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Siemens Electronic Tolling
Sofia , March 2010
Seite 1
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Mobility Division: Integrated transportation and
logistics solutions from a single source
Dr. Hans-Jörg Grundmann (CEO)
Michael Schulz-Drost (CFO)
Rolling Stock
Traffic Solutions
Public Transit
Locomotives &
Components
Rail Automation
Rail Automation
Seite 2
Integrated
Services
Turnkey Systems
Turnkey
Systems
March 2010
Electrification
Traffic Solutions
Infrastructure Logistics
Postal
Automation
Airport
Logistics
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Traffic Solutions has an outstanding range of products,
systems and solutions
Management
& Information
Strategic
Management
Level
Electronic Tolling &
Enforcement
City
Global Mobility
Tolling
Scenarios
Performance
contracts
Control
Centers
Urban Traffic
Control
Freeway
Management
Tunnel
Parking
Management Guidance
Engineering
Maintenance
Spare Part
Logistic
On Street
Traffic light
Seite 3
Detection Automatic number Variable message signs Pay & display
plate recognition
March 2010
machines
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
What is Electronic Tolling all About?
low
Features
Range of
Solutions
 DSRC 1) (microwave /
IR 3))
 Video (Real-time/HQ)
 RFID
 Manual (incl. Smartcards)
high
low

GNSS 2) / GSM

DSRC1
(microwave / IR 3))
City Tolling
high
low
Velocity at transaction
high
Open Road Tolling
Flexibility
Technologies
Velocity at transaction
Single Lane Tolling





GNSS 2) / GSM
DSRC 1) (microwave / IR 3))
Video (Real-time/HQ)
RFID
Manual (incl. Smartcards)
 Established products
 Barrier-free
 Mainly Cordons today
 Improved throughput
 Highest throughput
 Implicit Security Aspects
 Motorways,
 Country-wide networks
 Cities
 Tunnels, Bridges
 Motorways
 Conurbations
Revenue Generation
1) DSRC = Dedicated Short Range Communication
Demand Management
2) GNSS = Global Navigation Satellite System
3) IR = Infrared
Source: Siemens CD SO
Seite 4
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Major Components of an Electronic Tolling Solution
Electronic Toll Recognition
Enforcement Services
On-Board
Equipment (OBE)
Communication
Network
Booking
Alternative
Charging Data
Back Office
Stationary
Enforcement
Mobile
Enforcement
Customer's
Business Processes
Enforcement
post processing
Electronic Toll System
Enforcement
back-office
Features
Billing
Accounting
CRM
Clearing
Call Centre
Central Services
Seite 5
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Electronic Tolling
- Comparison of the Two Most Common
Technologies
Cost Driver
SATELLITE
Central
System
Free!
MICROWAVE
GPS
Satellites
Microwave
OBUs
Satellite OBUs
microwave communication
Cost Driver
Seite 6
March 2010
Tolling Back
Office
GSM
network
Microwave
Gantry Server
fiber
optic
Gantries
Major Cost Drivers
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Geo Modelling
Recognition Algorithm
Detection of a Toll Section
Virtual Gantry
dedicated controlpoint
entrypoint
Seite 7
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
GPS Tolling: Requirements for the
GPS Based HYBRID-On Board Unit
Position Recognition: GPS Module
Data Communication: GSM Module plus
SIM
DSRC Module: For enforcement purposes
and interoperability with existing toll
systems.
Additional Interface: USB
Security-Module: For encryption and
singning
Movement-Sensor: For anti-tempering
Host-Processor: For toll application
No connection to tachograph
Seite 8
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
SLOVAKIA
2010
Plug and Play On Board Unit
Plug and Play
Seite 9
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Why to Choose a GPS Based Tolling System

No need for infrastructure for tolling (example Slovakia DSRC double price,
Czech Republic пѓ only half of the planned toll network implemented because
of high costs)

Low Maintenance cost: Roadside infrastructure just for enforcement

Theft prevention of the roadside infrastructure is kept to a minimum

Tamper proof solution пѓ reduction of fraud to a minimum (properly
enforced)

Fast implementation period (Slovakia less than 10 months)

Easy upgrade and update of road segments

Flexibility:
Pricing models depending on road type, vehicle categories, peak hours, offpeak hours, working day vs. weekend can be set up easily

Future proof:
GPS will be the leading technology for tolling

Accurate and reliable Toll recognition (> 99,8%)
Seite 10
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Comparison of tolling approaches
Seite 11
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
THE CZECH REPUBLIC
2007
Nationwide Toll System for Trucks on Motorways
Open Road Tolling ONLY on Motorways
в–є System start on January 1st, 2007
в–є For Trucks > 12 tons (but tender issued for 3.5 tons)
в–є Phase 1: 970 km Motorway Network
в–є Phase 2: 1,100 km of first-class roads were planned
Commercial Issues
► System cost 22 Billion CZK (~ € 900 million)
в–є 5,6 Billion CZK revenues per year
в–є 22/10 years = 2.2 Billion/year, i.e. ~ 40% costs
Problems with Microwave, Plans for Satellite
в–є Infrastructure construction too expensive for Phase2
в–є A few months after system start, Ministry announces
plans to introduce satellite-based technology
в–є Expert group was appointed to upgrade to satellite
Seite 12
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
SLOVAKIA
2010
First Nationwide Tolling with Mandatory Satellite
OBU
Segment-Based Tolling System
в–є For Trucks > 3.5 tons; ~ 150,000 OBUs
в–є OBU Mandatory for all trucks
► Total costs ~ €800 Million (13 years operations)
GPS used in combination with GSM (GPRS)
в–є Sections recognized in OBU via GPS signals
в–є Section data sent via GPRS for tariff calculation
в–є Microwave for enforcement
Other Unique Aspects
в–є ~ 500 km of Motorways, ~ 2000 km of major first
class roads
в–є Functional Test of Concept, 20 days after contract
award: 99,86% accuracy
Seite 13
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Overview Truck tolling Slovakia
Seite 14
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Electronic Tolling Slovakia:
Contract signed, Project is about to start January 2009
Nationwide Electronic GPS/GPRS Tolling Solution for Slovakia
 Road Network is 2400 km (500km
motorways and 1900 km first class
roads) for vehicles over 3,5t
 Siemens is main technology
provider for the consortium „Skytoll“
 „Skytoll“ will plan, finance, deliver
and operate the solution for 13 years
 Siemens will deliver Electronic Tolling
Software Solution and >150.000 OnBoard Units, Volume: appr. 80 MEUR
 Functional Test 21 days after contract
Income from Tolling enables customer to build/maintain infrastructure
Seite 15
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
The Project: Key facts for Tolling in Slovakia?
Tolling scheme

On Board Unit Mandatory

Payment options: Pre pay and post pay.

Installation options: Self installation or fixed installation.

Tariff scheme: Depending on road type and vehicle category

Surcharge scheme for late top up of pre pay account.

569 km motorways

1.886 km first class roads

1.300 road segments
Operations:

378 million transactions p.a. пѓ representing 1.2 million on a working day basis!

70.000 Enforcement contacts per day

30.000 OBU�s (Trucks) on the road (already more than 180.000 OBU�s distributed)

Independent Test from Customer NDS currently being conducted
Seite 16
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Charge Table for the FToC
Toll charges (EUR / km) for utilisation of segments of highways and highspeed roads
Emission Classes
BUS
Seite 17
Dynamic Vehicle
Category ID Range
EURO 0 – II
EURO III
EURO IV, V, EEV
0,0929
0,0863
0,0830
1
1, 3, 4, 5
12 t and more
• 2 axles
0,1925
0,1826
0,1792
2
2, 3, 4, 5
• 3 axles
0,2200
0,1963
0,1892
3
3, 4, 5
• 4 axles
0,2269
0,2029
0,1958
4
4, 5
• 5 axles
0,2236
0,1963
0,1892
5
5
3.5 t - up to 12 t
0,1042
0,0895
0,0830
6
6,7
12 t and more
0,2005
0,1791
0,1726
7
7
Weight Classes
Goods vehicle
Dynamic Vehicle
Category ID
3.5 t –up to 12 t
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Functional Test of Concept
Final Results
Overall Mass
Driving
Sections
Tariff [€]
Expected
19.052.606
7.588
3218,31
Recognized
19.021.612
7.577
3208,70
99,84%
99,86%
99,70%
Success rate
Seite 18
Distance [m]
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Interoperability
Seite 19
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
High Diversity in Europe Makes Interoperability a Major Issue in the Future!
The EU Directive 2004-52/EC*
(6) The electronic toll systems should be interoperable
and based on open and public standards, available
on a non-discriminatory basis to all system suppliers.
Autopass
(8) In particular, owing to their great flexibility and
versatility, application of the new satellite
positioning (GNSS)
and mobile communications (GSM/GPRS)
technologies to electronic toll systems may serve to
meet the requirements of the new road-charging
policies planned at Community and Member State
level.
TollCollect
Premid
Article 2
Technological Solutions
3. It is recommended that new electronic toll
systems
brought into service after the adoption of this
Directive
use the satellite positioning and mobile
communications technologies
Seite 20
March 2010
Libert-t
LSVA
Via Verde
EUROPPASS
Telepass
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
European Standardization: Siemens is active in
several Expert Groups for the European
Electronic Toll Service (EETS)
Expert Group 1 - DSRC technologies
Expert Group 2 - Classification of vehicles
Expert Group 3 - Enforcement of offence
Expert Group 4 - Certification centers
Expert Group 5 - GNSS/CN technologies for EFC
Expert Group 6 - Integration of the OBU in vehicles
Expert Group 7 - The role of the financial institutions
Expert Group 8 - Verification of the Telepass specification
Expert Group 9 - Specifications for a pan-European satellite EFC system
Expert Group 10 - Technologies and specification for enforcement
Expert Group 11 - Definition of the single European DSRC application
Expert Group 12 - Security of the transactions launched
Seite 21
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
In a nutshell: What does Siemens Tolling deliver?
 Responsible for Siemens Tolling Solutions wordwide
 Delivery and Operation of turn key Tolling Solutions
пѓј
Technology
 Broad Experience in various Free Flow Tolling
Technologies such as Satellite and Video based
Systems
пѓј
Our Solution




пѓј
Subdivision
Electronic Tolling
Seite 22
March 2010
Open Road Tolling Solutions
City Tolling Solutions
Operation of Tolling Solutions as Junior Partner
PPP Financing
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Thank you for your attention!
Contact:
Thomas Wilhelm
Global Sales Manager
Siemens Electronic Tolling
Erdberger Lände 26
A-1030 Vienna, Austria
( +43 664 80117 36985
* thomas.m.wilhelm@siemens.com
Traffic Solutions green light for mobility
Seite 23
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Innovations in Tolling
Seite 24
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Single Chip OBU
Seite 25
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
NEXT GENERATION ON BOARD UNIT
Working Design Model
OBU Components Planned
в–є Power connection
в–є GPS receiver and internal antenna
в–є GSM Module for back-office
communication (via GPRS)
в–є DSRC (CEN TC278 5.8 GHz)
interface for enforcement
в–є Near-field communication
в–є Motion sensor
в–є Internal Battery
в–є External interfaces, e.g. for LCD
and telematic applications
► Any variation of “thick” and “thin”
architecture can be supported
START OF PRODUCTION 2010
Seite 26
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Backup Slides
Siemens References in Tolling
Seite 27
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
London City Tolling Solution
Siemens delivered City Tolling Solution
 Siemens launched City Tolling
Solution for the Western Extension in
2007
 Scope of Siemens: ANPR Cameras,
Instations, Systemintegration
 850 high-accuracy license plate
recognition cameras
 1 million plates per day (evidential
records encrypted)
 Innovative system architecture to
reduce data traffic
Transport for London achieved Traffic Reduction up to 30%
Seite 28
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
LONDON
Roadside Infrastructure
Seite 29
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Low Emission Zone London
Enforcement Solution check emission classes

All affected vehicles (older, diesel
engined lorries, buses, etc.) operating
within the Low Emission zone must

meet the specific emissions standard and
be registered with TfL

Daily payment of ВЈ 100 - 200, if vehicle
wants to enter and can not meet criteria
 277 ANPR Camera (supplied by PIPS)
 60 Outstations, Back-office IT (instation)
 24x7 operation for 10 years and
maintanance
Improve Air Quality around London
Seite 30
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Siemens has delivered Software Application
and 70.000 On Board Units
Switzerland Truck Tolling
 Distance based Tolling based on
GPS and Tachograph
 70.000 New On Board Units for
Heavy Good Vehicles provided by
Continental
 Siemens Volume > 50 Mio. EUR
 Tolling Application provided by
Segment Electronic Tolling in Vienna,
Volume including CR = 2,3 Mio. EUR
 On Board Unit is interoperable with
Austria and Italy
Cost Reduction through new Generation and reduced Refurbishment
Seite 31
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
Projects Radar
Seite 32
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
FRANCE
2012
Nationwide Scheme for all Trucks on all First-Class
Roads
French National “Ecotaxe”
в–є Between 10,000 and 15,000
kilometres of roads across the
country
в–є Approximately 850,000 Satellite
OBUs expected
в–є 14 Years of Operation
в–є System should be implemented
according to the European
Electronic Tolling Service (EETS),
since there are many existing
private operators for motorways
в–є Tender Launched 2009, Siemens is
pre-qualified
в–є Technical solution must be
demonstrated in January 2010
Seite 33
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
THE NETHERLANDS 2012-2013
Nationwide Scheme for all Vehicles on all Roads
“Anders Betalen voor Mobiliteit”
(Alternative Payment for Mobility)
в–є Ministry recommends km-based charge in 2005
в–є Km-fee will replace current tax revenue of 8 BEUR
of the purchase tax (25%) and road taxes
в–є Nearly 9 Million vehicles will be subject to the fee
► Road network of 134,000 km will be “tolled”
в–є Traffic jams expected to be reduced by 50%
в–є 60% reduction in travel time during peak hours
в–є C02 Emissions expected to be reduced by 10%
в–є System cost estimated at ~ 2 Billion EUR
в–є Operation costs estimate at 5% of revenue
в–є System to be launched 2012 or 2013, first with
trucks and one year later all other vehicles
в–є Tender Launched 2009, Siemens is pre-qualified
Seite 34
March 2010
В© Siemens AG 2010
Industry Sector, Mobility Division
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