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The location of industry: An analysis of some of the factors which have affected the location of industry in the ten southern counties of California

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THE LOCATION OF INDUSTRY
AN ANALYSIS OF SOME OF THE FACTORS
WHICH HAVE AFFECTED THE LOCATION OF INDUSTRY
IN THE TEN SOUTHERN COUNTIES OF CALIFORNIA
A D is s e rta tio n
P r e s e n te d to
The F a c u l t y o f th e D e p a rtm e n t o f E conom ics
U n i v e r s i t y o f S o u th e r n C a l i f o r n i a
In P a r tia l F u lfillm e n t
o f th e R e q u ire m e n ts f o r th e D eg ree
D o c to r o f P h ilo s o p h y
by
F ra n k Hugh S p a rk s
A p r i l , 1941
UMI Number: DP23225
All rights reserved
INFORMATION TO ALL USERS
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a note will indicate the deletion.
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UMI DP23225
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Th is dissertation, w ritten by
FRAHK..BMH...SPAB&S...................................
under the guidance of h.lJSL F acu lty C o m m it te e
on S tu die s, an d a p p r o v e d by all its me m be rs} has
been pr ese nte d to and a c ce p te d by the Council
on Grad ua te S t u d y and Rese arch , in p a r tia l f u l ­
fillment of requirements f o r the degree of
LOSOPHY
DOCTO
D ean
S ecreta ry
D a te
.J U .n ® ’ . 1 9 .4 1 .
C o m m itte e on S tu d ies
v jy ^ /
9 77
F O R E WO R D
One h u n d re d an d t e n t a b l e s a r e u s e d i n
p r e s e n t i n g t h e d a t a o f t h i s S tu d y .
E ach t a b l e
c a r r i e s a c a p t i o n and d e s c r i p t i v e s ta te m e n t
i n te n d e d to i d e n t i f y an d c l a s s i f y i t s
c o n te n t.
By a t t e n t i o n t o t h e s e t a b l e s t h e r e a d e r may
f o r m u la te h i s own o p in io n s in d e p e n d e n t o f th e
a u th o r.
The t e x t o f th e S tu d y i s l a r g e l y an
e x p o s i t i o n o f th e t a b l e m a t e r i a l .
E ach c h a p t e r i s c o n c lu d e d w ith a summary
w h ic h , w i t h C h a p te r s I an d IX , p r e s e n t th e
a u t h o r fs p o i n t o f v ie w , i n t e r p r e t a t i o n , an d
c o n c lu s io n .
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER
I.
PAGE
INTRODUCTION
. . . . . . . . .
G e n e ra l S ta te m e n t
. . . .
.
............................
1
G e n e ra l P r o b l e m ............................ ..... ..................................
2
O th e r S t u d i e s .............................................................
4
T h e o r e t i c a l S tu d ie s .........................................................
4
C en su s S t u d i e s ............... ...................................... . . . .
5
In d e p e n d e n t R e s e a rc h e s
. .
C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f P r e s e n t S tu d y
Need f o r T h is S tu d y
II.
. . . .
1
.................................
10
.............................
15
.......................
14
L i m i t a t i o n s o f S t u d y .........................................................
15
The P e r io d C o v e r e d ..............................................................
17
S p e c i f i c P r o b l e m .................. " ............................................
17
EXPLANATION OF PROCEDURE...................................................
18
T e rrito ry
. . . . ............. ..............
M a ilin g L i s t
M a ilin g s
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
18
......................................
18
..........................................
Sam ple M a ilin g
. . . .
20
...........................................
...........................
20
M a ilin g No.
I . . . . . .
M a ilin g No.
I I ..................................................................
21
M a ilin g No.
Ill
22
M a ilin g No.
I V ..................................................................
22
M a ilin g No.
V ....................................
22
......................
21
•i l l
CHAPTER
PACE
Summary o f A nsw ers
. . . . . .
..............................
C h a p te r R e v i e w .......................................................................
III.
P u rp o se
..........................................
27
..........................................
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iven b y t h e M anagement
27
.
.
27
.
29
S p e c i f i c S i t e F a c t o r s ....................................................
34
..............................................................
36
.........................................................
38
.
38
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c t o r s ....................................................
40
D ata A rran g e m en t by T a b le s
P e rso n a l F a c to rs
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s
M a te ria l F a c t o r s
Company S iz e s an d th e Goods They Make . . . .
.
40
C h a p te r Summary .
.
45
.
49
ORGANIZATION DATES AND LOCATIONAL INFLUENCES
P u rp o se
.
.......................
O r g a n iz a tio n D a te s
C h a p te r Summary .
49
.............................
L o c a tio n a l I n f l u e n c e s
V.
24
COMPANIES HAVING APPROXIMATELY THE SAME NUMBER OF
WORKERS
IV .
23
49
.........................................................
55
............................
68
.COMPANIES.OCCUPYING ORIGINAL SITES VERSUS
RELOCATED COMPANIES ..............................................................
69
P u r p o s e ..........................................................................................
69
A nsw ers t o Q u e s tio n 0 .........................................................
69
L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s an d R e lo c a te d C om panies
.
.
74
iv
CHAPTER
PAGE
C h a p te r Summary ...............................................................................82
V I.
BRANCH FACTORIES
. . . . . . . .
P u r p o s e ........................ ....
.' . - .
. . . . .
84
. . . ...........................................
A nsw ers t o Q u e s tio n N . . . . .
84
..................................
84
Food an d K in d re d P r o d u c t s .................................• • •
85
T e x t i l e s a n d T h e ir P r o d u c ts . . .............................
87
F o r e s t P r o d u c ts
89
.............................
P a p e r a n d A l l i e d P r o d u c ts
. . . . .
...................
P r i n t i n g , P u b lis h in g an d A l l i e d I n d u s t r i e s
C h e m ic al an d A l l i e d P r o d u c ts
.
. . . . . . . .
90
92
93
P r o d u c ts o f P e tr o le u m an d C o a l .............................
95
R ubber P r o d u c t s .......................
95
L e a th e r an d I t s M a n u f a c t u r e .......................
96
S to n e , C la y a n d G la s s P r o d u c ts
. . . . . . .
96
I r o n a n d S t e e l a n d T h e ir P r o d u c ts . . . . . .
96
N o n -F e rro u s M e ta ls a n d T h e ir P r o d u c ts
98
. . . .
M a c h in e ry , N ot I n c lu d in g T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
E q u ip m en t . .
............................
99
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t, A i r , Land an d W a ter
100
R a i l r o a d R e p a ir Shops . . . .
101
M is c e lla n e o u s .
..................................
................................................................... 102
T a b u la tio n o f D a t a ................................
103
C h a p te r S u m m a ry .............................................................................109
V
CHAPTER
V II.
VAGR
TOWN SIZES AND THE MANUFACTURERS THEY ATTRACT . . 1 1 1
P u rp o s e . . . . . . . . . . . ............................................I l l
I n d u s t r i e s a n d Town S iz e s . ............................................. ; 111
O r g a n iz a tio n D a te s and Town S iz e s . . . . . . .
115
P l a n t S iz e v e r s u s Community S iz e
118
. . . . . . .
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iven b y M a n u fa c tu r e r s fro m
D i f f e r e n t S iz e d C om m unities .......................
C h a p te r Summary . . . . . . . . . .
V III.
120
........................
152
COMPANIES MANUFACTURING THE SAME OR SIMILAR
PRODUCTS
.......................
P u rp o s e . . . . . . . . .
Food I n d u s t r y
T e x tile In d u s try
F o r e s t P r o d u c ts
134
................................................
.......................
134
135
..........................................
.
................................................ . . . . .
148
156
P a p e r and A l l i e d P r o d u c t s ..................................................... 165
P r i n t i n g , P u b lis h in g an d A l l i e d I n d u s t r i e s
C h e m ic a ls and A l l i e d P r o d u c ts
. .
.......................
168
171
P r o d u c ts o f P e tro le u m a n d C o a t ....................................... 175
R u b b er P r o d u c ts
..........................................................177
L e a th e r an d I t s M a n u fa c tu re s
.......................................179
S to n e , C la y and G la s s P r o d u c t s
.
181
I r o n an d S t e e l a n d T h e ir P r o d u c t s .................................. 184
N o n -F e rro u s M e ta ls a n d T h e ir P r o d u c ts . . . . .
195
Vi
CHAPTER
PAGE
M a c h in e ry , N ot I n c l u d i n g T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
E q u ip m en t
IX .
197
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t, A i r , L an d , an d W a te r
206
R a i l r o a d R e p a ir S hops . . . . .
208
..................................
M i s c e l l a n e o u s ............................
209
C h a p te r Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
212
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND PERSONAL OPINIONS
.......................
Summary
C o n c lu s io n s
. . ........................
P e r s o n a l O p in io n s
BIBLIOGRAPHY
. . .
. . . . . . . . . .
•
. . . . . . . . . . .
224
224
229
231
.................................................
APPENDIX.................................................................................................
236
239
LIST OP TABLES
C om panies G rouped A c c o rd in g t o Number o f
W o rk ers
.................................................... .......................
D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r s A c c o rd in g to Company S iz e
.
30
D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r s A c c o rd in g t o Company S iz e .
31
Summary o f T a b le s I I a n d I I I
32
......................................
D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r s A c c o rd in g to R e g ro u p e d
C o m p a n i e s ................................. ..................................... ....
33
D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r s R anked b y Company G roups
34
S p e c i f i c S i t e Ite m s C hecked b y Company G roups
35
P e r s o n a l Ite m s C hecked b y Company G roups . . .
37
M a rk e tin g Ite m s C hecked b y Company G roups
. .
39
M a t e r i a l Ite m s C hecked b y Company G roups . . .
41
M is c e lla n e o u s Ite m s C hecked b y Company G roups
42
I n d u s t r i e s and Company S i z e s ......................................
44
Company O r g a n iz a tio n D a te s b y I n d u s t r i e s
50
. . .
P e r c e n ta g e T a b le o f Company O r g a n iz a tio n D a te s
by I n d u s t r i e s
. . . . . . . . . ........................
P e r io d s o f M ost R a p id Grow th b y I n d u s t r i e s
Summary o f G row th P e r io d s
. .
. . . . . . . . . .
51
52
54
L o c a t i o n a l R e a so n s G iv en by C om panies
O rg a n iz e d P r i o r t o 1899..... ...........................................
57
L o c a t i o n a l R e aso n s G iven b y C om panies
O rg a n iz e d 1 9 0 0 -1 9 0 4
.....................................................
58
v iii
TABLE
XIX.
PAGE
L o c a t i o n a l R e a so n s G iven b y C om panies
O rg a n iz e d 1 9 0 5 -1 9 0 9
XX.
59
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iv en b y C om panies
O rg a n iz e d 1 9 1 0 -1 9 1 4
XXI.
. . . .
.
.............................................
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iv en b y C om panies
O rg a n iz e d 1 9 1 5 -1 9 1 9
X X II.
61
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iven by C om panies
O rg a n iz e d 1 9 2 0 -1 9 2 4
X X III.
.
. . . . . . . . . . . .
64
L o c a t i o n a l R e a so n s G iv en b y C om panies
O rg a n iz e d 1 9 3 5 -1 9 3 9
XXIV.
. . .
.........................................
65
L o c a t i o n a l R e a so n s G iv en by C om panies
O rg a n iz e d 1940 .....................................
66
XXVII.
Summary o f T a b le s XVII - X X V I ...................................
X X V III.
R e lo c a te d v e r s u s O r i g i n a l S i t e C om panies by
O r g a n iz a tio n D a te s ........................
. . . . . . .
XXIX.
S e g r e g a t io n o f R e p o r ts b y I n d u s t r i e s
XXX.
L o c a t i o n a l R e aso n s - R e lo c a te d v e r s u s O r i g i n a l
....................
S i t e C o m p a n ie s ..........................................
XXXI.
63
L o c a t i o n a l R e aso n s G iv en b y C om panies
O rg a n iz e d 1 9 3 0 -1 9 3 4
XXV.
62
L o c a tio n a l R easo n s G iven b y C om panies
O rg a n iz e d 1 9 2 5 -1 9 2 9
XXIV.
60
67
71
72
75
S p e c i f i c S i t e F a c t o r s - R e lo c a te d v e r s u s
O r i g i n a l S i t e C om panies
77
ix
TABLE
XXXII.
PAaE
I n d i v i d u a l S p e c i f i c S i t e Ite m s - R e lo c a te d
v e r s u s O r i g i n a l S i t e C om panies .............................
X X X III.
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s - R e lo c a te d v e r s u s O r i g i n a l
S i t e C o m p a n ie s ..........................................
XXXIV.
78
80
I n d i v i d u a l M a rk e tin g Ite m s - R e lo c a te d v e r s u s
O r i g i n a l S i t e C om panies
. . . . ........................
XXXV.
B ra n c h P l a n t s an d P r o d u c ts b y In d u s t r i e s
XXXVI.
L o c a tio n a l i n f l u e n c e s Named by B ran ch P l a n t s
XXXVII.
I n d i v i d u a l M a rk e tin g Ite m s o f Im p o rta n c e t o
B ra n c h P l a n t s
. . .
81
104
.
107
..........................................
108
XXXVIII. F a c t o r y L o c a tio n b y Community S iz e A c c o rd in g
t o I n d u s t r y .....................................
XXXIX.
113
M a n u f a c tu r e r s R e p o r tin g fro m Los A n g e le s
b y I n d u s t r y .............................................................................114
XL.
F a c t o r y L o c a tio n by Community S iz e A c c o rd in g
t o O r g a n iz a tio n D ate
.......................
.
117
X L I.
P l a n t S iz e v e r s u s Community S i z e .................................... 119
X L II.
Summary T a b le o f L o c a t i o n a l R e a so n s G iv en b y
M a n u f a c tu r e r s i n C om m unities o f L e s s Than
2 5 ,0 0 0
X L III.
.................................................................................
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iven b y M a n u f a c tu r e r s i n
C o m m u n ities o f 1 - 2 ,4 9 9 ...........................................
XLIV.
122
123
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iven b y M a n u f a c tu r e r s i n
C o m m u n ities o f 2 ,5 0 0 - 4 ,9 9 9 .......................
124
TABIE
XLV*
EAGE
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iv e n b y M a n u f a c tu r e r s i n
C o m m u n ities o f
XLVI.
125
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iv en b y M a n u fa c tu r e r s i n
C o m m u n ities o f
X LV II.
..................
5 ,0 0 0 - 9 ,9 9 9
1 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 4 ,9 9 9
.......................
126
Summary T a b le o f L o c a tio n a l R e a so n s G iv en b y
M a n u f a c tu r e r s I n C om m unities o f More Than
2 5 ,0 0 0
X L V III.
............................
127
L o c a t i o n a l R e a so n s G iv en b y M a n u fa c tu r e r s i n
C o m m u n ities o f 2 5 ,0 0 0 - 4 9 ,9 9 9 ............................
XLIX.
128
L o c a t i o n a l R e a so n s G iv en b y M a n u fa c tu r e r s i n
C om m unities o f 5 0 ,0 0 0 - 9 9 ,9 9 9 ............................
L.
129
L o c a t i o n a l R e aso n s G iven b y M a n u f a c tu r e r s i n
C om m unities o f 1 0 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 4 9 ,9 9 9 .......................
L I.
130
L o c a t i o n a l R easo n s G iv en by M a n u f a c tu r e r s I n
C o m m u n ities o f Over 2 5 0 ,0 0 0
131
L II.
Pood
I n d u s t r y - P ro d u c t
G roup No. 1
...............136
L III.
P ood
I n d u s t r y - P ro d u c t
G roup No. 2
.
L IV .
C h a r a c te r a n d L o c a tio n o f M a t e r i a l s U sed b y
...
.
.
137
M a n u f a c tu r e r s o f P r o d u c t G roups No. 1 a n d
N o. 2
LV.
.............................................................
138
M a t e r i a l s U sed by M a n u fa c tu r e r s o f P ro d u c t
G roups No. 1 a n d No. 2 ..................................................... 139
L V I.
F ood
In d u s tr y - P ro d u c t
G roup No. 3
...............140
L V II.
Food
I n d u s t r y - P ro d u c t
G roup No. 4
. . . . .
141
xi
t a b le
page
L V III.
Pood I n d u s t r y - P ro d u c t Group Ho. 5
•
L IX .
Pood I n d u s t r y - P r o d u c t Group Ho. 6
. . . . .
LX.
Pood I n d u s t r y - P ro d u c t G roup H o. 7
•
L X I.
Summary T a b le o f L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s f o r
I n d u s t r y E x p re s s e d I n P e r c e n ta g e s
• •
. • 142;
• •
143
• • 144
Pood
• • . • •
147
L X II.
T e x t i l e I n d u s t r y - P ro d u c t Group H o. 8
. .
. .
L X III.
T e x t i l e I n d u s t r y - P ro d u c t Group Ho. 9
. •
. • 150
LXIV.
T e x t i l e I n d u s t r y - P ro d u c t Group H o. 10
LXV.
Summary T a b le o f L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s f o r
. . .
151
T e x tile In d u s try • • • • * • • • • • • • • •
LXVI.
149
153
I n d i v i d u a l M a rk e tin g Ite m s C hecked by
P ro d u c t G roups Ho. 8 , Ho. 9 , an d Ho. 10
. .
154
LX V II.
F o re st
P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t Group
Ho. 11 . . .
.
159
L X V III.
F o re st
P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t Group
Ho. 12
. . .
.
160
LXIX.
F o re st
P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t G roup
Ho. 13
. . .
.
161
LXX.
Summary T a b le o f L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s f o r
F o r e s t P r o d u c ts e x p r e s s e d i n P e r c e n ta g e s . .
162
LXXI.
S p e c i f i c S i t e Ite m s C hecked by P ro d u c t
G roups .................................. . . . . . .
LX XII.
M a rk e tin g
163
Ite m s C hecked by P ro d u c t G roups
Ho. 1 1 , H o. 1 2 , an d H o. 1 3 ............................................ 164
L X X III•
P aper and
A l l i e d P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t G roup
Ho. 1 4 .....................................
.
166
x ii
PAGE
TABLE
LXXIV.
M a rk e tin g Ite m s C hecked b y P ro d u c t Group
No. 1 4 .....................................
LXXV.
167
P r i n t i n g , P u b l i s h i n g an d A l l i e d I n d u s t r i e s P ro d u c t G roup No* 15 . . .
LXXVI.
P r i n t i n g , P u b lis h in g a n d A l l i e d I n d u s t r i e s
P r o d u c t G roup No. 16
LXXVII.
.......................................169
..................................................... 170
C h e m ic a ls an d A l l i e d P r o d u c ts - P r o d u c t Group
No. 17 , ..................................................................
LX X V III.
C h e m ic al an d A l l i e d P r o d u c ts - P r o d u c t Group
No. 1 8 ...............................................
LXXIX.
174
P r o d u c ts o f P e tr o le u m an d C o a l - P r o d u c t Group
No. 1 9 ................................
176
LXXX.
R u b b er P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t G roup N o. 20 . . . .
LXXXI.
L e a th e r an d I t s M a n u fa c tu re s - P ro d u c t Group
N o. 2 1 ............................
LXXXII.
182
S to n e , C la y an d G la s s P r o d u c ts - P r o d u c t Group
............................
183
I r o n an d S t e e l an d T h e ir P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t
Group No • 24 . . • • • •
LXXXV.
180
' ............................................
No. 23 . . . . . . .
LXXXIV.
178
S to n e , C la y an d G la s s P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t Group
No. 22
LX X X III.
173
.....................................
188
I r o n an d S t e e l an d T h e ir P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t
G roup No * 25
...............................................
189
x iii
PAGE
TABLE
LXXXVI.
I r o n a n d S t e e l an d T h e ir P r o d u c ts - P r o d u c t
G roup Ho. 26 . . . ............................
LXXXVII.
190
I r o n an d S t e e l an d T h e ir P r o d u c ts - P r o d u c t
G roup H o. 27 .
.............................................................
191
IX X X V III. I r o n an d S t e e l an d T h e ir P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t
G roup H o. 28 . . .
LXXXIX.
. ............................
L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s T o r I r o n an d S t e e l I n d u s t r y
I n d e p e n d e n t o f P ro d u c t G roups
xc.
. . . . . . .
193
Summary T a b le o f L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s f o r th e
I r o n an d S t e e l I n d u s t r y
X C I.
192
. . . . . . . . . .
194
H o n -F e rro u s M e ta ls an d T h e ir P r o d u c ts - P ro d u c t
Group Ho. 29 • . . • • . . . . . . . . . . .
X C II.
M a c h in e ry , H ot I n c l u d i n g T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
E q u ip m en t - Pro due t G roup H o... 30 ........................
X C III.
203
Summary T a b le o f L o c a tb n a l F a c t o r s f o r th e
M a c h in e ry I n d u s t r y
X C V II.
202
L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s f o r th e M a c h in e ry I n d u s t r y
I n d e p e n d e n t o f P r o d u c t G r o u p s ............................
XCVI.
201
M a c h in e ry , H ot I n c l u d i n g T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
E q u ip m en t - Pro d u c t G roup H o. 32 ........................
xcv.
200
M a c h in e ry , Hot I n c l u d i n g T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
E q u ip m en t - P r o d u c t G roup H o. 31 . • • . . .
XCIV.
196
. • • • • • • • • • • • .
204
I n d i v i d u a l M a rk e tin g Ite m s C hecked by P ro d u c t
G roups Ho. 3 0 , H o. 31 an d H o. 32 . . . . .
.
205
x iv
TABLE
XCVIXX.
PAGE
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t, A i r , Land an d
w a te r - P r o d u c t G roup No. 33 .
..........................
XCIX.
M is c e lla n e o u s - P r o d u c t G roup No. 34 . . . . .
C.
The T h re e R an k in g L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s Named by
E a c h P ro d u c t G roup
C l.
211
...........................................
215
Summary o f L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s Named by t h e
T h i r t y - F o u r P ro d u c t G r o u p s ........................ ....
C II.
207
. •
216
P r o d u c t G roups W hich Named M a rk e tin g a s a
L o c a tio n F a c t o r ................................................
C III.
217
P r o d u c t G roups W hich Named S p e c i f i c S i t e a s a
L o c a tio n F a c t o r
CIV.
218
P r o d u c t G roups W hich Named P e r s o n a l F a c t o r s a s
a L o c a tio n I n f l u e n c e
CV.
....................................
P ro d u c t G roups W hich Named M is c e lla n e o u s
F a c t o r s a s a L o c a tio n I n f l u e n c e
CV I.
. .
...........................................
. . . . . .
........................
. .
221
221
P ro d u c t G roups W hich Named L ab o r a s a.
L o c a tio n F a c t o r .........................................................
CIX:.
220
P r o d u c t G roups w h ich Named T r a n s p o r t a t i o n a s a
L o c a tio n F a c t o r
G V III.
. . . . . .
P ro d u c t G roups W hich Named M a t e r i a l s a s a
L o c a tio n F a c t o r
O V II.
219
222
P ro d u c t G roups w h ich Named C lim a te a s a
L o c a tio n F a c t o r .............................................
22
XV
TABLE
CX
PAGE
L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s Named F i r s t R anked b y
P e r c e n ta g e
223
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
I .
GENERAL STATEMENT
Human r e l a t i o n s h i p s a r e s o i n t e r d e p e n d e n t t h a t e a c h
i n d i v i d u a l , w h a te v e r h i s s t a t u s , i s m ore o r l e s s d i r e c t l y
a f f e c t e d by th e i n d u s t r i a l , a c t i v i t y o f h i s com m unity*
L iv -
i n g , i n a l l i t s c o m p l e x i t i e s , i s n e v e r f a r rem oved fro m th e
p r o c e s s o f m ak in g a l i v i n g *
A nd, m ak in g a l i v i n g , f o r a h ig h
p e r c e n ta g e o f t h e p o p u l a t i o n , i s d i r e c t l y d e p e n d e n t upon t h e
ch a n g e i n fo rm , p l a c e , o r tim e u t i l i t y
o f g o ods.
I n m ost p r i m i t i v e s o c i e t i e s t h e l o c a t i o n a l r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p b e tw e e n p r o d u c e r an d co n su m er was c l e a r *
Goods w ere
p ro d u c e d an d consum ed b y th e same p e r s o n o r s m a ll g ro u p o f
p e r s o n s and u s u a l l y c o n s u m p tio n o c c u r r e d a t o r n e a r t h e p l a c e
o f p ro d u c tio n .
W ith th e e v o l u t i o n an d r e v o l u t i o n o f m odern
t i m e s , h o w e v e r, th e p r o d u c tio n p r o c e s s h a s become h i g h l y
s p e c ia liz e d *
O nly a s m a ll f r a c t i o n o f m o st f i n i s h e d p r o d u c ts
i s consum ed by th o s e who t a k e p a r t i n t h e i r p r o d u c tio n *
Numerous an d co m plex f o r c e s h a v e come t o b e a r upon b o th
p r o d u c e r s and co n su m ers s e p a r a t i n g t h e i r I n t e r e s t s and
c o m p lic a tin g t h e i r r e l a t i o n s h i p s .
I n fu n d a m e n ta l econom ic p r i n c i p l e , h o w e v e r, t h e r e h a s
been l i t t l e
ch an g e fro m th e d a y s o f h a n d i c r a f t m ethods*
th e c r e a t i o n o f g o o d s an d s e r v i c e s l i e
In
th e o n ly s o u r c e s o f
2
a n a t i o n * s w e a l t h , a n d i n t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f th o s e g o o d s a n d
s e r v i c e s r e s t s t h e w e l l b e in g o f i t s
c itiz e n s .
C o n s id e r in g t h e b a s i c im p o rta n c e t o a l l o f i t s p e o p l e ,
i t i s s u r p r i s i n g t h a t so l i t t l e
a t t e n t i o n h a s b e e n g iv e n b y
th e g o v e rn m e n t, o r o t h e r s u i t a b l e a g e n c i e s , t o t h e ex am in ­
a t i o n an d d i r e c t i o n o f t h e f a c t o r s t h a t h a v e c o n t r i b u t e d to
th e lo c a tio n o f i n d u s t r i a l a c t i v i t y .
T h is s tu d y i s a m o d est
a t t e m p t to e x p l o r e c e r t a i n s m a ll a r e a s o f t h a t g r e a t f i e l d .
II.
GENERAL PROBLEM
The g e n e r a l p ro b le m i s much b r o a d e r . th a n t h e s tu d y
u n d e r ta k e n .
I t h a s l a r g e l y t o do w ith t h e same ty p e o f
f a c t o r s b u t w ith o u t t h e r e s t r i c t i o n s o f tim e o r p l a c e .
T h ese
f o r c e s g r e a t l y c o m p lic a te t h e p ro b le m .
L o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s a r e c o n s t a n t l y c h a n g in g .
B e fo re
t h e a d v e n t o f s te a m t h e r e was m ore d is a d v a n ta g e th a n a d v a n t­
a g e t o th e c o n g r e g a tio n o f w o rk e rs i n t o l a r g e w o rk s h o p s .
T hose m a n u f a c tu r e r s u s i n g w in d pow er o r w a te r pow er w e r e , f o r
th e m o st p a r t , s p r e a d a lo n g th e c o a s t l i n e an d r i v e r s , an d
t h e u n i t o f p r o d u c tio n was s m a ll.
W ith t h e p e r f e c t i o n o f th e ste a m e n g in e an d i t s
a d a p t a t i o n a s a p rim e m o v e r, l a r g e r p r o c e s s i n g u n i t s b eg an t o
d e v e lo p .
C o a l d e p o s i t s soon r e p l a c e d w a te r pow er s i t e s a s a
lo c a tio n a l in flu e n c e .
The t e c h n i c a l a d v a n ta g e o f s p e c i a l i z ­
a t i o n an d l a r g e s i z e d p r o d u c tio n u n i t s e n c o u ra g e d th e
c o n c e n t r a t i o n o f m a n u f a c tu r in g .
H ow ever/ _ t h i s m ean t - i n c r e a s ­
ed t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a n d m a r k e tin g d i f f i c u l t i e s an d g r e a t e r
c o n c e rn on t h e p a r t o f m anagem ent i n d e te r m in in g a b a la n c e
b e tw e e n m a n u f a c tu r in g c a p a c i t y i n one a r e a an d p o t e n t i a l
c o n su m p tio n o f t h e f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t i n t h a t a r e a .
C o n s ta n tl y
im p ro v ed t r a n s p o r t a t i o n an d co m m u n ic atio n f a c i l i t i e s en ­
c o u ra g e d c o n c e n t r a t i o n o f m a n u f a c tu r in g w h ic h was a c c o m p a n ie d
b y th e c o n c e n t r a t i o n o f p o p u l a t i o n an d an e r a o f c i t y g ro w th .
F o r c e s l i m i t i n g s i z e , h o w e v e r, w ere s e t i n m o tio n by
th e v e r y a c t o f b r i n g i n g g r e a t num bers o f p e o p le i n t o r e ­
s tric te d area s.
H e a l e s t a t e v a lu e s r o s e , t a x e s i n c r e a s e d ,
r e n t s w ere r a i s e d , l o c a l t r a n s p o r t a t i o n c o s t s g re w , an d th e
i n e f f i c i e n c i e s an d w a s te s o f c o n g e s tio n m u l t i p l i e d .
New m eth o d s o f m anagem ent, i n v e n t i o n s , p o p u la tio n
g ro w th , an d c a p i t a l a c c u m u la tio n h a v e r e s u l t e d i n m a jo r
c h a n g e s i n a lm o s t e v e r y p h a s e o f l i f e .
T e c h n ic a l im p ro v e ­
m en ts f o r th e farm h a v e so i n c r e a s e d m a n -h o u r fo o d p r o d u c tio n
a s t o r e l i e v e m i l l i o n s o f w o rk e rs from r u r a l a r e a s .
The
im p ro v em en ts i n th e i n s t r u m e n ts o f co m m u n ic atio n h a v e s p r e a d
in f o r m a ti o n an d aw akened a d e s i r e f o r new e n v ir o n m e n ts .
A u to m o b ile s an d low p a s s e n g e r f a r e s h a v e e n c o u ra g e d t r a v e l .
E l e c t r i c i t y an d e l e c t r i c m o to rs h a v e made a b u n d a n t lo w - c o s t
pow er a lm o s t u n i v e r s a l l y a v a i l a b l e .
New fo rm s o f c a r r i e r s
h a v e g iv e n w id e fre e d o m i n th e h a n d lin g o f raw m a t e r i a l s and
f in is h e d p ro d u c ts .
B u t, o p p o se d to t h i s flo w an d f l u x ,
4
v e s t e d i n t e r e s t s an d i n e r t i a h a v e b e e n g r e a t r e s t r a i n i n g i n ­
flu e n c e s .
A l l t h e s e an d many a d d i t i o n a l f a c t o r s m u st be c l a s s i f i ­
e d , a n a ly z e d , a n d e v a l u a t e d by th o s e who w o u ld u n d e r ta k e to
co p e w i t h t h e g e n e r a l p ro b le m o f i n d u s t r i a l l o c a t i o n .
III.
OTHER STUDIES
B i b lio g r a p h y , o f th e k in d t h a t d e a l s w i t h th e g e n e r a l
p h a s e s o f t h i s s u b j e c t , su c h a s p o p u l a t i o n m o v em en ts, d e ­
c e n t r a l i z a t i o n i n I n d u s t r y , o r t h e s o c i a l p ro b le m s a r i s i n g
o u t o f i n d u s t r i a l i z e d c i t y l i f e , i s a lm o s t w i th o u t l i m i t s b u t
e f f o r t s to exam ine d i r e c t l y th e s p e c i f i c i n f l u e n c e s a f f e c t i n g
th e l o c a t i o n o f i n d u s t r y h a v e b e e n r e l a t i v e l y fe w .
The a t ­
te m p ts t h a t h a v e b e e n made f a l l r a t h e r c l e a r l y i n t o t h r e e
c a ta g o rie s :
T h e o re tic a l S tu d ie s .
One o f th e b e s t known e a r l y
a t t e m p t s t o e x p l a i n th e l o c a t i o n o f econom ic a c t i v i t y was
t h a t o f Jo h a n n H e in r ic h von Thiinen i n h i s P e r I s o l l r t e S t a a t , ^
f i r s t p u b l i s h e d i n R o s to c k , Germany i n 1 8 2 6 .
Von Thiinen b a s ­
ed h i s a s s u m p tio n s on a p u r e a g r i c u l t u r a l economy a n d d e v o te d
h i s a n a l y s i s t o th e l o c a t i o n o f t h e v a r i o u s c r o p s .
T ra n s­
p o r t a t i o n c o s t w a s, t o h i s t h o u g h t , th e p r im a r y l o c a t i o n a l
i n f l u e n c e b u t h e a l s o r e c o g n i z e d p e r i s h a b i l i t y , b u l k , an d
B e rlin :
1 Jo h a n n H e in r ic h von T hiinen, P e r I s o l l r t e S t a a t .
W ie g a n d t, Hem pel an d P a r e y , 1 8 7 5 .
. 5
v a lu e p e r w e ig h t a s f a c t o r s t o he c o n s i d e r e d .
Among m ore r e c e n t h o o k s on l o c a t i o n a l th e o r y A l f r e d
W eb er’ s , T h e o ry o f th e L o c a tio n o f I n d u s t r y , E n g l i s h E d i t i o n
t r a n s l a t e d b y C a r l Jo a c h im F r i e d r i c h , The U n i v e r s i t y o f
C h ic a g o P r e s s , 1 9 2 9 ,2 i s , p e r h a p s , th e m o st h i g h l y r e g a r d e d .
M r. W eber r e a s o n e d t h a t l a b o r an d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n co m b in ed t o
make th e c o s t s o f p r o d u c t i o n .
I f e i t h e r re m a in e d c o n s t a n t
i n d u s t r y was d i v e r t e d hy th e o t h e r .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n c o s t was
th e m ore f u n d a m e n ta l b e c a u s e i t d e te r m in e d w h e th e r o r n o t a
g iv e n wage l e v e l was a t t r a c t i v e .
A ls o , i f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n
c o s t s e n c o u ra g e d i n d u s t r i a l m i g r a t i o n , i n d u s t r y s o u g h t o u t
low l a h o r c o s t s u n t i l th e demand r a i s e d th e p r i c e l e v e l o f
l a b o r t o th e a v e r a g e .
C en su s S t u d i e s .
The m o st c o m p re h e n siv e d a t a a v a i l a b l e
i n th e U n ite d S t a t e s w i t h r e g a r d t o th e n u m b e r, t y p e , s i z e ,
a n d l o c a t i o n o f m a n u f a c tu r in g e n t e r p r i s e s a r e th o s e s u p p l i e d
b y th e v a r i o u s C e n su se s o f M a n u f a c tu r e r s .
A num ber o f
s t u d i e s h a v e b e e n made o f p a r t s o f t h i s m a t e r i a l b y c o m p e te n t
in v e s tig a to rs .
H. H. M cC arty o f th e S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y o f Iowa p u b l i s h e d a m onograph I n 1930 on th e M a n u fa c tu r ln g T re n d s i n Io w a, 3
2
C a r l Jo a c h im F r i e d r i c h , E n g l i s h E d i t i o n , A l f r e d
W eber, T h e o ry o f th e L o c a tio n o f I n d u s t r i e s . C h ic a g o ;
The U n i v e r s i t y o f C h ic a g o P v e s s , 1 9 6 9 .
C ity ;
H.
H. M cC arty , M a n u fa c tu rin g T re n d s i n Io w a .
C o lle g e o f Commerce, S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y o f Io w a , 1 9 3 0 .
Iowa
6
i n w h ic h h e le a n e d h e a v i l y upon c e n s u s s t a t i s t i c s f o r th e
p e r i o d 1 9 1 4 -1 9 2 7 .
The n a t i o n a l im p o r ta n c e o f Io w a , I n d u s t r i ­
a l l y , was a n a ly z e d an d th e c h a n g e s I n th e c h a r a c t e r o f I t s
m a n u fa c tu r e d p r o d u c ts w ere n o te d .
The m fijor i n f l u e n c e s i n
th e i n d u s t r i a l d e v e lo p m e n t o f Io w a , a c c o r d in g t o M r. M cC arty ,
w ere:
1.
The p r o c e s s i n g o f l o c a l l y p ro d u c e d fa rm p r o d u c t s ;
2.
The m a n u fa c tu r e o f s u p p l i e s an d e q u ip m e n t s o l d t o
th e fa rm p o p u l a t i o n ;
3.
L o c a l i n d u s t r i e s w h ic h p ro d u c e d th o s e goods l o c a l ­
l y consum ed h y th e g e n e r a l p o p u l a t i o n ; and
4.
A s m a ll g ro u p o f f a c t o r i e s d e p e n d in g upo n r e l a t i v e
l y r a r e raw m a t e r i a l s in d ig e n o u s t o Io w a , i . e . , gypsum an d
clam s h e l l s .
The U n i v e r s i t y o f M in n e so ta Em ploym ent S t a b i l i z a t i o n
R e s e a rc h I n s t i t u t e h a s s p o n s o r e d two I n v e s t i g a t i o n s I n t o t h i s
fie ld .
O ne, O p e r a tin g R e s u l t s o f M a n u fa c tu r in g P l a n t s i n
M in n e s o ta , 1 9 2 6 -1 9 3 0 , was p u b l i s h e d I n 1 9 3 2 .4
The o t h e r ,
The L o c a tio n o f M a n u fa c tu r e r s i n th e U n ite d S t a t e s , 1 8 9 9 1 9 2 9 , was p u b l i s h e d In 1 9 3 3 .
The f i r s t s tu d y gave m ore
4
U n i v e r s i t y o f M in n e so ta Em ploym ent S t a b i l i z a t i o n
R e s e a rc h I n s t i t u t e , O p e r a tin g R e s u l t s o f M a n u fa c tu r in g P l a n t s
i n M in n e s o ta , 1 9 2 6 -1 9 5 0 . M in n e a p o lis : U n i v e r s i t y o f
M in n e so ta P r e s s , 1 9 3 2 .
_______ , The l o c a t i o n o f M a n u f a c tu r e r s i n th e
U n ite d S t a t e s , 1 8 9 9 -1 9 2 $ '. M in n e a p o lis i U n i v e r s i t y o f
M in n e so ta P r e s s , 1 9 3 3 .
7
a t t e n t i o n to th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f in d u s t r y , such a s th e
v a r i a t i o n i n s a l e s v o lu m e , in v e n to r y f l u c t u a t i o n , p r o f i t
t r e n d s , m o r t a l i t y r a t e s , e t c * , th a n to t h e p ro b le m o f
lo c a tio n *
I t d i d c o n c lu d e , h o w e v e r, t h a t ,
• . * . th e g r e a t e s t s in g le f a c t o r lo c a liz in g
i n d u s t r y i n th e Twin C i t i e s an d D u lu th . •
i s t h e l a b o r s u p p l y .6
The se c o n d s tu d y was d e v o te d t o a s u r v e y o f t h e l o c a t i o n o f
i n d u s t r y i n g e n e r a l w ith a t t e n t i o n d i r e c t e d e s p e c i a l l y t o
c e rta in s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s .
1.
The f i n d i n g s w e re :
M achine a n d m e ta l i n d u s t r i e s h a v e te n d e d to
c o n c e n tra te n e a r c o a l f i e l d s , p a r t i c u l a r l y In th e E a s tN o rth C e n t r a l S t a t e s ;
2.
The l o c a t i o n o f th e i r o n an d s t e e l I n d u s t r i e s h a s
an im p o r ta n t i n f l u e n c e oh th e l o c a t i o n o f a l l i n d u s t r y ;
3.
R e l i a b l e s o u r c e s o f w a te r pow er a r e i n c r e a s i n g l y
I m p o r t a n t; •
4.
P o p u la ti o n d e n s i t y a t t r a c t s i n d u s t r i e s p r o d u c in g
p e r i s h a b l e g o o d s , c l o t h i n g , b o o t s , an d s h o e s ;
5.
Food p r o c e s s o r s a r e i n f l u e n c e d , f i r s t , b y th e
l o c a t i o n o f raw m a t e r i a l s a n d , s e c o n d , by m a r k e ts ; an d
6.
I n d u s t r y i s s lo w ly b eco m in g d i s p e r s e d o v e r th e
c o u n tr y m ore n e a r l y a s p o p u l a t i o n i s d i s p e r s e d .
® U n i v e r s i t y o f M in n e so ta Em ploym ent S t a b i l i z a t i o n
R e s e a rc h I n s t i t u t e , O p e r a tin g R e s u l t s o f M a n u fa c tu r in g P l a n t s
i n M in n e s o ta , 1 9 2 6 -1 9 5 0 , p . 1 0 .
I n 1 9 3 3 , W illia m H. M i t c h e l l , o f th e U n i v e r s i t y o f
C h ic a g o , p u b l i s h e d a m onograph o n , T re n d s i n I n d u s t r i a l
L o c a tio n i n th e C h ic a g o R eg io n S in c e 1 9 2 0 . *7 M r. M i t c h e l l
gave p a r t i c u l a r a t t e n t i o n to th e p o s s i b i l i t y o f i n d u s t r i a l
d e c e n t r a l i z a t i o n w ith th e r e s u l t t h a t h i s s tu d y r e p o r t e d ;
1.
The m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a o f C h ic a g o h a d become
r e l a t i v e l y more i m p o r ta n t i n d u s t r i a l l y d u r in g th e p e r i o d
in v e s tig a te d ;
2.
T h e re was a te n d e n c y f o r i n d u s t r i a l p l a n t s to
l o c a t e w i t h i n the- m id -z o n e r a t h e r th a n i n
o f th e
th e c o n g e s te d
c i t y o r i n th e o u t l y i n g , s e p a r a t e d
3.
I t was
fo u n d th e optim um
i n th e p e r i p h e r a l a r e a s
a re a
c o m m u n itie s ; an d
t h a t m ig h t be
c o m b in a tio n o f l o c a t i o n a l a d v a n ta g e s
p e c u l i a r to n o n -u rb a n a r e a s w i th o u t s u r r e n d e r i n g th e a d v a n ­
t a g e s w h ich a r e to be fo u n d o n ly i n l a r g e c i t i e s .
D a n ie l B . C re a m e r, U n i v e r s i t y o f P e n n s y lv a n ia , p u b ­
l i s h e d a s tu d y i n 1935 t h a t d e a l t w ith th e same p h a s e o f th e
i n d u s t r i a l l o c a t i o n p ro b le m a s t h a t a n a ly z e d by M r. M i t c h e l l
The t i t l e
o f h i s m onograph w a s, I s I n d u s t r y D e c e n t r a l i z i n g ?^
H is f i n d i n g s w ere v e r y s i m i l a r to th o s e o f Mr. M i t c h e l l .
I n 1 9 3 8 , G len n E . M cL au g h lin p u b l i s h e d a m onograph
^ W illia m N. M i t c h e l l , T re n d s i n I n d u s t r i a l L o c a tio n
i n th e C h ic a g o R eg io n S in c e 1920• C h ic a g o : U n i v e r s i t y o f
TJHicago P r e s s , 1 9 3 3 .
Q
D a n ie l B. C re a m e r, I s I n d u s t r y D e c e n t r a l i z i n g ?
S t a t e C o l le g e : U n i v e r s i t y oT P e n n s y lv a n !a P r e s s , 1 9 5 5 .
u n d e r t h e a u s p i c e s o f t h e B u rea u o f B u s in e s s R e s e a rc h o f th e
U n iv e rs ity o f P itts b u r g h .9
T h is w as an a m b itio u s p r o j e c t
c o n s i s t i n g o f t h r e e h u n d r e d and f o r t y p a g e s an d d e v o te d t o a
c o m p a r a tiv e s tu d y o f I n d u s t r i a l g ro w th i n t h e c h i e f A m erican
m a n u f a c tu r in g d i s t r i c t s .
P i t t s b u r g h was u s e d a s th e b a s i s o f
c o m p a ris o n a n d many o f M r. M c L a u g h lin 1s c o n c lu s io n s w e re a p ­
p l i e d to c o n d i t i o n s a s o b s e rv e d i n th e P i t t s b u r g h a r e a .
The
s tu d y i s a s u b s t a n t i a l c o n t r i b u t i o n :
1.
P o p u la ti o n m o v em en ts, s a y s M r. M c L a u g h lin , a r e a .
r e s u l t o f , a s w e ll as a cau se o f i n d u s t r i a l a c t i v i t y ;
2.
I n d u s t r i a l a c t i v i t y a r i s e s fro m :
g ro w th o f
i n d u s t r y a l r e a d y e s t a b l i s h e d ; g e o g r a p h ic s h i f t s o f i n d u s t r y
fro m one com m unity t o a n o t h e r ; d e v e lo p m e n t a n d l o c a l i z a t i o n
o f new i n d u s t r y ;
3.
The fu n d a m e n ta l r e a s o n f o r c h a n g e s i n i n d u s t r i a l
a c t i v i t y i s c o s t o f p r o d u c tio n w h ich i s u s u a l l y d e p e n d e n t
upon a c o m b in a tio n o f su c h f a c t o r s a s p o w e r, f u e l , raw
m a t e r i a l , l a b o r , an d m anagem ent;
4.
The im p ro v em en t i n t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a n d communi­
c a t i o n , a n d th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f h i g h l y f l e x i b l e , w id e ly
a v a i l a b l e s o u r c e s o f pow er may f u r n i s h th e b a s i s f o r th e
c o n tin u e d s p r e a d o f i n d u s t r y i n t o s m a l l , n o n - m e tr o p o li ta n
9 G len n E. M c L a u g h lin , G row th o f A m erican M a n u fa c tu riflg A r e a s . P i t t s b u r g h : B u rea u o f B u s in e s s R e s e a r c h ,
U n iv e rs ity o f P itts b u r g h , 1938.
10
c e n te r s ; and
5.
W id e s p re a d - u n io n iz a tio n i n t h e m ass p r o d u c tio n
i n d u s t r i e s i s a d e t e r r i n g i n f l u e n c e on f u r t h e r u r b a n
i n d u s t r i a l c o n c e n tra tio n .
In d e p e n d e n t R e s e a r c h e s .
The two s t u d i e s c i t e d i n t h i s
s e c t i o n d i f f e r fro m th o s e j u s t re v ie w e d i n t h a t th e y do n o t
r e l y upon th e s t a t i s t i c a l c o m p ila tio n s o f th e U n ite d S t a t e s
C ensus o f M a n u f a c tu r e r s f o r t h e i r f a c t s .
T hey d e p e n d ,
r a t h e r , upon t h e i r own r e s e a r c h an d o b s e r v a t i o n .
The f i r s t o f t h e s e in d e p e n d e n t s t u d i e s to be c o n s i d e r ­
ed I s t h a t p r e p a r e d b y th e C iv ic D ev elo p m en t C om m ittee o f th e
N a t i o n a l E l e c t r i c L ig h t A s s o c i a t i o n an d t h e P o l i c y h o l d e r s
S e r v ic e B u rea u o f t h e M e tr o p o l ita n L if e I n s u r a n c e Company
e n t i t l e d , I n d u s t r i a l D ev elo p m en t i n th e U n ite d S t a t e s an d
C a n a d a , 1926 an d 1 9 2 7 . ^
so u rc e o f i t s
T h is r e p o r t d o es n o t s t a t e th e
in f o r m a ti o n n o r t h e m eth o d by w h ich I t s d a t a
w ere o b t a i n e d , b u t i t d o e s a c k n o w led g e th e c o o p e r a tio n o f a
l a r g e num ber o f a g e n c ie s i n c l u d i n g ,
. . . . th e U n ite d S t a t e s D e p a rtm e n t .o f Commerce,
th e U n ite d S t a t e s Chamber o f Commerce, l o c a l
Cham bers o f Commerce th r o u g h o u t t h e c o u n t r y , p u b l i c
u t i l i t y c o m p a n ie s , e l e c t r i c an d ste a m r a i l w a y
^
^ B d u s t r i a l D ev elo p m en t i n th e U n ite d S t a t e s an d
C a n ad a, 1926 an d 1 9 2 7 , a c o o p e r a t i v e s u r v e y by t h e C iv ic
D ev elo p m en t C om m ittee o f th e N a ti o n a l E l e c t r i c L ig h t
A s s o c i a t i o n an d t h e P o l i c y h o l d e r s S e r v ic e B u re a u o f th e
M e t r o p o l ita n L i f e I n s u r a n c e Company. New Y o rk : M e tr o p o l ita n
L i f e I n s u r a n c e Company P r e s s # 1 0 2 0 4 , N/D.
11
c o m p a n ie s , b a n k s , r e a l e s t a t e b o a r d s , e t c * ^
The su rv ey , u n d e r t a k e s t o s t u d y t h r e e t y p e s o f i n d u s t r i a l
d e v e lo p m e n ts
p l a n t s w h ic h moved fro m one com m unity t o a n ­
o t h e r * b r a n c h p l a n t s ; an d new c o m p a n ie s .
I t says th a t th e ,
R e a so n s f o r i n d u s t r i a l movement w ere o b t a i n e d d i r e c t ­
l y , f o r t h e m o st p a r t , fro m th e m a n u f a c t u r e r l o c a t i n g
t h e p l a n t . 12
Two th o u s a n d a n d e i g h t y - f o u r c o m m u n itie s p a r t i c i p a t e d i n t h i s
stu d y .
E v e ry s t a t e i n t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d a l l p r o v i n c e s o f
C anada w ere r e p r e s e n t e d .
S ix te e n re a s o n s f o r th e lo c a ti o n o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t s a r e l i s t e d i n th e summ ary, r a n k e d i n th e
fo llo w in g o r d e r :
1.
M a rk e ts
2.
Labor
3.
T ra n sp o rta tio n
4.
M a te ria ls
5.
A v a ila b le F a c to ry .B u ild in g
6.
P e r s o n a l R e aso n s
7.
Power a n d F u e l
8.
Cheap R e n t
9.
N ear R e la te d I n d u s t r i e s
10.
L iv in g C o n d itio n s
11.
F i n a n c i a l A id
^
3^bid., I n s i d e b a c k c o v e r .
12 I b i d . . p . 3 .
12
12•
T axes
13•
M e rg e rs an d C o n s o l i d a t i o n s
14*
Cheap L and
15.
F e a r P a r e n t Company-
16.
B a n k in g F a c i l i t i e s
I n 1939 t h e P E P , an i n d e p e n d e n t , n o n - p a r t i s a n g ro u p
o f E n g l i s h b u s i n e s s men an d e c o n o m is t s o r g a n i z e d f o r th e
p u r p o s e o f , 11P o l i t i c a l a n d E conom ic P l a n n i n g , p u b l i s h e d a
R e p o r t on t h e L o c a l i z a t i o n o f I n d u s t r y . T h i s
R ep o rt i s
t h e r e s u l t o f f o u r y e a r s w ork a n d c o v e r s t h e a r e a s o f
E n g la n d , W a le s , an d S c o t l a n d .
I t i n c l u d e d re c o m m e n d a tio n s on
r e g i o n a l d e v e lo p m e n t, n a t i o n a l p l a n n i n g , s t r a t e g i c p o s i t i o n s
f o r d e f e n s e p u r p o s e s , e t c . , b u t th e p o r t i o n h a v i n g t o do w i t h
i n d u s t r i a l l o c a t i o n su m m arizes th e p r i m a r y f a c t o r s a f f e c t i n g
th e l o c a t i o n o f i n d u s t r y a s t
1.
Raw m a t e r i a l s , i n c l u d i n g r e l i a b i l i t y o f s u p p ly an d
2.
S u ita b le la b o r.
p ric e ;
C han ges i n m a n u f a c t u r i n g - a r e
l e s s e n i n g th e d e p e n d e n c e on s k i l l s a n d make f o r a l e s s l o c a l ­
i z i n g in f lu e n c e o f th e la b o r f a c t o r .
T ra d e u n i o n i s m ,
e s p e c i a l l y • u n r e a s o n a b l e 1 l a b o r l e a d e r s h i p , h a s c a u s e d some
e m p lo y e r s to p r e f e r n ew ly i n d u s t r i a l i z e d d i s t r i c t s ;
13 p g p ( p o l i t i c a l a n d Econom ic P l a n n i n g ) , R e p o r t on
th e L o c a t i o n o f I n d u s t r y . L ondon: P E P , 16 Queen Ann*s
T J a ^ e 7 ' T 9 3 9 : ------------------------------
15
3.
S i t e and S e r v ic e .
T h is c a p t i o n i n c l u d e s :
to p o g ra p h y , c l im a te , u t i l i t i e s , d r a in a g e , g e n e r a l l o c a t i o n a l
e n v iro n m e n t, a c c e s s i b i l i t y to c a r r i e r s e r v i c e s , c o s ts o f
re a l e s ta te , re n ta ls, e tc .;
4.
A c c e s s i b i l i t y t o M a rk e ts.
In c re a se d c o n s id e ra ­
t i o n f o r t h e co nsum er a n d s m a l l e r i n v e n t o r i e s o f m e r c h a n ts
h a s g i v e n more do m in an ce t o d e l i v e r y s e r v i c e a n d t o d e l i v e r e d
c o s t s ; and
5.
F in a n c e .
The m echanism f o r t h e f i n a n c i n g o f new
i n d u s t r i e s h a s a p o w e r f u l e f f e c t up o n t h e l o c a t i o n o f
in d u stry .
T h e s e s t u d i e s h a v e n o t b e e n s u b m i t t e d a s t h e c o m p le te
l i t e r a t u r e i n t h i s f i e l d b u t t h e y do r e p r e s e n t t h e b e s t
o rg a n iz e d and m ost p e r t i n e n t r e s e a r c h o f a g e n e r a l n a t u r e
t h a t h a s come t o t h e a t t e n t i o n o f t h e a u t h o r .
T here have
b e e n a num ber o f v e r y e x c e l l e n t s t u d i e s , h o w e v e r, l i m i t e d
in scope to s p e c i f i c p ro d u c ts o r i n d u s t r i e s .
IV.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PRESENT STUDY
I n g e n e r a l , t h e o b j e c t i v e s o f t h e p r e s e n t s t u d y w e re
s i m i l a r to th o s e o f th e s t u d i e s re v ie w e d .
They w e re t o d i s ­
c o v e r t h e b a s i c i n f l u e n c e s w h ic h c a u s e m a n u f a c t u r i n g e n t e r ­
p r i s e r s to choose a p a r t i c u l a r s i t e .
t h i s stu d y h as d i f f e r e d s u b s t a n t i a l l y .
As t o m e th o d , h o w e v e r,
A sm a ll, c l e a r ly
d e f i n e d , r e l a t i v e l y new t e r r i t o r y was c h o s e n .
The t e n
14
s o u t h e r n c o u n t i e s o f C a l i f o r n i a o f f e r a w ide v a r i e t y o f
lo c a tio n a l in flu e n c e s:
raw m a t e r i a l s s i t u a t e d i n s p a r s e l y
s e t t l e d l a n d a r e a s ; m a t e r i a l s fro m th e s e a ; i n t e n s i v e l y
c u l t i v a t e d a g r i c u l t u r a l s e c t i o n s ; r i c h m in e ra l and o i l
d e p o s i t s ; s m a l l town e n v i r o n m e n t s ; a n d m odern m e t r o p o l i t a n
c o n d itio n s.
A l s o , t h i s i s an a r e a t h a t h a s b e e n l a r g e l y d e v e lo p e d
d u r i n g t h e e r a o f e l e c t r i c i t y , good r o a d s an d a u t o m o b i l e s
so t h a t i n d u s t r y h a s b e e n l e s s r e s t r i c t e d b y t r a n s p o r t a t i o n
a n d pow er f a c i l i t i e s i n m ak in g i t s r e g i o n a l a d j u s t m e n t th a n
i n m o st t e r r i t o r i e s .
O th e r r e s e a r c h p r o j e c t s h a v e b e e n h e l p f u l i n t h e i r
e x a m p le s , b u t a l l d a t a f o r t h i s r e p o r t h a v e been c o l l e c t e d
by d i r e c t c o n t a c t w ith p rim a ry s o u r c e s .
N o t ev e n th e
U n i t e d S t a t e s C e n su s o f M a n u f a c t u r e r s h a s b e e n l e a n e d u p o n .
V.
NEED FOR THIS STUDY
So g r e a t i s t h e im p a c t o f i n d u s t r i a l a c t i v i t y upon th e
w h o le economy o f a p e o p l e ; so co m p lex a r e t h e i n f l u e n c e s
w h ic h make f o r th e s u c c e s s f u l d e v e lo p m e n t o f e n t e r p r i s e ; so
little
known a r e th e f a c t o r s w h ic h d i r e c t t h e l o c a t i o n an d
g ro w th o f i n d u s t r y , t h a t any c o n t r i b u t i o n t o e x i s t i n g
k no w led g e i s i m p o r t a n t .
I t was w i t h a f u l l k no w led g e o f t h e d i f f i c u l t i e s t o be
e n c o u n te re d , b u t w ith a deep c o n v ic tio n o f th e n eed f o r such
15
r e s e a r c h , t h a t t h e p r e s e n t s t u d y was u n d e r t a k e n .
V I.
LIMITATIONS OP STUDY
T h e r e was no a t t e m p t to go b ey o n d th e g e o g r a p h i c
l i m i t a t i o n s o f th e te n so u th e rn c o u n tie s o f C a l i f o r n i a .
T h is
h a s h a d t h e a d v a n ta g e o f c o n c e n t r a t i o n an d s p e c i a l i z a t i o n ,
b u t i t a l s o h as been l i m i t i n g , s in c e i t i s Im p o ssib le to
i s o l a t e an y p a r t i c u l a r p a r t o f econom ic l i f e , g e o g r a p h i c o r
o t h e r w i s e , from t h e I n f l u e n c e s a r i s i n g fro m w i t h o u t .
No a t t e n t i o n h a s b e e n p a i d to a l t e r n a t e c h o i c e s .
Most
e n t e r p r i s e r s h a v e t h e o p t i o n o f c h o o s in g from among d i f f e r e n t
a r e a s o f t h e c o u n t r y , an d o f t e n one s e c t i o n i s s e l e c t e d n o t
by w e ig h in g I t s a d v a n t a g e s a l o n e , b u t b y m a tc h in g them
a g a i n s t t h e in d u c e m e n ts , o r h a n d i c a p s , o f o t h e r a r e a s .
T h is
i s e q u a l l y t r u e o f d i f f e r e n t c o m m u n itie s o r l o c a l i z e d s i t e s .
The d e c i s i o n o f an I n d i v i d u a l c o n c e r n may v e r y w e l l r e s t upon
f e w e r o r l e s s e r d i s a d v a n t a g e s t h a n upon a d v a n t a g e s .
O nly o p e r a t i n g c o n c e r n s h a v e b e e n c o n s u l t e d .
A
c o m p le te s t u d y w ou ld n e e d t o a t t e n d t o f a i l u r e s a s w e l l a s
successes.
T hose c o n c e r n s w h ic h h a v e c o n t i n u e d i n b u s i n e s s
h a v e , by t h a t v e ry f a c t , d e m o n stra te d t h a t t h e i r l o c a t i o n a l
ju d g m en t was n o t f a t a l .
T ho se t h a t h a v e d i s c o n t i n u e d
b u s i n e s s may h a v e more o f v a l u e t o o f f e r i n t h e way o f
l o c a t i o n a l a d v i c e th a n t h e i r more s u c c e s s f u l c o n t e m p o r a r i e s .
16
Not a l l t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s I n t h e a r e a p a r t i c i p a t e d .
T h e re a r e s o m e th in g more t h a n f o u r th o u s a n d c o m p an ie s l o c a t e d
in th e te n so u th e rn c o u n tie s o f C a lif o r n i a t h a t a re c l a s s i f i ­
ed as m a n u fa c tu re rs.
The l i s t c o m p ile d f o r t h e p u r p o s e s o f
t h i s s t u d y , u n d e r t h e c o n d i t i o n s d e s c r i b e d i n C h a p te r I I ,
i n c l u d e d a l l o f t h e co m p a n ie s w i t h i n t h e a r e a e m p lo y in g more
th a n t w e n t y - f i v e w o r k e r s , b u t o n l y a b o u t 30 p e r c e n t o f t h e
c o m p a n ie s e m p lo y in g f e w e r th a n t w e n t y - f i v e .
A p p r o x im a te ly
o n e - h a lf o f th e o rg a n iz a tio n s i n v i t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e d id so .
T h is l e f t an i m p o r t a n t p o r t i o n o f t h e i n d u s t r i a l m anagem ent
o f th e a re a w ith o u t r e p r e s e n ta ti o n in t h i s su rv ey .
No a t t e m p t h a s b e e n made t o d e t e r m i n e t h e a c c u r a c y o f
th e s t a t e m e n t s made b y t h o s e r e s p o n d i n g .
Many o f t h e s e
s t a t e m e n t s w ere fro m memory, lo n g a f t e r ^ h e f a c t .
I t is
d i f f i c u l t t o s e g r e g a t e a n d d e f i n e m o ti v e s f o r c u r r e n t b u s i ­
n e s s b e h a v i o r , t o s a y n o t h i n g o f a c t s o c c u r r i n g i n t h e re m o te
p a st.
To t h e e x t e n t t h a t a n s w e rs t o t h e q u e s t i o n s on t h e
R e p o r t B la n k s h a v e c o n t a i n e d i n a c c u r a c i e s t h e v a l i d i t y o f
t h i s su rv ey has; been a d v e rs e ly a f f e c t e d .
Some r e p l i e s w ere o n l y p a r t i a l l y c o m p le te an d h a v e ,
t h e r e f o r e , com m u n icated o n l y p a r t o f t h e I n f o r m a t i o n d e s i r e d . .
Even h a d a l l c o n c e r n s i n a l l c o m m u n itie s r e p l i e d f u l l y t h e r e
w o u ld s t i l l h a v e b e e n i n s u f f i c i e n t s a m p lin g i n some q u a r t e r s
b ecau se n o t a l l p ro d u c t groups a re s u f f i c i e n t l y r e p r e s e n te d
i n S o u th e r n C a l i f o r n i a t o p r o v i d e a b a l a n c e d p a t t e r n .
17
T h is i s n o t a f u l l i n v e n t o r y o f t h e l i m i t a t i o n s o f
t h i s r e p o r t h u t i t d o e s i n d i c a t e t h o s e m ost c l e a r l y r e c o g ­
n iz e d hy th e a u th o r*
V II*
THE PERIOD “COVERED
One o f t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e t e r r i t o r y i n ­
v e s t i g a t e d i s i t s y o u th *
The h i s t o r y o f many c o m p an ie s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g co v ers p r a c t i c a l l y th e f u l l i n d u s t r i a l
d e v e lo p m e n t o f t h e a r e a *
One s e c t i o n o f t h e s t u d y h a s b r o k ­
en company r e p o r t s i n t o a tim e s e r i e s b u t t h e s u r v e y a s a
w h o le h a s r e a c h e d b a c k t o t h e b e g i n n i n g o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in C a lifo rn ia *
V III.
SPECIFIC PROBLEM
The s p e c i f i c p r o b le m o f t h i s s t u d y h a s b e e n t o
d e t e r m i n e a s f u l l y a s p o s s i b l e fro m t h e e v i d e n c e s u b m i t t e d
by t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s t h e m s e l v e s t h o s e f a c t o r s w h ic h h a v e
c o n t r i b u t e d t o t h e L o c a t i o n o f I n d u s t r y i n t h e Ten S o u th e r n
C o u n tie s of C a l i f o r n i a .
CHAPTER I I
EXPLANATION OF PROCEDURE
I.
TERRITORY
The f i r s t d e c i s i o n made i n u n d e r t a k i n g t h i s s t u d y was
w ith r e g a r d to i t s
g e o g r a p h i c scope*
S o u t h e r n C a l i f o r n i a was s e l e c t e d b e c a u s e o f :
1*
I t s g ro w in g i m p o r t a n c e among t h e o t h e r t h i r t y -
two m a jo r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a s o f th e U n i t e d S t a t e s ; ;
2*
The i n d u s t r i a l y o u t h o f t h e a r e a , w h ic h h a s
a v o i d e d many o f t h e v e s t e d - i n t e r e s t i n f l u e n c e s t h a t h a v e
made th e m s e l v e s f e l t i n o l d e r c e n t e r s ; an d
3*
The p r a c t i c a l v a l u e i t - w a s h o p e d t h i s s u r v e y
m ig h t h a v e t o t h o s e l o c a l i n t e r e s t s c o o p e r a t i n g i n i t s
p ro m o tio n .
The t e n s o u t h e r n c o u n t i e s o f C a l i f o r n i a w ere s e l e c t e d
b e c a u s e o f t h e f r e q u e n c y w i t h w h ic h t h i s t e r r i t o r y i s
t r e a t e d a s a u n i t i n m ak in g c o m p a r is o n s w i t h o t h e r p a r t s o f
t h e s t a t e a n d b e c a u s e o f t h e w ide r a n g e o f l o c a t i o n a l f a c t o r s .
II*
MAILING LIST
The I n d u s t r i a l D i v i s i o n o f th e L o s A n g e le s Chamber o f
Commerce m a i n t a i n s a c u r r e n t c a t a l o g o f m a n u f a c t u r e r s i n
L os A n g e le s County*
T h is c a t a l o g i s d iv id e d i n t o s e c t i o n s
b a s e d up on th e num ber o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d .
O nly t h o s e
19
c o m p an ie s h a v i n g t w e n t y - f i v e o r more w o r k e r s a r e i n c l u d e d .
On O c to b e r 1 , 1940 t h e c a t a l o g c o n t a i n e d one t h o u s a n d s i x
h u n d r e d an d s e v e n t y - t w o nam es d i v i d e d i n t o t h e f o l l o w i n g
groups:
25 t o 49 em p lo y e e s
50 ,! 99
11
100 * 249
,!
250 " 499
”
500 a n d o v e r
11
F irm s s t a r t i n g s i n c e
J u l y , 1939 u p t o
O c t o b e r , 1 9 4 0 , number
o f w o r k e r s n o t known
698
429
238
108
65
134
1 5672
To s u p p le m e n t t h i s l i s t ,
two h u n d r e d a n d s i x t y - n i n e
names w e re p u r c h a s e d fro m W. S . P o n to n , I n c . , 635 S i x t h
A venu e, Hew Y ork C i t y .
T h e se c o m p a n ie s w ere l o c a t e d o u t s i d e
o f Los A n g e le s C o u n ty a n d i n c l u d e d a l l m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f t h e
a r e a e m p lo y in g more t h a n t w e n t y - f i v e w o r k e r s .
The d i v i s i o n o f t h i s g r o u p o f names b y company s i 2 e
an d c o u n t i e s , i s g iv e n b e lo w :
C o u n ty
San D iego
R iv e rsid e
San B e r n a r d i n o
K ern
San L u is O bispo
Im p e ria l
V e n tu ra
S a n ta B a r b a r a
Orange
2 5 /4 9 5 0 /9 9 1 0 0 /2 4 9 2 5 0 /4 9 9 Over 500 T o t a l
87
21
32
23
3
3
3
11
18
221
7
4
4
8
1
0
5
1
5
55
To c o m p le te t h e l i s t ,
8
1
1
5
0
1
2
1
3
22
5
1
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
2
1
1
0
0
0
•
0
0
0
2
108
28
39
36
4
4
11
13
26
262
s e v e n h u n d r e d a n d tw e n t y nam es o f
m a n u f a c t u r e r s l o c a t e d i n Los A n g e le s C o u n ty , h a v i n g f e w e r
th a n t w e n t y - f i v e w o r k e r s , w ere c h o s e n b y h a v i n g W. S. P o n t o n ,
I n c . , s u p p ly t h e name o f e v e r y t h i r d company i n t h e i r
a lp h a b e tic a l file *
When a l l l i s t s w ere a s s e m b le d t h e names w ere t r a n s f e r ­
r e d to c a rd s and ch eck ed .
was d i s c o v e r e d .
A num ber o f d u p l i c a t e s an d e r r o r s
As c o m p ile d f o r u s e , t h e r e f o r e , th e l i s t
c o n t a i n e d th e nam es o f two t h o u s a n d f i v e h u n d r e d a n d t w e n t y two m a n u f a c t u r e r s , d i s t r i b u t e d b y s i z e a s f o l l o w s :
Number o f E m ploy ees
Number o f C om panies
1 t o 24
25 * ' 49
50 n 99
100 *? 249
250 " 499
500 and o v e r
N ot d e s ig n a te d
692
847
438
243
111
63
128
T o ta l
2 ,5 2 2
III.
MAILINGS
Sam ple M a i l i n g - O c to b e r 5 1 , 1 9 4 0 *
A f t e r th e l i s t was
p r e p a r e d a sam p le m a i l i n g o f f o u r h u n d r e d a n d s e v e n t y - n i n e
l e t t e r s was p o s t e d .
T h e se l e t t e r s w ere a l l s e n t t o t h e
Chamber o f Commerce l i s t o f c o m p a n ie s h a v i n g more th a n
tw e n ty - f iv e and few er th a n f i f t y w o rk e rs .
A co p y o f t h e
l e t t e r a n d th e R e p o r t B la n k u s e d f o r t h i s t e s t m a i l i n g i s
shown i n E x h i b i t A a n d E x h i b i t B o f th e A p p e n d ix .
F o u r t e e n l e t t e r s w ere r e t u r n e d by th e p o s t o f f i c e
21
b e c a u s e o f f a u l t y a d d r e s s o r b e c a u s e t h e co m p a n ie s w e re o u t
of b u sin e ss.
Two co m p a n ie s w r o t e l e t t e r s ;
ed f i l l e d i n R e p o r t B l a n k s .
a n a ly z e d .
six ty -fiv e re tu rn ­
T h e se r e t u r n s w e re c a r e f u l l y
The p e r c e n t a g e o f r e t u r n s was c o n s i d e r e d s a t i s ­
f a c t o r y ; t h e l e t t e r was a p p r o v e d ; a n d o n ly s l i g h t c h a n g e s
w ere made i n t h e R e p o r t B l a n k .
S u b s e q u e n t m a i l i n g s w e re made on t h e d a t e s a n d w i t h
t h e r e s u l t s l i s t e d b e lo w :
M a i l i n g No. I - November 2 0 , 1 9 4 0 .
T h is t a b u l a t i o n
a l s o i n c l u d e s t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e Sam ple M a i l i n g made on
O c to b e r 3 1 .
M a ilin g A n a ly s is
L e t t e r s M a ile d
U n d e liv e re d
A nsw ers
1
to
24
692
9
81
25 50 :1 0 0 :2 5 0 ; 5 0 0 : Not
T o ta l
to
t o : to : t o :a n d :D e s I g - N o .o f
49
99 : 2 4 9 : 4 9 9 : O v e r : n a t e d L e t t e r s
847 4 5 8 : 2 4 3 : 1 1 1 : 63 : 128
2 ,5 2 2
21
9: 5:
2: 1 :
2
49
101 5 6 : 3 9 : 1 3 : 10 : 18
318
The l e t t e r , r e p o r t b l a n k , a n d r e t u r n e n v e lo p e u s e d i n t h i s
m a i l i n g a r e shown i n E x h i b i t s C, D, an d E o f t h e A p p e n d ix .
M a i l i n g No. I I - December 1 1 , 1940
M a ilin g A n a ly s is
L e t t e r s M a ile d
U n d e liv e re d
A nsw ers
1
25 : 50
t o to : to
24 49 : 99
602 V25: 3^3
0
2: 0
51 6 0 : 24
10 0: 250
t o : to
2 49 : 499!
199: 96!
0 : 0!
1 3 : 7!
500
Not : T o t a l
a n d D e s i g - : No . o f
Over n a t e d : L e t t e r s
52
108 : 2 ,1 5 5
0
0 :
2
3
15 :
173
The l e t t e r u s e d i n t h i s m a i l i n g i s shown i n E x h i b i t F , t h e
r e p o r t b l a n k an d r e t u r n e n v e lo p e i n E x h i b i t s D a n d E o f t h e
A p p e n d ix .
M a i l i n g No. I l l - December 2 6 , 1 9 4 0 *
: 1 : 25 : 5 0 :1 0 0 :2 5 0 ; 5 0 0 : N ot
: T o ta l
M a ilin g A n a ly s is
: t o : t o : t o : t o : t o :a n d : D e s i g - : No. o f
•
________________ : 24 : 49 : 99 : 2 4 9 : 4 9 9 : 0 v e r :n a t e d : L e t t e r s
L e t t e r s M a ile d
: 5 5T : 6 6 3 :3 4 9 s 1 8 6 : 8 9 : 49 ":
^5 : I,9 8£ )
U n d e liv e re d
:
2: 5: 2:
0: 0:
0 :
1 :
10
A nsw ers
s 84: 88: 48: 33: 17:
8 :
13 :
291
The l e t t e r u s e d i n t h i s m a i l i n g i s shown i n E x h i b i t Gr, t h e
r e p o r t b l a n k a n d r e t u r n e n v e lo p e i n E x h i b i t s D a n d E o f t h e
A p p e n d ix .
M a i l i n g N o. IV - J a n u a r y 1 3 , 1 9 4 1 .
M a ilin g A n a ly s is
: 1 : 25 ; 5 0 : 1 0 0 : 2 5 0 : 5 0 0 : N ot
: T o ta l
: t o : t o : t o : t o : t o :a n d :D e s ig ~ : No. o f
: 24 : 4 9 : 99 : 2 4 9 : 4 9 9 : 0 v e r : n a t e d : L e t t e r s
L e t t e r s M a ile d ----U n d e liv e re d
: 2:
6: 4 : 1: 0:
A nsw ers
: 6 9 :1 1 8 : 61 : 2 9 : 1 2 :
0 :
8 :
1
11
:
:
14
308
The l e t t e r u s e d i n t h i s m a i l i n g i s shown i n E x h i b i t H, t h e
r e p o r t b l a n k a n d r e t u r n e n v e lo p e i n E x h i b i t s D a n d E o f t h e
A p p e n d ix .
M a i l i n g No. V .- J a n u a r y 3 0 , 1 9 4 1 .
M a ilin g A n a ly s is
L e t t e r s M a ile d
U n d e liv e re d
A nsw ers
: 1 : 25 : 50 :1 0 0 : 250: 500
T o ta l
N ot
: t o : t o : t o : t o : t o a n d D e s i g ­ No. o f
: 24 : 49 : 99 :2 4 9 : 499: Over n a t e d L e t t e r s
: £ 9 4 : 4 4 6 : 234 :T 23: ~6ff: 33
6*7
1 ,3 5 ?
3 : 2 : 1 : 0:
: 3:
0
9
0
: 8 0 : 8 1 : 58 : 2 7 : 15: 8
284
15
The l e t t e r u s e d i n t h i s m a i l i n g i s shown i n E x h i b i t I , t h e
r e p o r t b l a n k an d r e t u r n e n v e lo p e i n E x h i b i t s D a n d E o f t h e
A p p e n d ix .
23
Summary o f A n s w e r s .
25
to
49
1
to
24
A n a ly sis
50 100 250 500
T o ta l
Hot
Ho . o f
to
a
n
d
D
e
s
i
g
­
t
o
to
A
nswers
99 249 499 Over n a t e d
M a i l i n g Ho. I
81 101
56
39
13
10
18
318
M a i l i n g Ho. I I
51
60
24
13
7
3
15
173
M a i l i n g Ho. I I I
84
88
48
33
17
8
15
291
M a i l i n g No. IV
69 118
61
29
12
8
11
308
M a i l i n g Ho. V
80
58
27
15
8
15
284
365 448 247 141
64
37
72
1 ,3 7 4
81
A cknow ledgm ent was i m m e d ia te l y made o f a l l l e t t e r s a n d
r e p o r t b la n k s r e c e iv e d .
The s t a n d a r d form o f ack n o w led g m en t
was a p r i n t e d p o s t - c a r d , a copy o f w h ic h i s shown i n E x h i b i t
J o f t h e A p p e n d ix .
A b r i e f summary o f t h e K e p o r t was p r e ­
p a r e d an d m a i l e d w i t h a n o t e o f e x p l a n a t i o n t o e a c h o f t h e
p a r t i c i p a t i n g c o m p a n ie s .
A number o f t h e r e p l i e s w e re n o t u s e a b l e .
Some o f t h e
c o m p an ie s w e re n o t m a n u f a c t u r e r s ; some p r e f e r r e d n o t t o
p a r t i c i p a t e ; a n d some s u p p l i e d so l i t t l e
o f no h e l p .
in fo rm a tio n as to be
A l t o g e t h e r , one h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y - n i n e a n s w e rs
w e re d i s c a r d e d , l e a v i n g one t h o u s a n d two h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y fiv e u se a b le r e p l i e s .
T h is s u r v e y h a s b e e n b a s e d upon t h e
a n a ly s is of th e se R e p o rts.
The e x p l a n a t i o n o f t h e a n a l y s i s made o f t h e s e d a t a a n d
t h e c o n c l u s i o n s draw n fro m them c o n s t i t u t e t h e r e m a i n d e r o f
t h i s stu d y .
Many c o m b i n a t i o n s o f d a t a h a v e b ee n made t h a t
are n o t recorded h e re .
The w h o le c h a r a c t e r o f t h e R e p o r t h a s
"been c h a n g e d s i n c e i t s
o r i g i n a l in c e p tio n and c e r t a i n p a r t s
h a v e b e e n a l t e r e d a n d r e v i s e d n u m ero u s t i m e s .
IV.
CHAPTER REVIEW
The f o l l o w i n g i s p r e s e n t e d a s a b r i e f s k e t c h o f t h e
f i n i s h e d w ork p l a n .
C h a p te r 1 .
In tro d u c tio n .
T h is c h a p t e r f i l l s
th e
u s u a l r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f an i n t r o d u c t o r y c h a p t e r p l u s a n a b ­
b r e v i a t e d resu m e o f e i g h t o t h e r s t u d i e s made I n t h i s g e n e r a l
fie ld .
C h a p te r I I .
E x p la n a tio n o f P ro c e d u re .
The f u n c t i o n
o f t h i s c h a p t e r i s t o e x p l a i n s o m e th in g o f th e m e c h a n ic s o f
t h e s t u d y ; th e s e l e c t i o n o f th e t e r r i t o r y ; t h e c o m p o s i t i o n o f
th e m a i l i n g l i s t ;
and th e g e n e r a l p u rp o se o f ea ch c h a p te r .
C h a p te r I I I .
Humber o f W o r k e r s .
C om panies H a v in g A p p r o x i m a te ly t h e Same
I t I s w ith t h i s c h a p te r t h a t th e s tu d y
g e t s u n d e r way I n i t s
sh ip s.
s e a rc h f o r cause and e f f e c t r e l a t i o n ­
H ere t h e p o i n t o f d e p a r t u r e i s t h e num ber o f
e m p lo y e e s a n d t h e u n d e r t a k i n g i s t o s e e i f m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f
a p p r o x i m a t e l y t h e same s i z e a r e aw are o f s i m i l a r l o c a t i o n a l
fa c to rs.
T h is c h a p t e r a l s o t o u c h e s b r i e f l y upo n t h e r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p b e tw e e n company s i z e an d i n d u s t r y .
25
C h a p t e r IV .
,In flu e n c e s.
O r g a n i z a t i o n D a te s a n d L o c a t i o n a l
U nder t h i s s e c t i o n a l l m a n u f a c t u r e r s a r e g r o u p e d
a c c o r d i n g t o t h e d a t e o f s t a r t i n g b u s i n e s s i n S o u th e r n
C a lifo rn ia .
The t h r e e m a jo r r e a s o n s g i v e n f o r s i t e s e l e c t i o n
a r e t h e n com pared w i t h t h o s e o f o t h e r c o m p a n ie s s t a r t i n g
w i t h i n t h e same tim e p e r i o d .
C h a p t e r V.
C om panies O ccup ying O r i g i n a l S i t e s V e r s u s
R e l o c a t e d C o m p a n ie s.
The i n v e s t i g a t i o n i n t h i s c h a p t e r i s
d i r e c t e d to w a r d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p e x i s t i n g b e tw e e n t h e
l o c a t i o n a l f a c t o r s r e p o r t e d by t h e c o m p a n ie s o c c u p y in g
t h e i r o r i g i n a l s i t e s an d t h o s e r e p o r t e d b y c o m p a n ie s w h ic h
have r e lo c a te d .
C h a p te r V I.
B ranch F a c t o r i e s .
T h is c h a p te r I s
d e v o t e d t o t h e l o c a t i o n a l f a c t o r s r e p o r t e d by t h e m anage­
m ent o f b r a n c h f a c t o r i e s .
Many d i r e c t q u o t a t i o n s a r e u s e d
fro m t h e r e p o r t s and f o r t h a t r e a s o n t h i s c h a p t e r r e v e a l s
much c o n c e r n i n g t h e d a t a w h ic h s u p p o r t t h i s S tu d y .
C h a p te r V I I .
A ttra c t.
Town S i z e s a n d t h e M a n u f a c t u r e r s They
The o b j e c t i v e o f t h i s c h a p t e r i s t o exam ine an d
com pare t h e c h a r a c t e r o f th e i n d u s t r y a t t r a c t e d t o d i f ­
f e r e n t s i z e d c o m m u n itie s .
A l l tow ns a n d c i t i e s o f t h e a r e a
a r e c l a s s i f i e d i n t o o n e o f e i g h t com m unity g r o u p s .
The
p r o d u c t s m a n u f a c t u r e d a n d t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n b y t h e m anage­
m ent f o r p l a n t l o c a t i o n a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y c o m m u n itie s .
26
C h a p te r V I I I ,
S im ila r P ro d u c ts .
Com panies M a n u f a c t u r i n g t h e Same o r
In t h i s c h a p te r m a n u fa c tu re rs a re d iv id e d
in to t h i r t y - f o u r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s a c c o rd in g to th e c h a r a c te r
o f t h e i r f in is h e d p ro d u c ts.
T h is i s t h e l o n g e s t c h a p t e r o f
t h e R e p o r t a n d t h e m o st p r o l i f i c i n s u g g e s t e d r e l a t i o n s h i p s .
C h a p te r IX .
O p in io n s.
Summary, C o n c l u s i o n s , a n d P e r s o n a l
T h i s c h a p t e r o f f e r s a b r i e f r e v ie w o f t h e v a r i o u s
l o c a t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s r e v e a l e d I n t h e S u rv e y a n d a t t e m p t s
t o f o r m u l a t e s u c h c o n c l u s i o n s a s a r e s u b s t a n t i a t e d by t h e
f a c t s p r e s e n te d and as have fo rm u la te d in th e a u t h o r ’ s
th o u g h ts.
CHAPTER I I I
COMPANIES HAVING APPROXIMATELY THE SAME NUMBER OF WORKERS
I.
PURPOSE
The l o c a t i o n a l f a c t o r s r e p o r t e d b y c o m p a n ie s h a v i n g
a p p r o x i m a t e l y th e same num ber o f w o r k e r s h a v e b e e n e x a m in e d
i n o r d e r to o b s e r v e w h e th e r t h e r e was a s i m i l a r i t y o f l o c a ­
t i o n a l b e h a v i o r among m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f th e same g e n e r a l s i z e .
The r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n company s i z e a n d i n d u s t r y
is
t o u c h e d upo n i n t h e c l o s i n g s e c t i o n o f t h e c h a p t e r .
T h is
s u b j e c t , a n d i t s l o c a t i o n a l s i g n i f i c a n c e , i s d e v e lo p e d more
f u l l y i n G h a p te r V I I I , h o w e v e r, an d i s i n c l u d e d h e r e o n l y
because o f i t s
a s s o c i a t i o n w i t h company s i z e a s m e a s u r e d by
t h e num ber o f e m p lo y e e s .
A l l c o m p a n ie s w ere c l a s s i f i e d a c c o r d i n g t o t h e num ber
o f w o r k e r s i n d i c a t e d u n d e r D i v i s i o n L o f th e R e p o r t B l a n k .
T a b le I shows th e d i s t r i b u t i o n i n t o g ro u p s i z e s o f t h e
n i n e h u n d r e d a n d f i f t y - f i v e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h p a r t i c i p a t e d i n
th is a n a ly sis .
II.
LOCATIONAL REASONS GIVEN BY THE MANAGEMENT
Q u e s t i o n N a s k e d e a c h company to i n d i c a t e , i n t h e
o r d e r o f t h e i r i m p o r t a n c e , t h e . t h r e e m a jo r r e a s o n s f o r t h e
se le c tio n of i t s fa c to ry s i t e .
The f i r s t r e a s o n s g iv e n w e re
TABLE I
COMPANIES GROUPED ACCORDING TO NUMBER OF WORKERS
Number o f W o rk ers
1 to
Number o f Com panies
24
505
25
,f
49
273
50
"
99
236
100
" 249
89
250
" 499
32
500 a n d o v e r
T o ta l
20
955
The co m p a n ie s l i s t e d ah ov e w ere g r o u p e d a c c o r d i n g
t o t h e num ber o f w o r k e r s em p lo y ed November 1 , 1 9 4 0 .
T h is i n f o r m a t i o n was o b t a i n e d fro m t h e a n s w e rs t o
Q u e s t i o n L , a n d f ro m t h e o r i g i n a l l i s t s .
I f th e
num ber o f w o r k e r s was n o t c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d t h e
company was n o t i n c l u d e d i n t h i s c a l c u l a t i o n .
c l a s s i f i e d i n t o t h e t h i r t e e n D i v i s i o n s o f t h e R e p o r t B la n k .
P r a c t i c a l l y a l l a n s w e rs f e l l r e a d i l y i n t o one o f t h e
D i v i s i o n s , h u t t h o s e w h ich d i d n o t w e re a d d e d t o t h e
M is c e lla n e o u s D iv is io n .
III.
DATA ARRANGEMENT BY TABLES
T a h l e I I a n d I I I show t h e t h i r t e e n D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r s
a n d t h e i r r e l a t i v e i m p o r ta n c e t o t h e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d compan­
ie s.
T a h le IV su m m arize s t h e f a c t s r e v e a l e d i n T a b l e s I I
and I I I .
T h e r e was a m a rk e d s i m i l a r i t y i n t h e D i v i s i o n a l
L o c a t i o n F a c t o r s named h y t h e m anagem ent o f co m p a n ie s em ploy­
i n g b e tw e e n t w e n t y - f i v e a n d f o r t y - n i n e w o r k e r s an d t h o s e
e m p lo y in g fro m f i f t y t o n i n e t y - n i n e w o r k e r s .
A l s o , t h e r e was
a l i k e n e s s i n t h e r e s p o n s e s fro m t h e m anagem ent o f t h e t h r e e
g r o u p s o f c o m p an ie s e m p lo y in g i n e x c e s s o f one h u n d r e d
w o rk ers.
B e c a u se o f t h i s s i m i l a r i t y t h e c o m p a n ie s w ere
r e a rra n g e d in to th r e e s iz e g ro u p in g s;
t h o s e e m p lo y in g fe w e r
t h a n t w e n t y - f i v e w o r k e r s , t h o s e e m p lo y in g t w e n t y - f i v e t o
n i n e t y - n i n e w o r k e r s , an d t h o s e e m p lo y in g more t h a n one
h un d red w o rk e rs.
T h o se co m p an ie s e m p lo y in g fe w e r t h a n t w e n t y ^ f i v e
w o r k e r s a g r e e d t h a t , when s e a r c h i n g o u t a f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n ,
S p e c i f i c S i t e F a c t o r s w e re g iv e n f i r s t c o n s i d e r a t i o n ,
TABLE I I
DIVISIONAL FACTORS ACCORDING TO COMPANY SIZE
D iv is io n a l F ac to r
1 t o 24
W orkers
of
Companies
fo
25 t o 49
W orkers
%
of
Companies
50 t o 99
W orkers
fo
of
Companles
M a rk e tin g
65
21
79
29
60
25
S p e c ific S ite
71
23
49
36
15
P ersonal
68
22
33
I©
12
33
14
M is c e lla n e o u s
13
5
35
31
13
11
38,
M a te ria l
41
15
35
16
15
C lim a te
20
7
21
8
12
5
R e la tio n to
O th er B u s in e s s e s
16
5
12
4
9
4
T ra n sp o rta tio n
5
2
9
3
2
1
Labor
4
2
4
2
6
3
U tilitie s
F in a n c e
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
Government
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
1
0
305
100
273
100
236
100
T o ta l
The a b s o l u t e and p e r c e n ta g e r a n k in g o f th e D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r s h a s been
a r r a n g e d i n company s i z e s a c c o r d in g to th e number o f em ploy ees.
T ab le I I I c o m p le te s t h i s e n u m e ra tio n .
o
TABLE I I I
DIVISIONAL FACTORS ACCORDING TO COMPANY SIZE
D iv is io n a l F acto r
% of
Over 500
% of
250 t o 499
fo
Of
100 t o 249
Companies
W
orkers
Companies
W
orkers
Companies
W orkers
8
1
1
40
3
4
. 31
9
12
12
7
21
2
10
12
14
5
15
3
15
C lim a te
1
1
3
9
4
20
R e l a t i o n t o O ther
B u s in e s s e s
4
5
1
3
0
0
T ra n sp o rta tio n
6
7
0
0
0
0
Labor
1
1
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
1
1
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
0
Government
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
89
100
32
100
20
100
M a rk e tin g
30
34
10
S p e c ific S ite
P ersonal
12
10
14
11
M is c e lla n e o u s
11
M a te ria l
T o ta l
5
5
T a b le I I I i s a c o n t i n u a t i o n o f T ab le I I .
I t i n d i c a t e s th e a b s o l u t e and p e r c e n ta g e
r a n k i n g o f th e D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r s a r r a n g e d i n company s i z e s a c c o r d in g to
th e number o f em p lo yees.
w
H
52
TABLE IV
SUMMARY OF TABLES I I AND I I I
Number o f W o rk ers
F irs t
F a c t o r s Named
S econd %
%
T h ird
%
1 to
24
S p e c ific
S ite
23
P e r s o n a l 22
M a r k e tin g 21
25
it
49
M a r k e tin g 29
S p e c i f i c 18
S ite
M i s c 11
13
50
it
99
M a r k e tin g 25
S p e c i f i c 15
S ite
M is c * 1
16
100
ti 049
M a r k e tin g 34
S p e c i f i c 14
S ite
M a te ria l
14
250
tr 499
M a r k e tin g 31
M I s c 11
21
M a te ria l
15
M a r k e tin g 40
C lim a te
20
M a te ria l
15
500 a n d o v e r
The D i v i s i o n a l L o c a t i o n F a c t o r s e n u m e r a t e d i n T a b l e s I I a n d
I I I have been a rra n g e d a c c o rd in g to f i r s t , seco n d , and t h i r d
ra n k in g .
TABLE V
DIVISIONAL FACTORS ACCORDING TO REGROUPED COMPANIES
D iv isio n a l F a c to r
1 t o 24
W orkers
$
of
25 t o 99
Companies W orkers
% of
Over 100
Companies W orkers
$
of
Companies
M a rk e tin g
63
21
139
28
48
34
S p e c ific S ite
71
23
85
17
16
11
P ersonal
68
22
66
13
15
10
M is c e lla n e o u s
M a te ria l
41
15
13
5
73
66
14
13
20
20
15
15
C lim a te
20
7
33
.7
8
6
R e la tio n to
O th er B u s in e s s e s
16
5
21
4
5
3
T ra n sp o rta tio n
5
2
11
2
6
4
L abor
4
2
10
2
1
1
U tilitie s
1
0
0
0
1
1
F in a n c e
1
0
0
0
0
0
Government
0
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce ;
0
0
0
0
0
0
305
100
504
100
140
100
T o ta l
T h is T a b le shows a r e g r o u p in g o f th e same d a t a en um erated i n T a b le s I I and I I I . The
a b s o l u t e and p e r c e n ta g e r a n k i n g o f th e D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r s named by th e
management o f a l l p a r t i c i p a t i n g com panies have b e e n a r r a n g e d i n t h r e e , i n s t e a d o f
s i x , company s i z e s .
.
w
03
34
TABLE VI
DIVISIONAL FACTORS RANKED BY COMPANY GROUPS
Number o f W o rk ers
F irs t
1 to
25 "
F a c t o r s Named
S eco n d
%
T h ird
%
24
S p e c ific
S ite
23
P e r s o n a l 22
M a r k e tin g
21
99
M a r k e tin g 28
S p e c i f i c 17
S ite
M isc *1 .
14
M a r k e tin g 34
M a t e r i a l 15
M isc r 1.
15
100 a n d o v e r
The D i v i s i o n a l L o c a t i o n F a c t o r s e n u m e r a te d i n T a b l e V h a v e
b een a rra n g e d a c c o rd in g to f i r s t , se c o n d , and t h i r d r a n k in g .
P e r s o n a l F a c t o r s w e r e s e c o n d ,, a n d M a r k e tin g F a c t o r s w ere
th ird .
C om panies e m p lo y in g fro m t w e n t y - f i v e t o n i n e t y - n i n e
w o r k e r s r e p o r t e d M a r k e tin g a s t h e p r o b le m g i v e n m o s t a t ­
t e n t i o n , S p e c i f i c S i t e s e l e c t i o n came s e c o n d , a n d M i s c e l ­
la n e o u s F a c t o r s t h i r d .
T h o se o r g a n i z a t i o n s w i t h more t h a n one h u n d r e d w o rk ­
e r s g a v e M a r k e tin g a s I n f l u e n c e number o n e , M a t e r i a l s a s tw o ,
and M is c e lla n e o u s F a c to rs as t h r e e .
T a b l e s V II t h r o u g h XI b r e a k down t h e s e D i v i s i o n a l
F a c to rs in to in d iv id u a l ite m s.
S p e c ific S ite F a c to rs .
T a b l e V II c a l l s a t t e n t i o n t o
t h e f a c t t h a t a l l c o m p a n ie s w h ic h c h e c k e d S p e c i f i c S i t e a s
35
TABLE V II
SPECIFIC SITE ITEMS CHECKED BY COMPANY GROUPS
In d iv id u a l
S p e c ific S ite
I te m
1 t o 24 % o f 25 t o 99 % o f Over 100 % o f
W o rk ers T o t a l W o rk ers T o t a l Workers T o t a l
Ite m s
Ite m s
I te m s
P l e a s a n t W orking
C o n d itio n s
Low R e n t a l
S u ita b le B u ild in g
C o n v e n ie n t t o
Homes ofW orkers
31
20
33
17
10
22
25
20
16
13
14
27
7
14
4
1
9
2
17
11
16
8
5
11
11
10
10
9
7
8
9
13
9
6
4
2
2
6
4
0
4
6
6
16
17
17
4
4
7
4
W areh ou se F a c i l i t i e s
A n tic ip a te d In crease
i n Land V alu e
H arbor F a c i l i t i e s
7
7
5
3
1
0
2
0
4
3
3
2
4
13
2
7
0
0
3
P r iv a te S id in g
1
1
6
S a t i s f a c t o r y H o u s in g
2
1
12
5
6
9
157
71
100
F l o o r S p ace f o r
E x p a n s io n
Low Land C o s t
Low B u i l d i n g C o s t
S t o r a g e S p ace
C ity P la n n in g and
Z o n in g
T o t a l I te m s
T o t a l C om panies
A v e ra g e No. I te m s
C h e ck e d p e r Co.
2 .2
190
85
2 .2
9
3
99
4
5
45
16
0
11
98
2 .4
T h i s T a b le shows t h e I n d i v i d u a l S p e c i f i c S i t e i t e m s t h a t w e re
c h e c k e d b y t h e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d c o m p a n ie s w h ic h named t h i s
D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r a s t h e m a jo r i n f l u e n c e i n s e l e c t i n g a
fa c to ry lo c a tio n .
36
a D i v i s i o n a l L o c a t i o n F a c t o r a g r e e d t h a t P l e a s a n t W o rk in g
C o n d i t i o n s w ere d e s i r a b l e .
B u t, p e r c e n ta g e ly i t r e c e iv e d
g r e a t e r a t t e n t i o n fro m th e l a r g e r c o m p a n ie s th a n fro m th e
members o f t h e o t h e r g r o u p s .
T h i s was t r u e a l s o o f L an d
C o s t , P r i v a t e S i d i n g , a n d S a t i s f a c t o r y H o u s in g f o r Workmen.
The s m a l l e r c o m p a n ie s , on t h e o t h e r h a n d , w ere d e f i ­
n i t e l y more i n t e r e s t e d i n Low R e n t a l , a n d som ew hat more
a i e r t t o A n t i c i p a t e d I n c r e a s e i n Land V a l u e , S t o r a g e S p a c e ,
a n d W a re h o u s in g F a c i l i t i e s *
The m id d l e s i z e d c o m p a n ie s g av e more a t t e n t i o n t o
S u i t a b l e B u i l d i n g A v a i l a b l e , F l o o r S p ace f o r E x p a n s i o n , a n d
H a r b o r F a c i l i t i e s t h a n d i d e i t h e r o f t h e o t h e r g ro u p s *
P erso n al F a c to rs *
W anted to L iv e H ere was t h e i t e m
m o s t f r e q u e n t l y c h e c k e d b y a l l c o m p a n ie s l i s t e d i n T a b le V I I I .
A h i g h e r p e r c e n t a g e o f t h e medium s i z e d f i r m s c h e c k e d t h i s
i t e m , h o w e v e r, t h a n d i d e i t h e r t h e l a r g e r o r s m a l l e r
c o m p a n ie s .
Home Was H e r e , a n d F r i e n d s L i v e d H ere w ere t h e
o t h e r i t e m s i n w h ic h t h e c o m p a n ie s e m p lo y in g b e tw e e n tw e n t y f i v e and n in e ty - n i n e w o rk ers e x c e l l e d .
The s m a l l e r c o n c e r n s a p p e a r e d more a l i v e
th a n th e
o t h e r g r o u p s to Low C o s t o f L i v i n g a n d E s c a p e fro m C o n g e s t­
io n .
A nd, th e l a r g e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s p r e d o m i n a t e d i n c h e c k i n g
E d u c a t i o n a l A d v a n ta g e s , F r i e n d l y Com m unity, V a r i e t y o f E n t e r ­
t a i n m e n t a n d C o n te m p la te d R e t i r e m e n t *
37
TABLE V III
PERSONAL ITEMS CHECKED BY COMPANY GROUPS
In d iv id u a l
P e r s o n a l I te m
W anted t o
L iv e H ere
1 t o 24 % o f 25 t o 99 % o f Over 100 fa Of
W orkers T o t a l W o rk e rs T o t a l W orkers T o t a l
I te m s
I te m s
I te m s
32
24
40
26
12
18
16
14
12
11
20
8
14
13
9
6
12
9
11
8
13
8
8
12
10
8
11
7
5
7
10
8
8
5
5
7
10
8
4
6
5
1
3
7
7
2
4
6
6
5
11
7
7
10
F r i e n d s L iv e d H ere
4
3
15
10
3
4
F r i e n d l y Community
C o n te m p la te d
R e tire m e n t
R e lig io u s
O rg a n iz a tio n
4
3
8
5
4
6
3
2
3
2
3
.4
3
2
3
2
1
1
130
63
100
155
139
100
68
48
100
Home Was H ere
Low L i v i n g C o s ts
E d u c a tio n a l
A d v a n ta g e s
O p p o rtu n ity f o r
C h ild re n
C u ltu ra l
A d v a n ta g e s
E s c a p e fro m
C o n g e stio n
Low B u i l d i n g C o s t
V a rie ty o f
E n te rta in m e n t
T o t a l I te m s
T o t a l C om panies
A v e ra g e No. I te m s
C h eck ed p e r Co.
2 .1
1 .2
1 .4
T a b le V I I I shows t h e i n d i v i d u a l P e r s o n a l I te m s t h a t w e re
c h e c k e d by t h e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d c o m p a n ie s w h ic h named t h i s
D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r a s t h e m a jo r I n f l u e n c e I n s e l e c t i n g a
fa c to ry lo c a tio n .
38
M a r k e tin g F a c t o r s *
c e r n e d w i t h M a rk e ts*
C om panies o f a l l s i z e s w ere c o n ­
T h is i s shown b y t h e p r o m in e n c e o f t h e
D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r o f M a r k e tin g i n Summary T a b l e s IV an d V*
T h e re w e r e , h o w e v e r, some d i f f e r e n c e s among t h e t h r e e g ro u p s*
The s m a l l e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s e x c e e d e d b o t h t h e l a r g e r an d
medium s i z e d c o m p a n ie s i n a t t e n t i o n g iv e n t o s u c h I t e m s a s
N e a rb y D e a l e r s , A c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h C u s to m e r s , P r e s t i g e o f
L o c a t i o n , a n d N e a rb y W h o l e s a l e r s o r J o b b e r s .
The l a r g e r c o m p a n ie s s t r e s s e d S e r v i c i n g o f P r o d u c t ,
n am in g i t p e r c e n t a g e l y a s o f t e n a s t h e s m a l l e r a n d medium
s i z e d c o m p a n ie s c o m b in e d .
The medium s i z e d f i r m s h e l d r a t h e r t o m id d l e g r o u n d ,
a g r e e i n g w i t h t h e l a r g e r c o m p a n ie s on one i t e m a n d w i t h th e
s m a l l e r on a n o t h e r *
T a b le XX shows a l l o f t h e s e r e l a t i o n s h i p s i n d e t a i l *
M a t e r i a l Fac t o r s ♦
The c h a r a c t e r o f th e m a t e r i a l s
i n d i c a t e d a s i m p o r t a n t t o t h e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d c o m p a n ie s
v a rie d su b s ta n tia lly *
T h o se c o n c e r n s e m p lo y in g f e w e r th a n
tw e n ty -f iv e w o rk ers checked s u c h -m a te r ia l ite m s a s ;
F a c to ry
S u p p l i e s , I r o n a n d S t e e l , C h e m ic a l S u p p l i e s , T o o ls a n d F i x ­
t u r e s , N o n - F e r r o u s M e t a l s , and R u b b e r p e r c e n t a g e l y more o f t e n
t h a n e i t h e r t h e l a r g e r o r medium s i z e d co m p an ie s*
The l a r g e r
o r g a n i z a t i o n s i n d i c a t e d more o f an a w a r e n e s s t o s u c h m a t e r i ­
a ls as:
O i l , G as, Farm P r o d u c t s , L iv e S t o c k , S a n d , a n d C la y
39
TABLE IX
MARKETING ITEMS CHECKED BY COMPANY GROUPS
In d iv id u a l
M a rk e tin g Ite m
F i n i s h e d Goods
S o ld L o c a l l y
N ea rb y W h o le s a le r s
G row ing P o p u la tio n
1 t o 24 % o f 25 t o 99 % o f O ver 100 fo o f
W orkers T o t a l W o rk ers T o t a l W o rk ers T o t a l
Ite m s
Ite m s
Ite m s
36
18
83
23
32
24
27
24
13
12
25
52
7
15
7
19
5
14
18
9
36
10
13
10
15
7
22
6
9
7
E x p o rt P o s s i b i l i t y
A c q u a in ta n c e w i t h
C u sto m e rs
P re s tig e o f
L o c a tio n
N earb y D e a le r s
S e rv ic in g o f
P ro d u c t
S t y l e C e n te r
F i n i s h e d Goods
B u lk y
I s o l a t i o n fro m
E ast
, .
14
7
21
6
4
3
14
7
13
4
3
2
13
7
16
5
6
5
11
5
8
2
4
3
7
3
14
4
9
7
6
3
13
4
5
4
5
3
14
4
6
5
5
3
12
4
4
3
A d v e rtis in g
A d v a n ta g e s
R ic h B ack C o u n try
F i n i s h e d Goods
P e ris h a b le
4
2
11
3
3
2
3
1
9
3
5
4
2
1
7
2
4
3
T o t a l Ite m s
T o t a l C om panies
A v e ra g e N o. Ite m s
C hecked p e r C o.
204
63
101
356
139
102
133
48
101
S p eed i n D e li v e r y
Consum er
P u r c h a s in g Power
3 .2
2 .6
2 .8
The ab o v e T a b le shows t h e i n d i v i d u a l M a rk e tin g I te m s t h a t w ere
c h e c k e d b y t h e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d c o m p a n ie s .
40
th a n e i t h e r o f th e o t h e r g r o u p s .
The medium s i z e d c o m p a n ie s
e x c e e d e d i n th e p e r c e n ta g e o f tim e s Lum ber was c h e c k e d .
T a b le X v e r i f i e s t h e s e s t a t e m e n t s .
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c t o r s .
A h ig h e r p e rc e n ta g e o f
c o m p a n ie s i n a l l g ro u p s c h e c k e d S m a ll B e g in n in g a n d C o n tin u e d
G row th a s a l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e b u t T a b le XI r e v e a l s t h a t a
l a r g e r . p r o p o r t i o n o f th e medium s i z e d f i r m s w ere aw are o f
t h i s i te m th a n w ere e i t h e r o f th e o t h e r s .
L im ite d C a p i t a l , h o w e v e r, w as c h e c k e d m o st o f t e n by
th e s m a l l e r c o n c e r n s , a s w ere Home o f I n v e n t o r , F i r e P ro ­
t e c t i o n , and P o lic e P r o te c tio n .
P u r c h a s e d a G oing C o n c e rn , M e rg e r an d C o n s o l i d a t i o n ,
D i s p o s a l o f F um es, V a r i e t y o f T o p o g ra p h y , a n d Young C o u n try
w ere th e i n d i v i d u a l M is c e lla n e o u s I te m s c h e c k e d p e r c e n t a g e l y
m ore o f t e n b y th e l a r g e r c o m p a n ie s th a n b y th e s m a l l e r o r
medium s i z e d o r g a n i z a t i o n s .
IV .
COMPANY SIZES AND THE GOODS THEY MAKE
O v er h a l f o f a l l th e c o m p a n ie s e m p lo y in g m ore th a n one
h u n d r e d w o r k e r s w ere e n g a g e d I n one o f t h r e e i n d u s t r i e s ; t h e s e
same i n d u s t r i e s a t t r a c t e d o n ly 28 p e r c e n t o f th e s m a l l e r
c o n c e r n s a n d 36 p e r c e n t o f th e medium s i z e d o r g a n i z a t i o n s .
The fo o d i n d u s t r y h a d th e h i g h e s t t o t a l p e r c e n ta g e o f
a l l s i z e d c o m p a n ie s :
30 p e r c e n t o f th e l a r g e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s ,
41
TABLE X
MATERIAL ITEMS CHECKED BY COMPANY GROUPS
In d iv id u a l
M a t e r i a l I te m
:L t o 24 % o f 25 t o 99 % o f O ver 100 % o f
8W orkers T o t a l W o rk ers T o t a l W o rk ers T o t a l
Ite m s
Ite m s
Ite m s
F a c t o r y S u p p lie s
Iro n and S te e l
C h e m ic a l S u p p lie s
M a c h in e ry
T o o ls a n d F i x t u r e s
N o n -F e rro u s M e ta l
S h ip p in g C o n ta in e rs
Lumber
P a r t s & A c c e s s o r ie s
O il
Gas
F arm P r o d u c ts
R ubber
F o u n d ry S u p p lie s
C o tto n
F ru its
V e g e ta b le s
Wool
L iv e S to c k
S and
C la y
L im e s to n e
S ea Food
Coke
B o rax
G o al
T o t a l Ite m s
T o t a l C om panies
A v e ra g e N o. Ite m s
C heck ed p e r C o.
62
51
47
44
55
30
28
28
28
24
25
20
18
18
14
13
10
9
8
8
7
5
4
3
2
1
12
10
9
8
7
6
5
5
5
4
4
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
73
59
34
55
36
27
29
51
29
45
44
31
11
23
22
37
13
13
12
15
19
6
5
3
8
0
10
8
5
8
5
'4
4
7
4
6
6
4
2
3
3
5
2
2
2
2
3
1
1
0
1
0
11
14
8
8
4
2
9
12
9
20
16
22
3
6
5
11
4
2
8
6
8
2
5
4
2
1
5
7
4
4
2
1
5
6
5
10
8
11
1
3
3
5
542
180
100
700
260
98
202
75
100
3 .0
2 .7
2
1
4
3
4
1
2
2
1
0
2 .7
T a b le X show s t h e i n d i v i d u a l M a t e r i a l Ite m s t h a t w e re c h e c k e d
b y th e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d co m p an ie s w h ic h named t h i s D i v i s i o n a l
F a c t o r a s th e m a jo r I n f l u e n c e i n s e l e c t i n g a f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n .
42
TABLE XI
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS CHECKED BY COMPANY GROUPS
I n d iv id u a l
M is c e lla n e o u s
Ite m
of
o f 25 t o 99 fo
o f O ver 100 fo
1 t o 24 fo
W o rk ers T o t a l W o rk ers T o t a l W o rk ers T o t a l
Ite m s
I te m s
Ite m s
S m a ll B e g in n in g
B e liv e d i n
C a lifo rn ia
L im ite d C a p i t a l
Had I d e a H ere
Home o f I n v e n t o r
P u rc h a s e d G oing
C o n c e rn
Young C o u n try
F ire P ro te c tio n
P o lic e P ro te c tio n
N e a rn e s s t o
C u sto m e rs
I n s u r a n c e R a te s
N o ise I s o l a t i o n
M erg er
D is p o s a l o f Fumes
D is p o s a l o f O dors
C o n c e s s io n s fro m
S u b d iv id e r s o r
O th e r s
V a rie ty o f
T o p o g ra p h y
D ra in a g e
167
24
256
30
80
26
115
92
74
37
18
14
11
6
173
71
91
32
20
8
11
4
63
21
28
8
20
7
9
3
35
31
25
24
6
5
4
4
46
76
27
22
5
9
3
3
22
34
10
9
7
11
3
3
14
13
6
5
5
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
11
13
7
8
6
5
1
2
1
1
1
1
6
5
2
5
6
1
2
2
1
2
2
0
4
1
3
0
2
0
3
2
0
0
5
7
1
1
8
3
3
1
T o t a l Ite m s
T o t a l C om panies
A v erag e No. Ite m s
C h eck ed p e r Co.
656
233
101
859
323
101
313
75
102
2 .8 k
2 .7
4 .0
The i n d i v i d u a l M is c e lla n e o u s Ite m s l i s t e d a b o v e w ere c h e c k e d
b y th e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d c o m p a n ie s w h ic h nam ed t h i s D i v i s i o n a l
F a c t o r a s th e m a jo r i n f l u e n c e i n s e l e c t i n g a f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n .
43
22 p e r c e n t o f th e medium s i z e d f i r m s , a n d 13 p e r c e n t o f th e
s m a lle r c o n c e rn s .
I r o n an d s t e e l h e l d s e c o n d p l a c e , an d
te x tile s , th ird .
T e x t i l e s , c h e m ic a l p r o d u c t s , n o n - f e r r o u s m e t a l s , f o r ­
e s t p r o d u c t s , an d m is c e l la n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g a t t r a c t e d a
h i g h e r p e r c e n t a g e o f t h e s m a l l e r co m p an ie s th a n t h e y d i d o f
e i t h e r th e l a r g e r o r medium s i z e d o r g a n i z a t i o n s .
A g re a te r
p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e m id d le s i z e d f i r m s w ere e n g a g e d I n th e
p r i n t i n g an d p u b l i s h i n g b u s i n e s s a n d i n th e m a n u f a c tu r in g o f
p a p e r p r o d u c t s th a n w e re e i t h e r o f th e o t h e r s i z e d c o m p a n ie s .
P o o d , i r o n a n d s t e e l , t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t, an d p e t r o l e ­
um w ere f a v o r i t e s f o r th e b i g g e r i n d u s t r i e s .
The l a r g e r th e com pany th e g r e a t e r t h e I n d u s t r i a l
c o n c e n tra tio n .
62 p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c tu r e r s e m p lo y in g
m ore th a n one h u n d r e d w o rk e rs w ere c l a s s i f i e d i n f o u r
in d u s trie s .
55 p e r c e n t o f th e co m p an ie s e m p lo y in g tw e n ty -
f i v e t o n i n e t y - n i n e w o rk e rs w ere e n g a g e d i n f o u r i n d u s t r i e s .
A nd, 49 p e r c e n t o f th e s m a l l e r co m p an ie s w e re I n f o u r
in d u s trie s .
A t th e o t h e r e x tr e m e , no i n d u s t r y a t t r a c t e d m ore th a n
13 p e r c e n t o f th e s m a l l e r c o m p a n ie s , y e t s i x i n d u s t r i e s
c o n t a i n e d b e tw e e n 10 p e r c e n t a n d 13 p e r c e n t e a c h .
M a n u f a c tu r e r s o f th e s m a l l e r an d medium s i z e s w ere
fo u n d i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s e x c e p t r a i l r o a d r e p a i r s h o p s .
B u t,
t h r e e i n d u s t r i e s , i n c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d r e p a i r s h o p s , h a d no
TABLE X II
INDUSTRIES AND COMPANY SIZES
I n d u s tr y
Pood
I r o n and S t e e l
T e x tile s
C hem ical P ro d u c ts
M achinery
F o r e s t P ro d u c ts
N o n -F erro u s M e ta ls
S to n e , C lay and G la s s
T r a n s p o r ta ti o n Equipm ent
P r i n t i n g an d P u b lis h in g
L e a th e r P ro d u c ts
R ubber P ro d u c ts
P ap er P ro d u c ts
P e tro le u m
M is c e lla n e o u s
R a ilr o a d R e p a ir Shops
T o ta l
$
of
Over 100
% of
25 to 99
$
of
1 to 24
W orkers Companies W orkers Companies W orkers Companies
39
38
37
34
29
27
23
7
7
6
6
5
3
3
40
0
304
13
13
12
11
10
9
8
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
13
0
101
109
60.
56
27
50
43
14
26
10
38
8
5
12
10
39
0
509
22
12
11
5
10
8
3
5
2
8
2
1
2
2
8
0
101
43
20
12
7
10
8
0
7
12
6
0
3
1
6
6
0
141
30
14
9
5
7
6
0
5
9
4
0
2
1
4
4
0
100
The s i x t e e n i n d u s t r i e s d e s ig n a te d by th e U n ite d S t a t e s C ensus o f M a n u fa c tu re rs h av e
b een a r r a n g e d i n th e above t a b l e a c c o rd in g to th e s iz e d com panies w hich th e y h av e
a ttra c te d .
45
f i l m s e m p lo y in g m ore th a n one h u n d r e d w o r k e r s .
C h a p te r V I I I g o e s i n t o t h i s w h o le q u e s t i o n o f th e
r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n p r o d u c t a n d p l a n t l o c a t i o n i n a m ore
th o r o u g h m a n n e r.
T h e re th e s i x t e e n i n d u s t r i e s a r e b ro k e n
down i n t o t h i r t y - f o u r p r o d u c t g ro u p s a n d th e l o c a t i o n a l
f a c t o r s o f e a c h a r e e x a m in e d .
T h is p r e l i m i n a r y r e v ie w h a s
b e e n i n t e r j e c t e d o n ly b e c a u s e o f th e o b s e r v e d te n d e n c y on
th e p a r t o f c e r t a i n I n d u s t r i e s t o a t t r a c t c o m p a n ie s o f
s im ila r s iz e .
V.
CHAPTER SUMMARY
M a n u f a c tu r e r s o f a l l s i z e s w ere c o n c e r n e d w i t h th e
same g e n e r a l p ro b le m s when s e l e c t i n g a f a c t o r y s i t e .
S i m i l a r i t y i n th e f e a t u r e s d e s i r e d g r e a t l y e x c e e d e d p a r t i c u ­
la riz e d c h a r a c te r is tic s .
E v e ry L o c a t i o n a l D i v i s i o n o f th e R e p o r t B la n k , e x c e p t
Cham ber o f Com m erce, w as m e n tio n e d r e p e a t e d l y b y p a r t i c i p a t ­
i n g c o m p a n ie s o f a l l s i z e s a s b e i n g o f p r im a r y im p o r ta n c e .
E m p h a s is , t h e r e f o r e , was o n e o f d e g r e e , b u t th e d e g r e e was
s u f f i c i e n t to i n d i c a t e some b r o a d l i n e s o f l o c a t i o n a l
b e h a v i o r b a s e d u p o n com pany s i z e .
M a n u f a c tu r e r s e m p lo y in g fe w e r th a n t w e n t y - f i v e w o rk ­
e r s , f o r i n s t a n c e , seem ed m ore aw are o f S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c ­
t o r s th a n o f an y o t h e r g ro u p o f i n f l u e n c e s .
P e rso n a l m a tte rs
w ere s e c o n d i n i m p o r ta n c e , a n d M a rk e tin g p ro b le m s w ere t h i r d .
46
C om panies e m p lo y in g t w e n t y - f i v e to . n i n e t y - n i n e w o rk e rs
r e p o r t e d M a rk e tin g a s th e f a c t o r g iv e n f i r s t a t t e n t i o n ;
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s w ere s e c o n d , a n d M is c e lla n e o u s f a c t o r s
w ere t h i r d .
F irm s w i t h m ore th a n one h u n d r e d w o rk e rs nam ed M a rk e t­
in g a s th e p rim e c o n s i d e r a t i o n ; M a t e r i a l s w e re r a t e d s e c o n d ;
a n d M is c e lla n e o u s f a c t o r s , t h i r d .
M a rk e tin g w as th e o n ly f a c t o r nam ed b y a l l t h r e e
g ro u p s.
. B ro k en down i n t o m ore d e t a i l , a l a r g e r p e r c e n ta g e o f
th e s m a l l e r c o m p a n ie s c h e c k e d th e f o l l o w i n g ite m s m ore o f t e n
th a n d i d m em bers o f th e o t h e r g r o u p s :
S p e c i f i c S i t e F a c t o r s - Low R e n t a l , A n t i c i p a t e d I n ­
c r e a s e i n L and V a lu e , S to r a g e S p a c e , a n d W areh o u se
F a c ilitie s ;
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s - N ea rb y D e a l e r s , N ea rb y W hole­
s a l e r s , Ac qua i n t a n c e w i t h C u s to m e rs , a n d P r e s t i g e o f
L o c a tio n ;
M a t e r i a l F a c t o r s -? F a c t o r y S u p p l i e s , I r o n an d S t e e l ,
C hem ica 1 ‘ S u p p l'f e s , T o o ls an d F i x t u r e s , N o n -F e rro u s M e ta ls ,
a n d R u b b e r;
P e r s o n a l F a c t o r s - Low L iv in g C o s t s , a n d E sc a p e fro m
C o n g e s tio n ; a n d
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c t o r s - L im ite d C a p i t a l , Home o f
I n v e n to r , F ir e P r o t e c t i o n , and P o lic e P r o t e c t i o n .
A l a r g e r p r o p o r t i o n o f th e medium s i z e d c o m p a n ie s
c h e c k e d th e f o llo w in g ite m s th a n d i d e i t h e r th e s m a l l e r o r
l a r g e r m a n u fa c tu re rs :
S p e c if ic S ite F a c to rs - S u ita b le B u ild in g A v a ila b le ,
F l o o r S p ace f o r S p a n s I o n , an d H a rb o r F a c i l i t i e s ;
47
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s - G row ing P o p u l a t i o n , I s o l a t i o n fro m
th e E a s t , an d A d v e r t i s i n g A d v a n ta g e s ;
M a t e r i a l F a c t o r s - Lum ber;
P e r s o n a l F a c t o r s - W anted t o L iv e H e r e , F r i e n d s
H e r e , an d Home was H e re ; a n d
L iv e d
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c t o r s - S m a ll B e g in n in g .
C om panies e m p lo y in g i n e x c e s s o f one h u n d r e d w o rk e rs
i n d i c a t e d th e f o llo w in g I te m s p e r c e n t a g e l y m ore o f t e n th a n
d id t h e m em bers o f t h e o t h e r g r o u p s :
S p e c i f i c S i t e F a c t o r s - P l e a s a n t W o rking C o n d i t i o n s ,
Land C o s t , S a t i s f a c t o r y H o u sin g C o n d i tio n s f o r W o rk e rs , a n d
P r iv a te S id in g ;
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s - S e r v i c i n g o f P r o d u c t;
M a t e r i a l F a c t o r s - O i l , G a s, Farm P r o d u c t s , L ive- S to c k ,
S a n d , a n d C la y ;
P e r s o n a l F a c t o r s - E d u c a t i o n a l A d v a n ta g e s , F r i e n d l y
C om m unity, V a r i e t y o f E n t e r t a i n m e n t , a n d C o n te m p la te d R e t i r e ­
m ent ; an d
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c t o r s - P u rc h a s e d a 1G oing C o n c e r n 1,
M erg er o r C o n s o l i d a t i o n , D is p o s a l o f F um es, V a r i e t y o f
T o p o g ra p h y , an d Young C o u n tr y .
..
.
' C om panies o f a b o u t th e same s i z e te n d e d t o p r e d o m in a te
w i t h i n an i n d u s t r y . . T h is m ig h t h a v e b e e n b e c a u s e o p p o r t u n i ­
t i e s w i t h i n t h e i n d u s t r y a p p e a le d t o e n t e r p r i s e r s p o s s e s s i n g
a p p r o x im a te ly t h e same r e s o u r c e s , o r i t m ig h t h a v e b e e n
b e c a u s e c o n d i t i o n s w i t h i n th e i n d u s t r y e n c o u ra g e d t h e d e ­
v e lo p m e n t o f co m p an ie s o f a p p r o x im a te ly th e same s i z e .
L a r g e r c o m p a n ie s w e re m ore r e s t r i c t e d a s to i n d u s t r i e s
th a n s m a l l e r c o m p a n ie s .
More th a n o n e - h a l f o f a l l c o m p an ie s
em p lo y in g o v e r o n e h u n d re d w o rk e rs w e re fo u n d i n t h r e e
in d u s trie s .
The same i n d u s t r i e s r e p o r t e d o n ly 28 p e r c e n t o f
t h e s m a l l e r c o m p a n ie s a n d 36 p e r c e n t o f t h e medium s i z e d
c o m p a n ie s .
A t t h e o t h e r e x tr e m e , no i n d u s t r y r e p o r t e d m ore th a n
13 p e r c e n t o f th e s m a l l e r m a n u f a c t u r e r s , an d s i x i n d u s t r i e s
c o n t a i n e d b e tw e e n 10 p e r c e n t a n d 13 p e r c e n t e a c h .
CHAPTER IV
ORGANIZATION DATES -AND LOCATIONAL INFLUENCES
I.
PURPOSE
The o b j e c t o f t h i s c h a p t e r w as t o ex am in e t h e
o r g a n i z a t i o n d a t e s o f S o u th e r n C a l i f o r n i a m a n u f a c tu r e r s a n d
t o d e te r m in e w h e th e r th e d a t e o f b e g i n n in g b u s i n e s s show ed
an y r e l a t i o n t o t h e r e a s o n s g iv e n b y m anagem ent f o r th e
s e le c tio n of i t s
fa c to ry s i t e ,
II.
ORGANIZATION DATES
E ig h t h u n d re d an d n i n e t y c o m p a n ie s i n d i c a t e d t h e y e a r
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n an d th e p r o d u c t m a n u f a c tu r e d .
T a b le s X I I I
th r o u g h XVI d e a l w i t h t h i s m a t e r i a l .
T a b le X I I I show s t h e n u m e r ic a l d i s t r i b u t i o n o f th e
c o m p a n ie s among t h e s i x t e e n i n d u s t r i e s d e s i g n a t e d by t h e
U n ite d S t a t e s C en su s o f M a n u f a c tu r e r s , a c c o r d in g t o t e n
tim e p e r i o d s .
The fo o d i n d u s t r y a t t r a c t e d t h e l a r g e s t .n u m b e r o f
c o m p a n ie s , t e x t i l e s w ere s e c o n d , an d i r o n and s t e e l p r o d u c t s
w ere t h i r d .
T a b le XIV t r a n s l a t e s i n t o p e r c e n t a g e s t h e i n f o r m a t i o n
c o n t a i n e d i n T a b le X I I I .
T a b le XV s e p a r a t e s t h e t h r e e m o st p o p u la r tim e p e r i o d s
TABLE X III
COMPANY ORGANIZATION DATES BY INDUSTRIES
I n d u s tr y
Pood
T e x tile s
F o r e s t P ro d u c ts
P a p e r P ro d u c ts
P r i n t i n g and P u b lis h in g
C hem icals
P e tro le u m P ro d u c ts
Rubber P ro d u c ts
L e a th e r P ro d u c ts
S to n e , C lay an d G la ss
I r o n and S t e e l
N o n -F erro u s M e tals
M achinery
T r a n s p o r ta ti o n Equipm ent
M is c e lla n e o u s
R a ilr o a d R e p a ir Shops
T o ta l
P r i o r 1900 1905 1910 1915 1920 1925 1930 1935 1940 T o ta l
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
1899 1904 1909 1914 1919 1924 1929 1934 1939
12
2
7
1
6
0
0
0
1
3
1
1
‘ 5
1
3
0
1
4
2
0
6
1
0
0
0
3
4
0
2
2
2
0
10
5
4
0
2
2
0
0
0
2
5
1
2
3
5
0
17
0
8
2
8
4
1
1
1
2
11
4
4
4
7
0
12
12
8
1
6
4
0
2
0
1
14
1
14
3
7
0
39
27
14
2
4
11
4
4
3
8
22
8
14
3
8
0
34
20
7
5
5
12
0
2
3
4
15
5
16
1
7
0
25
24
14
2
10
15
6
4
3
2
14
7
17
1
12
0
41
27
41
74
85
172
136
156
19
22
9
0
2
11
2
1
2
5
17
7
11
8 •.
19
0
135
5
0
0
2
0
5
0
0
1
0
3
1
0
4
2
0
174
116
73
15
49
65
13
14
14
30
106
35
84
30
'72
0
: 23
890
Tlie o r g a n iz a tio n d a te s o f e i g h t h u n d red and n in e ty com panies engaged i n f i f t e e n d i f ­
f e r e n t i n d u s t r i e s a r e r e p r e s e n te d by th e above t a b u l a t i o n s . T here w ere no r e p o r t s
from com panies in th e R a ilr o a d R e p a ir Shop i n d u s t r y .
01
o
TABLE XIV
PERCENTAGE TABLE OF COMPANY ORGANIZATION DATES BY INDUSTRIES
I n d u s tr y
T o ta l
P rio r 1900 1905 1910 1915 1920 1925 1930 1935 1940 T o ta l
Com
panies
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
%
1899 1904 1909 1914 1919 1924 1929 1934 1939
Food
7
1
T e x tile s
10
F o r e s t P ro d u c ts
7
P ap er P ro d u c ts
P r i n t i n g & P u b lis h , 12
C h em icals
0
0
P e tro le u m
0
Rubber P ro d u c ts
7
L e a th e r P ro d u c ts
S to n e , C lay & Glass 10
1
I r o n an d S t e e l
N o n -F erro u s M e ta ls
3
4
M achinery
3
T r a n s p o r ta ti o n Equ!p
M is c e lla n e o u s
4
R r. R e p a ir Shops
0
1
3
3
0
12
1
0
0
0
10
4
0
2
7
3
0
6
4
5
0
4
3
0
0
0
7
5
3
2
10
7
0
10
0
11
13
17
6
8
7
7
7
11
11
5
13
10
0
7
10
11
7
12
6
0
14
0
3
13
3
17
10
10
0
22
23
19
13
8
17
30
29
22
27
21
23
18
10
11
0
19
17
10
33
11
18
0
14
22
13
13
14
19
3
10
0
14
21
19
13
21
23
46
29
22
7
14
20
20
3
17
0
11
19
12
0
4
17
15
7
14
17
16
20
13
27
26
0
3
0
0
13
0
8
0
0
7
0
3
3
0
13
3
0
100
98
100
99
101
99
99
100
101
101
101
100
100
99
101
0
174
116
73
15
47
65
13
14
14
30
106
35
84
30
72
0
T h is T ab le t r a n s l a t e s i n t o p e r c e n ta g e s th e in f o rm a tio n c o n ta in e d i n T a b le XXIV
TABLE XV
PERIODS OP MOST RAPID GROWTH BY INDUSTRIES
I n d u s tr y
F i r s t P e r io d % Second P e r io d % T h ir d P e r io d
% T o ta l %
Pood
1920-1924
22
1925-1929
19
1930-1934
14
55
T e x tile s
1920-1924
1930-1934
19
1935-1939
12
33
1930-1934
1910-1914
63
50
P ap er P ro d u c ts
1920-1924
1925-1929
21
19
1935-1939
F o r e s t P ro d u c ts
23
19
13
1920-1924
13
59
P r i n t i n g & P u b lis h in g
1930-1934
21
1910-1914
17
1900-1904
12
50
C hem icals
1930-1934
23
1925-1929
18
1920-1924
17
58
P e tro le u m P ro d u c ts
1930-1934
46
1920-1924
30
193591939
15
91
Rubber P ro d u c ts
1920-1924
29
1930-1934
29
1915-1919
14
72
L e a th e r P ro d u c ts
1920-1924
22
1925-1929
22
1930-1934
22
66
S to n e , C lay & G la s s
I r o n an d S t e e l
1920-1924
1920-1924
27
21
1935-1939
1935-1939
17
1925-1929
16
1930-1934
13
14
57
51
N o n -F erro u s M e ta ls
M achinery
1920-1924
1930-1934
23
20
1930-1934
20
1935-1939
20
63
1925-1929
19
1920-1924
18
57
T r a n s p o r ta ti o n E quipm ent
1935-1939
27
1910-1914
13
1940
13
53
M is c e lla n e o u s
1935-1939
0
26
0
1930-1934
0
17
1920-1924
0
11
64
0
0
R a ilr o a d R e p a ir Shops
0
T h is T ab le r e p r o d u c e s , from T ab le XIV, th e t h r e e tim e p e r io d s i n ea ch in d u s t r y w hich
showed th e b ir th d a y s o f th e l a r g e s t number o f com panies to g e th e r w ith th e s ta n d in g
o f th e p e r io d e x p re s s e d p e r c e n ta g e ly .
01
10
53
fro m among t h e o t h e r s , an d T a b le XVI su m m arize s t h e m ore
p e r t i n e n t f a c t s o f th e p r e c e d in g t a b l e s .
More c o m p a n ie s w ere s t a r t e d d u r in g th e p e r i o d 1 9 2 0 1924 th a n d u r in g a n y o t h e r tim e d i v i s i o n .
E ig h t i n d u s t r i e s
show ed t h i s a s th e p e r i o d o f m o st r a p i d new p l a n t a c c r e t i o n .
A l l i n d u s t r i e s , h o w e v e r, d i d n o t show t h e i r g r e a t e s t new
p l a n t e x p a n s io n d u r in g t h i s p e r i o d .
M ore co m p an ie s w e re
s t a r t e d i n t h e P a p e r P r o d u c ts i n d u s t r y d u r in g 1 9 2 5 -1 9 2 9
th a n i n a n y o t h e r p e r i o d .
In P r in tin g and P u b lis h in g ,
C h e m ic a ls , P e tr o le u m P r o d u c t s , a n d th e M a c h in e ry i n d u s t r i e s
m ore new com ers w ere la u n c h e d d u r in g 1 9 3 0 -1 9 3 4 th a n w i t h i n
a n y o f th e o t h e r tim e d i v i s i o n s .
A nd, T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
E q u ip m e n t a n d M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r e r s a d d e d m ore new
m em bers d u r in g 1 9 3 5 -1 9 3 9 th a n a t a n y o t h e r tim e .
The o l d e s t com pany r e p o r t i n g was o r g a n iz e d i n 1 8 6 6 .
Prom t h a t tim e on a lm o s t e v e r y y e a r w i t n e s s e d t h e e s t a b l i s h ­
m ent o f some o f t h e c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t i n g .
In s p i t e o f t h i s
s e v e n t y - f i v e y e a r s o f h i s t o r y , h o w e v e r, T a b le XV r e v e a l s
t h a t i n e v e r y i n d u s t r y o n e - h a l f o r m ore o f th e f a c t o r i e s
b eg a n b u s i n e s s d u r in g one o f t h r e e f i v e - y e a r p e r i o d s .
The h i g h e s t tim e c o n c e n t r a t i o n o f a l l i n d u s t r i e s was
i n P e tr o le u m :
46 p e r c e n t o f t h e f i f t e e n p e tr o le u m p r o c e s s ­
o r s r e p o r t i n g s t a r t e d d u r in g th e 1 9 3 0 -1 9 3 4 p e r i o d , a n d 91 p e r
c e n t o f them w e re o r g a n iz e d w i t h i n f i f t e e n y e a r s .
54
TABIjE XVI
SUMMARY OF GROWTH PERIODS
P e r io d
Ho. o f H o. o f Ho * o f T o t a l
R e la tiv e
Tim es
T im es
P ro m in e n c e
Tim es
T h ir d
By P e r c e n ta g e
S eco n d
F irs t
P r io r , t o 1899
0
0
0
0
0
1 9 0 0 -1 9 0 4
0
0
1
1
2
1 9 0 5 -1 9 1 9
0
0
0
0
0
1 9 1 0 -1 9 1 4
0
3
0
3
7
1 9 1 5 -1 9 1 9
0
0
1
1
2
1 9 2 0 -1 9 2 4
8
1
4
13
29
1 9 2 5 -1 9 2 9
1
4
1
6
13
1 9 3 0 -1 9 3 4
4
5
3
12
27
1 9 3 5 -1 9 3 9
2
2
4
8
18
1940
0
0
1
1
2
15
15
15
45
100
T o ta l
B a se d ■upon t h e s t a r t i n g d a t e s o f th e c o m p a n ie s
in t h i s a n a ly s is th e t h r e e , f iv e y e a r p e r io d s :
1 9 3 0 -1 9 3 4 ; a n d 1 9 3 5 -1 9 3 9 s to o d o u t a s t h e tim e
e x p a n s io n i n S o u th e r n C a l i f o r n i a so f a r a s new
w ere c o n c e r n e d .
p a rtic ip a tin g
1 9 2 0 -1 9 2 4 ;
of in d u s tria l
c o m p an ie s
55
III.
LOCATIONAL INFLUENCES
The e x a m in a tio n t u r n s now t o th e a n s w e rs t o Q u e s tio n N
o f t h e R e p o r t B la n k an d t h e i r r e l a t i o n t o o r g a n i z a t i o n d a t e s *
S ev en h u n d re d an d f i f t y - e i g h t c o m p a n ie s i n d i c a t e d t h e d a t e o f
t h e i r o r g a n i z a t i o n a n d g a v e a t l e a s t one an sw e r t o Q u e s tio n N*
F iv e h u n d re d a n d s e v e n g a v e tw o a n s w e r s , an d tw o h u n d r e d a n d
s e v e n ty - o n e g a v e t h r e e a n s w e r s .
A l t o g e t h e r , t h e r e f o r e , th e
p a r t i c i p a t i n g c o m p a n ie s o f f e r e d one th o u s a n d f i v e h u n d re d an d
t h i r t y - s i x e x p la n a tio n s f o r th e lo c a tio n o f t h e i r f a c t o r i e s
i n S o u th e r n C a l i f o r n i a *
A l l r e p o r t s w e re d i v i d e d i n t o t e n tim e p e r i o d s .
T hose
c o m p a n ie s b e g i n n in g b u s i n e s s p r i o r t o 1899 made up th e f i r s t
g ro u p .
T h o se o r g a n iz e d i n 1940 made u p th e t e n t h g r o u p , a n d
t h o s e i n b e tw e e n w e re d i v i d e d i n t o e i g h t , f i v e - y e a r p e r i o d s .
The l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s g iv e n by t h e m anagem ent o f t h e
c o m p a n ie s w i t h i n e a c h o f t h e s e t e n g ro u p s s u p p l i e d t h e d a t a
e x h i b i t e d i n T a b le s X V II th r o u g h XXVII.
T h e re i s g r e a t s i m i l a r i t y i n t h e r a n k i n g o f th e
lo c a tio n a l f a c to r s l i s t e d in th e s e t a b l e s .
p r e d o m in a tin g i n f l u e n c e .
M a rk e tin g w as t h e
In n in e o f th e te n t a b l e s i t ra n k s
f i r s t a n d i n th e t e n t h t a b l e i t d r o p s t o se c o n d p l a c e b y t h e
m a rg in o f o n ly one v o t e .
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s w e re s e c o n d i n p r o m in e n c e .
T a b le XXV th e y r a n k f i r s t ;
I n T a b le s X V II I, XX, X X II,
In
56
X X II I, XXIV, a n d XXVI t h e y w e re s e c o n d ; a n d i n T a b le XXI th e y
w e re t h i r d .
M is c e lla n e o u s f a c t o r s a n d P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s e a c h a p ­
p e a r e d among t h e to p t h r e e i n f l u e n c e s i n f i v e d i f f e r e n t
t a b l e s , an d C lim a te r a n k e d t h i r d on tw o o c c a s i o n s .
E i g h t o f t h e D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r s d i d n o t r a t e
a s h ig h a s t h i r d p la c e d u rin g any p e r io d .
Cham ber o f Com­
m e rc e i n f l u e n c e r e c e i v e d no v o t e s a t a n y tim e> a n d U t i l i t i e s ,
F i n a n c e , an d G o vernm ent n e v e r r e c e i v e d m ore th a n 5 p e r c e n t
o f th e t o t a l v o te s f o r an y p e r io d .
M a t e r i a l s was t h e m o st
c o n s ta n tly r e f e r r e d to in flu e n c e o f any o f th e l e s s e r
fa c to rs .
I t s lo w e s t s t a n d i n g d u r i n g a n y o f t h e p e r i o d s was
n in th p la c e ;
o n c e i t w as s e v e n t h ;
f o u r tim e s i t w as f i f t h ;
a n d on t h e o t h e r f o u r o c c a s i o n s i t w as f o u r t h .
The v a r i o u s l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s h e l d r e l a t i v e l y th e
sam e p o s i t i o n t o one a n o t h e r d u r i n g t h e e n t i r e p e r i o d .
M a rk e tin g was s u b s t a n t i a l l y t h e m o st d o m in a n t f o r c e , r a n k i n g
fro m 21 p e r c e n t t o 30 p e r c e n t o f a l l r e a s o n s g iv e n f o r
p la n t lo c a t i o n , b u t th e s e p e rc e n ta g e s f lu c tu a te d I r r e g u l a r l y .
D u rin g t h e tw o p e r i o d s 1 9 0 0 -1 9 0 9 , M a rk e tin g r e p r e s e n t ­
ed 28 p e r c e n t o f a l l r e a s o n s g iv e n f o r p l a n t s e l e c t i o n b u t
i n t h e p e r i o d im m e d ia te ly f o l l o w i n g i t d ro p p e d t o 22 p e r c e n t .
I n t h e s u c c e e d in g t w e n t y - s i x y e a r s i t f l u c t u a t e d fro m 21 p e r
c e n t t o 30 p e r c e n t w i t h an a v e r a g e o f 2 2 p e r c e n t .
T he o t h e r f a c t o r s w e re e q u a l l y l a c k i n g i n t r e n d s .
57
TABLE XVII
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED PRIOR TO 1899
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T o t a l
T im es
of
T o ta l
fo
M a rk e tin g
9
1.
3
13
22
M is c e lla n e o u s
9
2
2
13
22
P erso n al
7
2
0
9
15
T ra n s p o rta tio n
2-
4
0
6
10
M a te ria l
5
1
1
5
8
S p e c ific S ite
2
2
1
5
8
C lim a te
0
3
1
4
8
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
2
0
0
2
3
L abor
0
2
0
2
3
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
G overn m en t
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
C ham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
54
17
8
59
99
T o ta l
M a r k e tin g , M is c e lla n e o u s an d P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s w ere th e p r im a r y
l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s nam ed m o st o f t e n b y th e c o m p a n ie s b e g i n ­
n in g b u s i n e s s p r i o r t o 1 8 9 9 ,
58
TABLE X V III
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED 1 9 0 0 -1 9 0 4
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T o t a l
T im es
of
T o ta l
%
M a rk e tin g
8
2
1
11
28
S p e c ific S ite
2
6
1
9
22
M is c e lla n e o u s
4
1
0
5
12
P erso n al
2
1
1
4
10
M a te ria l
2
0
1
3
8
F in a n c e
1
0
1
2
5
T ra n s p o rta tio n
0
1
0
1
3
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
0
1
0
1
3
U tilitie s
1
0
0
1
3
C lim a te
0
1
0
1
2
G overnm en t
0
0
1
1
2
L abor
0
0
1
1
2
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
20
13
7
40
100
T o ta l
T h is g ro u p o f m a n u f a c tu r e r s m e n tio n e d M a rk e tin g a s a l o c a t i o n
a l i n f l u e n c e m o st o f t e n ; S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s s e c o n d , a n d
M is c e lla n e o u s f a c t o r s , t h i r d .
59
TABLE XIX
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED 1 9 0 5 -1 9 0 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T o t a l
T im es
of
T o ta l
%
M a rk e tin g
9
7
2
18
28
P e rso n a l
8
2
1
11
17
C lim a te
4
3
1
8
12
L abor
1
4
3
7
11
S p e c ific S ite
4
2
0
6
9
M a te ria l
1
3
1
5
8
M is c e lla n e o u s
5
0
0
5
8
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s -
2
1
0
3
5
T ra n s p o rta tio n
1
0
1
2
3
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
G overnm en t
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
22
8
65
101
T o ta l
35
.
.
M a rk e tin g w as f a c t o r Number O ne; P e r s o n a l i n t e r e s t s r a t e d
s e c o n d ; a n d C l im a te , t h i r d w i t h t h e s e o r g a n i z a t i o n s .
60
TABLE XX
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED 1 9 1 0 -1 9 1 4
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T o t a l
T im es
of
T o ta l,
%
21
12
1
34
22
S p e c ific S ite
9
13
3
25
16
M is c e lla n e o u s
12
2
7
21
14
P e rso n a l
12
4
2
18
12
M a te ria l
9
4
3
16
11
T ra n s p o rta tio n
1
7
5
13
9
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
3
2
3
8
5
C lim a te
4
2
2
8
5
L ab o r
0
3
2
5
3
G o vernm en t
0
2
0
2
1
U tilitie s
0
1
1
2
1
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
71
52
29
152
99
M a rk e tin g
T o ta l
The f i r s t f i v e l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s g iv e n b y th e f i r m s s t a r t i n g
d u r in g t h i s p e r i o d w ere t h e same a s t h o s e o f t h e c o m p a n ie s
r e p o r t e d i n T a b le X V III.
61
TABLE XXI
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED 1 9 1 5 -1 9 1 9
M e n tio n e d
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
of
T o ta l
%
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T o t a l
T im es
M a rk e tin g
18
9
3
30
21
M is c e lla n e o u s
14
7
3
24
17
S p e c ific S ite
12
4
3
19
13
C lim a te
8
7
1
16
11
P e rso n a l
8
1
3
12
9
T ra n s p o rta tio n
2
4
4
10
7
M a te ria l .
3
4
1
8
6
L abor
0
5
3
8
6
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
4
2
1
7
5
U tilitie s
0
1
3
4
3
G overnm en t
1
1
1
3
2
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
C ham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
70
45
26
141
100
T o ta l
M a r k e tin g , M is c e lla n e o u s i n f l u e n c e s , an d S p e c i f i c S i t e
f a c t o r s w ere th o u g h t b y t h e f i r m s b e g i n n in g b u s i n e s s d u r in g
t h i s p e r i o d t o b e t h e m o st i m p o r t a n t f o r c e s b e a r i n g u p o n
s it e s e le c tio n .
62
TABLE XXII
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED 1 9 2 0 -1 9 2 4
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e c o n d T h ir d T o t a l
T im es
of
T o ta l
%
M a rk e tin g
55
16
8
59
21
S p e c ific S ite
27
15
8
50
18
P erso n a l
25
11
6
40
14
M a te ria l
16
11
6
55
11
T ra n s p o rta tio n
4
15
5
22
8
M is c e lla n e o u s
15
6
1
22
8
L ab o r
2
6
12
20
7
C lim a te
9
7
5
19
7
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
5
4
0
9
5
U tilitie s
0
4
0
4
1
G overnm en t
1
1
1
5
1
F in a n c e
1
0
1
2
1
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
158
96
49
285
100
T o ta l
The one h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y - e i g h t c o m p a n ie s w h ic h b e g a n b u s i ­
n e s s d u r in g t h i s f i v e y e a r p e r i o d c o n s i d e r e d M a rk e tin g
p r o b le m s , S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s , a n d P e r s o n a l i n t e r e s t s t o
b e th e m o st p o t e n t o f a l l l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s .
63
TABLE X X III
‘ LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED 1 9 2 5 -1 9 2 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T o t a l
T im es
Of
T o ta l
fo
M a rk e tin g
29
16
4
49
22
S p e c ific S ite
17
11
7
35
16
P erso n al
13
12
3
28
13
M a te ria l
17
4
3
24
11
M is c e lla n e o u s
17
2
5
24
11
C lim a te
6
7
4
17
8
T ra n s p o rta tio n
5
8
2
15
7
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
7
4
1
12
5
L ab o r
1
2
5
8
4
G overnm en t
0
2
3
5
2
U tilitie s
0
2
2
4
2
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
112
70
40
222
101
T o ta l
The f i r s t f o u r f a c t o r s nam ed I n t h i s t a b u l a t i o n a r e t h e same
a n d h o l d t h e same r a n k a s th o s e o f t h e p r e c e e d i n g t a b l e .
64
TABLE XXIV
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED 1 9 3 0 -1 9 3 4
M e n tio n e d
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
of
T o ta l
%
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T o t a l
T im es
M a rk e tin g
32
23
12
67
23
S p e c ific S ite
34
13
6
53
19
M is c e lla n e o u s
20
8
6
34
12
P erso n al
19
10
3
32
11
C lim a te
11
5
7
23
8
5
8
18
6
L abor
5.
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
3
13
1
17
6
T ra n s p o rta tio n
3
11
2
16
5
10
3
2
15
5
F in a n c e
1
1
1
3
1
U tilitie s
0
2
1
3
1
G overnm en t
0
0
2
2
1
Cham ber' o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
138
94
51
283
98
M a te ria l
T o ta l
T a b le s X V III a n d XX show t h e same a r r a n g e m e n t o f t h e f i r s t
f o u r D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r s a s t h i s t a b l e .
65
TABLE XXV
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED 1 9 3 5 -1 9 3 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T o t a l
T im es
of
T o ta l
%
S p e c ific S ite
25
20
11
56
23
M a rk e tin g
32
15
8
55
23
P erso n al
17
11
5
33
14
M a te ria l
10
6
2
18
7
M is c e lla n e o u s
11
4
3
18
7
C lim a te
7
5
3
15
6
T ra n s p o rta tio n
4
5
4
13
5
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
6
4
2
12
5
L abor
3
4
4
11
5
G overnm en t
0
3
0
3
1
F in a n c e
0
2
1
3
1
U tilitie s
0
1
2
3
1
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
115
80
45
240
98
T o ta l
.
T h is i s th e o n ly t a b l e o f t h e s e r i e s i n w h ic h M a rk e tin g d i d
n o t r a n k f i r s t a n d h e r e i t g a v e way t o S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s
b y o n ly one v o t e .
66
TABLE XXVI
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY COMPANIES ORGANIZED 1940
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d |T o t a l
Of
T o ta l
fo
M a rk e tin g
9
6
0
15
30
S p e c ific S ite
3
3
2
8
16
C lim a te
3
3
1
7
14
M a te ria l
2
1
2
5
10
P erso n al
4
0
0
4
8
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
2
1
1
4
8
T ra n s p o rta tio n
0
3
0
3
6
L abor
1
1
0
2
4
M is c e lla n e o u s
1
0
1
2
4
U tilitie s
0
0
1
1
2
G overnm en t
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
25
18
8
51
102
T o ta l
C lim a te r a n k e d i n t h i r d p l a c e i n T a b le XIX, a l s o .
a v e r a g e f o r t h e t e n tim e p e r i o d s w as s i x t h p l a c e .
But i t s
67
TABLE XXVII
SUMMARY OF TABLES XVII - XXVI
P e rio d o f
O rg a n iz a tio n
R a n k in g o f L o c a t i o n a l R e a s o n s
F irs t
of
T o ta l
%
M .or t o 1899
M a r k e tin g
22
1900
-
1904
M a r k e tin g
28
1905
-
1909
M a r k e tin g
28
1910
-
1914
M a r k e tin g
22
1915
- 1919
M a r k e tin g
21
1920
-
1924
M a r k e tin g
21
1925
-
1929
M a r k e tin g
22
1930
-
1934
M a r k e tin g
23
1935
-
1939
S p e c ific
S ite
M a r k e tin g
23
1940
30
of
T o ta l
Of
T o ta l
T h ird
M i s c 11
S p e c ific
S ite
P erso n al
22
P erso n al
15
22
M i s c 11
12
17
C lim a te
12
S p e c ific
S ite
M isc f 1
S p e c ific
S ite
S p e c ific
S ite
S p e c ific
S ite
M a rk e tin g
16
M is c * 1
14
17
13
18
S p e c ific
S ite
P ersonal
16
P erson al
13
19
M isc f l
12
23
P erso n al
14
16
C lim a te
14
S e co n d
S p e c ific
S ite
fo
%
14
T h is t a b l e shows t h e f a c t o r s w h ic h r a n k e d f i r s t , s e c o n d , a n d
t h i r d f o r t h e t e n p e r i o d s . A l s o , I t shows t h e p e r c e n t a g e o f
th e t o t a l lo c a tio n a l in flu e n c e s each ra n k in g f a c to r
re p re se n te d .
68
IV .
CHAPTER SUMMARY
Ho e v i d e n c e was d i s c o v e r e d i n t h e a n a l y s e s o f t h i s
c h a p t e r i n d i c a t i n g a c a u s e a n d e f f e c t r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n
th e d a t e s o f b e g in n in g b u s in e s s and th e r e a s o n s f o r s e l e c t i n g
a fa c to ry site *
More c o m p a n ie s w e re s t a r t e d d u r i n g t h e 1 9 2 0 -1 9 2 4
p e r i o d th a n d u r in g any o t h e r o f th e f i v e - y e a r d i v i s i o n s , b u t
t h e l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s g iv e n by t h e s e c o m p a n ie s d i f f e r e d
little
fro m t h e r e a s o n s g iv e n d u r i n g t h e 1 9 0 5 -1 9 0 9 p e r i o d
when t h e f e w e s t c o m p a n ie s w ere o r g a n i z e d *
M a r k e t i n g w as th e p r e d o m i n a n t l o c a t i o n a l f a c t o r
th ro u g h o u t.
N in e t i m e s i t was named f i r s t , a n d i n t h e t e n t h
p e r i o d i t was s e c o n d .
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s e x e r t e d th e
n e x t m ost im p o r ta n t i n f l u e n c e , and P e r s o n a l i n t e r e s t s and
M is c e lla n e o u s f a c t o r s v ie d f o r t h i r d p l a c e .
M a te r ia l n e v e r r a n k e d h ig h e r th a n f o u r t h in
p r o m i n e n c e , b u t i t was c o n s i s t e n t l y named a s o n e o f t h e
im p o rta n t in f lu e n c e s a f f e c t i n g lo c a tio n *
No t r e n d was d i s c e r n i b l e i n t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e
o f th e v a rio u s l o c a t i o n a l f a c to r s *
CHAPTER V
COMPANIES OCCUPYING ORIGINAL SITES
VERSUS
RELOCATED COMPANIES
I *
PURPOSE
When a b u s i n e s s i s f o u n d e d , t h e d e c i s i o n o f w h e re t o
b e g i n o p e r a t i o n s i s o n l y one o f many p r o b le m s t h a t c o n f r o n t
t h e o r g a n i z e r s , o f t e n n o t t h e m o st u r g e n t *
S h o u ld c o n d i t i o n s
l a t e r d e v e l o p w h ic h c a u s e t h e r e m o v a l o f t h e f a c t o r y fro m i t s
o r i g i n a l l o c a t i o n t h e c i r c u m s t a n c e s u n d e r w h ic h t h e new home
i s c h o s e n a r e a l m o s t c e r t a i n t o be w i d e l y d i f f e r e n t fro m
t h o s e u n d e r w h ic h t h e f i r s t c h o i c e was made*
I t was t h e o b j e c t o f t h i s c h a p t e r t o co m pare t h e
r e a s o n s g i v e n by t h e m anagem ent o f t h o s e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h h a d
r e l o c a t e d w i t h t h e l o c a t i o n a l e x p l a n a t i o n s o f t h e m anagem ent
o f t h o s e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h s t i l l o c c u p i e d t h e i r o r i g i n a l s i t e s *
II*
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 0
I t was t h e a n s w e r s t o Q u e s t i o n 0 o f t h e R e p o r t B la n k
c o m p ared w i t h t h e Number One a n s w e r t o Q u e s t i o n N t h a t s u p ­
p l i e d t h e d a t a ex a m in e d i n t h i s c h a p t e r *
Q u e s tio n 0 in q u ir e d w h e th e r o r n o t th e b u s in e s s had
70
moved fro m i t s o r i g i n a l S o u t h e r n C a l i f o r n i a l o c a t i o n .
h u n d re d and f o u r te e n f ir m s an sw ered t h i s q u e s t i o n .
E ig h t
Two
h u n d r e d a n d e i g h t y - o n e h a d m o ved, a n d f i v e h u n d r e d a n d
t h i r ty - t h r e e had n o t.
T a b le XXIX.
T h e se a r e t h e t o t a l s shown i n
T w e n t y - s i x o f t h e r e l o c a t e d c o m p a n ie s a n d f o r t y -
n i n e o f t h e o r i g i n a l s i t e c o m p a n ie s d i d n o t g i v e t h e y e a r
d u r i n g w h ic h t h e y b e g a n b u s i n e s s i n S o u t h e r n C a l i f o r n i a .
The l a t t e r t a b l e r e v e a l s t h a t a som ew hat l a r g e r
p e r c e n t a g e o f t h e o l d e r c o m p a n ie s h a d m oved.
Two h u n d r e d a n d
s e v e n t y - f i v e f i r m s s t a r t e d b u s i n e s s p r i o r t o 1 9 2 0 ; 31 p e r
c e n t o f t h e s e h a d r e l o c a t e d , 45 p e r c e n t w ere s t i l l I n th e
same l o c a t i o n , a n d 24 p e r c e n t d i d n o t a n s w e r .
S ix hundred
a n d t w e n t y - t h r e e c o m p a n ie s w e re o r g a n i z e d a f t e r 1 9 2 0 , an d o f
t h e s e , 2 7 p e r c e n t h a d m oved, 59 p e r c e n t h a d n o t , an d 1.4 p e r
cen t d id n o t r e p ly .
The a v e r a g e com pany t h a t h a d r e l o c a t e d was n i n e t e e n
y e a rs o ld , h a v in g s t a r t e d b u s in e s s in 1921.
The a v e r a g e
com pany o c c u p y i n g i t s o r i g i n a l s i t e was f i f t e e n y e a r s o l d ,
h av in g s t a r t e d b u s in e s s in 1925.
T h is m ig h t be I n t e r p r e t e d
a s i n d i c a t i n g t h a t t h e more a s t u t e s e l e c t i o n o f a m a n u f a c t u r ­
i n g s i t e b y t h e r e l o c a t e d c o m p a n ie s h a d c o n t r i b u t e d t o t h e i r
p r o s p e r i t y and le n g t h o f l i f e .
O r, i t m i g h t s i m p l y mean t h a t
t h e d y n a m ic s o f b u s i n e s s a r e s u c h t h a t a l o n g e r p e r i o d o f
y e a r s f o r c e s a d j u s t m e n t s r e s u l t i n g i n new l o c a t i o n s .
71
TABLE XXVIII
RELOCATED VERSUS ORIGINAL SITE COMPANIES
BY ORGANIZATION DATES
D a te o f O r i g i n
R e lo c a te d
C om panies
No.
%
O rig in a l S ite
C om panies
No.
%
D id N ot
A nsw er
No.
%
1 8 6 5 -1 8 6 9
0
0
0
0
1
1
1 8 7 0 -1 8 7 4
0
0
0
0
1
1
1 8 7 5 -1 8 7 9
0
0
1
0
0
0
1 8 8 0 -1 8 8 4
1
0
1
0
4
3
1 8 8 5 -1 8 8 9
1
0
6
1
4
3
1 8 9 0 -1 8 9 4
3
1
5
1
4
3
1 8 9 5 -1 8 9 9
4
1
5
1
3
2
1 9 0 0 -1 9 0 4
11
4
9
2
6
4
1 9 0 5 -1 9 0 9
10
4
19
4
12
8
1 9 1 0 -1 9 1 4
30
12
33
7
16
10
1 9 1 5 -1 9 1 9
26
10
43
9
16
10
1 9 2 0 -1 9 2 4
51
20
85
17
29
19
1 9 2 5 -1 9 2 9
37
15
86
18
17
11
1 9 3 0 -1 9 3 4
49
19
84
17
22
14
1 9 3 5 -1 9 3 9
28
11
91
19
17
11
4
1
19
4
4
3
255
98
487
100
156
103
1940
T o ta l
T w e n t y - s i x a d d i t i o n a l c o m p a n ie s i n d i c a t e d t h e y h a d moved b u t
d i d n o t show t h e y e a r o f o r g a n i z a t i o n , a n d f o r t y - n i n e c o m p a n ie s
s t a t e d t h e y h a d n o t moved b u t d i d n o t g i v e t h e d a t e o f s t a r t i n g
b u sin e ss.
TABLE XXIX
SEGREGATION OF REPORTS BY INDUSTRIES
In d u stry
R e lo c a te d
Companies
T o ta l
Did Not
Answer
%
No.
i
41
36
35
4
12
27
4
5
3
9
31
10
28
11
25
0
17
25
34
19
18
31
17
33
14
16
22
20
25
29
23
0
118
58
35
10
21
37
9
8
10
32
63
21
52
20
39
0
48
40
34
48
31
42
39
53
48
58
44
43
47
53
35
0
88
51
32
7
35
24
10
2
8
14
48
18
30
7
47
0
35
35
31
33
51
27
43
13
38
25
34
37
27
18
42
0
281
23
533
43
421
34
No.
Food
T e x tile s
F o r e s t P ro d u c ts
P ap er P ro d u c ts
P r i n t i n g and P u b lis h in g
C hem icals
P e tro le u m
R ubber P ro d u c ts
L e a th e r P r o d u c ts
S to n e , C la y and G la s s
I r o n an d S t e e l
N o n -F erro u s M e ta ls
M achinery
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Equipment
M is c e lla n e o u s Manufacture
R a i l r o a d R e p a ir Shops
O rig in a l S ite
Companies
No,
T o ta l
Companies
T o ta l
%
$
247
145
102
21
68
88 .
25
15
21
55
142
49
110
38
111
0
1 ,2 3 5
100
100
99
100
100
100
99
99
100
99
100
100
99
100
100
0
100
T h is t a b l e d i v i d e d a l l R e p o rts u s e d In th e S urvey i n t o t h r e e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s :
R e lo c a te d Com panies, Companies Occupying O r i g i n a l S i t e , and Companies w hich f a i l e d
t o answ er e i t h e r Q u e s tio n 0 o r Q u e s tio n N o f th e R e p o rt B la n k .
to
75
The r e p o r t s o f a l l c o m p a n ie s w e r e d i v i d e d i n t o
i n d u s t r i e s i n o r d e r t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r o r n o t t h e r e w ere
any i n d u s t r i a l p a t t e r n s o f b e h a v io r w ith r e g a r d to r e lo c a t i o n .
T a b l e XXIX m akes t h i s d i s t r i b u t i o n .
On t h e a v e r a g e , 23 p e r c e n t o f a l l c o m p a n ie s i n d i c a t e d
t h e y h a d r e l o c a t e d , 43 p e r c e n t s t a t e d t h e y h a d n o t m oved,
a n d 34 p e r c e n t d i d n o t r e p l y t o t h i s q u e s t i o n .
The t e n d e n c y t o move was much s t r o n g e r i n some
i n d u s t r i e s th a n in o t h e r s .
The members o f t h e w o o d -w o r k in g ,
o r F o r e s t P r o d u c t s i n d u s t r y w ere t h e m o s t m o b i l e .
34 p e r
c e n t o f t h e s e c o m p a n ie s h a d m oved, 53 p e r c e n t o f a l l R ub ber
P r o d u c t s c o m p a n ie s , 31 p e r c e n t o f t h e C h e m ic a l c o m p a n ie s ,
a n d 29 p e r c e n t o f t h e T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t c o m p a n ie s
had re lo c a te d .
A t t h e o t h e r e x t r e m e , o n l y 14 p e r c e n t o f t h e
L e a t h e r p r o d u c t s c o m p a n ie s , 16 p e r c e n t o f t h e S t o n e , C la y
a n d G l a s s c o m p a n ie s , a n d 17 p e r c e n t o f t h e P e t r o l e u m
p ro c e s s o rs had changed lo c a tio n .
In e v e ry in d u s t r y r e p r e s e n te d , a s u b s t a n t i a l p e r c e n t­
a g e o f t h e r e p o r t i n g c o m p a n ie s h a d m oved.
B u t, in ev ery
in d u s tr y , ex cep t F o re s t P ro d u c ts, a h ig h e r p e rc e n ta g e o f
f i r m s s t i l l o c c u p i e d t h e i r o r i g i n a l a d d r e s s e s t h a n h a d moved
t o new l o c a t i o n s , a n d t h e p e r c e n t a g e o f R e l o c a t e d v e r s u s
O r i g i n a l S i t e c o m p a n ie s i n t h e F o r e s t P r o d u c t s i n d u s t r y was
e x a c t l y t h e sa m e.
74
III.
LOCATIONAL FACTORS AND RELOCATED COMPANIES
T a b l e XXX i n d i c a t e s t h e n e x t s t e p t h a t was t a k e n .
H e re t h e Number One l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s g i v e n b y t h e m an ag e­
m en t o f t h e d i f f e r e n t c o m p a n ie s i n a n s w e r t o Q u e s t i o n N w e re
d iv id e d in to th re e gro u p s;
R e l o c a t e d C o m p a n ie s , O r i g i n a l
S i t e C o m p a n ie s , a n d t h o s e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h f a i l e d t o s t a t e
w h e t h e r o r n o t t h e y h a d m oved.
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s a n d M a r k e t i n g f a c t o r s w e re t h e
two i n f l u e n c e s m o s t o f t e n named b y t h e R e l o c a t e d C o m p a n ie s.
T hey e a c h w ere d e s i g n a t e d b y 28 p e r c e n t a s t h e Number One
reaso n fo r p la n t c h o ic e .
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s w ere named b y o n l y 15 p e r c e n t
o f t h e O r i g i n a l S i t e C om panies a n d M a r k e tin g b y 24 p e r c e n t .
M a t e r i a l a n d P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s , on t h e o t h e r h a n d , w e re
m e n t i o n e d s u b s t a n t i a l l y m ore o f t e n b y t h e O r i g i n a l S i t e
C o m panies t h a n b y t h o s e c o m p a n ie s t h a t h a d m oved.
One h u n d r e d a n d n i n e t y o f t h e one t h o u s a n d tw o h u n d r e d
a n d t h i r t y - f i v e c o m p a n ie s p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n t h i s s u r v e y i n ­
d ic a te d th a t S p e c ific S ite f a c to r s had in flu e n c e d t h e i r
c h o i c e o f a f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n m ore t h a n a n y o t h e r s e t o f
c irc u m sta n c e s.
T a b l e XXXI d i v i d e s t h e s e c o m p a n ie s b y i n d u s t r i e s an d
b y t h e t h r e e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s ; R e l o c a t e d C o m p a n ie s, O r i g i n a l
S i t e C o m p a n ie s, a n d t h o s e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h f a i l e d t o s t a t e
TABLE XXX
LOCATIONAL REASONS - RELOCATED VERSUS ORIGINAL SITE COMPANIES
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
R e lo c a te d
Companies
No.
O rig in a l S ite
Companies
T o ta l
Companies
Did Not
Answer
fo
No.
$
No.
$
M a rk e tin g
66
28
107
24
105
28
278
S p e c ific S ite
67
28
68
15
55
15
•190
P erso n al
28
12
71
16
63
17
162
M is c e lla n e o u s
34
14
57
13
58
16
149
M a te ria l
16
7
53
12
41
11
110
C lim a te and H e a lth
11
5
35
8
23
6
69
R e l a t i o n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
5
2
24
5
13
3
42
T ra n sp o rta tio n
7
3
10
3
8
2
25
Labor
5
2
9
2
4
1
18
Government
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
2
2
0
0
2
1
1
0
4
3
U tilitie s
0
0
1
0
1
0
2
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
239
101
439
98
374
100
, 1 ,0 52
T o ta l
The D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r s f i r s t m e n tio n e d by t h e management w ere t a b u l a t e d
h e r e u n d e r th e t h r e e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s ; R e lo c a te d Com panies, O r i g i n a l S i t e
Com panies, and th o s e com panies w hich f a i l e d to s t a t e w h e th e r o r n o t t h e y had
moved*
76
w h e t h e r o r n o t t h e y h a d moved*
T a b le XXXII c a r r i e s
th e a n a l y s i s f u r t h e r and b re a k s
down t h e i n d i v i d u a l S p e c i f i c S i t e i t e m s so a s t o show t h o s e
c h e c k e d b y t h e R e l o c a t e d C o m pan ies a n d t h o s e c h e c k e d b y t h e
O r i g i n a l S i t e C om panies*
T a b l e XXXI i n d i c a t e s s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n c e s among t h e
th re e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in
th e same i n d u s t r y .
The R e l o c a t e d
C om p an ies i n t h e F o r e s t P r o d u c t s , M a c h in e r y , a n d M i s c e l l a n e ­
o u s i n d u s t r i e s w e re more aw are o f t h e i n f l u e n c e o f S p e c i f i c
S i t e f a c t o r s t h a n w e re t h e c o m p a n ie s i n t h o s e i n d u s t r i e s
w h ic h h a d n o t moved o r w h ic h f a i l e d t o I n d i c a t e w h e th e r o r
n o t t h e y h a d moved*
In th e I r o n and S t e e l , C h e m ic a ls, and T r a n s p o r ta ti o n
E q u ip m e n t i n d u s t r i e s , h o w e v e r , t h o s e c o m p a n ie s o c c u p y in g
t h e i r o r i g i n a l s i t e s nam ed S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s more o f t e n
t h a n d i d t h e R e l o c a t e d C om p anies o r t h e n o n - r e s p o n d i n g
c o m p a n ie s*
T a b l e XXXII I n d i c a t e s t h a t t h o s e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h h a d
r e l o c a t e d w ere m ore c o n s c i o u s o f s u c h i t e m s a s Low B u i l d i n g
C o s t, S u ita b le B u ild in g A v a ila b le , and P r iv a te S id in g th a n
w e re t h e O r i g i n a l S i t e C o m p a n ie s .
The O r i g i n a l S i t e
C o m pan ies h o w e v e r , c h e c k e d Low R e n t a l , F l o o r S p a c e f o r Ex­
p a n s i o n , a n d Low L an d C o s t more o f t e n t h a n d i d t h e R e l o c a t e d
C o m p a n ie s .
The p e r c e n t a g e d i f f e r e n c e b e tw e e n t h e two
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , h o w ev er, w as n o t g r e a t .
TABLE XXXI
SPECIFIC SITE FACTORS - RELOCATED VERSUS ORIGINAL SITE COMPANIES
I n d u s t r y M en tio n in g
S p e c ific S ite F acto r
R e lo c a te d
Companies
No.
Food
T e x tile s
' F o r e s t P ro d u c ts
P ap e r P ro d u c ts
P r i n t i n g and P u b l i s h i n g
C hem icals
P e tro le u m
Rubber P ro d u c ts
L e a th e r P ro d u c ts
S to n e , C lay and G la ss
I r o n and S t e e l
N on -F erro u s M e tals
M achinery
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Equipment
M is c e lla n e o u s
R a i l r o a d R e p a ir Shops
T o ta l
$
O rig in a l S ite
Companies
No.
Did Not
Answer
%
No.
%
16
28
11
4
4
4
0
0
5
2
9
7
4
2 *
5
0
6
0
9
12
21
1
4
11
1
0
1
1
13
3
11
1
9
0
10
5
6
2
1
9
1
1
2
3
13
4
4
5
2
0
15
7
9
3
1
13
1
1
3
4
19
6
6
7
.3
0
9
15
6
2
2
2
0
0
3
1
5
4
2
1
' 3
0
67
98
68
98
55
6
8
14
1
3
7
1
0
1
1
•9
2
7
1
101
T o ta l'
Companies
25.
28
26
5
6
18
2
1
6
5
27
10
13 *
7
11
0
190
The one h u n d re d and n i n e t y r e p o r t s w hich i n d i c a t e d S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s a s , th e
Number One l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e w ere d i v i d e d i n t h i s t a b l e a c c o r d in g t o th e
t h r e e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s ; R e lo c a te d Com panies, O r i g i n a l S i t e Com panies, and th o s e
com panies w hich f a i l e d t o s t a t e w h e th e r o r n o t th e y h a d moved.
-a
TABLE XXXII
INDIVIDUAL SPECIFIC SITE ITEMS - RELOCATED VERSUS ORIGINAL SITE COMPANIES
I n d i v i d u a l S p e c i f i c S i t e Item s
P l e a s a n t Working C o n d itio n s
S u i t a b l e B u ild in g A v a il a b le
Low R e n ta l
C o n v e n ien t to Homes o f Workers
Low B u ild in g C ost
Low Land C o st
F l o o r Space f o r E xpansion
P r i v a t e S id in g
H arb o r F a c i l i t i e s
C i t y P la n n in g and Zoning
S to r a g e Space
S a t i s f a c t o r y H ousing f o r Workmen
W arehousing F a c i l i t i e s
A n t i c i p a t e d I n c r e a s e i n Land Value
T o t a l Item s M entioned
T o t a l Companies
Average p e r Company
R e lo c a te d
Companies
O rig in a l S ite
Companies
No*
%
No*
%
37
28
20
19
16
14
13
10
10
. 9
7
6
5
5
19
14
10
9
8
7
7
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
33
20
22
21
14
18
15
7
9
5
7
6
8
3
17
11
12
11
7
10
8
4
5
3
4
3
4
2
199
100
188
101
67
68
2 .9
2 .8
T h is t a b l e compared th e way i n w hich th e R e lo c a te d Companies and th e
O r i g i n a l S i t e Companies e v a l u a t e d th e v a r i o u s i n d i v i d u a l S p e c i f i c S i t e
ite m s.
co
79
T a b l e s XX XIII a n d XXXIV d i r e c t a t t e n t i o n
to th e
I m p o r t a n c e o f M a r k e t i n g f a c t o r s t o t h e members o f t h e d i f ­
f e r e n t i n d u s t r i e s a n d t o t h e d i f f e r e n t g r o u p i n g s w i t h i n th e
in d u stry .
T a b l e XXXIII r e v e a l s t h a t t h e R e l o c a t e d C o m panies i n
t h e I r o n a n d S t e e l , S t o n e , C l a y a n d G l a s s , a n d C h e m ic a ls
I n d u s t r i e s w e re som ew hat m ore a w a re o f M a r k e t i n g f a c t o r s t h a n
w e re t h e members o f t h e same i n d u s t r i e s I n t h e o t h e r two
c la ssific a tio n s.
O r i g i n a l S i t e c o m p a n ie s I n t h e P o o d ,
R u b b e r , N o n - F e r r o u s M e t a l s , M a c h in e r y , a n d T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
E q u ip m e n t i n d u s t r i e s named M a r k e t i n g a s a p r im e l o c a t i o n a l
i n f l u e n c e p e r c e n t a g e l y m ore o f t e n t h a n t h e R e l o c a t e d
C o m p a n ie s .
And t h e c o m p a n ie s i n t h e P e t r o l e u m , P r i n t i n g a n d
P u b lis h in g , P ap er P r o d u c ts , F o r e s t P r o d u c ts , and M is c e lla n e ­
o u s I n d u s t r i e s w h ic h d i d n o t r e p l y t o Q u e s t i o n 0 i n d i c a t e d
a g r e a t e r c o n c e rn o v e r M a rk e tin g f a c t o r s th a n d id e i t h e r
t h e R e l o c a t e d C om panies o r t h e O r i g i n a l S i t e C o m p a n ie s.
T a b le XXXIV I n d i c a t e s t h e i n d i v i d u a l M a r k e tin g i t e m s
c h e c k e d b y t h e R e l o c a t e d a n d O r i g i n a l S i t e C o m p a n ie s.
The
c o m p a n ie s t h a t h a d moved c h e c k e d s u c h i t e m s a s ; Grow ing
P o p u l a t i o n , R ic h B ack C o u n t r y , C onsum er P u r c h a s i n g P o w e r,
a n d A d v e r t i s i n g A d v a n ta g e m ore o f t e n t h a n d i d t h e O r i g i n a l
S i t e C o m p a n ie s.
The c o m p a n ie s t h a t h a d n o t moved s c o r e d
h e a v i e r on t h e p e r c e n t a g e o f t i m e s t h e y c h e c k e d ; N e a rb y
W h o l e s a l e r s , N e a rb y D e a l e r s , A c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h C u s to m e r s ,
TABLE XXXIII
MARKETING FACTORS - RELOCATED VERSUS ORIGINAL SITE COMPANIES
I n d u s t r y M en tio n in g
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r
R e lo c a te d
Companies
No.
i
O rig in a l S ite
Companies
No.
$
D id Not
Answer
No.
Food
T e x tile s
F o r e s t P ro d u c ts
P ap e r P ro d u c ts
P r i n t i n g and P u b l i s h i n g
C h e m ic als
P e tro le u m
Rubber P ro d u c ts
L e a th e r P ro d u c ts
S to n e , C lay and G la ss
I r o n and S t e e l
N o n -F erro u s M e ta ls
M achinery
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Equipment
M is c e lla n e o u s
R a i l r o a d R e p a ir Shops
10
10
3
2
6
5
0
1
0
4
10
1
7
1
6
0
15
15
5
3
9
8
0
2
0
6
15
2
11
2
9
0
19
16
5
2
6
7
0
4
2
2
11
4
14
3
12
0
18
15
5
2
6
7
0
4
2
2
10
4
13
3
11
0
* 17
9
8
5
13
7
1
1
2
4
12
2
* 9
1
14
0
T o ta l
66
102
107
102
105
T o ta l
Companies
$
16
9
8
5
12
7
1
1
2
4
11
29
1
13
0
101
46
35
16
9
25
19
1
6
4
10
33
7
30
5
32
0
278
The two h u n d re d and s e v e n t y - e i g h t r e p o r t s w hich i n d i c a t e d M a rk e tin g as th e Number
One l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e w ere d i v i d e d i n t h i s t a b l e a c c o r d in g t o th e t h r e e
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s ; R e lo c a te d Com panies, O r i g i n a l S i t e Com panies, and th o s e
com panies w hich f a i l e d t o s t a t e w h eth e r o r n o t th e y h ad moved.
00
o
TABLE XXXIV
INDIVIDUAL MARKETING ITEMS - RELOCATED VERSUS ORIGINAL SITE COMPANIES
I n d i v i d u a l M a rk e tin g Item s
F i n i s h e d P r o d u c ts S old L o c a lly
Growing P o p u la ti o n
Speed i n D e li v e r y
Nearby W h o le s a le r s
Consumer P u r c h a s in g Power
E x p o rt P o s s i b i l i t i e s
P r e s t i g e o f L o c a tio n
I s o l a t i o n from EastS t y l e C e n te r
F i n i s h e d Goods Bulky
A d v e r t i s i n g A dvantages
R ich B ack-C o u n try
S e r v i c i n g o f P ro d u c t
A c q u a in ta n c e w ith Custom ers
Nearby D e a le r s
High P e r s o n a l Incomes
F i n i s h e d Goods P e r i s h a b l e
T o t a l Item s M entioned
T o t a l Companies
A verage p e r Company
R e lo c a te d
Companies
O rig in a l S ite
Companies
No.
%
No.
%
52
38
20
19
16
13
11
11
10
9
9
8
7
7
6
4
2
22
16
8
8
7
5
5
5
4
4
4
3
3
3
2
2
1
83
46
37
41
25
26
18
10
14
13
8
10
20
23
13
11
10
20
11
9
10
6
6
4
2
3
3
2
2
5
6
3
3
2
242
102
408
97
66
107
3 .7
3 .6
T h is t a b l e compared th e way i n w h ich th e R e lo c a te d Companies and th e
O r i g i n a l S i t e Companies e v a l u a t e d t h e v a r i o u s i n d i v i d u a l M a rk e tin g i t e m s .
CD
H
82
and S e r v ic in g o f P ro d u c t.
B u t, once m ore, th e p e r c e n ta g e
d i f f e r e n c e b e tw e e n t h e two g r o u p s was s l i g h t .
IV .
CHAPTER SUMMARY
The o b j e c t o f t h i s c h a p t e r h a s b e e n t o co m pare t h e
b e h a v i o r o f R e l o c a t e d C om panies w i t h t h a t o f c o m p a n ie s
o c c u p y in g t h e i r o r i g i n a l s i t e s .
T h re e o b s e r v a t i o n s seem s u f f i c i e n t l y p e r t i n e n t t o
re p e a t:
1.
The a v e r a g e a g e o f t h e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h h a d r e ­
l o c a t e d w as n i n e t e e n y e a r s .
The a v e r a g e o f t h e c o m p a n ie s
o c c u p y in g t h e i r o r i g i n a l s i t e w as f i f t e e n y e a r s .
The c a u s e a n d e f f e c t r e l a t i o n , h o w e v e r , i s n o t c l e a r .
R e lo c a tio n m ig h t h a v e - r e s u l t e d i n g r e a t e r p r o s p e r i t y and
lo n g e r l i f e ,
o r t h e e x i g e n c i e s o f a l o n g e r l i f e m ig h t h a y e
c o m p e ll e d a d j u s t m e n t t o c h a n g e d c o n d i t i o n s t h r o u g h r e l o c a t i o n .
2.
C om p anies e n g a g e d i n t h e m a n u f a c t u r e o f F o r e s t
P r o d u c ts , Rubber P r o d u c ts , C h e m ic a ls , and T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
E q u ip m e n t show ed a h i g h e r d e g r e e o f m o b i l i t y th a n d i d t h e
c o m p a n ie s o f o t h e r i n d u s t r i e s .
Members o f t h e L e a t h e r
P ro d u c ts i n d u s t r y , S to n e , C lay and G la s s i n d u s t r y , and th e
P e t r o l e u m i n d u s t r y show ed t h e l e a s t i n c l i n a t i o n t o m ove.
3.
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s and M a rk e tin g f a c t o r s
p r e d o m i n a t e d a s l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s among t h o s e c o m p a n ie s
th a t had re lo c a te d .
S u ch S p e c i f i c S i t e i t e m s a s Low B u i l d i n g
C o s t , S u i t a b l e B u i l d i n g A v a i l a b l e , a n d P r i v a t e S i d i n g w e re
m e n tio n e d b y t h e R e l o c a t e d C om panies m ore o f t e n t h a n by
c o m p a n ie s w h ic h h a d n o t m oved.
T h i s was a l s o t r u e o f su c h
i n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t i n g i t e m s a s G row ing P o p u l a t i o n , Consum er
P u r c h a s i n g P o w e r, a n d A d v e r t i s i n g A d v a n ta g e s o f Com m unity.
B u t , i n n e i t h e r o f t h e s e i n s t a n c e s w ere t h e d i f f e r e n c e s g r e a t
b e tw e e n t h e two c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s .
CHAPTER VI
BRANCH FACTORIES .
I.
PURPOSE
The p u r p o s e o f t h i s c h a p t e r was t h r e e f o l d :
1.
To show t h e l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s r e p o r t e d b y t h e
m anagem ent o f B r a n c h F a c t o r i e s ;
2.
To e x h i b i t a
th e c o m p ila tio n o f t h i s
5.
sa m p le o f t h e m a t e r i a l r e v i e w e d
in
s tu d y ; and
To i l l u s t r a t e m ore f u l l y t h e m a n n er i n w h ic h t h e
a n a l y s e s o f d a t a w a re c a r r i e d o u t .
The f i r s t o b j e c t i v e h a s b e e n d e a l t w i t h l a r g e l y b y
T a b le s
XXXV, XXXVI, a n d XXXVII a n d t h e p o r t i o n o f t h e
c h a p te r d e v o te d to t h e i r a n a l y s i s .
The s e c o n d o b j e c t i v e h a s b e e n a t t e m p t e d b y q u o t i n g
e x t e n s i v e l y fro m t h e one h u n d r e d a n d two B r a n c h P l a n t
R e p o r t B l a n k s , e s p e c i a l l y w i t h r e g a r d t o t h e m a n a g e m e n t's
a n s w e r t o Q u e s t i o n N.
The t h i r d o b j e c t i v e h a s r e s t e d u p o n t h e e x a m p le o f
i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f q u o te d s ta te m e n ts .
I I . . ANSWERS TO QUESTION N
E i g h t y - s e v e n o f t h e one h u n d r e d a n d two p a r t i c i p a t i n g
B r a n c h O r g a n i z a t i o n s g a v e one a n s w e r t o Q u e s t i o n N o f t h e
85
R e p o r t B la n k w h ic h a s k e d why t h e i r p r e s e n t f a c t o r y s i t e h a d
"been c h o s e n .
F i f t y - n i n e g a v e two r e a s o n s a n d t w e n t y - e i g h t
g a v e t h r e e , a t o t a l o f one h u n d r e d a n d s e v e n t y - f o u r a n s w e r s .
T h is s e c t i o n o f t h e c h a p t e r q u o t e s t h e s e a n s w e r s
v e r b a t i m , o r i n s u b s t a n c e , an d c l a s s i f i e s them a c c o r d i n g t o
th e t h i r t e e n D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r s o f th e R e p o rt B lan k .
T h e s e a n s w e r s a r e t h e " s a m p le o f m a t e r i a l r e v i e w e d 11 r e f e r r e d
to ab o v e, w h ile th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f th e an sw ers i n t o th e
D i v i s i o n s o f t h e R e p o r t B la n k i l l u s t r a t e s
th e b a s is o f d ata
i n t e r p r e t a t i o n u s e d in t h i s S u rv ey .
The e x a m i n a t i o n h a s p r o c e e d e d a c c o r d i n g t o t h e s i x t e e n
i n d u s t r i a l g ro u p s u s e d th ro u g h o u t th e S tu d y .
F ood a n d K i n d r e d P r o d u c t s .
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
26
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
30
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s :
B e e r , B e v e r a g e s , C anned F i s h , C an ned F r u i t ,
C anned V e g e t a b l e s , C e r e a l s , C h e e s e , C o f f e e ,
D a i r y P r o d u c t s , D oughnut F l o u r , E v a p o r a t e d
M ilk , F eed , F is h O il, F lo u r , F r u i t J u i c e ,
F r u i t P a c k i n g , I c e , I c e C ream , J e l l o , M e a t,
M eat P r o d u c t s , P e a n u t B u t t e r , P o u l t r y
P r o d u c ts , P r e s e r v e s , V e g e ta b le J u i c e ,
V e g e t a b l e O i l , Wine
R e a s o n s G iv en f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
N e a r U n io n S t o c k Y a rd s
On W a te r F r o n t W here F i s h i n g B o a ts Can
U n lo a d
C a lif o r n ia P ro d u c tio n o f F la x se e d
V a r i e t y o f G ra p e s N eeded
A c c e s s i b i l i t y t o Haw M a t e r i a l s
M a r k e tin g F a c t o r s
N eeded R e p r e s e n t a t i o n on t h e P a c i f i c C o a s t
C e n t e r o f A l r e a d y E s t a b l i s h e d M a rk e t
L a r g e Consum er P o p u l a t i o n
G row ing P o p u l a t i o n
Los A n g e le s Good O u t l e t f o r Our P r o d u c t s
Consum er P u r c h a s i n g Power
B e l i e f i n C o n t i n u e d G row th o f Community
To S e r v e P a c i f i c C o a s t M a rk e t
G row ing P o p u l a t i o n
P o t e n t i a l M a rk e ts
Number o f C onsum ers
P ro s p e c ts o f B u sin e ss
P o p u la tio n
T ra n s p o rta tio n F a c to rs
N ear R a ilw a y E x p r e s s a n d T r u c k - l i n e F a c i l i t i e
F a v o ra b le T ra n s p o r ta tio n F a c i l i t i e s
S p e e d i n M aking W est C o a s t D e l i v e r y
Can R each C u s to m e rs W i t h o u t G o in g T h ro u g h
Downtown T r a f f i c
F in a n c ia l F a c to rs
None
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
None
S p e c ific S ite F a c to rs
L and a n d B u i l d i n g C o s t
N ea rn e ss to H arbor
C e n t r a l l y L o c a te d
S u ita b le B u ild in g A v a ila b le
S p a c e A v a i l a b l e a t R e a s o n a b le R e n t
New S e c t i o n , P l e n t y o f S p a c e
C e n t r a l l y L o c a te d
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
87
C lim a te and H e a lth F a c to r s
I d e a l W e a th e r C o n d i t i o n s
C lim a te
C lim a te
C lim a te
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
Lower T a x e s
U t i l i t y F ac to rs
W a te r Pow er A v a i l a b l e a t R e a s o n a b l e R a t e s
P erso n al F a cto rs
B o rn H e re
R e l a t i v e s W ere H ere
W an ted t o L iv e a n d Work i n S o u t h e r n C a l i f o r n i a
F r i e n d l y Community
Labor F a c to r s
U n tra m m e le d L a b o r C o n d i t i o n s .
S in c e changed
M isc e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
• P u r c h a s e d an E s t a b l i s h e d B u s i n e s s
Had I d e a H e re
F ra n c h is e O p p o rtu n ity A v a ila b le
P u r c h a s e d a 1G o in g C o n c e r n 1
B o u g h t Out a ’ G oing C o n c e r n ’
P u r c h a s e d a ’ G oing C o n c e r n ’
Found a B u s i n e s s we W anted
Good F a c i l i t i e s f o r D oing B u s i n e s s
P u r c h a s e d a ’G oing C o n c e r n ’
P la n t A lre a d y E s ta b lis h e d
B o u g h t a D i s t r e s s e d C o n c e rn
S m a ll B e g i n n i n g , Grew W ith t h e Community
T e x t i l e s and T h e ir P r o d u c ts .
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
7
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
9
88
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s :
A u to m o b ile S e a t C o v e r s , A u to m o tiv e T r i m s ,
A u to m o b ile F a b r i c A c c e s s o r i e s , D r e s s T rim ­
m i n g s , K n i t G o o d s, K n i t S p o r t S u i t s a n d
D r e s s e s , L a b e l s f o r C l o t h i n g , S h ad e C l o t h ,
W a s h a b le S e r v i c e A p p a r e l , Work C l o t h i n g
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
None
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s
Los A n g e le s i s C o n s i d e r e d a S t y l e C e n t e r
S e r v i c e t o E n t i r e W e st C o a s t
To F a c i l i t a t e S e r v i c e t o W e s te r n C u s to m e rs
N e a r n e s s t o M a rk e t
Los A n g e le s P r e s e n t e d t o Us a s B e s t C e n t e r
on W est C o a s t f o r S a l e s P o s s i b i l i t i e s
T ra n s p o rta tio n F a c to rs
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n C o n v e n ie n t f o r E m p lo yees
F in a n c ia l F a c to rs
None
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
N e a r n e s s t o A u to m o b ile A sse m b ly P l a n t s
S p e c ific S ite F a c to rs :
Out o f H ig h R e n t D i s t r i c t
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
. None
C lim a te and H e a lth F a c to r s
C l i m a t i c C o n d i t i o n s C o n d u c iv e t o B e t t e r P r o d u c t
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
Lower T a x e s .
H e re we e r r e d .
89
P erso n a l F a cto rs
None
Labor F a c to r s
To G et Away fro m L a b o r T r o u b l e
M isc e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
Bought an E s ta b lis h e d B u sin e ss
F o re st P ro d u c ts«
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
4
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
4
E n u m e r a tio n o f P r o d u c t s t
C r e o s o t e d P o l e s , F u r n i t u r e , T r e d e d T im b e r
P r o d u c t s , W h a rf P i l i n g
R e a s o n s G iv en f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
None
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s
C o n c e n tra tio n o f P o p u la tio n
T ra n sp o rta tio n F a c to rs
None
F in a n c ia l F a c to rs
None
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
None
S p e c ific S ite F a c to rs
S u i t a b l e P l a n t a n d E q u ip m e n t A v a i l a b l e
W a te r F r o n t P r o p e r t y N e c e s s a r y f o r H a n d l i n g
M a te r ia l s and S to ra g e
90
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
C lim a te and H e a lth F a c t o r s
None
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
None
U t i l i t y F a c to rs
None
P erso n al F ac to rs
None
Labor F a c to r s
L e s s U nion C o m b in a tio n t h a n i n San F r a n c i s c o
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
None
Paper and A llie d P ro d u c ts
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
5
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
7
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s :
C o rru g a te d C o n ta in e r s , F o ld in g P ap er B oxes,
P a p e rb o a rd , P aper F ib re C o n ta in e rs , P u lp ,
S e t- U p P a p e r B o x e s , Waxed P a p e r s
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
A v a i l a b i l i t y o f Raw M a t e r i a l s
Raw M a t e r i a l s C l o s e a t Hand
91
M ark etin g F a c to r s
P o t e n t i a l M a rk e t f o r P r o d u c t
C l o s e t o C u s to m e rs
G row ing M a rk e t f o r Our P r o d u c t
M a rk e t C l o s e By
T ra n sp o rta tio n F a c to rs
A c c e s s i b i l i t y t o O cean T r a f f i c fro m E a s t C o a s t
F in a n c ia l F a c to rs
None
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
No S i m i l a r I n d u s t r y C l o s e
S p e c ific S ite F a c to rs
None
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
None
U t i l i t y F a c to rs
None
P erso n al F a c to rs
None
Labor F a c to r s
R e aso n a b ly F a i r L abor C o n d itio n s
M isc e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
None
92
P r i n t i n g , P u b lis h in g and A l l i e d I n d u s t r i e s .
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
7
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
9.
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s :
C h r i s t m a s G r e e t i n g C a r d s , Coupon B o o k s , Jo b
P r i n t i n g , L a b e l s , M achine B i l l i n g F o rm s ,
N e w sp a p e r, S a l e s b o o k s , T a g s , T i c k e t s .
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
None
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s
A Number o f Our L a r g e C u s to m e r s Were
E s t a b l i s h e d H ere
I n O rd e r t o B e t t e r S e r v e Our C u s to m e rs
To I n c r e a s e S a l e s P e r D e a l e r
S e r v i c e t o C u s to m e rs
To B e t t e r S e r v e C a l i f o r n i a M a rk e t
T ra n sp o rta tio n F acto rs
To R educe T r a n s p o r t a t i o n C o s t s
To S ave on T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
F in a n c ia l F a c to rs
' None
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
None
S p e c ific S ite F a c to rs
Good L o c a t i o n A v a i l a b l e
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
93
C l i m a t e a n d H e a lth . F a c t o r s
None
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
None
U t i l i t y F a c to rs
None
P erso n al F a c to rs
None
L abor F a c to r s
L abor S i t u a t i o n in S o u th e rn C a l i f o r n i a B e t t e r
t h a n a t O a k la n d P l a n t
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
B u s i n e s s A l r e a d y E s t a b l i s h e d When P u r c h a s e d
C h e m ic a l a n d A l l i e d P r o d u c t s .
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
12
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
17
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s :
A c e t y l e n e , C a lc iu m C a r b i d e , C a r b o n i c G a s , D ry I c e ,
E n a m e ls , H o u s e h o ld C l e a n e r , H y d r o c y a n ic A c i d ,
L a c q u e r s , L i q u i d Wax, Mud T r e a t i n g C h e m i c a l s ,
O xygen, P a i n t s , Soda F o u n t a i n E x t r a c t s , S y n t h e t i c
O r g a n ic C h e m i c a l s , T r e t o l i t e , V a r n i s h e s , W a te r
C o lo rs
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
N e a r n e s s t o Raw M a t e r i a l s
C h e m ic a ls a n d M a n u f a c t u r i n g S u p p l i e s C o n v e n i e n t
94
M a rk etin g F a c t o r s
C o n s t a n t I n c r e a s e i n B u i l d i n g a n d M a in te n a n c e
N e a r t o th e O i l T ra d e ( P r o d u c t U sed b y
P e tro le u m P ro d u c e rs)
Los A n g e le s J u d g e d t o b e B e s t F u t u r e M a rk e t
f o r P ro d u ct
C lo se P ro x im ity to L arge P o p u la tio n
P r o s p e c t i v e I n d u s t r i a l D e v e lo p m e n t
C e n t e r o f C i t r u s I n d u s t r y ( P r o d u c t U sed b y
G ro w ers)
P o p u la tio n
T ra n sp o rta tio n F a c to rs
R a ilro a d S e rv ic e
E x p o rt S h ip p in g F a c i l i t i e s
F in a n c ia l F a cto rs
None
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
None
S p e c ific S ite F a c to rs
Low C o s t o f Good S i t e
C e n tr a l L o c a tio n
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
C lim a te and H e a lth F a c to r s
C lim a te
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
M u n i c i p a l E n c o u ra g e m e n t o f I n d u s t r i a l
E x p a n s io n
U t i l i t y F a c to rs
W a te r A v a i l a b i l i t y V ery I m p o r t a n t t o Us
P erso n al F a c to rs
None
95
Labor F a c to r s
No L a b o r D i f f i c u l t i e s
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
D is p o s a l o f B y -P ro d u c ts
P u r c h a s e d a 1G oing C o n c e r n T
P ro d u c ts o f P e tro le u m and C oal
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
0
R ubber P ro d u c ts
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
3
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
5
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s :
A rc h S u p p o r t s , G e n e r a l L i n e o f R u b b e r P r o d u c t s ,
I n n e r T u b e s , T i r e s , M e t a t a r s a l P ad s
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
None
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s
C e n t e r o f L a r g e G row ing M a rk e t
C l o s e t o M e d ic a l C e n t e r ( P r o d u c t U sed b y
D e n tists)
N e a r n e s s t o M a rk e t
T ra n sp o rta tio n F a cto rs
E a s y t o R e ac h b y A l l T r a n s p o r t a t i o n L i n e s
F in a n c ia l F ac to rs
None
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
None
96
S p e c i f i c S i t e F a c to r s
P a r k i n g S p a c e f o r C u s to m e r s
Room f o r P l a n t E x p a n s i o n
F a v o ra b le M a n u fa c tu rin g C o n d itio n s
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
C lim a te and H e a lth F a c to r s
None
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
None
U t i l i t y F a c to rs
None
P erso n al F a c to rs
None
Labor F a c to rs
None
M isc e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
None
L e a t h e r a n d I t s M a n u f a c tu r e
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
0
S to n e , C lay and G la s s P ro d u c ts
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
0
Iro n and S t e e l and T h e ir P ro d u c ts
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
17
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
21
97
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s ;
B a r s , Blow P i p e s , B r a k e S h o e s , C a b l e ,
C h ille d C a s tin g s , C o il S p rin g s,
C o n s t r u c t i o n S t e e l , P e n c e , G re y I r o n
C a s t i n g s , G e a r s , G a l v a n i z e d S h e e t s , H ot
R o l l e d S t r i p , I n c i n e r a t o r s , M anganese
S t e e l C a s tin g s , R o o fin g , S creen C lo th ,
S w i t c h e s , T a n k s , T in C o n t a i n e r s , W e ld in g
E q u ip m e n t, W ire
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n ;
M a te ria l F a c to rs
Raw M a t e r i a l s
R e d u ce d H a n d l i n g o f Raw M a t e r i a l s
A v a i l a b i l i t y o f Raw M a t e r i a l s
Raw M a t e r i a l s
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s
S e r v i c e t o C u s to m e r s
N e a r n e s s t o C u s to m e rs
P r o x i m i t y t o L a r g e Number o f I n d u s t r i e s
U s in g Our P r o d u c t
M a rk e t
M a rk e t f o r Our P r o d u c t s
A d v e r t i s i n g V a lu e o f L o c a t i o n
I n d u s t r i a l D i s t r i c t N e e d in g Our P r o d u c t
M a rk e t
B e t t e r S e r v i c e t o C u s to m e rs
To T ake C a re o f W e s te r n C u s to m e rs
B u lk o f S a l e s i n C a l i f o r n i a
The M a rk e t
T ra n sp o rta tio n F a c to rs
F a v o ra b le T ra n s p o r ta tio n F a c i l i t i e s
D e liv e ry F a c i l i t i e s
F r e i g h t on F i n i s h e d P r o d u c t s
F in a n c ia l F a c to rs
None
R e l a t i o n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
None
98
S p e c i f i c S i t e F a c to r s
P l e a s a n t W o rk in g C o n d i t i o n s
A d v a n ta g e o f S m a ll Town
P r iv a te S id in g
S u ita b le B u ild in g A v a ila b le
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
C lim a te an d H e a lth F a c to r s
C lim a tic C o n d itio n s
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
None
U t i l i t y F a c to rs
None
P erso n al F a c to rs
None
• Labor F a c to rs
A b u n d a n t L a b o r S u p p ly
Labor C o n d itio n s
Labor
Ample L a b o r S u p p ly
F a v o ra b le Labor C o n d itio n s
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
None
N o n -F erro u s M e ta ls and T h e ir P ro d u c ts
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
3
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d ;
3
E n u m e r a tio n o f P r o d u c t s :
B r a s s a n d B r o n z e C a s t i n g s , C ostum e J e w e l r y ,
P lu m b in g B r a s s Goods
99
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
O nly one company o f f e r e d a n e x p l a n a t i o n f o r t h e
lo c a tio n of i t s p la n t.
T h a t company s t a t e d :
flS o u t h e r n C a l i f o r n i a p l a n t e n a b l e d u s t o make
q u ic k e r d e l i v e r i e s to our c u s to m e rs .”
M a c h i n e r y 3 N ot I n c l u d i n g T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
'8
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
12
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s :
A i r C o n d i t i o n i n g E q u ip m e n t, C o n v e y o r s , D e i s e l
E n g i n e s , E l e c t r i c a l S w i t c h e s , Farm I m p le m e n ts ,
I c e M aking M a c h in e r y , M o to r C o n t r o l s , N a i l i n g
M a c h in e s , P a c k i n g H ouse M a c h in e r y , Power
T r a n s m i s s i o n M a c h in e r y , R e f r i g e r a t i o n E q u i p ­
m e n t, T r a n s f o r m e r s
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
None
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s
I n C e n t e r o f C i t r u s I n d u s t r y - Our L a r g e s t
C u s to m e r s
P r o s p e c t s o f G row th Were Good
F a v o r a b l e P r o s p e c t f o r S a l e s o f E q u ip m e n t
M a n u f a c tu r e d
T ra n sp o rta tio n F a cto rs
R a i l , W a te r a n d M i s c e l l a n e o u s T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
F a c ilitie s
F in a n c ia l F a c to rs
None
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
F a c t o r y Was Owned b y One o f M e rg in g C om panies
100
S p e c i f i c S i t e F a c to r s
I d e a l W o rk in g C o n d i t i o n s
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
C lim a te and H e a lth F a c to r s
None
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
None
U t i l i t y F a c to rs
None
P erso n al F a c to rs
None
Labor F a c to r s
None
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
Took O ver P l a n t A l r e a d y I n O p e r a t i o n
P u r c h a s e d a ’G oing C o n c e r n ’
T r a n s p o r t a t l o n E q u i p m e n t , A i r , L and a n d W a te r
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
2
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
5
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s :
A u t o m o b i l e s , A u to m o b ile B o d i e s , T r a i l e r s ,
T ru ck s, T ra c to rs
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
None
101
M a rk etin g F a c t o r s
F a s t G ro w th o f T h i s T e r r i t o r y
T ra n sp o rta tio n F a c to rs
O cean T r a n s p o r t a t i o n P e r m i t s Us t o U n lo a d Our
Own B o a t s D i r e c t l y I n t o P l a n t
L arge Q u a n ti ty o f H a u lin g by T ruck
H e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
Hone
S p e c ific S ite F ac to rs
G ro u n d S p a c e f o r E x p a n s i o n A v a i l a b l e
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
C lim a te and H e a lth F a c to r s
None
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
None
U t i l i t y F a c to rs
None
P erso n al F a c to rs
None
L abor F a c to rs
None
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
None
R a i l r o a d R e p a i r S hops
Number o f P l a n t s R e p o r t i n g :
0
102
M isc e lla n e o u s
Number o f P la n t s R e p o r tin g :
8
Number o f P r o d u c t s R e p r e s e n t e d :
10
E n u m e r a t io n o f P r o d u c t s :
C o rk F l o o r C o v e r i n g , F o u n d ry S u p p l i e s , G arm ent
H a n g e r s , I n s u l a t i o n M a t e r i a l s , P h o n o g ra p h
R e c o rd s, S p ark P lu g s , S to ra g e B a t t e r i e s , T in s e l
P r o d u c t s , T r a n s p a r e n t W ra p p in g M a t e r i a l s ,
V e n e tia n B lin d s
R e a s o n s G iv e n f o r P l a n t L o c a t i o n :
M a te ria l F a c to rs
A v a i l a b i l i t y o f Raw M a t e r i a l s
A v a i l a b i l i t y o f Raw M a t e r i a l s
M a rk e tin g F a c t o r s
F i n i s h e d P r o d u c t S o l d I n N e a rb y C o m m u n itie s
C e n t e r o f M a rk e t
C lo sen e ss of D i s t r i b u t o r s
C e n te r o f P a c i f i c C o ast P o p u la tio n
S a l e s P o s s i b i l i t i e s I n c r e a s e d b y H a v in g
P l a n t L o c a t e d I n A re a
P r i m a r i l y t o b e N ear a D e v e lo p in g M a rk e t
D i s t r i b u t i n g C e n te r f o r E le v e n W e ste rn S t a t e s
T ra n sp o rta tio n F a c to rs
None
F in a n c ia l F a c to rs
None
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
C l o s e n e s s t o t h e M o tio n P i c t u r e I n d u s t r y S o u rc e o f T a l e n t
S p e c ific S ite F ac to rs
Room f o r E x p a n s i o n
L and A l r e a d y Owned b y P a r e n t Company
103
Chamber o f Commerce I n f l u e n c e
None
C lim a te and H e a lth F a c to r s
C l im a te
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c t o r s
None
U t i l i t y F a c to rs
R e a s o n a b le C o s t o f Power a n d Gas
P erso n al F a cto rs
Owners Home Was i n Los A n g e le s
Labor F a c to r s
Labor
M isc e lla n e o u s F a c to rs
B o u g h t Out A n o th e r Company
III.
TABULATION.OF DATA
I n t h i s S e c t i o n , C h a p t e r VI h a s m ore n e a r l y r e s e m b l e d
o t h e r c h a p te r s o f th e S tu d y .
The num ber o f f i r m s p a r t i c i p a t
in g and th e s i m p l i c i t y o f th e a n a l y s i s h a s re d u c e d th e
n e c e s s a r y t a b u l a t i o n s t o t h e minimum.
T a b l e XXXV shows t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f t h e b r a n c h
o r g a n iz a tio n s by i n d u s t r i e s and i n d i c a t e s p e r c e n ta g e ly th e
i m p o r t a n c e o f b r a n c h e s fro m t h e s t a n d p o i n t o f t h e num ber o f
m a n u f a c t u r e r s an d t h e num ber o f p r o d u c t s .
T h e r e was a w id e d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r e v a l e n c e o f
TABLE XXXV
BRANCH PLANTS AND PRODUCTS BY INDUSTRIES
In d u strie s
Food
T e x tile s
F o r e s t P r o d u c ts
P a p e r P ro d u c ts
P r i n t i n g and P u b l i s h i n g
C hem icals
P e tro le u m
Rubber P r o d u c ts
L e a th e r P ro d u c ts
S to n e , C lay and G la s s
I r o n and S t e e l
N o n -F erro u s M e tals
M achinery
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Equipment
M is c e lla n e o u s
R a i l r o a d R e p a ir Shops
T o ta l
T o ta l
P ro d u c ts
Mfg1d .
P ro d u c ts
Mfgf d.B y
B ran ches
No. o f
Companies
R e p o rtin g
No. o f
B ran ches
R e p o rtin g
247
145
102
21
68
88
23
15
21
55
142
49
110
38
111
0
26
7
4
5
7
12
0
3
0
0
17
3
8
2
8
0
11
5
4
24
10
14
0
20
0
0
12
6
7
5
7
0
59
63
51
14
23
53
12
14
20
49
116
35
64
20
86
0
30
9
4
7
9
17
0
5
0
0
21
3
12
5
10
0
51
13
8
50
39
32
0
36
0
0
18
9
19
25
12
0
1 ,2 3 5
102
8
679
132
19
%
%
T h is t a b l e shows two r e l a t i o n s h i p s ;
1 . The number o f b ra n c h e s i n e a ch i n d u s t r y and t h e i r p e r c e n ta g e o f a l l
com panies r e p o r t i n g f o r th e i n d u s t r y ; and
2 . The number o f p r o d u c ts p ro d u ced w i t h i n each i n d u s t r y and th e number
and p e r c e n t a g e o f t h e s e p r o d u c ts p ro d u ced by b ra n c h p l a n t s .
104
105
bran ch es in th e v a rio u s in d u s tr ie s *
The P e t r o l e u m , L e a t h e r , and S t o n e , C la y a n d G la s s
i n d u s t r i e s had no b ra n c h r e p r e s e n t a t i o n w h a te v e r , w h ile
l e s s t h a n 10 p e r c e n t o f t h e p l a n t s r e p o r t i n g i n t h e F o r e s t
P r o d u c t s , T e x t i l e s , N o n - F e r r o u s M e t a l s , M a c h in e r y , T r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t, and M i s c e l l a n e o u s i n d u s t r i e s i n d i c a t e d
t h e y w e re b r a n c h e s *
At th e o th e r e x tre m e , 24 p e r c e n t o f th e m a n u fa c tu re rs
o f P a p e r P r o d u c t s , 20 p e r c e n t o f R u b b e r P r o d u c t s , 14 p e r
c e n t o f C h e m i c a l s , 12 p e r c e n t o f I r o n and S t e e l , a n d 11 p e r
c e n t o f Food w e re b r a n c h e s *
I t was n o t a lw a y s p o s s i b l e t o d i s t i n g u i s h t h e d i f ­
fe re n c e in th e c h a r a c te r o f th e f in is h e d p ro d u c ts re p o rte d
by th e i n d i v i d u a l m a n u f a c tu r e r s , b u t u s in g r e a s o n a b le d i s ­
c r e t i o n , s i x h u n d red and s e v e n ty - n in e ite m s w ere c o u n te d ;
one h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y - t w o , o r 19 p e r c e n t , o f t h e s e w e re
r e p o r t e d b y t h e b r a n c h c o m p a n ie s*
S ix ty - f o u r p er c e n t o f th e
p r o d u c t s m a n u f a c t u r e d b y b r a n c h o r g a n i z a t i o n s w e re p r o d u c e d ,
a l s o , by i n d e p e n d e n t c o n c e r n s , b u t f o r t y r - s e v e n i t e m s w e re
made by b r a n c h e s o n ly *
A l a r g e r p e r c e n t o f t h e t o t a l I t e m s was p r o d u c e d b y
b r a n c h p l a n t s i n some i n d u s t r i e s t h a n i n o t h e r s *
I n t h e F ood
I n d u s t r y , f o r e x a m p le , f i f t y - n i n e d i f f e r e n t k i n d s o f f o o d s
w e re c o u n t e d , t h i r t y
branch p la n ts *
o f w h i c h , o r 51 p e r c e n t , w e re made b y
F i f t y p er c e n t of th e pap er p ro d u ct ite m s ,
106
39 p e r c e n t o f t h e P r i n t i n g an d P u b l i s h i n g i t e m s a n d 32 p e r
c e n t o f t h e C h e m ic a l i t e m s w e r e , a l s o made b y b r a n c h o r g a n i z a ­
tio n s .
I n s i x i n d u s t r i e s ; F o r e s t P r o d u c t s / I r o n an d S t e e l ,
M a c h in e r y , M i s c e l l a n e o u s P r o d u c t s , H o n - F e r r o u s M e t a l s a n d
T e x t i l e s , h o w e v e r , l e s s t h a n one f i f t h o f t h e i t e m s r e p o r t e d
by t h e i n d u s t r y w e r e made b y b r a n c h c o n c e r n s *
T a b le XXXVI show s t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n by t h e m anagem ent
o f b ra n c h p l a n t s f o r th e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r f a c to r y l o c a t i o n s ,
r a n k e d a c c o r d i n g t o t h e d e s i g n a t i o n made b y t h e m a n a g e m e n t.
T h e se a r e t h e same r e a s o n s t h a t w e r e q u o t e d i n S e c t i o n I I o f
t h i s c h a p t e r u n d e r t h e c a p t i o n , MA n sw ers t o Q u e s t i o n U . ,f
M a rk e tin g p re d o m in a te d .
M a rk e tin g h a s b een c o n s i s t e n t l y a
h ig h ra n k in g l o c a t i o n a l in f lu e n c e i n th e e x a m in a tio n s
p r e v i o u s l y m ad e, b u t i n n o i n s t a n c e h a s i t h e l d so p r o m i n e n t
a p la c e as w ith b ra n c h e s .
Of t h e e i g h t y - s e v e n b r a n c h e s t h a t o f f e r e d one o r m ore
e x p la n a tio n s f o r t h e i r f a c to r y lo c a tio n s ix ty -tw o in c lu d e d
M a r k e t i n g a s one o f t h o s e r e a s o n s a n d f o r t y - f o u r p l a c e d i t
firs t.
Of t h e t o t a l one h u n d r e d a n d s e v e n t y - f o u r r e a s o n s
g i v e n , M a r k e t i n g a c c o u n t e d f o r 36 p e r c e n t , m ore i n f a c t t h a n
t h e n e x t t h r e e h i g h e s t f a c t o r s c o m b in e d .
T a b l e XXXVII b r e a k s down t h e D i v i s i o n a l M a r k e t i n g
F acto r in to i t s
co m p o n en t p a r t s a n d i n d i c a t e s t h e v a r i o u s
i t e m s c h e c k e d by t h e b r a n c h o r g a n i z a t i o n s n am ing M a r k e tin g a s
t h e p r im e l o c a t i o n a l I n f l u e n c e .
107
TABLE XXXVI
LOCATIONAL INFLUENCES NAMED BY BRANCH PLANTS
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M a rk e tin g
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
44
15
3
62
36
S p e c ific S ite
9
13
2
24
14
Mls c e l l a n e ous
12
5
2
19
11
T ra n sp o rta tio n
4
8
5
17
10
M a te ria l
5
6
4
15
9
Labor
3
6
4
13
7
C lim a te and H e a lth
3
2
3
8
5
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
3
1
1
5
3
P erso n al
4
1
0
5
3
G ov ern m en t
0
1
2
3
2
U tilitie s
0
1
2
3
2
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
87
59
28
174
102
T o ta l
The m a t e r i a l f o r t h i s t a b l e was f u r n i s h e d b y t h e m anagem ent
o f th e b ra n c h p l a n t s i n t h e i r an sw ers to Q u e s tio n N o f th e
R e p o rt B la n k . T hese a n sw e rs w ere q u o te d i n f u l l u n d e r
S e c tio n I I o f th e p re s e n t c h a p te r.
108
TABLE XXXVII
INDIVIDUAL MARKETING ITEMS OP IMPORTANCE TO BRANCH PLANTS
I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t i n g I te m s
F i n i s h e d P r o d u c t S o ld L o c a l l y
G row ing P o p u l a t i o n
Speed i n D e liv e r y
N e a rb y W h o l e s a l e r s
C onsum er P u r c h a s i n g Power
F i n i s h e d Goods B u lk y
S e rv ic in g o f P roduct
E x p o rt P o s s i b i l i t i e s
N e a rb y D e a l e r s
I s o l a t i o n fro m E a s t
R i c h B ack C o u n t r y
A c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h C u s to m e r s
H ig h P e r s o n a l In com es
F i n i s h e d Goods P e r i s h a b l e
P r e s tig e o f L o c a tio n
S ty le C e n te r
A d v e r t i s i n g A d v a n ta g e s
T o ta l
Number o f C om panies
Number o f I te m s p e r Company
C om p anies
Naming
M a rk e tin g
F irs t
of
T o ta l
%
31
23
17
14
11
9
9
7
6
4
4
4
3
3
2
1
0
21
16
11
9
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
0
148
44
3 .4
100
The a b o v e t a b u l a t i o n shows t h e i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s o f t h e
M a r k e tin g D i v i s i o n o f t h e R e p o r t B la n k t h a t w e r e c h e c k e d b y
t h e B r a n c h P l a n t m an ag em en ts w h ic h i n d i c a t e d M a r k e tin g
f a c t o r s a s t h e i r m ost im p o r ta n t l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e .
109
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , L a b o r , a n d M a t e r i a l s w e re g i v e n m ore
c o n s id e r a ti o n by b r a n d ie s th a n by m ost o f th e groups
p r e v i o u s l y r e v i e w e d , b u t P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s a n d C l i m a t e w e re
o f l e s s th a n a v e ra g e im p o rta n c e .
IV .
CHAPTER SUMMARY
T h is c h a p te r h a s d is p la y e d c e r t a i n o f th e m a t e r i a l s ,
m e th o d s a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d i n t h e f o r m u l a t i o n o f t h i s
S tu d y .
S e c t i o n I I o f t h e c h a p t e r was q u o t e d a l m o s t v e r b a t i m
f ro m t h e a n s w e r s r e c e i v e d t o Q u e s t i o n N o f t h e R e p o r t B l a n k .
T hese a n sw e rs w ith a d d i t i o n a l R e p o rt B la n k d a ta f u r n i s h e d th e
m a te r ia l s f o r th e a n a ly s e s o f S e c tio n I I I .
B r a n c h o r g a n i z a t i o n s r e p o r t e d fro m t w e l v e o f t h e
f i f t e e n i n d u s t r i e s r e p r e s e n te d in th e S u rv ey , b u t in v a ry in g
d e g re e s o f im p o rta n c e .
The P e t r o l e u m , L e a t h e r P r o d u c t s ,
a n d S t o n e , C la y a n d G l a s s i n d u s t r i e s h a d no b r a n c h p l a n t s a n d
f e w e r t h a n 10 p e r c e n t o f t h e c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t i n g fro m t h e
T e x t i l e , F o r e s t P r o d u c t s , N o n - F e r r o u s M e t a l s , M a c h in e r y ,
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t, a n d M i s c e l l a n e o u s i n d u s t r i e s w e re
b ran ch es.
On t h e o t h e r h a n d , fro m 11 p e r c e n t t o 24 p e r c e n t o f
th e m a n u f a c tu r e r s In th e F ood, C h e m ic a ls , R u b b er, and P a p e r
P r o d u c t s i n d u s t r i e s w e re b r a n c h e s .
M a r k e t i n g w as t h e o u t s t a n d i n g r e a s o n g i v e n f o r t h e
l o c a t i o n o f b ra n c h p l a n t s In S o u th e rn C a l i f o r n i a .
71 p e r c e n t
110
o f a l l b r a n c h o r g a n i z a t i o n s w h ic h g a v e a n y r e a s o n f o r t h e
l o c a t i o n o f t h e i r p l a n t s m e n tio n e d M a rk e tin g and
50 p e r c e n t
named i t a s t h e Number One i n f l u e n c e .
T h is i s th e h i g h e s t r a n k in g t h a t h a s b e e n
t h i s tim e , to any l o c a t i o n a l f a c t o r by an y g ro u p
m a n u fa c tu re rs.
g iv e n , up to
of
CHAPTER V II
TOWN SIZES AND THE MANUFACTURERS THEY ATTRACT
I.
PURPOSE
A lm o st a l l c o m m u n itie s a t t r a c t some I n d u s t r y .
The
t y p e o f i n d u s t r y , H o w e v e r, v a r i e s w i d e l y f ro m one l o c a l i t y
to a n o th e r.
The e x a m i n a t i o n u n d e r t a k e n h e r e s o u g h t t o
d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r o r n o t t h e r e was a n y s i g n i f i c a n t c a u s e a n d
e f f e c t r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n t h e p o p u l a t i o n o f t h e com m unity
and th e ty p e o f m a n u fa c tu rin g a t t r a c t e d .
A l l to w n s a n d c i t i e s
in th e te n s o u th e rn c o u n tie s o f
C a l i f o r n i a w e re d i v i d e d i n t o e i g h t p o p u l a t i o n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s
a s shown i n t h e h e a d i n g o f T a b l e XXXVIII.
The one t h o u s a n d
two h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y - f i v e r e p o r t s w e re t h e n d i v i d e d a c ­
c o rd in g to th e s e p o p u la tio n g ro u p in g s .
A n a l y s e s o f t h e s e d a t a w e re made fro m f o u r a p p r o a c h e s .
The m e th o d s p u r s u e d a n d t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p s o b s e r v e d c o n s t i t u t e
th is c h a p te r.
II.
INDUSTRIES AND TOWN SIZES
The f i r s t a n a l y s i s made h a d t o do w i t h t h e num ber o f
m a n u f a c t u r e r s r e p o r t i n g fro m e a c h o f t h e f i f t e e n
in d u strie s
r e p r e s e n t e d i n t h e S u r v e y a c c o r d i n g t o t h e e i g h t com m unity
s iz e s.
112
T a b l e s XXXVIII a n d XXXIX fo rm t h e n u c l e u s o f t h i s
ex a m in a tio n .
T h e s e t a b l e s a g r e e t h a t F ood an d S t o n e , C l a y
a n d G l a s s w e re d i s t i n c t l y s m a l l tow n i n d u s t r i e s .
a n d P a p e r P r o d u c t s w e re c i t y i n d u s t r i e s .
T e x tile s
-46 p e r c e n t o f a l l
m a n u f a c t u r e r s r e p o r t i n g fro m tow ns o f l e s s t h a n 2 , 5 0 0 w e r e
e n g a g e d i n t h e F ood i n d u s t r y .
12 p e r c e n t o f t h o s e r e p o r t i n g
w e re e n g a g e d i n m a k in g S t o n e , C l a y a n d G l a s s p r o d u c t s .
T h is
m e a n s , t h e r e f o r e , t h a t 58 p e r c e n t o f a l l f a c t o r i e s r e p o r t i n g
fro m c o m m u n itie s o f f e w e r t h a n 2 , 5 0 0 p e o p l e w ere c o n c e n t r a t e d
i n t h e s e tw o i n d u s t r i e s .
The p r o p o r t i o n o f b o t h t y p e s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g g rew
p r o g r e s s i v e l y l e s s a s t h e com m unity s i z e i n c r e a s e d u n t i l ,
in
Los A n g e l e s , o n l y 15 p e r c e n t o f t h e R e p o r t s r e c e i v e d w e re
f ro m c o m p a n ie s I n t h e F ood i n d u s t r y a n d 3 p e r c e n t f ro m c o n ­
c e r n s m a n u fa c tu rin g S to n e , C lay and G la s s p r o d u c t s .
T h e s e p e r c e n t a g e s w e r e t a k e n f r o m T a b le XXXVIII b u t
t h e f a c t s o f T a b l e XXXIX a r e e q u a l l y I m p r e s s i v e .
Two h u n d r e d
a n d f o r t y - s e v e n F o o d c o m p a n ie s a n d f i f t y - f i v e m a n u f a c t u r e r s
o f S t o n e , C la y a n d G l a s s r e t u r n e d R e p o r t s .
O n ly 56 p e r c e n t
o f t h e s e f i r m s g a v e Los A n g e le s a d d r e s s e s .
T h i s m e a n t, o f
c o u r s e , t h a t 44 p e r c e n t w e re l o c a t e d o u t s i d e t h e c o r p o r a t i o n
l i m i t s o f Los A n g e l e s .
A t t h e o t h e r e x t r e m e , t h i s same t a b l e
r e v e a l s t h a t 95 p e r c e n t o f a l l P a p e r P r o d u c t s p l a n t s a n d
93 p e r c e n t o f a l l T e x t i l e p l a n t s w e re l o c a t e d w i t h i n t h e c i t y
l i m i t s o f Los A n g e l e s .
T a b l e XXXVIII s u p p o r t s t h i s e v i d e n c e
TABLE XXXVIII
FACTORY LOCATION BY COMMUNITY SIZE ACCORDING TO INDUSTRY
I n d u s t r y
S i z e
o f
C o mmu n i t ; Y
2 ,5 0 0 5 ,0 0 0 1 0 ,0 0 0 2 5 ,0 0 0 5 0,00 0 1 0 0 ,0 0 0 2 5 0 ,0 0 0
1
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
and
2 ,4 9 9 4 ,9 9 9 9 ,9 9 9 24 ,9 9 9 4 9 ,9 9 9 99,999 2 4 9 ,0 0 0
over
%
i
%
*
%
%
i
t
Food
T e x tile s
F o r e s t P r o d u c ts
P ap er P ro d u c ts
P r i n t i n g and P u b l i s h i n g
C hem icals
P e tro le u m P ro d u c ts
Rubber P ro d u c ts
L e a th e r P ro d u c ts
S to n e , C la y and G la s s
I r o n and S t e e l
N o n -F erro u s M e tals
M achinery
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Equipment
M is c e lla n e o u s
R a i l r o a d R e p a ir Shops
46
0
7
0
0
5
2
0
0
12
5
2
5
6
10
0
41
6
0
0
6
6
6
0
6
6
12
0
6
0
6
0
55
0
4
0
8
0
4
0
0
12
8
0
8
8
15
0
40
2
0
0
7
0
2
2
0
7
17
0
19
0
2
0
25
2
4
0
6
4
1
3
1
10
15
4
14
4
5
0
18
3
13
0
10
18
0
0
3
3
8
5
5
10
5
0
P e r c e n ta g e o f T o t a l
99
101
102
98
98
101
100
98
Number o f Companies
41
17
26
42
93
39
78
899
33
8
12
1
0
9
4 .
0
1
3
10
0
9
4
6
0
15
15
9
2
6
7
2
1
2
3
13
4
8
3
10
0
T h is t a b l e shows t h e p e r c e n ta g e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f m a n u f a c tu r e r s among t h e d i f f e r e n t
s i z e d com m unities a c c o r d in g t o th e i n d u s t r y o f w hich th e m a n u f a c tu r e r was a
member.
114
TABLE XXXIX
MANUFACTURERS REPORTING FROM LOS ANGELES BY INDUSTRY
% ' of
No. o f
C o m p anies
R e p o rtin g
No. o f
C om panies
in
L os A n g e le s
Food
T e x tile s
F o r e s t P ro d u c ts
P aper P ro d u c ts
P r in tin g and P u b lis h in g
C h e m ic a ls
P e tro le u m P ro d u c ts
Rubber P ro d u c ts
L e a th e r P ro d u c ts
S to n e , C lay and G la ss
I r o n and S t e e l
N o n -F erro u s M e ta ls
M a c h in e ry
247
145
102
21
68
88
23
15
21
55
56
93
78
95
77
76
65
73
81
56
142
49
110
139
134
80
20
52
67
15
11
17
31
104
42
75
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t
M is c e lla n e o u s
R a i l r o a d R e p a i r S hops
38
111
0
23
89
0
62
80
0
1 ,2 3 5
899
73
In d u stry
T o t a l a n d A v e ra g e P e r C e n t
T o ta l
73
86
68
H e re i s shown t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r e r s b y i n d u s ­
t r i e s a n d t h e p e r c e n t a g e o f t h e c o m p a n ie s o f e a c h i n d u s t r y
t h a t i s l o c a t e d w i t h i n t h e c o r p o r a t e l i m i t s o f Los A n g e le s
115
b y l i s t i n g n o R e p o r t s fro m c o m p a n ie s i n e i t h e r o f t h e s e
i n d u s t r i e s i n to w n s o f l e s s t h a n 2 ,5 0 0 #
T e x t i l e m a n u f a c t u r e r s a p p e a r i n low p e r c e n t a g e s among
t h e R e p o r t s r e c e i v e d f ro m t h e o t h e r com m unity c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s
b u t th e P aper P ro d u c ts in d u s t r y h a s no r e p r e s e n t a t i o n i n th e
s i x s m a l l e r com m unity g roups#.
I t i s l i s t e d o n ly i n g ro u p s
sev en and e ig h t#
Of t h e one t h o u s a n d tw o h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y - f i v e p l a n t s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n t h i s S u r v e y , 7 3 p e r c e n t w e r e l o c a t e d i n Los
A n g e l e s , t h e o n l y com m unity i n t h e a r e a h a v i n g m ore t h a n
2 5 0 ,0 0 0 p o p u la tio n #
M ost o f t h e i n d u s t r i e s h e l d r e a s o n a b l y
c l o s e t o t h i s mean#
N o n -F erro u s M e tals p ro b a b ly s h o u ld be
added to T e x t i l e s and P ap er P ro d u c ts as h a v in g s tr o n g le a n ­
i n g s to w a r d t h e c i t y ; a n d T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t c o u l d b e
i n c l u d e d w i t h F oods a n d S t o n e , C la y a n d G l a s s a s b e i n g a t ­
t r a c t e d t o s m a l l e r c o m m u n itie s #
O th e r I n d u s t r i e s , s u c h a s M a c h in e r y , I r o n a n d S t e e l ,
C h e m i c a l s , a n d F o r e s t P r o d u c t s , show ed some t e n d e n c y t o
l o c a t e I n medium s i z e d c o m m u n i t i e s , b u t t h i s p r e f e r e n c e d o e s
n o t show i n s u c h b o l d r e l i e f a s t h e i n s t a n c e s a l r e a d y c i t e d .
III# .
ORGANIZATION DATES AND TOWN SIZES
The s e c o n d a v e n u e o f a p p r o a c h i n t h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f
t h e c h a p t e r t o p i c w as fro m t h e d a t e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n *
The R e p o r t B la n k s a l r e a d y d i v i d e d a c c o r d i n g t o tow n
116
s i z e s w e r e s e p a r a t e d f u r t h e r i n t o t h e tim e g r o u p s u s e d i n
C h a p t e r IV .
A l l c o m p a n ie s w h ic h g a v e t h e i r b e g i n n i n g b u s i ­
n e s s d a t e s i n S o u t h e r n C a l i f o r n i a a s p r i o r t o 1899 made up
th e f i r s t g ro u p .
gro u p .
T h o se s t a r t i n g d u r i n g 1940 fo rm e d t h e t e n t h
A nd, t h o s e i n b e tw e e n w e re d i v i d e d i n t o e i g h t p e r i o d s
of fiv e y ears each.
T h o se f i r m s w h ic h f a i l e d t o g i v e t h e
d a t e o f t h e i r o r g a n i z a t i o n w e re e x c l u d e d fro m t h i s p a r t i c u l a r
a n a ly sis.
T a b l e XL shows t h e r e s u l t s , p e r c e n t a g e l y , w i t h t h e
num ber o f f i r m s m ak in g u p e a c h c a l c u l a t i o n l i s t e d i n t h e
l a s t colum n t o t h e r i g h t .
N o th in g v e r y u n u s u a l was r e v e a l e d b y t h i s a n a l y s i s . .
F o r t h e e n t i r e p e r i o d Los A n g e le s a t t r a c t e d a p p r o x i m a t e l y
72 p e r c e n t o f a l l f a c t o r i e s .
T h i s c o m p a re s f a v o r a b l y w i t h t h e a v e r a g e p e r c e n t a g e
f o r Los A n g e le s l o c a t e d p l a n t s a l r e a d y m e n t i o n e d a n d shown i n
T a b l e XXXIX.
The a v e r a g e p e r c e n t a g e s f o r e a c h o f t h e com­
m u n ity c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s a r e g iv e n in th e l a s t l i n e o f c a l c u ­
l a t i o n i n T a b le XL.
T h e r e w e re some f l u c t u a t i o n s fro m t h e
a v e r a g e d u r i n g d i f f e r e n t p e r i o d s b u t no s i g n i f i c a n t t r e n d s
w e re s u s t a i n e d .
F o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n g e n e r a l , Los A n g e le s h a s m a in ­
t a i n e d u n d i s p u t e d d o m in a n c e o f t h e a r e a a t a l l t i m e s .
W ith
few e x c e p t i o n s , t h i s i s t r u e o f c o m p a n ie s o f a l l s i z e s a n d
in a l l i n d u s t r i e s .
TABLE XL
FACTORY LOCATION BY COMMUNITY SIZE ACCORDING TO ORGANIZATION DATE
D ate o f
O r g a n iz a tio n
S i z e
o f
C o mmu n i t
y
No.
1
2 ,5 0 0 5 ,0 0 0 1 0 ,0 0 0 2 5 ,0 0 0 50,00 0 100,000 2 5 0 ,0 0 0 %
of
and
of
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
2 ,4 9 9 4 ,9 9 9 9 ,9 9 9 24,9 9 9 4 9 ,9 9 9 99,999 2 49 ,999 Over . T o t a l P l a n t s
%
i
i
%
%
%
P r i o r t o 1899
1900 •• 1904
2
0
5
2
5
0
10
76
100
42
0
8
0
4
12
0
0
77
101
26
1905
-
1909
5
0
0
2
2
5
12
73
99
41
1910
-
1914
5
1
5
3
3
3
8
73
101
79
1915
-
1919
1
3
1
5
14
3
2
70
99
87
1920
-
1924
4
2
3
4
10
3
7
68
101
165
1925
-
1929
6
0
1
6
8
6
8
66
101
140
1930
-
1934
3
1
2
5
6
3
5
74
99
155
1935
-
1939
1
1
2
1
4
4
7
79
99
136
4
0
0
0
7
4
8
76
99
27
3 .1
1 .6
1 .9
3 .2
7 .1
3 .1
6 .7
7 3 .2
9 9 .9
898
1940
A verage
,
%
%
T h is t a b u l a t i o n shows th e p e r c e n ta g e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f m a n u f a c tu r e r s among th e d i f ­
f e r e n t s i z e d co m m u n ities, b a s e d upon t h e d a t e s o f o r g a n i z a t i o n o b ta in e d from th e
an sw ers t o Q u e s tio n S.
h
h
118
IV.
PLANT SIZE VERSUS COMMUNITY SIZE
The t h i r d r e l a t i o n s h i p c o n s i d e r e d w as t h a t o f f a c t o r y
s i z e m e a s u r e d b y t h e num ber o f w o r k e r s a n d t h e com m unity
s i z e fro m w h ic h t h e y r e p o r t e d .
T h i s tim e t h e e i g h t g r o u p s o f r e p o r t s b y c o m m u n itie s
w e re s e g r e g a t e d a c c o r d i n g t o t h e s i x company s i z e s u s e d i n
C h a p te r I I I .
T a b l e XLI i n d i c a t e s t h e p e r c e n t a g e d i s t r i b u ­
t i o n o f t h e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d c o m p a n ie s among t h e v a r i o u s
com m unity c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s .
The b o t t o m l i n e g i v e s t h e
num ber o f c o m p a n ie s i n e a c h g r o u p a n d t h e colum n t o t h e
e x tr e m e r i g h t g i v e s t h e a v e r a g e p e r c e n t a g e o f p l a n t s o f a l l
s i z e s f o r e a c h co m m u n ity .
T h e re w a s , o f c o u r s e , a n u p p e r
l i m i t o f com pany s i z e i n r e l a t i o n
t o tow n s i z e .
No company
c o u l d em ploy m ore w o r k e r s t h a n w e r e p r o v i d e d b y t h e
p o p u l a t i o n fro m w h ic h i t d re w .
B u t , T a b l e XLI shows t h a t
b o t h s m a l l a n d l a r g e c o m p a n ie s w e re f o u n d i n a l m o s t e q u a l
p r o p o r ti o n I n la r g e and sm a ll c o m m u n itie s.
I t i s t r u e t h a t o n l y 2 p e r c e n t o f t h e c o m p a n ie s r e ­
p o r t i n g I n t h e 1 - 2 4 e m p lo y e e s c l a s s w e re l o c a t e d i n tow ns
o f l e s s t h a n 2 , 5 0 0 , w h i l e 5 p e r c e n t o f t h e c o m p a n ie s w i t h
m ore t h a n 50 0 w o r k e r s w e re l o c a t e d i n t h e s e same s i z e d
to w n s .
T h i s p r o b a b l y r e s u l t e d fro m t h e f a c t t h a t t h e r e
w e re t h r e e h u n d r e d a n d s i x t y c o m p a n ie s i n v o l v e d i n t h e
f i r s t c a s e and o n ly tw en ty -tw o i n th e se c o n d .
2 per cent
TABLE XLI
PLANT SIZE VERSUS COMMUNITY SIZE
S iz e o f Community
fo o f
50-99 100-249 250-499 0ver500
25-49
1 -24
P
l
a n ts in
W
orkers
W orkers W orkers W orkers W orkers Workers
Community
i
$
i
%
■*
%
1 -
2 ,4 9 9
2
4
4
6
0
5
3 .5
2 ,5 0 0 -
4 ,9 9 9
2
2
2
0
3
0
1 .5
5 ,0 0 0 -
9 ,9 9 9
1
3
3
1
3
9
3 .3
1 0 ,0 0 0 -
2 4,99 9
1
5
5
1
5
0
2 .8
2 5 ,0 0 0 -
4 9 ,9 9 9
7
9
6
9
13
9
9 .3
5 0 ,0 0 0 -
9 9,99 9
4
3
3
4
5
5
4 .0
1 0 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 4 9,99 9
7
8
3
6
8
9
6 .8
74
67
73
74
64
64
6 9 .3
98
101
99
101
101
101
360
303
267
105
39
22
2 5 0 ,0 0 0 -
Up
T o t a l P e r c e n ta g e s
T o t a l Companies
'
T h is t a b l e shows th e p e r c e n ta g e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f th e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d p l a n t s ,
b a s e d upon th e number o f w o r k e r s , among th e d i f f e r e n t s i z e d co m m u n ities.
H
H
<0
120
I n one I n s t a n c e m e a n t e i g h t e e n p l a n t s ;
5 p e r c e n t in th e
o t h e r i n s t a n c e m e a n t one p l a n t .
C om p anies w h ic h h a d 1 -2 4 w o r k e r s , 5 0 - 9 9 w o r k e r s , a n d
1 0 0 - 2 4 9 w o r k e r s show ed a l m o s t e x a c t l y t h e same p e r c e n t a g e o f
p l a n t s o u t s i d e o f L os A n g e le s w i t h a f a i r l y e v e n d i s t r i b u t i o n
among t h e o t h e r g r o u p s .
C om panies w i t h 2 5 - 4 9 w o r k e r s ,
2 5 0 - 4 9 9 w o r k e r s , a n d O ver 500 w o r k e r s show ed a l a r g e r p r o ­
p o rtio n of p la n ts in o u tly in g t e r r i t o r y .
B u t , t h e e x tre m e
d i f f e r e n c e was o n l y 10 p e r c e n t a n d t h i s i n v o l v e d t h e two
p l a n t s i z e g r o u p s w i t h t h e f e w e s t num ber o f p a r t i c i p a t i n g
p la n ts.
T aken a l l i n a l l ,
t h e r e f o r e , t h i s a n a ly s is f a i l e d to
r e v e a l any im p re ssiv e d if f e r e n c e s in lo c a tio n h a b i ts b ased
u po n p l a n t s i z e v e r s u s com m u nity s i z e .
V.
LOCATIONAL REASONS GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS
FROM DIFFERENT SIZED. COMMUNITIES
The f o u r t h a n d l o n g e s t a n a l y s i s o f Town S i z e s a n d t h e
M a n u f a c t u r e r s They A t t r a c t c o n s i s t e d o f a n e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e
re a s o n s g iv e n by th e m a n u fa c tu re rs th e m s e lv e s .
T h is a n a l y s i s
in v o lv e d t a b u l a t i n g th e an sw ers to Q u e s tio n N o f th e R e p o rt
B l a n k , a n a l y z i n g t h e a n s w e r s , c l a s s i f y i n g th em a s t o D i v i s i o n
and a s to f i r s t ,
second and t h i r d r e a s o n s , th e n ra n k in g th e
r e s u l t s b y com m unity s i z e s .
T h is p ro c e d u re r e q u i r e d e i g h t t a b l e s .
A c o m p a r is o n
o f t h e r e s u l t s s u g g e s t e d a summary g r o u p i n g o f t h e tow ns o f
121
l e s s t h a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 a n d a n o t h e r o f to w n s l a r g e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 .
T a b l e s X L II a n d XLVII w e r e t h e c o n s e q u e n c e .
T a b le s X L III,
XLIV, XLV, a n d XLVI h a v e b e e n I n c l u d e d a s s u p p o r t i n g e v i d e n c e
f o r Summary T a b l e X L I I ; a n d T a b l e s X L V III, XLXX, L, L I h a v e
b e e n i n c l u d e d a s s u p p o r t f o r Summary T a b le X LV II.
The D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r , M a t e r i a l , r e p r e s e n t e d 19 p e r
c e n t o f a l l t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n b y m a n u f a c t u r e r s r e p o r t i n g fro m
th e t h r e e s m a l l e s t c o m m u n itie s.
S p e c ific S ite f a c to r s ,
M a r k e t i n g , a n d M i s c e l l a n e o u s , e a c h , r e p r e s e n t e d 13 p e r c e n t .
The e x p l a n a t i o n s o f f e r e d b y c o m p a n ie s l o c a t e d i n
c o m m u n itie s o f m ore t h a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 r a n k e d M a r k e t i n g f i r s t ;
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s seco n d ; and P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s t h i r d .
M a t e r i a l , w h ic h w as m e n t i o n e d m o s t o f t e n b y t h o s e
f i r m s r e p o r t i n g fro m t h e s m a l l e r p l a c e s , r a n k e d f i f t h
among
t h e r e a s o n s o f f e r e d b y t h o s e c o n c e r n s fro m t h e l a r g e r
c e n te rs.
I t a c c o u n t e d f o r 19 p e r c e n t o f a l l l o c a t i o n a l
f a c t o r s in th e fo rm er c a s e , f o r 7 p e r c e n t i n th e l a t t e r .
M a r k e t i n g was i m p o r t a n t w i t h b o t h g r o u p s b u t ,
r e l a t i v e l y , i t h e l d a much more p r o m i n e n t p l a c e w i t h
m a n u f a c t u r e r s i n t h e l a r g e r c e n t e r s > r e p r e s e n t i n g 23 p e r c e n t
o f a l l r e a s o n s g i v e n b y t h i s g r o u p a s a g a i n s t 13 p e r c e n t o f
th e re a s o n s .s u p p lie d by m a n u fa c tu re rs in th e s m a lle r
c o m m u n itie s .
O th e r f a c t o r s v a r i e d i n ra n k in g as i n d i c a t e d by th e
t a b l e s , b u t t h e s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e s w e re t h e s e tw o .
122
TABLE XLII
SUMMARY TABLE OF LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OF LESS THAN 2 5 ,0 0 0
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
T o ta l $ of
. M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e c o n d [ T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a te ria l
36
4
3
43
19
S p e c ific S ite
12
14
4
30
13
M a rk e tin g
20
5
4
29
13
M isc e lla n e o u s
21
7
1
29
13
P erso n al
12
7
5
24
11
C lim a te
6
5
8
19
8
T ra n sp o rta tio n
3
11
3
17
8
Labor
1
8
7
16
7
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
5
1
1
7
3
G o v e r n m e n ta l
1
2
2
5
2
U tilitie s
0
2
2
4
2
F in a n c e
0
0
3
3
1
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
117
66
43
226
100
T o ta l
T h i s t a b l e su m m a riz e s a n d r a n k s t h e l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s
e n u m e r a te d i n T a b l e s X L I I I , XLIV, XLV a n d XLVI.
123
TABLE X L III
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OF 1 - 2 ,4 9 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h ir d T im es T o t a l
15
4
0
19
25
S p e c ific S ite
7
. 3
1
11
15
M a r k e tin g
5
1
2
8
11
P erso n al
4
3
0
7
10
T ra n s p o rta tio n
2
4
1
7
10
C lim a te
2
1
4
7
10
L abor
0
5
2
7
10
M i s c e l la n e o u s
3
1
1
5
6
U tilitie s
0
1
0
1
1
F in a n c e
0
0
1
1
1
G overnm en t
0
0
1
1
1
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
0
0
0
0
0
C ham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
38
23
13
74
100
M a te ria l
T o ta l
T h is t a b l e show s t h e r e a s o n s f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r
f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n g iv e n b y t h e m anagem ent o f t h i r t y - e i g h t
c o m p a n ie s s i t u a t e d i n to w n s o f l e s s th a n 2 ,5 0 0 p o p u l a t i o n •
124
TABLE XLIV
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OF 2 ,5 0 0 - 4 ,9 9 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d | T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a te ria l
5
0
0
5
19
M is c e l la n e o u s
5
0
0
5
19
M a r k e tin g
1
2
1
4
15
P erso n al
2
1
0
3
11
S p e c ific S ite
0
2
0
2
8
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
2
0
0
2
8
C lim a te
1
1
0
2
8
G o v ern m en t
0
1
0
1
4
F in a n c ia l
0
0
1
1
4
L abor
0
0
1
1
4
T ra n s p o rta tio n
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
C ham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
16
7
3
26
100
T o ta l
T h is t a b l e show s t h e r e a s o n s f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r
f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n g iv e n b y t h e m anagem ent o f s e v e n te e n
c o m p a n ie s s i t u a t e d i n to w n s o f m ore th a n 2 ,5 0 0 p o p u l a t i o n
a n d l e s s th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p o p u l a t i o n .
125
TABLE XLV
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OF 5 ,0 0 0 - 9 ,9 9 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
T ra n s p o rta tio n
0
7
1
8
16
M a te ria l
7
0
0
7
14
S p e c ific S ite
4
2
1
7
14
C lim a te
2
1
3
6
12
M a rk e tin g
5
0
0
5
9
M is c e l la n e o u s
3
2
0
5
9
P erso n al
1
2
1
4
8
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
1
1
1
3
6
L abor
1
1
1
3
6
U tilitie s
0
0
2
2
4
G overnm ent
1
0
0
1
2
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
25
16
10
51
100
T o ta l
T h is t a b l e show s t h e r e a s o n s f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r
f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n g iv e n b y t h e m anagem ent o f t w e n t y - f i v e
c o m p a n ie s s i t u a t e d i n to w n s o f m ore th a n 5 ,0 0 0 a n d l e s s
th a n 1 0 ,0 0 0 p o p u l a t i o n .
126
TABLE XLVI
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OF 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 4 ,9 9 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S econd T h i r d T im es T o t a l
10
4
0
14
20
M a te ria l
9
0
3
12
16
M a rk e tin g
9
2
1
12
16
P erso n al
5
1
4
10
13
S p e c ific S ite
1
7
2
10
13
L abor
0
2
3
5
7
C lim a te
1
2
1
4
5
T ra n s p o rta tio n
1
0
1
2
3
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
2
0
0
2
3
G overnm en t
0
1
1
2
3
U tilitie s
0
1
0
1
1
F in a n c ia l
0
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
38
20
16
74
100
M ls c e l la n e o u s
T o ta l
T h is t a b l e show s t h e r e a s o n s f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r
f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n g iv e n b y t h e m anagem ent o f f o r t y - o n e
c o m p a n ie s s i t u a t e d i n to w n s o f m ore th a n 1 0 ,0 0 0 a n d l e s s
th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 p o p u la tio n *
127
TABLE XLVII
SUMMARY TABLE OP LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OP MORE THAN 2 5 ,0 0 0
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
S
e
c
o
n
d
F irs t
T h ir d T im es T o t a l
M a rk e tin g
258
141
47
446
23
S p e c ific S ite
178
103
50
331
17
P erso n a l
150
61
21
232
12
22
74
110
206
11
128
36
32
196
10
M a te ria l
74
42
22
138
7
C lim a te
65
47
21
151
7
L abor
17
42
37
96
5
R e l a t i o n t o o t h e r B u s in e s s e s
37
33
10
80
4
U tilitie s
2
11
9
22
1
G o v e rn m e n ta l
3
9
7
19
1
F in a n c e
3
6
5
14
1
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
935
605
H
to
1 ,9 1 1
99
T ra n s p o rta tio n
M is c e l la n e o u s
T o ta l
T h is t a b l e su m m a riz e s a n d r a n k s t h e l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s
e n u m e r a te d i n T a b le s X L V III, XLIX, L a n d LI*
128
TABLE XLVIII
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OF 2 5 ,0 0 0 - 4 9 ,9 9 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r s
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l $ o f
S
eco
n
d
F irs t
T h ir d T im es T o t a l
M a rk e tin g
25
9
8
42
25
M is c e l la n e o u s
13
6
4
23
14
S p e c ific S ite
5
7
7
19
11
P erso n a l
11
6
1
18
11
M a te ria l
12
4
2
18
11
C lim a te
6
7
2
15
9
L abor
2
3
5
10
6
T ra n s p o rta tio n
0
6
2
8
5
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
2
4
0
6
4
U tilitie s
0
3
2
5
3
F in a n c ia l
1
0
0
1
•6
G o vernm en t
0
1
0
1
•6
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
77
56
33
166
T o ta l
1 0 0 .2
T h is t a b l e show s t h e r e a s o n s f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r
f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n g iv e n b y t h e m anagem ent o f s e v e n t y - s e v e n
c o m p a n ie s s i t u a t e d i n to w n s o f m ore t h a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 a n d l e s s
th a n 5 0 ,0 0 0 p o p u la tio n *
129
TABLE XLIX
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OF 5 0 ,0 0 0 - 9 9 ,9 9 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
P erso n al
11
6
1
18
23
M a rk e tin g
7
7
2
16
20
S p e c ific S ite
4
4
1
9
11
M is c e l la n e o u s
4
2
2
8
10
C lim a te
4
3
1
8
10
L abor
0
3
4
7
9
M a te ria l
1
2
1
4
5
T ra n s p o rta tio n
1
1
1
3
4
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
3
0
0
3
4
G overnm ent
0
1
0
1
1
F in a n c ia l
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
36
30
13
79
99
U tilitie s
.
C ham ber o f Commerce
T o ta l
T h is t a b l e show s t h e r e a s o n s f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r
f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n g iv e n b y t h e m anagem ent o f t h i r t y - s i x
c o m p a n ie s s i t u a t e d I n to w n s o f m ore th a n 5 0 ,0 0 0 a n d l e s s
th a n 1 0 0 ,0 0 0 p o p u la tio n *
150
TABLE L
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OF 1 0 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 4 9 ,9 9 9
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d |T h i r d T im es T o t a l
17
1
5
23
17
9
9
2
20
15
14
4
2
20
15
C lim a te
9
6
2
17
13
S p e c ific S ite
7
6
2
15
11
M a te ria l
8
4
1
13
10
R e l a t i o n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
0
5
1
6
4
T ra n s p o rta tio n
2
5
0
7
5
G overnm ent
0
1
2
3'
2
L abor
0
1
3
4
3
U tilitie s
0
1
1
2
1
F in a n c ia l
0
0
1
1
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
66
43
22
131
M is c e l la n e o u s
M a rk e tin g
P e rso n a l
T o ta l
T h is t a b l e show s t h e r e a s o n s f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r
f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n g i v e n b y t h e m anagem ent o f s i x t y - s i x
c o m p a n ie s s i t u a t e d i n to w n s o f m ore t h a n 1 0 0 .0 0 0 a n d l e s s
th a n 2 5 0 ,0 0 0 p o p u l a t i o n .
.8
0
9 6 .8
131
TABLE LI
LOCATIONAL REASONS
GIVEN BY MANUFACTURERS IN COMMUNITIES OF OVER 2 5 0 ,0 0 0
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a rk e tin g
217
116
35
368
25
S p e c ific S ite
162
86
40
288
20
P erso n al
114
45
17
176
12
Mi s c e l l a n e o u s
94
27
21
142
10
T ra n s p o rta tio n
19
62
26
107
7
M a te ria l
53
32
18
103
7
C lim a te
44
31
16
91
6
L abor
15
35
25
75
5
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
32
24
9
65
4
U tilitie s
2
6
6
14
1
G overn m en t
3
6
5
14
1
F in a n c e
1
6
4
11
1
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
756
476
222
1 ,4 5 4
99
T o ta l
T h is t a b l e show s t h e r e a s o n s f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r
f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n s g iv e n b y t h e m anagem ent o f s e v e n h u n d r e d
a n d f i f t y - s i x c o m p a n ie s s i t u a t e d i n to w n s o f m ore t h a n
2 5 0 ,0 0 0 p o p u l a t i o n .
V I.
CHAPTER SUMMARY
The m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f F o o d , a n d S t o n e , C la y a n d G la s s
p r o d u c t s show ed a te n d e n c y t o l o c a t e i n c o m m u n itie s o f m o d e st
s iz e .
M a n u f a c tu r e r s o f P a p e r P r o d u c ts an d T e x t i l e s w e re
s tro n g ly a t t r a c t e d to c e n te r s o f la r g e p o p u la tio n .
F i f t y - e i g h t p e r c e n t o f a l l f a c t o r i e s r e p o r t i n g fro m
c o m m u n itie s o f l e s s th a n 2 ,5 0 0 w e re e n g a g e d i n p r o c e s s i n g
e i t h e r F o o d s , o r S t o n e , C la y a n d G l a s s .
N in e ty -fiv e p e r c e n t
o f a l l P a p e r P r o d u c t p l a n t s a n d 93 p e r c e n t o f a l l T e x t i l e
p l a n t s r e p o r t i n g w e re l o c a t e d i n Los A n g e le s , t h e o n ly com­
m u n ity i n t h e a r e a o f m ore t h a n 2 5 0 ,0 0 0 p e o p l e .
P re fe re n c e s
f o r d i f f e r e n t s i z e d c o m m u n itie s w e re o b s e r v e d i n o t h e r
i n d u s t r i e s b u t i n l e s s m a rk e d d e g r e e .
No I m p o r t a n t r e l a t i o n s h i p seem ed t o e x i s t b e tw e e n
s t a r t i n g d a t e s an d t h e s i z e o f to w n c h o s e n , n o r b e tw e e n th e
num ber o f e m p lo y e e s a n d t h e c h o i c e o f a c o m m u n ity .
The
r e a s o n s g iv e n b y t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s , t h e m s e l v e s , h o w e v e r,
show ed a s h a r p l i n e o f d e m a r c a tio n b e tw e e n p l a n t s l o c a t e d i n
to w n s o f l e s s t h a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 a n d p l a n t s I n c i t i e s
2 5 ,0 0 0 .
o f m ore t h a n
I n t h e f o r m e r g r o u p M a t e r i a l s h e l d t h e m o st prom ­
i n e n t p l a c e b y a w id e m a r g in ; M a rk e tin g w as t h e m a jo r
I n f l u e n c e among t h e m em bers o f t h e l a t t e r g r o u p .
M a t e r i a l r e p r e s e n t e d 19 p e r c e n t o f a l l l o c a t i o n a l
r e a s o n s g iv e n b y c o m p a n ie s I n to w n s o f l e s s th a n 2 :5 ,0 0 0 , a s
a g a i n s t 7 p e r c e n t o f t h e r e a s o n s nam ed b y c o m p a n ie s i n
133
c e n t e r s o f o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 .
M a r k e tin g r e p r e s e n t e d 23 p e r c e n t o f t h e i n f l u e n c e s
nam ed b y t h e l a r g e r com m unity o r g a n i z a t i o n s , w h i l e i t
r e p r e s e n t e d o n ly 13 p e r c e n t o f t h e i n f l u e n c e s e n u m e r a te d b y
c o m p a n ie s l o c a t e d i n t h e s m a l l e r c e n t e r s .
CHAPTER V I I I
COMPANIES MANUFACTURING THE SAME OR SIMILAR PRODUCTS
I.
PURPOSE
The a n a l y s i s -u n d e rta k e n i n t h i s c h a p t e r , w as t o d e t e r ­
m ine w h e th e r o r n o t c o m p a n ie s i n k i n d r e d l i n e s o f e n d e a v o r
w e re a w a re o f t h e same f a c t o r s when s e l e c t i n g a l o c a t i o n f o r
th e ir p la n ts .
I t w as u s u a l l y a n e a s y m a t t e r t o d e c id e u p o n t h e
i n d u s t r y t o w h ic h a com pany b e l o n g e d , b u t a s t h e f i n i s h e d
g o o d s w e re c l a s s i f i e d m ore n a r r o w l y , d i f f e r e n c e s becam e l e s s
c l e a r a n d d e c i s i o n s m ore d i f f i c u l t .
As e x p l a i n e d I n
C h a p te r V I, t h e f i n i s h e d g o o d s o f th e o n e th o u s a n d two
h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y - f i v e p a r t i c i p a t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s w e re
c a ta lo g u e d a s s i x h u n d re d and s e v e n ty -n in e s e p a r a te ite m s .
T h e se ite m s w e re th e n a r r a n g e d i n t o t h i r t y - f o u r f a m i l y
g ro u p s.
A l l r e p o r t s w e re s e g r e g a t e d f i r s t a c c o r d i n g t o th e
i n d u s t r y i n w h ic h t h e p a r t i c i p a t i n g com pany w as e n g a g e d a n d
th e n i n t o one o f t h e t h i r t y - f o u r P r o d u c t G ro u p s .
A n sw ers t o
Q u e s t io n N o f t h e R e p o r t B la n k w e re c o m p ile d a n d r a n k e d
firs t,
s e c o n d , a n d t h i r d , a s i n d i c a t e d b y t h e m a n ag em en t.
The e x a m in a tio n o f th e l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s g iv e n b y
p r o d u c e r s o f t h e s e t h i r t y - f o u r P r o d u c t G ro u p s c o n s t i t u t e d
t h i s , t h e l o n g e s t a n d m o st I m p o r ta n t c h a p t e r o f t h e S tu d y .
135
II.
FOOD INDUSTRY
More c o m p a n ie s w e re e n g a g e d i n t h e p r o c e s s i n g o f fo o d
th a n i n a n y o t h e r i n d u s t r y .
Two h u n d r e d a n d f o r t y - s e v e n o f
t h e one th o u s a n d two h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y - f i v e R e p o r ts r e c e i v e d
w e re fro m fo o d m a n u f a c t u r e r s .
w e re r e p r e s e n t e d .
F i f t y - n i n e d i f f e r e n t p ro d u c ts
T h e se w e re d i v i d e d i n t o s e v e n P r o d u c t
G ro u p s •
The No. 1 G roup w as com posed o f t h i r t y - n i n e c o m p a n ie s
m ak in g e i g h t d i f f e r e n t p r o d u c t s , m o s t ly c a n n e d f o o d s a n d
w in e •
G roup N o. 2 c o n t a i n e d f i f t y - f o u r c o m p a n ie s m a n u f a c tu r ­
i n g s e v e n p r o d u c t s , t h e n u c l e u s o f w h ic h w as m e a t s , f r u i t s ,
and v e g e ta b le s .
T a b le s L I I a n d L I I I l i s t t h e s e p r o d u c t s a n d show th e
firs t,
s e c o n d , a n d t h i r d l o c a t i o n a l I n f l u e n c e s nam ed b y th e
c o m p a n ie s w h ic h p r o d u c e d th e m .
M a t e r i a l s w as p r e d o m in a n tly t h e g r e a t e s t c o n c e r n o f
t h e m em bers o f b o th g r o u p s .
T w e n ty - th r e e o f t h e t h i r t y - n i n e
c o m p a n ie s i n P r o d u c t G roup No. 1 nam ed M a t e r i a l s a s th e m o st
im p o r t a n t I n f l u e n c e i n t h e c h o i c e o f a f a c t o r y s i t e .
T h irty -
t h r e e o f t h e f o r t y - n i n e c o m p a n ie s fo rm in g P r o d u c t G roup No. 2
nam ed M a t e r i a l s .
33 p e r c e n t o f a l l t h e l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s
g iv e n b y t h e m em bers o f G roup N o. 1 a n d 42 p e r c e n t o f a l l
r e a s o n s g iv e n b y t h e c o m p a n ie s m ak in g u p G roup No. 2 h a d to
156
TABLE LXI
POOD INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 1
Ite m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : C an n ed P i s h , C an n ed F r u i t s , C an n ed
J u i c e s , C an n ed V e g e t a b l e s , O l i v e s , O liv e O i l , W in e, B ra n d y .
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M a te ria ls
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T im es T o t a l
19
3
1
23
33
M is c e l la n e o u s
5
1
3
9
13
L abor
0
3
3
6
9
T ra n s p o rta tio n
1
4
0
5
7
C lim a te
1
2
2
5
7
U tilitie s
0
4
1
5
7
M a rk e tin g
4
0
1
5
7
S p e c ific S ite
1
3
0
4
6
P erso n al
3
1
0
4
6
G overnm en t
0
0
2
2
3
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
0
1
0
1
1
F in a n c e
0
0
1
1
1
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
34
22
14
70
100
T o ta l
Canned P oods and W ine; T h ir t y - n in e com p anies made one o r more
o f th e e i g h t p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group N o. 1 .
157
TABLE L I I I
POOD INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 2
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : F r e s h F r u i t s , M eats a n d V e g e t a b l e s ,
D r i e d F r u i t s a n d V e g e t a b l e s , N u ts , a n d Smoked M e a ts .
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M a te ria l
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d T h ir d T im es T o t a l
29
3
1
33
42
M a r k e tin g
3
5
1
9
10
S p e c ific S ite
4
4
0
8
10
T ra n s p o rta tio n
2
5
1
8
10
M is c e l la n e o u s
4
0
0
4
5
P erso n a l
2
2
0
4
5
L abor
0
3
1
4
5
C lim a te
2
0
1
3
4
U tilitie s
0
1
2
3
4
G overnm en t
0
0
2
2
3
F in a n c e
0
1
0
1
1
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
0
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
46
24
9
79
99
T o ta l
M e a ts, F r u i t s and V e g e t a b le s ; F i f t y - f o u r com p an ies made one
o r more o f th e s e v e n p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group N o. 2 .
138
do w i t h M a t e r i a l s .
T a b le s LIV a n d LV s u g g e s t why t h i s was t r u e .
TABLE LIV
CHARACTER AND LOCATION OF MATERIALS USED
BY MANUFACTURERS OF PRODUCT GROUPS NO. 1 AND NO. 2
H
•
O
525
G roup
Y es
No
G roup N o. 2
No
Y es
A re Raw M a t e r i a l s P e r i s h a b l e ?
28
0
24
4
A re Raw M a t e r i a l s B u lk y ?
15
6
16
4
A re Raw M a t e r i a l s S u b j e c t t o
A H ig h D e g re e o f W aste?
15
7
11
6
G roup N o. 1
A l l More More None
T han T han
1 /2 1 /4
Amount o f M a t e r i a l s
P ro d u c e d W ith in
10 M ile s o f F a c t o r y
Amount o f M a t e r i a l s
P ro d u c e d W ith in
C a lifo rn ia
G roup No. 2
A l l More More None
T han T han
1 /4
lyfe
8
1
6
7
6
10
1
7
21
6
2'
0
10
11
2
2
T h e s e a r e t h e q u e s t i o n s t h a t a p p e a r e d u n d e r D i v i s i o n A of* th e
R e p o r t B la n k . They w e re a n s w e re d i n t h e m an n er i n d i c a t e d b y
t h e t h i r t y - n i n e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h m a n u f a c tu r e d t h e p r o d u c t s o f
G roup No. 1 a n d t h e f i f t y - f o u r c o m p a n ie s o f G roup N o. 2 .
T w e n ty - e ig h t o f t h e t h i r t y - n i n e f i r m s i n G roup N o. 1
i n d i c a t e d t h a t t h e i r raw m a t e r i a l s w e re p e r i s h a b l e ; f i f t e e n
s a i d m a t e r i a l s w e re b u lk y ; a n d f i f t e e n t h a t th e y w e re s u b j e c t
139
TABLE LV
MATERIALS USED
■;
BY MANUFACTURERS OF PRODUCT GROUPS NO. 1 AND NO. 2
M a te ria l
T im es C h eck ed b y M a n u f a c tu r e r s o f
G roup
G roup
N o. 1
N o. 2
T o ta l
T im es
20
18
38
F arm P r o d u c ts
9
11
20
S h ip p in g C o n t a i n e r s
L iv e S to c k
V e g e ta b le s
F a c to ry S u p p lie s
S ea F o o d s
6
0
7
10
C h e m ic a l S u p p l i e s
2
3
5
2
6
5
2
3
13
10
8
8
7
5
Lum ber
1
4
5
Gas
3
1
4
O il
2
2
4
M a c h in e ry
3
1
4
T o o ls a n d F i x t u r e s
0
2
2
B o ra x
0
1
1
L im e s to n e
0
1
1
P a r t s a n d A c c e s s o r ie s
0
1
1
56
75
131
F ru its
T o ta l
T h e se m a t e r i a l ite m s w e re c h e c k e d b y t h e e i g h t y - e i g h t
c o m p a n ie s m a n u f a c tu r in g t h e p r o d u c t s o f G ro u p s No. 1 a n d
N o. 2 .
140
TABLE LVI
POOD INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 3
Ite m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : F e e d s , F e e d C o n c e n t r a t e s .
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o t a l % ol
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o ta ]
M a r k e tin g
3
1
2
6
26
M a te ria l
2
1
1
4
18
P erso n al
2
1
1
4
18
C lim a te
1
2
0
3
13
T ra n s p o rta tio n
1
1
0
2
9
S p e c ific S ite
0
2
0
2
9
M is c e l la n e o u s
2
0
0
2
9
G overnm en t
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
L abor
0
0
0
0
0
C ham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
11
8
4
23
102
T o ta l
F e e d s , and F eed C o n c e n tr a te s j T w elve com p an ies made one o r
Doth o f th e p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group N o. 3 .
141
TABLE LVII
POOD INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 4
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p :
M ilk , I c e C ream .
C h e e s e , D a ir y P r o d u c t s , E v a p o r a te d
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M a r k e tin g
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
11
2
2
15
32
M is c e l la n e o u s
6
3
2
11
23
P erso n al
3
1
2
6
13
S p e c ific S ite
1
4
0
5
10
T ra n s p o rta tio n
2
1
1
4
8
C lim a te
0
3
0
3
6
M a te ria l
0
1
0
1
2
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
0
1
0
1
2
L abor
0
0
1
1
2
G overnm en t
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
C ham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
23
16
8
47
98
T o ta l
D a ir y P r o d u c t s ; T w e n ty -se v e n com p anies made one o r more o f
t h e f o u r it e m s com p osin g Group N o. 4 .
TABLE L V III
FOOD INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 5
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p :
D o u g h n u ts , P i e s .
B r e a d , C a k e s , C o o k ie s , C r a c k e r s ,
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
S
eco
n
d
T
h
i
r
d
T im es T o t a l
F irs t
M a rk e tin g
6
5
0
11
26
S p e c ific S ite
6
2
1
9
21
T ra n s p o rta tio n
1
3
2
6
14
M is c e l la n e o u s
6
0
0
6
14
L abor
1
0
2
3
7
C lim a te
0
3
0
3
7
P erso n al
2
1
0
3
7
M a te ria l
0
0
1
1
2
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
0
0
0
0
0
G overnm en t
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
C ham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
22
14
6
42
98
T o ta l
B ak ery G oods \ T w e n ty -s ix com p an ies made one o r more o f t h e
s i x p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No. 5 .
143
TABLE LIX
FOOD INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 6
I te m s of* P r o d u c t G ro u p : B e e r , D r i n k in g W a te r , E x t r a c t s ,
L i q u o r s , N o n - A lc o h o lic B e v e r a g e s .
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
T o ta l % o f
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a rk e tin g
5
3
1
9
20
M is c e l la n e o u s
7
0
0
7
16
S p e c ific S ite
2
4
0
6
14
C lim a te
1
2
3
6
14
P erso n al
1
3
0
4
9
M a te ria l
2
0
0
2
5
G overnm en t
1
1
0
2
5
T ra n s p o rta tio n
0
1
1
2
5
U tilitie s
0
1
1
2
5
L abor
0
0
2
2
5
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
1
0
0
1
2
F in a n c e
0
0
1
1
2
C ham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
20
15
9
44
102
T o ta l
B o t t l e d G oods; T w e n ty -s ix com p an ies made one o r more o f th e
f i v e p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No. 6 .
144
TABLE LX
POOD INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 7
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : C a n d y , C e r e a l s , C o c o a , C o f f e e , Dog
F o o d , D o u g h n u t F l o u r , D r e s s i n g s , F ood F l a v o r s , F o o d O i l s ,
F l o u r , F o u n ta in S u p p l i e s , F ro z e n E g g s , G e l a t i n e P r o d u c t s ,
I c e , J a m s , J e l l i e s , M a c a r o n i, N o o d le s , P a s t e s , P e a n u t B u t t e r ,
P o p c o rn P r o d u c t s , P o t a t o C h i p s , S p a g h e t t i , S p a n is h F o o d s ,
S p ic e s , S u g a r, T ea.
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d iT h ir d T im es T o t a l
M a r k e tin g
12
12
1
25
23
S p e c ific S ite
11
6
3
20
18
M is c e lla n e o u s
12
0
5
17
16
P erso n al
6
4
1
11
10
C lim a te
5
1
3
9
8
M a te ria l
3
3
2
8
7
T r a n s p o r t s t io n
2
3
3
8
7
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
2
2
1
5
5
L abor
2
1
1
4
4
G overnm en t
0
2
0
2
2
F in a n c e
d
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
C ham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
55
34
20
109
100
T o ta l
M is c e l la n e o u s F o o d s % S i x t y —th r e e c o m p a n ie s m ade one o r m ore
o f t h e tw e n t y - s e v e n p r o d u c t s co m p o sin g G roup N o. 7 .
145
t o a h i g h d e g r e e o f w a s te #
A lm o st a s l a r g e a p r o p o r t i o n o f
t h e f i r m s i n G roup No# 2 g a v e t h e sam e a n s w e rs *
T a b le LV e n u m e r a te s t h e k i n d s o f m a t e r i a l s u se d *
s i m i l a r i t y i n t h e ite m s c h e e k e d w as m arked*
The
The M eat P a c k e r s
o f G roup H o. 2 r e p o r t e d L iv e S to c k a s a m a jo r i t e m , j u s t a s
t h e P i s h C a n n e rs o f G roup H o. 1 show ed a n a w a r e n e s s o f S ea
F o o d s , b u t t h e m o st p o p u l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r b o t h G roups w e re
F r u i t s an d F arm P r o d u c ts *
P r o d u c t G roup H o. 3 w as made up o f o n ly tw e lv e f i r m s
a n d tw o p r o d u c t s , F e e d s a n d F e e d C o n c e n t r a t e s .
M a te ria ls
s t i l l r a n k e d h i g h a s a r e a s o n f o r p l a n t l o c a t i o n , b u t i t w as
s u p e r s e d e d b y M a rk e tin g a s a p r im a r y i n f l u e n c e *
T a b le LVI i s d e v o te d t o P r o d u c t G roup N o. 3 .
T a b le s
L V II , L V I I I , L IX , a n d LX h a v e t o do w i t h G roups N o. 4 , H o. 5 ,
H o. 6 , a n d H o . 7*
T a b le I X I b r i n g s t o g e t h e r t h e p e r c e n t a g e r a n k i n g o f
e a c h D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r f o r t h e s e v e n P r o d u c t G roups
o f t h e Food I n d u s t r y .
An e x a m in a tio n o f t h i s t a b l e r e v e a l s
t h e s t r e n g t h o f a l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e n o t o n ly i n r e l a t i o n
to th e o th e r in f lu e n c e s o f i t s
G ro u p , b u t a l s o w i t h r e g a r d t o
t h e sam e i n f l u e n c e among o t h e r G roups*
The o b s e r v a t i o n a l r e a d y made c o n c e r n in g t h e im p o r ta n c e
o f M a t e r i a l s i n G roups H o. 1 a n d H o. 2 i s e m p h a s iz e d h e r e
t h r o u g h c o m p a ris o n w i t h t h e p e r c e n t a g e r a n k i n g o f M a t e r i a l s
146
In th e o th e r s u b d iv is io n s .
G roup N o. 3 r e v e a l e d no o u t s t a n d i n g l o c a t i o n a l
c h a ra c te ris tic .
G roup N o. 4 , h o w e v e r, show ed t h e d o m in a n ce o f
M a r k e tin g .
N ot o n l y w as M a rk e tin g t h e s t r o n g e s t i n f l u e n c e
i
*
-
a f f e c t i n g t h e l o c a t i o n o f D a ir y P r o d u c t f i r m s , i t a l s o
r e p r e s e n te d a h ig h e r p e rc e n ta g e o f t h e i r t o t a l lo c a ti o n
f a c t o r s th a n i t d i d i n a n y o t h e r G ro u p .
G roup N o. 5 w as c h a r a c t e r i z e d b y tw o f a c t o r s .
S p e c if ic S i t e an d T r a n s p o r ta tio n h e ld h ig h e r p la c e s w ith
t h e B a k e ry Goods f i r m s th a n w i t h a n y o f th e o t h e r p r o d u c t
fa m ilie s •
I n G roup No. 6 , C lim a te w as th e u n u s u a l f a c t o r .
14 p e r c e n t o f a l l t h e r e a s o n s g iv e n b y t h e m a k e rs o f B o t t l e d
G oods p e r t a i n e d t o C l i m a t e .
T h is w as t h e h i g h e s t t h a t t h e
C lim a te F a c t o r r a n k e d a s an i n f l u e n c e among an y o f t h e
F ood p r o c e s s o r s .
G roup No. 7 f e l l p r e t t y much i n t o t h e p a t t e r n o f th e
i n d u s t r y a s , i n d e e d , a m i s c e l l a n e o u s g ro u p o f p r o d u c t s
s h o u ld .
The m a jo r r a n k i n g o f M a rk e tin g i n G ro u p s N o. 3 th r o u g h
N o. 7 g a v e th em a common l o c a t i o n a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c , a s d i d
M a t e r i a l i n G ro u p s No. 1 a n d No. 2 .
B u t, i n a d d i t i o n t o
t h e s e p r e d o m in a n t i n f l u e n c e s , m o st o f t h e s u b d i v i s i o n s show ed
a s e n s i t i v e n e s s t o some one o r m ore o t h e r f a c t o r s i n a way
t h a t g a v e t o t h e G roup i t s
own l o c a t i o n a l q u a l i t y .
TABLE LXI
SUMMARY TABLE OF LOCATIONAL FACTORS FOR FOOD INDUSTRY
EXPRESSED IN PERCENTAGES
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r P e rc e n ta g e R anking o f F a c to r In P ro d u c t Group A verage
% fo r
No. 7 I n d u s tr y
N o.4 N o .5
No. 6
N o .l
N o.3
N o.2
M a rk e tin g
M a te r ia ls
M is c e lla n e o u s
S p e c ific S ite
P e rso n a l
T r a n s p o r ta ti o n
C lim a te
L abor
U tilitie s
Government
R e la tio n to
O th er B u s in e s s e s
F in a n c e
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
7
53
13
6
6
7
7
9
7
3
10
42
5
10
5
10
4
5
4
3
26
18
9
9
18
9
13
0
0
0
. 32
2
23
10
13
8
6
2
0
0
26
2
14
21
7
14
7
7
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
100
99
102
98
98
20
5
16
14
9
5
14
5
5
5
2
2
0 '
102
23
7
16
18
10
7
8
4
0
2
21
16
14
. 13
10
9
8
5
2
2
5
0
0
1
1
0
100
102
T h is t a b l e i s a c o m p o site o f th e p e r c e n ta g e ra n k in g o f th e D iv is i o n a l L o c a tio n
F a c to r s g iv e n i n T a b le s L I I , L I I I , LVI, L V II, L V III, LEC, and LX.
H
-a
148
III.
TEXTILE INDUSTRY
The r e a s o n s g iv e n b y t h e m em bers o f t h e T e x t i l e
I n d u s t r y f o r th e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r f a c t o r y l o c a t i o n s w e re
r e m a r k a b ly u n if o r m .
So u n if o r m , i n f a c t , t h a t e v e n t h e
s m a l l e r , m ore i n t e g r a t e d f a m il y g ro u p s o f p r o d u c t s show ed
s lig h t lo c a tio n a l d iffe re n c e s .
T h e r e w e re o n e h u n d r e d a n d f o r t y - f i v e c o m p a n ie s e n g a g ­
e d I n t h e T e x t i l e I n d u s t r y w h ic h p a r t i c i p a t e d I n t h i s S tu d y .
T h e s e o r g a n i z a t i o n s p r o d u c e d s i x t y - t h r e e d i f f e r e n t ite m s
w h ic h w e re a r r a n g e d i n t h r e e P r o d u c t G ro u p s , No. 8 , No. 9 ,
a n d N o. 1 0 .
T he l a r g e s t o f t h e s e g r o u p s w as N o. 8 , t h a t o f
W e a rin g A p p a r e l f o r Men a n d Women.
E ig h t y - s e v e n c o m p a n ie s
p r o d u c e d one o r m ore o f t h e tw e n ty - s e v e n ite m s t h a t fo rm e d
th is c la s s .
T a b le L X II e n u m e r a te s t h e s e v a r i o u s p r o d u c t s
a n d t a b u l a t e s t h e r e a s o n s g iv e n b y t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s f o r th e
s e le c tio n o f th e ir lo c a tio n .
The s m a l l e s t g r o u p , b o t h fro m t h e num ber o f f ir m s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g a n d t h e v a r i e t y o f p r o d u c t s m a n u f a c tu r e d , w as
t h a t o f H a ts f o r Men a n d Women.
T h is was d e s i g n a t e d a s
P r o d u c t G roup No. 9 a n d i s a n a ly z e d I n T a b le L X I I I .
The t h i r d d i v i s i o n w as com posed o f f o r t y - s e v e n
c o m p a n ie s m a k in g t h i r t y - f o u r M is c e l la n e o u s T e x t i l e I t e m s .
T a b le LXIV i s d e v o te d t o t h i s g r o u p .
T a b le LXV b r i n g s t o g e t h e r t h e D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n
149
TABLE LXII
TEXTILE INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 8
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : A t h l e t i c S u i t s , Beach. W ear, B l o u s e s ,
B r a s s ie r e s , G a rte r B e l t s , K n itte d N o v e ltie s , L in g e r ie , L o a fe r
J a c k e t s , M en’ s S p o r t s W ear, Men’ s W e a rin g A p p a r e l , P a ja m a s ,
P la y C l o t h e s , R o h e s , S c a r f s , S i l k D r e s s e s , S la c k S u i t s ,
S h i r t s , S k i r t s , S w e a t e r s , Swim S u i t s , U n d e r g a r m e n ts ,
U n if o rm s , W a sh ab le A p p a r e l , Women’ s C o a t s , Women’ s S u i t s ,
Women’ s S p o r t s W e ar, Work C l o t h e s .
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
M a rk e tin g
S p e c ific S ite
C lim a te
P erso n al
L abor
M is c e l la n e o u s
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
M a te ria l
T ra n s p o rta tio n
G overnm en t
U tilitie s ’
F in a n c e
C ham ber o f Commerce
T o ta l
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d | T h ir d T im es T o t a l
16
17
9
8
5
4
8
7
1
32
29
14
9
5
6
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
8
1
0
2
6
2
2
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
12
11
9
8
2
62
40
19
26
24
12
10
9
7
7
2
2
2
0
0
2
2
0
0
0
6
121
101
W e a rin g A p p a r e l , Men’ s a n d Women’ s ; E i g h t y - s e v e n c o m p a n ie s
made one o r m ore o f t h e tw e n ty - s e v e n ite m s co m p o sin g
G roup No. 8 .
150
TABLE L X III
TEXTILE INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP NO* 9
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p :
Men’ s H a t s , Womenf s H a t s .
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r
T o ta l % o f
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S eco n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
S p e c ific S ite
2
5
1
6
56
M a rk e tin g
4
0
1
5
30
M is c e l la n e o u s
2
1
0
5
18
P erso n a l
1
1
0
2
12
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
0
1
0
1
6
G o v ern m en t
0
0
0
0
0
M a te ria l
0
0
0
0
0
T ra n s p o rta tio n
0
0
0
0
0
C lim a te
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
L abor
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
2
17
102
*
T o ta l
9
6
H a t s , M en's and Women’ s ; E le v e n com p an ies made one o r b o th o f
t h e p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No* 9 .
151
TABLE LXIV
TEXTILE INDUSTRY - PRODUCT GROUP' NO. 10
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro up : A d v e r t i s i n g N o v e l t i e s , A u to m o b ile
T r im m in g s , B a g s , B a n n e r s , Bed S p r e a d s , B i b s , . B r a i d , B u r l a p ,
C o m fo rte rs , C u r t a i n s , D r a p e r ie s , D ust C l o th s , D re ss
T rim m in g s , D o l l C l o t h e s , Em blem s, F a b r i c s , F a b r i c Automo­
b i l e A c c e s s o r i e s , L a b e l s , M a t t r e s s e s , P i e c e G o o d s, P i l l o w s ,
Pow der P u f f s , R i b b o n s , R u g s , S e a t C o v e r s , S h ad e C l o t h , T a p e s ,
T a r p a u l e n s , T a b l e L i n e n s , T e n t s , T o w e ls , W a te r P r o o f F a b r i c s ,
Wool F e l t , W o r s te d Y a m .
D iv is i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
Marke t i n g
P erso n al
S p e c ific S ite
M isc e lla n e o u s
T ra n sp o rta tio n
C lim a te
R e la t io n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
L abor
F in a n c e
G overn m en t
M a te ria l
U tilitie s
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d Tim es T o t a l
15
9
4
4
3
1
22
14
29
19
9
4
3
1
13
17
1
4
1
0
6
4
8
4
0
•1
0
0
1
0
0
0
4
0
2
0
0
1
0
3
3
2
2
2
0
5
4
4
3
3
3
0
0
0
0
22
9
75
100
0
0
3
0
2
2
0
0
0
44
.
M is c e lla n e o u s T e x t i l e s ; F o r t y - s e v e n com p anies made one or
more o f t h e t h i r t y - f o u r p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No. 1 0 .
5
152
F a c t o r s r e p o r t e d b y t h e m a k e rs o f a l l t h r e e P r o d u c t G ro u p s
a n d g i v e s a n o v e r a l l v ie w o f t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e
d i f f e r e n t in f lu e n c e s e x p re sse d in p e rc e n ta g e s*
T he s m a l l num ber o f f i r m s c o m p o sin g G roup Ho* 9 may
have a f f e c t e d th e r e l i a b i l i t y o f th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s r e ­
v e a le d .
The e l e v e n f i r m s i n v o l v e d show ed a h i g h e r p e r c e n t a g e
co n c ern o v er M a rk e tin g , S p e c if ic S i t e , and M is c e lla n e o u s
F a c to rs th a n e i t h e r o f th e o th e r s u b d iv is io n s *
The a p p a r e l m a k e rs o f G roup No* 8 w e r e s e n s i t i v e t o
C lim a te and th e m a n u fa c tu re rs o f m is c e lla n e o u s t e x t i l e s
show ed a g r e a t e r a w a r e n e s s o f P e r s o n a l i n f l u e n c e s t h a n d i d
e i t h e r G roup No. 8 o r No* 9 .
F o r t h e i n d u s t r y a s a w h o l e , h o w e v e r , M a r k e t i n g was
t h e m a jo r c o n c e r n .
F i f t y - n i n e o f t h e one h u n d r e d a n d f o r t y -
f i v e c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t i n g m e n tio n e d i t a s one o f t h e t h r e e
m ost im p o r ta n t i n f l u e n c e s i n th e s e l e c t i o n o f t h e i r p l a n t
s ite s ..
A nd, 28 p e r c e n t o f a l l e x p l a n a t i o n s o f f e r e d h a d
s o m e th in g t o do w i t h M a r k e t s .
T a b l e LXVT g i v e s a t t e n t i o n
t o t h e i n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t­
i n g i t e m s t h a t w ere o f i m p o r t a n c e t o t h o s e members o f t h e
t h r e e P r o d u c t G ro u p s w h ic h named M a r k e t i n g a s a m a j o r f a c t o r
o f lo c a tio n .
Some d i f f e r e n c e s i n t h e i m p o r t a n c e o f i n d i v i d u a l
M a r k e t i n g i t e m s t o t h e members o f t h e t h r e e P r o d u c t G ro up s
w ere a p p a r e n t .
M a n u f a c t u r e r s o f W e a rin g A p p a r e l , G roup N o .8 ,
153
TABLE LXV
SUMMARY TABLE OF LOCATIONAL FACTORS FOR TEXTILE INDUSTRY
CD
•
o
•
o
rl
P e r c e n t a g e R a n k in g o f
F a c t o r i n P r o d u c t G roup
No. 9
o
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
A v e ra g e
% fo r
In d u stry
M a rk e tin g
26
30
29
28
S p e c ific S ite
24
36
17
26
P ersonal
10
12
19
14
7
18
8
11
12
0
5
6
R e la tio n to
O th e r B u s in e s s e s
7
6
4
6
Labor
9
0
4
4
T ra n sp o rta tio n
2
0
5
2
M a te ria l
2
0
3
2
G ov ern m ent
2
0
3
2
F in a n c ia l
0
0
3
1
U tility
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
101
102
100
102
M isc e lla n e o u s
C lim a te
T o ta l
T h i s t a b l e i s a c o m p o s i t e of* t h e p e r c e n t a g e r a n k i n g o f t h e
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a t i o n F a c t o r s g i v e n i n T a b l e s L X II , L X I I I , a n d
LXIV.
154
TABLE LXVI
INDIVIDUAL MARKETING ITEMS CHECKED BY PRODUCT GROUPS
NO. 8 , NO. 9 , AND NO. 10
I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t i n g I te m G roup N o .8
No . •
%
S ty le C e n te r
F i n i s h e d P ro d u c t S o ld
L o c a lly
P r e s t i g e o f L o c a tio n
G row ing P o p u l a t i o n
A d v e r t i s i n g A d v a n ta g e s
o f Community
I s o l a t i o n fro m E a s t
E x p o rt P o s s i b i l i t i e s
Consum er P u r c h a s i n g Power
A c q u a in ta n c e w ith
C u s to m e r s
Speed i n D e liv e r y
R i c h B a c k - C o u n tr y
H ig h P e r s o n a l In co m es
N e a rb y D e a l e r s
N e a rb y W h o l e s a l e r s o r
Jo b b ers
F i n i s h e d Goods B u lk y
S e rv ic in g o f P ro d u ct
T o ta l
G roup N o .9
No.
$
G roup No. 10
No.
%
22
18
4
17
9
15
19
16
13
11
4
3
2
17
12
8
11
5
7
19
8
12
0
0
1
0
1
4
0
4
5
2
1
3
8
6
8
8
6
5
3
2
5
6
5
1,
4
0
0
5
2
2
2
4
2
2
2
2.
0
0
2
8
0
0
8
6
1
1
1
10
2
2
2
1
1
0
1
1
0
3
0
1
12
0
4
5
0
2
8
0
3
120
102
24
98
59
99
16
13
9
9
7
T h e s e w e r e t h e I te m s c h e c k e d by t h e f i f t y - n i n e f i r m s o f
P r o d u c t G roups No. 8 , No. 9 , a n d No. 10 w h ic h named M a r k e t i n g
a s a m a jo r l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e .
155
c h e c k e d S t y l e C e n t e r , P r e s t i g e o f L o c a t i o n , I s o l a t i o n fro m
t h e E a s t , a n d E x p o r t P o s s i b i l i t i e s p e r c e n t a g e l y m ore o f t e n
th a n e i t h e r o f th e o th e r g ro u p s.
G roup No. 1 0 , m a n u f a c t u r e r s
o f M isc e lla n e o u s T e x t i l e s , le d in th e p e rc e n ta g e o f tim e s
F i n i s h e d Goods S o l d L o c a l l y , G row ing P o p u l a t i o n , a n d S p e e d
i n D e l i v e r y w e re c h e c k e d .
The e l e v e n h a t m a k e r s e x p r e s s e d
a h i g h e r d e g r e e o f I n t e r e s t i n N e a rb y W h o l e s a l e r s , N e a rb y
D e a le r s , and S e rv ic in g o f P ro d u c t th a n d id t h e i r i n d u s t r i a l
c o n t e m p o r a r i e s •*
I t i s a p p a r e n t , t h e r e f o r e , t h a t ev e n i n a n i n d u s t r y
w h e r e t h e l o c a t i o n a l I n f l u e n c e s a r e - u n u s u a ll y s i m i l a r ,
p ro d u c e rs o f I n te g r a te d gro u p s o f p ro d u c ts and in d iv id u a l
m a n u fa c tu re rs a r e s e n s i t i v e to c e r t a i n in f lu e n c e s and con­
d i t i o n s w h ic h do n o t a p p l y w i t h e q u a l I n t e n s i t y t o a l l
members o f t h e I n d u s t r y .
156
IV .
FOREST PRODUCTS
The on© h u n d r e d a n d tw o c o m p a n ie s e n g a g e d i n t h e
m a n u f a c t u r e o f F o r e s t P r o d u c t s made f i f t y - o n e d i f f e r e n t
ite m s.
T hese goods w ere s e p a r a t e d i n t o t h r e e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; P r o d u c t G ro up s No* 1 1 , No* 1 2 , a n d No. 1 3 .
G roup No. 11 c o n s i s t e d o f t w e n t y - t h r e e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h
p r o d u c e d t h i r t e e n d i f f e r e n t i t e m s a l l r e l a t e d t o c a b i n e t w o rk
and f i x t u r e s .
G roup No. 12 was com posed o f f o r t y - f i v e f u r n i ­
t u r e m a n u f a c t u r e r s who made e i g h t e e n d i f f e r e n t k i n d s o f
fu rn itu re .
A nd, G roup No. 13 i n c l u d e d t h i r t y - f o u r f i r m s
w h ic h made t w e n t y d i f f e r e n t M i s c e l l a n e o u s F o r e s t P r o d u c t s .
T a b l e s LX V II, L X V III, a n d LXIX l i s t t h e D i v i s i o n a l
L o c a t i o n F a c t o r s nam ed b y t h e members o f e a c h G ro u p , a n d
T a b l e LXX show s a summary o f t h e s e D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r s e x ­
p re sse d In p e rc e n ta g e s.
I t I s fro m T a b l e LXX t h a t t h e
e f f e c t o f th e d i f f e r e n t D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n in f lu e n c e s I s
m ost c l e a r l y o b s e rv e d .
B ecause o f th e Im p o rta n c e o f S p e c i f i c S i t e and
M a r k e t i n g f a c t o r s t o a l l t h r e e G ro up s t h e s e D i v i s i o n s w e re
b r o k e n down a n d t h e i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s c h e c k e d b y t h e c o m p a n ie s
o f e a c h G roup a r r a n g e d n u m e r i c a l l y a n d p e r c e n t a g e l y i n
T a b l e s LXXI a n d LX XII.
An e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e s e t a b l e s
re v e a ls a v a r ie ty o f d iffe re n c e s*
T h e r e a r e s i x D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r s i n T a b l e LXX w h ic h
157
t h e C a b i n e t M akers o f G roup No. 11 r a t e d more h i g h l y t h a n d i d
t h e members o f G ro up s No. 12 o r No. 1 3 .
T h ere w e re f i v e
I n d i v i d u a l I te m s I n T a b l e LXXII t h a t seem ed m ore I m p o r t a n t t o
t h e c o m p a n ie s o f G roup No. 12 t h a n t o t h e c o m p a n ie s o f t h e
o th e r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s .
And t h e r e w e r e n u m ero u s w ays i n w h ic h
t h e f i r m s o f G roup No. 13 r a t e d b o t h t h e D i v i s i o n a l a n d
I n d i v i d u a l I te m s d i f f e r e n t l y t h a n d i d G rou ps No. 11 a n d .
No. 1 2 .
The d i s t i n c t i o n s t h a t seem ed m o s t i m p o r t a n t a n d b e s t
s u p p o rte d by b o th f a c t s and l o g i c , h o w ev er, w ere:
G roup No. 1 1 , C a b i n e t Work a n d F i x t u r e s .
The
c o m p a n ie s o f t h i s G roup a p p e a r e d t o b e m o st a w a re o f t h e i r
R e l a t i o n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s , to L a b o r, and to c e r t a i n
I n d i v i d u a l L o c a tio n Ite m s su ch a s S u i t a b l e B u ild in g A v a ila b le
and Speed in D e liv e ry .
Group No. 1 2 , F u r n i t u r e M a n u f a c t u r e r s .
T hese firm s
l e d I n c h e c k i n g s u c h i t e m s a s P r i v a t e S i d i n g , Low R e n t ,
S t y l e C e n t e r , E x p o r t P o s s i b i l i t i e s , a n d N e a rb y D e a l e r s .
They w e re a l s o h i g h i n t h e t i m e s t h e y r e p o r t e d P e r s o n a l
fa c to rs.
G roup No. 1 3 , M a n u f a c t u r e r s o f M i s c e l l a n e o u s F o r e s t
P ro d u c ts.
T h i s G roup was f a r m ore c o n c e r n e d w i t h M a r k e t i n g
158
t h a n e i t h e r G roup No. 11 o r No. 1 2 .
29 p e r c e n t o f a l l
r e a s o n s r e p o r t e d b y t h e c o m p a n ie s m a k in g up t h i s c a t e g o r y
r e f e r r e d i n some way t o M a r k e t i n g .
The i n d i v i d u a l M a r k e tin g
I te m m o s t o f t e n , c h e c k e d b y t h e s e f i r m s was F i n i s h e d Goods
S o ld L o c a l l y .
The f i r m s o f t h i s Group a l s o show ed a g r e a t e r
a w a r e n e s s o f T r a n s p o r t a t i o n a n d C l i m a t e t h a n d i d t h e members
o f e i t h e r o f th e o th e r s u b d iv is io n s .
159
TABLE LXVII
FOREST PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 11
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : Bank F i x t u r e s , C a b i n e t s , C i r c l e
S t a i r s , D o o rs, Ic e B oxes, M a n tle s, O ffic e F i x t u r e s , S ash ,
S c r e e n s , Show C a s e s , S h u t t e r s , S t o r e F i x t u r e s , Window F r a m e s .
D iv is i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d I T h i r d T im es T o t a l
S p e c ific S ite
6
3
2
11
26
M is c e lla n e o u s
5
2
1
8
19
M a rk e tin g
5
2
1
6
14
P erso n al
3
2
0
5
12
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
2
1
0
3
7
Labor
1
1
1
3
7
T ra n sp o rta tio n
0
2
1
3
7
M a te ria l
0
2
0
2
5
C lim a te
1
0
0
1
2
U tilitie s
0
0
1
1
2
G overnm ent
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
21
15
7
43
101
T o ta l
C a b in e t Work and F i x t u r e s ; T w e n ty -th r e e com panies made one o r
more o f t h e t h i r t e e n p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group N o. 1 1 .
160
TABLE LXVTII
FOREST PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP HO. 12
I t e m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : Bedroom F u r n i t u r e , B o o k c a s e s , Box
S p rin g s , B r e a k fa s t S e t s , D esks, D in e tte S e t s , F l o r a l B a s k e ts ,
F o l d i n g C h a i r s , I n v a l i d W a l k e r s , Lam ps, L i v i n g Room F u r n i t u r e ,
O c c a s i o n a l C h a i r s , P i a n o B e n c h e s , R eed F u r n i t u r e , T a b l e s ,
U p h o l s t e r e d F u r n i t u r e , W a ll B e d s , W heel C h a i r s .
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
13
3
2
18
22
M a rk e tin g
7
8
2
17
21
P erso nal
9
3
2
14
18
M is c e lla n e o u s
6
1
3
10
13
T ra n s p o r t a t i o n
0
3
3
6
8
C lim a te
3
1
1
5
6
Labor
1
2
0
3
4
R e l a t i o n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
1
2
0
3
4
F in a n c e
0
2
0
2
3
M a te ria l
0
1
1
2
3
G overnm ent
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0.
0
0
0
0
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
.0
0
0
40
26
13
80
102
S p e c ific S ite
T o ta l
F u r n it u r e ; F o r t y - f i v e com p anies made one o r more o f th e
e ig h t e e n p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group Ho. 1 2 .
161
TABLE LXIX
FOREST PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP HO. 15
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : Box S h o o k s , B u i l d i n g M a t e r i a l s ,
C a s k e t S h e l l s , C o m m e rc ia l R e f r i g e r a t o r s , C o o l i n g T o w e r s ,
D o m e s tic R e f r i g e r a t o r s , G arden F u r n i t u r e , Lumber P r o d u c t s ,
R o v e l t y B o x e s , P la y g r o u n d E q u ip m e n t, R a d io C a b i n e t s , Redwood
P r o d u c t s , S m a ll Wood B o x e s , T e n n is R a c k e t F o rm s , T o o l B o x e s ,
Wood B a r r e l s , Wood T a n k s , Wood T ru n k C a s e s , Wood V e s s e l s ,
Wood T o y s ♦
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M a rk e tin g
S p e c ific S ite
P erso n al
C lim a te
M isc e lla n e o u s
T ra n sp o rta tio n
L abor
M a te ria l
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
G o vern m en t
U tilitie s
F in a n c e
Cham ber o f Commerce
T o ta l
T o ta l % o f
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
6
7
4i
8
2
1
0
0
3
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
9
5
29
19
10
1
5
5
5
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
10
10
10
4
4
2
0
0
0
48
4
4
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
28
17
3
0
98
M is c e lla n e o u s F o r e s t P r o d u c ts ; T h ir t y - f o u r com p an ies made one
o r more o f t h e tw e n ty p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group Ho, 1 3 .
162
TABLE LXX
SUMMARY TABLE OF LOCATIONAL FACTORS FOR FOREST PRODUCTS
EXPRESSED IN PERCENTAGES
D iv is i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
P e r c e n t a g e R a n k in g o f
F a c t o r I n P r o d u c t G roup
No. 12 No. 13
No. 11
A v e ra g e
% fo r
In d u stry
S p e c ific S ite
26
22
19
22
M a rk e tin g
14
21
29
21
P erso n al
12
18
10
13
M isc e lla n e o u s
19
15
10
14
T ra n sp o rta tio n
7
8
10
8
C lim a te
2
6
10
6
Labor
7
4
4
5
R e l a t i o n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
7
4
2
4
M a te ria l
5
3
4
4
F in a n c e
0
3
0
1
U tilitie s
2
0
0
1
G ov ernm ent
0
0
0.
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
101
102
98
99
T o ta l
T h is t a b l e I s a co m p o site o f th e p e r c e n ta g e r a n k in g o f th e
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a t i o n F a c t o r s g i v e n i n T a b l e s LX VII, L X V III,
a n d LXIX.
165
TABLE LXXI
SPECIFIC SITE ITEMS CHECKED BY PRODUCT GROUPS
HO. 1 1 , NO. 1 2 , AND NO. 13
I n d i v i d u a l S p e c i f i c S i t e Ite m
G roup
No. 11
No.
%
G roup
No. 12
No.
%
G roup
No. 13
No.
%
C o n v e n i e n t t o Homes o f W o rk e rs
9
16
10
17
4
9
S u ita b le B u ild in g A v a ila b le
9
16
6
10
6
13
P l e a s a n t W o rk in g E n v ir o n m e n t
8
14
9
15
6
13
Low B u i l d i n g C o s t
6
11
3
5
3
6
Low R e n t a l
4
7
9
15
4
9
Low L and C o s t
4
7
2
4
3
6
P r iv a te S id in g
3
5
4
7
3
6
F lo o r Space f o r E x p an sio n
3
5
4
7
2
4
C i t y P l a n n i n g a n d Z o n in g
3
5
3
5
1
2
S to ra g e Space
2
4
1
1
2
4
W a re h o u s in g F a c i l i t i e s
2
4
1
1
2
4
A n t i c i p a t e d I n c r e a s e i n L and
V a lu e
2
4
2
4
2
4
S a t i s f a c t o r y H o u s in g f o r
Workmen
2
4
2
4
2
4
H arbor F a c i l i t i e s
0
0
3
5
7
15
59 100
47
99
T o ta l
57 102
T h e s e a r e t h e I n d i v i d u a l S p e c i f i c S i t e I te m s c h e c k e d b y a l l
c o m p a n ie s o f P r o d u c t G ro up s No. 1 1 , No. 1 2 , a n d No. 1 3 .
164
TABLE LXXII
MARKETING ITEMS CHECKED BY PRODUCT GROUPS
NO. 1 1 , NO* 1 2 , AND NO. 13
I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t i n g I te m
G roup
N o .11
No.
%
G roup
No. 12
No. 1 *
19
12
6
6
5
29
19
9
22
16
10
18
9
8
A c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h C u s to m e r s
C onsum er P u r c h a s i n g Pow er
N e a rb y D e a l e r s
7
10
3
3
5
5
H ig h P e r s o n a l Incom es
E x p o rt P o s s i b i l i t i e s
S e rv ic in g o f P ro d u ct
2
3
1
F i n i s h e d P r o d u c t S o ld L o c a l l y
G row ing P o p u l a t i o n
F i n i s h e d Goods B u lk y
N e a rb y W h o l e s a l e r s o r J o b b e r s
Speed i n D e liv e r y
G roup
No. 13
No.
%
37
13
8
16
7
2
8
9
7
7
2
2
5
5
3
10
9
2
5
1
0
12
2
0
1
8
7
5
1
5
0
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
6
0
A d v e r t i s i n g A d v a n ta g e s o f
Com munity
1
1
3
2
0
0
S ty le C e n te r
0
0
10
1
2
P r e s t i g e o f L o c a tio n
0
0
9
8
7
3
7
I s o l a t i o n fro m E a s t
R i c h B a c k - C o u n tr y
0
0
0
0
4
3
3
2
0
1
0
2
66 100
123
98
43
99
T o ta l
T h e s e a r e t h e I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t i n g I te m s c h e e k e d b y a l l
c o m p a n ie s o f P r o d u c t G ro up s No. 1 1 , No. 1 2 , a n d No. 1 3 .
165
V.
PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
T w e n ty -o n e c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t e d fro m t h i s i n d u s t r y .
An
e x a m in a tio n o f th e in f o r m a tio n f u r n i s h e d , i n d i c a t e d t h a t o n ly
on e p r o d u c t c l a s s i f i c a t i o n was n e c e s s a r y *
F o u rte e n d i f f e r e n t
i t e m s w e re m a n u f a c t u r e d h u t p r a c t i c a l l y a l l w e re c l o s e l y
a llie d .
T a b l e LX X III e m p h a s iz e s t h e d o m i n a t i n g i n f l u e n c e o f
M a r k e tin g a s a l o c a t i o n f a c t o r .
near I t .
No o t h e r i n f l u e n c e was
M a te r ia l and S p e c i f ic S i t e f a c t o r s t i e d f o r
s e c o n d p l a c e a n d P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s w e re t h i r d .
B u t, th e
v o t e s c a s t f o r a l l t h r e e co m b in ed b a r e l y e q u a l l e d t h e
num ber o f t i m e s M a r k e t i n g a l o n e was m e n t i o n e d .
T a b l e LXXIV shows F i n i s h e d Goods S o ld L o c a l l y to h a v e
b e e n t h e m o st i m p o r t a n t I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t i n g I t e m .
F ifte e n
t i m e s i t was c h e c k e d b y t h e t w e n t y - o n e f i r m s r e p o r t i n g .
The e v i d e n c e s u p p o r t i n g M a r k e t i n g a s t h e m a jo r f a c t o r
o f l o c a t i o n i n t h e P a p e r a n d A l l i e d P r o d u c t s I n d u s t r y was
so c o n c l u s i v e t h a t no f u r t h e r a n a l y s i s was u n d e r t a k e n .
166
TABLE LXXIII
PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 14
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : B lu e P r i n t P a p e r , C o r r u g a t e d P a p e r ,
E n v e lo p e s, F ib r e B o ard , F ib r e T u bes, F o ld in g B oxes, P ap er
B a g s , P a p e r S t o c k , P u l p , S e t-U p P a p e r B o x e s , S h i p p i n g C a s e s ,
S t e n c i l P a p e r , Waxed P a p e r , W ra p p in g P a p e r .
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a r k e tin g
9
4
0
13
36
M a te ria l
2
3
0
5
14
S p e c i f i c Site*
5
0
0
5
14
P erso n al
1
2
0
3
8
T ra n sp o rta tio n
1
1
0
2
6
Labor
0
1
1
2
6
C lim a te
0
0
2
2
6
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
0
0
2
2
6
F in a n c e
0
0
1
1
3
MIs c e l l a n e o u s
0
1
0
1
3
G overnm ent
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
18
12
6
36
102
T o ta l
Paper and A l l i e d P r o d u c ts ; T w en ty -o n e com p an ies made one o r
more o f th e f o u r t e e n p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No. 1 4 .
167
TABLE LXXIV
MARKETING ITEMS CHECKED BY PRODUCT GROUP NO. 14
I n d i v i d u a l M a rk e tin g Ite m
F i n i s h e d Goods S o ld L o c a l l y
No.
T im es
M e n tio n e d
%
of
T o ta l
15
30
G ro w in g P o p u l a t i o n
7
14
Speed in D e liv e r y
6
12
N e a rb y W h o l e s a l e r s o r J o b b e r s
5
10
F i n i s h e d Goods B u lk y
4
8
A c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h C u s to m e r s
4
8
I s o l a t i o n fro m E a s t
3
6
E x p o rt P o s s i b i l i t i e s
2
4
C onsum er P u r c h a s i n g Power
2
4
P r e s t i g e o f L o c a tio n
1
2
A d v e r t i s i n g A d v a n ta g e s o f Community
1
2
50
100
T o ta l
T h i s t a b l e shows t h e I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t i n g I t e m s c h e c k e d b y
t h e tw e n t y - o n e c o m p a n ie s o r P r o d u c t G roup No. 1 4 .
168
V I.
PRINTING, PUBLISHING AND ALLIED INDUSTRIES
The c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t i n g fro m t h i s i n d u s t r y f e l l l o g i ­
c a l l y i n t o two g r o u p s :
P u b lish in g .
S u rv ey .
N e w s p a p e rs , a n d P r i n t i n g a n d
T w e n ty -s ix new spapers w ere in c lu d e d i n th e
Some o f t h e s e d i d c o m m e r c ia l p r i n t i n g so t h a t
P r o d u c t G roup No. 15 i n c l u d e d two i t e m s .
P r o d u c t G roup
N o. 16 was made u p o f f o r t y - t w o p r i n t e r s a n d p u b l i s h e r s
who r e p o r t e d t w e n t y - o n e s e p a r a t e p r o d u c t s .
T a b l e s LXXV a n d LXXVI show t h e r a n k i n g o f t h e r e a s o n s
g i v e n b y t h e members o f e a c h c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
The c o m p a n ie s o f b o t h G ro up s w e re M a rk e t c o n s c i o u s
b u t t h e members o f G roup No. 15 w e r e m ore so t h a n t h e f i r m s
o f No. 1 6 .
M is c e lla n e o u s F a c to rs a l s o ran k ed h ig h e r w ith
No. 15 t h a n w i t h No. 1 6 , b u t Group No. 16 g a v e m ore a t t e n t i o n
t o O t h e r B u s i n e s s e s a n d L a b o r t h a n d i d t h e c o m p a n ie s com pos­
i n g G roup No. 1 5 .
T aken b y a n d l a r g e , t h e d i f f e r e n c e s b e tw e e n t h e two
♦
su b d iv isio n s o f th is
i n d u s t r y w e re o f d e g r e e r a t h e r t h a n
k i n d , b u t t h e y w e re s u f f i c i e n t t o s t a n d o u t c l e a r l y u n d e r
c o m p a riso n .
169
TABLE LXXV
PRINTING, PUBLISHING AND ALLIED INDUSTRIES PRODUCT GROUP NO. 15
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G rou p:
N e w s p a p e r s , C o m m e rc ia l P r i n t i n g .
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
T o ta l % of
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
14
2
0
16
42
M is c e lla n e o u s
7
3
0
10
26
P ersonal
2
3
0
5
13
S p e c ific S ite
2
2
0
4
11
T ra n sp o rta tio n
0
2
0
2
5
M a te ria l
0
0
1
1
3
G o vernm en t
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
Labor
0
0
0
0
0
R e l a t i o n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
C lim a te
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
25
12
1
38
100
M a rk e tin g
T o ta l
N e w s p a p e rs ; T w e n t y - s i x f i r m s p a r t i c i p a t e d i n t h i s r e p o r t ;
many o f th e m d i d c o m m e r c ia l p r i n t i n g a s w e l l a s n e w s p a p e r
w o rk .
X70
TABLE LXXVI
PRINTING, PUBLISHING AND ALLIED INDUSTRIES PRODUCT GROUP NO. 16
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : A d v e r t i s i n g M a t e r i a l , B lu e P r i n t s ,
Book B i n d i n g , Book P u b l i s h i n g , C o m m ercial P r i n t i n g , C o l o r
P r i n t i n g , C o u p o n s, E m b o s s in g , F i l i n g M a t e r i a l s , G r e e t i n g
C a r d s , L e g a l P r i n t i n g , L i t h o g r a p h y , L a b e l s , L o o se L e a f F o rm s ,
M a g a z i n e s , P h o t o s t a t s , R e c o rd M a t e r i a l s , R a i l r o a d T a r i f f s ,
S ta tio n e r y , T ags, T ic k e ts .
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M a rk e tin g
P erso n al
T ra n sp o rta tio n
S p e c ific S ite
M isc e lla n e o u s
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
L abor
C lim a te
M a te ria l
G o vern m en t
U tilitie s
F in a n c e
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
11
5
2
4
6
2
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
33
5
0
4
5
2
0
0
1
0
1
16
10
7
7
27
1
2
7
4
2
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
2
0
0
0
0
7
5
3
0
0
0
0
20
7
60
102
17
12
12
12
7
P r in t in g and P u b lis h in g ; F o r ty -tw o com p an ies made one o r more
o f th e tw e n ty -o n e p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No. 1 6 .
171
V II.
CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
T h i s i n d u s t r y was w i d e l y d i v e r s i f i e d i n i t s p r o d u c t s .
F i f t y - t h r e e d i f f e r e n t i t e m s w e re m a n u f a c t u r e d b y t h e e i g h t y e i g h t c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t i n g .
F o u rte e n o f th e s e p ro d u c ts had
t o do w i t h e i t h e r Soap o r P a i n t .
The o t h e r t h i r t y - n i n e
p r o d u c t s r a n g e d fro m A c e t y l e n e t o F l o o r Wax, w i t h no
re c o g n iz a b le c o n g e a lin g n u c le u s .
The f o u r t e e n . P a i n t a n d Soap i t e m s w e re m a n u f a c t u r e d by
t h i r t y d i f f e r e n t c o m p a n ie s a n d w e re d e s i g n a t e d a s P r o d u c t
G roup No. 1 7 .
The t h i r t y - n i n e p r o d u c t s w e re made b y f i f t y -
e i g h t d i f f e r e n t o r g a n i z a t i o n s and w ere c l a s s i f i e d as P ro d u c t
G roup No. 1 8 .
T a b l e s LXXVII a n d LXXVIII f u r n i s h an o p p o r t u n i t y t o
ex a m in e t h e l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s r e p o r t e d b y t h e m anagem ent
o f t h e c o m p a n ie s f o r m in g t h e s e two G r o u p s .
The members o f G roup No. 17 show ed a r e s p o n s i v e n e s s
to s im ila r in f lu e n c e s .
M a r k e tin g a n d S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s
r e p r e s e n t e d 54 p e r c e n t o f a l l r e a s o n s g i v e n .
M a r k e t i n g by
i t s e l f a c c o u n t e d f o r 51 p e r c e n t o f a l l e x p l a n a t i o n s a n d
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s , 23 p e r c e n t .
I n P r o d u c t G roup No. 1 8 , P e r s o n a l r e a s o n s o f t h e
m anagem ent e x e r t e d m ore I n f l u e n c e on t h e s e l e c t i o n o f a
p la n t s i t e
th a n any o th e r c a u s e .
T h a t, in i t s e l f ,
in d ic a te d
a la c k o f any u n i f y i n g , e x t e r n a l s e t o f c irc u m s ta n c e s .
172
M a r k e t i n g was s e c o n d , b u t o n l y 20 p e r c e n t o f t h e a n s w e r s
m e n tio n e d M a rk e tin g .
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s w ere t h i r d w ith
a v o t e o f 19 p e r c e n t .
The i n f e r e n c e s u g g e s t e d b y t h i s c o n d i t i o n g i v e s w e i g h t
to th e ap proach o f t h i s c h a p te r .
T h e c o m p a n ie s p r o d u c i n g t h e
same o r s i m i l a r C h e m ic a l P r o d u c t s r e v e a l e d a f a r m ore
d e f i n i t e p a t t e r n o f l o c a t i o n a l b e h a v i o r t h a n d i d c o m p a n ie s
i n t h e same i n d u s t r y w h ic h made e n t i r e l y d i f f e r e n t w a r e s .
173
TABLE
X jX X V IX
CHEMICALS AMD ALLIED PRODUCTS PRODUCT GROUP HO. 17
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : C o l o r P a i n t s , D ry C l e a n i n g S o a p ,
E n a m e ls , I n d u s t r i a l P a i n t , L a c q u e r , L e a d , L y e , O i l s , P a i n t s ,
P a in te r S u p p lie s , Soap, S a n ita tio n P ro d u c ts , T h in n e rs ,
V a rn ish .
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
T o ta l % o f
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
12
5
1
18
31
S p e c ific S ite
7
3
3
13
23
Lahor
0
3
3
6
10
U tilitie s
0
3
1
4
7
M isc e lla n e o u s
2
1
1
4
7
C lim a te
1
2
0
3
5
P erso nal
3
0
0
3
5
T ra n sp o rta tio n
0
1
2
3
5
M a te ria l
2
0
1
3
5
G overnm ent
0
0
1
1
2
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
27
18
13
58
100
M a rk e tin g
T o ta l
P a in t and Soap; T h ir t y com p anies made one o r more o f th e
f o u r t e e n p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group N o. 1 7 .
174
TABLE LXXVIII
CHEMICAL AND ALLIED PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 18
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : A c e t y l e n e , A d h e s i v e s , B l e a c h ,
C a rb o n B l a c k , C a r b o n i c G a s , C e l l u l o s e P r o d u c t s , C e m en t,
C a lc iu m C a r b i d e , C l e a n e r s , C o s m e t i c s , D r a i n O p e n e r s ,
D e o d o r a n t s , D i s i n f e c t a n t s , D r u g s , D ry I c e , F u n g i c i d e s , G lu e ,
H a i r D r e s s i n g , H y d r o c y a n ic A c i d , H o u s e h o ld C h e m i c a l s , I n k ,
I n s e c t i c i d e s , I n t r a v e n o u s S o l u t i o n , Lamp B l a c k , O r g a n o t h e r a p e n t i c P r o d u c t s , O xygen, P l a s t i c s , P o l i s h e s , P o u l t r y
R e m e d ie s , P h o s p h o r i c A c i d , P u t t y , S c a l e R em o v er, S o d -h y p o s u l p h i t e , Sodium H y p o c l o r i t e , S o d - s u l p h i t e , S y n t h e t i c O r g a n ic
C h e m i c a l s , T r e t o l i t e , V ita m in T a b l e t s , W axes.
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
P erso n al
M a rk e tin g
S p e c ific S ite
M isc e lla n e o u s
T ra n sp o rta tio n
M a te ria l
C lim a te
R e l a t i o n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
U tilitie s
L abor
G ov ern m ent
F in a n c e
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
T o ta l % o f
M e n tio n e d
F I r s t | S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
"o
7
9
2
4
4
0
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
2
4
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
21
18
17
10
7
5
4
4
2
1
0
0
0
24
20
19
11
8
6
4
4
2
1
0
0
0
51
29
9
89
99
14
7
11
6
2
4
4
3
0
0
0
0
M is c e lla n e o u s C h e m ic a ls; F i f t y - e i g h t com p an ies made one o r
more o f th e t h i r t y - n i n e p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No. 1 8 .
175
V III.
PRODUCTS OF PETROLEUM AND COAL
T h i s was t h e m o st c l o s e l y i n t e g r a t e d o f a l l P r o d u c t
G ro u p s .
T w elve d i f f e r e n t p r o d u c t s w e r e r e p o r t e d b y t h e
t w e n t y - t h r e e p a r t i c i p a t i n g c o m p a n ie s b u t a l l p e r t a i n e d
d i r e c t l y t o P e tro le u m a s a b a s e .
Two c o m p a n ie s d i d n o t a n s w e r Q u e s t i o n N o f t h e R e p o r t
B l a n k , b u t n i n e t e e n o f t h e t w e n t y - o n e w h ic h d i d , m e n t i o n e d
t h e D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r o f M a t e r i a l s a s a m a jo r l o c a t i o n a l
in flu e n c e .
48 p e r c e n t o f a l l e x p l a n a t i o n s o f f e r e d f o r t h e
s e le c t io n o f a m a n u fa c tu rin g s i t e
i n c l u d e d N e a r n e s s t o Raw
M a te ria ls.
F i v e c o m p a n ie s d i d n o t e n u m e r a te t h e m a t e r i a l s u s e d ,
b u t e i g h t e e n d i d a n d e a c h one named O i l .
f iv e tim e s.
Gas was m e n t i o n e d
A l l o t h e r m a t e r i a l s co m b in e d w e r e c h e c k e d e i g h t
t i m e s a n d no one o f th e m m ore t h a n t w i c e .
The l o c a t i o n a l p a t t e r n o f t h i s i n d u s t r y was
d ra m a tic a lly c le a r .
E v e r y company made t h e same o r s i m i l a r
p r o d u c t s a n d p r a c t i c a l l y e v e r y company was aw a re o f t h e
same m a j o r i n f l u e n c e when c h o o s i n g t h e l o c a t i o n f o r i t s
p la n t.
The f a c t u a l d a t a o f T a b l e LXXIX e m p h a t i c a l l y s u p p o r t
t h is c o n c lu sio n .
176
TABLE LXXIX
PRODUCTS OF PETROLEUM AND COAL - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 19
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : C ru d e O i l , D i e s e l O i l , F u e l O i l ,
Gas O i l , G a s o l i n e , G r e a s e s , K e r o s e n e , K e r o s e n e D i s t i l l a t e ,
L u b r i c a n t s , N a p h th a , Road O i l s , T e c h n i c a l O ils *
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
16
2
1
19
48
T ra n sp o rta tio n
0
5
1
6
15
M a rk e tin g
1
2
2
5
13
S p e c ific S ite
2
1
0
3
8
M is c e lla n e o u s
2
1
0
3
8
Labor
0
1
1
2
5
G overnm ent
0
1
0
1
3
P erso n al
0
0
1
1
3
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0/
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
0
0
0
0
0
C lim a te
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
21
13
6
40
103
M a te ria l
T o ta l
P etro le u m P r o d u c ts ; T w e n ty -th r e e com p an ies made one o r more
o f t h e tw e lv e p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No. 1 9 .
177
IX ,
RUBBER PRODUCTS
T a b le LXXX r e v e a l s t h a t m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f R u b b e r
P r o d u c t s a s a g r o u p l o o k e d t o M a r k e ts f i r s t a n d a s u i t a b l e
a l l - r o u n d l o c a t i o n s e c o n d , b u t no o n e g r o u p o f f a c t o r s
p re d o m in a te d .
M a rk e tin g r e p r e s e n t e d o n ly 23 p e r c e n t o f
th e t o t a l e x p la n a tio n s o f fe re d ; S p e c ific S ite f a c to r s
w e re s e c o n d , r e p r e s e n t i n g 16 p e r c e n t ; a n d f o u r o t h e r
f a c t o r s e a c h r e c e i v e d 10 p e r c e n t o f t h e v o t e s .
F o u rte e n v a r ie d p ro d u c ts f o r f i f t e e n f i r m s , even I f
t h e c o m p a n ie s a r e e n g a g e d i n t h e same i n d u s t r y , I n t r o d u c e s
t o o many p r o b le m s f o r a c l e a r l y d e f i n e d s e t o f I n f l u e n c e s
to o p e ra te In th e s e le c tio n o f a fa c to ry lo c a tio n .
178
TABLE LXXX
RUBBER PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP WO. 2 0
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : A rc h S u p p o r t s , B ra k e L i n i n g ,
I n d u s t r i a l Rubber P a r t s , M e ta ta r s a l P a d s, R e b u ilt T i r e s ,
R e c l a i m e d R u b b e r P r o d u c t s , R u b b e r Mops, R u b b e r M a ts , R u b b e r
P r i n t i n g P l a t e s , R u b b e r S ta m p s , R u b b e r W a s te , T i r e s , T i r e
R e p a ir M a te r ia l, T ubes.
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a rk e tin g
5
2
0
7
23
S p e c ific S ite
1
4
0
5
16
P ersonal
3
0
0
3
10
T ra n sp o rta tio n
1
1
1
3
10
Labor
0
0
3
3
10
M is c e lla n e o u s
2
1
0
3
10
M a te ria l
0
2
0
2
6
C lim a te
0
1
1
2
6
G overn m en t
0
1
0
1
3
F in a n c e
0
0
1
1
3
R e la t io n t o O th e r B u s in e s s e s
1
0
0
1
3
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
13
12
6
31
100
T o ta l
Rubber P r o d u c ts ; F i f t e e n com p an ies made one or more o f th e
f o u r t e e n p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No. 2 0 .
1 79
X.
LEATHER AND ITS MANUFACTURES
A l a r g e r num ber o f R e p o r t s w e re n e e d e d f o r t h i s
In d u stry *
The t w e n t y - o n e f i r m s p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n t h e
S u r v e y m a n u f a c t u r e d tw e n t y d i f f e r e n t c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s .
Four
c o m p a n ie s made n o v e l t i e s s u c h a s B i l l F o l d s , Key C a s e s ,
D re s s in g S e t s , e t c ; f i v e o r g a n iz a tio n s m a n u fa c tu re d
i n d u s t r i a l goods su ch a s B e l t i n g , and U p h o ls te rin g M a te r ia lf
e i g h t c o m p a n ie s made S h o e s , G l o v e s , a n d o t h e r W e a rin g
A p p a r e l ; a n d f o u r c o n c e r n s made o d d s a n d en ds*
The num ber o f c o m p a n ie s f ro m e a c h f i e l d o f
a c t i v i t y w a s . t o o s m a l l t o fo rm a P r o d u c t Group*
The
R e p o rts w e re , t h e r e f o r e , p o o le d and th e in fo rm a tio n
o b t a i n e d fro m th em was t a b u l a t e d i n T a b l e LXXXI*
P l a c e d a l l i n t h e same c a t e g o r y , n o c l e a r l y
d i s t i n c t l o c a t i o n a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s w e re e v i d e n t .
S p e c ific
S i t e f a c t o r s r a n k e d f i r s t , a n d M a r k e tin g s e c o n d ; b u t n e i t h e r
was i m p r e s s i v e l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e *
180
TABLE LXXXI
LEATHER AND ITS MANUFACTURES - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 21
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : B a g s , B e l t s , B i l l F o l d s , B r i e f
C a s e s , Cam era C a s e s , D r e s s i n g S e t s , G lo ve L e a t h e r , Key C a s e s ,
L e a t h e r B e l t i n g , L e a t h e r G a r m e n ts , L e a t h e r G u a r d s , P l a y S h o e s ,
S a n d a l s , S a d d l e r y , S h o e s , S o l e L e a t h e r , S u i t C a s e s , T a n n in g ,
U p h o l s t e r i n g M a t e r i a l s , Women1s G l o v e s .
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
T o ta l % o f
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
S p e c ific S ite
6
1
0
7
29
M a rk e tin g
4
1
0
5
21
P erso n al
1
2
0
3
12
C lim a te
1
1
1
3
12
F in a n c e
0
1
1
2
8
T r a n s p o r t a t i on
0
1
0
1
4
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
1
0
0
1
4
U tilitie s
0
1
0
1
4
M is c e lla n e o u s
1
0
0
1
4
G overnm ent
0
0
0
0
0
Labor
0
0
0
0
0
M a te ria l
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
14
8
2
24
98
T o ta l
L e a th e r Goods; T w en ty-on e com p anies made one or more o f th e
tw e n ty p r o d u c ts com posing Group N o. 2 1 .
181
X I.
STONE, CLAY AND GLASS PRODUCTS
R e p o r t s w e r e s t u d i e d fro m f i f t y - f i v e c o m p a n ie s i n t h i s
in d u stry .
The f i n i s h e d g o o d s o f t h i r t y - o n e o f t h e s e o r g a n ­
iz a ti o n s c o n s is te d o f fo u rte e n c lo s e ly r e l a t e d ite m s.
The
f i n i s h e d goods o f th e o th e r tw e n ty -fo u r firm s in c lu d e d
t h i r t y - f i v e w id e ly v a r ie d p r o d u c ts .
The d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e L o c a t i o n F a c t o r s named b y t h e
u n i f i e d g ro u p a s a g a i n s t th e i n f l u e n c e s m e n tio n e d by th e
m a k e rs o f t h e l e s s r e l a t e d i t e m s i s c l e a r l y o b s e r v a b l e b y
a c o m p a r is o n o f T a b l e s LXXXII a n d LXXXIII.
Raw M a t e r i a l was e m p h a t i c a l l y t h e f a c t o r t h a t h a d
m o s t t o do w i t h t h e l o c a t i o n o f t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f
P r o d u c t G roup No. 2 2 , r e v i e w e d i n T a b l e LXXXII;
was s e c o n d i n r a n k i n g ;
M a r k e tin g
and o t h e r i n f l u e n c e s w ere r e l a t i v e ­
ly u n im p o rta n t.
M a t e r i a l , i n T a b l e LXXX III, d r o p p e d fro m i t s p o s i t i o n
o f i m p o r t a n c e a n d was n o t r e p l a c e d .
M a rk e tin g ra n k e d f i r s t
w i t h t h i s G ro u p , b u t n o t c o n v i n c i n g l y .
H e re was a n o t h e r
ex am ple o f m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f d i v e r s i f i e d p r o d u c t s o f f e r i n g
d i v e r s i f ie d e x p la n a tio n s f o r p la n t lo c a tio n .
182
TABLE LXXXII
STONE, CLAY AND GLASS PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP N 0 . 2 2
I t e m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : B r i c k , C e m en t, C o n c r e t e P i p e , F l u e
L i n i n g , G r a n i t e , G r a v e l , L im e, M a r b l e , Rock P r o d u c t s , R o o f in g
T i l e , Rock W o o l, S a n d , Sew er P i p e , T i l e .
D iv is i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
T o ta l % o f
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
14
3
1
18
36
M a rk e tin g
4
6
3
13
26
S p e c ific S ite
2
3
0
5
10
T ra n sp o rta tio n
0
2
1
5
6
P erso n al
1
2
0
3
6
M isc e lla n e o u s
2
0
1
3
6
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
1
0
1
2
4
L abor
0
0
1
1
2
F in a n c e
0
0
1
1
2
C lim a te
0
1
0
1
2
G overnm ent
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
24
17
9
50
100
M a te ria l
T o ta l
S to n e , C la y and G la s s P r o d u c ts ; T h ir t y - o n e com p an ies made
one o r more o f th e f o u r t e e n p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group No. 2 2 .
183
TABLE LXXXIII
STONE, CLAY AND GLASS PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 23
I t e m s ' o f P r o d u c t G ro up : A b r a s i v e s , B o t t l e s , B u i l d i n g
M a t e r i a l s , C o l o r e d P l a s t e r s , D e c o r a t i v e M a r b l e , D in n e r W a re ,
F i g u r e d G l a s s , F l o o r T i l e , G arden P o t s , G la s s I n s u l a t o r s ,
G l a s s K n o b s, G la s s W are, G l a s s S p e c i a l i t i e s , Gypsum,
I l l u m i n a t i n g G l a s s W are, I n s u l a t i n g P l a s t e r s , J a r d i n i e r e s ,
K i t c h e n W are, Lamp R e f l e c t o r s , L i g h t i n g F i x t u r e S h a d e s ,
M i s c e l l a n e o u s C o n c r e t e P r o d u c t s , Onyx N o v e l t i e s , P l a s t e r
P r o d u c t s , P lu m b in g F i x t u r e s , P o l i s h e d G l a s s , P o t t e r y ,
P r e p a r e d C o n c r e t e W a l l - U n i t s , S o u v e n i r s , S t u c c o , T a b le
N o v e l t i e s , T a l c , V a s e s , V i t r e o u s C h i n a , W a ll B o a r d , W ire d
G la ss.
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M a r k e tin g
S p e c ific S ite
M isc e lla n e o u s
P erso n al
C lim a te
Labor
M a te ria l
T ra n sp o rta tio n
G overnm ent.
U tilitie s
F in a n c e
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d T h i r d Times T o t a l
6
3
4
4
1
1
1
0
0
0
3
5
0
0
3
2
1
2
0
0
4
1
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
5
5
4
3
2
0
0
28
19
13
10
10
8
6
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
11
47
98
0
0
0
0
0 •
0
'
0
20
16
0
13
9
6
M is c e lla n e o u s S to n e , C la y and G la ss P r o d u c ts : T w e n ty -fo u r
com p anies made one o r more o f th e t h i r t y - f i v e p r o d u c ts
com p osin g Group N o. 2 3 .
184
X II.
IRON AND STEEL AND THEIR PRODUCTS
From tli© s t a n d p o i n t o f t h e number o f co m pan ies
p a r t i c i p a t i n g , t h e I r o n a n d S t e e l i n d u s t r y was t h e t h i r d
l a r g e s t o f t h e S u rv e y , b u t from t h e number o f it e m s p r o d u c e d
i t was by f a r t h e l a r g e s t .
Two h u n d r e d an d f o r t y - s e v e n com p anies r e p o r t e d fro m
t h e F ood I n d u s t r y ;
one h u n d r e d a n d f o r t y - f i v e from T e x t i l e s ;
an d one h u n d r e d an d f o r t y - t w o fro m I r o n an d S t e e l •
The Food
p r o c e s s o r s m a n u f a c tu r e d f i f t y - n i n e d i f f e r e n t p r o d u c t s ;
T e x t i l e m a k ers r e p o r t e d s i x t y - t h r e e ; b u t I r o n a n d S t e e l
f a b r i c a t o r s l i s t e d one h u n d r e d an d s i x t e e n d i f f e r e n t i t e m s ,
a number a l m o s t e q u a l t o t h e com bined o u t p u t o f t h e two
la rg e s t in d u s trie s .
T h e re in a ro s e a d i f f i c u l t y .
Foods w ere c l a s s i f i e d
I n t o se v e n P r o d u c t G ro u p s; T e x t i l e s I n t o t h r e e ; b u t so
d i v e r s i f i e d w ere t h e I r o n a n d S t e e l p r o d u c t s t h a t t h e r e w ere
no r e a l l y s a t i s f a c t o r y i n t e g r a t e d g r o u p s .
The n u c l e u s was
p r e s e n t I n s e v e r a l i n s t a n c e s , b u t t h e number o f f i r m s
m aking c l o s e l y s i m i l a r p r o d u c t s was I n s u f f i c i e n t .
Ten co m p an ie s made s t e e l c o n s t r u c t i o n m a t e r i a l s s u c h
a s R oof T r u s s e s , S t r u c t u r a l S h a p e s , a n d R e i n f o r c i n g B a r s .
S i x co m p an ie s made Screw M achine P a r t s .
N ine o u t f i t s made
S t e e l T a n k s ; f o u r , Bed S p r i n g s ; an d so on th r o u g h t h e l i s t .
Each g ro u p o f co m p an ie s w h ic h m a n u f a c tu r e d c l o s e l y
-
185
r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s show ed a t e n d e n c y t o r e p o r t s i m i l a r
l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s h u t t h e num ber o f q u a l i f i e d members f o r
i n t e g r a t e d g r o u p s was e x c e e d i n g l y l i m i t e d .
In th e absen ce o f s u f f i c i e n t R e p o rts to s e g re g a te
c lo s e ly r e l a t e d g ro u p s, t h e r e f o r e , p ro d u c ts o f l e s s s im ila r ­
i t y w ere g ro u p e d t o g e t h e r .
T a b l e s LXXXIV, LXXXV, LXXXVI,
LXXXVII, a n d LXXXVIII show t h e r e s u l t s .
T a b l e LXXXIX i s a c o m p i l a t i o n o f t h e a n s w e r s r e c e i v e d
fro m a l l c o m p a n ie s i n t h e i n d u s t r y w i t h o u t c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
i n t o P r o d u c t G r o u p s , a n d T a b le XC i s a su m m ation o f t h e
p e r c e n t a g e r a n k i n g o f e a c h L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r t a k e n fro m
T a b l e LXXXIV t h r o u g h T a b l e LXXXIX.
I n s p i t e o f t h e f a c t t h a t t h e i t e m s I n c l u d e d i n th e
d i f f e r e n t P r o d u c t G ro u p s w e r e l e s s c l o s e l y r e l a t e d t h a n was
d e s i r e d , m o st o f t h e G ro u p s show ed l o c a t i o n a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
d i f f e r i n g fro m one a n o t h e r a n d d i f f e r e n t , a l s o , fro m t h a t
shown f o r t h e i n d u s t r y a s a w h o le .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s w e re r e v e a l e d m o st c l e a r l y i n
T a b l e XC.
D i v i d e d i n t o P r o d u c t G rou ps t h e y w e r e :
P r o d u c t G roup No. 2 4 .
T anks.
S t r u c t u r a l S t e e l and S t e e l
The members o f t h i s G roup e x c e l l e d t h e members o f
a l l o t h e r G roups I n t h e a t t e n t i o n g i v e n t o M a r k e t i n g ,
M a te r ia l, L ab o r, and M is c e lla n e o u s f a c t o r s .
T hey w e re
m ore i n d i f f e r e n t th a n a l l o t h e r G roups t o S p e c i f i c S i t e
186
fa c to rs.
P r o d u c t G roup N o. 2 5 .
Gauge M e ta l P r o d u c t s .
H e a t i n g E q u ip m e n t a n d L i g h t
T h i s G roup p a i d more a t t e n t i o n t h a n
d id any o th e r s u b d iv is io n t o P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s , T r a n s p o r ta ti o n
f a c t o r s , a n d G overnm ent f a c t o r s ; a n d l e s s a t t e n t i o n t o
M isc e lla n e o u s f a c t o r s .
P r o d u c t Group N o. 2 6 .
G a stin g s.
The l o c a t i o n a l
r e a s o n s g i v e n by t h e c o m p a n ie s o f t h i s Group a p p r o x i m a t e d
th e a v e ra g e .
The members seem n e i t h e r a t t r a c t e d b y n o r
i n d i f f e r e n t to th e in f lu e n c e s t h a t a f f e c t e d th e in d u s t r y
a s a w h o le .
P r o d u c t G roup No. 2 7 .
D ie s a n d Screw M ach in e P a r t s .
S p e c if ic S i t e F a c to rs sto o d o u t p ro m in e n tly a s a l o c a t i o n
i n f l u e n c e i n t h i s G ro u p .
for s ite
32 p e r c e n t o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n
s e l e c t i o n r e f e r r e d t o t h i s c a u s e , w h ile no r e f e r e n c e
a t a l l was made t o T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , M a t e r i a l , o r R e l a t i o n t o
O th e r B u s i n e s s e s .
P r o d u c t G roup N o. 2 8 .
P ro d u c ts.
M isc e lla n e o u s I r o n and S t e e l
T h i s Group h e l d c l o s e l y t o t h e a v e r a g e f o r t h e
in d u s t r y a s , in d e e d , m is c e lla n e o u s groups s h o u ld .
The l a s t colum n o f T a b le XC was t a k e n fro m T a b l e
LXXXIX w h ic h shows t h e L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s o f a l l t h e one
h u n d r e d a n d f o r t y - t w o c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t i n g fro m t h e I r o n a n d
S t e e l i n d u s t r y w i t h o u t P r o d u c t G roup s e g r e g a t i o n .
1 87
A c o m p a r is o n o f t h e p e r c e n t a g e s r e p o r t e d b y t h e
P r o d u c t G roups H o. 2 4 , H o. 2 5 , Ho. 2 6 , Ho. 27 a n d H o. 2 8 ,
e i t h e r w i t h one' a n o t h e r o r w i t h t h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f t h i s
colum n i s a n e x c e l l e n t e x a m p le o f t h e r e s u l t s o b t a i n e d
fro m P r o d u c t s e g r e g a t i o n .
TABLE LXXXIV
IRON AND STEEL AND THEIR PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 24
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : A i r p l a n e H a n g a r s , A i r T a n k s , Gas
T a n k s , G a s o l i n e S t o r a g e T a n k s , H ig h P r e s s u r e T a n k s , R a d io
T o w e rs , R e i n f o r c i n g B a r s , R i v e t e d S t e e l T a n k s , R oof T r u s s e s ,
S e r v i c e S t a t i o n s , S t e e l B u i l d i n g s , S t e e l D rum s, S t e e l O i l
D e r r i c k s , S t r u c t u r a l S h a p e s , T r a n s m i s s i o n T o w e r s , W a te r
T anks.
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
10
3
0
13
33
L abor
1
1
3
5
13
M isc e lla n e o u s
2
2
1
5
13
S p e c ific S ite
1
3
0
4
10
M a te ria l
0
3
2
5
13
P erso n al
2
0
1
3
8
C lim a te
1
1
0
2
5
R e la t io n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
1
0
0
1
3
T ra n sp o rta tio n
0
0
1
1
3
G ov ernm ent
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
18
13
8
39
101
M a rk e tin g
T o ta l
.
S t r u c t u r a l S t e e l and S t e e l Tanks; Twenty com p an ies made one
o r more o f t h e s i x t e e n p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group N o. 2 4 .
TABLE LXXXV
IRON AND STEEL AND THEIR PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 25
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : E l e c t r i c W a te r H e a t e r s , F i r e P r o o f
d o o r s , F l o o r F u r n a c e s , Gas H e a t e r s , Gas R a n g e s , Gas W a te r
H e a t e r s , H e a t i n g A p p l i a n c e s , K i t c h e n E q u ip m e n t, M e ta l
A w n in g s, M e ta l M o l d i n g s , M e ta l S p i n n i n g s , M e t a l S ta m p i n g s ,
Name p l a t e s , O i l B u r n e r s , O i l B u r n in g F u r n a c e s , O i l B u r n in g
S t o v e s , O r c h a r d H e a t e r s , . S h e e t M e t a l F a b r i c a t i o n , Sky L i g h t s ,
Sound E q u ip m e n t P a r t s , T e m p e r a tu r e C o n t r o l s , V e n t i l a t i n g
E q u ip m e n t.
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S econ d T h i r d Tim es T o t a l
S p e c ific S ite
P erso n al
M a rk e tin g
T ra n sp o rta tio n
C lim a te
R e la t io n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
Labor
G overnm ent
4
2
1
1
M a te ria l
M isc e lla n e o u s
U tilitie s
F in a n c e
1
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
8
9
5
1
4
5
0
1
2
1
4
1
1
2
0
0
0
1
17
11
8
7
4
3
3
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
0
0
0
29
19
10
58
100
3
0
29
19
14
12
7
5
5
5
H e a tin g Equipm ent and L ig h t Gauge M etal P r o d u c ts ; T h ir ty -o n e
com p anies made one or more o f th e tw e n ty -tw o p r o d u c ts com pos­
in g Group No. 2 5 .
TABLE LXXXVI
IRON AND STEEL AND THEIR PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 26
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G rou p: B a rb e c u e E q u ip m e n t, B ra k e S h o e s ,
C h i l l e d C a s t i n g s , D r a i n a g e F i t t i n g s , F r o g s , G u ard R a i l s ,
Gas P r e s s u r e R e g u l a t o r s , G rey I r o n C a s t i n g s , I r r i g a t i o n
A p p l i a n c e s , P lu m b in g S p e c i a l i t i e s , S a sh B a l a n c e s , S e m i - S t e e l
C a s tin g s , S o il P ip e , S te e l C a s tin g s , S w itc h e s.
D iv is i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a r k e tin g
7
1
1
9
23
S p e c ific S ite
1
5
2
8
21
T ra n sp o rta tio n
2
1
2
5
10
M isc e lla n e o u s
3
1
0
4
10
P erso n al
1
1
1
3
8
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
1
1
0
2
5
M a te ria l
0
1
1
2
5
C lim a te
0
1
1
2
5
Labor
0
0
2
2
5
G overnm ent
1
0
0
1
3
U tilitie s
1
0
0
1
3
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
17
12
10
39
98
T o ta l
C a s t in g s ; Twenty com p anies made one o r more o f th e f i f t e e n
p r o d u c ts com posing Group No. 2 6 .
191
TABLE LXXXVII
IRON AND STEEL AND THEIR PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 27
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : D i e s , D ie C a s t i n g s , G e a r s , J i g s ,
P i s t o n P i n s , P i s t o n R i n g s , . S c r e w M achine P a r t s , S t e n c i l s ,
T o o ls.
D iv is i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
T o ta l % o f
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S eco n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
S p e c ific S ite
4
2
1
7
32
P erso n al
5
1
1
5
23
C lim a te
3
1
0
4
18
M a r k e tin g
2
2
0
4
18
Labor
0
0
1
1
5
M isc e lla n e o u s
0
0
1
1
5
G overnm ent
0
0
0'
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
M a te ria l
0
0
0
0
0
T ra n sp o rta tio n
0
0
0
0
0
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
12
6
4
22
101
T o ta l
D ie s and Screw M achine P a r t s . S ix t e e n com p an ies made one or
more o f th e n in e p r o d u c ts com posing Group N o. 2 7 .
192
TABLE LXXXVII'I
IRON AND STEEL AND THEIR PRODUCTS - PRODUCT GROUP NO. 28
Item s o f P ro d u c t Group: A ir W ashers, A llo y B o l t s , A llo y
S t e e l s , Automobile A ir C le a n e r s , Automobile Bumpers, Auto­
m obile S p r in g s , Automobile S te e r in g Knobs, Axle S h a f t s ,
Bed S p r in g s , B e l t F a s t e n e r s , B o l t s , Blow P ip e s , B u ild e r s
Hardware, C a b le , D rapery Hardware, E l e c t r i c O u tle t Boxes,
F a b r i c a t e d P ip e , F e n cin g , F u r n i t u r e Hardware, G rain B in s ,
Hand Forged T o o ls , Heavy C o il S p rin g s , Highway Guard R a i l s ,
H o s p ita l W ares, I n c i n e r a t o r s , I n d u s t r i a l L ig h tin g Equipment,
L ic e n se P l a t e Frames, L iq u id D isplacem ent M e te rs, L u b ri­
c a t o r s , M etal B u ild in g M a t e r i a l s , N uts, Ornamental I r o n ,
P o u ltr y Equipment, P is to n R in g s, P o r c e la in S ig n s , P o r c e la in
T a b le s , Screw s, S creen C lo th , S e a l s , Ship R ig g in g , S t e e l
Beds, S t e e l F la n g e s , S t e e l M ill P ro d u c ts , S te e l. Plumbing
Ware, S tock W atering T roughs, Sw itch Boxes, Tem perature
C o n t r o ls , T in C o n ta in e r s , T r a i l e r T anks, Welding Rod, W ire,
Wire Rope, Wrought Iro n F u r n i t u r e , Wrought Iro n N o v e lt ie s .
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M arketing
Mentioned
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t Second T h ird Times T o ta l
12
2
3
17
19
S p e c ific S ite
9
3
3
15
17
P e rs o n a l
7
2
1
10
11
M isc e lla n e o u s
6
2
1
9
10
C lim ate
4
2
2
8
9
M a te r ia l
1
4
2
7
8
Labor
1
4
2
7
8
T r a n s p o r ta ti o n
0
5
1
6
7
R e la t io n to O ther B u sin e ss e s
2
2
0
4
4
U tilitie s
1
1
2
4
4
Government
1
1
0
2
2
F in an ce
0
0 '
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
o
0
0
0
44
28
17
89
99
T o ta l
M is c e lla n e o u s Iro n and S t e e l P ro d u c ts . F i f t y - f i v e companies
made one o r more o f th e f i f t y - f o u r p ro d u c ts composing P ro d u ct
Group No. 28.
.
195
TABLE LXXXIX
LOCATIONAL FACTORS FOR IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY
INDEPENDENT OF PRODUCT GROUPS
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
T o ta l % o f
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d Tim es T o t a l
S p e c ific S ite
25
18
10
51
21
M a r k e tin g
54
11
5
50
20
P erso nal
25
4
5
32
13
C lim a te
12
6
3
21
9
M is c e lla n e o u s
11
5
4
20
8
T ra n sp o rta tio n
2
11
6
19
8
Labor
5
7
8
18
7
M a te ria l
2
8
5
15
6
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
6
4
0
10
4
G overnm ent
5
2
1
6
2
U tilitie s
2
1
2
5
2
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
121
77
49
247
100
T o ta l
T h i s t a b l e shows t h e l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s g i v e n b y t h e one
h u n d red and f o rty - tw o m a n u fa c tu re rs engaged in th e Iro n and
S t e e l I n d u s t r y w i t h o u t d i v i s i o n i n t o P r o d u c t G ro u p s .
194
TABLE XC
j
SUMMARY TABLE OF LOCATIONAL FACTORS FOR THE
IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n
F a c to r
% T aken
From
T a b l e LXXXIX
• 00
o 03
&
P e r c e n t a g e R a n k in g
o f F a c to r in
P r o d u c t G roup
No. No. No. 1 No.
24
25
26 1 27
S p e c ific S ite
10
29
21
32
17
21
M a r k e tin g
33
14
23
18
19
20
8
19
8
23
11
13
13
2
10
5
10
8
T ra n sp o rta tio n
3
12
10
0
7
8
C lim a te
5
7
5
18
9
9
Labor
13
5
5
5
8
7
M a te ria l
13
2
5
0
8
6
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r
B u sin e sse s
3
5
5
0
4
4
G ov ernm en t
0
5
3
0
2
2
U tilitie s
0
0
3
0
4
2
F in an c e
0
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
0
101
100
98
101
99
100
P erso nal
M is c e lla n e o u s
T o ta l
T ills t a b l e i s a c o m p o s ite of* t h e p e r c e n t a g e r a n k i n g o f t h e
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a t i o n F a c t o r s g i v e n i n T a b l e s LXXXIV, LXXXV,
LXXXVI, LXXXVII, LXXXVIII, a n d LXXXIX.
195
X III.
NON-FERROUS METALS AND THEIR PRODUCTS
No s u b - c l a s s l f i c a t i o n s w e re made o f t h e p r o d u c t s o f
t h e N o n - F e r r o u s I n d u s t r y b e c a u s e o f an I n s u f f i c i e n t num ber
o f R e p o rts.
Ten c o m p a n ie s m a n u f a c t u r e d J e w e l r y ; t e n made
L i g h t i n g F i x t u r e s ; a n d e i g h t p r o d u c e d P lu m b in g S u p p l i e s .
The o t h e r f i r m s w e r e members o f s t i l l s m a l l e r g r o u p s o r
made p r o d u c t s a l t o g e t h e r i n a s e p a r a t e c l a s s .
S i x o f t h e J e w e l e r s named M a r k e t i n g a s a m a jo r
L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r ; s e v e n o f t h e L i g h t i n g F i x t u r e c o m p a n ie s
s a i d S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s I n f l u e n c e d th e m ; an d t h e P lum b­
i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s w e re d i v i d e d i n d e f e r e n c e t o M a r k e tin g
and S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s .
T a b l e XCI shows t h e r e s u l t s o f p o o l i n g a l l a n s w e rs
r e c e i v e d fro m th e f o r t y - n i n e members o f t h e I n d u s t r y .
Mar­
k e t i n g r a n k e d f i r s t , b u t i t r e p r e s e n t e d o n l y 25 p e r c e n t
o f t h e e x p l a n a t i o n s g i v e n ; S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s w e re
s e c o n d w i t h 20 p e r c e n t ; a n d P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s w e re t h i r d
w i t h a v o t e o f 16 p e r c e n t .
T h i s a n a l y s i s may b e s l i g h t l y h e l p f u l I n i n d i c a t i n g
t h e g e n e r a l l o c a t i o n p r o b le m o f t h e i n d u s t r y , b u t t h e r e I s
a w id e s p r e a d b e tw e e n t h e s i t u a t i o n s f a c e d b y t h e m a n u f a c t u r ­
e r s o f p l a t i n u m m o u n te d d ia m o n d s a n d t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f
bro n ze c a s tin g s f o r lo c o m o tiv e s.
Y e t, b o th u s e N o n -F erro u s
M e t a l s a n d b o t h a r e members o f t h e same I n d u s t r y .
196
TABLE XCI
NON-FERROUS METALS AND THEIR PRODUCTS PRODUCT GROUP NO, 29
I te m s i n P r o d u c t G rou p: A u to m o b ile T rim m in g s , A i r p l a n e
R a d i a t o r s , Aluminum A l l o y s , Aluminum C oo k in g U t e n s i l s , A rch
S u p p o r t s , B e a r i n g s , B r a s s F a b r i c a t i o n s , B u i l d e r s H a r d w a re ,
C ostum e J e w e l r y , E l e c t r o t y p e s , E x t r u d e d M e t a l s , F l u o r e s c e n t
L i g h t i n g P a r t s , G o ld , L e a d , L i g h t i n g F i x t u r e s , L o c k s , M e d a ls ,
Neon C lo c k C a s e s , N o n - F e r r o u s C a s t i n g s , O ld S h e f f i e l d S i l v e r
P l a t e , O p t i c a l G o o ds, O rn a m e n ta l B r o n z e , O r t h o p e d i c
A p p lia n c e s , P h y s ic a l T herapy A p p a ra tu s , P la tin u m J e w e lr y ,
P r e c i o u s S to n e J e w e l r y , P lu m b in g F i x t u r e s , P lu m b in g S u p p l i e s ,
S c h o o l J e w e l r y , S i l v e r , S t e r e o t y p e s , T i n , T r o p h i e s , Type
C a s t i n g , Z in c*
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M<s n t i o n e d
T o ta l % of
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a rk e tin g
S p e c ific S ite
P erso n al
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
C lim a te
M is c e lla n e o u s
M a te ria l
T ra n sp o rta tio n
Labor
G overnm ent
U tilitie s
F in a n c e
Chamber o f Commerce
7
10
8
6
1
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
3
0
2
3
0
0
3
1
0
0
0
0
1
2
4
1
2
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
19
15
12
9
6
6
5
3
1
0
0
0
0
25
20
16
12
8
8
7
4
1
0
0
0
0
T o ta l
41
23
12
76
10X
N on -F errou s M e ta l P r o d u c ts : F o r t y - n in e com p anies made one or
more o f th e t h i r t y - f i v e p r o d u c ts o f Group No. 2 9 .
197
XIV.
MACHINERY, NOT INCLUDING TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT
The one h u n d r e d a n d t e n R e p o r t s r e c e i v e d fro m
c o m p a n ie s e n g a g e d i n t h e M a c h in e ry i n d u s t r y w ere s e g r e g a t e d
i n t o t h r e e P r o d u c t G r o u p s , No. 3 0 , No. 3 1 , a n d No. 3 2 .
G roup No. 30 was com posed o f t h i r t y - f i v e c o m p a n ie s
w h ic h made s e v e n t e e n p r o d u c t s i n t h e E l e c t r i c a l A p p l i a n c e
fie ld .
G roup No. 31 c o n s i s t e d . o f t h i r t y - o n e m a n u f a c t u r e r s
w hose s e v e n p r o d u c t s w e re u s e d a l m o s t e x c l u s i v e l y b y t h e
P e tro le u m i n d u s t r y .
G roup No. 32 was com posed o f f o r t y - f o u r
o r g a n i z a t i o n s w h ic h made f o r t y d i f f e r e n t k i n d s o f M a c h in e r y .
S i x t a b l e s w e re p r e p a r e d t o a s s i s t i n t h e e x a m i n a t i o n
o f t h e r e s p o n s e s o b t a i n e d fro m t h e s e c o m p a n i e s t
T a b l e s X C I I, X C I I I , a n d XCIV w ere d e v o t e d t o a n
a n a l y s i s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p s No. 3 0 , No. 31 a n d No. 3 2 .
T a b l e XCV show ed t h e L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s g i v e n b y a l l
c o m p a n ie s o f t h e i n d u s t r y w h ic h to o k p a r t I n t h i s S u r v e y ,
w i t h o u t P r o d u c t G roup s e g r e g a t i o n .
T a b l e XCVI su m m a riz e d t h e p r o c e e d i n g f o u r t a b l e s a n d
made p o s s i b l e a n e a s y c o m p a r is o n o f e a c h f a c t o r w i t h o t h e r
f a c t o r s a n d w i t h t h e same f a c t o r i n o t h e r G ro u p s .
The f i n a l t a b l e o f t h e S e c t i o n , T a b le XCVII, was
p r e p a r e d b e c a u s e o f t h e p r o m in e n t p l a c e M a r k e t i n g o c c u p i e d
w i t h a l l t h r e e P r o d u c t G ro u p s .
The i m p o r t a n t d i f f e r e n c e s b e tw e e n t h e s u b - d i v i s i o n s
198
a s r e v e a l e d Toy T a b l e s XCVI a n d XCVII w e r e :
P r o d u c t Group No. 3 0 .
E l e c t r i c a l E q u ip m e n t.
The
l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s g i v e n b y t h e c o m p a n ie s o f t h i s G roup d i d
n o t d i f f e r w i d e l y fro m t h o s e o f t h e i n d u s t r y shown i n
T a b l e XCV.
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n r e c e i v e d m ore r e l a t i v e a t t e n t i o n
th a n i n th e o t h e r G roups, as d id M a t e r i a l , C lim a te , and
U t i l i t i e s , b u t t h e p e r c e n t a g e d i f f e r e n c e s w e re n o t g r e a t .
I n t h e M a r k e tin g D i v i s i o n t h e g r e a t e s t d i f f e r e n c e s
w e re shown among t h e I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e tin g I t e m s ;
N e a rb y
W h o l e s a l e r s , F i n i s h e d Goods B u l k y , S p eed i n D e l i v e r y , a n d
N e a rb y D e a l e r s .
P r o d u c t G roup No. 3 1 .
O i l F i e l d E q u ip m e n t.
M a r k e t­
i n g was t h e f a c t o r o f g r e a t e s t p o t e n c y w i t h t h i s G ro u p .
T a b l e XCVI i n d i c a t e s t h a t o n l y 29 p e r c e n t o f t h e r e a s o n s
g i v e n b y t h e members o f t h i s d i v i s i o n r e f e r r e d t o M a rk e t­
i n g , b u t T a b le X C III e x h i b i t s th e f a c t t h a t s e v e n te e n
o f t h e t h i r t y - o n e co m p an ie s* n am e d M a r k e t i n g a s t h e f i r s t
cause o f fa c to ry lo c a tio n .
T h i s was n u m e r i c a l l y a n d
p e r c e n t a g e l y g r e a t e r t h a n t h e a t t e n t i o n a c c o r d e d M a r k e tin g
b y t h e o t h e r two G ro up s c o m b in e d .
Among t h e I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e tin g I t e m s , F i n i s h e d Goods
S o ld L o c a l l y , S e r v i c i n g o f P r o d u c t , a n d A c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h
C u s to m e rs w e re t h e ways i n w h ic h t h e members o f t h i s G roup
d i f f e r e d m o st fro m t h e c o m p a n ie s o f t h e o t h e r s u b - d i v i s i o n s .
199
P r o d u c t G roup No* 3 2 .
M i s c e l l a n e o u s M a c h in e r y .
M a rk e tin g , S p e c i f ic S i t e f a c t o r s , and M is c e lla n e o u s f a c t o r s
w e re a l l named t h e same number o f t i m e s b y t h e f o r t y - f o u r
c o m p a n ie s co m p o sin g t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
P erso n al f a c t o r s ’
w e re n e x t a n d a l l o t h e r i n f l u e n c e s w e re r e l a t i v e l y lo w .
As i s u s u a l w i t h M i s c e l l a n e o u s G roups t h i s was
re a s o n a b ly c o n s is te n t w ith th e lo c a t i o n a l p a t te r n o f th e
i n d u s t r y i n d i c a t e d i n t h e u n s e g r e g a t e d a n a l y s i s made i n
T a b le XCV.
200
TABLE XCII
MACHINERY, NOT INCLUDING TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT PRODUCT GROUP NO. 30
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : A i r c r a f t E l e c t r i c a l A c c e s s o r i e s ,
A m p l i f i e r E q u ip m e n t, B l o w e r s , C o m m ercial R e f r i g e r a t o r s ,
D o m e s tic R e f r i g e r a t o r s , E l e c t r i c a l P o u l t r y E q u ip m e n t,
E l e c t r i c a l R e l a y s , P a n s , H ig h V o lta g e C i r c u i t B r e a k e r s ,
M o to r s , Neon S i g n s , P a n e l B o a r d s , R a d i o s , R a d io P a r t s ,
S w i tc h P l a t e s , T h e r m o s t a t D e v i c e s , T r a n s f o r m e r s .
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M a r k e tin g
P erso n al
S p e c ific S ite
M isc e lla n e o u s
R e la tio n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
T ra n sp o rta tio n
C lim a te
M a te ria l
Labor
U tilitie s
G overnm ent
F in a n c e
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
M e n tio n e d
of
T o ta l $
F i r s t S e c o n d T h i r d Tim es T o t a l
7
8
4
7
1
1
2
0
1
0
0
0
0
5
2
4
0
3
2
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
2
1
1
0
2
0
1
0
0
0
13
10
9
9
5
4
3
3
1
1
0
0
0
22
17
16
16
9
7
5
5
2
2
0
0
0
31
’ 18
9
58
101
E l e c t r i c a l E q u ipm en t. T h i r t y - f i v e com p an ies made one or more
o f th e s e v e n te e n p r o d u c ts com posing Group No. 3 0 .
201
TABLE X C I I I
MACHINERY, NOT INCLUDING TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT PRODUCT GROUP NO. 3 l
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : O i l F i e l d S u rv e y I n s t r u m e n t s , O i l
R e f i n i n g E q u ip m e n t, O i l W e ll D r i l l i n g E q u ip m e n t, O i l W e ll
F i s h i n g T o o l s , O i l W e ll Pumps, O i l W e ll S p e c i a l t i e s ,
P e r f o r a t e d C a s in g f o r O i l W e l l s .
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M a r k e tin g
P erso n al
M isc e lla n e o u s
S p e c ific S ite
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
C lim a te
G overnm ent
Labor
T ra n sp o rta tio n
F in a n c e
M a te ria l
U tilitie s
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
M e n tio n e d
F i r s t S e co n d T h i r d
17
5
2
1
20
29
5
5
11
16
11
9
7
3
16
13
10
4
3
2
2
1
1
0
0
4
3
3
1
1
0
0
70
100
4
1
1
1
4
4
1
1
2
4
2
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
2
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
3! .
T o ta l % o f
T im es T o t a l
25
, .
14
-
O il F i e l d E q uipm ent. T h ir ty - o n e com p anies made one o r more
o f t h e se v e n p r o d u c ts com posing Group No. 3 1 .
202
TABLE XCIV
MACHINERY, NOT INCLUDING- TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT PRODUCT GROUP NO. 32
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G ro u p : A i r C o m p r e s s o r s , A i r C o n d i t i o n i n g
E q u ip m e n t, Blow G u n s, C h a in L in k M a c h in e s , C i t r u s M a rk in g
M a c h in e r y , C o m m ercial D i s h w a s h e r s , C o n c r e t e B lo c k M a c h in e s ,
C o n t r a c t o r s 1 E q u ip m e n t, D a i r y E q u ip m e n t, D i e s e l E n g i n e s ,
D o m e s tic D i s h w a s h e r s , D u m b w a ite r s , Egg P r o c e s s i n g E q u ip ­
m e n t, E l e v a t o r s , F arm M a c h in e r y , F i s h C a n n in g M a c h in e r y ,
F o od C a n n in g M a c h in e r y , Gas E n g i n e s , G a s o l i n e E n g i n e s ,
G a s o l i n e Pumps, H eavy D u ty T i l l a g e I m p le m e n ts , H o m o g e n iz e r s ,
H o i s t s , I r r i g a t i o n E q u ip m e n t, L u b r i c a t i o n E q u ip m e n t, M in in g
M a c h in e r y , N a i l i n g M a c h in e s , P a c k i n g H ouse M a c h in e r y , Power
T r a n s m i s s i o n E q u ip m e n t, Road M a c h in e r y , R o t a r y B l o w e r s ,
Sewage M a c h in e r y , S p r i n k l e r s , S p r a y P a i n t i n g E q u ip m e n t,
T i r e R e p a i r M a c h in e r y , T u r b i n e Pumps, Vacuum Power B o o s t e r s ,
Vacuum Pum ps, W a te r M e a s u r in g E q u ip m e n t, W a te r Pum ps.
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M a rk e tin g
S p e c ific S ite
M isc e lla n e o u s
P ersonal
M a te ria l
Labor
C lim a te
R e l a t i o n to O th e r B u s in e s s e s
T ra n sp o rta tio n
F in a n c e
U tilitie s
G overnm ent
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
7
7
7
9
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
4
5
6
3
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
3
2
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
14
14
14
13
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
22
22
22
20
3
3
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
33
22
10
65
99
M is c e lla n e o u s M a ch in ery . F o r t y - f o u r com p anies made one o r
more o f th e f o r t y p r o d u c ts com p osin g Group N o. 3 2 .
203
TABLE XCV
LOCATIONAL FACTORS FOR. THE MACHINERY INDUSTRY
INDEPENDENT OF PRODUCT GROUPS
D iv is i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S e co n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a r k e tin g
31
11
6
48
25
P erso n al
22
10
2
34
18
M isc e lla n e o u s
18
11
5
34
18
S p e c ific S ite
12
13
7
32
17
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
3
7
3
13
7
C lim a te
3
3
2
8
4
T ra n sp o rta tio n
1
4
2
7
4
M a te ria l
2
2
2
6
3
Labor
2
1
2
5
3
G overnm ent
0
2
1
3
2
F in a n c e
1
1
0
2
1
U tilitie s
0
0
2
2
1
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
95
65
34
194
103
T o ta l
T h i s t a b l e shows t h e l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s g i v e n b y t h e one
h u n d r e d a n d t e n m a n u f a c t u r e r s e n g a g e d i n t h e M a c h in e ry
i n d u s t r y w i t h o u t d i v i s i o n I n t o P r o d u c t G ro u p s .
204
TABLE XCVI
SUMMARY TABLE OF LOCATIONAL FACTORS FOR THE
MACHINERY INDUSTRY
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
P e r c e n t a g e R a n k in g
o f F a c to r in
P r o d u c t G roup
No. 30 | No. 31 | No. 32
% T ak en
From
T a b le
XCV
M a rk e tin g
22
29
22
25
P erso n al
17
16
20
18
M isc e lla n e o u s
16
16
22
18
S p e c ific S ite
16
13
22
17
R e la tio n to
O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
9
10
1
7
C lim a te
5
4
3
4
T ra n sp o rta tio n
7
3
1
4
M a te ria l
5
1
3
3
L abor
2
3
3
3
G overnm ent
0
4
0
2
U tilitie s
2
0
1
1
F in a n c e
0
1
1
1
Cham ber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
101
100
99
103
T o ta l
T ills t a b l e I s a c o m p o s ite o f t h e p e r c e n t a g e r a n k i n g o f t h e
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a t i o n F a c t o r s g i v e n i n T a b l e s X C II, X C I I I , XCIV
a n d XCV.
'
205
TABLE XCVIX
INDIVIDUAL MARKETING ITEMS CHECKED BY
PRODUCT GROUPS NO. 5 0 , NO. 31 AND NO. 32
I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t i n g Ite m
F i n i s h e d P r o d u c t S o ld
L o c a lly
N e a rb y W h o l e s a l e r s o r
Jo b b ers
G row ing P o p u l a t i o n
Speed in D e liv e r y
E x p o rt P o s s i b i l i t i e s
F i n i s h e d Goods B u lk y
A c q u a in ta n c e w ith
C u s to m e rs
C onsum er P u r c h a s i n g Power
S e rv ic in g o f P ro d u ct
I s o l a t i o n fro m E a s t
P r e s t i g e o f L o c a tio n
N e a rb y D e a l e r s
A d v e r t i s i n g A d v a n ta g e s
o f Community
S ty le C e n te r
H ig h P e r s o n a l in c o m es
F i n i s h e d Goods P e r i s h a b l e
T o ta l
G roup
No. 30
No.
%
G roup
No. 31
No.
%
G roup
No. 32
No.
%
22
21
18
31
26
26
15
11
9
7
7
15
11
9
7
7
5
3
4
6
2
9
5
7
10
3
10
13
8
12
1
10
13
8
12
1
8
5
4
4
3
3
8
5
4
4
3
3
6
4
7
0
2
1
10
7
12
0
3
2
5
5
8
2
2
2
5
5
8
2
2
2
2
2
1
0
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
103
102
58
99
100
100
T h i s t a b l e e n u m e r a te s t h e I n d i v i d u a l M a r k e t i n g I te m s t h a t w e r e
c h e c k e d b y t h e one h u n d r e d a n d t e n c o m p a n ie s c o m p o sin g P r o d u c t
G roups No. 3 0 , No. 3 1 , a n d No. 3 2 .
206
XV.
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT, AIR, LAND, AND WATER
The c o m p a n ie s e n g a g e d i n t h e m a n u f a c t u r e o f T r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t fo rm e d a r o u n d - t h r e e c e n t r a l a c t i v i t i e s .
The l a r g e s t , fro m t h e s t a n d p o i n t o f t h e number o f o r g a n ­
i z a t i o n s i n v o l v e d , was a v i a t i o n .
m a n u fa c tu re d a i r p l a n e s .
S e v e n c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t i n g
A ro u n d t h e s e w e re g a t h e r e d f i f t e e n
c o m p a n ie s w h ic h made some one o r m ore a i r c r a f t a c c e s s o r i e s .
The a i r p l a n e m a n u f a c t u r e r s w e re m ore a w a re o f C l i m a t e
th a n any o th e r D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c t o r .
The a c c e s s o r y
m a n u f a c t u r e r s m e n tio n e d M a r k e tin g m o s t o f t e n .
T h re e f i r m s made b o a t s .
b ile s .
Two, m a n u f a c t u r e d a u to m o ­
The r e m a i n i n g c o m p a n ie s p r o d u c e d p a r t s .
S e p a r a t e l y , t h e r e w e r e n o t enough r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o f
a n y one a c t i v i t y t o fo rm a P r o d u c t G ro u p .
A sse m b le d a s
members o f t h e same i n d u s t r y , l o c a t i o n a l p r e f e r e n c e s p r e t t y
w e ll o f f s e t each o th e r .
T a b l e X CVIII shows t h a t s i x o f t h e t h i r t e e n L o c a t i o n
D i v i s i o n s l i s t e d on t h e R e p o r t B la n k r a n k e d 10 p e r c e n t o r
h i g h e r i n t h e e x p l a n a t i o n s g i v e n , y e t no f a c t o r r e c e i v e d
a b o v e 18 p e r c e n t o f t h e v o t e s c a s t .
T h i s was t h e m o st
ev e n d i s t r i b u t i o n o f e x p l a n a t i o n s f o r l o c a t i o n r e c o r d e d f o r
any in d u s tr y .
'*
207
TABLE XCVIII
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT, AIR, LAND, AND WATER PRODUCT GROUP NO. 33
I te m s o f P r o d u c t G roup: A i r c r a f t B r a k e s , A i r c r a f t C l u t c h e s ,
A i r c r a f t E n g in e s, A i r c r a f t In s tru m e n ts , A i r c r a f t R a d io s,
A i r c r a f t S t a r t e r s , A i r p l a n e s , A u t o m o b i l e s , A u to m o b ile B o d i e s ,
B o a t s , C o m m ercial T r a i l e r s , F a b r i c a t e d P l a s t i c s f o r A i r c r a f t ,
H ouse T r a i l e r s , M a rin e H a r d w a r e , P r o p e l l e r s , S c h o o l B u s e s ,
S y n t h e t i c R ub ber f o r A i r c r a f t , T r a c t o r s , T r u c k s , T ru c k
B o d ie s•
D iv is i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M e n tio n e d
T o t a l fo o f
F i r s t S eco n d T h i r d T im es T o t a l
M a r k e tin g
S p e c ific S ite
P erso n al
C lim a te
6
7
5
4
T ra n sp o rta tio n
Labor
M isc e lla n e o u s
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
F in a n c e
M a te ria l
G overnm ent
U tilitie s
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
5
4
1
12
18
12
18
3
2
1
4
2
12
8
18
12
4
0
4
1
0
0
0
0
0
3
4
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
7
6
5
1
1
1
0
0
0
11
10
8
2
2
2
0
0
0
31
23
65
101
11
T r a n s p o r ta tio n Equipm ent; T h i r t y - e i g h t com p anies made one o r
more o f th e tw e n ty p r o d u c ts com posing Group No. 3 3 .
XVI.
RAILROAD REPAIR SHOPS
No c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t e d fro m t h i s i n d u s t r y .
I t was
c a r r i e d t h r o u g h t h e S u rv e y b e c a u s e i t was one o f t h e
s i x t e e n i n d u s t r i e s d e f i n e d b y t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s C en su s o f
M a n u fa c tu re rs.
209
X V II.
MISCELLANEOUS
I n to t h i s S e c tio n w ere g a t h e r e d a l l th o s e p r o d u c ts
w h ic h s u p p o r t e d o n l y a l i m i t e d num ber o f m a n u f a c t u r e r s *
One
h u n d r e d a n d e l e v e n R e p o r t s w e re r e c e i v e d from c o m p a n ie s
c l a s s i f i e d u n d e r t h i s c a p tio n *
T h e s e c o m p a n ie s m a n u f a c t u r e d
e ig h ty -s ix d if f e r e n t p ro d u c ts.
M ost o f t h e I t e m s w e re made
b y o n l y one com pany, n o n e w e re m a n u f a c t u r e d b y m ore t h a n
n in e c o n c e rn s.
A u to m o b ile S t o r a g e B a t t e r i e s , M o tio n P i c t u r e P r o d u c e r s ,
and V e n e tia n B lin d M a n u fa c tu re rs w ere th e l a r g e s t k in d r e d
P r o d u c t C roups*
N in e c o m p a n ie s made S t o r a g e B a t t e r i e s .
S even o f t h e s e
named M a r k e t i n g a s a l o c a t i o n a l c a u s e ; f o u r m e n tio n e d
M a te r ia l; and fo u r S p e c if ic S i t e f a c t o r s .
E i g h t M o tio n P i c t u r e P r o d u c e r s w e re r e p r e s e n t e d .
l i s t e d C lim a te a s th e m a jo r r e a s o n f o r t h e i r s i t e
S ix
s e le c tio n
and f iv e r e f e r r e d to S k i l l e d L abor, o r P r o f e s s io n a l T a le n t.
E i g h t c o m p a n ie s made V e n e t i a n B l i n d s .
E ach o f t h e s e
i n c l u d e d M a r k e tin g among t h e i r e x p l a n a t i o n s , f o u r named i t
f i r s t and f o u r , se co n d .
The R e p o r t s fro m t h e s e a n d a l l o t h e r c o m p a n ie s n o t
o t h e r w i s e c l a s s i f i e d w e re i n c l u d e d i n T a b le XCIX.
The r e s u l t
was an a v e r a g i n g o u t o f i n f l u e n c e s w i t h M a r k e t i n g , f i r s t ;
S p e c if ic S ite f a c t o r s , seco n d ; and P e rs o n a l f a c t o r s , t h i r d .
210
The h i g h e s t r a n k i n g f a c t o r r e p r e s e n t e d o n l y 2 4 p e r
c e n t o f t h e t o t a l r e a s o n s g i v e n by t h e one h u n d r e d an d
e l e v e n p a r t i c i p a t i n g c o m p a n ie s .
A t n o p o i n t w as t h e r e m ore
th a n 5 p e r c e n t d i f f e r e n c e in th e s ta n d in g of th e su b se q u en t
fa c to r*
T h i s i s a n o t h e r ex a m p le o f t h e n e u t r a l i z i n g e f f e c t
o f c o m b in in g d i f f e r e n t i a t e d P r o d u c t G ro u p s .
211
TABLE XCIX
MISCELLANEOUS - PRODUCT GROUP NO* 34
Item s o f P rod uct Group* Abalone P e a r l N o v e l t i e s , A bsorbent
C o tton P r o d u c ts , A d h esiv es, A ir Gauges, A r t i f i c i a l Eyes,
A r t i f i c i a l Limbs, Awnings, B a t t e r y C h a rg e rs , B a t t e r y T e s tin g
Equipment, Beauty P a r l o r Equipment, Bed P i l l o w s , Book
M atches, B o t t l e Caps, Brooms, Cameras, C a s k e ts , C e l l u l o i d
P r ic e T ags, Charm S t r i n g s , Chimes, C i g a r s , C o lo r Cameras, Commercial Motion P i c t u r e s , Cork F lo o r C o v e rin g s, C o rn ic e s ,
C otton G inn ing , D eco rated G ourds, D e n ta l Im p ressio n M a te r ia ls ,
Domestic B ru sh e s, Dry B a t t e r i e s , E d u c a tio n a l Motion P i c t u r e s ,
E le c tr o Therapy Equipment, F e r t i l i z e r s , Film P ro c e s s in g
M achinery, F is h in g Equipment, F la s h L i g h t s , Foundry S u p p lie s ,
F u r s , F ur Garments, Garment H angers, H a n d ic r a f t M a t e r i a l s ,
H earin g A id s, Heavy F ib r e Brooms, Hose S u p p o r te r s , I n d u s t r i a l
B ru sh e s, I n s u l a t i n g M a t e r i a l s , Leaded G la s s , L i g h t s , L in se e d
Meal, L in se e d O i l , Manikin D is p la y F i x t u r e s , M etal Marking
D e v ic e s, M ir r o r s , Motion P i c t u r e s , Motion P i c t u r e P r i n t s ,
M u sical I n s tr u m e n ts , O il F i l t e r s , Photo E n g ra v in g , Phonograph
R e co rd s, P h o to g ra p h ic L ig h tin g Equipment, P h o to g ra p h ic
S u p p lie s , P ipe O rgans, P ipe Tobacco, P l a s t e r Ornaments,
P l a s t e r P a r i s G if tw a r e , P l a s t i c Screw s, P l a t i n g , P r e f a b r i ­
c a te d H ouses, Reeds f o r M usical I n s tr u m e n ts , S h ip ! s D ecking,
S ig n s , S i l k S creen P ro c e ss P r o d u c ts , Spark P lu g s , S to ra g e
B a t t e r i e s , S to ra g e B a tte r y S e p a r a t o r s , S u r g i c a l B r a c e s ,
T allo w , T h e a tre Equipment, T i n s e l P ro d u c ts , T ra n s p a re n t .
Wrapping M a t e r i a l s , T r u s s e s , U n d e rta k e rs S u p p lie s ,
V enetian B l i n d s , V enetian B lin d S l a t s , Washed Film S c ra p ,
?findow D isp la y Equipment, Window Shades.
D i v i s i o n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
Mentioned
T o ta l % of
F i r s t Second T h ird Times T o ta l
M arketing
32
15
6
53
24
S p e c ific S ite
13
19
10
42
19
P e rs o n a l
19
5
4
28
13
C lim ate
14
7
2
23
10
6
9
4
19
9
11
5
1
17
8
M a te r ia ls
7
5.
2
14
6
Labor
1
10
3
14
6
R e la t io n t o O ther B u sin e ss e s
4
3
1
8
.4
F in an ce
0
0
1
1
0
U tilitie s
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
107
78
35
220
99
T r a n s p o r ta ti o n
M isc e lla n e o u s
Government
Chamber o f Commerce
T o ta l
.
.
M isc e lla n e o u s M anufactured P ro d u c ts . One hundred and elev en
companies made one o r more o f th e e i g h t y - s i x p ro d u c ts compos­
in g Group No. 34.
212
X V III.
CHAPTER SUMMARY
B ecause o f th e c h a r a c t e r o f th e m a t e r i a l re v ie w e d in
t h i s C h a p t e r , a s e r i e s o f t a b l e s h a s b e e n u s e d a s summary
a id •
T ab le C l i s t s
t h e t h i r t y - f o u r P r o d u c t G ro u p s i n t o
w h ic h t h e s i x h u n d r e d a n d s e v e n t y - n i n e i n d i v i d u a l p r o d u c t s
w ere c l a s s i f i e d .
T h e s e G ro u p s w e re a r r a n g e d b y i n d u s t r i e s
a n d t h e f i r s t t h r e e l o c a t i o n a l p r e f e r e n c e s o f e a c h G roup w e re
t a b u l a t e d i n t h e o r d e r i n w h ic h t h e y w e re d e s i g n a t e d b y t h e
G roup m em bers.
The p e r c e n t a g e colum n i n d i c a t e s t h e r e l a t i o n
o f e a c h f a c t o r t o t h e t o t a l l o c a t i o n a l r e a s o n s nam ed.
T a b le Cl a r r a n g e s th e L o c a tio n a l F a c t o r s a c c o r d in g to
t h e t o t a l num ber o f t i m e s e a c h was d e s i g n a t e d .
I t a lso
shows t h e num ber a n d p e r c e n t a g e o f t h e P r o d u c t G ro up s w h ic h
c o n s i d e r e d e a c h F a c t o r t o h a v e b e e n among t h e t h r e e m a jo r
causes o f p la n t s e le c tio n .
M a r k e t i n g r a n k e d f i r s t b y a w id e m a r g i n .
T h irty -tw o
o f t h e t h i r t y - f o u r G ro up s named M a r k e tin g a s one o f t h e
reaso n s fo r lo c a tio n .
T w e n t y - t h r e e G ro up s g a v e i t f i r s t
p la c e .
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s r a n k e d s e c o n d , b u t o u t o f th e
t w e n t y - s i x G ro up s w h ic h i n c l u d e d t h i s d i v i s i o n o f i n f l u e n c e s
a s one o f t h e t h r e e m o s t i m p o r t a n t , o n l y s i x r a n k e d i t f i r s t .
E i g h t e e n G rou ps r a t e d P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s w i t h i n t h e
f i r s t th re e cau ses.
One G ro u p , o n l y , p u t i t a h e a d o f a l l
o th e r in f lu e n c e s .
M a t e r i a l s was named by s i x G r o u p s .
Pour gave i t to p
r a n k i n g ; tw o p l a c e d i t s e c o n d .
F iv e o f t h e D i v i s i o n a l F a c t o r s o f t h e R e p o r t B la n k
w e re n o t a p p r a i s e d b y a n y o f t h e P r o d u c t G roups a s d e s e r v i n g
a firs t,
second, or t h i r d ra n k in g .
T a b l e s C I I t h r o u g h CIX show t h e P r o d u c t G roups w h ic h
w e re i n f l u e n c e d by t h e v a r i o u s f a c t o r s .
v o te d to a s in g l e f a c t o r .
E ach t a b l e i s d e ­
The P r o d u c t G rou p s w h ic h d e s i g ­
n a te d th a t f a c t o r as th e f i r s t ,
second , or t h i r d ra n k in g
i n f l u e n c e w e re l i s t e d i n t h e p r o p e r colum n a n d i d e n t i f i e d
b y num ber a n d b y m a jo r p r o d u c t .
T a b le CX c o m p l e t e s t h e summary t a b u l a t i o n s .
I t shows
t h e v a r i o u s L o c a t i o n a l F a c t o r s w h ic h w e re named f i r s t b y t h e
t h i r t y - f o u r P r o d u c t G ro u p s , a r r a n g e d a c c o r d i n g t o t h e
p e rc e n ta g e s ta n d in g o f th e f a c t o r .
T h is p e r c e n t a g e i s ob­
t a i n e d by d i v i d i n g t h e num ber o f t i m e s e a c h f a c t o r was named
by a G roup by t h e t o t a l l o c a t i o n a l c a u s e s e n u m e r a te d by t h e
members o f t h a t G ro u p .
M a te ria l h e ld th e f i r s t ,
p la c e s .
seco n d , f o u r th , and se v e n th
S p e c ific S ite f a c to r s ranked s i x t h , n i n t h , f i f t e e n t h ,
s i x t e e n t h , tw e n ty -s e c o n d , and t h i r t y - f i r s t .
P ersonal fa c ­
t o r s h e l d t w e n t y - f o u r t h p l a c e , an d M a r k e tin g f i l l e d a l l o f
th e re m a in in g tw e n ty - th r e e p o s i t i o n s .
214
I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e d a t a su m m a riz e d b y t h e t e n t a b l e s
u sed in t h i s S e c tio n , i t
s h o u l d b e s t a t e d t h a t t h e r e w as a
c l e a r l y o b s e r v a b l e r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n t h e p r o d u c t manu­
f a c t u r e d a n d t h e l o c a t i o n F a c t o r s named b y t h e m an ag em en t.
I n no I n s t a n c e d i d R e p o r t s fro m c o m p a n ie s , w h ic h
p r o d u c e d c l o s e l y r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s , f a i l t o show an a w a r e n e s s
to s im ila r lo c a tio n a l in flu e n c e s .
The m ore s i m i l a r t h e
p r o d u c t s a n d t h e l a r g e r t h e num ber o f c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t i n g ,
t h e m ore d i s t i n c t was t h e p a t t e r n o f l o c a t i o n a l b e h a v i o r .
T h i s was d e m o n s t r a t e d a g a i n a n d a g a i n b y t h e c o n d i t i o n s
r e v e a le d w ith in t h i s C h a p te r.
TABLE C
THE THREE RANKING LOCATIONAL FACTORS NAMED BY EACH PRODUCT GROUP
I n d u s tr y
P ro d u c t Group
No \ Major P ro du ct
Food
P e rc e n ta g e and Ranking o f L o c a tio n a l F a c to r s
%
F irs t
%
M a te r ia ls
M a te r ia l s
M arketing
M arketing
M arketing
13
10
18
23
21
Second
T h ir d
2
3
4
5
Canned Foods
Packed Meats
Feeds
D airy P ro d u c ts
Bakery Goods
33
42
26
32
26
6
7
B o t t l e d Goods
M is c e lla n e o u s
20 M arketing
23 M arketing
16 M is c e lla n e o u s
18 S p e c i f i c S i t e
Labor
S p ecific S ite
P ersonal
P ersonal
T ra n sp o r­
ta tio n
14 S p e c i f i c S i t e
16 M isc e lla n e o u s
8
9
24 S p e c i f i c S i t e
30 M arketing
12 C lim ate
18 M isc e lla n e o u s
10
Wearing A pparel 26 M arketing
H ats
36 S p e c i f i c
S ite
M is c e lla n e o u s
29 M arketing
19 P e r s o n a l
17 S p e c i f i c S i t e
11
C a b in e t Work
12
F u rn itu re
13
Paper
1
T e x tile
F o rest
M is c e lla n e o u s
M arketing
M a te r ia l
M is c e lla n e o u s
S p e c ific S ite
9
10
18
13
14
19 M is c e lla n e o u s
14 M arketing
21 M arketing
18 P e rs o n a l
M isc e lla n e o u s
26 S p e c i f i c
S ite
22 S p e c i f i c
S ite
29 M arketing
19 S p e c i f i c S i t e
10 P e rs o n a l
14
Paper P ro d u c ts
36 M arketing
14 M a te r ia l s
14 S p e c i f i c S i t e
P r i n t i n g and
P u b lis h in g
15
16
Newspapers
P rin tin g
42 M arketing
27 M arketing
26 M isc e lla n e o u s
17 P e r s o n a l
13 P e rs o n a l
12 T ra n s p o r­
ta tio n
Chemicals
17
18
P a in t and Soap
M isc e lla n e o u s
31 M arketing
24 P e r s o n a l
23 S p e c i f i c S i t e
20 M arketing
10 Labor
19 S p e c i f i c S i t e
P etro leu m
19
P etroleum
P ro d u c ts
48 M a te r ia l s . 15 T r a n s p o r ta ti o n 13 M arketing
Rubber
20
Rubber P ro d u c ts 23 M arketing
16 S p e c i f i c S i t e
10 P e r s o n a l
L e a th e r
21
L e a th e r Goods
21 M arketing
12 P e r s o n a l
S to n e , Clay
and G lass.
22
Cement and Clay 36 M a te r ia l s
P ro d u c ts
M is c e lla n e o u s
28 M arketing
26 M arketing
10 S p e c i f i c S i t e
19 S p e c i f i c S i t e
13 M isc e lla n e o u s
S tru c tu ra l
S te e l
H ea tin g
Equipment
C a s tin g s
33 M arketing
13 Labor
13 M is c e lla n e o u s
29 S p e c i f i c
S ite
23 M arketing
19 P e r s o n a l
14 M arketing
21 S p e c i f i c S i t e
23 P e rs o n a l
10 T ra n sp o r­
ta tio n
18 C lim ate
17 S p e c i f i c S i t e '
11 P e r s o n a l
23
Iro n and S t e e l 24
25
-
26
27
28
29 S p e c i f i c
S ite
Dies and
32 S p e c i f i c
Machine P a r t s
S ite
M iscellan e o u s
19 M arketing
N on-Ferrous
M etals
29
N on-Ferrous
P ro d u c ts
25 M arketing
20 S p e c i f i c S i t e
16 P e r s o n a l
Machinery
30
E le c tric a l
Equipment
O il F i e l d
Equipment
M isc e lla n e o u s
22 M arketing
17 P e r s o n a l
16 S p e c i f i c S i t e
29 M arketing
16 P e r s o n a l
16 M isc e lla n e o u s
22 M arketing
22 S p e c i f i c S ite ,
22 M isc e lla n e o u s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n 33
Equipment
T r a n s p o r ta ti o n
Equipment
18 M arketing
18 S p e c i f i c S i t e
18 P e r s o n a l
R a ilr o a d
R e p a ir Shops
No
R e p r e s e n ta tio n
24 M arketing
19 S p e c i f i c S i t e
13 P e r s o n a l
31
32
M is c e lla n e o u s
34
M isc e lla n e o u s
T his t a b l e shows th e t h i r t y - f o u r P ro d u ct Groups by i n d u s t r i e s . The L o c a tio n F a c to r s
a r e a r r a n g e d i n th e o rd e r in which th e y were d e s ig n a te d by th e companies o f ea ch
Group and th e p e r c e n ta g e columns i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i o n o f each F a c to r to th e t o t a l
re a s o n s g iv e n .
to
H
Ol
216
TABLE C l
. SUMMARY OP LOCATIONAL FACTORS
NAMED BY THE THIRTY-FOUR PRODUCT GROUPS
D iv is io n a l L o c a tio n F a c to r
M a r k e tin g
M entioned
T o ta l % o f
F i r s t S eco n d T h i r d T im es G ro up s
Naming
23
6
3
32
94
S p e c ific S ite
6
13
7
26
76
P ersonal
1
6
11
18
53
M isc e lla n e o u s
0
5
6
11
33
M a te ria l
4
2
0
6
18
T ra n sp o rta tio n
0
1
3
4
11
Labor
0
1
2
3
9
C lim a te
0
0
2
2
6
G overnm ent
0
0
0
0
0
U tilitie s
0
0
0
0
0
R e l a t i o n t o O th e r B u s i n e s s e s
0
0
0
0
0
F in a n c e
0
0
0
0
0
Chamber o f Commerce
0
0
0
0
0
34
34
34
T o ta l
-
102
T h i s t a b l e I n d i c a t e s t h e num ber o f t i m e s e a c h F a c t o r was
f i r s t * s e c o n d , o r t h i r d , an d t h e p e r c e n t a g e o f t h e
t h i r t y - f o u r P r o d u c t G ro up s w h ic h named t h e F a c t o r .
217
TABLE C II
PRODUCT GROUPS WHICH NAMED MARKETING
AS A LOCATION FACTOR
M e n tio n e d M a r k e t i n g
F irs t
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
13
14
15
16
17
20
23
24
26
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
Feeds
D a iry P ro d u c ts
B a k e ry Goods
B o t t l e d Goods
M is c . F o o d s
W e a rin g A p p a r e l
M is c . T e x t i l e s
M is c . F u r n i t u r e
P ap er P ro d u c ts
N ew sp a p ers
P rin tin g
P a i n t a n d Soap
Rubber P ro d u c ts
M is c . S t o n e , C l a y
S tr u c tu r a l S te e l
C a stin g s
M is c . I r o n a n d
S te e l
N o n -F erro u s
M e ta l P r o d u c t s
E le c tric a l
E q u ip m e n t
O il F ie ld
E q u ip m e n t
M i s c . M a c h in e ry
T ra n sp o rta tio n
E q u ip m en t
M is c .
Manufa c t u r i n g
M e n tio n e d M a r k e tin g M e n tio n e d M a r k e tin g
T h ird
S eco n d
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t . No. | M a jo r P r o d u c t
2
9
12
18
21
22
11
P a c k e d M e ats
19
and F r u i t
H a ts
25
F u rn itu re
M is c . C h e m ic a ls
L e a t h e r Goods
C e m en t, C la y
P ro d u c ts
C a b i n e t Work
P e tro le u m
P ro d u c ts
H e a tin g
E q u ip m e n t
T h ir ty -tw o P ro d u ct Groups c o n s id e r e d M a rk etin g to h e among
th e t h r e e m o st Im p o rta n t I n f lu e n c e s a f f e c t i n g t h e s e l e c t i o n
o f a fa cto ry s i t e .
218
TABLE C I I I
- PRODUCT GROUPS WHICH NAMED SPECIFIC SITE
AS A LOCATION FACTOR
M e n tio n e d
S p e c ific S ite
F irs t
No. M ajo r P r o d u c t
9
M e n tio n e d
S p e c ific S ite
S eco n d
No * M a jo r P r o d u c t
H a ts
5
B a k e r y Goods
11
C a b i n e t Work
7
M is c . F o o d s
12
F u rn itu re
8
W e a rin g A p p a r e l
21
L e a t h e r Goods
25
H e a t i n g E q u ip m e n t
27
17
D i e s ,S c r e w M achine
P a rts
20
13
M is c . F o r e s t
P ro d u c ts
P a i n t a n d S o ap
R u b b er P r o d u c t s
23
M is c . S t o n e , C l a y
26
C a stin g s
28
M is c . I r o n , S t e e l
29
N o n -F erro u s
P ro d u c ts
32
M is c . M a c h in e ry
33
T ra n sp o rta tio n
E q u ip m e n t
34
M isc •
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M e n tio n e d
S p e c ific S ite
T h ird
No.| M a jo r P r o d u c t
2 P a c k e d M e a ts ,
F ru its
6 B o t t l e d Goods
10 M i s c . T e x t i l e s
14 P a p e r
P ro d u c ts
18 M is c .
C h e m ic a ls
22 C e m e n t, C la y
P ro d u c ts
30 E l e c t r i c a l
E q u ip m e n t
T w e n ty -s ix P ro d u ct Groups c o n s id e r e d S p e c i f i c S i t e F a c t o r s t o
b e among th e t h r e e m ost im p o r ta n t I n f lu e n c e s a f f e c t i n g th e
s e le c tio n o f a fa c to r y s ite *
219
TABLE CIV
PRODUCT GROUPS WHICH NAMED PERSONAL FACTORS
AS A LOCATION INFLUENCE
M e n tio n e d
P erso n al F a c to rs
F irs t
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
18
M e n tio n e d
P erso n al F ac to rs
Second
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
M e n tio n e d
P erso n al F a c to rs
T h ird
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
M is c . T e x t i l e s
3 Feeds
16
P rin tin g
4 D a iry P ro d u c ts
25
H e a t i n g E q u ip m e n t
27
D i e s , S c r e w Machine 13 M is c . F o r e s t
P a rts
P ro d u c ts
M is c . C h e m ic a ls 10
30 E l e c t r i c a l
E q u ip m e n t
31
O il F ie ld
E q u ip m e n t
12 F u r n i t u r e
15 N ew sp a p ers
20 R u b b e r P r o d u c t s
21 L e a t h e r Goods
28 M i s c . I r o n ,
S te e l
29 N o n - F e r r o u s
M e ta l P r o d u c t s
33 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
E q u ip m e n t
34 M isc •
M a n u fa c tu rin g
E ig h te e n P ro d u ct Groups c o n s id e r e d P e r s o n a l F a c t o r s t o be
among t h e t h r e e m ost im p o r ta n t in f l u e n c e s a f f e c t i n g th e
s e le c tio n o f a fa c to r y s i t e .
220
TABLE CV
PRODUCT GROUPS WHICH NAMED MISCELLANEOUS FACTORS
AS A LOCATION INFLUENCE
M e n tio n e d
M is c e lla n e o u s
F a c to rs
F irs t
N o .|M a j o r P r o d u c t
None
M e n tio n e d
Mi s c e 1 l a n e o u s
F ac to rs
S eco n d
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
M e n tio n e d
M is c e lla n e o u s
F a c to rs
T h ird
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
1
C anned F o od s
7
M is c . F o o d s
4
D a iry P ro d u c ts
9
H a ts
6
B o t t l e d Goods
23
M isc . S to n e ,C la y
11
C a b i n e t Work
24
S tru c tu ra l S te e l
15
N ew sp a p ers
31
O il F i e l d
E q u ip m e n t
32
M is c . M a c h in e ry
E l e v e n P r o d u c t G roups c o n s i d e r e d M i s c e l l a n e o u s F a c t o r s t o “be
among t h e t h r e e m o st i m p o r t a n t i n f l u e n c e s a f f e c t i n g t h e
se le c tio n of a fa c to ry s i t e .
221
TABLE CVI
PRODUCT GROUPS WHICH NAMED MATERIALS
AS A LOCATION FACTOR
M e n tio n e d M a t e r i a l s
F irs t
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
1
2
19
22
C anned Goods
P a c k e d M e a ts ,
F ru its
P e tro le u m
P ro d u c ts
C em en t, C l a y
P ro d u c ts
M e n tio n e d M a t e r i a l s
S eco n d
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
3
14
M e n tio n e d M a t e r i a l s
T h ird
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
Feeds
P aper P ro d u c ts
None
S i x P r o d u c t G roups c o n s i d e r e d M a t e r i a l s t o b e among t h e t h r e e
m o st i m p o r t a n t i n f l u e n c e s a f f e c t i n g t h e s e l e c t i o n o f a
fa c to ry s i t e .
TABLE CVII
PRODUCT GROUPS WHICH NAMED TRANSPORTATION
AS A LOCATION FACTOR
M e n tio n e d
T ra n sp o rta tio n
F irs t
No.| M a jo r P r o d u c t
None
M e n tio n e d
T ra n sp o rta tio n
S e co n d
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
19
P etro le u m
P ro d u c ts
M e n tio n e d
T ra n sp o rta tio n
T h ird
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
5
16
26
B a k e r y Goods
P rin tin g
C a stin g s
F o u r P r o d u c t G ro up s c o n s i d e r e d T r a n s p o r t a t i o n t o b e among t h e
t h r e e m ost im p o rta n t i n f l u e n c e s a f f e c t i n g th e s e l e c t i o n o f a
fa c to ry s i t e .
222
TABLE C V III
PRODUCT GROUPS WHICH NAMED LABOR
AS A LOCATION FACTOR
M e n tio n e d L a b o r
F irs t
No a M a jo r P r o d u c t
None
M e n tio n e d L ab o r
S eco n d
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
24
S tru c tu ra l S te e l
M e n tio n e d L a b o r
T h ird
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
1
17
Canned F o o d s
P a i n t , Soap
Thro© P r o d u c t G roups c o n s i d e r e d L a b o r t o b e among t h e t h r e e
m o st i m p o r t a n t i n f l u e n c e s a f f e c t i n g t h e s e l e c t i o n o f a
fa c to ry s i t e .
TABLE CIX
PRODUCT GROUPS WHICH NAMED CLIMATE
AS A LOCATION FACTOR
M e n tio n e d C l im a te
F irs t
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
None
M e n tio n e d C l i m a t e
S econd
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
None
M e n tio n e d C l i m a t e
T h ird
No. M a jo r P r o d u c t
8
27
W e a rin g
A pparel
D i e s , Screw
M achine
P a rts,
Two P r o d u c t G rou p s c o n s i d e r e d C l i m a t e t o b e among t h e t h r e e
m o st i m p o r t a n t i n f l u e n c e s a f f e c t i n g t h e s e l e c t i o n o f a
fa c to ry s i t e .
TABLE CX
LOCATIONAL FACTORS NAMED FIRST RANKED BY PERCENTAGE
F acto r
,
Group
No.
Major P ro d u ct
No.
of
Co.
f
du<
P etroleu m P ro d u c ts
23
12
Packed Meats and F r u i t s
54
7
U •
1
M a terials
19
2
M a te r ia l s
2
3
M arketing
15
Newspapers
26
2
4
M a te r ia l s
22
Cement and Clay P ro d u c ts
31
14
5
M arketing
14
Paper P ro d u c ts
21
14
6
S p e c ific S ite
9
H ats
11
2
7
M a terials
1
Canned Goods
39
8
8
M arketing
24
S t r u c t u r a l S t e e l and Tanks
20
16
9
S p e c ific S ite
27
D ies and Screw Machine P a r ts
16
9
D a iry P ro d u c ts
27
4
30
14
10
M arketing
11
M arketing
17 . P a in t and Soap
12
M arketing
13
M isc e lla n e o u s F o r e s t P ro d u c ts
34
20
13
M ark eting
10
M isc e lla n e o u s T e x t i l e s
47
34
14
M arketing
31
O il F i e l d Equipment
31
7
15
S p e c ific S ite
25
H ea tin g Equipment
31
22
16
S p e c ific S ite
21
L e a th e r Goods
21
20
17
M arketing
23
M isc e lla n e o u s S to n e , Clay and
G lass P ro d u c ts
24
35
18
M arketin g
16
P rin tin g
42
21
19
M arketing
3
Feeds
12
2
20
M arketing
5
Bakery Goods
26
6
21
M arketing
8
Wearing A pparel
87
27
22
S p e c ific S ite
11
C a b in et Work
23
13
23
M arketing
29
N on-Ferrous M etal P ro d u c ts
49
35
24
P e rs o n a l
18
M isc e lla n e o u s Chemicals
58
39
25
M arketing
34
M isc e lla n e o u s M anu facturing
111
86
26
M arketing
7
M iscellan e o u s Foods
63
27
27
M arketing
20
Rubber P ro d u c ts
15
14
28
M arketing
26
C a s tin g s
20
15
29
M arketing
32
M isc e lla n e o u s M achinery
44
40
30
M arketing
30
E l e c t r i c a l Equipment
35
17
31
S p e c ific S ite
12
F u rn itu re
45
18
32
M arketing
6
B o t t l e d Goods
26
5
33
M arketing
28
M isc e lla n e o u s Iro n and S t e e l
55
54
34
M arketing
33
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Equipment
38
20
4 a
4
th e v a r io u s L o c a tio n a l F a c t o r s t h a t were named f i r s t by th e
p s , a r r a n g e d a c c o rd in g to th e p e r c e n ta g e s ta n d in g o f th e f a
ilr1
r.
CHAPTER IX
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND PERSONAL OPINIONS
I.
C h a p te r I .
SUMMARY
In tro d u c tio n .
T h i s c h a p t e r was d e v o t e d t o
a g e n e r a l s ta te m e n t o f th e p ro b lem , a b r i e f re v ie w o f e i g h t
o t h e r s t u d i e s i n t h e g e n e r a l f i e l d , an d a s h o r t e x p l a n a t i o n
o f th e c h a r a c te r o f t h i s S urv ey .
C h a p te r I I .
E x p la n a tio n o f P ro c e d u re .
T h is c h a p te r
e x p la in e d th e re a s o n f o r th e s e l e c t i o n o f th e t e r r i t o r y , th e
m an n er i n w h ic h t h e c o m p a n ie s c o n s u l t e d w e re s e l e c t e d , a n d
t h e m e c h a n ic s o f t h e p r o c e d u r e f o l l o w e d .
C h a p te r I I I .
C om panies H a v in g A p p r o x i m a te ly t h e
Same Number o f W o r k e r s .
A l l c o m p a n ie s d e a l w i t h t h e same
g e n e r a l p r o b le m s when s e e k i n g a l o c a t i o n .
C e rta in o f th e se
p r o b l e m s , h o w e v e r , w e re g i v e n m ore s e r i o u s c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y
t h e s m a l l e r c o m p a n ie s t h a n by t h e l a r g e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s , w h i l e
c e r t a i n o t h e r s w ere r e p o r t e d more o f t e n b y t h e l a r g e r t h a n b y
th e sm a lle r firm s .
C om panies w i t h l e s s t h a n t w e n t y - f i v e
em p lo y e e s p a i d more a t t e n t i o n t o S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s an d
P e r s o n a l f a c t o r s t h a n d i d c o m p a n ie s w i t h more t h a n one
h u n d r e d e m p lo y e e s .
C om panies o f t h e l a r g e r s i z e w e re m ore
aw a re o f M a r k e tin g a n d M a t e r i a l I n f l u e n c e s t h a n w e re t h e i r
225
s m a lle r c o n te m p o ra rie s.
C om panies e m p lo y in g fro m t w e n t y - f i v e
t o n i n e t y - n i n e w o r k e r s h e l d t o a m id d l e c o u r s e .
T h e r e was a t e n d e n c y f o r f i r m s o f t h e same g e n e r a l
s i z e t o "be fo u n d i n th e same i n d u s t r y .
More t h a n h a l f o f a l l
c o m p a n ie s e m p lo y in g o v e r one h u n d r e d w o r k e r s w e re e n g a g e d i n
th re e in d u s tr ie s .
The same i n d u s t r i e s r e p o r t e d o n l y 28
p e r c e n t o f t h e s m a l l e r c o m p a n ie s a n d 36 p e r c e n t o f t h e
medium s i z e d o r g a n i z a t i o n s .
On t h e o t h e r h a n d , no i n d u s t r y r e p o r t e d more t h a n
13 p e r c e n t o f t h e s m a l l e r m a n u f a c t u r e r s a n d s i x i n d u s t r i e s
c o n t a i n e d “b e tw e e n 10 p e r c e n t an d 13 p e r c e n t e a c h .
C h a p t e r IV .
In flu e n c e s.
O r g a n i z a t i o n D a te s a n d L o c a t i o n a l
T h e r e was no a p p a r e n t r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n t h e
d a te o f o r g a n iz a tio n and th e f a c t o r s a f f e c t i n g th e c h o ic e o f
lo c a tio n .
More c o m p a n ie s w e re o r g a n i z e d d u r i n g c e r t a i n
p e r i o d s t h a n d u r i n g o t h e r s , b u t t h e r e a s o n s g iv e n f o r t h e
s e l e c t i o n o f a f a c t o r y s i t e I n t h e t i m e s o f m o st r a p i d p l a n t
e x p a n sio n d i f f e r e d l i t t l e
fro m t h o s e i n d i c a t e d f o r t h e
p e rio d s o f l e a s t e x p a n sio n .
M a r k e tin g was t h e p r e d o m in a n t i n f l u e n c e t h r o u g h o u t .
I t was named t h e m o st i m p o r t a n t f a c t o r d u r i n g n i n e o f t h e
t e n tim e p e r i o d s r e v i e w e d , a n d t h e s e c o n d m o st I m p o r t a n t
d u rin g th e te n th .
226
S p e c i f ic S i t e f a c t o r s ran k ed second a s a l o c a t i o n a l
f o r c e , and P e rs o n a l i n t e r e s t s and M is c e lla n e o u s f a c t o r s t i e d
fo r th ir d p la c e .
M a t e r i a l s w e re n e v e r r a t e d h i g h e r t h a n f o u r t h p l a c e
,
h u t t h e y w e re c o n s i s t e n t l y r e f e r r e d t o a s i m p o r t a n t .
No t r e n d to w a r d a c h a n g e d r e l a t i o n s h i p o f t h e
v a r i o u s l o c a t i o n f a c t o r s was o b s e r v e d .
C h a p t e r V.
C om panies O cc u p y in g O r i g i n a l S i t e s
V e rsu s R e l o c a t e d C o m p a n ie s .
T h o se c o m p a n ie s w h ic h h a d r e ­
l o c a t e d w e r e , on t h e a v e r a g e , f o u r y e a r s o l d e r t h a n t h e
c o m p a n ie s w h ic h o c c u p i e d t h e i r o r i g i n a l s i t e s . T h i s m ig h t
in d ic a te th a t r e lo c a tio n had r e s u lte d in g r e a te r p ro s p e rity
a n d l o n g e r l i f e , o r i t m ig h t mean t h a t t h e o l d e r c o m p a n ie s
h a d b e e n s u b j e c t e d t o c h a n g in g c o n d i t i o n s f o r a g r e a t e r
p e r io d and t h a t c o n seq u en t a d ju stm e n ts had been n e c e s s a r y .
C om panies o f c e r t a i n i n d u s t r i e s show ed a te n d e n c y t o
b e m ore m o b i l e t h a n c o m p a n ie s o f o t h e r i n d u s t r i e s .
A' h i g h e r
p e r c e n t a g e o f t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f F o r e s t P r o d u c t s , C h e m ic a ls ,
R u b b e r P r o d u c t s , a n d T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t h a d m ore o f t e n
r e l o c a t e d t h a n h a d t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f L e a t h e r G oods,
S t o n e , C la y a n d G l a s s , a n d P e t r o l e u m P r o d u c t s .
G r e a t e r s e n s i t i v e n e s s was shown b y t h e r e l o c a t e d
c o m p a n ie s t o S p e c i f i c S i t e a n d M a r k e tin g f a c t o r s a n d l e s s
r e s p o n s i v e n e s s t o M a t e r i a l s a n d P e r s o n a l i n t e r e s t s t h a n was
227
r e g i s t e r e d b y t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n s o c c u p y in g t h e i r o r i g i n a l
lo c a tio n s•
C h a p te r V I.
B ra n c h F a c t o r i e s .
The l o c a t i o n a l e x ­
p l a n a t i o n s o f b r a n c h - o r g a n i z a t i o n s w e re q u o te d e x t e n s i v e l y .
As a r e s u l t , t h i s c h a p t e r f u r n i s h e d a good ex am p le o f t h e
t y p e o f d a t a r e v i e w e d i n t h i s S tu d y a n d t h e m a n n er i n w h ic h
t h e v a r i o u s a n a l y s e s w e re c o n d u c t e d .
B r a n c h p l a n t s w ere more p r e v a l e n t I n some i n d u s t r i e s
th a n i n o t h e r s .
No R e p o r t s w e re r e c e i v e d fro m b r a n c h
c o m p a n ie s i n t h e P e t r o l e u m , L e a t h e r , o r S t o n e , C la y a n d
G l a s s I n d u s t r i e s , a n d f e w e r th a n 10 p e r c e n t o f t h e c o m p a n ie s
r e p o r t i n g f ro m T e x t i l e , F o r e s t P r o d u c t s , N o n - F e r r o u s M e t a l s ,
M a c h in e r y , T r a n s p o r t a t i o n E q u ip m e n t, a n d M i s c e l l a n e o u s
i n d u s t r i e s w e re b r a n c h e s .
On t h e o t h e r h a n d , fro m 11 p e r c e n t t o 24 p e r c e n t
o f a l l c o m p a n ie s e n g a g e d i n t h e F o o d , C h e m i c a l s , R u b b e r ,
and P ap er P ro d u c ts I n d u s t r i e s w ere b r a n c h e s .
. 7 1 p e r c e n t o f a l l b r a n c h o r g a n i z a t i o n s w h ic h g a v e
a n y r e a s o n f o r t h e l o c a t i o n s o f t h e i r p l a n t s named M a r k e t i n g ,
a n d 50 p e r c e n t d e s i g n a t e d i t a s t h e Number One
in flu e n c e .
A ll o th e r f a c t o r s r e c e iv e d r e l a t i v e l y sm a ll
c o n s id e ra tio n .
C h a p te r V I I .
A ttra c t.
Town S i z e s a n d t h e M a n u f a c t u r e r s T hey
S m a ll c o m m u n itie s w e re m ore a t t r a c t i v e t o c e r t a i n
228
ty p e s of i n d u s t r i e s th a n to o t h e r s :
58 p e r c e n t o f a l l f i r m s
r e p o r t i n g fro m c o m m u n itie s o f l e s s t h a n 2 ,5 0 0 m a n u f a c t u r e d
e i t h e r P o o d s , o r S t o n e , C la y a n d C l a s s P r o d u c t s *
A t t h e o t h e r e x t r e m e , P a p e r P r o d u c t s an d T e x t i l e s
c le a r ly p re fe rre d m e tro p o lita n a r e a s :
95 p e r c e n t o f a l l
P a p e r P r o d u c t s p l a n t s a n d 93 p e r c e n t o f a l l T e x t i l e p l a n t s
r e p o r t i n g w e re l o c a t e d i n Los A n g e l e s ,
M a t e r i a l was s u b s t a n t i a l l y more i m p o r t a n t t o
c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t i n g fro m c o m m u n itie s o f l e s s t h a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
t h a n t o c o m p a n ie s i n l a r g e r c e n t e r s , w h i l e t h e r e v e r s e was
t r u e o f M a rk e tin g ,
C h a p te r V I I I ,
S im ila r P ro d u c ts,
C om panies M anufac t u r i n g t h e Same o r
E l e v e n t a b l e s w ere u s e d t o su m m arize t h e
m a t e r i a l r e v ie w e d I n t h i s c h a p t e r .
T h e se t a b l e s w e re
n u m b ered C t h r o u g h CX an d a r e f o u n d on p a g e s 215 t h r o u g h
223.
The i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e s e d a t a a n d t h e k e y p o s i t i o n o f
t h i s c h a p t e r i n t h e S tu d y c a u s e s t h e a u t h o r t o s u g g e s t t h a t
t h e s e t a b l e s s h o u l d be c o n s i d e r e d a s p a r t o f t h i s S e c t i o n .
Ho a t t e m p t h a s b e e n m ade, t h e r e f o r e , t o r e p e a t t h a t m a t e r i a l .
M a r k e tin g w as t h e m o st w i d e l y r e c o g n i z e d a n d m o st
c o n s is te n tly h ig h -ra n k e d f a c t o r .
T h irty -tw o o f th e t h i r t y -
f o u r P r o d u c t G roups I n c l u d e d i t a s one o f t h e t h r e e m o st
i m p o r t a n t f o r c e s a f f e c t i n g l o c a t i o n , an d t w e n t y - t h r e e p l a c e d
229
i t above a l l o t h e r i n f l u e n c e s .
M a t e r i a l s , when c o n s i d e r e d o f s i g n i f i c a n c e b y a G ro u p ,
u s u a lly sto o d n e a r th e to p .
S i x t i m e s M a t e r i a l s was named a s
one o f t h e t h r e e m o st i m p o r t a n t l o c a t i o n a l c a u s e s ; f o u r
tim e s, f i r s t ;
and tw ic e , seco n d .
S p e c i f i c S i t e f a c t o r s w e re r a t e d t h i r d o r h i g h e r
tw e n ty - s ix tim e s ; and P e rs o n a l f a c t o r s , e ig h te e n tim e s .
T h is c h a p te r d e m o n stra te d c l e a r l y th e a d v a n ta g e o f
s e g r e g a tin g p ro d u c ts in to n a rro w ly d e f in e d , h ig h ly
s p e c ia liz e d g ro u p s.
The m ore c l o s e l y r e l a t e d t h e p r o d u c t s
o f t h e g r o u p a n d t h e l a r g e r t h e number o f c o m p a n ie s r e p o r t ­
i n g , t h e m ore d i s t i n c t was t h e p a t t e r n o f l o c a t i o n a l
b e h a v io r.
II.
CONCLUSIONS
The e v i d e n c e r e v i e w e d s u p p o r t s t h e f o l l o w i n g c o n ­
c lu sio n s :
1.
M a n u fa c tu r e r s , th e m s e lv e s , o f f e r an im p o rta n t
and v a lu a b le s o u rc e o f in f o rm a tio n c o n c e rn in g th e f a c t o r s
w h ic h e x e r t an I n f l u e n c e u p o n t h e l o c a t i o n o f i n d u s t r y .
2.
M a n u f a c t u r e r s h a v i n g a p p r o x i m a t e l y t h e same
num ber o f e m p lo y e e s r e s p o n d m ore n e a r l y t o t h e same f a c t o r s
o f l o c a t i o n t h a n do c o m p a n ie s o f w i d e l y d i f f e r e n t s i z e .
230
3.
trie s .
Modal company s i z e d i f f e r s f o r d i f f e r e n t i n d u s ­
Some i n d u s t r i e s t e n d t o a t t r a c t o r e n c o u r a g e t h e
d e v e lo p m e n t o f l a r g e c o m p a n ie s , some t e n d t o a t t r a c t s m a ll
e n te rp ris e s.
4.
M a n u f a c t u r e r s i n c e r t a i n i n d u s t r i e s show m ore o f
a t e n d e n c y to r e l o c a t e t h a n c o m p an ie s i n o t h e r i n d u s t r i e s .
5.
R e l o c a t e d c o m p a n ie s t e n d t o show a g r e a t e r
s e n s i t i v e n e s s t o M a r k e t i n g f a c t o r s an d t o f a c t o r s d e a l i n g
w i t h p a r t i c u l a r i z e d s i t e s t h a n do t h o s e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h h a v e
not re lo c a te d .
6.
B ra n c h m a n u f a c t u r e r s a r e more p r e v a l e n t i n c e r t a i n
i n d u s t r i e s th a n in o t h e r s .
7.
B ra n c h o r g a n i z a t i o n s t e n d t o b e p a r t i c u l a r l y r e ­
s p o n s i v e t o M a r k e tin g i n f l u e n c e s .
8.
T h e r e i s a r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n town . s i z e a n d t h e
ty p e o f i n d u s t r y a t t r a c t e d .
trie s
M a n u fa c tu re rs o f c e r t a i n in d u s ­
t e n d t o show a s t r o n g p r e f e r e n c e f o r m e t r o p o l i t a n
c e n te rs.
O th e r t y p e s o f m a n u f a c t u r e r s t e n d to l o c a t e i n
s m a l l c o m m u n iti e s .
A t h i r d group te n d s to l o c a t e in
ap p ro x im a te p r o p o r tio n to p o p u la tio n .
9.
M a n u f a c t u r e r s w h ic h s e e k o u t s m a l l c o m m u n itie s
a r e , a s a c l a s s , m ore s e n s i t i v e t o M a t e r i a l s a s a l o c a t i o n a l
251
i n f l u e n c e t h a n a r e t h e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h l o c a t e i n l a r g e r
c e n te rs.
10.
M a n u f a c t u r e r s w h ic h s e e k o u t m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s ,
a s a c l a s s , g i v e more a t t e n t i o n t o M a r k e tin g f a c t o r s a s a
l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e t h a n do t h e c o m p a n ie s w h ic h l o c a t e i n
s m a l l c o m m u n iti e s .
11.
M a n u fa c tu re rs o f c l o s e l y r e l a t e d p ro d u c ts te n d
t o r e s p o n d t o t h e same l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s .
The m ore
c l o s e l y r e l a t e d t h e p r o d u c t s a n d t h e l a r g e r t h e num ber o f
c o m p a n ie s p a r t i c i p a t i n g , t h e m ore c l e a r l y t h e l o c a t i o n a l
p a t t e r n o f th e group i s u s u a l l y r e v e a le d .
III.
PERSONAL OPINIONS
C lo se a s s o c i a t i o n w ith t h i s
s u b je c t has r e s u lte d In
t h e f o r m u l a t i o n o f num erous o p i n i o n s an d i m p r e s s i o n s , i n - •
s u f f i c i e n t l y s u p p o r t e d b y e v i d e n c e t o be s t a t e d a s f a c t s
b u t o f s u c h c h a r a c t e r a s t o o f f e r some c o n t r i b u t i o n t o t h i s
g e n e ra l fie ld , o f th o u g h t.
C e rta in o f th e s e o p in io n s a re
re c o u n te d h e re :
1.
The f a c t o r s o f l o c a t i o n a r e so d ynam ic and
f l u i d t h a t th e s u i t a b i l i t y o f a g iv e n s i t e f o r a s p e c i f i c
i n d u s t r i a l p u rp o se i s c o n s t a n t l y c h a n g in g .
232
2.
The l o c a t i o n o f p r a c t i c a l l y © very e n t e r p r i s e i s a
com prom ise b e tw e e n t h e i d e a l a n d t h e r e a l .
The q u a l i t i e s o f
t h e p e r f e c t l o c a t i o n a r e d i f f i c u l t t o e n u m e r a te a n d im p o s­
s i b l e to d is c o v e r i n any one p r o p e r ty .
The s i t e
se le c te d
i s u s u a l l y t h e one among t h o s e a v a i l a b l e w h ic h i s t h o u g h t ,
a t t h e t i m e , t o r e s e m b l e m o st n e a r l y t h e i d e a l .
3.
Many e n t e r p r i s e s a r e l o c a t e d p u r e l y by a c c i d e n t .
The f o u n d e r , a n x i o u s f o r econom ic i n d e p e n d e n c e an d d r i v e n
b y a d e e p - s e a t e d l o n g i n g t o t r y h i s own a b i l i t i e s , l o o k s
a b o u t f o r an i n d u s t r i a l v e h i c l e .
So many a r e h i s p r o b l e m s ,
so m i n g l e d a r e h i s e m o t i o n s , a n d so e a g e r i s h i s ju d g m e n t
t h a t an o b j e c t i v e w e i g h i n g o f t h e c o m p a r a t i v e a d v a n t a g e s
o f one l o c a t i o n a g a i n s t t h e a d v a n t a g e s o f o t h e r p o s s i b l e
c h o i c e s may n o t e v e n o c c u r t o h im .
4.
C e rta in f a c i l i t i e s a r e e s s e n t i a l to th e o p er-.
a t i o n o f an y m odern i n d u s t r i a l e n t e r p r i s e .
Among t h e s e a r e
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an i n t e r c h a n g e o f s e r v i c e s w i t h o t h e r e n t e r ­
p rise rs,
s u i t a b l e b a n k i n g f a c i l i t i e s , ,p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ,
a r e a s o n a b l y s t a b l e g o v e r n m e n t.
E ac h o f t h e s e , a n d
Chamber o f Commerce i n f l u e n c e , was g i v e n D i v i s i o n a l
p r o m in e n c e on t h e R e p o r t B la n k u s e d i n t h i s S t u d y .
Y e t,
no one o f t h e s e f a c t o r s r a n k e d a s h i g h a s t h i r d among
t h e l o c a t i o n a l i n f l u e n c e s i n an y o f t h e a n a l y s e s m ade.
an d
233
The e x p l a n a t i o n m u s t be t h a t s u c h f a c t o r s a r e so
w i d e s p r e a d t h a t w h i l e t h e i r a b s e n c e w o u ld p r o v e an i n ­
s u r m o u n ta b le b a r r i e r t o i n d u s t r i a l g r o w t h , t h e i r p r e s e n c e
no l o n g e r a c t s a s a c o n s c i o u s c a u s e f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o f
m a n u fa c tu rin g s i t e s .
5.
T h e r e i s a te n d e n c y t o b e g i n b u s i n e s s i n t h a t
l o c a l i t y w h ere one h a s t h e i d e a .
I t i s l e s s c o s t l y and le s s
d i s t u r b i n g t o o n e ' s e s t a b l i s h e d way o f l i f e .
Once s t a r t e d ,
s tr o n g f o r c e s , in c lu d in g In v e stm e n ts and i n e r t i a ,
favor
c o n tin u a tio n .
I t r e q u i r e s a n e m e rg e n c y , f i n a n c i a l o r o t h e r w i s e ,
o r very s tro n g a d m in is tr a tiv e re s o lv e to a n a ly z e , a p p r a is e ,
an d e x e c u t e a p o l i c y b a s e d w h o l l y up o n eco no m ic c o n s i d e r ­
a tio n s.
6.
C e rta in i n d u s t r i e s , e s p e c ia lly th o se dependent
u p o n m i n e r a l d e p o s i t s o r w e i g h t - l o s i n g raw m a t e r i a l s , t e n d
t o b e r e l a t i v e l y i n d e p e n d e n t o f p o p u l a t i o n g r o w th a n d
f r e q u e n t l y p re c e d e o r d e v e lo p in d e p e n d e n tly o f p o p u la tio n
m o v em en ts.
M ost m a n u f a c t u r i n g , h o w e v e r , t e n d s t o l a g b e h i n d
p o p u l a t i o n an d t o e x p a n d o n l y a s m a r k e t s a r e p r o v i d e d .
B o th
t y p e s o f i n d u s t r y a r e s t i m u l a t e d b y , a n d a t t h e same tim e a r e
s t i m u l a t i n g t o , p o p u la tio n g ro w th .
7.
The a t m o s p h e r e o f a r a p i d l y g ro w in g i n d u s t r i a l
234
com m unity o f t e n g i v e s e n c o u ra g e m e n t t o t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
new e n t e r p r i s e b o t h on t h e p a r t o f l o c a l e n t r e p r e n e u r s an d
t h o s e fro m w i t h o u t who a r e c a s t i n g a b o u t f o r a p l a c e i n w h ic h
to lo c a te .
8.
On t h e w h o l e , f a b r i c a t i n g i n d u s t r i e s h a v e f e w e r
l o c a t i o n a l r e s t r i c t i o n s th a n b a s ic i n d u s t r i e s .
They a r e ,
t h e r e f o r e , more a p t t o a d j u s t t h e m s e l v e s t o m a r k e t i n g f o r c e s
o r p e r s o n a l f a c t o r s t h a n t o raw m a t e r i a l s .
9.
The t r a d i t i o n o f c e r t a i n c o m m u n itie s f o r c e r t a i n
i n d u s t r i e s h a s i n some i n s t a n c e s become a v e ry , p o t e n t
lo c a tio n a l in flu e n c e .
10.
As a n i n d u s t r y m a tu r e s a n d p r o f i t s d e c l i n e , i t
b ecom es more n e c e s s a r y f o r t h o s e who w o u ld l o c a t e s u c c e s s ­
f u l , new p r o d u c i n g u n i t s t o p r o c e e d more o b j e c t i v e l y an d
s c i e n t i f i c a l l y in th e s e l e c t i o n o f a f a c to r y s i t e .
11.
I n a g e n e r a l way c o s t f a c t o r s p l a c e l i m i t s ,
u po n i n d u s t r i a l f re e d o m o f a c t i o n .
I f c o s ts a re to o h ig h
t h e e n t e r p r i s e i s u n a b l e t o co m p ete an d m u st e i t h e r lo w e r
c o s ts or suspend o p e r a t io n s .
T h e se c o s t - l i m i t s , h o w e v e r,
a r e f l e x i b l e , c h a n g i n g , a n d a f f e c t e d by a n i n f i n i t e
v a r ie ty of s u b je c tiv e c o n sid e ra tio n s#
12.
P u r s u i t o f th e P r o d u c t Group a p p r o a c h t o t h e
235
a n a l y s i s o f t h e i n d u s t r i a l l o c a t i o n p r o b le m g i v e s p r o m is e o f
fru itfu l re su lts.
C a re s h o u l d b e e x e r c i s e d i n t h e c o l l e c t i o n
o f d a t a to o b t a i n ' a l l i n f o r m a t i o n p o s s i b l e w i t h r e g a r d t o
p ro d u c t c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , p ro d u c tio n p r o c e s s e s , and m a rk e tin g
m e th o d s .
S e g r e g a t i o n i n t o P r o d u c t G roups s h o u l d b e h e l d t o
th e n a rro w e st p r a c t ic a b l e l i m i t s .
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
No B i b l i o g r a p h y i s u s e d t o s u p p o r t t h i s s u r v e y .
The o n l y r e f e r e n c e s c i t e d a r e t h e e i g h t s t u d i e s
m e n tio n e d i n C h a p t e r I a n d t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s
C e n su s o f M a n u f a c t u r e r s . The f o l l o w i n g l i s t
I s s u b m i t t e d a s l i t e r a t u r e r e v i e w e d w h ic h b e a r s
m o st c l o s e l y upon t h e s u b j e c t .
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New Y ork an d L ondon: M cG raw -H ill Book Company, I n c . ,
1933.
W arren , H e r b e r t, e d i t o r , D e c e n t r a l i z a t i o n o f P o p u la tio n
a n d I n d u s t r y . L ondon: P . S . K in g & S o n , L t d . , 1 9 3 0 .
W eber, A l f r e d , E n g l i s h e d itf c n t r a n s l a t e d b y C a r l Jo a c h im
F r i e d r i c h , T h e o ry o f t h e L o c a t i o n o f I n d u s t r i e s .
C h ic a g o : The U n i v e r s i t y o f C h ic a g o P r e s s , 1 9 2 9 .
Zimmermann, E r i c h W ., W orld R e s o u r c e s an d I n d u s t r i e s .
New Y ork a n d L ondon: H a r p e r an d B r o t h e r s , P u b l i s h e r s ,
1933.
A P P E N D I X
240
E X H I B I T
A
T h e r e w ere f i v e l e t t e r s i n th e s e r i e s . The
f i r s t f o u r w e re m u l t i g r a p h e d , f i l l e d i n w i t h
t h e name o f t h e P r e s i d e n t o f t h e company
a d d r e s s e d , and m a ile d u n d e r f i r s t c l a s s
p o sta g e .
The l e t t e r o f t h i s e x h i b i t was u s e d i n t h e
sa m p le m a i l i n g t o f o u r h u n d r e d s e v e n t y - n i n e
c o m p a n ie s , p o s t e d u n d e r d a t e o f O c to b e r 3 1 ,
1940.
T H E UNIVERSITY O F S O U T H E R N CALIFORNIA
U N IV ER SITY PA RK
LOS ANGELES
241
O c to b e r 3 1 , 1940
To t h e P r e s i d e n t
Of t h e Company A d d r e s s e d
Los A n g e l e s , C a l i f o r n i a
D e a r Mr. P r e s i d e n t :
I t t a k e s f i f t e e n m i n u t e s t o r e a d an d c h e c k t h e
a t ta c h e d R e p o rt B lan k .
The b e n e f i t s t o be e x p e c t e d fro m t h a t f i f t e e n
m in u te s a r e :
TO YOU - A summary o f a l l t h e r e s p o n s e s r e c e i v e d
fro m 3 ,0 0 0 o t h e r b u s i n e s s l e a d e r s o f S o u th e r n
C a lifo rn ia ;
TO COMMERCE STUDENTS - A f i r s t h a n d lo o k a t b u s i ­
n e s s men i n a c t i o n , f o r t h e y w i l l s e e fro m y o u r
a n s w e rs j u s t how you co p e w i t h p r a c t i c a l p r o b le m s
o f t h i s k in d ;
TO THE WORLD AT LARGE - I f t h i s t h i n g i s h a l f a s
g oo d a s we h o p e , y o u w i l l make a r e a l c o n t r i b u t i o n
to a v ery g r e a tly needed p ie c e o f In fo rm a tio n .
A l l r e p o r t s w i l l b e t r e a t e d c o n f i d e n t i a l l y , an d
t h e i d e n t i t y o f no f i r m n o r p e r s o n w i l l b e r e v e a l e d
w ith o u t p e rm is sio n .
Ad l i b a s much a s y o u l i k e . Y our own i d e a s a n d sug'
g e s t i o n s a r e e s p e c i a l l y w elco m e.
BUREAU OF BUSINESS RESEARCH,
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
242
E X H I B I T
B
The R e p o r t B la n k shown h e r e was u s e d a s an
i n c l o s u r e w i t h t h e sa m p le m a i l i n g o f
O c to b e r 3 1 , 1 9 4 0 .
REPORT BLANK
W h y
D o es
I n d u s tr y
L o c a te in
S o u th e r n
C a lifo r n ia ?
243
T his question is being asked 3,000 other business executives in the ten southern counties of California.
It may be helpful to scan the full report before answering.
If you wish a summary of the responses please check here
(
)
B
u r ea u
T
h e
N am e of C om pany
S ign ed by
Street A d d ress
C ity
U
of
B
u s in e s s
n iv e r s it y
of
R
So
esea r c h
u th er n
C
a l if o r n ia
Position
Please check all factors listed which played a part in your decision to locate in Southern California. Add any factors not
ted which were important in your case.
a m p le :
(
) Borax
(
) Clay
( X ) Farm Products
(
) Fruits
Etc.
N e a r n e s s to R a w a n d S e m i-M a n u fa c tu r e d M a te r ia ls
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
12— (
13— (
14— (
15— (
16— (
17— (
18— (
19— (
21— (
22— (
Borax
C lay
Farm Products
Fruits
V egetables
L ive Stock
W ool
C otton
Silk
L eather
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
23— (
) Lum ber
24— (
) M achinery
25— (
) F actory Supplies
26— (
) Foundry Supplies
27— (
) T ools and F ixtures
28— (
) Parts and A ccessories
O th e r M a te r ia ls :
29— (
)
31— (
)
32— (
)
G old
S ilver
Iron and Steel
N on-F errous M etal
Gas
Oil
Sand
Coal
C oke
Sea Foods
Please list three of the above items by n u m b e r according to their importance to y o u :
rst..................................................................:
Second........................-....................................:
e raw materials perishable?
( ) Yes:
”
bulky?
( ) Y es:
”
”
subject to high degree of waste?
( ) No
( ) No
( ) Yes
(
T hird.............................................................
) No
jproximately what amount of the materials used in your manufacturing process is produced within 10 miles of your factory?
-(
) A ll:
2— (
)
M ore than h a lf:
3— (
) Less than half.
3— (
) Less than half.
hat amount is produced within California?
-(
) A ll:
2— (
)
M ore than h a lf:
M a r k e tin g F a c to r s
-(
)
)
-(
-(
-(
-(
-(
)
)
)
)
)
-(
F inished Product Sold L ocally
N earby W holesalers or
Jobbers
E xport P ossibilities
G rowing Population
S tyle C enter
P restige of Location
Isolation from E ast
8— (
9— (
11— (
12— (
13— (
14— (
15— (
16— (
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
Rich B ack-C ountry
C onsum er Purchasing Pow er
H igh Personal Incom es
M igrated R etired W ealth
F inished Goods Bulky
F inished G oods Perishable
Servicing of Product
Speed in D eliv ery
17— (
O th er
18— (
19— (
21— (
22— (
ease list three of the above items by n u m b e r according to their importance to you:
Second.
Third
)
A dvertising A dvantages of
C om m unity
F a c to rs:
) .................................:....................
) .................................................
) ................................................
) .................................................
C h a m b e r o f C o m m e r c e I n flu e n c e
-(
)
G eneral Inform ation
5
)
A ggressive Solicitation
6—
C on cession s:
-(
(
)
C ourtesy of R epresentative
Prom otional A ctivities
)
O th er Influences
3— (
) B uilding Site
7— (
)
4— (,
)
8- <
)
M oving E xpenses
ease list three of the above items b y n u m b e r according to their importance to you
rst
........................................................ :
Second............................................................
Third-
Illn e ss o f;
12— (
) N earness to R ecreation
13— (
) Production A ided by C lim atic
C lim a te an d H e a lth F a c to r s
)
M ild W inters
)
Short Rainy Season
7— (
)
O rganizer
)
L ow Rainfall
)
Fam ily
)
Abundant Sunshine
8- (
9— (
)
H um idity
)
Seasonal Changes
U — (
)
R elatives
)
Friends
C enter
Factors
O th er F a cto rs:
14— (
) ..............................................................
ease list three of the above items b y n u m b e r according to their importance to y o u :
Second.
rst.
Third.
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c to r s
1 -(
2- (
3—(
4— (
5— (
6—
(
7—(
)
8— (
) Freedom from Urban
R egulatios
9— (
) A nticipated Freedom from
A ssessm en t
O th er F a cto rs:
Favorable T axes
Favorable Franchies
Favorable Labor Ordinances
G overnm ent Contracts
G overnm ent Projects
P olitical Considerations
A ttitude of C ity Officials
11 —
(
)
12 — (
ease list three of the above items b y n u m b e r according to their importance to you
..................:.....................................:
rst
Second..................................... ......................
Third.
U t ilit y F a c to r s
- (
)
W ater A vailab ility
5— (
) F uel O il Supply
- (
)
Gas A vailability
6— {
) T elephone F acilities
-(
) L ow C ost E lectricity
7— (
) Pow er L ines
-(
) A m ple W ater Supply
8— (
) Sew age
O th er F a cto rs.
9— {
) ....
1 1 -(
) .....
12— ( ) ...........
ease list three of the above items b y n u m b e r according to their importance to y o u :
rst....................................................... .........:
Second......................................
:
Third-
P e r s o n a l F a c to r s , O w n e r s a n d E x e c u tiv e s
C ontem plated R etirem ent
)
)
Cultural A dvantages
13— (
)
O pportunity for C hildren
V ariety of Entertainm ent
14— (
)
E scape from C ongestion
Satisfactory H ousing for
O th er F a c to rs:
W orkmen
IS— (
)
W anted to L iv e H ere
7— {
8— (
)
Low B uilding C osts
9— (
)
)
Low Living C osts
11— (
1 2 -(
)
)
)
) Educational A dvantages
)
R eligious O rganization
N earness to H om es of W orkers
F riendly C om m unity
list three of the above items b y n u m b e r according to their importance to y o u :
rst.
Second-
Third.
)
..........................................
244
E X H I B I T
C
The l e t t e r o f t h i s e x h i b i t i s t h e same a s t h e
one shown i n E x h i b i t A. No ch a n g e was made a s
a r e s u l t o f t h e sam p le m a i l i n g .
T h i s m a i l i n g was p o s t e d on November 2 0 , 1 9 4 0 .
T H E UNIVERSITY O F S O U T H E R N C ALIFO R NIA
UN IV ERSITY PARK
LOS ANGELES
245
November 2 0 , 1940
To t h e P r e s i d e n t
Of t h e Company A d d r e s s e d
Los A n g e l e s , C a l i f o r n i a
D ear M r. P r e s i d e n t :
I t t a k e s f i f t e e n m i n u t e s t o r e a d a n d c h e c k th e
a t t a c h e d R e p o rt B lan k .
The b e n e f i t s t o b e e x p e c t e d fro m t h a t f i f t e e n
m in u te s a r e :
TO YOU - A summary o f a l l t h e r e s p o n s e s r e c e i v e d
fro m 5 ,0 0 0 o t h e r b u s i n e s s l e a d e r s o f S o u th e r n
C a lifo rn ia ;
TO COMMERCE STUDENTS - A f i r s t h a n d l o o k a t b u s i ­
n e s s men i n a c t i o n , f o r t h e y w i l l s e e fro m y o u r
a n s w e r s j u s t how y o u cope w i t h p r a c t i c a l p ro b le m s
o f t h i s k in d ;
TO THE WORLD AT LARGE - I f t h i s t h i n g i s h a l f a s
good a s we h o p e , y o u w i l l make a r e a l c o n t r i b u t i o n
to a v e r y g r e a t l y n e e d e d p i e c e o f i n f o r m a t i o n .
A l l r e p o r t s w i l l be t r e a t e d c o n f i d e n t i a l l y , an d
t h e i d e n t i t y o f no f i r m n o r p e r s o n w i l l be r e v e a l e d
w ith o u t p e rm is s io n .
Ad l i b a s much a s you l i k e . Y our own i d e a s a n d su g
g e s t i o n s a r e e s p e c i a l l y w elco m e.
BUREAU OF BUSINESS RESEARCH,
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
246
E X H I B I T
D
T h i s i s t h e r e v i s e d R e p o r t B l a n k , a n d t h e one
u s e d on a l l s u b s e q u e n t m a i l i n g s . No m a jo r
c h a n g e s w ere made fro m t h e R e p o r t B la n k shown
i n E x h i b i t B, b u t s e v e r a l s m a l l a d j u s t m e n t s
w e re made a s a r e s u l t o f t h e t e s t m a i l i n g .
REPORT BLANK
W h y
D o es
I n d u s tr y
L o c a te in
S o u th e r n
C a lifo r n ia ?
247
T his question is being asked 3,000 other business executives in the ten southern counties of California.
It may be helpful to scan the full report before answering.
If you wish a summary of the responses please check here
(
)
B
u r ea u
T
h e
N am e of C om pany
Sign ed by
Street A d d ress
C ity
U
of
B
R
u s in e s s
n iv e r s it y
of
So
esea rch
u th ern
C
a l if o r n ia
Position
Please check all factors listed which played a part in your decision to locate n Southern California. Add any factors not
ed which were important in your case.
a m p le :
(
) Borax
(
) Clay
(X )
Farm Products
(
) Fruits
Etc.
N e a r n e s s to R a w a n d S e m i-M a n u fa c tu r e d M a te r ia ls
)
)
)
)
-(
—(
-(
—(
—(
)
)
)
-(
-(
—(
)
)
)
-(
12— (
13— (
14— (
15— (
16— (
17— (
18— (
19— (
21— (
22— (
Borax
C lay
Farm Products
Fruits
V egetables
L ive Stock
W ool
C otton
Rubber
L im estone
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
-t .
C hem ical Supplies
Shipping Containers
Iron and S teel
N on-F errous M etal
Gas
Oil
Sand
Coal
C oke
Sea Foods
23— (
) Lumber
24— (
) M achinery
25— (
) F actory Supplies
26— (
) Foundry Supplies
27— (
) T ools and F ixtures
28— (
) Parts and A ccessories
O th er M a te ria ls:
29— (
) ............................................................
31—(
) ............................................................
32— (
) ........................................................................................................................
Please list three of the above items b y n u m b e r according to their importance to you:
st................................................................ :
Second............... -...........................................:
e raw materials perishable ?
( ) Y es:
”
bulky?
( ) Yes:
”
”
subject to high degree of waste?
( ) No
( ) No
( ) Yes
(
T hird
.................................
:
) No
proximately what amount of the materials used in your manufacturing process is produced within 10 miles of your factory?
3— ( ) M ore than one fou rth : 4— ( ) None.
) A ll:
2— ( ) M ore than h a lf:
-(
hat amount is produced within California?
-(
) A ll:
2— (
) M ore than h a lf:
3— (
) More than one fou rth :
4— (
) None.
M a r k e tin g F a c to r s
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
Finished Product Sold L ocally
N earby W holesalers or
Jobbers
Export P ossibilities
G rowing Population
Style C enter
Prestige of L ocation
Isolation from East
8— (
9— (
ll-(
12— (
13— (
14— (
15— (
16— (
) Rich B ack-C ountry
) C onsum er Purchasing Pow er
17— (
H igh Personal Incom es
N earby D ealers
Finished Goods B ulky
F inished Goods Perishable
Servicing of Product
Speed in D eliv ery
18— (
O th er
19— (
21— (
22— (
)
)
)
)
)
)
lis t th r e e o f th e a b o v e ite m s by n u m b e r a c c o r d in g to th e ir im p o r ta n c e to y o u :
st-
Second.
T h ird :
)
A dvertising A dvantages of
Com m unity
) A cquaintance w ith C ustom ers
F a c to rs:
) .............................................................
) ............................................................
) ................................................
C h a m b e r o f C o m m e r c e I n flu e n c e
1— (
) G eneral Inform ation
5— (
)
C ourtesy of R epresentative
2— (
) A ggressive Solicitation
6— (
)
Prom otional A ctiv ities
7— (
)
A dvertising
C on cession s:
3— (
) B uilding S ite
4— (
) M oving E xpenses
O th e r Influences:
8— (
) ......................
ease list three of the above items by n u m b e r according to their importance to y o u :
rst,
........................................................ :
Second............ .................
:
Third.
C lim a te a n d H e a lth F a c to r s
M ild W inters
Illn e ss o f :
Short R ainy Season
7— (
)
O rganizer
L ow R ainfall
8— (
)
F am ily
A bundant Sunshine
9— (
)
R elatives
H um idity
11— (
)
Friends
12— (
) N earness to R ecreation
13— (
) Production A ided by C lim atic
C enter
Factors
O th e r F a cto rs:
14— (
Seasonal Changes
)
..............................................................
ease list three of the above items by n u m b e r according to their importance to y o u :
.....................................:............ .:
rst
Second........... '.............................
:
Third.
G o v e r n m e n ta l F a c to r s
1— (
2— (
3— (
4— (
5— (
6— (
7— (
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
) Freedom from Urban
. -Regulations
)
A nticipated Freedom from
9 -(
A ssessm en t
O th e r F a c to rs:
Favorable T axes
Favorable Franchies
Favorable Labor Ordinances
G overnm ent C ontracts
G overnm ent P rojects
P olitical C onsiderations
A ttitu d e of C ity Officials
8 -(
11— (
12— (
)
................................................................................
)
............................................................................
ease list three of the above items by n u m b e r according to their importance to y o u :
rst.................................................................:
Second..............................................................:
Third-
U t ility F a c to r s
-(
) W ater A vailab ility
5—(
F uel O il Supply
O th er F a c to rs.
-(
) Gas A vailability
6— (
-(
) L ow C ost E lectricity
7—(
T elep h on e F acilities
Pow er L ines
H -(
-(
) A m p le W ater Supply
8—
Sew age
12—( ) ......
(
9—(
).......
)
.....
ease list three of the above items by n u m b e r according to their importance to y o u :
rst.................................................................:
Second............................................. ,...............:
Third.
P e r s o n a l F a c to r s , O w n e r s an d E x e c u tiv e s
C ontem plated R etirem ent
7— (
)
Cultural A dvantages
W anted to L ive H ere
8— (
)
V a riety of E ntertainm ent
13— (
14— (
L ow B uilding C osts
9— (
)
H om e W as H ere
O th er F a cto rs:
11— (
12— (
)
F riends L ived H ere
15— (
)
Frien d ly C om m unity
L ow L iving C osts
Educational A dvantages
R eligious Organization
ease list three of the above items by n u m b e r according to their importance to you:
rst.
Second
Third,
) ' O pportunity for Children
)
)
E scape from C ongestion
......................................... - ................... -
248
E X H I B I T .
E
A sta m p e d r e t u r n e n v e lo p e was i n c l o s e d w i t h
t h e t e s t m a i l i n g . On a l l s u b s e q u e n t m a i l ­
i n g s t h e same ty p e o f e n v e lo p e was u s e d
w ith a r e t u r n p o sta g e p e rm it.
UNITED
STATES
POSTAGE
,3 CENTS 3
F
rank
H . S park s
B
u r e a u of
T
he
B
u s in e s s
U
n iv e r s i t y
3551 U
n iv e r s i t y
Los
A
ng eles,
C
of
A
R
esea r c h
S o u t h e r n C a l if o r n ia
venue
a l if o r n ia
to
<o
250
E X H I B I T
P
T h i s was t h e s e c o n d l e t t e r o f t h e s e r i e s
m a i l e d u n d e r d a t e o f D ecember 1 1 , 1940*
T H E UNIVERSITY O F S O U T H E R N CALIFORNIA
U N IV E R SIT Y PA RK
LOS A NGELES
251
December 1 1 , 1940
To t h e P r e s i d e n t
Of t h e Company A d d r e s s e d
Los A n g e l e s , C a l i f o r n i a
D e a r Mr. P r e s i d e n t :
The a n s w e r s a l r e a d y r e c e i v e d show a l i v e l y
i n t e r e s t among b u s i n e s s men i n t h e q u e s t i o n ,
tfWhy d o e s i n d u s t r y l o c a t e i n S o u th e r n C a l i f o r n i a ? ”
We a r e , t h e r e f o r e , r e s o l v e d t o do o u r u t m o s t t o
make t h i s s t u d y c o m p le te a n d h e l p f u l . T h i s means
we a r e d o u b ly a n x i o u s t o h a v e t h e o p i n i o n o f
e v e r y one o f t h e t h r e e th o u s a n d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
m a n u f a c t u r e r s o f t h i s r e g i o n a n d a s one o f t h a t
g r o u p we a r e m o st s o l i c i t o u s o f y o u r t h o u g h t s
and e x p e rie n c e s .
The R e p o r t B la n k i n c l o s e d c a n be r e a d a n d c h e c k e d
in fo u rte e n m in u te s.
T hanks so much.
BUREAU OF BUSINESS RESEARCH,
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
252
E X H I B I T
G
The t h i r d l e t t e r o f t h e s e r i e s was m a i l e d on
December 2 6 , 1 9 4 0 .
T H E UNIVERSITY O F S O U T H E R N CALIFORNIA
U N IV ER SITY PA R K
LOS ANGELES
253
D ecem ber 2 6 , 1940
To t h e P r e s i d e n t
Of th e Company A d d r e s s e d
Los A n g e l e s , C a l i f o r n i a
D ear Mr. P r e s i d e n t :
I f you w o u ld r a t h e r , I s h a l l be m o st h a p p y t o d r o p
a r o u n d f o r a l i t t l e c h a t on t h i s q u e s t i o n ,
ffWhy d o e s i n d u s t r y l o c a t e i n S o u th e r n C a l i f o r n i a ? ”
The o n l y t h i n g i s , t h i s s u b j e c t h a s become s u c h an
o b s e s s i o n w i t h me t h a t once you l e t me I n y o u r
o f f i c e you w i l l h a v e to th r o w me o u t t o g e t r i d o f
me. C o n s i d e r a t i o n f o r y o u r t i m e , t h e r e f o r e , c a u s e s
me t o s e n d on one more R e p o r t B l a n k , b u t I w arn you
— i f i t d o e s n o t come b a c k f i l l e d I n , I am com ing
a fte r i t I
BUREAU OP BUSINESS RESEARCH,
UNIVERSITY OP SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
254
E X H I B I T
H
L e t t e r num ber f o u r was p o s t e d u n d e r d a t e o f
J a n u a ry 1 3, 1941.
T H E UNIVERSITY O F S O U T H E R N CALIFO RNIA
UN IV ERSITY PARK
LOS ANGELES
255
J a n u a r y 1 3 , 1941
To t h e P r e s i d e n t
Of t h e Company A d d r e s s e d
Los A n g e l e s , C a l i f o r n i a
D ea r Mr. P r e s i d e n t !
I n a n a l y z i n g t h e R e p o r t B la n k s t h a t h a v e b ee n r e ­
tu r n e d by th e o th e r b u s in e s s e x e c u tiv e s o f S o u th e rn
C a l i f o r n i a , i t seem s t o u s t h a t b y f a r t h e m o st
im p o rta n t s in g le b i t o f in fo rm a tio n f u rn is h e d i s th e
a n s w e rs t o q u e s t i o n rEP on t h e f o u r t h p ag e o f t h e
re p o rt.
I t s h o u l d n f t t a k e you more t h a n a m i n u t e t o a t t e n d
t o t h i s i t e m a n d i f you f l i n c h fro m t h e c h o r e o f
f i l l i n g i n a l l t h e o t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n w onf t you
p le a s e g iv e u s th e b e n e f i t o f your e x p e rie n c e and
ju d g m e n t on t h i s .
T hanks so much, a n d a p r o s p e r o u s New Y e a r .
BUREAU OP BUSINESS RESEARCH,
UNIVERSITY OP SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.
P . S.
I f you d o n ! t m in d , p l e a s e a n s w e r q u e s t i o n fR*
a l s o , a s one s e c t i o n o f o u r s t u d y a t t e m p t s t o c o r ­
r e l a t e lo c a tio n a l In flu e n c e s w ith s p e c i f ic p ro d u c ts .
E X H I B I T
I
The f i f t h a n d l a s t l e t t e r o f t h e s e r i e s was
w r i t t e n on a n a u t o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r an d t h e
name o f t h e p e r s o n a d d r e s s e d a n d t h e
i n d u s t r y to w h ic h h i s company b e l o n g e d
w ere i n s e r t e d a t t h e p l a c e s i n d i c a t e d .
T h i s m a i l i n g was p o s t e d on J a n u a r y 3 0 , 1 9 4 1 .,
T H E UNIVERSITY O F S O U T H E R N CALIFO RNIA
U N IV ER SITY PA R K
LOS ANGELES
257
J a n u a r y 3 0 , 1941
To t h e P r e s i d e n t
Of t h e Company A d d r e s s e d
Los A n g e l e s , C a l i f o r n i a
D ear Mr. P r e s i d e n t :
T h is i s a s p e c i a l , e x t r a , s u p e r a p p e a l ,
( t h e p r e s i d e n t s name was i n s e r t e d h e r e ) .
We v e r y much n e e d f i v e more r e p o r t s i n
o r d e r t o b r i n g o u r sam ple u p t o a so u n d
minimum f o r ( t h e name o f t h e i n d u s t r y
was i n s e r t e d h e r e ) .
I d o n f t w an t t o make a n u i s a n c e o f my­
s e l f b u t I r e a l l y t h i n k we a r e c l o s e t o
h av in g a s tu d y h e r e t h a t i s p r e t t y good,
and i f you w i l l le n d yo u r a i d to th e ex ­
t e n t o f a t l e a s t a n s w e r in g q u e s t i o n s N
a n d H, I s h a l l b e e v e r l a s t i n g l y o b l i g e d .
BUREAU OP BUSINESS RESEARCH,
UNIVERSITY OP SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.
258
E X H I B I T
J
A l l l e t t e r s a n d R e p o r t B la n k s r e c e i v e d w ere
i m m e d i a t e l y a c k n o w le d g e d . The s t a n d a r d f o r m
o f ack n o w led g m en t was t h i s p o s t a l c a r d .
for your cooperation in rep orting on
the “ Factors Influ en cin g the L ocation o f Industry in
Southern C a lifo rn ia .”
T h an k
you
W e hope to have this study com p leted about the first
o f the year at w h ich tim e a sum m ary w ill be m ailed
to you.
F
rank
B
ureau
T
he
U
H . Sparks
of
B
u s in e s s
n iv e r s it y
of
R
esea rc h
So
uth ern
C
a l if o r n ia
260
E X H I B I T
K
A l l i n f o r m a t i o n c o n t a i n e d on t h e one t h o u s a n d
two h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y - f i v e r e p o r t s u s e d was
c o d e d an d t r a n s f e r r e d , by t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l
B u s i n e s s M achine Company, t o c a r d s s u c h a s
t h a t shown i n t h i s e x h i b i t .
C o m p u ta tio n s
w e re made fro m t h e s e c a r d s .
261
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