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АНГЛО-РУССКИЙ СЛОВАРЬ
ТЕХНИЧЕСКИХ ТЕРМИНОВ
ДЛЯ АВТОДОРОЖНЫХ
СПЕЦИАЛЬНОСТЕЙ
Ɇɢɧɢɫɬɟɪɫɬɜɨɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɢɧɚɭɤɢ
ɊɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣɎɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ
ɋɚɧɤɬ-ɉɟɬɟɪɛɭɪɝɫɤɢɣɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ
ɚɪɯɢɬɟɤɬɭɪɧɨ-ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ
Ɏɚɤɭɥɶɬɟɬɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɤɢɢɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
Ʉɚɮɟɞɪɚɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɵɯɹɡɵɤɨɜ
ȺɇȽɅɈ-ɊɍɋɋɄɂɃ ɋɅɈȼȺɊɖ
ɌȿɏɇɂɑȿɋɄɂɏɌȿɊɆɂɇɈȼ
ȾɅə ȺȼɌɈȾɈɊɈɀɇɕɏ
ɋɉȿɐɂȺɅɖɇɈɋɌȿɃ
ɋɚɧɤɬ-ɉɟɬɟɪɛɭɪɝ
2018
0
1
ɍȾɄ 62
ɍȾɄ’367.628
ɊɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬɵɤɚɧɞɮɢɥɨɥɧɚɭɤɞɨɰɟɧɬɆȺɋɚɪɹɧ ɋɉɛȽȺɋɍ
ɤɚɧɞɮɢɥɨɥɧɚɭɤ, ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɨɪɅɋȺɥɩɟɟɜɚȼɨɟɧɧɚɹɚɤɚɞɟɦɢɹɫɜɹɡɢ
ɢɦɦɚɪɲɚɥɚɋɨɜɟɬɫɤɨɝɨɋɨɸɡɚɋɆȻɭɞɟɧɧɨɝɨ
Ⱥɧɝɥɨ-ɪɭɫɫɤɢɣɫɥɨɜɚɪɶɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɬɟɪɦɢɧɨɜɞɥɹɚɜɬɨɞɨ
ɪɨɠɧɵɯɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɟɣ / ɚɜɬ-ɫɨɫɬɆȼɉɪɨɰɭɬɨɅɊȾɚɧɢɥɨɜɚ
ɇȿȾɭɛɨɜɫɤɚɹɅəɅɚɩɲɢɧɚɋɉɛȽȺɋɍ– ɋɉɛ– 61 ɫ
ɇɚɫɬɨɹɳɢɣɫɥɨɜɚɪɶɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɞɥɹɩɪɟɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɟɥɟɣɚɫɩɢɪɚɧɬɨɜɦɚ
ɝɢɫɬɪɚɧɬɨɜɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɜ ɜɵɫɲɢɯɭɱɟɛɧɵɯɡɚɜɟɞɟɧɢɣɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɩɪɨɮɢɥɹ
ȼɫɥɨɜɚɪɟɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵɬɟɪɦɢɧɵɢɬɟɪɦɢɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɹɨɬ
ɪɚɠɚɸɳɢɟɬɚɤɢɟɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢɤɚɤ©ɗɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɹɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɨɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɦɚɲɢɧɢɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɨɜª, «Ɍɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɹɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɵɯɩɪɨɰɟɫ
ɫɨɜ», «ɇɚɡɟɦɧɵɟɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɨ-ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ», «ɇɚɡɟɦɧɵɟɬɪɚɧɫ
ɩɨɪɬɧɨ-ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɵ».
© Ɇ ȼɉɪɨɰɭɬɨ, Ʌ ɊȾɚɧɢɥɨɜɚ
ɇ ȿȾɭɛɨɜɫɤɚɹɅ əɅɚɩɲɢɧɚ, 2018
‹ɋɚɧɤɬ-ɉɟɬɟɪɛɭɪɝɫɤɢɣɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ
ɚɪɯɢɬɟɤɬɭɪɧɨ-ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ8
2
ɉɊȿȾɂɋɅɈȼɂȿ
ȼɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯɱɚɫɬɨɬɪɟɛɭɟɬɫɹɬɨɱɧɵɣɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɬɟɯ
ɢɥɢ ɢɧɵɯ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɬɟɪɦɢɧɨɜ ȼ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɫɥɨɜɚɪɟ ɫɨɞɟɪ
ɠɚɬɫɹ ɬɟɪɦɢɧɵ ɩɨɧɹɬɢɹ ɢ ɚɛɛɪɟɜɢɚɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɟ ɧɟɩɨ
ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɞɥɹɤɚɠɞɨɝɨɤɬɨɫɬɚɥɤɢɜɚɟɬɫɹɫɚɧɝɥɨɹɡɵɱ
ɧɨɣɬɟɪɦɢɧɨɥɨɝɢɟɣɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɢɫɬɚ
ɍɱɟɛɧɵɣ ɫɥɨɜɚɪɶ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɭɞɨɜɥɟɬɜɨɪɹɬɶ ɪɹɞɭ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɣ
ɤɤɨɬɨɪɵɦɨɬɧɨɫɹɬɫɹɭɩɨɪɹɞɨɱɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɨɩɪɟ
ɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɦɢɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɚɦɢɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚɫɥɨɜɚɪɹɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɦɟɬɨ
ɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟɭɞɨɛɫɬɜɚɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɫɥɨ
ɜɚɪɟɦɬɟɛɵɫɬɪɨɬɚɢɥɟɝɤɨɫɬɶɧɚɜɟɞɟɧɢɹɫɩɪɚɜɨɤ
ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɫɥɨɜɚɪɧɵɯ ɟɞɢɧɢɰ ɜɵɫɬɭɩɚɸɬ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɜɚɠɧɵɟ
ɰɟɥɶɧɨɨɮɨɪɦɥɟɧɧɵɟɢɪɚɡɞɟɥɶɧɨɨɮɨɪɦɥɟɧɧɵɟɬɟɪɦɢɧɵ
ɉɟɪɜɵɦɢɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɦɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦɫɥɨɜɚɪɹɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɣ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɭɱɟɛɧɵɯɩɨɫɨɛɢɣ©Ⱥɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣɹɡɵɤɞɥɹɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɜɚɜɬɨ
ɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɯɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɟɣɑɚɫɬɢI ɢII «ɞɥɹɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɜI-ɤɭɪɫɨɜ
ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɟɣ – ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɹ ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɨ-ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟ
ɫɤɢɯ ɦɚɲɢɧ ɢ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɨɜ ɢ – ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɵɯ
ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ
ɉɪɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɥɟɤɫɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɦɢɧɢɦɭɦɨɜ ɨɛɵɱɧɨ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞ
ɫɬɜɭɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɚɦɢɱɚɫɬɨɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢɤɪɨɦɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ
ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɬɫɹ ɜɨ ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩ ɭɱɟɬɚ ɫɥɨɜɨɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ ɥɟɤɫɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɫɨɱɟɬɚɟɦɨɫɬɢ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɥɟɤɫɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ
ɦɢɧɢɦɭɦɚ ɫ ɝɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɢ ɮɨɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɦɢɧɢɦɭɦɚɦɢ ɉɪɢ
ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɫɥɨɜɚɪɹɨɛɪɚɳɚɥɨɫɶɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɧɚɬɨɱɬɨɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɱɚ
ɫɬɨɬɧɨɫɬɢɢɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢɞɨɩɨɥɧɹɸɬɞɪɭɝɞɪɭɝɚɢɮɨɪ
ɦɢɪɭɸɬɛɚɡɭɫɥɨɜɚɪɹ
Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɣɰɟɥɶɸɞɚɧɧɨɝɨɫɥɨɜɚɪɹɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɚɫɬɭɞɟɧ
ɬɨɜɤɱɬɟɧɢɸɩɪɨɮɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣɥɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɵɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɫɬɜɨɜɚ
ɧɢɟɫɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯɪɚɧɟɟɭɦɟɧɢɣɭɫɬɧɨɣɪɟɱɢɢɩɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟɥɟɤ
ɫɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɡɚɩɚɫɚ ɩɨ ɭɝɥɭɛɥɟɧɧɵɦ ɡɧɚɧɢɹɦ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɧɚɡɟɦɧɨɝɨ
ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɚ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹɦ ɥɟɝɤɨɜɵɦ ɢ ɝɪɭɡɨɜɵɦ ɮɭɪɚɦ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ
ɝɪɭɡɧɵɦɢɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɦɚɜɬɨɦɚɲɢɧɚɦ
3
ɌɟɪɦɢɧɨɥɨɝɢɹɷɬɨɝɨȺɧɝɥɨ-ɪɭɫɫɤɨɝɨɫɥɨɜɚɪɹɨɯɜɚɬɵɜɚɟɬɬɟɪ
ɦɢɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɩɥɚɫɬɵ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɚɜɬɨ- ɢ ɦɨɬɨɬɟɯɧɢɤɢ ɦɟɯɚ
ɧɢɤɢ ɢ ɚɜɬɨɫɟɪɜɢɫɚ ɬɸɧɢɧɝɭ ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɣ
ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɚɜɬɨɫɟɪɜɢɫɧɵɯ ɚɜɬɨɪɟɦɨɧɬɧɵɯ ɢ ɚɜɬɨɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɵɯ
ɭɫɥɭɝ
Ⱦɚɧɧɵɣ ɫɥɨɜɚɪɶ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɜ ɜɵɲɟɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɵɯ
ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɟɣɚɬɚɤɠɟɦɨɠɟɬɛɵɬɶɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɜɪɚɛɨɬɟɚɜɬɨɦɨ
ɛɢɥɟɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɟɣɭɱɚɳɢɯɫɹɩɪɨɮɢɥɶɧɵɯɜɭɡɨɜɢɫɪɟɞɧɢɯɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶ
ɧɵɯɡɚɜɟɞɟɧɢɣ
ɋɥɨɜɚɪɶɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɩɨɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭɚɥɮɚɜɢɬɧɨ-ɝɧɟɡɞɨɜɨɣɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ
ɫɤɪɚɬɤɢɦɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɨɦɬɟɪɦɢɧɨɜɉɪɢɷɬɨɦɬɟɪɦɢɧɵɹɜɥɹɸɳɢɟɫɹɜɟ
ɞɭɳɢɦɢɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɵɫɬɪɨɝɨɜɚɥɮɚɜɢɬɧɨɦɩɨɪɹɞɤɟɋɥɨɜɚɧɚɱɢ
ɧɚɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɫ ɩɪɨɩɢɫɧɨɣ ɛɭɤɜɵ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɹɬɫɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɷɬɢɯ ɠɟ ɫɥɨɜ
ɧɚɱɢɧɚɸɳɢɟɫɹɫɨɫɬɪɨɱɧɨɣɛɭɤɜɵ
ȺɇȽɅɂɃɋɄɂɃȺɅɎȺȼɂɌ
Aa
Bb
Cc
Hh
Ii
Jj
Oo
Pp
Qq
Vv
Ww
Xx
Dd
Ee
Kk
Ll
Rr
Ss
Yy
Gg
Mm
Tt
ɍɋɅɈȼɇɕȿɋɈɄɊȺɓȿɇɂə
n – noun – ɢɦɹɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ
v – verb – ɝɥɚɝɨɥ
a – adjective – ɢɦɹɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ
adv – adverb – ɧɚɪɟɱɢɟ
prep – preposition – ɩɪɟɞɥɨɝ
pro – pronoun – ɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ
cj – conjunction – ɫɨɸɡ
4
5
Aa
ɎɈɇȿɌɂɄɈ-ɈɊɎɈȽɊȺɎɂɑȿɋɄɂȿɁȺɆȿɑȺɇɂə
ɚɝɥɚɫɧɵɟ
ɛɞɜɭɝɥɚɫɧɵɟ
i: – ɞɨɥɝɢɣɢ
I – ɤɪɚɬɤɢɣɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɣɢ
x – ɷ ɜɫɥɨɜɟɷɬɨɬɷɤɢɣ
R – ɭɞɚɪɧɨɟɚ ɜɫɥɨɜɟɤɚɲɚ
P – ɤɪɚɬɤɢɣɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɣɨ
L – ɞɨɥɝɢɣɨ
u – ɤɪɚɬɤɢɣɭ
H – ɞɨɥɝɢɣɭ ɤɚɤɜɫɥɨɜɟɭɥɟɣ
A – ɤɪɚɬɤɢɣɚ
W – ɞɨɥɝɢɣɝɥɚɫɧɵɣɡɜɭɤɤɚɤɺ
ɜɫɥɨɜɟɧɺɛɨ
q – ɧɚɩɨɦɢɧɚɟɬɛɟɡɭɞɚɪɧɨɟɨ
ɜɫɥɨɜɟɦɨɥɨɤɨ
eI – ɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɫɹɤɚɤɷɣ ɜɫɥɨɜɟ
ɲɟɣɤɚ
qu – ɨɭ
aI – ɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɫɹɤɚɤɚɣ ɜɫɥɨɜɟ
ɦɚɣ
au – ɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɫɹɤɚɤɚɭ ɜɫɥɨɜɟ
ɩɚɭɡɚ
OI – ɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɫɹɤɚɤɨɣ ɜɫɥɨɜɟ
ɫɨɣɤɚ
Iq – ɢɷ
eq – ɷɚ
uq – ɭɷ
ɜɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɵɟ
p–ɩ
b–ɛ
m–ɦ
w – ɧɚɩɨɦɢɧɚɟɬɜɝɭɛɵɫɤɥɚɞɵ
ɜɚɸɬɫɹɬɪɭɛɨɱɤɨɣ
f–ɮ
v–ɜ
T – ɡɜɭɤɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹɩɪɢɩɨɦɨɳɢ
ɹɡɵɤɚɤɨɧɱɢɤɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨɩɨɦɟɳɚ
ɟɬɫɹɦɟɠɞɭɡɭɛɚɦɢɤɚɤɛɭɞɬɨ
ɫɞɭɜɚɟɦɫɨɪɢɧɤɭ
D – ɡɜɭɤɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹɩɪɢɩɨɦɨɳɢ
ɹɡɵɤɚɤɨɧɱɢɤɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨɩɨɦɟɳɚ
ɟɬɫɹɦɟɠɞɭɡɭɛɚɦɢɩɪɢɷɬɨɦ
ɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɦɛɭɤɜɭɡ
s–ɫ
z–ɡ
t–ɬ
6
d–ɞ
n–ɧ
l–ɥ
r – ɡɜɨɧɤɢɣɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɫɹɤɚɤɪ
ɩɪɢɷɬɨɦɤɨɧɱɢɤɹɡɵɤɚɩɨɞɧɹɬ
Z – ɡɜɨɧɤɢɣɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɫɹɤɚɤɠ
ɜɫɥɨɜɟɠɭɤ
S – ɝɥɭɯɨɣɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɫɹɤɚɤɲɜ
ɫɥɨɜɟɲɢɧɚ
C–ɱ
G – ɤɚɤɞɠ ɜɫɥɨɜɟɞɠɟɦ
k–ɤ
g–ɝ
N – ɡɜɨɧɤɢɣɧɚɩɨɦɢɧɚɟɬɧ ɧɨɫɨ
ɜɨɣɡɜɭɤ
h – ɤɚɤɯ ɜɫɥɨɜɟɯɥɨɩɨɤ
j–ɣ
ability [q'bIltI] n. cɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ
about [q'bQVt] adv.
ɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɨɤɨɥɨ
2. (be… to do smthɫɨɛɢɪɚɬɶɫɹ
ɱɬɨ-ɬɨɫɞɟɥɚɬɶprep. ɨɨɛ
above [q'bAv] adv.
ɜɵɲɟ
2. ɜɞɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɢɤ
prep. 1. ɫɜɵɲɟ, ɛɨɥɶɲɟ 2. ɧɚɞ
ABS (anti-lock braking system)
["eI bJ 'es]
ȺȻɋɚɧɬɢɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɚɹ
ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɚɹɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ
absorb [qb'sLb]
vɚɛɫɨɪɛɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɩɨɝɥɨɳɚɬɶ
accelerate [qk'selqreIt] v.
ɭɫɤɨɪɹɬɶɫɹɪɚɡɝɨɧɹɬɶɫɹ
acceleration [qk"selq'reISqn] n.
ɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɟɪɚɡɝɨɧ
acceleration force [qk"selq'reIS(q)n fO:s]
ɫɢɥɚ ɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɹ
accelerator [qk'selqreItq] n.
ɚɤɫɟɥɟɪɚɬɨɪ
accept [qk'sept]v. ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶ
acceptable [qk'septqbql] a. ɩɪɢ
ɟɦɥɟɦɵɣ, ɞɨɩɭɫɬɢɦɵɣ
acceptance [qk'septqns] n. ɩɪɢ
ɧɹɬɢɟ
access ['xkses] n. ɞɨɫɬɭɩ
accessories [qk'sesqrIz] n.
ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ
accident['xksIdqnt] n. ɚɜɚɪɢɹ
accidental ["xksI'dentql] a..
ɫɥɭɱɚɣɧɵɣ
accommodate [q'kOmqdeIt] v.
ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɚɛɥɢɜɚɬɶ; ɫɧɚɛɠɚɬɶ
accomplish [q'kAmplIS] vɨɫɭ
ɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɬɶ
according [q'kLdIN] (to) prep.
ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫ
accordingly [q'kLdINlI]] adv.
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ
account [q'kaVnt](for) vɫɨɫɬɚɜ
ɥɹɬɶɱɚɫɬɶɱɟɝɨ-ɥɢɛɨ
accuracy ['xkjVrqsI] n.
ɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ
accurately ['xkjVrqtlI] adv.
ɬɨɱɧɨ
achieve [q'tSJv]v.
ɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɬɶɞɨɛɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
across [q'krPs] adv. (come…)
ɜɫɬɪɟɬɢɬɶɧɟɨɠɢɞɚɧɧɨprep.
ɱɟɪɟɡɫɤɜɨɡɶɩɨ
ɩɨɩɟɪɟɤ
act [xkt]v.
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶ
action ['xkSqn] n.
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ
activate ['xktIveIt] vɩɪɢɜɨ
ɞɢɬɶɜɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɚɤɬɢɜɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
active ['xktIv] a.
ɚɤɬɢɜɧɵɣɚɞɚɩɬɢɜɧɵɣ
actual(ly) ['xktSVql]a.
ɮɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
adv. ɮɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
actuate ['xktSV"eIt] v.
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɶɜɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ
actuator ['xktSVeItq] n.
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɩɭɫɤɚɬɟɥɶ
adapt [q'dxpt] v. ɚɞɚɩɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɚɛɥɢɜɚɬɶ
7
adaptive [q'dxptIv] aɚɞɚɩɬɢɜ
ɧɵɣɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɚɛɥɢɜɚɸɳɢɣɫɹ
ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɚɛɥɢɜɚɟɦɵɣ
add [xd]v.
ɞɨɛɚɜɥɹɬɶɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɬɶ
addition[q'dISqn]n.
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
additional [q'dISqnql] a.
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɞɨɛɚɜɨɱɧɵɣ
adequate ['xdIkwIt] a.
ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɵɣ
2ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣ ɚɞɟɤɜɚɬ
ɧɵɣ
adequately ['xdIkwIt] adv.
ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɚɞɟɤɜɚɬɧɨ
adjust [q'GAst] v. ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ɧɚɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɬɶɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɚɛɥɢɜɚɬɶ
ɤɨɪɪɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
adjustable [q'GAstqbl] a.
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɟɦɵɣ
adjustment [q'GAstmqnt] nɪɟ
ɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ
adopt [q'dPpt] v.
ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɬɶ
advance [qd'vRns] n.
ɩɪɨɝɪɟɫɫɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɟ
ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɜɩɟɪɟɞɩɪɨɞɜɢɠɟ
ɧɢɟ
ɨɩɟɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ
advance [qd'vRns]v.
ɩɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹɪɚɡɜɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
ɭɫɤɨɪɹɬɶ
advanced [qd'vRnst] a.
ɩɟɪɟɞɨɜɨɣɩɪɨɝɪɟɫɫɢɜɧɵɣ
2. ɭɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ
advancement [qd'vRnsmqnt] n.
ɭɫɩɟɯɩɪɨɝɪɟɫɫɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɟ
8
advantage [qd'vRntIG] n.
ɩɪɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ
adverse(ly)['xdvWs] a.
ɧɟɛɥɚɝɨɩɪɢɹɬɧɵɣ
adv. ɧɟɛɥɚɝɨɩɪɢɹɬɧɨ
aerial ['FqrIql] a.
ɧɚɞɡɟɦɧɵɣ
aerodynamic(ally)
["eqrqVdaI'nxmIk] a.
ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
adv. ɚɷɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ
affect [q'fekt] v. ɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶɜɥɢɹɬɶ
after ['Rftq] prep. ɩɨɫɥɟ,
conj. ɩɨɫɥɟɬɨɝɨɤɚɤ
again [q'gen; q'geIn] adv. ɫɧɨɜɚ
ɨɩɹɬɶ
against [q'genst; q'geInst] prep.
ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɧɚ:
ɫɨɫɟɞɫɬɜɨɪɹɞɨɦɫ
ɫɨɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɟɧɚɫ
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɩɨɥɨɠɧɨɟɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟ
ɧɢɟɩɪɨɬɢɜ
ɡɚɳɢɬɭɩɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟɨɬ
ɩɪɨɬɢɜ
5. ɨɩɨɪɭ ɮɨɧɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɟɨ
ɩɨɧɚɤ
aggregate ['xgrIgIt] n.
ɡɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɛɟɬɨɧɚ
aggressive [q'gresIv] a.
1ɚɝɪɟɫɫɢɜɧɵɣ
ɷɧɟɪɝɢɱɧɵɣ
agile ['xGaIl] a.
ɩɪɨɜɨɪɧɵɣ
agitation ["xGI'teIS(q)n] n. ɩɟ
ɪɟɦɟɲɢɜɚɧɢɟ
ago [q'gqV] adv. ɬɨɦɭ ɧɚɡɚɞ
ahead [q'hed]adv.
ɜɩɟɪɟɞ ɜɩɟɪɟɞɢ
aid [eId] n. ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ
ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ
aim [eIm] n. ɰɟɥɶɧɚɦɟɪɟɧɢɟ
ɡɚɞɚɱɚ
aim [eIm] v. ɫɬɪɟɦɢɬɶɫɹ
ɫɬɚɜɢɬɶɫɜɨɟɣɰɟɥɶɸ
air [eq] n. ɜɨɡɞɭɯ
air conditioning
['eqkqn'dISqnIN]
ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ
air/fuel ratio [eq'fjHql'reISIqV]
ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɚɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ
ɤɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɭɬɨɩɥɢɜɚɜɝɨɪɸ
ɱɟɣɫɦɟɫɢ
airbag ['eqbxg] n. ɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɚɹ
ɩɨɞɭɲɤɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ
aisle [aIl] n. ɩɪɨɯɨɞ
align [q'laIn] v.
ɜɵɪɚɜɧɢɜɚɬɶɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
alignment [q'laInmqnt] n.
ɜɵɪɚɜɧɢɜɚɧɢɟ
all [Ll] a. ɜɟɫɶɜɫɹɜɫɟ
allow [q'laV] v.
ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɬɶ
ɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶɞɟɥɚɬɶ
ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɦ
3. (…forɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶɞɟɥɚɬɶɩɨ
ɩɪɚɜɤɭɧɚ
allowance [q'laVqns] n. ɞɨɩɭɫɤ
alloy ['xlOI] n. ɫɩɥɚɜ
almost ['LlmqVst] adv. ɩɨɱɬɢ
alone [q'lqVn] a. ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ
ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
alone [q'lqVn] adv.
ɬɨɥɶɤɨɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
along [q'lPN] prep. ɩɨ, ɜɞɨɥɶ;
adv.
1. (…withɜɦɟɫɬɟɫ
ɜɩɟɪɟɞ
already [Ll'redI] adv. ɭɠɟ
also ['LlsqV] adv. ɬɚɤɠɟ
ɬɨɠɟɤɬɨɦɭɠɟ
alter ['Lltq] v. ɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹ
ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ(ɫɹ)
alternative [Ll'tWnqtIv] a.
ɚɥɶɬɟɪɧɚɬɢɜɧɵɣ
n. ɚɥɶɬɟɪɧɚɬɢɜɚ
alternator ['LltqneItq] n.
ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪ
although [Ll'DqV] cɨnj. ɯɨɬɹɧɟ
ɫɦɨɬɪɹɧɚɬɨɱɬɨ
aluminium["xlq'mInIqm] n.
ɚɥɸɦɢɧɢɣ
always ['LlweIz] adv. ɜɫɟɝɞɚ
amenities [q'mJnItIz] n. pl
ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵɤɨɦɮɨɪɬɚɢɭɞɨɛɫɬɜɚ
among [q'mAN] prep. ɫɪɟɞɢ
amount [q'maVnt] n.
1. ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ
ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚɫɬɟɩɟɧɶ
ample ['xmpql] a.
ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɵɣ
2. ɩɪɨɫɬɨɪɧɵɣ
angle ['xngql] n. ɭɝɨɥ
announce [q'naVns] v.
ɨɛɴɹɜɥɹɬɶɡɚɹɜɥɹɬɶ
annulus ['xnjVlqs] n. ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ
ɫɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɦɡɚɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟɦ
another [q'nADq] pron.
ɞɪɭɝɨɣ
ɟɳɟɨɞɢɧ
anti- prefix ɚɧɬɢ-, ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨ9
anty-theft ["xntI'Teft] a.
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɭɝɨɧɧɵɣ
anxiety [xN'z aIqtI] n. ɨɩɚɫɟɧɢɟ
ɬɪɟɜɨɝɚɛɟɫɩɨɤɨɣɫɬɜɨ
any ['enI] pron.
ɤɚɤɨɣ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶɜɫɹɤɢɣɥɸɛɨɣ
apart [q'pRt] adv.
ɜɨɬɞɚɥɟɧɢɢɧɚɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ
2. ɜɪɚɡɧɵɟɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ
appear [q'pIq] v.
1. ɩɨɹɜɥɹɬɶɫɹɜɵɯɨɞɢɬɶ
ɤɚɡɚɬɶɫɹ
appearance [q'pIqrqns] n.
ɩɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟɜɧɟɲɧɢɣɜɢɞ
appliance [q'plaIqns] n. ɩɪɢ
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɨɛɨ
ɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
application ["xplI'keISqn] n.
ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ
apply [q'plaI] v.
1. ɩɪɢɤɥɚɞɵɜɚɬɶ
ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɬɶɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɬɶ
approach [q'prqVtS] n.
ɩɨɞɯɨɞɩɭɬɶ
appropriate [q'prqVprIqt] a. ɫɨ
ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɣ
approximate [q'prOksImqt] a.
ɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ~ approximate [q'prOksImeIt] v.
ɩɪɢɛɥɢɠɚɬɶɫɹ
approximately [q'prPksImqtlI]
adv. ɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
apron ['eIpr(q)n] n. ɳɢɬɨɤ
area['eqrIq] n.
ɡɨɧɚɭɱɚɫɬɨɤ
ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ
ɩɥɨɳɚɞɶ
10
arise [q'raIz] v.
ɹɜɥɹɬɶɫɹɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɦ
ɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɬɶɩɨɹɜɥɹɬɶɫɹ
arm [Rm] n.
ɪɵɱɚɝɪɵɱɚɠɨɤ
ɤɨɪɨɦɵɫɥɨ
ɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɚɫɬɪɟɥɚ
around [q'raVnd] prep. ɜɨɤɪɭɝ
arrange [q'reInG]v.
ɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶ
arrangement [q'reInGmqnt] n.
ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɪɚɡɦɟɳɟɧɢɟ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɫɯɟɦɚɤɨɦɩɨɧɨɜɤɚ
array [q'reI] n .
ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɨɧɚɛɨɪ
articulated [R'tIkjqleItId] a.
ɲɚɪɧɢɪɧɵɣ
as [xz / qz] conj.
ɤɨɝɞɚɜ ɬɨɜɪɟɦɹɤɚɤɩɨɦɟɪɟ
ɬɨɝɨɤɚɤ
ɬɚɤɤɚɤɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ
3. (as…asɬɚɤɨɣɠɟ«ɤɚɤɬɚɤ
ɠɟ«ɤɚɤɢ
4. (as many as) ɰɟɥɵɯ
5. (as low/little as) ɬɨɥɶɤɨ, ɜɫɟɝɨ,
ɥɢɲɶ
6. (as long asɩɨɤɚɞɨɬɟɯɩɨɪ
ɩɨɤɚ
7. (as… as possibleɧɚɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ
ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ
8. (as well asɬɚɤɠɟ ɤɚɤɢ
ɧɚɪɹɞɭɫ
9. (as if) ɤɚɤ ɛɭɞɬɨ
10. (as to; as far as … are concerned) ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ (ɬɨɝɨ), ɱɬɨ
ɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹ
as [xz / qz] adv.
1. ɤɚɤ
ɜɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ
ɤɚɤɢɱɬɨɢ
4. (as follows) ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɣ
5. (as well) ɬɚɤɠɟ
asphaltpaver ['xsfxlt"peIvq]n.
ɚɫɮɚɥɶɬɨɭɤɥɚɞɱɢɤ
aspirate ['xspqreIt] v.
ɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɶ; naturally…ed ɛɟɡ
ɧɚɞɭɜɧɵɣ (ɨ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟ)
assembly [q'semblI] n.
ɚɝɪɟɝɚɬɭɡɟɥ
ɫɛɨɪɤɚɦɨɧɬɚɠ
assist [q'sIst] n.
ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
assist [q'sIst] vɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɶ
(power) assisted ɫ ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɟɦ
assistance [q'sIstqns] n.
ɩɨɦɨɳɶ
associate [q'sqVSIeIt] v. ɫɜɹɡɵ
ɜɚɬɶ(ɫɹ), ɚɫɫɨɰɢɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ(ɫɹ)
atmosphere ['xtmqsfIq] n.
ɚɬɦɨɫɮɟɪɚ
attach [q'txtS] v. ɩɪɢɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ
attachment [q'txtSmqnt] n. ɞɨ
ɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɧɚɜɟɫɧɨɟ
ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
attention [q'tenSqn] n.
1. ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ
ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ
auger ['Lgq] n. ɫɜɟɪɥɨ, ɛɭɪɚɜ
automaker ['LtqVmeIkq] n.
ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɢɬɟɥɶɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɣ
automated ['LtqmeItId] a.
ɚɜɬɨɦɨɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ
automatic ["Ltq'mxtIk] a.
ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
automatically ["Ltq'mxtIklI]
adv. ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ
automobile ['LtqmqbJl] n.
ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
automotive ["Ltq'mqVtIv] a. ɚɜ
ɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɣ
auxiliary [Lg'zIljqrI] a.
ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
available [q'veIlqbql] a.
ɢɦɟɸɳɢɣɫɹɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɣɫɜɨ
ɛɨɞɧɵɣ
ɩɨɥɟɡɧɵɣɩɪɢɝɨɞɧɵɣ
average ['xvqrIG] a.
ɨɛɵɱɧɵɣ
ɫɪɟɞɧɢɣ
avoid [q'vOId] vɢɡɛɟɝɚɬɶ
away [q'weI] adv. ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬ:
ɚɨɬɞɚɥɟɧɢɟɨɬɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ
ɦɟɫɬɚ
ɛɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɭɞɚɥɟɧɢɟɩɪɨɱɶ
axis ['xksIs] n. ɨɫɶ
axle ['xksql] n.
ɨɫɶɩɨɥɭɨɫɶ
ɦɨɫɬ
Bb
back [bxk] advɧɚɡɚɞɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ
back [bxk]a. ɡɚɞɧɢɣ
back [bxk]n.
ɫɩɢɧɤɚ
ɡɚɞɧɹɹɫɬɨɪɨɧɚ
backfill ['bxkfIl] n.
ɡɚɫɵɩɤɚɬɪɚɧɲɟɣ
backhoe ['bxkhqV] n.
ɷɤɫɤɚɜɚɬɨɪɨɛɪɚɬɧɚɹɥɨɩɚɬɚ
back-lit ['bxklIt] a.
ɫɮɨɧɨɜɨɣɩɨɞɫɜɟɬɤɨɣ
11
back-up ['bxkAp] n.
ɞɭɛɥɢɪɭɸɳɚɹɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ
backwards ['bxkwqdz] adv.
ɧɚɡɚɞ
bag [bxg] n.
ɫɭɦɤɚ
ɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɚɹɩɨɞɭɲɤɚ
balance ['bxlqns] n.
ɛɚɥɚɧɫɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɫɢɟ
ɛɚɥɚɧɫɢɪɨɜɤɚ
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɜɟɫ
balance ['bxlqns] vɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɶ
ɜɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɫɢɟɭɪɚɜɧɢɜɚɬɶɭɪɚɜ
ɧɨɜɟɲɢɜɚɬɶ
bale [beIl] n.
ɛɪɢɤɟɬɩɪɟɫɫɨɜɚɧɧɚɹɤɢɩɚ
ball [bLl] n. ɲɚɪɲɚɪɢɤ
ball joint ɲɚɪɨɜɨɟɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ
band [bxnd] n.
ɥɟɧɬɚ
ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧ
bang [bxN] n. ɫɬɭɤɯɥɨɩɨɤ
bar [bR] nɫɬɟɪɠɟɧɶɩɨɥɨɫɚ
ɲɬɚɧɝɚ
barrel ['bxr(q)l] n. ɛɨɱɤɚ
base [beIs] n. ɨɩɨɪɚɛɚɡɚ
ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɟ
base [beIs] v. ɨɫɧɨɜɵɜɚɬɶ
ɛɚɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
a. ɛɚɡɨɜɵɣɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ
basic['beIsIk] a. ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ
basically ['besIklI] adv.
ɩɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɜɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦ
basis ['beIsIs] nɨɫɧɨɜɚ
batch [bxC] n. ɡɚɦɟɫ
ɨɬɦɟɪɟɧɧɚɹɩɨɪɰɢɹɞɨɡɚ
battery ['bxtqrI] n.
ɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪ
12
battle ['bxtl] n.
ɛɢɬɜɚɛɨɪɶɛɚ
battle ['bxtl] v. ɛɨɪɨɬɶɫɹ
beam [bJm] n.
ɛɚɥɤɚɩɟɪɟɤɥɚɞɢɧɚ
2. ɥɭɱ
bear [beq(r)] v. ɜɵɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶ
bearing ['beqrIN] n. ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤ
because [bI'kPz] prep. (…ofɢɡɡɚconj. ɩɨɬɨɦɭɱɬɨɬɚɤɤɚɤ
become [bI'kAm] v. ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶɫɹ
bed [bed] n. ɞɧɨ
beep [bJp] nɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɣɫɢɝɧɚɥ
ɝɭɞɨɤ
before [bI'fL] conj. ɩɪɟɠɞɟ ɱɟɦ,
before [bI'fL] prep. ɩɟɪɟɞ, ɞɨ
begin [bI'gIn] v. ɧɚɱɢɧɚɬɶɫɹ
behavior [bI'heIvjq] n.
ɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ
behind [bI'haInd] prep. ɡɚ
ɫɡɚɞɢɩɨɡɚɞɢɩɨɫɥɟ
advɫɡɚɞɢɩɨɡɚɞɢɩɨɫɥɟ
below [bI'lqV] adv. ɧɢɠɟ
prep. ɧɢɠɟɩɨɞ
belt [belt] nɪɟɦɟɧɶɥɟɧɬɚ
bend [bend] n. ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɢɡɝɢɛ
vɢɡɝɢɛɚɬɶɫɹɫɝɢɛɚɬɶɫɹ
beneficial ["benI'fISql] a.
ɜɵɝɨɞɧɵɣ, ɩɨɥɟɡɧɵɣ
benefit ['benIfIt] n.
ɩɪɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɵɝɨɞɚɩɨɥɶɡɚ
benefit ['benIfIt] v. ɭɥɭɱɲɚɬɶ
ɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɶɩɪɢɧɨɫɢɬɶɩɨɥɶɡɭ
between [bI'twIn] prep. ɦɟɠɞɭ
beyond [bI'jPnd] prep.
ɜɧɟɫɜɟɪɯ
ɡɚɩɨɬɭɫɬɨɪɨɧɭ
big-end bearing
['bIgqnd'beqrIN] ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤ
ɛɨɥɶɲɨɣɝɨɥɨɜɤɢɲɚɬɭɧɚ
bit [bIt] n. ɫɜɟɪɥɨ,
ɪɟɠɭɳɚɹ ɤɪɨɦɤɚ
bit [bIt] n. ɧɟɦɧɨɝɨɱɭɬɶ-ɱɭɬɶ
blade [bleId] n. ɥɟɡɜɢɟ, ɧɨɠ
blast [blRst] n. ɜɡɪɵɜ;
blast [blRst] v. ɜɡɪɵɜɚɬɶ
blind spot ['blaInd spOt]
ɭɱɚɫɬɨɤɨɛɡɨɪɚɡɚɤɪɵɬɵɣɨɬɜɨ
ɞɢɬɟɥɹ
block [blPk] n. ɛɥɨɤ, ɭɡɟɥ
blow [blqV] v.
ɨɛɞɭɜɚɬɶɞɭɬɶɩɪɨɞɭɜɚɬɶ
2. (…apartɪɚɡɪɵɜɚɬɶ
blow [blqV] n. ɭɞɚɪ
boast [bqVst] v.
ɯɜɚɫɬɚɬɶɫɹɩɨɯɜɚɥɹɬɶɫɹ
ɝɨɪɞɢɬɶɫɹ
bobcat ['bPbkxt] ɤɨɦɩɚɤɬɧɚɹ
ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ-ɩɨɝɪɭɡɨɱɧɚɹɬɟɯ
ɧɢɤɚ
body ['bQdI] n.
ɤɭɡɨɜ
ɤɨɪɩɭɫ
ɬɟɥɨ
bodywork ['bPdI"wWk] n.
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɤɭɡɨɜɚɤɭɡɨɜɥɟɝ
ɤɨɜɨɝɨɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹɪɚɦɧɨɣɤɨɧ
ɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
boiler ['bOIlq(r)] n. ɤɨɬɺɥ
bolt [bqVlt] n. ɛɨɥɬɩɚɥɟɰ
ɲɩɢɥɶɤɚɫɬɟɪɠɟɧɶɲɤɜɨɪɟɧɶ
bolt [bqVlt] v. ɤɪɟɩɢɬɶɛɨɥɬɚɦɢ
bond [bPnd] v. ɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ
ɫɜɹɡɵɜɚɬɶ
bonnet ['bPnIt] n. ɤɚɩɨɬ
ɤɪɵɲɤɚɤɨɠɭɯ
boom [bHm] n. ɫɬɪɟɥɚ
ɭɤɨɫɢɧɚ
boost [bHst] n.
ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟɭɫɢɥɟɧɢɟ
ɮɨɪɫɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɧɚɞɞɭɜ
boost [bHst] v. ɭɫɢɥɢɜɚɬɶ
ɩɨɜɵɲɚɬɶ
bore [bL] n .
ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟɪɚɫɬɨɱɟɧɧɨɟ
ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟ
ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɚ
both [bqVT] adv. (both…and…)
ɤɚɤ… ɬɚɤ ɢ…, pron. ɨɛɚ
bottom ['bPtqm] n. ɞɧɢɳɟ
ɧɢɠɧɹɹɱɚɫɬɶa. ɧɢɠɧɢɣ
bounce [baVns] n. ɜɢɛɪɚɰɢɹ,
v. ɩɪɵɝɚɬɶɫɤɚɤɚɬɶ
bowl [bqVl] n.
1. ɤɚɦɟɪɚ
ɱɚɲɚ
box [bPks] n. ɤɨɪɨɛɤɚɤɨɠɭɯ
brace [breIs] n. ɫɤɨɛɚ, ɫɜɹɡɶ;
brace [breIs] v. ɫɜɹɡɵɜɚɬɶ
brake [breIk] n. ɬɨɪɦɨɡ,
ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
brake [breIk] v. ɬɨɪɦɨɡɢɬɶ
braking power
['breIkIN 'paVq] n.
ɫɢɥɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɠɟɧɢɹ
brand [brxnd] n. ɦɚɪɤɚ
ɬɨɜɚɪɧɵɣɡɧɚɤ
brand [brxnd] v. ɧɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ
ɩɪɢɫɜɚɢɜɚɬɶɦɚɪɤɭ
13
break [breIk] v.
1. (…downɪɚɡɪɭɲɢɬɶɫɹɧɚɪɭ
ɲɢɬɶɫɹ
ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɬɶɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɰɢɪɨ
ɜɚɬɶ«upɩɪɟɪɵɜɚɬɶ
ɝɥɭɲɢɬɶ
breakaway ['breIkqweI] n.
ɨɬɪɵɜ
breaker ['breIkq(r)] n.
ɛɪɟɣɤɟɪ, ɞɪɨɛɢɥɶɳɢɤ
bring [brIN] v. ɩɪɢɧɨɫɢɬɶ
ɞɚɜɚɬɶɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶ«into action ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɶɜɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ
broad [brLd] a. ɲɢɪɨɤɢɣ
bucket ['bAkIt] n. ɤɨɜɲ
build [bIld] v.
ɫɬɪɨɢɬɶ
ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ
bulk [bAlk] n. ɨɛɴɺɦ
ɛɨɥɶɲɨɟɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ
bulldozer ['bVldqVzq] n.
ɛɭɥɶɞɨɡɟɪɬɪɚɤɬɨɪɢɥɢɬɹɝɚɱɫ
ɨɬɜɚɥɨɦ
bump [bAmp] nɧɟɪɨɜɧɨɫɬɶ
bump [bAmp] vɩɨɞɬɚɥɤɢɜɚɬɶ
bumper ['bAmpq] n. ɛɚɦɩɟɪ
burden['bWdqn] n. ɛɪɟɦɹɝɪɭɡ
burden['bWdqn] v. ɨɬɹɝɨɳɚɬɶ
ɨɛɪɟɦɟɧɹɬɶ
burn [[bWn] v. ɝɨɪɟɬɶɫɠɢɝɚɬɶ
ɫɝɨɪɚɬɶ
burning ['bWnIN] n. ɝɨɪɟɧɢɟ
ɫɝɨɪɚɧɢɟ
burnt gas ["bWnt'gxs]
ɜɵɯɥɨɩɧɨɣɝɚɡ
burst [bWst] v.
ɥɨɩɚɬɶɫɹ
14
ɪɟɡɤɨɨɬɤɪɵɜɚɬɶɫɹ
ɜɡɪɵɜɚɬɶɫɹ
bushing ['bVSIN] n. ɜɬɭɥɤɚ
ɜɤɥɚɞɵɲ
button ['bAtn] n. ɤɧɨɩɤɚ
bypass ['baIpRs] v. ɨɛɯɨɞɢɬɶ
Cɫ
o
C (degree Celcius) [=Centigrade]
ɝɪɚɞɭɫ ɩɨ ɐɟɥɶɫɢɸ
cable ['keIbql] n.
ɤɚɛɟɥɶɩɪɨɜɨɞ
ɬɪɨɫ
cableway ['keIb(q)lweI] n.
ɤɚɧɚɬɧɚɹɞɨɪɨɝɚ
cage [keIG] n. ɤɚɪɬɟɪɤɨɪɨɛɤɚ
ɫɟɩɚɪɚɬɨɪ
calculate ['kelkjVleIt] v.
ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶɜɵɱɢɫɥɹɬɶ
call [kLl] v.
ɧɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ
2. (…for) ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɬɶ
ɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɶɫɢɝɧɚɥ
call for [kLl fL] v. ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɬɶ
calliper ['kxlIpq] n. ɫɤɨɛɚ
cam [kxm] n. ɤɭɥɚɱɨɤ
cam lobe ['kxm lqVb] n.
ɜɵɫɬɭɩ ɤɭɥɚɱɤɚ
camber ['kxmbq] n.
ɭɝɨɥɪɚɡɜɚɥɚɤɨɥɟɫɚ
camera ['kxmqrq] n.
ɜɢɞɟɨɮɨɬɨɤɚɦɟɪɚ
camshaft ['kxmSRft] n.
ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɜɚɥ
cantilever crane
['kxntI"lJvq"kreIn] n.
ɤɪɚɧ-ɤɨɧɫɨɥɶ, ɤɪɚɧ-ɭɤɨɫɢɧɚ cap
[kxp] n. ɤɪɵɲɤɚ
capability["keIpq'bIlItI] n.
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ
capable ['keIpqbl] a.
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɵɣ
capacity [kq'pxsItI] n.
1. ɺɦɤɨɫɬɶ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɶ
3. ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ
car [kR] n. ɥɟɝɤɨɜɨɣ
ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
carbon ['kRbqn] n.
ɭɝɥɟɪɨɞɝɪɚɮɢɬ
carburetor ["kRbjq'retq] n.
ɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪ
carcass [k'Rkqs] n. ɤɚɪɤɚɫɤɨɪ
ɩɭɫ
cargo ['kRgqV] nɝɪɭɡɛɚɝɚɠ
carmaker ['kRmeIkq] n. ɩɪɨɢɡ
ɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɣ
carriage ['kxrIG] n. ɲɚɫɫɢ
ɪɚɦɚɧɟɫɭɳɟɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
carrier ['kxrIq] nɨɩɨɪɚ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
carry ['kxrI] v.
ɧɟɫɬɢ
ɜɟɫɬɢɜɨɡɢɬɶɩɟɪɟɜɨɡɢɬɶ
ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬɶɜɫɟɛɟ
4. (…outɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶ
carry overloads ɜɵɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶ
ɩɟɪɟɝɪɭɡɤɢ
case ['keIs] n.
1. ɫɥɭɱɚɣ
2. ɤɨɪɩɭɫ
casing ['keIsIN] n.
ɤɚɪɬɟɪɤɨɪɩɭɫ
ɤɨɠɭɯɨɛɲɢɜɤɚ
cast [kRst] v. ɥɢɬɶɨɬɥɢɜɚɬɶ
cast iron ["kRst'aIqn] ɱɭɝɭɧ
casting ['kRstIN] n. ɨɬɥɢɜɤɚ
catalyst ['kxtlIst] n.
ɤɚɬɚɥɢɡɚɬɨɪ
caterpillar ['kxtq"pIlq(r)] n.
ɝɭɫɟɧɢɰɚ, ɝɭɫɟɧɢɱɧɵɣ ɯɨɞ
cause [kLz] v.
ɜɵɡɵɜɚɬɶ
ɡɚɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ
cause [kLz] n. ɩɪɢɱɢɧɚ
cell [sel] n. ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ, ɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ
central ['sentrlql] a.
ɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ
centre ['sentq] n. ɰɟɧɬɪ,
centre ['sentq] v.
ɨɬɰɟɧɬɪɨɜɵɜɚɬɶ
century ['sentSqrI] n. ɜɟɤ
certain ['sWtn] a.
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣ
ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ
chain [tSeIn] n. ɰɟɩɶ
chain trencher ['CeIn"trenCq]
n. ɰɟɩɧɨɣ ɤɚɧɚɜɨɤɨɩɚɬɟɥɶ
chamber ['tSeImbq] n.
ɤɚɦɟɪɚ, ɨɬɫɟɤ
chance [tSRns] n.
ɲɚɧɫ
2. (the off«ɧɚɜɫɹɤɢɣɫɥɭɱɚɣ
change [tSeInG] n.
ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɚ
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ
ɫɦɟɧɚ
15
change [tSeInG] v.
ɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹ
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɫɹ
characteristic ["kxrIktq'rIstIk]
n. ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɚ
charge [tSRG] n. ɡɚɪɹɞɬɨɩ
ɥɢɜɧɨɣɫɦɟɫɢɡɚɩɪɚɜɤɚbe
in…of ɨɬɜɟɱɚɬɶɡɚɱɬɨ-ɥɢɛɨ
v. ɡɚɪɹɠɚɬɶɡɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɧɚɝɧɟ
ɬɚɬɶ
chassis ['SxsI] n. ɲɚɫɫɢ
ɯɨɞɨɜɚɹɱɚɫɬɶ
cheap [tSJp] aɞɟɲɟɜɵɣ
check [tSek] n. ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ
ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶ
chest [tSest] n. ɝɪɭɞɶ
ɝɪɭɞɧɚɹɤɥɟɬɤɚ
choice [tSOIs] n. ɜɵɛɨɪ
choose [tSHz]v. ɜɵɛɢɪɚɬɶ
chute [SHt] n. ɥɨɬɨɤɠɟɥɨɛ
circuit ['sWkIt] n. (ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟ
ɫɤɚɹ) ɰɟɩɶ, ɤɨɧɬɭɪ
circular ['sWkjVlq] a.
ɤɨɥɶɰɟɜɨɣ, ɤɪɭɝɨɜɨɣ
circulate ['sWkjVleIt] v.
ɰɢɪɤɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɹɬɶɫɹ
claim [kleIm] v. ɭɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɬɶɡɚ
ɹɜɥɹɬɶ
clamp [klxmp] v. ɡɚɠɢɦɚɬɶ
ɩɪɢɠɢɦɚɬɶ
clam-shell ['klxmSel] n.
ɝɪɟɣɮɟɪ
class [klRs] n. ɤɥɚɫɫɤɚɬɟɝɨɪɢɹ
classify ['klxsIfaI] v. ɫɨɪɬɢɪɨ
ɜɚɬɶɝɪɭɩɩɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
claw [klL] n. ɝɜɨɡɞɨɞɟɪɤɥɟɳɢ
ɡɭɛɟɰɥɚɩɚ
16
clean [klJn] a. ɱɢɫɬɵɣ
clearance ['klIqr(q)ns] n. ɡɚɡɨɪ
ɤɥɢɪɟɧɫ
clever [ klevq] a. ɭɦɧɵɣ
climate ['klaImIt] n.
ɤɥɢɦɚɬɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶ
close [klqVs] a.
ɛɥɢɡɤɢɣ
ɬɳɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɩɪɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ
close [klqVs] adv. ɛɥɢɡɤɨ
close [klqVz] v. ɡɚɤɪɵɜɚɬɶɫɹ
cluster ['klAstq] n. ɝɪɭɩɩɚ
ɧɚɛɨɪɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬ
clutch [klAtS] n. ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ
ɦɭɮɬɚɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ
code [kqVd] n. ɤɨɞ
coil [kOIl] n. ɤɚɬɭɲɤɚɨɛɦɨɬɤɚ
coil spring ['kOIl"sprIN] ɫɩɢ
ɪɚɥɶɧɚɹɜɢɧɬɨɜɚɹɩɪɭɠɢɧɚ
cold [kqVld] a. ɯɨɥɨɞɧɵɣ
collapse [kq'lxps] v.
ɪɚɡɪɭɲɚɬɶɫɹ
ɭɛɢɪɚɬɶɫɹɫɤɥɚɞɵɜɚɬɶ
collar ['kOlq] n. ɦɚɧɠɟɬɚ
ɤɨɥɶɰɨɯɨɦɭɬ
collision [kq'lIZqn]
n.ɫɬɨɥɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɟ
combination["kPmbI'neISqn]n.
ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɹɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɟ
combine [kqm'baIn] v.
ɫɨɱɟɬɚɬɶɫɹɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɹɬɶɫɹ
combustible [kqm'bAstIbql] a.
ɝɨɪɸɱɢɣ
combustion [kqm'bAstSqn] n.
ɝɨɪɟɧɢɟɫɝɨɪɚɧɢɟ
combustion chamber
[kqm'bAstSqn"tSeImbq]
ɤɚɦɟɪɚɫɝɨɪɚɧɢɹ
come [kAm] v.
ɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɶɩɨɫɬɭɩɚɬɶ
2. ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬɶɛɵɜɚɬɶ
ɩɨɫɬɭɩɚɬɶɜɩɪɨɞɚɠɭ
ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚɬɶɫɹ«acrossɜɫɬɪɟ
ɱɚɬɶɫɹɫ
comfort ['kAmfqt]nɤɨɦɮɨɪɬ
comfortable/y a.
['kAmftqbql]ɭɞɨɛɧɵɣɤɨɦɮɨɪ
ɬɚɛɟɥɶɧɵɣadv.['kAmftqblI]
ɭɞɨɛɧɨɤɨɦɮɨɪɬɚɛɟɥɶɧɨ
common['kPmqn] a.
ɨɛɵɱɧɵɣɨɛɵɤɧɨɜɟɧɧɵɣɨɛɳɟ
ɩɪɢɧɹɬɵɣɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɧɵɣ
communication
[kq"mjHnI'keISqn] n.
ɫɜɹɡɶɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ
compact [kqm'pxkt] n.
ɦɚɥɨɝɚɛɚɪɢɬɧɵɣɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
compactor [kqm'pxktq] n.
ɭɩɥɨɬɧɢɬɟɥɶ
company ['kAmpqnI] n.
ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɹ
compare [kqm'peq] v. ɫɪɚɜɧɢ
ɜɚɬɶɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɶɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɟ
as…ed to/with ɩɨ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ
comparison [kqm'pxrIsqn] n.
ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɟ
compartment [kqm'pRtmqnt]
n. ɤɚɦɟɪɚ, ɨɬɫɟɤ
compensate ['kPmpqnseIt] v.
ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
complete [kqm'plJt] v.
ɡɚɜɟɪɲɚɬɶ
complete [kqm'plJt] a.
ɩɨɥɧɵɣ, ɡɚɤɨɧɱɟɧɧɵɣ
complete(ly) [kqm'plJt] a. ɩɨɥ
ɧɵɣ, ɡɚɤɨɧɱɟɧɧɵɣ,adv. ɫɨɜɟɪ
ɲɟɧɧɨ, ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ
complex ['kPmpleks] a.
ɫɥɨɠɧɵɣ, ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɧɵɣ
complexity [kqm'pleksqtI] n.
ɫɥɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ
compliance [kqm'plaIqns ]n.
(in…with) ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ
component [kqm'pqVnqnt] n.
ɭɡɟɥ, ɛɥɨɤ, ɞɟɬɚɥɶ
composite ['kPmpqzIt] a.
ɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɬɧɵɣ, ɫɨɫɬɚɜɧɨɣ
compound ['kOmpaund] n.
ɫɦɟɫɶ, ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ
compress [kqm'pres] v
ɫɠɢɦɚɬɶ
compression [kqm'preSn] n.
1. ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
2. ɫɠɚɬɢɟ, ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɢɹ
compression ratio
[kqm'preSq"reISIqV]
ɫɬɟɩɟɧɶ ɫɠɚɬɢɹ
compression stroke
[kqm'preSqn"strqVk]
ɬɚɤɬ ɫɠɚɬɢɟ
comprise [kqm'praIz] v.
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬɶ
compromise ['kPmprq"maIz] n.
ɤɨɦɩɪɨɦɢɫɫ
v. ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɜɥɢɹɬɶ ɧɚ
concave [kON'keIv] a. ɜɨɝɧɭɬɵɣ
concept ['kPnsept] n. ɤɨɧɰɟɩɰɢɹ
concern [kqn'sWn] v. ɤɚɫɚɬɶɫɹ,
ɢɦɟɬɶ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ, as far as…is
concerned ɱɬɨ ɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹ
concrete ['kPnkrJt] n. ɛɟɬɨɧ
17
condition [kqn'dISqn] n.
ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
2.p l ɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ
cone [kqVn] n. ɤɨɧɭɫ
confine [kqn'faIn] v.
ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɜɚɬɶ
conflict ['kPnflIkt] n.
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɪɟɱɢɟɤɨɧɮɥɢɤɬ
conflict ['kPnflIkt] v. [kqn'flIkt]
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɪɟɱɢɬɶ
congestion [kqn'GesC(q)n] n.
ɫɤɨɩɥɟɧɢɟ
conjunction [kqn'GANkS(q)n]
n. ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ, ɫɜɹɡɶ
connect [kq'nekt] v. ɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ
connecting rod[kq'nektIN"rOd]
ɲɚɬɭɧ
connection [kq'nekSqn] n.
ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ
ɫɨɟɞɢɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɞɟɬɚɥɶɩɚ
ɬɪɭɛɨɤɲɬɭɰɟɪɫɨɱɥɟɧɟɧɢɟ
consequently ['kPnsIkwentlI]
adv. ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ
conservation of energy ɡɚɤɨɧ
ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹɷɧɟɪɝɢɢ
consider [kqn'sIdq] v. ɫɱɢɬɚɬɶ
ɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶɪɚɫɫɦɚɬ
ɪɢɜɚɬɶ
considerable [kqn'sIdqrqbl] a.
ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ
ɜɚɠɧɵɣ
consideration
[kqn"sIdq'reIS(q)n] n.
ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɢɟɫɨɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ
consist (of) [kqn'sIst] v.
ɫɨɫɬɨɹɬɶ (ɢɡ)
consistent [kqn'sIst(q)nt] a.
ɫɬɨɣɤɢɣ
18
console ['kPnsqVl] n. ɤɨɧɫɨɥɶ
ɩɭɥɶɬɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
constant(ly) ['kPstqnt] a.
ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɵɣ
adv. ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨ
construction [kqn'strAkSqn] n.
1. ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ,
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ
construction project
ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɨɛɴɟɤɬ
consume [kqn'sjHm] v.
ɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɬɶ
consumption [kqn'sAmpSq] n.
ɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɟɪɚɫɯɨɞ
contact ['kPntxkt] n. ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬ
ɫɨɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɟ
contact ['kPntxkt] v.
ɫɨɩɪɢɤɚɫɚɬɶɫɹɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɹɜɡɚ
ɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɢ
contain [kqn'teIn] v.
ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬɶɜɫɟɛɟɜɦɟɳɚɬɶ
content ['kPntent] n.
ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ
continue [kqn'tInjH] v.
1. ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɬɶɫɹ
ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶɫɹ
ɬɹɧɭɬɶɫɹ ɩɪɨɫɬɢɪɚɬɶɫɹ
continuous(ly) [kqn'tInjVqs] a.
ɧɟɩɪɟɪɵɜɧɵɣɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɵɣ
adv. ɧɟɩɪɟɪɵɜɧɨɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨ
contractor [kqn'trxktq] n. ɩɨɞ
ɪɹɞɱɢɤ
contribute [kqn'trIbjHt] v. ɫɨ
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
contribution ["kPntrI'bjHSqn]
n. ɜɤɥɚɞ
control [kqn'trqVl] n.
ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ
ɨɪɝɚɧɵɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
control [kqn'trqVl] v.
ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɪɟ
ɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
controller [kqn'trqVlq] n. ɩɪɢ
ɛɨɪɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɥɟɪ
controls [kqn'trqVlz] n.
ɪɵɱɚɝɢɨɪɝɚɧɵɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
convenience [kqn'vJnIqns] n.
ɭɞɨɛɫɬɜɨ
conventional(ly)
[kqn'venSqnql] a.
ɨɛɵɱɧɵɣɨɛɳɟɩɪɢɧɹɬɵɣ
ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ
adv. ɤɚɤɨɛɵɱɧɨɨɛɵɱɧɵɦ
ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ
convert [kqn'vWt] v.
ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɚɬɶ
convertible [kqn'vWtqbl] a.
ɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɵɣɢɡɦɟɧɹɟɦɵɣ
conveyor/-er [kqn'veIq] n.
ɤɨɧɜɟɣɟɪ
cool [kHl] vɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɬɶɫɹ
cool [kHl] a. ɫɩɨɤɨɣɧɵɣ
coolant ['kHlqnt] n.ɨɯɥɚɞɢɬɟɥɶ
ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɢɣɫɨɫɬɚɜ
cooling ['kHlIN] n. ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ
cope (with) [kqVp] v.
ɫɩɪɚɜɢɬɶɫɹɫɩɪɟɨɞɨɥɟɬɶɬɪɭɞ
ɧɨɫɬɢ
core [kL] n. ɫɟɪɞɟɱɧɢɤɫɟɪɞɰɟ
ɜɢɧɚ
corner ['kLnq] n. ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬ
corner ['kLnq] v.
ɞɟɥɚɬɶɩɨɜɨɪɨɬ
cornering ['kLnqrIN] n.
ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɧɚɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɟ
ɩɪɨɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɟɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɚ
correct(ly) [kq'rekt] a.
ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɣɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɣ
ɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɵɣ
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣ
adv. ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ
correct [kq'rekt] v.
ɤɨɪɪɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɢɫɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ
correspond ["kPrq'spPnd] v. ɫɨ
ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
correspondingly
["kPrI'spPndINlI]
adv.ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ
corrosion [ke'reVZqn] n.
ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɹ
cost [kPst] n.
ɫɬɨɢɦɨɫɬɶ
2. pl ɪɚɫɯɨɞɵɢɡɞɟɪɠɤɢ
cost [kPst] v. ɫɬɨɢɬɶ
costly ['kPstlI] a.
ɞɨɪɨɝɨɣɞɨɪɨɝɨɫɬɨɹɳɢɣ
count [kaVnt] v.
ɫɱɢɬɚɬɶ
ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶɜɪɚɫɱɟɬ
counter-current
['kauntq"kArqnt] n.
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɬɨɤ
counterweight ['kauntqweIt] n.
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɜɟɫ
coupe ['kHpeI] n.
ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɫɤɭɡɨɜɨɦɬɢɩɚɤɭɩɟ
coupler ['kAplq(r)] n. ɫɰɟɩɧɨɟ
ɫɨɟɞɢɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
coupling['kAplIN] n. ɦɭɮɬɚ
ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ
19
course ['kLs] n.
ɦɚɪɲɪɭɬɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
cover ['kAvq] n. ɤɪɵɲɤɚ
cover ['kAvq] v.
ɡɚɤɪɵɜɚɬɶɩɨɤɪɵɜɚɬɶ
crack [krxk] n. ɬɪɟɳɢɧɚ
crankcase['krxNkkeIs] n.
ɤɚɪɬɟɪɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
crankshaft ['krxNkSRft] n.
ɤɨɥɟɧɱɚɬɵɣɜɚɥ
crash [krxS] n.
ɚɜɚɪɢɹɫɬɨɥɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɟ
crash [krxS] v. ɪɚɡɛɢɜɚɬɶɫɹɩɨ
ɩɚɫɬɶɜɚɜɚɪɢɸ
crawler ['krLlq(r)] n.
ɝɭɫɟɧɢɱɧɵɣɯɨɞɝɭɫɟɧɢɰɚ
crawler track ɝɭɫɟɧɢɱɧɵɣɯɨɞ
ɝɭɫɟɧɢɰɚ
create [krI'eIt] v. ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶɜɵ
ɡɵɜɚɬɶ
creep [krJp] n. ɩɨɥɡɭɱɟɫɬɶ
crew [krH] n. ɛɪɢɝɚɞɚ
critical ['krItIkql] a. ɤɪɢɬɢɱɟ
ɫɤɢɣɜɚɠɧɵɣ
criss-cross ['krIskrOs] a.
ɩɟɪɟɤɪɺɫɬɧɵɣ
cross section ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɨɟ
ɫɟɱɟɧɢɟ
crossover ['krPseVvq] n.
ɤɪɨɫɫɨɜɟɪɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥɩɨɜɵɲɟɧ
ɧɨɣɩɪɨɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ
cruise control
['krHz kqn"trqVl]
ɤɪɭɢɡ-ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɚɜɬɨ
ɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɹɫɤɨ
ɪɨɫɬɢɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ
20
cruising ['krHzIN] n.
ɟɡɞɚɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɹ
cruising speed ['krHzIN" spJd]
ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹɫɪɟɞɧɹɹɫɤɨ
ɪɨɫɬɶ
crush [krAS] v.
ɞɪɨɛɢɬɶɪɚɡɦɟɥɶɱɚɬɶ
ɫrusher ['krASq] n. ɞɪɨɛɢɥɤɚ
curb [kWb] n. ɛɨɪɞɸɪɤɪɨɦɤɚ
ɬɪɨɬɭɚɪɚ
curb [kWb] v.
ɫɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶɝɚɫɢɬɶ
current ['kArqnt] n. ɬɨɤ
current(ly) ['kArqnt] a.
ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɣɧɵɧɟɲɧɢɣ
adv. ɜɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟɜɪɟɦɹɧɵɧɟ
curtain airbag ['kWtn'eqbxg]
ɩɨɞɭɲɤɚ-ɲɬɨɪɤɚ
curvature ['kWvqtSq(r)] n.
ɢɡɝɢɛɤɪɢɜɢɡɧɚ
curve [kWv] n. ɢɡɝɢɛ
curve [kWv] v. ɢɡɝɢɛɚɬɶɫɹ
curved [kWvd] a. ɢɡɨɝɧɭɬɵɣ
cut [kAt] v.
1. (…down) ɫɨɤɪɚɳɚɬɶ
2.(…out)ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɫɹ
ɪɟɡɚɬɶɜɵɪɟɡɚɬɶ
ɫɨɤɪɚɳɚɬɶ
ɨɬɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
cut [kAt] n. ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ
ɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɟ
cycle ['saIkl] n. ɬɚɤɬ, ɰɢɤɥ
cylinder ['sIlIndq] n. ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪ
cylinder block ['sIlIndq"blPk]
ɛɥɨɤ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ
cylinder head ['sIlIndq"hed] ɝɨ
ɥɨɜɤɚ (ɛɥɨɤɚ) ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ
Dd
damage ['dxmIG] n. ɩɨɜɪɟ
ɠɞɟɧɢɟ
damage ['dxmIG] v. ɩɨɜɪɟ
ɠɞɚɬɶ, ɪɚɡɪɭɲɚɬɶ
damper ['dxmpq] n.
ɞɟɦɩɮɟɪɝɚɫɢɬɟɥɶɤɪɭɬɢɥɶɧɵɯ
ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣɚɦɨɪɬɢɡɚɬɨɪɝɥɭ
ɲɢɬɟɥɶ
dangerous ['deInGqrqs] a.
ɨɩɚɫɧɵɣ
dashboard ['dxS"bLd] n.
ɩɪɢɛɨɪɧɚɹɩɚɧɟɥɶ
data ['deItq] n. ɫɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ
ɞɚɧɧɵɟ
deactivate [dJ'xktIveIt] v.
ɨɬɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
debris ['debrJ] n.
ɨɛɪɟɡɤɢɦɭɫɨɪ
decade ['dekeId / de'keId] n.
ɞɟɫɹɬɢɥɟɬɢɟ
deceleration ["dJselq'reISqn] n.
ɡɚɦɟɞɥɟɧɢɟ
decision [dI'sIZqn] n. ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ
decouple [dJ'kApl] v.
ɪɚɡɴɟɞɢɧɹɬɶɨɬɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ
decrease [dJ'krJs] v.
ɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɬɶ(ɫɹ)
definitely ['defInItlI] adv.
ɪɚɡɭɦɟɟɬɫɹ, ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨ
degree [dI'grJ] n.
ɫɬɟɩɟɧɶ, ɝɪɚɞɭɫ
delay [dI'leI] n.
ɡɚɞɟɪɠɤɚɡɚɩɚɡɞɵɜɚɧɢɟ
deliver [dI'lIvq] v.
ɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɶ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶ
ɧɚɝɧɟɬɚɬɶɨɧɚɫɨɫɟ
delivery [dI'lIvqrI] n. ɩɨɞɚɱɚ
ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɟ
demand [dI'mRnd] n.
ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɶ
demand [dI'mRnd]v.
ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ
demolition ["demq'lIS(q)n] n.
ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɟɫɧɨɫ
demonstrate ['demqnstreIt] v.
ɞɟɦɨɧɫɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ
dense [dens] a. ɩɥɨɬɧɵɣ
depend [dI'pend] (on) v.
ɡɚɜɢɫɟɬɶ
dependency [dI'pendqnsI] n.
ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ
deposit [dI'pPzIt] n. ɨɬɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
deposit [dI'pPzIt] v. ɤɥɚɫɬɶ
depress [dI'pres] v. ɧɚɠɢɦɚɬɶ
derive [dI'raIv] v. ɩɨɥɭɱɚɬɶ
ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬɶɨɬ
derrick ['derIk] n. ɞɟɪɪɢɤ-ɤɪɚɧ
descent [dI'sent] n. ɫɩɭɫɤ
describe [dI'skraIb] v.
ɨɩɢɫɵɜɚɬɶ, ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɡɨɜɚɬɶ
design [dI'zaIn] v.
1. ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɚɬɶɫɹ)
design [dI'zaIn] n.
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ
despite [dI'spaIt] prep.
ɧɟɫɦɨɬɪɹ ɧɚ
detail ['dJteIl] n. ɞɟɬɚɥɶ
detect [dI'tekt] v. ɜɵɹɜɥɹɬɶɨɛ
ɧɚɪɭɠɢɜɚɬɶɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɬɶ
21
determine [dI'tWmIn] v.
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɬɶɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɬɶ
ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɢɜɚɬɶ
detonation ["detq'neISqn] n. ɞɟ
ɬɨɧɚɰɢɹ
develop [dI'velep] v.
ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶɜɵɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɬɶ
ɞɚɜɚɬɶ
ɪɚɡɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɬɶ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
device [dI'vaIs] n. ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟ
ɧɢɟɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
diagnostic ["daIqg'nPstIk] a.
ɞɢɚɝɧɨɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
diameter [daI'xmItq] n.
ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪ
diaphragm ['daIqfrxm] n.
ɞɢɚɮɪɚɝɦɚɦɟɦɛɪɚɧɚ
diesel ['dJzl] n. ɞɢɡɟɥɶ,
ɞɢɡɟɥɶɧɵɣɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
differ ['dIfq] v. ɨɬɥɢɱɚɬɶɫɹɪɚɡ
ɥɢɱɚɬɶɫɹ
difference ['dIfqrqns] n.
ɪɚɡɧɢɰɚ, ɪɚɡɥɢɱɢɟ
different ['dܼfrԥnt] a.
ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɣɪɚɡɧɵɣ
ɢɧɨɣɞɪɭɝɨɣ
ɪɚɡɧɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɵɣ
differential r["dIfq'renSql] n.
ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥ
difficult ['dIfIkqlt] a. ɬɪɭɞɧɵɣ
dig [dIg] v. ɤɨɩɚɬɶ
dimension [[aI'menSqn] n.
ɪɚɡɦɟɪ
dimming ['dImIN] n.
ɡɚɬɟɦɧɟɧɢɟ
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɮɚɪɧɚɛɥɢɠ
ɧɢɣɫɜɟɬ
22
diode ['daIqVd] n. ɞɢɨɞ
dipper ['dIpq] n. ɤɨɜɲ
direct [dI'rekt]/ daI'rekt] v.
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ
direct [dI'rekt]/ daI'rekt] a.
ɩɪɹɦɨɣ, ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ,
directly [dI'rektlI/ daI'rektlI]
adv. ɩɪɹɦɨ, ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ
direction [daI'rekSqn] n.
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
directional(ly) [dI'rekSqnql] a.
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɣ, ɞɜɢɠɭɳɢɣɫɹ
ɜɡɚɞɚɧɧɨɦɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ
adv. ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨ
dirt [dWt] n. ɝɪɹɡɶ
disadvantage ['dIsqd'vRntIG]
n. ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɤ
disc [dIsk] n. ɞɢɫɤ, ɲɚɣɛɚ
disconnect ["dIskq'nekt] v.
ɪɚɡɴɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ
disengage ["dIsIn'geIG] v. ɪɚɡɴ
ɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ, ɪɚɫɰɟɩɥɹɬɶ, ɜɵɤɥɸ
ɱɚɬɶ
discharge [dIs'CRG] v.
ɪɚɡɝɪɭɠɚɬɶ
disperse [dIs'pWs] v.
ɪɚɫɫɟɢɜɚɬɶ(ɫɹ)
displacement[dIs'pleIsmqnt] n.
ɪɚɛɨɱɢɣ ɨɛɴɟɦ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
display [dI'spleI ]n. ɷɤɪɚɧ
display [dI'spleI ] v.
ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ
dissipate ['dIsIpeIt] v.
ɪɚɫɫɟɢɜɚɬɶ
distance ['dIst qns] n.
ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
distinct [dIs'tINkt] a.
ɨɬɱɟɬɥɢɜɵɣɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣ
ɪɚɡɧɵɣ
distinguish [dIs'tINgwIS] v.
ɪɚɡɥɢɱɚɬɶɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɡɨɜɚɬɶ
distort [dI'stLt] v.
ɢɫɤɪɢɜɥɹɬɶ, ɩɟɪɟɤɚɲɢɜɚɬɶ
distribute [dI'strIbjHt] v.
ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɬɶ
distributing screed conveyor
[dI'strIbjHtIN skrJd kqn'veIq]
n. ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɲɧɟɤ
distribution ["dIstrI'bjHSqn] n.
ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ
disturbance [dI'stWb(q)n(t)s] n.
ɧɚɪɭɲɟɧɢɟ, ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ
divide [dI'vaId] v. ɞɟɥɢɬɶ
ɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɬɶɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɬɶ
docking ['dOkIN] n. ɪɟɦɨɧɬ
door [dL] n. ɞɜɟɪɰɚɦɚɲɢɧɵ
double ['dAbql] a. ɞɜɨɣɧɨɣ
double ['dAbql] v. ɭɞɜɚɢɜɚɬɶ
downshift ['daVnSIft] n. ɜɤɥɸ
ɱɟɧɢɟɩɨɧɢɠɚɸɳɟɣɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ
downside ['daVn"saId] n. ɧɟɞɨ
ɫɬɚɬɨɤɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɫɬɨɪɨɧɚ
downtime ['dauntaIm] n.
ɩɪɨɫɬɨɣɜɵɧɭɠɞɟɧɧɨɟɛɟɡɞɟɣ
ɫɬɜɢɟ
downwards ['daVnwqdz] adv.
ɜɧɢɡ
dozer [dqVzq(r)] n. ɛɭɥɶɞɨɡɟɪ
drag [drxg] n.
ɬɨɪɦɨɠɟɧɢɟ
ɫɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɥɟɧɢɟ
dragline ['drxglaIn] n. ɞɪɚɝ
ɥɚɣɧ, ɫɤɪɟɛɤɨɜɵɣ ɷɤɫɤɚɜɚɬɨɪ
drainage ['dreInIG] n. ɞɪɟɧɚɠ
ɤɚɧɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ
dramatic(ally) [drq'mxtIk] a.
ɪɟɡɤɢɣɛɪɨɫɚɸɳɢɣɫɹɜɝɥɚɡɚ
adv. ɪɟɡɤɨ
draw [drL] v. ɜɬɹɝɢɜɚɬɶɡɚɫɚ
ɫɵɜɚɬɶɜɨɥɨɱɢɬɶɬɹɧɭɬɶ
drawback ['drLbxk] n.
ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɟɩɨɦɟɯɚ
ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɤ
drill [drIl] v. ɫɜɟɪɥɢɬɶ
drilling rig ['drIlIN"rIg] n.
ɛɭɪɢɥɶɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
drillstring (drillpipe)
['drIl"strIN] ['drIl"paIp] n.
ɛɭɪɢɥɶɧɚɹɤɨɥɨɧɧɚ
ɛɭɪɢɥɶɧɚɹɬɪɭɛɚ
drive [draIv] n .
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ
2ɟɡɞɚ
drive [draIv] v.
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɶɜɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɦ
driver ['draIvq] n. ɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶ
ɲɨɮɟɪɜɟɞɭɳɢɣɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
driven gear ɜɟɞɨɦɚɹɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ
drivetrain ['draIvtreIn] n. ɩɪɢ
ɜɨɞɧɚɜɟɞɭɳɢɟɤɨɥɟɫɚɬɪɚɧɫ
ɦɢɫɫɢɹ
driving ['draIvIN] n. ɜɨɠɞɟɧɢɟ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɦ
drop [drPp] v.
ɩɚɞɚɬɶ
ɤɚɩɚɬɶɫɬɟɤɚɬɶ
drop [drPp] n.
ɤɚɩɥɹ
ɩɚɞɟɧɢɟ
23
drum [drAm] n. ɛɚɪɚɛɚɧ
dry [draI] v. ɜɵɫɭɲɢɜɚɬɶ
dry [draI] a. ɫɭɯɨɣ
dual ['djHql] a. ɞɜɨɣɧɨɣ
ɫɞɜɨɟɧɧɵɣ
due to ['djH tV] prep. ɢɡ-ɡɚ
ɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɹ
dumpcar ['dAmp"kR(r)] ɨɩɪɨ
ɤɢɞɵɜɚɸɳɚɹɫɹɬɟɥɟɠɤɚɢɥɢ
ɜɚɝɨɧɟɬɤɚɞɭɦɩɤɚɪ
dump truck ɫɚɦɨɫɜɚɥ
durability ["djHqrq'bIlItI] n.
ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶɞɨɥɝɨɜɟɱɧɨɫɬɶ
durable ['djuqrqbl] a.
ɩɪɨɱɧɵɣɞɨɥɝɨɜɟɱɧɵɣ
duration [djV'reISqn] n.
ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
during ['djVqrIN] prep.
ɜɬɟɱɟɧɢɟɜɨɜɪɟɦɹ
dust [dAst] n. ɩɵɥɶ
dynamic [daI'nxmIk] a.
ɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
dynamics [daI'nxmIks] n.
ɞɢɧɚɦɢɤɚ
Ee
each [JtS] a. ɤɚɠɞɵɣɜɫɹɤɢɣ
early[ WlI] a. ɪɚɧɧɢɣadv. ɪɚɧɨ
easy(ily) ['JzI] a.
ɥɟɝɤɢɣɧɟɬɪɭɞɧɵɣ
ɫɩɨɤɨɣɧɵɣ
ɭɞɨɛɧɵɣ
adv. ɥɟɝɤɨ
earthwork ['WTwWk] n.
ɡɟɦɥɹɧɵɟɪɚɛɨɬɵ
24
eco/eco ['JkqV] a./prefix
ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɧɵɣ
economical(ly)["ekq'nPmIkql]
a. ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɧɵɣ
adv. ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɧɨ
economy [I'kPnqmI] n.
ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɹɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ
a. ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɧɵɣ
ECU (electronic control unit)
["J sJ 'jH] ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɣ ɭɩɪɚɜ
ɥɹɸɳɢɣ ɛɥɨɤ
edge [eG] n. ɤɪɚɣɤɪɨɦɤɚ
effect [I'fekt] n. ɷɮɮɟɤɬ
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬ
effective(ly) [I'fektIv] a.
1. ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɣ
2. ɪɚɛɨɱɢɣɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣ
ɨɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ
adv. ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ
efficiency [I'fISqnsI] n.
ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɩɨɥɟɡɧɨɝɨɞɟɣ
ɫɬɜɢɹɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶɩɪɨɢɡɜɨ
ɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
efficient(ly) [I'fISqnt] a.
ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɣɞɟɣɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ
ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɧɵɣ
adv. ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɞɟɣɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ
ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɧɨ
effort ['efqt] n. ɭɫɢɥɢɟ
ɩɨɩɵɬɤɚ
EGR (exhaust gas recirculation)
["J GJ 'R@ɪɟɰɢɪɤɭɥɹɰɢɹɨɬɪɚ
ɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɯɝɚɡɨɜ
elasticity [Ilxs'tIsItI] n.
ɭɩɪɭɝɨɫɬɶ, ɝɢɛɤɨɫɬɶ
electric [I'lektrIk] a.
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
electrical(ly) [I'lektrIkql] a.
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
adv. ɫɩɨɦɨɳɶɸɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɬɜɚ
electricity[I'lektrIsItI] n.
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ
electronic ["elIk'trPnIk] a. ɷɥɟɤ
ɬɪɨɧɧɵɣ
electronically [I"lek'trPnIkqlI]
adv. ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɢɤɢ
element ['elImqnt] n.
1. ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ
2.pl ɫɬɢɯɢɹ, ɩɪɢɪɨɞɧɵɣ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ
elevate ['elIveIt] v. ɩɨɞɧɢɦɚɬɶ
eliminate [I'lImIneIt] v.
ɭɫɬɪɚɧɹɬɶɢɫɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
ɧɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ
emergency[I'mWGqnsI] n.
ɚɜɚɪɢɹɷɤɫɬɪɟɧɧɵɣɫɥɭɱɚɣ
emission[I'mISqn] n. ɜɵɛɪɨɫ
ɜɵɯɥɨɩɜɵɩɭɫɤɚɧɢɟ
emit [I'mIt] v.
ɢɫɩɭɫɤɚɬɶɢɡɥɭɱɚɬɶɫɜɟɬ
ɢɡɞɚɜɚɬɶɡɜɭɤ
ɜɵɛɪɚɫɵɜɚɬɶɢɡɜɟɪɝɚɬɶ
employ [Im'plOI] v.
ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɬɶɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ
empty ['emptI] v.
ɨɩɨɪɨɠɧɹɬɶɜɵɫɵɩɚɬɶ
enable [I'neIbql] v. ɞɚɜɚɬɶ
ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɬɶ
enclose [In'klqVz] n.
ɡɚɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɜɡɚɳɢɳɚɬɶ
encounter [In'kauntq],
[en'kauntq] v. ɜɫɬɪɟɬɢɬɶ
ɧɚɬɚɥɤɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
end [end] n.
1. ɤɨɧɟɰɤɪɚɣɬɨɪɟɰ
ɝɨɥɨɜɤɚɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤ
energy ['enqGI] n. ɷɧɟɪɝɢɹ
engage [In'geIG] v. ɡɚɰɟɩ
ɥɹɬɶɫɹɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɹɜɡɚɰɟɩɥɟ
ɧɢɢɫɰɟɩɥɹɬɶɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
engine ['enGIn] n.
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ, ɦɨɬɨɪ
engineer ["enGI'nIq] n.
ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪ
enhance [In'hRns] v. ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢ
ɜɚɬɶ, ɩɨɜɵɫɢɬɶ
enough [I'nAf] a. ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɵɣ
adv. ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɞɨɜɨɥɶɧɨ
ensure [In'SVq] v. ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶ
ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
enter ['entq] v. ɜɯɨɞɢɬɶ
ɩɨɫɬɭɩɚɬɶɩɪɨɧɢɤɚɬɶ
entire [In'taIq] a. ɜɟɫɶ,
entirely [In'taIqlI] adv.
ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ
ɬɨɥɶɤɨɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
entrance ['entrqns] n. ɜɯɨɞ
entry ['entrI] n.
ɩɨɫɬɭɩɥɟɧɢɟɩɪɨɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɟ
2. ɨɬɤɪɵɜɚɧɢɟɞɜɟɪɟɣɚɜɬɨɦɨ
ɛɢɥɹ
3. ɧɚɱɚɥɨ
ɜɯɨɞ
environment
[In'vaIqr(q)nmqnt] n. ɨɤɪɭɠɟ
ɧɢɟɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɚɹɫɪɟɞɚ
EPA (Environmental Protection
Agency) ['J 'pJ 'eI]
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɩɨ ɨɯɪɚɧɟɨɤɪɭɠɚ
ɸɳɟɣɫɪɟɞɵɋɒȺ
epicyclic gear ["epI'saIklIk gIq]
ɩɥɚɧɟɬɚɪɧɚɹɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚɲɟ
ɫɬɟɪɧɹɩɥɚɧɟɬɚɪɧɨɣɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ
25
equal ['Jkwql] v.
ɪɚɜɧɹɬɶɫɹɛɵɬɶɪɚɜɧɵɦ
equal ['Jkwql] a.
ɨɞɢɧɚɤɨɜɵɣɪɚɜɧɵɣ
equal(ly) ['JkwqlI] adv.
ɨɞɢɧɚɤɨɜɨɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨ
equip [I'kwIp] v. ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɬɶ
ɫɧɚɛɠɚɬɶɨɫɧɚɳɚɬɶ
equipment [I'kwIpmqnt] n. ɨɛɨ
ɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
escape [I'skep] v. ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚɬɶ
ɜɵɬɟɤɚɬɶɩɪɨɫɚɱɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
n. ɜɵɩɭɫɤ
especially [I'speSqlI] adv.
ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ
estimate ['estImIt] n. ɨɰɟɧɤɚ
estimate ['estImeIt] v.
ɨɰɟɧɢɜɚɬɶ
2. ɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɨɞɫɱɢɬɵ
ɜɚɬɶ
ethanol ['eTqnPl] n. ɷɬɚɧɨɥ
even ['Jvqn] a.
ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɵɣ
ɱɟɬɧɵɣ
even ['Jvqn] adv. ɞɚɠɟ
evidence ['evIdqns] n. ɞɨɤɚɡɚ
ɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ
v. ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɬɶɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶ
ɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
evolve [I'vPlv] v.
ɪɚɡɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɬɶɪɚɡɜɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
exact(ly) [Ig'zxkt] adj. ɬɨɱɧɵɣ
adv.
ɬɨɱɧɨɤɚɤɪɚɡ
ɫɨɜɫɟɦɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ
excavate ['ekskq"veIt] v.
ɜɵɤɚɩɵɜɚɬɶ
26
exceed [Ik'sJd] v. ɩɪɟɜɵɲɚɬɶ
excellent ['eksqlqnt] a. ɨɬɥɢɱ
ɧɵɣ
excess [Ik'ses] n. ɢɡɛɵɬɨɤ,
ɢɡɥɢɲɟɤ
excess [Ik'ses] a. ɥɢɲɧɢɣ,
ɢɡɛɵɬɨɱɧɵɣ
excessive [Ik'sesIv] a.
ɱɪɟɡɦɟɪɧɵɣɢɡɛɵɬɨɱɧɵɣ
exclude [Ik'sklHd] v.
ɧɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɬɶ
ɢɫɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
exert [Ig'zWt v. ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ
ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɜɥɢɹɬɶ
exhaust [Ig'zLst] n.
ɜɵɩɭɫɤɜɵɯɥɨɩɧɵɯɝɚɡɨɜ
ɜɵɯɥɨɩɧɵɟɝɚɡɵ
exhaust stroke ɯɨɞɜɵɩɭɫɤɚ
exhaust valve [Ig'zLst 'vxlv]
ɜɵɩɭɫɤɧɨɣɤɥɚɩɚɧ
exist [Ig'zIst], [eg'zIst] v.
ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
expand [Iks'pxnd] v. ɪɚɫɲɢ
ɪɹɬɶɫɹɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɬɶɫɹɜɨɛɴɟɦɟ
expansion [Iks'pxnSn] n.
ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟ
expect [Ik'spekt] v.
ɠɞɚɬɶɨɠɢɞɚɬɶ
ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶɧɚɞɟɹɬɶɫɹ
expel [Ik'spel] v. ɭɞɚɥɹɬɶ
ɜɵɜɨɞɢɬɶ
expensive [Ik'spensIv] a.
ɞɨɪɨɝɨɣ
experimental [Ik"sperI'mentql]
a. ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣ
extend [Ik'stend] v.
ɞɥɢɬɶɫɹ
ɪɚɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
ɪɚɫɲɢɪɹɬɶ
ɩɪɨɞɥɟɜɚɬɶɭɞɥɢɧɹɬɶ
extension [Ik'stenSqn] n.
ɧɚɫɚɞɤɚɧɚɞɫɬɚɜɤɚɭɞɥɢɧɢɬɟɥɶ
extensive(ly) [Ik'stensIv] a.
ɨɛɲɢɪɧɵɣɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
adv. ɲɢɪɨɤɨ
extent [Ik'stent] n. ɫɬɟɩɟɧɶ
ɦɟɪɚ
exterior [Ik'stIqrIq] n. ɜɧɟɲɧɢɣ
ɜɢɞɧɚɪɭɠɧɚɹɫɬɨɪɨɧɚ
a. ɧɚɪɭɠɧɵɣɜɧɟɲɧɢɣ
external(ly) [Ik'stWnql] a. ɜɧɟɲ
ɧɢɣɧɚɪɭɠɧɵɣ
adv. ɫɧɚɪɭɠɢ
extra ['ekstrq] a.
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɞɨɛɚɜɨɱɧɵɣ
extract [Ik'strxkt] v.
ɜɵɬɚɫɤɢɜɚɬɶɢɡɜɥɟɤɚɬɶ
extreme(ly) [Ik'strJm] a. ɱɪɟɡ
ɜɵɱɚɣɧɵɣɷɤɫɬɪɟɦɚɥɶɧɵɣ
adv. ɱɪɟɡɜɵɱɚɣɧɨɨɱɟɧɶ
Ff
ÛF (degree Fahrenheit)
ɝɪɚɞɭɫɩɨɎɚɪɟɧɝɟɣɬɭ
facilitate [fq'sIlIteIt] v.
ɨɛɥɟɝɱɚɬɶ
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
facility [fq'sIlItI] n.
ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
factor ['fxktq] n. ɮɚɤɬɨɪ
ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ
fail [feIl] v.
ɜɵɣɬɢɢɡɫɬɪɨɹ
ɧɟ ɫɩɪɚɜɢɬɶɫɹ
failure ['feIljq] n. ɚɜɚɪɢɹ
ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟɨɬɤɚɡɜɪɚɛɨɬɟ
fan [fxn] n. ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɬɨɪ
far adj. ɞɚɥɶɧɢɣɞɚɥɟɤɢɣ
far [fR] (furtherɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶ
ɧɵɣɞɨɛɚɜɨɱɧɵɣadv.
1. ɞɚɥɟɤɨ
2. (as far as…is concerned) ɱɬɨ
ɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹ«
3. (by far) ɛɟɡɭɫɥɨɜɧɨ
fascia ['feISq] n. ɩɨɥɨɫɚɩɨɹɫ
ɥɢɧɢɹa. ɩɪɢɛɨɪɧɚɹɩɚɧɟɥɶ
fasten ['fRs(q)n] v.
ɩɪɢɤɪɟɩɥɹɬɶ
fault [fOlt]n.
ɨɲɢɛɤɚ
ɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɶ
feature n. ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ
ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɚɹɱɟɪɬɚɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɨ
v. ɨɬɥɢɱɚɬɶɫɹ
ɢɦɟɬɶɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɭɸɨɫɨɛɟɧ
ɧɨɫɬɶɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ
feature ['fJCq] n. ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ
ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɚɹɱɟɪɬɚ
feed [fJd] v. ɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɶɩɢɬɚɬɶ
ɧɚɝɧɟɬɚɬɶ
feedback n. ɨɛɪɚɬɧɚɹɫɜɹɡɶ
feeder ['fJdq] n. ɩɢɬɚɬɟɥɶ
ɡɚɝɪɭɡɨɱɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
fender [fendq] n.
ɤɪɵɥɨɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹ
fiber ['faIbq] n. ɜɨɥɨɤɧɨ
fill [fIl] v. ɧɚɩɨɥɧɹɬɶɡɚɩɨɥɧɹɬɶ
filter['fIltq] n.ɮɢɥɶɬɪ
filter['fIltq] v. ɮɢɥɶɬɪɨɜɚɬɶ
27
fin [fIn] n. ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪɧɚɹɩɥɚ
ɫɬɢɧɚɪɟɛɪɨɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɹ
final drive ['faInl draIv]
ɝɥɚɜɧɚɹɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ
fine grading ["faIn 'grqIdIN]
ɩɥɚɧɢɪɨɜɤɚɝɪɭɧɬɚɩɪɨɮɢɥɢ
ɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ
finger ['fINgq] n. ɩɚɥɟɰɲɬɢɮɬ
fire ['fa(I)q] v. ɡɚɠɢɝɚɬɶɜɨɫ
ɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹn. (catch…)
ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹ
firing ['fa(I)qrIN] n. ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɟ
ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ
firm (firmly) [fWm] a.
ɤɪɟɩɤɢɣ (ɤɪɟɩɤɨ)
fit [fIt] v.
ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɬɶɦɨɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ɝɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ
fit [fIt] n. ɬɨɱɬɨɧɚɞɨ
fix [fIks] v. ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɬɶ
flame [fleIm] n. ɩɥɚɦɹ
v. (…out) ɜɫɩɵɯɧɭɬɶɢɫɝɨɪɟɬɶ
flat [flxt] a. ɩɥɨɫɤɢɣ
flat car ɛɟɡɛɨɪɬɨɜɨɣɝɪɭɡɨɜɢɤɩɥɚɬɮɨɪɦɚ
flex [fleks] v. ɝɧɭɬɶɫɹ), n.
ɩɪɨɝɢɛ
flexibility ["fleksI'bIlItI] n. ɝɢɛ
ɤɨɫɬɶɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶɦɚɧɟɜɪɚ
flexible ['fleksqb(q)l] a. ɝɢɛɤɢɣ
flightfeeder ['flaIt 'fJdq] n.
ɲɧɟɤɨɜɵɣ ɩɢɬɚɬɟɥɶ
fling [flIN] n. ɫɛɪɨɫ
v. ɜɵɛɪɚɫɵɜɚɬɶ
floating screed ['flqutIN skrJd]
ɩɥɚɜɚɸɳɢɣɬɪɚɦɛɭɸɳɢɣɛɪɭɫ
flow [flqV] n. ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟɩɨɬɨɤ
28
flow [flqV] v. ɬɟɱɶɩɪɨɬɟɤɚɬɶ
fluid ['flHId] n. ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶ
fluid ['flHId] a. ɠɢɞɤɢɣ
ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɧɵɣ
flywheel ['flaIwJl] n. ɦɚɯɨɜɢɤ
fog [fPg]n. ɬɭɦɚɧ
fold [fqVld] v. ɫɤɥɚɞɵɜɚɬɶ
ɫɝɢɛɚɬɶ
follow ['fPlqV] v.
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹɩɨ
ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɶ
follower ['fPlqVq] n. ɜɟɞɨɦɵɣ
ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
footbrake ['fVtbreIk] n. ɧɨɠɧɨɣ
ɬɨɪɦɨɡ
force [fLs] n. ɫɢɥɚɭɫɢɥɢɟ
force [fLs]v. ɡɚɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶɞɜɢ
ɝɚɬɶɫɹɬɨɥɤɚɬɶɜɵɬɚɥɤɢɜɚɬɶ
ɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɶɩɨɞɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ
forklifttruck ['fLk"lIft 'trAk] n.
ɩɨɝɪɭɡɱɢɤɫɜɢɥɨɱɧɵɦɡɚɯɜɚɬɨɦ
forward ['fLwqd] a. ɩɟɪɟɞɧɢɣ
adv. ɜɩɟɪɟɞɞɚɥɶɲɟ
foundation [faun'deISqn] n. ɨɫ
ɧɨɜɚɧɢɟɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬ
frame [freIm]n. ɤɚɪɤɚɫɪɚɦɚ
frequency ['frJkwqnsI] n.
ɱɚɫɬɨɬɚ
friction ['frIkSn] n. ɬɪɟɧɢɟ
a. ɮɪɢɤɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ
front [frAnt] a. ɩɟɪɟɞɧɢɣɥɨɛɨ
ɜɨɣ
frontloader ['frAnt"lqudq] n.
ɮɪɨɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɣɩɨɝɪɭɡɱɢɤ
fuel [fjHql] n. ɬɨɩɥɢɜɨ
ɝɨɪɸɱɟɟ
v. ɡɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɬɨɩɥɢɜɨɦ
full(y) [fVl(I)] a.
ɩɨɥɧɵɣ
ɩɨɥɧɵɣ
ɨɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ
ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ
ɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɣɨɞɪɨɫɫɟɥɟ
ɜɵɫɲɢɣ
ɜɟɫɶ
adv. ɰɟɥɢɤɨɦɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ
function ['fANkSqn] n.
ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɮɭɧɤɰɢɹɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ
functional operation ɪɚɛɨɬɚ
Gg
gain [geIn] n. ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɟ,
ɩɪɢɪɨɫɬ
gain [geIn] v. ɧɚɛɢɪɚɬɶ
ɧɚɪɚɳɢɜɚɬɶ
gallon ['gxlqn] n. ɝɚɥɥɨɧ
ɋɒȺ– ɥ
ȼɟɥɢɤɨɛɪɢɬɚɧɢɹ– ɥ
gantry crane ['gxntrI "krein]
ɩɨɪɬɚɥɶɧɵɣɢɥɢɷɫɬɚɤɚɞɧɵɣ
ɤɪɚɧɤɨɡɥɨɜɨɣɤɪɚɧ
gap [gxp] nɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɤ
ɡɚɡɨɪɩɪɨɫɜɟɬɳɟɥɶ
gas [gxs] n.
ɝɚɡ
ɬɨɩɥɢɜɨɛɟɧɡɢɧɚɦɟɪ ɪɚɛɨ
ɱɚɹɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɚɹɫɦɟɫɶɫɦɟɫɶɩɚ
ɪɨɜɬɨɩɥɢɜɚɫɜɨɡɞɭɯɨɦ
gasoline ['gxsqlJn] n.
ɚɦɟɪ ɛɟɧɡɢɧ
gate [geIt] n. ɤɭɥɢɫɚɪɵɱɚɝɚ
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ
gauge [geIdZ] n. ɢɡɦɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
ɩɪɢɛɨɪɦɚɧɨɦɟɬɪɞɚɬɱɢɤɭɤɚ
ɡɚɬɟɥɶɢɬɞ
gear [gIq] n.
ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟɤɨɥɟɫɨ,
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ
gear [gIq] v. ɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶɡɭɛɱɚ
ɬɨɣɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟɣ
gear ratio ['reISIqV] ɩɟɪɟɞɚɬɨɱ
ɧɨɟɱɢɫɥɨɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɩɟɪɟ
ɞɚɱɢ
gear train [gIq treIn]
ɡɭɛɱɚɬɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ
gearbox ['gIqbPks] n.
ɤɨɪɨɛɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɚ
gearing ['gIqrIN] n.
1. ɡɭɛɱɚɬɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ,
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɧɨɣɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
gearshift['gIqSIft] n.
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ
ɤɨɪɨɛɤɚɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ
generate ['dZenqreIt] v.
ɜɵɡɵɜɚɬɶɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɜɵɪɚɛɚ
ɬɵɜɚɬɶ
generator ['dZenqreItq] n.
ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪ
glove box ['glAv bPks]
ɜɟɳɟɜɨɣ ɹɳɢɤ
glue [glH] n. ɤɥɟɣ
glue [glH] v. ɫɤɥɟɢɜɚɬɶ
govern ['gAvn] v.
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɬɶɜɥɢɹɬɶɧɚ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ
governor ['gAvnq] n. ɪɟɝɭɥɹɬɨɪ
grab [grxb] n. ɡɚɯɜɚɬ
grab [grxb] v. ɡɚɯɜɚɬɵɜɚɬɶ
grade [greId] n. ɩɨɞɴɟɦɭɤɥɨɧ
grade [greId] v. ɜɵɪɚɜɧɢɜɚɬɶ
ɩɪɨɮɢɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɞɨɪɨɝɭ
gradual(ly) ['grxdZVqlI] a.
ɩɨɫɬɟɩɟɧɧɵɣ
29
adv. ɩɨɫɬɟɩɟɧɧɨ
grappler ['grxplq] n.
ɝɪɟɣɮɟɪɝɪɭɡɨɡɚɯɜɚɬɧɨɟɩɪɢ
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ
gravel ['grxv(q)l] n. ɝɪɚɜɢɣ
green [grJn]a. ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɧɵɣ
ɷɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
grille [grIl] n. ɪɟɲɟɬɤɚɪɚɞɢɚ
ɬɨɪɚ
grind (ground) [graInd] v. ɦɨ
ɥɨɬɶɪɚɫɬɢɪɚɬɶɜɩɨɪɨɲɨɤ
grip [grIp] n. ɡɚɠɢɦɡɚɯɜɚɬ
grip [grIp] v. ɡɚɠɢɦɚɬɶɡɚɤɪɟɩ
ɥɹɬɶɫɰɟɩɥɹɬɶɫɹ
grit [grIt] n. ɝɪɚɜɢɣ, ɳɟɛɟɧɶ
groove [grHv] n.
ɤɚɧɚɜɤɚ, ɠɟɥɨɛɨɤ, ɩɚɡ
ground ['graVnd] n.
1. ɝɪɭɧɬ, ɡɟɦɥɹ,
2. ɡɚɡɟɦɥɟɧɢɟ
groundclearance
['graund"kIqr(q)ns] n. ɤɥɢɪɟɧɫ
guard [gRd] n. ɩɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɢ
ɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ
gudgeon pin ['gAdZqn pIn]
ɩɨɪɲɧɟɜɨɣɩɚɥɟɰ
guide [gaId] n. ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɟ
ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ
gyrate ['GaI(q)rqt] v.
ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹɩɨɤɪɭɝɭ
Hh
half [hRf] n. ɩɨɥɨɜɢɧɚ
half [hRf] a. ɩɨɥɨɜɢɧɧɵɣ
adv. ɧɚɩɨɥɨɜɢɧɭɩɨɥɭhalf-shaft ["hRf'SRft@ɩɨɥɭɨɫɶ
30
halogen ['hxlqdZqn] a.
ɝɚɥɨɝɟɧɨɜɵɣ
hammer ['hæmq] n. ɦɨɥɨɬ
handle ['hxndl] v. ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ
ɨɛɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹɝɪɭɡɢɬɶɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪ
ɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
handle ['hxndl] n.
ɪɭɱɤɚ, ɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɚ
handling ['hxndlIN] n.
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɦɚɧɟɜɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
harden ['hRd(q)n] v. ɬɜɟɪɞɟɬɶ
hardware ['hRdweq] n.
ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɭɸɳɟɟ
ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
harmful ['hRmfql] a.
ɜɪɟɞɧɵɣɨɩɚɫɧɵɣ
hatch [hxtS] n.
ɧɚɤɥɨɧɧɚɹɡɚɞɧɹɹɞɜɟɪɰɚ
hatchback ['hxtSbxk] n.
ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɫɤɭɡɨɜɨɦɬɢɩɚ
ɯɟɬɱɛɟɤ
hauler ['hLlq] n.
ɝɪɭɡɨɜɨɣɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
head restraint ["hed ri'streInt]
n. ɩɨɞɝɨɥɨɜɧɢɤ
headlamp ['hedlxmp] n. ɮɚɪɚ
headlight ['hedlaIt] n. ɮɚɪɚ
headroom ['hedrHm] n.
ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɹɹɜɵɫɨɬɚɫɚɥɨɧɚ
heat [hJt] n. ɬɟɩɥɨɬɚ
heavy(ly) ['hevI] a. ɬɹɠɟɥɵɣ
adv. ɬɹɠɟɥɨ
heavy-duty ["hevI'djHtI] a.
ɫɜɟɪɯɩɪɨɱɧɵɣ
ɦɨɳɧɵɣ
heel-and-toe(ing) ["hJlqn'tqV]
n. ɩɟɪɟɤɚɬɫɩɹɬɤɢɧɚɧɨɫɨɤ
helpful ['helpfql] a. ɩɨɥɟɡɧɵɣ
highway ['haIweI] n. ɚɜɬɨ
ɫɬɪɚɞɚɲɨɫɫɟ
hindrance ['hIndrqn(t)s] n.
ɩɨɦɟɯɚ, ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɟ
hinge [hInG] v.
ɩɪɢɤɪɟɩɥɹɬɶɧɚɩɟɬɥɟɜɢɫɟɬɶ
ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹɧɚɩɟɬɥɟ
hoe [hqV] n. ɤɨɜɲɷɤɫɤɚɜɚɬɨɪɚ
hoist [hOIst] n. ɩɨɞɴɟɦɧɢɤ
hold [hquld] n. ɡɚɯɜɚɬ
hold (held, held) [hquld] v.
ɞɟɪɠɚɬɶ
hole [hqul] n. ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟɹɦɚ
hit [hIt]v. ɭɞɚɪɹɬɶɫɹ
hole [hqVl] n. ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟ, ɹɦɚ
hollow ['hOlqu] a.
ɩɨɥɵɣ, ɩɭɫɬɨɬɟɥɵɣ
homogenous ["hqVmq'dZJnIqs]
a. ɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɣ, ɝɨɦɨɝɟɧɧɵɣ
hood [hud] n. ɤɚɩɨɬ
hop [hPp] n. ɩɨɞɩɪɵɝɢɜɚɧɢɟ,
hop [hPp] v. ɩɨɞɩɪɵɝɢɜɚɬɶ
hopped-up ɮɨɪɫɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
hopper ['hOpq] n.
ɜɨɪɨɧɤɚɛɭɧɤɟɪ
horizontally opposed
["hPrI'zPntlI q'pqVzd] adv.
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶɫɝɨɪɢɡɨɧɬɚɥɶɧɨ
ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɦɢɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɥɟ
ɠɚɳɢɦɢɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɚɦɢ
horn [hLn] n. ɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɣɫɢɝɧɚɥ
ɤɥɚɤɫɨɧ
horsepower ['hLspauq] n.
1. ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɶ ɜ
ɥɨɲɚɞɢɧɵɯɫɢɥɚɯ
2ɥɨɲɚɞɢɧɚɹɫɢɥɚ
hose [hqVz] n. ɲɥɚɧɝ
hot-rod ['hPtrPd] n. ɦɨɞɟɥɶɚɜ
ɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹɫɮɨɪɫɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɦ
house [haus] n. ɤɨɪɩɭɫ
house [hauz] v. ɜɦɟɳɚɬɶɪɚɡɦɟ
ɳɚɬɶ
housing ['haVzIN] nɤɨɪɩɭɫ
ɤɚɪɬɟɪɤɨɠɭɯɱɟɯɨɥ
hub [hAb] n. ɫɬɭɩɢɰɚɜɬɭɥɤɚ
huge [hjHdZ] a. ɨɝɪɨɦɧɵɣ
hybrid ['haIbrId] n. ɝɢɛɪɢɞɚɜ
ɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɫɝɢɛɪɢɞɧɵɦɞɜɢɝɚɬɟ
ɥɟɦ
hybridize ['haIbrIdaIz] v. ɫɨɡɞɚ
ɜɚɬɶɝɢɛɪɢɞɵɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɢ
ɫɝɢɛɪɢɞɧɵɦ
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ
hydraulic [haI'drLlIk] a. ɝɢɞ
ɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɜɨɞɹɧɨɣ
hydrocarbon ["haIdrq'kRbqn]
n. ɭɝɥɟɜɨɞɨɪɨɞ
hydrogen ['haIdrqdZqn] n.
ɜɨɞɨɪɨɞ
hypercar ["haIpq'kR] n.
ɝɢɩɟɪɤɚɪ
Ii
iɫe [aIs] n. ɥɟɞ
ideal [aI'dJql] a. ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
idle ['aIdl] v. ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶɧɚɯɨɥɨ
ɫɬɨɦɯɨɞɭ
idler ['aIdlq] n.
ɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɱɧɚɹ ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ
ɧɚɬɹɠɧɨɣɲɤɢɜ
ignite [Ig'naIt] v. ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɬɶ
ɡɚɠɢɝɚɬɶ
31
ignition [Ig'nISn] n. ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɟ
ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ
illuminate [I'lHmIneIt] v. ɨɫɜɟ
ɳɚɬɶ
immobilizer [I'mqVbqlaIzq] n.
ɢɦɦɨɛɢɥɚɣɡɟɪ
impact ['Impxkt] n.
1. ɬɨɥɱɨɤ, ɭɞɚɪ
ɫɬɨɥɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɟ
impart [Im'pRt] v. ɞɚɜɚɬɶɩɪɢ
ɞɚɜɚɬɶ
impede [Im'pJd] v. ɦɟɲɚɬɶ, ɡɚ
ɬɪɭɞɧɹɬɶ
impeller [Im'pelq] n.
ɪɚɛɨɱɟɟɤɨɥɟɫɨɪɨɬɨɪ
implement ['ImplImqnt] n. ɨɛɨ
ɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
['ImplI"ment]
v. ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ
impose [Im'pqVz] vɩɪɢɤɥɚɞɵ
ɜɚɬɶɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɶɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ
ɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɭ
improve [Im'prHv]v. ɭɥɭɱ
ɲɚɬɶ(ɫɹ), ɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɫɬɜɨɚɬɶ(ɫɹ)
impulse ['ImpAls] n. ɢɦɩɭɥɶɫ
inch [IntS] n. ɞɸɣɦ (2,54 ɫɦ)
incline [In'klaIn] v.
ɧɚɤɥɨɧɹɬɶɫɹ
include [In'klHd] v. ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
in combination
["kPmbI'neIS(q)n] ɜɦɟɫɬɟɜɨ
ɜɡɚɢɦɨɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɢ
in conjunction with
[kqn'GANkS(q)n] ɜɨɜɡɚɢɦɨ
ɫɜɹɡɢɫɫɨɜɦɟɫɬɧɨɫ
incompressible
["Inkqm'presqbl] a. ɧɟɫɠɢɦɚɟ
ɦɵɣ
32
incorporate [In'kLpq"reIt] v.
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɜɫɨɫɬɚɜɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ
increase [In'krJs] v. ɩɨɜɵ
ɲɚɬɶɫɹɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɚɬɶ
indexing ['IndeksIN] ɩɨɲɚɝɨɜɨɟ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɟɧɢɟ
induction stroke
[In'dAkSnstrqVk@ɬɚɤɬɜɩɭɫɤɚ
inefficiency ["InI'fISnsI] n. ɧɟ
ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɤ
inherent [In'her(q)nt] a. ɩɪɢ
ɪɨɠɞɺɧɧɵɣɩɪɢɫɭɳɢɣ
initiate [I'nISIet] v. ɧɚɱɢɧɚɬɶ
ɜɵɡɵɜɚɬɶ
inject [In'dZekt] v. ɜɩɪɵɫɤɢ
ɜɚɬɶɧɚɝɧɟɬɚɬɶ
injection [In'dZekSn] n.
ɜɩɪɵɫɤ (ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ)
injector [In'dZektq] n. ɢɧɠɟɤ
ɬɨɪ
injury ['IndZqrI] n. ɬɪɚɜɦɚ
inlet ['Inlqt] n.
ɜɩɭɫɤɧɨɟ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟ
inlet manifold
['Inlqt'mxnIfqVld] ɜɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ
ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪ
in-line ['InlaIn] a.
ɪɹɞɧɵɣ (ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ)
innovation ["Inq'veIS(q)n] ɧɨɜɚ
ɬɨɪɫɤɢɟɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
innovative ["InqV'vatIv] a. ɢɧ
ɧɨɜɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ
input ['InpVt] n.
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜɜɨɞɚ
ɜɜɨɞ
input force ["Input 'fLs] ɜɯɨɞ
ɧɨɟɭɫɢɥɢɟɭɫɢɥɢɟɧɚɪɵɱɚɝ
input gear [gIq(r)] ɜɟɞɭɳɚɹ
ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɚɹɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ
input shaft ['InpVtSRft@ɜɯɨɞ
ɧɨɣɜɚɥ
insert [In'sWt] v. ɜɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ
install [In'stLl] v. ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢ
ɜɚɬɶ
instrument ['Instrqmqnt] n.
ɩɪɢɛɨɪ
intake ['InteIk] n. ɜɩɭɫɤɜɫɚɫɵ
ɜɚɧɢɟɩɪɢɬɨɤ
intake stroke ɯɨɞ ɜɩɭɫɤɚ
integrate ['IntIgreIt] v. ɨɛɴɟɞɢ
ɧɹɬɶ, ɢɧɬɟɝɪɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
intend [In'tend] v. ɧɚɦɟɪɟ
ɜɚɬɶɫɹɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɚɬɶ
interface ['Intq"feIs] n. ɩɨɜɟɪɯ
ɧɨɫɬɶɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɚ
interfere ["Intq'fIq] v. ɦɟɲɚɬɶ
ɫɥɭɠɢɬɶɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɟɦ
interior [In'tIqrIq] n. ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧ
ɧɟɟɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨ
intermediate ["ntq'mJdIqt] a.
ɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɱɧɵɣ
intermittent ["Intq'mIt(q)nt] a.
ɩɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɰɢɤɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
internal [In'tWnl] a. ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧ
ɧɢɣ
internal combustion engine
[In'tWnl kqm'bAstSqn 'endZIn]
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɟɝɨɫɝɨɪɚ
ɧɢɹ
interval ['Intqvl] n. ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥ
ɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɤ
introduce ["Intrq'djHs]v. ɜɜɨ
ɞɢɬɶ
ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɬɶɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ
invent [In'vent] v. ɢɡɨɛɪɟɬɚɬɶ
inventor [In'ventq] n. ɢɡɨɛɪɟ
ɬɚɬɟɥɶ
invest [In'vest] v. ɢɧɜɟɫɬɢɪɨ
ɜɚɬɶɜɤɥɚɞɵɜɚɬɶɞɟɧɶɝɢ
involve [In'vPlv] v.
ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶ
ɩɨɞɪɚɡɭɦɟɜɚɬɶ
ɭɱɚɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
ɛɵɬɶɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɧɵɦ
ɡɚɬɪɚɝɢɜɚɬɶ
inwards ['Inwqdz] adv. ɜɧɭɬɪɶ
irregular [I'regjVlq] a. ɧɟɫɬɚ
ɛɢɥɶɧɵɣɧɟɪɨɜɧɵɣ
irregularity [I"regjV'lxrqtI] n.
ɧɟɪɨɜɧɨɫɬɶ
irrigation ["IrI'geIS(q)n] n. ɢɪ
ɪɢɝɚɰɢɹɨɪɨɲɟɧɢɟ
issue ['ISH] n. ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬ
v. ɩɨɫɵɥɚɬɶɜɵɩɭɫɤɚɬɶ
item ['aItqm] n.
ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɞɟɬɚɥɶ
Jj
jack [Gxk] n. ɞɨɦɤɪɚɬ
jackhammer ['Gxk"hxmq] n.
ɨɬɛɨɣɧɵɣɦɨɥɨɬɨɤ
jaw [GL] n. ɡɚɯɜɚɬɡɚɠɢɦ
jet [Get] n. ɮɨɪɫɭɧɤɚɫɨɩɥɨ
ɫɬɪɭɹ
jib crane ['GIb "kreIn]
ɤɪɚɧ-ɭɤɨɫɢɧɚ
join [dZOIn] v.
ɩɪɢɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ
ɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶɫɹ
33
joint [dZOInt]n.
ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟɪɚɡɴɟɦ
ɲɚɪɧɢɪ
journey ['dZWnI] n. ɩɨɟɡɞɤɚ
ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ
jump [dZAmp] v. ɩɟɪɟɩɪɵɝɢ
ɜɚɬɶɩɟɪɟɫɤɚɤɢɜɚɬɶɩɨɞɩɪɵɝ
ɧɭɬɶɪɟɡɤɨɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɢ
Kk
key [kJ] n. ɤɥɸɱ
a. ɤɥɸɱɟɜɨɣ
2. ɝɥɚɜɧɵɣ, ɜɟɞɭɳɢɣ
keyless entry ['kJlqs 'entrI]
ɨɬɩɢɪɚɧɢɟɞɜɟɪɟɣɛɟɡɤɥɸɱɚ
kick back [kIk'bxk] v. ɨɬɞɚɜɚɬɶ
ɧɚɡɚɞ
kind [kaInd] n. ɬɢɩ, ɫɨɪɬ, ɜɢɞ
knob [nPb] n. ɧɚɛɚɥɞɚɲɧɢɤ
ɲɚɪɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɚɹɪɭɱɤɚ
knock [nPk] n.
ɭɞɚɪɬɨɥɱɨɤɞɟɬɨɧɚɰɢɹ
v. ɞɟɬɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ɭɞɚɪɹɬɶɛɢɬɶ
knocking ['nPkIN] n.
ɞɟɬɨɧɚɰɢɹ
ɫɬɭɤ
Ll
lag [lxg] n. ɡɚɞɟɪɠɤɚɡɚɩɚɡɞɵ
ɜɚɧɢɟɨɬɫɬɚɜɚɧɢɟ
landscape ['lxn(d)skeIp] n.
ɥɚɧɞɲɚɮɬ
lane [leIn] n. ɩɨɥɨɫɚɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ
large(ly) [lRdZ] a. ɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ
adv. ɜɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ
34
lateral ['lxtqrql] a. ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ
lattice ['lxtIs] n. ɪɟɲɺɬɤɚ
launch [lLntS] n. ɡɚɩɭɫɤ, v.
ɧɚɱɢɧɚɬɶɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ
ɩɨɹɜɢɬɶɫɹɧɚɫɜɟɬ
ɨɧɨɜɨɦɢɡɞɟɥɢɢ
ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚɬɶ
lawnmower ['lLn"mquq] n. ɝɚ
ɡɨɧɨɤɨɫɢɥɤɚ
laydown ['leI"daun] n. ɭɤɥɚɞɤɚ
layer ['leIq] n. ɫɥɨɣ
layout ['leIaVt] n. ɤɨɦɩɨɧɨɜɤɚ
ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɫɯɟɦɚ
v. ɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶ
lb ɮɭɧɬ
lb-ft = pound-foot ɮɭɧɬɨɮɭɬɤɝɦɇɦ
lead [lJd] n. ɩɢɬɚɸɳɢɣɩɪɨɜɨɞ
v. ɜɟɫɬɢɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɶɤII [led] n.
ɫɜɢɧɟɰ
leaf spring [lJf'sprIN]
ɥɢɫɬɨɜɚɹɪɟɫɫɨɪɚ
leak [lJk] n. ɭɬɟɱɤɚɩɪɨɬɟɱɤɚ
lean [lJn] a. ɛɟɞɧɵɣ
ɨ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɣɫɦɟɫɢ
v. ɧɚɤɥɨɧɹɬɶɫɹ
n. ɩɨɤɪɚɣɧɟɣɦɟɪɟ
leather ['leDq] adj. ɤɨɠɚ
LED [led] (light-emitting diode)
[laIt I'mItIN 'daIqVd] ɫɜɟɬɨɞɢɨɞ
legroom ['legrHm] nɩɪɨ
ɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨɞɥɹɧɨɝ
length [leNT] n. ɞɥɢɧɚ
ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
level ['levql] n. ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ
v. ɜɵɪɚɜɧɢɜɚɬɶ
leveling arm ['lev(q)lIN Rm]
ɧɟɫɭɳɚɹ ɪɚɦɚ
lever ['lJvq] n. ɪɵɱɚɝ, ɪɵɱɚɠɨɤ,
ɛɚɥɚɧɫɢɪ, ɤɨɪɨɦɵɫɥ
lid [lId] n. ɤɪɵɲɤɚ, ɤɨɥɩɚɤ
life [laIf] n.
1. ɫɪɨɤɫɥɭɠɛɵɪɟɫɭɪɫ
ɠɢɡɧɶɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɟ
lift [lIft] v. ɩɨɞɧɢɦɚɬɶ
liftgate ['lIftgeIt] n. ɩɨɞɴɟɦɧɚɹ
ɡɚɞɧɹɹɱɚɫɬɶɤɭɡɨɜɚ
light [laIt] n.
ɫɜɟɬɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ
ɮɚɪɚɮɨɧɚɪɶɥɚɦɩɚ
pl. ɫɜɟɬɨɮɨɪ
light [laIt] a. ɥɟɝɤɢɣ
light [laIt] v. ɡɚɠɢɝɚɬɶ
ɡɚɝɨɪɚɬɶɫɹɨɫɜɟɳɚɬɶɫɹ
likewise ['laIkwaIz] adv.
ɩɨɞɨɛɧɨɬɚɤɠɟ
limit ['llmIt] n. ɝɪɚɧɢɰɚ
ɩɪɟɞɟɥv. ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɜɚɬɶ
limiter ['lImItq] n.
ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɶ
line [laIn] n.
ɥɢɧɢɹ
ɤɨɧɬɭɪɝɪɚɧɢɰɚ
ɬɪɭɛɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɦɚɝɢɫɬɪɚɥɶ
4. (be in…with)
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
linear motion
['lInIq(r) "mqVS(q)n]
ɩɨɫɬɭɩɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɩɪɹɦɨɥɢɧɟɣ
ɧɨɟɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ
liner ['laInq] n. ɜɤɥɚɞɵɲ
lineup ['laInAp] n. ɫɟɪɢɹ
ɥɢɧɟɣɤɚ
lining ['laInIN] n. ɧɚɤɥɚɞɤɚ
link [lINk] n.
ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟɫɜɹɡɶ
ɲɚɬɭɧɫɟɪɶɝɚ
3. ɲɚɪɧɢɪ
link [lINk] v. ɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ
ɫɜɹɡɵɜɚɬɶ
linkage ['lINkIdZ] n.
ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ
liquid ['lIkwId] a. ɠɢɞɤɢɣ
liquid ['lIkwId] n. ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶ
live axle [laIv'xksql]
ɜɟɞɭɳɢɣɦɨɫɬ
live traffic [laIv'trxfIk] ɢɧɮɨɪ
ɦɚɰɢɹɨɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɨɦɞɜɢɠɟ
ɧɢɢɜɪɟɚɥɶɧɨɦɜɪɟɦɟɧɢɫɩɭɬ
ɧɢɤɨɜɚɹɧɚɜɢɝɚɰɢɹ
load [lqVd] n. ɝɪɭɡɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɚ
load [lqVd] v. ɧɚɝɪɭɠɚɬɶɡɚɝɪɭ
ɠɚɬɶɝɪɭɡɢɬɶ
loader ['lqVdq(r)] n. ɩɨɝɪɭɡɱɢɤ
ɩɨɝɪɭɡɨɱɧɨɟɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ
ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɟɪ
locate [lqu'keIt] v.
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɬɶɦɟɫɬɨ
location [lqV'keISn]nɪɚɫɩɨɥɨ
ɠɟɧɢɟɦɟɫɬɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
lock [lPk] n.
ɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ
ɡɚɦɨɤ
ɩɪɨɛɤɚ
lock [lPk] v. ɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶɡɚ
ɤɪɟɩɥɹɬɶɮɢɤɫɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɬɨɩɨɪɢɬɶ
locking [lPkIN] n. ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɚ
longitudinal a. ɩɪɨɞɨɥɶɧɵɣ
loop [lHp] n. ɩɟɬɥɹ
loose [lHs] a. ɪɵɯɥɵɣɫɵɩɭɱɢɣ
ɧɟɭɩɚɤɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ
35
loss [lPs] nɩɨɬɟɪɹ
ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ
lubricate ['lHbrIkeIt] v. ɫɦɚɡɵ
ɜɚɬɶ
lubrication ["lHbrI'keISn] n.
ɫɦɚɡɤɚɫɦɚɡɵɜɚɧɢɟ
luffing ['lAffIN] ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟɜɵ
ɥɟɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɵ
lug [lAg] n.
ɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚɡɚɠɢɦɜɵɫɬɭɩ
luggage ['lAgIdZ] n. ɛɚɝɚɠ
luxury['lAkSqrI] n. ɪɨɫɤɨɲɶ
luxury['lAkSqrI] a. ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɝɨɤɥɚɫɫɚ
ɤɥɚɫɫɚɥɸɤɫɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɨɣɤɨɦ
ɮɨɪɬɧɨɫɬɢ
Mm
machine [mq'SJn] n. ɚɝɪɟɝɚɬ,
machine [mq'SJn] v. ɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵ
ɜɚɬɶɧɚɫɬɚɧɤɟ
machine tool
ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɫɬɚɧɨɤ
machinery [mq'SJnqrI] n. ɦɚ
ɲɢɧɧɨɟɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
main [meIn] a.
ɝɥɚɜɧɵɣɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ
ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤɤɨɪɟɧɧɨɣ
maintain [meIn'teIn] v. ɩɨɞɞɟɪ
ɠɢɜɚɬɶɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ
maintenance['meIntqnqns]n.
ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ
maneuver[mq'nHvq]n. ɦɚɧɟɜ
ɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɦɚɧɟɜɪ
manage ['mxnIG] v.
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɫɩɪɚɜɢɬɶɫɹ
36
manifold ['mxnIfqVld]n.
ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪ
manoeuvrable [mq'nHv(q)rqbl] a.
ɦɚɧɟɜɪɟɧɧɵɣ
mantle ['mxntl] n.
ɤɨɠɭɯɩɨɤɪɵɲɤɚ
manual(ly) ['mxnjVql] a. ɪɭɱ
ɧɨɣɫɪɭɱɧɵɦɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ
adv. ɜɪɭɱɧɭɸ
manual ['mxnjVql] n. ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
ɫɪɭɱɧɵɦɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦɪɭɤɨ
ɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ
manufacture
["mxnju'fxktSq(r)] v.
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶ
manufacturer
["mxnjV'fxktSqrq] n. ɡɚɜɨɞ
ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɢɬɟɥɶɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶ
mash [mxS] v. ɞɚɜɢɬɶɠɚɬɶ
mast [mRst] n. ɦɚɱɬɚ
mat [mxt] n. ɫɥɨɣɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ
match [mxtS] v.
ɩɨɞɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
ɜɵɪɚɜɧɢɜɚɬɶ
material [mq'tIqrIql] n.
ɝɪɭɡɫɵɪɶɟɬɨɜɚɪ
maximize['mxksImaIz]v.
ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɩɨɜɵɲɚɬɶ
means [mJnz] n. ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨ
measure ['meZq] n. ɦɟɪɚ
v. ɢɡɦɟɪɹɬɶ
measurement['meZqmqnt]n.
ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɟɡɚɦɟɪ
mechanical(ly) [mI'kxnIkl] a.
ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
adv. ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢ
mechanics [mi'kxnIks] n.
ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ
mechanism['mxkqnIzqm]n. ɦɟ
ɯɚɧɢɡɦɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
medium ['mJdIqm] a. ɫɪɟɞɧɢɣ
meet [mJt] the demands
[dI'mRndz] v.
ɨɬɜɟɱɚɬɶɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ
member ['membq] n.
ɞɟɬɚɥɶɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ
mesh [meS] v.
ɜɯɨɞɢɬɶɜɡɚɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ
mesh [meS] n.
ɫɟɬɤɚɡɚɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ
meter ['mJtq] n.ɢɡɦɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
ɩɪɢɛɨɪɫɱɟɬɱɢɤ
v. ɢɡɦɟɪɹɬɶ
microprocessor
['maIkrqV"prqVsesq]n. ɦɢɤɪɨ
ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪ
midsize [mId'saIz] a.
ɫɪɟɞɧɢɯ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɜ
mileage ['maIlIG] n.
ɩɪɨɛɟɝɜɦɢɥɹɯ
mill [mIl] v. ɦɨɥɨɬɶɢɡɦɟɥɶɱɚɬɶ
mining ['maInIN] n. ɝɨɪɧɨɟ
ɞɟɥɨɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɧɟɞɪ
minor['maInq] a. ɧɟɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶ
ɧɵɣɜɬɨɪɨɫɬɟɩɟɧɧɵɣ
mirror ['mIrq] n. ɡɟɪɤɚɥɨ
misfire ["mIs'faIq] n.
ɩɪɨɩɭɫɤ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
miss [mIs] n.
ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɟɩɨɬɟɪɹ
mitigate ['mItIgeIt] v.
ɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɬɶɫɦɹɝɱɚɬɶ
mixer ['mIksq] n. ɫɦɟɫɢɬɟɥɶ
mixture ['mIkstSq] n. ɫɦɟɫɶ
mobile ['mqubaIl] a. ɩɨɞɜɢɠ
ɧɵɣ, ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɟɦɵɣ
mobile machinery
["mqVbaIl mq'SJnqrI] ɬɪɚɧɫ
ɩɨɪɬɧɨɟɦɚɲɢɧɧɨɟɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚ
ɧɢɟɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɵɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ
mode [mqud] n.
ɦɟɬɨɞɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɛɪɚɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ
mode [mqVd] n. ɪɟɠɢɦ
model ['mPdl] n. ɦɨɞɟɥɶ
modest ['mPdqst] a. ɫɤɪɨɦɧɵɣ
ɭɦɟɪɟɧɧɵɣɧɟɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
modify ['mPdI"faI] v. ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚ
ɡɨɜɵɜɚɬɶ
module ['mPdjHl] n. ɦɨɞɭɥɶ
moisture ['mOIstSq] n.
ɜɥɚɝɚɜɥɚɠɧɨɫɬɶ
momentum [mqV'mentqm] n.
ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹɢɧɟɪɰɢɹ
monitor ['mPnItq] n. ɤɨɧ
ɬɪɨɥɶɧɨ-ɢɡɦɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɩɪɢ
ɛɨɪɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
monitor ['mPnItq] v. ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɢ
ɪɨɜɚɬɶɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ
monorail telpher
["mPnq(V)reIl 'telfq] ɦɨɧɨɪɟɥɶ
ɫɨɜɵɣɬɟɥɶɮɟɪ
motion ['mqVSn] n. ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ
motoring ['mqVtqrIN] n.
ɟɡɞɚɧɚɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟ
motorized ['mqVtqraIzd] a.
ɢɦɟɸɳɢɣɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞ
mount [maVnt] v. ɦɨɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɬɶɤɪɟɩɢɬɶ
mount [maVnt] n.
ɨɩɨɪɚ, ɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ
mounting ['maVntIN] n.
ɨɩɨɪɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ
ɦɨɧɬɚɠɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ
37
move [mHv] v.
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɬɶ
move [mHv] n. ɲɚɝ
movement ['mHvmqnt] n.
ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɯɨɞɬɚɤɬ
mover ['mHvq(r)] n.
ɞɜɢɠɭɳɚɹɫɢɥɚɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
mpg [maIlpq'gxlqn]
ɦɢɥɶɩɪɨɛɟɝɚɧɚɝɚɥɥɨɧɢɡɪɚɫ
ɯɨɞɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ
mph [maIlpq'aVq] ɦɢɥɶɜɱɚɫ
mud [mAd] n. ɝɪɹɡɶ
muffle ['mAfl] v. ɡɚɝɥɭɲɚɬɶ
multiple ['mAltIpl] a. ɦɧɨɝɨɱɢɫ
ɥɟɧɧɵɣɦɧɨɝɨɤɪɚɬɧɵɣ
Nn
narrow ['nxrqV] Dɭɡɤɢɣ
navigation ["nqviI'geISqn] n.
ɧɚɜɢɝɚɰɢɹ
necessary ['nesqsqrI] a. ɧɟɨɛɯɨ
ɞɢɦɵɣɧɭɠɧɵɣ
need [nJd] n. ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ
need [nJd] v.
ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ
ɧɭɠɞɚɬɶɫɹ
needle['nJdl] n.
ɢɝɥɚ
ɫɬɪɟɥɤɚɩɪɢɛɨɪɚ
neutral ['njHtrql]a.
ɧɟɣɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ
never ['nevq] adv. ɧɢɤɨɝɞɚ
nitrogen ['naItrqGqn] n. ɚɡɨɬ
noise [nOIz] n. ɲɭɦ
normal force ɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɚɹɫɢɥɚ
ɨɫɟɜɚɹɫɢɥɚ
38
nose [nqVz] n. ɩɟɪɟɞɧɹɹɱɚɫɬɶ
noticeable ['nqVtIsqbql] a.
ɡɚɦɟɬɧɵɣɨɳɭɬɢɦɵɣ
NOx (nitrogen oxide)
['naItrqGqn 'PksaId]
ɨɤɢɫɶɚɡɨɬɚ
nozzle ['nPzl] n. ɮɨɪɫɭɧɤɚ
nut [nAt] n. ɝɚɣɤɚ
Oo
object ['PbGIkt] n.
ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɛɴɟɤɬ
ɰɟɥɶ
objective [qb'GektIv] n. ɰɟɥɶ
obstacle ['Obstqkl] n.
ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɟɩɨɦɟɯɚ
objective [Ob'GektIv] n. ɰɟɥɶ
obtain [qb'teIn] v.
ɩɨɥɭɱɚɬɶɞɨɛɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
obvious ['PbvIqs] a.
ɨɱɟɜɢɞɧɵɣɹɜɧɵɣ
occupant ['PkjVpqnt] n.
ɩɚɫɫɚɠɢɪ
occur [q'kW] v.
ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɥɭɱɚɬɶɫɹ
octane rating ['PkteIn'reItIN]
ɨɤɬɚɧɨɜɨɟɱɢɫɥɨ
odd [Pd] adj. ɧɟɱɟɬɧɵɣ
n. be at odds with smth. ɧɟɫɨ
ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
offer ['Pfq] v. ɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɬɶ
ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ
offset ['Ofset] n.
ɨɬɜɟɬɜɥɟɧɢɟɨɬɜɨɞ
off-road ['Ofrqud] a.
ɜɧɟɞɨɪɨɠɧɵɣ
offset ['Ofset] n.
ɨɬɜɟɬɜɥɟɧɢɟɨɬɜɨɞ
oil [OIl] n.
ɦɚɫɥɨɠɢɞɤɚɹɫɦɚɡɤɚ
2. ɧɟɮɬɶ
opening ['qVpqnIN] n.
ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟɩɪɨɫɜɟɬ
operate ['PpqreIt] v.
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
operating cost
ɫɬɨɢɦɨɫɬɶɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
operating member ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢ
ɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɨɪɝɚɧɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɣɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ
operation ["Ppq'reIS(q)n] n.
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɰɢɤɥɪɚɛɨɬɚ
opposed [q'pqVzd] aɨɩɩɨɡɢɬ
ɧɵɣɫɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɦɨɞɢɧ
ɧɚɩɪɨɬɢɜɞɪɭɝɨɝɨ
opposite ['OpqzIt] a.
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɩɨɥɨɠɧɵɣ
optical ['PptIkql] a.
ɨɩɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
optimize ['PptImaIz] v.
ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
option ['OpS(q)n] n. ɜɵɛɨɪ
optional ['PpSqnql] a. ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢ
ɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ, ɨɩɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ
orbit ['LbIt] n. ɨɪɛɢɬɚ
orient ['LrIqnt] v.
ɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɬɶ
(ɜɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɦɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ
original [q'rIGnql] a. ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚ
ɱɚɥɶɧɵɣɢɫɯɨɞɧɵɣ
oscillation ["PsI'leIS(q)n] n. ɤɚ
ɱɚɧɢɟ, ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɟ
outlet ['autlet] n.
ɜɵɯɨɞɧɨɣɤɚɧɚɥ
output gear [gIq(r)] ɜɵɯɨɞɧɚɹ
ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɚɹɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ
outrigger ['aut"rIgq] n.
ɚɭɬɪɢɝɟɪɜɵɧɨɫɧɚɹɨɩɨɪɚ
overhead crane
["qVvq"hed 'kreIn]
ɦɨɫɬɨɜɨɣ ɤɪɚɧ
outer ['aVtqr]a.
ɜɧɟɲɧɢɣɧɚɪɭɠɧɵɣ
outlet ['aVtlqt] n.
ɜɵɩɭɫɤɧɨɟɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟ
ɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶɧɚɹɪɨɡɟɬɤɚ
output ['aVtpVt] n.
ɜɵɯɨɞɧɨɣɬɨɤ
ɜɵɩɭɫɤɜɵɯɨɞɨɬɞɚɱɚ
ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɶɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶ
ɧɨɫɬɶ
output gear ['autput"gIq(r)]
ɜɵɯɨɞɧɚɹɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɚɹɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ
outrigger ['aut"rIgq] n. ɚɭɬɪɢ
ɝɟɪɜɵɧɨɫɧɚɹɨɩɨɪɚ
overall ["qVvqr'Ll] adj. ɨɛɳɢɣ
overall ["qVvqr'Ll]adv. ɜɰɟɥɨɦ
overcome ["qVvq'kAm] v.
ɩɪɟɨɞɨɥɟɜɚɬɶ
ɪɟɲɚɬɶɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɭ
overdrive ['qVvq"draIv] n.
ɩɨɜɵɲɚɸɳɚɹɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ
overhead ["qVvq'hed] a. ɜɟɪɯ
ɧɢɣ
overhead crane
["qVvq"hed 'kreIn]
ɦɨɫɬɨɜɨɣ ɤɪɚɧ
overheating ["qVvq'hJtIN] n. ɩɟ
ɪɟɝɪɟɜ
overlap ["qVvq'lxp] n.
ɱɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɟ ɫɨɜɩɚɞɟɧɢɟ
39
oxide ['PksaId] n. ɨɤɫɢɞ
oxygen ['PksIGqn] n. ɤɢɫɥɨɪɨɞ
Pp
pack [pxk] n. ɭɡɟɥ, ɛɥɨɤ
package ['pxkIG] n.
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɛɥɨɤɭɡɟɥ
ɩɚɤɟɬ
package ['pxkIG] v. ɤɨɦɩɨɧɨ
ɜɚɬɶɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɨɜɚɬɶ
pad [pxd] n.
ɩɪɨɤɥɚɞɤɚɧɚɤɥɚɞɤɚ
paint [peInt] n. ɤɪɚɫɤɚ
pair [peq] n. ɩɚɪɚ
pair [peq] v. ɫɨɱɟɬɚɬɶɫɹ
pallet ['pxlIt] n.
ɩɚɥɥɟɬɝɪɭɡɨɜɨɣɩɨɞɞɨɧ ɢɫ
ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɩɨɬɟɪɢ
ɷɧɟɪɝɢɢɜɵɯɥɨɩɧɵɯɝɚɡɨɜ
palletize ['palqtJz] v.
ɩɚɤɟɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
panmixer ['pxn"mIksq] n. ɛɟ
ɬɨɧɨɫɦɟɫɢɬɟɥɶɫɜɟɪɬɢɤɚɥɶɧɵɦ
ɛɚɪɚɛɚɧɨɦ
park [pRk] n.
ɫɬɨɹɧɤɚɩɚɪɤɨɜɤɚ
park [pRk] v.
ɩɚɪɤɨɜɚɬɶɩɪɢɩɚɪɤɨɜɵɜɚɬɶ
particle ['pRtIkl] n. ɩɚɫɬɢɰɚ
pass [pRs]v.
ɩɪɨɯɨɞɢɬɶ
ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɶ
pass [pRs] n. ɩɟɪɟɜɚɥ
passage ['pxsIG] n.
ɤɚɧɚɥɯɨɞɩɪɨɯɨɞ
40
passenger ['pxsInGq] n.
ɩɚɫɫɚɠɢɪ
patch [pxtS] n. ɭɱɚɫɬɨɤ
path [pRT] n. ɩɭɬɶɬɪɚɟɤɬɨɪɢɹ
pattern ['[xt(q)n] n.
ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰɦɨɞɟɥɶ
pave [peIv] v. ɦɨɫɬɢɬɶ
pavement ['peIvmqnt] n.
ɬɪɨɬɭɚɪɦɨɳɟɧɚɹɞɨɪɨɝɚ
paving ['peIvIN] ɦɨɳɟɧɢɟɚɫ
ɮɚɥɶɬɨɜɵɟɪɚɛɨɬɵ
payoff ['peIPf] n. ɧɚɝɪɚɞɚ
ɜɨɡɧɚɝɪɚɠɞɟɧɢɟ
peak [pJk] n.
ɦɚɤɫɢɦɭɦɜɵɫɲɚɹɬɨɱɤɚ
pedal ['pedl] n. ɩɟɞɚɥɶ
pendent ['pedqnt] a. ɧɚɜɟɫɧɨɣ
penetrate ['penItreIt] v.
ɩɪɨɧɢɤɚɬɶ
percussion [pq'kAS(q)n] n. ɭɞɚɪ
perfect ['pWfIkt] a. ɢɞɟɚɥɶɧɵɣ
ɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɧɵɣɛɟɡɭɩɪɟɱɧɵɣ
perform [pq'fLm] v.
ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
performance [pq'fLmqns] n.
1. ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɩɨɥɟɡɧɨɝɨɞɟɣ
ɫɬɜɢɹ
ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɚɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢ
ɨɧɧɵɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɩɪɢɟɦɢ
ɫɬɨɫɬɶɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹ
permanent ['pWm(q)nqnt] a.
ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɵɣ
permit [pq'mIt] v. ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɬɶ
ɞɚɜɚɬɶɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ
petrol ['pqtrql] ɛɪɢɬn. ɛɟɧɡɢɧ
phasing ['feIzIN] n.
ɞɨɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
pick up [pIk'Ap] v. ɩɨɞɧɢɦɚɬɶ
piece [pJs] n.
ɭɡɟɥ
ɞɟɬɚɥɶ
ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ
pile [paIl] n.
1. ɤɭɱɚɝɪɭɞɚ
2. ɫɜɚɹ
piledriver ['paIl"draIvq] n.
ɫɜɚɣɧɵɣ ɤɨɩɟɪ
piledriving ['paIl"draIvIN] rig
[rIg] n. ɫɜɚɟɛɨɣɧɚɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ,
ɤɨɩɟɪ
pin [pIn] n.
1. ɲɬɢɮɬ, ɲɬɵɪɶ, ɩɚɥɟɰ
ɲɟɣɤɚɨɫɶ
pinion ['pInjqn] n. ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ
ɦɟɧɶɲɟɟɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟ ɤɨɥɟɫɨɩɚɪɵ
pipe [paIp] n. ɬɪɭɛɚɬɪɭɛɤɚ
piston ['pIstqn] n. ɩɨɪɲɟɧɶ
piston crown ['pIstqn"kraVn]
ɞɧɢɳɟ ɩɨɪɲɧɹ
pit [pIt] n. ɹɦɚ, ɲɚɯɬɚ
pitman ['pItmqn] n. ɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɶ
ɧɵɣ ɪɵɱɚɝ, ɲɚɬɭɧ
pivot ['pIvqt] v. ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹɤɚ
ɱɚɬɶɫɹɩɨɜɨɪɚɱɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
plane [pleIn] n. ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɶ
planet (gear) ['plxnIt] n.
ɩɥɚɧɟɬɚɪɧɚɹɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ
planetary gear ['plxnItqrI gIq]
ɩɥɚɧɟɬɚɪɧɚɹɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚɲɟ
ɫɬɟɪɧɹɩɥɚɧɟɬɚɪɧɨɣɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ
plate [pleIt] n. ɩɥɢɬɚ
ɩɥɚɫɬɢɧɚɞɢɫɤ
platform ['plxtfLm] n.
ɩɥɚɬɮɨɪɦɚ
plow [plau] n. ɩɥɭɝ
plug [plAg] n.
ɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶɧɚɹɜɢɥɤɚ
plug [plAg] v. ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɜɫɟɬɶ
pneumatic [njH'mxtIk] a.
ɩɧɟɜɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɣ
pocket ['pPkIt] n.
ɩɨɥɨɫɬɶ
ɤɚɪɦɚɧ
point [pOInt] n.
ɤɨɧɱɢɤɨɫɬɪɢɟ
ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬ
ɦɟɫɬɨɬɨɱɤɚɩɭɧɤɬ
ɦɨɦɟɧɬɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ
point [pOInt] v. ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ
pole [pqul] n. ɫɬɨɥɛɲɟɫɬ
pollutant [pq'lHt(q)nt] n. ɡɚ
ɝɪɹɡɧɢɬɟɥɶ
polyurethane ["pPlI'jVqrq"Tein] n.
ɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɧɚɨɫɧɨɜɟɩɨɥɢɭɪɟɬɚɧɚ
pony ['pqVnI] n.
ɥɨɲɚɞɤɚ
ɦɚɥɨɝɚɛɚɪɢɬɧɵɣɞɜɭɯɞɜɟɪ
ɧɵɣɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
poor [pVq, pL] a. ɩɥɨɯɨɣɛɟɞ
ɧɵɣɧɢɡɤɢɣ
port [pLt] n. ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟɤɚɧɚɥ
portable ['pLtqbl] a.
ɩɨɪɬɚɬɢɜɧɵɣ
portion ['pLSqn] n.
ɱɚɫɬɶɭɱɚɫɬɨɤ
position [pq'zISqn] n. ɩɨɥɨɠɟ
ɧɢɟɦɟɫɬɨɩɨɡɢɰɢɹ
ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
41
position [pq'zISqn] v.
ɩɨɦɟɳɚɬɶɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶ
positive drive ["pPzItiv'draIv]
ɩɪɢɧɭɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ
ɠɟɫɬɫɤɢɣɩɪɢɜɨɞ
potential(ly) [pq'tenSql] a. ɩɨ
ɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɣ
adv. ɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɨ
pound [paVnd] n.
ɮɭɧɬ (0,454 ɤɝ) = lb
pound-foot (pl poud-feet)
["paVnd'fVt] ɮɭɧɬɨ-ɮɭɬ
(0,1383 ɤɝɦ, 1,3553 ɇɦ) = lb-ft
power ['paVq] n.
ɫɢɥɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɶɷɧɟɪɝɢɹ
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ
power ['paVq] v.
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɶɜɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ
power-assisted steering
['paVq q"sIstId 'stIqrIN]ɪɭɥɟɜɨɟ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɫɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɟɦ
powerful ['paVqfql] a. ɦɨɳɧɵɣ
power installation
["Instq'leIS(q)n]
ɫɢɥɨɜɚɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ
power machinery [mq'SJnqrI]
ɦɚɲɢɧɧɨɟ ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
power plant ['[paVq "plRnt] ɫɢ
ɥɨɜɚɹɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɚɝɪɟɝɚɬ
power shovel ['SAv(q)l] ɷɤɫɤɚɜɚ
ɬɨɪ
power stroke
['paVq "strqVk]
ɪɚɛɨɱɢɣ ɯɨɞ /ɬɚɤɬ
power takeoff ['pauq'teIkOf] n.
ɨɬɛɨɪ ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢ; ɜɚɥ ɨɬɛɨɪɚ
ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢ
42
power tool [tHl]
ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ
powertrain ['paVqtreIn] n.
ɫɢɥɨɜɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ, ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɹ
power transmission
[trxnz'mIS(q)n]
ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ
praise [preIz] v. ɯɜɚɥɢɬɶ
precast ["prJ'kRst] a. ɩɪɟɞɜɚ
ɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɨɬɥɢɬɵɣɫɛɨɪɧɵɣ
precise(ly) [prI'saIs] a.
ɬɨɱɧɵɣɱɟɬɤɢɣɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣ
adv. ɬɨɱɧɨ
precision machine [pri'sIZ(q)n]
ɩɪɟɰɢɡɢɨɧɧɵɣɬɨɱɧɵɣɦɟɯɚ
ɧɢɡɦ
prefer [prI'fW] v. ɩɪɟɞɩɨɱɢɬɚɬɶ
predominant [prI'dPmInqnt] a.
ɩɪɟɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɳɢɣ
premium ['prJmIqm] a. ɩɟɪɜɨ
ɫɨɪɬɧɵɣɜɵɫɲɟɝɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ
pressure ['preSq] n. ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
prestressed ["prJ'strest] ɪɪ
ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɧɚɩɪɹɠɺɧɧɵɣ
prevail [prI'veIl] v.
ɩɪɟɨɛɥɚɞɚɬɶ
prevent [prI'vent] v. ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚ
ɳɚɬɶɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
prime [praIm] a. ɢɫɯɨɞɧɵɣ
ɝɥɚɜɧɵɣɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ
prime mover ["praIm 'mHvq]
n. ɩɭɫɤɨɜɨɣɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
principal ['prInsIp(q)l] a.
ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ, ɝɥɚɜɧɵɣ
provide [prqvaId] v.
ɫɧɚɛɠɚɬɶɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶ
ɞɚɜɚɬɶɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ
process ['prqVses] n. ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ
process ['prqVses] v.
ɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɬɶ
processor ['prqVsesq] n.
ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪ
produce [prq'djHs] v.
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɜɵɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɬɶ
ɜɵɡɵɜɚɬɶɛɵɬɶɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣ
product ['prPdAkt] n. ɪɟɡɭɥɶ
ɬɚɬɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɟɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬ
ɭɦɧɨɠɟɧɢɹ
prong [prON] n. ɡɭɛɟɰ, ɜɢɥɵ
production [prq'dAkSqn] n.
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɜɵɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ
profile [prqV'faIl] n.
ɤɨɧɬɭɪɨɱɟɪɬɚɧɢɟ
progressive(ly) [prqV'gresIv] a.
ɩɪɨɝɪɟɫɫɢɪɭɸɳɢɣ
ɩɨɫɬɭɩɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
adv. ɩɪɨɝɪɟɫɫɢɪɭɸɳɟ
ɩɨɫɬɭɩɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ
projector [prq'Gektq] nɩɪɨ
ɠɟɤɬɨɪ
prolong [prq'lPN] v.
ɩɪɨɞɥɟɜɚɬɶɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɬɶ
propel [prq'pel] v.
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɶɜɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ
propeller shaft
[prq'pelq "SRft]
ɤɚɪɞɚɧɧɵɣɜɚɥ
proper(ly) ['prPpq] a. ɞɨɥɠɧɵɣ
ɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɣɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɣ
adv. ɞɨɥɠɧɵɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɶɧɨ
property ['prOpqtI] n.
ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ
proportion [prq'pLSqn] n.
ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɹɫɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ
v. ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɬɶ
propulsion [prq'pAlS(q)n] n.
ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɪɚɛɨɬɚɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
protect [prq'tekt] v.
ɡɚɳɢɳɚɬɶɩɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ
protection [prq'tekS(q)n] n.
ɡɚɳɢɬɚ
protrude [prq'trHd] v.
ɜɵɞɜɢɝɚɬɶ
proven ['prHv(q)n] ɪɪ
ɞɨɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɣ
provide [prq'vaId] v. ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢ
ɜɚɬɶɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɬɶ
provision [prq'vIZ(q)n] n. ɫɧɚɛ
ɠɟɧɢɟɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟ
psi (pound per square inch)
['paVnd pq "skweq 'IntS] ɮɭɧɬ
ɧɚ ɤɜɚɞɪɚɬɧɵɣɞɸɣɦ
puck [pAk] n. ɲɚɣɛɚ
pull [pVl] v. ɬɹɧɭɬɶɬɚɳɢɬɶ
pulley ['pVlI] n. ɲɤɢɜ
pulley face ɛɨɤɨɜɚɹɫɬɨɪɨɧɚ
ɲɤɢɜ
pulse [pAls] n.
ɢɦɩɭɥɶɫ
ɩɭɥɶɫɚɰɢɹɛɢɟɧɢɟ
pulse [pAls] v.
ɜɵɡɵɜɚɬɶɩɭɥɶɫɚɰɢɸ
pump [pAmp] v. ɧɚɝɧɟɬɚɬɶ
ɤɚɱɚɬɶɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɶɧɚɫɨɫɨɦ
pump [pAmp] n. ɧɚɫɨɫ
pumping ['pAmpIN] n. ɧɚɤɚɱɢ
ɜɚɧɢɟɧɚɝɧɟɬɚɧɢɟɧɚɫɨɫɨɦ
purpose ['pWpqs] n.
ɰɟɥɶɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ
43
push [pVS] v.
ɬɨɥɤɚɬɶ
ɧɚɠɢɦɚɬɶ
pushrod ['pVSrOd] n.
ɲɬɨɤɬɨɥɤɚɬɟɥɹɤɥɚɩɚɧɚ
Qq
quality ['kwQlItI] n.
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ
ɜɵɫɨɤɨɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ
ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɨɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ
ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɚɹɱɟɪɬɚ
quantity ['kwPntItI] n.
ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ
quarry ['kwPrI] n. ɤɚɪɶɟɪ
quarter ['kwLtq] n. ɱɟɬɜɟɪɬɶ
quay crane [kJ] [kreIn] ɩɨɪ
ɬɚɥɶɧɵɣɤɪɚɧ
quick(ly) [kwIk] a. ɛɵɫɬɪɵɣ
ɛɵɫɬɪɨɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣ
adv. ɛɵɫɬɪɨ
quiet(ly) ['kwaIqt] a.
ɬɢɯɢɣɛɟɫɲɭɦɧɵɣ
ɫɩɨɤɨɣɧɵɣ
adv. 1ɬɢɯɨɛɟɫɲɭɦɧɨ
ɫɩɨɤɨɣɧɨ
Rr
rack [rxk] n. ɡɭɛɱɚɬɚɹɪɟɣɤɚ
v. ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɬɶɩɪɢɩɨɦɨɳɢɡɭɛ
ɱɚɬɨɣɪɟɣɤɢ
rack-and-pinion
["rxkqnd'pInIqn] ɪɟɟɱɧɵɣ
radar ['reIdR] n. ɪɚɞɚɪ
radiator ['reIdIeItq] n.
ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪ
44
radius ['reIdIqs] n. ɪɚɞɢɭɫ
rail [reIl] n. ɪɟɥɶɫ
raise [reIz] v. ɩɨɞɧɢɦɚɬɶ
ram [rxm] n. ɫɢɥɨɜɨɣ
ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɩɨɞɴɟɦɧɢɤ
range [reInG] n.
ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧ
ɡɚɩɚɫɯɨɞɚ
ɞɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ
ɫɟɪɢɹ
ratchet ['rxtSIt] nɯɪɚɩɨɜɢɤ
rate [reIt] n.
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɱɚɫɬɨɬɚɬɟɦɩ
ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ
rate [reIt] v.
ɨɰɟɧɢɜɚɬɶɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɬɶ
ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
rating ['reItIN] n.
ɧɨɦɢɧɚɥɶɧɚɹɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɚ
ɪɚɫɱɟɬɧɚɹɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ
ɨɰɟɧɤɚɪɟɣɬɢɧɝ
ratio ['reISIqV] n.
ɫɬɟɩɟɧɶ
ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟɫɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ
rattle [rxtl] n.
ɞɪɟɛɟɡɠɚɧɢɟɫɬɭɤ
raw material [rL][mq'tIqrIql] n.
ɫɵɪɶɺ
reach [rJtS] v.
ɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɬɶɞɨɯɨɞɢɬɶɞɨ
reaction [rI'xkSqn] n.
ɪɟɚɤɰɢɹɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɟɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ
realize ['rIqlaIz] v.
ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ
rear [rIq] n.
ɡɚɞɧɹɹɱɚɫɬɶa. ɡɚɞɧɢɣ
reason ['rJzqn] n.
ɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɟ
receive [rI'sJv] v. ɩɨɥɭɱɚɬɶ
reciprocate [rI'sIprqkeIt] v.
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹɜɨɡɜɪɚɬɧɨ-ɩɨɫɬɭɩɚ
ɬɟɥɶɧɨ
recirculation [rI"sWkjV'leISqn]
n. ɪɟɰɢɪɤɭɥɹɰɢɹ
recognize ['rekqgnaIz] v.
ɭɡɧɚɜɚɬɶɪɚɫɩɨɡɧɚɜɚɬɶ
recovery [rI'kAv(q)rI] n.
ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ
redline ['redlaIn] n. ɤɪɚɫɧɚɹɥɢ
ɧɢɹɩɪɟɞɟɥɶɧɨɟɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɩɚɪɚ
ɦɟɬɪɚɧɚɲɤɚɥɟɩɪɢɛɨɪɚ
reduce [rI'djHs] v.
ɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɬɶɩɨɧɢɠɚɬɶɨɫɥɚɛ
ɥɹɬɶɫɨɤɪɚɳɚɬɶ
reduction [rI'dAkSqn] nɫɧɢɠɟ
ɧɢɟɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɢɟɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɟ
ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ
refer [rI'fW] v.
1. ɢɦɟɬɶɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɶɫɹ
ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶɨɧɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ
refinement [rI'faInment] n.
ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɭɫɨɜɟɪ
ɲɟɧɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɟ
reflection [rI'flekSqn] n.
ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ
reflector [rI'flektq] n.
ɨɬɪɚɠɚɬɟɥɶ
regulate ['regjVleIt] v.
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
regulation ["regjV'leISqn]] n.
ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɧɨɪɦɵɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ
reinforced ["rJIn'fLst] p.p. ɭɫɢ
ɥɟɧɧɵɣɭɤɪɟɩɥɺɧɧɵɣ
relation [rI'leISqn] n. (in…to)
ɩɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɸɤ
relay ['rJleI] n. ɪɟɥɟ
relay ['rJleI] v. ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɶ
relative ['relqtIv] a.
ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
relative to ['relqtIv] ɩɨɨɬɧɨɲɟ
ɧɢɢɤɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
release [rI'lJs] n.
ɜɵɩɭɫɤɜɵɛɪɨɫ
release [rI'lJs] v. ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚɬɶ
ɜɵɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɚɬɶɨɬɩɭɫɤɚɬɶ
ɩɪɟɤɪɚɳɚɬɶɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ
reliable [rI'laIqbl] a. ɧɚɞɟɠɧɵɣ
remain [rI'meIn] v. ɨɫɬɚɜɚɬɶɫɹ
remote control
[rI'mqut kqn'trqul]
ɞɢɫɬɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶ
removable [rI'mHvqb(q)l] a.
ɫɴɟɦɧɵɣ, ɫɦɟɧɧɵɣ
removal [rI'mHv(q)l] n. ɭɞɚɥɟ
ɧɢɟ
reliability [rI'laIqbIlItI] n.
ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɶ
relief valve [rI'lJf "vxlv]
ɩɟɪɟɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɤɥɚɩɚɧ
rely (on) [rI'laI] v.
ɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶɫɹɨɩɢɪɚɬɶɫɹ
remain [rI'meIn] v. ɨɫɬɚɜɚɬɶɫɹ
remainder [rI'meIndq] n.
ɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɚɹɱɚɫɬɶ
remarkable [rI'mRkqbql] a. ɡɚ
ɦɟɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
remote [rI'mqVt] a.
ɞɢɫɬɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ
remove [rI'mHv] v.
ɭɞɚɥɹɬɶ
45
ɫɧɢɦɚɬɶ
ɭɛɢɪɚɬɶɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɬɶ
repair [rI'peq(r)] n. ɪɟɦɨɧɬ
replace [rI'pleIs] v. ɡɚɦɟɧɹɬɶ
reproduce ["rJprq'djHs] v. ɜɨɫ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶ
requirement [rI'kwaIqmqnt] n.
ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɟ
research [rI'sWC] n.
ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
reservoir ['rezqvwR] n.
ɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪ, ɛɚɤ
resistance [rI'zIst(q)ns] n.
ɫɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɥɟɧɢɟ
respond [rI'spPnd] v.
ɨɬɜɟɱɚɬɶ, ɪɟɚɝɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
response [rI'spPns] n.
ɨɬɜɟɬ, ɪɟɚɤɰɢɹ
responsible [rI'spOn(t)sqbl] a.
ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ
responsiveness [rI'spPnsIvnqs]
n. ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
rest [rest] n.
ɨɩɨɪɚɩɨɞɫɬɚɜɤɚɫɬɨɣɤɚ
ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɧɟɩɨɞɜɢɠɧɨɫɬɶ
ɨɫɬɚɬɨɤɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɟ
restrict [rI'strIkt] v. ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢ
ɜɚɬɶ
restriction [rI'strIkSqn] n.
ɩɨɦɟɯɚ, ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɟ
resume [rI'zjHm]v.
ɜɨɡɨɛɧɨɜɥɹɬɶ
ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɬɶ
retain [rI'teIn] v.
ɭɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ
retract [rI'trxkt] v. ɫɠɢɦɚɬɶɫɹ
ɫɨɤɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹɜɬɹɝɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
46
rev [rev] n. (revolution)
ɨɛɨɪɨɬɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
v. (revolve) ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɬɶɱɢɫɥɨ
ɨɛɨɪɨɬɨɜɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
reverse [rI'vWs] n. ɡɚɞɧɢɣɯɨɞ
reverse [rI'vWs] v. ɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹ
ɡɚɞɧɢɦɯɨɞɨɦ
review [rI'vjH] n.
ɨɛɡɨɪɨɛɨɡɪɟɧɢɟ
revise [rI'vaIz] v.
ɢɫɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ
ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶɩɟɪɟɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɬɶ
revolution ["revq'lHSqn] n. ɨɛɨ
ɪɨɬ
revolve [rI'vQlv] v. ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹ
revolving shovel
[rI'vOlvIN 'SAv(q)l]
ɤɨɜɲ, ɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɚɹɫɹ ɥɨɩɚɬɚ
ride [raId] n. ɟɡɞɚ, ɩɨɟɡɞɤɚ
ride [raId] v. ɟɯɚɬɶ
rig [rIg] n.
ɛɭɪɨɜɚɹɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɤɨɩɟɪ
rigger ['rIgq] n. ɬɚɤɟɥɚɠɧɢɤ
right [raIt] adj.
1. ɧɭɠɧɵɣɬɪɟɛɭɟɦɵɣɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɶɧɵɣ
ɩɪɹɦɨɣɨɛɭɝɥɟ
ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɣɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸ
ɳɢɣ
ɩɪɚɜɵɣ n. (in its own…)
ɫɚɦɩɨɫɟɛɟ
ɧɟɩɨɞɜɢɠɧɨɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɧɵɣ
rigid ['rIGId] adj.
ɠɟɫɬɤɢɣɬɜɟɪɞɵɣ
ɧɟɩɨɞɜɢɠɧɨɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɧɵɣ
rim [rIm] n. ɨɛɨɞ
ring [rIN] n. ɤɨɥɶɰɨɯɨɦɭɬ
ring gear ['rIN giq] ɤɨɪɨɧɧɚɹ
ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟɤɨɥɟɫɨ
ɫɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɦɡɚɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟɦ
ripper ['rIpq(r)] n.
ɪɵɯɥɢɬɟɥɶɪɢɩɩɟɪ
ripper shank [SxNk]
ɫɬɨɣɤɚ ɪɵɯɥɢɬɟɥɹ
rise (rose, risen) [raIz] v.
ɩɨɞɧɢɦɚɬɶɫɹ
risk [rIsk] n. ɪɢɫɤ
road [rqVd] n. ɞɨɪɨɝɚ
robustness [rqV'bAstnqs] n. ɷɤɫ
ɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɶ
rocker ['rPkq] n.
ɤɨɪɨɦɵɫɥɨ, ɪɵɱɚɝ
rockwheel ['rOkwJl] n. ɮɪɟɡɟɪ
ɧɵɣ ɬɪɚɧɲɟɣɧɵɣ ɷɤɫɤɚɜɚɬɨɪ
rod [rPd] n. ɲɚɬɭɧɬɹɝɚ
ɫɬɟɪɠɟɧɶɲɬɨɤ
roll [rqVl] n.
1. ɤɪɟɧ
ɤɚɱɟɧɢɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ
roll [rqVl] v.
ɤɪɟɧɢɬɶɫɹ
ɤɚɬɢɬɶɫɹɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹ
roller ['rqVlq] n.
ɪɨɥɢɤɜɚɥɢɤ
ɪɨɥɢɤɢɝɥɚɢɝɨɥɶɱɚɬɨɝɨ
ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤɚ
roller compactor
[kqm'pxktq(r)]
ɪɨɥɢɤɨɜɵɣ ɩɪɟɫɫ
rollover [rqVl'qVvq] n.
ɨɩɪɨɤɢɞɵɜɚɧɢɟ
roof [rHf] n. ɤɪɵɲɚ
room [rHm] n.
ɦɟɫɬɨɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨ
root [rHt] n.
ɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤ
root [rHt] v. ɩɪɢɤɨɜɵɜɚɬɶ
ɤɪɟɩɤɨɭɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶ
rope [rqup] n. ɜɟɪɟɜɤɚɤɚɧɚɬ
rope winch [rqVp'wIntS]
ɤɚɧɚɬɧɚɹɥɟɛɟɞɤɚ
rotary ['rqVtqrI] a.
ɜɪɚɳɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɧɵɣ
rotate [rqV'teIt] ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹ
rotation [rqV'teISqn] n.
ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ
rotational speed
ɱɢɫɥɨɨɛɨɪɨɬɨɜ
rotor ['rqVtq] n. ɪɨɬɨɪ
rough [rAf] a.
ɧɟɪɨɜɧɵɣɲɟɪɨɯɨɜɚɬɵɣ
…ride ɟɡɞɚɩɨɧɟɪɨɜɧɨɣɞɨɪɨɝɟ
round [raVnd] v. ɨɝɢɛɚɬɶ
round [raVnd] a. ɤɪɭɝɥɵɣ
round [raVnd] adv. ɜɨɤɪɭɝ
prep. ɩɨ
row [rqV] n. ɪɹɞ
rpm (revolutions per minute)
["revq'lHSqnz pq 'mInIt] ɨɛɨ
ɪɨɬɵ ɜ ɦɢɧɭɬɭ
rub [rAb] v. ɬɟɪɟɬɶɫɹ
rubber ['rAbq] n. ɪɟɡɢɧɚ
rubble ['rAb(q)l] n.
ɤɚɦɟɧɧɵɣɥɨɦɳɟɛɟɧɶ
run [rAn] v.
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹɬɹɧɭɬɶɫɹɩɪɨɯɨ
ɞɢɬɶ
running ['rAnIN] n.
ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɪɚɛɨɬɚ
47
running board ['rAnIN bLd]
ɩɨɞɧɨɠɤɚ
running gear ["rAnIN'gIq(r)] ɯɨ
ɞɨɜɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɶ
run out (ran, run) [rAn aut] v.
ɢɫɬɨɳɚɬɶɫɹ
rust [rAst] n. ɪɠɚɜɱɢɧɚ
rust [rAst] v. ɪɠɚɜɟɬɶ
Ss
safe [seIf] adj. ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɵɣ
safety ['seIftI] n. ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ
sample ['sRmpl] n. ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰɨɬ
ɛɢɪɚɬɶɨɛɪɚɡɰɵ
sandwich ['sxnwIG] v.
ɩɨɦɟɳɚɬɶɦɟɠɞɭ
save [seIv] v.
ɫɨɤɪɚɳɚɬɶ
ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɬɶ
ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ
ɫɩɚɫɚɬɶ
saving ['seIvIN] n. ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɹ
schedule ['SedjHl] n.
ɪɚɫɩɢɫɚɧɢɟɝɪɚɮɢɤɪɟɠɢɦ
scissor ['sIzq] n. ɧɨɠɧɢɰɵ
scoop [skHp] n. ɤɨɜɲ
scoop(up) v.
ɱɟɪɩɚɬɶɩɨɞɛɢɪɚɬɶ
scraper ['skreIpq(r)] n. ɫɤɪɟɩɟɪ
ɦɚɲɢɧɚɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɚɹɞɥɹ
ɩɨɫɥɨɣɧɨɣɪɟɡɤɢɝɪɭɧɬɨɜ
scraper ring ['skreIpq "rIN]
ɫɤɪɟɩɟɪɩɨɪɲɧɟɜɨɟɤɨɥɶɰɨ
ɫɩɪɨɬɨɱɤɨɣ
screed [skrJd] n.
ɪɚɡɪɚɜɧɢɜɚɸɳɢɣɛɪɭɫ
48
screen [skrJn] v.
ɩɪɨɫɟɢɜɚɬɶɫɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
screw [skrH] n. ɜɢɧɬ
seal [sJl] v.
ɝɟɪɦɟɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɭɩɥɨɬɧɹɬɶ
seat [sJt] n.
ɫɢɞɟɧɢɟɦɟɫɬɨ
ɩɨɞɭɲɤɚɪɟɫɫɨɪɵ
v. ɭɫɚɠɢɜɚɬɶɫɹɪɚɡɦɟɳɚɬɶ
seating ['sJtIN] n.
ɝɧɟɡɞɨɦɟɫɬɨɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ
ɦɟɫɬɨɞɥɹɫɢɞɟɧɢɹ
3. ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɦɟɫɬɞɥɹɫɢɞɟ
ɧɢɹ
secondary ['sekqndqrI] a. ɜɫɩɨ
ɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɫɥɭɠɟɛɧɵɣ
section ['sekSqn] n.
ɫɟɤɰɢɹɨɬɫɟɤ
ɱɚɫɬɶ
ɫɟɱɟɧɢɟɩɪɨɮɢɥɶ
secure [sI'kjVq] v.
ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹɬɶɤɪɟɩɢɬɶ
secure [sI'kjuq] a.
ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɵɣɧɚɞɺɠɧɵɣ
sedan [sI'dxn] n. ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
ɫɤɭɡɨɜɨɦɬɢɩɚɫɟɞɚɧ
segment ['segmqnt] n.
ɨɬɪɟɡɨɤ, ɱɚɫɬɶ
segment ['segmqnt] v.
ɞɟɥɢɬɶɧɚɱɚɫɬɢ
segregation ["segrI'geIS(q)n] n.
ɨɬɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ
select [sI'lekt] v.
ɨɬɛɢɪɚɬɶ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɬɶ
selection [sI'lekS(q)n] n. ɜɵɛɨɪ
selector [sI'lektq] n.
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ, ɫɟɥɟɤɬɨɪ
self-dumping ["self'dAmpIN] ɫɚ
ɦɨɨɩɪɨɤɢɞɵɜɚɸɳɢɣɫɹ
self-levelling ["self'levqlIN] n.
ɫɚɦɨɜɵɪɚɜɧɢɜɚɧɢɟ
self-powered ["self'pauqd] a.
ɫɚɦɨɯɨɞɧɵɣ
self-propelled ["selfprq'peld]
ɫɚɦɨɯɨɞɧɵɣ
send [send] v.
ɩɨɫɵɥɚɬɶ, ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɶ
sensitive ['sensItIv] adj.
ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
sensor ['sensq] n. ɞɚɬɱɢɤ
separate ['sepq"reIt] v. ɨɬɞɟ
ɥɹɬɶɫɹɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɬɶɫɹ
separate ['sepqrIt] a. ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɣ
sequence ['sJkwqn(t)s] n. ɩɨ
ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ
series ['siqrJz] n. ɪɹɞɝɪɭɩɩɚ
series ['siqrJz] a.
ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
serve [sWv] v.
ɫɥɭɠɢɬɶɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶ
service ['sWvIs] n.
ɫɥɭɠɛɚɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ
service ['sWvIs] v. ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɬɶ
services ['sWvIsIs] n. ɩɨɞɡɟɦɧɵɟ
ɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɰɢɢɬɪɭɛɨɩɪɨɜɨɞ
ɤɚɛɟɥɶ
ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɧɚɛɨɪɝɪɭɩɩɚ
set [set] n.
ɧɚɛɨɪɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɪɹɞ
ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɛɥɨɤ
set [set] v. ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɶɜ
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɟɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
setting ['setIN] n.
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ
setup ['setAp] nɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
set up (set, set) [set Ap]
v. ɧɚɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɬɶ, ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɬɶ
several ['sevqrql] pron. ɧɟ
ɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ
severe [sI'viq] a.
ɬɪɭɞɧɵɣ, ɫɥɨɠɧɵɣ
sewer ['sjuq] n.
ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɫɬɨɱɧɚɹɬɪɭɛɚ
shaft [SRft] n.
ɜɚɥɨɫɶ
ɬɹɝɚɫɬɟɪɠɟɧɶ
shape [SeIp] n. ɮɨɪɦɚɩɪɨɮɢɥɶ
shape [SeIp] v. ɩɪɢɞɚɜɚɬɶ
ɮɨɪɦɭɩɪɨɮɢɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
adj. ɢɦɟɸɳɢɣɮɨɪɦɭ
(U- shaped U-ɨɛɪɚɡɧɵɣ
share [SFq] n. ɱɚɫɬɶɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɬɶ
sharp [SRp] a.
ɪɟɡɤɢɣɤɪɭɬɨɣ
ɱɟɬɤɢɣ
sheave [SJv] n. ɲɤɢɜɛɥɨɤ
sheet [SJt] n. ɥɢɫɬ
shell [Sel] n. ɤɨɪɩɭɫɤɨɠɭɯ
shield [SJld] n. ɳɢɬɷɤɪɚɧ
shift [SIft] nɫɞɜɢɝ
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ
shift [SIft] v. ɫɞɜɢɝɚɬɶ
shifting ['SIftIN] n.
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ
ship [SIp] v. ɝɪɭɡɢɬɶ
ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɝɪɭɡ
shock n. [SPk] ɭɞɚɪ, ɬɨɥɱɨɤ
shock absorber
['SOk qb"sLbq]
ɚɦɨɪɬɢɡɚɬɨɪ
shove [SAv] v. ɬɨɥɤɚɬɶ, ɫɞɜɢɝɚɬɶ
49
shovel ['SAv(q)l] n. ɥɨɩɚɬɚ
shut [SAt] v. ɡɚɤɪɵɜɚɬɶ
…off/down ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
side [saId] n. ɫɬɨɪɨɧɚɛɨɤ
side [saId] a. ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ
sidewall ['saIdwLl] n. ɛɨɤɨ
ɜɢɧɚɛɨɤɨɜɚɹɫɬɟɧɤɚ
sideways ['saIdweIz] adv.
ɛɨɤɨɦɜɫɬɨɪɨɧɭ
signal ['sIgnql] n.
ɫɢɝɧɚɥ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɢɦɩɭɥɶɫ
signal ['sIgnql] v.
ɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɶɫɢɝɧɚɥ
significant(ly) [sIg'nIfIkqntlI] a.
ɜɚɠɧɵɣɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
adv. ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
similar ['sImIlq] a.
ɩɨɯɨɠɢɣɩɨɞɨɛɧɵɣ
simplify ['sImplIfaI] v. ɨɛɥɟɝ
ɱɢɬɶ
simultaneously [sIml'teInIqslI]
adv. ɨɞɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨ
single ['sIngql] a.
ɨɞɢɧɚɪɧɵɣ
ɰɟɥɶɧɵɣ
ɨɞɢɧɨɞɢɧɨɱɧɵɣ
single ['sINgl] a.
ɨɞɢɧɨɞɢɧɨɱɧɵɣ
single force ["sINg(q)l'fLs] ɨɞɢ
ɧɨɱɧɨɟɭɫɢɥɢɟ
ɟɞɢɧɢɱɧɚɹɫɢɥa
sink (sank, sunk) [sINk] v. ɨɫɟ
ɞɚɬɶɨɩɭɫɤɚɬɶɩɨɝɪɭɠɚɬɶɫɹ
site [saIt] n. ɭɱɚɫɬɨɤ
size [saIz] n. ɪɚɡɦɟɪɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ
50
skid [skId] n.
ɛɭɤɫɨɜɚɧɢɟ
2. ɡɚɧɨɫ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɚɹɪɟɣɤɚɪɟɥɶɫ
skid [skId] v.
ɛɭɤɫɨɜɚɬɶɡɚɧɨɫɢɬɶ
skid steer ["skId'stIq(r)] ɜɢɥɨɱ
ɧɵɣɩɨɝɪɭɡɱɢɤɤɨɜɲɨɜɵɣɩɨ
ɝɪɭɡɱɢɤ
skilled [skIld] a. ɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɰɢɪɨ
ɜɚɧɧɵɣ
slam [slxm] v.
ɭɞɚɪɹɬɶ
ɡɚɯɥɨɩɵɜɚɬɶ
slat [slxt] n.
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɚɞɢɧɚɩɥɚɧɤɚ
sleek [slJk] a. ɨɛɬɟɤɚɟɦɵɣ
slew [slH] v. ɩɨɜɨɪɚɱɢɜɚɬɶ-ɫɹ
ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶ-ɫɹ
slide [slaId] n.
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɚɹɤɚɪɟɬɤɚ
slide [slaId] v. ɫɤɨɥɶɡɢɬɶ,
ɩɟɪɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹ
sliding distance
["slaIdIN'dIst(q)ns]
ɩɭɬɶ ɬɪɟɧɢɹ
sliding interface ['Intq"feIs] ɝɪɚ
ɧɢɰɚ ɩɨɥɨɫɵ ɫɤɨɥɶɠɟɧɢɹ
slim [slIm] a. ɬɨɧɤɢɣ
slip [slIp] n. ɫɤɨɥɶɠɟɧɢɟ, ɩɪɨ
ɫɤɚɥɶɡɵɜɚɧɢɟ, ɛɭɤɫɨɜɚɧɢɟ slip
[slIp] v. ɫɤɨɥɶɡɢɬɶ
slip off v. ɫɨɫɤɚɥɶɡɵɜɚɬɶ
slippery ['slIpqrI] a. ɫɤɨɥɶɡɤɢɣ
slipping ['slIpIN] n.
ɫɤɨɥɶɠɟɧɢɟ, ɩɪɨɛɭɤɫɨɜɤɚ
slow(ly) [slqV] a.
ɦɟɞɥɟɧɧɵɣ
ɦɚɥɵɣɨɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ)
v. (…down) ɡɚɦɟɞɥɹɬɶ ɫɹ
slurry ['slArI] n. ɠɢɞɤɚɹɝɥɢɧɚ
smooth(ly) [smHT] a. ɩɥɚɜɧɵɣ
ɪɨɜɧɵɣadv. ɩɥɚɜɧɨɪɨɜɧɨ
smoothness ['smHTnqs] n.
ɩɥɚɜɧɨɫɬɶ
soft [sPft] a. ɦɹɝɤɢɣɝɢɛɤɢɣ
soil [sOIl] n. ɩɨɱɜɚ, ɡɟɦɥɹ
solenoid ['sVlInOId] n.
ɫɨɥɟɧɨɢɞ
solid ['sPlId] a.
1. ɰɟɥɶɧɵɣ, ɫɩɥɨɲɧɨɣ
ɬɜɟɪɞɵɣɩɪɨɱɧɵɣ
ɧɚɞɟɠɧɵɣ
solution [sq'lHS(q)n] n.
ɜɵɯɨɞɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ
solve [sPlv] v. ɪɟɲɚɬɶ
ɭɫɬɪɚɧɹɬɶɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɭ
sonic ['sOnIk] a. ɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɣ
sophisticated [sq'fIstIkeItId] a.
ɫɥɨɠɧɵɣ
sound [saVnd] n. ɡɜɭɤ
sound [saVnd] v. ɡɜɭɱɚɬɶ
adj. ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ, ɧɚɞɟɠɧɵɣ
source [sLs] n. ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤ
space [speIs] n. ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨ,
v. ɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶɫɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɤɚɦɢ
spark [spRk] n.
ɢɫɤɪɚɜɫɩɵɲɤɚ
spark plug ['spRk "plAg]
ɫɜɟɱɚɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
sparking ['spRkIN] n.
ɢɫɤɪɟɧɢɟ
special ['speSql] a.
ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɣɨɫɨɛɵɣ
specific [spI'sIfIk] a. ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧ
ɧɵɣɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɣɨɫɨɛɵɣ
specific weight [spI"sIfIk'weIt]
ɭɞɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɜɟɫ
specimen ['spesqmIn] n.
ɨɛɪɚɡɟɰ, ɷɤɡɟɦɩɥɹɪ
speed [spJd] n. ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ
speed [spJd] v. ɭɫɤɨɪɹɬɶ
ɩɨɜɵɲɚɬɶ
speed ratio ɩɟɪɟɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɟ
ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ
spherical ['sferIkql] a.
ɫɮɟɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɲɚɪɨɜɨɣ
spin [spIn] v. ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹ
spin [spIn] n. ɩɪɨɛɭɤɫɨɜɤɚ
spindle ['spIndl] n.
ɜɚɥɨɫɶɰɚɩɮɚ
spline [splaIn] v.
ɤɪɟɩɢɬɶɧɚɲɥɢɰɵ
split [splIt] n.
ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟɪɚɡɞɟɥ
split [splIt] v. ɞɟɥɢɬɶɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɬɶ
spoiler ['spOIlq] n. ɫɩɨɣɥɟɪ
ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɢɡɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɣɚɷɪɨɞɢ
ɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚɤɭɡɨɜɚɚɜ
ɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹɩɟɪɟɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɹɜɨɡ
ɞɭɲɧɵɟɩɨɬɨɤɢ
spoke [spqVk] n.
ɫɩɢɰɚ
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɚɞɢɧɚ
sports car ['spLts "kR] ɫɩɨɪ
ɬɢɜɧɵɣɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
spot [spPt] n. ɦɟɫɬɨɭɱɚɫɬɨɤ
spray [spreI] n. ɫɬɪɭɹɪɚɫɩɵ
ɥɟɧɧɨɣɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ
51
spray [spreI] v. ɪɚɫɩɵɥɹɬɶ
spring [sprIN] n.
ɩɪɭɠɢɧɚɪɟɫɫɨɪɚ
spring [sprIN] v.
ɫɧɚɛɠɚɬɶɪɟɫɫɨɪɚɦɢ
ɪɚɫɤɚɥɵɜɚɬɶ
springing ['sprININ] n.
ɪɟɫɫɨɪɧɚɹɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚ
ɭɩɪɭɝɨɫɬɶ
spring-loaded ["sprIN 'lqVdId]
a. ɩɨɞɩɪɭɠɢɧɟɧɧɵɣ
squash [skwPS] v.
ɪɚɡɦɢɧɚɬɶɪɚɫɩɥɸɳɢɜɚɬɶ
squeeze [skwJz] v.
ɫɠɢɦɚɬɶɫɞɚɜɥɢɜɚɬɶ
stability [stq'bIlItI] n.
ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɶɫɬɚɛɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
stabilization ["steIbIlaI'zeISqn]
n. ɫɬɚɛɢɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ
stabilize ['steIbqlaIz] v.
ɫɬɚɛɢɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ
stable ['steIbl] n.
ɫɬɚɛɢɥɶɧɵɣ, ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɵɣ
stack [stxk] v.
ɫɤɥɚɞɵɜɚɬɶɫɤɥɚɞɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
stack [stxk] n.
ɜɟɪɬɢɤɚɥɶɧɚɹɱɚɫɬɶɤɨɧɫɨɥɢ
stage [steIG] n. ɷɬɚɩɮɚɡɚɫɬɚ
ɞɢɹɩɟɪɢɨɞ
standard ['stxndqd] a.
ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ
ɨɛɳɟɩɪɢɧɹɬɵɣ
standard ['stxndqd] n.
ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬ
staple ['steIp(q)l] n. ɫɤɨɛɚ
staple ['steIp(q)l] v.
ɫɤɪɟɩɥɹɬɶɫɤɨɛɨɣ
52
start [stRt] v.
ɡɚɩɭɫɤɚɬɶɡɚɜɨɞɢɬɶ
ɧɚɱɢɧɚɬɶ
start [stRt] n.
ɡɚɩɭɫɤɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɧɚɱɚɥɨ
starter ['stRtq] n. ɫɬɚɪɬɟɪ
starting ['stRtIN] n.
ɡɚɩɭɫɤɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
stationary ['steISqnqrI] a.
ɧɟɩɨɞɜɢɠɧɵɣ
(station) wagon
[('steISqn)'wxgen] ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
ɫɤɭɡɨɜɨɦ©ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥª
steady ['stedI] a. ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɵɣ
steam [stJm] n. ɩɚɪ
steam engine ["stJm'endZIn]
ɩɚɪɨɜɨɣɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
steel [stJl] nɫɬɚɥɶ
steep [stJp] a. ɤɪɭɬɨɣ
steer [stIq] v.
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɦ
steering ['stIqrIN] n. ɪɭɥɟɜɨɟ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɪɭɥɟɜɨɣɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
steering column
['stIqrIN 'kPlqm]
ɪɭɥɟɜɚɹɤɨɥɨɧɤɚ
steering wheel ['stIqrIN "wJl]
ɪɭɥɟɜɨɟ ɤɨɥɟɫɨ
step [step] n. ɲɚɝ
stick [stIk] n. ɪɵɱɚɝ, ɪɭɱɤɚ,
stick [stIk] v.
ɜɵɫɨɜɵɜɚɬɶɜɵɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ
ɜɵɫɬɭɩɚɬɶɧɚɪɭɠɭ
ɞɟɪɠɚɬɶɭɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶ
stiff [stIf] a. ɠɟɫɬɤɢɣ
stiffness ['stIfnqs] n. ɠɟɫɬɤɨɫɬɶ
stockpile ['stOkpaIl] n. ɲɬɚɛɟɥɶ;
stockpile ['stOkpaIl] v. ɧɚɤɚɩɥɢ
ɜɚɬɶɲɬɚɛɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
stop [stQp] v. ɨɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢ
ɜɚɬɶɫɹɩɪɟɤɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹ
n. ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɫɬɨɹɧɤɚ
storage ['stLrIG] n.
1ɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟɦɟɫɬɨɞɥɹɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ
ɧɚɤɨɩɥɟɧɢɟɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
store [stL] v.
ɧɚɤɚɩɥɢɜɚɬɶ
ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ
straight [streIt] a. ɩɪɹɦɨɣ
stream [strJm] n. ɩɨɬɨɤ
streamline ['strJmlaIn] v.
ɩɪɢɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɨɛɬɟɤɚɟɦɭɸɮɨɪɦɭ
strength [streNT] n.
ɩɪɨɱɧɨɫɬɶɫɢɥɚ
stress [stres] n.
ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟ, ɭɫɢɥɢɟ
stretch [stretS] v.
ɬɹɧɭɬɶɫɹɜɵɬɹɝɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɬɶɭɫɢɥɢɜɚɬɶ
strip [strIp] n. ɩɨɥɨɫɚ
v. ɫɧɢɦɚɬɶɫɥɨɣ
stroke [strqVk] n. ɯɨɞɩɨɪɲɧɹ
stroke [strqVk] n.
ɬɚɤɬɯɨɞɞɥɢɧɚɯɨɞɚ
strong [strPN] a.
1. ɩɪɨɱɧɵɣ
2.ɫɢɥɶɧɵɣ
structure ['strAktSq] n.
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
strut [strAt] n.
ɫɠɚɬɵɣɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɫɬɨɣɤɚ
stub axle ['stAbxksql]
ɰɚɩɮɚɤɨɥɟɫɚ
sturdy ['stWdI] a. ɩɪɨɱɧɵɣ
style [staIl] n. ɫɬɢɥɶ
stylish ['staIlIS] a.
ɦɨɞɧɵɣɷɥɟɝɚɧɬɧɵɣ
ɫɬɢɥɶɧɵɣɜɵɞɟɪɠɚɧɧɵɣ
ɜɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɦɫɬɢɥɟ
subdivide ['sAbdI'vaId] v.
ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɬɶɫɹ
sub-frame ['sAbfreIm] n.
ɩɨɞɪɚɦɧɢɤ
subject [sqb'Gekt] v.
ɩɨɞɜɟɪɝɚɬɶ
substantially [sqb'stxnSqlI]
adv. ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
substitute ['sabstI"tjHt] v. ɡɚɦɟ
ɧɹɬɶ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɜɦɟɫɬɨ
suck [sAk] v. ɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɶ
suction ['sAkS(q)n] n.
ɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɧɢɟ
sudden ['sAdn] a. ɜɧɟɡɚɩɧɵɣ,
ɧɟɨɠɢɞɚɧɧɵɣ
sufficient(ly) [sq'fISqnt] a.
ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɵɣ
adv. ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ
suit [sjHt] v. ɭɞɨɜɥɟɬɜɨɪɹɬɶɬɪɟ
ɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɩɨɞɯɨɞɢɬɶɝɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ
suite [sHt] n. ɧɚɛɨɪɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬ
suitable ['sHtqbql 'sjHtqbql] a.
ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɣɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣ
sump [sAmp] n. ɩɨɞɞɨɧ
sun gear ['sAn gIq] ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɚɹ
ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɚɹɲɟ
ɫɬɟɪɧɹ
sunshade ['sAn SeId] n.
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɚɹɲɬɨɪɤɚ
sun wheel ['sAn wJl]
ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɚɹɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ
53
sunroof ['sAnrHf] n.
ɥɸɤɜɤɪɵɲɟɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹ
superb [sjH'pWb] a. ɜɟɥɢɤɨ
ɥɟɩɧɵɣɩɪɟɤɪɚɫɧɵɣɪɨɫɤɨɲ
ɧɵɣ
supercharger ['sHpq"tSRG] n.
ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪɧɚɞɞɭɜɚɧɚɝɧɟɬɚ
ɬɟɥɶ
supply [sq'plaI] v. ɞɚɜɚɬɶɨɛɟɫ
ɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶɫɧɚɛɠɚɬɶɩɢɬɚɬɶ
n. ɩɨɞɚɱɚɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɟ
support [sq'pLt] v.
ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶɧɟɫɬɢ
suppress [sq'pres] v.
ɩɨɞɚɜɥɹɬɶɝɥɭɲɢɬɶ
surface ['sWfIs] n. ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ
surge [sWG] v.
ɩɨɞɧɢɦɚɬɶɫɹɢɨɩɭɫɤɚɬɶɫɹ
ɤɚɤɜɨɥɧɵ
ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɚɬɶɪɚɫɬɢ
surplus ['sWplqs] n. ɢɡɥɢɲɟɤ
surround [sq'raVnd] v.
ɨɤɪɭɠɚɬɶ
suspension [sq'spenSn]
nɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚ
SUV (Sport Utility Vehicle)
['esjH 'vJ] ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɢɦɟɸ
ɳɢɣɤɭɡɨɜ©ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥªɢɫɢ
ɫɬɟɦɭɩɨɥɧɨɝɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɚɤɨɬɨ
ɪɵɣɜɭɫɬɧɨɣɪɟɱɢɧɟɫɦɨɬɪɹɧɚ
ɪɚɡɧɢɰɭɜɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɱɚɫɬɨ
ɧɚɡɵɜɚɸɬɜɧɟɞɨɪɨɠɧɢɤɨɦ
sustain [sq'steIn] v.
ɜɵɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɭ
sweet spot ['swJt "spPt]
ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɣɪɟɠɢɦɪɚɛɨɬɵ
54
swing (swung, swung) [swIN] v.
ɤɚɱɚɬɶɫɹɤɨɥɟɛɚɬɶɫɹ
switch [swItS] v. ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
switch [swItS] n. ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ
swivel ['swIvql] n.
ɲɚɪɧɢɪɧɨɟɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ
swivel ['swIvql] v.
ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹɩɨɜɨɪɚɱɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
system ['sIstqm] n. ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ
Tt
tachometer [tx'kPmItq] n.
ɬɚɯɨɦɟɬɪ
tail [teIl] n. ɯɜɨɫɬɨɜɚɹɱɚɫɬɶ
tailgating ['teIlgeItIN] n. ɧɟɫɨ
ɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɟɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɣɞɢɫɬɚɧ
ɰɢɢɨɬɞɜɢɠɭɳɟɝɨɫɹɜɩɟɪɟɞɢ
ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹ
taillight ['teIllaIt] n.
ɡɚɞɧɢɣɮɨɧɚɪɶ
tailpipe ['teIlpaIp] n.
ɜɵɯɥɨɩɧɚɹɬɪɭɛɚ
tangent ['txnG(q)nt] n.
ɤɚɫɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ
tank [txNk] n.
ɛɚɤɛɚɱɨɤɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪ
taper ['teIpq] v.
ɫɭɠɢɜɚɬɶɫɹɤ ɤɨɧɰɭ
target ['tRgIt] n . ɰɟɥɶɡɚɞɚɱɚ
v. ɧɚɦɟɱɚɬɶɩɥɚɧɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
task [tRsk] n. ɡɚɞɚɱɚ, ɡɚɞɚɧɢɟ
technical(ly) ['teknIkql] a.
ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
adv. ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢ
technique [tek'nJk] n.
ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɹɬɟɯɧɢɤɚɦɟɬɨɞ
technology tek'nPlqGI] n.
ɬɟɯɧɢɤɚɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɹ
ɦɟɬɨɞɫɩɨɫɨɛ
telescopic ["telI'skPpIk] a.
ɬɟɥɟɫɤɨɩɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
temporary ['temp(q)r(q)rI] a.
ɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɣ
tend [tend] v. ɢɦɟɬɶɬɟɧɞɟɧ
ɰɢɸɢɦɟɬɶɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɨɨɛɵɱɧɨ
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɶɤɱɟɦɭ-ɥɢɛɨ
tension ['tenS(q)n] n.
ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ
tensioner ['tenSqnq] n.
ɧɚɬɹɠɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
term [tWm] n. ɬɟɪɦɢɧ
test [test] n. ɬɟɫɬɬɟɫɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
test [test] v. ɬɟɫɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
thereby [Deq'baI] adv.
ɬɚɤɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ
thick [Tik] a. ɝɭɫɬɨɣɜɹɡɤɢɣ
thin [TIn] a.
ɬɨɧɤɢɣ
ɠɢɞɤɢɣɦɚɥɨɜɹɡɤɢɣ
ɨɦɚɫɥɟ)
thin [TIn] v. ɪɚɡɠɢɠɚɬɶ
thorough(ly) ['Tarq] a. ɩɨɥɧɵɣ
ɡɚɤɨɧɱɟɧɧɵɣ
adv. ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ
throttle ['TrPtl] n. ɞɪɨɫɫɟɥɶ
throttle valve ['TrPtl "vxlv]
ɞɪɨɫɫɟɥɶɞɪɨɫɫɟɥɶɧɚɹɡɚɫɥɨɧɤɚ
throughout [TrH'aVt] prep.
ɩɨɜɫɟɦɭɩɨɜɫɸɞɭɜɟɡɞɟ
throw [TrqV] v.
ɛɪɨɫɚɬɶɤɢɞɚɬɶ
throw [TrqV] n. ɯɨɞɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɟɧɢɹ
thrust [TrAst] n. ɬɨɥɱɨɤ
thrust [TrAst] v. ɬɨɥɤɚɬɶ
tight [taIt] a.
ɬɟɫɧɵɣɭɡɤɢɣɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɧɵɣ
ɨɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ
ɤɪɭɬɨɣɨɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɟ
3. ɩɥɨɬɧɵɣ
tilt [tIlt] n. ɧɚɤɥɨɧ
time [taIm] n.
ɜɪɟɦɹ
ɪɚɡ
timing ['taImIN] n.
1. ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɮɚɡɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚɦɨɦɟɧɬɚɡɚɠɢɝɚ
ɧɢɹ
ɫɢɧɯɪɨɧɢɡɚɰɢɹ
ɯɪɨɧɨɦɟɬɪɚɠ
ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɨɜ
ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ
timing belt ɪɟɦɟɧɶɩɪɢɜɨɞɚɝɚ
ɡɨɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɦɟɯɚ
ɧɢɡɦɚ
tinted ['tIntqd] a. ɬɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧ
ɧɵɣ
tip [tIp] n. ɤɨɧɱɢɤɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤ
tip [tIp] v. ɧɚɤɥɨɧɹɬɶ-ɫɹɨɩɪɨ
ɤɢɞɵɜɚɬɶ-ɫɹ
tire ['taIq] n. ɲɢɧɚ
toggle ['tOgl] n.
ɤɨɥɟɧɱɚɬɵɣɪɵɱɚɝɤɪɢɜɨɲɢɩ
ton [tAn] n. ɬɨɧɧɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ
ɬɨɧɧɚ ɤɝɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɚɹ
ɬɨɧɧɚɞɥɢɧɧɚɹɬɨɧɧɚ ɤɝ
ɚɦɟɪɢɤɚɧɫɤɚɹɬɨɧɧɚɤɨɪɨɬɤɚɹ
ɬɨɧɧɚ ¸ɤɝ
55
tool [tHl] n. ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ
tooth [tHT] n. ɡɭɛɡɭɛɟɰ
toothed [tHTt] a. ɡɭɛɱɚɬɵɣ
top [tPp] n. ɜɟɪɯɜɟɪɯɧɹɹɱɚɫɬɶ
top [tPp] a. ɜɟɪɯɧɢɣ
top [tPp] v. ɞɨɡɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ
toroidal [tL'rOIdl] a.
ɬɨɪɨɢɞɚɥɶɧɵɣɤɨɥɶɰɟɜɨɣ
torque [tLk] n.
ɤɪɭɬɹɳɢɣɦɨɦɟɧɬ
torque converter
['tLk kqn"vWtq]
ɝɢɞɪɨɬɪɚɧɫɮɨɪɦɚɬɨɪ
torque divider [dI'vaIdq(r)]
ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɚɹɤɨɪɨɛɤɚɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟ
ɥɢɬɟɥɶɤɪɭɬɹɳɟɝɨɦɨɦɟɧɬɚ
torque reaction
['tLk rI"xkSqn] n. ɪɟɚɤɬɢɜɧɵɣ
ɤɪɭɬɹɳɢɣɦɨɦɟɧɬ
torque up [tLk'Ap] v.
ɩɨɜɵɲɚɬɶɤɪɭɬɹɳɢɣɦɨɦɟɧɬ
torsion bar ['tLSn "bR]
ɬɨɪɫɢɨɧ
torsional ['tLSqnql] a.
ɤɪɭɬɹɳɢɣɫɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɸɳɢɣ
torso ['tLsqV] n.
ɬɨɪɫ, ɬɭɥɨɜɢɳɟ
touch [tAtS] n.
ɤɚɫɚɧɢɟɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɟ
tough [tAf] a. ɠɟɫɬɤɢɣ
ɩɪɨɱɧɵɣɤɪɟɩɤɢɣ
touring ['tVqrIN] a.
ɬɭɪɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
tow [tqV] v. ɛɭɤɫɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
towards [tq'wldz] prep.
ɤɩɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸɤ
tower crane ['taVq(r)"kreIn] ɛɚ
ɲɟɧɧɵɣ ɤɪɚɧ
56
towpoint ['tqupOInt] n.
ɨɩɨɪɧɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ
track [trxk] n.
1. ɫɥɟɞ, ɤɨɥɟɹ; keep…of ɫɥɟ
ɞɢɬɶ, ɨɬɫɥɟɠɢɜɚɬɶ
track [trxk] n.
ɝɭɫɟɧɢɰɚɬɪɚɤɬɨɪɚ
tracked vehicle ['trxkt'vJIkl],
['trxkt'vJqkl] ɝɭɫɟɧɢɱɧɨɟ
ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɨɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨ
trackless ['trxklqs] aɛɟɡɪɟɥɶ
ɫɨɜɵɣ
traction ['trxkSqn] n. ɬɹɝɚɬɹ
ɝɨɜɨɟɭɫɢɥɢɟ
traction engine ɬɪɚɤɬɨɪ-ɬɹɝɚɱ
ɬɹɝɨɜɵɣɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
traffic ['trxfIk] n. ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ
ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɚɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬ
trailer ['treIlq] n. ɩɪɢɰɟɩ
transfer [trxns'fW] n. ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ
ɩɟɪɟɧɨɫ
transfer [trxns'fW] v. ɩɟɪɟɞɚ
ɜɚɬɶɩɟɪɟɧɨɫɢɬɶ
transform [trxns'fLm] v.
ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɵɜɚɬɶɬɪɚɧɫɮɨɪɦɢ
ɪɨɜɚɬɶɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɚɬɶ
transmission [trxnz'mISn] n. 1.
ɤɨɪɨɛɤɚɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ
ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɹɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ
ɩɪɢɜɨɞ
transmit [trxnz'mit] v.
ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɶ
transverse(ly) [trxnz'vWs] a.
ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɵɣ
adv. ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɨ
trap [trxp] n. ɥɨɜɭɲɤɚɝɨɪ
ɲɨɤv. ɡɚɯɜɚɬɵɜɚɬɶ
ɜɥɨɜɭɲɤɭ
travel ['trxvql] v.
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹɩɟɪɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɬɶɫɹɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚ
ɧɹɬɶɫɹ
travel ['trxv(q)l] v.
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɬɶɫɹ
travel ['trxv(q)l] n. ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ
tread [tred] n. ɩɪɨɬɟɤɬɨɪ
ɝɭɫɟɧɢɱɧɚɹɰɟɩɶ
trench [trenC] n. ɪɨɜɬɪɚɧɲɟɹ
trencher ['trenCq] n. ɬɪɚɧɲɟɣ
ɧɵɣɷɤɫɤɚɜɚɬɨɪɤɚɧɚɜɨɤɨɩɚ
ɬɟɥɶ
trigger ['trIgq] n.ɬɪɢɝɝɟɪɩɭɫ
ɤɨɜɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
trigger ['trIgq] v.
ɡɚɩɭɫɤɚɬɶɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
trim [trIm] n.
ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɹɹɨɬɞɟɥɤɚ
ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɹ
trim [trIm] v. ɫɨɤɪɚɳɚɬɶɪɚɫ
ɯɨɞɵ
trip [trIp] n.
ɩɭɬɟɲɟɫɬɜɢɟɩɨɟɡɞɤɚ
trolley ['trOlI] n. ɬɟɥɟɠɤɚɜɚɝɨ
ɧɟɬɤɚɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɵɣɪɨɥɢɤ
truck [trAk] n. ɝɪɭɡɨɜɢɤ
truss [trAs] n. ɮɟɪɦɚ, ɫɜɹɡɶ
tube [tjHb] n.
ɬɪɭɛɚ, ɬɪɭɛɤɚ, ɲɥɚɧɝ
tune [tjHn] v. ɧɚɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɬɶɪɟ
ɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɩɪɢ
ɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ
tungsten ['tANst(q)n] n.
ɜɨɥɶɮɪɚɦ
tuning ['tjHnIN] n. ɬɸɧɢɧɝɞɨ
ɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɫɰɟɥɶɸɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɹɩɨ
ɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɯɤɚɱɟɫɬɜ
turbo [,tWbqV] n. ɬɭɪɛɢɧɚ
turbocharged ['tWbqV"tSRGd]
a. ɫɬɭɪɛɨɧɚɞɭɜɨɦ
turbocharger ['tWbqV"tSRGqr]
n. ɬɭɪɛɨɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪɬɭɪɛɨɧɚ
ɝɧɟɬɚɬɟɥɶ
turbocharging
['tWbqV"tSRGIN] n.
ɬɭɪɛɨɧɚɞɞɭɜ
turn [tWn] v.
ɩɨɜɨɪɚɱɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ
ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹ
ɨɝɢɛɚɬɶ
turn [tWn] n.
ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬ
2. (in…) ɩɨɨɱɟɪɟɞɢ
turning ['tWnIN] n.
ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ
ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬ
turntable ['tWn"teIbl] n. ɩɨɜɨ
ɪɨɬɧɵɣɤɪɭɝ
twin [twIn] n. ɛɥɢɡɧɟɰ
twin [twIn] a. ɫɞɜɨɟɧɧɵɣ
twist [twIst] v.
ɫɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɬɶɢɡɝɢɛɚɬɶ
twisting ['twIstIN] n.
ɫɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɟɤɪɭɱɟɧɢɟ
type [taIp] n.
1ɬɢɩɤɥɚɫɫ
ɦɨɞɟɥɶ
typical ['tIpIkl] adjɬɢɩɢɱɧɵɣ
tyre [taIq] n. ɲɢɧɚɚɜɬɨɩɨ
ɤɪɵɲɤɚ
Uu
under ['Andq] prep.
ɩɨɞɧɢɠɟ
ɩɪɢɩɨɞ
57
unduly [An'djHlI] adv.
ɱɪɟɡɦɟɪɧɨ
unique [jH'nJk] a. ɭɧɢɤɚɥɶɧɵɣ
unit ['jHnIt] n. ɛɥɨɤɭɡɟɥɞɟ
ɬɚɥɶɚɝɪɟɝɚɬɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɷɥɟ
ɦɟɧɬ
unitary ['jHnItqrI] a. ɟɞɢɧɵɣ
unlike [An"laIk] prep.
ɜɨɬɥɢɱɢɟɨɬ
upgrade [Ap'greId] n.
ɦɨɞɟɪɧɢɡɚɰɢɹ
upgrade [Ap'greId] v.
ɦɨɞɟɪɧɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
uphill [Ap'hIl] a.
ɞɜɢɠɭɳɢɣɫɹɧɚɩɨɞɴɟɦ
ɜɝɨɪɭ
ɬɪɭɞɧɵɣɬɹɠɟɥɵɣ
adv. ɜɝɨɪɭ
upholstery [Ap'hqVlstqrI] n.
ɨɛɢɜɤɚ
upper ['Apq] a. ɜɟɪɯɧɢɣ
upshift ['ApSIft] n. ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ
ɩɨɜɵɲɚɸɳɟɣɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ
upward ['Apwqd] a. ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧ
ɧɵɣɞɜɢɠɭɳɢɣɫɹɜɜɟɪɯ
urban ['Wbqn] a. ɝɨɪɨɞɫɤɨɣ
use [jHs] nɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ
use [jHz] v. ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ
ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɬɶ
useful ['jHsfql] a. ɩɨɥɟɡɧɵɣ
Vv
V (volt) [vqVlt] ɜɨɥɶɬ
vacuum ['vxkjVqm] n. ɜɚɤɭɭɦ
value ['vxljH] n.
ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ
58
valve ['vxlv] n. ɤɥɚɩɚɧ
valve operating gear
['vxlv "PpqreItIN "gIq] ɦɟɯɚ
ɧɢɡɦɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɤɥɚɩɚɧɚɦɢ
ɤɥɚɩɚɧɧɵɣɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
valvetrain ['vxlvtreIn] n.
ɤɥɚɩɚɧɧɵɣɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
van [vxn] n. ɮɭɪɝɨɧ
vaporize ['veIpqraIz] v. ɢɫɩɚ
ɪɹɬɶɫɹɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹɜɩɚɪ
vapour ['veIpq] n. ɩɚɪ
variable ['veqrIqbql] n.
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ
variable ['veqrIqbql] a.
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɣɢɡɦɟɧɱɢɜɵɣ
variation ["veqrI'eISqn] n.
ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɪɚɡɧɨɜɢɞɧɨɫɬɶ
ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ
variety [vq'raIqtI] n.
ɪɹɞɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɨ
ɬɢɩɫɨɪɬ
vary ['vFqrI] v.
ɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹ
v-belt ["vJ'belt]
ɤɥɢɧɨɜɨɣɪɟɦɟɧɶ
vehicle ['vJkl] n.
ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɧɨɟ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨ
ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
vent [vent] v. ɜɟɧɬɢɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ
ventilation ["ventI'leISqn] n.
ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɹ
versatility ["vWsq'tIlItI] n.
ɦɧɨɝɨɫɬɨɪɨɧɧɨɫɬɶ
ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
version ['vWSqn] n.
ɜɟɪɫɢɹɦɨɞɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ
via ['vaIq]" ['vJq] prep. ɱɟɪɟɡ
vibration [vaI'breISqn] n.
ɜɢɛɪɚɰɢɹ, ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɟ
view [vjH] n. ɨɛɡɨɪ
viscosity [vIs'kPsItI] n.
ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ
vision 'vIZqn] n.
ɨɛɡɨɪɜɢɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ
voice recognition
["vOIs "rekqgnI'Sn]
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɪɚɫɩɨɡɧɚɜɚɧɢɹ ɝɨɥɨɫɚ
volt [vqVlt] n. ɜɨɥɶɬ
voltage ['vqVltIG] n.
ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟ
volume ['vPljHm] n.
1. ɨɛɴɟɦ
2. ɝɪɨɦɤɨɫɬɶ
Ww
W (watt) [wPt] ɜɚɬɬ
walking gear ["wLkIN'gIq(r)]
ɲɚɝɚɸɳɟɟɯɨɞɨɜɨɟɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚ
ɧɢɟ
wall [wLl] n. ɫɬɟɧɤɚ, ɩɟɪɟɝɨ
ɪɨɞɤɚ
warehouse ['wFqhaus] n. ɫɤɥɚɞ
warm up ['wLmAp] n.
ɩɪɨɝɪɟɜɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ),
v. ɩɪɨɝɪɟɜɚɬɶɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
warning ['wLnIN] n.
ɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ
washer ['wPSqr] n. ɨɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɶ
waste ['weIst] v. ɪɚɫɬɪɚɱɢɜɚɬɶ
ɪɚɫɯɨɞɨɜɚɬɶɜɩɭɫɬɭɸ
waste ['weIst] n. ɨɬɯɨɞɵ
waste [weIst] n. ɩɭɫɬɚɹɩɨɪɨɞɚ
water jacket ['wltq"GxkIt]
ɜɨɞɹɧɚɹɪɭɛɚɲɤɚ
wave [weIv] n. ɜɨɥɧɚ
way [weI] n.
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɦɟɬɨɞɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɨɛ
ɪɚɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɯɨɞ
ɪɟɠɢɦɪɚɛɨɬɵ
weak [wJk] a.
ɫɥɚɛɵɣ
ɛɟɞɧɵɣɨɫɦɟɫɢ
wear [weq] n. ɢɡɧɨɫ
weave [wJv] n. ɩɥɟɬɟɧɢɟ
weave [wJv] v. ɩɥɟɫɬɢ
web [web] n. ɬɤɚɧɶ
wedge [wedZ] n. ɤɥɢɧ;
v. ɜɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɬɶɫɹɜɪɟɡɚɬɶɫɹ
wedging action ɡɚɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɧɢɟ
weigh [weI] v. ɜɟɫɢɬɶ
weight [weIt] n.
ɜɟɫɦɚɫɫɚ
ɝɪɭɡɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɚ
weld [weld] v.
ɫɜɚɪɢɜɚɬɶɩɪɢɜɚɪɢɜɚɬɶ
well [wel] n.
ɫɤɜɚɠɢɧɚɤɨɥɨɞɟɰ
wet [wet] adj.
ɦɨɤɪɵɣɜɥɚɠɧɵɣ
wheel [wJl] n.
ɤɨɥɟɫɨ
ɪɭɥɟɜɨɟɤɨɥɟɫɨ
wheel trencher [wJl 'trenCq] n.
ɪɨɬɨɪɧɵɣɤɚɧɚɜɨɤɨɩɚɬɟɥɶ
wheelbase ['wjlbeIs] n.
ɤɨɥɟɫɧɚɹɛɚɡɚ
whiplash injury
['wiplxS "InGqrI]
ɯɥɵɫɬɨɜɚɹɬɪɚɜɦɚ
wide(ly) [waId] a. ɲɢɪɨɤɢɣ
adv. ɲɢɪɨɤɨ
59
width [wIdT] n. ɲɢɪɢɧɚ
winch [wIn(t)S] n.
ɥɟɛɟɞɤɚ, ɜɨɪɨɬ
wind (wound, wound) [waInd]
v. ɧɚɦɚɬɵɜɚɬɶɩɨɞɧɢɦɚɬɶɩɪɢ
ɩɨɦɨɳɢɥɟɛɟɞɤɢ
wind [wInd] n. ɜɟɬɟɪ
windscreen ['wInd'skrJn] n.
ɜɟɬɪɨɜɨɟɫɬɟɤɥɨ
windshield ['windSJld] n. ɜɟɬ
ɪɨɜɨɟɫɬɟɤɥɨ
wiper ['waIpqr] n. ɫɬɟɤɥɨɨɱɢ
ɫɬɢɬɟɥɶ
wire ['waIq] n.
ɩɪɨɜɨɞ
ɩɪɨɜɨɥɨɤɚ
v. ɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɬɶɩɪɨɜɨɞɚɦɢ
wirerope ['waIq'rqup] n. ɩɪɨ
ɜɨɥɨɱɧɵɣɤɚɧɚɬ
withstand [wID'stxnd] v. ɜɵ
ɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶ
working ['wWkIN] a. ɪɚɛɨɱɢɣ
wood [wud] n. ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɚ
world ['wWld] n. ɦɢɪ
wrong [rPN] a. ɧɟɬɨɬɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ
ɧɭɠɧɨɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɣ
Xx
xenon ['zenPn] n.
ɤɫɟɧɨɧɨɜɚɹɮɚɪɚ
bi-xenon [baI'zenPn] ɞɜɨɣɧɚɹ
ɤɫɟɧɨɧɨɜɚɹɮɚɪɚ
Yy
year [jIq] n. ɝɨɞ
yet [jet] adv.
ɟɳɟɜɫɟɟɳɟ
ɬɟɦɧɟɦɟɧɟɟ
conj. ɨɞɧɚɤɨ
yield [jJld] v. ɩɪɢɧɨɫɢɬɶɞɚɜɚɬɶ
ɱɬɨ-ɬɨɩɨɥɟɡɧɨɟɧɭɠɧɨɟ
yoke [jqVk] n. ɤɨɪɨɦɵɫɥɨɪɭɱɤɚ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
Zz
zone [zqVn] n. ɡɨɧɚ
ɍɱɟɛɧɨɟɢɡɞɚɧɢɟ
ȺɇȽɅɈ-ɊɍɋɋɄɂɃɋɅɈȼȺɊɖɌȿɏɇɂɑȿɋɄɂɏɌȿɊɆɂɇɈȼ
ȾɅəȺȼɌɈȾɈɊɈɀɇɕɏɋɉȿɐɂȺɅɖɇɈɋɌȿɃ
Ⱥɜɬɨɪɵ-ɫɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɢ
ɉɪɨɰɭɬɨ Ɇɚɪɢɧɚȼɥɚɞɢɦɢɪɨɜɧɚ,
ȾɚɧɢɥɨɜɚɅɸɞɦɢɥɚɊɚɮɤɚɬɨɜɧɚ,
Ⱦɭɛɨɜɫɤɚɹɇɚɬɚɥɶɹȿɜɝɟɧɶɟɜɧɚ,
ɅɚɩɲɢɧɚɅɢɥɢɹəɪɨɫɥɚɜɨɜɧɚ
ɄɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɧɚɹɜɟɪɫɬɤɚɂȺ əɛɥɨɤɨɜɨɣ
ɉɨɞɩɢɫɚɧɨɤɩɟɱɚɬɢɎɨɪɦɚɬuȻɭɦɨɮɫɟɬɧɚɹ
ɍɫɥɩɟɱɥ3,7Ɍɢɪɚɠ200 ɷɤɡɁɚɤɚɡ©ɋª
ɋɚɧɤɬ-ɉɟɬɟɪɛɭɪɝɫɤɢɣɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣɚɪɯɢɬɟɤɬɭɪɧɨ-ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ
ɋɚɧɤɬ-ɉɟɬɟɪɛɭɪɝ-ɹɄɪɚɫɧɨɚɪɦɟɣɫɤɚɹ ɭɥɞ
Ɉɬɩɟɱɚɬɚɧɨɧɚɪɢɡɨɝɪɚɮɟɋɚɧɤɬ-ɉɟɬɟɪɛɭɪɝɭɥȿɝɨɪɨɜɚɞɥɢɬȺ
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ȾɅəɁȺɉɂɋȿɃ
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