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Alexander's estates - Zero foot-print community

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UMI
THE COOPER UNION
ALBERT NERKEN SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
ALEXANDER'S ESTATES
- ZERO FOOT-PRINT COMMUNITY
ARCHITECTURAL LAYOUT AND SUSTAINABLE DESIGNUTILIZATION OF THE NATURAL RESOURCES:
LEED GOLD, SOLAR POWER ENERGY, SOLAR POWERED HVAC,
RAIN COLLECTION SYSTEM, GEOTHERMAL ENERGY,
AS WELL AS ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS:
WATER AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
By
KRZYSZTOF JANUSZ WIATER
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of
Masters of Engineering
December 01, 2010
Advisors:
Prof. Constantine Yapijakis
Prof. Cosmas Tzavelis
UMI Number: 1489857
All rights reserved
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UMT
Dissertation Publishing
UMI 1489857
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The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
THE COOPER UNION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE AND ART
ALBERT NERKEN SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
This thesis was prepared under the direction of the Candidate's Thesis Advisors and
has received approval. It was submitted to the Dean of the School of Engineering
and the full Faculty, and was approved as partial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Engineering.
Simon Ben-Avi
Date
Acting Dean, School of Engineering
I
Candidate's Thesis Advisor
Structural Engineer
Candidate's Thesis Advisor
Acknowledgment:
I would like to generously thank
Professor Constantine Yapijakis, as well as Professor Cosmas Tzavelis
for their outstanding support, mentoring and guidance in writing this Master Thesis.
The completion of this Master of Engineering Thesis
was possible because of their ability to share their great knowledge with me.
Prof Constantine Yapijakis as well as prof. Cosmas Tzavelis
had a great influence on my life and my education at The Cooper Union.
They have supported me and guided me through my
undergraduate and graduate level of my education
for which I will be grateful forever.
I would like to thank the
Dean of Engineering
as well as the
Chairperson of the Civil Engineering Department
Entire faculty and staff
at The Cooper Union
for creating a wonderful and comprehensive program for all students.
I would like to thank Peter Cooper and his excellent establishment
which is The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, NY, NY.
An amazing experience and life lessons learned will not be forgotten and all of it because
of this wonderful institution
— Thank You Peter!
I would like to thank my parents;
Zofia and Wladyslaw Wiaterfor:
"showing me the right path ".
Most importantly,
I would like to thank my wonderful wife,
Magdalena Bernadetta Wiater,
as well as our son,
Alexander Krzysztof Wiater,
for the inspiration and the fact they both believed in me
and that they will always be with me for the rest of my life.
I love you!
To all of you,
I will simply say:
THANK YOU!
i
Abstract:
Every year we hear about new technological innovations designed to improve our
life style. There are infinite numbers of ideas on how to decrease waste in energy
consumption, minimize Earth pollution and wisely use natural resources. In this Thesis, I
have taken some of those ideas and used them to design a community that will be a part
of the environment, will help the environment, and most importantly, allow everyone
who lives there to be happy. On an everyday basis, I see a lot of wasted natural resources
around us which, if used more efficiently, can become a great asset in our lives. As a civil
engineer, I study different designs, combine them and come up with an idea that will
benefit not only the client, but the entire community. I was thinking about a design which
will utilize variety of the Earth's natural resources, and be fully operational and
affordable.
Because I want future generations to have a better place to live in, this Thesis
focuses on the development of a specific site which is located in Morristown, NJ, and
which I call Alexander's Estates. However, the general idea of the presented system can
be implemented in almost any area that has a lot of Sun light exposure, rain and access to
a river, as well as at least medium geo-thermal energy availability. The present Thesis
outlines the architectural layout and sustainable design - utilization of the natural
resources for a zero foot-print community. It incorporates LEED Gold ideas, solar
powered HVAC, rain collection system, geo-thermal energy, as well as a water and
wastewater treatment plant.
ii
Table of Contents:
Order of Appearance -
page #
Acknowledgment -
*
Abstract-
»
Table of Contents -
/"-vz
List of Figures -
vii-x
List of Tables-
xi
Nomenclature -
xii-xiii
Body of Thesis -
1-153
iii
1.0 - Introduction:
1.1 — Statement of Problem -
4-5
1.2 - Functional Requirements of the Proposed System -
6
1.3 - Design Alternatives vs. Performance Requirements -
7-8
1.4- Flow Chart of the Proposed System -
9-10
1.5 — Site Description -
11-19
2.0 - Critical Path Analysis and Land Development Plan:
2.1 - Critical Path Analysis and Land Development Plan, Block 3501 -
20-29
2.2 — Critical Path Analysis and Land Development Plan, Block 3503 -
30-39
2.4 - Critical Path Analysis and Land Development Plan, Block 4901 -
40-49
3.0 - Nursing Home Architectural
Design:
3.1 - Basement Plan View -
50-54
3.2- Ground Level, 1st and 2nd Floors Plan View -
55-59
3.3 - 3-D Renderings and Conceptual Design -
60-64
4.0 - Nursing Home Environmental
Analysis:
4.1 - Environmental Impact Statement -
65—72
4.2 - Environmental Impact Assessment -
73—75
4.3 - Drinking Water Treatment Plant and Water Distribution Center -
76-78
4.4 - Waste Water Treatment Plant -
79-82
4.5 - LEED Analysis - LEED for New Construction v3.0 -
83-112
4.5.1- Sustainable Sites (SS) -
83-96
4.5.2 - Water Efficiency (WE) -
97
4.5.3 - Energy and Atmosphere (EA) -
98-103
4.5.4 - Materials and Resources (MR) -
103-106
4.5.5 - Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) -
106-111
4.5.6 - Innovation in Design (ID) -
Ill
4.5.6- Regional Priority (RP) -
Ill
iv
5.0 - Nursing Home Geothermal Energy:
5.1 - Geothermal Energy for the Nursing Home -
113-117
6. 0 - Solar Power Energy:
6.1 - Solar Powered Electricity for Alexander's Estates -
118-120
6.2 - Solar Powered HVAC for Alexander's Estates -
121-123
6.3 - Solar Hot Water for Alexander's Estates -
124-126
7.0 - Cost Analysis for Alexander's Estates:
7.1 - Expense Calculations -
127-129
7.2 - Profit Calculations -
130-131
7.3 - Maintenance Calculations -
132-133
7.4 - Other Benefits due to development of Alexander's Estates 8.0 - Conclusions and
133
Recommendations:
8.1 - Concussions -
134
8.2 - Recommendations regarding the Nursing Home -
134-135
8.3 - Recommendations regarding the geo-thermal energy plant -
135-141
8.4 - Recommendations regarding utilization of solar power -
142
8.5 - Recommendations regarding lowering overall cost -
142
9.0 - Appendices:
9. 1 — Appendix A - Bibliography -
143-152
9. 2- Appendix B - Complete Set of Engineering Drawings -
153 *
*NOTE 1: Complete Set of Engineering Drawings is a part of this Thesis and it consists
of sheets numbered 1 to 26.
**NOTE 2: CD with pdf version of the Thesis and AutoCAD drawings is included.
v
List of Figures:
Figure 1 - Diagram of Functional Requirements of the Proposed System -
6
Figure 2 - Flow Chart of the Proposed System -
9
Figure 3 - Legend for the Flow Chart of the Proposed System -
10
Figure 4 - "Bird's Eyes View" of proposed Alexander's Estates, Morristown, NJ-
14
Figure 5 - Existing Conditions of Blocks 3501, 3503 and 4901 -
15
Figure 6 - Existing topography and elevation shots of Blocks 3501, 3503 and 4901 -
16
Figure 7 - Morristown Zoning Map -
17
Figure 8 - Zoning Ordinance Details for CBD-1 District Zone -
18
Figure 9 - Zoning Ordinance Requirements for CBD -1 Zone -
19
Figure 10 - Drinking Water Treatment Plant Critical Path Analysis -
21
Figure 11 - Phase 1 - Existing Conditions (Block 3501) -
25
Figure 12 - Phase 2 — Demolition Plan (Block 3501) -
26
Figure 13 - Phase 3 - Tree Removal Plan (Block 3501) -
27
Figure 14 - Phase 4 - Proposed Block Conditions (Block 3501) -
28
Figure 15 - Phase 5 - Final Design of Drinking Water Treatment Plant (Block 3501) -
29
Figure 16 - Nursing Home, Wastewater Treatment Plant Critical Path Analysis -
30
Figure 17 - Phase 1 - Existing Conditions (Block 3503) -
35
Figure 18 - Phase 2 - Demolition Plan (Block 3503) -
36
Figure 19 - Phase 3 - Tree Removal Plan (Block 3503) -
37
vi
Figure 20 - Phase 4 - Proposed Block Conditions (Block 3503) -
38
Figure 21 - Phase 5 - Final Design of the Nursing Home (Block 3503) -
39
Figure 22 - Geo-thermal Energy Plant Critical Path Analysis -
41
Figure 23 - Phase 1 - Existing Conditions (Block 4901) -
45
Figure 24 - Phase 2 - Demolition Plan (Block 4901) -
46
Figure 25 - Phase 3 — Tree Removal Plan (Block 4901) -
47
Figure 26 - Phase 4 - Proposed Block Conditions (Block 4901) -
48
Figure 27 - Phase 5 - Final Design of the Geo-thermal Energy Plant (Block 4901) -
49
Figure 28 - Basement Plan View - East Wing -
51
Figure 29 - Basement Plan View - Main Lobby -
52
Figure 30 - Basement Plan View - South Wing -
54
Figure 31 - Ground Level, 1st and 2nd-Floor
56
Plan -
Figure 32 - Ground Level, 1st and 2nd Floors Plan — South Wing -
57
Figure 33 - Ground Level, 1st and 2nd Floors Plan - Main Lobby -
58
Figure 34 - Ground Level, 1st and 2nd Floors Plan - South Wing -
59
Figure 35 - Isometric View of the Nursing Home -
61
Figure 36 - Nursing Home - East Wing Side Entrance -
61
Figure 37 - Nursing Home — West Faqade -
62
Figure 38 - Nursing Home - South Lobby Entrance -
62
Figure 39 - Nursing Home — Main Lobby -
63
vii
Figure 40 - Nursing Home - Main Lobby Window Bay Fixtures -
63
Figure 41 - Nursing Home - View from the 2ndfloor window -
64
Figure 42 - Nursing Home - Vegetation in front of the South Wing -
64
Figure 43 - EIS - Vegetation and Trees -
69
Figure 44-EIS-
70
Wildlife -
Figure 45 - EIS - Storm Management -
71
Figure 46 - EIS - Transportation -
72
Figure 47-EIS-
74
Air Quality -
Figure 48 - EIS - Water Quality -
75
Figure 49 - EIS - Overall Score -
75
Figure 50 - Municipal Water Treatment (GAC) - Activated Carbon -
78
Figure 51 - Alexander's Estates Wastewater Treatment Plant -
81
Figure 52 - Typical wastewater flow rates from commercial sources -
82
Figure 53 - LEED Score cardfor the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates -
83
Figure 54 - Alexander's Estates Development -
85
Figure 55 - Zoning Schedule -
86
Figure 56 - Distance from Nursing Home to NJ Transit Rail Station -
87
Figure 57 - "Green " Bike Rack -
89
Figure 58 - Solar Powered and Solar Battery Charged Toyota Prius -
90
Figure 59 - Elevation View and Rain Collection Tanks in the Nursing Home -
93
viii
Figure 60 - Rainwater Collection Tanks -
94
Figure 61 - SRIfor Brick Red and Lightstone -
95
Figure 62 - Solar Powered HVAC Diagram and Unit -
96
Figure 63 - 500 Mile Radius from Morristown, NJ -
105
Figure 64 - VOC Limits -
108
Figure 65 - LEED Gold to be awarded to the Nursing Home -
112
Figure 66 - Thermal Potential of Geo-thermal Energy Sources in the USA -
115
Figure 67 - Geo-thermal Energy Plant in urban setting-
116
Figure 68 - Diagram of geo-thermal energy plant -
117
Figure 69 - Photovoltaic Panels for Alexander's Estates -
119
Figure 70 - Diagram of Solar Photovoltaic System for Alexander's Estates -
120
Figure 71 - Solar Powered HVAC Unit -
121
Figure 72 - Solar Powered HVAC - Cooling Cycle -
122
Figure 73 - Solar Powered HVAC - Heating Cycle -
123
Figure 74 - Solar Hot Water Panels installed on the top of the roof-
124
Figure 75 - Diagram of Solar Hot Water Tube -
125
Figure 76 - Diagram of Solar Hot Water System for Alexander's Estates -
126
Figure 77 - Projected coverage of generated power, County Map of NJ -
138
Figure 78 - Option #1: Lake Hopatcong-Lake Boonton -Geo Plant-Hudson River -
139
Figure 79 - Option #2: Hudson River-Geo-Thermal Energy Plant-Hudson River -
140
Figure 80 - Legend of Recommended Options #1 & #2 -
141
ix
List of Tables:
Table 1 - Design Alternatives vs. Performance Requirements -
7-8
Table 2 - Tasks for Drinking Water Treatment Plant (Block 3501) -
21
Table 3 - Tasks for the Nursing Home (Block 3503) -
31
Table 4 - Tasks for the Geo-thermal Energy Plant (Block 4901) -
41
x
Nomenclature:
Coolins Tower — "a structure over which circulated water is trickled to reduce its temperature
by partial evaporation"1
De-nitrification - "the loss or removal of nitrogen or nitrogen compounds; specifically :
reduction of nitrates or nitrites commonly by bacteria (as in soil) that usually results in
the escape of nitrogen into the air"2
Generator — "one that generates: as a : an apparatus in which vapor or gas is formed b : a
machine by which mechanical energy is changed into electrical energy
2: a mathematical entity that when subjected to one or more operations yields another
mathematical entity or its elements; specifically : generatrix"3
Geothermal - "of, relating to, or utilizing the heat of the earth's interior; also : produced
or permeated by such heat <geothermal steam> <geothermal regions>"4
1
"Cooling Tower." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web. <http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/cooling tower>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
2
"De-nitrification." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web. <http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/ de-nitrification >. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
3
"Generator." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web. <http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/generator>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
4
"Geothermal." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web. <http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/geothermal>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
xi
Photovoltaic - "of, relating to, or utilizing the generation of a voltage when radiant
energy falls on the boundary between dissimilar substances (as two different
semiconductors)"5
Ordinance - " l o : an authoritative decree or direction : order b : a law set forth by a
governmental authority; specifically : a municipal regulation
2: something ordained or decreed by fate or a deity
3: a prescribed usage, practice, or ceremony"6
Sludse - "1: mud, mire; especially : a muddy deposit (as on a riverbed) : ooze
2: a muddy or slushy mass, deposit, or sediment: as a : precipitated solid matter produced
by water and sewage treatment processes b : muddy sediment in a steam boiler c : a
precipitate or settling (as a mixture of impurities and acid) from a mineral oil
3: slush"7
Turbine — "a rotary engine actuated by the reaction or impulse or both of a current of
fluid (as water, steam, or air) subject to pressure and usually made with a series of curved
vanes on a central rotating spindle"8
5
"Photovoltaic." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web. <http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/photovoltaic>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
'"Ordinance." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web. <http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/ordinance>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
7
"Sludge." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web. <http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/sludge>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
8
"Turbine." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web. <http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/turbine>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
xii
1.0 - Introduction:
In my Masters of Engineering Thesis I would like to propose the idea of creating
eco-friendly, affordable, cutting edge technology; at least LEED Gold certified, closed
community called Alexander's Estates, located in Morristown, New Jersey. The main
building of Alexander's Estates will be a Nursing Home. In addition, this cutting edge
community will also have its own water treatment plant, waste water treatment plant, as
well as a geothermal energy plant. Some of the features that are going to be implemented
in the design are:
The design will cover three blocks: 3501, 3503 and 4901 in Morristown, NJ.
Block 3501 covers the area of 2.99 AC, and is located in the Eastern section of the
proposed design. The entire Block will be split into two lots along the banks of
Whippany River. The two newly created lots will be called lot 1 and 2. Lot 1 will
be used to design and build a drinking water treatment plant. This plant will take
water from the nearby Whippany River, clean it and bring it to drinkable
standards found in tap water. This water treatment plant will be equipped with all
necessary steps needed to deliver the highest quality drinking water as shown in
Figure 4, 5 and 6 on pages 14, 15 and 16;
Lot 2 in Block 3501 will be used to design and built a drinking water distribution
center. This center will pump water to the Nursing Home located across Center
Street. Excess of stored water not utilized for the needs of the Nursing Home will
1
be pumped back to the grid, and will be supplying a part of Morristown as shown
in Figure 4, 5 and 6 on pages 14, 15 and 16;
Block 3503 will cover the area of 9 AC. This large piece of land is located in the
Northern portion of Alexander's Estates. The entire Block 3503, just like 3501,
will be divided along the banks of Whippany River. However, this lot will consist
of three lots. Lot 1 will be used to design and built the Nursing Home, which will
be located in the center point of Alexander's Estates. The Nursing Home's entire
roof will be covered with solar panels, which will be used for various needs, some
of which include capturing solar energy and using it to power E-Cars. In addition,
these panels will have the capability to capture heat, which will be used for the
cooling/heating needs of the entire Alexander's Estates. The attic directly under
the roof of the nursing home will have several large tanks to store rain water
collected from the roof area. The tanks will have a safety overflow system which
will direct water through the system of pipes to underground tanks. The water in
those tanks will be used to water the lawn during drought season, as well as to
wash the fleet of E-cars available to the residents of the Nursing Home as shown
in Figure 4, 5 and 6 on pages 14, 15 and 16;
Lot 2 will be used to design and built the Waste water treatment plant, which
using the latest technology, will clean waste water generated by the entire
Alexander's Estates and finally, after meeting rigorous criteria, discharge it back
downstream to the Whippany River as shown in Figure 4, 5 and 6 on pages 14, 15
and 16;
2
Lot 3 will be used to park and charge the fleet of E-cars. The section of the roof
covering the parking lot will be covered by solar panels. The parking lot will also
be equipped with an E-car service station as shown in Figure 4, 5 and 6 on pages
14, 15 and 16;
Block 4901, which covers the area of 2.49 AC, will be converted to a geothermal
energy plant. The electric energy generated by this plant will be used for the
needs of the Nursing Home. In addition, after treatment, the hot water will be fed
to the pipelines for personal use of residents of the nursing Home as shown in
Figure 4, 5 and 6 on pages 14, 15 and 16;
The Functional Requirements of the proposed system are well thought out goals
that I set for the entire system in order to become unique and cutting edge technology as
shown in Figure 1 on page 6.
The flow chart of the entire system shown in Figure 2 on page 9, graphically
presents the main idea of the project and how the specific parts of the system should be
connected to each other in order for the system to meet the functional requirements.
The proposed system presented in my Thesis will result in lower utility bills.
More importantly, it will create a self sustainable "living" building for the enjoyment of
all residents.
3
1.1 - Statement of Problem:
There were several problems associated with the idea of using all those
technological innovations for one community. The first problem that I have encountered
was that in order to fully utilize all the above technological innovations, the given
community should be operational at all times, as well as be in full occupancy. A single or
multiple families' home wouldn't be able to fully use the buildings resources, because the
majority of the people will not be there Monday through Friday during work hours.
Another idea was to design a preschool that would be able to utilize this system.
However, I have noticed that a preschool is only fully operational during the school
semester and becomes empty during summer and spring breaks, as well as during the
holidays. Lastly, the idea of a shopping mall would also not work because a mall is only
operational during the day hours.
The project had to meet very rigorous criteria in order to be affordable, not as
much to the people who will occupy this community, but to the owner of such a
technologically enchanted building. What is critical for the success of such a community
is the following: the community has to be operational at all times and during all seasons.
Since the goal of this project is to last for an extremely long period of time, 200+ years, it
has to have a constant "flow" of people who would be willing to live in such a
community. To resolve the issues above, I have decided that a nursing or retirement home
would be the best place to design such a community. Nursing homes meet the criteria that
I have established in order for the owner of such as community to fully prosper. As in any
4
nursing home, there is a constant "flow" of people who will be coming and going, and as
a result, all rooms in the building will always be occupied.
With this idea, I started to research what I would have to design, and how to
proceed, in order for this project to be functional, fully sustainable, and affordable for all.
My Masters of Engineering Thesis will look at the above issue, as well as the challenge
of designing such a community. The design Alternatives vs. Performance Requirements
of many designs are presented in the Table 1 on page 7 and 8. The score system for
different categories set the overall standards of the system and helped me decide which
design is the best.
I am ready to take on the challenge, and this Thesis should serve as a proposal of
how it should be done.
For the purpose of my Thesis I, Krzysztof Janusz Wiater, created a company
created from the first letters of my name called KJW Engineering, P.C. This company
under my leadership will design the entire system presented in this Thesis.
5
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Max. Quality of life
In the Nursing Home
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Constrains.
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-Min. price of energy/heat
Min. negative effect on
environment
Geo-Thermal Energy Plant
3. Lower utility bill
PERFORMANCE REQUIREME NTS
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BLOCK 3503,
Possible High
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Dsrrjnd
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Opossition
E-car Parking and E-Car
BLOCK 3503,
Charging Station
L0T2
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10
Zoning
Parameter!
3
10
+
6
10
NA
6
10
NA
6
10
-
Uncertainty of Need
For Private Swage
Treatment Plant
Uncertainty of Need
Moms County's
For Private Geo-
Demand
thermal Energy Plant
8
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re
re
50
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re
3
re
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Selected - not the
best solution but
one of its kind
41
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Selected - not the
best solution but
one of its kind
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41 41 0
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1
Selected - not the
best solution but
one of its kind
Selected - not the
best solution but
one of its kind
1.3 - Design Alternatives vs. Performance Requirements:
(...continuation from the previous page)
r-
r*
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a er
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PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
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Table 1 - Design Alternatives vs. Performance Requirements (continuation)
8
1.4 - Flow chart of the Proposed System:
LEGEND:
- Direction and flow of Drinking Water
- Direction and flow of Rain Water
- Direction and flow of Westewater
- Direction and flow of Sol ss Energy
- Direction and flow of HVAC
- Direction and flow of Water from River
-Direction and flow of water injected into the ground
- Direction aid flow of water heated by geo-thermal energy
- Direction and flow of heated wated by geo-thermal energy
^
• Direction and flow of heatgenerated by geo-thermal energy plant
• Direction and How of energy gererated by geo-thermal energy plant
- Amount of flow (low flow)
- Amount of flow (below avergp flow)
• Amount of flow (average flow)
- Amount of flow (above estexegp flow'
- Amount of flow (large flow)
- Natural resorces
-solar energy - yellow
- solar energy heat - red
-rainwater - blue
Cbnnect.cn hub for various systems
- Storm water c atch basin
- Manhole,
- Electric transformer
- Heat transformer
- etc
- Outlet for drinking weter
- Quiet for r ain water
- Outlet for Solar energy
- Oulet for sol ar powered HVAC
KVAC
- Solar energy powered E-Car
|
^
|
J
••
- Sprinkler s y s t e m
- Car w a s h
Figure 3 - Legend for The Flow Chart of the Proposed System
10
1.5 - Site Description:
In order to fully understand the needs of the town, as well as to gather more
reliable data, KJW Engineering researched Morristown, NJ based on Census 2000. KJW
Engineering selected Morristown for its Alexander's Estates Project due to the town's
population characteristics, demographics as well as its needs. According to the detailed
analysis of the Census 2000 for Morristown, NJ, KJW Engineering noticed that the
"population of Morristown was recorded to be 18,544, with the median age of 35"9. Due
to the specifics of the project, and the fact that the main feature of Alexander's Estates is
a Nursing Home, KJW Engineering concentrated mainly on the type of people who may
be living in the Nursing Home. Based on Census 2000 there are "2,292 1 people over age
of 65, which makes 12.4% of population of Morristown, NJ" 10 . According to Census
2000, "the median family income for Morristown was $66,419, at the same time there
were 268 or 7.1% families as well as 2,069 or 11.5% individuals below poverty level"11.
Those people are my potential residents of the Nursing Home.
The section of Morristown where I plan to create the low income, sustainable
Nursing Home, water treatment plant, waste water treatment plant and geo-thermal
energy plant will cover three blocks: Block 3501 with area of 2.99 acres, Block 3505
with area of 9.00 acres and Block 4901 with area 2.49, acres as shown in Figure 4, 5 and
9
"Morristown, New Jersey." American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Web. <http://factfinder.census.gov>.
(Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
10
"Morristown, New Jersey." American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Web. <http://factfinder.census.gov>.
(Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
11
"Morristown, New Jersey." American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Web. <http://factfinder.census.gov>.
(Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
11
6 on pages 14, 15, and 16. All of the three blocks are surrounded by Martin Luther
Boulevard, Center Street, and Spring Street. This section of the town has old, historic
buildings; however, the condition of those buildings is very poor, as shown on Figure 4
and 5 on page 14 and 15. There are a few rows of houses, large parking lots, apartment
buildings, stores, empty lots, obscured areas with the remains of old walls and fencing, as
well as many stores that are considered to be in disrepair. Furthermore, there is an
untouched wooded section currently occupying a large portion of the three blocks on
which Alexander's Estates will be built. All the buildings on the lot are either historical,
abandoned buildings, in poor condition, or for sale, as shown in Figure 4 on page 14.
Whippany River, as shown in Figure 4, 5 and 6 on pages 14, 15, and 16 runs
through the property which is going to be re-developed, namely Blocks 3501 and 3503.
KJW Engineering is going to use this specific feature to its advantage, and incorporate a
design which utilizes the resources of fresh, clean water. It is very important to notice
that building is not permitted within the buffer zone located 50 feet on either side of
Whippany River.
There is also a rail line used by Morristown New Jersey Transit that lies on one
side of the lot as shown in Figure 4, 5 and 6 on pages 14, 15, and 16. This gives the
design additional advantage, because of the important transportation hub with New York
City, as well as other major cities. There is also a nearby bus station. Both of these major
transportation links are in close proximity of high-density developments and Alexander's
Estates.
12
The key feature allowing KJW Engineering implement this design is the fact that
all of the blocks, which are going to be used for the Alexander's Estates, are located in a
Redevelopment Zone as shown in Figure 7, 8 and 9 on page 17, 18 and 19, which means
that I may propose our zoning code.
KJW Engineering has selected a CBD-1 District Zone which would allow for a
Nursing Home, parking and water and waste water treatment plant & geothermal energy
plant. Regulations included in Zoning Ordinances specify the kinds of activities which
will be acceptable on particular lots (such as open space, residential, commercial or
industrial), the densities at which those activities can be performed, the height of
buildings, the amount of space structures may occupy, the location of a building on the
lot (setbacks), the proportions of the types of space on a lot such as how much landscaped
space, impervious surface, and parking must be provided. As shown in Figure 7, 8 and 9
on page 17, 18 and 19, KJW Engineering will follow the requirements specified in the
Zoning Ordinance.
13
Block: 3501 (2.99 Acres), 3503 (9.00 Acres) and 4901 (2.49 Acres).
12
"Morristown, New Jersey." BingMaps. Microsoft Corporation. Web. <http://www.bing.com/maps/Spring Street,
Morristown, NJ>. (Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
14
LEGEND
(g)
©
GAS VALVE
ffiiffl
EXISTING C8
EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
LAMP
WATER VALVE
WATER ELEVATION
EIRE HYDRANT
GUIDE RAIL
)
(
CULVERT
~
PAVED ROAD
_
CURBED ROAD
—
TRIAL
FENCE
POOL )
POOL
WALL
BROOK
- O " ELECTRIC POLE
—
TOPOGRAPHY -MINOR
— TOPOGRAPHY - M A J O R
EXISTING STRUCTURES
EXISTING TREES
' ^ - ^ A Y A Y A ^ / ^ Y X X J
HEDGE
PONDAAKE
-RAILROAD TRACKS
Figure 5 - Existing Conditions of Blocks:
3501 (2.99 AC), 3505 (9.00 AC) and 4901 (2.49 AC), located in Morristown, NJ
15
STONE WALL
L E G E N D
@
80]
GAS VALVE
CURBED ROAD
EXISTING CB
TRIAL
RJ^RALROAD TRACKS
EXISTING SAN. VANHOLE
SUIDE RAIL
" O " ELECTHIC POLE
WALL
WATER VALVE
BROOK
£
CULVERT
"O'JL
H
7
'
6
SPOT ELEVATION
^ MAJOR CONTOUR LINES
-R = RIVER
FIRE HYDRANT
][
^POOL^
FENCE
-J^j- LAW
£g)
; POND/LAKE
MINOR CONTOUR LINES
"vXAJW'
I EXISTING STRUCTURES
Figure 6 - Existing topography and elevation shots of Blocks:
3501 (2.99 AC), 3505 (9.00 AC) and 4901 (2.49 AC), located in Morristown, NJ
16
13
Fugger, John. "Morristown Zoning Map." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning map.pdf>. (Accessed: 16 Sept. 2010)
17
District
CBD-1 District
Permitted Uses
1
(Central Business)
Building up to three stones except the
ground floor shall be restricted to retail
business onlv.
2.
Retail business including department
stores and personal or business service.
except that no professional services
shall be allowed on the first floor.
3.
Restaurant except fast-food
establishment.
4.
Buildina for anv combination of
permitted uses,
15.
RG District
Hotel.
7.
Theater.
1. All uses permitted in the RT-1 and RT-2
[Garden Apartment
Residential)
RT -1 District
(One and
Two Family
Residential)
All uses permitted in the RG District. |
6.
2.
Districts.
Garden apartments.
11. All uses permitted in the R-3 District. |
2.
One and two family detached or
semidetached dwelling having no common cooking or bathroom facilities, with
no more than 2 dwelling units per floor.
RT-2 District
(One to
Four Family
Residential)
|1. All uses permitted in the R-3 District. |
2. One to four family detached or
semidetached dwelling having no common cooking or bathroom facilities, with
no more than 2 dwellina units Der floor.
Figure 8 - Zoning Ordinance Details for CBD-1 District Zone
14
14
"Zoning Schedule I: Use Regulations." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_schedule_I.pdf>. (Accessed: 16 Sept. 2010)
18
District
Minimum Area Requirements
Minimum Yard Requirements
Maximum Bulk Reauirements
Min. Lot Min. Lot
Side Yard
Min. Lot Lot Cov. Improved Lot Building
Front
Area Per Width
(include
Height
Requirements Rear Yard
Depth
Coverage
Yard
(feet
Family
Acces.
(stories/
Both One
(feet)
(feet)
(feet)
(%)
(sq.ft.)
bldgs.) (%)
feet)
(feet) (feet)
Min. Lot
Area
(sq. ft.)
RT-2: One to Four Family Residential
Four Famiy
] 11,250
| 2812
I
90
I
100
I
30
I
40
I
3/35
I
25
I
25
10
I
30
CBD-1: Central Busiiness District
Permitted Uses
Office buildina
Retail business
Personal and
business ser.
Building for
combined
business uses
Conditional uses
Public parking
garaqe
Parking lot
Bus station
None
None
None
None
100
100
80
80
95
95
3/35
3/35
10
10
None
—
None
100
80
95
3/35
10
None
—
None
100
80
95
3/35
10
None
—
None
100
80
95
3/35
10
None
None
100
100
80
80
95
95
3/35
3/35
10
10
None
None
(if contiguous to a except the
residential district
buffer
the contiguous
strip, if
yard shall include required
the buffer strip)
(if contiguous to a
residential district
the contiguous
yard shall include
the buffer strip)
Figure 9 - Zoning Ordinance Requirements for CBD -1 Zone15
15
"Zoning Schedule II: Area, Bulk and Yard Requirements." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_schedule_II.pdf>. (Accessed: 16 Oct. 2010)
19
(except the
buffer
strip, if
required
2.0 - Critical Path Analysis & Land Development Plan
2 . 1 - Critical Path Analysis and Land Development Plan for Block 3501:
KJW Engineering prepared a Critical Path Analysis for Alexander's Estates
located in Morristown, NJ. KJW Engineering looked at "Morristown's Ordinance"16 and
based on the specifications outlined in this document, prepared a land development plan
for Block 3501.
In order to successfully complete the project, several steps have to be performed.
Critical Path Analysis for:
Drinking Water Treatment Plant and Water Distribution Center located on Block
3501:
The table below outlines the tasks that must be completed to successfully
construct the Drinking Water Treatment Plant and Drinking Water Distribution Center
located on Block 3501. The critical path was determined to be: 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-9-10-1214-16-18-19. As may be seen in the Table 2 on page 21, the project will take twenty-eight
months to complete. The visual representation of the Critical Path Analysis for Drinking
Water Treatment Plant and Water Distribution Center located on Block 3501 is shown in
Figure 10 on page 21.
16
"Zoning Schedule II: Area, Bulk and Yard Requirements"
http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_schedule_II.pdf (Accessed, September 16, 2010). 1.
20
Task
Site Clearing
Tree Removal
Foundation and Pond
C
Excavation
D
Foundation System
E
Steel Superstructure
F
Service Buildings
G
Exterior
H
Pump Station
I
Lift Station
J
Water Storage Tower & Tanks
K
Water Piping System
L
Interior
M
Plumbing Systems
N
Electrical Systems
O
HVAC
P
Parking
Toilet and Bath
Q
R
Doors and Frames
S
Wood Flooring
T
Landscaping
Table 2 - Tasks for Drinking Water Treatment Plant and Water Distribution Center,
Block 3501
Symbol
A
B
•A
HA
Figure 10 - Drinking Water Treatment Plant and Water Distribution Center Critical Path
Analysis
21
After establishing the table, as well as a visual representation of the critical path
analysis for the Alexander's Estates' Drinking Water Treatment Plant as well as Water
Distribution Center located on Block 3501, land development drawings have to be
completed.
Block 3501 is enclosed by the following boundaries as per Figure 11-15 (page 25-29).
1. Starting from the intersection of Martin Luther King Jr. Ave and Spring
Street, N 43°09'56" E and 370.98', along Martin Luther King Jr. Ave.
2. Next, S 67°38'50" W and 299.55', along Martin Luther King Jr. Ave.
3. Next, S 25°21 '09" E and 282.98', along Center Street,
4. Next, S 53°10'31" W and 434.54', along Center Street,
5. Next, N 70°25' 14" W and 224.47', the intersection of Center St. & Spring St.
6. Finally, N 27°04'15" W and 278.03', along Center Street to the point of
Beginning.
The enclosed area by the boundaries described above of Block 3501, was found to
be: 130,343.95 SF, or 2.99 AC.
22
5-Phases of Land Development for Drinking Water Treatment Plant and Water
Distribution Center located on Block 3501:
•
PHASE 1: Existing Conditions - BLOCK 3501:
During this Phase, KJW Engineering has to properly define the scope of work
needed to fully develop Block 3501. There are several existing dwellings located in the
Southern portion of Block 3501, as shown in Figure 11 on page 25. There is only one
existing dwelling in the Northern section of Block 3501. There are a few fences in close
proximity of each of the dwellings. There is a paved parking lot in the Eastern section of
Block 3501 which will be preserved and used as visitor's parking.
•
PHASE 2: Demolition Plan - BLOCK 3501:
During this phase, all of the 12 existing dwellings, as well as all existing fences
and walls located on Block 3501 will be removed. All of the blocks' obstructions that are
going to be removed are marked with "X" as shown in Figure 12 on page 26. By
demolishing all of the existing structures, KJW Engineering will clear the entire block
from the old, unnecessary obstructions. This Phase is necessary due to the fact that
nothing can be built without a proper site clearing. Bulldozers will be used to remove
existing structures.
•
PHASE 3: Tree Removal Plan - BLOCK 3501:
During this phase a few threes needs to be removed. Based on the town's
ordinance, all trees that have a trunk size of 6" in diameter or smaller, as measured 5'
from the ground level up don't need a special permit to be removed. However, all of the
23
trees with a trunk size larger than 6" in diameter need to be removed under special permit
regulations. In addition, a special list which indicated the tree species' type, size needs to
be created. Based on that list, a fine per tree's size may be issued, or all of the trees need
to be replanted covering the total are of the trunks removed. The trees that are going to be
removed for the purpose of construction are marked by "X," and are shown in Figure 13
on page 27.
•
PHASE 4: Proposed Block Conditions - BLOCK 3501:
During this phase, all of the obstructions located on Block 3501, such as existing
dwellings, trees and other structures, will be removed. Since there is a river passing
through Block 3501, a 50' Buffer Zone will be created in which none of the new
constructions can be located. KJW Engineering subdivided this Block into two lots:
Lot 1 with the area of 2.19 AC, located in the Southern portion of the Block 3501
will be used to build Drinking Water Treatment Plant, as shown in Figure 14 on
page 28.
Lot 2 with the area of 0.8 AC of The Block 3501 will be used to build Drinking
Water Distribution Center as shown in Figure 14 on page 28.
•
PHASE 5: Final Design of the Drinking Water Treatment Plant and Water
Distribution Center - BLOCK 3501:
During this phase the entire Block will be developed. New trees will be planted to
accommodate the trees that were removed. The newly planted trees are shown as a blue
tree symbol, as shown in Figure 15 on page 29.
24
SPRING STREET
PHASE 1
EXISTING CONDITIONS
0'
60'
120'
GRAPHIC
180'
SCALE:
300'
1"=60'
L E G :n, D
^
EXISTING STRUCTURES
-
PAVED RCAC
• CURBED R0A3
©
OAS VALVE
fggj
EXISTING Cbi
^
X
EXISTING STRJCT^ES TO RE 3EMCVE0
EXISTING TREES TO 13E RCWCVEO AVJ REPLANTED
( Q ) EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
RAILROAD TRACKS
i^yp
- FENCE
GLflOE RAIL
O
@
WALL
^IVER
ELECTRIC POLE
*AT£R VALVE
™
TREE
TREE
T
FIRE HYDRANT
]
( CULVERT
#
"EE
Figure 11 - Phase 1 — Existing Conditions (Block 3501)
25
SPRING street
PHASE 2
DEMOLITION PLAN
0-
60'
120'
180'
GRAPHIC SCALE:
LEGEN, D
X
/:. X
1 EXISTING STRUCTURES
CURBED ROAD
EXISTING STRUCTURES TO BE REVCVED
©
OAS VALVE
e
EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
" O
ELECTRIC POLE
(J)
WATER VALVE
" PAVED -JCAD
WO'
1"=60"
EXISTING TREES TO SE REWCVEJ AN J KE^LANTEJ
EXISTING
}=RAILROAO TRACKS
U M
p
- FENCE
• GUIDE RAIL
WALL
FIRE HYDRANT"
)
/•
#
( CULvEWT
TREE
.X>
V V J
TREE
Figure 12 - Phase 2 - Demolition Plan (Block 3501)
26
SPRING STREET
PHASE 3
T R E E REMOVAL PLAN
0
60'
120' 180'
GRAPHIC SCALE: 1"—60'
LEGEND
. .
I EXISTISG STRUCTURES
) (
0
~ PAVEL) ^CAC
300'
GAS VALVE
(gjfl
~ CURBED ROAD
EXISTING CB
EXISTING STRUCT.;RES TO BE REMOVED
W
/
EXISTING TREES TO 8E REMOVED AND REPLANTED
x
EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
^RAILROAD TRACKS
>
-
#
TREH
FENCE
" O ELECTRIC ^CLE
1
GUI0E RAIL
($>
WALL
RIVER
WATER VALVE
TREE
VV
FIRE HYDRANT
}
[ CULVERT
Figure 13 - Phase 3 - Tree Removal Plan (Block 3501)
27
SPRING STREET
PHASE 4
PROPOSED B L O C K C O N D I T I O N S
0'
60'
120' 180'
300'
GRAPHIC SCALE: 1" = 60'
LEGEND
] EXISTING STRUCTURES
V
GAS VAL\£
EXISTING CI3
_ h-*vtu
r CURBED ROAD
(zRAILROAC TRACKS
-
FENCE
@
ExiSTTNG TREES TO HE REVCVEO AW
liE^LANTEj
^
EXISTING SAN. UANHOLE
j f e
u
„ p
$
J ^
">
O
ELECTRIC PCLE
WATER VALVE
= CUIDE RAIL
WALL
- RIVER
w
^
EXISTING STRUCTURES TO 8E REV0\€D
,
TREE
FIRE HYDRANT
)
(
CULVERT
#
"EE
TREE
Figure 14 - Phase 4 - Proposed Block Conditions (Block 3501)
28
\ ^W /-.©y \
UFT
-i \
M
PHASE 5
FINAL DESIGN OF THE
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PLANT
60'
1?0'
GRAPHIC
LEGE'
180'
300'
SCALE:
D
EXISTING STRUCTURES
X
X
1"=60'
EXISTING STRUCTURES TO RE REMOVED
©
GAS VALVE
I PAVED ROAD
EH
EXISTING CB
rCURBED ROAO
( Q ) EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
^RAILROAD TRACKS
EXISTING TREES TO BE REMOVED AND RE-'LANTED
^yo
. FENCE
O " ELECTRIC POLE
• GiJlDE RAIL
WATER VALVE
WALL
- RIVER
FIRE HYDRANT
.
s
j
[
#
H
TREE
ir-%
CULVERT
Figure 15 - Phase 5 - Final Design of the Drinking Water Treatment Plant
(Block 3501)
29
2. 2 - Critical Path Analysis and Land Development Plan for Block 3503:
KJW Engineering prepared a Critical Path Analysis for Alexander's Estates
17
located in Morristown, NJ. KJW Engineering looked at "Morristown's Ordinance"
and
based on the specifications outlined in this document prepared a land development plan
for Block 3503.
In order to successfully complete the project, several curtail steps have to be
completed.
Critical Path Analysis for:
Nursing Home, E-Car Parking, E-Car Charging Station, and Waste Water
Treatment Plant located on Block 3503.
Shown in the table below are tasks that must be completed to successfully
construct the Nursing Home, E-Car Parking and E-Car Charging Station, as well as the
Waste Water Treatment Plant located on Block 3503.
The critical path was determined to be: 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-9-10-12-14-16-18-19. As
may be seen in the Table 3 on page 31, the project will take twenty-eight months to
complete. The visual representation of the Critical Path Analysis for Nursing Home, ECar Parking and E-Car Charging Station, as well as the Waste Water Treatment Plant
located on Block 3503 is shown in Figure 16 on page 31.
17
"Zoning Schedule II: Area, Bulk and Yard Requirements." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_schedule_II.pdC>. (Accessed: 16 Oct. 2010)
30
Symbol
Task
A
Site Clearing
B
Tree Removal
C
Foundation Excavation
D
Wastewater Treatment Plant
E
Steel Superstructure
F
Service Buildings
G
Exterior
H
Pavement
I
Solar Panels
J
Interior
K
Water Piping System
L
Plumbing Systems
M
Electrical Systems
N
HVAC
O
Parking
P
Toilet and Bath
Doors and Frames
Q
R
Wood Flooring
S
Landscaping
T
Driveway
Table 3 - Tasks for the Nursing Home, E-Car Parking and E-Car Charging Station, as
well as Waste Water Treatment Plant, Block 3503
•A
0A
•B fAl R
B l ^ B
HA
EsS^^^
Figure 16 - Nursing Home, E-Car Parking and E-Car Charging Station, as well as Waste
Water Treatment Plant Critical Path Analysis
31
After establishing the table, as well as a visual representation of the critical path
analysis for the Alexander's Estates' Nursing Home, E-Car Parking and E-Car Charging
Station, as well as Waste Water Treatment Plant located on Block 3503, land
development drawings have to be completed.
Block 3503 is enclosed by the following boundaries as per Figure 17-21 (page 35-39):
1. Starting from the intersection of Spring Street and Center Street,
S 70°32'32" W and 221.25', along Center Street.
2. Next, S 54°24'11" W and 500.17', along Center Street,
3. Next, N 25°49' 12" W and 334.74', along Center Street,
4. Next, N 67°28'31" E and 53.53', along Martin Luther King Jr. Ave.,
5. Next, on the curve 86.78', along Martin Luther King Jr. Ave.,
6. Next, N 43°09'56" E and 91.81', along Martin Luther King Jr. Ave.,
7. Next, N 23°34'19" E and 929.98', along NJ Transit Morristown,
8. Next, S 80°58'52" E and 734.06', to Spring Place,
9. Next, S 05° 13'29" E and 283.49', along Spring Place, to the intersection of
Spring Place and Spring Street,
10. Finally, N 26°28' 12" W and 553.20', along Spring Street to the point of
Beginning.
The enclosed area by the boundaries described above of Block 3503, was found to
be: 416,046.55 SF, or 9.00 AC.
32
The 5-Phases of Land Development for the Nursing Home, E-Car Parking and ECar Charging Station, as well as the Waste Water Treatment Plant located on Block
3503.
•
PHASE 1: Existing Conditions - BLOCK 3503:
During this Phase, KJW Engineering has to properly define the scope of work
needed to fully develop Block 3503. There are several existing dwellings located in the
Southern portion of Block 3503 as shown in Figure 17 on page 35. There is no existing
dwelling in the Northern section of Block 3503. There are a few fences in the close
proximity of each of the dwelling. There is a paved parking lot in the center section of
Block 3503.
•
PHASE 2: Demolition Plan - BLOCK 3503:
During this phase all of the six existing dwellings located on Block 3503, as well
as all of the existing fences, walls and the old parking lot will be removed. All of the
Blocks' obstructions that are going to be removed are marked with "X" as shown in
Figure 18 on page 36. By demolishing all of the existing structures, KJW Engineering
will clear the entire block from the old, unnecessary obstructions. This Phase is necessary
due to the fact that nothing can be built without a proper site clearing. Bulldozers will be
used to remove existing structures.
•
PHASE 3: Tree Removal Plan - BLOCK 3503:
During this phase a few threes needs to be removed. Based on the town's
ordinance, all trees that have a trunk size 6" in diameter or smaller, as measured 5' from
33
the ground level up don't need a special permit to be removed. All of the trees with a
trunk size larger than 6" in diameter need to be removed under special permit regulations.
In addition, the special list which indicated the tree species' type and size needs to be
created. Based on that list, a fine per tree's size may be issued or all of the trees need to
be replanted covering the total are of the trunks removed. The trees that are going to be
removed for the purpose of construction are marked by "X" and are shown in Figure 19
on page 37.
•
PHASE 4: Proposed Block Conditions - BLOCK 3503:
During this phase, all of the obstructions located on Block 3503, such as existing
dwellings, trees, and other structures, will be removed. Since there is a river passing
through Block 3503, a 50' Buffer Zone will be created in which none of the new
constructions can be located. KJW Engineering subdivided this Block into three lots:
Lot 1, with the area of 5.81 AC, located in the Northern portion of Block 3503
will be used to build the Nursing Home, as shown in Figure 20 on page 38.
-
Lot 2, with the area of 1.87 AC of Block 3503 will be used to build the Waste
Water Treatment Plant, as shown in Figure 20 on page 38.
-
Lot 3, with the area of 1.32 AC of Block 3503 will be used to build the E-Car
Parking and E-Car Charging Station, as shown in Figure 20 on page 38.
34
•
PHASE 5: Nursing Home, E-Car Parking and E-Car Charging Station, as
well as Waste Water Treatment Plant - BLOCK 3503:
During this phase the entire Block will be developed. New trees will be planted to
accommodate the trees that were removed. The newly planted trees are shown as a blue
tree symbol in Figure 21 on page 39.
^ i - Q ^ - ?
—
—
"
.tT 9
nfjJor'w
9299s'
/
SPRING STREET
LEGENP
EXISTING STRUCTURES
GAS VALVE
LVE
@
I PAVER ROAD
ggg
I " CURBED R0A3
j=RAILROAD TRACKS
-
X
EXISTING STRUCTURES TO BE REMOVED
V / existing
t r e e s t o be removed ano r e 3 l a n t e 3
3 CB
( Q ) EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
J^C
^yp
WSE*
< >
ELECTRIC POLE
^
@
WATER VALVE
TR£E
FENCE
— G U I wDa E
ll
RIVER
RAIL
FIRE HYDRANT
( CULVERT
^
a'W
Figure 17 - Phase 1 - Existing Conditions (Block 3503)
)
35
&
™
TREE
^
V3
"-jyi^jj ^lVfi
H Luna'
t&ifrKM*
^
'v
'
r^n-
SPRING STREET
EGE\D
^
EXISTING STRUCTURES
©
: PAVED ROAD
CJRBEO ROAD
|
-*
|
|
*
|
[ RAILROAD TRACKS
GAS VALVE
BBS
^
X
EXISTING
:C STRUCTURES TO RE REMOVED
EXISTING TREES TD UE REMOVED AND REPLANTED
( Q ) EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
U V P
"ft"
«
TREE
FENCE
O
GUIDE RAIL
ELECTRIC "'CLE
@
WATER VALVE
WALL
RIVER
}
[
®
CULVERT
C
TREE
^
THEE
\i~rit
FIRE HYDRANT
J
TREE
TREE
Figure 18 - Phase 2 — Demolition Plan (Block 3503)
36
SPRING STREET
EXISTING STRUCTURES
~ RAVED ROAC
^ ^ EXS
ITN
IG STRUCTURES TO BE REMOVED
@ GAS VALVE \ / EXS
ITN
IG TREES TO SE REvGvED AND KE^rLA^TED
gjfl EXS
ITN
IG CB / x
EXISTING SAN. WANHOLE
I"CURBED ROAD
{iRAlLROAC TRACKS
-
-O-
" O " ELECTRIC POLE
• GUIDE RAIL
(J)
TREE ^fflit- TREE
<>i,
C - 3 TREE
, K t t
LAVP
FENCE
WATER VALVE
-JjMgo
,-C
FR
IE HYDRANT
WALL
]
'
( CULVERT
5
- -J $
TREE
Figure 19 - Phase 3 - Tree Removal Plan (Block 3503)
37
NJ I KAMbrll n j O M ^ C W R i
r-6-—
„
.
—
7"i 1 Q
"
N"a3 , 54'oe""w
b j k k JWS
„
. ^
. " X I
f"
/-iV©^
SPRING STREET
LEGE\D
EXISTING STRUCTURES TO RE REMOVED
1 EXISTING STRUCTURES
©
[ PAVED RCAD
C'JRBEO ROAO
GAS VALVE
EXISTING CB
X
( Q ) EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
m
t=RAILROAD TRACKS
-
FENCE
GUIDE RAIL
WALL
RIVER
EXISTING TREES TO BE REVOVEO ANi KE J lANTEJ
"O"
ELECTRIC nOLE
%
WATER VALvE
FIRE HYDRANT
)
rvu
W
!'< TREE
[ CULVERT
Figure 20 - Phase 4 - Proposed Block Conditions (Block 3503)
38
NJTRANSIT = MORRISTOWN 331
C
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23'3*'C9"~W "929.96'
©
Q
"q
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F
•
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Q
\
60'
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\.:« •VJ •;.» i I
•• <$<qr • i i
£7
PHASE 5
FINAL DESIGN OF
THE NURSING HOME,
WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT,
E-CAR PARKING AND
E-CAR CHARGING STATION
CHAPHIC
.V.
1
/ M d - r j
©
120' 18C
SCALE:
EXISTING STRUCTURES
H PAVED WAD
©
GAS VALVE
g^j
EXISTING CB
^RAILROAD TRACKS
X
X
EXISTING STRUCTURES TO RE REMOVED
EXISTING TREES TO BE REMOVED AND REPLANTED
LAWp
" O " ELECTRIC POLE
CJIDE RAIL
WALL
RIVER
(J)
WATER VALVE
FIRE HYDRANT
}
r,
TREE
( CULVERT
TREE
Figure 21 - Phase 5 — Final Design of the Nursing Home, Waste Water Treatment Plant,
E-car parking and E-car charging station. (Block 3503)
39
2. 3 - Critical Path Analysis and Land Development Plan for Block 4901:
KJW Engineering prepared a Critical Path Analysis for Alexander's Estates
located in Morristown, NJ. KJW Engineering looked at "Morristown's Ordinance"18 and
based on the specifications outlined in this document prepared a land development plan
for Block 4901.
In order to successfully complete the project several curtail steps have to be
completed.
Critical Path Analysis for:
Geo-Thermal Energy Plant located on Block 4901.
The table below outlines the tasks that must be completed to successfully
construct the Geo-thermal Plant located on Block 4901.
The critical path was determined to be: 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-9-10-12-14-16-18-19. As
shown in Table 4 on page 41, the project will take twenty-eight months to complete. The
visual representation of the Critical Path Analysis for the Geo-thermal Plant located on
Block 4901 is shown in Figure 22 on page 41.
18
"Zoning Schedule II: Area, Bulk and Yard Requirements." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_schedule_II.pdf>. (Accessed: 16 Oct. 2010)
40
Symbol
Task
A
Site Clearing
B
Tree Removal
C
Foundation System
D
Steel Superstructure
E
Service Buildings
F
Drilling to the core of Earth
G
Injection Point
H
Production Point
I
Turbine
J
Generator
K
Cooling Tower
L
Water Piping System
M
Plumbing Systems
N
Electrical Systems
O
HVAC
P
Parking
Toilet and Bath
Q
R
Doors and Frames
S
Wood Flooring
T
Landscaping
Table 4 - Tasks for Geo-thermal Energy Plant, Block 4901
Wk
!•
0A
HA
HA
Figure 22 - Geo-thermal Energy Plant Critical Path Analysis
41
After establishing the table, as well as a visual representation of the critical path
analysis for Alexander's Estates' Geo-thermal Plant located on Block 4901, land
development drawings have to be completed.
Block 4901 is enclosed in the following boundaries as per Figure 23-27 (page 45-49).
1. Starting from the intersection of Water Street and Spring Street,
N 27°28'16" W and 442.22', in western direction, along Spring Street,
2. Next, S 35°32'21" W and 224.06',
3. Next, S 25°32'13" E and 131.55along Water Street,
4. Next, on curve 32.75'
5. Finally, on curve 32.32' along Center Street to the point of Beginning.
The enclosed area by the boundaries described above of Block 4901 was found to
be: 108,649.31 SF, or 2.49 AC.
The Five Phases of Land Development for the Geo-thermal Plant located on Block
4901.
•
PHASE 1: Existing Conditions - BLOCK 4901:
During this Phase, KJW Engineering has to properly define the scope of work
necessary to fully develop Block 4901. There is one existing dwelling located in the
Northern portion of Block 4901, as shown in Figure 23 on page 45. Furthermore, there
are a few fences and existing walls in close proximity of each of the dwellings.
42
•
PHASE 2: Demolition Plan - BLOCK 4901:
During this phase an existing dwelling, as well as all existing fences and walls
located on Block 4901 will be removed. All of the Blocks' obstructions that are going to
be removed are marked with "X," as shown in Figure 24 on page 46. By demolishing all
of the existing structures, KJW Engineering will clear the entire block from the old,
unnecessary obstructions. This Phase is necessary due to the fact that nothing can be built
without a proper site clearing. Bulldozers will be used to remove existing structures.
•
PHASE 3: Tree Removal Plan - BLOCK 4901:
During this phase, a few trees need to be removed. Based on the town's
ordinance, all trees that have a trunk size 6" in diameter or smaller, as measured 5' from
the ground level up don't need a special permit to be removed. All of the trees with trunk
size larger than 6" in diameter need to be removed under special permit regulations. In
addition, the special list which indicates the tree species' type, size needs to be created.
Based on that list, a fine per tree's size may be issued, or all of the trees may need to be
replanted covering the total are of the trunks removed. The trees that are going to be
removed for the purposes of construction are marked by "X," and are shown in Figure 25
on page 47.
43
•
PHASE 4: Proposed Block Conditions - BLOCK 4901:
During this phase, all of the obstructions located on Block 4901, such as existing
dwellings, trees and other structures, are being removed. KJW Engineering will not
subdivide this Block. There will only be one lot:
-
Lot 1, with the area of 2.49 AC of Block 4901 will be used to build a Geo-thermal
energy Plant as shown in Figure 26 on page 48.
•
PHASE 5: Final Design of the Geo-thermal Energy - BLOCK 4901:
During this phase the entire Block will be developed. New trees will be planted to
accommodate the trees that were removed. The newly planted trees are shown as a
blue tree symbol in Figure 27 on page 49.
44
SPRING S T R H L
L«J2.75'
R = 5 8 , 5 5 " 0R
PHASE 1
EXISTING CONDITIONS
0'
60'
120'
GRAPHIC
180"
SCALE:
LEGE\n
1 EXISTING STRUCTURES
@
GAS VALVE
X
\
300'
1
1
= 60'
EXISTING STRJCT./RES TO BE REMOVED
/
EXISTING TREES TO BE HEVGVEJ AND KE^LANTEJ
EXISTING CR
r
CURBED ROAD
( < 0 ) EXISTING SAN. VAUHOLE
^RAILROAD TRACKS
-
TREE
FENCE
" O
"
ELECTRIC
3
CLE
GUIDE RAIL
WATER VALVE
WALL
FIRE HYDRANT
)
(
™
TREE
CULVERT
'O'TREE
TREE
Figure 23 - Phase 1 - Existing Conditions (Block 4901)
45
"7MH
SPRINGSTREEI
I^MS-aro-ttwos-sz
75' 2 l£«=32.32' E. r
i-SilWSrlS..- •
o
^ * ©/_•©
^
\0
#
0
©
0 Q *i©
*
m
BLOCK 4 9 0 1
AREA:
108,649.31 SF
2.49 AC
m
10
PHASE 2
DEMOLITION PLAN
0'
60'
120'
GRAPHIC
SCALE:
Eo Ex o
EXISTING STRUCTURES
" PAVED ROAD
180'
0
GAS VALVE
jgf]
EXISTING CE
X
X
300'
1" = 6 0 '
EXISTING STRUCTURES TO BE REMOVED
EXISTING TREES TO BE REMOVED AND REPLANTED
( f ^ ) EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
^RAILROAD TRACKS
-
FENCE
— G U I D E
u^yp
_
< J - ELECTRIC POLE
RAIL
@
WALL
•--- ^
mte t ° 3
WATER VALVE
THEE
FIRE HYDRANT
J
®
( CULVERT
TREE
I.'-^J'
TREE
Figure 24 - Phase 2 - Demolition Plan (Block 4901)
46
OWL
0.
©.J*
, 2 75'C
SPRING STREET
tEN»32J2
PHASE 3
TREE REMOVAL PLAN
0
60'
120'
GRAPHIC
SCALE:
LEGE\O
1 EXISTING STRUCTURES
• CURBED R0A3
• GUIDE RAIL
X
LX
©
GAS VALVE
E l
EXISTING
i^yp
O
@
WALL
^
300'
1" = 6 0 '
EXISTING STRUCTURES TO RE REMOVED
EXISTING TREES TO HE HEUCVED AND REPLANTED
( Q ) EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
RAILROAD TRACKS
-FENCE
180'
^
WfS^
TREE
f
TREE
ELECTRIC POLE
WATER VALVE
M
FIRE HYDRANT
)
TREE
( CULVERT
TREE
Figure 25 - Phase 3 - Tree Removal Plan (Block 4901)
47
OMH
L
, --in
S P R 1 N G S T R E E T
„ anfc-tf A9-Q9 52 E
^zisJg&S
73* C LEN as -32.32.'
J^
A=0862.
6-4551' 9'3
C LEN=^ac
PHASE 4
PROPOSED BLOCK CONDITIONS
0
60'
120'
GRAPHIC
180'
SCALE:
LEGEXD
1 EXISTING STRUCTURES
: PAVED RCAD
— CURBED ROAD
|
-*
|
|
*
| -^RAILROAD TRACKS
EXISTING STRUCTURES TO BE REMOVED
GAS VALVE
Pffi
EXISTING CB
@
EXISTING SAN. MANHOLE
-A.
i^yp
< >
ELECTRIC nOLE
(g)
WATER VALVE
rtALL
RIVER
1"=60'
&
FENCE
• GUIDE RAIL
X
X
300'
EXISTING TREES TO BE REWC\€D AN 3 RE»LANTE:J
WtfK
TREE
#
TREE
FIRE HYDRANT
s
J
,,
[ CULvERT
TSEE
Figure 26 - Phase 4 - Proposed Block Conditions (Block 4901)
48
-3J.7S
0 lEN-32,52'
1-58.55' 5 B S . N W 0 9 52 E1
' . - 3 2 - 0 2 "52"
PHASE 5
FINAL DESIGN OF THE
GEO-THERMAL ENERGY PLANT
60'
120'
GRAPHIC
180'
SCALE:
LECEX
existing s t r u c t u r e s
gas v a l v e
paved r c a d
fi®
curbed road
]
|
|
| =)=railroao
existing cb
X
X
300'
1" = 6G'
existing s t r u c t u r e s t o be removed
existing t r e e s t o he removed and r e ^ l a n t e j
existing san. manhole
tracks
TREE
tree
- fence
• GUIDE RAIL
w a l l
river
"O"
ELECTRIC PCLE
@
WATER VALVE
tree
t-
'q,
j
j
tree
fire hydrant
s. .
j [ culvert
tree
t r e e
Figure 27 - Phase 5 - Final Design of the Geo-thermal Energy Plant (Block 4901)
49
3.0 - Nursing Home Architectural Design
3 . 1 - Basement Plan View:
KJW Engineering with its project engineer, Krzysztof Janusz Wiater, proposed
the architectural layout for each level of the Nursing Home. The total usable area of the
Basement level was designed and calculated to be 39,500 ft 2 which gives room to create
useful and appealing spaces for those who are going to reside in the Nursing Home.
Basement level was divided into three distinct sections and each of the sections
was designed to serve its own unique purpose.
•
Section 1 of the Basement Level - Basement East Wing - This section was
designed to hold spaces which are meant to promote a healthy life style. In this
section residents of the Nursing Home can fine the following:
Bart's Basketball Court - which is equipped with its own locker rooms and
restrooms as well as bleachers that can comfortable hold 126 people who would
like to watch the game - shown in Figure 28 on page 51,
Swimming Pool - this space is designed with a maximum occupancy of 30 people
who will be able to enjoy the pool all year long - shown in Figure 28 on page 51,
-
Jacuzzi and Spa - this space can hold a total of 20 people at a time. The
swimming pool and the Jacuzzi share large locker rooms and restrooms - shown
in Figure 28 on page 51,
50
-
Alexander's Gym - this space of the Nursing Home includes all necessary
equipment for a daily workout. Alexander's Gym will have a maximum
occupancy of 50 people - shown in Figure 28 on page 51,
51
•
Section 2 of the Basement Level - Basement Main Lobby - In this section,
residents of the Nursing Home can find the following:
-
The connection hub via steps and an elevator between the East Wing and South
and all of the floors of the Nursing Home as shown in Figure 29 on page 52,
-
This section of the Nursing Home houses the Gift Shop with a maximum
occupancy of 50 people, as shown in Figure 29 on page 52. In the Gift Shop, one
can find some necessary items for everyday use as well as small gifts to bring to a
loved one.
Figure 29 - Basement Plan View - Main Lobby
52
•
Section 3 of the Basement Level - Basement South Wing - This section was
designed to hold spaces which are meant to promote entertainment and social
lifestyle. In this section, residents of the Nursing Home can fine the following:
Maggie's Restaurant - this European Style Restaurant specializes with preparing
Italian, Greek and Polish meals. Their desert menu holds specialties which will
satisfy every person. This famous restaurant is designed to hold a maximum of
190 guests, as shown in Figure 30 on page 54,
Movie Theatre - This theatre is capable of showing regular and as well as iMAX
movies and has a maximum occupancy of 256 people, as shown in Figure 30 on
page 54,
Martini's Dance Hall and Bar - this large space is designed to hold up to 200
guests who are looking to spend some quality time on the dance floor or enjoy a
glass of Whisky as shown in Figure 30 on page 54,
The Nursing Home is also equipped with escape/emergency paths. East
and South Wings of the Nursing Home host their own lobbies, which are meant to
serve a twofold purpose: the front desk services for this section of the Nursing
Home, as well as a faster escape path in case of an emergency. In addition, at the
far end of East and South Wing of the Nursing Home there is an escape corridor
which provides an ever faster escape path. The Main Lobby section of the
Nursing Home is designed to hold elevators to upper levels, as shown in Figure
30 on page 54.
53
/v
T
.
& Bah
2se L'3o
_ ft**. o c S f ^ ;
0 f
°CCup^CY io
0
Ac<se,
nie f
» P / (any.
'ew
"top,i f ;
S,
mg
S4
3.2 - Ground Level, 1st and 2nd Floor Plan:
The Housing Levels of the Nursing Home are designed to be located on the
Ground Level, 1st Floor and the 2nd Floor in Alexander's Estates. The Housing Levels
share the same architectural floor layout and therefore are described only once. Each of
the apartments of the Nursing Home characterize with the floor plan which is 17' by 30'
with a spacious living room and dining, fully equipped kitchen, bathroom and a bedroom
as shown in Figure 31 on page 56. The apartment is large enough to comfortably house
two people. The total usable area of each floor is designed and calculated to be 39,500 ft 2
which gives room to create useful and appealing apartments and lobbies for those who
are going to reside in the Nursing Home. Since there are three floors in the Nursing
Home, the total usable area 39,500 ft 2 + 39,500 ft 2 + 39,500 ft 2 = 118,500 ft 2 .
The Housing Levels of Alexander's Estates are divided into three sections: the
East Wing, Main Lobby, and the South Wing. The East Wing and South Wing have their
own smaller lobbies; their purpose is twofold: 1 - the front desk services for this section
of the Nursing Home and 2 - a faster escape path in case of an emergency, as shown in
Figure 32 and 34 on pages 57 and 59. In addition, at the far end of the East and South
Wing of the Nursing Home, there is an escape corridor which provides an ever faster
escape path. The Main Lobby section of the Nursing Home is designed to serve as a
connection hub and hold elevators to upper levels, as shown in Figure 33 on page 58.
Each of the Housing levels consists of 50 apartments with a two-person maximum
55
occupancy, for a total of 150 apartments and 300 people who will be able to reside at the
Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates.
MURSINQ HOMF GROUND I FVFI
| ST * 7Nf1 n n o p T S A L AREA: 3 9 , 5 0 0 SF + 3 9 s n n SF + 3 9 M r ; s f -
i l a . s n a SF
GROUND LEVFI
- SO APARTMENTS PES FLOOR
- MAX. OCCUPANCY PER APARTMENT - 2 »EO»LE
- TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE PER FLOOR - 100 PEOPLE
1ST FLOOR
- 5 0 APARTMENTS PER FLOOR
- MAX. OCCUPANCY PER APARTMENT - 2 PEOPLE
- TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE PER FLOOR - ICO PEOPLE
?NI) FLOOR
- 5 0 APARTMENTS PER FLOOR
- VAX. OCCUPANCY PER APARTMENT - 7 PEOPLE
- TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE PER FLOOR - 100 PEOPLE
TOTAL NUMqFR OF PRQPI F AT THF IV 'RSINO
-
f
GROUND, 1ST A 2ND LEVEL - EAST wiyn - P L A N
uwre. au-uwiiniAM-—
— * "
Figure 32 - Ground Level, 1st and 2nd Floors Plan - South Wing
57
J!
k
3 8
i _
[ 3 *
U l
00
'
30
•
— 38
NURSINO HOMF R g Q U N n LEVFI
1 ST *
^ r A R E A : W . & O Q SF + M . S O O V V M
W
1'
Fl n n s S F
-
30—
—
11« «,m
1
30
^
GROUND LEVFI
- 5 0 APARTMENTS PER FLOOR
- MAX. OCCUPANCY PER APARTMENT - 2 PEOPLE
- TOTAL NUMBER O F PEOPLE PER FLOOR - 1 0 0 PEOPLE
1ST FIQPF
-
5 0 APARTMENTS PER FLOOR
MAX. OCCUPANCY PER APARTMENT - 2 PEOPLE
TOTAL NUMBER O F PEOPLE PER FLOOR 1 0 0 PEOPLE
2ND FLOOR
-
5 0 APARTMENTS PER FLOOR
MAX. OCCUPANCY PER APARTMENT - 2 PEOPLE
TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE PER FLOOR 1 0 0 PEOPLE
TOTAL NUMfiFR OF PEOPI F AT THF m i P c i N r .
GROUND.
HOMF -
1ST & 2 MP L E V E L - M A I N
UNTO J u i i a i n u i M i
3m
PFfiPi F
LOBBY . PLAN
j
&
^
r
!
U j
-fcv
S
o
s
3
ft,
tM
sO
^
GROUND LEVEL
- 50 APARTMENTS PER FLOOR
- MAX. OCCUPANCY PER APARTMENT - 2 PEOPLE
- TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE PER FLOOR - 100 PEOPLE
8
§
rt
a
1ST FLOOR
- 5 0 APARTMENTS PER FLOOR
- MAX. OCCUPANCY PER APARTMENT - 2 PEOPLE
- TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE PER FLOOR - 100 PEOPLE
^q
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o
2
7ND FIOOR
- 50 APARTMENTS PER FLOOR
- MAX. OCCUPANCY PER APARTMENT - 2 PEOPLE
- TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE PER FLOOR - " 0 0 PEOPLE
g2
3
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l
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NUMBFR OF PFOPI F AT NURSING THE HOME -
3 0 0 PEOPLE
Q H O U N P l 1ST k 2 N D L E V E L - S O U T H
WING
3.3 - 3-D Renderings and Conceptual Design:
Visual representation of the project with its 3D rendering serves an unbreakable
part of a successful project. The reason KJW Engineering, with its Project Engineer,
created these complex renderings of the project, is to allow a person who may not be
trained in reading engineering drawings to visualize the entire project. For the purpose of
visualization, all of the 3D renderings also have a sample material and texture samples
selected to create the true project in 3D, as shown in Figure 35-42 on pages 61-64.
The sample materials and textures selected and presented in the 3D renderings of
the Nursing Home are not permanent in the design. The architect, the developer and the
client can chose the final list of materials that are going to be used in the lobbies and the
fa?ade of the building. However, this will definitely increase the overall cost of the
project.
The detailed 3D renderings of the Nursing Home are presented below in Figures
35-42 on pages 61-64.
60
Figure 35 - Isometric View of the Nursing Home
Figure 36 - Nursing Home East Wing Side Entrance
61
Figure 37 - Nursing Home West Fagade
Figure 38 - Nursing Home South Lobby Entrance
62
Figure 39 - Nursing Home Main Lobby
Figure 40 - Nursing Home Main Lobby Window Bay Fixtures
63
Figure 41- Nursing Home- View from the 2ndfloor window
Figure 42 - Nursing Home - Vegetation in front of the South Wing
64
4.0 - Environmental Analysis
4.1 - Environmental Impact Statement:
The main objective of the Environmental Impact Statement prepared for
Alexander's Estates is to address the issue of how the construction of this development
may affect the environment and its natural resources. The Environmental Impact
Statement for Alexander's Estates addresses the following structures:
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PLANT
BLOCK 3501, LOT 1
LOT AREA: 95,461.70 SF
2.19 AC
(ZONE CBD-1)
DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION CENTER
BLOCK 3503, LOT 2
LOT AREA: 34,461.25 SF
0.80 AC
(ZONE CBD-1)
NURSING HOME
BLOCK 3503, LOT 1
LOT AREA: 160,853.9 SF
3.69 AC
(ZONE CBD-1)
WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT
BLOCK 3503, LOT 2
LOT AREA: 81,464.56 SF
1.87 AC
(ZONE CBD-1)
GEO-THERMAL ENERGY PLANT
BLOCK 4901, LOT 1
LOT AREA: 108,649.31 SF
2.49 AC
(ZONE CBD-1)
65
KJW Engineering obtained the information used to prepare this Environmental
Impact Statement Report from an on-site investigation, Town of "Morristown Zoning
Ordinance19, and the review plans prepared by the project engineer, Krzysztof Wiater.
In order to fully understand the impact of this construction on the environment,
EIS score cards have been prepared. These cards are the summary of positive and
negative facts that are affecting the environments during and after the construction
period. The overall score has been awarded in each of reviewed categories.
Project Location
The project site of Alexander's Estates is located on Martin Luther King Avenue,
between Spring Street and Spring Place, and New Jersey Transit Railroad tracks in
Morristown, NJ.
Project Description
Alexander's Estates is a proposed development that consists of a major
subdivision based on 3-blocks. The design proposes a zero-footprint development which
utilizes almost all of the natural recourses. This proposed system includes a drinking
water treatment plant, water distribution, a rain collection system, a geothermal energy
plant, a waste water treatment plant, as well as the main structure, the Nursing Home.
This system is designed to serve as well as be a part of the environment.
19
"Zoning Schedule II: Area, Bulk and Yard Requirements." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_schedule_II.pdE>. (Accessed: 16 Oct. 2010)
66
Soils and Topography
The site consists of irregularly shaped lots located next to Martin Luther King
Ave, Coal Ave, Spring Street and Spring Place. The site has a level topography with the
frontage of the site at road grade. The topography of the site does not exceed slopes of
10%. The maximum site slope is 2.0%, near the banks of Whippany River as shown in
Figure 6 on page 16.
According to the "Soil Survey of Morris County (USD A, 1976)"20, the soil on the
site consist of "Urban Land-Haledon complex (Uh), 3%-8% slopes but range to as much
91
at 15% in a few areas."
The Urban Land-Haledon series consists of some "poorly drained and welldrained soils that have a high proportion of silt and fine sand" . The soils formed in
somewhat less gravelly and cobble glacial deposits of material derived mainly form red
and brown shale and sandstone, traprock, and granitic gneiss."
20
Eby, Carl. "New Jersey Online Soil Survey Manuscripts." NRCS Soils. United States Department of Agriculture,
Soil Conservation Service. Web. <http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gOv/manuscripts/NJ027/0/morris.pdf>. (Accessed: 20
Sept. 2010).54.
21
Eby, Carl. "New Jersey Online Soil Survey Manuscripts." NRCS Soils. United States Department of Agriculture,
Soil Conservation Service. Web. <http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gOv/manuscripts/NJ027/0/morris.pdl>. (Accessed: 20
Sept. 2010).54.
22
Eby, Carl. "New Jersey Online Soil Survey Manuscripts." NRCS Soils. United States Department of Agriculture,
Soil Conservation Service. Web. <http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gOv/manuscripts/NJ027/0/morris.pdf>. (Accessed: 20
Sept. 2010).54.
23
Eby, Carl. "New Jersey Online Soil Survey Manuscripts." NRCS Soils. United States Department of Agriculture,
Soil Conservation Service. Web. <http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gOv/manuscripts/NJ027/0/morris.pdf>. (Accessed: 20
Sept. 2010).54.
67
Permeability is "slow to very slow in the fragipan"24. Runoff is moderate to rapid,
depending on the slopes. The vulnerability to erosion is moderate to severe, depending on
slopes."25
Environmental Impact Statement:
A. Vegetation
Most of the existing vegetation is found in the southern sections of the site. The
main vegetation found on site is trees ranging from 3 inches to 24 inches in trunk
diameter. The northern portion of the site consists of a mixed hardwood with calipers
from 6 to 20 inches in trunk diameter.
Based on the detailed analysis of the impact on vegetation and trees, the
following facts were observed:
•
Negative impact:
Some of the trees have to be removed in order to complete construction,
-
•
Relatively small number of trees will be removed;
Positive Impact:
-
The main goal of KJW Engineering is to preserve as many trees as possible;
Plant as many trees as possible;
Based on the effect of the construction on the vegetation and trees, the EIS score of+17
has been awarded in this category. The summary is shown in Figure 43 on page 69.
24
Eby, Carl. "New Jersey Online Soil Survey Manuscripts." NRCS Soils. United States Department of Agriculture,
Soil Conservation Service. Web. <http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gOv/manuscripts/NJ027/0/morris.pdi>. (Accessed: 20
Sept. 2010).54.
25
Eby, Carl. "New Jersey Online Soil Survey Manuscripts." NRCS Soils. United States Department of Agriculture,
Soil Conservation Service. Web. <http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gOv/manuscripts/NJ027/0/morris.pdf>. (Accessed: 20
Sept. 2010).54.
68
•VEGETATION AND TREES
EIS SCORE = +17
- Trees ranging from 3 to 24 inch diameter
NEGATIVE HVff>ACT (TOTAL: -3>
- Some of the trees have to be removed (-2)
- No major impact on trees (-1)
POSITIVE IMPACT (TOTAL: +20)
- Save as many trees as posssible (+10)
- Plant more trees (+10)
Figure 43 - ElS-Vegetation and Trees
B. Wildlife
The site is located at a high-density section of Morristown, NJ, which is not
suitable for many types of wildlife species. The mixed hardwood area on the tract may
provide habitat for smaller mammals and birds.
Based on the detailed analysis of the impact on wildlife that is present in this
region the following facts were observed:
•
Negative impact:
Some species of birds may be disturbed during the period of construction;
•
Positive Impact:
The main goal of KJW Engineering is to build Alexander's Estates in the
shortest time possible and to minimize the impact on wildlife;
Even if the wildlife may be disturbed during the construction period, KJW
Engineering is planning to re-plant a large number of trees, evergreens and
bushes in order to create an even bigger shelter for all wildlife found in the
area;
Based on the effect of the construction on the vegetation and trees, the EIS score of+16
has been awarded in this category. The summary is shown in Figure 44 on page 70.
69
•WILDLIFE
EIS SCORE = +16
- Site is located in medium-density area
NEGATIVE IMPACT (TOTAL: -4)
• Birds and mammals may be disturbed (-4)
POSITIVE IMPACT (TOTAL:+201
- Short period of construction time (+10)
- Long lasting positive impact (+10)
Figure 44 - EIS-Wildlife
C. Storm water Management
The proposed storm water management system for this project is in accordance
with "Residential Site Improvement Standards" 26 guidelines.
"The volume of runoff for the 2-year, 10-year and 100-year storms is contained in
a detention basin that will detain the runoff and reduce the runoff rate for the 2-year
storm by 50 percent, 10-year storm by 25 percent and the 100-year storm by 20 percent
as shown on the drainage calculations." 27
Based on the detailed analysis of the impact on storm water and surface runoff
that may be present during the construction, the following facts were observed:
•
Negative impact:
Impervious coverage of Alexander's Estates is not allowing rain water fully
penetrate to underground natural water system.
The area has a large coverage with pavement and concrete;
26
Bass Levin, Susan. Residential Site Improvement Standards. New Jersey Administrative Code. Title 5, Chapter 21.
1997. Print. (Accessed: 05 Oct. 2010)
27
Bass Levin, Susan. Residential Site Improvement Standards. New Jersey Administrative Code. Title 5, Chapter 21.
1997. Print. (Accessed: 05 Oct. 2010)
70
•
Positive Impact:
KJW Engineering designed a rain collection system which will keep water
from overflowing catch basins. The rain water will be reused for flushing
toilets, washing E-Cars and the lawn sprinkler system
Based on the effect of the construction and the storm water and surface runoff, the EIS
score of +2 has been awarded in this category. The summary is shown in Figure 45 on
page 71.
'STORM MANAGEMENT
EIS SCORE = +2
- Project complies with Residential Site
Improvement Standards 2009
NEGATIVE IMPACT {TOTAL: »8)
- Impervious coverage of the area (-5)
- Streets, parkings, sidewalks etc. paved/conc (-3)
POSITIVE IMPACT (TOTAL: +10)
- Catch basins/itormwater management network (+10)
Figure 45 - ElS-Storm Management
D. Transportation
The intensity of the proposed development is classified as medium; which is
based on the number of dwelling units per gross acre. According to "Residential Site
Improvement Standards"28 N.J.A.C. the development is classified as low.
28
Bass Levin, Susan. Residential Site Improvement Standards. New Jersey Administrative Code. Title 5, Chapter 21.
1997. Print. (Accessed: 05 Oct. 2010)
71
Based on the detailed analysis of the increased traffic during the period of
construction, as well as accessibility to the various transportation hubs located in the near
proximity of Alexander's Estates, the following facts were observed:
•
Negative impact:
Use of cars is still required for the people who live in the Nursing Home as
well as other developments that belong to Alexander's Estates;
•
Positive Impact:
When the construction of Alexander's Estates is completed, residents who live
at the Nursing home are going to be able to walk to the train station.
KJW Engineering is proposing a cutting edge design which involves a fleet of
E-Cars, charged by solar energy as well as the energy from the geo-thermal
energy plant. E-Cars are going to be used only by the residents of the Nursing
Home.
Based on the effect of the construction on the transportation, the EIS score of +5 has been
awarded in this category. The summary is shown in Figure 46 on page 72.
'TRANSPORTATION
EIS SCORE • +5
-Development is classified as:
medium developed
NEGATIVE IMPACT (TOTAL: -5)
- Use of cars still needed (-5)
POSITIVE IMPACT (TOTAL: +10)
- Walking distance to train station (+10)
Figure 46 - EIS-Transportation
72
4. 2 - Environmental Impact Assessment:
A. Air Quality
Any impact to ambient air quality is associated with the construction of the
project and a slight increase in traffic to the site upon the project's completion.
Construction activities are to be considered temporary impacts. Causes of pollution
during construction are the increase in local truck traffic related to the delivery of
materials and supplies, slight increment in vehicular traffic related to the carrying of
workers to and from the site and the use of heavy-duty equipment for clearing, grading
and excavation. The grading and excavation of soil, which contributes to the airborne
particulate concentration, can generate dust. Steps to reduce impacts to air quality consist
of efficient timing of construction activities and minimization of vehicular traffic on site.
Based on the detailed analysis of the increased traffic during the period of
construction and the proximity of Alexander's Estates, the following facts were observed:
•
Negative impact:
The traffic of the large trucks, flat bed trucks, cranes, bulldozers and other
heavy duty equipment will increase during the period of construction;
•
Positive Impact:
KJW Engineering during the construction period proposes a system of
concrete pads that will minimize the effect of air quality
-
Fences around the work site will be erected. The main propose of the fences
that are going to be built around the perimeter of the construction site is to
73
stop all garbage and other airborne objects from moving from the construction
site to the other section of the town.
Based on the effect of the construction on the air quality, the EIS score of+15 has been
awarded in this category. The summary is shown in Figure 47 on page 74.
'AIR QUALITY
EIS SCORE = +15
- Near: water I waste treatment plant, train tracks
NEGATIVE IMPACT. (TOTAL: -5)
-Large trucks impact local traffic (-5)
POSITIVE IMPACT (TOTAL: +20)
- Truck Loading, unloading conc pads (+10)
- Fences aroundthe site (+10)
Figure 47 - EIS-Air Quality
B. Water Quality
During the construction phase of the project, the impacts to water quality will be
associated with soil erosion and sedimentation that may enter nearby waterways. The
implementation of an "Approved Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Plan"29 as shown in
construction details of "Alexander's Estates" drawn by Krzysztof Wiater. Those details
are designed to help alleviate the pollution related to soil erosion. The settling of airborne
dust and sediments related to clearing, grading and excavation could be expected to have
a minor impact on water quality.
Based on the detailed analysis of the increased traffic during the period of
construction and the proximity of Alexander's Estates, the following facts were observed:
•
Negative impact:
Top soil will be disturbed during the construction period which will cause the
surface runoff to flow directly to catch basins and further to the water main;
29
"Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control Plan Checklist." The Construction Industry Compliance Assistance
Center. Web. <http://www.cicacenter.org/pdl7vtepsc.pdC>. (Accessed: 30 Sept. 2010)
74
Dust particles, and fine particulates will be washed off and mixed with water.
•
Positive Impact:
KJW Engineering included water and waste water treatment plant in the
design of Alexander's Estates.
Based on the effect of the construction on water quality, the EIS score of +6 has been
awarded in this category. The summary is shown in Figure 48 on page 75.
•WATER QUALITY
EIS SCORE = +6
-Impact on water quality will be associated with soil
erosion, surface runoff, water/waste treatment plant
NEGATIVE IMPACT (TOTAL: -41
- Larger surface runoff (-2)
- Dust particles will be washed away (-2)
POSITIVE IMPACT (TOTAL: +10>
- Water and wastewater treatment plant (+10)
Figure 48 - EIS-Water Quality
In summary, the whole project received 61 out of 90 of possible points, which
gives +67.7% improvements towards the environment. This score truly represents
positive intensions toward protection of the environment. The summary of the overall
score is shown in Figure 49 on page 75.
OVERALL EIS SCORE
+61 out of 90 possible points
+67.7%
IMPROVEMENT
POSITIVE IMPACT ON THE AREA
Figure 49 - Overall EIS Score
75
4. 3 - Drinking Water Treatment Plant and Water Distribution Center:
The Alexander's Estates development will be equipped with its own water
treatment plant as well as a water distribution center; the following locations will be
proposed for both:
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PLANT
BLOCK 3501, LOT 1
LOT AREA: 95,461.70 SF
2.19 AC
(ZONE CBD-1)
DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION CENTER
BLOCK 3501, LOT 2
LOT AREA: 34,461.25 SF
0.80 AC
(ZONE CBD-1)
The Drinking Water Treatment Plant for Alexander's Estates will be capable of
cleaning and delivering drinking water to all buildings that belong to Alexander's Estates.
The plant will be taking water from Whippany River using a system of pumps, and
moving it to an air flotation chamber, as shown in Figure 50 on page 78. The compressor
will be providing a constant flow of air. Through the process of aeration the solids and
larger suspended particulates will be floated and removed to a solid collection tank
chamber, using the slurry pump for the treatment and disposal, as shown in Figure 50 on
page 78.
Afterwards, the aerated water will be pumped to the reactor where ozone will be
added. This critical step will assure that the bacteria present in the water are killed.
76
Next, the ozone treated water will be pumped to "rapid gravity granular activated carbon
30
filters."
In this critical step of water purification the smell, color and the taste of water is
adjusted, as shown in Figure 50 on page 78.
In the last step of the water purification system, chorine is added using a dosing
pump, and the water is mixed in a disinfection contactor. Lastly, the drinking water will
be moved to a Drinking Water Distribution Center.
KJW Engineering recognizes that the amount of drinking water that is available
for Alexander's Estates is about the same as the amount of wastewater created.
In order to keep the system operational, the following calculations were done and
presented below:
•
Nursing Home: (150 apts)(l unit/apt.)(120 gal/unit*day) = 18,000 gal/day
•
Laundry: (150 apts)(l machine/apt)(450 gal/machine*day) = 67,500 gal/day
•
Movie Theatre: (256 seats)(3 gal/seat*day) = 768 gal/day
•
Restaurant: (190 seats)(8 gal/unit*day) = 1,520 gai/day
•
Automobile Service Station: (150 vehicles)(10 gal/vehicle*day) = 1,500 gal/day
•
Bar: (20 employees)(13 gal/employee*day) = 260 gal/day
•
Other: (Estimated values - 900 gal/day use for calculations 1000 gal/day)
(Swimmingpool - 500 gal/day, Gym - 280 gal/day, Basketball Court -100 gal/day, Gift
Store - 20 gal/day)
•
Other: (300 people)(l000 gal/day) = 30,000 gal/day
Total Amount of Drinking water needed = 119,548 gal/day ~ 120,000 gal/day
(or about 150,000 gal/day to 200,000 gal/day or 0.2 MGD in order to stay operational at
all times)
30
"Activated Carbon for Drinking Water Treatment / Potable Water Treatment." Activated Carbon from CPL Carbon
Link. Web. <http://www.activated-carbon.com/3-2.html>. (Accessed: 05 Oct. 2010)
77
Figure 50 - Municipal Water Treatment (GAC) - Activated Carbon
31
31
"Activated Carbon for Drinking Water Treatment / Potable Water Treatment." Activated Carbon from CPL Carbon
Link. Web. <http://www.activated-carbon.com/3-2.html>. (Accessed: 05 Oct. 2010)
78
4. 4 - Wastewater Treatment Plant:
The Alexander's Estates development will be equipped with its own wastewater
treatment plant and is proposed to be located on the following site:
WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT
BLOCK 3503, LOT 2
LOT AREA: 81,464.56 SF
1.87 AC
(ZONE CBD-1)
The wastewater treatment plant for Alexander's Estates will be capable of
removing contaminants from the Nursing Home as well as the contaminants discharged
from the service buildings, and E-car wash within Alexander's Estates. The flow chart of
the wastewater treatment plant will follow the process shown in Figure 51 on page X.
The wastewater treatment plant will be equipped with physical, chemical and biological
processes in order to fully remove contaminants from the waste water, and finally,
discharge it safely back to Whippany River. The main objective of the design of a
Wastewater Treatment plant for Alexander's Estates is to clean wastewater and to
produce a secondary effluent, safe enough to be discharged to the environment.
The Alexander's Estates wastewater treatment plant system will consist of two
stages, the primary and the secondary treatment.
During the first stage of the wastewater treatment plant, the primary treatment,
raw sewage will be passed through the system of screens in which the openings gradually
decrease. The main purpose of locating screens at this stage of the system is to remove
79
the garbage and other large solids which may be located in the raw sewage. This basic
step will increase the quality of the discharge because the plant will not have to deal with
plastics, wood and other solids, which cannot be treated by the plant, as shown in Figure
51 on page 81.
In the second step of the primary treatment the comminutor will be involved. The
drums of the comminutor, which are revolving in opposite directions, will crush the
material which passed the screens, as shown in Figure 51 on page 81.
During the third step of the primary treatment, the grit, which was created in the
second step, will be moved to the grit chamber from which the larger pieces of grit will
be removed from further treatment, as shown in Figure 51 on page 81.
In the next step of the primary treatment, partially treated sewage will be moved
to primary clarifiers. In this step the flow of sewage will be slowed down, and during the
detention time, solids settling will take place to the bottom of the primary clarifier, as
shown in Figure 51 on page 81.
After the sedimentation in the primary clarifier, the primary effluent will be
passed for further treatment, and the sludge collected at this point will be moved to the
sludge digester and finally, to the sludge dryer. At this stage "ammonia will be converted
to nitrite and nitrate to nitrogen gas in the process called de-nitrification" , as shown in
Figure 51 on page 81.
The secondary treatment process at the wastewater treatment plant of Alexander's
Estates will involve a flow of primary effluent which will be moved to the system of
32
Fenner, Jr, William. "The Nitrogen Cycle in On-site Wastewater Treatment." Web.
<http://webcache.googleusercontent.com>. (Accessed: 5 Oct. 2010)
aeration tanks, where the compressed air will be pumped in and will create a circular
motion of the aerated water. The aeration tank will cause the primary effluent to be
clarified even further, as shown in Figure 51 on page 81.
From the aeration tanks, the effluent will be passed to the secondary clarifier.
After the detention time in the secondary clarifier, the settled sludge will be pumped back
to the aeration tank, and the secondary clarifier effluent will be disinfected by adding
"UV, and chlorination"33 From this point, the process at the wastewater treatment plant
will come to an end, and the final effluent (already disinfected) will be discharged to
Whippany River.
The average volume of wastewater flows from commercial sources will be
estimated based on Figure 52 on page 82.
secondary treatment
primary treatment
33
Nathanson, Jerry. "Environmental Works." Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2009. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopsedia
Britannica 2009 Student and Home Edition. Web. (Accessed: 6 Oct. 2010)
34
Nathanson, Jerry. "Environmental Works." Encyclopsdia Britannica, 2009. Encyclopsedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia
Britannica 2009 Student and Home Edition. Web. (Accessed: 6 Oct. 2010)
81
Flow, gallons/ u n i t / day
Faeifity
Airport
Passenger
Apartment house
Person
Automobile service
station*
Flow,
liters/unit/day
Unit
Vehicle
served
Empioyees
fUinge
Typical
Range
2-4
3
8-15
40-80
50
150-300
190
8-15
9-15
12
13
30-57
34-57
45
49
Typical
Bar
Customer
Emolovees
1-5
lO- 16
3
13
4- 19
38-61
11
49
Boarding house
Person
2S-60
40
95-230
150
Department store
Toilet
room
Employee
400-600
8-15
500
10
1,5002,300
30-57
Hotel
Guest
Employee
40-60
8-13
50
10
150-230
30-49
190
Industrial building
(sanitary waste only)
Employee
7- 16
13
26-61
49
Laundry {self-service)
Machine
Wash
450-650
45-55
550
50
1,7002,500
170-210
2,100
190
Office
tmpiovee
7-16
13
26- 61
49
Publtc lavatory
User
3-6
5
11-23
19
Restaurant -iwith tonecj
Conventional
Short order
Bar/cock tail lounge
Nieai
Luscomer
Customer
Customer
2-4
8-10
3-8
2-4
3
9
6
3
8-15
30-38
11-30
8-15
11
34
23
11
Shopping center
Employee
Parking
Space
7-13
1-3
10
2
26-49
4-11
38
8
Theater
Seat
2-4
3
8- 15
11
;
1,900
38
38
Figure 52 - Typical wastewater flow rates from, commercial sources35
•
Nursing Home: (150 apts)(l unit/apt.)(120 gal/unit*day) = 18,000 gal/day
•
Laundry (150 apts)(l machine/apt)(450 gal/machine*day) = 67,500 gal/day
•
Movie Theatre: (256 seats)(3 gal/seat*day) = 768 gal/day
•
Restaurant: (190 seats)(8 gal/unit*day) = 1,520 gal/day
•
Automobile Service Station: (150 vehicles)(10 gal/vehicle*day) = 1,500 gal/day
•
Bar: (20 employees)(13 gal/employee*day) = 260 gal/day
•
Other: (Estimated values - 900 gal/day use for calculations 1000 gal/day)
(Swimmingpool - 500 gal/day, Gym - 280 gal/day, Basketball Court -100 gal/day, Gift
Store ~ 20 gal/day)
•
Other: (300 people)(l 000 gal/day) = 30,000 gal/day
Total Wastewater Flow = 119,548 gal/day « 120,000 gal/day (or about 150,000 gal/day
to 200,000 gal/day or 0.2 MGD in order to stay operational at all times).
35
"Residential Water Use by Fixture or Appliance." US Environmental Protection Agency.
<http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/pubs/625r00008/html/625R00008chap3.htm>. (Accessed: 26 Oct. 2010)
82
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Construction Activity Pottution Prevention
Credit 1 Site Selection
1
credit 2 Development Density and Community Connectivity
5
Credit 3 Brown fieid Redevelopment
1
Credit 4.1 Alternative Transportation-Public Transportation Access
6
Credit 4.2 Alternative Transportation-Bkycle Storage and Changing Roon 1
credit 4.3 Aternative Transportation-Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Ve 3
Credit 4.4 Alternative Transportation-Parking Capacity
2
Credit 5.1 Site Development-Protect or Restore Habitat
1
Credit 5.2 Site Development—Maximize Open Space
1
Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design-Quantity Control
1
Credit 6.2 Stormwater Design—Quality Control
1
Credit T.I Heat Island Effect-Non-roof
1
Credit T.2 Heat Island Effect-Roof
1
Credit s Light PoBution Reduction
1
z] Water Efficiency
Prcrtq 1
Credit 1
Credit 2
Credit 3
Water Use Reduction—20% Reduction
Water Efficient Landscaping
Innovative Wastewater Technologies
Water Use Reduc tion
j Energy and Atmosphere
Prereq i
Prereq 2
Prertq 3
j Credit i
j Credit 2
_j credit 3
J Credit 4
j Credit s
1 Credit 6
Prcreq i
Credit i.i
Credit 1.2
Credit 2
Credit 3
Materials and Resources, Continued
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2
2
1
1
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Y
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Possible Points: 10
1
1
2 to 4
1
2
1
2 to 4 1
Possible Points
Fundamental Commissioning of Buftding Energy Systems
Minimum Energy Performance
Fundamental Refrigerant Management
Optimize Energy Performance
On-Site Renewable Energy
Enhanced Commissioning
Enhanced Refrigerant Management
Measurement and Verification
Green Power
6 Materials and Resources
£
Date: November/17/2010
Pfcrtq 1
6
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1
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1
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Project Name: Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates
Project Checklist
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credit 4
Credit 5
credit 6
credit 7
i z jindoor Environmental Quality
1
2
3.1
3.2
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
5
6.1
6.2
T.I
T.2
8.1
S.2
1
1
Possible Points: 15
1
1
1
1
1
credit i.i
credit 1.2
credit 1.3
credit i.4
Credit 1.5
credit 2
1
1
1
T
credit i.i
Credit i.a
Credit i.3
credit 1.4
Regional Priority: Specific
Regional Priority: Specific
Regional Priority: Specific
Regional Priority: Specific
Possftle Points: 6
Posstofe Points: 4
751 35jTotal
Certified *0 to 43 poi»ts
Credit
Credit
Credit
Credit
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Innovation in Design: Specific Title
Innovation in Design: Specific Title
Innovation in Design: Specific Title
Innovation in Design: Specific Title
innovation in Design: Specific Title
LEED Accredited Professional
4 [Regional Priority Credits
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Thermal Comfort-Verification
Possible Points: 14
Storage and Cofection of RecyclaWes
BuHding Reuse-Maintain Existing Wafts, Floors, and Roof
1 to 3
Building Reuse-Maintain 50% of Interior Non-Structural Element 1
Construe tion Waste Management
1 to 2
Materials Reuse
1 to 2
1
Increased Ventilation
Construction IAQManagement Plan-During Construction
Construction IAQ Management Wan-Before Occupancy
Low-Emitting Materials-Adhesives and Sealants
Low-Emitting Materials-Paints and Coatings
Low-Emitting Materials-Flooring Systems
Low-Emitting Materials-Composite Wood and Agrifiber Product
Indoor Chemical and PoKutant Source Control
2 j j 4 Innovation and Design Process
1 to 19
1 to 7
2
2
3
2
1 to 2
1 to 2
1 Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance
2 Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control
1 Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring
1
35
Recycled Content
Regional Materials
Rapidly Renewable Materials
Certified Wood
a
1
1
1
1
P o n t t a M n b : 110
Siirtt SO to 59 poitl; Gold 60 to 73 poUts
SO to 110
4.5.1 - Sustainable Sites (SS):
LEED Scorecard for the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates is shown in Figure
53 on page 83.
•
(SS) PREREQ 1 - CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY POLLUTION
PREVENTION:
In order to fulfill this prerequisite, KJW Engineering must create an "Erosion and
Sedimentation Control Plan (ESC)"37. During the construction of the Nursing Home,
there shall be a silt fence barrier placed around the perimeter of the construction site. The
silt fence will be used to catch sediment which may appear due to the construction of the
Nursing Home at Alexander's Estates. Sediment traps shall also be used to keep
sediment from entering the drainage system and local waterways. These traps should be
installed on the construction site as early as possible.
•
(SS) CREDIT 1 - SITE SELECTION:
This credit requires that the project is not built on:
"Prime farmland, Previously undeveloped land whose elevation is lower than 5 feet
above the elevation of the 100 year flood, Land that is habitat for endangered species,
Land within a hundred feet of wetlands, Previously undeveloped land within 50 feet
37
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
84
of a body of water, Land which prior to acquisition for the project was public
parkland"38
The Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates satisfies the credit requirement: The
property is not undeveloped because it has been altered by direct human activities, the
LEED definition for development. The zone map of the re-developed area is shown in
Figure 54 and Figure 55 on page 85 and 86.
Figure 54 - Alexander's Estates Development39
38
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
39
Fugger, John. "Morristown Zoning Map." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_inap.pdf>. (Accessed: 16 Sept. 2010)
85
District
CBD-1 District
(Central Business)
1
Permitted Uses
Building up to three stories except the
ground floor shall be restricted to retail
business onlv.
2.
Retail business including department
stores and personal or business service,
except that no professional services
shall be allowed on the first floor.
3.
Restaurant except fast-food
establishment.
4.
Buildina for anv combination of
Dermitted uses.
5.
All uses permitted in the RG District.
6.
Hotel.
7.
Theater.
1. All uses permitted in the RT-1 and RT-2
District
Garden Apartment
Districts.
2.
Garden
apartments.
Residential)
RT -1 District
(One and
Two Family
Residential)
1. All uses permitted in the R-3 District.
2. One and two family detached or
semidetached dwelling having no common cooking or bathroom facilities, with
no more than 2 dwelling units per floor.
RT -2 District
(One to
Four Family
Residential)
1. All uses permitted in the R-3 District.
2. One to four family detached or
semidetached dwelling having no corrlmon cooking or bathroom facilities, with
no more than 2 dwellina units Der floor.
Figure 55 - Zoning Schedule
40
"Zoning Schedule I: Use Regulations." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_schedule_I.pdf>. (Accessed: 16 Sept. 2010)
86
(SS) CREDIT 2 - DEVELOPMENT DENSITY AND COMMUNITY
CONNECTIVITY:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
•
(SS) CREDIT 3 - BROWNFIELD REDEVELOPMENT:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
•
(SS) CREDIT 4.1 - ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION - PUBLIC
TRANSPORTATION:
Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates is located 0.4 miles from the Morristown
NJ Transit Rail Station as shown in Figure 56 on page 87.
41
"Morristown, New Jersey." Bing Maps. Microsoft Corporation. Web. <http://www.bing.com/maps/Spring Street,
Morristown, NJ>. (Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
87
•
(SS) CREDIT 4.2 - ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION - BICYCLE
STORAGE AND CHANGING ROOMS:
The FTE occupancy of the building is estimated to be 300 people. The peak
occupancy of the building is estimated to be 500 users.
The minimum number of bicycle spaces is determined:
Secured Bicycle Spaces (non-residential) = Peak Building Users x 0.05
Secured Bicycle Spaces (non-residential) = (500) x 0.05 = 25 spaces
The minimum number of shower and changing facilities is also determined:
Shower Facilities (non-residential buildings) = FTE Occupants x 0.005
Shower Facilities (non-residential buildings) = (300) x 0.005 = 1.5 = 1 shower
These shall be the total of five arc bike racks located outside of the Nursing Home
in order to create at least 25 spaces. One arc bike rack shall be placed in front the East
Wing Lobby, one bike rack in front of South Wing Lobby and two bike racks in front of
Main Lobby Entrance of the Nursing Home as shown in Figure 57 on page 89. All of the
bike racks shall be free of charge.
Shower and changing facilities shall be found in the first floor bathrooms, totaling
two unit showers per restroom.
88
Figure 57 - "Green " Bike Rack42
42
"Bike Arc's Designs Green Bike Racks." Greenlaunches.com. Web. <http://www.greenlaunches.com/transport/bikearcs-designs-green-bike-racks.php>. (Accessed: 15 Oct. 2010)
89
•
(SS) CREDIT 4.3 - ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION - LOW-EMITTING
AND FUEL EFFICIENT VEHICLES:
The Nursing Home will achieve Option 2 of this credit by "providing preferred
parking for low emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles, which will account for 5% of the
total parking space."43 Alexander's Estates design has a parking for 120 E-Car located in
the proximity of the Nursing Home. E-Cars are powered by solar energy and in addition
its batteries are being charges by solar energy generated within the perimeter of
Alexander's Estates and available through the system of charging stations. The fleet of
solar powered E-cars is available for use for all residents of the Nursing Home free of
charge as shown in Figure 58 on page 90.
Figure 58 - Solar Powered and Solar Battery Charged Toyota Prius
43
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
44
Latest News Sidebar Promo. Web. <http://reviews.carreview.com/blog/tag/solar/>. (Accessed: 17 Oct. 2010)
90
•
(SS) CREDIT 4.4 - ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION - PARKING
CAPACITY:
We shall accomplish this point by only providing enough parking capacity to
meet minimum local zoning requirements, which shall be determined by our parking
subcontractor. Also 5% of the parking spots shall be allocated for carpools or vanpools.
Additional parking for Nursing Home visitors is located across the street from the
Nursing Home. Like SS Credit 4.3 they shall be identified with signs and will have a
preferred location to the building.
•
(SS) CREDIT 5.1 - SITE DEVELOPMENT - PROTECT OR RESTORE
HABITAT:
The Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates is not located on "Greenfields
(OPTION 1) nor 50% of the site are can be restored or protected (OPTION 2)."45 This
credit can't be obtained due to the fact that neither OPTION 1 nor OPTION 2 of this
credit can be met.
•
(SS) CREDIT 5.2 - SITE DEVELOPMENT - MAXIMIZE OPEN SPACE:
There are no requirements for open space for the given site. Therefore, the credit
requirement for SS Credit 5.2 is addressed by Option 3, which requires "the project to
provide vegetated open space equal to 20% of the project site area"46. Moreover, the
45
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
46
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
91
project is located in an urban area that earn SS Credit 2, "vegetated roof areas and
pedestrian oriented hardscape areas can contribute to credit compliance; and a minimum
of 25% of the open space counted must be vegetated."47
The proposed design will satisfy these requirements since there is a great amount
of vegetated surfaces at the building. As previously shown in section addressing SS
Credit 5.1, the ratio of vegetated surface to site area is 0.71, which exceeds the credit
requirement.
•
(SS) CREDIT 6.1 - STORMWATER DESIGN - QUANITY CONTROL:
The intent of credits SS 6.1 and SS 6.2 are to optimize both the quantity and
quality of all storm water that is collected on the roof of the building. This collected and
filtered water will be reused for various purposes throughout the building, and will add to
the overall efficiency. Collected rain water will be used to flush toilets; it will be used for
the sprinkler system as well as for washing E-Cars.
In order to attain credit SS 6.1, the storm water must be harvested so that the
maximum quantity is obtained. Rain collection system shall be installed around the
perimeter of the roof and it should collect to rain collection tanks located in the attic
section of the Nursing Home. Overflow tanks shall be located underground, from where
by gravity as well as with use of pumps rain water shall be delivered quickly as shown in
Figure 59 on page 93.
47
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
92
•
(SS) CREDIT 6.2 - STORMWATER DESIGN - QUALITY CONTROL:
In order to achieve credit SS 6.2, best management practices must be
implemented in order to ensure that all collected water meets the level of quality that is
necessary. The system of filters shall be installed in order to screen the larger particles
that may enter rain collection tanks. Rain water will be used for flushing toilets and to
water plants as well as to be used in the E-Car wash as shown in Figure 59 and 60 on
pages 93 and 94.
/
• Mf'DSITiahi S H I N j L E S
CTVPICAL)
_ lO'-O"
1
ST.-FINISHED
FLOOR
2RDUND-FIMSHEE
STONE
BASEMENT
FLDD9
VENEER
SLAB
BEVQND
Figure 59 - Elevation View and Rain Collection Tanks installed in the Nursing Home
93
Figure 60 - Rainwater Collection Tanks
•
(SS) CREDIT 7.1 - HEAT ISLAND EFFECT - NONROOF:
In order to fulfill this credit, selected materials whose Solar Reflectance Index
(SRI) is at least 29 shall be selected. These materials include "Interlocking Concrete
Pavement"49 in "Brick Red (SRI 37)" 50 and "Lightstone (SRI 66)"51. These colors of
48
"Guelph Rainwater Research | Broken City Lab." Broken City Lab | Art and Collaborative Social Practice in
Windsor, Ontario (South Detroit). Web. <http://www.brokencitylab.org/blog/guelph-rainwater-research/>. (Accessed:
18 Oct. 2010)
49
Pavers, Bricks, Paving Stones, Retaining Wall, Block, Step and Stairs Manufactured by Ideal Concrete Block in New
England. Web. <http://www.idealconcreteblock.com/>. (Accessed: 18 Oct. 2010)
50
"SP Color Chart | NBS Metal Buildings." Steel Buildings and Pre-engineered Metal Building Systems. Web.
<http://www.nucorbuildingsystems.com/Products/colors/colors.htm>. (Accessed: 20 Oct. 2010)
51
"SP Color Chart | NBS Metal Buildings." Steel Buildings and Pre-engineered Metal Building Systems. Web.
<http://www.nucorbuildingsystems.com/Products/colors/colors.htm>. (Accessed: 20 Oct. 2010)
94
materials shall be used for the project's sidewalks and patios as shown in Figure 61 on
page 95.
BRICK RED
(BR)
LIGHTSTONE
(LS)
.3514 Reflectance (R)
.85 Emissivity (E)
37 Solar Reflectance Index (SRI)
.5725 Reflectance (R)
.81 Bnissivity (E^
66 Solar Reflectance Index (SRI)
Figure 61 - SRI for Brick Red and Lightstone52
•
(SS) CREDIT 7.2 - HEAT ISLAND EFFECT - ROOF:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit. The roof of the nursing home is
going to be able to utilize not only the solar energy but also the heat from the solar energy
to run HVAC. Heat absorption panels shall be installed on the roof as shown in Figure 62
on page 96.
52
"SP Color Chart | NBS Metal Buildings." Steel Buildings and Pre-engineered Metal Building Systems. Web.
<http://www.nucorbuildingsystems.com/Products/colors/colors.htm>. (Accessed: 20 Oct. 2010)
95
¥
/gy
r
...53
Figure 62 - Solar Powered HVAC Diagram and Unit'
•
(SS) CREDIT 8 - LIGHT POLLUTION REDUCTION:
All interior lighting that is not used for emergency purposes shall be automatically
turned off after hours of normal use. Exterior lighting for the Nursing Home has been
classified for LZ2 Zone (Residential Areas). All site and building "luminaries shall
produce a maximum initial illuminance value no greater than 0.10 horizontal and vertical
footcandles at the site boundary and no greater than 0.01 horizontal footcandles 10 feet
beyond the site boundary."54
53
"Solar Air Conditioning, Solar Heating: Solar Powered Air Conditioners Solar HVAC Saves Money." Solar Water
Heaters | Solar Air Conditioning | PV Solar Panels | Solar Heating | Solar Thermal. Web. 2
<http://www.solarpanelsplus.com/solar-air-conditioning/>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
54
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
96
4.5.2 - Water Efficiency (WE):
•
(WE) PREREQ 1 - WATER USE REDUCTION:
KJW Engineering is proposing a design that uses rainwater to flush toilets, water
landscape and thus reducing the water consumption by more than 20%.
•
(WE) CREDIT 1 - WATER EFFICIENT LANDSCAPING:
The system proposed by KJW Engineering and its project engineer, Krzysztof
Wiater used rain collection system to store water and use during dry season to water
vegetation around the Alexander's Estates. This system enables to reduce the water
consumption by more than 50% and the will not be a potable used for the irrigation
purposes.
•
(WE) CREDIT 2 - INNOVATIVE WASTEWATER TECHNOLOGIES:
We shall fulfill Option 1. In order to reduce potable water use water-conserving
fixtures shall be used, which include "dual-flush toilets and waterless urinals"55. Also a
"grey water reuse system"56 shall be used.
•
(WE) CREDIT 3 - WATER USE REDUCTION (30% REDUCTION):
"Low flow lavatories"57 and kitchen sinks shall be used to reduce potable water
use for building sewage conveyance by over 30%.
55
"Green Toilet." Green Products | The Natural Abode. Web.
<http'.//www.thenaturalabode.com/house_appliances/green_toilet.htm>. (Accessed: 21 Oct. 2010)
56
"Graywater Reuse and Rainwater Harvesting." Colorado State University Extension. Web.
<http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/natres/06702.html>. (Accessed: 22 Oct. 2010)
97
4.5.3 - Energy and Atmosphere (EA):
•
(EA) PREREQ 1 - FUNDAMENTAL COMMISSIONING OF BUILDING
ENERGY SYSTEMS:
"Gene Sieve, P.E, LEED® AP" 58 , is going to be the selected as a Certified
Building Commissioner of the accepting the construction of the Nursing Home at
Alexander's Estates.
•
(EA) PREREQ 2 - MINIMUM ENERGY PERFORMANCE:
KJW Engineering under the leadership of its project engineer, Krzysztof Wiater,
will use an estimate in order to make a baseline approximation of the energy
requirements for the proposed structure. A very rough estimate can be made focusing
solely on the heating and cooling energy requirements based on basic thermodynamic
principles. Solar powered HVAC for the Nursing Home will be heating and cooling the
entire living space and it will run on solar energy with some support of local power lines.
Because of that the power consumption will decrease by 45%.
57
http://www.stealthtoilets.com/
http://www.bumsmcd.com/portal/page/portal/Intemet/Content_Admin/Publications%20Repository/TechBriefs%20Li
nk%20Repository/article-BuildingCommissioningProcessforFacilities-082.pdf
58
98
•
(EA) PREREQ 3 - FUNDAMENTAL REFRIGERANT MANAGEMENT:
Solar powered HVAC for the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates will not be
using CFC-based refrigerants. We shall use only natural refrigerants, specifically water.
•
(EA) CREDIT 1 - OPTIMIZE ENERGY PERFORMANCE:
The energy sources that are going to be used in the Nursing Home on a daily
basis, have varying amounts of greenhouse gases associated with their production. Since
buildings consume energy on such a large scale, minimization of energy expenditure is
important to minimize energy related environmental impacts, as well as economic
impacts. In order to achieve the full 17 points for this credit, a 44 percent reduction in
energy requirements needs to be achieved. Given limitations in the means of modeling
energy use, percent reductions will be based on the efficiencies of the implemented
systems. There are a number of approaches to addressing this credit, though particular
emphasis will be given to recovering waste energy and improving the efficiency of the
building's HVAC and lighting.
Percent reductions from baseline conditions are summarized below:
1. LED lights vs. incandescent Tungsten bulbs:
2. Air curtain vs. Open entrance:
52.6% energy use reduction
90% energy use reduction
3. Loss of all waste heat vs. Cogeneration:
80% heat harvested
4. Condensing boiler vs. Firetube/Watertube Boiler:
12-20% energy use reduction
5. Absorption chiller vs. Conventional packaged systems:
100% reliance on waste heat
99
•
(EA) CREDIT 2 - ON-SITE RENEWABLE ENERGY:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
•
(EA) CREDIT 3 - ENHANCED COMMISSIONING:
Commissioning Design Review will be prepared for the construction site by
"Gene Sieve, P.E, LEED® AP" 59 . Mr. Sieve shall also be responsible for Commissioning
Submittal Review, as well as Systems Manuals that must include the following:
"Systems Manual for Hot Water Pumps
Systems Manual for Chilled Water Pumps
Systems Manual for Chillers
Systems Manual for Boilers
Systems Manual for Cooling Towers
Systems Manual for Variable Air Volume Boxes
Systems Manual for Air Handling Units
Systems Manual for Split System
Systems Manual for Kitchen Hoods
Systems Manual for Exhaust Fans
Systems Manual for Complete Direct Digital Control System
Systems Manual for Unit Heaters
Systems Manual for Main Transformers
59
"Building Commissioning. Validation Process for Facility Planning." Web.
<http://vvww.burnsmcd.com/portal/page/portal/Intemet/Content_Admin/Publications%20Repository/TechBriefs%20Li
nk%20Repository/article-BuildingCommissioningProcessforFacilities-082.pdf>. (Accessed: 23 Oct. 2010)
100
Systems Manual for Switchgear
Systems Manual for Panel boards
Systems Manual for Emergency Diesel Generator
Systems Manual for Paging/Intercom System
Systems Manual for Emergency Lighting
Systems Manual for Fire Alarms
Systems Manual for Sanitary Sewer System"60
•
(EA) CREDIT 4 - ENHANCED REFIGERANT MANAGEMENT:
Efficient natural gas shall be used for heating, cooling and ventilation of the
Nursing Home as well as water shall be used as a refrigerant.
Absorption chillers shall be used, which "reduce operating and maintenance costs
for cooling while eliminating CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) refrigerants, which are known to
damage the ozone layer."61 The refrigerant that these systems use is water. The
adsorption chillers also have few moving parts, so that operation is quiet and vibrationfree. Energy efficient boilers "feature pulse combustion, high turn down burners,
economizers, vent dampers and other energy saving features; they use natural gas to
supply heat by using either low-pressure steam or hot water. Heat is circulated through
60
"Building Commissioning. Validation Process for Facility Planning." Web.
<http://vmw.burnsmcd.com/portal/page/portal/Internet/Content_Admin/Publications%20Repository/TechBriefs%20Li
nk%20Repository/article-BuildingCommissioningProcessforFacilities-082.pdf>. (Accessed: 23 Oct. 2010)
61
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
101
the building by a system of pipes. Energy efficient boilers can feature pulse combustion,
ftO
high turn down burners, economizers, vent dampers and other energy saving features."
"Energy efficient furnaces feature a secondary heat exchanger, electronic ignition,
sealed combustion and pulse combustion; they circulate air across a heat exchanger with
a blower or a fan and distribute the heated air throughout the building using a series of
ducts."63
•
(EA) CREDIT 5 - MEASUREMENT AND VERFICATION:
The IPMVP shall be used in this "Measurement and Verification Plan"64 Option
D is used because this is a new building and there is no energy use data that may be used
to create a baseline year. This M&V plan documents the following items:
"Outline the method for determining energy savings.
Determine and follow a site-specific plan.
Specify reports to be provided and time frame outlined".65
62
"HVAC Systems (Minnesota)." CenterPoint Energy. Web.
<http://vv^vw.centerpointenergy.eom/services/naturalgas/business/naturalgasequipment/hvacsystems/MN/>. (Accessed:
24 Oct. 2010)
63
"HVAC Systems (Minnesota)." CenterPoint Energy. Web.
<http://www.centerpointenergy.com/services/naturalgas/business/naturalgasequipment/hvacsystems/MN/>. (Accessed:
24 Oct 2010)
64
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
65
Yard, By The. Sustainability at Harvard. Web. <http://www.greencampus.harvard.edu>. (Accessed: 25 Oct. 2010)
102
•
(EA) CREDIT 6 - GREEN POWER:
The Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates shall fulfill this credit by engaging in a
two year renewable energy contract for at least 35% of the building's energy
consumption.
4.5.4 - Materials and Resources (MR):
•
(MR) PREREQ 1 - STORAGE & COLLECTION OF RECYCLABLES:
The Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates shall have an area that serves the entire
building and is dedicated to "the collection and storage of non-hazardous materials for
recycling, including (at a minimum) paper, corrugated cardboard, glass, plastics and
metals. It shall be on the south side of the building"66.
•
(MR) CREDIT 1.1 - BUILDING REUSE, MAINTAIN EXISTING WALLS,
FLOORS AND ROOF:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
•
(MR) CREDIT 1.2 - BUILDING REUSE - MAINTAIN INTERIOR
NONSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
66
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
103
•
(MR) CREDIT 2 - CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT:
The management of the Nursing Home shall "divert over 50% (by weight) of the
construction and demolition debris from disposal in landfills and incinerators.
Recyclable recovered resources are sent back to the manufacturing process, reusable
materials are sent to fitting sites."67
An off-site construction waste recycling company is to be contracted for the
length of demolition and construction. Possible recyclables will be blended, which would
shorten the waste management effort on-site and make certain that diversion rates are
high. The construction wastes are to be diverted "65.9 miles"68 to "Taylor Recycling in
Montgomery, NY." 69
•
(MR) CREDIT 3 - MATERIALS REUSE:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
67
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
68
"Morristown, New Jersey." Bing Maps. Microsoft Corporation. Web. <http://www.bing.com/maps/Spring Street,
Morristown, NJ>. (Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
69
Taylor Biomass Energy, LLC. Web. <http://www.taylorrecycling.com/>. (Accessed: 26 Oct. 2010)
104
•
(MR) CREDIT 4 - RECYCLES CONTENT:
The management of the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates shall acquire
materials with recycled content such that the sum of "post-consumer recycled content
plus one-half of the pre-consumer content constitutes at around 10-20% of the total value
of the materials in the project based on cost".70
•
(MR) CREDIT 5 - REGIONAL MATERIALS:
20% of our materials shall be extracted, recovered, and manufactured within 500
miles from Morristown, New Jersey as shown in Figure 63 on page 105.
Milwaukee
of
Maim
Chicago
Cmtingnm
Sfepe
intjfartapdts
-Memphii
jEORCJIA
jadcKJwWe
an Antonio
North
\
200mae«
v
250 km
® 2010 MicroM II Corporation 6 2010 NAVTEO
Figure 63 - 500 Mile Radius from Morristown, NJ'r71
70
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
71
"Morristown, New Jersey." Bing Maps. Microsoft Corporation. Web. <http://www.bing.com/maps/Spring Street,
Morristown, NJ>. (Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
105
•
(MR) CREDIT 6 - RAPIDLY RENEWABLE MATERIALS:
5% of our building's total building materials shall be rapidly renewable materials.
•
(MR) CREDIT 7 - CERTIFIED WOOD:
50% of our wood used shall be certified "Forest Stewardship Council's Principles
and Criteria certified".72
4.5.5 - Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ):
•
(IEQ) PREREQ 1 - MINIMUM INDOOR AIR QUALITY PERFORMANCE:
We shall "meet the minimum requirements of voluntary consensus standard
ASHRAE62-1999, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality."73
•
(IEQ) PREREQ 2 - ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE (ETS)
CONTROL:
There shall be no smoking allowed on the Community Center property.
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 1 - OUTDOOR AIR DELIVERY MONITORING:
The Community Center shall have a permanent CO2 Monitoring system.
72
"Principles & Criteria." The Forest Stewardship Council. Web. <http://www.fscus.org/standards_criteria/>.
(Accessed: 26 Oct. 2010)
73
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
106
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 2 - INCREASED VENTILATION:
The Community Center is mechanically ventilated, therefore the air change
effectiveness will be greater than 0.9.
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 3.1 - CONSTRUCTION IAQ MANAGEMENT PLAN DURING CONSTRUCTION:
The management of the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates shall meet the
"Design Approaches of the Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning National Contractors
Association (SMACNA) IAQ Guideline for Occupied Buildings under Construction,
2008, Chapter 3"74 as well as to "keep absorptive materials from being damaged by
moisture."
•
All filtration media must be replaced before occupancy for MERV 8 type.
(IEQ) CREDIT 3.2 - CONSTRUCTION IAQ MANGAEMENT PLAN BEFORE OCCUPANCY:
The management of the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates shall perform a
building flush out prior to occupancy.
74
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
75
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
107
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 4.1 - LOW-EMITTING MATERIALS - ADHESIVES AND
SEALANTS:
The management of the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates shall select
adhesives and sealants that comply with the Figure 64 on page 108.
Architectural Applications
voc Umlt
|gA less water]
Specialty Applications
VOC Umlt
[g/L less water]
Indoor Carpet Adhesives
SO
PVC Welding
510
Carpet Pad Adhesives
so
CPVC Welding
ABS Welding
490
325
Rubber Floor Adhesives
Subfloor Adhesives
60
Plastic Cement Welding
250
50
550
Ceramic Tile Adhesives
65
Adhesive Primer for Plastic
Contact Adhesive
VCT Si Asphalt Adhesives
50
Special Purpose Contact Adhesive
250
Drywall & Panel Adhesives
50
Structural Wood Member Adhesive
140
Cove Base Adhesives
50
Sheet Applied Rubber lining Operations
850
70
Top & Trim Adhesive
250
100
Wood Flooring Adhesives
Multipurpose Construction Adhesives
100
Structural Glazing Adhesives
Substrate Specific Applications
80
VOC limit
[g/L less water]
VOC Limit
[g/l less water]
Sealants
250
Metal to Metal
30
Architectural
Plastic Foams
Porous Material (except wood)
50
Nonmembrane Roof
300
50
Roadway
250
Wood
30
Single-Ply Roof Membrane
450
Fiberglass
80
Other
420
Sealant Primers
VOC Umlt
[g/L less water]
Architectural Non Porous
250
Architectural Porous
775
Other
750
•
Aerosol Adhesives: Green Seal Standard for Commercial Adhesives GS-36 requirements in effect on October
19, 2000.
Aerosol Adhesives:
VOC Weight [g/L minus water]
General purpose mist spray
65% VOCs by weight
General purpose web spray
55% VOCs by weight
Special purpose aerosol adhesives (all types)
70« VOCs by weight
Figure 64 - VOC Limits76
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 4.2 - LOW-EMITTING MATERIALS - PAINTS AND
COATINGS:
The Management of the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates shall use paints
and coatings that do not have VOCs greater than the following:
76
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
108
-" Flats: 50 g/L, -Non-Flats: 150 g/L, -Anti-corrosive and anti-rust paints: 250
g/L, -Clear wood finishes: varnish 350 g/L; lacquer 550 g/L; -Floor coatings: 100 g/L,
-Sealers: waterproofing sealers 250 g/L; -Shellacs: Clear 730 g/L; pigmented 550 g/L; Stains: 250 g/L"77
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 4.3 - LOW-EMITTING MATERIALS - FLOORING
SYSTEMS:
No carpet shall be installed in the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates.
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 4.4 - LOW-EMITTING MATERIALS - COMPOSITE WOOD
AND AGRIFIER PRODUCTS:
Composite wood and "agrifier products shall not contain any added ureaformaldehyde resins".78
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 5 - INDOOR CHEMICAL AND POLLUTANT SOURCE
CONTROL:
In order to fulfill this requirement the primary entryway shall have two automatic
glass sliding doors; one at the initial entrance and another six feet after. There shall be a
grate system in this corridor that allows for cleaning underneath. There shall be "no air
77
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
78
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
109
7Q
re-circulation and an exhaust rate of 0.50 cfrn/sq. ft." When the doors are open "the
OA
pressure differential will be 5 Pa and 1 Pa when the doors are closed."
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 6.1 - CONTROLLIBILITY OF SYSTEMS - LIGHTING:
There shall be lighting systems that may be used by groups using the Nursing
Home's facilities.
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 6.2 - CONTROLLIBILITY OF SYSTEMS - THERMAL
COMFORT:
There shall be thermal comfort systems that may be used by groups using the
Nursing Home's facilities.
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 7.1 - THERMAL COMFORT, DESIGN:
A comfortable thermal environment shall be designed for the Nursing Home of
Alexander's Estates.
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 7.2 - THERMAL COMFORT - VERIFICATION:
The management of the Nursing Home shall have surveys to learn about the
building's thermal comfort.
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 8.1 - DAYLIGHT & VIEWS - DAYLIGHT:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
79
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
80
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
110
•
(IEQ) CREDIT 8.2 - DAYLIGHT AND VIEWS:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
4.5.6 - Innovation in Design (ID):
•
(ID) CREDIT 1.1 - INNOVATION IN DESIGN:
The Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates may earn an "USGBC Innovation in
Design Credit"81 by installing building elevators with innovative technology that do not
use hydraulic fluid, removing the need for a machine room and reducing the energy
necessary.
•
(ID) CREDIT 1.2,1.3,1.4 & 1.5 - INNOVATION IN DESIGN:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
•
(ID) CREDIT 2 - LEED ACCREDITED PROFESSIONAL :
The following checklist shows that the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates has
achieved Gold Certification for LEED Neighborhood Development as shown in Figure
65 on page 112 obtaining |75 - YES| and |35-NO| LEED Points.
4.5.7 - Regional Priority (RP):
•
(RP) CREDIT 1.1,1.2,1.3 & 1.4 - PROVIDE SPECIFIC TITLE:
The Nursing Home is not able to earn this credit.
1
http://www. usgbc.org/DisplayPage. aspx?CMSPageID=l 970
111
Figure 65 - LEED Gold82 to be awarded to the Nursing Home of Alexander's Estates
(LEED Score: 75 - YES, and 35 - NO)
82
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: U.S. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1970>. (Accessed: 10 Oct. 2010)
112
5.0 - Nursing Home Geo-thermal Energy
The Alexander's Estates development will be equipped with its own geo-thermal
energy plant located on:
GEO-THERMAL ENERGY PLANT
BLOCK 4901, LOT 1
LOT AREA: 108,649.31 SF
2.49 AC
(ZONE CBD-1)
The Geo-thermal Energy Plant will be capable to provide enough energy to power
entire Alexander's Estates. Generated access of energy will be "fed" into the local grid
providing electricity for the entire region. The geo-thermal energy plant is going to utilize
the heat generated to power Alexander's Estates HVAC systems.
The energy generated geo-energy plant of Alexander's Estates will operate at the
flow of which "depends on the temperature of the fluid, the ambient (sink)
characteristics, and the pumping power required to supply and dispose of the fluid."83 In
order to analyze the water consumption of the geo-thermal energy plant "a closed-loop
binary-cycle geothermal power plant would need 450 to 600 gallons per minute (gpm) to
generate 1 MW from a 300° F fluid with an air temperature of 60° F. If the fluid
temperature were only 210° F, one would need 1,300 to 1,500 gpm to generate the same
83
"Geothermal Technologies Program: Geothermal FAQs." EERE: EERE Server Maintenance. Web. 27
<http://wwwl.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/faqs.html>. (Accessed: 27 Oct. 2010)
113
amount of power. If an evaporative cooling system were used, 45 to 75 gpm of make-up
(clean) cooling water would also be required to generate 1 MW."84
In order to assess the capacity of the geo-thermal energy plant, first KJW
Engineering is going to take a look at the Geo-thermal potential of the region in which
the plant is going to be built. As shown in Figure 66 on page 115, one can observe that
the temperature more than 4000m below the ground level where the temperature is from
100 °C to 200 °C, and the flow of between 1,500 gpm to 2,000 gpm is necessary. Those
temperatures are within the acceptable range, assuring that the geo-energy plant will be
profitable.
The geo-thermal energy plant will have a power of 10 MW with the flow of
20,000gpm or 28.8 MGD, which will generate electricity used for Alexander's Estates
and a part of local community, a total of "10,000 households"85. In order to produce
electricity the water will be taken from the nearby Whippany River as well as its own
water main, which will be injected through the "injection well" as shown in Figure 67 on
page 116. The depth of the injection at which the well was estimated to be was between 4
km and 6 km (between 13,123 ft and 19,685 ft) to the Earth's core.
84
"Geothermal Technologies Program: Geothermal FAQs." EERE: EERE Server Maintenance. Web. 27
<http://wwwl.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/faqs.html>. (Accessed: 27 Oct. 2010)
85
"Geothermal Energy Plans Generate Controversy" RedOrbit. Web.
<http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/362268/geothermal_energy_plans_generate_controversy/>. (Accessed: Web. 9
Nov. 2010.)
114
•1 • -
•"••
1
'—
Figure 66 - Thermal Potential of Geothermal Energy in the USA.
Cold water will be pumped in the ground through the injection well as shown in
Figure 67, page 116. Then the water will be heated up by the heat of the Earth's core and
finally, it will be extracted through the production well as shown in Figure 67, page 116.
The hot water then will be moved to the separator, where the steam is going to be
generated as shown in Figure 67 on page 116. Afterwards, the stream will be moved to
the turbine which is going to power the generator, and finally produce electricity. At the
same time the steam from the turbine will be moved to the condenser. At the condenser,
the stream is going to be turned to water, as shown in Figure 68 on page 117.
86
"Limits of Optimism » Blog Archive » Sartup Highlight: AltaRock Energy Inc. - Science Is the Root of Hope."
Limits of Optimism - Science Is the Root of Hope. Web. <http://optimism.thorscave.com/2009/01/13/sartup-highlightaltarock-energy-inc>. (Accessed: 27 Oct. 2010)
115
Figure 67 - Geothermal Energy Plant in urban setting87
Afterwards, warm water from the condenser will be moved to the cooling tower,
where the air and water vapor will be cooled off and turned to cool water, as shown in
Figure 68 on page 117. At that time, cooled off water will be moved from the cooling
tower and along with the warm water from the separator, will be injected back to the
ground in order to be re-heated and reused in the closed cycle. This process will be
repeated. The heat from the hot water will be also utilized, because the warm water will
87
Energy and Environment Management News. Web. <http://enviroireland.com/wpcontent/uploads/2010/09/GTEnergyGeothermalProject.png>. (Accessed: 20 Oct. 2010)
116
be moved from the separator and finally will be used to heat/cool the buildings located on
Alexander's Estates as shown in Figure 67 on page 116.
Figure 68 — Diagram of geo-thermal energy plant88
The geo-thermal energy will be also selling the excess of produced electricity to
the local electric grid, and by doing so the cost of electricity in the local community of
Morristown will also go down. The excess heat generated by the geo-electric plant will
be also sold to the local steam grid for HVAC purposes of the local community.
88
Drunk, By A. Solcomhouse Home Page. Web. <http://www.soleomhouse.com/images/geother.JPG>. (Accessed: 30
Oct. 2010)
117
6.0 - Solar Energy
In order to get the maximum return on solar energy all of the roof area roof all of
the buildings located in Alexander's Estates will be covered with Solar Panels. The solar
energy will be used to generate electricity, power HVAC systems as well as provide solar
hot water for the residents of Alexander's Estates.
6.1 - Solar Electricity for Alexander's Estates:
Photovoltaic system used in Alexander's Estates will be able to convert solar
energy to produce electricity "the solar electricity fed through electronic equipment is
converted to utility grade electricity for use directly in the home. The solar electricity can
be used to offset the need for purchased utility electricity or, if the PV electricity exceeds
the home's requirements, the excess electricity can be sent back to the utility, typically for
OQ
credit."
Typical Photovoltaic panels that are going to be installed on the top of the
roofs of all buildings are shown in Figure 69 on page 119.
Buildings located in Alexander's Estates will be using "Cool Power"90 systems.
The entire system is going to work in the following manner; the Sun light is going to be
89
ToolBase Services by NAHB Research Center | Home Building Technical Information Resources Builders
Construction Remodeling Innovations. Web. <http://www.toolbase.org/Technology-Inventory/ElectricalElectronics/pv-systems>. (Accessed: 30 Oct. 2010)
90
Cool Power - Solar Electricity (PV) and Micro-generator Energy Management. Web <http://www.coolpower.ie>.
(Accessed: 20 Oct. 2010)
118
absorbed by the Photovoltaic panels placed on the roof of the building as shown in Figure
70 on page 119.
A
The DC current created by the solar panel will be passed to the inverter which
will convert the DC current to AC current useable in the buildings as shown in Figure 70
on page 120. Next, the current passes thought the sensor which is connected to EMMA
(Energy and Micro-Generator Manager) device. The EMMA device "increases the value
of over half of the output of your micro-generator by more than 100% and in many cases
91
"Solar Cell Development and Photovoltaic Panles." Solar Cell Development and Photovoltaic Panels. Web.
<http://www.solarnavigator.net/solar_panels.htm>. (Accessed:! Nov. 2010)
119
by more than 300%. Typical return on [the] investment is 30%."92 EMMA device is
connected to energy efficient home appliances power input and output.
Next the AC current is being split in two ways:
First - AC current is being sent to the electric meter which records the input
of electricity to the local grid. The local electric company will be paying
money for generated electricity.
Second - AC current will be passed to the circuit board and finally to phones
and alarms as well as to the storage devices such as E-Cars as shown in Figure
70 on page 120.
Figure 70 - Diagram of Solar Photovoltaic System for Alexander's Estates93
92
"EMMA HOME." Coolpower Products. Web. <http://www.coolpowerproducts.com/index.php7cM6>. (Accessed: 1
Nov. 2010)
93
Cool Power - Solar Electricity (PV) and Micro-generator Energy Management. Web.
<http://www.coolpower.ie/images/House-diagram-with-CPlogo-800w.gif>. (Accessed: 1 Nov. 2010)
120
6.2 - Solar Powered HVAC for Alexander's Estates:
Solar powered HVAC for Alexander's Estates will be able to heat and cool the
entire building. The heating and cooling mode of the HVAC system will be powered by
"Aroace" units shown in the Figure 71 on page 121.
Figure 71 - Solar Powered HVAC Unit94
94
"Solar Air Conditioning, Solar Heating: Solar Powered Air Conditioners Solar HVAC Saves Money." Solar Water
Heaters | Solar Air Conditioning | PV Solar Panels | Solar Heating | Solar Thermal. Web. 2
<http://www.solarpanelsplus.com/solar-air-conditioning/>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
121
Solar powered HVAC system proposed for Alexander's Estates will be able to
cool during hot months and heat the space during the colder months as shown in Figure
72 and 73 on page 122 and 123.
The cooling cycle of solar powered HVAC system will use a refrigerant, solution
and water to circulate in the HVAC unit as shown in Figure 72 on page 122.
GENERATOR
CONOENSER
• M u t e Solution
•Concentrated Solution
COOLING/
HEATING
H Refrigerant vapor
CHANGEOVER
VALVE
•Refrigerant Liquid
• C o o i n g Water
CM®$ wmtr'
•
Cfwied Water
a Heat Medium
Coottng Water
HEAT EXCHANGER
Figure 72 - Solar Powered HVAC - Cooling Cycle
95
95
Solar Powered Air Condtioning. Web. <http://www.energye2.com>. (Accessed: 1 Nov. 2010)
122
The heating cycle of the solar powered HVAC system will use refrigerant,
solution and water to circulate in the HVAC unit as shown in Figure 73 on page 123.
CONDENSER
GENERATOR
COOLING/
HEATING
CHANGE-
OVgR
VALVE
.
^ >-, v '
;
Trl
•
J
I Oiute Solution
Vj
! Concentrated Solution
| Refrigerant Vapor
crzr
I Refrigerant I k j u k i
Hoi 'mm
i Hot Water
I Heat Medium
HEAT EXCHANGER
Figure 73 - Solar Powered HVAC - Heating Cycle
96
Since the HVAC will be using solar energy, the cost of heating and cooling will
be minimized and hopefully reduced to almost $0.
96
Solar Powered Air Condtioning. Web. <http://www.energyc2.com>. (Accessed: 1 Nov. 2010)
123
6.3 - Solar Hot Water for Alexander's Estates:
Each of the building of Alexander's Estates will have installed solar hot water
panels used to heat up cold water using purely solar heat as shown in Figure 74 on page
124. The diagram of the single solar hot water tube is shown in Figure 75 on page 125,
and it clearly presents how the water is going to circulate inside the each tube and how
the water is going to be heated up by solar heat.
97
"DIY Solar Hot Water « Paul's Esoteric Meanderings." NeuralFibre - a Little Part of the Internet. Web.
<http://neuralfibre.com/paul/tree-hugging/diy-solar-hot-water>. (Accessed: 1 Nov. 2010)
124
Hot vapour rises to
heat pipe,tip
Cooled vapour, liquifies and
returns to bottom of pipe
to repeat cycle
Figure 75 - Diagram of Solar Hot Water Tube
98
During a hot day, the non-toxic liquid enclosed inside the cooper heat pipe will
turn into the vapor and will rise to the tip of the heat pipe as shown in Figure 75 on page
125. The hot liquid located at the top of the tip of the cooper tube will be moved to the
tank, through which water will be passed as shown in Figure 76 on page 126. Once in the
tank the vapor will rise, heating the water enclosed inside the tank. The hot vapor will
also heat up water used for the broiler. Next, the liquefied liquid will be pumped back to
98 " m y Solar Hot Water « Paul's Esoteric Meanderings." NeuralFibre - a Little Part of the Internet. Web.
<http://neuralfibre.com/paul/tree-hugging/diy-solar-hot-water>. (Accessed: 1 Nov. 2010)
125
the top of the roof as shown in Figure 76 on page 126 and the cycle will be repeated. The
entire solar hot water system is going to be controlled by a single digital device which
enables the total control over the temperature of water. The solar hot water of
Alexander's Estates will cut utility bills down in a significant way using the natural
resources. This system will be installed in all of the buildings of Alexander's Estates.
Solar collector
Figure 76 - Diagram of Solar Hot Water System for Alexander's Estates"
99
Biddeford, Maine. Web. <http://www.biddefordmaine.org/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC=0A33AFCB-F8594A48-8AD1-37F09BD45674>. (Accessed: 01 Nov. 2010)
126
7.0 - Cost Analysis
7.1 - Expense Calculations:
1. Construction Cost of the main building of Alexander's Estates:
Number of Levels: 3 levels of apartments + 1 basement level = 4 levels
Building total apartment floor area: 39,500 ft 2 * 3 levels = 118.500 ft 2
Building total basement floor area: 39,500 ft 2 * 1 level = 39.500 ft 2
-
Building total area: 39,500 ft 2 * 4 levels = 158.000 ft 2
Estimated construction cost of the building in Morristown, NJ: $300/ft2
-
A) Total Estimated Construction Cost: 158.000 ft2 * S300/ft2 = $47.4 M - S 5 0 M
2. Construction Cost of the Geo-thermal Energy Plant:
- Construction cost of the geo-thermal energy plant is estimated based on the maximum
energy generated by the plant once is built. Geo-thermal energy plant designed for
Alexander's Estates will be able to generate 10 MW of power.
- "Population of Morristown, NJ: 18.717" 100
-"1 MW is enough to power 1,000 households"101
- "Construction cost: $2500 per installed kW" 102
-
B) Construction cost of 10 MW seothermal enersv planet for Alexander's Estates:
10 MW = 10.000 kW * $2.500/kW = $25 M (paid by federal/state
sovemment)
100
Morris County NJLand Use Planning, Demographics, and Economic Development. Published on 25 Jan. 2010.
<http://morrisplanning.org/databook.asp>. (Accessed: 9 Nov. 2010.)
101
"Geothermal Energy Plans Generate Controversy" RedOrbit. Web.
<http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/362268/geothermal_energy_plans_generate_controversy/>. (Accessed: Web. 9
Nov. 2010.)
102
"Geothermal Technologies Program: Geothermal FAQs." EERE: EERE Server Maintenance. Web. 27
<http://wwwl.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/faqs.html>. (Accessed: 27 Oct. 2010)
127
3. Construction cost of water and wastewater treatment plant:
- Construction cost of water and wastewater treatment plant will be estimated based on
amount of MGD that the water treatment plant and wastewater treatment plant will be
required to clean.
- Since: flow in = flow out, every 1 MGD of water taken from the upstream of Whippany
River will be treated and delivered to Alexander's Estates, that means that every 1 MGD
of wastewater generated by Alexander's Estates will have to be treated in order for the
water to be safely discharged downstream of Whippany River.
- Flow of drinking water needed for Alexander's Estates in order to stay operational at all
times: 0.2 MGD.
- Flow of wastewater generated by Alexander's Estates: 0.2 MGD,
- Total flow of drinking water that the plant can supply to Morristown, NJ
(includes Alexander's Estates): 10 MGD.
- Total flow of wastewater generated by Morristown, NJ (includes Alexander's Estates):
10 MGD.
- Total flow of water that needs to be treated: 10 MGD + 10 MGD = 20 MGD.
- "Constructions cost of water treatment plant: $10 M for 2 MGD plant"103
103
Spotsylvania County Home Page. Web.
<http://www.spotsylvania.va.us/emplibrary/New2mgdWWTPThornburg.pdf>. (Accessed: Web. 9 Nov. 2010.)
128
C) Construction cost of 10 MGD water treatment plant and 10 MGD wastewater
treatment plant = 20 MGD*($10 M/2 MGD) = $100 M (for drinking water, water
distribution center, wastewater treatment plant to be paid by federal/state
government)
Total Construction Expenses: A) Nursing Home Expense + B) Geothermal Energy
Plant + C) Water and wastewater treatment plant
$50 M + $25 M + $100 M = $175 M
129
7.2 - Profit Calculations:
1. Nursing Home Section (150 apartments)
-
Number of apartments for rent: 50 apartments * 3 floors =150 apartments
Rent from each apartment per month: $1,500 /month per apartment
(no utility bills since Alexander's Estates designed to work on combination of "self
propelling green systems" i.e: free HVAC, electric, hot water etc)
-
Monthly rent profit from the Nursing Home: $1,500*150 = $225.000 /month
-
A) Total Income: 12 months * $225,000/month *12 months = $2.7 M/yr
2. Basement Section:
-
Restaurant Rent: $3,000/month * 12 months = $36.000/vr
-
Store Rent: $3,000/month * 12 months = $36.000/vr
-
Dance Hall and Bar Rent: $4,000/month * 12 months = $48,000/yr
-
Movie Theatre Rent: $3,000/month *36 months = $24.000/vr
B) Total Income - Basement Section per year: $156,000/yr - $0.156 M/yr
3. Other Profits (from non residents of Alexander's Estates):
Car wash for non residents: $5/car * 50 cars/day * 30 days/month = $7.500/ month
-
Membership fees for non residents (basketball court, pool, span, gym): $8,000/month
-
C) Total Other Income per year: $15,500/month *12 months=
130
$0.186M/vr
4. Federal/State "Green" Credit Profit:
With: solar electricity, soar hot water, solar powered HVAC, geo-thermal energy,
E-Cars, LEED, etc.: $2M/year
-
D) Total Federal/State "Green" Credit Profit: $2M/yr
Total Profits per year: A) Nursing Home Profit + B) Basement Profit + C) Other
Profit + D) Federal/State "Green" Credit Profit:
$2.7M + S0.156M + $0.186M + $2M = $5.042 M/vr = $5 M/yr
131
7.3 - Maintenance Calculations:
1. Nursing Home: (includes tax break due to "green technologies used")
Taxes for the Nursing Home: $5.00/ft2
Insurance: $3.00/ft2
-
Repairs: $2.00/ft2
-
Total: $10.00/ft2
-
A) Total Upkeep of the Nursing Home: 118,500/ft2 * 10.00/ft2 = $1.777 M/yr
2. Geothermal Energy Plant:
"Operating and maintenance costs range from $0.01 to $0.03 per kWh" 104 which
would be added to the energy cost of non residents of Alexander's Estates. Non
residents of Alexander's estates will be paying lower bills regardless of the
maintenance fee and this is caused due to the fact that the geothermal energy plant is
located close by and it will be heavily subsidized by federal and local governments.
Residents of Alexander's estates will not be paying bills.
4. Water treatment plant:
-
Operating and maintenance costs range is "about $0,004-0.008 per gallon."105 which
would be added to the water cost of non residents of Alexander's Estates. Residents
104
"Geothermal Technologies Program: Geothermal FAQs." EERE: EERE Server Maintenance. Web. 27
<http://wwwl.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/faqs.html>. (Accessed: 27 Oct. 2010)
105
http://www.finishing.com/2000-2199/2117.shtml
132
of Alexander's estates will not be paying bills.
(In our design we care only about the maintenance cost of the Nursing Home
building because other structures are going to distribute their fees to their customers)
Total Maintenance cost: A) the Nursing Home = $1,777 M/yr
7.4 - Other benefits due to development of Alexander's Estates:
-
No utility bills for residents of Alexander's Estates because of the designed systems;
Free use of E-Cars for all residents of Alexander's Estates;
-
No gasoline costs for the cars (E-Cars);
Free E-Car wash for all residents of Alexander's Estates ;
(non residents of Alexander's Estates will pay $5.00 per car per wash);
Free memberships to pool, spa, gym, basketball court for all residents of Alexander's
Estates;
-
Non residents of Alexander's Estates will pay $400/ month membership fee to use
pool, spa, basketball courts;
Lower utility bills for 20% of entire Morris County, NJ, due to geo-thermal energy
plant,
-
Sustainable green design,
All of the systems are relatively expensive to install, however once installed the
maintenance costs are very minimal,
133
8.0 - Conclusions and Recommendations
8.1 - Conclusions:
All of the systems presented in this Masters Thesis can be implemented for almost
any location. Of course, there are always some drawbacks and the minimum requirements
that the possible site should meet in order to successfully perform as a whole. I would
like to address some of them in the Recommendations below, and I would like to describe
what would optimize such a system.
The basic minimum that is required is that an excess of produced resources at
such a development will be fed back to the town grid in order to help lower utility bills of
the entire community. During the times of low energy production and high demand, the
entire system will be able to take back needed resources from the local grid. The whole
system will be computerized in order to balance all sub-systems and maximize profit,
while minimizing usage. I can imagine such development as a "breathing and living"
system in which humans don't just live in there; I envision such a system becoming part
of human life.
8.2 - Recommendations regarding the Nursing Home:
In my opinion, by creating the Nursing Home as the main structure, it will yield
the most profit because the house will be utilized at all times. In the Nursing Home there
is constant "flow" of people who come and leave and because of that there are few vacant
134
rooms. I cannot think of a better purpose of such a building, unless I forgot about
something or not realized another solution; otherwise my selection seems to be the most
profitable. Other building selections are going to work as well and they may include
universities and their dormitories, shopping malls, conference centers, entire
neighborhoods or maybe even someday entire cities, etc. Technology of obtaining
renewable energy such as the one described in this Thesis such as solar electricity, solar
HVAC, solar hot water, rain collection system, geo-thermal heat and energy are getting
cheaper every year which means they are becoming more accessible to many people. In a
hundred or two hundred years from now, this may be a standard. Scarce resources of oil
and constant heating up of the Earth will cause economic giants to come up with many
new innovations and technologies pretty soon in order to improve our lives. The system
presented in this Thesis could be our future.
8.3 - Recommendations regarding the geo-thermal energy plant:
The geo-thermal energy plant proposed in this Thesis is a small, 1 MW plant
designed with the intent to fit on the small lot provided to power the Nursing Home as
well as other structures located on Alexander's Estates. The cost of such system is
relatively small so it is the output. The main reason why I wasn't able to propose a bigger
geo-thermal energy plant that would power at least the entire Morris County is because in
order to do so, the proposed plant would require very large amounts of water and
preferably delivered using gravity in order to cut pumping costs. I would like to
135
recommend the following solution which is costly; however it yields much higher outputs
of power that will be able to power at least entire Morris County, NJ.
In order to maximize the output from the plant in the range of at least 100 MW, 200 MW
or even the following should be taken for the consideration Option #1, Option #2 or
combination of Options #1 and #2 as shown in Figure 78 and 79 on pages 140 and 141.
Once either of the options is chosen, the possibility of delivery of energy increases
dramatically and it may cover the region beyond the borders of Morris County, NJ. The
possible range and the beneficial region that may prosper from Option #1 and Option #2
is shown in Figure 77 on page 139.
- Option#l: By choosing this option the combination of water tunnels, aqueducts, water
canals and levees have to construct in order to create three water main connections.
Water intake will start with the first 12 mile long water connection created between Lake
Hopatcong, and Lake Boonton. It will connect two large water reservoirs located in
nearby the new location of the geo-thermal plant. The second 2.25 mile long water
connection will be between the southern section of Lake Boonton and the newly
proposed site for the geo-thermal energy plant as shown in Figure 78 on page 140. This
short water connection will deliver water directly to the "injection well" of the plant. The
water will be heated by the geo-thermal energy and ejected through the "production
well." After cooling, water will be discharged to the 18.3 mile long, third water
connection which is located between the plant and Hudson River as shown in Figure 78
on page 140. The main advantage of this option is that the water connections are shorter
because it measures the total of 32.55 miles. Another advantage of this option is that the
136
water is delivered using gravity to and from the plant minimizing overall cost. From my
estimates Option#l may give an output of about 100MW of power generated by the geothermal energy plant and delivered to large regions of Morris County, NJ. The main
disadvantage of Option #1 is that the combination of many water structures have to be
build in order to deliver water from the intake point to the plant and finally discharge it to
Hudson River.
- Option #2: By choosing this option the combination of water tunnels, aqueducts, water
canals and levees have to construct in order to create two water main connections. Water
intake will start with the first, 25 mile long water connection located between Hudson
River near Norwood, NJ and the new location of the geo-thermal energy plant as shown
in Figure 79 on page 141. This 25 mile long water connection will deliver water directly
to the "injection well" of the plant. The water will be heated by the geo-thermal energy
and ejected through the "production well." After cooling, water will be discharged to the
18.3 mile ling, the second water connection main and finally discharged to Hudson River
and shown in Figure 79 on page 141. The main advantage of Option #2 over Option #1 is
that almost infinite water recourses from Hudson River can be delivered to the geothermal energy plant which can benefit in power generation of over 200 MW. The main
disadvantage of Option #2 is that is longer (43.3 miles) and more expensive than Option
#1. Option 2 requires pumping of water from the intake point to the plant; however it can
be discharged back to Hudson River using gravity.
- Combination: Option #1 and Option #2 can also be combined in order to maximize the
benefits and minimize negative parts presented in Option #1 and Option #2.
137
Counties
.*
•
*
-Energy coverage by Option #1.
Ri=15 miles from Morristown, NJ.
.•***••
r
-Energy coverage by Option #2. J
•
/
R 2 =20 miles from
J
"'
Morristown. NJ.
BoundariH u ol J«ftti*ry1,1960
UD
i OWTMN
t TOfOOMUBICE BmrtnmiMmaHMHWai BunMtfMOtMW
MAPS
NEW JERSEY
,106
Figure 77 - Projected coverage of generated power, County Map of NJ'
106
"New Jersey." Map. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1990. Web.
<http://www.usgwarchives.org/maps/newjersey/statemap/nj-outline.gif>. (Accessed: 09 Nov. 2010)
138
0-1
tarnr*
I
8A
g
G
lis
u. p <3»
s
^i
.Jt'i
Figure 78 - Option #1:
Lake Hopatcong - Lake Boonton - Geo-Thermal Energy Plant ~ Hudson River.107
107
"Morristown, New Jersey." BingMaps. Microsoft Corporation. Web. <http://www.bing.com/maps/Spring Street
Morristown, NJ>. (Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
139
Figure 79 - Option #2:
Hudson River - Geo-Thermal Energy Plant - Hudson River108
108
"Morristown, New Jersey." BingMaps. Microsoft Corporation. Web. <http://www.bing.com/maps/Spring Street,
Morristown, NJ>. (Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
140
Legend:
Proposed new site for the geo-thermal energy plant.
Radius = 1.75 miles,
Water link in Option #1 (direction of flow);
Water link in Option #1 (direction of flow);
Water link in Option #1 (direction of flow);
Water link in Option #2 (direction of flow);
Water link in Option #2 (direction of flow);
18.3 miles
Length of the water link;
Figure 80- Legend of Recommended Options #1 & #2
141
8.4 - Recommendations regarding utilization of solar power:
The Sun's energy should be utilized in as many different aspects as possible. I
means besides (still large initial system investment), the entire system can operate at no
cost. With a small maintenance cost the system can run for the entire lifespan of the
building. Of course the technology of utilizing every bit of the Sun's power has to and
will improve with each decade. In the future, better, cheaper materials and composites
will be used so all of Sun's rays will be utilized not once but multiple times. Or even
better type of panels will be required to generate electricity, create solar hot water, solar
powered HVAC, etc.
8.5 - Recommendations regarding lowering overall cost:
In order to lower construction cost, recycled materials should be used in almost
every element of the construction process. Recycled steel, wood, glass, rubber, paper,
concrete, water, steam, wastewater and other composite recycled material should be used
in order to lower the overall operational costs as well as to protect the environment. By
prefabricating ready to install entire sections of the building developers also cut costs.
The system presented in my Thesis didn't include wind power nor hydropower. However,
depending on the site location such energy can be incorporated in the design.
142
9.0 - Appendices
9.1 - Appendix A - Bibliography:
"Activated Carbon for Drinking Water Treatment / Potable Water Treatment." Activated
Carbon from CPL Carbon Link. Web. <http://www.activated-carbon.com/32.html>. (Accessed: 05 Oct. 2010)
Bass Levin, Susan. Residential Site Improvement Standards. New Jersey Administrative
Code. Title 5, Chapter 21. 1997. Print. (Accessed: 05 Oct. 2010)
Biddeford, Maine. Web. <http://www.biddefordmaine.org/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&
SEC=0A33AFCB-F859-4A48-8AD1-37F09BD45674>. (Accessed: 01 Nov.
2010)
"Bike Arc's Designs Green Bike Racks." Greenlaunches.com. Web.
<http://www.greenlaunches.com/transport/bike-arcs-designs-green-bikeracks.php>. (Accessed: 15 Oct. 2010)
143
"Building Commissioning. Validation Process for Facility Planning." Web.
<http://www.burnsmcd.com/portal/page/portal/Internet/Content_Admin/Publicati
ons%20Repository/TechBriefs%20Link%20Repository/articleBuildingCommissioningProcessforFacilities-082.pdf>. (Accessed: 23 Oct. 2010)
Cool Power - Solar Electricity (PV) and Micro-generator Energy Management. Web.
<http://www.coolpower.ie/images/House-diagram-with-CPlogo-800w.gif>.
(Accessed: 1 Nov. 2010)
Cool Power - Solar Electricity (PV) and Micro-generator Energy Management. Web
<http://www.coolpower.ie>. (Accessed: 20 Oct. 2010)
"Cooling Tower." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.
Web. <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cooling tower>. (Accessed: 2
Nov. 2010)
"De-nitrification." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.
Web. <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/denitrification>. (Accessed:
2 Nov. 2010)
144
"DIY Solar Hot Water « Paul's Esoteric Meanderings." NeuralFibre - a Little Part of the
Internet. Web. <http://neuralfibre.com/paul/tree-hugging/diy-solar-hot-water>.
(Accessed: 1 Nov. 2010)
Drunk, By A. Solcomhouse Home Page. Web.
<http://www.solcomhouse.com/images/geother.JPG>. (Accessed: 30 Oct. 2010)
Eby, Carl. "New Jersey Online Soil Survey Manuscripts." NRCS Soils. United States
Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. Web.
<http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gOv/manuscripts/NJ027/0/morris.pdf>. (Accessed:
20 Sept. 2010)
"EMMA HOME." Coolpower Products. Web.
<http://www.coolpowerproducts.com/index.php?c=46>. (Accessed: 1 Nov. 2010)
Energy and Environment Management News. Web. <http://enviroireland.com/wpcontent/uploads/2010/09/GTEnergyGeothermalProject.png>. (Accessed: 20 Oct.
2010)
"Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control Plan Checklist." The Construction Industry
Compliance Assistance Center. Web.
<http://www.cicacenter.org/pdf/vtepsc.pdf>. (Accessed: 30 Sept. 2010)
145
Fenner, Jr, William. "The Nitrogen Cycle in On-site Wastewater Treatment." Web.
<http://webcache.googleusercontent.com>. (Accessed: 5 Oct. 2010)
Fugger, John. "Morristown Zoning Map." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_map.pdf>.
(Accessed: 16 Sept. 2010)
"Generator." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web.
<http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/generator>. (Accessed: 2 Nov.
2010)
"Geothermal." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.
Web. <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/geothermal>. (Accessed: 2
Nov. 2010)
"Geothermal Energy Plans Generate Controversy" RedOrbit. Web.
<http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/362268/geothermal_energy_plans_gener
ate_controversy/>. (Accessed: Web. 9 Nov. 2010.)
"Geothermal Technologies Program: Geothermal FAQs." EERE: EERE Server
Maintenance. Web. 27 <http://wwwl.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/faqs.html>.
(Accessed: 27 Oct. 2010)
146
"Graywater Reuse and Rainwater Harvesting." Colorado State University Extension.
Web. <http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/natres/06702.html>. (Accessed: 22 Oct.
2010)
"Green Toilet." Green Products \ The Natural Abode. Web.
<http://www.thenaturalabode.com/house_appliances/green_toilet.htm>.
(Accessed: 21 Oct. 2010)
"Guelph Rainwater Research | Broken City Lab." Broken City Lab \ Art and
Collaborative Social Practice in Windsor, Ontario (South Detroit). Web.
<http://www.brokencitylab.org/blog/guelph-rainwater-research/>. (Accessed: 18
Oct. 2010)
"HVAC Systems (Minnesota)." CenterPoint Energy. Web.
<http://www.centerpointenergy.com/services/naturalgas/business/naturalgasequip
ment/hvacsystems/MN/>. (Accessed: 24 Oct. 2010)
Latest News Sidebar Promo. Web. <http://reviews.carreview.com/blog/tag/solar/>.
(Accessed: 17 Oct. 2010)
147
"Limits of Optimism » Blog Archive » Sartup Highlight: AltaRock Energy Inc. - Science
Is the Root of Hope." Limits of Optimism - Science Is the Root of Hope. Web.
<http://optimism.thorscave.com/2009/01/13/sartup-highlight-altarock-energyinc>. (Accessed: 27 Oct. 2010)
Morris County NJ Land Use Planning, Demographics, and Economic Development.
Published on 25 Jan. 2010. <http://morrisplanning.org/databook.asp>. (Accessed:
Web. 9 Nov. 2010.)
"Morristown, New Jersey." American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Web.
<http://factfinder.census.gov>. (Accessed: 15 Sept. 2010)
"Morristown, New Jersey." Bing Maps. Microsoft Corporation. Web.
<http://www.bing.com/maps/Spring Street, Morristown, NJ>. (Accessed: 15 Sept.
2010)
Nathanson, Jerry. "Environmental Works." Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2009.
Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopcedia Britannica 2009 Student and Home
Edition. Web. (Accessed: 6 Oct. 2010)
148
"New Jersey." Map. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1990. Web.
<http://www.usgwarchives.org/maps/newjersey/statemap/nj-outline.gif>.
(Accessed: 09 Nov. 2010)
"Ordinance." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web.
<http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ordinance>. (Accessed: 2 Nov.
2010)
Pavers, Bricks, Paving Stones, Retaining Wall, Block, Step and Stairs Manufactured by
Ideal Concrete Block in New England. Web.
<http://www.idealconcreteblock.com/>. (Accessed: 18 Oct. 2010)
"Photovoltaic." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.
Web. <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/photovoltaic>. (Accessed: 2
Nov. 2010)
"Principles & Criteria." The Forest Stewardship Council. Web.
<http://www.fscus.org/standards_criteria/>. (Accessed: 26 Oct. 2010)
"Residential Water Use by Fixture or Appliance." US Environmental Protection Agency.
<http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/pubs/625r00008/html/625R00008chap3.htm>.
(Accessed: 26 Oct. 2010)
149
"Sludge." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web.
<http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sludge>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
"Solar Air Conditioning, Solar Heating: Solar Powered Air Conditioners Solar HVAC
Saves Money." Solar Water Heaters | Solar Air Conditioning | PV Solar Panels \
Solar Heating \ Solar Thermal. Web. 2 <http://www.solarpanelsplus.com/solarair-conditioning/>. (Accessed: 2 Nov. 2010)
"Solar Cell Development and Photovoltaic Panles." Solar Cell Development and
Photovoltaic Panles. Web. <http://www.solarnavigator.net/solar_panels.htm>.
(Accessed: 1 Nov. 2010)
Solar Powered Air Condtioning. Web. <http://www.energyc2.com>. (Accessed: 1 Nov.
2010)
"SP Color Chart | NBS Metal Buildings." Steel Buildings and Pre-engineered Metal
Building Systems. Web.
<http://www.nucorbuildingsystems.com/Products/colors/coIors.htm>. (Accessed:
20 Oct. 2010)
150
Spotsylvania County Home Page. Web.
<http://www.spotsylvania.va.us/emplibrary/New2mgdWWTPThornburg.pdf>.
(Accessed: 9 Nov. 2010.)
Stealth Toilet from Niagara Conservation - Home. Web.
<http://www.stealthtoilets.com/>. (Accessed: 22 Oct. 2010)
Taylor Biomass Energy, LLC. Web. <http://www.taylorrecycling.com/>. (Accessed: 26
Oct. 2010)
ToolBase Services by NAHB Research Center \ Home Building Technical Information
Resources Builders Construction Remodeling Innovations. Web.
<http://www.toolbase.org/Technology-Inventory/Electrical-Electronics/pvsystems>. (Accessed: 30 Oct. 2010)
"Turbine." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Web.
<http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/photovoltaic>. (Accessed: 2 Nov.
2010)
"USGBC: LEED Version 3." USGBC: US. Green Building Council. Web.
<http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=l 970>. (Accessed: 10
Oct. 2010)
151
Yard, By The. Sustainability at Harvard. Web. <http://www.greencampus.harvard.edu>.
(Accessed: 25 Oct. 2010)
"Zoning Schedule I: Use Regulations." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_schedule_I.pdf>.
(Accessed: 16 Sept. 2010)
"Zoning Schedule II: Area, Bulk and Yard Requirements." Town of Morristown. Web.
<http://www.townofmorristown.org/pdfs/council/other/zoning_schedule_II.pdf>.
(Accessed: 16 Oct. 2010)
152
9.2 - Appendix B - Complete Set of Engineering Drawing:
For the complete set of Engineering Drawings
of the Proposed System presented in this Masters of Engineering Thesis,
please refer to the attached AutoCAD sheets numbered 1-26.
153
DEDICATED TO MY FAMILY
A THESIS
SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT
REQUIREMENTS
T
H
NURSING
OF THE
HOME
/
FOR THE DEGREE
H
SUSTAINABLE
OF MASTERS
OF
ENGINEERING
i
DESIGN
/
LEED
CEREITIED
WATER/WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT / SOLAR POWER / SOLAR POWERED HVAC / GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
BLOCK 3 5 0 1 ,
INDEX
SHEET
OF
SHEETS
DESCRIPTION
COVER SHEET W / LOCATION MAP
2
AREA MAP
3
EXISTING TOPOGRAPHY
4
FLOW CHART OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEMS
5
BLOCK 3 5 0 3 ,
BLOCK
TOWN OF MORRISTOWN
MORRIS COUNTY, NEW J E R S E Y
APPROVALS:
THIS T H E S I S WAS P R E P A R E D UNDER T H E DIRECTION
OF T H E CANDIDATE'S T H E S I S ADVISORS AND HAS RECEIVED
APPROVAL. IT WAS SUBMITTED TO T H E DEAN OF T H E SCHOOL
OF E N G I N E E R I N G AND T H E F U L L FACULTY. AND WAS
A P P R O V E D AS PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE R E Q U I R E M E N T S
FOR T H E D E G R E E OF MASTER OF E N G I N E E R I N G .
SURVEY BLOCK 3501-PHASE 1 & 2
SURVEY BLOCK 3501-PHASE 3, 4 &. 5
7
4901
ACTING DEAN: SIMON
BEN-AVI
SURVEY BLOCK 3 5 0 3 - P H A S E 1 & 2
ADVISOR:
8
SURVEY BLOCK 3 5 0 3 - P H A S E 3 & 4
9
SURVEY BLOCK 3 5 0 3 - P H A S E 5
10
SURVEY BLOCK 4901-PHASE 1 & 2
11
SURVEY BLOCK 4901-PHASE 3, 4 & 5
12
ARCH. LAYOUT-BASEMENT, PLAN VIEW
13
ARCH. LAYOUT-BASEMENT, EAST WING
14
ARCH. LAYOUT-BASEMENT, MAIN LOBBY
15
ARCH. LAYOUT-BASEMENT, SOUTH WiNG
16
ARCH. LAYOUT-GROUND, 1ST & 2ND FL, PLAN VIEW
PROF.
ADVISOR: P R O F .
COSMAS TZAVELIS
CONSTANTINE
DESIGNED
17
ARCH. LAYOUT-GROUND, 1ST & 2ND FL, FLOOR PLAN
IS
ARCH. LAYOUT-GROUND, 1ST Sc 2ND FL, EAST WING
19
ARCH. LAYOUT-GROUND. 1ST & 2ND FL, MAIN LOBBY
20
ARCH. LAYOUT-GROUND, 1ST & 2ND FL, SOUTH WING
21
ARCH. LAYOUT-ELEVATION VIEW
22
ARCH. LAYOUT-3D RENDERINGS
23
SOIL EROSiON PLAN
24
MAINTENANCE
25
CONSTRUCTION DETAILS #1
26
CONSTRUCTION DETAILS #2
1ITIITY COMPANE
IS
HANOVER SEWERAGE Al
IS coy PA NY (»S£*C) '
P.E.
YAPIJAKIS,
P.E.
AND D R A F T E D
BY:
KRZYSZTOF JANUSZ WIATER
KJW ENGINEERING, P.C.
LOCATION
MAP
REVISED NOVEMBER 17, 2 0 1 0
REVISED NOVEMBER 0 1 , 2 0 1 0
REVISED OCTOBER 0 8 , 2 0 1 0
REVISED OCTOBER 0 1 , 2 0 1 0
REVISED S E P T E M B E R 15, 2 0 1 0
REVISED S E P T E M B E R 0 1 , 2 0 1 0
REVISED AUGUST 2 6 , 2 0 1 0
REVISED AUGUST 13, 2 0 1 0
ORIGINAL JULY 0 5 , 2 0 1 0
MASTERS THESIS ADVISORS: PROF. CONSTANTINE YAPIJAKIS & PROF. COSMAS TZAVELIS
THE COOPER UNION
FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE AND ART
COOPER SQUARE
NEW YORK, NY 10003-7120
TELEPHONE: (800) 1 & 4 M 7 FAX: (000) 70S-U21
JANUSZ WIATER
CIVIL ENGINEER
KJW ENGINEERING, P.C.
PHONE (800)123-4567
FILE# 070510
FAX (900)765-4321
C.D. 070510-ALEX
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- Amount offlow( l i y flow)
• Dbfleban «d flowof HVAC
from
-OuiAfoi :«o«IH
P -Cmtletfor Solsratsgy
• Anwuntofflow(itoov® atengt flow;
flowof W i t n k
•DuWioitaidilowo/Boijr Bottgy
• CUaction «idfloatof
* *
• AmotKefflow(»•« igt flow)
- Qnctian <nd flow of Ran Wax
• Duetto*
- Outlot for dnntrg M s
• Amount of flow (below wergo flow)
- Qraction aid Qow of CMnldrg Wdsr
"f
•Mwivl*,
• EJecttic t m f o i i M
- Heat tx •rafonner
j'"
t
1
• Sprinkler system
KJW ENGINEERING, P.C.
• Cat wash
10/l«/10
REVS
IO
I N PI
KR TWJWMKOilHrvaaDMIiWftMr
ALEXANDER'S
ESTATES
FLOW C H A R T
BLOCK 3501, 3 5 0 3 , 4 9 0 1
TOWN OF MORRISTOWN
MORRIS COUNTY, NJ
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PLANT DESIGN
GENERAL
NOTES
!. THESE DRAWINGS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THE ENGINEER
AND SHALL NOT 6E USED WITHOUT HIS CONSENT.
2. CONTRACTOR SHALL CHECK AND VERIFY ALL PLAN
DIMENSIONS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING
WTH CONSTRUCTION.
3 ALL UTILITY LOCATIONS TO BE CONSIDERED APPROXIMATE.
THE CONTRACTOR IS TO VERIFY THE EXACT HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL LOCATIONS PRIOR TO START OF CONSTRUCTION.
4. AU. EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, ETC. SHALL BE CONFINED TO
THE PROPERTY IN QUESTION. NO ENCROACHMENT ONTO
TOWN R.Q.W. OR AQJACENT PROPERTIES IS PERMITTED, UNLESS
OTHERWISE SPECIFIED ON THE PLAN.
5. THE CONTRACTOR IS SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR CONSTRUCTION
SITT SAFETY. ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS MUST 8£ UNDERTAKEN
AND MAINTAINED AS REQUIRED BY LOCAL ST AIT. AND FEDERAL
CODES.
7. ALL AREA LEADERS/ROOF DRAINS TO BE 6" SCHEDULE 40
PVC WITH MINIMUM ONE FOOT COVER.
8. ALL PROPOSED UTILITIES TO BE UNDERGROUND.
9. ALL EXISTING SIDEWALK AND CURB DAMAGED DURING CONSTRUCTION
WILL SE REPAIRED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
10. SILT FENCE TO BE INSTALLED PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION AND REINFORCED
WTH HAY BALES.
11. rHE SUBJECT PROPERTY jS NOT LOCATED IN A FLOODING AREA AS PER FIRM
FLOOO INSURANCE RATE MAP OF THE TOWNSHIP OF HANOVER, MORRIS COUNTY
NEW JERSEY, COMMUNITY PANEL NUMBER 340343-0005-D-DATE JUNE 6, 2001.
12. REPLACED ABANOONED CURSING SECTIONS WITH MATCHING FULL FACED CURBING
ALONG SITE FRONTAGES AS PER TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
13. ALL PARKING SPACES DIMENSION ARE 9' « 18' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOItO.
14. ALL CURB RADIUS R-2' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
15. ALL EXISTING SIGNS TO SE REMOVED BY APPLICANT WITH PROPER GRAPHICS AND/OR
WORDS.
16. SUBGRADE SOIL WITHIN THE PROPOSED INFILTRATION BASIN MUST BE PROTECTED
DURING CONSTRUCTION FROM COMPACTION BY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT AND
CONTAMINATION AND CLOGGING BY SEDIMENT.
17. A/C UNITS AND ROOF HVAC EQUIPMENT MUST COMPLY WITH TOWNSHIP'S NOISE
ORDINANCE.
18. FOOO FACILITY (KITCHEN/DINING AREAS) PLANS MUST 8E APPROVED
BY HEALTH DEPT. PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION.
19. ALL BUILOINGS ON SITE SHALL BE SPRINKLER ED.
M
V
"
.
\ x
-
BLOCK
AREA:
3501
AC
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-
SPRING STREET
PHASE 1
EXISTING CONDITIONS
0'
60'
GRAPHIC
120' 180'
SCALE:
1
xKJW ENGMEERMG, P.C.
On
ALEXANDER'S
ESTATES
SURVEY
ZONE CBD-1
NO. DATE
FILEff 070510
DOCUMENTATION I
BLOCK
3501
BLOCK 3 5 0 1 , 3 5 0 3 , 4 9 0 1
TOWN OF MORRISTOWN
MORRIS COUNTY, NJ
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PLANT DESIGN
BOTANICAL NAME
®
®
COMMON NAME
Cercidiphyllum japonicum
Katsura Tree
Acer rubrum 'Franksred'
Red Sunset Maple
Picea abies
Norway Spruce
0
o
G
Spirea joponico 'Little Princess'
Little Princess Spirea
Ilex meserveae 'Blue Princess'
Blue Princess Holly
Buxus 'Green Velvet'
Green Velvet Boxwood
®
Ilex meserveae 'Dragon Lady'
Dragon Lody Holly
0
Juniperus pfitzeriana 'ourea improved' Gold Coost Juniper
»
Liriope muscari 'Variegota'
Variegated Lily Turf
®
®
Acer ginnala 'Ruby Slippers'
'Ruby Slippers' Amur Maple
«>
o
o
•
$
Fraxinus pennsylvanicum 'Summit'
'Summit' Green Ash
Cornus Kousa
Compact Burning Bush
Euonymus alatus 'Compoctus'
William Penn Barberry
Serberis x gladwynensis 'William Penn Snow Queen Oakleaf Hydrangea
Hydrangea quercifolio 'Snow Queen'
Southern Red Oak
QuercuS polustris
Pin Oak
Prunes subnirtella 'Pendula'
Weeping Higan Cherry
]
MM. LOT DEPTH (FT)
MMKMCO LOT COVCMGE !*!
MMWMOKTWUtFn
I GENERAL
M*»
Ml
M JU.2S V
•S.MI.7 *
lU»Sf
II2JFT
M5.1FT
ton
U5.S FT
113.3 FT
1M FT
M
m
4M
1 STOUT CM JS FT 1STOMVOC JSFT 3 STOW 01 35 FT
25 FT
2SFT
25 FT
10 FT
10 FT
10 FT
isn
i5 FT
15 FT
NOTES
. THESE DRAWINGS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THE ENGINEER
AND SHALL NOT BE USED WTHOUT HIS CONSENT.
| 2. CONTRACTOR SHALL CHECK AND VERIFY ALL PLAN
DIMENSIONS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING
MTH CONSTRUCTION.
3. ALL UTILITY LOCATIONS TO BE CONSIDERED APPROXIMATE.
THE CONTRACTOR IS TO VERIFY THE EXACT HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL LOCATIONS PRIOR TO START OF CONSTRUCTION.
I. ALL EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, ETC. SHALL BE CONFINED TO
THE PROPERTY IN QUESTION. NO ENCROACHMENT ONTO
TOWN R.O.W. OR ADJACENT PROPERTIES IS PERMITTED, UNLESS
OTHERWISE SPEOFlEO ON THE PLAN.
| 5. THE CONTRACTOR IS SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR CONSTRUCTION
SITE SAFETY. ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS MUST BE UNDERTAKEN
AND MAINTAINED AS REQUIREO BY LOCAL, STATE, ANO FEDERAL
CODES.
i. MORRIS COUNTY SOIL CONSERVATION DISTRICT SHALL BE
NOTIFIED 72 HOURS PRIOR TO ANY LAND DISTURBANCE.
| 7. ALL AREA LEAOERS/ROOF ORAINS TO BE 6" SCHEDULE 40
JC WITH MINIMUM ONE FOOT COVtR.
L PROPOSEO UTILITIES TO 8E UNDERGROUND.
II 9. ALL EXISTING SIDEWALK AND CURB DAMAGED DURING CONSTRUCTION
WLL BE REPAIRED UNDER THE 0IRECT10N OF THE TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
1110. SILT FENCETO8E INSTALLED PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION ANO REINFORCED
WITH MAY BALES.
f. THE SuejECr
LOCATED
FLOODING A SEA AS PER
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP OF THE TOWNSHIP OF HANOVER. MORRIS COUNTY
NEW JERSEY, COMMUNITY PANEL NUMBER 340343-0005-0-DATE JUNE 6, 2001.
|l2. REPLACED ABANDONED CURBING SECTIONS WITH MATCHING FULL FACED CURBING
ONG SITE FRONTAGES AS PER TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
.L PARKING SPACES DIMENSION ARE 9' « 16' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
(4. ALL CURB RAOIUS R-2' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
5. ALL EXISTING SIGNS TO BE REMOVED BY APPLICANT WITH PROPER GRAPHICS AND/OR
WORDS.
|l6. SUBGRADE SOIL WITHIN THE PROPOSED INFILTRATION BASIN MUST BE PROTECTED
DURING CONSTRUCTION FROM COMPACTION BY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT AND
__ _ _
CONTAMINATION AND CLOGGING BY SEDIMENT.
(—fc-C? h - F
h7. A/C UNITS AND ROOF HVAC EQUIPMENT MUST COMPLY WITH TOWNSHIP'S NOISE
EXISI*
ORDINANCE.
|l8. FOOD FACILITY (KITCHEN/DINING AREAS) PLANS MUST BE APPROVED BY HEALTH DEPT.
P4V
PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION.
3. ALL BUILDINGS ON SITE SHALL BE SPRINKLERED.
CUB
t
PROPER TY IS NOT
IN A
SPRING'.
PHASE 3
TREE REMOVAL PLAN
0'
--- - " s p r i n g
STREET
PHASE 4
PROPOSED BLOCK CONDITIONS
0'
60' 120' 180'
300'
GRAPHIC SCALE: 1" = 60'
60' 120' 180'
300'
GRAPHIC SCALE: 1" = 60'
PHASE 5
FINAL DESIGN OF THE
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PLANT
0'
60' 120'
GRAPHIC
180'
SCALE:
1" = 6 0 '
FlffU
X-
KJW ENGINEERING, P.C.
-naooomuwoN
POH1W ADVAMCaiWT Or MUHOlMBMir
ft"
Osi
0.
CIWPWQWM
Wvom. M
V WW71M
, ZONE CBD-1
NO. DATE
REVISION
FILEtf Q7Q51Q C.D. Q71051Q-ALEX
ALEXANDER'S
ESTATES
SURVEY BLOCK 3 5 0 1
BLOCK 3501, 3 5 0 3 , 4 9 0 1
TOWN OF MORRISTOWN
MORRIS COUNTY, NJ
NURSING HOME, WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT,
E-CAR PARKING AND E-CAR CHARGING STATION
^
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V-'
••* *
939 9B'
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CK
AREA:
,^
3- r5e0m
3
416,046.55
9 . 0 0 AC
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-
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GENERAL
\
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w
xm'M
.^V-*
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A.
/
/
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v
>.
5. THE CONTRACTOR IS SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR CONSTRUCTION
SITE SAFETY, ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS MUST BE UNDERTAKEN
AND MAINTAINED AS REQUIRED BY LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL
CODES.
6. MORRIS COUNTY SO.L CONSERVATION DISTRICT SHALL BE
NOTIFIED 72 HOURS PRIOR TO ANY LAND DISTURBANCE.
7. ALL AREA LEADERS/ROOF DRAINS TO BE 6" SCHEDULE 40
PVC WITH MINIMUM ONE FOOT COVER.
8. ALL PROPOSED UTILITIES TO BE UNDERGROUND.
9. ALL EXISTING SIDEWALK AND CURB DAMAGED DURING CONSTRUCTION
WILL BE REPAIRED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
10. SILT FENCE TO BE INSTALLED PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION AND REINFORCED
Y BALES.
. THE SUBJECT PROPERTY IS NOT LOCATED IN A FLOODING AREA AS PER
3 INSURANCE RATE MAP OF THE TOWNSHIP OF HANOVER, MORRIS COUNTY
NEW JERSEY, COMMUNITY PANEL NUMBER 340343-0005-D-DATE JUNE 6, 2001.
12. REPLACED ABANDONED CURBING SECTIONS WITH MATCHING FULL FACED CURBING
ALONG SITE FRONTAGES AS PER TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
13. ALL PARKING SPACES DIMENSION ARE 9' « 18' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
1*. ALL CURB RADIUS R-2' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
15. ALL EXISTING SIGNS TO BE REMOVEO BY APPLICANT WTH PROPER GRAPHICS AND/OR
s- ; /
• •.»••• .G <f j
«'.' / e /'
i*
w1 •/a
. . •
- .
NOTES
1. THESE DRAWINGS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THE ENCINEER
AND SHALL MOT BE USED WITHOUT HIS CONSENT.
2. CONTRACTOR SMALL CHECK AN0 VERiFY ALL PLAN
DIMENSIONS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING
WITH CONSTRUCTION.
3. AIL UTILITY LOCATIONS TO BE CONSIDERED APPROXIMATE
THE CONTRACTOR IS TO VERIFY THE EXACT HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL LOCATIONS PRIOR TO START OF CONSTRUCTION.
4. ALL EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, ETC. SHALL BE CONFINED TO
THE PROPERTY IN QUESTION. NO ENCROACHMENT
TOWN R.O.W. OR ADJACENT PROPERTIES IS PERMITTED, UNLESS
OTHERWISE SPEClFlEO ON THE PLAN.
'
.1*
• •••.• .... . La'"
• . o . *. • *..
r •
.fn*-*
p. is
i|*k t
. 9
'm^-M
/
W
0
:
--
'
i
•
.•:'-„-• •.*y»i
.'. •:/ _• /i'
; • • / •
I i
*
SUBGRADE SOIL WITHIN THE PROPOSED INFILTRATION BASIN MUST BE PROTECTED
DURING CONSTRUCTION FROM COMPACTION BY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT AND
CONTAMINATION AND CLOGGING SY SEDIMENT.
7. A/C UNITS
Y WTH TOWNSHIP'S NOISE
ORDINANCE.
IS. FOOD FACILITY (KITCHEN/DINING AREAS) PLANS MUST BE APPROVED
BY HEALTH DEPT. PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION.
19. ALL BUILDINGS ON SITE SHALL BE SPRINKLERED.
I—EI G EI N D
SPRING STREET
PHASE 1
EXISTING CONDITIONS
0'
60'
120'
GRAPHIC
180'
SCALE:
300'
1" = 6 0 '
SPRING STREET
PHASE 2
DEMOLITION PLAN
KJW ENGINEERING, P.C.
YSZTOt^T
WIATER
POHTMJ
ALEXANDER'S
ESTATES
SURVEY BLOCK
3503
CIVIL EN&NEER
ZONE CBD-1
CO. 07W5W-ALEX
BLOCK 3 5 0 1 , 3 5 0 3 , 4 9 0 1
TOWN OF MORRISTOWN
MORRIS COUNTY, NJ
NURSING HOME, WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT,
E-CAR PARKING AND E-CAR CHARGING STATION
NJ TRANSIT - MORRISTOWN
- X
X
XX-
NJ TRANSIT - MORRISTOWN
-•X" xr-xx'
BLOCK
AREA:
3503 1
416,046.55
9 . 0 0 AC
5F
fXXX
GENERAL
NOTES
1. THESE DRAWINGS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THE ENGINEER
AND SHALL NOT BE USED WITHOUT HIS CONSENT.
2. CONTRACTOR SHALL CHECK AND VERIFY ALL PLAN
DIMENSIONS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING
WITH CONSTRUCTION.
3. ALL UTILITY LOCATIONS TO BE CONSIDERED APPROXIMATE
THE CONTRACTOR IS TO VERIFY 1HE EXACT HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL LOCATIONS PRIOR TO START OF CONSTRUCTION.
4. ALL EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, ETC. SHALL BE CONFINED TO
THE PROPERTY IN QUESTION. NO ENCROACHMENT ONTO
TOWN R.O.W. OR ADJACENT PROPERTIES IS PERMITTED. UNLESS
OTHERWISE SPECIFIED ON THE PLAN.
5 THE CONTRACTOR IS SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR CONSTRUCTION
SITE SAFETY. ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS MUST BE UNDERTAKEN
AND MAINTAINED AS REQUIRED BY LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL
COOES
6 MORRIS COUNTY SOIL CONSERVATION DISTRICT SHALL SE
NOTIFIED 72 HOURS PRIOR TO ANY LAND DISTURBANCE.
7. ALL AREA LEADERS/ROOF DRAINS TO BE 6" SCHEDULE 40
PVC WITH MINIMUM ONE FOOT COVER.
8. ALL PROPOSED UTILITIES TO BE UNDERGROUND.
9. ALL EXISTING SIDEWALK AND CURB DAMAGED DURING CONSTRUCTION
WILL BE REPAIRED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
10. SILT FENCE TO BE INSTALLED PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION AND REINFORCED
WTH HAY BALES.
11. THE SUBJECT PROPERTY IS NOT LOCATED IN A FLOODING AREA AS PER FIRM
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP OF THE TOWNSHIP OF HANOVER, MORRIS COUNTY
NEW JERSEY, COMMUNITY PANEL NUMBER 340343-0005-D-DATE JUNE 6, 2001.
12. REPLACED ABANDONED CURBING SECTIONS WITH MATCHING FULL FACED CURBING
ALONG SITE FRONTAGES AS PER TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
13 ALL PARKING SPACES DIMENSION ARE 9' « 18' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
14. ALL CURB RADIUS R=2' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
15. ALL EXISTING SIGNS TO BE REMOLD BY APPLICANT WITH PROPER GRAPHICS AND/OR
WORDS.
16. SUBGRADE SOIL WITHIN THE PROPOSED INFILTRATION BASIN MUST BE PROTECTED
DURING CONSTRUCTION FROM COMPACTION BY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT AND
CONTAMINATION AND CLOGGING BY SEDIMENT.
17. A/C UNITS AND ROOF HVAC EQUIPMENT MUST COMPLY WITH TOWNSHIP'S NOISE
ORDINANCE.
18. FOOD FACIUTY (KITCHEN/DINING AREAS) PLANS MUST BE APPROVED BY HEALTH DEPT
PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION.
19. ALL BUILDINGS ON SITE SHALL BE SPRINKLERED.
# XXX?
OkxX x
o'
60'
GRAPHIC
120'
SCALE:
180'
300'
1" = 6 0 '
SPRING STREET
SPRING STREET
exist**; stwjcuhes
PHASE 3
TREE REMOVAL PLAN
GRAPHIC
PHASE 4
PROPOSED BLOCK CONDITIONS
SCALE:
ft-
K J W ENGINEERING, P.C.
J.
X-
X-
ZONE CBD-1 FN FIt 070MQ
NO DATE
RE^SION
C.D. 0710510-ALEX
WIATER
ALEXANDER'S
ESTATES
SURVEY BLOCK 5 5 0 3
BLOCK 3 5 0 1 , 3 5 0 3 , 4 9 0 1
TOWN OF MORRISTOWN
MORRIS COUNTY, N J
NURSING HOME, WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT,
E-CAR PARKING AND E-CAR CHARGING STATION
NJ TRANSIT - MORRISTOWN
GENERAL
NOTES
1- THESE DRAWINGS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THE ENGINEER
AND SHALL NOT BE USED WITHOUT HIS CONSENT.
2. CONTRACTOR SHALL CHECK AND VERIFY ALL PLAN
DIMENSIONS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING
WITH CONSTRUCTION.
3 ALL UTILITY LOCATIONS TO BE CONSIDERED APPROXIMATE.
THE CONTRACTOR IS TO VERIFY THE EXACT HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL LOCATIONS PRIOR TO START OF CONSTRUCTION.
4 ALL EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, ETC SHALL BE CONFINED TO
THE PROPERTY IN QUESTION NO ENCROACHMENT ONTO
TOWN R.O.W. OR ADJACENT PROPERTIES IS PERMITTED, UNLESS
OTHERWISE SPECIFIED ON THE PLAN.
5. THE CONTRACTOR IS SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR CONSTRUCTION
SITE SAFETY. ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS MUST BE UNDERTAKEN
AND MAINTAINED AS REQUIRED BY LOCAL. STATE, AND FEDERAL
COOES.
5. MORRIS COUNTY SOIL CONSERVATION DISTRICT SHALL BE
NOTIFIED 72 HOURS PRIOR TO ANY LAND DISTURBANCE.
7. ALL AREA LEADERS/ROOF DRAINS TO BE 6" SCHEDULE 40
PVC WTH MINIMUM ONE FOOT COVER.
i. ALL PROPOSED UTILITIES TO BE UNDERGROUND.
> ALL EXISTING SIDEWALK AND CURB DAMAGED DURING CONSTRUCTION
WILL BE REPAIRED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
0. SILT FENCE TO BE INSTALLED PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION AND REINFORCED
WITH HAY BALES.
1. THE SUBJECT PROPERTY IS NOT LOCATED IN A FLOODING AREA AS PER FIRM
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP OF THE TOWNSHIP OF HANOVER, MORRIS COUNTY
NEW JERSEY, COMMUNITY PANEL NUMBER 3 40343-0005-D-D ATE JUNE 6. 2001
2 REPLACED ABANDONED CURBING SECTIONS WITH MATCHING FULL FACED CURBING
ALONG SITE FRONTAGES AS PER TOWNSHIP ENGINEER
5. ALL PARKING SPACES DIMENSION ARE 9' * 18' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
4 ALL CURB RADIUS R=2' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
5. ALL EXISTING SIGNS TO BE REMOVED BY APPLICANT WITH PROPER GRAPHICS AND/OR
WORDS.
5 SUBGRADE SOIL WITHIN THE PROPOSED INFILTRATION BASIN MUST BE PROTECTED
DURING CONSTRUCTION FROM COMPACTION BY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT AND
CONTAMINATION AND CLOGGING BY SEDIMENT.
7. A/C UNITS AND ROOF HVAC EQUIPMENT MUST COMPLY WITH TOWNSHIP'S NOISE
ORDINANCE.
3. FOOD FACILITY (KITCHEN/DINING AREAS) PLANS MUST BE APPROVED BY HEALTH DEPT.
PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION.
3. ALL BUILDINGS ON SITE SHALL 8E SPRINKLERED.
BOTANICAL NAME
®
®
COMMON NAME
Cercidiphyllum japonicum
Katsura Tree
Acer rubrum 'Franksred'
Red Sunset Maple
Piceo obies
Norwoy Spruce
0
Spireo japonica 'Little Princess'
Little Princess Spire a
0
Ilex meserveae 'Blue Princess'
Blue Princess Holly
Buxus 'Green Velvet'
Green Velvet Boxwood
•
Ilex meserveae 'Dragon Lady'
Dragon Lady Holly
o
Juniperus pfitzeriana 'oureo improved' Gold Coast Juniper
0
®
Liriope muscari 'Variegate'
Variegated Lily Turf
®
Acer ginnola 'Ruby Slippers'
'Ruby Slippers' Amur Maple
®
Fraxinus pennsylvonicum 'Summit'
'Summit' Green Ash
Cornus Kousa
Compact Burning Bush
Euonymus olatus 'Compacts'
Will torn Penn Barberry
« gladwynensis 'William Perm
© Berberis
Hydrangea quercifolio 'Snow Queen'
G
*
*
Snow Queen Ookleof Hydrangea
Southern Red Ook
Quercus palustris
Pin Oak
Prunus subhirtella 'Pendula'
Weeping Higan Cherry
PHASE 5
FINAL DESIGN OF
THE NURSING HOME,
WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT,
E-CAR PARKING AND
E-CAR CHARGING STATION
GEO-THERMAL ENERGY PLANT
SPRING STREET
60'
GRAPHIC
120' 180'
SCALE:
PHASE 5
FINAL DESIGN OF THE
GEO-THERMAL ENERGY PLANT
PHASE 4
PROPOSED BLOCK CONDITIONS
PHASE 3
TREE REMOVAL PLAN
60'
120'
GRAPHIC
SCALE:
1
GRAPHIC
GENERAL
SCALE:
NOTES
1. THESE OR A WINGS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THE ENGINEER
ANO SHALL NOT BE USED WITHOUT HIS CONSENT.
2. CONTRACTOR SHALL CHECK AND VERIFY ALL PLAN
DIMENSIONS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING
WITH CONSTRUCTION.
3. ALL UTILITY LOCATIONS TO BE CONSIDERED APPROXIMATE.
THE CONTRACTOR IS TO VERIFY THE EXACT HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL LOCATIONS PRIOR TO START OF CONSTRUCTION.
». ALL EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, ETC. SHALL BE CONFINED TO
THE PROPERTY IN QUESTION. NO ENCROACHMENT ONTO
TOWN ROW OR ADJACENT PROPERTIES IS PERMITTED. UNLESS
OTHERWISE SPECIFIED ON THE PLAN
5. THE CONTRACTOR IS SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR CONSTRUCTION
SITE SAFETY. ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS MUST BE UNDERTAKEN
AND MAINTAINED AS REOUIRED BY LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL
COOES.
5. MORRIS COUNTY SOIL CONSERVATION DISTRICT SHALL BE
NOTIFIEO 72 HOURS PRIOR TO ANY LAND DISTURBANCE.
' ALL AREA LEA OCRS/ROOF DRAWS TO B£ 6" SCHEDULE 40
PVC WITH MINIMUM ONE FOOT COVER.
3. ALL PROPOSED UTILITIES TO 8E UNDERGROUND.
J. ALL EXISTING SIDEWALK AND CURB DAMAGED DURING CONSTRUCTION
WILL BE REPAIRED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
10. SILT FENCE TO BE INSTALLED PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION ANO REINFORCED
WITH HAY BALES.
1. THE SUBJECT PROPERTY IS NOT LOCATED IN A FLOODING AREA AS PER FIRM
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP OF THE TOWNSHIP OF HANOVER, MORRIS COUNTY
NEW JERSEY, COMMUNITY PANEL NUMBER 340343-0005-D-DATE JUNE 6, 2001.
2. REPLACED ABANDONED CURBING SECTIONS WITH MATCHING FULL FACED CURBING
ALONG SITE FRONTAGES AS PER TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
3. ALL PARKING SPACES DIMENSION ARE 9' . 18" UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
». ALL CURB RADIUS R-2" UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
5. ALL EXISTING SIGNS TO BE REMOVED BY APPLICANT WITH PROPER GRAPHICS AND/OR
WORDS.
3. SUBGRADE SOIL WITHIN THE PROPOSED INFILTRATION BASIN MUST BE PROTECTED
DURING CONSTRUCTION FROM COMPACTION BY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT AND
CONTAMINATION ANO CLOGGING BY SEDIMENT.
7. A/C UNITS AND ROOF HVAC EQUIPMENT MUST COMPLY WITH TOWNSHIP'S NOISE
ORDINANCE.
B. FOOD FACILITY (KITCHEN/DINING AREAS) PLANS MUST BE APPROVED BY HEALTH DEPT.
PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION.
3. ALL BUILDINGS ON SITE SHALL BE SPRINKLER ED.
BOTANICAL NAME
©
®
w
0
0
Q
COMMON NAME
Cercidiphyllum japonicum
Kgtsuro Tree
Acer rub rum 'Franksred'
Red Sunset Maple
Picea abies
Norwoy Spruce
Spirea japonica Little Princess'
Litlfe Princess Spirea
Ilex meserveae 'Blue Princess'
Blue Princess Holly
Buxus 'Green Velvet'
Green Velvet Boxwood
«
lle» meserveae 'Dragon Lady
o
Juniperus pfitzeriana aurea improved' Gold Coast Juniper
1
Dragon Lady Holly
•
Liriope muscori 'Variegata'
Variegated Lily Turf
®
®
Acer ginnola 'Ruby Slippers'
'Ruby Slippers' Amur Maple
&
©
O
•
m
Froxinus pennsylvanieum 'Summit'
'Summit' Green Ash
Corn us Kousa
Compact Burning Bush
Euonymus olotus 'Compactus'
William Penn Barberry
Berberis x glodwynensis 'William Penn' Snow Queen Oakleaf Hydrangea
Hydrangea quercifolia 'Snow Queen'
Southern Red Oak
Quercus palustris
Pin Ook
Prunus subhirtella 'Pendula'
Weeping Higan Cherry
LEGEND
OfSaUPTIOM
REQUIRED CONDITIONS
MIN. LOT AREA (SQ. FT.1
11.250 SF
90 FT
MIN LOT WIDTH (FT)
lOOFT
MIN. LOT DEPTH (FT)
IMPROVED LOT COVERAGE IHI
100%
BUILDING HEIGHT (STORY/FT) 3 STORY OH JS FT
25 rr
FRONT YARD SETBACK IFTt
SIDE YARD SETBACK (FT)
REAR YARD SETBACK (FT)
35 FT
PROPOSED CO»tPmows BLOCK *aai
LOT 1
108,649.31 sr
224.1 FT
312 5 rr
100%
3 STORY OR 3S FT
25 FT
10 FT
35 FT
I RMLROAO TRACKS . / j . U
x»
KJW ENGINEERING, P.C.
ZONE CBD-1
ALEXANDER'S
ESTATES
SURVEY
BLOCK
4901
BLOCK 3501, 3 5 0 3 , 4 9 0 1
TOWN OF MORRISTOWN
MORRIS COUNTY, N J
1
GENERAL
3
2
4
NOTES
1. THESE DRAWINGS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THE ENGINEER
AND SHALL NOT BE USED WITHOUT HIS CONSENT.
2. CONTRACTOR SHALL CHECK AND VERIFY ALL PLAN
DIMENSIONS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING
WITH CONSTRUCTION.
3. ALL UTILITY LOCATIONS TO BE CONSIDERED APPROXIMATE.
1HE CONTRACTOR IS TO VERIFY THE EXACT HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL LOCATIONS PRIOR TO START OF CONSTRUCTION.
4. ALL EOUIPMENT, MATERIALS, ETC. SHALL BE CONFINED TO
THE PROPERTY IN OUESTION. NO ENCROACHMENT ONTO
TOWN R O.W OR ADJACENT PROPERTIES IS PERMITTED. UNLESS
OTHERWISE SPECIFIED ON THE PLAN.
5. THE CONTRACTOR IS SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR CONSTRUCTION
SITE SAFETY. ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS MUST BE UNDERTAKEN
AND MAINTAINED AS REQUIRED BY LOCAL. STATE, AND FEDERAL
CODES.
6. MORRIS COUNTY SOIL CONSERVATION DISTRICT SHALL BE
NOTIFIED 72 HOURS PRIOR TO ANY LAND DISTURBANCE.
7. ALL AREA LEADERS/ROOF DRAINS TO BE 6" SCHEDULE 40
PVC WITH MINIMUM ONE FOOT COVER.
8. ALL PROPOSED UTILITIES TO BE UNDERGROUND
9. ALL EXISTING SIDEWALK AND CURB DAMAGED DURING CONSTRUCTION
WILL BE REPAIRED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
10. SILT FENCE TO BE INSTALLED PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION AND REINFORCED
WITH HAY BALES.
11. THE SUBJECT PROPERTY IS NOT LOCATED IN A FLOODING AREA AS PER FIRM
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP OF THE TOWNSHIP OF HANOVER, MORRIS COUNTY
NEW JERSEY, COMMUNITY PANEL NUMBER 340343-0005-D-DATE JUNE 6, 2001.
12. REPLACED ABANDONED CURBING SECTIONS WITH MATCHING FULL FACED CURBING
ALONG SITE FRONTAGES AS PER TOWNSHIP ENGINEER.
13 ALL PARKING SPACES DIMENSION ARE 9' * 18' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED
14. ALL CURB RADIUS R=2' UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
15. ALL EXISTING SIGNS TO BE REMOVED BY APPLICANT WITH PROPER GRAPHICS AND/OR
WORDS.
16. SUBGRADE SOIL WITHIN THE PROPOSED INFILTRATION BASIN MUST BE PROTECTED
DURING CONSTRUCTION FROM COMPACTION BY CONSTRUCTION EOUIPMENT AND
CONTAMINATION AND CLOGGING BY SEDIMENT.
17. A/C UNITS AND ROOF HVAC EOUIPMENT MUST COMPLY WITH TOWNSHIP'S NCHSE
ORDINANCE.
18. FOOD FACILITY (KITCHEN/DINING AREAS) PLANS MUST BE APPROVED BY HEALTH DEPT.
PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION
19. ALL BUILDINGS ON SITE SHALL BE SPRINKLERED
NURSING HOME BASEMENT:
TOTAL AREA: 3 9 . 5 0 0 SE
-
BART'S
BASKETBALL
-
CHRIS'S
SWIMMING
&
-
JACUZZI
-
ALEXANDER'S
SPA
-
GIFT STORE
-
MAGGIE'S
-
MOVIE THEATER
-
MARTINI'S
COURT
POOL
(MAX.
GYM
(MAX.
HALL
20
OCCUPANCY
OCCUPANCY
(MAX.
OCCUPANCY
OCCUPANCY
OCCUPANCY
(MAX
RESTAURANT
DANCE
(MAX
(MAX.
(MAX.
50
&
B A S E M E N T
BAR
256
(MAX.
•
PEOPLE)
PEOPLE)
190
PEOPLE)
PEOPLE)
OCCUPANCY
FLOOR
U N r T S l ALL U N I T S A M I N F I I T [ I M U H S P I C I F I I D
acMMi
1
PEOPLE)
PEOPLE)
PEOPLE)
50
OCCUPANCY
OCCUPANCY
126
30
i/trmw
2
200
PEOPLE)
PLAN
OTHUmil)
3
4
5
6
7
8
SILT
FENCE
CROSS-SECTION
-•xixz.irzfsxst Fzsnns ayr"™
•
TREE
PROTECTION
DETAIL
•
•
•
l
e
t
irs;;
REFER TO STANDARD
SEDIMENT CONTROL
TEMPORARY
RISER
BSS-5
.'"s.^irsss ..
iKSi'^K&SS'
S I P
CUM PRIOR TO ANY LAND DISTURBANCE, AND A FRE-CDNSrRUCTIO* MEETING H
"S-SBfS-HSS-ijA-
imffiffiHR^
CONCRETE
BASE
NOTE.
PLACEMENT Of SAND LAYER AND REMOVAL OF THE SEDIMENT RISER IN THE
INFILTRATION BASIN SHALL NOT OCCUR UNTIL THE SITE IS STABILIZED AND
THESE IS NO DrtNGEK OF INTRODUCING SILT INTO THE BASIN
P.C.
ELEVATION
TEMPORARY
RISER
FOR
N.T.S.
OUTLET
STRUCTURE
Kjj^fSZTO/V: WIATER
; Si
io. K"
FILE« 0 7 0 5 1 0
SOIL EROSION
PLAN
BLOCK 3 5 0 1 , 3 5 0 3 , 4 9 0 1
TOWN O F M O R R I S T O W N
MORRIS COUNTY, NJ
r ? ™
C.D.
ALEXANDER'S
ESTATES
0710510-ALEX
6
8
lO'-O"
5 1 / 2 " 0 CEDAR
OR
PRESSURE TREATED POST
4"STRUCTURAL STORMWATrR
1.
6"0
SPLIT
DETENTION SYSTEM M U S T BE INSPECTED FOR CLOGGING AND EXCESSIVE DEBRIS A N D
DETENTION SYSTEM SHOULD BE INSPECTED FOR CLOGGING AND EXCESSIVE SEDIMENT
STRUCTURAL STORMWATER MAINTENANCE INCLUDES B U T NOT LIMITED TO INLETS(NOT
THE DISPOSAL OF DEBRIS, TRASH, SEDIMENT, AND OTHER WASTE MATERIALS SHOULD
LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL WASTE REGULATIONS.
SEDIMENT ACCUMULATION AT LEAST 4 TIMES A YEAR OR EVERY 3 MONTHS.
RIGHT AFTER EVERY STORM EXCEEDING I INCH OF RAINFALL.
LIMITED TO GRATES, CURB PIECES), BOTTOMS, SUMPS, CUTLET STRUCTURES AND S A N D BOTTOM
BE DONE AT SUITABLE D I S P O S A L / R E C Y C L I N G SITES AND IN COMPLIANCE WITH ALL APPLICABLE
ON
RAIL
BASIN.
A L L STORMWATER STRUCTURES SHOULD BE INSPECTED FOR CRACKING, SUBSIDENCE, SPALLING, EROSION, AND DETERIORATION A T L E A S T ONCE A YEAR FOR PROPER M A I N T E N A N C E AND
REPLACEMENT.
THE S A N D LAYER A T BOTTOM OF BASIN SHOULD BE INSPECTED EVERY FOUR MONTHS FOR ACCUMULATED SEDIMENT.
SAND BOTTOM NEEDS TO BE CLEANED WHEN INSPECTION REVEALS THAT IT IS NEARLY F U L L U S U A L L Y WHEN SEDIMENT DEPTH H A S ACCUMULATED TO WITHIN 6 INCHES OF
THE DRY WEATHER WATER LEVEL.
P O L L U T A N T DEPOSITION AND TRANSPORT M A Y V A R Y FROM YEAR TO YEAR AND QUARTERLY INSPECTIONS WILL HELP INSURE T H A T THE SYSTEM IS CLEANED OUT AT THE A P P R O P I A T E TIME.
CLEANOUT SHOULD NOT OCCUR WITHIN 6 HOURS OF A RAIN EVENT TO ALLOW THE ENTIRE COLLECTION SYSTEM TO DRAIN DOWN.
'4
-SLOTTED O R - H )
- M O R T I S E D JOINT
2 " WIRE M E S H S T A P L E D
OR N A I L E D TO A L L THREE
RAILS AND POSTS
Maintenance Cost Estimate
B A C K F I L L WITH SOIL IN 4 " L A Y E R S
TAMPING EACH LAYER
3/4"
ITEM
Time Between Maintenance QUANirn 'UNITS MAINTENANCE COST TOTAL MAINTENANCE COST
$4,000.00
Clean Inlets & CB'S
90 days
16
EACH
$250.00
1
$2,000.00
Clean Debris & TSS from Sand on Basin
90 days or After 1 * of Rainfall
L.S.
$2,000.00
1
$2,000.00
$1,000.00
Sweep Parking areas & Sidewalk
90 days Max. or 24 Hrs after 1" Snow
L.S.
Mowing of Lawn within Ihs ROW & BASIN Every 14 days During Growing Season
1
$500.00
$500.00
L.S.
CLEAN
CRUSHED
STONE
P O S T H O L E TO BE DUG OR
DRILLED A S R E Q ' D TO SET
POST AND B A C K F I L L
SPLIT
WITH
NOTES:
SPRUCE
MAINTFNANCF
RAIL
WIRE
FENCE
MESH
1. THE ABOVE ESTIMATE AT OF DESIGN AND PRICES ARE SUBJECT TO MODIFICATION FOR CURRENT PRICES.
RESTORATION OF ERODED
FENCE REPAIR AND
AREAS
REPLACEMENT
1. S P U T RAIL FENCE SHOULD BE INSPECTED A T TIME T H A T DETENTION B A S I N IS INSPECTED, AT LEAST FOUR
2. IF DAMAGED, FENCE SHOULD B E REPLACED ACCORDING TO THE CONSTRUCTION DETAIL SHOWN BELOW.
1.
2.
3.
4.
REMOVE MISCELANEOUS DEBRIS AND SEDIMENT
ALL ERODED A R E A S SHOULD BE TOP DRESS WITH CLEAN TOPSOIL
RESEED AFFECTED AREAS AND WATER UNTIL VEGETATION IS RESTORED.
PERMANENT VEGETATION MUST BE MAINTAINED B Y PERFORMING A T L E A S T
QUATERLY INSPECTIONS TO GUARANTEED THE PERMANENT RESTORATION.
5 . IF RESTORED A R E A S ARE D I S T U R B E D / E R O D E D IN THE FUTURE REPEAT STEPS
I THROUGH A TO MAINTAIN VEGETATION.
TIMES A YEAR,
SNOW AND ICE REMOVAL
ALL SNOW AND ICE FROM ABUTTING SIDEWALKS WITHIN 12 HOURS OF DAYLIGHT AFTER SAME H A S FALLEN OR FORMED SHOULD BE REMOVED.
ALL DAMAGES TO GRASS A N D SOD RESULTING FROM SNOW REMOVAL OPERATIONS SHOULD BE REPAIRED IN THE SPRING.
CLEANUP OPERATIONS SHOULD BE CARRIED O U T DURING DAYLIGHT HOURS ONLY, UNLESS AN EMERGENCY SITUATION ARISES.
ALL A P P R O P I A T E FLASHING LIGHTS ON WINTER MAINTENANCE EQUIPMENT M U S T BE FLASHING WHENEVER EQUIPMENT IS OPERATING.
PLOWING MUST BE OONE IN THE SAME DIRECTION A S THE TRAFFIC MOVEMENT.
FOR SAFETY, SIGHT TRIANGLES A T INTERSECTIONS M U S T B E CLEAR O F PILED SNOW.
REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF NONVEGETATED
. ALL SUMPS, RIRRAP, S A N D FILTERS AND STONE SHOULD BE INSPECTED A T THE
TIME OF STRUCTURAL STORMWATER MAINTANCE IS PERFORMED A T L E A S T 4 TIMES
A YEAR.
:.
ALL SAND FILTERS MUST B E REPLACE WHEN NECESSARY OR EVERY
TIME A STORM IS GREATER THAN 1" OF RAINFALL.
..
S A N D BEDS M U S T B E INSPECTED A T L E A S T 2 TIMES A YEAR BUI R E P L A C E WHEN
NECESSARY B U T A T L E A S T 2 TIMES A YEAR.
.
SUMPS MUST BE R E P A I R / R E P L A C E WHEN NECESSARY.
..
GENERAL
NOTES:
LININGS
A L L RIPRAP AND STONE MUST BE REPLACE WHEN NECESSARY OR AT LEAST 2
A YEAR.
TIMES
1. THE RESPONSIBLE P A R T Y / P A R T I E S MUST EVALUATE THE MAINTENANCE P L A N FOR EFFECTIVENESS AT LEAST
ONCE A YEAR AND REVISION SHOULD BE MADE IF NECESSARY.
2. A WRITTEN LOG DETAILING ALL PREVENTIVE AND CORRECTIVE MAiNTANCE PERFORMED AT THE STORMWATER
MANAGEMENT MEASURE DESCRIBED ON THIS PLAN MUST BE KEPT.
NOT LIMITED TO RECORD OF ALL INSPECTIONS
AND COPIES OF M A I N T A N C E - R E L A T E D WORK ORDERS.
3. THE RESPONSIBLE
PARTY/PARTIES
MUST RFTAIN AND MAKE AVAILABLE
THE MAINTENANCE P L A N AND WRITTEN LOGS OR
OTHER RECORDS FOR REVIEW BY A PUBLIC ENTITY WITH ADMINISTRATIVE, HEALTH, ENVIRONMENTAL, OR SAFETY
AUTHORITY OVER THE SITE.
RESTORATION OF VEGETATION
BIWEEKLY INSPECTIONS OF VEGETATION HEALTH SHOULD BE
PERFORMED DURING THE FIRST GROWING SEASON OR UNTIL
THE VEGETATION IS ESTABLISHED.
ONCE THE VEGETATION IS ESTABLISHED. INSPECTIONS SHOULD BE PERFORMED AT LEAST TWICE A YEAR DURING BOTH THE
GROWING SEASON AND N O N - G R O W I N G SEASON TO PROTECT THE H E A L T H , DENSITY AND DIVERSITY OF THE VEGETATION.
VEGETATIVE COVER MUST BE MAINTAINED AT 8 5 PERCENT.
VEGETATIVE AREAS WITH 5 0 PERCENT OR MORE DAMAGE MUST BE REESTABLISHED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE SPECIFICATION
AND REQUIREMENTS 1 - 3 .
A L L VEGETATION REPAIRS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED WITHOUT THE USE OF FERTILIZERS AND PESTICIDES WHENEVER POSSIBLE.
ALEXANDER'S
ESTATES
MAINTENANCE
BLOCK 3 5 0 1 , 3 5 0 3 , 4 9 0 1
TOWN OF MORRISTOWN
MORRIS COUNTY, NJ
CD with pdf version of the Thesis and AutoCAD drawings
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