectively unaccounted for”. He said Girling had put money into his savings account, set up Isas for his children, moved to a larger house, paid off that mortgage “and possibly another mortgage”. “You were stealing these huge amounts of money … you managed to save in excess of £100,000 in your personal savings account,” said Judge Holt. “That was not touched to feed your gambling habit.” “People who suffer from gambling addictions tend to arrive here with nothing, only debts. You arrived here with some considerable assets.” John Farmer, mitigating, said Girling had paid back £112,000 and more money would be recovered. A PENSIONER who slept with a hammer under his bed after being targeted by a burglar in his own home has died. Louis Martin, 91, was burgled in September in his flat in Hartlepool, Co Durham, where he lived alone. Relatives said his health went “downhill” afterwards and Mr Martin died in hospital on Dec 20 after suffering a fall, according to his family who described him as a “real gentleman”. His stepdaughter, Tracey Liddicoat, said that confronting the burglar, Adam Wilkins, greatly affected his life and wellbeing and he took extreme measures in fear of another intruder. She said: “He slept with a hammer under his bed after it happened. “I think he was staying up all night … and then going to bed through the day.” Wilkins, 29, a drug addict, was jailed for 22 months for the burglary. masked faces, they planned easy getaways by using stolen high-performance BMWs and Audis. They also stole from cash machines. The group typically smashed and forced open doors or windows to steal items before disposing of them through contacts. They also added false registrations plates to stolen cars before using them to commit further crimes. Cambridgeshire Police has appealed to crime victims to get in touch so they can be reunited with their possessions, most of which were stolen between February and November 2017. It comes after 10 of the 12 gang members admitted conspiracy to, or were found guilty of, burglary in 2018 at Norwich Crown Court. According to the police, Norfolk’s burglary rate halved after the gang was arrested in December 2017. In November, Det Insp Craig Harrison, of Cambridgeshire Police, said the men, who are largely from the traveller community, considered crime “just a way of life”. 12 ** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph World news Brazilian leader puts tribal land claims in hands of big business By Our Foreign Staff REUTERS JAIR BOLSONARO, the new president of Brazil, has issued an executive order making the ministry of agriculture responsible for deciding land claims by indigenous peoples, in a victory for agribusiness that will enrage environmentalists. The move means that key decisions on land claims will be in the hands of an agriculture ministry with deep ties to Brazil’s powerful farm sector. Critics say Mr Bolsonaro’s plan to open indigenous reservations to commercial activity will destroy native cultures and languages by integrating the tribes into Brazilian society. Environmentalists say the native peoples are the last custodians of the Amazon, the world’s largest rainforest that is vital for climate stability. “We are very afraid because Bolsonaro is attacking indigenous policies, rolling back environmental protections, authorising the invasion of indigenous territories and endorsing violence against indigenous peoples,” said Dinamã Tuxá, a member of Brazil’s Association of Indigenous Peoples. Tereza Cristina Dias, Mr Bolsonaro’s new agriculture minister, used to be the head of the farm caucus in Brazil’s Congress, which has long pushed for an end to land regulations that it argues hold back the agricultural sector. Bartolomeu Braz, the president of the national chapter of Aprosoja, a major grain growers association, cheered yesterday’s move. “The new rules will be interesting to the farmers and the Indians, some of whom are already producing soybeans. The Indians want to be productive too,” he said. Mr Bolsonaro, who took office on Tuesday, said he would free Brazil from “socialism and political correctness”. All fired up Saudi men shoot into the air as they perform a traditional dance during the Janadriyah Cultural Festival on the outskirts of the capital, Riyadh. The two-week annual extravaganza, sponsored by the National Guard, features a variety of activities including camel racing, falconry and a military air show. China willing to use force to reunify Taiwan By Nicola Smith in Taipei and Wendy Tang in Beijing CHINA was willing to use force to ensure the “unshakable historic task” of its complete reunification with Taiwan, Xi Jinping said yesterday, as he warned that independence for the island would bring “profound disaster”. The Chinese president told a gathering in Beijing marking the 40th anniversary of a key policy statement when it sought to improve ties with Taipei: “China must and will be united, which is an inevitable requirement for the historical rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in the new era.” “China won’t attack Chinese people. We are willing to use the greatest sincerity and expend the greatest hard work to strive for the prospect of peaceful reunification,” Mr Xi said. But he added that China “did not promise to renounce the use of force” and would “reserve the option to use all necessary measures” to prevent independence for Taiwan. The threat was aimed at foreign forces seeking to interfere as well as advocates of Taiwanese independence, the president said, in what has been perceived to be a reference to the US, Taiwan’s strongest backer. Mr Xi sought to reassure the Taiwanese people that “peaceful reunification” would bring them “good and prosperous lives”, even though the majority would prefer good relations with Xi Jinping said China would ‘expend the greatest hard work’ to strive for peaceful reunification with Taiwan China without being ruled by Beijing. Responding to Mr Xi’s remarks, Tsai Ing-wen, the Taiwanese president, said the country was “willing to sit down and talk” but only if Taiwan was represented by its own government. She also rejected the concept of “one country, two systems” favoured by China. Ms Tsai had pre-empted Mr Xi’s address with her own speech on Tuesday, in which she emphasised Taiwan’s commitment to democracy and called on Beijing to seek peaceful means to solve their differences. Taiwan rejects China’s territorial claims. As a result, Beijing has tried in recent years to undermine Taiwanese sovereignty and has stepped up pressure on the international community to exclude Taipei from global forums. Victor Gao, a commentator on Chi- na’s state broadcaster, said the “landmark speech” could be seen as a turning point in cross-strait relations. However, Mr Xi’s overtures received a muted response in Taiwan. “The level of interest in Taiwan about this speech is indicative,” said Samson Ellis, the Bloomberg chief in Taipei posted on Twitter. “Only one news channel took it live, no sign of it on Yahoo news or Liberty Times, and on Apple Daily and UDN websites, it’s below stories on the argument between cabinet & Kaohsiung [a port city] on promoting tourism to the city.” Beijing close to landing robot craft on dark side of the Moon By Rozina Sabur A CHINESE spacecraft is attempting to make the first landing on the far side of the Moon today, in a milestone for space exploration. The China National Space Administration (CNSA) is preparing to land the robotic spacecraft in the South PoleAitken basin, the largest, oldest and deepest crater on the Moon. The probe, the Chang’e-4, entered a planned orbit on Sunday “to prepare for the first-ever soft landing on the far side of the Moon”, Xinhua news agency said, citing the CNSA. The CNSA has not given the exact time of the attempt to touch down on the unexplored lunar surface, but reports in China’s state-run media suggest Chang’e-4 could begin descending early this morning. Targeting the far side, or “dark side”, of the Moon is riskier and more complex than previous ventures, including Chang’e-3’s mission to the Moon in 2013, since direct communication with the spacecraft is not possible and the terrain is rugged. The Moon is tidally locked to Earth, rotating at the same rate that it orbits our planet, so the far side is never visible from Earth. Previous spacecraft ‘This daring mission will land nearly 50 years after the historic Apollo landings and will be hugely valuable’ have photographed the far “dark side” of the Moon, but none has ever landed on it. The Chang’e-4 is attempting to land in the Von Kármán crater, a flatter region located within the South PoleAitken Basin, which is more than 2,500km (1,553 miles) in diameter, and thought to have been formed by a giant collision early in the history of the 4.5 billion-year-old Moon. The space- craft, which includes a lander and rover, is carrying a set of instruments aiming to take detailed measurements of the crater’s terrain and mineral composition as well as conducting a biological experiment. If successful, Chang’e-4 will pave the way for China to deliver samples of lunar rock and dust to Earth later this year. The venture is an important step in China’s ambitions to overtake the US and Russia as a world leader in space exploration, which include plans to put a person on the Moon and sending a mission to Mars by 2025. “This daring mission will land nearly 50 years on from the historic Apollo landings and will be hugely valuable in understanding the formation of the Moon,” Andrew Coates, professor of physics at UCL’s Mullard Space Science Laboratory in Surrey, told the BBC. Scientists also believe the far side of the Moon is a good place to perform radio astronomy. Attacker who drove car into migrants acted as ‘lone wolf ’ By Justin Huggler in Berlin KAZUHIRO NOGI/AFP/GETTY Xi warns independence for Taipei would be ‘disaster’ in continued push to erode the island’s sovereignty Wave goodbye Emperor Akihito of Japan waves to crowds at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo during his last new year’s address. He is to abdicate in April after a 30-year reign. AUTHORITIES in Germany are treating an incident in which a local man deliberately drove his car into migrants celebrating the new year as a terror attack, it emerged yesterday. The driver has been named by German media as Andreas N, 50, a resident of Essen. Police have so far been unable to find any link between him and known far-Right extremists. But security sources told Germany’s Der Tagesspiegel newspaper they were treating him as comparable to “lone wolf ” Islamic extremists. “There is no room for extremism and intolerance in Germany,” said Martina Fietz, a government spokesman. Seven people were injured in the attack in the west German town of Bottrop, among them four members of a single Syrian family, including a 46-year-old woman who suffered critical injuries. A four-year-old Afghan boy was also among the wounded. Andreas N fled back to his home city of Essen, where he again attempted to run down pedestrians before being apprehended. He told police officers he had deliberately targeted foreigners. *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 13 World news Secret visit sparks violence as traditionalists refuse to accept court ruling giving women right to enter shrine By Rahul Bedi in New Delhi TWO women made history yesterday by sneaking into one of India’s holiest Hindu temples in defiance of hardline activists blockading the shrine from female worshippers. The Sabarimala temple, in southern Kerala state, has been at the centre of a highly politically charged stand-off after the Supreme Court lifted a centuries-old ban on women of child-bearing age from praying within its sacred walls. Violence erupted as news spread that the women had defied traditionalists, backed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), by entering the temple for the first time since the court ruling in September. Police in Kerala fired tear gas, stun grenades and used water cannon as clashes between rival groups erupted across the southern state, local media reported. Several officers were reportedly injured. The two women entered the temple under police escort before dawn and left undetected a short while later after offering prayers inside the shrine. “It is a fact that two women entered the shrine,” state chief minister Pinarayi Vijayan confirmed, adding that police have to offer protection to anyone wanting to visit the temple. Bindu Ammini, 42, and Kanaka Durga, 44, had tried entering Sabarimala last month, but were forcibly turned back by Hindu activists committed to violently enforcing the ban, Judges ruled that banning women aged between 10 and 50 from entering Sabarimala was an unconstitutional infringement of their human rights and against equality of worship laws. Immediately after the ruling, protesters, with the support of the government, disregarded the decision and began preventing women devotees from entering the temple. They maintained that age-old religious sentiments prevailed over judicial rulings and the ban was essential to appease and protect Ayyappan, the temple’s deity who is depicted as a celibate yoga-practising god. Officials at the temple yesterday said the two women had entered the shrine stealthily through the staff gate. Video images circulating on WhatsApp reveal the two women, dressed in REUTERS/AP Two women defy protests to sneak into Hindu temple Police in Kerala gear up for violence, top left, following reports of two women, right, entering the Sabarimala temple, sparking street protests, above Rise of male beauty vloggers boosts sales of make-up to men By Sophia Yan and Paula Jin in Beijing AN EXPERIMENT with eyebrow pencil and a bit of Givenchy foundation two years ago hooked Song Yewen on the world of make-up. Now, the 21-year-old beauty vlogger is defying traditional Chinese gender norms on a mission to make his audience to feel as empowered as he does: “I feel good about myself when I wear make-up – I feel confident.” Mr Song live-streams and posts make-up tips and tricks to his 1.5 million online followers across China several times a week, one of a spate of male beauty vloggers who represent a growing shift in gender attitudes. Their popularity is leading a boom in China’s male cosmetics market, estimated to grow to 20 per cent over the next four years to a whopping $2.4 billion in 2022, according to Euromonitor, a market research firm. It’s also paving the way for more young Chinese men to experiment with gender-bending make-up and clothes, in a culture with a long history of swaggering, masculine stereotypes. Even in 2019, parents can enrol sons in training camps to teach them to be tough and manly. Single men looking to marry face pressure to fit certain ‘Sometimes my sister asks me to teach her little tricks. My make-up skills are better than hers’ norms – be the breadwinner and own property; multiple houses are a plus. The change in gender ideals, vloggers told The Daily Telegraph, has been influenced by South Korean pop culture, where male celebrities and boy bands have popularised a softer, effeminate look. “Sometimes my sister asks me to teach her little tricks,” laughed Zhang Wu’er, 24, another beauty vlogger. “My Groom seeks to sue friends for wedding prank injuries By Wendy Tang in Beijing A BRIDEGROOM in southern China is suing his friends over wedding hazing that left him spending his big day in hospital and facing a hefty bill from a traffic accident. The 24-year-old endured the hazing as part of a traditional ritual on his wedding day in November in China’s south-west Guizhou province. Relatives who witnessed the incident told the Chinese news site The Paper that his friends threw eggs, beer and ink at him while he was on his way to pick up the bride, as part of a rite that quickly spiralled out of control. The groom was tied to a power pole with plastic tape while wearing only his underwear and was hit with a bamboo stick by his friends. He was then chased to a corner near a motorway. As he tried to escape the hazing, he ran out into the traffic. Ai Guangtao, the bridegroom, told btime.com that the ink that had been poured on him was impairing his vision. “Someone was chasing me and I couldn’t see very well because of the ink, then somehow I ran on to a motorway with someone tailing me behind,” Mr Ai said. He was hit by a BMW that crashed into a motorway barricade as its driver tried to avoid him. Mr Ai spent three weeks in hospital with a skull fracture and internal bleeding, while the car that hit him was badly damaged. Traffic police ruled that Mr Ai was Ai Guangtao spent three weeks in hospital after being hit by a car as he fled wedding hazing by his friends responsible for the damage to the car. Last month, the driver’s insurance company demanded 30,000 yuan (£3,453) in compensation. The groom then decided to sue the friends who carried out the wedding hazing. Mr Ai’s relatives said they had already raised 6,000 yuan (£691) to help pay his medical fees. Following cases in which hazing was taken too far, China’s civil affairs ministry last month condemned the practice and called for it to be reformed. make-up skills are better than hers.” Wang Zilu, 22, has used make-up for three years – hooked after realising how just a little could “change the shape of your eyebrows, the style of your lips”. He learned via other vloggers before starting a social media account to post his own before-and-after videos. Make-up, for some, has gone from a fun hobby to a lucrative lifeline – China’s most popular beauty vloggers can reportedly pull in as much as 10 million yuan (£1.2 million) a year. For Mr Song, sharing his video tutorials and working as a brand ambassador is a part-time gig that brings in about 20,000 yuan (£2,300) a month, which he uses to support his studies in traditional Chinese medicine. But even with more young men trying out a bit of blush, not everyone is used to it. “Sometimes people judge me, a guy, for putting on make-up; I would go, ‘So what?’,” said Mr Song. “I don’t pay much attention to what others say.” Croatian MP sparks hospital treatment protest movement By Our Foreign Staff A WAVE of MeToo-style testimonies about painful gynaecological procedures has swept across the Balkans after a female Croatian politician’s emotional account of an agonising treatment she received following a miscarriage. “They tied my arms and legs and started a curettage without anaesthesia … these were the 30 most horrible minutes of my life,” MP Ivana NinčevićLesandrić told Croatia’s parliament. “I could tell you about every second as each was lasting an eternity,” she said of the surgery which involves scraping tissue from the uterus and is often performed after a miscarriage or an abortion. Milan Kujundžić, Croatia’s health minister, has pledged to investigate the case, while the hospital where Ms Ninčević-Lesandrić was treated has rejected her claims. Activists say women have faced traumatic hospital experiences for decades, and cite studies that show they are less likely to receive painkillers than men. The outcry in Croatia has inspired a wave of similar grievances across the region, including in Bosnia and Serbia. black tunics, rushing into the temple with their heads bowed. “We arrived early in the morning and had a darshan [visitation to the idol] for a few minutes,” Ms Ammini later told the BBC. “We left before protesters stopped us.” After news of the two women entering Sabarimala became public, the temple authorities accused them of “defiling” the shrine and closed it for an hour while it was “purified”. Local BJP leader Sreedharan Pillai, strongly criticised the lifting of the ban calling it a “conspiracy” by Kerala’s Marxist government to “destroy” Hindu temples. “The BJP will support all struggles against the destruction of [the Hindu] faith by the Communists,” Mr Pillai told TV news channels. On New Year’s Day, around five million women formed a 385-mile long chain across Kerala in support of gender equality and to protest against activists enforcing the Sabarimala ban. Women of all ages stood shoulderto-shoulder for 15 minutes in the afternoon in a show of female solidarity. In many traditional Hindu communities across India menstruating women are considered unclean and unholy, which can result in restrictions or an outright ban on them entering some holy sites. ‘We will support all struggles against the destruction of the Hindu faith by the Communists’ 14 *** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph World news Democrats to turn the screw on president Trump’s opponents will unleash a wave of inquiries as they take control of House of Representatives By Nick Allen in Washington DEMOCRATS take control of the US House of Representatives today, ushering in two years of divided government during which Donald Trump will be remorselessly investigated for evidence of wrongdoing, while struggling to achieve his policies. As the 116th US Congress convenes, Nancy Pelosi was expected to be sworn in as the Democratic Speaker of the House, and her allies will take control of the lower chamber’s committees. Those committees will launch a litany of inquiries into the president, his family, and his businesses, including demanding Mr Trump’s tax returns. As America entered what promised to be a period of bitter political division in its legislature, Mitt Romney, a senior member of his own party, said the president had “not risen to the mantle of the office”, had displayed a “glaring shortfall” of character and accused him of “abandoning allies”. Democrats won control of the House in the midterm elections in November, while Republicans retained the Senate. The first task of the new Congress will be to end a government shutdown that began before Christmas, caused by an impasse over funding for Mr Trump’s proposed border wall. Hundreds of thousands of public workers have been sent home unpaid. Democrat leaders, including Mrs Pelosi, were due to meet Mr Trump at the White House last night, and were expected to introduce quickly a pair of spending bills aimed at reopening the government. However, they have vowed not to authorise funding for the wall. Hakeem Jeffries, chairman of the Democratic caucus, said they would “draw a line in the sand” and refuse to “waste millions in taxpayer dollars on a medieval border wall”. Mr Trump has said he will maintain the shutdown as “long as it takes” to get wall funding. He also said he was open to a compromise that would involve providing legal status to young illegal immigrants known as the “Dreamers”. Meanwhile, Kirstjen Nielsen, his homeland security secretary, warned “fake families” were entering the US. The forthcoming Democrat legislative agenda will prioritise reducing prescription drug prices, an infrastructure bill and campaign finance reform. It will also include banning members of Congress from serving on corporate boards. They also intend to relax a century-old ban on wearing hats on the floor of the chamber, which will allow Ilhan Omar, a new Muslim-American congressman from Minnesota, to wear a headscarf. Democrats said they would, in their first week, table a resolution to defend the Affordable Care Act, also known as ObamaCare, and denied suggestions the government could grind to a halt as investigations related to Mr Trump, and Russian interference in the 2016 election were pursued by committees. One retiring Republican congressman said: “He [Mr Trump] doesn’t know what’s about to hit him. They’re going to subpoena everybody and their dog.” The Democrats will also face an internal struggle as a large, mostly youthful, influx of new members of Congress pressures the leadership for more action on issues including climate change. Qatar doubles cost of alcohol ahead of 2022 World Cup Trump defends taking troops out of ‘sand and death’ of Syria By Josie Ensor MIDDLE EAST CORRESPONDENT By Nick Allen in Washington DONALD TRUMP last night defended his controversial decision to withdraw US troops from Syria, saying the country was nothing but “sand and death”. The US president said: “Syria was lost long ago. It was lost long ago. We’re not talking about vast wealth. We’re talking about sand and death. “I’m getting out, we’re getting out of Syria. Look, we don’t want Syria.” He added: “The Kurds, our partners, are selling oil to Iran. I’m not thrilled about that, I’m not happy about it at all.” However, Mr Trump said he did want to “protect” US-backed Kurdish fighters in the country as Washington draws down its 2,000 troops, which Donald Trump defended his troop withdrawal and said ’I think I would have been a good general’ at a cabinet meeting AFP/GETTY IN NEWS likely to be received badly by football fans planning to attend the next World Cup in Qatar, the conservative Muslim Gulf state this week introduced a 100 per cent tax on alcohol. The so-called “sin tax” came into force on Tuesday, weeks after the government announced it would look to introduce a levy on “health-damaging goods”. The policy was revealed when the Qatar Distribution Company, the country’s only alcohol retailer, released a 30-page list with updated and more expensive prices for beers, wine and spirits. With the new levy, a six-pack of beer will now set local drinkers, expats and football fans back more than £20. A 100cl bottle of Bombay Sapphire gin will cost 340 Qatari riyals (£75) and a 75cl of Shiraz wine from South Africa will be sold for £20. The new tax will also increase the price of sugary drinks by half, while the price of tobacco, energy drinks and pork will double, according to Walid Zidani, a spokesman for the finance ministry. The issue of alcohol is likely to be a sensitive subject in the run-up to the 2022 Fifa World Cup, which is expected to attract more than 1.5 million international visitors. Tournament organisers in Qatar had said alcohol would be available for fans in designated areas, but not in public spaces, out of respect for the country’s traditions. It is legal for non-Qataris to buy alcohol in the country with a permit, and also to drink in licensed bars, clubs and hotels – although drinking anywhere in public is banned. Qatari officials have previously said the drinking of alcohol would be more restricted than in previous World Cups, and that football fans would have to drink in designated areas around the stadiums. They expressed concerns over the relationship between alcohol and football-related violence, as seen in the clashes between English and Russian fans in France during Euro 2016. World Cup sponsors such as Budweiser will also likely not be pleased at the dramatic price increase. Hand of God Pope Francis spins a ball on his fingertip as he joins in with a performance by the National Circus of Cuba. The pontiff welcomed the troupe to his weekly general audience held yesterday in the Paul VI hall at the Vatican. Castro claims US officials taking ‘path of confrontation’ with Cuba By Harriet Alexander in New York RAUL CASTRO has made a rare return to the public stage in Cuba, using celebrations to mark the 60th anniversary of the revolution to warn that Donald Trump is taking the US down the “path of confrontation” with the Communist island. Mr Castro, who stepped down as Cuba’s president in April, accused the US president of unjustified aggression. “Once again, the North American government is taking on the path of confrontation with Cuba,” the 87-year-old said. “Increasingly, high-ranking officials of this administration are trying to blame Cuba for all the region’s ills,” Raúl Castro in Santiago de Cuba on New Year’s Day he said, adding that they stemmed instead from “ruthless neoliberal policies”. US relations with Cuba have taken a significant turn for the worse after Mr Trump set out to undo the thaw begun by Barack Obama, who in March 2016 became the first US president to visit the island in 80 years. Mr Trump has reimposed restrictions on tourism for US citizens, and prohibited commerce with Cuban businesses owned by the military and intelligence services. John Bolton, his national security adviser, said in November that Washington would take a tougher line against Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua, calling them a “troika of tyranny”. On Tuesday, Mr Castro, clad in military fatigues, told the crowd gathered for a sombre sunset ceremony at the tomb of his brother, Fidel, in Santiago de Cuba, that Cuba had proven throughout six decades since the revolution it could not be intimidated by threats. He insisted, however, that Cuba remained open to a peaceful and respectful coexistence, and said that its battle was an economic one. Miguel Diaz-Canel, his successor as president, told the country’s national assembly in December that the country was implementing increased austerity for the fourth year running in 2019. Italy demands return of Anti-scientific health painting stolen by Nazis policies ‘put lives at risk’ By Nick Squires in Rome THE director of the Uffizi Galleries in Florence has demanded that Germany return an artwork that was looted by the Nazis during the Second World War. Eike Schmidt, who is German himself, said Berlin had a moral duty to give back the painting, Vase of Flowers, by the 18th-century Dutch artist Jan van Huysum. It was taken from Florence by German soldiers in 1944 and is now owned privately by a German family. Dr Schmidt, who has been the head of the Uffizi Galleries since 2015, said the family had refused “numerous requests” for the artwork to be returned. To raise the profile of the case, a black-and-white photograph of the painting will hang in Florence’s Palazzo Pitti, where the original was once kept, with a caption explaining that it was stolen by the Germans. Beneath the photograph is the word “Stolen!” in three languages – Italian, English and German. By Our Foreign Staff ITALY’S leading adviser on public health yesterday criticised the government’s “anti-scientific” policies saying they were putting people’s lives at risk. Prof Walter Ricciardi hit out at the Right-wing populist coalition for declaring vital vaccines “useless and dangerous”, claiming migrants carry disease, and easing restrictions on the use of contaminated soil in farming. “Representatives of the government have endorsed unscientific or frankly antiscientific positions on many issues,” he told the Corriere della Sera daily. “It’s an approach taken by populists, who have great difficulty in interacting with science.” Prof Ricciardi announced his resignation from Italy’s National Health Institute last month. He said he had been driven to quit by policies which have seen the governing Five Star Movement and League party oppose childhood vaccinations claiming they cause autism and boost the pharmaceutical firms. would happen “over a period of time”. During a 95-minute cabinet meeting at the White House the president also lambasted European allies for not taking a bigger role in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. He singled out Germany, saying it was “paying one per cent” of GDP on defence, and “should be paying four per cent”. Mr Trump added that he “didn’t care” if he was not personally popular in Europe. He said: “I shouldn’t be popular in Europe. I want Europe to pay. I don’t care about Europe. I’m not elected by Europeans, I’m elected by American taxpayers, frankly. “If I were popular in Europe, I wouldn’t be doing my job. I could be the most popular person in Europe, I could run for any office if I wanted to, but I don’t want to. I want people to treat us fairly, and they’re not.” The president said he “essentially fired” Jim Mattis as defence secretary, and his handling of Afghanistan had been “not too good”. Mr Mattis quit his post last month, delivering a stinging rebuke of Mr Trump’s foreign policy in his resignation letter. Mr Trump added: “I think I would’ve been a good general, but who knows.” WORLD BULLETIN Snow no-show shuts icy ski runs Websites blocked in riot-hit Sudan A lack of snow and an exceptionally high risk of accidents has forced the closure of many French ski runs, with slopes icy and “as hard as concrete”, officials said yesterday. Very low night temperatures and scant snowfall is making conditions treacherous, even for proficient skiers. Only four out of 56 runs are open at Saint-Lary-Soulan, in the Pyrenees. Sudanese authorities are blocking access to popular social media platforms used to organise and broadcast anti-government protests. Access to Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp is possible only through use of virtual private networks. Sudan has been rocked by riots over the past two weeks and protesters have called on Omar al-Bashir, the president, to step down. Chaotic DRC vote Needles found in wins approval seedless grapes Election monitors from the Southern African Development Community said yesterday that the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Dec 30 presidential election “went relatively well” despite chaotic scenes that prevented many from voting. This counters claims by opposition candidates that the vote was marred by irregularities and by one US politician’s belief that it was “neither free nor fair”. An Australian couple found two needles hidden inside grapes, sparking fears of a return of supermarket fruit sabotage. Shams Alsubaiy and her partner Skender Hasa told a news channel in Melbourne that Ms Alsubaiy had pricked herself picking up a green seedless grape. September 2018 saw hundreds of cases of needles being found in supermarket strawberries in Australia. Six die in Danish train collision ‘Death wish’ was web of deception Six people have been killed and 16 injured in Denmark after a high-speed passenger train was hit by part of a passing freight train. Investigators suspect an empty wagon on a train carrying Carlsberg beer was blown into the passenger train as it crossed the West Bridge, one of two bridges linking Zealand and Fyn, Denmark’s two largest islands. Police rushed to a home in Perth, Australia, after reports of a man shouting “why don’t you die?” But officers found that he had only been trying to kill a spider. A passer-by had heard a screaming child and a man shouting, but Wanneroo police cited the man’s “serious fear” of spiders, adding that there had been no injuries, apart from those to the spider. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 *** 15 16 *** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph Comment My scrapbooks of memories are safe – far away from Facebook daisy dunn A series of unseen watercolours, collected by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in scrapbooks, are to tour Britain this year on the 200th anniversary of the couple’s births. They were enthusiastic collectors and enjoyed many an evening organising their treasured albums with sketches, trinkets and paintings depicting their children, homes, family celebrations and trips abroad. As a biographer, I know just how much ephemera can tell you about a life. Diaries can be difficult to re-read, but scrapbooks are always an evocative record and a joy to leaf through. And as a scrapbooker myself, I love to go back through the volumes I’ve made over the years with a sense of relief that I haven’t forgotten everything. The album of my university years bulges with photographs and concert tickets, torn theatre programmes and stained cocktail invitations, postcards and napkins printed with college crests. Like Queen Victoria, I have always appreciated a snapshot of a place caught at a particular moment in time. She scrapbooked a watercolour of The Great Exhibition of 1851. I pasted a photograph of a garden made up as “Wonderland” for a summer ball. But why bother doing something so, well, Victorian? I have a very modern reason. That summer ball picture is, in fact, a print-out rescued from Facebook. Contrary to common belief, younger people are logging out of the social media site in droves – or at least “tidying up” their accounts, deleting unflattering testaments to their youth. As they do so, they are destroying what many people my age considered to be a digital scrapbook – a permanent record of their lives. We assume that photos we upload to social media accounts or to the Cloud will be there forever. We are wrong. What happens if the network crashes or becomes unpopular or if sensibilities change and those photos are subsequently deemed inappropriate by the tech companies and their policing teams? The tech firms are not neutral arbiters. Netflix – albeit a TV streaming service – took down an episode of a US comedy last week because it offended Saudi Arabia. We are, after all, living in an age where the past is increasingly judged by the scruples of the present. Party themes popular in the 2000s are criticised, or banned, on grounds of cultural appropriation or racism – but my photographs of Cowboy and Indian parties and Roaring Twenties soirées will remain safely inside my private books. Paper, of course, can be precarious too. Think of how much was lost when fire ravaged the Library of Alexandria. I’ve therefore taken to scanning the oldest photographs in my collection. The computer has become my back-up system rather than my primary filing cabinet. I prefer it this way. Only I can hold and curate my scrapbooks and photo albums and determine who sees them. They may lack the glossiness of Instagram but they are all the more precious for being unfiltered, unedited, and uncut. As I continue to fill them with the zeal of Queen Victoria, I look forward to feeling their spines creak as the years grow between me and my history. Daisy Dunn is the author of ‘Pliny: Life, Letters and Natural History’, which will be published by William Collins in June follow Daisy Dunn on Twitter @DaisyfDunn; read more at telegraph.co.uk/opinion To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 email@example.com The dismal euro will stagger on and condemn Europe to further disaster Twenty years on from the single currency’s adoption, EU elites show no sign of admitting to their errors jeremy warner ‘F or 20 years, the euro has delivered prosperity and protection to our citizens. It has become a symbol of unity, sovereignty and stability, and we must ensure it continues.” Thus spoke Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the European Commission, in “celebration” this week of the 20th anniversary of the adoption in synthetic form of Europe’s single currency. Notes and coins were to come three years later. I have to admit to a sneaking regard for Mr Juncker, whose impish sense of humour – as in, “we know what has to be done, we just don’t know how to get re-elected afterwards” – and candour over the EU’s own casual disregard for democracy mark him out as one of Europe’s more entertaining politicians. Yet his comments on the euro are beyond parody. It is no surprise that there was little rush to echo them. Most member states have been understandably content to leave the anniversary unmarked, for the big questions about how to sustain this troubled project, and the concessions that will have to be made by creditor nations for it to work, have yet to be faced up to. In economic terms, monetary union has arguably been good for Germany and its satellite northern European states, underpinning the competitiveness of an already formidable export machine. I say arguably because, if the effect of Germany’s success is to impoverish the rest, the model can’t work in the long run. Central Europe’s apparent prosperity would come to be seen as little more than a mirage in any eventual unravelling, imposing massive losses on German savers via cross-border defaults. For much of the rest of Europe, however, the euro has been an unmitigated disaster. Beyond the logistical successes of its immediate introduction – admittedly an extraordinarily impressive exercise in international planning, cooperation and execution – it is indeed hard to think of any redeeming features. As Mr Juncker points out, he is one of the only signatories to Maastricht, the treaty that gave birth to the euro, who is still politically active. He should therefore be in a better position than most to know quite how destructive it has been. We might perhaps start with Britain, now just months away from leaving the EU altogether. The EU may always have been more of a political than an economic project; for its founding fathers, the ambition was always a United States of Europe. But Maastricht marked the point of no return. Up until then it was possible to maintain the pretence of the EU as just a souped-up, free-trade area, requiring only limited sharing of sovereignty. Giving up control of the currency to a supranational organisation was for Britain the step too far. The subsequent, defining experience of Black Wednesday, when the UK was ignominiously forced out of Europe’s fixed exchange rate regime, convinced the British establishment that monetary union was not just premature, but also likely to be subject to repeated economic and financial crises. In any case, Britain’s opt-out from the euro set the UK on a divergent course that was always likely to bring it into conflict with the integration necessary to support monetary union. The idea, then, that the euro has proved a unifying factor in Europe is completely spurious. It has been a deeply divisive force that led directly to the British divorce. It has also quite plainly not been good for great tracts of the European economy. Taking eurozone members as a whole, growth has slowed and unemployment risen markedly since the introduction of the single currency – disastrously so for the southern periphery. Even today, the Commission clings to the delusion that the debt crisis of 2009-12 was nothing to do with the euro, but was a maelstrom spawned in America and amplified by the failings of member states. There is virtually no acknowledgement of the destructive dynamic that the euro set in train, creating unsustainable fiscal, credit and construction booms in Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Ireland and beyond, or the role played by eurozone policy in exaggerating the subsequent bust. Denied the natural adjustment mechanism of currency realignment, debtor countries were instead forced into punishing internal devaluations, further raising debt-to-GDP ratios and decimating public support for the established centre ground in politics. Brexit is widely seen internationally as an act of economic self-harm. Yet set against the hubris of monetary union, it might more reasonably be viewed as simple self-preservation. It is hard to think of any self-inflicted peacetime follow Jeremy Warner on Twitter @ jeremywarneruk; read more at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion Don’t miss our daily Brexit update telegraph.co.uk/ brexitbulletin policy blunder quite as devastating in its economic consequences and destabilising in its political fallout as European Monetary Union. And yet it staggers on, sustained more by fear of the consequences of leaving than belief in its underlying merits. That, and the political capital that has been invested in it. A whole generation of European politicians and officials, Mr Juncker included, have built their careers around it. They dare not admit they were wrong. Honesty is what’s required, not selfcongratulation, but it is in short supply. Every time the euro falters – as with a fast-slowing global economy, threatening like a receding tide to expose anew the euro’s compromised foundations – just enough is done to save it. It may seem odd, given its obvious failings, but even among voters in the most disadvantaged member states, it is hard to find a majority in favour of getting rid of it. Put yourself in the position of a reasonably well-off member of the Spanish middle class and it is easy to see why. They like having a German exchange rate to protect the value of their assets, savings and earnings. They are not likely to vote for a course of action that will devalue their wealth by 30 per cent overnight. Perhaps that’s what Mr Juncker meant when he talked of the euro delivering prosperity. The dispossessed young, unemployed and left-behinds, denied the “protections” of the euro’s embrace, can go whistle. Dismal prospect though it might seem, it is as depressingly possible to see the euro surviving the next crisis as it did the last one, condemning the Continent to a state of permanently low growth and politically destructive divisiveness. They make a desert, wrote the Roman historian Tacitus, and call it peace. The ticking clock on Brexit is on our side The more we prepare to leave the EU without a deal, the more likely a good deal becomes david daviss W e are told that another decisive moment looms, in the form of the forthcoming Commons vote on the proposed Withdrawal Agreement. Of course, we have been here before. We have seen many supposedly decisive moments since the 2016 referendum: triggering Article 50, passing the EU Withdrawal Act, the December meaningful vote that never was, to name but a few. Before we whip ourselves into another frenzy, perhaps it is time to take stock? I have always said that the EU would push and push until finally we reach a resolution at the eleventh hour. Recent events only reinforce my analysis. Indeed, anybody who really understands how negotiations work understands that time is our friend. We know that the EU is worried about the loss of the £39 billion “divorce” payment if there is no deal. EU Budget Commissioner Gunther Oettinger has said that the remaining 27 member states will face a hefty bill if the UK does not pay. We also know that the UK’s no-deal preparations are well advanced. A senior civil servant, writing in The Telegraph last week, said the Government is failing to be frank about the degree of preparation. So this is the moment to be hardnosed about these issues. The more we prepare to leave the EU without a deal, the more likely a good deal becomes. But getting there means ignoring the distractions, such as the briefings that Continuity Remain elements will seek to extend Article 50 or force a second referendum. It is not going to happen without a general election. Instead, Tory MPs must remain committed to delivering the referendum result, as repeated in our manifesto, which pledged to leave the customs union and the single market and which said that no deal is better than a bad deal. To do otherwise would throw our democracy’s credibility into chaos. And let’s be clear: the Withdrawal Agreement does not respect the referendum result. That is why the meaningful vote had to be delayed and one wonders if even this month’s vote will go ahead. Attempts to frighten MPs into supporting it are unlikely to work, because voting down this substandard deal will not result in no Brexit. How could it? There is no mechanism for that to happen. The UK will leave the EU on March 29. That is nailed down in primary legislation and international treaty commitments. There is no wriggle room. Well-informed colleagues also know there is an alternative. Both Donald Tusk and Michel Barnier have offered the UK a Canada-plus option. A Northern Ireland backstop is not necessary or wanted. International trade experts such as Shanker Singham advocate using tried and trusted procedures so that rules of origin and customs checks are conducted away from the Northern Ireland border, making a hard border unnecessary. The EU, however, will not commit to a free-trade deal until we have left and that is fair enough. So we should press for early talks after March 29 with a generous offer based on tariff-free trade with few barriers. In the meantime, the Government is right to be preparing finally for a vigorously managed WTO Brexit, which holds far less risk than the various read more at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion fear campaigns have tried to suggest. Be under no illusions. Leaving without a Withdrawal Agreement is not the same as leaving without agreements. There will be several deals in place, including membership of the Common Transit Convention and the WTO, a trade facilitation agreement, and others as set out recently by the EU. There is a shared interest in a good flow of traffic through our ports, and action is being taken to ensure trade continues sensibly. I appreciate we all want to get Brexit done and move on, but if we get it wrong, we are stuck with what is agreed and a bad deal will lead to more division and uncertainty. Therefore, it is crucial that we get it right whenever the moment of reckoning comes – be it mid-January or later. What this country needs now is direction and leadership. When the British people see there is hope and a path to a brighter future, they will urge our leaders to finish the job. We must stop being sidetracked by those who were never reconciled to Brexit, prepare for no deal in the sure knowledge it makes a good deal more likely, and seize the prize of a global future for the UK. David Davis is a former Brexit secretary *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 17 Letters to the Editor Nothing wrong with leadership ambition T he Christmas holidays are traditionally a quiet time politically, and they have been once again, even on the verge of an imminent climacteric in the great Brexit drama. With fewer than 90 days remaining to the date of the UK’s departure from the EU, uncertainty continues over the method by which it will be done, or even whether it will be done at all. Until MPs return to the Commons next week to begin the final countdown to the meaningful vote on Theresa May’s deal with the EU, no one will know for sure if the Prime Minister has managed to extract concessions from Brussels that will secure her an unlikely victory. She pulled the vote before Christmas anticipating a sizeable defeat; nothing has happened since to suggest a different outcome. But the festive interregnum has afforded potential successors to Mrs May an opportunity to strut their stuff. In particular, Sajid Javid, the Home Secretary, has been to the fore, trying to develop a coherent response to the arrival of illegal immigrants by boat in Kent. He was initially caught on the hop by being on safari with his family, but cannot be criticised for taking a holiday. He was commendably quick to realise that he should return to the UK to handle matters, though his detractors have accused him of doing so in order to enhance his profile. Arguably, he could have left matters to a junior minister, but he would then have been denounced for putting his holiday ahead of his job. He made the right decision, though whether the migrant numbers involved justify the declaration of a crisis, or warrant the involvement of Royal Navy vessels rather than border patrol boats, is another matter. Furthermore, there is always a danger that Singapore offers deploying more ships a different to rescue migrants approach that will encourage others the UK will need to make the perilous crossing. However, to look at once Mr Javid is right to free of the EU point out that most of those who have arrived are economic migrants and not genuine refugees. Those that are asylumseekers should be returned to the first safe EU country, as required under the Dublin convention. We need to defend our borders and our interests. Another possible leadership contender is the Foreign Secretary, Jeremy Hunt. He is in the Far East, beginning his tour in Singapore and extolling the island nation’s virtues as a low-tax, low-spend, high-investment economy. Singapore offers a different approach that the UK will need to look at once free of the constraints of EU membership and its high-tax, dirigiste inclinations. On the eve of his visit, Mr Hunt hailed the dynamism responsible for Singapore’s transformation from a “tiny territory devoid of natural resources into the world’s eighthrichest country”. Investment in education and infrastructure were priorities that the UK should share, he said. But this reportedly infuriated EU negotiators, who are determined to avoid Brexit being used by the UK to become more competitive. Mrs May’s troubled deal contains a host of “level-playing field” guarantees in areas such as tax and environmental and social standards to which the EU will hold Britain in discussions on the future trade relationship. Here are two ministers, then, charged with pursuing what is right for Britain, who should not be deflected from the task by pressure from outside. If Mr Javid believes the Channel migrants are illegal, he should ensure they are returned to France. If Mr Hunt believes the UK will be able to compete more successfully by cutting taxes and reducing state regulation, he needs to say so at home and confound those of his colleagues who question his recent conversion to lower spending and Brexit. Both ministers are accused of positioning themselves for a possible leadership contest, but there is nothing wrong with that, provided they are consistent in defending what is right for the country. That is their job. Indeed, just as the French or the Germans have no compunction about devising policies to suit their own national interests, our senior ministers need to be equally robust in pursuing the UK’s. That is the least we can expect from any potential prime minister. Got it taped C assette tapes are making something of a comeback. Thirty years ago, they were the new kids on the musical block, apparently confining LPs to the same historical locker as the quill and the codpiece. Vinyl records, in fact, refused to disappear, sustained by a nostalgic attachment to their look, feel and sound quality. But there is little positive to be said of the cassette tape. Forever getting stuck in the tape deck and with the music invariably impaired by hissing, it is hard to see its attraction in a world of digital downloads available at the push of a button or supplied by a compliant robot. True, cassette sales only comprise a minuscule portion of the total music market; but it is a miracle they have survived at all, a relic of another era, to remind young people that there was a time before Spotify. More council houses SIR – You report (January 2) that over the past eight years average train fares have risen nearly three times faster than wages. It’s worth comparing that with train drivers’ wages, which have more than quadrupled in the 20 years since taxpayer-subsidised privatisation. They (and their families) also get free or discounted rail travel. Then there are the huge salaries and bonuses at the top – mainly awarded, it would seem, for failure. Taxpayers are being taken for one hell of a train ride. Bill Parish Bromley, Kent SIR – Robert Colvile (“Housebuilding policy needs a Macmillan moment”, Comment, January 1) overlooks the real reason why our housing market has turned into a disaster for all too many people who simply want somewhere they can call home. Private housebuilders have never built more than 200,000 homes a year – indeed, the average since the war is around 150,000. The gap between what the market could do and what the country needed was filled by local authorities. When councils were stopped from building homes, nothing filled the gap and house prices rose exponentially. The golden rule of supply and demand asserted itself with vigour. Add in Gordon Brown’s decision to remove tax breaks for owner-occupiers but leave them in place for private landlords, and we can see why many people are forced to pay the mortgages of their landlords rather than their own. Many private tenants, even though they are working, have to claim social security to pay the highest rents in the land. Council housing gets no day-today subsidy from government. Local authorities can only spend the rent they collect. Those rents are also affordable to people with a normal income. The Government really does need to get back into the business of building homes. Andy Thompson Lampeter, Ceredigion SIR – I applaud Chris Grayling, the Transport Secretary (Commentary, January 2), for trying to help young rail passengers, but he is focusing on the wrong age group. My son, aged 46, travels from Hereford to London at 5.30 am on Tuesdays and returns on the Thursday or Friday. The fares are astronomical despite the service being diabolical, We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk with trains cancelled and no seats available more often than not. Currently the system appears to be run for the benefit of the staff, with little thought for the paying passengers. Wendy May Hereford SIR – When I travel on the overnight sleeper train from Glasgow to London, the money from my ticket may well be going to five different companies: the train operator, Network Rail, the leasing company providing the carriages, the company providing the electric locomotive (one of the freight operators) and the company providing the drivers who are familiar with the West Coast Main Line track. Perhaps commuters would get better value if their fares went to a single company, which both owned and operated the railways. Whether that company should be private or publicly owned might be considered a moot point. Christopher Nickol Glasgow SIR – Why do commuters think they are a special case? Those of us in rural areas have seen bus timetables cut, fuel costs significantly increased and roads deteriorating to resemble carttracks. However, if we are engaged in rural employment, we have no alternative but to shut up and get on with our lives. If commuters don’t like it, they could either live closer to their work or change job (though they won’t earn London wages working as a gardener, as I do). Graham White Kingham, Oxfordshire SIR – Instead of focusing on getting people to work, the Government should be taking jobs to where they live. Commuting for more than two hours a day is lunacy. In any case, for those who need to make long journeys, internal flights are already half the price of the same journey by train. Don Edwards Lawford, Essex Sugar taxes SIR – It seems that Public Health England is calling for taxes on sugary snacks to address “the obesity crisis” (report, January 2). Eating is a personal matter: how much and what should be an individual’s choice, not the Government’s. With regard to children, it is the parent’s responsibility to choose. Nick Parry Chester SIR – We were brought up with sugar sprinkled on our cereals, fatty bacon, fatty pork chops, extra beef fat on the joint, dripping on bread, full-cream milk, fried food, fish and chips cooked in beef dripping, no chicken (too expensive), no bottled water, no eight glasses of water a day and salt tablets in hot climates. We survived. Steve Cattell Grantham, Lincolnshire Viaduct visionary SIR – To add to Peter Northfield’s letter (January 1), the magnificent Digswell Viaduct was designed by William Cubitt, who was woken in the middle of the night, such was the urgency, and asked if he would become engineer for the 75-mile Great Northern Railway following the resignation of Joseph Locke. Parliament spent more than three months and £400,000 arguing about the line, built by Thomas Brassey, who was contracted to build the first 60 miles in 18 months, including the viaduct with its 13 million bricks. Employing 6,000 men and taking payment in bonds, Brassey completed the task in time but still lost money. Roger Croston Christleton, Cheshire A bootless task SIR – Recent letters (Decdember 31) have discussed mismatched shoes. In the Sixties I worked on a cargo ship trading out of Genoa, and we shipped large quantities of cheap Italian shoes. These were subject to a high level of pilfering in the discharge ports. In an effort to solve the problem, the manufacturers decided to ship the left and right shoes in separate consignments several weeks apart. This did not work: a stroll up the main street would confirm that many of the locals were happy to endure the discomfort of either two left or two right shoes until a swap could be made a few weeks later. Tim Burden Dover, Kent ‘Rabbits are so human’: R M Lockley’s 1964 study was an inspiration to Richard Adams SIR – “Increase the number of small housebuilders”, demands Robert Colvile. Perhaps it would be more appropriate to say: “Increase the number of banks that will lend to small housebuilders.” Buying the land for five average family homes costs about £1 million, and building them the same amount. The builder is required to have half of each of these sums before a bank will consider lending. Not many small housebuilders have £1 million available in cash. Kevin O’Gorman Cheltenham, Gloucestershire Bringing the rabbits of Watership Down to life Till death us do part sir – Miranda Johnson’s article (Review, December 22) about her grandfather, Richard Adams, and the process of writing Watership Down, omits a salient point in the story, something to which Adams refers in the acknowledgements to his bestselling book. In this he pays tribute to The Private Life of the Rabbit by the island-dweller and naturalist R M SIR – Richard Peart (Letters, January 2) is only partially correct in his assessment of the legalities surrounding deathbed weddings. A will is indeed usually rendered void upon marriage, but remains valid if it is specifically expressed to have been made “in contemplation of ” that particular marriage, and as long as the wedding takes place within a reasonable period of time. Panic drafting in the immediate aftermath of deathbed nuptials is thus perfectly avoidable. Rory Mulvihill Naburn, North Yorkshire ALAMY established 1855 Passengers are bottom priority on Britain’s overpriced railways Lockley, to which he was indebted for a knowledge of the animals and their ways. As Lockley said: “Rabbits are so human. Or is it the other way around – humans are so rabbit?” The two men later became friends and co-authored A Voyage Through the Antarctic, published in 1982. David Saunders Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire Lower VAT threshold will harm self-employed SIR – Hugh Rogers (Letters, January 1) refers to MPs as “nitwits” for making remarks about the effect on small businesses of new EU levels for VAT registration. MPs were not raising concerns about the paying of VAT as such but were sharing the concerns of the vast number of self-employed who will now have to endure the burden of being drawn into the VAT system. Adding VAT to their invoices affects their commercial viability. After taking time to complete the registration process, they will then lose a commercial edge by adding VAT to their bills and be burdened with increased paperwork, working out input and output VAT, and ensuring returns and payments to HMRC are done on time. John O’Donnell Colchester, Essex SIR – I would guess that Mr Rogers does not work in one of the labourintensive industries such as building, where there are many sole trader or two-man firms. They are far better off if they do not register for VAT in not having to add 20 per cent to their customers’ bills. Gerald Masters Ilchester, Somerset SIR – Mr Rogers suggests that hundreds of small businesses would not be affected by any changes to the VAT threshold, because they will simply add it to their prices. A perennial nightmare for the 63,000 childcare nurseries in Britain is that if we had to charge VAT on our services, our prices would have to go up. Currently the Government typically pays us £4 for an hour of “free” childcare, while our true break-even costs are over £5. I charge parents £6.24 per hour in an attempt to break even; with VAT added on top, that would have to rise to £7.50. Not many parents can afford to pay that, especially if they have more than one child. Keith Appleyard Brighton, East Sussex Modern wonders SIR – While enjoying our Christmas lunch, my student grandson and I were discussing the seven wonders of the ancient world. We then began to consider: what are the seven wonders of the modern world? Would any of your readers care to put forward suggestions? Barbara Stockford Blandford Forum, Dorset Spoiler alert SIR – Sometimes it is not necessary to customise textbook titles (Letters, January 2). A former colleague had a copy of Mathematics for Engineers by Raymond W Dull on his bookshelf. The spine shows only the book title and author’s surname. Richard Packer Westcott, Surrey Tories need to challenge the liberal consensus The party has done too little to further the interests of ordinary, working-class families NICK TIMOTHY THY T his year, we will reach the midpoint of this parliament. We will know the terms on which Britain will leave the EU, if the plot to stop Brexit fails. And we might, despite Theresa May appearing to have more lives than a cat, have a new prime minister. We don’t yet know whether the Tories can unite around a domestic policy programme and present a vision of how they will make Britain a better, fairer and more prosperous country. While getting the right Brexit deal is vital to this bigger picture, the Conservatives need to rediscover their domestic purpose. As they do so, they must ignore siren calls. Over Christmas, George Osborne warned that the party is heading for opposition unless it embraces “socially liberal, probusiness, internationalist” policies. By this, he means high immigration, deregulation, and associate membership of the European Union. This would be a disastrous combination. If the Tories betray the millions who voted for Brexit, many will never forgive them. If they deliver Brexit but fail to reduce immigration – as Sajid Javid’s White Paper will do – they will be punished. And if they refuse to challenge business in any way, as tech firms exploit unregulated new markets, others exploit older, broken markets, and workers find themselves insecure and squeezed, they will forfeit the right to call themselves a one-nation party. They will be offering the same economic and cultural liberalism that is causing voters to revolt across the West. The Conservatives need to challenge, not perpetuate, the liberal consensus. On the brief occasions they have shown a willingness to do this, the public have responded with enthusiasm. Despite Osborne’s lament that the Tories should never have held the Brexit referendum, and shouldn’t have promised to cut immigration, both pledges were fundamental to David Cameron’s victory in 2015. Despite Osborne’s attacks on Theresa May, her original agenda – in which she vowed to tackle Britain’s “burning injustices” and stand up for ordinary, working-class families – gave her the longest honeymoon period of any modern prime minister. True, there has been some limited progress in confronting the burning injustices the PM listed in her speech on the steps of Downing Street. Companies have been forced to reveal their gender pay gaps. A race disparity audit has exposed everyday injustices for ethnic minorities. Finally, mental health spending will rise in real terms and as a share of the NHS budget. But these are small steps. On house building, government policy is too timid. Homelessness is up and rough sleeping is soaring. School reform – once, under Michael Gove, the Conservatives’ pride and joy – has gone backwards. And the fate of white working-class children is ignored. Official statistics show that less than 30 per cent of white students go on to university aged 18, compared with more than 40 per cent of black students, 46 per cent of Asian students, and 63 per cent of Chinese students. For white boys, and white working-class boys, the numbers are even worse. Some studies show more than 30 per cent of black and Asian girls on free school meals go to university, but only 9 per cent of white boys on free school meals join them. With some injustices, ministers have consciously sided with powerful interests who exploit the vulnerable. Philip Hammond delayed the curbs to fixed-odds betting terminals, bowing to gambling industry lobbying and mindful of the tax receipts they generate. Only Tracey Crouch’s principled resignation and a backbench rebellion forced a climbdown. Elsewhere, petty budgeting creates its own injustice, as when the Foreign Office asks forced marriage victims to pay the costs of their rescue. Sometimes, bureaucratic inertia is to blame, as with the delays to the oftenpromised domestic violence Bill. But the Downing Street speech was not only about “burning injustices”. It was also a direct address to ordinary, working-class families who work round the clock and struggle to pay the bills. Yet there has been too little action to help here, too. The chance to end austerity and go for growth has been fluffed several times. The work to rebalance the economy has been painfully slow. Technical education and training remain dire. The national retraining programme is miserably unambitious. The promises to fix broken markets have not materialised. The attempts to regulate the gig economy have been timid. Mr Hammond is itching not to cut taxes for the low-paid and self-employed but to increase their national insurance contributions. Tory traditionalists are right that the foundation of all policy is a strong economy. But we will not make our economy strong without reform. And a strong economy must be strong for every one of us. Until the Tories reach this conclusion – and until they realise that the necessary changes are both urgent and far-reaching – they will find themselves in trouble. 2019 is the year to change: anything else will be too late. READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 18 *** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk UZ Z L E S P Enjoy all your favourite puzzles online If you haven’t joined yet, try our free trial now at puzzles.telegraph.co.uk 1. 3. FAMILY FEATURES *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 FRANCES FOSTER PHOTOGRAPHY; GETTY IMAGES Like many, when I heard that Tana, Gordon Ramsay’s 44-year-old wife, was pregnant with her fifth baby, I felt overjoyed on her behalf. While I don’t think I’ll ever put my battered body through the horrors of pregnancy again, I have seen first-hand the joy that a fifth child can bring. But I can quite understand why others might have a different reaction. As a mother-of-five – aged between three and nine – when I saw Tana with her grown-up kids announcing the new addition and posting pictures of the bump on social media, part of me did wonder: why are you doing this to yourself? When I found out I was unexpectedly pregnant with baby number five back in 2014, my reaction wasn’t utter elation. At the time my eldest, Lily, was just four; her twin brothers were 18 months old and her little sister just under a year. Being pregnant again wasn’t part of the plan. Part of the reason for my reaction was selfish – I had just managed to squeeze my protesting body back into my size eight jeans (albeit with the need to shoehorn my twin-skin under the waistband) and was looking forward to the prospect of unbroken nights’ sleep once again. But my main concern was how this fifth child was going to fit into our family. I had, in many ways, the perfect mix. Two boys, two girls – all with plenty of personality. Was there enough love to go around? Enough money? Enough sanity? It was embarrassing, too. Try wearing a baby in a sling while pushing twin toddlers in a buggy with their big sister holding on to the strap. Now try it while sporting an enormous baby bump. During my pregnancy, I felt the need to constantly inform strangers that this wasn’t part of the plan; to discuss my contraceptive choices – and d failures – both both wi with fri friend e s and wit th friends with Stress less How nourishing your relationships can de-stress your life James May ‘Hammond is useful. Clarkson can’t do anything’ Shane Watson Anti-resolutions are the secret to a guilt-free 2019 Page 21 Page 23 Page 20 Take five: Gillian Harvey and husband Ray with, from left, Tim, Evie, baby Robbie, Joe and Lily The things they never tell you about being a mum-of-five Gillian Harvey offers congratulations, and some sage advice, adv ce, to Gordon Go do Ramsay’s a say s wife, w e, Tana a a– now n ow eexpecting xp pecting their fifth child, at the age of 44 random strangers in the supermarket queue, just to assure them that I wasn’t a completely insane breeding machine. But despite it all, throughout my difficult pregnancy – the pre- and postnatal depression, the crushing tiredness that only comes with being eight months with child and chasing a toddler, the embarrassment of maternal flatulence (for which at least I had a choice of little bottoms to blame) – I clung to the hope that one day I’d turn to my husband and wonder aloud why on earth we thought our family complete without our youngest. And I was right. Sure, there is rarely a moment in my waking day when someone’s not yelling for me, and I’ve had to learn to distinguish between the urgency of different screams and cries just to survive, but our family wouldn’t be the same without little Robbie. As for my worry that with so many siblings he’d find himself neglected, he’s personally making sure that doesn’t happen. As is (apparently) often the case with youngest children, he’s become the family comedian,, and his funny faces and obsession with potty humourr ch have been the subject of much y dinner-table mirth. His ability d to balance objects on his head and tendency to turn a kiss into a sloppy lick at the last minute have both delighted and disgusted many a visitor – either way ensuring he’s always the centre of attention. Tana’s situation is different, of course. With any luck, her twins (aged 19) don’t still creep into her bed when they have a nightmare. She won’t worry that one of her kids might ight drop the baby. All things being equal, she’s probably got a great support and babysitting network in her existing offspring. And only one size of nappies to buy at the supermarket each week. However, she might also be thinking that as an experienced mum, she’s seen it all. I, too, had this hope Was there enough love to go round? Enough money? Enough sanity? Expecting: Tana Ramsay, below, with her four children and, above, the photo she posted of her baby bump when bearing my tiny boy; at least, I thought, I know what I’m doing this time. Unfortunately, just as my little one’s personality is unique, so were his little habits; the worries that came with raising him; the little hiccups in his development. When it comes to raising a baby, experience counts for very little. Robbie was my first bumshuffler. He got so good at hoofing himself along using his arms, that he didn’t bother to try to walk until he was more than two. It was adorable. It was hilarious. It was downright worrying. He’s also a fussy eater. At the moment, he seems to have taken up a diet that involves him only choosing beige or brown-coloured food – the fattier or more sugary the better – unless threatened with toy removal or worse. Chips, he’ll accept. An apple? The horror! My other kids had food preferences, b but he really takes the biscuit, bis as long as it’s a chocolate one. Plus, you forget so m much about the early d days with a baby – p perhaps blanked out due t sleep-deprivation or to ssome sort of biological im imperative by our brains to keep us breeding. You forget how hard it is to function on just a ffew hours’ sleep, how lon lonely it can be at 3am wh when you’re doing the nig night feed. You forget that par particular sinking feeling you get when you hear you your newborn mewl. Y u forget that baby boys You have e a tendency to pee all over you whenever you remove their nappy – or even, n in the t case of one of my boys, straight into his Continued on Page 20 19 20 *** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph FAMILY MODERN LIFE S H A N E WAT S O N CONTINUED FROM PAGE 19 own face. You forget how light babies are, how delicate; how bathing them can be nerve-racking. You forget that each child comes with his or her particular quota of motherhood guilt that you have to add to your existing load and cope with from now on. When you’re older, too – I was 37 when I had my fifth baby, Tana is in her mid-40s – your body doesn’t bounce back the way it once did. I’ve had to accept that no matter how much yoga I do, my stomach will always look a little bit like Theresa May’s face after a particularly difficult Brexit conference. Weighed down. Neither strong nor stable. And I’ve got news, too, for Tana. She can no longer class herself as Have a guilt-free 2019 These are the alternative resolutions you really should have made My stomach looks like Theresa May’s face after a tricky Brexit conference JOHN STILLWELL/PA having a family, at least when it comes to making a booking. Forget going to the zoo, buying tickets to theme parks, family rooms in hotels. To be honest, you’re pushing it a bit with six of you – with seven, you can forget it. Organisations simply can’t fathom that some of us don’t stop breeding when we’ve neatly filled the seats of a traditional hatchback. Luckily, there is good news, too: Tana can rest assured that no matter what headaches come her way, the joy of a being a mum of five will always outweigh the pain. Every tear or cringe-inducing event has a moment of hilarity, a sticky-fingered hug or a sudden outpouring of parental pride to offset it. Children bring chaos and wonder in equal measure – and your days are never dull when you’re surrounded by a little tribe of your own. Don’t miss our weekly family newsletter telegraph.co.uk/ familynewsletter Gimme five: Jamie and Jools Oliver, above, see the positives in having a big family THE LARGE-FAMILY WAY FAMOUS MOTHERS ON THEIR BIG BROODS Jools Oliver: five children “Once you’ve crossed the 3/4 threshold, you just need to stay calm and find time for all of them. I wouldn’t change a thing, I know people think I’m mad but I love a house full of children… and Jamie, of course.” Angelina Jolie: six children “We want to make sure we don’t build a family so big that we don’t have absolutely enough time to raise them each really well. Children are clearly a commitment, a bigger commitment [than marriage]. It’s for life.” Helena Rees-Mogg: six children “I’m done. I’ve told him there will be no Septimus and no Octopus. I’ve had enough I 40. [Her – I’m hu husband, Jacob] wa wants more, but it’s easy for him to say.” Helena Morrissey: nine children “My husband, R Richard, volunteered to stay at home after our fourth – and that’s a big part of how I cope. It is comforting to know a parent is there to give emotional support to the children.” Queen Victoria: nine children “A large family would be a great inconvenience to us all, particularly to the country, independent of the hardship and inconvenience to myself. Men never think, at least seldom think, what a hard task it is for us women to go through this very often.” Eleanor Steafel No more saving stuff for best. If we didn’t wear it for Christmas parties – then, when? Y es, we are three days into January, otherwise known as Dry January, Back To The Gym Jan, Giving Up Bad Stuff and Taking Up Good Stuff Janvier. This was always the month of self-improving resolutions and now it’s basically compulsory. So, if you happen to be a resolution denier – if you don’t see why you should be forced into living like Mark Wahlberg just because it’s the start of a new year – your best bet is to go with some “alternative” resolutions, less “New Year, New You”, more whatever amuses you. Here are some I prepared earlier: � To not do anything, throughout the year, that qualifies as “Lemming” (the modern habit of adopting something simply because everyone else is). This year, Lemming things we will not be doing deliberately include: banging on about how good Olivia Colman is in The Favourite. Banging on about Ottolenghi Simple (but never actually opening Ottolenghi Simple). Banging on about how much we are looking forward to the new Big Little Lies/Fleabag (and generally behaving like the person who has read and memorised the year’s cultural round-up). � To not buy eggs. This is not an anti-egg policy, this is an attempt to reverse some wasteful habits, one of which is buying eggs as a back-up, so we can always have scrambled eggs, and then never getting around to having scrambled eggs. Other habits in this vein include: stockpiling bubble wrap, and falling for the “3 for 2” litre bottles of conditioner offer. � To buy more halloumi. Because it lasts about a year in the fridge, which makes it a guaranteed guilt-free food purchase. � To implement a personal phone ban. I mean actually ban it: at the table; in front of the TV; whenever there is someone present too old or too young to give a stuff about what’s trending on Twitter. Ban us in your restaurants, restaurateurs! Shame us in your homes, friends! We took smoking outside, it hurt, but we’re all happier and healthier for it. � To ditch some friends. Because we all need all the friends we can get but, let’s be clear, you’re not actually friends with people whose home you have not visited once in the last five years/ whose children you would not recognise or possibly have never met. It’s no use. Be proper friends with people you like to see. � To stand up from sitting on the floor without using hands (aka the life expectancy test). Can’t do it! Only just discovered! Horrified! Totes assumed could do it because Angela Rippon almost can and we can do various yoga positions, including crow. But can we, or was that in fact back in 2015? � To avoid noting women’s ages. Simply not interested. Nicole Kidman in a bikini aged bleep bleep, henceforth just don’t care. � Less staring at/ eavesdropping on strangers – not a problem as far as we’re concerned but the young people disagree. � No more saving stuff for best. We didn’t wear it to Christmas parties, so when? Must sometimes dress up in 2019 or we’re going to spend the rest of our days in jeans and ankle boots. And wouldn’t it be nice to look like Rachel Weisz on the red carpet, or Weisz playing the Duchess of Marlborough, in a long, imposing silk dress? � To have more balls (see above) or at least parties. Or at least to push back the furniture once in a while and dance. � No more refusing to debate the issue in case it ends up in a fight. Must stand up and fight, calmly, before it’s too late. Must say “What do you mean exactly by that?” � To once and for all get someone to explain the TV remotes and really concentrate this time. � Remember to have more sex. *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 FEATURES Nourish your relationships – and de-stress your life N N U GETTY IMAGES R N ourishing relationships have. Human touch can slow down help us to de-stress. our heart rate, lower blood pressure We feel happy when and reduce our cortisol levels. It even we are connected to raises the levels of natural killer (NK) friends, family and cells, which fight off threats, such as those around us. And infections and cancer cells, while a we’re all blessed to be living ultralack of touch is a physical stressor on connected lives – with technological the body and helps to throw you into a miracles in our pockets through stress state. which we can communicate, Hug someone close to you each day, instantly, with anyone on the if possible. And if you have children, planet. At least, this is what we’re make an effort to hug them at every constantly told. But I don’t buy it. opportunity, whatever their age. If you The nutritional equivalent of the have an elderly friend or parent, try to kind of connection we’re having ensure som some level of physical p and a today is a can of fizzy pop touch wh whenever you see them, st. such as a prolonged warm chocolate bar for breakfast. em It’s industrialised, embrace. Although not a YE EW A pe owner myself, I have transactional and pet sp inhuman. spoken to many patients an friends who tell me So many of the stressand th when they are feeling related problems I see that EW O str in my surgery have, as stressed they spend time Y strok a root cause, a chronic stroking their pet, and their k stres lack of connection. A lack stress levels plummet. If you ps of nurturing relationships don’t hav have someone to give you aa hug, hug book aa massage. m causes stress, and stress itself can damage relationships. But these 2. End the iAffair tips will help you to nourish them Fifteen years ago, in the evening a instead, so everyone benefits... couple would talk over dinner, watch 1. Try the power of touch television together and, then, at Studies on humans confirm the bedtime, there would have been dim primal importance of physical touch. lights, pillow talk and cuddling that Members of basketball teams who would, at times, lead further. But it’s use more hands-on interactions with extremely common now for partners each other perform better, ending to go to bed and be siloed in their up higher in their leagues. If a waiter own digital worlds. Whereas once we taps you on the shoulder as they give worried about our partners having you a bill, you’ll be likely to tip more. an affair with a work colleague, these Researchers at University College days we’re all having extramarital London found that affectionate relationships with our devices. Our touch reduces feelings of social phones are the last thing we think exclusion, which is one of the most about before going to sleep and the painful experiences a human can first thing we think about when we I’ll drink to that: tactical acceptance could be the best approach Can you change your other half’s habits? Never mind her own new year’s resolutions, Angela Epstein has given up making them for her husband, too I t had been the most wonderful break. Having snatched a few days away without our children, we had hunkered down in a health spa to enjoy some of that fabled “we time”. But, as we travelled home, I knew reality was making a brutal return, when my beloved husband turned to me with a warm smile and said: “I’m really looking forward to one of your lovely, home-cooked steaks.” Clearly, a diet of crisp salads and fish transported from sea to grill in the shake of a waiter’s napkin hadn’t curdled Martin’s love of all things meaty. You see, my other half is a carnivore. He loves meat. One of his favourite sayings is: “There’s no such thing as a decent piece of quiche.” Not that he seems, thank goodness, to be any the worse for it. His energy and trim physique belies such culinary tunnel vision. But it’s not just any meat. He loves the blubbery rind on lamb chops. Steaks marbled with congealed puddles of white – even though I’ve lectured him about fatty red meat being the devil’s work. I’ve tried taking the 007 approach. But if he catches me in the kitchen, manicuring his meals with a pair of kitchen scissors, well, let’s just say it’s not worth listening to 10 sulky bars of “did you have to do that?” Of course, I could just stop cooking the stuff. But he’s a lovely husband, an amazing father and a hard worker. Doesn’t he deserve a dinosaur bone when he returns to the cave? Anyway, it’s in moments of such reflection that I recall one of my late mother’s sayings: “Don’t marry It’s impossible to get near a gin without someone braying about Dry January someone thinking you can change them.” It was a phrase she first uttered nearly 30 years ago, when Martin and I were newly married. She warned I should be mindful of becoming a nag because “you don’t miss a headache”. Over the years, her wisdom has come to mind when I’ve found myself challenged by life’s curveballs. But her advice on trying to change one’s husband resonated loudly this ILLUSTRATION: CHRIS NEWELL In the third part of his anti-stress plan, Dr Rangan Chatterjee emphasises the power of intimate connections to help us unwind wake in the morning. It’s our phones that we can’t keep our hands off, whose every curvy contour we know by touch and whose buttons we know exactly how to press to turn them on. It’s our phones we’re thinking about during romantic meals and our phones we really want to be with when we’re lying in bed with our spouses. Our phone is the third member in our relationships. So, every day, make time to connect with your partner without the distraction of technology: it could be a commitment to spending 30 minutes with each other every evening without n sight, or your smartphones in simply a daily walk, holding hands. 3. Schedule intimacy macy In my surgery, I’m seeing more omplaining people coming in complaining an I ever of a lack of libido than have before. One of the dangers is that this lack ex of an urge to have sex is often interpreted as a sign that g something is wrong in the relationship. This is another stress to have to week, after I read reports that the Duchess of Sussex has “banned” the Duke of Sussex from drinking alcohol, tea and coffee. If the quotes from palace insiders this week are true, the Duchess has also encouraged her husband to take up yoga and take more exercise. Of course, many of us will face the new year with a desire to make lifestyle changes. It is impossible to get within sniffing distance of a bottle of gin without someone braying about the benefits of Dry January (at a heroic three days in). Equally, studies have shown that 80 per cent of people abandon their resolutions by February – good intensions derailed by the tiring business of, well, real life. Yet, even as we inspect our own eating and drinking habits – should we be trying to change our partner’s, too? “It’s natural to be concerned about your partner’s health. But in doing so you both have to take into account each other’s uniqueness, and not try to rebel against it,” says Relate counsellor, Denise Knowles. “Otherwise, it leads to resentment. So instead of saying “I want you to do this”, explain, say in the case of heavy drinking, that it’s because you want them to be around longer. That the worrying is bad for you.” Certainly, taking the full artillery approach can be damaging to a relationship. One friend, who wanted to curtail her tubby husband’s sweet tooth, simply stopped making desserts and buying chocolate. Being a grown man with his own bank account, he ate more rubbish in the office and sent pictures of Mars Bar wrappers to his wife. The weight didn’t go down, but the temperature at home certainly heated up. They argued, and she began to flag up her concerns in front of others when they went out for dinner (toe-curling for the rest of us – especially when summoning the word “pig”). In the end, she gave up. But having left him to his own devices, he has become a fabled Mamil (Middle Aged Man in Lycra), having been bitten by the bicycle bug. “If you are constantly trying to change your partner, you’re basically telling them that who they are isn’t good enough for you,” says Louise Tyler, a registered and accredited counsellor with the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy. “Your partner is not your ‘project’ and you are not responsible for how they live. There’s a difference between offering love, support and encouragement, and constantly nitpicking and telling them what to do.” So for 2019, I am trying a strategic approach through tactical acceptance. This morning, I asked, “lamb or steak for dinner?” He said: “Don’t go to any trouble if you’ve got a lot of work on.” Result? Well, if in a month’s time, you see me in the supermarket chucking fresh tuna into my trolley, do say hello. Just don’t expect to see a quiche, too. bear and, more often than not, it’s actually untrue. The romantic model fed by Hollywood has given us an impossibly high bar, especially in the world we live in today, in which both partners often work and have families to look after. It’s unfortunate for long-term relationships that the human libido can be so fragile: when we’re tired or stressed our libido goes down because the body prioritises the production of cortisol over the sex hormones. Everything in life is easier when we have a sense of intimacy running along in the background. It’s the glue that holds relationships tog together, and it doesn’t have to be sexual – it n could be just lying naked in bed together, showerin showering together, even taking a nap ttogether. Set some time asid aside for it once or twice a week. If you don’t actively schedule it, it won’t happen. But b by having a cre plan to create more of it, you will find that yo your stress levels go down and your your resilience – often along with you your libido – go goes up. 4. Make time for your friends Humans are not designed to be alone. We’ve evolved to live our lives as individual members of a large, supportive group. But a rising number of us are suffering from loneliness, and it’s not just the elderly. Modern parents typically juggle intense work pressures with looking after kids, and find themselves with less and less time to even talk to their friends, let alone gather with them every day to unwind, laugh and de-stress. Scientists have long known how toxic social isolation can be. As far back as 1979, it was found that people with the fewest social ties were three times more likely to die prematurely than those with the most. Being lonely means you’re 30 per cent more likely to have a stroke or a heart attack. In fact, high social stress is an even bigger risk factor for dying from a chronic disease than physical inactivity, alcohol intake and smoking, put together. Make sure that you are regularly diarising time to meet up with your friends, in person. The frequency will depend on many things, including workload, family and distance. But meeting up with your friends is not a luxury, it is an absolute necessity for good health. 5. Carry out random acts of kindness Humans are social animals, and we are often at our happiest when we’re acting in the service of others – feeling wanted or useful or that we are doing something meaningful for someone who needs our help. When we consider stress, we don’t usually think of meaning and purpose, but living a life devoid of these qualities is inherently stressful. Try doing at least one thing every day for someone else – something that you don’t have to do. It could be making a cup of tea for a new colleague, saying hello to the cashier in the supermarket, picking up some litter in the street or holding a door open for someone. These small acts of kindness will boost your self-esteem and help to infuse your daily life with purpose. Tomorrow: The digital diet (that actually works) Adapted from The Stress Solution by Dr Rangan Chatterjee, published by Penguin Life (£16.99). To order your copy for £14.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871 1514 or visit books.telegraph.co.uk 21 22 *** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 23 Arts slightly more panicked, evolution has taken place on May’s old show, Top Gear. It’s been something of a revolving door over at the BBC with first Chris Evans and then Matt LeBlanc leaving the show as it has sought ratings stability after Clarkson, Hammond and May’s abrupt departure in 2015. This year the one man left standing, Chris Harris, will be joined by two new presenters: Freddie Flintoff and Paddy McGuinness. “A cricketer and a comic,” May says. “I’m really keen to see what they do with the new guys, because it’s quite a radical choice. They may have been extremely clever [putting them with Harris] because Harris is a proper nerd: he races cars, and he buys and sells cars; he knows his stuff.” Does Freddie Flintoff know his stuff? “I’ve never met him, but I know that he’s very into cars. He has quite a few cars, and he’s been into them for a long time.” Either way, May thinks Top Gear has been “going uphill”, saying he watches the programme “avidly”. He is friends with Harris from his motoring journalism days. “It’s healthy to have two car shows. Why not? The viewer gets twice as much car show to watch, CLARA MOLDEN FOR THE TELEGRAPH; ELLIS O’BRIEN/PA ‘Clarkson is incapable of doing anything’ As ‘The Grand Tour’ returns, James May talks to Benji Wilson about his impractical colleague and their rivalry with ‘Top Gear’ T he Grand Tour takes its three presenters all around the world, but as yet it has never left them stranded on a desert island. Today, however, I am forcing James May to think of doomsday scenarios: if he had to choose just one of his long-time co-hosts, Jeremy Clarkson and Richard Hammond, as a fellow castaway, who would it be? “Hammond,” says May decisively, speaking in his office in west London. “He’s much more… useful. Jeremy can’t do anything. I’ve never discovered anything he can do. I mean he can drive a car round a track pretty well, but he wouldn’t be able to light a fire – I know this from experience. I don’t think he’d be able to cook anything, he can’t put a tent up, he’s not in any way practical…” Leaving aside the practicalities, May says that Clarkson would also be insufferable. “He drives me nuts. I would say Jeremy is the most conservative of us, and he’s the most establishment. Despite his reputation for being antiestablishment, he’s actually probably part of it. He’s the enemy.” The irony is that for May, working with “the enemy” has made him very famous and very rich (he is worth an estimated £9 million). The third series of The Grand Tour launches this month, featuring Clarkson, Hammond and May driving and bickering in locales ranging from Colombia to Mongolia. In the trailer, May, 55, plays the bagpipes, is hit on the head by a flying cabbage and laughs uproariously at Clarkson and Hammond’s various misfortunes (as they do at his). This unlikely combination, forged in the BBC’s Top Gear, has become Amazon’s highest-profile hit and if it started out as a car-themed show, three series in it has turned in to something very different. “We’re turning in to a sitcom,” says May, whose office is a little bit like a spoilt teenager’s bedroom, with a mini motorbike, a Lego Porsche and a life-size cut-out of its owner dressed as Bond. There’s a large gap where a desk should be. “Hammond took it this morning for some reason. I’m not sure why.” As his office suggests, The Grand Tour takes all manner of disparate Easy rider: James May in his office in Chiswick and filming, above left, with Clarkson and Hammond in Colombia for The Grand Tour ingredients, including but not limited to cars, and glues them together using only the force of its three stars’ personalities. “The focus has been gradually moving away from cars for quite a long time, to be honest. I think in the future we will be seen as more of a travelling adventure programme.” I meet May on the day Amazon announces that The Grand Tour has been recommissioned, but that series four will be different. The “tent”, the studio under canvas that used to travel the world and then settled for series two in the Cotswolds, is now going altogether. Henceforth, The Grand Tour will consist of Clarkson, Hammond and May on big, special road trips, “larking about” as he puts it. “In the olden days, we always had a suspicion that the big specials as we call them, the whole programme- length films, were the most popular bits, but it was very difficult to analyse.” Amazon don’t publish ratings, but they are awash with data. “With Amazon, when you’re online, they can analyse it to the ends of the world. They know when people pause it to go and make a cup of tea and we know now what the most popular things we do are: the road trips. Because they’re the best things we do, we may as well concentrate our time and money and efforts on them.” That money is even a consideration is intriguing. The first series of The Grand Tour cost a reported $160 million (£127 million). Dragging the tent and the small town of other tents that went with it around the world was ludicrously expensive. Amazon has plenty of cash, but it also has the analytics to know whether it is getting value for money, and the trailer for the new series makes explicit reference to working with smaller budgets. May won’t talk about costs but he is proud of the fact that the show has evolved in response to viewer demand. Not only is the Big Tent on the way out, but they have dropped features (Celebrity Brain Crash) and drivers (“The American”) that were, to borrow The Grand Tour parlance, “a bit rubbish”. “We may as well be honest,” says May, who was born in Bristol and moved into TV after several years as a sub-editor for motoring magazines. “A lot of television assumes the viewer is a bit daft, and I don’t think they are. With TV now and social media and so on they smell a rat very, very quickly.” The Grand Tour has been ruthless in jettisoning the bits that sent viewers off for cups of tea. A similar, though ‘A lot of television assumes that viewers are a bit daft, and I don’t think they are. They smell a rat very quickly’ if they’re into that sort of thing, and we can spark off each other a bit. It’s competitive, it’s good.” Amazon’s other announcement on the day we meet is that it is looking to make solo projects with Clarkson, Hammond and May. No details have been confirmed, but whatever May does, it’s bound to be interesting. He may not be the funniest or silliest of the trio with whom he’s made his name, but he is the most thoughtful. Talk to him about the future of mobility and he spirals off into musings on personal flying machines. Mention politics and he reveals a carefully calibrated set of beliefs. “I believe in free-market capitalism but I [also] believe in society and I believe in the common good and the unifying lure of human kind, which is what religion really is except it’s been corrupted,” he says. The irony is that this forwardthinking progressive still looks like a forlorn roadie. He’s wearing the usual floral shirt today and, after a brief flirtation with a short haircut last year, the long, grey, ageingspaniel hair is back. “It’s bad, isn’t it? Again, it’s the viewer polls. People didn’t like it short. So it’s here by popular demand.” The new series of The Grand Tour launches on Amazon Prime Video on Jan 18 24 *** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph Social news Legal news Today’s birthdays Sir Geoffrey Bindman, QC, civil liberty and human rights lawyer, is 86; Miss Anya Linden (Lady Sainsbury of Preston Candover), former ballerina, 86; Adml Sir Michael Layard, Second Sea Lord, 1993-95, and C-in-C Naval Home Command, 1994-95, 83; Lord Brookman, trades unionist, 82; Earl Baldwin of Bewdley 81; Lord Butler of Brockwell, Master of University College, Oxford, 1998-2008, 81; Mr Ian Morris, President, Institute of Chartered Accountants (England and Wales), 2005-06, 81; Sir Bryan Carsberg, Secretary General, International Accounting Standards Committee, 1995-2001, 80; Sir Michael Scholar, President of St John’s College, Oxford, 2001-12; 77; Mr David Atherton, conductor, 75; Dr David Starkey, historian and broadcaster, 74; Mr Stephen Stills, singer/songwriter and musician, 74; Sir Ken Knight, Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser, 2007-13, 72; Mr Fran Cotton, former England rugby captain, 72; Dame Linda Dobbs, a former High Court Judge, 68; Mr Mel Gibson, actor, director and producer, 63; Mr Gavin Hastings, former Scotland rugby captain, 57; Lord Taylor of Goss Moor, former Liberal Democrat MP, 56; Ms Catherine Brown, Chief Executive, Foods Standard Agency, 2012-17, 52; Mr Michael Schumacher, former professional racing driver; seven times Formula One World Drivers’ Champion, 50; and Ms Josie Pearson, athlete; Paralympic gold medallist, discus F51/52/53, London 2012, 33. Ms Angela Margaret Mary Rafferty, QC, has been appointed a Circuit Judge deployed to the South Eastern Circuit, based at the Central Criminal Court, with effect from Jan 7, 2019. Today is the anniversary of the birth of James Wolfe in 1727. Upper Tribunal Judge Berner retired from Jan 1, 2019. Judge Perry retired as a Circuit Judge with effect from Jan 2, 2019. Upper Tribunal Judge Rowland retired with effect from Jan 1, 2019. FIRST WORLD WAR The Hon S.G.E. Canning and Miss A.L. Hayhurst The engagement is announced between Stratford, son of Lord Garvagh and the late Julia Canning and stepson of Lady Garvagh, of Marlborough, Wiltshire, and Anoushka, daughter of Mr and Mrs Keith Hayhurst, of Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. Online ref: 563228 Mr M.J.A. Agar and Miss T.L. Parkes The engagement is announced between Max, eldest son of the Hon Mark and Mrs Agar, of Dorset, and Tessa, eldest daughter of Mr Christopher Parkes, of Oxfordshire, and Mrs Sheridan Parkes, of Surrey. Online ref: 563246 Mr R.A. Green and Dr S. Anpalakhan The engagement is announced between Robert, son of Mr Alan Green and Mrs Jill Green, of Ingleton, Darlington, and Shaemala, eldest daughter of Dr Anpalakhan Periasamy and Dr Dewi Ramasamy, of Ampang, Selangor, Malaysia. Online ref: 563241 Mr G.A. Keun and Miss J. Leszczynska The engagement is announced between Giles, younger son of Brigadier and Mrs Michael Keun, of Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, and Joanna, youngest daughter of Mrs Leszczynska and the late Mr Tadeusz Laszczynski, of Kostowiec, Poland. Online ref: 563250 Mr E. Wallis and Miss L.M.P. Ellen The engagement is announced between Edward, son of Mr and Mrs Rob Wallis, of Esher, and Lucinda, daughter of Mr and Mrs Michael Ellen, of Alderney. Online ref: 563368 Mr J. Guzmán Carrizosa and Miss E.L. Milne The engagement is announced between Joaquín Guzmán Carrizosa, of Sevilla, and Emma Laura Milne, of Aberdeen. Online ref: 563239 Mr P.A. Hanton and Miss V.E. Atkinson The engagement is announced between Peter, eldest son of Mr and Mrs Angus Hanton, of Dulwich, London, and Victoria, youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs Nigel Atkinson, of Cholderton, Wiltshire. Online ref: 563351 Mr W.P.A. Ritchie and Miss S. von Sachsen-Altenburg The engagement is announced between William, son of Mr and Mrs Keith Ritchie, of Sevenoaks, Kent, and Soﬁa, daughter of Mr and Mrs Henning von SachsenAltenburg, of Sunningdale, Berkshire. Online ref: 563245 Appointments in the Clergy Rev Chris Beaumont, asst c, St John the Divine, Fishponds, St Michael the Archangel, Two Mile Hill, and St Aidan w St George (Bristol), to be assoc v, St John the Baptist, Clarendon Park (Leicester); Canon Alan Bing, r, Ulverston, Furness, and rd, Furness (Carlisle), to cease to be rd with effect from Jan 5, continuing as r, Ulverston; Revv Allen Cleve Bower, p-in-c, St Matthew, Tipton (Lichfield), to be v, St Matthew w St Martin and St Paul, Tipton (same dio); Erin Clark, c, St Matthew, Bethnal Green (London), to be r, St Matthew, Bethnal Green (same dio); Adam Jonathan Barnett Clayton, p-in-c, Myddle, and of Broughton, and of Loppington w Newtown, and rd, Wem and Whitchurch (Lichfield), to be also rural officer, Salop Archdeaconry (same dio). KIRKHAM.—On 31st December 2018, to Emma and Nick, a beautiful daughter, Niamh Orla. Online ref: 563399 Anniversaries Diamond weddings LIDBURY - ASHMAN.—On 3rd January 1959, at 2.30 p.m. at Millbrook Church, Southampton, Jim to Jean. Still residing near Wantage, Oxfordshire, OX12 0HT. Online ref: 563244 WOODS - HENDERSON.—On 3rd January 1959, at Pagham, Gerald to Janet. Online ref: A229909 LONDON, FRIDAY JANUARY 3, 1919 EX-KAISER’S CHRISTMAS PRESENTS AND A ‘TREE’ FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. AMERONGEN, DEC. 27 (DELAYED). One day last week a solitary figure, shrouded in a heavy semi-military cloak, and with a soft hat drawn down over the eyes, stepped on to the balcony opening out of one of the upper rooms of the Castle of Amerongen. With slow tread, Wilhelm of Hohenzollern walked backwards and forwards for a few minutes, gazed down into the dark waters of the surrounding moat, then, as if realising that they are not blacker than his own fate, turned on his heel and vanished as suddenly as he had appeared. Only for that brief interval in the last fourteen days has he ventured into the open – this sick man, sick of body as he must be of mind. For the chill, moist, winter air of Holland has entered into his bones, as the iron has entered into his soul – and from neither can he escape. They say he looks a little better now than he did last week, when a feverish cold seized him, and he was racked with the ear pains which have tortured him intermittently for years. But, even so, he has stayed within, though today, for the first time in weeks, a bright sun sparkled over the frosted countryside, and the air was a stimulating wine, so that you thought any man not sorely stricken would have joyed so drink it in and find reinvigoration. Or is it that the blackness of despair has settled on the fallen Monarch’s mind, so that he fears to face God’s sunshine, lest its very brilliance should make the shadow deeper? Vain questionings; and yet you cannot resist speculating upon them to yourself as you gaze upon that moated stronghold, which is at once a castle and a prison, and ponder the tragedy within, and think into what awful bitterness it must have crystallised itself these last few days. Christmas, the festive season of peace and goodwill! The imagination retreats dismayed at the idea of associating such phrases, embodying the spirit of all that is most sacred, gracious, and joyful in human relationships, with this guarded dwelling-place of one of the worst enemies humanity has ever known. Yet, dreadful irony, hollow mockery though it seems, this man, against whom the world is drawing up a terrible indictment, did homage to the Christmas spirit, and observed the Christmas customs. For the fallen Monarch, his Consort, and entourage, a Christmas-tree was brought to the suite set apart in the castle for him. With his own hands he helped to place it in position, and to light the fairy candles, and, standing beneath it, he played his old role of a prince of peace, and handed Christmas presents to his companions in exile, though what thoughts must have been in his mind are known only to his Maker and himself. GIFTS TO SERVANTS The Christmas Eve tragi-comedy was played out as in a Prussian Court, and in the strictest privacy, for not even the members of the Bentinck family, who are the ex-Kaiser’s hosts set foot in the suite of rooms where it was staged. Rising early on that mournful anniversary morning, Wilhelm went through what is now his daily routine. After having been massaged by one of his soldier attendants, he breakfasted with the ex-Kaiserin, and then for an hour paced up and down the corridors of the castle, the only exercise he has been able to take for the last two weeks. Lunching, too, only in company of his Consort, he devoted the afternoon to writing and to reading letters and telegrams. Of these an extraordinary number arrive every day from all parts of the world, though not all reach the addressee, for many are intercepted by the Court Chamberlain, Lieut.-Colonel Detlef von Moltke, who also makes it his duty to deal with all requests for interviews with the exKaiser. After dinner the Royal exiles, with their entourage and servants, went to the salon, where the Christmas-tree was standing, where gifts were exchanged. What was received I was unable to learn, but each of the ex-Kaiser’s menservants was given a gold scarf pin, with the letter “W” enamelled on. In the village to-day I saw one of the recipients, the ex-Kaiser’s barber, proudly wearing his gift, which, stuck into a narrow black tie, looked much more imposing than beautiful. To each of her attendants the ex-Kaiserin presented a bracelet. The mournful “festivities” were arranged by Major-General Otto von Esdorf and Count Moltke, while the presents were ordered from a jeweller at The Hague by Captain Sigurd von Ilsemann, who went there for the purpose one day last week. On Christmas morning Wilhelm attended service in the private chapel at the castle. It was conducted by a clergyman belonging to Lutheran brotherhood established at Zeist. Only the fallen Monarch, his Consort, and entourage were present, the Bentinck family, who had had their own Christmas Eve celebration in a separate part of the castle, going to the village church. Afterwards Wilhelm paced the corridors for an hour, while the ex-Kaiserin, who is much thinner, but looks well, walked in the grounds with Countess Keller, one of her oldest personal friends, who came from Germany with her. All the entourage, including the servants, who formerly lived in hotels in the village of Amerongen, are now lodged in the castle, in order that they may be kept under stricter surveillance. Of the officers, whose rank is merely nominal, as they resigned from the Army in order to remain with the exiled Emperor, Major-General von Esdorff is the general who formerly commanded the Metz garrison. The other officers, in addition to those mentioned already, are Captain Albert Zeuss and Major Edgar von Hirschfeld. There are four soldiers who act as the ex-Kaiser’s bodyguard, and the following servants: Otto Kruger, Robert Schröder, August Schmergest, Gustav Maling, Georg Friedrich, Otto Hintze, and Fritz Wendorff, of whom Kruger has been the ex-Kaiser’s barber for ten years, and shaves him daily. WILHELM’S FORTUNE I learn that Wilhelm’s personal cash fortune, reported to amount to about £1,000,000, is carefully guarded in an important Dutch bank, where it was sent when the fallen Monarch decided to seek refuge in Holland. INFLUENZA ATTACK AMSTERDAM, THURSDAY. The special correspondent of the Vaz Dias Agency at Amerongen states that the ex-Kaiser and exKaiserin have quite recovered from their attack of influenza. The correspondent learns that the ex-Kaiser has postponed his decision in regard to the acquisition of a residence and estate in Holland until the Dutch Government has decided whether or not he is to be permitted to remain in the country. – Central News. EX-CROWN PRINCE’S GIFTS. AMSTERDAM, TUESDAY. Het Volk learns from its Wieringen correspondent that the ex-Crown Prince celebrated Christmas in the vicarage at Oesterland, where he had a richly decorated Christmas-tree. The local pianist was invited to play the German Christmas hymn, “Stille Nacht. heilige Nacht.” The ex-Crown Prince gave each of his servants, and the pianist as well, a present of a gold tie-pin, with a crowned “W.” On Saturday evening, he attended by invitation a local concert, in company with Baron Hunnerveld, and expressed himself as very pleased with the musical programme. – Reuter COLQUHOUN.—Clive Ferguson died after a short illness in Frimley Park Hospital, Surrey on 10th December 2018, aged 81. Survived by his devoted wife Anne, loving son James and grandchildren, Jack, Lily and Alex. A Cremation Service will be held on Thursday 10th January 2019, 12.45 p.m. at Easthampstead Park Crematorium, Bracknell. No ﬂowers by request, but donations in lieu to The Injured Jockeys Fund c/o Lodge Brothers Funeral Directors, 32 High Street, Ascot SL5 7HG. Tel: 01344 537033. Online ref: 563272 ARNOLD.—Harry Stephenson. Passed away peacefully on 15th December 2018, aged 79. Much loved husband to Jean and a proud father to Sharon, Tony, grandchildren and a loving brother to Gay. Funeral to be held on Monday 14th January 2019, 1 p.m. at Luton Crematorium, Luton, LU2 8DD. Family ﬂowers only. Donations if desired, to Bedfordshire Mark Keystone Fund please. Online ref: A229870 BATH.—Julian (Uddingston). Passed away peacefully at St Andrew’s Hospice, Airdrie, on 24th December 2018. Requiem Mass will be held at St John the Baptist Church, Uddingston, G71 7AH on Thursday 10th January at 11 a.m. Online ref: 563277 BAXTER.—David Frederick Tuxford died peacefully on 29th December 2018. He will be so much missed by his partner, Jenny. David took early retirement from C T Bowring and enjoyed many happy years following horse racing and his other interests until Alzheimer’s gradually took it all away from him. A Service to celebrate his life will take place at 2.30 p.m. on Tuesday 15th January 2019 at Putney Vale Crematorium (West Chapel), Stag Lane, London, SW15 3DZ. No ﬂowers, please, but if you wish, send a donation in his memory to Alzheimer’s Society c/o Mears & Cotterill Funeral Directors, 169 Merton Road, London, SW18 5EF. Online ref: 563380 BRAY.—Anne, Lt Col (Retd) Women's Royal Army Corps, suddenly at home on 18th December. Greatly missed by her family and very close friends. Thanksgiving Service on 23rd January at 1 p.m, St Mary’s Church, Bramshott, near Liphook followed by a private cremation. Donations, if desired, to WRAC Association or The Rosemary Foundation c/o Thorne-Leggett, Petersﬁeld Rd, Whitehill, Hants, GU35 9AR. Tel: 01420 488896. Online ref: 563280 BROWNE.—Lady Fiona Browne (née Glenn), The Dowager Marchioness of Sligo died at home in Battersea, aged 84 on 18th December 2018. Much loved wife, mother, Grandma, Great Grandma and friend to many. She will be greatly missed and forever in our hearts. No ﬂowers please but donations, if desired, to the Guide Dogs for the Blind. There will be a Memorial Service at St Mary The Boltons, London, SW10 9TB at 2 p.m. on Friday 11th January 2019. Online ref: A229926 BRUTY.—(née Abrahams) Grace. Passed away on 14th December 2018. Beloved wife of Terry. Loving mother to Jacqueline and John. Wonderful grandma to James, David, Jade, Kylie and fantastic GiGi to Lily-Grace. Our grateful heartfelt thanks to all staﬀ at The Grange Nursing Home at Sherbourne St John for all their kindness extended during her long illness so bravely borne. Funeral Service to take place on Wednesday 23rd January 2019 at 12.30 p.m. at Basingstoke Crematorium. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, are to Help for Heroes c/o Halcrow & Sons Funeral Directors, Andover, Hampshire, SP10 1BH. Till we meet again my darling. Online ref: 563402 CHURCH.—Anthony Colin on 14th December 2018 after a long illness. Father of Jayne, Timothy and Suzannah. Grandpa of eleven. Private cremation followed by Thanksgiving Service at Holy Trinity Church, Long Melford on 25th January at 2 p.m. Donations in memory of Anthony for Macmillan Cancer Support may be sent to H & A W Palmer Ltd, Little St Mary's, Long Melford, Suﬀolk CO10 9LQ. Online ref: A229832 CORRIE.—Anne, beloved wife of John and adored mother of Mary, Lindsay and Andrew, died on 20th December 2018. Funeral at Yeovil Crematorium on 8th January at 12 noon. All family and friends welcome. Donations to The Salvation Army instead of ﬂowers please. Online ref: A229927 CROWTHER.—John Gladstone on 19th December 2018, peacefully at his home in Almondbury, Huddersﬁeld, West Yorkshire. John aged 97 years. Retired Managing Director of John Crowther Textile Mill, Milnsbridge, Huddersﬁeld. Dearest son of the late Walter and Margaret Crowther. A Funeral Service will take place at All Hallows Parish Church, Westgate, Almondbury, Huddersﬁeld HD5 8XE on Friday 11th January 2019 at 12 noon, followed by burial at Exley Cemetery, Exley Lane, Elland HX5 0SW. Enquiries to Golcar Funeral Directors Limited. Tel: 01484 644650. Online ref: 563361 FIRCKS.—Mary Teresa (née Bennet), died peacefully on 22nd December 2018, aged 89. Beloved wife of the late Sandy Fircks, and mother of Claudia, Nicola, Alexander, Nina and Hugo. Much loved grandmother and great-grandmother. A Funeral Mass will be held at St. Mary’s Catholic Church, 63 Cadogan Street, Chelsea, London SW3 4QP at 12 noon on 25th January 2019. No ﬂowers. All enquiries to Chelsea Funeral Directors. Tel: (020) 7352 0008. Online ref: A229928 FROST.—Vernon Anderson on 13th December 2018, aged 90. A much loved father, father-in-law, grandfather and friend. Funeral Service at St Peter's Church, Grange Park, London N21 on Wednesday 9th January at 11.45 a.m. Enquiries to A Seaward and Sons Funeral Directors. Tel: 0208 886 6101. Online ref: 563273 FURLONG.—John Daniel George died peacefully on 18th December 2018, aged 90. Devoted husband of Olive, much loved father, Grandad, father-in-law and friend to many. A Service will be held at Rose Hill Crematorium, Doncaster on 10th January 2019 at 11 a.m. Family ﬂowers only please, but donations if desired for the beneﬁt of Action on Hearing Loss may be sent c/o R. Wallace & Son Funeral Directors, 27 High Street, Crowle, DN17 4LD. Tel: 01724 488565. Online ref: 563357 HANCOCK.—Gib died peacefully at home in St Mary Bourne on 24th December. Much loved husband, father and grandfather. He will be so very sorely missed. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at St Peter’s Church, St Mary Bourne, on 16th January at 2.30 p.m. Online ref: A229855 HAYNES.—Olive Winifred (née Everett) peacefully at home on 7th December 2018, aged 100. Much loved mother, grandmother and great-grandmother. Memorial Service on Friday 25th January 2019 at 2.30 p.m. at St John's Catholic Church, Horsham RH12 2PJ. Online ref: 563410 HERCOCK.—Jeﬀrey John passed away peacefully on 5th December 2018. Father of Penni, Barry, Lezley and Nicholas, grandfather of 9 and great grandfather of 5. Funeral Service to be held on Thursday 10th January 2019 at Eltham Crematorium at 1.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please, but donations if desired to Dementia UK or Cancer Research UK. Online ref: 563355 HICKMAN.—Peter Hayes, aged 79, died December 15th after a long and courageous battle with cancer peacefully at home looking over his garden and surrounded by his family. Adored husband, dearly loved father, grandfather, brother and uncle. Widely loved by the community he served so well locally and as a County Councillor. Private family funeral, memorial service in celebration of his life to be announced later. No ﬂowers, donations to Princess Alice Hospice or National Garden Scheme. Online ref: 563124 LAWRENCE-MILLS.—Rowena, beloved wife of the late John LawrenceMills for over 62 years, much loved mother, grandmother and friend. Freeman of the City of London. Died very peacefully at home on Sunday, December 16th, aged 87, after some months of patiently borne illness. She will be greatly missed. Service of Thanksgiving will be held at Stogumber Parish Church on Monday, January 7th at 1.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Any donations to Christian Blind Mission or The Brooke Hospital for Animals c/o Grandﬁeld & Son, Nether Stowey, Bridgwater, Somerset, TA5 1HZ. Online ref: 563363 MAGAURAN.—John Henry died on 25th December 2018. Much loved son of the late Wilfrid and Iris Magauran and brother to Denise and Helen. Funeral on Wednesday 23rd January 11 a.m. at the St John the Evangelist Catholic Church, 59 The Avenue, Tadworth, Surrey KT20 5DB. Flowers to the Stoneman Funeral Service, Tadworth KT20 5PU, 01737 814406 or donations if desired to the Renal Unit at the Hammersmith Hospital, 150 Du Cane Road, London W12 0HS. Online ref: 563247 McROBBIE.—Dinah (née Bunting), of Gullane. Peacefully on Thursday 27th December 2018, at Muirﬁeld Nursing Home, Gullane. Dinah, beloved wife of Ian, much loved mum of Alasdair, Andrew and Robert and dear grandmother of Heather, Annabel, Joshua and James. Funeral service private. Online ref: 563270 MONTIER.—Dominique died suddenly on 22nd December 2018, aged 70. Beloved husband of Ann. A loving father and grandfather who will be greatly missed. Funeral Mass at 12 noon on Wednesday 16th January at Our Lady of Victories Church, 235 Kensington High Street, London W8 6SA. Online ref: 563394 NAPIER.—Trevylyan Miles Wentworth died on 23rd December at Abbey Court Nursing Home, aged 84. Devoted husband of Mary and father of Lennox. At his request the funeral will be held privately. Online ref: 563256 PREVOST.—Peter Raymond Charles, beloved husband of Noreen, father of John and Rosie, grandfather of Michael, David, Abigail, Clare and Mark and brother to Brian, Graham and Wilfred, peacefully passed away on 13th December 2018, aged 90 years. Cremation at Randall’s Park, Leatherhead, Surrey on 22nd January 2019 at 1.15 p.m. No ﬂowers. Donations please to RNLI. Online ref: 563390 SIMPSON.—Christopher Robert died peacefully on Tuesday 25th December 2018, aged 89. Father of David and Charlotte. Funeral Service to be held at St Peter’s Church, Wymondham, Leicestershire on Thursday 17th January 2019 at 12 noon. For all other enquiries please contact E M Dorman Funeral Directors, Uppingham, Rutland. Online ref: 563371 TOWLER.—Arnold Edmund died on 5th December 2018. Much loved husband of Dinah and proud father and grandfather. Founding partner of Building Design Partnership. Memorial Service on 23rd January at 11.30 a.m. at St Cuthbert's Church, Lytham. No ﬂowers please. Donations, if desired, to the Parkinson's Society can be sent to Mark Rae Funeral Dircetor, 11 Wood Street, St Annes, FY8 1QS. Online ref: 563385 TRESIDDER.—Patricia Mary passed away on 25th December 2018, aged 91. Much loved mother to Charles and Sherry, grandmother to Elizabeth, Tom, William, Thea, Bertie and Henry. She touched so many hearts and will be sadly missed but fondly remembered by all family and friends. The Funeral is to be held on Monday 14th January 2019, Barham Crematorium at 2 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, to Pilgrims Hospice, Canterbury c/o W J Farrier and Son Ltd, 161 London Road, Dover. Tel: 01304 201665. Online ref: 563404 NICHOLSON.—William Frank 'Bill' (WG CDR) passed away on 18th December. Beloved husband to Sylvia. Much loved father to Paul (and Sara) and Simon (and Nicole). Grandfather to Emma, Natalie, Jack, Ben and Ellen and great grandfather to Noami and Maya. Funeral to be held at Worthing Crematorium, Kingswood Chapel on 10th January at 3.40 p.m. No ﬂowers please. Donations payable to RAFA Shoreham-by-Sea branch via Caring Lady Funeral Directors, Shoreham. Online ref: 563226 WHITEHEAD.—Rita (née Crane), passed away peacefully at the Hollow Oak Nursing Home, Haverthwaite, Cumbria on 22nd December 2018, aged 97 years. Wife of the late JB (Jack) Whitehead, former Principal Kyambogo Teacher Training College, Uganda. Funeral Service to take place at St Mary’s, Windermere on 18th January 2019 at 11 a.m. Family ﬂowers only please. Donations, if desired, to St Mary’s c/o Edmondson Longmire Funeral Service, The Chapel, The Glebe, Bowness-on-Windermere, LA23 3HB. Tel: 015394 43427. Online ref: 563408 AND ALL they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds. But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart. Luke 2.18-19 GRATEFUL THANKS to St Jude for prayers answered. Online ref: 563424 *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 25 Obituaries Major Geoffrey Langlands M AJOR GEOFFREY LANGLANDS, who has died aged 101, was a doughty schoolmaster who “stayed on” in Pakistan after colonial rule ended in India; he taught arithmetic and old-fashioned British values on the remote, mountainous Afghan frontier until he retired at the age of 94. “The Major”, as he was known, fought during the Second World War as a commando; was kidnapped by Waziri tribesmen and survived his adopted country’s turbulent early history, including three Indo-Pakistani wars – during one of which he formed a defence militia recruited from among his school’s cooks and gardeners. His pupils included princes and chieftains and future prime ministers and generals – to whom he always spoke in later life with the same schoolmasterly manner. He was dubbed by The New York Times “the quintessential Englishman of old, a living relic of the Raj”; yet he had an unremarkable physical presence; it was his popularity, his twinkly-eyed doggedness and his quietly astute grasp of Pakistani affairs that enabled him to survive the region’s often deadly political undercurrents. Geoffrey Douglas Langlands was born in Hull on October 21 1917. He had an impoverished and sad childhood. The younger of twin brothers, he was orphaned at the age of 12. His friends and family paid for him to attend King’s College, Taunton. On leaving he enrolled as a teacher at Coombe Hill House preparatory school in Croydon. In the evenings he took classes at Birbeck College, where he read Mathematics. At the outbreak of war, Langlands volunteered to join the Army. He began his military career with the Somerset Light Infantry, before he was drafted to No 4 Commando. As a sergeant serving under Lord Lovat – whom he later described as “a real Scottish warlord, who unlike these Afghan warlords, was highly disciplined” – he took part in the disastrous amphibious raid on Dieppe in 1942. In 1944, after serving three and half years as a commando, he was selected for officer training and dispatched on a three-week voyage in a troopship to the Indian subcontinent, where he was to spend the rest of his life. On joining the Royal Garhwal Rifles he was told by his commanding officer: “Either you will be killed violently by Japanese, or by some disease.” On the eve of Independence in 1947, Langlands witnessed the communal bloodletting that accompanied Partition. He found himself stranded on a train in no-man’s-land, where he helped to prevent Hindu troops under his command from being butchered; he came under fire from Muslim gunmen, and farther down the line he saw Sikhs attacking a mosque. He chose to serve with the Pakistani army while things settled down. He did not anticipate staying long: after six years spent selecting and training would-be Pakistani army officers, his contract came to an end in 1953 and he PAUL GROVER Headmaster, wartime commando and ‘quintessential Englishman’ who taught maths and old-fashioned virtues at elite schools in Pakistan Langlands in 2013 looking out across the remote valley of Chitral from Langlands School and College intended to return to teach in Britain. However, the then commander-in-chief, General Ayub Khan, persuaded him to stay on. Langlands took up a teaching post in Lahore at Aitchison College, a school known as “the Eton of Pakistan” where the British had educated the sons of India’s tribal royalty. He remained at the school for 25 years. He taught mathematics and English, and was appointed a housemaster and then as the headmaster of the junior school. Langlands was a muchloved figure. During the 1971 war against India he drilled the college’s servants into a sort of Home Guard. It did not last long: when an Indian plane zoomed overhead, he said, “they hid under the banyan trees”. He introduced summer treks for senior boys and boasted that he had covered more than 3,000 miles on foot in Pakistan’s mountains. It was at Aitchison, among his pupils, that he met many people who would later rise to influential positions. He claimed to have coaxed Imran Khan, the cricketerturned-politician, into paying more attention in class. Later, when asked about his former pupil’s conservative religious politics, he replied: “The less said the better”. An American ambassador to Islamabad once observed that Langlands had taught half of the government. In 1979 Langlands helped to found Razmak Cadet College in the lawless border tribal area of North Waziristan. For 10 years he served as the principal of the college, which was built inside a fort and surrounded by some of the area’s most bellicose tribes. In 1988 a local chief, who had taken part in a byelection and lost, kidnapped Langlands in the hope that he might have the result overturned. Langlands’s captors took him to an outlaw village, where he met the kidnapper’s parents who laid on “a rather good dinner”. They insisted on taking a souvenir photograph with him. Later they invited Langlands to join them for target practice. Tribal elders secured his release after he had spent six days in captivity. He was reported to have emerged from the incident as coolly “as if he was returning from a routine staff meeting”. General Zia ul-Haq, Pakistan’s military ruler, advised him to return to England. He declined. In 1989, at the age of 72, he took on the job of headmaster at the newly founded 80-pupil Sayurj Public School at the tip of the country in the isolated valley of Chitral, high in the Himalayan range of the Hindu Kush bordering Afghanistan. Hemmed in by soaring snow-capped peaks, Chitral is cut off by snow from the rest of the country for four months each year; but through his mildly authoritarian manner and emphasis on self-discipline, Langlands managed to increase the number of girls and boys from 80 to 900; the school became a by-word for academic excellence, with some of its pupils going on to university overseas. Langlands met with prime ministers and military rulers, whom – as part of his perpetual mission to raise money for his school – he would greet with the words: “Now what I want from you is one million rupees.” He became a something of a fixture on foreign dignitaries’ tours of Pakistan. His fan club included many Britons, some of whom held a fundraising cricket match in 2010 at Chelsea where a British Army XI represented Major Langlands’s school. The band of the Coldstream Guards struck up at tea. Chitral largely escaped the violence that wracked the surrounding region for over a decade after the American-led invasion of Afghanistan in 2001. Langlands ignored several warnings, friendly and unfriendly, to leave the area. Locals were indignant when it was suggested that their most venerated guest might need a bodyguard. In his nineties, the frail, tie-wearing, blue-blazered, blue-eyed and silvery haired Langlands led a parsimonious life that amused visiting foreign correspondents: he woke at 5am to the BBC World Service news; an hour later his bearer served him a breakfast of porridge from Quaker Oats, two poached eggs and two cups of Lipton’s tea. Apart from cheese with Carr’s Water Biscuits and baked beans on toast, he enjoyed a single tot of whisky on Saturday evenings. He deemed the local brew of the neighbouring Kalash people to be “very ordinary table wine”. His salary: £40 a week. Langlands’s small bungalow was overrun by a creeping tide of dusty books, pots of pens and maths texts. He was often seen reading the previous year’s Spectators with a magnifying glass. He spoke in a slow, crisp English that was occasionally punctuated with “Achha, Achha” [Hindi for “Yes”]. After his retirement he continued to raise funds for the school, whose name was changed to the Langlands School and College in 2006. His old pupils arranged a small flat for him, where he lived on in the immaculate grounds of his old school, Aitchison. In June 2015, however, two years after passing the baton to Carey Schofield, a British writer brought in as his replacement at Langlands, he made a surprise return visit to the school to stage an extraordinary “coup” against her while she was visiting London, declaring that local people were unhappy at her management style and even getting her visa revoked by Pakistan’s ministry of the interior. But the school’s board of governors emphatically threw its backing behind Carey Schofield, saying she had inherited a “Herculean task” in reforming the school, that she enjoyed “wide credibility in Chitral among parents, students and the wider public”, and suggesting that the 97-year old Langlands was not fit to take over again. Carey Schofield eventually resumed her duties after the school’s entire staff travelled more than a thousand miles on a rickety school bus to lobby Langlands to drop his opposition. “After we told him about the realities of Miss Carey and all she has done for the school,” one member of staff was quoted as saying, “he realised he had done a very wrong thing and wanted to help make things right.” Though fiercely loyal to Pakistan, Langlands remained a British subject, saying: “My values are British. I speak to the poor and to rulers in the same manner. But I do not want to go back [to Britain].” In 1983 he was appointed MBE for services to education in Pakistan. Langlands was unmarried. Major Geoffrey Langlands, born October 21 1917, died January 2 2019 Nancy Wilson Meticulous singer who described herself as a ‘song stylist’ and ranged from jazz ballads to easy-listening pop and Broadway standards lips and downcast eyes she deployed in her introspective torch songs, might have tipped her into self-caricature, but she could switch effortlessly into erotic or skittish mode and was always unpredictable. Standout songs included Guess Who I Saw Today? (1960), Face It Girl, It’s Over (1968), both of which featured unexpected narrative twists, and her biggest hit (You Don’t Know) How Glad I Am (1964), an emotionally-charged ballad which climbed to No 11 in the American Billboard pop charts. “People have labelled me as jazz,” she told Music Business magazine when they ran a cover story promoting her first charting pop single. “[but] I want to be able to reach everybody, not just the jazz crowd.” But in Britain it was drowned out by the Beatles’ A Hard Day’s Night and in spite of her evident commercial REX N ANCY WILSON, the American singer, who has died aged 81, was a prolific and versatile interpreter of popular music, with a particular affinity for jazz-inflected standards from the Great American Songbook. Defying easy categorisation, and insisting on calling herself a “song stylist”, her core talent was to showcase the lyric and intensify a song’s narrative arc, creating vignettes that drew her audience into the experience. Her material ranged from jazz ballads and middle-of-the-road pop to Broadway musical numbers. With her ornate, vocal line (in 1968 the Daily Telegraph called her “a pop coloratura”) Nancy Wilson did not, as one reviewer noted, merely sing a song but “she enwraps herself with its very soul”. Her studied mannerisms, sometimes overwrought delivery, and the pouting Nancy Wilson arriving at Heathrow on a visit to London in 1968 appeal she struggled to be noticed. In 1968 she visited London to record two television specials, and as the flow of albums continued – she released three a year at her peak – Nancy Wilson would dip in and out of the mainstream, always with an eye for a good pop tune: in 1986, for example, on her album Keep You Satisfied, she featured a softened version of the Marvin Gaye title track and covered the Wham! hit Careless Whisper. Her crossover ambitions were showcased again when she collaborated with the singer Barry Manilow on the album With My Lover Beside Me (also 1986), on which Manilow set to music a cache of some 50 lost lyrics by Johnny Mercer, the songwriter behind standards like That Old Black Magic and Moon River, which had been discovered by his widow. “I’ve always known a great lyric, a great story,” she told The Observer, “and here I’ve been given a bunch of the very best.” The eldest of six children, Nancy Sue Wilson was born on February 20 1937 in Chillicothe, Ohio, where her father, a supervisor at an iron foundry, played her records by artists like Nat “King” Cole and Billy Eckstine. At West High School, Columbus, she heard Dinah Washington songs playing on a jukebox, the singer’s soulful style heavily influencing her own when Nancy started singing at local nightclubs as a teenager. Dropping out of college where she was studying Music, Physics, Sociology and Psychology, she starting singing full-time, touring throughout North America and Canada with Rusty Bryant’s Carolyn Club Big Band and making a few recordings with them. Moving to New York in 1959, she was signed by the jazz agent John Levy who secured her a recording contract with Capitol. Her debut album Like In Love, released the following year, was acclaimed by established jazz artists and led to tours in the US and Europe, as well as further recording sessions, notably with Cannonball Adderley and the British pianist George Shearing. She left Capitol after 20 years of steady record sales, invariably recording live in the studio with only the lightest post-production. “The day the music died was the day they brought in 24 tracks,” she once complained. Unsurprisingly Bill Slater Linchpin of Wolves during the club’s golden age who played ably for England in the 1958 World Cup school and going on to study Physical Education at Carnegie College in Leeds. In September 1949 he made his debut as an amateur for Blackpool, and two months later he scored the club’s then fastest goal, after 11 seconds against Stoke (matched nearly half a century later by James Quinn). He did his National Service in Germany, and after the 1951 Cup Final defeat moved to London to be near his future wife. He signed for Brentford, playing wing-half alongside Ron Greenwood and Jimmy Hill. After a handful of games he moved to the Midlands to take up a post as a lecturer in PE at Birmingham University, and joined Wolves, making his debut in a 6-2 thumping of the recently crowned champions, Manchester United. By then he had already won the first of 20 caps for the England Amateur side, and that summer he had played for Great Britain at the Helsinki Olympics, scoring an extra-time goal in the 5-3 preliminary-round defeat to Luxembourg. Bill Slater, captain, holding the trophy aloft after Wolverhampton Wanderers won the FA Cup in 1960 DAVID BAGNALL/REX B ILL SLATER, who has died aged 91, was the last great amateur of English football. Initially operating as an inside forward, and then most frequently as a they-shall-not-pass centrehalf, he played more than 300 games for Wolves during their 1950s golden age, winning three League titles and the FA Cup. He also played 12 times for England, putting in four solid performances in the 1958 World Cup. In 1951, when he turned out for Blackpool at Wembley alongside Stanley Matthews, Bill Perry and Stan Mortensen, he was the last amateur to play in the FA Cup final; the Tangerines lost 2-0 to Newcastle United. He had better luck nine years later when – by then a part-timer – he became the last man to date to lift the Cup for Wolverhampton Wanderers following their 3-0 victory over Blackburn Rovers. William John Slater was born at Clitheroe, Lancashire, on April 29 1927, attending the grammar At home, however, it was the perfect time to be joining Wolves, who were a major force. They won the League Championship in 1954, 1958 and 1959, as well as the Cup the next year – but they are equally remembered for their epic floodlit fixtures with top European sides. In December 1954 Wolves brought the mighty Hungarians, Honved, to their Molineux home; 2-0 down at half-time, they made an astonishing second-half comeback to win 3-2. In a post-match dressing-room press briefing, the manager Stan Cullis hailed his players: “There they are – the champions of the world.” With that game coming so soon after the national side’s double helping of humilia- tion in games against Hungary, reporters were inclined to agree, and the tub-thumping euphoria incited Gabriel Hanot, editor of L’Equipe, to dream up the European Cup. Following their League title win in 1958, Wolves made their debut in the fledgling European competition, drawing 2-2 at Molineux with the German side, Schalke 04. Slater could not play in the second leg in Germany (a 2-1 defeat) as Birmingham University refused to give him time off. His full England career had begun in 1954, though his opportunities were restricted by the emergence of the Busby Babes behemoth, Duncan Edwards. But by the time of the 1958 World Cup, Edwards had died in the Munich air disaster, and Slater played four games in Sweden in midfield. In the second game, against the eventual winners, Brazil, he all but marked Didi – still held by many as one of the greatest midfielders in football history – out of the game in a goalless draw. Wolves won their second League Championship in a row the next season, lost out on the hat-trick in 1960, but took the FA Cup. Slater was named Footballer of the Year. He left Wolves in 1963, having played 339 games – without a single booking – and retired after a brief stint back at Brentford. In retirement, Slater became deputy director of the Crystal Palace sports centre, and was later director of physical education at Liverpool University and Birmingham University. He also coached his gymnast daughter, Barbara, who competed at the 1976 Olympic Games; in 1989 he was elected president of the British Gymnastics Association. Bill Slater was appointed OBE in 1982, upgraded to CBE in 1998. He was married to Marion, with whom he had four daughters: Barbara became the BBC’s first female Director of Sport in 2009. Bill Slater, born April 29 1927, died December 18 2018 Nancy Wilson set great store by live performances. “Part of what I do is in my body language, my hands, my arms,” she explained. “You miss a lot by just hearing my voice.” As a young woman she marched for civil rights, and as a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People served on fundraising committees, staged charity shows and co-chaired a foundation which raised money for children with learning difficulties. Her first marriage, to the drummer Kenny Dennis, with whom she a daughter, was dissolved in 1970 and three years later she married the Rev Wiley Burton, a Presbyterian minister, with whom she had two more daughters, and who predeceased her in 2008. Nancy Wilson, born February 20 1937, died December 13 2018 26 *** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph Television & radio The week in radio Charlotte Runciee What to watch Brian May’s New Horizons are truly out of this world the ubiquitous Latin textbook Kennedy’s Revised Latin Primer, told the subversive and radical history of women’s education. Beard had previewed the programme in this newspaper as “high-fibre fun for New Year’s Eve”, and after a week of eating mostly cheese while playing guessthe-theme of Radio 3’s Words and Music, it was just the dietary supplement I needed. With jolly live music provided by a Women’s Duet and a Chorus of Trolls in front of a live audience, it was social history with jazz hands, unashamedly highbrow and unaffectedly joyous, and I loved it. L A Interstellar: the Queen guitarist discussed his new solo work on Radio 4’s ‘Today’ s 2019 dawned, surely many of us awoke on New Year’s Day and said to ourselves, more with hope than conviction, “Maybe this is the beginning of me discovering new solo energy.” The Queen guitarist Brian May, funnily enough, said those very words on Radio 4. He happened to be speaking on Today about both his own new solo music, his first for 20 years, and the work he has contributed as an astrophysicist to Nasa’s New Horizons interplanetary space probe project. That morning, we heard, Nasa had completed the successful flyby of Ultima Thule, the most distant ever exploration of an object in our solar system. I hadn’t even brushed my teeth yet. “Outer Space,” you see, was the nominative guest editor of Today that morning. The Today programme’s annual series of guest-editors, which were this year shepherded by figures including Angelina Jolie, David Dimbleby, Kamila Shamsie and Martha Lane Fox, have, as ever, been a mixed bag, but on the whole an improving experience. I admired the uncompromising decision by Jolie to fill the programme’s peak listener time at 8.10am with a heart-shredding report on sexual violence in Congo, and David Dimbleby’s interview of George Osborne was a useful and frank piece of journalism. For the Outer Space edition, presented by Martha Kearney and Nick Robinson, the usual pips to begin the programme were absent, because space, rather than time, was in charge. There were plenty of mind-bending discussions of the future of artificial intelligence and pushing the boundaries of space exploration in the programme, not necessarily ideally calibrated for your average sleepdeprived January 1 listener. But the best moment was May’s discussion of his remarkable dual career as international rock superstar and accomplished astrophysicist. May had been up at midnight to witness the New Horizons flyby, and Radio 4 played his song, also called New Horizons, which he said was all about “the quality in humans that makes them question and want to understand the universe they live in”, in tribute to the New Horizons project and featuring recorded comments about it made by the late Stephen Hawking. Rockets, stars and rock music combined to make a surprisingly effective hangover cure. T he night before, as the old year died, another academic had also blended music with research. Amo Amas Amusical (Radio 4), Professor Mary Beard’s musical about ast year was the 100th anniversary of the annual Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols (Radio 4), broadcast, as always, live from King’s College Chapel in Cambridge on Christmas Eve. The centenary was among the final commemorations of 1918, a year in which this beautiful candlelit service of festive worship first emerged, astonishingly, from the ashes of the First World War. It was as poignant an edition of the service as I can remember, and the last with its eminent director of music Stephen Cleobury who is retiring after 37 years in post. Here’s to another next century of this British Christmas treasure – radio broadcasting would be so much poorer without it. The author Neil Gaiman is becoming Radio 4’s Spirit of Christmas, as they’re now firmly in the habit of adapting his freewheeling fantasy stories in December. This year felt particularly magical. Norse Mythology (Radio 4, Boxing Day) had a starry cast including Diana Rigg, Derek Jacobi, Colin Morgan, Natalie Dormer and Gaiman himself, with old stories of the nine worlds of ancient Scandinavian mythology vibrantly retold as if around a blazing fire amid winter darkness. Rigg mixed warmth with edge as a perfect storyteller, and Morgan as Loki was a delight too. This adaptation should become a family favourite on long car journeys. It was a welcome reminder that the BBC can still do high-quality, imaginative, family drama, and when it makes it properly, it really knocks your Christmas stockings off. Jemima Lewis is away destined to flow south are trapped as ice and snow. GO Island of Dreams BBC TWO, 10.00PM Mata Hari: The Naked Spy The cold, dark winter is well and truly here, which means that our thoughts turn to the white sands of sun-soaked Caribbean islands. This is when those ideas exert their most powerful influence (how else can we explain the popularity of Death in Paradise?). In other words, it’s the perfect time to test the appeal of a new sitcom pilot – shown as part of the BBC’s New on Two strand – set on just such an island. Necker Island, to be exact, billionaire entrepreneur Richard Branson’s privately owned paradise in the British Virgin Islands. Written by George Jeffrie and Bert Tyler Moore, the men behind Channel 4’s The Windsors, it’s another comic conflation of the real and the utterly absurd. Harry Enfield takes the role of Branson, who – bored by his continuous global business success – secretly likes nothing better than solving the personal problems of the celebrities that he invites to the island for a spot of super-luxury rest and recreation, away from the hurly-burly of fame. These include Al PBS AMERICA, 9.00PM The Dutch exotic dancer known as Mata Hari was executed by a French firing squad in October 1917 after she was convicted of being a spy. But, for a century after, she has been regarded as the ultimate femme fatale and seducer of men. How much of the myth that surrounds her is true? This intriguing reassessment recasts her as a woman forced to pay the ultimate price by a male establishment threatened by her quest for freedom from convention. GO Factual How Not to Die BBC THREE, FROM TODAY This briskly pragmatic series, mixing real-life stories and straightforward medical advice, outlines in clear and compelling terms how quick thinking can save your life, or someone else’s, in seven life-threatening situations. These include everything from acid attacks and dog bites to stabbing, Like a Virgin: Harry Enfield as Richard Branson Murray as MasterChef’s Gregg Wallace, Samantha Spiro as author J K Rowling and Morgana from New Zealand to Singapore. GO Documentary Food Unwrapped Diet Special Mississippi: Earth’s Great Rivers CHANNEL 4, 8.00PM ’Tis the season to be jolly large… so Kate Quilton, Matt Tebbutt and Dr Helen Lawal are on hand looking into how best to shift those extra pounds, replacing protein with vegetables and fruit, ditching alcohol and trying out three of the best new diets. GO The Cruise: Shanghai to Sydney ITV, 8.30PM The fly-on-the-wall documentary series returns, Robinson as singer Adele. The question is: what is his ulterior motive? Gerard O’Donovan BBC TWO, 9.00PM Mata Hari: the Naked Spy and this time we’re aboard the Majestic Princess, a cruise ship with a 3,500-guest capacity and 1,400 crew. There are some familiar faces from previous series, though, as the ship travels along a new route The concluding film of this exquisitely shot series explores the Mississippi, which doesn’t so much divide North America as unite it with tributaries drawn from 31 states supporting an astonishing range of biodiversity. It follows the river through varied landscapes from its source to its mouth, starting in the towering Rocky Mountains of Wyoming and Montana, where billions of tons of water, ultimately Mississippi: Earth’s Great Rivers cardiac arrest or being hit by a car. GO Back in Time for School BBC TWO, 8.00PM In a twist on its wellworn formula, this series sees three teachers and 15 pupils (instead of a family) whisked away to experience the delights of attending school at various times in the past 100 years. They begin in the Victorian era, when education was still seen as the exclusive preserve of the wealthy. GO Radio choice Charlotte Runcie Drama: The Receiver of Wreck RADIO 4, 2.15PM Jane Horrocks and Alice Lowe star in this drama about The Receiver of Wreck, an official who administers law dealing with maritime salvage. In this case, it’s Jen Green (Lowe), who tackles the Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am Mollie King and Matt Edmondson 10.00 Adele Roberts 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Katie Thistleton and Cel Spellman 4.00 Jordan North 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 Jordan North 7.00 Annie Mac 9.00 The 8th with Dev 11.00 Radio 1’s Indie Show with Jack Saunders 1.00 am Radio 1’s Soundsystem with Toddla T 3.00 Radio 1 Comedy 3.40 Radio 1’s Chill Mix 4.00 - 6.00am Early Breakfast with Adele Roberts Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 12.00 3.00 5.00 am Radio 2 Breakfast Show Ken Bruce Jeremy Vine pm Steve Wright in the Afternoon Ore Oduba Bob Harris Country Bryan Adams Rocks! Richard Bacon OJ Borg am The Craig Charles House Party - 6.30am Nicki Chapman Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Gershwin 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert 2.00 Afternoon Concert 4.30 Words and Music 5.45 New Generation Artists 7.00 BBC Proms 2018. Gilbert and Sullivan’s Trial by Jury from Alexandra Palace, London. strangest case of her career when a rusting ship washes up on the shore in Fleetwood, Lancashire. Just what the vessel might have been is a mystery that transfixes the locals – is it a pirate radio ship, a Russian spy vessel, or a gunrunning shipment to the IRA? No theory is too maverick for the small crowd… 9.00 BBC Proms 2018. Singer and multi-instrumentalist Jacob Collier performs with the Metropole Orkest 11.00 Late Junction 12.00 ◆ Slow Radio: Burren Cattle Blessing. See Radio choice 12.30 - 6.30am Through the Night Radio 4 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz 6.00 am Today 9.00 As Others See Us 9.45 FM: Book of the Week: Brief Answers to the Big Questions 9.45 LW: Daily Service 10.00 Woman’s Hour 11.00 Crossing Continents 11.30 The Art of Now: Identity Crisis 12.00 News 12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast 12.04 Adrian Mole: The Cappuccino Years 12.15 You and Yours 12.57 Weather 1.00 The World at One 1.45 New Year Solutions 2.00 The Archers 2.15 ◆ Drama: The Receiver of Wreck. See Radio choice 3.00 Open Country 3.27 Radio 4 Appeal 3.30 Open Book 4.00 The Film Programme 4.30 BBC Inside Science 5.00 PM 5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast 5.57 Weather 6.00 Six O’Clock News 6.30 John Finnemore’s Souvenir Programme 7.00 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 7.45 Curtain Down at Her Majesty’s – A Play in Five Acts 8.00 Black Girls Don’t Cry 8.30 In Business 9.00 BBC Inside Science 9.30 As Others See Us 10.00 The World Tonight Slow Radio: Burren Cattle Blessing RADIO 3, MIDNIGHT In County Clare on the west coast of Ireland, the Burren is a flower-rich limestone plateau. The rock absorbs the heat through the summer and, like a giant storage heater, it radiates the warmth out in the 10.45 Book at Bedtime: Adrian Mole: The Cappuccino Years 11.00 Tez Talks 11.15 Dr John Cooper Clarke at the BBC 11.30 The Digital Human 12.00 News and Weather 12.30 am Book of the Week: Brief Answers to the Big Questions 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.00 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News Briefing 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 - 6.00am Tweet of the Day Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909KHz 6.00 9.00 10.00 1.00 4.00 7.00 8.00 10.30 1.00 5.00 5.15 am 5 Live Breakfast Your Call Adrian Chiles pm Afternoon Edition 5 Live Drive 5 Live Sport 5 Live Sport: Premier League Football 2018-19. Manchester City v Liverpool (kick-off 8.00pm). Commentary on the top-flight fixture from Etihad Stadium Phil Williams am Up All Night Morning Reports - 6.00am Wake Up to Money Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 am More Music Breakfast John Suchet pm Jane Jones Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven. Relaxing sounds 8.00 The Full Works Concert. Catherine Bott presents great music written by lesser-known composers 10.00 Smooth Classics. A selection of music 1.00 - 6.00am Bob Jones winter, which makes for a very comfortable life for the beef cattle who graze there. The cattle are said to leap with joy when they see Burren, and this Slow Radio records the tradition of the priests blessing the cows, and the festive atmosphere as locals and tourists follow the cattle’s ancient route to their winter grazing land. World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 Forum 9.50 Sporting Witness 10.00 World Update 11.00 Newsroom 11.30 Food Chain 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook 1.00 Newsroom 1.30 Assignment 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 Inquiry 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 Inquiry 8.30 Science in Action 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 Newsroom 10.20 Sports News 10.30 World Business Report 11.00 News 11.06 Assignment 11.30 Food Chain 12.06am Forum 12.50 Sporting Witness 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 Newsroom 2.30 Assignment 3.00 News 3.06 HARDtalk 3.30 World Football 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 Newsroom 5.30 - 6.00am Science in Action Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Strong Poison 6.30 The Boy Who Bought a Field 7.00 Old Dog and Partridge 7.30 John Finnemore’s Souvenir Programme 8.00 Something to Shout About 8.30 The Goon Show 9.00 The Write Stuff 9.30 Rent 10.00 Bel Ami 11.00 The Montana Stories 11.15 Rumpole and the Age of Miracles 12.00 Something to Shout About 12.30pm The Goon Show 1.00 Strong Poison 1.30 The Boy Who Bought a Field 2.00 History of the Rain 2.15 The Invention of Childhood 2.30 The Professor 2.45 Doubling Back 3.00 Bel Ami 4.00 The Write Stuff 4.30 Rent 5.00 Old Dog and Partridge 5.30 John Finnemore’s Souvenir Programme 6.00 Ghost Stories of Walter de la Mare 6.30 Great Lives 7.00 Something to Shout About 7.30 The Goon Show 8.00 Strong Poison 8.30 The Boy Who Bought a Field 9.00 The Montana Stories 9.15 Rumpole and the Age of Miracles 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 Ghost Stories of Walter de la Mare 12.30am Great Lives 1.00 Strong Poison 1.30 The Boy Who Bought a Field 2.00 History of the Rain 2.15 The Invention of Childhood 2.30 The Professor 2.45 Doubling Back 3.00 Bel Ami 4.00 The Write Stuff 4.30 Rent 5.00 Old Dog and Partridge 5.30 6.00am John Finnemore’s Souvenir Programme *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019 27 Today’s television FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Countryfile Winter Diaries (R) (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (R) (S) 11.00 Wanted Down Under (S) 11.45 Caught Red Handed (R) (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S) 1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 The Blake Mysteries (AD) (S) 2.30 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S) 3.30 Money for Nothing (R) (S) 4.15 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip (R) (S) 5.15 Pointless (S) 6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S) 6.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.20 am Wanted Down Under (R) (S) 7.05 Sign Zone: MasterChef: The Professionals (AD) (R) (S) (SL) 8.05 FILM: Angels One Five (1953, b/w) Second World War adventure starring Jack Hawkins (AD) (S) 9.40 FILM: The Happiest Days of Your Life (1950, b/w) Comedy starring Alastair Sim (S) 11.00 BBC Newsroom Live (S) 1.00 pm Coast (AD) (R) (S) 1.30 Growing Up Wild: Natural World (R) (S) 2.30 A Place to Call Home (R) (S) 3.20 FILM: The Odd Life of Timothy Green (2012) Fantasy starring Jennifer Garner (S) 5.00 The Hairy Bakers (R) (S) 5.15 Flog It! (R) (S) 6.00 Eggheads (S) 6.30 Galapagos (AD) (R) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 Celebrity Catchphrase (R) (S) 3.00 Tenable (R) (S) 4.00 Tipping Point (S) 5.00 The Chase (R) (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Kirstie’s Handmade Treasures (R) (S) 6.10 The King of Queens (R) (S) 6.35 The King of Queens (R) (S) 7.00 The King of Queens (R) (S) 7.25 The King of Queens (R) (S) 7.50 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.20 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.50 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.20 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.50 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 10.20 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (R) (S) 11.15 Undercover Boss USA (R) (S) 12.10 pm Channel 4 News (S) 12.15 FILM: The Princess Bride (1987) See Film choice (S) 2.10 Countdown: Champion of Champions (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun (S) 4.00 The Secret Life of the Zoo (AD) (R) (S) 5.00 Couples Come Dine with Me (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine 11.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (R) (S) pm 5 News Lunchtime (S) The Yorkshire Vet (R) (S) Access (S) Make You Laugh Out Loud (R) (S) Neighbours (AD) (S) FILM: The Wrong Babysitter (2017, TVM) Thriller starring Daphne Zuniga (S) 4.00 Friends (R) (S) 4.30 Friends (R) (S) 5.00 5 News at 5 (S) 5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 The Yorkshire Vet (R) (S) 6.50 5 News Tonight (S) 12.10 12.15 1.10 1.15 1.45 2.20 The Princess Bride (1987) CHANNEL 4, 12.15PM ★★★★★ This well-loved fairy tale has only improved with time. Spinal Tap director Rob Reiner throws in an abundance of quotable lines (“Inconceivable!”), some memorable characters and a pretty exceptional cast, including Billy Crystal and Wallace Shawn. But Cary Elwes tops them all as a pirate out to rescue his beloved (Robin Wright) from evil Prince Humperdinck, whom she is to marry. BBC/DES WILLIE BBC One Film choice EVERETT/REX Main channels Back in Time for School 7.00 Wallace & Gromit: The Wrong Trousers The animated duo fall foul of a villainous penguin (AD) (R) (S) The Cruise: Shanghai to Sydney 7.30 University Challenge Christmas 2018 The second semi-final of the festive contest (S) 21 Kids and Counting 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) 7.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S) 8.00 Back in Time for School New series. Teenagers and teachers travel through 100 years of education history See What to watch (AD) (S) 8.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S) 9.05 Luther The detective’s friend is in danger (AD) (S) 9.00 Mississippi: Earth’s Great Rivers A journey along the American river. Last in the series See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? Big-money quiz, hosted by Jeremy Clarkson (S) 10.05 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.35 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.50 Mrs Brown’s Boys New Year Special The doting mother offers Winnie and Sharon a place to stay (R) (S) 10.00 Island of Dreams One-off comedy See What to watch (S) 10.30 The “Christmas” Misadventures of Romesh Ranganathan (AD) (R) (S) 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Gordon, Gino and Fred: Road Trip (R) (S) 8.30 EastEnders As things look up for one family, another is torn apart (AD) (S) 11.25 FILM: Flatliners (1990) Supernatural thriller See Film choice 1.20- 6.00am News 11.30 Ed Sheeran: Radio 2 in Concert 12.25am No Activity – Christmas Special 1.15 Sign Zone: Nadiya’s Asian Odyssey 2.15 Sign Zone: This Is My Song 3.15 Sign Zone: Countryfile 4.10 - 6.00am This Is BBC Two S4C Variations 6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Gardd Pont y Twr 12.30 Caru Casglu 1.00 Cefn Gwlad 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 Priodasau Cwmderi 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 Ar y Bysus 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Noson Lawen 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Ffrindiau Ffôn ar Wyliau 10.30 Hansh 11.00 - 11.35pm Stiwdio Gefn 8.30 The Cruise: Shanghai to Sydney New series. The Majestic Princess cruise ship sets sail for Hong Kong See What to watch (S) 11.45 20 Years of the Black Eyed Peas 12.40am Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? 1.30 Jackpot247 3.00 Losing Weight: Six Months to Save a Life – Tonight 3.25 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show BBC Four Northern Ireland Scotland Wales BBC One: No variations BBC Two: No variations UTV: 1.30 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen BBC One: No variations BBC Two: No variations STV: 1.30am Losing Weight: Six Months to Save a Life – Tonight 1.55 - 5.05am ITV Nightscreen BBC One: No variations BBC Two: 1.00pm Grand Tours of Scotland 1.10 - 2.30 FILM: Monkey Kingdom (2015) 5.00 Extreme Wales with Richard Parks 5.30 - 6.00 Flog It! 10.30 - 11.30pm Andrew 7.00 pm The Celts: Blood, Iron and Sacrifice with Alice Roberts and Neil Oliver 8.00 Sicily: Wonder of the Mediterranean 9.00 Waco: Madman or Messiah – Storyville 10.30 Basquiat – Rage to Riches 12.00 Arena: Nicolas Roeg – It’s About Time 1.00 am Disco & Beyond with Ana Matronic and Martyn Ware 2.00 Sicily: Wonder of the Mediterranean 3.00 - 4.00am The Celts: Blood, Iron and Sacrifice with Alice Roberts and Neil Oliver ITV2 10.00am FILM: What a Girl Wants (2003) Comedy starring Amanda Bynes 12.15pm Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street 1.50 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.45 The Jeremy Kyle Show 6.10 FILM: Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones (2002) The Jedi Knights protect Senator Amidala from an assassin – but their efforts are threatened when civil war breaks out. Sci-fi prequel, with Ewan McGregor and Hayden Christensen 9.00 FILM: Hot Fuzz (2007) A zealous policeman is relocated to a sleepy country village, where a series of grisly so-called accidents arouses his suspicions. Action comedy, starring Simon Pegg and Nick Frost 11.25 Family Guy 1.25am American Dad! 2.205.50am Teleshopping E4 Noon Young Sheldon 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 Melissa & Joey 3.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 4.00 The Goldbergs 5.00 Young Sheldon 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Young Sheldon 8.00 The Big Bang Theory 9.00 The Good Place 10.00 The Inbetweeners 11.05 The Big Bang Theory 12.00 Gogglebox 1.05am Naked Attraction 2.05 The Good Place 2.55 The Inbetweeners 3.50-4.35am The Big Bang Theory ITV3 ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 11.30 12.05 12.35 1.40 2.40 3.15 3.50 5.55 7.00 8.00 10.00 12.05 2.00 2.30 11.50 12.50 1.55 2.55 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.05 More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.55 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun 5.55 The Supervet 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 The World’s Best Diet 10.40 24 Hours in A&E 12.50am 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 1.50 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 2.503.35am 8 Out of 10 Cats Uncut Dave Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top Gear 3.00 Timber Kings 4.00 Brojects in the House 5.00 Top Gear 7.00 Cops UK: Bodycam Squad 8.00 Beat the Internet with John Robins 9.00 Live at the Apollo 10.00 Taskmaster 11.00 QI XL 12.20am Mock the Week 1.00 QI XL 2.25 Mock the Week 3.00-4.00am The Last Man on Earth Sky Sports Main Event 9.00am Live Test Cricket. South Africa v Pakistan 4.00pm Sky Sports News 5.00 Transfer Centre 5.30 Sky Sports News at 5 6.00 Sky Sports News at 6 7.00 Live Premier League. Manchester City v Liverpool 10.45 PL Greatest Games 11.00 Live PGA Tour Golf. The Sentry Tournament of Champions 3.00am NBA Action 3.30-6.00am Live NBA: Houston @ Golden State. Golden State Warriors v Houston Rockets (Tip-off 3.30am) SKY ONE, 9.00PM ★★★★★ 8.00 Food Unwrapped Diet Special Tips on losing weight after overindulging during the Christmas holidays See What to watch (AD) (S) 8.00 Animals After Dark An emergency patient is brought to the hedgehog hospital (S) 9.00 21 Kids and Counting Following Britain’s largest family in the lead up to the birth of their 10th daughter (AD) (S) 9.00 Secret Life of the Holiday Resort New series. Life in an all-inclusive hotel on the Costa Brava (S) 10.00 First Dates at Christmas (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 The Undateables: A Festive Proposal 12.05am Naked Attraction 1.05 What Britain Bought in 2018 2.00 Supershoppers Sales Special 2.55 The People’s Vet 3.50 Embarrassing Pets 4.15 Food Unwrapped 4.45 Jamie’s Cracking Christmas 4.55 Come Dine with Me 5.50 - 6.05am Kirstie’s Vintage Gems Steven Spielberg’s vision of the Normandy invasion won Oscars galore. Starring Tom Hanks and Matt Damon, it chronicles a GI squad who have been ordered to track down Private Ryan (Damon) so that he can return home to his mother, who’s still grieving for her three other sons. The opening scenes, which depict the Omaha Beach assault, provide some of the most visceral battle sequences in cinema. 10.00 FILM: Vacation (2015) Premiere. Comedy sequel starring Ed Helms and Christina Applegate (S) 12.10amNamed & Shamed: Greatest Celebrity Scandals 1.05 Teleshopping 3.05 Access 3.10 Christmas Cruising with Jane McDonald 4.00 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.25 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Great Artists 5.35 - 6.00am Wildlife SOS Flatliners (1990) Julia Roberts, Kiefer Sutherland and Kevin Bacon show early flashes of their talent in this supernatural thriller about a group of medical students who start using a drug to “flatline” for a few moments before being revived, all in the name of research. But their plan backfires when their bad memories take human form and start to haunt them. It’s both creepy and stylish, and the young stars are good, but it’s still a little bit, well, flat. Davies: Rewriting the Classics ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six ITV Regions No variations, except: ITV Channel: 1.30 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 am On the Buses pm Rising Damp The Royal Heartbeat Classic Coronation Street Classic Coronation Street Midsomer Murders Heartbeat Murder, She Wrote Endeavour Vera am Vera ITV3 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping Saving Private Ryan (1998) BBC ONE, 11.25PM ★★★ Freeview, satellite and cable FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 7.00 The Dog Rescuers: Best in Show Revisiting abandoned dogs featured in the series (R) (S) 7.30 Losing Weight: Six Months to Save a Life – Tonight Following three severely obese people as they try to lose weight (S) 7.30 EastEnders Tensions reach breaking point at the wedding (AD) (S) 8.00 Celebrity Mastermind With Mike Bushell and Vassos Alexander (S) Animals After Dark ALAMY Luther 10.00 12.05 1.00 2.00 2.45 3.00 3.30 am The Professionals pm The Avengers Kojak Quincy ME Minder The Professionals The Sweeney The Chase: Celebrity Special FILM: Jaws: The Revenge (1987) Thriller sequel starring Michael Caine FILM: Hard to Kill (1990) Revenge thriller am Minder The Sweeney Better Late Than Never ITV4 Nightscreen Teleshopping - 4.30am ITV4 Nightscreen Sky Sports Premier League Noon PL Best Goals 92/93 1.00pm Premier League Years 3.00 Premier League Highlights 6.00 Premier League World 6.30 Best PL Goals: Man City v Liverpool 7.00 Live Premier League. Manchester City v Liverpool (Kick-off 8.00pm). Coverage of the top-flight clash from Etihad Stadium 10.45 Premier League World 11.15 Premier League Highlights 11.45 PL Greatest Games 12.00 Premier League Highlights 12.30am Best PL Goals: Man City v Liverpool 1.00 Premier League Years 3.00 PL Greatest Games 3.45-4.00am PL Greatest Games BT Sport 1 10.30am Live WTA Tennis. Action from the quarter-finals of the Brisbane International in Australia 12.30pm FA Cup Final Classics 1.00 FA Cup Final Classics 2.00 FA Cup Final Classics 2.30 FA Cup Final Classics 3.00 FA Cup Final Classics 3.30 FA Cup Final Classics 4.00 Test Cricket Highlights 5.00 Premier League Review 6.00 The Emirates FA Cup Preview 6.30 Cricket: Women’s Big Bash 7.30 Cricket: Big Bash League 8.30 Rugby Tonight 9.30 The Emirates FA Cup Preview 10.00 Test Cricket Highlights 11.00 Bundesliga Goals of the Season 11.15-7.00am Live Test Cricket Sky One SKY 106 VIRGIN 110 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 6.30 7.30 8.30 9.00 NCIS: Los Angeles pm Hawaii Five-0 Hawaii Five-0 S.W.A.T Modern Family The Simpsons Futurama The Simpsons The Simpsons Football’s Funniest Moments FILM: Saving Private Ryan (1998) Steven Spielberg’s Second World War drama starring Tom Hanks See Film choice 12.10 am Delicious 1.10 The Force: North-East 3.00 - 4.00am A League of Their Own History Noon Swamp People 1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American Pickers: Best Of 4.00 Storage Wars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers 8.00 Buried: Knights Templar and the Holy Grail. The fall of the order in 1307 9.00 The Curse of Oak Island: Drilling Down. Matty Blake takes a closer look at all the discoveries made this season 10.00 MysteryQuest. Experts investigate the origins of Stonehenge 11.00 Ancient Aliens. Secret conduits to other worlds that could be hidden within deep caves 12.00 Hunting Isis 1.00am Storage Wars 2.00 Buried: Knights Templar and the Holy Grail 3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens Sky Arts Noon Mystery of the Lost Paintings 1.00pm Discovering: Abba 2.00 Glen Campbell: I’ll Be Me 4.00 Shania Twain: Still the One – Live in Las Vegas 6.00 Dolly Parton: Song by Song. The singer looks back at her most famous songs 9.00 The Directors. The life and work of Alfred Hitchcock. 10.00 Discovering: Janet Leigh. A profile of the American actress 11.00 Laurel and Hardy: Their Lives and Magic. The friendship between Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy 12.45am Bettie Page Reveals All 2.00 The World of Hugh Hefner 3.00-6.00am Too Young to Die Sky Atlantic SKY 108 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.10 11.10 12.10 1.10 2.15 3.15 3.50 Film4 FV 15 FS 300 SKY 313 VIRGIN 428 House pm Without a Trace Blue Bloods The West Wing The West Wing House House CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Blue Bloods Game of Thrones Game of Thrones Game of Thrones am Banshee Banshee Dexter Entourage - 4.05am Life Itself: Special Sky Cinema Premiere 24 hours, including at: 5.55pm Life Itself: Special 6.10 Rampage (2018) Fantasy adventure, starring Dwayne Johnson, Naomie Harris and Malin Akerman 8.00 Pacific Rim Uprising (2018) Sci-fi sequel, starring John Boyega, Scott Eastwood and Cailee Spaeny 10.00 Wildling (2018) Premiere. Fantasy horror, starring Liv Tyler, Bel Powley and Brad Dourif 11.40 Avengers: Infinity War (2018) Fantasy adventure, starring Robert Downey Jr, Chris Hemsworth, Josh Brolin and Benedict Cumberbatch 2.15am Proud Mary (2018) Thriller starring Taraji P Henson 3.50-5.30am Thoroughbreds (2017) Comedy crime drama starring Olivia Cooke PBS America 11.45am The Scots Who Fought Franco 12.50pm Ultimate Restorations 2.00 Elephant, Return to the Wild 3.10 Surviving Disaster 4.15 The Scots Who Fought Franco 5.25 Ultimate Restorations 6.40 Elephant, Return to the Wild 7.50 Ultimate Restorations 9.00 Mata Hari: The Naked Spy See What to watch 10.15 The Scots Who Fought Franco 11.15 Ultimate Restorations 12.20am Mata Hari: The Naked Spy 1.35 Walks Around Britain 2.00-6.00am Teleshopping 11.00 am Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Dog Days (2012) Family comedy sequel 12.50 pm A Thousand Words (2012) Comedy 2.40 Rio 2 (2014) Animated comedy sequel 4.40 The Choice (2016) Romantic drama 6.55 Volcano (1997) Thriller starring Tommy Lee Jones 9.00 Babylon AD (2008) Sci-fi adventure with Vin Diesel 10.45 Along Came a Spider (2001) Detective thriller prequel starring Morgan Freeman 12.50 - 3.20am Spirited Away (2001) Fantasy with the voice of Rumi Hiragi TCM 24 hours, including at: 5.10pm The Doolins of Oklahoma (1949, b/w) Western starring Randolph Scott 7.00 The Train Robbers (1973) A thief’s widow persuades a gunslinger to help her find a cache of her husband’s stolen gold and return it to the rightful owners. Western, starring John Wayne and Ann-Margret 9.00 The Corruptor (1999) A tough-talking New York cop and his new partner must keep the peace in Chinatown as war breaks out among rival Triad factions. Action thriller, with Chow Yun-Fat 11.15 The Last Boy Scout (1991) Action thriller starring Bruce Willis 1.25am Deliverance (1972) Thriller starring Burt Reynolds 3.356.25am Hollywood’s Best Film Directors GOLD Noon My Family 12.40pm 2point4 Children 1.20 Are You Being Served? 2.00 The Green Green Grass 2.40 My Family 3.20 2point4 Children 4.00 Last of the Summer Wine 6.00 Are You Being Served? 6.40 Only Fools and Horses 7.20 Dad’s Army 8.00 Morecambe & Wise in America 9.00 Only Fools and Horses 10.20 Two Doors Down 11.00 The Royle Family 11.40 Early Doors 12.20am Peep Show 12.55 Two Doors Down 1.35 You, Me & Them 2.15 The Royle Family 2.45-4.00am Harry Hill’s TV Burp 28 *** Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph Weather and crosswords Nature notes Seagulls teaching man how to soar Lessons in soaring taken from the flight of seagulls could lead to more efficient aircraft, research has shown. Scientists have discovered that gulls “morph” their wings into a range of shapes to make them more stable in the air. When soaring, their wings are extended and have a rounded shape. During take-off and landing they are more tucked in with a flatter profile. Prof Philippe Lavoie, from the University of British Columbia, said: “If they [gulls] need to make quick manoeuvres, like diving to catch fish, they can change the shape of the wing for that particular purpose.” The findings, published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, could help in the design of aircraft and drones, said Prof Lavoie. “The idea of bio-inspired research is to try and understand how nature does it. Once we do that, we can see if there are elements that we can pluck out for our own designs.” Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. Visit puzzles.telegraph.co.uk Prize puzzles: You can win puzzles added weekly cash prizes with our exclusive Leaderboard: Play online crosswords interactively for points, and Your profile: Create compare your score on the a Nickname and add a photo leaderboard Puzzle archive: More than Print and play: Print 5,000 puzzles from Crosswords puzzles to complete at your to Sudoku. Plus over 50 new leisure The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. Tel: 020 7931 2000 Printed at Newsprinters (Broxbourne) Ltd, Great Cambridge Road, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire EN8 8DY; Newsprinters (Knowsley) Ltd, Kitling Road, Prescot, Merseyside L34 9HN; Newsprinters (Eurocentral) Ltd, Byramsmuir Road, Holytown, Motherwell; and Independent News and Media, Unit 5 Springhill Road, Carnbane Industrial Estate, Newry, County Down, Northern Ireland BT35 6EF. Registered as a Newspaper at the Post Office. Newspapers Support Recycling. 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