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The Daily Telegraph January 3 2019

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**
Thursday 3 January 2019
telegraph.co.uk
No 50,892 £ 1.80
Mum’s the word
The trouble with
having five children
James May
Why we’re
tearing up
The Grand Tour
Pep talk
Guardiola p
piles
pressure on
Liverpool
Family & Features, page 19
Arts, page 23
Sport,
ort, pages 8-10
B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY
Javid calls
on Navy to
save lives
in Channel
Davis says May
should delay
Brexit deal vote
‘My mother protected me in Hollywood’
By Gordon Rayner
and Anna Mikhailova
By Steven Swinford
Deputy political eDitor
SAJID JAVID has asked the Royal Navy
to help deal with the Channel migrant
crisis as he warned that desperate
families trying to make the crossing
could drown.
The Home Secretary has written to
Gavin Williamson, the Defence Secretary, requesting a military patrol vessel,
dozens of sailors and aerial surveillance to help save lives and stop the
crossings.
Mr Javid is understood to have made
a “broad” request for support after Mr
Williamson said on Sunday that the
Navy, Air Force and Army “stand ready
to assist”.
A Whitehall source said the letter
from Mr Javid represented a challenge
for Mr Williamson to “put his money
where his mouth is” and show that he
can deliver on his promises. However,
The Daily Telegraph understands that
discussions are still ongoing about
whether the Ministry of Defence or the
Home Office should fund the
£20,000-a-day cost of the vessel.
A defence source said that HMS
Mersey, a military patrol vessel, would
be in the Channel on other operations
today, but was ready to divert and
begin patrols for migrants.
Meanwhile a 24-year-old British
man and a 33-year-old Iranian national
were being held last night on suspicion
of arranging the illegal movement of
migrants across the English Channel to
the UK. The National Crime Agency
said it had arrested the pair in Manchester.
Having initially been reluctant to
call in more patrol vessels amid
concerns that it could act as a “magnet”
for more migrants, Mr Javid has
ramped up Britain’s response. Earlier
this week he announced the redeploy-
ment of two Border Force cutters from
the Mediterranean.
During a visit to Dover in Kent yesterday, the Home Secretary questioned
whether migrants crossing the Channel were “genuine” asylum seekers.
He said they should have claimed
asylum in France rather than risking
their lives by attempting to cross the
Channel.
He told Sky News: “A question has to
be asked: if you are a genuine asylum
seeker why have you not sought
asylum in the first safe country that
you arrived in? Because France is not a
country where anyone would argue it
is not safe in any way whatsoever, and
if you are genuine then why not seek
asylum in your first safe country?”
Mr Javid was forced to break off his
safari holiday to South Africa on
Sunday and take personal control of
the crisis after he was directly criticised by Tory MPs.
Since Christmas Eve, more than 100
migrants have either made it to the UK
or been intercepted at sea.
HMS Mersey, a river-class patrol
vessel, is capable of operating 24 hours
a day. It has a crew of 30 split into three
watches, enabling the vessel to stay at
sea for hundreds of days on end.
It is twice as long as the Border
Force’s cutters and has been used for
everything from fishery protection
duties to shadowing Russian warships
encroaching on British waters.
Mr Javid is planning to use the vessel
until cutters from the Mediterranean
are redeployed in the Channel, which
could take up to a month.
The Home Secretary also requested
additional sailors after The Telegraph
disclosed that the only cutter currently
patrolling the Channel spent two days
Continued on Page 2
Editorial Comment: Page 17
HARPER’S BAZAAR UK/ERIK MADIGAN HECK
Home Secretary asks for more vessels as
he questions migrants’ need for asylum
Saoirse Ronan, the Irish actress, credits her mother with protecting her from the ‘seedy’ side of Hollywood
after she made her film breakthrough in Atonement at the age of just 13. ‘I don’t know what would have
happened if she hadn’t been around,’ she tells Harper’s Bazaar magazine Report: Page 7
Five-year-olds to learn first aid MPs call for pumps Kitemark to
as part of the school curriculum stop rip-off petrol station prices
arriving at university I was
struck that the American
students I met knew how to
do CPR and I didn’t have a
clue.
“As a father I want my
children to have the knowledge and skills they need to
keep themselves safe and
help others, and as Education Secretary I want that for
every child.”
By the time they leave secondary school, all children
in England should know
how to administer CPR, the
purpose of defibrillators and
Continued on Page 2
By Jack Maidment
political corresponDent
FIVE-YEAR-OLDS will learn
basic first aid and children as
young as 11 will be taught
CPR at school, under plans
to make it a compulsory part
of the curriculum.
Next year, all schools in
England will be required to
teach “life-saving skills” under the Government’s new
health education plans.
From the age of five, pupils will be taught how to
deal with common injuries,
including head injuries.
They will also learn how to
call 999 and in what circumstances.
Every child should have
the chance to learn CPR and
other life-saving skills, Damian Hinds, the Education
Secretary said.
“We hear these incredible
stories about children acting
with confidence in an emergency, keeping a cool head,
phoning the emergency services and helping to save
someone’s life,” he added.
“I think that all children
should be given these skills
and feel this confidence. On
NEWS BRIEFING
news
news
business
business
Jeremy Warner
rner
se
and Ambrose
Evans-Pritchard
hard
on 20 faltering,
ring,
crisis-hit years
ars
of the euro
Apple is hit
by shock
profit warning
By Anna Mikhailova
political corresponDent
Cassettes are
Bouncer stabbed
to death had just
Puzzles
18 heading back
up
the
charts
moved to UK
Obituaries
25
cassette has made a
A bouncer stabbed to death
TV listings
27 The
comeback, according to
at an exclusive new year
music industry figures, as
party in Mayfair, central
is away
nearly 50,000 albums were
London, moved to the UK to
ISSN-0307-1235
9 *ujöeöu#yxc,v.* ÊÀËÑ
bought last year on tape, a
leap of 125.3 per cent on
2017. Many artists in the
bestseller list hark back to a
time when cassettes were all
the rage, including Kylie
Minogue and Take That.
Page 3
start a new life only months
ago. Romanian Tudor
Simionov, 33, died after
attempting to stop a group
of gatecrashers. A 26-yearold man was being held on
suspicion of murder.
Page 5
PETROL stations that offer
“fair” prices at the pumps
could display a Kitemarkstyle symbol on their forecourts as part of a push to set
up a new fuel watchdog.
MPs want the Government to establish an independent body to monitor
pump prices to ensure motorists are not ripped off.
The body – provisionally
called PumpWatch – would
devise a formula for
or setting
retail fuel prices linked
inked to
Comment, page 16
Business, page 2
the wholesale price. Retailers that complied could display a symbol, like the
Kitemark of quality used in
other industries, so that motorists could be “safe in the
knowledge they are being
treated fairly”.
It comes amid concern
that pump prices do not fall
swiftly enough when the
cost of oil drops.
The All Party Parliamentary Group for Fair Fuel for
UK Motorists and UK Hauliers is behind calls for an independent price moni
monitoring
body. It is supporting an on-
line petition created by FairFuelUK, a campaign group,
which is demanding an end
to “excessive” fuel prices.
Howard Cox, the FairFuelUK
founder,
said:
“A
Kitemark-style system ...
would allow [motorists] to
make an informed choice.”
Between October and the
middle of December 2018,
the wholesale price of diesel
fell by 13 per cent, but pump
prices only dropped by 3 per
cent. Meanwhile wholesale
petrol prices fell 14 per cent,
but pump prices dropped
just 7 per cent.
Apple last night slashed its
revenue forecasts by billions
of dollars after iPhone sales
fell well short of
expectations, causing shares
in the company to plunge.
It blamed an economic
downturn in China as it
revealed that sales had
unexpectedly declined at
the end of 2018.
Business, Page 1
THERESA MAY has been
urged to delay the “meaningful vote” on her Brexit
deal for a second time after
government whips failed
over Christmas to persuade
enough MPs to back it.
David Davis, the former
Brexit secretary, says today
that time is the Prime Minister’s “friend” as Brexit day
looms, because “the more
we prepare to leave the EU
without a deal, the more
likely a good deal becomes”.
Meanwhile, Jeremy Hunt
has risked undermining Mrs
May’s negotiating hand as he
said no government would
“willingly” impose a no-deal
exit on its people.
The Foreign Secretary
made his intervention on a
visit to Singapore where he
said that both a no-deal
Brexit and a second referendum were undesirable.
Mr Davis, writing in The
Daily Telegraph, insists that
a deal will be reached “at the
eleventh hour” because the
EU is worried about losing
the £39 billion “divorce payment” that would come with
a Brexit deal.
The vote, which was
delayed at the last minute in
December, is scheduled for
the week beginning Jan 14.
Mrs May will begin a
charm offensive next week
by inviting every Tory MP to
Downing Street for drinks
parties on Monday and
Wednesday, in the hope that
she can win over those who
doubt her Brexit deal.
Whips have been hard at
work over the Christmas
break contacting Tory rebels
individually to discuss their
specific concerns about the
deal, but senior Brexiteers
said nothing had changed
since Parliament went into
recess last month.
Yesterday Mrs May spoke
to Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, who is seen
as the key to unlocking a
more favourable deal that
could win the support of
Parliament.
Mrs May wants legally
binding assurances from
the EU that the backstop
arrangement to prevent a
hard border in Ireland in the
event of no future trade deal
being agreed would only be
temporary.
She also wants Britain to
have a unilateral exit mechanism from that backstop.
She is expected to return
to Brussels before the vote
takes place, but Mr Davis
speculates that the vote
could be put off for a second
time if Mrs May looks likely
to lose it.
He says: “The Withdrawal
Agreement does not respect
the referendum result. That
is why the meaningful vote
had to be delayed and one
wonders if even the January
vote will go ahead.
“Attempts to frighten MPs
into supporting it are unlikely to work, because voting down this substandard
deal will not result in no
Brexit.”
Urging Mrs May to take
her time to get a better deal,
he adds: “We know that the
EU is worried about the loss
of the £39 billion ‘divorce’
payment if there is no deal ...
so this is the moment to be
hard-nosed about these
issues. The more we prepare
to leave the EU without a
deal, the more likely a good
deal becomes.”
Nigel Dodds, Westminster
Continued on Page 4
David Davis: Page 16
Editorial Comment: Page 17
2
**
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
News
Police hero tells of Manchester knife attack
hailed as heroes for tackling the armed
man seconds after a couple were
stabbed at Manchester Victoria station
on New Year’s Eve. The sergeant, who
is in his 30s, suffered a puncture
wound to the shoulder as he helped
wrestle the suspect to the ground.
A 25-year-old man is now being held
under the Mental Health Act in connection with the incident as police continue a counter-terrorism investigation.
Police say they believe the suspect
acted alone, but are also examining
whether he received any help in the
run-up to the attack and how he came
to be radicalised.
Speaking in public for the first time,
‘Instinct took over’ says
officer who was stabbed
after tackling terror
suspect in station
By Jack Hardy and Patrick Sawer
A POLICEMAN injured as he wrestled a
knife-wielding terror suspect to the
ground at a Manchester station has described how “instinct took over” when
he raced towards danger, saving dozens more passengers from attack.
Lee Valentine was one of four officers from the British Transport Police
Mr Valentine, who was discharged
from hospital on New Year’s Day after
receiving treatment for his injuries,
said the recognition he had received
for his actions was “overwhelming”.
He said: “My team and I are grateful
to everyone who sent in messages of
support – it really does mean the world
to us. We had no idea what we were
running towards when we heard the
screams on New Year’s Eve.
“When we saw the man wielding a
knife, instinct took over and we were
able to – in company with Travel Safe
Officers from Metrolink – successfully
detain the male.”
Officers using a Taser stun gun and
“captor gel”, an irritant designed to incapacitate suspects, managed to pin
the attacker, who was thought to be
armed with two knives, to the ground.
The two other victims, a man and a
woman in their 50s, suffered serious
but non-life-threatening injuries and
are making good progress in hospital.
The triple stabbing took place at a
tram station that forms part of the complex that includes the Manchester
Arena, where 22 people were killed and
dozens – half of them children – severely injured in 2017 when Salman
Abedi detonated a bomb as they left a
concert by pop star Ariana Grande.
During what witnesses described as
a “frenzied” rampage on the station
platform, the suspect allegedly shouted
“Allahu akbar” (God is the greatest). He
was also said to have screamed “Long
live the Caliphate”, in possible reference to the Isil terror group.
It is believed the suspect lived with
his family in Cheetham Hill, a mile
north of Manchester city centre.
Neighbours said the family had
moved there from the Netherlands 10
to 15 years ago, having originally come
from Somalia.
Police said yesterday that mental
health specialists will have up to six
months to carry out their assessment of
the suspect.
Javid request
to Navy seen
as challenge
to Williamson
Air crash deaths show
steep increase in 2018
There was a sharp increase in the
number of air crash deaths last year,
figures show.
A total of 556 people were killed in
incidents involving commercial flights
in 2018 – 12 involving passenger flights
and three involving cargo carriers.
The figure was up from 44 deaths in
10 incidents in 2017, according to the
Netherlands-based Aviation Safety
Network.
It means that 2018 was worse than
the five-year average of 14 accidents
and 480 fatalities – while 2017 was the
safest year in aviation history. The
accident with the most deaths in 2018
was October’s Lion Air crash in
Indonesia, which killed 189 people.
Man wins right to appeal
conviction… on the run
A man found guilty of manslaughter
after his date was killed in a speedboat
crash has won the right to appeal
against his conviction, despite being
on the run.
Jack Shepherd, of Paddington, was
sentenced to six years in jail in July for
the manslaughter of Charlotte Brown,
24. Shepherd, absent from his Old
Bailey trial, let Ms Brown, of Clacton,
drive his speedboat “at full throttle”.
The Court of Appeal confirmed a
judge had given him permission to
appeal against the conviction on Dec
19. Ms Brown’s parents did not want to
comment until after Jan 22, when they
will meet the Home Secretary to
discuss efforts to trace Shepherd.
Firearms dealer cleared
of handling ‘stolen’ rifles
A firearms dealer has been acquitted
of handling weapons allegedly stolen
from the Ministry of Defence by a
former Army captain.
Adrian Bull, 64, of Devizes, Wilts,
was acquitted after a judge said there
was no case to answer.
He was on trial alongside Peter
Laidler, 71, of Marcham, Oxon, who
faces 11 counts of stealing rifles worth
tens of thousands of pounds between
1998 and 2016. Roger Smith, 61, of,
Emsworth, Hants, is charged with five
counts of handling stolen goods.
Stuart Pemberton, 52, of
Warminster, Wilts, is accused of one
count of handling stolen goods. The
men deny all the charges.
Non-sugar sweeteners
may not help slimmers
PA
Continued from Page 1
in port earlier this week. The Navy will
be asked to supply dozens of sailors to
help man the Border Force’s cutters
and ensure they can remain at sea and
conduct continuous patrols. The MoD
has also been asked to provide aerial
surveillance to monitor the Channel.
Other types of aircraft could be tasked
with carrying out maritime surveillance. Discussions between the Home
Office and MoD are ongoing.
The Home Secretary has asked the
MoD to provide support under a process known formally as Military Aid to
the Civil Authorities. The cost of military assistance is usually funded by the
department requesting it.
An MoD spokesman said: “Our
Armed Forces stand ready to provide
additional capacity and expertise to assist the Home Office with the response
to migrant crossings. Royal Navy ships
continue to conduct patrols to protect
the integrity of UK territorial waters.”
Mr Javid suggested yesterday that
migrants could be deterred from crossing the Channel by making it harder for
them to gain asylum in the UK. He said:
“If you make it to the UK we will do
everything we can to make sure you are
often not successful because we need
to break that link, and to break that link
means we can save more lives.”
Mr Javid’s suggestion that the migrants crossing the Channel were not
“genuine” sparked a backlash from
opposition MPs, who accused him of
“normalising anti-refugee rhetoric”.
u Spanish coastguards rescued 401
migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean over the first two days of the new
year. The news comes just days after a
charity rescue vessel carrying 311
mainly African migrants plucked off
the coast of Libya docked in Spain.
NEWS BULLETIN
Sajid Javid, the Home Secretary, meets Border Force staff on board HMC Searcher in Dover. The Ministry of Defence has pledged to help stop crossings and save migrants’ lives
Immigrant faces
third deportation
By Laura FitzPatrick
AN ILLEGAL immigrant who drove a
Mercedes at 130mph is facing deportation for the third time.
Ahmed Ali has already been
deported from the UK twice for motoring offences and is disqualified from
driving, but he managed to return illegally then committed another offence
in the early hours of Dec 30.
Ali, who was born in the Netherlands
to Somalian parents, raced a white
Mercedes on the A38 in Derby at
12.35am but was stopped near Findern
without causing an incident.
He gave the police a false identity,
concealing his name and date of birth,
but Ali, who lived in Normanton and
studied at Birmingham City University,
was arrested and fingerprint checks
revealed his true identity and past record.
It showed he was deported to the
Netherlands after receiving a 12-month
driving disqualification for a conviction at southern Derbyshire magistrates’ court last October.
The 23-year-old had illegally returned to Britain after his last deportation in November, according to
prosecutor Peter Bettany. Theo Addae,
Ali’s lawyer, said he was sent back to
the Netherlands by the authorities after
his convictions, but that he does not
“know anyone there and does not
speak the language”.
He added that Ali had come back to
the UK twice, breaching his deportation order on both occasions. Mr Addae
said that in terms of Ali’s immigration
status, and following the latest
offences, he would now be subject to a
Home Office review as to whether he
would be deported again.
Ali, who originally came to the UK
when aged five, pleaded guilty to entering the UK in breach of a deportation order, driving while disqualified
and without insurance, and giving a
false identity.
His was sentenced to a 12-month
community order with 300 hours’ unpaid work. His 12-month driving ban
remains in place and he was ordered to
pay £85 costs and an £85 victim surcharge.
Joshua Harris, the director of campaigns at Brake, the road safety charity,
said: “Driving at such excessive speeds
is a dangerous and selfish act which
puts innocent lives at risk.”
Children to be taught CPR
and how to treat injuries
Continued from Page 1
how to treat common injuries, according to the Department of Education’s
guidance.
Schools will have the flexibility to
design and plan their specific ageappropriate content on the subject.
The lessons will use the first aid resources already available to schools
from the Every Child a Lifesaver Coalition, which consists of the British Heart
Foundation, St John Ambulance and
the British Red Cross.
Simon Gillespie, the chief executive
of the British Heart Foundation, said
the plans marked a “decisive moment
in the battle to improve cardiac arrest
survival rates”.
Nearly a third of people are not likely
to perform CPR if they saw someone
having a cardiac arrest, according to
research by the British Heart Foundation published in October.
“There are 30,000 out-of-hospital
cardiac arrests every year, and each day
people needlessly die because bystanders don’t have the confidence or the
knowledge to perform CPR and defibrillation,” Mr Gillespie said.
“This is why all schoolchildren
should be given the opportunity to
learn these skills.
“Introducing CPR lessons into
health education in all state-funded
‘Each day people needlessly
die because bystanders do
not have the confidence or
knowledge to perform CPR’
secondary schools is a significant step
that promises to improve the odds of
survival for countless people who have
a cardiac arrest in the future.”
Robert Halfon, the Tory MP and
chair of the education select committee, said: “It is a great idea. I suspect not
enough people at work, let alone children, know these skills”.
Starting in primary school was important, he said, adding: “The younger
the better.”
Low-calorie sweeteners added to
drink and food in an effort to cut sugar
intake may not help people lose
weight, according to new evidence.
The review was carried out by the
Cochrane collaboration and published
in the British Medical Journal.
It said there was “no evidence” of
health benefits from non-sugar
sweeteners (NSS) – “and potential
harms could not be excluded”. Their
use was widespread and “they
continue to be heavily promoted as
health alternatives to sugars”.
The review will provide evidence
for the World Health Organisation,
which is preparing guidance on NSS.
Lotto
8 | 9 | 10 | 35 | 40 | 53 | B/Ball 21
Thunderball
5 | 6 | 20 | 21 | 31 | T/Ball 10
Curb Your Enthusiam
star Bob Einstein dies
Bob Einstein, the Curb Your
Enthusiasm actor, has died at the age
of 76. Einstein was best known for
playing Marty Funkhouser in the
satirical comedy starring Larry David,
and stuntman Super Dave Osborne in
Super Dave. He also appeared in
Arrested Development and Ocean’s
Thirteen.
Fellow actor and comedian Albert
Brooks, his younger brother, wrote on
Twitter: “R.I.P. My dear brother Bob
Einstein. A great brother, father and
husband. A brilliantly funny man. You
will be missed forever.”
Girl, 14, raped in car
park at shopping centre
Police have launched an investigation
after a 14-year-old girl was raped on
New Year’s Day in a shopping centre
car park.
The incident is reported to have
happened around 9am when a
stranger, believed to be in his 30s or
40s, approached the teenage girl at the
bottom of the steps of the car park in
Burnley, Lancashire.
Her attacker was described as
having short dark curly hair, a tanned
complexion, a short beard and wearing
dark clothing.
is a member of the
Independent
Press Standards
Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe
to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you
have a complaint about editorial
content, please visit www.telegraph.
co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to
‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal
address (see below). If you are not
satisfied with our response, you may
appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk.
The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham
Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
3
News
Press rewind: the humble music
cassette is making a comeback
By Natasha Bernal
TECHNOLOGY REPORTER
Left: the top 10
cassette bestsellers of 2018,
including Kylie,
Take That,
Ariana Grande
and the 1975.
Rick Astley
also sold
well
By Anita Singh
gh ARTS AND
ENT EDITOR
ENTERTAINMENT
SHIRLAINE FORREST/WIREIMAGE
ur cassette recorder..
DUST off your
The tape has made a comeback,
as listeners rediscover the delights of the only music format
n
that can be rewound using an
old pen.
,000 cassette al-Nearly 50,000
r,
bums were bought last year,
m
according to new figures from
the British Phonographic In-dustry. It is a leap of 125.3 per
cent on 2017, and the largest volce 2004.
ume sold since
vices may provide bet-Digital devices
uality and ease of use,
ter sound quality
e
but cassettes now appear to have the
“cool” factor.
st-selling act on cassette
The biggest-selling
was the 1975, a band whose lead singer
stalgia-laden name from a
took their nostalgia-laden
ption but was not born
n
book inscription
himself until 1989. Their latest album,
ry Into Online RelationA Brief Inquiry
n
ships, sold 7,500 copies on
cassette.
he artists in the best-Many of the
gan at a time when cascassseller list began
g
settes were all the rage, including
e Minogue and Rick
k
Queen, Kylie
Astley. The latest Now That’ss
n
What I Call Music compilation
d in the top 10 forr
also appeared
s. But the list also
cassette sales.
unger acts such as
includes younger
25-year-old Ariana Grande. One of the
‘Cassettes are stirring back
to life ... some major artists
see some cachet in releasing
on the format’
lar cassettes was the
most popular
o Guardians of the Galaxy,
soundtrack to
dwritten” tracklist featurwith a “handwritten”
sics as Mr Blue Sky by ELO
ing such classics
and George Harrison’s My Sweet Lord.
assettes are still relatively
“Sales of cassettes
red to other mainstream
small compared
formats and clearly have a way to go
before they can fully match the vinyl
here are signs the format
revival, but there
ack to life,” said the BPI’s
is stirring back
taldo.
Gennaro Castaldo.
e marketing around the
“Innovative
Guardians off the Galaxy film frano had a galvanising effect,
chise has also
g that a number of major
and it’s telling
me cachet in releasing on
artists see some
The new phone
that could have
you rubbing
your hands
the format again,”
n,” Mr Castaldo said.
Sales of the LP, which
h h celebrated
celebra
l b ated its
70th anniversary in 2018, are at
a their
highest level since the early 1990s
with more than one in 10 of all physical album purchases now on
n vinyl.
However, audio streaming accounts
acc
counts
for nearly two-thirds of UK music
consumption.
Demand for CDs, the format
formaat that
helped kill off the cassette at the
th
he beginning of the 1990s, was down
dow
wn by
more than a fifth, although deluxe
de
eluxe
box-sets by Kate Bush, David Bowie
Bo
owie
and the Beatles performed well.
welll.
Overall, consumption of music
mu
usic
was up nearly 6 per cent on the
t
y
previous year,
with 143 million albou
bums bought,
downloaded or
streamed Movie musicals were
streamed.
driv of sales, especially
a big driver
The Great
Greatest Showman.
fil loosely based on the
The film,
life of PT Barnum and starring
Jac
Hugh Jackman,
was dismissed
critic but became a wordby critics
of-mouth hit. The soundtrack
b
was the biggest
album of 2018,
1,6
selling 1,621,905
copies.
Gr
The Greatest
Showman was
also the biggest-selling film in
home entertainment, with
2.68 mil
illion copies bought either as DVDs or downloaded
via Amazon, iTunes, Sky and others. It
outsold the closest competition,
Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again and
Avengers – Infinity War, combined, according to figures from the British Association for Screen Entertainment.
In the music charts, the soundtracks
for the Mamma Mia sequel, A Star Is
Born and the Freddie Mercury biopic
Bohemian Rhapsody were also major
sellers.
The biggest-selling albums by solo
artists were from George Ezra and Ed
Sheeran. Dua Lipa was the only female
solo artist to make the top 10.
Editorial Comment: Page 17
A GOOGLE sensor that allows users to
control their smartphones using hand
gestures has been given the green light
by regulators.
The company is developing a radarbased motion-sensitive technology,
known as Project Soli, that it wants to
fit into smart devices.
It allows users to control everything
from smartphones to fitness trackers.
“Imagine an invisible button between your thumb and index fingers –
you can press it by tapping your fingers
together,” said a Google spokesman.
“Or a virtual dial that you turn by rubbing thumb against index finger.
“Imagine grabbing and pulling a virtual slider in thin air. These are the
kinds of interactions we are developing
and imagining.”
The technology works by emitting a
radar beam that can track hand movements in a three-dimensional space.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved Google’s use of
sensor technology in a filing this week
after months of delays for the project.
In March, Google asked the FCC to
allow its Soli radar to operate in the 5764GHz frequency band at power levels
consistent with European Telecommunications Standards Institute, but
higher than permitted in the United
States. However, Facebook said the
high power levels used by Google’s
technology could interfere with existing technologies. Both companies
reached an agreement in September
after Google reduced the level of power
requested to US regulators. The FCC
waiver notice, which was first reported
by Reuters, notes that Soli poses “minimal potential of causing harmful interference” and states that the project is in
the public interest.
Experts told The Telegraph that gesture command technology could be
trained with the help of artificial intelligence so devices could recognise an
individual’s gestures to unlock them.
Roy Kalawsky, director of advanced
VR Research at Loughborough University, said gesture commands could also
mean “big steps” toward giving people
who are not able to use computer keyboards or hold smartphones access to a
wider range of technologies. He said:
“It wouldn’t be impossible to train a
system to convert some of the gestures
into meaningful commands for computer systems. It opens up their access
to a wider range of technologies.”
4
**
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
News
Hunt no-deal warning threatens to undermine May’s negotiations
Continued from Page 1
leader of the DUP, on whose votes Mrs
May relies for her majority, was in
Downing Street yesterday for a Brexitfocused meeting in the Chief Whip’s
Office. A DUP spokesman made clear
the party still intended to vote down
the deal unless it was changed, saying:
“The DUP has been consistent in these
negotiations.”
Speaking in Singapore, Mr Hunt
appeared to suggest that no-deal was
not a serious prospect, as he warned
against the “disruption” that it would
lead to.
He said: “We have to remember that
a no-deal Brexit would cause disruption that could last some time. Even if
you are someone who believes that
Britain will flourish and prosper whatever that disruption might be, that is
not something that any government
should willingly wish on its people.
“A second referendum would be also
incredibly damaging in a different
way ... the social consequences of not
going ahead and leaving the EU on the
29th of March as we have been instructed to do would be devastating.”
Mr Hunt, who supported Remain in
the 2016 referendum but says he would
now vote Leave if the referendum happened again, said Mrs May was still
talking to EU leaders to improve the
deal currently on the table.
In particular, she wanted to make
sure that the UK would not be
“trapped” indefinitely in a customs
union with the EU, he said.
This would mean fresh concessions
over the Northern Ireland backstop.
He added: “I think she [Mrs May]
will find a way to get this deal through
Parliament and think that is what the
British people would want.”
Speaking on BBC Radio 4’s Today
programme earlier in the day, Mr Hunt
said MPs could get “absolutely every-
thing we want” from Mrs May’s Brexit
deal. He said: “We have a clear opportunity to leave the EU on March 29. It
has the vast majority of things that people wanted, not absolutely everything.
“The question is, can we turn this
into something that gives us absolutely
everything we wanted, and I believe
we can,” he declared.
Jeremy Corbyn will defy calls to
change course on the party’s Brexit
policy ahead of the meaningful vote.
He said yesterday that Labour’s policy remained “sequential” and that no
decision could be made on a second
referendum until parliament voted
down the deal on offer.
n Michael Gove will today urge Mrs
May to protect funding for agriculture
after Brexit.
In a speech to the Oxford Farming
Conference, the Environment Secretary will stress that food and drink contributes £113 billion to the economy.
Put down your
phone and join
up, says military
in call to youth
Army unveils recruitment
drive saying some things
young are derided for are
what today’s soldiers need
Old campaign:
above, the Army’s
previous ‘Be The
Best’ recruitment
advertisement
By Dominic Nicholls
DEFENCE CORRESPONDENT
A NEW Army recruitment campaign is
seeking to entice gamers and the
smartphone generation to its ranks.
In a series of adverts, the Army
hopes to show how today’s young people may already have many attributes
needed in the modern military, even
though they may be dismissed as either
irrelevant or embarrassing.
The recruitment campaign, called
Your Army Needs You, launches today
with a series of three adverts on television and on the internet, as well as on
billboard posters. The adverts tell the
stories of individuals whose perceived
weaknesses are seen as strengths by
the modern Armed Forces.
Potential recruits are shown at home
or at work, with others calling out their
stereotypes. Then the scene changes to
depict them in the Army in roles where
their potential is fully recognised.
The military hopes to show that it
can see the potential beyond stereotypes of millennials and Generation Z
– those born between the 1980s and the
mid-2000s. The Ministry of Defence
says 72 per cent of young people see
themselves as ambitious yet feel undervalued and seek a job with purpose.
The Army is struggling to meet its
manning levels after the most recent
official statistics put soldier numbers at
79,640, short of the required level of
83,500. Its strength declined by 3.1 per
cent in the year to Oct 1, 2018.
Some 12,130 soldiers were recruited
in the same period, 130 down on the
previous year, and 14,760 left the ranks.
The new campaign will feature First
World War Kitchener-style illustrations of soldiers with labels relating to
stereotypes often associated with millennials. These will be placed on billboards around the UK.
In one of the posters a “class clown” is
‘The Army is
proud to look
beyond the
stereotypes
and spot
the potential
in young
people, from
compassion
to self-belief’
praised for his spirit. Another highlights
the compassion shown by so-called
“snowflakes”. Gaming and selfie addicts
are said to have admirable levels of drive
and confidence, and a woman described
as a “me me me millennial” is celebrated
for her self-belief.
According to new figures from The
Entertainment Retailers Association
(ERA), the video games sector now
accounts for more than half of the entertainment market. It said the gaming
market’s annual value, of £3.9 billion, is
more than double its worth in 2007.
The video game Fortnite is considered the most popular computer game
ever made and is currently thought to
have more than 200 million users and
the Army hopes to reach these people.
Major General Paul Nanson, the
head of Army recruiting said: “The
Army sees people differently and we
are proud to look beyond the stereotypes and spot the potential in young
people, from compassion to self-belief.
“We understand the drive they have
to succeed and recognise their need for
a bigger sense of purpose in a job where
they can do something meaningful.”
In one of the new adverts a young
person is seen avidly playing computer
games, to the derision of his family,
before his interest in technology is
shown to be a skill the military wants.
In another, a supermarket worker is
being ridiculed by her colleagues for
being slow, then she is shown in a combat situation where patience and attention to detail are critical.
Gavin Williamson, the Defence Secretary, said: “People are fundamental to
the Army. The Your Army Needs You
campaign is a powerful call to action
that appeals to those seeking to make a
difference as part of an innovative and
inclusive team.
“It shows that time spent in the Army
equips people with skills for life and
provides comradeship, adventure and
opportunity like no other job does ... now
all jobs in the Army are open to men and
women. The best just got better.”
The campaign has kept the slogan
“Be The Best”after Mr Williamson reportedly intervened personally to
make sure it was preserved.
The Army’s latest
campaign, which
aims to convince
young people that it
sees their valuable
qualities behind the
stereotypes often
used to describe
them. Kitchenerstyle imagery
identifies essential
skills for army life,
such as self-belief,
compassion, focus
and spirit
Anglers hope Brexit will end Cameron loses the right to
ban on bluefin tuna fishing wander corridors of power
By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR
THE ban on recreational fishing for
bluefin tuna should not be lifted after
Brexit, scientists have said, despite
growing pressure from sea anglers.
Over-fishing has meant it is currently illegal to catch the largest variety of tuna, which can grow to 2,000lb
and which largely vanished from British waters in the 1990s.
In the past few years, large schools of
bluefin have been seen off the south
coast of England and in the Irish Sea,
leading to calls for the ban to be lifted.
A study by Dr Richard Kirby, a British marine biologist formerly of Plymouth University, and researchers at the
University of Lille, found the fish were
coming further north because of the
Atlantic
multidecadal
oscillation,
which increases sea temperatures in a
60 to 120 year cycle.
“Bluefin tuna have been extensively
overfished and the recent changes in
distribution are most likely environmentally driven rather than due to fisheries management and stock recovery,”
said Dr Kirby.
“Before we further exploit bluefin
tuna ... we should consider whether it
would be better to protect them by
making the UK’s seas a safe space for
one of the ocean’s most endangered
top fish.”
The EU has a fishing quota of 16,000
tonnes of bluefin, around 98 per cent of
which is designated to commercial
fishing off Spain and France. The UK
has no quota, making it illegal to catch
the fish, either commercially or recreationally. After Brexit, the Government
will be allowed to apply for a quota.
David Mitchell, head of marine at the
Angling Trust, said: “The return of
giant bluefin tuna to our shores provides the UK with a once-in-a-generation opportunity to establish a
sustainable, economically optimal, scientifically important fishery.”
By Gordon Rayner POLITICAL EDITOR
DAVID CAMERON can no longer enter
Parliament unaccompanied after he
failed to renew his security pass.
The former prime minister, who is
currently writing his memoirs, allowed
his pass to lapse several months ago,
even though he was entitled to update
it. Until last autumn, he was one of 400
former MPs who still had unrestricted
access to the parliamentary estate, including its subsidised restaurants and
bars.
However, House of Commons officials confirmed that his name did not
appear on a list of pass holders published in October 2018, nor is it on a list
to be published later this month.
Mr Cameron, who was prime minister from 2010 until 2016, can still visit
Parliament as a guest, but would have
to be accompanied at all times by a pass
holder, such as a serving MP.
In contrast, his former close col-
leagues, including George Osborne,
his former chancellor, still have their
passes.
Mr Cameron’s failure to renew his
pass appears to have been an oversight,
David Cameron has
failed to renew his
security pass that
allowed him free
access to Parliament
rather than a conscious decision, as his
office had expected parliamentary officials to contact him when the pass was
due for renewal.
In November it was rumoured that
Mr Cameron, bored of writing his autobiography in a hut in his garden, was
planning a return to front-line politics
and even had his eye on the job of foreign secretary.
Seeds of discontent as garden
workers left off migrant quota
By Christopher Hope
CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
GARDENERS could be in short supply
after Brexit unless they are included in
immigration quotas, a cross-party
group of MPs and peers is warning.
The All-Party Gardening and Horticulture Group wants the Home Office
to include “ornamental horticulture”
in its new seasonal workers scheme.
Ornamental horticulture is defined
as “the study of growing, arranging and
tending decorative plants and flowers”.
The MPs and peers said there were
real concerns about whether the
60,000 annual vacancies would be
filled after the UK left the EU as there
was a “heavy reliance on EU labour”.
Gardeners were not included in a pilot scheme announced in September
last year to allow fruit and vegetable
farmers to employ 2,500 non-EU migrant workers for seasonal work for up
to six months. The group said ministers
should “expand the seasonal workers
pilot to include ornamental horticulture to mitigate a continued fall in the
number of EU nationals”.
Its report said: “Horticulture offers a
wide range of opportunities for young
people to gain qualifications, upskill
and embark on successful careers.
“However, horticulture is often perceived to be a second-rate career route
and the sector is facing a significant
skills gap as it is struggling to recruit
enough people into the workforce.”
The group, whose secretary is Rebecca Pow, who last year was voted the
“greenest MP”, is calling for more government support.
It also said that gardening and horticulture should be included in the national curriculum in schools, and that
there should be “more high-quality
horticulture advice through the National Careers Service”.
The Home Office was approached
for comment.
**
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
News
By Yohannes Lowe
A BOUNCER who was stabbed to death
as he attempted to stop gatecrashers
storming a new year’s party had moved
to Britain just months earlier in search
of a better life, it emerged yesterday.
Tudor Simionov, 33, sustained fatal
injuries trying to protect his colleagues
while working outside an exclusive
party in Mayfair during the early hours
of New Year’s Day.
Mr Simionov, a Romanian national
who lived in Ilford, east London, was
pronounced dead at 6.05am despite
efforts to save him.
A 26-year-old man was arrested on
suspicion of murder and was last night
in custody at a London police station.
Madalina Anghel, Mr Simionov’s
girlfriend, said the couple had planned
to get married and start a family in
2019. “Right now I can’t think about
him in the past. He was my future husband and we came to London from
Romania for a better life,” she told the
Evening Standard. “I can’t explain in
words how much pain I am in. He was a
The scene of the murder in Park Lane
really good man.” Emergency services
were called to the £12.5 million house
on Park Lane in Westminster at around
5.30am following reports of violence.
Video footage has emerged of Mr
Simionov blocking the assailants’ entrance to the venue and throwing
punches as the gang attempted to
break into the luxury apartment.
Leroy Rose, 25, a club promoter,
tried to save Mr Simionov’s life, however he died of his injuries. Two of his
colleagues – aged 37 and 29 – and a
Family demand
medal for Thai
rescue diver
By Helena Horton
THE parents of a diver who
helped rescue a trapped
Thai football team from a
flooded cave last year have
urged the Government to act
after he was left off the New
Year’s Honours list.
Tim Acton worked with a
team of ex-Thai navy seals to
rescue 12 players from a
youth football team and
their coach who were stuck
in a cave system in Tham Luang, Thailand, for 17 days.
Although he was among
the dive rescue team and
also carried stretchers to
save the children, he was not
acknowledged in this year’s
awards.
Other divers involved in
the rescue received MBEs,
the George Medal for bravery and the Queen’s Gallantry Medal.
Although Mr Acton has
lived in Thailand for more
than a decade and owns a hotel there, his parents have
argued that the Government
should commend him for his
bravery.
His father, John, said the
villagers of Wrabness, Essex,
where his son grew up, were
incensed and were in the
process of setting up a petition.
He told The Daily Telegraph: “He didn’t go in there
for any awards or a pat on
the back but to help the kids.
“We just feel it is so unfair.
It’s immoral that they
awarded everyone except
Tim and left him out. He’s
British, he has a British passport! I just think it’s dis-
graceful. Hopefully it is a
clerical error – I don’t know
why it could be ... everybody’s appalled, the people
in the village want to start a
petition.
“He said he’s not that
bothered about it, but it’s the
principle.”
While the Cabinet Office
does not comment on people
left off the New Year’s Honours list, Mr Acton thinks his
son was left out because he
was part of a Thai diving
team rather than the British
one.
Lynne Acton, the diver’s
mother, told the Colchester
Gazette: “I would hope it is
just an administrative error
which has come about because he was from outside
the British association and
got involved because of his
work with the Thai Navy
Seals.”
The bravery of the
39-year-old, who sustained a
knee injury that resulted in
him being kept in hospital
for days after diving to save
the Thai children, was commended by the Thai Navy.
Apakorn Youkongkaew,
the commander of the Royal
Thai Naval Special Warfare
Command, wrote in a letter
to the Thai authorities: “This
is to certify that Mr Timothy
James Acton ... was integrated within the Thai exNavy Seals Unit as a
volunteer, he participated as
both diver and stretcher carrier within the cave and
throughout the search and
rescue in the Tham Luang
Nang Non cave in Chaing Rai
Provence.”
Student dies after
500ft Ben Nevis fall
By Laura FitzPatrick
A SECOND university student has died climbing Ben
Nevis after a “horrific” 500ft
fall on New Year’s Day.
The death of the 22-yearold woman, who has not
been named, comes just two
weeks after Patrick Boothroyd, 21, was killed climbing the same face of Britain’s
highest mountain.
The Bristol University student was scaling the Ridge
Route on Carn Dearg near
Fort William when she
slipped and fell to her death
on Tuesday morning.
She was on an organised
climb with two men and another woman at about
3,300ft when the accident
happened, according to
John Stevenson, leader of
Lochaber Mountain Rescue
Team.
He said: “The rocks are
very icy at the moment and
where she slipped there was
an almost vertical drop of
500ft. It would have been a
horrific fall to happen where
it did.”
He said a coastguard helicopter from Inverness airlifted her companions off the
4,411ft mountain as they
were stuck and “clearly very
shocked”.
“Our thoughts and condolences are with the young
woman’s family and friends.
It is very sad start to 2019,”
Mr Stevenson added.
Miller Harris, another
member of the mountain
rescue team, told The Daily
Telegraph that the victim’s
group was “pretty well
equipped” but may have
gone “slightly off route on to
more difficult terrain that
they didn’t expect”.
A spokesman for the University of Bristol said: “This
tragic accident will be
deeply felt across our uni-
‘It would have
been a horrific
fall to happen
where it did’
versity community.” Her
death is the first tragedy on
Scotland’s mountains this
year. Cardiff University student Mr Boothroyd lost his
life on December 16 after
slipping 100ft from Tower
Gully with fellow climber
Leo Grabowski.
Mr Boothroyd, 21, suffered a fatal head injury,
while Mr Grabowski sustained just broken bones in
the fall.
Last
year,
Lochaber
Mountain Rescue Team attended 109 incidents – 10 of
which were fatalities.
29-year-old woman were also injured.
Mr Rose said: “The security guards
were getting beaten up and he went
out to help them. He had only been out
there for about 30 seconds when he
was stabbed in the middle of the chest.
“I saw him bleeding and ... grabbed a
towel and held the wound. He never
said a word to me. He only survived for
about a minute. He died in front of me
with his eyes open, staring at me.”
There were suggestions last night
that the party had been attended by,
and possibly organised by, Lord Davenport, also known as “Fast Eddie”.
An employee at the party told
MailOnline: “Eddie organised the
party. He was the one who handled
payment. When I say payment, I mean
entry fee to the party and table prices.”
Sanjay Panesar, Lord Davenport’s
lawyer, said his client did not organise
the party or take money from clients.
Mr Simionov was the second person
to die in the capital in 2019, after Charlotte Huggins, 33, a mother-of-one, was
stabbed in Camberwell, south-east
London.
DINENDRA HARIA/LNP
Bouncer killed at Mayfair
new year party had moved
to Britain ‘for a better life’
Tudor Simionov, with girlfriend Madalina Anghel, died after coming to the aid of guards at a Mayfair new year’s party
5
**
6
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
News
Berlin Wall
comes down to
earth and up
for auction
THE HISTORIC ENGLAND ARCHIVE
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
Helping hand Nurses use model limbs and a head to practise their bandaging at a training school established in the Thirties in Dumbarton, Scotland. The
picture is part of a collection of 4,000 images that have been uncovered and digitised by Historic England.
SECTIONS of the Berlin Wall will be
auctioned as the 30th anniversary of
the day it fell approaches.
Symbolising the end of the Cold War
and the reunification of Germany after
border controls between the east and
west of the country were lifted on Nov 9
1989, parts of the historic masonry could
fetch up to £18,000 when they go under
the hammer in West Sussex in March.
The wall was built in sections which
were each 12ft (3.6m) tall and 4ft (1.2m)
wide. Six complete sections will be
available to buy in two lots at Summers
Place Auctions in Billingshurst.
They feature messages painted in
1990 by Ben Wagin, the German artist
and environmental activist, after visitors chipped off the original graffiti, the
auction house said.
Since then, the blocks have been
part of a memorial garden called the
Parliament of Trees which stood in
Berlin opposite the Reichstag parliament building to honour the 258 people killed at the wall trying to escape to
freedom.
Parts of the commemorative structure had to be removed to make room
for one of the city’s new parliamentary
buildings, and now these sections are
for sale.
The larger lot – made up of four sections and expected to sell for between
£10,000 and £12,000 – is inscribed
with a quote from Richard von Weizsacker, the then-German president,
which is translated as: “To unite means
to learn to share.” On the other side of
the stone is graffiti that reads “Berlin
November 1989”.
The smaller lot of two sections could
fetch between £4,000 and £6,000 and
includes a phrase translated as “Earth
will become earth”.
Nazis ran out of victims in ‘frenzy’ to kill Jews
Study points to 100-day
surge in 1942 when regime
gassed more than a quarter
of all Holocaust victims
By Sarah Knapton Science editor
NAZI murder rates during the height
of the Holocaust was almost three
times higher than previously thought,
and only declined once there was “no
one left to kill”, a study has found.
At the genocidal regime’s peak about
15,000 Jews were being murdered
every day in the death camps of German-occupied Poland under Operation
Reinhard.
Previous estimates suggested that
6,000 people were murdered daily at
Auschwitz alone, but exact figures
were difficult to verify because the
deaths were covered up by the Nazis.
To determine the true picture, Prof
Lewi Stone, of the University of Tel
Aviv in Israel, studied records of the
“special trains” used to transport millions of people to the three camps of
Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka. After
studying the figures he found a “threemonth phase of hyperintense killing”
highlighting the Nazis’ “pure focused
goal of obliterating the entire Jewish
people of occupied Poland in as short a
time as possible”.
The results, plotted on a graph,
showed that of the 1.7 million people
killed between 1942 and 1943, about
1.32 million died in a 100-day surge
between August and October of 1942.
The number of deaths during those
three months is so huge that it accounts
for more than a quarter of the known
Holocaust victims. Prof Stone told The
Daily Telegraph he “couldn’t believe
his eyes” when he uncovered the
results and looked back on previous
research to check that he had not made
a mistake.
“To my surprise historians have completely avoided quantitative approaches
for examining this period. But the
graphs show with chilling immediacy
the bloodlust of the Nazi programme to
obliterate the Jewish people in as short
a time as possible,” he said.
“The subsequent rapid plunge in the
death rate in November and December
1942 simply reflects that there were
very few Jewish victims left alive to
murder.
“It highlights the frenzied killing the
Nazis planned for the Final Solution to
the Jewish Question and their ability
and eagerness to carry it out.”
The new estimates are based on
work by Yitzhak Arad, an Israeli historian who compiled data on 480 train
deportations from 393 Polish towns
and ghettos during the German offensive. Most of the victims of the Nazi
mission to wipe out Polish Jews were
gassed to death and their bodies buried
in pits. The corpses were later
exhumed, cremated and their bones
ground up to hide the huge numbers.
The new murder rate also shows that
the Rwandan genocide, in which
800,000 people were murdered in just
100 days, was not the most intense of
the 20th century – as widely claimed.
Commenting on the findings, published in the journal Science Advances,
Holocaust expert Prof Sir Richard J
Evans of Cambridge University, said a
more orderly SS leadership stepped in
Aug 1942. “It is not surprising therefore
that the killing rate accelerated as it became more efficient,” he added.
Bins overflowing as councils
get to grips with festive fallout
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
LOCAL authorities face a backlog of
overflowing bins and empty bottles as
the evidence of Britain’s Christmas and
new year celebrations waits to be disposed of.
Photographs on social media show
overflowing bottle banks at recycling
centres and piles of bin bags waiting
for collection.
Twitter users have been messaging
local councils after collection timetables were altered for the festive period. Some reported that their rubbish
had not been collected since before
Christmas Day.
Greenwich council in south London
said it was working hard to collect “extremely large volumes of waste and recycling” and it hoped to have services
back to normal by Jan 7.
With the beginning of January synonymous with abandoned Christmas
trees on street corners, many councils
are also advising people to recycle their
old trees or even replant potted trees.
Martin Tett, the environment
spokesman for the Local Government
Association (LCA), said: “Christmas is a
time when households produce more
waste than usual, and councils are doing all they can to collect these significant amounts of waste and recycling.
“Most residents would have only
‘Councils are doing all
they can to collect these
significant amounts of
waste and recycling’
seen minor disruptions to their bin collection services over the festive period,
to account for the bank holidays, and
these services will now be returning to
normal.
“Councils offer real Christmas tree
recycling in a variety of ways: some
will collect Christmas trees with normal garden waste, some will have
In tomorrow’s Arts section
Beyond the
barricades
The true history
behind the
BBC’s Les
Misérables
designated collections and others will
have special drop-off points, while
many shops and garden centres recycle
trees if they are returned to them.”
The LCA added that homeowners
should follow council guidance on
what to put in bins to make collection
easier.
“People can carry out the ‘Scrunch
Test’ on their wrapping paper to make
sure it goes in the right bin. Scrunch
the paper in your hand and if it stays
scrunched, it can go in your recycling
bin. If it bounces back, then that
means it can’t be recycled and needs to
go in the rubbish bin,” said a LCA
spokesman.
“We would also ask households to
remember that paper which is contaminated with food cannot be recycled.
This can be removed, which adds to
councils’ costs, but can lead to batches
of otherwise good material being rejected for recycling and sent to waste.
Cards with plastic or glitter should also
go in general waste and not recycling.”
Accountant jailed
for five years for
£400,000 fraud
AN ACCOUNTANT has been jailed for
stealing more than £400,000 from her
employers over seven years to fund a
gambling addiction.
Kathleen Weir, 40, from Southampton, spent £1.2 million on online sports
betting from 2009 to 2016, prosecutors
said. She previously admitted two
counts of defrauding Elliotts builders
merchants in the city.
Weir, also known as Kathleen Griffin, was jailed for five years at Southampton Crown Court.
She began to steal within six months
of starting a job as deputy head management accountant at the firm, the
court was told.
She made 43 money transfers and
cashed 72 cheques before Elliotts noticed “irregularities”, the court heard.
Procedures to prevent fraud “were
not strictly adhered to” by other employees at the firm, prosecutors said.
Most of the losses were covered by
insurance but the company was fined
£10,000 for unpaid tax and suffered
“reputational damage”, the court was
told.
In a statement, Elliotts said it was
“deeply saddened” by the fraud, which
totalled £406,049.38.
**
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
7
News
Television
has killed the
novel, says
screenwriter
By Anita Singh
ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR
THE 20th century was blessed with
novels that shaped the way we see the
world, from Lady Chatterley’s Lover and
Lolita to The Color Purple and The
Handmaid’s Tale but, according to a
leading television writer, there are no
equivalents in the 21st century.
Neil Cross, creator of the television
police series Luther, claims that dramas such as The Sopranos have taken
the place of books.
Cross, who has written several novels of his own and a well-received
memoir, said: “I like books but I can’t
think of a novel published since the
year 2000 that is as culturally important as The Sopranos or The Wire or
Breaking Bad.
“I just think that the narrative function of television is supplanting the
novel.” He went on: “I think the way
television is being watched is replacing
the societal and cultural function of the
novel. We consume television like we
used to read books ….
“Instead of a chapter before I turn off
my light, it is [now] one more [TV] episode before I turn the light off.”
Cross argued that episodic television
is “fulfilling a similar function” to novels of the Victorian era “in the way that
people talk about and analyse the characters”. Writers including Charles
Dickens and Henry James released
their work in instalments, with readers
keenly awaiting the next update.
The Sopranos, which began 20 years
ago next week, was named by the Writers Guild of America as the best-written television series of all time. The
Wire and Breaking Bad, also US
By Anita Singh
ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR
SAOIRSE RONAN has credited her
mother with shielding her from influential Hollywood executives who
preyed on young women.
At 24, the actress is practically an industry veteran, having made her
breakthrough as Bryony Tallis in Atonement – earning her an Oscar nomination at just 13.
“I don’t know what would have happened if she hadn’t been around,” she
said of her mother, Monica, a former
nanny. “I’m sure I would have been exposed to that quite a bit, but she just
protected me from all that. I wasn’t
unaware that there were people in the
industry who abused their power, or
who were seedy or untrustworthy.
“But because of her I was never a
television dramas, were adored by critics and audiences alike. Meanwhile,
sales of literary fiction have been falling since the mid-Nineties.
The biggest sellers published this
century have included The Da Vinci
Code by Dan Brown, the later Harry
Potter stories, the Fifty Shades of Grey
books and The Twilight Saga.
Cross was speaking to Variety to promote the return of Luther, the BBC One
crime drama that is airing across four
nights this week. It stars Idris Elba as
the eponymous detective.
The macabre content – this series
features Enzo Cilenti in terrifying form
as a disturbed killer – may be off-putting for some viewers but Cross said his
inspiration for Luther came from that
Saoirse Ronan talks
about her role in
‘Mary Queen of
Scots’ in Harper’s
Bazaar UK and says
she has never been
cast for her looks
‘Instead of a chapter before I
turn off my light, it is [now]
one more [TV] episode
before I turn the light off’
staple of daytime television, Columbo.
“I can trace Luther’s DNA back to
Columbo, which is one of my all-time
favourite television shows. We stole
lots from Columbo. We stole the format
from Columbo … it’s not a ‘whodunnit’
or a ‘whydunnit’ it’s a ‘howcatch’em’...
and the coat was a nod to Columbo. And
the car was a nod to Columbo.”
Luther is rarely seen without his
overcoat, and drives an ageing Volvo.
He said of the show’s dark themes:
“People often express surprise that I
am psychologically normal and welladjusted, but that’s because I never
write about what I want to do to other
people; I always write about what I am
scared other people will do to me.
“All of the bad guys are avatars of my
fears and anxieties.”
Cross said the enduring success of
Luther, which began in 2010, is down
to its leading man: “Idris in this role is a
singular, unrepeatable phenomenon.”
ITV/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Luther creator fears way
we watch drama series has
‘replaced societal and
cultural function of books’
Ronan: mother
protected me
from sleazy side
of Hollywood
Dress sense Hermione Norris, who returns this month in a new series of the ITV show
Cold Feet, has confessed she is not a fan of glamorous dresses. “I think you need confidence
to wear a dress. I often feel silly in a dress. Quite vulnerable,” she told Good Housekeeping.
“Whenever I go shopping, I go to the men’s department and think, ‘I want that’.”
victim and I’m very, very thankful,” she
told Harper’s Bazaar UK. “I didn’t leave
home at 19 all bright-eyed and bushytailed. I hadn’t been wrapped in cotton
wool but I had been protected.”
Ronan, who still lives in her native
Ireland, went on to be Oscar-nominated for Brooklyn and Lady Bird.
In her latest film, Mary Queen of
Scots, which opens on Jan 18, she plays
the lead role opposite Margot Robbie as
Elizabeth I.
In a separate interview last week,
Ronan said she had never been cast for
her looks but acknowledged that there
was a double standard in the film industry.
“I suppose I was playing girls from
an early age that had nothing pretty
about them – they were weird or they
were tomboys,” she said.
“So many male actors are odd-looking, and they’re just considered to be
interesting, and they have amazing careers and they play romantic figures.
“But I wonder – does that just maybe
go back to how women view men? We
are, in general, more forgiving.”
u The February issue of Harper’s Bazaar is available now.
Small-screen drama all the rage as literature languishes on critical list
Commentary
By Jake Kerridge
ARTS CRITIC
F
or more than a century people
have been declaring that the
novel is dying or dead, and yet it
has always shown a Wile E Coyote-like
ability to bounce back from what
looked like certain extinction. But now
Neil Cross, the creator and writer of
the television series Luther and a man
who ought to be able to recognise a
corpse when he sees one, has been
administering the last rites, declaring
that long-form television dramas are
“supplanting the novel”.
“I can’t think of a novel published
since the year 2000 that is as
culturally important as The Sopranos
or The Wire or Breaking Bad,” Cross
has declared. That’s put The Girl with
the Dragon Tattoo, The Curious
Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time,
The Corrections, Fifty Shades of Grey,
One Day, Twilight, Gone Girl, Wolf
Hall, Atonement, The Fault in Our
Stars, The Road and The Tattooist of
Auschwitz in their place.
One could argue that the more
distinguished novels in that list don’t
have the reach, and the more popular
ones don’t have the merits, of Cross’s
favoured television shows. That may
be true, although one ought to bear in
mind that the esteem in which these
shows are held by the chattering
classes is not always reflected in the
viewing figures; in the UK, most of
them are watched by fewer than half
the audience of, say, Mrs Brown’s Boys.
Still, it is hard not to wonder
whether the novel is still holding its
own in terms of cultural importance.
Sales of literary fiction are drastically
down, and this may be partly because,
as Cross suggests, the best television
dramas now have the depth, scope and
richness of the best novels.
Superior types, patronising the
proles, used to argue that television
would kill off the novel because it
offered a less demanding alternative.
In fact, if television does finally kill off
the novel, it will be because its dramas
have become intellectually nourishing
enough to seduce sophisticated
viewers away.
The fact is that millions of viewers
are hungry for something they can get
their teeth into and chew over with
one another. As Clive James points out
in Play All, his brilliant book about box
set binge-watching, “any water-cooler
conversation about the screen stories
tends to be at least as learned, allusive
and interesting as any critical analysis
on the page”. People talk about their
favourite shows, he argues, with the
same depth and passion that their
Renaissance equivalents would have
brought to a discussion about Ovid’s
Metamorphoses.
So, is it true that – to put it in terms
that fans of Luther will appreciate –
the novel has been smugly basking in
its superiority, only for the long-form
drama to creep up on it, eviscerate it
with a carving knife, and leave it for
dead? In an ideal world, the two forms,
both of which have advantages over
the other, would continue to lead a
healthily complementary existence.
But perhaps the novel’s vital signs are
not as strong as they once were.
8
**
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
News
Government accused of ‘mishandling’ transgender healthcare
By Anna Mikhailova
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
TRANSGENDER people do not have
sufficient access to basic healthcare, a
senior Tory MP has said, accusing the
Government of “mishandling” its
approach to trans issues.
Maria Miller, who chairs the Commons women and equalities select
committee, said ministers should focus
more on improving service provision,
not just reforming the legal recogni-
tion system. The former Cabinet minister said the Government had failed to
fully implement the recommendations
made by her committee on transgender equality three years ago.
The MPs’ report said the NHS is
“letting down” transgender people and
too often has a “discriminatory
approach”. It described “serious deficiencies in the quality and capacity of
NHS Gender Identity Services”, and
said waiting times for surgery were
“completely unacceptable”. In an
interview with the Press Association,
Mrs Miller said: “Many trans people
simply don’t have access to the basic
healthcare that the rest of us take for
granted – things like cervical smears
are often things that trans men are not
able to access.”
The Government’s announcement
of the Gender Recognition Act, which
was only one of 33 recommendations
made by MPs, has “eclipsed” efforts to
provide healthcare to trans people.
Focusing on legislation alone was
‘Many trans people simply
do not have access to the
basic healthcare that the
rest of us take for granted’
“wrong-headed”, Mrs Miller said, arguing instead for a greater focus on the
provision of services.
“There has been very little headway
made,” she said. “Even on the area the
Government has announced its inter-
est, the Gender Recognition Act, there
have been very little concrete proposals put forward over the past three
years and I think that has left a vacuum
which has been unhelpful.”
The provision of services requires a
renewed focus, Mrs Miller said, adding
that this would not mean a threat to
“single-sex” services.
Other recommendations included
better training for public sector workers on gender identity issues.
“I think [ministers] have mishandled
their approach to trans issues,” said
Mrs Miller, who last year hit out at media outlets she claimed aired anti-trans
views. “The debate has been focused
on issues that are much less important
to trans people’s lives,” she added.
“My advice to ministers is that they
should focus on getting their services
right first and foremost, and also be
clear that there is no threat to singlesex services – they are clearly protected in law and they need to be
clearer on that.”
Breath tests
to diagnose
cancer move
a step closer
By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR
CANCER could soon be picked up
through a simple breath test after
researchers launched a clinical trial to
see if molecules in the mouth could
identify disease.
In tests run by Cancer Research UK,
breath samples from 1,500 people will
be collected in the hope that odorous
molecules called volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can be detected.
All cells produce VOCs through their
normal day-to-day operation, but if
their metabolism changes, such as in
cancer, they release a different pattern.
If the trial is successful it would
mean that cancer could be spotted
quickly before it has spread, when it is
easier to treat and when chances of
survival are greatest.
Prof Rebecca Fitzgerald, lead trial
investigator at the Cancer Research UK
Cambridge Centre, said: “We urgently
need to develop new tools like this
breath test, which could help to detect
and diagnose cancer earlier, giving
patients the best chance of surviving
their disease. Through this clinical trial
we hope to find signatures in breath
needed to detect cancers earlier – it’s
the crucial next step in developing this
technology.”
The breath biopsy test has been
developed by the Cambridge-based
biotech firm Owlstone Medical and is
the first that works for multiple cancer
types, paving the way for a universal
breath test that could be quickly
administered by a GP.
The trial will start with patients with
suspected oesophageal and stomach
cancers and then expand to prostate,
kidney, bladder, liver and pancreatic
cancers in the coming months.
The trial is recruiting patients to
Addenbrooke’s Hospital in Cambridge
who have been referred by their GP
with these specific types of suspected
cancer. They will be given the breath
test prior to other diagnostic tests.
Rebecca Coldrick, 54, from Cambridge, was one of the first to sign up to
take part in the trial. She was diagnosed
in her early 30s with Barrett’s oesophagus, a condition where the cells lining
the oesophagus are abnormal, which
can be an early warning sign of cancer.
Mrs Coldrick needs an invasive
endoscopy to check for disease every
two years, but if the new breath test is
successful she would no longer have to
undergo the procedure.
She said: “Initially, I thought I might
feel a bit claustrophobic wearing the
mask but I didn’t at all. I think the more
‘Technologies such as this
breath test have the
potential to revolutionise
the way we detect cancer’
research done to monitor conditions
like mine the better.”
More than 350,000 people are diagnosed with cancer each year in Britain,
but nearly half are picked up at a late
stage. Only 12 per cent of oesophageal
cancer patients live for 10 years or
more after diagnoses.
Dr David Crosby, head of early detection research at Cancer Research UK,
said: “Technologies such as this breath
test have the potential to revolutionise
the way we detect and diagnose cancer.
“Early detection research has faced a
historic lack of funding and industry
interest, and this work is a shining
example of Cancer Research UK’s commitment to reverse that trend and drive
vital progress in shifting cancer diagnosis towards earlier stages.”
Billy Boyle, co-founder and CEO at
Owlstone Medical, added: “There is
increasing potential for breath-based
tests to aid diagnosis, sitting alongside
blood and urine tests.”
ANDREW MCCAREN/LNP
Clinical trial brings hope
that many diseases could
be spotted before they
have chance to spread
Water colours The Western Belle passenger steamer glides through the calm waters of Ullswater lake near Pooley Bridge in
Cumbria. The Western Belle was built in 1935 and during her 83-year history has graced many of the UK’s waterways.
Getting radiotherapy at a different time of Hookah pipe puts smokers at greater risk
the day could reduce the worst side effects of diabetes and obesity than cigarettes
By Laura FitzPatrick
RADIOTHERAPY should be given at
different times of day to reduce terrible
side effects, according to a new study.
A breakthrough study by genetic scientists at the University of Leicester
shows that radiotherapy toxicity – the
side effects from radiotherapy – can be
reduced by scheduling treatment according to the body’s circadian rhythm.
They found that 24 per cent of patients treated in the morning had
bright red skin after radiotherapy compared to 11 per cent of those treated in
the afternoon.
The treatment, which uses high-energy rays to target cancer cells, has
typical side effects including skin pain,
burning and swelling immediately
after treatment. The issues can mani-
fest in nerve damage and weaker bones
at a later stage.
According to the researchers,
around 90 per cent of operable breast
cancer patients are treated with radiotherapy, of which 45 per cent experience unpleasant side effects.
But the new research suggests these
can be reduced, after it revealed the
pivotal role of changing the time of day
of treatment according to whether a
patient is a “morning lark” or a “night
owl”. Dr Christopher Talbot, senior lecturer in medical genetics at University
of Leicester, said: “This is all part of
personalised treatment, it will revolutionise cancer treatment.”
The study tested 1,007 participants
for two gene variants to decipher the
nature of their circadian rhythms. All
participants had either previously un-
dergone a course of radiotherapy or
were currently on one.
Using information about how they
reacted to the treatment both in the
short and long term, the researchers
were able to understand how timing of
radiotherapy could affect different patients according to their genes.
Overall, they found that breast cancer patients suffered worse side effects
from radiotherapy in the morning.
Dr Talbot and Prof Paul Symonds, a
consultant oncologist at Leicester’s
Hospitals, said they felt that the to implement their findings, all cancer patients should have their genes
sequenced at the time of diagnosis.
They added: “It’s an upfront cost but
it will save a lot of people from getting
bad side effects… the money is a good
investment.”
By Yohannes Lowe
SMOKING shisha “significantly increases” the risk of users developing
diabetes and obesity, a study has found.
Research carried out at Brighton and
Sussex Medical School found hookah
smokers were more likely to gain
weight and develop type 2 diabetes.
Shisha is the tobacco smoked
through a water-pipe, known as a
hookah. Popular in many Arab cultures, fruit-scented tobacco is burnt
using coal, passed through a water vessel and inhaled through a hose.
In the largest study to explore the adverse effects of hookah smoking, the
participants’ baseline characteristics
were contrasted with their biochemical results through blood tests.
Of the 9,840 participants involved,
6,742 were non-smokers, 976 were exsmokers, 864 were cigarette smokers,
1,067 were hookah smokers and 41
were cigarette and hookah smokers.
Obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes
‘A single session of hookah
smoking may be the
equivalent of more than
a packet of cigarettes’
and dyslipidemia were all positively associated with hookah pipes and negatively associated with cigarettes.
The research casts doubt on the
widespread belief that smoking hookah
is less toxic than cigarettes because it
involves an apparatus designed to purify tobacco smoke through water.
Prof Gordon Ferns, head of the Department of Medical Education at
Brighton and Sussex Medical School,
said: “A single session of hookah smoking may be the equivalent of more than
a packet of cigarettes, and the inhaled
toxic compounds may be even greater.
“It is unclear why hookah smoking is
associated with obesity and diabetes.”
Omar Derissi, manager at Dar Marrakesh lounge in Marylebone, said:
“Shisha is a social thing that doesn’t involve alcohol. It does not cause any violence and it generally brings a nice vibe
for people to use it and catch up with
their friends.”
However, while a cigarette is finished in an average of 20 puffs, shisha
smokers can be exposed to greater volumes of tar-heavy metals and other
carcinogenic chemicals.
In tomorrow’s Features section
Town councillor who sexually
abused ‘naive’ young girls jailed
A FORMER town councillor who sexually abused three teenage girls after he
was elected has been jailed for 32
months.
James Anderson, 34, who was a
councillor on Uckfield town council, in
Sussex, attacked two of the girls in a
shop he owned. All of the offences happened while he was a councillor, Sussex Police said.
Anderson, of Uckfield, pleaded
guilty to three counts of sexual activity
with a child below the age of 16, two
counts of sexual assault and a charge of
causing a person to engage in a sexual
act without consent.
Det Con Jeanette Reilly, from the
East Sussex safeguarding investigations unit, said Anderson had “preyed
upon naive and trusting young girls
who he got to know … though his work,
and subjected them to humiliating and
distressing experiences for his own
sexual gratification.” Anderson was
placed on the sex offenders’ register for
life and made the subject of a sexual
harm prevention order, which “severely” limits his access to females under 16, police added.
Five of the six incidents happened
against two girls in Anderson’s shop, in
Uckfield High Street, which he no
longer owns.
All the offences, which Anderson admitted at a court hearing in November,
happened between 2014 and 2017.
He also denied four other charges,
one relating to a fourth girl, which a
judge ordered to remain on file.
An NSPCC spokesman said: “Anderson’s actions will have had a catastrophic effect and we hope the young
girls have received all the help and support available to them … thankfully
they have been spared the ordeal of reliving their experiences in court and
we hope that today’s sentence brings
them some measure of closure.”
Bryony Gordon
Why I’m launching
a podcast to
inspire people to
change the world
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
9
News
Consumers choose
fruit over staples
such as mushrooms
and tomatoes
By Katie Morley
CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR
BRITAIN has gone “berry
mad”, supermarket sales figures show, as fruit has now
overtaken vegetables in consumers’ shopping baskets.
Sales data released by
Asda found a 53 per cent increase in sales of blueberries
over the past year, overtaking potatoes and broccoli to
become the nation’s sixthmost purchased produce.
Whilst staples such as
bananas, grapes and clementines still sit in the nation’s
top five fruit and vegetables,
raspberries jumped eight
places and blueberries six
places in popularity.
Asda’s annual list of top 10
fruit and vegetables sold is
made up of seven fruits and
three vegetables, compared
to seven vegetables and just
three fruit in 2016.
Meanwhile, despite a
trend towards plant-based
foods as families cut back on
meat, old favourite vegetables have tumbled out of the
top 10, with broccoli (11th),
tomatoes (12th) and mushrooms (13th) making way for
sweeter fruit bowl choices.
It comes after a smoothie
craze gave berries a boost,
with sales moving past the
£1 billion mark for the first
time and overtaking fruits in-
cluding apples and bananas.
Millions of health-conscious
Britons are now piling strawberries, blueberries and
raspberries into their blenders as part of their daily routine, sending total berry
sales soaring by 20 per cent
over the past four years.
Other British-grown fruit
and veg to make it into the
top 10 include cucumbers
(5th), Gala apples (8th) and
peppers (10th).
Ian Harrison, Asda’s produce technical director, said:
“2018 was a renaissance year
for berries, which were
graced with an incredible
growing season thanks to
the weather and our British
growers making the most of
the sunshine to produce
quality, sweet fruit.
“When it comes to fruit,
we’re a nation where the
sweeter, the better. We’re investigating a number of new
varieties of grapes, stone
fruit and berries to deliver
the perfect fruit.”
Asda is predicting that
2019 will see a resurgence of
blue and purple fruit and
vegetables as customers become increasingly aware of
the benefits blue foods offer.
Blueberries are flying off
shelves and Asda predicts
other blue produce including plums, blackcurrants,
blackberries, purple carrots
and elderberries will become more popular as people turn to the hue thanks to
its nutritional benefits and a
growing trend for blue and
purple products in the
home, fashion and beauty.
Getting fruity Britain’s changing appetite
2018
1 Bananas
2 Red grapes
3 Strawberries
4 Clementines
5 Cucumbers
6 Raspberries (up from 14)
7 Blueberries (up from 13)
8 Gala apples (new entry)
9 White potatoes
10 Green grapes (new)
2017
1 Bananas
2 Cucumbers
3 Strawberries
4 Mushrooms
5 Broccoli
6 Clementines
7 Carrots
8 Red grapes
9 Iceberg lettuce
10 Baking potatoes
BBC goes vegan and
unleashes ‘the beast’
By Helena Horton
THE BBC has “gone vegan”
as it launched its first plantbased cookery show as part
of a series of new programmes that will explore
veganism.
Dirty Vegan, which features former stuntman Matt
Pritchard, premiered last
night on BBC Wales and
could be screened on BBC
Two later this year.
In the series, Pritchard,
who is known to audiences
for the dangerous pranks he
performed as part of the
Dirty Sanchez television
series, will be showing
Welsh people how to live on
a meat-free diet after he became a vegan in 2015.
Pritchard, a trained chef,
will be seen feeding rugby
stars plant-based meals as
well as baking vegan cakes
with the Women’s Institute.
The presenter, who owns
a tattoo parlour in Cardiff,
said the Women’s Institute
members had “enjoyed” his
egg-free cakes.
“It differs a lot from Dirty
Sanchez, as you can imagine,” he told the BBC. “From
what I have seen on social
media, a lot of people like
the fact that I have changed
from a headbanging lunatic
to a health and fitness freak.
But the beast is still there. He
just needs to be released. But
I try to keep that beast away
from temptation.”
The first show will feature
the 45-year-old daredevil
trying to feed a vegan meal
‘If someone told me I
would have a vegan
cookery show I
would have laughed’
to the Scarlets women’s
rugby team ahead of one of
their matches.
He said: “If someone had
told me I would have had a
vegan cookery show I would
have laughed all the way to
my grave. But life takes you
in strange directions.”
A BBC spokesman said:
“We have a couple of projects on veganism in development, looking at its
environmental impact as
well as those who choose
veganism for health reasons.”
Less bitter coffee bean
for mellow millennials
By Katie Morley and
Jack Schofield
STARBUCKS is attempting
to lure millennials who dislike strong coffee with a new
“less bitter” bean.
In an effort to appeal to
young adults who are not yet
coffee connoisseurs, it has
launched a new “blonde”
bean, which is lighter in colour and less bitter in taste.
Starbucks said it hopes the
new bean will appeal to
“aspirational
millennials”
who don’t usually choose
coffee. It follows the targeting of younger consumers
through a secret menu that
included a multi-coloured
“unicorn” frappuccino.
Despite the milder taste, it
contains more caffeine than
Starbucks’ classic bean.
Rachel Chatterton, the
senior innovation manager
at Starbucks, said: “This new
bean allows customers to
choose the intensity of
[their] coffee. We learnt that
customers find [the classic
roast] a bit polarising and
want to have more choice.”
LAURENT LIOTARDO
Vegetables
pushed to
side of plate
as sales of
berries soar
Swoon of the swan English National Ballet is staging Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake, choreographed by Derek Deane and starring Jurgita
Dronina as Odette/Odile and Isaac Hernández as Prince Siegfried, at the London Coliseum from now until Jan 13.
10
**
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
News
No railcards, fares up again, and overcrowded trains
Worst rail routes are, on
average, 187 per cent over
capacity – and situation is
predicted to get worse
By Katie Morley, Jack Maidment
and Ashley Kirk
YOUNG rail passengers could face
fines for having the wrong ticket after
being unable to buy the new Millennial railcard.
The discount cards for 26- to 30-yearolds launched yesterday but passengers
were forced to wait more than four
hours when trying to buy them online.
Unlike other railcards they are not
available to buy at train stations and
must be bought online.
Some passengers said they had
booked journeys with a Millennial discount, assuming they would be able to
buy one of the cards, then found they
were unable obtain one. They were told
by the railcard’s Twitter account they
would need a “valid ticket” to travel,
suggesting they could be fined for having the wrong ticket if they cannot purchase the discount card before travel.
A spokesman for National Rail said:
“We are experiencing high demand for
the 26-30 railcard, which is resulting in
higher wait times than usual.
“When customers access the website they are put into a live queue and
are able to sign up to receive email
alerts so they do not have to wait by
their computer. There isn’t a limited
number of railcards being made available so anyone who isn’t planning to
travel today can come back another day
to make their 26-30 railcard purchase.”
Meanwhile, it emerged that the top
10 busiest peak train services in England and Wales are carrying almost
twice as many passengers as they are
designed for.
New analysis published by the
Labour Party revealed that the worst
rail routes are now, on average, 187 per
cent over capacity – an increase of
more than 25 per cent since 2011.
The situation is predicted to get
worse, with the top 10 most overcrowded train routes expected to carry
Big squeeze The most
overcrowded train services
04:22 Glasgow
Central to
Manchester
Airport, at
Manchester
Oxford Road: 211
per cent capacity
16:00
Manchester
Airport to
Edinburgh, at
Manchester
Oxford Road:
202pc
16:16 King’s Cross
to Royston, at
London King’s
Cross: 199pc
07:16 East
Grinstead to
London Bridge,
at London
Bridge: 191pc
17:46 London
Euston to Crewe,
at Euston: 187pc
07:27 Reigate to
London Bridge,
at London
Bridge: 178pc
more than twice as many passengers as
they should by the end of 2022.
Labour yesterday sought to capitalise on commuter fury after fares went
up by an average of 3.1 per cent despite
widespread rail misery in 2018. But the
party was accused of “hypocrisy” after
Jeremy Corbyn and Andy McDonald,
the shadow transport secretary, attacked
the fare increases at the same time as
similar rises were rolled out in Labourcontrolled Wales and Merseyside.
A row also erupted over how fare
increases should be calculated.
Chris Grayling, the Transport Minister, wants to switch from the retail
price index (RPI) to the lower rate consumer price index (CPI) but faces opposition from unions as the measure
could result in smaller staff pay rises.
Labour has committed to keeping
fares as low as possible and pegged to
no more than the rise in CPI but it is
unclear how the party would square
such a move with its union backers.
The cost of many railway season
tickets has increased by more than £100
due to the 3.1 per cent average rise. The
increase came after train punctuality
was revealed to be at a 13-year low.
Mr McDonald said: “It’s outrageous
that passengers will be hit with aboveinflation fare rises following such a
miserable year on the railways. Making
passengers pay more to travel on overcrowded trains is not sustainable.”
Business: Page 5
Foreign Office
criticised over
fees for forced
marriage rescue
Want your dog
to live longer?
Don’t give it so
much food
By Anna Mikhailova
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR
JEREMY HUNT said he wants to “get
to the bottom” of revelations the Foreign Office has made women pay for
their own rescue after being sent
abroad to enter into forced marriages.
The Foreign Secretary said Britain
should always act with “compassion
and humanity” after MPs attacked the
policy of recouping the cost of helping
British citizens return home.
Victims have had to pay hundreds of
pounds for plane tickets, food and shelter or, if they are over 18, take out emergency
government
loans,
an
investigation by The Times has shown.
Conservative MP Tom Tugendhat,
82
who chairs the foreign affairs select
committee, said he is “deeply concerned” by the revelations and called
on Mr Hunt to publish data on the
number of women charged in the last
five years.
The Foreign Office, which jointly
runs a Forced Marriage Unit with the
Home Office, said it has an obligation to
recover money spent on repatriating
victims when public money is involved.
However, women’s rights campaigners accused the Government of profiteering from the protection of victims.
The Foreign Office helped 27 victims
of forced marriage return to the UK in
2017 and 55 in 2016, according to figures acquired by The Times under freedom of information laws.
In the past two years the Foreign Office has lent £7,765 to at least eight
forced marriage victims who could not
pay for their repatriation.
About £3,000 has been repaid, and
debts of more than £4,500 are still
owed. A 10 per cent surcharge was
added to outstanding amounts after six
months.
WIM VAN DEN HEEVER/CATERS NEWS
The number of forced marriage victims
helped to return to the UK by the Foreign
Office during 2016 and 2017
Water wings A fishing bat’s wing skims a river surface in Pantanal, Brazil, in this rare shot of the species in mid-hunt. The
image is one of a series by photographer Wim van den Heever, who said: “It was exceptionally difficult to capture.”
PODGY dogs die more than two-and-ahalf years earlier than pets of a healthy
weight, a study of 20 years of veterinary records has shown.
Researchers at the University of Liverpool examined the lifespan of 50,000
dogs from 12 popular breeds taken to
900 Banfield Pet Hospitals in the
United States between 1994 and 2015.
They discovered that being overweight reduced longevity in all breeds,
from a minimum of five months in German shepherds to two and a half years
for male Yorkshire terriers.
Dogs that are overweight are more
likely to suffer problems such as joint
disease, breathing issues, and cancer,
as well as having a poorer quality of
life, which could impact lifespan,
researchers believe.
Alex German, professor of small animal medicine at the University of Liverpool, said: “For many owners, giving
food, particularly tasty table scraps and
titbits, is the way we show affection for
our pets.
“Owners are often unaware that
their dog is overweight, and many may
not realise the impact that it can have
on health. Being careful about what
you feed your dog could go a long way
to keeping them in good shape and enabling them to be around for many
years to come.”
The results of the study, published in
the Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, showed that while a healthy labrador could expect to live for around
13.3 years, being overweight knocked
five months off its lifespan.
Likewise a chihuahua’s lifespan was
reduced from 16 years to 13.9 and a Shih
Tzu from 14.5 to 13.8.
Around one quarter of households in
Britain own a dog and obesity is rising.
Last year, the University of Liverpool
found around 65 per cent are overweight and 9 per cent are obese.
A recent survey also found that 54
per cent of cat and dog owners always
or often give their pet food if they beg
for it, while a quarter admit to overfeeding their pet to keep it happy. And
just one in five owners correctly measure portions at mealtimes.
Five-year ban for teacher who stole pupils’ school trip money Record university borrowing has led to credit crunch risk
u A teacher who stole pupils’ school
trip money has been banned from
teaching for five years.
Andrew Cowey, head of Year Seven
at Dene Community School in
Peterlee, Co Durham, lied about the
true cost of school trips and pocketed
the extra money for himself.
The 28-year-old has been banned
from the profession following a
teaching misconduct hearing.
The Teaching Regulation Agency,
sitting in Coventry, heard Cowey – a
part-time scout leader – took money
from students and then tried to cover
his tracks. Cowey said he was in debt
when he took the money between July
2016 and April 2017.
John Pemberton, the chairman of
the panel, said: “For some of these
pupils, Mr Cowey falsely recorded
these pupils as attending for free or,
alternatively, benefiting from
receiving funding from the Friends of
Life will never be same, says widow of
motorsport broadcaster killed in crash
u The widow of Henry Hope-Frost,
the motorsport broadcaster, yesterday
said “life can never be the same again”
as the driver who killed him in a
head-on collision was spared jail.
The presenter, 47, died when Tahir
Mehmood’s Toyota Prius – which he
bought just the day before – ploughed
into Hope-Frost’s Honda motorbike.
At Guildford Crown Court,
Mehmood, 47, yesterday admitted
causing death by careless driving on
the A286 in the village of Grayswood,
Surrey, on March 8 last year.
He was given a two-year community
order, 60 days’ curfew and 200 hours’
unpaid work after the court heard he
Motorsport
broadcaster Henry
Hope-Frost, who was
killed in a road
accident last year
was “a man of good character [who]
works at a religious centre”.
Describing the impact on their sons
Oscar, 13, Jasper, six, and Felix, three,
in the statement, Charlotte Hope-Frost
said: “He was a rare gem of a man [and]
one of the very best dads. Life can
never be the same again.”
Footballer jailed over smash that left
two dead now banned for drink-driving
u A former Manchester City youth
footballer who killed a brother and
sister while speeding has been banned
from the wheel for 22 months after he
was caught drink-driving.
Courtney Meppen-Walter, 24, told
magistrates he was “embarrassed” at
his latest driving offence of being
more than twice the legal limit when
he was stopped in his vehicle by police
in Manchester city centre last month.
In 2013, he was jailed for 16 months
for causing the deaths of Kulwant
Singh, 32, from Salford, and his sister,
Ravel Kaur, 37, by careless driving
when he hit their Nissan Micra in his
grandfather’s high-powered Mercedes
C220 saloon in Sept 2012.
On this occasion, his Kia Picanto
was seen swerving in the road in the
early hours of Dec 10 and appeared to
hit a kerb and stall at a red light. Mr
Meppen-Walter was arrested and gave
a reading of 85 microgrammes of
alcohol in 100 millilitres of breath – the
legal limit being 35mcg.
He told the court: “I will probably
get called every name under the sun
and I deserve it. I’m just embarrassed.”
He must also serve a 12-month
community order, do 80 hours unpaid
work and pay court costs of £170.
Dene charity. Mr Cowey instead
retained the money for himself.
“Mr Cowey deleted the school trip
funding spreadsheets from the
school’s electronic systems.”
Cowey had pleaded guilty to theft at
Durham Crown Court and was given a
community order. However, the panel
ruled that “public confidence in the
profession could be seriously
weakened if such conduct … was not
treated with the utmost seriousness.”
u Universities may be on the brink of
a “credit crunch” as a result of their
record levels of borrowing despite
uncertainty about the financial future.
The sector’s debts have reportedly
risen over the past year to £10.8 billion,
three times more than before the
financial crash, The Times reported.
The move comes amid what experts
describe as “unprecedented
uncertainty” for higher education,
with minister said to be considering a
Our new Health newsletter
cut in tuition fees and predictions that
Brexit could result in a fall in student
numbers. Nick Hillman, director of the
Higher Education Policy Institute, said
that “too many institutions are
borrowing too much”.
He added: “Some universities will
always be fine, but others will face a
credit crunch in 2019.” Sir Michael
Barber, head of the Office for Students
watchdog, accused some universities
of behaving like overconfident banks
before the financial crisis that thought
that they were “too big to fail”, adding
that no bailouts with public money
would be available if universities could
not service their debts.
Five universities, including
Southampton, UCL and Imperial
College London, have more than
doubled their borrowing in the past
year to compete in the ever-tougher
battle to attract students from home
and abroad.
Marmalade lead singer Dean Ford, who
topped the charts in a kilt, dies at 72
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Telegraph 365?
Sign up now for
your daily dose
of fitness
u Dean Ford, the lead singer of
Scottish pop band Marmalade, has
died at the age of 72.
The news was broken by his
daughter on Facebook, describing him
as “an amazing man, a gentle soul and
extremely talented musician”.
Marmalade reached Number One in
1968 with a cover of the Beatles’
Ob-la-di, Ob-la-da. Marmalade’s
version saw them make history as the
firs
first ever Scottish group to top the UK
cha
charts and to celebrate they appeared
on Top of the Pops in kilts.
T
Their single I See The Rain was
hai
hailed
by Jimi Hendrix as “the best cut
1
of 1967”,
and the band also had success
telegraph.co.uk/365daily
Husband convicted of assault after he
H
stopped ‘hysterical’ wife’s suicide attempt
st
u A husband who stopped his wife
from taking her own life was convicted
of aassault for being too heavy-handed
in his
h rescue attempt.
Graham Page, 46, found his wife
G
Alexandra had left a suicide note at
Ale
their home and, after discovering her
the
intoxicated and “hysterical” in her car,
into
dragged her to safety.
dra
But his well-meaning rescue got
B
“out of hand” and was reported to the
“ou
police as an assault by a witness.
pol
At Bristol magistrates’ court, Page
A
admitted that after pulling his wife
from the car, he had “cuffed” her head
when she was hysterical and had
Dean Ford, the lead
singer of Scottish
pop group
Marmalade, was a
‘gentle soul ‘ and
‘talented musician’
with Reflections of My Life and
Rainbow, which were penned by Ford.
Ford’s real name was Tomas McAleese,
and he grew up in Airdrie, North
Lanarks. He went solo after the band
split until he moved to Los Angeles,
where he started working as a
limousine driver for celebrity clients.
dragged her along the ground by her
clothes.
Magistrates handed him a 12-month
community order, including 100 hours
of unpaid work.
After the hearing, Page, of Redland,
Bristol, said: “Obviously it got way out
of hand... It was a difficult situation. I
did what was necessary at the time and
I wish it had been different.”
Mike Wynter, defending, said police
spoke to Mrs Page and she had no
facial injuries. He added: “A suicide
note was left by her at her address.
This clearly concerned my client when
he saw her in the vehicle.”
**
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
11
News
Magistrate can
dispute sacking
over his views
on gay adoption
JUDGES are permitted to hold “intolerant views”, a tribunal has heard, as a
Christian magistrate was given leave to
appeal his dismissal over views he expressed on gay adoption.
Richard Page, a former magistrate,
was sacked for “serious misconduct” in
March 2016 by then justice secretary
Michael Gove and Lord Thomas, then
Lord Chief Justice, who claimed his
comments about gay adoption suggested he was “biased and prejudiced
against single-sex adopters”.
During a same-sex adoption case in
A judge has ruled
that Richard Page
can take his case for
unfair dismissal to
the Employment
Appeal Tribunal
Kent in 2014, Mr Page, 71, from Headcorn, said that in his view it was in a
child’s best interests to be raised by a
mother and a father.
He later repeated his views during
an interview with BBC Breakfast,
which led to his dismissal from both his
job and his post as non-executive director at Kent and Medway NHS and
Social Care Partnership Trust.
In February last year, he alleged he
was fired for expressing his personal
opinion and he began appeal proceedings against the Lord Chancellor and
Lord Chief Justice
At a hearing before Christmas, Judge
Katherine Tucker upheld his application and ruled that judges can hold “intolerant views” that should be
respected. She granted Mr Page permission to take his case against the
Lord Chancellor and Lord Chief Justice
to the Employment Appeal Tribunal in
Croydon, south London.
Ms Tucker said that although judges
can hold potentially partial views,
there may be limits as to how they can
be expressed so as not to impugn the
impartiality of the courts.
Representing Mr Page, barrister
Paul Diamond argued that although
judges are expected to show restraint
while commenting in public, Mr Page’s
remarks were within the bounds of his
judicial functions.
Mr Page, who had served as a magistrate for 20 years with an exemplary
record, said: “I am amazed it has taken
so long to get this far.
“It is vital that we maintain the true
independence and impartiality of the
judiciary and that ordinary people like
me are not excluded from it.”
The original adoption case that
resulted in his dismissal saw Mr Page
and two other magistrates consider an
application by a same-sex couple to
adopt a child.
During the hearing, Mr Page said: “I
hold the view that it is in the best interest of the child to have both a mother
and a father, and I believe this to be a
lawful and reasonable position for a
family court judge to hold.
“It could be that an adoption by a
same sex couple or a single person is in
the best interest of the child, but a report would need to satisfy me of that. I
believe this is a reasonable and fair position, and not one of discrimination.”
Following the case, the other magistrates made a formal complaint and
claimed Mr Page had applied his Christian beliefs to make his decision.
By Helena Horton
THE British winner of almost £115 million in the New Year’s Day EuroMillions draw has claimed the prize.
Players across the country had been
double-checking their numbers after
the National Lottery said the winner
had still not come forward by yesterday
afternoon.
Lottery operator Camelot said the
player would become the fourth biggest
£115m
The total value of the New Year’s Day
jackpot, won by one player, making it the
fourth biggest lottery prize in UK history
CHARLOTTE GRAHAM FOR THE TELEGRAPH
By Laura FitzPatrick
UK player wins
£115m in draw
for new year
EuroMillions
Crystal clear Staff clean and polish a 17th-century chandelier in the South Sketch Gallery
during the winter cleaning programme at Chatsworth House in Derbyshire to prepare the
stately home and seat of the Duke of Devonshire for the season ahead.
winner in UK history by taking the entire £114,969,775.70 jackpot. A further 10
players have won £1 million each.
The winning EuroMillions numbers
were: 1, 8, 11, 25, 28. The EuroMillions
Lucky Star numbers were 4 and 6.
Andy Carter, senior winners’ adviser
at the National Lottery, said: “What a
start to 2019 for UK EuroMillions players. We look forward to helping them
begin to enjoy their win.”
The money will be paid out at a ticket
validation appointment. It is then up to
the winner to decide whether they
want to go public with their news.
Only if they decide to go public will
the lottery operator disclose whether
the winner is an individual or a syndicate, or where the ticket was bought.
Tuesday’s win follows a series of
high-profile lottery prizes. In 2011,
Colin and Chris Weir became the biggest lottery winners in the UK and Europe when they scooped £161 million.
Adrian and Gillian Bayford, from Suffolk, took home more than £148 million
in 2012, while the biggest prize awarded
in the UK last year was £121 million and
went to an anonymous winner in April.
Last November, builder Andrew
Clark, 51, from Boston, Lincs, discovered he had won £76 million, six weeks
after the draw.
Victims urged to reclaim haul of goods stolen by jailed family gang
By Laura Fitzpatrick
POLICE are hoping to return “thousands of items” to their owners, as a 12man gang responsible for about 250
burglaries was jailed.
Among the Cambridgeshire extended-family gang’s £2 million haul
are Rolex watches, diamond rings and
coins. They also stole cars, guns and a
Kuwait war medal in an 11-month period across five counties.
The “prolific criminal gang”, aged
between 20 and 55, broke into homes
and business premises in their home
county and neighbouring Bedfordshire, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex.
Targeting rural areas the gang with
£2m
The estimated value of items stolen by a
family’s ‘crime wave’, including Rolex
watches, diamond rings and coins
Suspected arsonist among three
killed in ‘ferocious’ house fire
By Yohannes Lowe
A MURDER investigation is under way
after a house was burnt to the ground,
leaving three people dead.
Detectives suspect the person who
started the blaze was one of the three
killed when the fire swept through a
home in Lincolnshire during the early
hours of New Year’s Day.
Firefighters recovered the bodies of
a 27-year-old woman and two men,
aged 24 and 32, from the house on Pear
Tree Road, in the village of Kirton.
Lincolnshire Police have confirmed
that two other people who were taken
to hospital following the fire have been
discharged and they are not looking for
anyone else in connection with the fire.
Despite
emergency
services
responding to the 999 call within 10
minutes, workers were forced to watch
alongside horrified residents as the
property was engulfed in flames. Flowers have since been laid outside the
large red-brick detached property.
Witnesses have spoken of the intensity of the blaze, which completely gutted the first floor and roof of the house.
Officers have said it may take days to
establish the exact cause. David Danby,
chairman of Kirton parish council, who
lives nearby, said: “What was amazing
An investigator at the scene of the fatal house fire in Kirton, near Boston, Lincs
was the ferocity. The speed at which
the flames went from one side of the
building to the other on the top floor
was amazing.
“One of the investigators said that
the police were there first and the fire
tender got there within seven minutes
of the 999 call, and by the time they got
there, there was very little they could
do. I think they were surprised at how
quickly it moved across the house. The
house is completely gutted.”
The house is owned by Paul Edmunds, a chef, and his wife, Donna,
both 45. They moved to Devon in May
2017 to set up a hotel, but their daughter, Jay, 27, is registered as living at the
house with her brother Liam, 24.
It is not known if they were among
the fatalities.
Finance director gambled
away half of £1m stolen cash
Death of burglary
victim, 91, who
slept with hammer
A FORMER finance director who stole
£1.1 million from his former employer
and used £500,000 of it to fund his
gambling has been jailed for four years.
Steven Girling, 36, diverted company money into his own account and
then tried to cover his tracks by adjusting spreadsheet entries, Norwich
Crown Court heard yesterday.
Judge Stephen Holt told Girling, who
admitted a single count of theft: “For
nearly a four-year period, you stole
over £1 million from the company you
worked for as finance director.
“These thefts were skilfully planned
and executed so the loss to the company wasn’t noticed and was passed by
three separate audits.”
Girling, of Costessey, near Norwich,
admitted stealing from Premier Education Group, his employer, between
May 2014 and October 2017.
Martin Ivory, prosecuting, said
Girling moved money into his own ac-
By Laura FitzPatrick
count and hid this by “adjusting and
fabricating” entries on spreadsheets
provided to the board of directors.
The judge said Girling spent
£500,000 of the stolen money on gambling “but the other half is effectively
unaccounted for”. He said Girling had
put money into his savings account, set
up Isas for his children, moved to a
larger house, paid off that mortgage
“and possibly another mortgage”.
“You were stealing these huge
amounts of money … you managed to
save in excess of £100,000 in your personal savings account,” said Judge Holt.
“That was not touched to feed your
gambling habit.”
“People who suffer from gambling
addictions tend to arrive here with
nothing, only debts. You arrived here
with some considerable assets.”
John Farmer, mitigating, said Girling
had paid back £112,000 and more
money would be recovered.
A PENSIONER who slept with a hammer under his bed after being targeted
by a burglar in his own home has died.
Louis Martin, 91, was burgled in September in his flat in Hartlepool, Co
Durham, where he lived alone.
Relatives said his health went
“downhill” afterwards and Mr Martin
died in hospital on Dec 20 after suffering a fall, according to his family who
described him as a “real gentleman”.
His stepdaughter, Tracey Liddicoat,
said that confronting the burglar, Adam
Wilkins, greatly affected his life and
wellbeing and he took extreme measures in fear of another intruder.
She said: “He slept with a hammer
under his bed after it happened.
“I think he was staying up all night …
and then going to bed through the day.”
Wilkins, 29, a drug addict, was jailed
for 22 months for the burglary.
masked faces, they planned easy getaways by using stolen high-performance BMWs and Audis. They also
stole from cash machines.
The group typically smashed and
forced open doors or windows to steal
items before disposing of them through
contacts. They also added false registrations plates to stolen cars before
using them to commit further crimes.
Cambridgeshire Police has appealed to
crime victims to get in touch so they
can be reunited with their possessions,
most of which were stolen between
February and November 2017.
It comes after 10 of the 12 gang members admitted conspiracy to, or were
found guilty of, burglary in 2018 at
Norwich Crown Court. According to
the police, Norfolk’s burglary rate
halved after the gang was arrested in
December 2017.
In November, Det Insp Craig Harrison, of Cambridgeshire Police, said the
men, who are largely from the traveller
community, considered crime “just a
way of life”.
12
**
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Brazilian leader
puts tribal land
claims in hands
of big business
By Our Foreign Staff
REUTERS
JAIR BOLSONARO, the new president
of Brazil, has issued an executive order
making the ministry of agriculture responsible for deciding land claims by
indigenous peoples, in a victory for agribusiness that will enrage environmentalists.
The move means that key decisions
on land claims will be in the hands of
an agriculture ministry with deep ties
to Brazil’s powerful farm sector.
Critics say Mr Bolsonaro’s plan to
open indigenous reservations to commercial activity will destroy native cultures and languages by integrating the
tribes into Brazilian society.
Environmentalists say the native
peoples are the last custodians of the
Amazon, the world’s largest rainforest
that is vital for climate stability.
“We are very afraid because Bolsonaro is attacking indigenous policies,
rolling back environmental protections, authorising the invasion of indigenous territories and endorsing
violence against indigenous peoples,”
said Dinamã Tuxá, a member of Brazil’s
Association of Indigenous Peoples.
Tereza Cristina Dias, Mr Bolsonaro’s
new agriculture minister, used to be
the head of the farm caucus in Brazil’s
Congress, which has long pushed for
an end to land regulations that it argues
hold back the agricultural sector.
Bartolomeu Braz, the president of
the national chapter of Aprosoja, a
major grain growers association,
cheered yesterday’s move. “The new
rules will be interesting to the farmers
and the Indians, some of whom are
already producing soybeans. The Indians want to be productive too,” he said.
Mr Bolsonaro, who took office on
Tuesday, said he would free Brazil from
“socialism and political correctness”.
All fired up Saudi men shoot into the air as they perform a traditional dance during the Janadriyah Cultural Festival on the outskirts of the capital, Riyadh.
The two-week annual extravaganza, sponsored by the National Guard, features a variety of activities including camel racing, falconry and a military air show.
China willing to use force to reunify Taiwan
By Nicola Smith in Taipei
and Wendy Tang in Beijing
CHINA was willing to use force to ensure the “unshakable historic task” of
its complete reunification with Taiwan,
Xi Jinping said yesterday, as he warned
that independence for the island would
bring “profound disaster”. The Chinese
president told a gathering in Beijing
marking the 40th anniversary of a key
policy statement when it sought to improve ties with Taipei: “China must and
will be united, which is an inevitable
requirement for the historical rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in the new
era.”
“China won’t attack Chinese people.
We are willing to use the greatest sincerity and expend the greatest hard
work to strive for the prospect of
peaceful reunification,” Mr Xi said.
But he added that China “did not
promise to renounce the use of force”
and would “reserve the option to use
all necessary measures” to prevent independence for Taiwan.
The threat was aimed at foreign
forces seeking to interfere as well as
advocates of Taiwanese independence,
the president said, in what has been
perceived to be a reference to the US,
Taiwan’s strongest backer.
Mr Xi sought to reassure the Taiwanese people that “peaceful reunification” would bring them “good and
prosperous lives”, even though the majority would prefer good relations with
Xi Jinping said China
would ‘expend the
greatest hard work’
to strive for peaceful
reunification with
Taiwan
China without being ruled by Beijing.
Responding to Mr Xi’s remarks, Tsai
Ing-wen, the Taiwanese president, said
the country was “willing to sit down
and talk” but only if Taiwan was represented by its own government. She also
rejected the concept of “one country,
two systems” favoured by China.
Ms Tsai had pre-empted Mr Xi’s address with her own speech on Tuesday,
in which she emphasised Taiwan’s
commitment to democracy and called
on Beijing to seek peaceful means to
solve their differences.
Taiwan rejects China’s territorial
claims. As a result, Beijing has tried in
recent years to undermine Taiwanese
sovereignty and has stepped up pressure on the international community to
exclude Taipei from global forums.
Victor Gao, a commentator on Chi-
na’s state broadcaster, said the “landmark speech” could be seen as a
turning point in cross-strait relations.
However, Mr Xi’s overtures received
a muted response in Taiwan.
“The level of interest in Taiwan
about this speech is indicative,” said
Samson Ellis, the Bloomberg chief in
Taipei posted on Twitter. “Only one
news channel took it live, no sign of it
on Yahoo news or Liberty Times, and
on Apple Daily and UDN websites, it’s
below stories on the argument between cabinet & Kaohsiung [a port
city] on promoting tourism to the city.”
Beijing close to landing robot
craft on dark side of the Moon
By Rozina Sabur
A CHINESE spacecraft is attempting to
make the first landing on the far side of
the Moon today, in a milestone for
space exploration.
The China National Space Administration (CNSA) is preparing to land the
robotic spacecraft in the South PoleAitken basin, the largest, oldest and
deepest crater on the Moon.
The probe, the Chang’e-4, entered a
planned orbit on Sunday “to prepare
for the first-ever soft landing on the far
side of the Moon”, Xinhua news agency
said, citing the CNSA.
The CNSA has not given the exact
time of the attempt to touch down on
the unexplored lunar surface, but reports in China’s state-run media suggest Chang’e-4 could begin descending
early this morning.
Targeting the far side, or “dark side”,
of the Moon is riskier and more complex than previous ventures, including
Chang’e-3’s mission to the Moon in
2013, since direct communication with
the spacecraft is not possible and the
terrain is rugged.
The Moon is tidally locked to Earth,
rotating at the same rate that it orbits
our planet, so the far side is never visible from Earth. Previous spacecraft
‘This daring mission will
land nearly 50 years after
the historic Apollo landings
and will be hugely valuable’
have photographed the far “dark side”
of the Moon, but none has ever landed
on it.
The Chang’e-4 is attempting to land
in the Von Kármán crater, a flatter
region located within the South PoleAitken Basin, which is more than
2,500km (1,553 miles) in diameter, and
thought to have been formed by a giant
collision early in the history of the
4.5 billion-year-old Moon. The space-
craft, which includes a lander and
rover, is carrying a set of instruments
aiming to take detailed measurements
of the crater’s terrain and mineral composition as well as conducting a biological experiment.
If successful, Chang’e-4 will pave
the way for China to deliver samples of
lunar rock and dust to Earth later this
year.
The venture is an important step in
China’s ambitions to overtake the US
and Russia as a world leader in space
exploration, which include plans to put
a person on the Moon and sending a
mission to Mars by 2025.
“This daring mission will land nearly
50 years on from the historic Apollo
landings and will be hugely valuable in
understanding the formation of the
Moon,” Andrew Coates, professor of
physics at UCL’s Mullard Space Science
Laboratory in Surrey, told the BBC.
Scientists also believe the far side of
the Moon is a good place to perform radio astronomy.
Attacker who drove
car into migrants
acted as ‘lone wolf ’
By Justin Huggler in Berlin
KAZUHIRO NOGI/AFP/GETTY
Xi warns independence for
Taipei would be ‘disaster’
in continued push to erode
the island’s sovereignty
Wave goodbye Emperor Akihito of Japan waves to crowds
at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo during his last new year’s
address. He is to abdicate in April after a 30-year reign.
AUTHORITIES in Germany are treating an incident in which a local man
deliberately drove his car into migrants
celebrating the new year as a terror attack, it emerged yesterday.
The driver has been named by German media as Andreas N, 50, a resident
of Essen. Police have so far been unable
to find any link between him and
known far-Right extremists.
But security sources told Germany’s
Der Tagesspiegel newspaper they were
treating him as comparable to “lone
wolf ” Islamic extremists. “There is no
room for extremism and intolerance in
Germany,” said Martina Fietz, a government spokesman.
Seven people were injured in the attack in the west German town of Bottrop, among them four members of a
single Syrian family, including a
46-year-old woman who suffered critical injuries. A four-year-old Afghan boy
was also among the wounded.
Andreas N fled back to his home city
of Essen, where he again attempted to
run down pedestrians before being apprehended. He told police officers he
had deliberately targeted foreigners.
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
13
World news
Secret visit sparks violence
as traditionalists refuse to
accept court ruling giving
women right to enter shrine
By Rahul Bedi in New Delhi
TWO women made history yesterday
by sneaking into one of India’s holiest
Hindu temples in defiance of hardline
activists blockading the shrine from
female worshippers.
The Sabarimala temple, in southern
Kerala state, has been at the centre of a
highly politically charged stand-off after the Supreme Court lifted a centuries-old ban on women of child-bearing
age from praying within its sacred walls.
Violence erupted as news spread
that the women had defied traditionalists, backed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist Bharatiya
Janata Party (BJP), by entering the temple for the first time since the court ruling in September.
Police in Kerala fired tear gas, stun
grenades and used water cannon as
clashes between rival groups erupted
across the southern state, local media
reported. Several officers were reportedly injured.
The two women entered the temple
under police escort before dawn and
left undetected a short while later after
offering prayers inside the shrine.
“It is a fact that two women entered
the shrine,” state chief minister
Pinarayi Vijayan confirmed, adding
that police have to offer protection to
anyone wanting to visit the temple.
Bindu Ammini, 42, and Kanaka
Durga, 44, had tried entering Sabarimala last month, but were forcibly
turned back by Hindu activists committed to violently enforcing the ban,
Judges ruled that banning women
aged between 10 and 50 from entering
Sabarimala was an unconstitutional infringement of their human rights and
against equality of worship laws.
Immediately after the ruling, protesters, with the support of the government, disregarded the decision and
began preventing women devotees
from entering the temple.
They maintained that age-old religious sentiments prevailed over judicial rulings and the ban was essential to
appease and protect Ayyappan, the
temple’s deity who is depicted as a celibate yoga-practising god.
Officials at the temple yesterday said
the two women had entered the shrine
stealthily through the staff gate.
Video images circulating on WhatsApp reveal the two women, dressed in
REUTERS/AP
Two women
defy protests
to sneak into
Hindu temple
Police in Kerala gear
up for violence, top
left, following
reports of two
women, right,
entering the
Sabarimala temple,
sparking street
protests, above
Rise of male beauty vloggers
boosts sales of make-up to men
By Sophia Yan and Paula Jin in Beijing
AN EXPERIMENT with eyebrow pencil and a bit of Givenchy foundation
two years ago hooked Song Yewen on
the world of make-up.
Now, the 21-year-old beauty vlogger
is defying traditional Chinese gender
norms on a mission to make his audience to feel as empowered as he does:
“I feel good about myself when I wear
make-up – I feel confident.”
Mr Song live-streams and posts
make-up tips and tricks to his 1.5 million online followers across China several times a week, one of a spate of male
beauty vloggers who represent a growing shift in gender attitudes.
Their popularity is leading a boom in
China’s male cosmetics market, estimated to grow to 20 per cent over the
next four years to a whopping $2.4 billion in 2022, according to Euromonitor, a market research firm.
It’s also paving the way for more
young Chinese men to experiment
with gender-bending make-up and
clothes, in a culture with a long history
of swaggering, masculine stereotypes.
Even in 2019, parents can enrol sons
in training camps to teach them to be
tough and manly. Single men looking
to marry face pressure to fit certain
‘Sometimes my sister
asks me to teach her little
tricks. My make-up skills
are better than hers’
norms – be the breadwinner and own
property; multiple houses are a plus.
The change in gender ideals, vloggers told The Daily Telegraph, has been
influenced by South Korean pop culture, where male celebrities and boy
bands have popularised a softer, effeminate look.
“Sometimes my sister asks me to
teach her little tricks,” laughed Zhang
Wu’er, 24, another beauty vlogger. “My
Groom seeks to sue friends
for wedding prank injuries
By Wendy Tang in Beijing
A BRIDEGROOM in southern China is
suing his friends over wedding hazing
that left him spending his big day in
hospital and facing a hefty bill from a
traffic accident.
The 24-year-old endured the hazing
as part of a traditional ritual on his
wedding day in November in China’s
south-west Guizhou province. Relatives who witnessed the incident told
the Chinese news site The Paper that
his friends threw eggs, beer and ink at
him while he was on his way to pick up
the bride, as part of a rite that quickly
spiralled out of control.
The groom was tied to a power pole
with plastic tape while wearing only
his underwear and was hit with a bamboo stick by his friends. He was then
chased to a corner near a motorway. As
he tried to escape the hazing, he ran
out into the traffic.
Ai Guangtao, the bridegroom, told
btime.com that the ink that had been
poured on him was impairing his vision. “Someone was chasing me and I
couldn’t see very well because of the
ink, then somehow I ran on to a motorway with someone tailing me behind,”
Mr Ai said. He was hit by a BMW that
crashed into a motorway barricade as
its driver tried to avoid him.
Mr Ai spent three weeks in hospital
with a skull fracture and internal bleeding, while the car that hit him was
badly damaged.
Traffic police ruled that Mr Ai was
Ai Guangtao spent
three weeks in
hospital after being
hit by a car as he fled
wedding hazing by
his friends
responsible for the damage to the car.
Last month, the driver’s insurance
company demanded 30,000 yuan
(£3,453) in compensation. The groom
then decided to sue the friends who
carried out the wedding hazing.
Mr Ai’s relatives said they had already raised 6,000 yuan (£691) to help
pay his medical fees.
Following cases in which hazing was
taken too far, China’s civil affairs ministry last month condemned the practice
and called for it to be reformed.
make-up skills are better than hers.”
Wang Zilu, 22, has used make-up for
three years – hooked after realising
how just a little could “change the
shape of your eyebrows, the style of
your lips”.
He learned via other vloggers before
starting a social media account to post
his own before-and-after videos.
Make-up, for some, has gone from a
fun hobby to a lucrative lifeline –
China’s most popular beauty vloggers
can reportedly pull in as much as
10 million yuan (£1.2 million) a year.
For Mr Song, sharing his video tutorials and working as a brand ambassador is a part-time gig that brings in
about 20,000 yuan (£2,300) a month,
which he uses to support his studies in
traditional Chinese medicine.
But even with more young men trying out a bit of blush, not everyone is
used to it. “Sometimes people judge me,
a guy, for putting on make-up; I would
go, ‘So what?’,” said Mr Song. “I don’t
pay much attention to what others say.”
Croatian MP sparks
hospital treatment
protest movement
By Our Foreign Staff
A WAVE of MeToo-style testimonies
about painful gynaecological procedures has swept across the Balkans after
a female Croatian politician’s emotional
account of an agonising treatment she
received following a miscarriage.
“They tied my arms and legs and
started a curettage without anaesthesia
… these were the 30 most horrible minutes of my life,” MP Ivana NinčevićLesandrić told Croatia’s parliament.
“I could tell you about every second
as each was lasting an eternity,” she
said of the surgery which involves
scraping tissue from the uterus and is
often performed after a miscarriage or
an abortion.
Milan Kujundžić, Croatia’s health
minister, has pledged to investigate the
case, while the hospital where Ms
Ninčević-Lesandrić was treated has
rejected her claims.
Activists say women have faced traumatic hospital experiences for decades,
and cite studies that show they are less
likely to receive painkillers than men.
The outcry in Croatia has inspired a
wave of similar grievances across the
region, including in Bosnia and Serbia.
black tunics, rushing into the temple
with their heads bowed.
“We arrived early in the morning
and had a darshan [visitation to the
idol] for a few minutes,” Ms Ammini
later told the BBC. “We left before protesters stopped us.”
After news of the two women entering Sabarimala became public, the
temple authorities accused them of
“defiling” the shrine and closed it for
an hour while it was “purified”.
Local BJP leader Sreedharan Pillai,
strongly criticised the lifting of the ban
calling it a “conspiracy” by Kerala’s
Marxist government to “destroy”
Hindu temples. “The BJP will support
all struggles against the destruction of
[the Hindu] faith by the Communists,”
Mr Pillai told TV news channels.
On New Year’s Day, around five million women formed a 385-mile long
chain across Kerala in support of gender equality and to protest against
activists enforcing the Sabarimala ban.
Women of all ages stood shoulderto-shoulder for 15 minutes in the afternoon in a show of female solidarity.
In many traditional Hindu communities across India menstruating
women are considered unclean and
unholy, which can result in restrictions
or an outright ban on them entering
some holy sites.
‘We will
support all
struggles
against the
destruction
of the Hindu
faith by the
Communists’
14
***
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Democrats to turn the screw on president
Trump’s opponents will
unleash a wave of inquiries
as they take control of
House of Representatives
By Nick Allen in Washington
DEMOCRATS take control of the US
House of Representatives today, ushering in two years of divided government
during which Donald Trump will be
remorselessly investigated for evidence of wrongdoing, while struggling
to achieve his policies. As the 116th US
Congress convenes, Nancy Pelosi was
expected to be sworn in as the Democratic Speaker of the House, and her allies will take control of the lower
chamber’s committees.
Those committees will launch a litany of inquiries into the president, his
family, and his businesses, including
demanding Mr Trump’s tax returns.
As America entered what promised
to be a period of bitter political division
in its legislature, Mitt Romney, a senior
member of his own party, said the president had “not risen to the mantle of
the office”, had displayed a “glaring
shortfall” of character and accused him
of “abandoning allies”. Democrats won
control of the House in the midterm
elections in November, while Republicans retained the Senate.
The first task of the new Congress
will be to end a government shutdown
that began before Christmas, caused by
an impasse over funding for Mr
Trump’s proposed border wall.
Hundreds of thousands of public
workers have been sent home unpaid.
Democrat leaders, including Mrs
Pelosi, were due to meet Mr Trump at
the White House last night, and were
expected to introduce quickly a pair of
spending bills aimed at reopening the
government. However, they have
vowed not to authorise funding for the
wall. Hakeem Jeffries, chairman of the
Democratic caucus, said they would
“draw a line in the sand” and refuse to
“waste millions in taxpayer dollars on a
medieval border wall”.
Mr Trump has said he will maintain
the shutdown as “long as it takes” to get
wall funding.
He also said he was open to a compromise that would involve providing
legal status to young illegal immigrants
known as the “Dreamers”.
Meanwhile, Kirstjen Nielsen, his
homeland security secretary, warned
“fake families” were entering the US.
The forthcoming Democrat legislative
agenda will prioritise reducing prescription drug prices, an infrastructure
bill and campaign finance reform.
It will also include banning members of Congress from serving on corporate boards. They also intend to relax
a century-old ban on wearing hats on
the floor of the chamber, which will allow Ilhan Omar, a new Muslim-American congressman from Minnesota, to
wear a headscarf.
Democrats said they would, in their
first week, table a resolution to defend
the Affordable Care Act, also known as
ObamaCare, and denied suggestions
the government could grind to a halt as
investigations related to Mr Trump,
and Russian interference in the 2016
election were pursued by committees.
One retiring Republican congressman said: “He [Mr Trump] doesn’t
know what’s about to hit him. They’re
going to subpoena everybody and their
dog.”
The Democrats will also face an
internal struggle as a large, mostly
youthful, influx of new members of
Congress pressures the leadership for
more action on issues including
climate change.
Qatar doubles
cost of alcohol
ahead of 2022
World Cup
Trump defends
taking troops
out of ‘sand and
death’ of Syria
By Josie Ensor
MIDDLE EAST CORRESPONDENT
By Nick Allen in Washington
DONALD TRUMP last night defended
his controversial decision to withdraw
US troops from Syria, saying the country was nothing but “sand and death”.
The US president said: “Syria was
lost long ago. It was lost long ago. We’re
not talking about vast wealth. We’re
talking about sand and death.
“I’m getting out, we’re getting out of
Syria. Look, we don’t want Syria.”
He added: “The Kurds, our partners,
are selling oil to Iran. I’m not thrilled
about that, I’m not happy about it at
all.”
However, Mr Trump said he did
want to “protect” US-backed Kurdish
fighters in the country as Washington
draws down its 2,000 troops, which
Donald Trump
defended his troop
withdrawal and said
’I think I would have
been a good general’
at a cabinet meeting
AFP/GETTY
IN NEWS likely to be received badly by
football fans planning to attend the
next World Cup in Qatar, the conservative Muslim Gulf state this week introduced a 100 per cent tax on alcohol.
The so-called “sin tax” came into
force on Tuesday, weeks after the government announced it would look to
introduce a levy on “health-damaging
goods”.
The policy was revealed when the
Qatar Distribution Company, the country’s only alcohol retailer, released a
30-page list with updated and more
expensive prices for beers, wine and
spirits.
With the new levy, a six-pack of beer
will now set local drinkers, expats and
football fans back more than £20.
A 100cl bottle of Bombay Sapphire
gin will cost 340 Qatari riyals (£75) and
a 75cl of Shiraz wine from South Africa
will be sold for £20.
The new tax will also increase the
price of sugary drinks by half, while
the price of tobacco, energy drinks and
pork will double, according to Walid
Zidani, a spokesman for the finance
ministry.
The issue of alcohol is likely to be a
sensitive subject in the run-up to the
2022 Fifa World Cup, which is expected to attract more than 1.5 million
international visitors.
Tournament organisers in Qatar had
said alcohol would be available for fans
in designated areas, but not in public
spaces, out of respect for the country’s
traditions.
It is legal for non-Qataris to buy alcohol in the country with a permit, and
also to drink in licensed bars, clubs and
hotels – although drinking anywhere
in public is banned.
Qatari officials have previously said
the drinking of alcohol would be more
restricted than in previous World
Cups, and that football fans would have
to drink in designated areas around the
stadiums.
They expressed concerns over the
relationship between alcohol and football-related violence, as seen in the
clashes between English and Russian
fans in France during Euro 2016.
World Cup sponsors such as Budweiser will also likely not be pleased at
the dramatic price increase.
Hand of God Pope Francis spins a ball on his fingertip as he joins in with a performance by the National Circus of Cuba.
The pontiff welcomed the troupe to his weekly general audience held yesterday in the Paul VI hall at the Vatican.
Castro claims US officials taking
‘path of confrontation’ with Cuba
By Harriet Alexander
in New York
RAUL CASTRO has made a
rare return to the public
stage in Cuba, using celebrations to mark the 60th anniversary of the revolution to
warn that Donald Trump is
taking the US down the
“path of confrontation” with
the Communist island.
Mr Castro, who stepped
down as Cuba’s president in
April, accused the US president of unjustified aggression. “Once again, the North
American government is
taking on the path of confrontation with Cuba,” the
87-year-old said.
“Increasingly, high-ranking officials of this administration are trying to blame
Cuba for all the region’s ills,”
Raúl Castro in Santiago de Cuba on New Year’s Day
he said, adding that they
stemmed instead from “ruthless neoliberal policies”.
US relations with Cuba
have taken a significant turn
for the worse after Mr
Trump set out to undo the
thaw begun by Barack
Obama, who in March 2016
became the first US president to visit the island in 80
years. Mr Trump has reimposed restrictions on tourism for US citizens, and
prohibited commerce with
Cuban businesses owned by
the military and intelligence
services.
John Bolton, his national
security adviser, said in November that Washington
would take a tougher line
against Cuba, Venezuela and
Nicaragua, calling them a
“troika of tyranny”.
On Tuesday, Mr Castro,
clad in military fatigues, told
the crowd gathered for a
sombre sunset ceremony at
the tomb of his brother, Fidel, in Santiago de Cuba, that
Cuba had proven throughout six decades since the
revolution it could not be
intimidated by threats.
He insisted, however, that
Cuba remained open to a
peaceful and respectful coexistence, and said that its
battle was an economic one.
Miguel Diaz-Canel, his
successor as president, told
the country’s national assembly in December that the
country was implementing
increased austerity for the
fourth year running in 2019.
Italy demands return of Anti-scientific health
painting stolen by Nazis policies ‘put lives at risk’
By Nick Squires in Rome
THE director of the Uffizi
Galleries in Florence has
demanded that Germany
return an artwork that was
looted by the Nazis during
the Second World War.
Eike Schmidt, who is German himself, said Berlin had
a moral duty to give back the
painting, Vase of Flowers, by
the 18th-century Dutch artist Jan van Huysum.
It was taken from Florence by German soldiers in
1944 and is now owned privately by a German family.
Dr Schmidt, who has been
the head of the Uffizi Galleries since 2015, said the family
had refused “numerous
requests” for the artwork to
be returned.
To raise the profile of the
case, a black-and-white photograph of the painting will
hang in Florence’s Palazzo
Pitti, where the original was
once kept, with a caption
explaining that it was stolen
by the Germans.
Beneath the photograph is
the word “Stolen!” in three
languages – Italian, English
and German.
By Our Foreign Staff
ITALY’S leading adviser on
public health yesterday criticised the government’s
“anti-scientific” policies saying they were putting people’s lives at risk.
Prof Walter Ricciardi hit
out at the Right-wing populist coalition for declaring vital vaccines “useless and
dangerous”, claiming migrants carry disease, and easing restrictions on the use of
contaminated soil in farming.
“Representatives of the
government have endorsed
unscientific or frankly antiscientific positions on many
issues,” he told the Corriere
della Sera daily. “It’s an approach taken by populists,
who have great difficulty in
interacting with science.”
Prof Ricciardi announced
his resignation from Italy’s
National Health Institute last
month. He said he had been
driven to quit by policies
which have seen the governing Five Star Movement and
League party oppose childhood vaccinations claiming
they cause autism and boost
the pharmaceutical firms.
would happen “over a period of time”.
During a 95-minute cabinet meeting
at the White House the president also
lambasted European allies for not taking a bigger role in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. He singled out Germany,
saying it was “paying one per cent” of
GDP on defence, and “should be paying
four per cent”.
Mr Trump added that he “didn’t
care” if he was not personally popular
in Europe. He said: “I shouldn’t be popular in Europe. I want Europe to pay. I
don’t care about Europe. I’m not
elected by Europeans, I’m elected by
American taxpayers, frankly.
“If I were popular in Europe, I
wouldn’t be doing my job. I could be
the most popular person in Europe, I
could run for any office if I wanted to,
but I don’t want to. I want people to
treat us fairly, and they’re not.”
The president said he “essentially
fired” Jim Mattis as defence secretary,
and his handling of Afghanistan had
been “not too good”. Mr Mattis quit his
post last month, delivering a stinging
rebuke of Mr Trump’s foreign policy in
his resignation letter.
Mr Trump added: “I think I would’ve
been a good general, but who knows.”
WORLD BULLETIN
Snow no-show
shuts icy ski runs
Websites blocked
in riot-hit Sudan
A lack of snow and an
exceptionally high risk of
accidents has forced the
closure of many French ski
runs, with slopes icy and “as
hard as concrete”, officials
said yesterday. Very low
night temperatures and
scant snowfall is making
conditions treacherous,
even for proficient skiers.
Only four out of 56 runs are
open at Saint-Lary-Soulan,
in the Pyrenees.
Sudanese authorities are
blocking access to popular
social media platforms used
to organise and broadcast
anti-government protests.
Access to Facebook,
Twitter and WhatsApp is
possible only through use of
virtual private networks.
Sudan has been rocked by
riots over the past two
weeks and protesters have
called on Omar al-Bashir,
the president, to step down.
Chaotic DRC vote Needles found in
wins approval
seedless grapes
Election monitors from the
Southern African
Development Community
said yesterday that the
Democratic Republic of
Congo’s Dec 30 presidential
election “went relatively
well” despite chaotic scenes
that prevented many from
voting. This counters claims
by opposition candidates
that the vote was marred by
irregularities and by one US
politician’s belief that it was
“neither free nor fair”.
An Australian couple found
two needles hidden inside
grapes, sparking fears of a
return of supermarket fruit
sabotage.
Shams Alsubaiy and her
partner Skender Hasa told a
news channel in Melbourne
that Ms Alsubaiy had
pricked herself picking up a
green seedless grape.
September 2018 saw
hundreds of cases of needles
being found in supermarket
strawberries in Australia.
Six die in Danish
train collision
‘Death wish’ was
web of deception
Six people have been killed
and 16 injured in Denmark
after a high-speed passenger
train was hit by part of a
passing freight train.
Investigators suspect an
empty wagon on a train
carrying Carlsberg beer was
blown into the passenger
train as it crossed the West
Bridge, one of two bridges
linking Zealand and Fyn,
Denmark’s two largest
islands.
Police rushed to a home in
Perth, Australia, after reports
of a man shouting “why
don’t you die?” But officers
found that he had only been
trying to kill a spider.
A passer-by had heard a
screaming child and a man
shouting, but Wanneroo
police cited the man’s
“serious fear” of spiders,
adding that there had been
no injuries, apart from those
to the spider.
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
***
15
16
***
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Comment
My scrapbooks
of memories are
safe – far away
from Facebook
daisy dunn
A
series of unseen
watercolours,
collected by Queen
Victoria and Prince Albert
in scrapbooks, are to tour
Britain this year on the
200th anniversary of the
couple’s births. They were
enthusiastic collectors and
enjoyed many an evening
organising their treasured
albums with sketches,
trinkets and paintings
depicting their children,
homes, family celebrations
and trips abroad.
As a biographer, I know
just how much ephemera
can tell you about a life.
Diaries can be difficult to
re-read, but scrapbooks are
always an evocative record
and a joy to leaf through.
And as a scrapbooker
myself, I love to go back
through the volumes I’ve
made over the years with a
sense of relief that I haven’t
forgotten everything.
The album of my
university years bulges
with photographs and
concert tickets, torn
theatre programmes and
stained cocktail invitations,
postcards and napkins
printed with college crests.
Like Queen Victoria, I
have always appreciated a
snapshot of a place caught
at a particular moment in
time. She scrapbooked a
watercolour of The Great
Exhibition of 1851. I pasted
a photograph of a garden
made up as “Wonderland”
for a summer ball.
But why bother doing
something so, well,
Victorian? I have a very
modern reason.
That summer ball picture
is, in fact, a print-out
rescued from Facebook.
Contrary to common belief,
younger people are logging
out of the social media
site in droves – or at least
“tidying up” their accounts,
deleting unflattering
testaments to their youth.
As they do so, they are
destroying what many
people my age considered
to be a digital scrapbook
– a permanent record of
their lives.
We assume that photos
we upload to social media
accounts or to the Cloud
will be there forever. We are
wrong. What happens if the
network crashes or becomes
unpopular or if sensibilities
change and those photos
are subsequently deemed
inappropriate by the
tech companies and their
policing teams? The tech
firms are not neutral
arbiters. Netflix – albeit a
TV streaming service – took
down an episode of a US
comedy last week because it
offended Saudi Arabia.
We are, after all, living
in an age where the past
is increasingly judged by
the scruples of the present.
Party themes popular in
the 2000s are criticised,
or banned, on grounds
of cultural appropriation
or racism – but my
photographs of Cowboy
and Indian parties and
Roaring Twenties soirées
will remain safely inside my
private books.
Paper, of course, can be
precarious too. Think of
how much was lost when
fire ravaged the Library of
Alexandria. I’ve therefore
taken to scanning the
oldest photographs in my
collection. The computer
has become my back-up
system rather than my
primary filing cabinet.
I prefer it this way. Only
I can hold and curate my
scrapbooks and photo
albums and determine
who sees them. They
may lack the glossiness of
Instagram but they are all
the more precious for being
unfiltered, unedited, and
uncut. As I continue to fill
them with the zeal of Queen
Victoria, I look forward to
feeling their spines creak as
the years grow between me
and my history.
Daisy Dunn is the author
of ‘Pliny: Life, Letters and
Natural History’, which will
be published by William
Collins in June
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The dismal euro will stagger on and
condemn Europe to further disaster
Twenty years on from the
single currency’s adoption,
EU elites show no sign of
admitting to their errors
jeremy
warner
‘F
or 20 years, the euro has
delivered prosperity and
protection to our citizens.
It has become a symbol
of unity, sovereignty
and stability, and we
must ensure it continues.” Thus spoke
Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the
European Commission, in “celebration”
this week of the 20th anniversary of the
adoption in synthetic form of Europe’s
single currency. Notes and coins were
to come three years later.
I have to admit to a sneaking regard
for Mr Juncker, whose impish sense
of humour – as in, “we know what has
to be done, we just don’t know how
to get re-elected afterwards” – and
candour over the EU’s own casual
disregard for democracy mark him out
as one of Europe’s more entertaining
politicians. Yet his comments on
the euro are beyond parody. It is no
surprise that there was little rush
to echo them. Most member states
have been understandably content
to leave the anniversary unmarked,
for the big questions about how to
sustain this troubled project, and the
concessions that will have to be made
by creditor nations for it to work,
have yet to be faced up to.
In economic terms, monetary
union has arguably been good for
Germany and its satellite northern
European states, underpinning
the competitiveness of an already
formidable export machine. I say
arguably because, if the effect of
Germany’s success is to impoverish
the rest, the model can’t work in the
long run. Central Europe’s apparent
prosperity would come to be seen
as little more than a mirage in any
eventual unravelling, imposing
massive losses on German savers
via cross-border defaults.
For much of the rest of Europe,
however, the euro has been an
unmitigated disaster. Beyond the
logistical successes of its immediate
introduction – admittedly an
extraordinarily impressive exercise in
international planning, cooperation
and execution – it is indeed hard to
think of any redeeming features.
As Mr Juncker points out, he is one
of the only signatories to Maastricht,
the treaty that gave birth to the euro,
who is still politically active. He should
therefore be in a better position than
most to know quite how destructive it
has been. We might perhaps start with
Britain, now just months away from
leaving the EU altogether.
The EU may always have been more
of a political than an economic project;
for its founding fathers, the ambition
was always a United States of Europe.
But Maastricht marked the point of no
return. Up until then it was possible to
maintain the pretence of the EU as just
a souped-up, free-trade area, requiring
only limited sharing of sovereignty.
Giving up control of the currency
to a supranational organisation
was for Britain the step too far. The
subsequent, defining experience
of Black Wednesday, when the UK
was ignominiously forced out of
Europe’s fixed exchange rate regime,
convinced the British establishment
that monetary union was not just
premature, but also likely to be
subject to repeated economic and
financial crises. In any case, Britain’s
opt-out from the euro set the UK on
a divergent course that was always
likely to bring it into conflict with
the integration necessary to support
monetary union.
The idea, then, that the euro has
proved a unifying factor in Europe
is completely spurious. It has been a
deeply divisive force that led directly
to the British divorce. It has also quite
plainly not been good for great tracts
of the European economy. Taking
eurozone members as a whole, growth
has slowed and unemployment risen
markedly since the introduction of the
single currency – disastrously so for
the southern periphery.
Even today, the Commission clings
to the delusion that the debt crisis of
2009-12 was nothing to do with the
euro, but was a maelstrom spawned in
America and amplified by the failings
of member states. There is virtually no
acknowledgement of the destructive
dynamic that the euro set in train,
creating unsustainable fiscal, credit
and construction booms in Italy,
Greece, Spain, Portugal, Ireland and
beyond, or the role played by eurozone
policy in exaggerating the subsequent
bust. Denied the natural adjustment
mechanism of currency realignment,
debtor countries were instead forced
into punishing internal devaluations,
further raising debt-to-GDP ratios
and decimating public support for the
established centre ground in politics.
Brexit is widely seen internationally
as an act of economic self-harm. Yet set
against the hubris of monetary union,
it might more reasonably be viewed as
simple self-preservation. It is hard to
think of any self-inflicted peacetime
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policy blunder quite as devastating
in its economic consequences and
destabilising in its political fallout as
European Monetary Union.
And yet it staggers on, sustained
more by fear of the consequences of
leaving than belief in its underlying
merits. That, and the political capital
that has been invested in it. A whole
generation of European politicians
and officials, Mr Juncker included,
have built their careers around it.
They dare not admit they were wrong.
Honesty is what’s required, not selfcongratulation, but it is in short supply.
Every time the euro falters – as
with a fast-slowing global economy,
threatening like a receding tide to
expose anew the euro’s compromised
foundations – just enough is done
to save it. It may seem odd, given its
obvious failings, but even among
voters in the most disadvantaged
member states, it is hard to find a
majority in favour of getting rid of
it. Put yourself in the position of a
reasonably well-off member of the
Spanish middle class and it is easy to
see why. They like having a German
exchange rate to protect the value
of their assets, savings and earnings.
They are not likely to vote for a course
of action that will devalue their wealth
by 30 per cent overnight.
Perhaps that’s what Mr Juncker
meant when he talked of the euro
delivering prosperity. The dispossessed
young, unemployed and left-behinds,
denied the “protections” of the euro’s
embrace, can go whistle. Dismal
prospect though it might seem, it is as
depressingly possible to see the euro
surviving the next crisis as it did the
last one, condemning the Continent
to a state of permanently low growth
and politically destructive divisiveness.
They make a desert, wrote the Roman
historian Tacitus, and call it peace.
The ticking clock on Brexit is on our side
The more we prepare to
leave the EU without a
deal, the more likely
a good deal becomes
david daviss
W
e are told that another decisive
moment looms, in the form
of the forthcoming Commons
vote on the proposed Withdrawal
Agreement. Of course, we have been
here before. We have seen many
supposedly decisive moments since
the 2016 referendum: triggering
Article 50, passing the EU Withdrawal
Act, the December meaningful vote
that never was, to name but a few.
Before we whip ourselves into
another frenzy, perhaps it is time to
take stock? I have always said that the
EU would push and push until finally
we reach a resolution at the eleventh
hour. Recent events only reinforce my
analysis. Indeed, anybody who really
understands how negotiations work
understands that time is our friend.
We know that the EU is worried
about the loss of the £39 billion
“divorce” payment if there is no deal.
EU Budget Commissioner Gunther
Oettinger has said that the remaining
27 member states will face a hefty bill
if the UK does not pay. We also know
that the UK’s no-deal preparations are
well advanced. A senior civil servant,
writing in The Telegraph last week, said
the Government is failing to be frank
about the degree of preparation.
So this is the moment to be hardnosed about these issues. The more we
prepare to leave the EU without a deal,
the more likely a good deal becomes.
But getting there means ignoring the
distractions, such as the briefings that
Continuity Remain elements will seek
to extend Article 50 or force a second
referendum. It is not going to happen
without a general election. Instead,
Tory MPs must remain committed
to delivering the referendum result,
as repeated in our manifesto, which
pledged to leave the customs union
and the single market and which said
that no deal is better than a bad deal.
To do otherwise would throw our
democracy’s credibility into chaos.
And let’s be clear: the Withdrawal
Agreement does not respect the
referendum result. That is why the
meaningful vote had to be delayed and
one wonders if even this month’s vote
will go ahead. Attempts to frighten
MPs into supporting it are unlikely
to work, because voting down this
substandard deal will not result in
no Brexit. How could it? There is no
mechanism for that to happen. The UK
will leave the EU on March 29. That
is nailed down in primary legislation
and international treaty commitments.
There is no wriggle room.
Well-informed colleagues also
know there is an alternative. Both
Donald Tusk and Michel Barnier have
offered the UK a Canada-plus option.
A Northern Ireland backstop is not
necessary or wanted. International
trade experts such as Shanker Singham
advocate using tried and trusted
procedures so that rules of origin and
customs checks are conducted away
from the Northern Ireland border,
making a hard border unnecessary.
The EU, however, will not commit to
a free-trade deal until we have left and
that is fair enough. So we should press
for early talks after March 29 with a
generous offer based on tariff-free
trade with few barriers. In the
meantime, the Government is right to
be preparing finally for a vigorously
managed WTO Brexit, which
holds far less risk than the various
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fear campaigns have tried to suggest.
Be under no illusions. Leaving
without a Withdrawal Agreement
is not the same as leaving without
agreements. There will be several deals
in place, including membership of the
Common Transit Convention and the
WTO, a trade facilitation agreement,
and others as set out recently by the
EU. There is a shared interest in a good
flow of traffic through our ports, and
action is being taken to ensure trade
continues sensibly.
I appreciate we all want to get
Brexit done and move on, but if we get
it wrong, we are stuck with what is
agreed and a bad deal will lead to more
division and uncertainty. Therefore, it
is crucial that we get it right whenever
the moment of reckoning comes – be
it mid-January or later.
What this country needs now is
direction and leadership. When the
British people see there is hope and
a path to a brighter future, they will
urge our leaders to finish the job.
We must stop being sidetracked by
those who were never reconciled to
Brexit, prepare for no deal in the sure
knowledge it makes a good deal more
likely, and seize the prize of a global
future for the UK.
David Davis is a former Brexit secretary
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
17
Letters to the Editor
Nothing wrong with
leadership ambition
T
he Christmas holidays are
traditionally a quiet time politically,
and they have been once again,
even on the verge of an imminent
climacteric in the great Brexit drama.
With fewer than 90 days remaining
to the date of the UK’s departure from the EU,
uncertainty continues over the method by which it
will be done, or even whether it will be done at all.
Until MPs return to the Commons next week to
begin the final countdown to the meaningful vote
on Theresa May’s deal with the EU, no one will
know for sure if the Prime Minister has managed to
extract concessions from Brussels that will secure
her an unlikely victory. She pulled the vote before
Christmas anticipating a sizeable defeat; nothing
has happened since to suggest a different outcome.
But the festive interregnum has afforded
potential successors to Mrs May an opportunity
to strut their stuff. In particular, Sajid Javid, the
Home Secretary, has been to the fore, trying to
develop a coherent response to the arrival of
illegal immigrants by boat in Kent.
He was initially caught on the hop by being on
safari with his family, but cannot be criticised for
taking a holiday. He was commendably quick to
realise that he should return to the UK to handle
matters, though his detractors have accused
him of doing so in order to enhance his profile.
Arguably, he could have left matters to a junior
minister, but he would then have been denounced
for putting his holiday ahead of his job. He made
the right decision, though whether the migrant
numbers involved justify the declaration of a crisis,
or warrant the involvement of Royal Navy vessels
rather than border patrol boats, is another matter.
Furthermore, there
is always a danger that
Singapore offers
deploying more ships
a different
to rescue migrants
approach that
will encourage others
the UK will need
to make the perilous
crossing. However,
to look at once
Mr Javid is right to
free of the EU
point out that most of
those who have arrived are economic migrants
and not genuine refugees. Those that are asylumseekers should be returned to the first safe EU
country, as required under the Dublin convention.
We need to defend our borders and our interests.
Another possible leadership contender is the
Foreign Secretary, Jeremy Hunt. He is in the
Far East, beginning his tour in Singapore and
extolling the island nation’s virtues as a low-tax,
low-spend, high-investment economy. Singapore
offers a different approach that the UK will need
to look at once free of the constraints of EU
membership and its high-tax, dirigiste inclinations.
On the eve of his visit, Mr Hunt hailed
the dynamism responsible for Singapore’s
transformation from a “tiny territory devoid
of natural resources into the world’s eighthrichest country”. Investment in education and
infrastructure were priorities that the UK should
share, he said. But this reportedly infuriated EU
negotiators, who are determined to avoid Brexit
being used by the UK to become more competitive.
Mrs May’s troubled deal contains a host of
“level-playing field” guarantees in areas such as tax
and environmental and social standards to which
the EU will hold Britain in discussions on the
future trade relationship.
Here are two ministers, then, charged with
pursuing what is right for Britain, who should
not be deflected from the task by pressure from
outside. If Mr Javid believes the Channel migrants
are illegal, he should ensure they are returned to
France. If Mr Hunt believes the UK will be able to
compete more successfully by cutting taxes and
reducing state regulation, he needs to say so at
home and confound those of his colleagues who
question his recent conversion to lower spending
and Brexit.
Both ministers are accused of positioning
themselves for a possible leadership contest,
but there is nothing wrong with that, provided
they are consistent in defending what is right for
the country. That is their job. Indeed, just as the
French or the Germans have no compunction
about devising policies to suit their own national
interests, our senior ministers need to be equally
robust in pursuing the UK’s. That is the least we
can expect from any potential prime minister.
Got it taped
C
assette tapes are making something of a
comeback. Thirty years ago, they were the
new kids on the musical block, apparently
confining LPs to the same historical locker as the
quill and the codpiece. Vinyl records, in fact,
refused to disappear, sustained by a nostalgic
attachment to their look, feel and sound quality.
But there is little positive to be said of the cassette
tape. Forever getting stuck in the tape deck and
with the music invariably impaired by hissing, it is
hard to see its attraction in a world of digital
downloads available at the push of a button or
supplied by a compliant robot. True, cassette sales
only comprise a minuscule portion of the total
music market; but it is a miracle they have
survived at all, a relic of another era, to remind
young people that there was a time before Spotify.
More council houses
SIR – You report (January 2) that over
the past eight years average train fares
have risen nearly three times faster
than wages.
It’s worth comparing that with
train drivers’ wages, which have more
than quadrupled in the 20 years since
taxpayer-subsidised privatisation.
They (and their families) also get free
or discounted rail travel. Then there
are the huge salaries and bonuses at
the top – mainly awarded, it would
seem, for failure.
Taxpayers are being taken for one
hell of a train ride.
Bill Parish
Bromley, Kent
SIR – Robert Colvile (“Housebuilding
policy needs a Macmillan moment”,
Comment, January 1) overlooks the
real reason why our housing market
has turned into a disaster for all too
many people who simply want
somewhere they can call home.
Private housebuilders have never
built more than 200,000 homes a year
– indeed, the average since the war is
around 150,000. The gap between
what the market could do and what
the country needed was filled by local
authorities. When councils were
stopped from building homes, nothing
filled the gap and house prices rose
exponentially. The golden rule of
supply and demand asserted itself with
vigour. Add in Gordon Brown’s
decision to remove tax breaks for
owner-occupiers but leave them in
place for private landlords, and we can
see why many people are forced to pay
the mortgages of their landlords rather
than their own.
Many private tenants, even though
they are working, have to claim social
security to pay the highest rents in the
land. Council housing gets no day-today subsidy from government. Local
authorities can only spend the rent
they collect. Those rents are also
affordable to people with a normal
income. The Government really does
need to get back into the business of
building homes.
Andy Thompson
Lampeter, Ceredigion
SIR – I applaud Chris Grayling, the
Transport Secretary (Commentary,
January 2), for trying to help young rail
passengers, but he is focusing on the
wrong age group.
My son, aged 46, travels from
Hereford to London at 5.30 am on
Tuesdays and returns on the Thursday
or Friday. The fares are astronomical
despite the service being diabolical,
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with trains cancelled and no seats
available more often than not.
Currently the system appears to be run
for the benefit of the staff, with little
thought for the paying passengers.
Wendy May
Hereford
SIR – When I travel on the overnight
sleeper train from Glasgow to London,
the money from my ticket may well
be going to five different companies:
the train operator, Network Rail,
the leasing company providing the
carriages, the company providing the
electric locomotive (one of the freight
operators) and the company providing
the drivers who are familiar with the
West Coast Main Line track.
Perhaps commuters would get
better value if their fares went to a
single company, which both owned
and operated the railways. Whether
that company should be private or
publicly owned might be considered a
moot point.
Christopher Nickol
Glasgow
SIR – Why do commuters think they
are a special case? Those of us in rural
areas have seen bus timetables cut,
fuel costs significantly increased and
roads deteriorating to resemble carttracks. However, if we are engaged
in rural employment, we have no
alternative but to shut up and get on
with our lives.
If commuters don’t like it, they
could either live closer to their work
or change job (though they won’t earn
London wages working as a gardener,
as I do).
Graham White
Kingham, Oxfordshire
SIR – Instead of focusing on getting
people to work, the Government
should be taking jobs to where they
live. Commuting for more than two
hours a day is lunacy.
In any case, for those who need to
make long journeys, internal flights
are already half the price of the same
journey by train.
Don Edwards
Lawford, Essex
Sugar taxes
SIR – It seems that Public Health
England is calling for taxes on sugary
snacks to address “the obesity crisis”
(report, January 2).
Eating is a personal matter:
how much and what should
be an individual’s choice, not
the Government’s. With regard
to children, it is the parent’s
responsibility to choose.
Nick Parry
Chester
SIR – We were brought up with sugar
sprinkled on our cereals, fatty bacon,
fatty pork chops, extra beef fat on the
joint, dripping on bread, full-cream
milk, fried food, fish and chips cooked
in beef dripping, no chicken (too
expensive), no bottled water, no eight
glasses of water a day and salt tablets
in hot climates. We survived.
Steve Cattell
Grantham, Lincolnshire
Viaduct visionary
SIR – To add to Peter Northfield’s letter
(January 1), the magnificent Digswell
Viaduct was designed by William
Cubitt, who was woken in the middle
of the night, such was the urgency, and
asked if he would become engineer for
the 75-mile Great Northern Railway
following the resignation of Joseph
Locke.
Parliament spent more than three
months and £400,000 arguing about
the line, built by Thomas Brassey,
who was contracted to build the first
60 miles in 18 months, including the
viaduct with its 13 million bricks.
Employing 6,000 men and taking
payment in bonds, Brassey completed
the task in time but still lost money.
Roger Croston
Christleton, Cheshire
A bootless task
SIR – Recent letters (Decdember 31)
have discussed mismatched shoes.
In the Sixties I worked on a cargo
ship trading out of Genoa, and we
shipped large quantities of cheap
Italian shoes. These were subject to a
high level of pilfering in the discharge
ports. In an effort to solve the problem,
the manufacturers decided to ship
the left and right shoes in separate
consignments several weeks apart.
This did not work: a stroll up the
main street would confirm that many
of the locals were happy to endure
the discomfort of either two left or
two right shoes until a swap could be
made a few weeks later.
Tim Burden
Dover, Kent
‘Rabbits are so human’: R M Lockley’s 1964 study was an inspiration to Richard Adams
SIR – “Increase the number of small
housebuilders”, demands Robert
Colvile. Perhaps it would be more
appropriate to say: “Increase the
number of banks that will lend to
small housebuilders.”
Buying the land for five average
family homes costs about £1 million,
and building them the same amount.
The builder is required to have half of
each of these sums before a bank will
consider lending. Not many small
housebuilders have £1 million
available in cash.
Kevin O’Gorman
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Bringing the rabbits of Watership Down to life
Till death us do part
sir – Miranda Johnson’s article
(Review, December 22) about her
grandfather, Richard Adams, and
the process of writing Watership
Down, omits a salient point in the
story, something to which Adams
refers in the acknowledgements to
his bestselling book.
In this he pays tribute to The
Private Life of the Rabbit by the
island-dweller and naturalist R M
SIR – Richard Peart (Letters, January 2)
is only partially correct in his
assessment of the legalities
surrounding deathbed weddings.
A will is indeed usually rendered
void upon marriage, but remains valid
if it is specifically expressed to have
been made “in contemplation of ” that
particular marriage, and as long as the
wedding takes place within a
reasonable period of time. Panic
drafting in the immediate aftermath of
deathbed nuptials is thus perfectly
avoidable.
Rory Mulvihill
Naburn, North Yorkshire
ALAMY
established 1855
Passengers are bottom priority on Britain’s overpriced railways
Lockley, to which he was indebted
for a knowledge of the animals
and their ways. As Lockley said:
“Rabbits are so human. Or is it the
other way around – humans are
so rabbit?”
The two men later became friends
and co-authored A Voyage Through
the Antarctic, published in 1982.
David Saunders
Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire
Lower VAT threshold will harm self-employed
SIR – Hugh Rogers (Letters, January 1)
refers to MPs as “nitwits” for making
remarks about the effect on small
businesses of new EU levels for VAT
registration.
MPs were not raising concerns
about the paying of VAT as such but
were sharing the concerns of the vast
number of self-employed who will
now have to endure the burden of
being drawn into the VAT system.
Adding VAT to their invoices
affects their commercial viability.
After taking time to complete the
registration process, they will then
lose a commercial edge by adding VAT
to their bills and be burdened with
increased paperwork, working out
input and output VAT, and ensuring
returns and payments to HMRC are
done on time.
John O’Donnell
Colchester, Essex
SIR – I would guess that Mr Rogers
does not work in one of the labourintensive industries such as building,
where there are many sole trader or
two-man firms. They are far better
off if they do not register for VAT in
not having to add 20 per cent to their
customers’ bills.
Gerald Masters
Ilchester, Somerset
SIR – Mr Rogers suggests that
hundreds of small businesses would
not be affected by any changes to
the VAT threshold, because they will
simply add it to their prices.
A perennial nightmare for the
63,000 childcare nurseries in Britain
is that if we had to charge VAT on
our services, our prices would have
to go up. Currently the Government
typically pays us £4 for an hour
of “free” childcare, while our true
break-even costs are over £5. I charge
parents £6.24 per hour in an attempt
to break even; with VAT added on top,
that would have to rise to £7.50.
Not many parents can afford to pay
that, especially if they have more than
one child.
Keith Appleyard
Brighton, East Sussex
Modern wonders
SIR – While enjoying our Christmas
lunch, my student grandson and I
were discussing the seven wonders of
the ancient world. We then began to
consider: what are the seven wonders
of the modern world?
Would any of your readers care to
put forward suggestions?
Barbara Stockford
Blandford Forum, Dorset
Spoiler alert
SIR – Sometimes it is not necessary to
customise textbook titles (Letters,
January 2).
A former colleague had a copy of
Mathematics for Engineers by
Raymond W Dull on his bookshelf.
The spine shows only the book title
and author’s surname.
Richard Packer
Westcott, Surrey
Tories need to challenge the liberal consensus
The party has done
too little to further the
interests of ordinary,
working-class families
NICK TIMOTHY
THY
T
his year, we will reach the
midpoint of this parliament.
We will know the terms on
which Britain will leave the EU,
if the plot to stop Brexit fails. And
we might, despite Theresa May
appearing to have more lives than a
cat, have a new prime minister.
We don’t yet know whether the
Tories can unite around a domestic
policy programme and present a
vision of how they will make Britain
a better, fairer and more prosperous
country. While getting the right
Brexit deal is vital to this bigger
picture, the Conservatives need to
rediscover their domestic purpose.
As they do so, they must ignore
siren calls. Over Christmas, George
Osborne warned that the party is
heading for opposition unless it
embraces “socially liberal, probusiness, internationalist” policies.
By this, he means high immigration,
deregulation, and associate
membership of the European Union.
This would be a disastrous
combination. If the Tories betray the
millions who voted for Brexit, many
will never forgive them. If they deliver
Brexit but fail to reduce immigration
– as Sajid Javid’s White Paper will do
– they will be punished. And if they
refuse to challenge business in any
way, as tech firms exploit unregulated
new markets, others exploit older,
broken markets, and workers find
themselves insecure and squeezed,
they will forfeit the right to call
themselves a one-nation party. They
will be offering the same economic
and cultural liberalism that is causing
voters to revolt across the West.
The Conservatives need to
challenge, not perpetuate, the
liberal consensus. On the brief
occasions they have shown a
willingness to do this, the public
have responded with enthusiasm.
Despite Osborne’s lament that the
Tories should never have held the
Brexit referendum, and shouldn’t
have promised to cut immigration,
both pledges were fundamental to
David Cameron’s victory in 2015.
Despite Osborne’s attacks on Theresa
May, her original agenda – in which
she vowed to tackle Britain’s “burning
injustices” and stand up for ordinary,
working-class families – gave her the
longest honeymoon period of any
modern prime minister.
True, there has been some limited
progress in confronting the burning
injustices the PM listed in her speech
on the steps of Downing Street.
Companies have been forced to reveal
their gender pay gaps. A race disparity
audit has exposed everyday injustices
for ethnic minorities. Finally, mental
health spending will rise in real terms
and as a share of the NHS budget.
But these are small steps. On house
building, government policy is too
timid. Homelessness is up and rough
sleeping is soaring. School reform
– once, under Michael Gove, the
Conservatives’ pride and joy – has
gone backwards. And the fate of white
working-class children is ignored.
Official statistics show that less
than 30 per cent of white students go
on to university aged 18, compared
with more than 40 per cent of
black students, 46 per cent of Asian
students, and 63 per cent of Chinese
students. For white boys, and white
working-class boys, the numbers
are even worse. Some studies show
more than 30 per cent of black and
Asian girls on free school meals go to
university, but only 9 per cent of white
boys on free school meals join them.
With some injustices, ministers
have consciously sided with
powerful interests who exploit the
vulnerable. Philip Hammond delayed
the curbs to fixed-odds betting
terminals, bowing to gambling
industry lobbying and mindful
of the tax receipts they generate.
Only Tracey Crouch’s principled
resignation and a backbench
rebellion forced a climbdown.
Elsewhere, petty budgeting creates
its own injustice, as when the Foreign
Office asks forced marriage victims
to pay the costs of their rescue.
Sometimes, bureaucratic inertia is to
blame, as with the delays to the oftenpromised domestic violence Bill.
But the Downing Street speech was
not only about “burning injustices”. It
was also a direct address to ordinary,
working-class families who work
round the clock and struggle to pay
the bills. Yet there has been too little
action to help here, too.
The chance to end austerity and go
for growth has been fluffed several
times. The work to rebalance the
economy has been painfully slow.
Technical education and training
remain dire. The national retraining
programme is miserably unambitious.
The promises to fix broken markets
have not materialised. The attempts
to regulate the gig economy have
been timid. Mr Hammond is itching
not to cut taxes for the low-paid and
self-employed but to increase their
national insurance contributions.
Tory traditionalists are right
that the foundation of all policy is
a strong economy. But we will not
make our economy strong without
reform. And a strong economy must
be strong for every one of us.
Until the Tories reach this
conclusion – and until they realise
that the necessary changes are both
urgent and far-reaching – they will
find themselves in trouble. 2019 is
the year to change: anything else
will be too late.
READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion
18
***
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie
Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk
UZ Z L E S
P
Enjoy all
your favourite
puzzles online
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try our free trial now at
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1.
3.
FAMILY
FEATURES
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
FRANCES FOSTER PHOTOGRAPHY; GETTY IMAGES
Like many, when I heard that Tana,
Gordon Ramsay’s 44-year-old wife,
was pregnant with her fifth baby, I
felt overjoyed on her behalf. While I
don’t think I’ll ever put my battered
body through the horrors of pregnancy
again, I have seen first-hand the joy
that a fifth child can bring. But I can
quite understand why others might
have a different reaction.
As a mother-of-five – aged between
three and nine – when I saw Tana
with her grown-up kids announcing
the new addition and posting pictures
of the bump on social media, part of
me did wonder: why are you doing
this to yourself?
When I found out I was
unexpectedly pregnant with baby
number five back in 2014, my reaction
wasn’t utter elation. At the time my
eldest, Lily, was just four; her twin
brothers were 18 months old and her
little sister just under a year. Being
pregnant again wasn’t part of the plan.
Part of the reason for my reaction
was selfish – I had just managed to
squeeze my protesting body back
into my size eight jeans (albeit with
the need to shoehorn my twin-skin
under the waistband) and was looking
forward to the prospect of unbroken
nights’ sleep once again.
But my main concern was how
this fifth child was going to fit into
our family. I had, in many ways, the
perfect mix. Two boys, two girls – all
with plenty of personality. Was there
enough love to go around? Enough
money? Enough sanity?
It was embarrassing, too. Try
wearing a baby in a sling while pushing
twin toddlers in a buggy with their big
sister holding on to the strap. Now try
it while sporting an enormous baby
bump. During my pregnancy, I felt the
need to constantly inform strangers
that this wasn’t part of the plan; to
discuss my contraceptive choices – and
d
failures – both
both wi
with fri
friend
e s and wit
th
friends
with
Stress less
How nourishing your
relationships can
de-stress your life
James May
‘Hammond is
useful. Clarkson
can’t do anything’
Shane Watson
Anti-resolutions
are the secret to
a guilt-free 2019
Page 21
Page 23
Page 20
Take five: Gillian Harvey and husband Ray with, from left, Tim, Evie, baby Robbie, Joe and Lily
The things they
never tell you
about being a
mum-of-five
Gillian Harvey offers congratulations, and some
sage advice,
adv ce, to Gordon
Go do Ramsay’s
a say s wife,
w e, Tana
a a–
now
n
ow eexpecting
xp
pecting their fifth child, at the age of 44
random strangers in the supermarket
queue, just to assure them that I wasn’t
a completely insane breeding machine.
But despite it all, throughout my
difficult pregnancy – the pre- and
postnatal depression, the crushing
tiredness that only comes with being
eight months with child and chasing
a toddler, the embarrassment of
maternal flatulence (for which at least I
had a choice of little bottoms to blame)
– I clung to the hope that one day I’d
turn to my husband and wonder aloud
why on earth we thought our family
complete without our youngest.
And I was right. Sure, there is rarely
a moment in my waking day when
someone’s not yelling for me, and I’ve
had to learn to distinguish between the
urgency of different screams and cries
just to survive, but our family wouldn’t
be the same without little Robbie.
As for my worry that with so
many siblings he’d find himself
neglected, he’s personally making
sure that doesn’t happen. As
is (apparently) often the case
with youngest children, he’s
become the family comedian,,
and his funny faces and
obsession with potty humourr
ch
have been the subject of much
y
dinner-table mirth. His ability
d
to balance objects on his head
and tendency to turn a kiss
into a sloppy lick at the last
minute have both delighted
and disgusted many a
visitor – either way ensuring
he’s always the centre of
attention.
Tana’s situation is
different, of course. With
any luck, her twins (aged
19) don’t still creep into
her bed when they have
a nightmare. She won’t
worry that one of her kids might
ight drop
the baby. All things being equal, she’s
probably got a great support and
babysitting network in her existing
offspring. And only one size of nappies
to buy at the supermarket each week.
However, she might also be thinking
that as an experienced mum, she’s
seen it all. I, too, had this hope
Was there
enough
love to go
round?
Enough
money?
Enough
sanity?
Expecting: Tana
Ramsay, below,
with her four
children and,
above, the photo
she posted of
her baby bump
when bearing my tiny boy; at least,
I thought, I know what I’m doing
this time.
Unfortunately, just as my little
one’s personality is unique, so were
his little habits; the worries that came
with raising him; the little hiccups in
his development. When it comes to
raising a baby, experience counts for
very little. Robbie was my first bumshuffler. He got so good at hoofing
himself along using his arms, that he
didn’t bother to try to walk until he
was more than two. It was adorable.
It was hilarious. It was downright
worrying.
He’s also a fussy eater. At the
moment, he seems to have taken up a
diet that involves him only choosing
beige or brown-coloured food – the
fattier or more sugary the better –
unless threatened with toy removal
or worse.
Chips, he’ll accept. An apple?
The horror! My other kids had food
preferences, b
but he really takes
the biscuit,
bis
as long as it’s a
chocolate one.
Plus, you forget so
m
much
about the early
d
days
with a baby –
p
perhaps blanked out due
t sleep-deprivation or
to
ssome sort of biological
im
imperative by our brains
to keep us breeding.
You forget how hard
it is to function on just
a ffew hours’ sleep, how
lon
lonely it can be at 3am
wh
when you’re doing the
nig
night feed. You forget that
par
particular sinking feeling
you get when you hear
you
your newborn mewl.
Y u forget that baby boys
You
have
e a tendency to pee all
over you whenever you
remove their nappy – or even,
n in the
t
case of one of my boys,
straight into his
Continued
on Page 20
19
20
***
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
FAMILY
MODERN LIFE
S H A N E WAT S O N
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 19
own face. You forget how light babies
are, how delicate; how bathing them
can be nerve-racking. You forget that
each child comes with his or her
particular quota of motherhood guilt
that you have to add to your existing
load and cope with from now on.
When you’re older, too – I was 37
when I had my fifth baby, Tana is
in her mid-40s – your body doesn’t
bounce back the way it once did.
I’ve had to accept that no matter
how much yoga I do, my stomach will
always look a little bit like Theresa
May’s face after a particularly difficult
Brexit conference. Weighed down.
Neither strong nor stable.
And I’ve got news, too, for Tana.
She can no longer class herself as
Have a
guilt-free
2019
These
are the
alternative
resolutions
you really
should have
made
My stomach looks
like Theresa May’s
face after a tricky
Brexit conference
JOHN STILLWELL/PA
having a family, at least when it comes
to making a booking. Forget going
to the zoo, buying tickets to theme
parks, family rooms in hotels. To be
honest, you’re pushing it a bit with
six of you – with seven, you can forget
it. Organisations simply can’t fathom
that some of us don’t stop breeding
when we’ve neatly filled the seats of a
traditional hatchback.
Luckily, there is good news, too:
Tana can rest assured that no matter
what headaches come her way, the
joy of a being a mum of five will
always outweigh the pain.
Every tear or cringe-inducing
event has a moment of hilarity, a
sticky-fingered hug or a sudden
outpouring of parental pride to offset
it. Children bring chaos and wonder
in equal measure – and your days are
never dull when you’re surrounded
by a little tribe of your own.
Don’t miss our weekly
family newsletter
telegraph.co.uk/
familynewsletter
Gimme five: Jamie and Jools Oliver, above, see the positives in having a big family
THE LARGE-FAMILY WAY
FAMOUS MOTHERS ON THEIR BIG BROODS
Jools Oliver:
five children
“Once you’ve
crossed the 3/4
threshold, you
just need to stay
calm and find
time for all of
them. I wouldn’t
change a thing,
I know people
think I’m mad but
I love a house full
of children… and
Jamie, of course.”
Angelina Jolie:
six children
“We want to make
sure we don’t
build a family
so big that
we don’t have
absolutely
enough time
to raise
them each
really well.
Children
are clearly a
commitment,
a bigger
commitment
[than marriage].
It’s for life.”
Helena
Rees-Mogg:
six children
“I’m done. I’ve
told him there will
be no Septimus
and no Octopus.
I’ve had enough
I 40. [Her
– I’m
hu
husband,
Jacob]
wa
wants
more, but
it’s easy for him
to say.”
Helena
Morrissey:
nine children
“My husband,
R
Richard,
volunteered to
stay at home after
our fourth – and
that’s a big part
of how I cope. It
is comforting to
know a parent
is there to give
emotional support
to the children.”
Queen Victoria:
nine children
“A large family
would be a great
inconvenience to
us all, particularly
to the country,
independent of
the hardship and
inconvenience to
myself. Men never
think, at least
seldom think,
what a hard task
it is for us women
to go through this
very often.”
Eleanor Steafel
No more
saving stuff
for best.
If we didn’t
wear it for
Christmas
parties –
then, when?
Y
es, we are three
days into January,
otherwise known
as Dry January,
Back To The Gym Jan,
Giving Up Bad Stuff and
Taking Up Good Stuff
Janvier.
This was always the
month of self-improving
resolutions and now it’s
basically compulsory.
So, if you happen to be
a resolution denier – if
you don’t see why you
should be forced into
living like Mark Wahlberg
just because it’s the start
of a new year – your best
bet is to go with some
“alternative” resolutions,
less “New Year, New You”,
more whatever amuses
you. Here are some I
prepared earlier:
� To not do anything,
throughout the year, that
qualifies as “Lemming”
(the modern habit of
adopting something
simply because everyone
else is). This year,
Lemming things we will
not be doing deliberately
include: banging on about
how good Olivia Colman is
in The Favourite. Banging
on about Ottolenghi
Simple (but never actually
opening Ottolenghi
Simple). Banging on about
how much we are looking
forward to the new Big
Little Lies/Fleabag (and
generally behaving like
the person who has read
and memorised the year’s
cultural round-up).
� To not buy eggs. This is
not an anti-egg policy, this
is an attempt to reverse
some wasteful habits, one
of which is buying eggs as a
back-up, so we can always
have scrambled eggs, and
then never getting around
to having scrambled eggs.
Other habits in this vein
include: stockpiling bubble
wrap, and falling for the
“3 for 2” litre bottles of
conditioner offer.
� To buy more halloumi.
Because it lasts about a
year in the fridge, which
makes it a guaranteed
guilt-free food purchase.
� To implement a personal
phone ban. I mean actually
ban it: at the table; in front
of the TV; whenever there
is someone present too
old or too young to give a
stuff about what’s trending
on Twitter. Ban us in your
restaurants, restaurateurs!
Shame us in your homes,
friends! We took smoking
outside, it hurt, but we’re
all happier and healthier
for it.
� To ditch some friends.
Because we all need all the
friends we can get but, let’s
be clear, you’re not actually
friends with people whose
home you have not visited
once in the last five years/
whose children you would
not recognise or possibly
have never met. It’s no use.
Be proper friends with
people you like to see.
� To stand up from sitting
on the floor without
using hands (aka the life
expectancy test). Can’t do
it! Only just discovered!
Horrified! Totes assumed
could do it because Angela
Rippon almost can and
we can do various yoga
positions, including crow.
But can we, or was that in
fact back in 2015?
� To avoid noting women’s
ages. Simply not interested.
Nicole Kidman in a
bikini aged bleep bleep,
henceforth just don’t care.
� Less staring at/
eavesdropping on
strangers – not a problem
as far as we’re concerned
but the young people
disagree.
� No more saving stuff
for best. We didn’t wear
it to Christmas parties, so
when? Must sometimes
dress up in 2019 or we’re
going to spend the rest of
our days in jeans and ankle
boots. And wouldn’t it be
nice to look like Rachel
Weisz on the red carpet, or
Weisz playing the Duchess
of Marlborough, in a long,
imposing silk dress?
� To have more balls (see
above) or at least parties.
Or at least to push back the
furniture once in a while
and dance.
� No more refusing to
debate the issue in case it
ends up in a fight. Must
stand up and fight, calmly,
before it’s too late. Must
say “What do you mean
exactly by that?”
� To once and for all get
someone to explain the
TV remotes and really
concentrate this time.
� Remember to have more
sex.
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
FEATURES
Nourish your
relationships –
and de-stress
your life
N
N
U
GETTY IMAGES
R
N
ourishing relationships have. Human touch can slow down
help us to de-stress.
our heart rate, lower blood pressure
We feel happy when
and reduce our cortisol levels. It even
we are connected to
raises the levels of natural killer (NK)
friends, family and
cells, which fight off threats, such as
those around us. And
infections and cancer cells, while a
we’re all blessed to be living ultralack of touch is a physical stressor on
connected lives – with technological
the body and helps to throw you into a
miracles in our pockets through
stress state.
which we can communicate,
Hug someone close to you each day,
instantly, with anyone on the
if possible. And if you have children,
planet. At least, this is what we’re
make an effort to hug them at every
constantly told. But I don’t buy it.
opportunity, whatever their age. If you
The nutritional equivalent of the
have an elderly friend or parent, try to
kind of connection we’re having
ensure som
some level of physical
p and a
today is a can of fizzy pop
touch wh
whenever you see them,
st.
such as a prolonged warm
chocolate bar for breakfast.
em
It’s industrialised,
embrace.
Although not a
YE
EW A
pe owner myself, I have
transactional and
pet
sp
inhuman.
spoken
to many patients
an friends who tell me
So many of the stressand
th when they are feeling
related problems I see
that
EW O
str
in my surgery have, as
stressed
they spend time
Y
strok
a root cause, a chronic
stroking
their pet, and their
k
stres
lack of connection. A lack
stress levels plummet. If you
ps
of nurturing relationships
don’t hav
have someone to give you
aa hug,
hug book aa massage.
m
causes stress, and stress itself
can damage relationships. But these
2. End the iAffair
tips will help you to nourish them
Fifteen years ago, in the evening a
instead, so everyone benefits...
couple would talk over dinner, watch
1. Try the power of touch
television together and, then, at
Studies on humans confirm the
bedtime, there would have been dim
primal importance of physical touch. lights, pillow talk and cuddling that
Members of basketball teams who
would, at times, lead further. But it’s
use more hands-on interactions with
extremely common now for partners
each other perform better, ending
to go to bed and be siloed in their
up higher in their leagues. If a waiter own digital worlds. Whereas once we
taps you on the shoulder as they give
worried about our partners having
you a bill, you’ll be likely to tip more.
an affair with a work colleague, these
Researchers at University College
days we’re all having extramarital
London found that affectionate
relationships with our devices. Our
touch reduces feelings of social
phones are the last thing we think
exclusion, which is one of the most
about before going to sleep and the
painful experiences a human can
first thing we think about when we
I’ll drink to that: tactical acceptance could be the best approach
Can you change your
other half’s habits?
Never mind her own new year’s resolutions, Angela
Epstein has given up making them for her husband, too
I
t had been the most wonderful
break. Having snatched a few
days away without our
children, we had hunkered
down in a health spa to enjoy
some of that fabled “we time”.
But, as we travelled home, I knew
reality was making a brutal return,
when my beloved husband turned to
me with a warm smile and said: “I’m
really looking forward to one of your
lovely, home-cooked steaks.”
Clearly, a diet of crisp salads and
fish transported from sea to grill in
the shake of a waiter’s napkin hadn’t
curdled Martin’s love of all things
meaty. You see, my other half is a
carnivore. He loves meat. One of his
favourite sayings is: “There’s no such
thing as a decent piece of quiche.”
Not that he seems, thank goodness,
to be any the worse for it. His energy
and trim physique belies such
culinary tunnel vision.
But it’s not just any meat. He loves
the blubbery rind on lamb chops.
Steaks marbled with congealed
puddles of white – even though I’ve
lectured him about fatty red meat
being the devil’s work.
I’ve tried taking the 007 approach.
But if he catches me in the kitchen,
manicuring his meals with a pair of
kitchen scissors, well, let’s just say it’s
not worth listening to 10 sulky bars of
“did you have to do that?”
Of course, I could just stop cooking
the stuff. But he’s a lovely husband, an
amazing father and a hard worker.
Doesn’t he deserve a dinosaur bone
when he returns to the cave?
Anyway, it’s in moments of such
reflection that I recall one of my late
mother’s sayings: “Don’t marry
It’s impossible to get
near a gin without
someone braying
about Dry January
someone thinking you can change
them.” It was a phrase she first uttered
nearly 30 years ago, when Martin and I
were newly married. She warned I
should be mindful of becoming a nag
because “you don’t miss a headache”.
Over the years, her wisdom has
come to mind when I’ve found myself
challenged by life’s curveballs.
But her advice on trying to change
one’s husband resonated loudly this
ILLUSTRATION: CHRIS NEWELL
In the third part of his anti-stress plan, Dr
Rangan Chatterjee emphasises the power
of intimate connections to help us unwind
wake in the morning. It’s our phones
that we can’t keep our hands off,
whose every curvy contour we know
by touch and whose buttons we know
exactly how to press to turn them on.
It’s our phones we’re thinking about
during romantic meals and our phones
we really want to be with when we’re
lying in bed with our spouses. Our
phone is the third member in our
relationships.
So, every day, make time to connect
with your partner without the
distraction of technology: it could be a
commitment to spending 30 minutes
with each other every evening without
n sight, or
your smartphones in
simply a daily walk, holding
hands.
3. Schedule intimacy
macy
In my surgery, I’m seeing more
omplaining
people coming in complaining
an I ever
of a lack of libido than
have before. One of the
dangers is that this lack
ex
of an urge to have sex
is often interpreted
as a sign that
g
something is wrong
in the relationship.
This is another
stress to have to
week, after I read reports that the
Duchess of Sussex has “banned” the
Duke of Sussex from drinking alcohol,
tea and coffee. If the quotes from palace
insiders this week are true, the Duchess
has also encouraged her husband to
take up yoga and take more exercise.
Of course, many of us will face the
new year with a desire to make lifestyle
changes. It is impossible to get within
sniffing distance of a bottle of gin
without someone braying about the
benefits of Dry January (at a heroic
three days in). Equally, studies have
shown that 80 per cent of people
abandon their resolutions by February
– good intensions derailed by the tiring
business of, well, real life.
Yet, even as we inspect our own
eating and drinking habits – should we
be trying to change our partner’s, too?
“It’s natural to be concerned about
your partner’s health. But in doing so
you both have to take into account each
other’s uniqueness, and not try to rebel
against it,” says Relate counsellor,
Denise Knowles. “Otherwise, it leads to
resentment. So instead of saying “I
want you to do this”, explain, say in the
case of heavy drinking, that it’s because
you want them to be around longer.
That the worrying is bad for you.”
Certainly, taking the full artillery
approach can be damaging to a
relationship. One friend, who wanted
to curtail her tubby husband’s sweet
tooth, simply stopped making desserts
and buying chocolate. Being a grown
man with his own bank account, he ate
more rubbish in the office and sent
pictures of Mars Bar wrappers to his
wife. The weight didn’t go down, but
the temperature at home certainly
heated up. They argued, and she began
to flag up her concerns in front of
others when they went out for dinner
(toe-curling for the rest of us –
especially when summoning the word
“pig”). In the end, she gave up.
But having left him to his own
devices, he has become a fabled Mamil
(Middle Aged Man in Lycra), having
been bitten by the bicycle bug.
“If you are constantly trying to
change your partner, you’re basically
telling them that who they are isn’t
good enough for you,” says Louise
Tyler, a registered and accredited
counsellor with the British Association
for Counselling and Psychotherapy.
“Your partner is not your ‘project’
and you are not responsible for how
they live. There’s a difference between
offering love, support and
encouragement, and constantly
nitpicking and telling them what to do.”
So for 2019, I am trying a strategic
approach through tactical acceptance.
This morning, I asked, “lamb or steak
for dinner?” He said: “Don’t go to any
trouble if you’ve got a lot of work on.”
Result? Well, if in a month’s time, you
see me in the supermarket chucking
fresh tuna into my trolley, do say hello.
Just don’t expect to see a quiche, too.
bear and, more often than not, it’s
actually untrue.
The romantic model fed by
Hollywood has given us an impossibly
high bar, especially in the world we
live in today, in which both partners
often work and have families to look
after. It’s unfortunate for long-term
relationships that the human libido
can be so fragile: when we’re tired or
stressed our libido goes down because
the body prioritises the production of
cortisol over the sex hormones.
Everything in life is easier when we
have a sense of intimacy running along
in the background. It’s the glue that
holds relationships tog
together, and
it doesn’t have to be sexual – it
n
could be just lying naked
in bed
together, showerin
showering together,
even taking a nap ttogether.
Set some time asid
aside for it once
or twice a week. If you don’t
actively schedule it, it won’t
happen. But b
by having a
cre
plan to create
more
of it, you will find
that yo
your stress
levels go down and
your your resilience –
often along with
you
your libido –
go
goes up.
4. Make time for your friends
Humans are not designed to be
alone. We’ve evolved to live our lives
as individual members of a large,
supportive group. But a rising number
of us are suffering from loneliness,
and it’s not just the elderly. Modern
parents typically juggle intense work
pressures with looking after kids, and
find themselves with less and less time
to even talk to their friends, let alone
gather with them every day to unwind,
laugh and de-stress.
Scientists have long known how
toxic social isolation can be. As far
back as 1979, it was found that people
with the fewest social ties were three
times more likely to die prematurely
than those with the most. Being lonely
means you’re 30 per cent more likely to
have a stroke or a heart attack. In fact,
high social stress is an even bigger risk
factor for dying from a chronic disease
than physical inactivity, alcohol intake
and smoking, put together.
Make sure that you are regularly
diarising time to meet up with your
friends, in person. The frequency
will depend on many things,
including workload, family and
distance. But meeting up with your
friends is not a luxury, it is an absolute
necessity for good health.
5. Carry out random
acts of kindness
Humans are social animals, and
we are often at our happiest when
we’re acting in the service of others
– feeling wanted or useful or that we
are doing something meaningful for
someone who needs our help. When
we consider stress, we don’t usually
think of meaning and purpose, but
living a life devoid of these qualities
is inherently stressful.
Try doing at least one thing every
day for someone else – something
that you don’t have to do. It could
be making a cup of tea for a new
colleague, saying hello to the cashier
in the supermarket, picking up
some litter in the street or holding a
door open for someone. These small
acts of kindness will boost your
self-esteem and help to infuse your
daily life with purpose.
Tomorrow: The digital diet (that
actually works)
Adapted from The Stress Solution by
Dr Rangan Chatterjee, published by
Penguin Life (£16.99). To order your
copy for £14.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871
1514 or visit books.telegraph.co.uk
21
22
***
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
23
Arts
slightly more panicked, evolution
has taken place on May’s old show,
Top Gear. It’s been something of
a revolving door over at the BBC
with first Chris Evans and then Matt
LeBlanc leaving the show as it has
sought ratings stability after Clarkson,
Hammond and May’s abrupt departure
in 2015. This year the one man left
standing, Chris Harris, will be joined
by two new presenters: Freddie
Flintoff and Paddy McGuinness.
“A cricketer and a comic,” May says.
“I’m really keen to see what they do
with the new guys, because it’s quite
a radical choice. They may have been
extremely clever [putting them with
Harris] because Harris is a proper nerd:
he races cars, and he buys and sells
cars; he knows his stuff.”
Does Freddie Flintoff know his
stuff? “I’ve never met him, but I know
that he’s very into cars. He has quite a
few cars, and he’s been into them for a
long time.”
Either way, May thinks Top Gear
has been “going uphill”, saying he
watches the programme “avidly”. He is
friends with Harris from his motoring
journalism days. “It’s healthy to have
two car shows. Why not? The viewer
gets twice as much car show to watch,
CLARA MOLDEN FOR THE TELEGRAPH; ELLIS O’BRIEN/PA
‘Clarkson is
incapable of
doing anything’
As ‘The Grand Tour’ returns, James May
talks to Benji Wilson about his impractical
colleague and their rivalry with ‘Top Gear’
T
he Grand Tour takes
its three presenters
all around the world,
but as yet it has never
left them stranded on
a desert island. Today,
however, I am forcing James May to
think of doomsday scenarios: if he had
to choose just one of his long-time
co-hosts, Jeremy Clarkson and Richard
Hammond, as a fellow castaway, who
would it be?
“Hammond,” says May decisively,
speaking in his office in west
London. “He’s much more… useful.
Jeremy can’t do anything. I’ve never
discovered anything he can do. I mean
he can drive a car round a track pretty
well, but he wouldn’t be able to light
a fire – I know this from experience.
I don’t think he’d be able to cook
anything, he can’t put a tent up, he’s
not in any way practical…”
Leaving aside the practicalities,
May says that Clarkson would also be
insufferable.
“He drives me nuts. I would say
Jeremy is the most conservative of
us, and he’s the most establishment.
Despite his reputation for being antiestablishment, he’s actually probably
part of it. He’s the enemy.”
The irony is that for May, working
with “the enemy” has made him very
famous and very rich (he is worth
an estimated £9 million). The third
series of The Grand Tour launches this
month, featuring Clarkson, Hammond
and May driving and bickering in
locales ranging from Colombia to
Mongolia. In the trailer, May, 55, plays
the bagpipes, is hit on the head by a
flying cabbage and laughs uproariously
at Clarkson and Hammond’s various
misfortunes (as they do at his). This
unlikely combination, forged in the
BBC’s Top Gear, has become Amazon’s
highest-profile hit and if it started
out as a car-themed show, three
series in it has turned in to something
very different.
“We’re turning in to a sitcom,” says
May, whose office is a little bit like
a spoilt teenager’s bedroom, with a
mini motorbike, a Lego Porsche and a
life-size cut-out of its owner dressed as
Bond. There’s a large gap where a desk
should be.
“Hammond took it this morning for
some reason. I’m not sure why.”
As his office suggests, The Grand
Tour takes all manner of disparate
Easy rider: James May in his office in Chiswick and filming, above left, with Clarkson and Hammond in Colombia for The Grand Tour
ingredients, including but not limited
to cars, and glues them together
using only the force of its three stars’
personalities.
“The focus has been gradually
moving away from cars for quite a long
time, to be honest. I think in the future
we will be seen as more of a travelling
adventure programme.”
I meet May on the day Amazon
announces that The Grand Tour has
been recommissioned, but that series
four will be different. The “tent”,
the studio under canvas that used to
travel the world and then settled for
series two in the Cotswolds, is now
going altogether. Henceforth, The
Grand Tour will consist of Clarkson,
Hammond and May on big, special
road trips, “larking about” as he puts it.
“In the olden days, we always had
a suspicion that the big specials as
we call them, the whole programme-
length films, were the most popular
bits, but it was very difficult to
analyse.”
Amazon don’t publish ratings, but
they are awash with data.
“With Amazon, when you’re online,
they can analyse it to the ends of the
world. They know when people pause
it to go and make a cup of tea and we
know now what the most popular
things we do are: the road trips.
Because they’re the best things we do,
we may as well concentrate our time
and money and efforts on them.”
That money is even a consideration
is intriguing. The first series of
The Grand Tour cost a reported
$160 million (£127 million). Dragging
the tent and the small town of other
tents that went with it around the
world was ludicrously expensive.
Amazon has plenty of cash, but it also
has the analytics to know whether
it is getting value for money, and
the trailer for the new series makes
explicit reference to working with
smaller budgets. May won’t talk about
costs but he is proud of the fact that
the show has evolved in response to
viewer demand. Not only is the Big
Tent on the way out, but they have
dropped features (Celebrity Brain
Crash) and drivers (“The American”)
that were, to borrow The Grand Tour
parlance, “a bit rubbish”.
“We may as well be honest,” says
May, who was born in Bristol and
moved into TV after several years as
a sub-editor for motoring magazines.
“A lot of television assumes the viewer
is a bit daft, and I don’t think they are.
With TV now and social media and so
on they smell a rat very, very quickly.”
The Grand Tour has been ruthless in
jettisoning the bits that sent viewers
off for cups of tea. A similar, though
‘A lot of television assumes
that viewers are a bit daft,
and I don’t think they are.
They smell a rat very quickly’
if they’re into that sort of thing, and
we can spark off each other a bit. It’s
competitive, it’s good.”
Amazon’s other announcement on
the day we meet is that it is looking
to make solo projects with Clarkson,
Hammond and May. No details have
been confirmed, but whatever May
does, it’s bound to be interesting. He
may not be the funniest or silliest of the
trio with whom he’s made his name,
but he is the most thoughtful. Talk to
him about the future of mobility and
he spirals off into musings on personal
flying machines. Mention politics and
he reveals a carefully calibrated set of
beliefs.
“I believe in free-market capitalism
but I [also] believe in society and I
believe in the common good and the
unifying lure of human kind, which is
what religion really is except it’s been
corrupted,” he says.
The irony is that this forwardthinking progressive still looks like
a forlorn roadie. He’s wearing the
usual floral shirt today and, after a
brief flirtation with a short haircut
last year, the long, grey, ageingspaniel hair is back. “It’s bad, isn’t it?
Again, it’s the viewer polls. People
didn’t like it short. So it’s here by
popular demand.”
The new series of The Grand Tour
launches on Amazon Prime Video
on Jan 18
24
***
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Social news
Legal news
Today’s birthdays
Sir Geoffrey Bindman, QC, civil
liberty and human rights lawyer,
is 86; Miss Anya Linden (Lady
Sainsbury of Preston Candover),
former ballerina, 86; Adml Sir
Michael Layard, Second Sea Lord,
1993-95, and C-in-C Naval Home
Command, 1994-95, 83; Lord
Brookman, trades unionist, 82;
Earl Baldwin of Bewdley 81; Lord
Butler of Brockwell, Master of
University College, Oxford,
1998-2008, 81; Mr Ian Morris,
President, Institute of Chartered
Accountants (England and Wales),
2005-06, 81; Sir Bryan Carsberg,
Secretary General, International
Accounting Standards Committee,
1995-2001, 80; Sir Michael
Scholar, President of St John’s
College, Oxford, 2001-12; 77; Mr
David Atherton, conductor, 75;
Dr David Starkey, historian and
broadcaster, 74; Mr Stephen
Stills, singer/songwriter and
musician, 74; Sir Ken Knight,
Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser,
2007-13, 72; Mr Fran Cotton,
former England rugby captain, 72;
Dame Linda Dobbs, a former
High Court Judge, 68; Mr Mel
Gibson, actor, director and
producer, 63; Mr Gavin Hastings,
former Scotland rugby captain, 57;
Lord Taylor of Goss Moor, former
Liberal Democrat MP, 56; Ms
Catherine Brown, Chief
Executive, Foods Standard
Agency, 2012-17, 52; Mr Michael
Schumacher, former professional
racing driver; seven times Formula
One World Drivers’ Champion, 50;
and Ms Josie Pearson, athlete;
Paralympic gold medallist, discus
F51/52/53, London 2012, 33.
Ms Angela Margaret Mary
Rafferty, QC, has been appointed
a Circuit Judge deployed to the
South Eastern Circuit, based at
the Central Criminal Court, with
effect from Jan 7, 2019.
Today is the anniversary of the
birth of James Wolfe in 1727.
Upper Tribunal Judge Berner
retired from Jan 1, 2019.
Judge Perry retired as a Circuit
Judge with effect from Jan 2, 2019.
Upper Tribunal Judge Rowland
retired with effect from Jan 1,
2019.
FIRST WORLD WAR
The Hon S.G.E. Canning and
Miss A.L. Hayhurst
The engagement is announced
between Stratford, son of Lord
Garvagh and the late Julia Canning
and stepson of Lady Garvagh, of
Marlborough, Wiltshire, and
Anoushka, daughter of Mr and Mrs
Keith Hayhurst, of Cheltenham,
Gloucestershire.
Online ref: 563228
Mr M.J.A. Agar and
Miss T.L. Parkes
The engagement is announced
between Max, eldest son of the
Hon Mark and Mrs Agar, of Dorset,
and Tessa, eldest daughter of
Mr Christopher Parkes, of
Oxfordshire, and Mrs Sheridan
Parkes, of Surrey.
Online ref: 563246
Mr R.A. Green and
Dr S. Anpalakhan
The engagement is announced
between Robert, son of Mr Alan
Green and Mrs Jill Green, of
Ingleton, Darlington, and
Shaemala, eldest daughter of Dr
Anpalakhan Periasamy and
Dr Dewi Ramasamy, of Ampang,
Selangor, Malaysia.
Online ref: 563241
Mr G.A. Keun and
Miss J. Leszczynska
The engagement is announced
between Giles, younger son of
Brigadier and Mrs Michael Keun,
of Kingston upon Thames, Surrey,
and Joanna, youngest daughter of
Mrs Leszczynska and the
late Mr Tadeusz Laszczynski, of
Kostowiec, Poland.
Online ref: 563250
Mr E. Wallis and
Miss L.M.P. Ellen
The engagement is announced
between Edward, son of Mr and
Mrs Rob Wallis, of Esher, and
Lucinda, daughter of Mr and Mrs
Michael Ellen, of Alderney.
Online ref: 563368
Mr J. Guzmán Carrizosa and
Miss E.L. Milne
The engagement is announced
between Joaquín Guzmán
Carrizosa, of Sevilla, and Emma
Laura Milne, of Aberdeen.
Online ref: 563239
Mr P.A. Hanton and
Miss V.E. Atkinson
The engagement is announced
between Peter, eldest son of Mr
and Mrs Angus Hanton, of
Dulwich, London, and Victoria,
youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs
Nigel Atkinson, of Cholderton,
Wiltshire.
Online ref: 563351
Mr W.P.A. Ritchie and
Miss S. von Sachsen-Altenburg
The engagement is announced
between William, son of Mr and
Mrs Keith Ritchie, of Sevenoaks,
Kent, and Sofia, daughter of Mr
and Mrs Henning von SachsenAltenburg, of Sunningdale,
Berkshire.
Online ref: 563245
Appointments
in the Clergy
Rev Chris Beaumont, asst c, St
John the Divine, Fishponds, St
Michael the Archangel, Two Mile
Hill, and St Aidan w St George
(Bristol), to be assoc v, St John
the Baptist, Clarendon Park
(Leicester); Canon Alan Bing, r,
Ulverston, Furness, and rd,
Furness (Carlisle), to cease to be
rd with effect from Jan 5,
continuing as r, Ulverston; Revv
Allen Cleve Bower, p-in-c, St
Matthew, Tipton (Lichfield), to be
v, St Matthew w St Martin and St
Paul, Tipton (same dio); Erin
Clark, c, St Matthew, Bethnal
Green (London), to be r, St
Matthew, Bethnal Green (same
dio); Adam Jonathan Barnett
Clayton, p-in-c, Myddle, and of
Broughton, and of Loppington w
Newtown, and rd, Wem and
Whitchurch (Lichfield), to be also
rural officer, Salop Archdeaconry
(same dio).
KIRKHAM.—On 31st December 2018,
to Emma and Nick, a beautiful daughter,
Niamh Orla.
Online ref: 563399
Anniversaries
Diamond weddings
LIDBURY - ASHMAN.—On 3rd January
1959, at 2.30 p.m. at Millbrook Church,
Southampton, Jim to Jean. Still residing
near Wantage, Oxfordshire, OX12 0HT.
Online ref: 563244
WOODS - HENDERSON.—On 3rd
January 1959, at Pagham, Gerald to
Janet.
Online ref: A229909
LONDON, FRIDAY JANUARY 3, 1919
EX-KAISER’S CHRISTMAS
PRESENTS AND A ‘TREE’
FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.
AMERONGEN, DEC. 27 (DELAYED).
One day last week a solitary figure, shrouded in a
heavy semi-military cloak, and with a soft hat
drawn down over the eyes, stepped on to the balcony opening out of one of the upper rooms of the
Castle of Amerongen. With slow tread, Wilhelm of
Hohenzollern walked backwards and forwards
for a few minutes, gazed down into the dark
waters of the surrounding moat, then, as if realising that they are not blacker than his own fate,
turned on his heel and vanished as suddenly as he
had appeared. Only for that brief interval in the
last fourteen days has he ventured into the open
– this sick man, sick of body as he must be of mind.
For the chill, moist, winter air of Holland has
entered into his bones, as the iron has entered
into his soul – and from neither can he escape.
They say he looks a little better now than he
did last week, when a feverish cold seized
him, and he was racked with the ear pains
which have tortured him intermittently for
years. But, even so, he has stayed within,
though today, for the first time in weeks, a
bright sun sparkled over the frosted countryside, and the air was a stimulating wine, so
that you thought any man not sorely stricken
would have joyed so drink it in and find reinvigoration. Or is it that the blackness of
despair has settled on the fallen Monarch’s
mind, so that he fears to face God’s sunshine,
lest its very brilliance should make the
shadow deeper?
Vain questionings; and yet you cannot resist speculating upon them to yourself as you gaze upon
that moated stronghold, which is at once a castle
and a prison, and ponder the tragedy within, and
think into what awful bitterness it must have crystallised itself these last few days. Christmas, the
festive season of peace and goodwill! The imagination retreats dismayed at the idea of associating
such phrases, embodying the spirit of all that is
most sacred, gracious, and joyful in human relationships, with this guarded dwelling-place of one
of the worst enemies humanity has ever known.
Yet, dreadful irony, hollow mockery though
it seems, this man, against whom the world is
drawing up a terrible indictment, did homage
to the Christmas spirit, and observed the
Christmas customs. For the fallen Monarch,
his Consort, and entourage, a Christmas-tree
was brought to the suite set apart in the castle
for him. With his own hands he helped to
place it in position, and to light the fairy candles, and, standing beneath it, he played his
old role of a prince of peace, and handed
Christmas presents to his companions in
exile, though what thoughts must have been
in his mind are known only to his Maker and
himself.
GIFTS TO SERVANTS
The Christmas Eve tragi-comedy was played out
as in a Prussian Court, and in the strictest privacy,
for not even the members of the Bentinck family,
who are the ex-Kaiser’s hosts set foot in the suite
of rooms where it was staged. Rising early on that
mournful anniversary morning, Wilhelm went
through what is now his daily routine. After having been massaged by one of his soldier attendants, he breakfasted with the ex-Kaiserin, and
then for an hour paced up and down the corridors
of the castle, the only exercise he has been able to
take for the last two weeks.
Lunching, too, only in company of his Consort, he devoted the afternoon to writing and
to reading letters and telegrams. Of these an
extraordinary number arrive every day from
all parts of the world, though not all reach the
addressee, for many are intercepted by the
Court Chamberlain, Lieut.-Colonel Detlef
von Moltke, who also makes it his duty to deal
with all requests for interviews with the exKaiser. After dinner the Royal exiles, with
their entourage and servants, went to the
salon, where the Christmas-tree was standing, where gifts were exchanged.
What was received I was unable to learn, but each
of the ex-Kaiser’s menservants was given a gold
scarf pin, with the letter “W” enamelled on. In the
village to-day I saw one of the recipients, the
ex-Kaiser’s barber, proudly wearing his gift,
which, stuck into a narrow black tie, looked much
more imposing than beautiful. To each
of her attendants the ex-Kaiserin presented a
bracelet.
The mournful “festivities” were arranged by
Major-General Otto von Esdorf and Count
Moltke, while the presents were ordered
from a jeweller at The Hague by Captain Sigurd von Ilsemann, who went there for the
purpose one day last week. On Christmas
morning Wilhelm attended service in the private chapel at the castle. It was conducted by
a clergyman belonging to Lutheran brotherhood established at Zeist. Only the fallen
Monarch, his Consort, and entourage were
present, the Bentinck family, who had had
their own Christmas Eve celebration in a
separate part of the castle, going to the village
church.
Afterwards Wilhelm paced the corridors for an
hour, while the ex-Kaiserin, who is much thinner,
but looks well, walked in the grounds with Countess Keller, one of her oldest personal friends, who
came from Germany with her. All the entourage,
including the servants, who formerly lived in
hotels in the village of Amerongen, are now
lodged in the castle, in order that they may be kept
under stricter surveillance.
Of the officers, whose rank is merely nominal,
as they resigned from the Army in order to
remain with the exiled Emperor, Major-General von Esdorff is the general who formerly
commanded the Metz garrison. The other
officers, in addition to those mentioned
already, are Captain Albert Zeuss and Major
Edgar von Hirschfeld.
There are four soldiers who act as the ex-Kaiser’s
bodyguard, and the following servants: Otto Kruger, Robert Schröder, August Schmergest, Gustav
Maling, Georg Friedrich, Otto Hintze, and Fritz
Wendorff, of whom Kruger has been the ex-Kaiser’s barber for ten years, and shaves him daily.
WILHELM’S FORTUNE
I learn that Wilhelm’s personal cash fortune,
reported to amount to about £1,000,000, is carefully guarded in an important Dutch bank, where
it was sent when the fallen Monarch decided to
seek refuge in Holland.
INFLUENZA ATTACK
AMSTERDAM, THURSDAY.
The special correspondent of the Vaz Dias Agency
at Amerongen states that the ex-Kaiser and exKaiserin have quite recovered from their attack of
influenza.
The correspondent learns that the ex-Kaiser
has postponed his decision in regard to the
acquisition of a residence and estate in Holland until the Dutch Government has decided
whether or not he is to be permitted to remain
in the country. – Central News.
EX-CROWN PRINCE’S
GIFTS.
AMSTERDAM, TUESDAY.
Het Volk learns from its Wieringen correspondent that the ex-Crown Prince celebrated Christmas in the vicarage at Oesterland, where he had a
richly decorated Christmas-tree. The local pianist
was invited to play the German Christmas hymn,
“Stille Nacht. heilige Nacht.” The ex-Crown Prince
gave each of his servants, and the pianist as well,
a present of a gold tie-pin, with a crowned “W.” On
Saturday evening, he attended by invitation a
local concert, in company with Baron Hunnerveld, and expressed himself as very pleased
with the musical programme. – Reuter
COLQUHOUN.—Clive Ferguson died
after a short illness in Frimley Park
Hospital, Surrey on 10th December 2018,
aged 81. Survived by his devoted wife
Anne, loving son James and
grandchildren, Jack, Lily and Alex. A Cremation Service will be held on
Thursday 10th January 2019, 12.45 p.m.
at Easthampstead Park Crematorium,
Bracknell. No flowers by request,
but donations in lieu to The Injured
Jockeys Fund c/o Lodge Brothers
Funeral Directors, 32 High Street, Ascot
SL5 7HG. Tel: 01344 537033.
Online ref: 563272
ARNOLD.—Harry Stephenson. Passed away peacefully on 15th
December 2018, aged 79. Much loved
husband to Jean and a proud father to
Sharon, Tony, grandchildren and a
loving brother to Gay. Funeral to be
held on Monday 14th January 2019,
1 p.m. at Luton Crematorium, Luton,
LU2 8DD. Family flowers only.
Donations if desired, to Bedfordshire
Mark Keystone Fund please.
Online ref: A229870
BATH.—Julian (Uddingston). Passed
away peacefully at St Andrew’s Hospice,
Airdrie, on 24th December 2018.
Requiem Mass will be held at St John the
Baptist Church, Uddingston, G71 7AH on
Thursday 10th January at 11 a.m.
Online ref: 563277
BAXTER.—David Frederick Tuxford
died peacefully on 29th December
2018. He will be so much missed by his
partner, Jenny. David took early
retirement from C T Bowring and
enjoyed many happy years following
horse racing and his other interests until
Alzheimer’s gradually took it all away
from him. A Service to celebrate his life
will take place at 2.30 p.m. on Tuesday
15th January 2019 at Putney Vale
Crematorium (West Chapel), Stag Lane,
London, SW15 3DZ. No flowers, please,
but if you wish, send a donation in his
memory to Alzheimer’s Society c/o
Mears & Cotterill Funeral Directors, 169
Merton Road, London, SW18 5EF.
Online ref: 563380
BRAY.—Anne, Lt Col (Retd) Women's
Royal Army Corps, suddenly at home on
18th December. Greatly missed by her
family and very close friends.
Thanksgiving Service on 23rd January
at 1 p.m, St Mary’s Church, Bramshott,
near Liphook followed by a private
cremation. Donations, if desired, to
WRAC Association or The Rosemary
Foundation c/o Thorne-Leggett,
Petersfield Rd, Whitehill, Hants, GU35
9AR. Tel: 01420 488896.
Online ref: 563280
BROWNE.—Lady Fiona Browne (née
Glenn), The Dowager Marchioness of
Sligo died at home in Battersea, aged 84
on 18th December 2018. Much loved
wife, mother, Grandma, Great Grandma
and friend to many. She will be greatly
missed and forever in our hearts. No
flowers please but donations, if desired,
to the Guide Dogs for the Blind. There
will be a Memorial Service at St Mary
The Boltons, London, SW10 9TB at
2 p.m. on Friday 11th January 2019.
Online ref: A229926
BRUTY.—(née Abrahams) Grace. Passed
away on 14th December 2018. Beloved
wife of Terry. Loving mother to
Jacqueline and John. Wonderful
grandma to James, David, Jade, Kylie
and fantastic GiGi to Lily-Grace. Our
grateful heartfelt thanks to all staff at
The Grange Nursing Home at
Sherbourne St John for all their kindness
extended during her long illness so
bravely borne. Funeral Service to take
place on Wednesday 23rd January 2019
at 12.30 p.m. at Basingstoke
Crematorium. Family flowers only.
Donations, if desired, are to Help for
Heroes c/o Halcrow & Sons Funeral
Directors, Andover, Hampshire, SP10
1BH. Till we meet again my darling. Online ref: 563402
CHURCH.—Anthony Colin on 14th
December 2018 after a long illness.
Father of Jayne, Timothy and Suzannah.
Grandpa of eleven. Private cremation
followed by Thanksgiving Service at
Holy Trinity Church, Long Melford on
25th January at 2 p.m. Donations in
memory of Anthony for Macmillan
Cancer Support may be sent to H & A W
Palmer Ltd, Little St Mary's, Long
Melford, Suffolk CO10 9LQ.
Online ref: A229832
CORRIE.—Anne, beloved wife of John
and adored mother of Mary, Lindsay
and Andrew, died on 20th December
2018. Funeral at Yeovil Crematorium
on 8th January at 12 noon. All family
and friends welcome. Donations to
The Salvation Army instead of flowers
please.
Online ref: A229927
CROWTHER.—John Gladstone on 19th
December 2018, peacefully at his home
in Almondbury, Huddersfield, West
Yorkshire. John aged 97 years. Retired
Managing Director of John Crowther
Textile Mill, Milnsbridge, Huddersfield.
Dearest son of the late Walter and
Margaret Crowther. A Funeral Service
will take place at All Hallows Parish
Church, Westgate, Almondbury,
Huddersfield HD5 8XE on Friday 11th
January 2019 at 12 noon, followed by
burial at Exley Cemetery, Exley Lane,
Elland HX5 0SW. Enquiries to Golcar
Funeral Directors Limited.
Tel: 01484 644650. Online ref: 563361
FIRCKS.—Mary Teresa (née Bennet),
died peacefully on 22nd December 2018,
aged 89. Beloved wife of the late Sandy
Fircks, and mother of Claudia, Nicola,
Alexander, Nina and Hugo. Much loved
grandmother and great-grandmother.
A Funeral Mass will be held at St. Mary’s
Catholic Church, 63 Cadogan Street,
Chelsea, London SW3 4QP at 12 noon on
25th January 2019. No flowers. All
enquiries to Chelsea Funeral Directors.
Tel: (020) 7352 0008.
Online ref: A229928
FROST.—Vernon Anderson on 13th
December 2018, aged 90. A much loved
father, father-in-law, grandfather and
friend. Funeral Service at St Peter's
Church, Grange Park, London N21 on
Wednesday 9th January at 11.45 a.m.
Enquiries to A Seaward and Sons
Funeral Directors. Tel: 0208 886 6101.
Online ref: 563273
FURLONG.—John Daniel George died
peacefully on 18th December 2018, aged
90. Devoted husband of Olive, much
loved father, Grandad, father-in-law and
friend to many. A Service will be held at
Rose Hill Crematorium, Doncaster on
10th January 2019 at 11 a.m. Family
flowers only please, but donations if
desired for the benefit of Action on
Hearing Loss may be sent c/o R. Wallace
& Son Funeral Directors, 27 High Street,
Crowle, DN17 4LD. Tel: 01724 488565.
Online ref: 563357
HANCOCK.—Gib died peacefully at
home in St Mary Bourne on 24th
December. Much loved husband, father
and grandfather. He will be so very
sorely missed. A Service of
Thanksgiving will be held at St Peter’s
Church, St Mary Bourne, on 16th
January at 2.30 p.m.
Online ref: A229855
HAYNES.—Olive Winifred (née Everett)
peacefully at home on 7th December
2018, aged 100. Much loved mother,
grandmother and great-grandmother.
Memorial Service on Friday 25th
January 2019 at 2.30 p.m. at St John's
Catholic Church, Horsham RH12 2PJ. Online ref: 563410
HERCOCK.—Jeffrey John passed away
peacefully on 5th December 2018. Father
of Penni, Barry, Lezley and Nicholas,
grandfather of 9 and great grandfather
of 5. Funeral Service to be held on
Thursday 10th January 2019 at Eltham
Crematorium at 1.30 p.m. Family flowers
only please, but donations if desired to
Dementia UK or Cancer Research UK.
Online ref: 563355
HICKMAN.—Peter Hayes, aged 79, died
December 15th after a long and
courageous battle with cancer
peacefully at home looking over his
garden and surrounded by his family.
Adored husband, dearly loved father,
grandfather, brother and uncle. Widely
loved by the community he served so
well locally and as a County Councillor.
Private family funeral, memorial service
in celebration of his life to be announced
later. No flowers, donations to Princess
Alice Hospice or National Garden
Scheme.
Online ref: 563124
LAWRENCE-MILLS.—Rowena,
beloved wife of the late John LawrenceMills for over 62 years, much loved
mother, grandmother and friend.
Freeman of the City of London. Died
very peacefully at home on Sunday,
December 16th, aged 87, after some
months of patiently borne illness. She
will be greatly missed. Service of
Thanksgiving will be held at Stogumber
Parish Church on Monday, January 7th
at 1.30 p.m. Family flowers only. Any
donations to Christian Blind Mission or
The Brooke Hospital for Animals c/o
Grandfield & Son, Nether Stowey,
Bridgwater, Somerset, TA5 1HZ.
Online ref: 563363
MAGAURAN.—John Henry died on 25th
December 2018. Much loved son of the
late Wilfrid and Iris Magauran and
brother to Denise and Helen. Funeral
on Wednesday 23rd January 11 a.m. at
the St John the Evangelist Catholic
Church, 59 The Avenue, Tadworth,
Surrey KT20 5DB. Flowers to the
Stoneman Funeral Service, Tadworth
KT20 5PU, 01737 814406 or donations if
desired to the Renal Unit at the
Hammersmith Hospital, 150 Du Cane
Road, London W12 0HS.
Online ref: 563247
McROBBIE.—Dinah (née Bunting),
of Gullane. Peacefully on Thursday
27th December 2018, at Muirfield
Nursing Home, Gullane. Dinah,
beloved wife of Ian, much loved mum
of Alasdair, Andrew and Robert and
dear grandmother of Heather, Annabel,
Joshua and James. Funeral service
private.
Online ref: 563270
MONTIER.—Dominique died suddenly
on 22nd December 2018, aged 70.
Beloved husband of Ann. A loving father
and grandfather who will be greatly
missed. Funeral Mass at 12 noon on
Wednesday 16th January at Our Lady of
Victories Church, 235 Kensington High
Street, London W8 6SA.
Online ref: 563394
NAPIER.—Trevylyan Miles Wentworth
died on 23rd December at Abbey Court
Nursing Home, aged 84. Devoted
husband of Mary and father of Lennox.
At his request the funeral will be held
privately.
Online ref: 563256
PREVOST.—Peter Raymond Charles,
beloved husband of Noreen, father of
John and Rosie, grandfather of Michael,
David, Abigail, Clare and Mark and
brother to Brian, Graham and Wilfred,
peacefully passed away on 13th
December 2018, aged 90 years.
Cremation at Randall’s Park,
Leatherhead, Surrey on 22nd January
2019 at 1.15 p.m. No flowers. Donations
please to RNLI.
Online ref: 563390
SIMPSON.—Christopher Robert died
peacefully on Tuesday 25th December
2018, aged 89. Father of David and
Charlotte. Funeral Service to be held at
St Peter’s Church, Wymondham,
Leicestershire on Thursday 17th January
2019 at 12 noon. For all other enquiries
please contact E M Dorman Funeral
Directors, Uppingham, Rutland.
Online ref: 563371
TOWLER.—Arnold Edmund died on 5th
December 2018. Much loved husband of
Dinah and proud father and grandfather.
Founding partner of Building Design
Partnership. Memorial Service on 23rd
January at 11.30 a.m. at St Cuthbert's
Church, Lytham. No flowers please.
Donations, if desired, to the Parkinson's
Society can be sent to Mark Rae Funeral
Dircetor, 11 Wood Street, St Annes,
FY8 1QS.
Online ref: 563385
TRESIDDER.—Patricia Mary passed
away on 25th December 2018, aged 91.
Much loved mother to Charles and
Sherry, grandmother to Elizabeth, Tom,
William, Thea, Bertie and Henry. She
touched so many hearts and will be sadly
missed but fondly remembered by all
family and friends. The Funeral is to be
held on Monday 14th January 2019,
Barham Crematorium at 2 p.m. Family
flowers only. Donations, if desired, to
Pilgrims Hospice, Canterbury c/o W J
Farrier and Son Ltd, 161 London Road,
Dover. Tel: 01304 201665.
Online ref: 563404
NICHOLSON.—William Frank 'Bill'
(WG CDR) passed away on 18th
December. Beloved husband to Sylvia.
Much loved father to Paul (and Sara) and
Simon (and Nicole). Grandfather to
Emma, Natalie, Jack, Ben and Ellen and
great grandfather to Noami and Maya.
Funeral to be held at Worthing
Crematorium, Kingswood Chapel on
10th January at 3.40 p.m. No flowers
please. Donations payable to RAFA
Shoreham-by-Sea branch via Caring
Lady Funeral Directors, Shoreham.
Online ref: 563226
WHITEHEAD.—Rita (née Crane),
passed away peacefully at the Hollow
Oak Nursing Home, Haverthwaite,
Cumbria on 22nd December 2018, aged
97 years. Wife of the late JB (Jack)
Whitehead, former Principal Kyambogo
Teacher Training College, Uganda.
Funeral Service to take place at St
Mary’s, Windermere on 18th January
2019 at 11 a.m. Family flowers only
please. Donations, if desired, to St Mary’s
c/o Edmondson Longmire Funeral
Service, The Chapel, The Glebe,
Bowness-on-Windermere, LA23 3HB.
Tel: 015394 43427.
Online ref: 563408
AND ALL they that heard it wondered at
those things which were told them by
the shepherds. But Mary kept all these
things, and pondered them in her heart.
Luke 2.18-19
GRATEFUL THANKS to St Jude for
prayers answered.
Online ref: 563424
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
25
Obituaries
Major Geoffrey Langlands
M
AJOR
GEOFFREY
LANGLANDS,
who has died
aged 101, was a
doughty schoolmaster who
“stayed on” in Pakistan after
colonial rule ended in India;
he taught arithmetic and
old-fashioned British values
on the remote, mountainous
Afghan frontier until he
retired at the age of 94.
“The Major”, as he was
known, fought during the
Second World War as a
commando; was kidnapped
by Waziri tribesmen and
survived his adopted
country’s turbulent early
history, including three
Indo-Pakistani wars –
during one of which he
formed a defence militia
recruited from among his
school’s cooks and
gardeners.
His pupils included
princes and chieftains and
future prime ministers and
generals – to whom he
always spoke in later life
with the same schoolmasterly manner. He was
dubbed by The New York
Times “the quintessential
Englishman of old, a living
relic of the Raj”; yet he had
an unremarkable physical
presence; it was his
popularity, his twinkly-eyed
doggedness and his quietly
astute grasp of Pakistani
affairs that enabled him to
survive the region’s often
deadly political
undercurrents.
Geoffrey Douglas
Langlands was born in Hull
on October 21 1917. He had
an impoverished and sad
childhood. The younger of
twin brothers, he was
orphaned at the age of 12.
His friends and family paid
for him to attend King’s
College, Taunton. On
leaving he enrolled as a
teacher at Coombe Hill
House preparatory school in
Croydon. In the evenings he
took classes at Birbeck
College, where he read
Mathematics.
At the outbreak of war,
Langlands volunteered to
join the Army. He began his
military career with the
Somerset Light Infantry,
before he was drafted to No
4 Commando. As a sergeant
serving under Lord Lovat –
whom he later described as
“a real Scottish warlord,
who unlike these Afghan
warlords, was highly
disciplined” – he took part
in the disastrous
amphibious raid on Dieppe
in 1942.
In 1944, after serving
three and half years as a
commando, he was selected
for officer training and
dispatched on a three-week
voyage in a troopship to the
Indian subcontinent, where
he was to spend the rest of
his life. On joining the Royal
Garhwal Rifles he was told
by his commanding officer:
“Either you will be killed
violently by Japanese, or by
some disease.”
On the eve of
Independence in 1947,
Langlands witnessed the
communal bloodletting that
accompanied Partition. He
found himself stranded on a
train in no-man’s-land,
where he helped to prevent
Hindu troops under his
command from being
butchered; he came under
fire from Muslim gunmen,
and farther down the line he
saw Sikhs attacking a
mosque.
He chose to serve with
the Pakistani army while
things settled down. He did
not anticipate staying long:
after six years spent
selecting and training
would-be Pakistani army
officers, his contract came
to an end in 1953 and he
PAUL GROVER
Headmaster, wartime commando and ‘quintessential Englishman’ who taught maths and old-fashioned virtues at elite schools in Pakistan
Langlands in 2013 looking out across the remote valley of Chitral from Langlands School and College
intended to return to teach
in Britain. However, the
then commander-in-chief,
General Ayub Khan,
persuaded him to stay on.
Langlands took up a
teaching post in Lahore at
Aitchison College, a school
known as “the Eton of
Pakistan” where the British
had educated the sons of
India’s tribal royalty. He
remained at the school for
25 years. He taught
mathematics and English,
and was appointed a
housemaster and then as the
headmaster of the junior
school.
Langlands was a muchloved figure. During the 1971
war against India he drilled
the college’s servants into a
sort of Home Guard. It did
not last long: when an
Indian plane zoomed
overhead, he said, “they hid
under the banyan trees”. He
introduced summer treks
for senior boys and boasted
that he had covered more
than 3,000 miles on foot in
Pakistan’s mountains.
It was at Aitchison,
among his pupils, that he
met many people who
would later rise to
influential positions. He
claimed to have coaxed
Imran Khan, the cricketerturned-politician, into
paying more attention in
class. Later, when asked
about his former pupil’s
conservative religious
politics, he replied: “The
less said the better”. An
American ambassador to
Islamabad once observed
that Langlands had taught
half of the government.
In 1979 Langlands helped
to found Razmak Cadet
College in the lawless
border tribal area of North
Waziristan. For 10 years he
served as the principal of
the college, which was built
inside a fort and surrounded
by some of the area’s most
bellicose tribes.
In 1988 a local chief, who
had taken part in a byelection and lost, kidnapped
Langlands in the hope that
he might have the result
overturned. Langlands’s
captors took him to an
outlaw village, where he
met the kidnapper’s parents
who laid on “a rather good
dinner”. They insisted on
taking a souvenir
photograph with him. Later
they invited Langlands to
join them for target practice.
Tribal elders secured his
release after he had spent
six days in captivity. He was
reported to have emerged
from the incident as coolly
“as if he was returning from
a routine staff meeting”.
General Zia ul-Haq,
Pakistan’s military ruler,
advised him to return to
England. He declined.
In 1989, at the age of 72,
he took on the job of
headmaster at the newly
founded 80-pupil Sayurj
Public School at the tip of
the country in the isolated
valley of Chitral, high in the
Himalayan range of the
Hindu Kush bordering
Afghanistan.
Hemmed in by soaring
snow-capped peaks, Chitral
is cut off by snow from the
rest of the country for four
months each year; but
through his mildly
authoritarian manner and
emphasis on self-discipline,
Langlands managed to
increase the number of girls
and boys from 80 to 900;
the school became a
by-word for academic
excellence, with some of its
pupils going on to university
overseas.
Langlands met with
prime ministers and military
rulers, whom – as part of his
perpetual mission to raise
money for his school – he
would greet with the words:
“Now what I want from you
is one million rupees.” He
became a something of a
fixture on foreign
dignitaries’ tours of
Pakistan. His fan club
included many Britons,
some of whom held a
fundraising cricket match in
2010 at Chelsea where a
British Army XI represented
Major Langlands’s school.
The band of the Coldstream
Guards struck up at tea.
Chitral largely escaped
the violence that wracked
the surrounding region for
over a decade after the
American-led invasion of
Afghanistan in 2001.
Langlands ignored several
warnings, friendly and
unfriendly, to leave the area.
Locals were indignant when
it was suggested that their
most venerated guest might
need a bodyguard.
In his nineties, the frail,
tie-wearing, blue-blazered,
blue-eyed and silvery haired
Langlands led a
parsimonious life that
amused visiting foreign
correspondents: he woke at
5am to the BBC World
Service news; an hour later
his bearer served him a
breakfast of porridge from
Quaker Oats, two poached
eggs and two cups of
Lipton’s tea. Apart from
cheese with Carr’s Water
Biscuits and baked beans on
toast, he enjoyed a single tot
of whisky on Saturday
evenings. He deemed the
local brew of the
neighbouring Kalash people
to be “very ordinary table
wine”. His salary: £40 a
week.
Langlands’s small
bungalow was overrun by a
creeping tide of dusty
books, pots of pens and
maths texts. He was often
seen reading the previous
year’s Spectators with a
magnifying glass. He spoke
in a slow, crisp English that
was occasionally
punctuated with “Achha,
Achha” [Hindi for “Yes”].
After his retirement he
continued to raise funds for
the school, whose name was
changed to the Langlands
School and College in 2006.
His old pupils arranged a
small flat for him, where he
lived on in the immaculate
grounds of his old school,
Aitchison.
In June 2015, however,
two years after passing the
baton to Carey Schofield, a
British writer brought in as
his replacement at
Langlands, he made a
surprise return visit to the
school to stage an
extraordinary “coup”
against her while she was
visiting London, declaring
that local people were
unhappy at her
management style and even
getting her visa revoked by
Pakistan’s ministry of the
interior.
But the school’s board of
governors emphatically
threw its backing behind
Carey Schofield, saying she
had inherited a “Herculean
task” in reforming the
school, that she enjoyed
“wide credibility in Chitral
among parents, students
and the wider public”, and
suggesting that the 97-year
old Langlands was not fit to
take over again.
Carey Schofield
eventually resumed her
duties after the school’s
entire staff travelled more
than a thousand miles on a
rickety school bus to lobby
Langlands to drop his
opposition. “After we told
him about the realities of
Miss Carey and all she has
done for the school,” one
member of staff was quoted
as saying, “he realised he
had done a very wrong
thing and wanted to help
make things right.”
Though fiercely loyal to
Pakistan, Langlands
remained a British subject,
saying: “My values are
British. I speak to the poor
and to rulers in the same
manner. But I do not want to
go back [to Britain].”
In 1983 he was appointed
MBE for services to
education in Pakistan.
Langlands was
unmarried.
Major Geoffrey Langlands,
born October 21 1917, died
January 2 2019
Nancy Wilson
Meticulous singer who described herself as a ‘song stylist’ and ranged from jazz ballads to easy-listening pop and Broadway standards
lips and downcast eyes she
deployed in her
introspective torch songs,
might have tipped her into
self-caricature, but she
could switch effortlessly
into erotic or skittish mode
and was always
unpredictable.
Standout songs included
Guess Who I Saw Today?
(1960), Face It Girl, It’s Over
(1968), both of which
featured unexpected
narrative twists, and her
biggest hit (You Don’t Know)
How Glad I Am (1964), an
emotionally-charged ballad
which climbed to No 11 in
the American Billboard pop
charts.
“People have labelled me
as jazz,” she told Music
Business magazine when
they ran a cover story
promoting her first charting
pop single. “[but] I want to
be able to reach everybody,
not just the jazz crowd.” But
in Britain it was drowned
out by the Beatles’ A Hard
Day’s Night and in spite of
her evident commercial
REX
N
ANCY WILSON,
the American
singer, who has
died aged 81, was a
prolific and versatile
interpreter of popular
music, with a particular
affinity for jazz-inflected
standards from the Great
American Songbook.
Defying easy
categorisation, and insisting
on calling herself a “song
stylist”, her core talent was
to showcase the lyric and
intensify a song’s narrative
arc, creating vignettes that
drew her audience into the
experience. Her material
ranged from jazz ballads and
middle-of-the-road pop to
Broadway musical numbers.
With her ornate, vocal
line (in 1968 the Daily
Telegraph called her “a pop
coloratura”) Nancy Wilson
did not, as one reviewer
noted, merely sing a song
but “she enwraps herself
with its very soul”. Her
studied mannerisms,
sometimes overwrought
delivery, and the pouting
Nancy Wilson arriving at Heathrow on a visit to London in 1968
appeal she struggled to be
noticed.
In 1968 she visited
London to record two
television specials, and as
the flow of albums
continued – she released
three a year at her peak –
Nancy Wilson would dip in
and out of the mainstream,
always with an eye for a
good pop tune: in 1986, for
example, on her album Keep
You Satisfied, she featured a
softened version of the
Marvin Gaye title track and
covered the Wham! hit
Careless Whisper.
Her crossover ambitions
were showcased again when
she collaborated with the
singer Barry Manilow on the
album With My Lover Beside
Me (also 1986), on which
Manilow set to music a
cache of some 50 lost lyrics
by Johnny Mercer, the
songwriter behind
standards like That Old
Black Magic and Moon
River, which had been
discovered by his widow.
“I’ve always known a
great lyric, a great story,”
she told The Observer, “and
here I’ve been given a
bunch of the very best.”
The eldest of six children,
Nancy Sue Wilson was born
on February 20 1937 in
Chillicothe, Ohio, where her
father, a supervisor at an
iron foundry, played her
records by artists like Nat
“King” Cole and Billy
Eckstine. At West High
School, Columbus, she
heard Dinah Washington
songs playing on a jukebox,
the singer’s soulful style
heavily influencing her own
when Nancy started singing
at local nightclubs as a
teenager.
Dropping out of college
where she was studying
Music, Physics, Sociology
and Psychology, she starting
singing full-time, touring
throughout North America
and Canada with Rusty
Bryant’s Carolyn Club Big
Band and making a few
recordings with them.
Moving to New York in 1959,
she was signed by the jazz
agent John Levy who
secured her a recording
contract with Capitol.
Her debut album Like In
Love, released the following
year, was acclaimed by
established jazz artists and
led to tours in the US and
Europe, as well as further
recording sessions, notably
with Cannonball Adderley
and the British pianist
George Shearing.
She left Capitol after 20
years of steady record sales,
invariably recording live in
the studio with only the
lightest post-production.
“The day the music died was
the day they brought in 24
tracks,” she once
complained. Unsurprisingly
Bill Slater
Linchpin of Wolves during the club’s golden age who played ably for England in the 1958 World Cup
school and going on to study
Physical Education at
Carnegie College in Leeds.
In September 1949 he
made his debut as an
amateur for Blackpool, and
two months later he scored
the club’s then fastest goal,
after 11 seconds against Stoke
(matched nearly half a
century later by James
Quinn). He did his National
Service in Germany, and
after the 1951 Cup Final
defeat moved to London to
be near his future wife.
He signed for Brentford,
playing wing-half alongside
Ron Greenwood and Jimmy
Hill. After a handful of
games he moved to the
Midlands to take up a post as
a lecturer in PE at Birmingham University, and joined
Wolves, making his debut in
a 6-2 thumping of the
recently crowned champions, Manchester United.
By then he had already
won the first of 20 caps for
the England Amateur side,
and that summer he had
played for Great Britain at
the Helsinki Olympics,
scoring an extra-time goal in
the 5-3 preliminary-round
defeat to Luxembourg.
Bill Slater, captain,
holding the trophy
aloft after
Wolverhampton
Wanderers won
the FA Cup in 1960
DAVID BAGNALL/REX
B
ILL SLATER, who
has died aged 91, was
the last great
amateur of English
football. Initially operating
as an inside forward, and
then most frequently as a
they-shall-not-pass centrehalf, he played more than
300 games for Wolves
during their 1950s golden
age, winning three League
titles and the FA Cup. He
also played 12 times for
England, putting in four
solid performances in the
1958 World Cup.
In 1951, when he turned
out for Blackpool at
Wembley alongside Stanley
Matthews, Bill Perry and
Stan Mortensen, he was the
last amateur to play in the
FA Cup final; the Tangerines
lost 2-0 to Newcastle United.
He had better luck nine
years later when – by then a
part-timer – he became the
last man to date to lift the
Cup for Wolverhampton
Wanderers following their
3-0 victory over Blackburn
Rovers.
William John Slater was
born at Clitheroe, Lancashire, on April 29 1927,
attending the grammar
At home, however, it was
the perfect time to be joining
Wolves, who were a major
force. They won the League
Championship in 1954, 1958
and 1959, as well as the Cup
the next year – but they are
equally remembered for
their epic floodlit fixtures
with top European sides.
In December 1954 Wolves
brought the mighty
Hungarians, Honved, to
their Molineux home; 2-0
down at half-time, they
made an astonishing
second-half comeback to
win 3-2. In a post-match
dressing-room press
briefing, the manager Stan
Cullis hailed his players:
“There they are – the
champions of the world.”
With that game coming so
soon after the national side’s
double helping of humilia-
tion in games against
Hungary, reporters were
inclined to agree, and the
tub-thumping euphoria
incited Gabriel Hanot, editor
of L’Equipe, to dream up the
European Cup.
Following their League
title win in 1958, Wolves
made their debut in the
fledgling European competition, drawing 2-2 at
Molineux with the German
side, Schalke 04. Slater
could not play in the second
leg in Germany (a 2-1 defeat)
as Birmingham University
refused to give him time off.
His full England career
had begun in 1954, though
his opportunities were
restricted by the emergence
of the Busby Babes behemoth, Duncan Edwards. But
by the time of the 1958
World Cup, Edwards had
died in the Munich air
disaster, and Slater played
four games in Sweden in
midfield. In the second
game, against the eventual
winners, Brazil, he all but
marked Didi – still held by
many as one of the greatest
midfielders in football
history – out of the game in
a goalless draw.
Wolves won their second
League Championship in a
row the next season, lost out
on the hat-trick in 1960, but
took the FA Cup. Slater was
named Footballer of the
Year. He left Wolves in 1963,
having played 339 games –
without a single booking –
and retired after a brief stint
back at Brentford.
In retirement, Slater
became deputy director of
the Crystal Palace sports
centre, and was later
director of physical education at Liverpool University
and Birmingham University.
He also coached his
gymnast daughter, Barbara,
who competed at the 1976
Olympic Games; in 1989 he
was elected president of the
British Gymnastics Association.
Bill Slater was appointed
OBE in 1982, upgraded to
CBE in 1998. He was
married to Marion, with
whom he had four daughters: Barbara became the
BBC’s first female Director
of Sport in 2009.
Bill Slater, born April 29
1927, died December 18
2018
Nancy Wilson set great store
by live performances. “Part
of what I do is in my body
language, my hands, my
arms,” she explained. “You
miss a lot by just hearing my
voice.”
As a young woman she
marched for civil rights, and
as a member of the National
Association for the
Advancement of Colored
People served on
fundraising committees,
staged charity shows and
co-chaired a foundation
which raised money for
children with learning
difficulties.
Her first marriage, to the
drummer Kenny Dennis,
with whom she a daughter,
was dissolved in 1970 and
three years later she
married the Rev Wiley
Burton, a Presbyterian
minister, with whom she
had two more daughters,
and who predeceased her in
2008.
Nancy Wilson, born
February 20 1937, died
December 13 2018
26
***
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Television & radio
The week in radio Charlotte Runciee
What to watch
Brian May’s New Horizons
are truly out of this world
the ubiquitous Latin textbook
Kennedy’s Revised Latin Primer, told
the subversive and radical history of
women’s education. Beard had
previewed the programme in this
newspaper as “high-fibre fun for New
Year’s Eve”, and after a week of eating
mostly cheese while playing guessthe-theme of Radio 3’s Words and
Music, it was just the dietary
supplement I needed. With jolly live
music provided by a Women’s Duet
and a Chorus of Trolls in front of a live
audience, it was social history with
jazz hands, unashamedly highbrow
and unaffectedly joyous, and I loved it.
L
A
Interstellar: the Queen guitarist discussed his new solo work on Radio 4’s ‘Today’
s 2019 dawned, surely
many of us awoke on New
Year’s Day and said to
ourselves, more with hope
than conviction, “Maybe
this is the beginning of
me discovering new solo energy.” The
Queen guitarist Brian May, funnily
enough, said those very words on
Radio 4. He happened to be speaking
on Today about both his own new solo
music, his first for 20 years, and the work
he has contributed as an astrophysicist
to Nasa’s New Horizons interplanetary
space probe project. That morning, we
heard, Nasa had completed the
successful flyby of Ultima Thule, the
most distant ever exploration of an
object in our solar system. I hadn’t
even brushed my teeth yet.
“Outer Space,” you see, was the
nominative guest editor of Today that
morning. The Today programme’s
annual series of guest-editors, which
were this year shepherded by figures
including Angelina Jolie, David
Dimbleby, Kamila Shamsie and Martha
Lane Fox, have, as ever, been a mixed
bag, but on the whole an improving
experience. I admired the
uncompromising decision by Jolie to
fill the programme’s peak listener time
at 8.10am with a heart-shredding
report on sexual violence in Congo,
and David Dimbleby’s interview of
George Osborne was a useful and
frank piece of journalism. For the
Outer Space edition, presented by
Martha Kearney and Nick Robinson,
the usual pips to begin the programme
were absent, because space, rather
than time, was in charge.
There were plenty of mind-bending
discussions of the future of artificial
intelligence and pushing the
boundaries of space exploration in the
programme, not necessarily ideally
calibrated for your average sleepdeprived January 1 listener. But the
best moment was May’s discussion of
his remarkable dual career as
international rock superstar and
accomplished astrophysicist. May had
been up at midnight to witness the
New Horizons flyby, and Radio 4
played his song, also called New
Horizons, which he said was all about
“the quality in humans that makes
them question and want to understand
the universe they live in”, in tribute to
the New Horizons project and
featuring recorded comments about it
made by the late Stephen Hawking.
Rockets, stars and rock music
combined to make a surprisingly
effective hangover cure.
T
he night before, as the old year
died, another academic had also
blended music with research.
Amo Amas Amusical (Radio 4),
Professor Mary Beard’s musical about
ast year was the 100th
anniversary of the annual
Festival of Nine Lessons and
Carols (Radio 4), broadcast, as always,
live from King’s College Chapel in
Cambridge on Christmas Eve. The
centenary was among the final
commemorations of 1918, a year in
which this beautiful candlelit service
of festive worship first emerged,
astonishingly, from the ashes of the
First World War. It was as poignant an
edition of the service as I can remember,
and the last with its eminent director
of music Stephen Cleobury who is
retiring after 37 years in post. Here’s to
another next century of this British
Christmas treasure – radio broadcasting
would be so much poorer without it.
The author Neil Gaiman is
becoming Radio 4’s Spirit of
Christmas, as they’re now firmly in the
habit of adapting his freewheeling
fantasy stories in December. This year
felt particularly magical. Norse
Mythology (Radio 4, Boxing Day) had
a starry cast including Diana Rigg,
Derek Jacobi, Colin Morgan, Natalie
Dormer and Gaiman himself, with old
stories of the nine worlds of ancient
Scandinavian mythology vibrantly
retold as if around a blazing fire amid
winter darkness. Rigg mixed warmth
with edge as a perfect storyteller, and
Morgan as Loki was a delight too. This
adaptation should become a family
favourite on long car journeys. It was a
welcome reminder that the BBC can
still do high-quality, imaginative,
family drama, and when it makes it
properly, it really knocks your
Christmas stockings off.
 Jemima Lewis is away
destined to flow south are
trapped as ice and snow. GO
Island of Dreams
BBC TWO, 10.00PM
Mata Hari: The Naked Spy

The cold, dark winter
is well and truly here,
which means that our
thoughts turn to the white
sands of sun-soaked
Caribbean islands. This is
when those ideas exert
their most powerful
influence (how else can we
explain the popularity of
Death in Paradise?).
In other words, it’s the
perfect time to test the
appeal of a new sitcom
pilot – shown as part of
the BBC’s New on Two
strand – set on just such
an island. Necker Island,
to be exact, billionaire
entrepreneur Richard
Branson’s privately owned
paradise in the British
Virgin Islands.
Written by George
Jeffrie and Bert Tyler
Moore, the men behind
Channel 4’s The Windsors,
it’s another comic
conflation of the real
and the utterly absurd.
Harry Enfield takes the
role of Branson, who –
bored by his continuous
global business success –
secretly likes nothing
better than solving the
personal problems of
the celebrities that he
invites to the island for
a spot of super-luxury
rest and recreation, away
from the hurly-burly of
fame. These include Al
PBS AMERICA, 9.00PM
 The Dutch exotic dancer
known as Mata Hari was
executed by a French firing
squad in October 1917 after
she was convicted of being a
spy. But, for a century after,
she has been regarded as the
ultimate femme fatale and
seducer of men. How much
of the myth that surrounds
her is true? This intriguing
reassessment recasts her as
a woman forced to pay the
ultimate price by a male
establishment threatened by
her quest for freedom from
convention. GO
Factual
How Not to Die
BBC THREE, FROM TODAY
 This briskly pragmatic
series, mixing real-life
stories and straightforward
medical advice, outlines in
clear and compelling terms
how quick thinking can save
your life, or someone else’s,
in seven life-threatening
situations. These include
everything from acid attacks
and dog bites to stabbing,
Like a Virgin: Harry Enfield as Richard Branson
Murray as MasterChef’s
Gregg Wallace, Samantha
Spiro as author J K
Rowling and Morgana
from New Zealand to
Singapore. GO
Documentary
Food Unwrapped Diet
Special
Mississippi: Earth’s
Great Rivers
CHANNEL 4, 8.00PM
 ’Tis the season to be jolly
large… so Kate Quilton,
Matt Tebbutt and Dr Helen
Lawal are on hand looking
into how best to shift those
extra pounds, replacing
protein with vegetables
and fruit, ditching alcohol
and trying out three of the
best new diets. GO
The Cruise: Shanghai
to Sydney
ITV, 8.30PM
 The fly-on-the-wall
documentary series returns,
Robinson as singer Adele.
The question is: what
is his ulterior motive?
Gerard O’Donovan
BBC TWO, 9.00PM
Mata Hari: the Naked Spy
and this time we’re aboard
the Majestic Princess,
a cruise ship with a
3,500-guest capacity and
1,400 crew. There are some
familiar faces from previous
series, though, as the ship
travels along a new route
 The concluding film of
this exquisitely shot series
explores the Mississippi,
which doesn’t so much
divide North America as
unite it with tributaries
drawn from 31 states
supporting an astonishing
range of biodiversity. It
follows the river through
varied landscapes from its
source to its mouth, starting
in the towering Rocky
Mountains of Wyoming and
Montana, where billions of
tons of water, ultimately
Mississippi: Earth’s Great Rivers
cardiac arrest or being hit
by a car. GO
Back in Time for School
BBC TWO, 8.00PM
 In a twist on its wellworn formula, this series
sees three teachers and 15
pupils (instead of a family)
whisked away to experience
the delights of attending
school at various times in
the past 100 years. They
begin in the Victorian era,
when education was still
seen as the exclusive
preserve of the wealthy. GO
Radio choice Charlotte Runcie
Drama: The Receiver
of Wreck
RADIO 4, 2.15PM
 Jane Horrocks and Alice
Lowe star in this drama
about The Receiver of
Wreck, an official who
administers law dealing
with maritime salvage. In
this case, it’s Jen Green
(Lowe), who tackles the
Radio 1
FM 97.6-99.8MHz
6.30 am Mollie King and Matt
Edmondson
10.00 Adele Roberts
12.45 pm Newsbeat
1.00 Katie Thistleton and Cel
Spellman
4.00 Jordan North
5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 Jordan North
7.00 Annie Mac
9.00 The 8th with Dev
11.00 Radio 1’s Indie Show with
Jack Saunders
1.00 am Radio 1’s Soundsystem
with Toddla T
3.00 Radio 1 Comedy
3.40 Radio 1’s Chill Mix
4.00 - 6.00am Early Breakfast
with Adele Roberts
Radio 2
FM 88-90.2MHz
6.30
9.30
12.00
2.00
5.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
12.00
3.00
5.00
am Radio 2 Breakfast Show
Ken Bruce
Jeremy Vine
pm Steve Wright in the
Afternoon
Ore Oduba
Bob Harris Country
Bryan Adams Rocks!
Richard Bacon
OJ Borg
am The Craig Charles House
Party
- 6.30am Nicki Chapman
Radio 3
FM 90.2-92.4MHz
6.30 am Breakfast
9.00 Essential Classics
12.00 Composer of the Week:
Gershwin
1.00 pm News
1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert
2.00 Afternoon Concert
4.30 Words and Music
5.45 New Generation Artists
7.00 BBC Proms 2018.
Gilbert and Sullivan’s Trial
by Jury from Alexandra
Palace, London.
strangest case of her career
when a rusting ship washes
up on the shore in
Fleetwood, Lancashire. Just
what the vessel might have
been is a mystery that
transfixes the locals – is it a
pirate radio ship, a Russian
spy vessel, or a gunrunning
shipment to the IRA? No
theory is too maverick for
the small crowd…
9.00 BBC Proms 2018. Singer
and multi-instrumentalist
Jacob Collier performs with
the Metropole Orkest
11.00 Late Junction
12.00 ◆ Slow Radio: Burren
Cattle Blessing.
See Radio choice
12.30 - 6.30am Through the
Night
Radio 4
FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz
6.00 am Today
9.00 As Others See Us
9.45 FM: Book of the Week: Brief
Answers to the Big
Questions
9.45 LW: Daily Service
10.00 Woman’s Hour
11.00 Crossing Continents
11.30 The Art of Now: Identity
Crisis
12.00 News
12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast
12.04 Adrian Mole: The
Cappuccino Years
12.15 You and Yours
12.57 Weather
1.00 The World at One
1.45 New Year Solutions
2.00 The Archers
2.15 ◆ Drama: The Receiver of
Wreck. See Radio choice
3.00 Open Country
3.27 Radio 4 Appeal
3.30 Open Book
4.00 The Film Programme
4.30 BBC Inside Science
5.00 PM
5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast
5.57 Weather
6.00 Six O’Clock News
6.30 John Finnemore’s Souvenir
Programme
7.00 The Archers
7.15 Front Row
7.45 Curtain Down at Her
Majesty’s – A Play in Five
Acts
8.00 Black Girls Don’t Cry
8.30 In Business
9.00 BBC Inside Science
9.30 As Others See Us
10.00 The World Tonight
Slow Radio: Burren
Cattle Blessing
RADIO 3, MIDNIGHT
 In County Clare on the
west coast of Ireland, the
Burren is a flower-rich
limestone plateau. The rock
absorbs the heat through
the summer and, like a giant
storage heater, it radiates
the warmth out in the
10.45 Book at Bedtime: Adrian
Mole: The Cappuccino Years
11.00 Tez Talks
11.15 Dr John Cooper Clarke at
the BBC
11.30 The Digital Human
12.00 News and Weather
12.30 am Book of the Week: Brief
Answers to the Big
Questions
12.48 Shipping Forecast
1.00 As World Service
5.20 Shipping Forecast
5.30 News Briefing
5.43 Prayer for the Day
5.45 Farming Today
5.58 - 6.00am Tweet of the Day
Radio 5 Live
MW 693 & 909KHz
6.00
9.00
10.00
1.00
4.00
7.00
8.00
10.30
1.00
5.00
5.15
am 5 Live Breakfast
Your Call
Adrian Chiles
pm Afternoon Edition
5 Live Drive
5 Live Sport
5 Live Sport: Premier
League Football 2018-19.
Manchester City v Liverpool
(kick-off 8.00pm).
Commentary on the
top-flight fixture from
Etihad Stadium
Phil Williams
am Up All Night
Morning Reports
- 6.00am Wake Up to
Money
Classic FM
FM 99.9-101.9MHz
6.00
9.00
1.00
5.00
7.00
am More Music Breakfast
John Suchet
pm Jane Jones
Classic FM Drive
Smooth Classics at Seven.
Relaxing sounds
8.00 The Full Works Concert.
Catherine Bott presents
great music written by
lesser-known composers
10.00 Smooth Classics. A selection
of music
1.00 - 6.00am Bob Jones
winter, which makes for a
very comfortable life for the
beef cattle who graze there.
The cattle are said to leap
with joy when they see
Burren, and this Slow Radio
records the tradition of the
priests blessing the cows,
and the festive atmosphere
as locals and tourists follow
the cattle’s ancient route to
their winter grazing land.
World Service
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am Newsday 8.30 Business Daily
8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 Forum
9.50 Sporting Witness 10.00 World
Update 11.00 Newsroom 11.30 Food
Chain 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook
1.00 Newsroom 1.30 Assignment 2.00
Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 Inquiry 3.30
World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS
6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00
Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News
8.06 Inquiry 8.30 Science in Action 9.00
Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 Newsroom
10.20 Sports News 10.30 World
Business Report 11.00 News 11.06
Assignment 11.30 Food Chain 12.06am
Forum 12.50 Sporting Witness 1.00
News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News
2.06 Newsroom 2.30 Assignment 3.00
News 3.06 HARDtalk 3.30 World
Football 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00
News 5.06 Newsroom 5.30 - 6.00am
Science in Action
Radio 4 Extra
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am Strong Poison 6.30 The Boy
Who Bought a Field 7.00 Old Dog and
Partridge 7.30 John Finnemore’s
Souvenir Programme 8.00 Something
to Shout About 8.30 The Goon Show
9.00 The Write Stuff 9.30 Rent 10.00
Bel Ami 11.00 The Montana Stories
11.15 Rumpole and the Age of Miracles
12.00 Something to Shout About
12.30pm The Goon Show 1.00 Strong
Poison 1.30 The Boy Who Bought a
Field 2.00 History of the Rain 2.15 The
Invention of Childhood 2.30 The
Professor 2.45 Doubling Back 3.00 Bel
Ami 4.00 The Write Stuff 4.30 Rent
5.00 Old Dog and Partridge 5.30 John
Finnemore’s Souvenir Programme 6.00
Ghost Stories of Walter de la Mare 6.30
Great Lives 7.00 Something to Shout
About 7.30 The Goon Show 8.00 Strong
Poison 8.30 The Boy Who Bought a
Field 9.00 The Montana Stories 9.15
Rumpole and the Age of Miracles 10.00
Comedy Club 12.00 Ghost Stories of
Walter de la Mare 12.30am Great Lives
1.00 Strong Poison 1.30 The Boy Who
Bought a Field 2.00 History of the Rain
2.15 The Invention of Childhood 2.30
The Professor 2.45 Doubling Back 3.00
Bel Ami 4.00 The Write Stuff 4.30 Rent
5.00 Old Dog and Partridge 5.30 6.00am John Finnemore’s Souvenir
Programme
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 3 January 2019
27
Today’s television
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
BBC Two
ITV
Channel 4
Channel 5
6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Countryfile
Winter Diaries (R) (S) 10.00 Homes
Under the Hammer (R) (S) 11.00
Wanted Down Under (S) 11.45
Caught Red Handed (R) (S)
12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S)
1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S)
1.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
1.45 The Blake Mysteries (AD) (S)
2.30 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S)
3.30 Money for Nothing (R) (S)
4.15 Celebrity Antiques Road Trip
(R) (S)
5.15 Pointless (S)
6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S)
6.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.20 am Wanted Down Under (R) (S) 7.05
Sign Zone: MasterChef: The
Professionals (AD) (R) (S) (SL) 8.05
FILM: Angels One Five (1953, b/w)
Second World War adventure
starring Jack Hawkins (AD) (S) 9.40
FILM: The Happiest Days of Your Life
(1950, b/w) Comedy starring Alastair
Sim (S) 11.00 BBC Newsroom Live
(S)
1.00 pm Coast (AD) (R) (S)
1.30 Growing Up Wild: Natural World
(R) (S)
2.30 A Place to Call Home (R) (S)
3.20 FILM: The Odd Life of Timothy
Green (2012) Fantasy starring
Jennifer Garner (S)
5.00 The Hairy Bakers (R) (S)
5.15 Flog It! (R) (S)
6.00 Eggheads (S)
6.30 Galapagos (AD) (R)
6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30
Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S)
12.30 pm Loose Women (S)
1.30 News; Weather (S)
1.55 Regional News; Weather (S)
2.00 Celebrity Catchphrase (R) (S)
3.00 Tenable (R) (S)
4.00 Tipping Point (S)
5.00 The Chase (R) (S)
6.00 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.30 News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Kirstie’s Handmade Treasures
(R) (S) 6.10 The King of Queens (R)
(S) 6.35 The King of Queens (R) (S)
7.00 The King of Queens (R) (S) 7.25
The King of Queens (R) (S) 7.50
Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S)
8.20 Everybody Loves Raymond (R)
(S) 8.50 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.20
Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.50 Frasier (AD)
(R) (S) 10.20 Ramsay’s Kitchen
Nightmares USA (R) (S) 11.15
Undercover Boss USA (R) (S)
12.10 pm Channel 4 News (S)
12.15 FILM: The Princess Bride (1987)
See Film choice (S)
2.10 Countdown: Champion of
Champions (S)
3.00 A Place in the Sun (S)
4.00 The Secret Life of the Zoo
(AD) (R) (S)
5.00 Couples Come Dine with Me (S)
6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 Jeremy Vine 11.15
GPs: Behind Closed Doors (R) (S)
pm 5 News Lunchtime (S)
The Yorkshire Vet (R) (S)
Access (S)
Make You Laugh Out Loud (R) (S)
Neighbours (AD) (S)
FILM: The Wrong Babysitter (2017,
TVM) Thriller starring Daphne
Zuniga (S)
4.00 Friends (R) (S)
4.30 Friends (R) (S)
5.00 5 News at 5 (S)
5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 The Yorkshire Vet (R) (S)
6.50 5 News Tonight (S)
12.10
12.15
1.10
1.15
1.45
2.20
The Princess Bride (1987)
CHANNEL 4, 12.15PM ★★★★★
 This well-loved fairy tale has only
improved with time. Spinal Tap
director Rob Reiner throws in an
abundance of quotable lines
(“Inconceivable!”), some memorable
characters and a pretty exceptional
cast, including Billy Crystal and
Wallace Shawn. But Cary Elwes
tops them all as a pirate out to
rescue his beloved (Robin Wright)
from evil Prince Humperdinck,
whom she is to marry.
BBC/DES WILLIE
BBC One
Film choice
EVERETT/REX
Main channels
Back in Time for School
7.00 Wallace & Gromit: The Wrong
Trousers The animated duo fall foul
of a villainous penguin (AD) (R) (S)
The Cruise: Shanghai to Sydney
7.30 University Challenge Christmas
2018 The second semi-final of the
festive contest (S)
21 Kids and Counting
7.00 Channel 4 News (S)
7.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S)
8.00 Back in Time for School New series.
Teenagers and teachers travel
through 100 years of education
history See What to watch (AD) (S)
8.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S)
9.05 Luther The detective’s friend is in
danger (AD) (S)
9.00 Mississippi: Earth’s Great Rivers
A journey along the American river.
Last in the series See What to
watch (AD) (S)
9.00 Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?
Big-money quiz, hosted by Jeremy
Clarkson (S)
10.05 BBC News at Ten (S)
10.35 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.50 Mrs Brown’s Boys New Year
Special The doting mother offers
Winnie and Sharon a place to stay
(R) (S)
10.00 Island of Dreams One-off comedy
See What to watch (S)
10.30 The “Christmas” Misadventures of
Romesh Ranganathan (AD) (R) (S)
10.00 News; Weather (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Gordon, Gino and Fred: Road Trip
(R) (S)
8.30 EastEnders As things look up for
one family, another is torn apart
(AD) (S)
11.25 FILM: Flatliners (1990)
Supernatural thriller See Film
choice 1.20- 6.00am News
11.30 Ed Sheeran: Radio 2 in Concert
12.25am No Activity – Christmas
Special 1.15 Sign Zone: Nadiya’s
Asian Odyssey 2.15 Sign Zone: This
Is My Song 3.15 Sign Zone:
Countryfile 4.10 - 6.00am This Is
BBC Two
S4C
Variations
6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
12.05pm Gardd Pont y Twr 12.30 Caru Casglu 1.00
Cefn Gwlad 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05
Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05
Priodasau Cwmderi 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00
Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 Ar y Bysus 6.30 Rownd
a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Noson
Lawen 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Ffrindiau
Ffôn ar Wyliau 10.30 Hansh 11.00 - 11.35pm Stiwdio
Gefn
8.30 The Cruise: Shanghai to Sydney
New series. The Majestic Princess
cruise ship sets sail for Hong Kong
See What to watch (S)
11.45 20 Years of the Black Eyed Peas
12.40am Who Wants to Be a
Millionaire? 1.30 Jackpot247 3.00
Losing Weight: Six Months to Save a
Life – Tonight 3.25 ITV Nightscreen
5.05 - 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle
Show
BBC Four
Northern Ireland
Scotland
Wales
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
No variations
UTV:
1.30 - 3.00am ITV
Nightscreen
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
No variations
STV:
1.30am Losing Weight: Six
Months to Save a Life –
Tonight 1.55 - 5.05am ITV
Nightscreen
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
1.00pm Grand Tours of
Scotland 1.10 - 2.30 FILM:
Monkey Kingdom (2015) 5.00
Extreme Wales with Richard
Parks 5.30 - 6.00 Flog It!
10.30 - 11.30pm Andrew
7.00 pm The Celts: Blood, Iron
and Sacrifice with Alice
Roberts and Neil Oliver
8.00 Sicily: Wonder of the
Mediterranean
9.00 Waco: Madman or Messiah –
Storyville
10.30 Basquiat – Rage to Riches
12.00 Arena: Nicolas Roeg – It’s
About Time
1.00 am Disco & Beyond with Ana
Matronic and Martyn Ware
2.00 Sicily: Wonder of the
Mediterranean
3.00 - 4.00am The Celts: Blood,
Iron and Sacrifice with Alice
Roberts and Neil Oliver
ITV2
10.00am FILM: What a Girl Wants
(2003) Comedy starring Amanda Bynes
12.15pm Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation
Street 1.50 The Ellen DeGeneres Show
2.45 The Jeremy Kyle Show 6.10 FILM:
Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the
Clones (2002) The Jedi Knights protect
Senator Amidala from an assassin – but
their efforts are threatened when civil
war breaks out. Sci-fi prequel, with Ewan
McGregor and Hayden Christensen 9.00
FILM: Hot Fuzz (2007) A zealous
policeman is relocated to a sleepy
country village, where a series of grisly
so-called accidents arouses his
suspicions. Action comedy, starring
Simon Pegg and Nick Frost 11.25 Family
Guy 1.25am American Dad! 2.205.50am Teleshopping
E4
Noon Young Sheldon 1.00pm The Big
Bang Theory 2.00 Melissa & Joey 3.00
Brooklyn Nine-Nine 4.00 The Goldbergs
5.00 Young Sheldon 6.00 The Big Bang
Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Young
Sheldon 8.00 The Big Bang Theory 9.00
The Good Place 10.00 The Inbetweeners
11.05 The Big Bang Theory 12.00
Gogglebox 1.05am Naked Attraction
2.05 The Good Place 2.55 The
Inbetweeners 3.50-4.35am The Big
Bang Theory
ITV3
ITV4
FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118
11.30
12.05
12.35
1.40
2.40
3.15
3.50
5.55
7.00
8.00
10.00
12.05
2.00
2.30
11.50
12.50
1.55
2.55
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.05
More4
11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come
Dine with Me 4.55 A Place in the Sun:
Winter Sun 5.55 The Supervet 7.55
Grand Designs 9.00 The World’s Best
Diet 10.40 24 Hours in A&E 12.50am 8
Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 1.50
Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 2.503.35am 8 Out of 10 Cats Uncut
Dave
Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top
Gear 3.00 Timber Kings 4.00 Brojects in
the House 5.00 Top Gear 7.00 Cops UK:
Bodycam Squad 8.00 Beat the Internet
with John Robins 9.00 Live at the Apollo
10.00 Taskmaster 11.00 QI XL
12.20am Mock the Week 1.00 QI XL
2.25 Mock the Week 3.00-4.00am The
Last Man on Earth
Sky Sports Main Event
9.00am Live Test Cricket. South Africa v
Pakistan 4.00pm Sky Sports News 5.00
Transfer Centre 5.30 Sky Sports News at
5 6.00 Sky Sports News at 6 7.00 Live
Premier League. Manchester City v
Liverpool 10.45 PL Greatest Games
11.00 Live PGA Tour Golf. The Sentry
Tournament of Champions 3.00am NBA
Action 3.30-6.00am Live NBA: Houston
@ Golden State. Golden State Warriors v
Houston Rockets (Tip-off 3.30am)
SKY ONE, 9.00PM ★★★★★
8.00 Food Unwrapped Diet Special Tips
on losing weight after overindulging
during the Christmas holidays See
What to watch (AD) (S)
8.00 Animals After Dark An emergency
patient is brought to the hedgehog
hospital (S)
9.00 21 Kids and Counting Following
Britain’s largest family in the lead up
to the birth of their 10th daughter
(AD) (S)
9.00 Secret Life of the Holiday Resort
New series. Life in an all-inclusive
hotel on the Costa Brava (S)
10.00 First Dates at Christmas
(AD) (R) (S)
11.00 The Undateables: A Festive Proposal
12.05am Naked Attraction 1.05
What Britain Bought in 2018 2.00
Supershoppers Sales Special 2.55
The People’s Vet 3.50 Embarrassing
Pets 4.15 Food Unwrapped 4.45
Jamie’s Cracking Christmas 4.55
Come Dine with Me 5.50 - 6.05am
Kirstie’s Vintage Gems
 Steven Spielberg’s vision of the
Normandy invasion won Oscars
galore. Starring Tom Hanks and Matt
Damon, it chronicles a GI squad who
have been ordered to track down
Private Ryan (Damon) so that he
can return home to his mother,
who’s still grieving for her three other
sons. The opening scenes, which
depict the Omaha Beach assault,
provide some of the most visceral
battle sequences in cinema.
10.00 FILM: Vacation (2015) Premiere.
Comedy sequel starring Ed Helms
and Christina Applegate (S)
12.10amNamed & Shamed: Greatest
Celebrity Scandals 1.05
Teleshopping 3.05 Access 3.10
Christmas Cruising with Jane
McDonald 4.00 Tattoo Disasters UK
4.25 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.45
House Doctor 5.10 Great Artists
5.35 - 6.00am Wildlife SOS
Flatliners (1990)
 Julia Roberts, Kiefer Sutherland and
Kevin Bacon show early flashes of
their talent in this supernatural thriller
about a group of medical students who
start using a drug to “flatline” for a few
moments before being revived, all in
the name of research. But their plan
backfires when their bad memories
take human form and start to haunt
them. It’s both creepy and stylish, and
the young stars are good, but it’s still a
little bit, well, flat.
Davies: Rewriting the Classics
ITV Wales:
6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News
Wales at Six
ITV Regions
No variations, except:
ITV Channel:
1.30 - 3.00am ITV
Nightscreen
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117
am On the Buses
pm Rising Damp
The Royal
Heartbeat
Classic Coronation Street
Classic Coronation Street
Midsomer Murders
Heartbeat
Murder, She Wrote
Endeavour
Vera
am Vera
ITV3 Nightscreen
- 6.00am Teleshopping
Saving Private Ryan (1998)
BBC ONE, 11.25PM ★★★
Freeview, satellite and cable
FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107
7.00 The Dog Rescuers: Best in Show
Revisiting abandoned dogs featured
in the series (R) (S)
7.30 Losing Weight: Six Months to Save
a Life – Tonight Following three
severely obese people as they try to
lose weight (S)
7.30 EastEnders Tensions reach breaking
point at the wedding (AD) (S)
8.00 Celebrity Mastermind With Mike
Bushell and Vassos Alexander (S)
Animals After Dark
ALAMY
Luther
10.00
12.05
1.00
2.00
2.45
3.00
3.30
am The Professionals
pm The Avengers
Kojak
Quincy ME
Minder
The Professionals
The Sweeney
The Chase: Celebrity Special
FILM: Jaws: The Revenge
(1987) Thriller sequel
starring Michael Caine
FILM: Hard to Kill (1990)
Revenge thriller
am Minder
The Sweeney
Better Late Than Never
ITV4 Nightscreen
Teleshopping
- 4.30am ITV4 Nightscreen
Sky Sports Premier
League
Noon PL Best Goals 92/93 1.00pm
Premier League Years 3.00 Premier
League Highlights 6.00 Premier League
World 6.30 Best PL Goals: Man City v
Liverpool 7.00 Live Premier League.
Manchester City v Liverpool (Kick-off
8.00pm). Coverage of the top-flight
clash from Etihad Stadium 10.45
Premier League World 11.15 Premier
League Highlights 11.45 PL Greatest
Games 12.00 Premier League Highlights
12.30am Best PL Goals: Man City v
Liverpool 1.00 Premier League Years
3.00 PL Greatest Games 3.45-4.00am
PL Greatest Games
BT Sport 1
10.30am Live WTA Tennis. Action from
the quarter-finals of the Brisbane
International in Australia 12.30pm FA
Cup Final Classics 1.00 FA Cup Final
Classics 2.00 FA Cup Final Classics 2.30
FA Cup Final Classics 3.00 FA Cup Final
Classics 3.30 FA Cup Final Classics 4.00
Test Cricket Highlights 5.00 Premier
League Review 6.00 The Emirates FA
Cup Preview 6.30 Cricket: Women’s Big
Bash 7.30 Cricket: Big Bash League 8.30
Rugby Tonight 9.30 The Emirates FA Cup
Preview 10.00 Test Cricket Highlights
11.00 Bundesliga Goals of the Season
11.15-7.00am Live Test Cricket
Sky One
SKY 106 VIRGIN 110
Noon
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
6.30
7.30
8.30
9.00
NCIS: Los Angeles
pm Hawaii Five-0
Hawaii Five-0
S.W.A.T
Modern Family
The Simpsons
Futurama
The Simpsons
The Simpsons
Football’s Funniest Moments
FILM: Saving Private Ryan
(1998) Steven Spielberg’s
Second World War drama
starring Tom Hanks See
Film choice
12.10 am Delicious
1.10 The Force: North-East
3.00 - 4.00am A League of Their
Own
History
Noon Swamp People 1.00pm Pawn
Stars 2.00 American Pickers: Best Of
4.00 Storage Wars 6.00 Forged in Fire
7.00 American Pickers 8.00 Buried:
Knights Templar and the Holy Grail. The
fall of the order in 1307 9.00 The Curse
of Oak Island: Drilling Down. Matty Blake
takes a closer look at all the discoveries
made this season 10.00 MysteryQuest.
Experts investigate the origins of
Stonehenge 11.00 Ancient Aliens. Secret
conduits to other worlds that could be
hidden within deep caves 12.00 Hunting
Isis 1.00am Storage Wars 2.00 Buried:
Knights Templar and the Holy Grail
3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens
Sky Arts
Noon Mystery of the Lost Paintings
1.00pm Discovering: Abba 2.00 Glen
Campbell: I’ll Be Me 4.00 Shania
Twain: Still the One – Live in Las Vegas
6.00 Dolly Parton: Song by Song. The
singer looks back at her most famous
songs 9.00 The Directors. The life and
work of Alfred Hitchcock. 10.00
Discovering: Janet Leigh. A profile of the
American actress 11.00 Laurel and
Hardy: Their Lives and Magic. The
friendship between Stan Laurel and
Oliver Hardy 12.45am Bettie Page
Reveals All 2.00 The World of Hugh
Hefner 3.00-6.00am Too Young to Die
Sky Atlantic
SKY 108
Noon
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.10
11.10
12.10
1.10
2.15
3.15
3.50
Film4
FV 15 FS 300 SKY 313 VIRGIN 428
House
pm Without a Trace
Blue Bloods
The West Wing
The West Wing
House
House
CSI: Crime Scene
Investigation
Blue Bloods
Game of Thrones
Game of Thrones
Game of Thrones
am Banshee
Banshee
Dexter
Entourage
- 4.05am Life Itself: Special
Sky Cinema Premiere
24 hours, including at:
5.55pm Life Itself: Special 6.10
Rampage (2018) Fantasy adventure,
starring Dwayne Johnson, Naomie
Harris and Malin Akerman 8.00 Pacific
Rim Uprising (2018) Sci-fi sequel,
starring John Boyega, Scott Eastwood
and Cailee Spaeny 10.00 Wildling (2018)
Premiere. Fantasy horror, starring Liv
Tyler, Bel Powley and Brad Dourif
11.40 Avengers: Infinity War (2018)
Fantasy adventure, starring Robert
Downey Jr, Chris Hemsworth, Josh
Brolin and Benedict Cumberbatch
2.15am Proud Mary (2018) Thriller
starring Taraji P Henson 3.50-5.30am
Thoroughbreds (2017) Comedy crime
drama starring Olivia Cooke
PBS America
11.45am The Scots Who Fought Franco
12.50pm Ultimate Restorations 2.00
Elephant, Return to the Wild 3.10
Surviving Disaster 4.15 The Scots Who
Fought Franco 5.25 Ultimate
Restorations 6.40 Elephant, Return to
the Wild 7.50 Ultimate Restorations
9.00 Mata Hari: The Naked Spy See
What to watch 10.15 The Scots Who
Fought Franco 11.15 Ultimate
Restorations 12.20am Mata Hari: The
Naked Spy 1.35 Walks Around Britain
2.00-6.00am Teleshopping
11.00 am Diary of a Wimpy Kid:
Dog Days (2012) Family
comedy sequel
12.50 pm A Thousand Words
(2012) Comedy
2.40 Rio 2 (2014) Animated
comedy sequel
4.40 The Choice (2016)
Romantic drama
6.55 Volcano (1997) Thriller
starring Tommy Lee Jones
9.00 Babylon AD (2008) Sci-fi
adventure with Vin Diesel
10.45 Along Came a Spider (2001)
Detective thriller prequel
starring Morgan Freeman
12.50 - 3.20am Spirited Away
(2001) Fantasy with the
voice of Rumi Hiragi
TCM
24 hours, including at:
5.10pm The Doolins of Oklahoma (1949,
b/w) Western starring Randolph Scott
7.00 The Train Robbers (1973) A thief’s
widow persuades a gunslinger to help
her find a cache of her husband’s stolen
gold and return it to the rightful owners.
Western, starring John Wayne and
Ann-Margret 9.00 The Corruptor (1999)
A tough-talking New York cop and his
new partner must keep the peace in
Chinatown as war breaks out among rival
Triad factions. Action thriller, with Chow
Yun-Fat 11.15 The Last Boy Scout
(1991) Action thriller starring Bruce
Willis 1.25am Deliverance (1972)
Thriller starring Burt Reynolds 3.356.25am Hollywood’s Best Film Directors
GOLD
Noon My Family 12.40pm 2point4
Children 1.20 Are You Being Served?
2.00 The Green Green Grass 2.40 My
Family 3.20 2point4 Children 4.00 Last
of the Summer Wine 6.00 Are You Being
Served? 6.40 Only Fools and Horses 7.20
Dad’s Army 8.00 Morecambe & Wise in
America 9.00 Only Fools and Horses
10.20 Two Doors Down 11.00 The Royle
Family 11.40 Early Doors 12.20am Peep
Show 12.55 Two Doors Down 1.35 You,
Me & Them 2.15 The Royle Family
2.45-4.00am Harry Hill’s TV Burp
28
***
Thursday 3 January 2019 The Daily Telegraph
Weather and crosswords
Nature notes
Seagulls teaching
man how to soar
Lessons in soaring taken from the
flight of seagulls could lead to more
efficient aircraft, research has shown.
Scientists have discovered that gulls
“morph” their wings into a range of
shapes to make them more stable in
the air. When soaring, their wings are
extended and have a rounded shape.
During take-off and landing they are
more tucked in with a flatter profile.
Prof Philippe Lavoie, from the
University of British Columbia, said:
“If they [gulls] need to make quick
manoeuvres, like diving to catch fish,
they can change the shape of the wing
for that particular purpose.”
The findings, published in the
Journal of the Royal Society Interface,
could help in the design of aircraft and
drones, said Prof Lavoie.
“The idea of bio-inspired research is
to try and understand how nature does
it. Once we do that, we can see if there
are elements that we can pluck out for
our own designs.”
Our puzzle website
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