What are Natural Disasters? Types of Natural Disasters вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Tornadoes Hurricanes Earthquakes Volcanoes Floods Tsunamis Winter Storms Wildfires The World is always changing. Natural disasters are changes which are so great they may cause damage to the shape of the land or to the lives of people and other living things. Great changes happen deep inside the Earth and on its surface. The changes on the outer part of the Earth happen because of different kinds of weather. A tall column of air spinning round very fast is a вЂ¦ tornado Tornadoes вЂў Rotating, funnel-shaped clouds from powerful thunderstorms вЂў Winds up to 300 MPH capable of producing major damage вЂў More occur in the United States than anywhere else in the world; they occur in every state in America. вЂў Related Websites: FEMA for Kids National Geographic: NatureвЂ™s Fury Scholastic Weather Watch National Geographic: Tornado Chasers Tornado Preparation вЂў Visit this website for tornado safety tips for home, school, outdoors, mobile homes, and large buildings. National Weather Service: Tornado! Effects of Tornadoes in Alabama Tuscaloosa County: December 16, 2000 Effects of Tornado in Joplin, MO JHS Video Footage Joplin Damage Path An extremely violent wind or storm is aвЂ¦ hurricane Hurricanes Massive severe storms occurring in the tropics Winds greater than 75 MPH Clouds & winds spin around the eye Produce heavy rains, high winds, large waves, and spin-off tornadoes вЂў Related Websites: NOAA: Hurricanes Tropical Twisters National Geographic Kids вЂ“ Hurricane! BrainPop movie вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Hurricane Preparations вЂў Visit this website to learn more about preparing for the effects of hurricanes and tropical storms. Hurricane Preparedness for Kids Effects of Alabama Hurricanes Hurricane Frederick - 1979 Hurricane Ivan 2005 A violent tropical storm in which the air goes round and round is a вЂ¦ cyclone A shaking of the ground is anвЂ¦ earthquake Earthquakes вЂў Shaking caused by movements of plates in the earthвЂ™s crust вЂў Occur along faults вЂ“ borders between two plates вЂў Occur most often along the Ring of Fire вЂў Related Websites: вЂў National Geographic: Earthquakes вЂў Exploratorium Faultline Project вЂў USGS: Earthquakes for Kids Preparing for Earthquakes вЂў Visit this site to learn more about earthquakes. Scroll down through the page to discover valuable tips for earthquake safety. Weather Wiz Kids: Earthquakes Volcanoes вЂў More than 500 active volcanoes in the world; over half in the Ring of Fire вЂў Pressure builds below the earthвЂ™s surface producing eruptions of lava, rock, and volcanic gases вЂў Related Websites: National Geographic Kids вЂ“ Volcano! Build a Volcano Activity Volcano World Virtual Field Trips Preparing for a Volcano вЂў Visit this site for safety tips before, during, and after a volcano. Weather Wiz Kids: Volcano Safety A large amount of water that covers an area is a вЂ¦ flood Floods вЂў Result from heavy rains вЂў May involve rivers overflowing, storm surge/ocean waves, & dams or levees breaking вЂў Most common natural hazard вЂў Flashfloods = floods that happen very fast вЂў Related websites: PBS: In Focus вЂ“ Floods! How TVA Stops Floods Nova вЂ“ Hot Science: The RiverвЂ™s Gift Flood Preparations вЂў Visit this site to learn more about floods, and scroll down to discover important flood safety tips. Weather Wiz Kids вЂ“ Rain and Floods A huge wave caused by an earthquake which flows onto land is a вЂ¦ tsunami Tsunamis вЂў Form as a result of earthquakes, volcanoes, or landsides under the ocean вЂў Waves grow taller as they reach the coast вЂў Four out of Five occur in the Ring of Fire вЂў Over 200,000 people killed in the 12/26/05 Indian Ocean tsunami вЂў Related Websites: National Geographic Kids вЂ“ Killer Wave! Pacific Tsunami Museum вЂ“ Student Corner PBS вЂ“ Savage Earth: Tsunamis Tsunami Preparedness вЂў Visit this website for important tips for surviving a tsunami. FEMA Hazards Fact Sheets: Tsunami Effects of Tsunamis Indian Ocean Tsunami вЂ“ December 26, 2005 A large mass of snow falling down the side of a mountain is anвЂ¦ avalanche Winter Storms вЂў May include snow, ice storms, sleet, freezing rain, and extremely cold temperatures вЂў Most deaths occur in automobiles вЂў Storms may cause widespread power outages вЂў Related Websites: National Weather Service: Winter Storms Risk Watch: Severe Winter Storms Scholastic вЂ“ Winter Storms Winter Storm Preparations вЂў Visit these sites for tips on how to prepare for a winter storm. CDC: Winter Storm Facts Winter Storm Fact Sheet A period of time with no rain is a вЂ¦ drought Heat Wave вЂў Prolonged period of excessively hot weather which can be accompanied by high humidity. вЂў Severe heat waves have caused catastrophic crop failures, thousands of death and widespread power outtages. Wildfires вЂў Occur in forests, grasslands, and wooded areas вЂў Most common causes: lightning and human accidents вЂў Burn more than 4 million acres in the U.S. each year вЂў Related Websites: Smokey Bear: Kids National Geographic: Wildfires Dialogue for Kids вЂ“ Wildfire Facts Preparing for Wildfires вЂў Visit this site to learn important tips for protecting your family and home during a wildfire. Risk Watch: Wildfires Famine вЂў Extreme scarcity of food. Disease вЂў An abnormal condition that affects the body of an organism. It is often constructed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and sings. Can originate from external source (infectious disease).