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JP2017100559

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This translation is machine-generated. It cannot be guaranteed that it is intelligible, accurate,
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DESCRIPTION JP2017100559
Abstract: To provide a bracket capable of easily attaching a functional device to an interior
material already assembled to a vehicle body. A bracket (1) includes first and second supports (5,
6) arranged in parallel at intervals in one direction P so as to be able to support a functional
device (speaker device 3); And a flexible portion (7, 8) connecting the body and the second
support. The first and second supports are brought close to each other in one direction by
bending the flexible portion and are insertable into the opening 2a, and the bending of the
flexible portion is inserted in the opening. It is configured to be separated from each other in one
direction by being released, and to clamp the outer peripheral edge of the opening of the interior
material (the ceiling material 2) in the thickness direction. [Selected figure] Figure 3
Bracket and mounting structure of functional device provided with the same
[0001]
The present invention relates to a bracket and a mounting structure of a functional device
provided with the same, and more particularly, a bracket for mounting a functional device to an
interior material so as to cover an opening formed in the vehicle interior material and a function
provided with the same It relates to the mounting structure of the device.
[0002]
As a conventional bracket, what attaches a speaker apparatus to a ceiling material so that the
opening formed in the ceiling material of vehicles may be covered is known (for example, refer to
patent documents 1).
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For example, as shown in FIG. 11, the conventional bracket 101 is fixed to the back surface of the
ceiling material 102 (that is, the surface of the vehicle interior outer side R2 of the ceiling
material 102) with an adhesive. These vibrations have the function of transmitting the ceiling
material 102 through the actuator section 123. In the attachment work of the bracket 101 to the
ceiling material 102, the adhesive 104 is usually applied to the back surface of the ceiling
material 102 (see FIG. 12A), and the bracket 101 is mounted on the back surface of the ceiling
material 102 About 5 kg of the weight 105 is placed on the bracket 101 for about 30 seconds,
and the two members 101 and 102 are crimped (see FIG. 12B). The bracket 101 has a planar
size substantially the same as that of the actuator portion 123 of the speaker device 103 for the
bonding operation on the back surface of the ceiling material 102.
[0003]
JP 2012-114664 A
[0004]
However, since the conventional bracket 101 is attached to the ceiling material 102 through the
pressure bonding process with the adhesive 104 and the weight 105 on the back surface of the
ceiling material 102, the bracket 101 is attached to the ceiling material 102 already assembled
to the vehicle body. It becomes difficult to attach the
Therefore, when changing a vehicle provided with the ceiling material 102 which is not the
speaker attachment specification to the speaker attachment specification, it is necessary to
remove the ceiling material 102 from the vehicle body and attach the bracket 101 and the
speaker device 103. It will In addition, the above-mentioned problem is similarly when attaching
functional devices, such as a speaker apparatus, a lighting apparatus, a lighting decoration
apparatus, and an accommodation apparatus, to interior materials, such as a dashboard, a door
trim, a pillar garnish, and a sheet. It occurs.
[0005]
The present invention has been made in view of the above-mentioned present situation, and it is
an object of the present invention to provide a bracket capable of easily attaching a functional
device to an interior material already assembled to a vehicle body and an attaching structure of
the functional device provided with the same. To aim.
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[0006]
In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 1 is a bracket for
attaching a functional device to the interior material so as to cover an opening formed in the
interior material of a vehicle, the functional device A first support and a second support
juxtaposed with a gap in one direction so as to support the first support and a flexible portion
connecting the first support and the second support; The first support and the second support
are brought close to each other in the one direction by bending the flexible portion and are
insertable into the opening, and are inserted into the opening. The gutter is configured to be
separated from each other in the one direction by releasing the bending of the flexible portion,
and to clamp the outer peripheral edge of the opening of the interior material in the thickness
direction.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect, each of the first support
and the second support is brought into contact with the surface of the outer peripheral edge of
the opening of the interior material, A support plate capable of supporting a functional device, an
insertion portion connected to the one end side of the support plate in the one direction and
inserted into the opening of the interior material, and the insertion portion facing the support
plate And a holding piece that is provided to hold the outer peripheral edge of the opening of the
interior material in the thickness direction with the support plate. The invention according to a
third aspect is the invention according to the second aspect, wherein at least one of the support
plate and the sandwiching piece has a facing distance between the support plate and the
sandwiching piece in the one direction. A gist is that a tapered portion is provided so as to be
narrower toward the insertion portion side. The invention according to claim 4 is the invention
according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein each of the first support and the second support is
formed in an elongated shape, The flexible portion includes a first flexible portion connecting one
end side in the longitudinal direction of the first support and the second support, and a
longitudinal direction of the first support and the second support. It is a gist to provide a second
flexible portion connecting the other end sides. In the invention according to a fifth aspect, in the
invention according to any one of the first to fourth aspects, the first support, the second support
and the flexible portion are made of resin and integrally formed. The point is that it is formed.
The invention according to a sixth aspect is the invention according to any one of the first to fifth
aspects, wherein the interior material is a ceiling material, and the functional device is the first
support and the second support. It is a speaker apparatus provided with the actuator part
supported by the body, and each of the said 1st support body and the said 2nd support body
makes it a summary to provide the transmission function which transmits the vibration of the
said actuator part to the said ceiling material. . In order to solve the above-mentioned problems,
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the invention according to claim 7 is an attachment structure of a functional device attached to
the interior material so as to cover an opening formed in the interior material of a vehicle. The
bracket according to any one of the above 6, wherein the first support and the second support
sandwich the outer peripheral edge of the opening of the interior material in the thickness
direction and the bracket It is attached to a material and said functional device makes it a
summary to be supported by said 1st support body and said 2nd support body so that said
opening may be covered.
[0007]
According to the bracket of the present invention, the first support and the second support
juxtaposed with a gap in one direction so as to support the functional device, and the first
support and the second support are connected. And a flexible portion. The first support and the
second support are brought close to each other in one direction by bending the flexible portion
and can be inserted into the opening, and the flexible portion bends in a state of being inserted
into the opening. It is configured to be separated from each other in one direction by clamping
and to clamp the outer peripheral edge of the opening of the interior material in the thickness
direction. Thus, the bracket is attached to the interior material by the first and second supports
sandwiching the outer peripheral edge of the opening of the interior material in the thickness
direction, and the functional device is configured to cover the opening. 2Supported by a support.
Therefore, the bracket can be attached to the interior material without the necessity of bonding
with an adhesive, and even in the case of bonding with an adhesive, there is no need for a
pressure bonding process using a conventional method. As a result, the functional device can be
easily attached to the interior material already assembled to the vehicle body. Further, each of
the first support and the second support is provided in the insertion portion so as to face the
support plate, the insertion portion, and the support plate, and the interior material is provided
between the support plate and the support plate. In the case of including the holding piece for
holding the outer peripheral edge of the opening in the thickness direction, the outer peripheral
edge of the opening of the interior material can be firmly held between the support plate and the
holding piece. Further, at least one of the support plate and the sandwiching piece is provided
with a tapered portion so that the opposing distance between the support plate and the
sandwiching piece becomes narrower toward the insertion portion in the one direction. If so, the
outer peripheral edge of the opening of the interior material can be further firmly held between
the support plate and the holding piece. Further, each of the first support and the second support
is formed in an elongated shape, and the flexible portion is one end of each of the first support
and the second support in the longitudinal direction. In the case of including the first flexible
portion connecting the sides and the second flexible portion connecting the other ends in the
longitudinal direction of the first support and the second support, a frame-shaped bracket As the
rigidity can be increased. Furthermore, the outer peripheral edge of the opening of the interior
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material can be further firmly held by the first and second supports by the elastic restoring force
when the bending of the first and second flexible portions is released. When the first support, the
second support, and the flexible portion are made of resin and integrally formed, the flexible
portion can be effectively bent, and the bracket can It can be configured simply and
inexpensively.
Furthermore, the interior material is a ceiling material, and the functional device is a speaker
device including an actuator section supported by the first support and the second support, the
first support and the second When each of the supports has a transfer function of transferring
the vibration of the actuator portion to the ceiling material, the speaker device can be easily
attached to the ceiling material already assembled to the vehicle body. In addition, by the first
and second supports sandwiching the outer peripheral edge of the opening of the interior
material, the vibration of the actuator portion of the speaker device is effectively transmitted to
the ceiling material by the bracket, and a good quality sound is output from the ceiling material.
Ru. According to the mounting structure of the functional device of the present invention, the
above-mentioned bracket is provided, and the bracket holds the outer peripheral edge of the
opening of the interior material in the thickness direction with the first support and the second
support. The functional device is supported by the first support and the second support so as to
cover the opening. As a result, the bracket can be attached to the interior material without the
necessity of bonding with an adhesive, and even in the case of bonding with an adhesive, there is
no need for a pressure bonding process using a conventional method. As a result, the functional
device can be easily attached to the interior material already assembled to the vehicle body.
[0008]
The invention will be further described in the following detailed description referring to the nonlimiting examples of exemplary embodiments according to the invention and with reference to
the several figures referred to, but like reference numerals in the drawings. Similar parts are
shown throughout the several figures. It is a schematic diagram which shows the state which
looked at the attachment structure of the speaker apparatus which concerns on an Example from
the vehicle interior side. It is the II-II line cross section enlarged view of FIG. It is a disassembled
schematic diagram of the attachment structure of the said speaker apparatus. It is a perspective
view of the bracket which concerns on an Example, (a) shows the no-load state of a flexible part,
(b) shows the state which bent the flexible part. It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the
said bracket, (a) shows the aa sectional view taken on the line of FIG. 4, (b) shows the bb
sectional view taken on the line of FIG. It is explanatory drawing of the attachment method of the
speaker apparatus which concerns on an Example, and shows the state in which the opening was
formed in the ceiling material. It is explanatory drawing of the attachment method of the said
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speaker apparatus, (a) shows the state which bent the flexible part, (b) shows the state in which
the bracket was inserted in opening, (b) is a bracket to a ceiling material Indicates the attached
state. It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the bracket of another form, (a) shows the form
which a supporting plate equips with a taper-like part, (b) shows the form which a supporting
plate and a clamping piece equip with a taper-like part. It is a principal part perspective view of
the bracket of further another form. It is explanatory drawing of the bracket of another form, (a)
shows the bracket which supports so that a part of speaker apparatus may be arrange |
positioned in opening, (b) is a bracket attached from the vehicle exterior side of a ceiling
material. Indicates It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the attachment structure of the
conventional speaker apparatus. It is explanatory drawing of the conventional attachment
method of a bracket, (a) shows the state to which the adhesive agent was apply | coated to the
back surface of the ceiling material, (b) shows the crimping | compression-bonding process by a
weight.
[0009]
The matter set forth herein is illustrative and is for the purpose of illustrating the embodiments
of the invention and is intended to provide the most effective and easily understood explanation
of the principles and conceptual features of the invention. It is stated for the purpose of
providing what seems to be. In this respect, it is not intended to show the structural details of the
present invention beyond what is necessary for a fundamental understanding of the present
invention, and some forms of the present invention will It will be apparent to those skilled in the
art how it may be embodied in practice.
[0010]
<Bracket> The bracket according to the present embodiment is a bracket (1, 1 ′) for attaching
the functional device (3) to the interior material so as to cover the opening (2a) formed in the
interior material (2) of the vehicle. , 1 "), and the first support (5) and the second support (6) are
juxtaposed spaced in one direction (P) to support the functional device; And a flexible portion (7,
8) connecting the support and the second support (see, for example, FIGS. 2 to 5). The first
support (5) and the second support (6) can be inserted in the opening (2a) by bending the
flexible portions (7, 8) so that they are close to each other in one direction (P) It is separated
from each other in one direction (P) by releasing the bending of the flexible parts (7, 8) in the
state of being inserted into the opening (2a) while being inserted into the opening (2a). Is
configured to sandwich the outer peripheral edge of) in the thickness direction (see, for example,
FIG. 7 and the like).
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[0011]
As a bracket according to the present embodiment, for example, each of the first support (5) and
the second support (6) is brought into contact with the surface of the outer peripheral edge of
the opening (2a) of the interior material (2) A support plate (11) capable of supporting the
functional device (3), an insertion portion (12) connected to one end side of one direction (P) of
the support plate and inserted into the opening of the interior material; A holding piece (13)
provided in the insertion portion (12) to face with 11) and holding the outer peripheral edge of
the opening (2a) of the interior material (2) with the support plate (11) in the thickness direction
And a form (see, for example, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 etc.).
[0012]
In the case of the above-described embodiment, for example, at least one of the support plate
(11) and the sandwiching piece (13), the facing distance between the support plate and the
sandwiching piece is one direction (P) and the insertion portion (12) side The tapered portion
(18, 18 ') may be provided to be narrower toward the end (see, eg, FIGS. 5, 8 and 9).
[0013]
In the case of the above-mentioned embodiment, for example, the holding members (13) of the
first support (5) and the second support (6) can be inserted into the opening (2a) when the
flexible portion (7, 8) is bent. And each support plate (11) can not be inserted into the opening
(2a) (see, for example, FIG. 7 etc.).
Thereby, when each holding piece is inserted in the opening and protrudes to one surface side of
the interior material, each support plate abuts on the other surface of the interior material.
From this state, by releasing the bending of the flexible portion, the outer peripheral edge of the
opening of the interior material can be reliably held between the support plate and the holding
piece.
[0014]
As a bracket according to the present embodiment, for example, each of the first support (5) and
the second support (6) is formed in an elongated shape, and the flexible portion is a first support
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( 5) and the first flexible portion (7) connecting one end side in the longitudinal direction of the
second support (6), and the longitudinal direction of the first support (5) and the second support
(6) And a second flexible portion (8) for connecting the other end sides of the two (for example,
see FIG. 4 and the like).
[0015]
In the bracket according to the present embodiment, for example, the first support (5), the
second support (6) and the flexible portions (7, 8) are made of resin and integrally formed. (For
example, refer to FIG. 4 etc.).
[0016]
In the bracket according to the present embodiment, for example, the interior material is a ceiling
material (2), and the functional device is a diaphragm supported by the first support (5) and the
second support (6). 3a) and a speaker device (3) including an actuator portion (23), wherein each
of the first support (5) and the second support (6) has a vibration of the actuator portion (23) as
a ceiling material (2) The form (for example, refer FIG. 2 grade etc.) provided with the
transmission function to transmit to can be mentioned.
[0017]
<Mounting Structure of Functional Device> The mounting structure of the functional device
according to this embodiment is a functional device (3) mounted on the interior material so as to
cover the opening (2a) formed in the interior material (2) of the vehicle. Mounting structure (31),
comprising the brackets (1, 1 ′, 1 ′ ′) of the above embodiment, wherein the first supporting
body (5) and the second supporting body (6) are interior materials (2) Is attached to the interior
material (2) by holding the outer peripheral edge of the opening (2a) in the thickness direction,
and the functional device (3) is configured to cover the opening (2a) with the first support (5).
And the second support (6) (see, eg, FIG. 2).
[0018]
<Mounting Method of Functional Device> The mounting method of the functional device
according to the present embodiment is the mounting method of the functional device using the
brackets (1, 1 ′, 1 ′ ′) of the above embodiment, and Opening step of forming an opening
(2a) from the vehicle interior side (R1), and inserting the first support (5) and the second support
(6) into the opening (2a) to open the interior material (2) Bracket attaching step of attaching the
brackets (1, 1 ′, 1 ′ ′) to the interior material (2) by holding the outer peripheral edge of 2a)
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in the thickness direction, and the brackets (1, 1) attached to the interior material (2) And a
functional device supporting step of supporting the functional device (3) on the first support (5)
and the second support (6) of '1' (see, for example, FIGS. 6 and 7).
As a result, the bracket can be attached to the interior material without the necessity of bonding
with an adhesive, and even in the case of bonding with an adhesive, there is no need for a
pressure bonding process using a conventional method.
As a result, the functional device can be easily attached to the interior material already
assembled to the vehicle body.
The above steps usually include a state in which the interior material is assembled to the vehicle
(including a temporary assembled state).
It takes place in
[0019]
In addition, the code | symbol in the parenthesis of each structure described by the said
embodiment shows the correspondence with the specific structure as described in the Example
mentioned later.
[0020]
Hereinafter, the present invention will be specifically described by way of examples using the
drawings.
In the present embodiment, a ceiling material of the vehicle is illustrated as the “vehicle interior
material” according to the present invention, and a speaker device is illustrated as the
“functional device” according to the present invention.
[0021]
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(1) Configuration of Bracket As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the bracket 1 according to the present
embodiment is provided with the speaker device 3 for the ceiling material 2 so as to cover the
opening 2 a formed in the ceiling material 2 of the vehicle. It is for attaching. The openings 2 a
are provided in a pair on the left and right on the vehicle rear side of the ceiling member 2 and
are formed in a rectangular shape that is long in the vehicle width direction Q. Furthermore, as
the ceiling material 2, for example, a resin sheet, a resin foam, or a fiber material (for example,
plant fiber, glass fiber, carbon fiber, etc.), and a composite thereof are used. What consists of
laminating an outer_skin | epidermis on the surface is employable.
[0022]
As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the bracket 1 is spaced in one direction P (that is, in the vehicle
longitudinal direction P with the bracket 1 attached to the ceiling member 2) so as to support the
speaker device 3. A first support 5 and a second support 6 which are provided side by side, and a
first flexible portion 7 and a second flexible portion 8 which connect the first support 5 and the
second support 6 to each other. Have. The supports 5 and 6 and the flexible portions 7 and 8 are
made of resin (for example, a resin containing a fiber material such as a plant fiber, a glass fiber,
a carbon fiber, etc.) and integrally formed. Each of the supports 5 and 6 is formed in an
elongated shape in a direction orthogonal to the one direction P. Moreover, each flexible part 7
and 8 is formed in a substantially V-shaped plate shape. The first flexible portion 7 connects one
end sides of the supports 5 and 6 in the longitudinal direction, and the second flexible portion 8
connects each of the supports 5 and 6 in the longitudinal direction and the like. The end sides
are connected. Therefore, the bracket 1 is formed in a frame shape as a whole, and a central
portion surrounded by the supports 5 and 6 and the flexible portions 7 and 8 is an opening 9.
[0023]
Each of the first and second supports 5 and 6 is in contact with the surface of the outer
peripheral edge of the opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2 to support the speaker device 3, and
one direction P of the support plate 11. The insertion portion 12 is connected to one end side of
the ceiling member 2 and is inserted into the opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2, and provided
in the insertion portion 12 so as to face the support piece 11. And a holding piece 13 for holding
the outer peripheral edge of the holding member in the thickness direction. Furthermore, each of
the first and second supports 5 and 6 has a transmission function of transmitting the vibration of
the actuator portion 23 of the speaker device 3 to the ceiling material 2 (see FIG. 2).
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[0024]
A plurality of metal nuts 15 are embedded in the support plate 11 by insert molding, heat pressfitting or the like. Then, the speaker device 3 is attached to the bracket 1 by screwing the screw
16 into the nut 15 through the diaphragm 3a of the speaker device 3 and the through hole 17 of
the actuator portion 23 (see FIGS. 2 and 3). Furthermore, the holding portion 13 is provided with
a tapered portion 18 so that the opposing distance between the support plate 11 and the holding
portion 13 becomes narrower toward the insertion portion 12 in one direction P. The tapered
portion 18 is formed in the longitudinal direction of the holding piece 13 and has a flat inclined
surface. Furthermore, the insertion portion 12 is opposed to the inner peripheral surface of the
opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2 via a minute gap.
[0025]
Here, the first and second supports 5 and 6 can be inserted in the opening 2 a so as to be close
to each other in one direction P by bending the first and second flexible portions 7 and 8 (see
FIG. 7 (a) and (b)). Specifically, the holding pieces 13 of the first and second supports 5 and 6 can
be inserted into the opening 2a when the flexible portions 7 and 8 are bent, and the support
plates 11 can not be inserted into the opening 2a. There is. Then, when each holding piece 13 is
inserted into the opening 2 a and protrudes to the back surface side of the ceiling material 2
(that is, the vehicle outside R 2 of the ceiling material 2), each support plate 11 abuts on the
surface of the ceiling material 2.
[0026]
Furthermore, the first and second supports 5 and 6 are separated from each other in one
direction P by releasing the bending of the flexible portions 7 and 8 in the state of being inserted
into the opening 2 a, and the opening of the ceiling material 2 It is comprised so that the outer
periphery of 2a may be clamped in thickness direction (refer FIG.7 (c)). Specifically, the outer
peripheral edge of the opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2 is held between the support plate 11
and the holding piece 13. In this sandwiching state, the bending of the flexible portions 7 and 8
is not completely released, and the elastic restoring forces of the flexible portions 7 and 8
separate the supporting members 5 and 6 in one direction P from each other. It is biased in the
direction. Therefore, with the wedge action of the tapered portion 18 of the holding piece 13, the
outer peripheral edge of the opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2 is firmly bitten and held
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between the support plate 11 and the holding piece 13.
[0027]
The above speaker device 3 (also referred to as a "hybrid speaker". 2 and 3, a plurality of
magnets 21 and coils are arranged along a predetermined arrangement direction Q (ie, in the
vehicle width direction Q with the speaker device 3 attached to the ceiling member 2). 22 is
equipped. The speaker device 3 further includes an actuator portion 23, a diaphragm 3 a
attached to the back side of the actuator portion 23, and a yoke 24 elastically supported with
respect to the actuator portion 23. A plurality of magnets 21 are accommodated in the yoke 24,
and a plurality of coils 22 are provided on the diaphragm 3a. Further, the diaphragm 3a is
formed in a rectangular flat plate shape, and is joined to the back surface of the actuator portion
23 with a double-sided tape, an adhesive or the like. Further, the yoke 24 is made of a
ferromagnetic material, and is attached to an elastic member 25 (for example, a plate spring or
the like) supported by an end of the actuator portion 23. Furthermore, the magnets 21 are
arranged such that magnets with the south pole pointing downward and magnets with the north
pole pointing downward are alternately adjacent. In addition, the coils 22 are disposed so as to
intertwine with the magnetic circuits of the magnets 21. Each of the coils 22 is opposed to the
magnet of which the south pole is directed downward among the plurality of magnets 21 via the
opening 23 a formed in the actuator portion 23.
[0028]
Next, a mounting method of the speaker device 3 using the bracket 1 of the above configuration
will be described. In this embodiment, a mode in which the ceiling material 2 which is not the
speaker attachment specification assembled to the vehicle is changed to the speaker attachment
specification by an automobile dealer or the like will be described. In addition, the ceiling
material 2 assembled to the vehicle is a temporary assembly lowered by a predetermined
distance (for example, 10 to 20 mm) with respect to the ceiling panel by removing the pillar
garnish 33, the assist grip 34 and the like (see FIG. 1). It will be in the attached holding state. In
this temporary assembly state, by utilizing the clearance space of the outer peripheral edge of
the ceiling material 2, the mounting work of the bracket 1 (for example, the bending of the
flexible portions 7, 8) is performed at the vehicle outside R2 of the ceiling material 2. You can go
around and manage the wiring.
[0029]
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12
First, the opening 2a is formed from the vehicle interior side R1 at a predetermined position of
the ceiling material 2 assembled to the vehicle by cutting means such as a cutter (see FIG. 6). By
bending the flexible portions 7 and 8 of the bracket 1, the supports 5 and 6 are made to
approach each other, and the holding pieces 13 are made to face the opening 2a (see FIG. 7A).
When each sandwiching piece 13 is inserted into the opening 2a from the vehicle interior side
R1 of the ceiling material 2 from that state, when each sandwiching piece 13 protrudes to the
vehicle outside R2 of the ceiling material 2, each support plate 5, 6 It abuts on the surface of the
material 2 (see FIG. 7 (b)). From this state, when the flexible members 7 and 8 are released from
bending to separate the supports 5 and 6 from each other, the outer peripheral edge of the
opening 2a of the ceiling material 2 between the support plate 11 and the sandwiching piece 13
It clamps and the bracket 1 is attached to the ceiling material 2 (refer FIG.7 (c)). Thereafter, the
actuator portion 23 of the speaker device 3 is supported on the bracket 1 by the screw 16 on the
vehicle interior side R1 of the ceiling material 2. As a result, the speaker device 3 is attached to
the ceiling material 2 so as to cover the opening 2a, and the attachment structure 31 of the
speaker device is obtained.
[0030]
In the mounting structure 31 of the speaker device obtained as described above, as shown in FIG.
2, in the bracket 1, the first support 5 and the second support 6 have a thickness of the outer
peripheral edge of the opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2. It is attached to the ceiling material 2
by holding it in the direction. Furthermore, the speaker device 3 is supported by the first support
5 and the second support 6 so as to cover the opening 2 a. In the supported state, the support
plates 11 of the first and second supports 5 and 6 are disposed between the actuator portion 23
of the speaker device 3 and the ceiling material 2. A speaker grill 32 is provided on the surface of
the ceiling material 2 on the vehicle interior side R1 so as to cover the opening 2a.
[0031]
(2) Operation of Attachment Structure of Speaker Device Next, the operation of the attachment
structure 31 of the speaker device having the above configuration will be described. As shown in
FIG. 2, when an audio signal (electric signal) is input to the coil 22, a fluctuating magnetic field is
generated in the coil 22, and this fluctuating magnetic field interacts with the magnetic field of
the magnet 21 and the diaphragm 3 a of the speaker device 3 Vibrates. A part of the sound
generated by the diaphragm 3a (especially middle and high sound) is directly output to the
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vehicle interior side R1. Further, since the magnet 21 is elastically supported on the diaphragm
3a, the magnet 21 also vibrates simultaneously with the vibration of the diaphragm 3a. Vibration
of the magnet 21 (particularly, low frequency vibration) is effectively transmitted to the ceiling
material 2 while being amplified by the bracket 1 via the actuator unit 23, and is output to the
vehicle interior side R1 by the vibration of the ceiling material 2 (Especially bass).
[0032]
(3) Effects of the Embodiment According to the bracket 1 of the present embodiment, the first
support 5 and the second support 6 are provided side by side at intervals in one direction P so as
to be able to support the speaker device 3 , Flexible portions 7 and 8 which connect the first
support 5 and the second support 6. The first support 5 and the second support 6 are made to be
close to each other in one direction P by bending the flexible portions 7 and 8 and are insertable
into the opening 2a, and are inserted into the opening 2a. In this state, by releasing the bending
of the flexible portions 7 and 8, the outer peripheral edge of the opening 2a of the ceiling
material 2 is separated from each other in one direction P, and is held in the thickness direction.
Thereby, the bracket 1 is attached to the ceiling material 2 by the first and second supports 5
and 6 sandwiching the outer peripheral edge of the opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2 in the
thickness direction, and the speaker device 3 is open It is supported by the first and second
supports 5 and 6 so as to cover 2a. Therefore, the bracket 1 can be attached to the ceiling
material 2 without the necessity of bonding with an adhesive, and even when bonding is
performed with an adhesive, a pressure bonding step by a rework as in the prior art is not
required. As a result, the speaker device 3 can be easily attached to the ceiling material 2 already
assembled to the vehicle body.
[0033]
Further, in the present embodiment, each of the first support 5 and the second support 6 is
provided in the insertion portion 12 so as to face the support plate 11, the insertion portion 12,
and the support plate 11. And a sandwiching piece 13 sandwiching the outer peripheral edge of
the opening 2a of the ceiling material 2 in the thickness direction. Thus, the outer peripheral
edge of the opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2 can be firmly held between the support plate 11
and the holding piece 13.
[0034]
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Further, in the present embodiment, the holding piece 13 is provided with a tapered portion 18
so that the opposing distance between the support plate 11 and the holding piece 13 becomes
narrower toward the insertion portion 12 in one direction P. Thus, the outer peripheral edge of
the opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2 can be further firmly held between the support plate 11
and the holding piece 13.
[0035]
Further, in this embodiment, when the flexible portions 7 and 8 are bent, the holding pieces 13
of the first and second supports 5 and 6 can be inserted into the opening 2a and the support
plates 11 can not be inserted into the opening 2a. It is done. Thereby, each support plate 11
abuts on the other surface of the ceiling material 2 when each sandwiching piece 13 is inserted
into the opening 2 a and protrudes to one surface side R 2 of the ceiling material 2. By releasing
the bending of the flexible portions 7 and 8 from this state, the outer peripheral edge of the
opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2 can be reliably held between the support plate 11 and the
holding piece 13.
[0036]
Further, in the present embodiment, each of the first and second supports 5 and 6 is formed in
an elongated shape, and one end sides of the first and second supports 5 and 6 in the
longitudinal direction are connected to each other. And a second flexible portion 8 connecting
the other end sides of the first and second supports 5 and 6 in the longitudinal direction.
Thereby, rigidity can be improved as the frame-shaped bracket 1. Furthermore, the outer
peripheral edge of the opening 2a of the ceiling material 2 can be further firmly held by the first
and second supports 5 and 6 by the elastic restoring force when the bending of the flexible
portions 7 and 8 is released.
[0037]
Further, in the present embodiment, the supports 5 and 6 and the flexible portions 7 and 8 are
made of resin and integrally formed. Thereby, the flexible portions 7 and 8 can be effectively
bent, and the bracket 1 can be configured simply and inexpensively.
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[0038]
Furthermore, in the present embodiment, the speaker device 3 includes the actuator unit 23
supported by the first and second supports 5 and 6, and each of the first and second supports 5
and 6 is of the actuator unit 23. It has a transmission function of transmitting vibration to the
ceiling material 2. Thereby, the first and second supports 5 and 6 sandwich the outer peripheral
edge of the opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2, whereby the vibration of the actuator portion
23 of the speaker device 3 is effectively transmitted to the ceiling material 2 by the bracket 1.
The high quality sound is output from the ceiling material 2.
[0039]
According to the mounting structure 31 of the speaker device of the present embodiment, the
bracket 1 described above is provided, and the bracket 1 holds the outer peripheral edge of the
opening 2 a of the ceiling material 2 in the thickness direction. Thus, the speaker device 3 is
attached to the ceiling material 2 and supported by the first and second supports 5 and 6 so as to
cover the opening 2a. As a result, the bracket 1 can be attached to the ceiling material 2 without
the necessity of bonding with an adhesive, and even when bonding with an adhesive does not
require a pressure bonding step by conventional treatment as in the conventional case. As a
result, the speaker device 3 can be easily attached to the ceiling material 2 already assembled to
the vehicle body.
[0040]
In the present invention, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment,
and can be variously modified within the scope of the present invention according to the purpose
and application. That is, although the embodiment in which the tapered portion 18 is provided
on the holding piece 13 of the support plate 11 and the holding piece 13 is illustrated in the
above embodiment, the present invention is not limited thereto. In this embodiment, the tapered
portion 18 is provided on the support plate 11 (see FIG. 8A), or the tapered portion 18 is
provided on both the support plate 11 and the holding piece 13 (see FIG. 8B). You may
[0041]
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Moreover, in the said Example, although the taper-shaped part 18 was provided over the
elongate direction of the clamping piece 13, it is not limited to this, For example, as shown in FIG.
The tapered portions 18 'may be provided at predetermined intervals. Furthermore, although the
taper-shaped part 18 which has a flat-shaped inclined surface was illustrated in the said Example,
it is not limited to this, For example, you may employ | adopt the taper-shaped part which has a
step-like inclined surface.
[0042]
Moreover, in the said Example, although the insertion part 12 inserted facing the inner
peripheral surface of the opening 2a of the ceiling material 2 was illustrated, it is not limited to
this, For example, the inner peripheral surface of the opening 2a of the ceiling material 2 It is
good also as an insertion part inserted by touching.
[0043]
Moreover, although the clamping piece 13 extended in the longitudinal direction of the insertion
part 12 was illustrated in the said Example, it is not limited to this, For example, a some clamping
piece is provided in the longitudinal direction of the insertion part 12 by predetermined spacing.
You may do so.
[0044]
Moreover, in the said Example, although the bracket 1 which supports the speaker apparatus 3
was illustrated so that the speaker apparatus 3 may be arrange | positioned at vehicle interior
side R1 of the bracket 1, it is not limited to this, For example, Fig.10 (a) As shown in FIG. 2, a
bracket 1 ′ may be employed to support the speaker device 3 such that a part of the speaker
device 3 (such as the yoke 24) is disposed in the opening 9.
[0045]
Moreover, in the said Example, although the bracket 1 inserted and attached to the opening 2a
from the vehicle interior side R1 of the ceiling material 2 was illustrated, it is not limited to this,
For example, as shown in FIG.10 (b) A bracket 1 ′ ′ may be adopted which is inserted into and
attached to the opening 2a from the vehicle room outer side R2 of the member 2.
[0046]
Further, in the present embodiment, the bracket 1 is attached to the ceiling member 2 only by
holding by the first and second supports 5 and 6, but the present invention is not limited thereto.
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For example, the first and second supports 5 In addition to the sandwiching of the second and
third supports 6 and 7, an adhesive may be interposed between the first and second supports 5
and 6 (in particular, the support plate 11) and the ceiling material 2.
[0047]
Further, in the above embodiment, the elongated first and second supports 5 and 6 linearly
extending corresponding to the rectangular opening 2a are exemplified, but the present
invention is not limited thereto, for example, a round shape or the like It is good also as a longshaped 1st and 2nd support which extends in the shape of a curve corresponding to an ellipticalshaped opening.
[0048]
Moreover, although the substantially V-shaped plate-like flexible parts 7 and 8 were illustrated in
the said Example, it is not limited to this, for example, employ | adopts flexible parts, such as a
substantially U-shaped plate shape and a substantially W-shaped plate shape. You may
Furthermore, although two flexible portions 7 and 8 are provided in the above embodiment, the
present invention is not limited to this, and for example, one or three or more flexible portions
may be provided.
In the above embodiment, in order to improve the flexibility of the flexible portions 7 and 8, thin
portions or grooves may be provided in the bent portions of the flexible portions 7 and 8.
[0049]
Moreover, in the said Example, when the 1st and 2nd support body 5 and 6 clamped the outer
periphery of the opening 2a of the ceiling material 2, the form which the bending of the flexible
parts 7 and 8 is not completely released was illustrated. However, the present invention is not
limited to this. For example, when the first and second supports 5 and 6 sandwich the outer
peripheral edge of the opening 2 a of the ceiling member 2, the bending of the flexible portions 7
and 8 is almost completely released. You may
[0050]
Further, in the above embodiment, the supports 5 and 6 and the flexible portions 7 and 8
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integrally formed of resin are exemplified, but the present invention is not limited thereto. For
example, the support and the flexible portion may be assembled after molding You may
[0051]
In the above embodiment, the speaker device 3 is attached to the bracket 1 by screwing with the
screw 16. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, instead of or in
addition to screwing, double-sided tape, adhesive, etc. The speaker device 3 may be attached to
the bracket 1 by bonding.
[0052]
Moreover, in the said Example, although the hybrid speaker 3 which vibrates the diaphragm 3a
using the planar magnet 21 was employ | adopted, it is not limited to this, For example, the
diaphragm 3a is laminated | stacked between fixed electrode plates, An electrostatic flat speaker
that vibrates the diaphragm 3a by changing the voltage of V may be employed.
Furthermore, various speakers may be employed as long as the diaphragm 3a for transmitting
vibration to the ceiling material 2 is provided.
[0053]
Moreover, although the form which attaches the speaker apparatus 3 using the bracket 1 with
respect to the ceiling material 2 already assembled to the vehicle body was illustrated in the said
Example, it is not limited to this, For example, the ceiling before assembled to a vehicle body The
speaker device 3 may be attached to the material 2 using the bracket 1.
Even in this case, the speaker device 3 can be easily attached, since it does not require the
pressure bonding step by the conventional method.
[0054]
Furthermore, in the said Example, although the ceiling material 2 was illustrated as an interior
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material, it is not limited to this, For example, you may employ | adopt a dashboard, a door trim,
a pillar garnish, a sheet etc. as an interior material.
Furthermore, although the speaker apparatus 3 was illustrated as a functional device in the said
Example, it is not limited to this, You may employ | adopt an illuminating device, an illumination
device, an accommodation apparatus, etc. FIG.
[0055]
The foregoing examples are for illustrative purposes only and are not to be construed as
limitations on the present invention.
While the present invention has been described by way of exemplary embodiments, it is
understood that the words used in the description and illustration of the present invention are
illustrative and exemplary rather than restrictive.
Changes may be made within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the scope
or spirit of the invention in its form, as detailed herein.
While the specification herein has been directed to specific structures, materials, and examples,
the present invention is not intended to be limited to the particulars disclosed herein, but rather
is as follows: It shall cover all functionally equivalent structures, methods, and uses within the
scope.
[0056]
The invention is not limited to the embodiments detailed above, but various modifications or
alterations are possible within the scope of the claims of the invention.
[0057]
The present invention is widely used as a technology for attaching a functional device to interior
materials of vehicles such as trains, trains, railways such as trains, construction vehicles,
agricultural vehicles, and industrial vehicles, as well as passenger cars, buses, trucks .
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[0058]
1, 1 ', 1 "; bracket, 2; ceiling material, 2a, opening, 3; speaker device, 5; first support, 6; second
support, 7; first flexible portion, 8; second Flexible portion, 11; support plate, 12; insertion
portion, 13; pinching piece, 18, 18 '; tapered portion, 23; actuator portion, 31; mounting
structure of speaker device, P: one direction.
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