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A factorial analysis of selected items of the Strong Vocational Interest Blank for Women

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NAME AND ADDRESS
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Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
A FACTORIAL A SA IY 3 I 8 0? SEL'ECTEI ITEMS OF THE
STRONG VOCATIONAL INTEREST BLAHS FOB WOMEN
by
E lis a b e th C arn es, A. M«
A THESIS
P re se n te d to th e F a c u lty o f
The G raduate C o lleg e In th e H a lv e rs tty o f N ebraska
In P a r t i a l F u lf illm e n t o f R equirem ents
For th e Degree o f D octor o f P hilosophy
D epartm ent o f E d u c a tio n a l
Psychology and
Measurements
L in c o ln , N ebraska
J u ly , 1940
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UMI N um ber: D P 13759
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AGKNOWLSDOMEITTS
fh e w r i t e r w ishes to e x p re s s h e r deep a p p r e c ia tio n
to Dr* D* A* W o rcester, under whose d i r e c t i o n t h i s stu d y
was made, f o r h is c a r e f u l c r i t i c i s m and h is w orthw hile
su g g e stio n s*
to Dr* R. 0* B e d e ll f o r th e s u g g e s tio n o f
th e f i e l d f o r in v e s tig a tio n and f o r h is o lo se s u p e rv is io n
o f th e r e s e a r c h w h ile i t was In p ro g re ss} and to D r. J .
? , G u ilfo rd f o r h is I n t e r e s t in th e stu d y and f o r h is
h e lp in a p p ly in g f a c t o r i a l methods to th e I n v e s tig a tio n *
She a ls o w ish es to thank; th e above p r o f e s s o r s and Dr* C*
W* S c o tt f o r t h e i r a s s is ta n c e In e d i tin g th e m an u scrip t
and in making recom m endations f o r th e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f
th e d e riv e d f a c to r s *
l.G.
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CONTESTS
CHAPTER
PACE
ACldlOWLXDa]CBHI8
TABLE OF CORTBHTS
LIST OF SABLES
I
II
III
IT
T
ill
It
T
IHTROPUCTIOlf
1
METHODS OF RESEARCH
$
BESOBIPTIOJf OF GROUP OFSUBJECTS
U
IHTBRFRETATIGH OF FACTORS
H
SUMMARY
85
BIBLIOGRAPHY
95
APF2BBIX Ai STROK} TOCATIQBAL INTEREST
BLABS FOB WOMEN
95
APPENDIX B* TABLES USEDTO DEBITS FACTORS
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
100
LIST OF TABL13
TABLE
1
B
8
4
6
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
16
16
PACE
Per Cent o f ’Ta&oliera C o llag e Freshmen
Women a t Kaoh Age L o re! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The S ta te s B ep reo ealed by T eachers C o lleg e
Freshmen Women and th e P er Cent Coming
from isaeh S ta te
The P er Oent o f F a th e rs o f T eachers Col­
le g e Freshmen Women In Bach o f th e S ix
C a te g o rie s o f A b a tra e t I n te ll ig e n c e Based
on th e M innesota O ccu p atio n al B a tin g S eale
P er Cent o f F a th e rs and M others o f
T eacher8 C o lleg e Freshmen Women to Reach
t a r io n s E d u c a tio n a l L ev els
Types o f U n iv e r s ity R esidence o f T eachers
C o lleg e Freshmen and th e Per Cent R e sid in g
in la o h Type
P er Cent o f fe a o h e ra C o lleg e Freshmen
Women P lan n in g to Oomplete T a rio n s L ev els
Of C o lleg e E d u catio n
P er Cent o f T each ers C o lleg e Freshmen
Women I n te r e s t e d i n Each C l a s s i f le n tI o n o f
S u b je c t M a tte r and th e P er Cent In te n d in g
to S p e c ia liz e in Each C l a s s i f i o a t i o n . . . . .
Per Cent o f T eachers C o lleg e Freshmen
Women P lan n in g to E n te r t a r io n s O ccupations
O ccupations in Which T eachers C o lleg e
Freshmen Women Would L ike to be in 10 o r 16
T e a rs and th e P er Cent in Baeh . . . . . . . . . . .
P er Cent o f T each ers C o lleg e Freshmen
Women T hat Save Held V ario u s lum bers o f
Jobs . . . . . . ............ . .............
P er Cent o f T eaohers C o lleg e Freshmen
Women Who R eceived Each R a tin g on th e
S tro n g t o c a t i o n a l I n t e r e s t Blank f o r Women
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Croup Li Item s w ith
F a c to r I
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Croup Li Item s w ith
F a c to r 11
.............
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f Croup IA Item s w ith
F a c to r I I I *..........
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Croup IA Item s w ith
F a c to r I t
........................
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Croup IA Item s w ith
F a c to r t
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
13
14
16
17
18
19
SO
SI
22
£3
£4
31
32
33
34
36
LIST OS' TABLES { o o n tin u ed )
TABLE
PAOB
1?
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f Group IB Item s w i t h
F a c to r X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Group IB Item s w i t h
ffaotor IX . « • • • .................. • ...........
40
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f Oroup IB Item s w i t h
F a c to r XXX . . . . . . . ......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Oroap IB Item s w ith
F a c to r XT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4£
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Oroup IB Item s w ith
fa c to r V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f Oroup IB Item s w ith
F o o ter TX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...........................
44
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Group I I Item s w ith
F a s te r X . . ..........................
47
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Group XI Item s w ith
F a c to r XI
48
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f group IX Item s w ith
F a c to r XXI
..........
49
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Oroup XX Item s w ith
F a c to r X?
...................
SO
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f Oroup I I I Item s
W ith F a c to r I
..........
62
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Oroup I I I Item s
w ith F a c to r XI ..........
63
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Oroup XXX Item s
w i t h F a c to r XIX
54
S ig n if ic a n t L eadings o f Oroup I I I Item s
w ith F a c to r IT
58
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f Group XT Item s w ith
F a c to r X
88
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f Oroup 17 Item s w ith
...................
59
F a c to r IX
S ig n if ic a n t L eadings o f Group XT Item s w ith
F a c to r XII
......................................................................... 60
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Oroup T I Item s w ith
.............
68
F a c to r X
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f Group T I Item s w ith
F a c to r XX
.........................................
68
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Group TX Item s w ith
F a c to r XIX .............
64
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Group VI Item s w ith
F a c to r X T ...................
65
S ig n if ic a n t L oadings o f Group TXX Item s
w ith F a c to r X
67
S ig n if ic a n t Loadings o f Group TXX Item s
w ith F a c to r XX
68
18
19
SO
£1
BB
BB
£4
26
86
87
88
89
50
51
88
SS
84
85
86
87
88
59
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
113$ Of TABU.3 ( oont in u o d )
IABLK
40
41
48
43
44
46
46
4V
1
II
III
IV
V
VI
V II
V III
IX
X
XI
XIX
XIII
XIV
XV
XVI
XVII
XVIII
XIX
XX
XXI
XXII
XXIII
XXIV
XXV
XXVI
XXVII
XXXIII
XXIX
PASS
S ig n if ic a n t lo a d in g s o f Group VII Item s
w ith F a c to r
III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
S ig n if ic a n t lo a d in g s o f Group TIX Item s
w ith F a c to r
If . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
S ig n if ic a n t lo a d in g s o f Group V I I I Item s
w ith f a c t o r
I .............................
S ig n if ic a n t lo a d in g s o f Group V III Item s
w ith f o o te r
II **««*«•..•••«.*.*••.«••«••«•
S ig n if ic a n t lo a d in g s o f Group V III Item s
w ith f a o to r
III
S ig n if ic a n t lo a d in g s o f Group T i l l Item s
w ith f a c t o r
.................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
S ig n if ic a n t lo a d in g s o f Group V I I I Item s
w ith f a c t o r
V *•«*••..**•«••••**.*•••*••••*
Summary o f I n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f f a c t o r s . . . . . .
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Gromp
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
IA—R o tated F a c t o r i a l M atrix • • • • . . . •
IA— C o r r e la tio n M atrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IA— C e n tro id f a c t o r M atrix
IA— Angles o f R o ta tio n ............
IB—R o ta te d F r e t o r U l M atrix . . . . . . . .
IB— C o r r e la tio n M atrix ..............
IB— C e n tro id f a c t o r M a trix . . . . . . . . . .
IB—A ngles o f B o ta tio n
I I —R otated f a c t o r i a l M atrix . . . . . . . .
I I — C o r r e la tio n M atrix
............
I I — C e n tro id F a o to r M atrix . . . . . . . . . .
I I — Angles o f R o ta tio n . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I I I —R o ta te d F a c t o r ia l M atrix
I I I —C o r r e la tio n M atrix . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I I I — C e n tro id f a o t o r M atrix . . . . . . . • «
I I I —A ngles o f n o ta tio n
IV—R o tate d F a c t o r ia l M atrix . . . . . . . .
IV— C o r r e la tio n M atrix • . , . • • • • • • « • • «
IV— C e n tro id f a o to r M atrix
IV— Angles o f R o t a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VI—B o tated f a c t o r i a l M atrix
.............
VI— C o r r e la tio n M atrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VI— C en tro id f a c t o r M atrix
VI—A ngles o f R o ta tio n
V II—R o ta te d F a c to r ia l M atrix . . . . . . .
V II—C o r r e la tio n M atrix
V II— C e n tro id f a c t o r M atrix • . . . . • • • •
V II—Angles o f R o ta tio n « • • • • • • « • • • • •
V III—R o tated F a c t o r ia l M atrix . . . . . .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
69
70
73
74
76
76
77
79
101
108
106
107
106
109
113
114
115
116
116
119
180
161
184
186
186
187
189
160
161
108
106
166
167
168
140
141
148
LIST OF TABUS ( o o n tin u o d )
TABLE
XIX
XXXI
XXIII
BASE
Group V III— C o r r e la tio n M atrix . . . . . . . . . . . .
Group V III—U en tro iu P a s to r M a trix • • • • • • • «
................
Group V III—Anglos o f n o ta tio n
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143
144
14T
A FACTORIAL ANALYSIS OF SELECTED ITEMS
OF THE
3TR0IC VOCATIONAL INTEREST BLAIS FOR WOltBV
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
The s c i e n t i f i c measurement o f I n t e r e s t s h as besoms
in c r e a s in g ly im p o rta n t in th e f i e l d o f s tu d e n t p e rso n n e l
work*
Conoerni g t h i s p r o b i t y W illiam son (1 6 , p . 90)
s ta te s :
v
***«*31ven th e minimum a p t itu d e , a s tu d e n t
may succeed in th e r e q u ir e d co u rse s o f study*
But he may n o t a t t a i n a s h ig h a d eg ree o f
s u c c e s s o r be as w e ll s a t i s f i e d and a d ju s te d
as l a a co u rse of s tu d ie s which are more In
l i n e w ith h i s b a s ic l i k e s o r i n t e r e s t s *
The c o u n s e lo r w ants to know, n o t only i f a
s tu d e n t has th e minimum o f r e q u ir e d a p titu d e s ,
b u t a ls o i f he has th e p o s s i b i l i t y o f being
p s y c h o lo g ic a lly s a t i s f i e d w i t h h i s work and
w ith h i s success*
Along th e same l i n e , F ry e r (6*
p*v) had e a r l i e r w r i t t e n :
. . . . . W e h a re so lo n g re g a rd e d a b i l i t i e s a s
th e c r i t e r i o n o f l i f e f s su c c e ss t h a t we
h are n e g le c te d th e p h ilo so p h y o f hap p in ess*
To view i n t e r e s t measurement i n t r u e p er*
s p e o tiv e we must s t a r t w ith an assum ption
d i f f e r e n t from th e one c u r r e n t i n t h i s
com m ercial age in w hich s u c c e s s f u l acco m p lish *
msnt I s th e fo u n d a tio n o f a modern in d iv id u a l*
l s t l o ph ilo so p h y * I n t e r e s t measurement i s
co n cern ed w ith a d i s t r i b u t i o n o f I n t e r e s t s
whioh t h i s p h ilo so p h y assum es as the b a s is
o f h ap p in ess* The s ig n if ic a n c e o f i n t e r e s t
measurement l i e s n o t In i t s r e l a t i o n to
s o c i a l e f f ic ie n c y * b u t r a t h e r in i t s measure*
a e n t o f a c u l t u r a l developm ent which i s re *
l a t e d to s o c i a l h appiness*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
A re c e n t stu d y o f a group o f T eachers C o lleg e freshm en from
th e U n iv e r s ity o f Webrasks shows t h a t th e r e i s l i t t l e c o r­
r e l a t i o n betw een s e lf - e s tim a te d and m easured v o c a tio n a l
in te re s ts ( ! ) •
An Improved u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e n a tu re o f
v o o a tio n a l i n t e r e s t s whioh would le a d to b e t t e r measurement
o f such I n t e r e s t s i s reco g n ized as a s i g n i f i c a n t need o f
p e rso n n e l w orkers*
One o f th e most s i g n i f i c a n t a s p e c ts o f
such i n t e r e s t s i s re p o rte d p re fe re n c e s#
The purpose o f t h i s stu d y was to d eterm in e th e
sim p le s tr u o tu r e (1 1 , pp# 191-196) o f p re fe re n c e s as i n d i ­
c a te d on s e le c te d item s o f th e S tro n g V o ca tio n al I n t e r e s t
Blank f o r Women ( 9 ) by 600 U n iv e r s ity o f V ebraska T each ers
C olleg e freshm en#
The te c h n iq u e o f f a c t o r a n a ly s is was u sed
becau se f a c t o r a n a ly s is was d esig n ed p r im a r ily to d is c o v e r
th e u n d e rly in g b a s ic c a te g o r ie s in term s o f whioh complex
m easures o b ta in e d can be e x p lain e d # *
I t should be e s p e c ia lly
*There a re v a r io u s methods o f f a c t o r a n a ly s is # T h u rsto n s* s
c e n tr o id method was u sed in t h i s in v e s tig a tio n * The d e v e l­
opment o f th e th e o ry o f t h i s method o f f a c t o r a n a ly s is may
be found i n T hurstons# I . I# The V ecto rs o f Mind {Chicago*
U n iv e rs ity o f Chicago P ress# 19^6)# The f i r s i m ajor a p p lic a ­
t i o n o f t h i s th e o ry la d e s c rib e d i n Prim ary M ental A b i l i t i e s
(Chicago* P sychom etric Monographs, lum ber one, u n iv e r s i ty o f
Chicago P ress# 1966) by th e same auth o r# In th e l a s t
c h a p te r o f h is bock. P sychom etric M ethods. (Hew fo rk * McQrawH i l l Book Company# 1966}# T# P* i a i l f e r d d is c u s s e s b r i e f l y
th e th e o ry o f f a c t o r a n a ly s is and g iv e s v e ry d e f i n i t e s te p s
to be fo llo w ed In th e s o lu tio n o f a f a c t o r problem# "C u rren t
Is s u e s i n F a c to r A n aly sis" a re p re s e n te d by L« 1# T h u rsto n s
in th e P sy c h o lo g ic a l B u l le t in . A p ril. 1940. Volume 37* pages
189-836 : rff S s ' a r t f S le s ee ^ t o have* been W ritte n f o r th e
layman and can be u n d ersto o d by th o se who do n o t have an
e x te n s iv e s t a t i s t i c a l background#
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
s
n o tic e d t h a t t h i s in v e s tig a tio n i s concerned w i t h a s a n a ly s is
of
ltem a o f th e b lan k r a t h e r th a n w ith
O ther
th e s e a r in g keys*
in v e c tig n to r s have a p p lie d f a c t o r i a l met ho <38 to
th e s c o rin g keys fo r b o th th e S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t
H a n k f o r Men and th e S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t Blank f o r
Women*
In th e f i r s t o f th e s e s tu d ie s T h u rsto n s (IB) o b ta in e d
fo u r f a c t o r s which he c a l l e d i
1*
2 , I n t e r e s t in la n g u a g e ,
I n t e r e s t In P eo p le, and 4*
I n t e r e s t in
B usiness*
3.
I n t e r e s t in S cie n ce,
He th e n a p p lie d th e s e f a c t o r s to th e
e ig h te e n v o o a tlo n a l I n t e r e s t c a te g o r ie s to d eterm in e th e
lo a d in g s o f each key w ith th e s e f o u r f a c to rs *
An a n a ly s is
o f th e s c o rin g keys f o r th e women’s b lank was mads by J* S*
O rlssy and W* J* D an iel (4)*
The f o u r f a c t o r s o b ta in e d in
t h i s stu d y were t e n t a t i v e l y named:
A s s o c ia tio n ,
£*
Language, and 4*
1*
I n t e r e s t in P eo p le,
I n t r e s t in Science*
I n t e r e s t in Male
3*
I n t e r e s t in
The f a c t o r lo a d in g s
and com m onalities ware oorapated f o r sr.oh o f th e e ig h te e n
sc o rin g k e y s .
The d a ta f o r th e two s tu d ie s were th e n com*
pared by p r e s e n tin g in ta b u la r form th e th r e e v o c a tio n s
whioh a re most c h a r a c t e r i s t i c o f each o f th e f a c t o r s and
th e th r e e which a re l e a s t c h a r a c t e r i s t i c o f each o f th e
f a c t o r s in each study*
The I n t e r e s t in People f a o to r in th e
second stu d y shows c lo s e corresp o n d en ce to T h u rs to n s rs
I n t e r e s t in People f a o t o r , b u t th e o th e r f a c t o r s do n o t
seem to be c lo s e ly a s s o c ia te d *
A lthough some o f th e f a c t o r s d e riv e d in th e p r e s e n t
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
i n v e s t i g a t i o n may be ex p ected to be c lo s e ly a s s o c ia te d w i t h
th e f a c t o r s o b ta in e d in th e s e p re v io u s in v e s tig a tio n s , q u i t e
d i f f e r e n t r e s u l t s siast be a n t ic i p a te d when th e d i v e r s i t y o f
th e b a s i s groups and th e d if fe re n c e in th e approach to th e
problem a re c o n s id e re d ,
The s c o rin g keys f o r th e S tro n g
T o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t B lanks a re based on com parisons o f th e
re sp o n se s o f m ature p eo p le who a re s u c c e s s fu l in t h e i r occu*
p a tio n a l f i e l d s with th o se o f th e g e n e ra l p o p u la tio n ,
fh e
stu d y h e re r e p o r te d la based on th e p re fe re n c e s a c t u a l l y in d io a te d on c e r t a i n item s o f th e i n t e r e s t b la n k by BOO fre s h *
men women e n r o lle d i n th e T eachers C o lleg e a t th e U n iv e r s ity
o f N ebraska.
A com plete d e s c r ip tio n o f t h i s group o f aub*
j e o t s w i l l be found in C hapter I I I *
The v e ry n a tu re o f th e f a o to r a n a ly s is te c h n iq u e made
i t im p o ssib le to in c lu d e th e e n t i r e l i s t o f 410 item s in
t h i s problem*
The method o f s e le c tin g th e 163 item s t h a t
were used i s d e s c rib e d in C hapter I I .
T his r e s e a r c h i s ,
th e r e f o r e , lim ite d to f a c t o r s t h a t can be d e riv e d from th e
in d ic a te d re sp o n se s o f t h i s group o f freshm en women to the
163 item s s e le c te d from th e S tro n g V o catio n al I n t e r e s t
Blank*
The e s s e n t i a l c o n tr ib u tio n o f t h i s in v e s tig a tio n sh o u ld
be th e e s ta b lis h m e n t o f some o rd e r to th e study of i n t e r e s t s .
I t sh o u ld a ls o form a b a s is f o r f u r t h e r im p o rta n t r e s e a r c h e s
in th e improved measurement o f i n t e r e s t s and in th e a d ju s t*
ment o f h ig h e r e d u c a tio n to such measured i n t r e s t s
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
6
o f s tu d e n ts *
F in a ll y , i t should he e v a lu a b le a id In s tu d e n t
p e rso n n e l wore*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
CHAPTER I I
METHODS OF RESEARCH
The S tro n g V o ca tio n al I n t e r e s t Blank fo r women
c o n s is ts o f 410 Ite m s.
fo llo w s :
These item s a re c l a s s i f i e d a s
1—O ccupations} I I —Amusements; I I I —A o tiv i-
t i c s ; IV— P e c u l i a r i t i e s o f P eople; V—O rder o f p re fe re n c e
Of a c t i v i t i e s ; VI—Comparison o f i n t e r e s t betw een two ite m s;
V II—R a tin g o f p r e s e n t a b i l i t i e s and c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; and
V III— School s u b je c ts *
The t e s t e e responds to P a r ts I , I I ,
I I I , IV and V III by c i r c l i n g th e I , I , o r D (L ik e , I n d if ­
f e r e n t , D is lik e ) re sp o n se s in acco rd an ce w ith h er r e a c tio n
tow ard each s p e c if ic item*
In B art V she s e l e c t s th e th r e e
item s she would enjoy th e most and th e th r e e she would enjoy
th e l e a s t o u t o f each o f th e fo u r groups o f te n item s*
In
P a r t VI she oompares two item s and checks to show whioh one
she p r e f e r s o r to show th a t she l i k e s them e q u a lly w ell*
In
P a r t V II she checks one o f th e columns headed Yes, f , No,
depending on w h eth er o r n o t she b e lie v e s t h a t th e sta te m e n t
d e s c rib e s h e r .
Before th e p r e s e n t stu d y was u n d ertak en a p re lim in a ry
surv ey was made o f S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t B lanks t h a t
had been a d m in iste re d to 364 T eachers C ollege fresh m en .*
*0 f th e 364 p ap ers u sed in th e p re lim in a ry s tu d y , 316 were
a ls o used in th e f i n a l in v e s tig a tio n *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
A count was made to d eterm in e th e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f re sp o n se s
to each Item ,
To f a e l l l t a t e t h i s co u n t I n te r n a ti o n a l
B usin ess M achines punohed-card equipm ent was used*
This
p re lim in a ry s u r re y formed th e b a s is f o r th e d e te rm in a tio n
o f th e item s used in th e f i n a l f a o to r a n a ly s is stu d y *
The e s ta b lis h m e n t o f e r i t e r i a whioh would g o v ern th e
s e l e c t i o n o f Item s to be in e lu d e d in th e f i n a l stu d y in v o lv ed
a c o n s id e r a tio n o f th e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f re sp o n se s and th e
s i m i l a r i t y o f th e c o n te n t of th e item s*
Since i t was d e s i r ­
a b le to compute c o r r e l a t i o n s from a f o u r - f o l d ta b le ! th e
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f re sp o n se s i f p o s s ib le sh o u ld be such th a t
none o f th e fo u r c e l l s would c o n ta in l e s s th a n t e a p e r c e n t
o f th e ea ses*
T his la th e l i m i t o f c e l l fre q u en cy recom­
mended by th e a u th o rs in th e Computing Diagrams f o r th e
T e tra o h o rio C o r r e la tio n c o e f f i c i e n t (3)*
t h i s made i t
n e c e s s a ry to avoid item s t h a t had la r g e freq u en cy o f r e ­
sponse in th e I column*
The in c lu s io n o f item s s im ila r in
c o n te n t would In c re a s e th e p r o b a b ili ty e f d u p lic a tio n and
te n d to p re v e n t an ad e q u ate sam pling o f th e v a r ie ty o f
p re fe re n c e s in d lo s t e d «
C o n s id e ra tio n o f th e d a ta from th e p re lim in a ry stu d y
i n th e l i g h t o f th e above f a c t s l e a * to th e e s ta b lis h m e n t
o f th r e e c r i t e r i a f o r th e e lim in a tio n o f item s*
1*
I f any item was responded to by o n e - th ir d o f th e
p re lim in a ry stu d y group in th e I column, t h a t item was
e lim in a te d *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
£*
Xf any item was responded to i n th© L column o r
l a th© B ooluron by few er th a n f i r e p e r o en t o f th© p re lim ­
in a ry stu d y group t h a t item was e lim in a te d ,
2,
I f two item s ap p eared to be v ery s im ila r and had
ap p ro x im a tely s im ila r p r o p o rtio n s i n each column, one o f
th e s e item s was e lim in a te d *
In B a rt V th e s t u d e n t 's ohoioe i s lim ite d *
T his g iv e s a
d i s t o r t i o n o f th e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f judgment whioh a f f e o t s
th e c o r r e l a t i o n m atrix *
I t seemed t h a t i t would be b e t t e r
to e lim in a te t h i s e n t i r e group o f item s th a n to t r y to
d e riv e f a e t o r s th a t m ight e a s i l y have been m eaningless*
th e Item s s e le c te d f o r th e f i n a l stu d y w ere grouped
in t h e i r o l a s s l f i o a t i o n s on th e S tro n g Blank*
Group I
( O ccupations) c o n ta in e d s i x t y o f th e s e item s*
Inasmuch
a s a f a c t o r m a trix o f s i x t y item s i s u n w ield y , th e s e item s
were d iv id e d in to two g ro u p s, IA and XB*bf t h i r t y item s
each*
These ite m s a re a rra n g e d a lp h a b e tic a lly i n th e b la n k ,
so th e d iv is io n was made In th e same m anner,
The item s
used in th e stu d y a r e checked on th e t e s t b la n k whioh may
be found in Appendix A*
By th e tim e th e p re lim in a ry su rv ey had b een f in is h e d ,
b la n k s were a v a ila b le f o r 173 more T eachers C o lleg e f r e s h ­
men women*
I t was f e l t t h * t COO s u b je c ts would be a s u f ­
f i c i e n t and a c o n v e n ien t number w ith which to w ork, so th e
f o r ty - s e v e n p ap ers w hich c o n ta in e d th e most unmarked ite m s
were o m itted *
*IA and IB a re n o t to be confused w i t h s e c tio n s l a and lb
on th e S tro n g V o c a tio n a l Blank*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
tteing th e e n t i r e group o f 600, l n t e r o o r r e l a t l o n s among
th e Item e In each group were computed*
Th© Computing
Diagrams f o r th e f o tr a e h o r io C o r r e la tio n C o e f f ic ie n t ( 3 )
were need f o r t h i a purpose*
Th© n in e - f o ld ta b le s d e riv e d
from th e o r i g i n a l m arkings were changed In to f o u r - f o ld
ta b le s by d iv id in g each v a r ia b le a t th e p o in t which gave
th e n e a r e s t approach to o n e - h a lf o f th e e a s e s In each o f
th e two c a te g o rie s *
The r e s u l t i n g c o r r e l a t i o n m a tric e s
may be found in Appendix B—f a b le s I I , T I, X, XIT, X T III,
XXII, XXTI, and XXX*
The c e n tr o id method o f f a c t o r a n a ly s is as p re se n te d
in P sychom etric Methods by
?• C u llfo rd ( d , pp* 480-86)
was a p p lie d to th e s e c o r r e l a t i o n m a trices*
To d eterm in e
th e number o f f a c t o r s to be e x tr a c te d a com bination o f th e
fo llo w in g c r i t e r i a g iv e n by M osier was used* ( 7 ) :
1* th e ran g e o f c e n tr o id lo a d in g s In th e r - t h
f a c t o r should be l e s s th a n some a r b i t r a r y
v a lu e , e* g« , *30**
E* th e maximum c o n tr ib u tio n o f th e ( r / l ) s t
f a c t o r to any c o r r e l a t i o n c o e f f i c i e n t sh o u ld
be n e g l i g i b l e , e* g*, l e s s th a n *10, o r i t s
cu rv e when p l o t t e d a g a in s t th e ran k o f th e
c e n tr o id m a trix sh o u ld f l a t t e n a t th e ( r / l ) s t
f a c to r*
3* The maximum d is ta n c e o f th e c e n tr o id from
th e o r ig in o b ta in a b le by r e f l e c t i o n o f th e
t e s t s th ro u g h th e o r ig in , c o n s id e re d a s a fu n c­
t i o n o f th e ra n k e f th e c e n tr o id m a trix , sh o u ld
--------------------------------------------------- 7 ----------------------------------------------------:--------------------
*Ae su g g ested th e v a lu e - *30 was used to c o n fin e th e ran g e
o f th e c e n tr o id lo a d in g s*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
10
f l a t t e n Markedly a t th e ( r / l ) e t f a s t e r .
4* The t o t a l v a ria n c e a t t r i b u t a b l e to th e
( r t l } e t c e n tr o id f a s t e r , sh o u ld be
n e g l i g i b l e , o r i t s ourr® , as a b o rt sh o u ld
fla tte n #
i —
I 2 U .
7 x
— a -
1
A/ZM »
w h e r e £ f p j s i s th e aim o f th e a b s o lu te r e s i ­
d u a ls a f t e r s f a c t o r s , in c lu d in g
th e a d ju s te d d ia g o n als#
a n d X I p Is / 1 is th e sum o f th e absolute
r e s id u a ls a f t e r ( s / 1) f • o t o r s ,
in c lu d in g th e s m i j u s t e d d ia g o n a ls#
I f t h i s c r i t e r i o n i s eq u al t o , o r g r e a t e r th a n
(n * D /a # th e n th e ( s / l ) t h f a c t o r i s super*
f lu e us#
The o e n tr o id m a tric e s may be found in Appendix B-T ab les I I I , T i l , 2 1 , 27, 212, X X III, XXTII, and 22X1*
A fte r th e o e n tro id m a trix was s e t up, r o t a t i o n o f th e
r e f e r e n c e ax es was made by p l o t t i n g a l l p o s s ib le combina­
tio n s o f th e f a c t o r s , two a t a tim e .
The fo llo w in g c r i t e r i a
were used to d eterm in e th e r o t a t i o n s to be made t
( 1 ) th e
m axim izing o f zero lo a d in g s ; ( 8 ) th e in c lu s io n o f a t l e r a t
one zero lo a d in g f o r each item #
to
Where i t was n o t p o s s ib le
p ly c r i t e r i o n 2 e x a c tly , i t was approached a s c lo s e ly
as p o s s i b le .
A fte r th e r o t a t i o n s h^d a l l been com pleted
g r a p h ic a lly , com putation o f th e r o ta te d f a c t o r i a l m a trix
was made by th e use o f m a trix a lg e b ra (1 4 , p* 77)#
The
r o t a t e d f a c t o r i a l m a tric e s may be found in Appendix B—
T ables I , 7 , IX, X I I I , X TII, 221, 2X7, and XXIX.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
xx
Item s h e a v ily lo a d ed with th e same f a o t o r w ere grouped
to g e th e r f o r th e purpose o f stu d y in g t h e i r s ig n if ic a n c e *
An I n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f th e s e f a c t o r p a t te r n s I s g iv e n In
C hapter I?*
375417
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
CHAPTER I I I
DESCRIPTION OF CROUP OF SUBJECTS
The f a c t o r i a l a n a ly s is h e re re p o r te d was baaed on th e
re sp o n se s o f 600 Teachore C o lleg e freshm en to IBS Item s o f
th e S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t Blank f o r Women*
The e n t i r e
I n t e r e s t q u e s tio n n a ire had been p re s e n te d to th e s e s u b je c ts
a s p a r t o f th e c o u n s e lin g p ro ced u re u sed i n E d u o atio n 30, an
o r i e n t a t i o n co u rse f o r T eachers C o lleg e freshmen*
They were
th u s h ig h ly m o tiv a te d in answ ering th e q u e s tio n s because
th e y u n d ersto o d t h a t th e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f t h e i r s c o re s
would have l i t t l e v alu e f o r them i f th ey d id n o t re c o rd
t h e i r r e a c tio n s to th e item s as e x a c tly as p o s s ib le *
I t is
Im p o rtan t t h a t a com plete d e s c r ip tio n o f t h i s group be
a v a ila b le and e s p e c i a lly so i f th e r e s u l t s o f t h i s s tu d y a re
to be a p p lie d to s im ila r groups*
To se c u re an ad eq u ate
d e s c rip tio n * th e fo llo w in g d a ta co n cern in g each s u b je c t w ere
ta b u la te d i
Age, home a d d re s s , f a t h e r 's o c c u p a tio n , f a t h e r 's
and m o th e r's e d u o a tio n , r e s id e n c e w h ile a tte n d in g th e u n i*
v a r s i t y , e x p e cte d e d u c a tio n , th e s u b je c ts in whioh now in ­
t e r e s t e d , th e s u b je c ts in whioh s p e c i a l i z a t i o n I s in te n d e d ,
th e o e e u p a tlo n she p la n s to e n t e r , number o f jo b s h e ld ,
number o f o c c u p a tio n s c o n s id e re d , number o f o c c u p a tio n s
t h a t have been su g g e ste d by o th e r s , and what she would l i k e
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
IS
to fee doing te n to f i f t e e n y e a rs fro® now*
a l l re p o rte d on th e f r o n t page o f th e blank*
These d a ta a re
However, some
item s were n o t com pleted fey th e e n t i r e group o f s u b je c ts *
Thus* in th e ta b le s in t h i s c h a p te r N ( t h e number o f sub­
j e c t s resp o n d in g to a g iv e n its ® ) does n o t rem ain c o n s ta n t*
The BOO T each ers C o lleg e freshm en women in c lu d e d in
t h i s problem ranged i n age from f i f t e e n y e a rs to tw en ty -six ;
y ea rs*
The p e ro e n t a t each age le v e l i s shown in Table 1*
TAWXtE 1
PBS CBHT OP T1ACHERS GQLLBO'E FBSSHJ3J5H WGMEI AT BACH ACS LBTOL
Age in Y ears
26
26
£4
26
22
21
BO
19
12
1?
16
16
Per Cent a t each age
.................................... . .
......... ....................... ..
........................ ..
...................... ...................
...........................................
.......................................
..........................................
........... .................
...................... ..
*.................... ..
..........................................
................................... ..
A pproxim ately n in e - te n th s o f t h i s e n t i r e group a r e w ith ­
in th e age rang© from se v e n te e n to n in e tee n *
T his in d ic a te s
t h a t most o f th e s e s tu d e n ts e n te re d th e u n iv e r s ity im m ediately
o r s h o r tly a f t e r co m pleting h ig h school*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
u
Table £ g iv e s th e p e r c e n t o f Teaohere C o lleg e
freshm en coming from each o f th e elev en s t s t e s re p re s e n te d *
Table £
THE STATES REPRESENTED S* TEACHERS COLLEGE FRESHMEN
WOMEN AJTD THE PER CENT OOMIHC PROM EACH STATE
(N 2 481)
f o r Cent a t Bach Age
S ta te R ep resen ted
A rkansas
C a lif o r n ia
C olorado
Illin o is
Iowa
Kansas
M ichigan
Montana
...........
.................... ..
...........
............. . . . .
...........
...........
...........
South D akota
Wyoming
..................
••••<•••«••
These d ate show t h a t p r a c t i c a l l y a l l o f th o se resp o n d ­
in g to t h i s item a re from N ebraska.
Only one p e r c e n t same
from e t a t e s o th e r th a n N ebraska o r a d ja c e n t s ta te s *
The
group l a , t h e r e f o r e , e s s e n t i a l l y a m idw estera group and I s
p r im a r ily r e p r e s e n ta ti v e o f b u t one s t a t e —N ebraska*
A fte r th e o eo n p atlo n a o f th e f a th e r s o f t h i s group had
been ta b u la te d , th ey were grouped a c c o rd in g to th e M innesota
O ccu p atio n al B a tin g S eale In to s i x c a te g o rie s *
These c a t e g o r i e s a re d e sc rib e d a s fo llo w ss
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
SIX OAHGOHBS OF ABSTHAOf IHTEILIGEHCE ( £ , p . 366)
(M innesota O cc u p atio n a l R a tin g S e a le )
I.
High g rB fe s a lo n o l ana
oo o ap aU o n ai
R e q u irin g v e ry s u p e r io r i n t e l l i g e n c e w ith
t r a i n l a g e q u iv a le n t to a c o lle g e g ra d u a te
from a f l r e t - o l e s e i n s t i t u t i o n .
High s ta n d a r d s , w i t h a b i l i t y f o r c r e a tiv e
and d i r o o t i r e work, such as law y er, c o lle g e
p r e s id e n t, p r e s id e n t o f a la rg e m anufacture
la g oonoern, e tc *
I I . ftnw x M o f w e to n r i ana I« ra> b u e ln w a » ecaf a t t o n a i
Requiring superior in te llig e n c e with training
u lT a le n t
fb qou 'riK
»i o f
sin e ss*
to two o r th r e e y e a rs o f c o lle g e o r
e x e c u tiv e o f m o d erately la r g e
Achievements l e s s c r e a tiv e th e n in group I ,
b u t a ls o demanding e x e e n tir e and le a d e r s h ip
a b i l i t y , such a s e x e o u tlr e o f m o d erately
la r g e b u s in e s s , r e t e r i a a r y d o c to r, high*eohool te a o h e r , etc*
n
i *
t r a i n i n g e q u iv a le n t to h lg h ^ so h o e l g r a d u a tio n .
Minor ex e cu tiv e's ( forem en, d ep artm en t h ead s)
o r h ig h ly te o h n io a l work o f te n in r o lr in g
d e a lin g w ith a b s t r a c t c l a s s i f i c e t i o n s and
d e t a i l s , such a s r a i l r o a d o le r k s , some
r e t a i l d e a le r s , p h o to g ra p h e rs, te le g r a p h e r s ,
shop forem en, s te n o g ra p h e rs , e t o .
IT .
g fcU U * tx a f B M B ana 1 ow- ct «*» « ly rlo « I. » o r t « r t I
R e q u irin g ateraere in t e l l i g e n c e w ith e q u iv a le n t
o f some t r a i n i n g beyond th e e ig h th grade* 1
M echanical work demanding s p e c ia liz e d s k i l l
and know ledge; ta s k s m o stly o f a co m plicated
b u t c o n c re te n a tu re and r e q u ir in g p a r t i c u l a r
te c h n ic a l t r a i n i n g , such a s au to m echanic,
s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e e r, f i l e c l e r k , t y p i s t , e t c .
V*
S e m i- s k ille d o c c u p a tio n a l
R e q u irin g low av erag e o r s l i g h t l y below av erag e
i n t e l l i g e n c e , w ith t r a i n i n g e q u iv a le n t to se v e n th
o r e ig h th grade*
Work demanding a minimum o f te c h n ic a l knowledge
o r s k i l l b u t a maximum o f s p e c ia l a b i l i t i e s ,
suoh as d e x t e r i t y in th e perform ance o f
r e p e t i t i v e and r o u tin e work, su ch as p ack er
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
16
in f a c t o r i e s , o p e r a tiv e s in f a c t o r i e s
( o p e r a te m achines b u t do n o t u n d e rsta n d
p r i n c i p l e s and a r e unable to r e p a i r o r
s e t up th e m ach in e), lo w est g ra d e s o f
c l e r i c a l work a l s o , suoh a s number
s o r t e r s , d e liv e r y men#
" •
m
B
&
S L
n i* * .
w ith so fo rm a l t r a i n i n g n ecessary #
R o u tin e manual work under a u p e r t is io n
and r e q u ir in g no s k i l l o r te c h n ic a l
know ledge, suoh a s day l a b o r e r s , r a i l *
ro ad s e c tio n hands#
TABLE 8
*HB PER CBlfT OF FATHERS OF TBAQEERS OOILEOH: FRESH®! WOMEH
I® EACH OF THE SIX 0ATB30RIES OF ABSTRACT IHESILXGEHOE
BASH OH THE MIHSSSOTA OCCUMTIOHAL RATIJfO SOALB
<» « »7»>
C a te g o rie s
I#
IX#
XIX#
17#
7#
71*
P er Cent I n Bach C ategory
High p r o f e s s io n a l and
e x e c u tiv e o c c u p a tio n s • « • • • • • • ..........
S#f
low er p r o f e s s io n a l and
la r g e b u s in e s s o c c u p a tio n s • « • • • • « « • @#6
T e c h n ic a l, c l e r i c a l , and
s u p e rv is o ry o c c u p a tio n s • • * « • • • • .• • # 855#0
S k ille d trad esm en and low*
g rad e c l e r i c a l w orkers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86*0
S e m i-s k ille d o c c u p a tio n s # • • • « « • • • • * • •
1*8
u n s k ille d o c c u p a tio n s
0*0
T & iolassified
...............
18*0
The s in g le o c c u p a tio n h av in g th e g r e a t e s t fre q u en cy
was farm ing#
A pproxim ately t h i r t y p e r c e n t of th e f a t h e r s
a r e f a rm e rs « About tw enty p e r c e n t o f th e f a t h e r s a r e
engaged In some k in d o f s a le s work#
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
17
The h ig h e s t e d u c a tio n a l le v e l a tta i n e d by th e f a t h e r s
and th e m others o f T eachers C o lleg e freshm en women were
ta b u la te d *
These d a ta a re summarized In T able 4*
TABLE 4
PER GIRT 0? FATHERS AND MOTHERS OF TEACHERS COLLEGE FRESHMEH
WOMSJT TO REACH TAR 1003 EDUCATIONAL LET LS
S d u o atio n i n
T ears
P e r Cent o f f a t h e r s
( I e 474)
L ess th a n 8 . . * • * • . • « • •
9
10
11
IB
12
14
16
16
7*0
P er Cent o f M others
( S * 467)
5*3
•*•*•*
••••* .
•*•«•*
......
......
......
......
******
The mean e d u c a tio n f o r f a t h e r s I s 11*04 and th e mean
e d u c a tio n f o r m others i s 11*62 y e a rs*
A pproxim ately t h i r t y
p e r c e n t o f th e f a t h e r s had no more th a n an e ig h th g ra d e
e d u c a tio n and ab o u t t h i r t y - f i v e p er c e n t had more th a n a
h ig h sc h o o l ed u c atio n *
C orresponding f ig u r e s f o r th e
m others* e d u c a tio n a r e tw e n ty -fo u r p er e e n t and t h i r t y - t h r e e
p e r c e n t r e s p e c tiv e ly *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
16
f a b le 6 p r e s e n ts a summary o f th e d a ta o b ta in e d w ith
r e f e r e n c e to th e U n iv e r s ity re s id e n o e o f th e freshm an
women o f f e a s h e r s C ollege*
IABLE 6
WEBS OF BRITOS I f f RSSIRBirCI OF fSACHEES COLX^CE FRE8HKSS
AOT f®£ HER CEHT RESIDING IN MCH fTPR
fyp e o f R esid en ce
P er Cent R e sid in g i n
Rash fype
Boise ........................................... ..
S o r o r ity • • * • * * * « • • • • • * • « • • .
D orm itory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C o -o p e ra tiv e Bouse
O ther .............................* . . . . . .
I t was n o t p o s s ib le to d eterm in e how many o f th e
36*4 p e r s e n t c l a s s i f i e d In th e " o th e r ” c a te g o ry In f a b le
6 were liv i n g w ith f r ie n d s o r r e l a t i v e s , in b o ard in g h o u ses,
o r were wording f o r t h e i r room and board*
f a b l e 6 su m m arizes th e re sp o n se s to th e item "School
g ra d s I e x p e s t to com plete" by t h i s group o f s u b je s ts *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
19
table
6
PER C U T O f TEACHERS COLLEGE VRESBMSV W0MEIT PLAlWnrO TO
COMPLETE TAR IOC8 LEVELS OF COLLEGE BLOCATIOIT
( I * 462)
E xpected E d u c a tio n a l
L evel
For Cent o f S tu d e n ts E xpect­
in g to A tta in Each L evel
1
...............
£
...............
3
...............
......... .....................
4
G raduate Vorfc • • * « .* • • • .* •
Many o f th e g i r l s wore e n r o lle d In th e d ep artm en t o f
E lem entary E d u ca tio n whioh o f f e r s a tw o-year o o u ra e •
N e v e rth e le s s , more th a n sev en ty p er s e n t o f th e e n t i r e
group p la n to a tte n d th e U n iv e rs ity f o r th e f u l l fo u r y ea rs*
I t was n e c e ssa ry to c l a s s i f y th e sc h o o l s u b je s ts
In to co m p arativ e ly broad s u b je c t f i e l d s In o rd e r to ta b u ­
l a t e th e p e r c e n t i n t e r e s t e d i n and in te n d in g to s p e c i a l i s e
In th e v a r io u s s u b je c ts *
These d a ta a re shown i n T ab le 7*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
so
TABLE f
PER COT OF TEACHERS COLLEGE FRESHMEN WOMEN INTER ’.3TEL IN
BACH CLASSIFICATION OF SUBJECT MATTER AND THE ERR GENT
INTENDING TO SPECIALIZE IN EACH CLASSIFICATION
C la s s ific a tio n o f
S u b je c t M atter
For Cent I n te r e s te d For C ost In te n d in g
in Bach C lassifies* * to S p e c ia liz e l a
Ion* ( I « BOO)
3aoh. ( I • 500)
Commercial A rts • • • • * • • •
E d u catio n and Psychology
E n g lis h and Speech • • • • «
F in e A rts * ■ .« ■ * ..* * ..* *
hazurroures
P h y s ic a l E d u ca tio n • • • • «
M athem atios • « • • • • • • * • * *
S cien ce • « • • • • • • • • * » • • * •
S o c ia l S cien ce • • « • * • • • •
Bo p re fe re n c e s t a t e d
£ 8 .6
39*4
38*0
8 0 .8
11*4
6*8
8 .6
£0*6
......
• * * * ..
• • • * ..
......
*.........
...........
•**«•«
......
I n man? in s ta n c e s more th a n one s u b je c t was g iv e n as
b ein g o f i n t e r e s t o r o f s p e c ia lis a tio n *
T here was no way
to d eterm in e which o f th e s u b je c ts l i s t e d was th e f i r s t
choice* so a l l ouch item s ware ta b u la te d *
I n re sp o n se to th e item "O coupation I am p la n n in g
to en ter* * some o f th e s u b je c ts m erely responded* "High
School T eaching*” o r "Grade School T e a c h in g ,* and o th e r s
l i s t e d s p e o lf l c f i e l d s suoh as "T eaching High School
E n g lish * " o r " F if th Grade T eacher*"
p
To mahe th e d a ta
.
.
c o n s is te n t, a l l ta b u la t io n s w ere made ac c o rd in g to th e
c l a s s i f i e s t i o n s in T able 6*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
£1
fABXI 8
HSR COT? OF T&AQH8BS \COLLEC.l: WRmWW WOMBM FLASHING
to
mm rmiom
o o c u fa tio s s
O ccupations
P er Cent P la n n in g
t e E n te r la s h
E lem entary Teaching
High School T eaching
Music T eaching ♦
S e c r e t a r i a l Work • • •
M iscellan e o u s •* •* ••
89*?
46*1
0.2
12*3
4*6
Inasmuch as th e 8 0 s tu d e n ts were e n r o lle d in fe a e h e rs
C o lleg e , p r a c t i c a l l y a l l o f them s t a t e d t h a t th e y planned
to e n te r some phase o f te a c h in g .
I f a s tu d e n t sim ply
in d ic a te d on th e b lan k t h a t she p lan n ed to te a o h , h e r
r e g i s t r a t i o n was cheeked t o d eterm in e w hether she was
p la n n in g to do elem en tary o r h ig h sc h o o l te ach in g *
f a b le 9 shows th e d a ta ta b u la te d from th e re sp o n se s
to th e q u e s tio n ! " I f yon
0 0 a id
do J u s t as you p le a s e ,
what would you l i k e to be doing te n to f i f t e e n y e a rs
from now?®
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE 9
OCCUPATIONS IB WHICH TEACHERS COLLEGE FRESH W
WOUSB
WOULD L IS E TO BB I B 1 0 0 1 1 6 YEARS .ASB THB
PER OEBT I S EACH
(V • 600)
O ccupation
For Cent
..............................
Housewife
Teacher
M usician
S e c re ta ry
T ra v e le r
• • .* • • • • • • .* • « .
M iscellan e o u s ..........................
Again* th e p e rc e n ta g e s in th e above ta b l e were ooin­
p u t ed u sin g SCO f o r s because i t seemed s i g n i f i c a n t t h a t
£ if ty » e i g h t g i r l s had o m itte d t h i s item*
However, i f
th o s e who ex p ressed no p re fe re n c e a r e d is c o u n te d , o ver
h a l f o f th o se re sp o n d in g to th e q u e s tio n s ta te d th a t they
hoped to be m arried w ith a home o f t h e i r own, sad ab o u t
o n e - a ix th o f th e same group answ ered t h a t th e y would l i ^ e
to be te a c h in g in te n o r f i f t e e n y ea rs*
The number o f jo b s a t which T eachers C o lleg e freshm en
women had been employed were a ls o t a b u la t e d ,
These d a ta
a re summarized i n T able 10*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE 1 0
PEB 0EHT OP TEACHERS COLLIOB PBBSBMBH fOMEH THAT
HATS HELD VAHI0U3 HUMBEBS OP JOB3
____________
(a « b o o ) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Number o f Jobs
4
3
P er Coat
.......
.....
2.2
. . . . . . .
5.8
2
1
0
1 0 .8
27.4
5 3 .8
About h a l f o f th e employed s u b je o ts d id housework#
O ther o c c u p a tio n s w ith c o m p arativ e ly h ig h fre q u e n c ie s w ere
s a le s work and ste n o g ra p h y .
Under th e h ead in g s "O ccupations I h are fo rm e rly con­
s id e re d o r day-dreamed o f" and "O ccupations su g g e ste d to
you by o th e r s " th e o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d most fre q u e n tly w ere
te a c h in g , ste n o g ra p h y , and n u rs in g , i n eaoh ease#
However,
abo u t t h i r t y - f i v e d i f f e r e n t o c c u p a tio n s were l i s t e d .
lig h t
p e r c e n t o f th e e n t i r e group d id n o t l i s t any o c c u p a tio n s
under th e f i r s t o f th e s e h e a d in g sj s ix t y p er c e n t l i s t e d
j u s t one o r two oooupations} and a few fab o u t two p e r c e n t)
l i s t e d a s many as f iv e o r s ix oeo u n atio n s*
About tw enty
p e r c e n t o f th e e n t i r e group l i s t e d no o c c u p a tio n s a s h aving
been su g g e sted t o them by o th e r s and ab o u t se v e n ty p e r c e n t
l i s t e d j u s t one o r two o c c u p a tio n s t h a t had been su g g ested #
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
24
The r a t i n g s on th e v a rio u s o c c u p a tio n s f o r w hich saoh
b la n k was sc o re d ware a ls o ta b u la te d *
th e s e d ata*
f a b le 11 p r e s e n ts
Here a g a in , I t was n e c e ssa ry to v a ry th e
number used as a b ese in com puting th e p e r c e n t o f r a t i n g s
In each group because a l l b la n k s were n o t sc o re d f o r th e
same o ccu p atio n *
TABU 11
PER CJHI* OF TEA0HEB3 001L2SS FR1SHMEIT WQHEH WHO FBOHIYSD
ISAOH RATIM0 OH THE STROHO' 70CATI0HAX
IHTKREST BLAHK FOR WOKE*
O ccupations
H
A uthor ••*••••@ 66
lib ra ria n • • • • 4 2 2
A r t i s t » • • • • • »Z60
P h y sic ia n ••••4 5 1
D e n tis t ••* •••5 6 1
l i f e In su ra n c e
Saleswomen •••4 2 7
S o c ia l W orker*451
E n g lish
Tee ©her • • • • • • 3 5 5
T eacher in
g e n e ra l • • • • • • 3 6 3
S o c ia l S cien ce
fe&Cher ,* ,,* * 4 2 6
law yer • • • • • * • 4 5 2
Y.W.C.A.
S e c re ta ry ••••3 4 9
M athem atics
T eacher ••••* •4 9 2
Hfcrse **•**••*437
S te n o g ra p h e rS e c re ta ry ••* *368
g e n e ra l O ffic e
Worker •••* * ••4 9 6
Housewife ••••3 3 8
A
£
B-
0/
0
5*1
0*7
7 ,7
0 ,9
0 .3
8*4
2*6
8 .0
1*4
2*0
11*4
8*3
1 2 ,0
3*0
5 .7
16,6
11.4
1 8.9
3 .9
9 .7
18.7
£1.1
1 8 .9
10*7
1 4 ,6
59.9
6 6 ,9
3 4 .6
8 0 ,0
6 9 ,8
1*4
©•0
2*1
2*1
4 .7
4 .4
9 .1
6*3
1 6 ,2
1 2 ,3
67,4
76,9
6*4
6*4
8 .7
14*9
13*6
6 2 ,1
©•0
9 .6
9 .4
19,6
1 2 ,1
4 1 ,3
£ .8
1 .6
2*1
2*3
6 .6
6 .3
9 ,2
9 ,7
1 2 ,0
14 «1
6 8 ,2
66.9
1 .1
2 .0
4 .0
1 0 .0
10*9
71,9
6*1 11*6
3*1
23*6 18*0 23.6
13,8
16 ,3
20,6
4 5 ,9
12,4
7 ,1
58,7
1 4 ,7
1 3 .0
9 ,8
2,4
1*4
56*7
67*4
20,2
1 4 .9
1 3 ,7
6 ,4
2 ,7
2 .0
2 .2
2*0
1*4
1 1 .4
Reproduced with permission o f the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
BB
A ll th e p a p e rs were n o t sco red f o r any one o ccu p atio n *
In f a b le 11 M ran g es from 249 to 4 9 6 .
The only o c c u p a tio n s
on w hich a m a jo rity o f th e p a p e rs sc o re d r e c e iv e d an A
r a t i n g were S te n o g ra p h e r-S e e re ta ry , G eneral O ffic e Worker,
and H ousew ife.
above.
H orsing had a m a jo rity o f r a t i n g s a t 1 o r
In e l l o th e r o o o upptions o ver h a l f o f th e p ap ers
sc o re d were r a te d e i t h e r a C o r 0/*
An ex am in atio n o f th e d a ta in t h i s c h a p te r shows t h a t
th e t y p i c a l T eachers C o lleg e freshm an woman i n t h i s stu d y
i s between se v e n te e n and n in e te e n y e a rs o f age and i s a
r e s id e n t o f H ebraska.
She e x p e c ts to a tte n d c o lle g e o r
u n iv e r s ity f o r fo u r y e a rs and th e n to e n te r some phase o f
te ach in g *
On th e S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t Blank f o r
Women, she r a t e s A on S te n o g ra p h e r-S e e re ta ry , G eneral
O ffic e Worker, and H ousew ife.
The ohanoes a re even t h a t
h e r f a t h e r i s e i t h e r a farm er o r i s engaged in some k in d
o f s a le s o ccu p atio n * t h a t h e r p a r e n ts have b o th had more
th a n an e ig h th g ra d e e d u c a tio n ! t h a t , w h ile a tte n d in g the
u n iv e r s i ty , sh e does n o t l i v e in a s o r o r i t y house, o r in
one o f th e r e s id e n c e s m ain tain ed by th e H a iv e re ity i and
t h a t i n te n o r f i f t e e n y e a rs she would l i k e to be m arried
w ith a home o f h e r own.
She p ro b ab ly has n ev e r had a jo b ,
b u t i f she has been employed, i t la l i k e l y she d id house­
w ork.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
CHAPTER I ?
IBTIBPRETATIOH Of fACTORS
The p ro cess o f f a o to r a n a ly s is i s v e ry o b je c tiv e #
The i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s , however, o f th e f a c t o r s a re s u b je c t*
ive as a l l i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s o f d a ta n e c e s s a r ily must b e .
The p re s e n t i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s no doubt w ill be r e v is e d con*
t i n u a l l y as new d a ta a re made a v a ila b le by f u tu re r e s e a r c h .
T h is i s c o n s is te n t w ith Thurstone*© c o n te n tio n t h a t f a o to r
a n a ly s is should be a u s e fu l p s y c h o lo g ic a l to o l r a t h e r th a n
a mere s t a t i s t i c a l r o u tin e f o r condensing t e s t s c o re s and
c o rre la tio n s .
I t i s e s s e n t i a l th « t a l l i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s
be c o n sid e re d in th e l i g h t o f th e n a tu re o f th e s n b je o ts as
p re s e n te d in C hapter I I I *
In th e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s o f th e f a c t o r s in th e r o t a t e d
f a c t o r i a l m a tric e s ( Appendix B—T ab les I , 7 , I I , X I I I ,
I 7 I I , XXI, XXT, XXIX) a l l e n t r i e s betw een .1 0 and - .1 0
were co n sid ered e s s e n t i a l l y zero and e n t r i e s betw een .10
and .2 0 and betw een - .1 0 and - .2 0 o f sm all a n a l y t i c a l
im p o rta n ce.
E ith e r p o s it iv e o r n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s above
.20 p ro b a b ly p o sse ss seme d eg ree o f i n t e r p r e t i v e s i g n i f i ­
c a n ce .
H igher lo a d in g s a re more s i g n i f i c a n t f o r i n t e r p r e -
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
27
t a t I o n th a n low er lo a d in g s ,*
So more d i s t i n c t l y p o r tr a y th e n a tu re o f th e f a c t o r s
e x h ib ite d by the r o ta te d f a c t o r i a l m a tric e s , item s w ith
lo a d in g s o ver #20 a re l i s t e d f o r each f a o to r in th e o rd e r
o f th e m g n ltu d e o f th e lo a d in g s*
(T a b le s 12 to 46)
FACTOR LOADINGS OF ITSMS I I OROTJ?IA
An ex am in atio n o f th e item s in Table 12 (p ag e
31)
in d ic a te s t h a t th©'common elem ent p robably i s m a s c u lin ity
combined w ith a p re fe re n c e f o r h ig h p r o f e s s io n a l l i n g u i s t i c
and s c i e n t i f i c o ccu p atio n s*
The o c c u p a tio n s w ith th e
h ig h e r lo a d in g s e re more m ascu lin e th e n th o se w ith low er
lo a d in g s .
The ra n k in g o f th e item s acco rd in g to t h e i r
lo a d in g s a g re e s , in g e n e ra l, w ith th e sc o re tre n d s o f male
o c c u p a tio n a l groups on Terman’s (1 0 , c h a p te r 8) B a s c u lin it.y
F em inlty T ests*
T his in d ic a te s t h a t m a s c u lin ity must be a
s i g n i f i c a n t p a r t o f th e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f t h i s fa o to r*
The
f a c t t h a t most o f th e s e o c c u p a tio n s , e s p e c i a lly th o se w ith
h ig h e r lo a d in g s , a re in th e h ig h e r p r o f e s s io n a l l i n g u i s t i c
*S iro e th e t e tr a o h o r i o c o e f f i c i e n t s o f c o r r e l a t i o n from which
th e s e lo a d in g s e re d e riv e d p ro b ab ly have la r g e r e r r o r s th a n
th e F earso n r , s , lo a d in g s from m e and o n e * h a lf to two tim es
th e s ig n if ic a n c e l e v e l f o r te a rs o n r* s a re h ere c o n sid e re d
a s p o s s e s s in g some d eg ree o f i n t e r p r e t i v e s ig n ific a n c e * The
use o f t h i s c r i t e r i o n o f s ig n if ic a n c e in d ic a te s th a t lo a d in g s
o f *17 to *£3 may re a s o n a b ly be ex p ected to approxim ate th e
minimum s iz e o f lo a d in g s s i g n i f i c a n t f o r in te r p r e t a ti o n *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
£0
o r s c i e n t i f i c o cc u p atio n s must n o t be o v e rlo o k e d •
The
f a c t o r f o r f u l l i n t e r p r e t a t i o n , th e n , might be d e s c rib e d
a s th e elem ent to be found in th o se p r o f e s s io n a l l i n g u i s t i c
and s c i e n t i f i c o c c u p a tio n s th.‘:t a re e s s e n t i a l l y o f a
m asculine type*
In s p e c tio n o f th e lo a d in g s o f fJroup IA item s w ith
F a o to r I I (T ab le 13, page 3£) in d ic a te s a p re fe re n c e f o r
o c c u p a tio n s t h t depend to e la r g e e x te n t on th e s a t i s f a o t l o n o f o th e rs*
The f i r s t fo u r item s a re th e most h e a v ily
loaded w ith t h i s fa o to r*
In th e s e o co u o atio n s i t i s nec­
e s s a r y to p le a s e th e g e n e ra l p u b lic i f one i s to m a in ta in
h e r p o s itio n *
F or s u c c e s s fu l c o m p e titio n in th e rem ain in g
o c c u p a tio n s lo ad ed w ith F a c to r I I , in d iv id u a ls o r groups
o f in d iv id u a ls must be s a t i s f i e d *
I t may be n o tic e d t h a t ,
w ith th e e x c e p tio n o f Item 66 (Lawyer, u o rp o ra tio n ) th e s e
o c c u p a tio n s for® an e n t i r e l y d i f f e r e n t l i s t th a n th o s e in
T able IB*
The F ao to r I I lo a d in g o f Item 66 (Law yer, Cor­
p o r a tio n ) le s u f f i c i e n t l y sm all to make i t s s ig n if ic a n c e
alm ost n e g l ig ib le In com parison w ith th e *74 lo a d in g o f
t h i s item w ith F a c to r I*
The Item s h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith
F a c to r I I do n o t r e p r e s e n t th e h ig h p r o f e s s io n a l q u a l ity
o f th o se h e a v ily loaded w ith F a c to r I*
F a c to r I I may be
in te r p r e te d as b ein g c lo s e ly r e in te d to o c c u p a tio n s o f a
s e m i-p ro fe s s io n a l n a tu re in which the p red o m in atin g
o h a r a o t o r is tio i s p le a s in g o th e rs*
A ll th e item s p o s i t i v e l y loaded w ith F a o to r I I I
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
89
(T ab le 14, page 33) a re concerned to some e x te n t w ith th e
k eep in g o f R ecounts.
The two most h ig h ly loaded Item s
Inv o lv e an alm o st m e tic u lo u s c a re f o r co m p u tatio n al d e ta ils #
The Costume D esigner o r any o f th e item s w ith h ig h n e g a tiv e
lo a d in g s e re concerned w ith d e t a i l s o n ly in t h e i r r e la tio n *
s h ip to th e whole p a tte rn #
A nother i n t e r p r e t a t i o n t h a t
seems p ro b ab le i s a p re fe re n c e f o r o c c u p a tio n s th a t demand
o o afo rm ity a s opposed to th o se concerned w ith th e c r e a tio n
o f new id eas#
Comparison o f item s p o s i t i v e l y lo ad ed w ith
th o se item s n e g a tiv e ly lo ad ed te n d s to oonflrm t h i s in te r *
p ret& tio n #
The two i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s a re n o t n e c e s s a r ily
c o n tr a d ic to r y n o r independent#
I t may be t h a t th e b e a t
i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f t h i s f a o to r would o o n ta ln b o th elem ents*
F a c to r XII may be d e s o rib e d a s a p re fe re n c e f o r d e t a i l e d
o c c u p a tio n s t h a t conform to s e t sta n d a rd s*
The item s in T able 13 (page 34} a t f i r s t in s p e c tio n
ap p ear t© in d ic a te a p re fe re n c e f o r o c c u p a tio n s having
a e s t h e t i c valu e#
Upon c lo s e r s tu d y , F ao to r IV, however,
may have a b ro a d e r i n te r p r e t a ti o n #
I t seems to d e a l p r i ­
m arily w ith th e e x p re s s io n o f c r e a tiv e id e a s , moat o f w hich,
in t h i s l i s t , a re a e s th e tic #
T able 16 (p ag e 35) seems to u n ify item s o f a d om estic
tren d #
The dom estic c h a r a c te r o f F ao to r ? i s c l e a r from
a stu d y o f th e f i r s t fo u r ite m s .
A q u e s tio n m ight be
r a is e d c o n c ern in g th e *30 lo a d in g o f Museum D ir e c to r and
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
so
t h s .21 lo a d in g o f M issio n ary In t h i s fa o to r*
th o s e lo a d in g s ,
however, a re sraa ll and i t would seem re a s o n a b le to assume
t h a t th e "talcin g ©ere o f" elem ent o f d o m e s tic ity e n t e r s in to
th e s e o c c u p a tio n s to t h i s e x te n t*
th e h ig h n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s
shown in th e ta b le a re in te r p r e te d to mean t h a t g i r l s w ith
a dom estic tendency would e x p re s s a d ie lik e f o r suoh oceupat io n s as Lawyer o r F o reig n O orreepoadent*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
31
TABLE 1 2
S IG H IP IC A B T L O A L IM S O F GROUP IA ITE M S W ITH FACTOR I
mm
HUMBER
ITS*
FACTOR
LOADIM
53
Judge
•80
56
Lawyer, C o rp o ra tio n
.74
£2
♦Chemist
•69
54
♦ L ab o rato ry T e c h n ic ia n
•68
45
♦Governor o f a S ta te
•66
16
B io lo g is t
•64
68
Museum D ir e c to r
•65
57
Lawyer, C rim in al
.60
£4
♦C ollege P ro f e s s o r
•55
67
M issio n ary
•54
55
Landscape G ardener
•52
40
Farm er
•48
69
Musio Composer
•58
42
F o re ig n C orrespondent
•36
70
M usioian
.27
27
Cook
.87
60
M agazine w r ite r
•84
♦item s a o t h e a v ily lo a d e d w ith any o th e r fa o to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
32
TABLE 1 8
S IG H IF IC A H T L O A B IIG S OP GROUP IA ITEM S W ITH FACTOR I I
item
HUMBER
61
46
ITEM
M anager, Women's S ty le Shop
^H ostess
FACTOR
LOADIHG
*78
*70
18
Buyer o f M erchandise
.67
28
Costume d e s ig n e r
.47
48
G overness
*46
34
D ressm aker
*41
48
H ousekeeper
*87
80
C a sh ie r
•58
17
Bookkeeper
•51
60
I n t e r i o r D eco rato r
*50
A r t i s t 's Model
•25
Lawyer, C o rp o ra tio n
•21
7
56
*Item8 n o t h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith any o th e r fa o to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
33
TABLE 1 4
S IG N IF IC A N T LOADINGS OP GROUP IA ITEM S W ITH PACTGB I I I
item ;
NUMBER
factor
ITEM
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
20
C a sh ie r
*67
17
Bookkeeper
*54
27
Cook
*26
40
Farm er
*26
48
H ousekssper
*23
43
G overness
*22
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
28
Costume D esigner
-*64
60
I n t e r i o r D eo o rato r
-*62
18
Buyer o f M erchandise
-*24
66
Landscape G ardener
-*24
60
Magazine W rite r
-*24
16
B io lo g is t
- .2 1
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
34
TABLE 1 5
S IG lflF IC A H T LQADIHGS 0 1 GROUP IA ITE M S WITH FACTOR IV
ITEM
HUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADIMG
69
Musio Compos o r
♦77
70
M usioIan
♦72
28
Costume D esigner
•51
50
I n t e r i o r D eco rato r
•45
33
* D ram atist
•42
60
M agasine W riter
♦40
61
Manager, Women's S ty le Shop
•26
34
Dressmaker
*25
42
F o reig n C orrespondent
• 23
A r t i s t 's Model
*82
7
*IteHi3 n o t h e a v ily lo a d ed w ith any o th e r fa o to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
35
TABLE 1 6
S IG N IF IC A N T LOADINGS OF GROUP IA ITEM S W ITH FACTOR V
ITEM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
24
D ressiraker
*62
27
Cook
.45
46
Houeejceeper
*37
40
Farmer
.34
55
Landsospe G ardener
*34
66
Muse cut D ire o to r
.30
67
M issio n ary
.21
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
57
Lawyer, C rim in al
- .5 1
42
F o re ig n C o rresp o n d en t
- .4 1
53
Judge
—.25
66
Lawyer, C o rp o ra tio n
- .2 4
60
Magazine W rite r
-.2 9
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
36
FAOTOR LOADINGS OF ITEMS IB OBOH? IB
The Item s in T able 17 (page 39) seem to he r e l a t e d to
a p re fe re n c e f o r a e s t h e t i c o c c u p a tio n s w ith some te c h n ic a l
asp e c t*
These o c c u p a tio n s , f o r th e m ost p a r t , a ls o have a
com m ercial asp ect*
In d e s c r ib in g F a c to r I t h r e e th in g s
m ast be c o n s id e re d — th e a e s t h e t i c , th e te c h n ic a l, and th e
com m ercial a s p e c ts o f an o ccu p atio n *
Of th e th r e e , th e
a e s t h e t i c elem en t seems to predom inate*
The group o f item s in T able 16 ( page 40) a p p e ars to
be d i f f e r e n t i a t e d from th e r e s t o f th e IB item s b* a p re ­
fe re n c e f o r c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s .
A ll o f th e s e o c c u p a tio n s
have h ig h lo a d in g s in o th e r f a c t o r s but they a ls o have In
common an a t t e n t i o n to c l e r i c a l d e ta ils *
We f in d t h a t th o s e
o c c u p a tio n s co n n ected w ith o f f ic e w ork c o n ta in th e h ig h e s t
lo a d in g s in t h i s f a c t o r w h ile suoh o c c u p a tio n s a s T eacher
and Burse have s i g n i f i c a n t b u t sm a lle r lo a d in g s*
An ade­
q u ate d e s c r ip tio n o f F a c to r I I , however, n e c e s s i t a t e s
c o n s id e r a tio n o f elem en ts o f management and d e a lin g w ith
peop le in a d d itio n to th e c l e r i c a l a s p e c ts *
Study o f th e item s in T able 19 (page 4 1 ) r e v e a ls t h a t
s u c c e s s in a l l th e o c c u p a tio n s w ith p o s itiv e lo a d in g s de­
pends upon p le a s in g th e p u b lic *
E xam ination o f th e item s
w ith n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s l i m i t s th e f a c to r *
I t can n o t be
a p p e a lin g to th e p u b lic th ro u g h a r t because o f th e h ig h
n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s f o r such item s as 101 ( S c i e n t i f i c I l l u s ­
t r a t o r ) and 1 0 3 { S c u lp tre s s )•
These item s were found to be
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
37
p o s it iv e l y lo ad ed w ith f a c t o r I ( f a b le 17, page 39)*
Here th ey are a t o p p o s ite p o le s o f f a o to r 1X1*
T his f a o to r
can n o t depend on d i r e c t c o n ta c t w ith th e p u b lic f o r Item
, 183 (W a itre s s ) and Item 94 (B ea l E s ta te Saleswoman) h a re
n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s ,
f a c t o r I I I ; th e r e f o r e , must be i n t e r ­
p r e te d a s a p re fe re n c e f o r th e c o n tr o l o f p u b lic g ro u p s by
i n d i r e c t appeal*
I t i s v ery c l e a r th a t th e fo u r item s w ith p o s it iv e
lo a d in g s in f a c t o r IT ( f a b le 80, page 48) a r e a l l concerned
w ith h e a lth *
fh e f a c t o r i s p ro b ab ly more lim ite d th a n j u s t
b ein g a h e a lth f a c to r *
I t may be a f a c t o r r e l a t e d to ed­
u c a tin g th e p u b lic in r e g a rd to h e a lth *
Comparison o f
f a b le BO w ith f a b le 18 (page 4 0 ) shows t h a t the item s t h a t
a r e a t th e two extrem e ends o f th e s c a le in f a c t o r 17} i* e* .
Item s w ith h ig h p o s it iv e lo a d in g s and Item s w ith h ig h nega­
t i v e lo a d in g s, a r e co m p arativ e ly c lo s e ly r e l a t e d on F a c to r II*
F a c to r IT th e r e f o r e must be som ething o th e r th a n th e c l e r i c a l
I n t e r e s t d e s c rib e d on page SI*
Because o f th e d iv is io n o f th e
item s i t would seem s a fe to I n t e r p r e t F a c to r IT as a H e a lth
M u c a tio n f a c to r*
fh e o c c u p a tio n s in f a b le 81 (p ag e 43) seem t o in d ic a te
t h a t F a o to r T r e p r e s e n ts a p re fe re n c e f o r m ascu lin e occupa­
tio n s * fh e p o s it iv e l y lo a d ed and n e g a tiv e ly lo a d ed item s
combine to p r e s e n t an ap p ro x im atio n o f a m a s c u lin ity - fe m in ity
s c 'l e f o r th e se o o c u p e tlo n s, w ith Item 75 (O ffic e M anager)
a n t Item 98 (R e p o rte r, G en eral) a s among th e most m ascu lin e
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
item s and Item 119 ( f e a e h e r , M usic) and Item 118 ( T eacher,
K in d e rg a rte n ) as th e most fem in in e item s*
Termaa and M iles
(1 0 , C hapter 7111} in t h e i r d is c u s s io n o f th e r e l a t i o n s h i p
o f m a s c u lin ity - fe m in ity to o c c u p a tio n s p re s e n t d a ta which in
p a r t su p p o rt th e m a s c u lin ity s c a lin g o f th e item s lo ad ed w ith
f a c t o r 7*
fh e f i r s t Im p ressio n g iv e n by th e Item s in f a b le 28
(pag e 4 4 ) i s t h a t f a c t o r 71 i s concerned w ith group le a d e r ­
ship*
C lo ser ex am in atio n o f th e item s w ith n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s
would te n d to l i m i t t h i s d e s c r ip tio n *
Item s 114 ( T eacher,
D an cin g ), 113 (T e ac h er, Commercial) and 73 (BUrse, P u b lic
H e a lth ) would a ls o seem to be concerned w ith t h i s f a c to r*
In th e se l a t t e r o c c u p a tio n s, how ever, suoh le a d e r s h ip in
c h ild g ro u p s would p ro b ab ly be aimed a t th e accom plishm ent
o f s p e c if ic ta s k s *
f a o to r 71 can be d e s c rib e d a s group
le a d e r s h ip f o r s o c i a l a c t i o n f o r th e common good*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
I
TABLE 1 7
S IG N IF IC A N T LOADINGS OP GROUP I B ITEM S WITH FACTOR I
ITEM
HUMBER
ITEM
PACTOR
LOADING
100
S cen ario W rite r
*73
103
S c u lp tr e s s
*71
101
S c ie n tific I llu s tr a t o r
*67
80
P o st
•64
91
Radio L s o tu r s r
•69
S o lo n tif lo R esearch Worker
.69
93
Radio S in g er
•66
86
P ro f e s s io n a l Banoer
•62
T each er, Dancing
•60
78
P h y s ic ia n
•48
94
R eal 1 s t a t e Saleswoman
.47
92
Radio Program D ire c to r
*46
T each er, A rt
,46
81
P o litic ia n
•44
96
R e p o rte r, G eneral
•43
119
T each er, Music
•43
106
S e o re t S e rv ic e Woman
•41
73
H urse, P u b lic H e a lth
•31
122
T ra v e lin g Saleswoman
.31
H urse, G raduate G eneral
• 26
102
114
112
72
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
40
TABLE 1 8
S IG N IF IC A N T LOADINGS O F GROUP I B ITEM S W ITH FACTOR I I
ITEM
NUMBER
109
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
S ten o g rap h er
.69
P r iv a te S e c re ta ry
*62
T each er, Commercial
.62
75
O ffic e Manager
.60
72
N urse, P u b lic H e a lth
*49
104
School P r in c ip a l
*47
116
T each er, Grade School
*45
N arco, G raduate G eneral
*44
T each er, K in d e rg a rte n
*29
P layground D ir e c to r
*28
122
T ra v e lin g Saleswoman
«2£
125
W a itre ss
.30
117
T each er, High School
.22
82
112
72
118
79
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
41
SABLE 1 9
3 IG N IF IG A B T LOADINGS OF GROUP I B ITEM S W ISH FACTOR I I I
HIM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
P ro f e s s io n a l Dancer
•64
114
T eaoher, Banoing
•48
106
S e c re t S e rv ic e Woman
•38
98
R a tio Program D lre o to r
.37
93
Radio S in g e r
•34
T each er, K in d e rg a rte n
•31
96
R e p o rte r, G eneral
•86
76
O ffic e Manager
•83
86
118
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
101
S o ie n tifie I l l u s t r a t o r
*•63
108
S c i e n t i f i c R eseareli Worker
*•44
106
S c u lp tr e s s
*•34
118
T each er, A rt
*.34
Poet
* .8 6
W a itress
* .8 6
R eal E s ta te Saleswoman
- .8 1
80
186
94
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
42
TABLE £ 0
S IG N IF IC A N T LOADINGS 0 ? GROtJP I B ITEM S WITH f ACTOR IV
ITEM
HUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
n
N urse, G raduate G eneral
.70
72
N urse, P u b lic H e a lth
♦67
7®
P h y sio ia n
•49
T each er, K in d e rg a rte n
•24
118
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
112
T each er, Commercial
*•51
109
S ten o g rap h er
*•46
P r iv a te S e o re ta ry
* .4 2
117
T each er, High School
*•37
100
S o ia n ti f i o I l l u s t r a t o r
*•24
O ffic e Manager
*•*1
School P r in c ip a l
* .2 1
82
72
104
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
43
TAILS £1
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OP GROUP IB ITEMS WITH FACTOR 7
XTM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSIT ITS LOADINGS
76
O ffic e Manager
•38
96
R e p o rte r, G eneral
•37
S e c re t S e rv ic e Woman
.37
81
P o litic ia n
•33
78
P h y sic ia n
•31
T ra v e lin g Saleswoman
•81
91
Radio L e c tu re r
*26
94
R eal S a ta te Saleswoman
•24
106
1££
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
119
T each er, Music
••4 4
118
T eaoher, K in d e rg a rte n
-*39
116
T each er, Grads School
••3 8
93
Radio S in g er
••3 7
112
T each er, A rt
••3 6
114
T eaoher, Dancing
• •31
86
P ro f e s s io n a l Banoer
• *28
80
Poet
••2 1
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
44
TABLE 22
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP IB ITEMS WITH FAOTOB 71
ITEM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
T eaoher, Grade School
*49
Playground D ire c to r
*48
School P r in c ip a l
*47
B&dlo L e c tu re r
*31
117
T eaoher, High School
*24
118
T eao h er, k in d e r g a r te n
*23
P o litic ia n
• 21
116
79
104
91
@1
P r iv a te S e c re ta ry
-*62
S ten o g rap h er
-•4 7
76
O ffic e Manager
—*35
86
P ro f e s s io n a l D ancer
- .3 3
T eao h er, Dancing
-•2 9
N urse, G raduate G eneral
- .2 7
T eacher, Commercial
- .2 4
N urse, P u b lic H e a lth
•f
to
O
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
83
109
114
72
113
73
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
45
FAOfOR iQADIIOS OF ITISUS 1ST GROUP I I
R eferen ce to th o item s o f f a b le 22 (page 47} w i l l
show t h a t F a c to r I could* no d o u b t, be d e s c rib e d as p r e f e r *
e a se f o r r e c r e a tio n in v o lv in g p a r t i c i p a t i o n in p h y s ic a l
a c tiv i ty *
The h ig h lo a d in g s f o r Item s 138 (T e n n is ), 120
( Swimming) , and 126 (R id in g h o r s e s ) shows d e a r l y th e
n a tu re o f th e a c t i v i t y w ith w hich t h i s f a c t o r i s concerned*
F a c to r I r e f e r s more to th e " s p o rt* type o f r e c r e a tio n *
The sm a ll lo a d in g o f Item 142 {F la y in g a m u sical in s tru m e n t)
w ith t h i s f a c t o r seems co m p atib le w ith t h i s in te r p r e t a ti o n *
F a c to r I I ( f a b le £4, page 43) a p p a re n tly i s r e l a t e d
to amusements on a h ig h c u ltu r a l* i n t e l l e c t u a l plane*
The
item s lo a d e d w ith o nly t h i s F a c to r 164 (Symphony c o n c e r ts ) ,
153 (" R a tio n a l d so g ra p h lo ” ), and 142 (S o lv in g m echanical
p u ssies} * a re th e p r i n c i p a l b a s e s f o r t h i s in te r p r e t a ti o n *
Item 142 (P la y in g a m u sical in stru m e n t) a ls o has s i g n i f i c a n t
lo a d in g s on F a c to rs 1 and IV j Item s 151 ( Museums) and 149
(Animal ao o s) have h ig h lo a d in g s on F a c to rs I I I and I ? j end
160 ( A r t g a l l e r i e s ) h as a h ig h lo a d in g on F a c to r IV*
S in ce
F a c to rs I , I I I and IV do n o t in d ic a t e a h ig h o u ltu r a l*
I n t e l l e c t u a l plane* t h i s seems th e most re a s o n a b le in te r *
p r e t a t i o n f o r F a c to r II*
The ite m s o f f a b le 26 (page 49) would seem to i n d i ­
c a te th a t F a c to r I I I co u ld be d e s c rib e d a s a tendency to *
ward c e r t a i n k in d s o f in tr o v e r s io n *
The p re fe re n c e f o r th e
r e a d in g m a te r ia ls and th e amusements th a t have h ig h lo a d in g s
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
I n th e f a c t o r I n d ic a te s a ty p e o f s o c i a l l y approved escape
from r e a l i t y •
The s o c i a l l y approved escape a s p e c t seems
more predom inant in t h i s f a c t o r th a n in th e o th e r f a c t o r s
o f Group IX*
f a c t o r I I I le r e l a t e d to amusements on a
low er I n t e l l e c t u a l l e v e l th a n i s th e case f o r f a c t o r II*
The p o s it iv e item s i n T able £6 ( page 50) seem to
be a p re fe re n c e f o r amusements t h a t p ro v id e v ic a r io u s
ro m an tic s a t i s f a c t i o n s *
The h ig h n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s f o r
Item s 150 (A rt g a l l e r i e s ) and 151 (Museums) show t h a t
f a c t o r 17 I s d i f f e r e n t from f a c t o r II*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
47
TABLE £3
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP I I ITEMS WITH FACTOR I
ITEM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
132
*Tennia
*67
130
•swimming
•59
135
•R id in g H orses
*46
143
P la y in g A M usical In stru m en t
.21
•ite m s n o t h e a T ily lo a d e d w ith any o th e r fa c to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
48
TABLE £4
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP I I ITEMS WITH FACTOR I I
ITDE
NUMBER
142
154
ITEM
P la y in # A M usical In stru m en t
*Symphony O oncerta
FACTOR
LOADING
•62
,60
161
Museums
.64
160
A rt G a lle r ie s
•52
165
149
142
* "Jta tio n a l G eographic*
Animal Zoos
* 3 o lv in g M eohanieal P u zzles
•46
•43
#22
*1 terns n o t h e a v ily lo a d e d w ith any o th e r f a o t o r .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
49
TABLE £5
8IGKIFICABT LQADIHGS OF OSOGP I I ITEMS WITH FACTOR I I I
ITEM
SOMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADIHG
162
Movie M agazines
#66
160
Romantio S to r ie s
•69
144
*Amasement P arks
•66
163
^Women's Pages
•64
147
^Formal A f f a ir s
•67
149
Animal Zoos
#87
161
Masearns
*3£
171
"True S to ry " Magazine
.24
*Item8 n o t h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith any o th e r f a c t o r .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
50
TABLE 26
SIGSIFICAIT LOADINGS OF OSOtTP I I ITEMS WITH FACTOR IV
ITEM
HUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADIHC
POSITIVE L0ALIHC3
171
’’True S to ry " Magazine
•64
162
M erle M agazines
.50
143
P la y in g A M asleal In stru m en t
*27
160
Romantio S to r ie s
*26
HBGATIVE LOADINGS
160
A rt G a lle r ie s
•*64
161
Mas earns
-• 6 6
149
Animal Sees
e
03
•
*
-
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
51
FACTOR L0ADIH33 OF ITEMS IF {JROU? I l l
F a c to r I (T ab le 27, page 52) I s c l e a r ly a dom estic
fa c to r*
The dom estic elem ent I s e s s e n t i a l l y a p a r t o f each
o f th e p o s i t i v e l y lo a d ed Item s and would seem to be q u ite
in c o m p atib le w ith Item 202 (A ctin g a s y e 1 1 - le a d e r ) w hich Is
th e o nly n e g a tiv e ly lo a d e d Item o f any consequence#
The item s in T able £8 (page 55) show F a s te r I I to be
p ro m o tio n al In o h a ra c to r*
A ll o f th e s e item s seem to be
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c o f th e p erso n in th e community who ©an assume
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y in th e g e n e ra tio n o f group a c tio n *
The c h a r a c t e r i s t i c common to most o f th e item s in
f a b le 29
lo a sn e ss*
(page 54) may p ro b ab ly be in te r p r e t e d a s m o tio nI t i s tr u e t h a t Item 202 (A c tin g as y e l l - l e a d e r )
does n o t seem in l i n e w ith t h i s i n te r p r e t a ti o n *
The o th e r
item s lo ad ed w ith F a c to r I I I , however, seem to p o in t to th e
p erso n who i s o v e r - c a r e f u l in a t t e n t i o n to d e ta ils *
The common elem ent u n d e rly in g th e item s in T able 50
(page 65) would g iv e F a c to r I ? a p o l i t i c a l c h a ra c te r*
The
one e x c e p tio n i s Item 210 (B eing l e f t to y o u r s e lf ) which has
a f a c t o r lo a d in g h e re o f *29*
T h is i s th e o n ly f a c t o r lo a d ­
ing o f any e ls e f o r t h i s item , b u t, inasmuch a s th e commonal­
i t y o f t h i s i s v ery low , *128, i t s t o t a l v a ria n c e i s due e s­
s e n t i a l l y to some s p e c i f i c f a c t o r th a t I s undeterm ined*
The
p o l i t i c a l a s p e c t seems e s p e c i a lly c l e a r in th e o th e r t h r e e
item s t h a t do n o t have o th e r h ig h lo a d in g s , nam ely. Item s 182
(A rgum ents), 212 (C o n tin u a lly changing a c t i v i t i e s ) , and 196
(D isc u ss io n o f p o l i t i c s ) *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
52
TABLE £7
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF OROtT? I l l ITEMS WITH FACTOR I
ITSM
IfUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITITS LOADINGS
187
Cooking
•68
188
Sowing
•60
180
Doing Tour Own Laundry Work
.52
192
T eaching C h ild re n
•44
181
D eo o ratin g A Room With Flow ers
.27
177
R a isin g Flow ers And V eg e tab le s
•31
198
Taking R e s p o n s ib ility
.25
RRGATIYE LOADINGS
£0£
A ctin g As T e ll L eader
- .2 2
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
53
TABLE £8
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF OR0(JP I I I ITEMS WITH FACTOB I I
ITEM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
199
M eeting New S itu a t io n 8
.58
198
Taking R e s p o n s ib ility
•64
189
O rganizing A P lay
*51
£04
* E n te r ta in in g O th ers
•44
£02
A etln g As T e ll Leader
186
Making A Speeoh
£11
R e g u lar Hours For Work
#£6
196
G iving " F irs t-A id * A s s is ta n c e
*26
181
D eo o ratin g A Room With Flow ers
.20
•41
*Itea»s n o t h e a v ily lo a d e d w ith any o th e r f a c t o r .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE £9
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP I I I ITEMS WITH FACTOR I I I
ITEM
NUMBER
177
SIS
ITEM
R a isin g F low ers And V eg e tab le s
*Saving Money
FACTOR
LOADING
•66
*64
£11
R eg u lar Hours F or Work
•48
178
O p eratin g M achinery
•46
180
Doing Tour Own Laundry Work
•41
188
Sewing
•69
176
G iving "F lrst-A ld * A 8 8 lsta n o e
•67
181
D eo o ratin g A Room With Flow ers
•SB
SOS
A ctin g As T e ll L eader
•$£
187
Cooking
.£9
19S
T eaching C h ild re n
•S I
*Item s n o t h e a v ily loaded w ith any o th e r f a c to r *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLES 30
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP I l l ITEMS WITH FACTOR IT
ffw. rrrrrsa: atsrar "S ,rjs.*tf.”?■»•* r:»«'■■„">■r x ~ . - r iw c 'x « r e k r e ,,v
IT BK
NUMBSR
ITW l
rrim m m m m m m m m m e m a m '
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
182
*Arguments
*87
212
* C o n tin u a lly
Changing A c t i v i t i e s
*11
198
*D isous8ion8
of P o litie s
•48
199
M eeting New S itu a tio n s
•41
178
O p eratin g M achinery
,84
198
Taking R e s p o n s ib ility
•34
186
Making A Speech
.29
£10
189
’•'Being L e ft To Y o u rs e lf
O rganizing A P lay
•29
• 27
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
£11
R eg u lar Hours For Work
-*26
’•‘Item s n o t h e a v ily lo a d e d w ith any o th e r f a s te r *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
6#
IA050B L0ABIM3 OF I5BM3 III GROUP I f
The b e e t i n t e r p r e t a t i o n f o r F a c to r I (T ab le 31, page
63) a p p e ars to be a p re fe re n c e f o r people whose o u ts ta n d ­
ing c h a r a c te r 1 s t ie I s eg ocentrism *
P re fe re n c e f o r Item s
£46 (P eo p le who t a l k ab o u t th e m selv es) and Z tZ (Very s e l f c o n fid e n t p e o p le ) I s th e b e s t ev id en ce f o r t h i s i n t e r p r e ­
ta tio n *
P re fe re n c e f o r Item £49 (C a r e le s s ly d re sse d p eo p le)
p ro b ab ly in d ic a te s a l i k i n g f o r peo p le who d re s s io r t h e i r
own s a t i s f a c t i o n r a t h e r th a n f o r th e s a t i s f a c t i o n o f o th e rs *
Item s H Z (P eo p le who alw ays ag ree w ith y o u ), 221 ( A bsentminded people)* and £23 (T ory i n t e l l e c t u a l p e o p le ) may o r
may n o t be c h a r a c t e r i s t i c o f eg o cen trism *
A lthough th e
e g o c e n tr ic a s p e c t o f F a c to r I a p p e a rs to p red o m in ate, i t
may be t h a t o th e r a s p e c ts n o t c l e a r from th e d a ta o f t h i s
stu d y e n t e r in to t h i s f a c to r *
The h ig h p o s it iv e lo a d in g s (T ab le £2* page 69) o f
Item s £27 ( People who assume le a d e r s h ip ) and £26 ( People
who a re n a t u r a l l e a d e r s ) , and h ig h n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s o f
Item s £21 (A bsent-m inded p e o p le ) and £49 ( C a r e le s s ly
d re ss e d p e o p le ) would in d ic a te t h a t F a c to r I I p ro b ab ly i s
a p re fe re n c e f o r people who e x h ib it q u a l i t i e s o f le a d e r ­
ship*
At f i r s t im p re ssio n th e p rese n ce o f Item s £26
( T h r if ty p e o p le ) and ££4 (O p tim is ts ) may seem p u sslin g *
Bach o f th e s e ite m s, however, has h ig h e r lo a d in g s in F a c to r
IT*
I t seems re a s o n a b le . Inasmuch a s le a d e r s must be a b le
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
m
to co n serv e t h e i r tim e end en erg y , t o fin d a sm all p o s itiv e
lo a d in g in th e form er o f th e s e two item s w ith a le a d e r s h ip
fa c to r.
S u c c e ssfu l le a d e r s u s u a lly se e th in g s as th e y a r e
r a t h e r th a n th ro u g h th e p r o v e r b ia l r o s e - c o lo r e d g l a s s e s ,
so a sm a ll n e g a tiv e lo a d in g f o r o p tim is ts m ight be ex p ected*
E xam ination o f th e ite m s o f f a b le S3 ( page 60)
in d ic a te s th a t f a c t o r I I I i s a p re fe re n c e f o r people who
d is p la y an e x t r o v e r t tendency*
The f a c t o r seems to be
lim ite d , however, to th e w e ll- a d ju s te d e x tr o v e r t who i s
p ro g re s siv e *
The o n ly item t h a t may be a t odds w ith t h i s
i n t e r p r e t a t i o n i s Item 230 ( T h r i f t y p eo p le)*
If th is is
th e w e ll- a d ju s te d e x t r o v e r t—and th e item s in d ic a te t h a t
i t i s —th e n sh e would be t h r i f t y enough to c a rry e a t h e r
p lan s*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE 31
SIC®IF I CAST LOADINGS OF GROUP I ? ITEMS WITH FACTOB I
ITEM
HUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
246
P eople Who Talk About Themselves
*54
243
^People Who Always Agree With Ton
.47
223
Yery S e lf•C o n fid e n t People
•41
249
C a re le s s ly D ressed P eople
•36
221
Afcsent~Kinded People
.22
228
Very I n t e l l e o t u a l People
•20
*1 terns n o t h e a v ily le a d e d w ith a n y /o th e r fa c to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
59
TABUS 82
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OP GROUP I ? ITEMS WITH FACTOR I I
ITEM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITITS LOADINGS
£27
*People Who Assume L ead ersh ip
.50
£26
People Who Are N a tu ra l L eaders
•44
285
T ery S e lf-C o n fid e n t P eople
•88
228
280
*Tery I n t e l l e e t u a l P eople
T h r i f ty People
•88
•30
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
221
Absent-M inded P eople
- .6 6
249
C a re le s s ly D ressed P eople
—.5 0
£24
O p tim ists
-«22
*Iteiae not* h e a v ily loaded w ith any oth er fa o to r .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
60
TABLE
m
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP I ? ITEMS WITH FACTOR I I I
item
IfUMBER
£16
ITEM
* P ro g res3 iv e People
factor
loading
•69
226
P eo p le Who Are N a tu ra l L eaders
•47
224
O p tim ists
•46
221
Absent-M inded People
•67
260
T h r i f ty People
*87
£49
C a re le s s ly P re sse d People
•86
228
Tory I n t e l l e e t u a l People
•38
246
People Who T alk About Themselves
*22
’"item s n o t h e a v ily lo a d e d w ith any o th e r fa o to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
61
FACTOR LC*I>r:CM2 OF ITEMS I I 53011? I ?
A d e s c r ip tio n o f F a c to r I as fu n -lo v in g would sock to
be an ad eq u ate i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f th e Item s in Table 34 (peg*
63)*
E xcept f o r Item 306 ( S t a t i s t i c i a n , . . .S o c ia l w o rk e r)t
th e s e item s p e r ta in to th e q u a l ity o f b ein g c e r e - f r e e ,
though to some e x te n t, a ls o s o c ia ll y a g g r e s s iv e ,
Iters 006
/
( S t a t i s t i c i a n , . • .S o c ia l w o rk er) does seem out c? l i n e , b u t
i t must be remembered t h a t in t h i s group o f ite m s, th e sub­
j e c t i s showing h e r p re fe re n c e f o r one a c t i v i t y over a n o th e r .
She may p r e f e r b ein g a s t a t i s t i c i a n to b ein g a s o c i a l w o rker,
b u t, i f she were g iv e n a f r e e ch o ice of resp o n d in g to each
oecop& tion s e p a r a te ly , we do n o t knew how she would have
marked i t .
I t seems w ith o u t doubt th a t F a c to r I I ( Table 36, page
63) i s a dom estic o r hom e-loving fa c to r#
Each item c l e a r l y
shows a dom estic te n d e n c y .
F a c to r I I I ( f a b l e 36, page 64) seems to in d ic a te a
c a re e r p re fe re n c e .
The item s In t h i s ta b le d e s c rib e a p r e ­
fe re n c e f o r independence and a c a re e r w hether m arried o r n o t
and in d ic a te s a w illin g n e s s to ta k e a chanoe to o b ta in what
i s d e s ir e d .
F a c to r IT ( f a b le 37, page 65) i s a p p a re n tly baaed on
th e d e s ir e f o r c e r ta in ty *
T his f a c t o r p e r ta in s to a p r e f e r ­
ence f o r item s concerned w ith c e r t a i n t y o f th e f u tu r e by doing
th in g s which ere s a t i s f y i n g .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
62
TABLS 34
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OP GROUP VI ITEMS WITH FACTOR I
ITEM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
SIB
Many Men F rie n d s
340
^B elonging To Many
S o c ie tie s
Few Men F rie n d s
.61
B elonging To Few
S a tie tie s
.48
A c t i v i t i e s P e se ta s * A c t i v i t i e s Of A
la g T h r i l l s And
C o n se rv a tiv e
u n c e r t a in ti e s
N ature
•44
318
T aking A Chanoe
H a y in g S afe
•34
326
G reat V a rie ty Of
Work
S im il a r ity In Work
339
306
* 3 ta tls tie ia n
S o c ia l Worker
.24
*21
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
338
307
Going To A H a y
*Teaoher
Going To A Dance
•*40
Saleswoman
- .3 8
* .3 6
333
Do Your Own
Housework
Have Someone H a s
Do Your Housework
341
Few In tim a te
F rie n d s
Many A cquaintances - .3 6
311
Do A Fob Y o u rs e lf
D eleg ate yob To
A nother
3£0
Work Which I n t e r e s t s Work Whioh Does
You With Modest
Wot I n t e r e s t Yon
I no o me
With L arge Income
*•31
- .2 0
*Item s n o t h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith any o th e r f a o t o r .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE 36
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF OROOr VI ITEMS WITH FACTOR I I
ITEM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
323
Be M arried With
Sm all Ineome
Be S in g le And Earn
Your Own L iv in g
*72
328
Be M arried
Remain S in g le
*70
009
Permanence Of
R esid en ce
F re q u en t Change
Of R esidenoe
*45
015
Many Men F rie n d s
Few Men F rie n d s
*44
822
Do Your Own
Housework
Have Someone E lse Do
Your Housework
•89
W©rk Which
i n t e r e s t s Yon
w ith Modest
Ineome
Work Which Does Not
I n t e r e s t Yon w ith
Large Income
Do A Job Your*
s e lf
D e le g a te Job To
A nother
.28
Making A D ress
*22
380
311
817
P r o p e r lu g A Meal
*81
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
381
Follow Own
C areer A fte r
M arriag e
Follow Heme And
S o c ia l A c t i v i t i e s
A fte r M arriage
.46
*Item s n o t h e a v ily lo a d ed w ith any o th e r fa o to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
64
TABLE 58
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP T I ITEMS WITH FACTOR I I I
IT KM
SOMBER
FACTOR
ITEM
LOADINC
POSITIVE LOADINGS
318
Taking A Chase*
P la y in g S afe
,42
306
A v ia trix
S ten o g rap h er
.40
325
Chang© From
P lao e to P la c e
Work In One
Lo e a t io n
•37
321
Follow own C areer
A fte r M arriage
Follow Home And
S o c ia l A c t i v i t i e s
A fte r M arriage
•34
341
Few I n tim a te
F rie n d s
Many A cq u ain tan ces
338
Going To A P lay
Going To A Danoe
,32
,25
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
331
♦ L iste n in g To A
S to ry
T e llin g A S to ry
330
♦ P re se n t A R ep o rt
In W ritin g
P re se n t A R eport
V e rb a lly
- .5 7
Have Someone E lse
Do Tonr Housework
- .2 1
332
Do Tour Own
Housework
* .6 6
♦item s n o t h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith any o th e r f a o t o r .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
65
TABLE 3?
SIGNIFICAHY LOADINGS OP GROUP 71 ITEMS WITH FACTOR IT
ITEM
NUMBER
FACTOR
LOADING
ITEM
-
POSITIVE LOADINGS
309
320
336
Permanence Of
R esid en ce
fre q u e n t Charge Of
B esidenoe
Work Whioh
I n t e r e s t s You
With Modest
Income
Work Which Does Hot
I n t e r e s t You With
Large Income
*People Who Are
Always Prompt
And Ix p e o t
O th ers To Be On
Time A lse
People
Seldom
Who Do
O thers
*69
*32
Who Are
On Time And
l o t Mind I f
Are L ate
*26
BEGATIVS LQADIIGS
326
Chang© From P lao e Work In (hie L o catio n
-*63
to P lao e
323
Be M arried With
Sm all Income
Be S in g le And Earn
Your Own L iv in g
-*33
32a
Be M arried
Remain S in g le
* *28
306
A v ia tr ix
S ten o g rap h er
-*27
326
G reat V a rie ty Of
Work
S im il a r ity i n Work
339
A o tiv lt ie s P o s s e s s - A o tiv itie a Of A
la g T h r i l l s And
'C o n se rv a tiv e
U n c e r ta in tie s
N ature
- .2 7
- .2 1
%
*Item s n o t h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith any o th e r fa o to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
66
FACTOR IGAMKOS OF ITEMS IK CfiRDUP Y II
The Item s in T able 38 {page 6?) seem to in d ic a te t h a t
F a c to r I i s concerned w ith p e rs o n a l independence.
The f a c t o r
may be I n te r p r e te d m a p re fe re n c e f o r s e l f - r e l i a n c e in
em ergencies as w e ll as in th e o rd in a ry c irc u m sta n c e s o f l i r e *
T his i n t e r p r e t a t i o n ia s u b s ta n tia te d by th e high n e g a tiv e
lo a d in g o f Item 35? ( S e t r a t t l e d e a s i l y ) .
F a c to r I I i s p ro b a b ly c h a r a c te r is e d by a p re fe re n c e
f o r o r d e r ly , d e t a il e d a c t i v i t i e s *
The item s in T able 39
(page 68) p e r t a i n to d e ta ile d work c a r r ie d o u t i a an o r d e r ly
fa s h io n by ste a d y a p p lic a tio n to th e t a s k .
F a c to r I I I ( T able 40 , page 69) m ight be term ed s e l f c e n te re d le a d e rs h ip *
The f a c t o r i s c h a r a c te r iz e d by s e l f *
co n fid e n c e and by a b i l i t y to d i r e c t o th e rs *
I t m ight be
term ed p ro m o tio n a l, b u t i t i s lim ite d more to id e a s o f s e l f advancement th a n by concern f o r th e advancement o f th e group*
A p re fe re n c e f o r s o c ia l competence m ight be used to
d e s c rib e F a c to r IT *
The item s in T able 41 ( page 70) show
t h a t t h i s f a c t o r p e r ta in s to r e s o u r c e fu ln e s s in any s o c i a l
s it u a ti o n *
T his p resu p p o ses an a b i l i t y to g e t a lo n g w ith
o th e r people and th e a c q u is it io n o f c o n s id e ra b le s o c i a l
ta c t*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
67
TABLE 38
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP T I I ITEMS WITH FACTOS I
IT1M
NUMBER
ITEM
FAOTQB
LOADING
POSITin? LOADINGS
852
*Am I n c lin e d To Keep S ile n t ( B e tlo e n t}
In C o n fid e n tia l And S e a i* C o n fid e n tia l
A ff a ire
•40
046
Am Q uite Sure Of M yself
•00
062
Win C onfidence And L o y alty
•01
061
Can D isc rim in a te Between More Or Less
Im p o rtan t A f f a ir s
.29
063
Am Always On Time With My Work
.26
048
Aooept J u s t C r itic is m W ithout G e ttin g
Sore
•24
040
U su ally D rire M yself S te a d ily ( Do
Hot f o rk By F i t s And S t a r t s )
• 20
NEGATIVE LOADING
067
*Get B a ttle d E a s ily
*•45
*1terns n o t h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith any o th e r f a c to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
68
TABU 89
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GBOUP T II ITEMS WITH FACTOB I I
ITEM
BTJMBiaa
ITEM
FACTOB
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
343
U su ally D rive M yself S te a d ily ( Do
S e t Work By F i t s ana S t a r t s )
•70
333
Am Always On Time With My Work
•81
360
P lan My Work In D e ta il
.30
381
Can D isc rim in a te Between Mere Or
Less Im p o rtan t M atters
•33
BEGATirn LOADING
342
U sually S t a r t A c t i v i t i e s o f My Group
-•2 9
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
69
TABLE 40
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP V II 15®MS WITH FACTOR I I I
ITUS
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
342
U su ally S t a r t A c t i v i t i e s Of My Group
*4T
354
*Bemember F a c e s, Names, And In c id e n ts
B e tte r Than The A verage P erso n
•39
346
Am Q u ite Sure Of M yself
•58
562
Win C onfidence And L o y alty
*23
560
P la n My Work In D e ta il
•22
544
Win F rie n d s E a s ily
•21
553
Am Always On Time With My Work
•21
NEGATIVE LOADING
348
A ccept J u s t Or i t io Ism W ithout G e ttin g
S ors
*ltem s s o t h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith any o th e r f a c to r *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
70
TABLE 41
S IG II?I CANT LOADINGS 0? GROUP T i l ITEMS WITH FACTOR IT
ITEM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITITE LOADINGS
844
Win F rie n d s E a s ily
•77
362
f l a C onfidence And L o y alty
•47
34 £
U su ally S t a r t A c t i v i t i e s In My Group
•40
846
Am Q uite Sure Of M yself
• 25
864
D iscu ss My I d e a ls W ith O th ers
*24
NEGATITE LOADINGS
•42
363
Am Always On Time With My Work
866
( a ) Loan Money (b ) Loan Only (o ) R arely
To A cquaint*
To C e rta in
Loan
anoes
People
Money - • 29
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
u
FACTOB LOADIHGd OP ITEMS I I (BOH? T i l l
The p r a c t i c a l , l i n g u i s t i c a r t s seems to d e s c rib e tb s
b a s ic elem ent u n d e rly in g th e item s in Table 4£ (page 73)*
A ll o f th e s e s u b je c ts can be ta u g h t from a r a t h e r " p r a c t­
i c a l a r t s ” a s p e c t— some to a g r e a t e r d eg ree , how ever, th a n
o th e rs .
T his would ac co u n t f o r th e h ig h e s t lo a d in g s in such
s u b je c ts a s penmanship and s p e llin g and c o n s id e ra b ly s m a lle r
lo a d in g s In l i t e r a t u r e and p u b lic sp e a k in g .
The item s a re
a ls o , f o r th e most p a r t , l i n g u i s t i c in c h a ra c te r*
The item s w ith s i g n i f i c a n t p o s itiv e lo a d in g s in f a c t o r
I I (T ab le 43 , page 74) a re th e n o n - lin g u is t le sc h o o l s u b je c ts
t h a t r e q u ir e a c t i v i t i e s m ostly c h a r a c te r iz e d by th e oppor­
t u n i t y f o r immediate o b je c tiv e judgment o f th e q u a l i t y o f
perform ance*
The f i r s t im p re ssio n o f th e s e item s might be
t h a t F a c to r I I I s an a b s t r a c t , i n t e l l e c t u a l f a c t o r , b a t
com parison o f th e s e item s w ith th e ltem a i n T able 46 (page
76) w i l l show t h a t i t i s th e l a t t e r group t h a t r e p r e s e n ts
th e a b s t r a c t f a c t o r r a t h e r th a n t h i s one*
F a c to r I I I seems d i f f i c u l t to I n t e r p r e t ,
The only
b a s ic elem ent among th e item s in Table 44 (page 75) i s th e
f a c t t h a t th e s e s u b je c ts depend to a g r e a t e x te n t f o r t h e i r
m astery on th e m em orization o f words*
The n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s
in Item s 88£ ( D ra m p tic s), 674 ( A r t) , pud 404 {P u b lio sp eak ­
in g ) seems to le n d eredenoe to t h i s i n te r p r e t a ti o n *
F u rth e r
d a ta a re needed to c l a r i f y th e f u l l i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f t h i s
fa c to r•
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
The item s in T able 46 (page 76) in d ic a te q u ite o la a r ly
t h a t F a c to r IV i s an a b s t r a c t , c l a s s i o a l fa c to r*
They
m ight a ls o be © har& oterized as ta s k s perform ed in is o la tio n *
T his i n t e r p r e t a t i o n i s based on th e r e l a t i v e e ls e o f th e
p o s itiv e lo a d in g s found in t h i s ta b le and th e ohar& oter o f
th e item s w ith n e g a tiv e lo a d in g s*
A f i r s t im p ressio n o f th e item s in Table 46 (page 77)
would be th a t th e b aalo elem ent ia th e S o c ia l S tu d ies*
However, th e s iz e o f th e lo a d in g s in ? u b llo Speaking and
D ram atics would seem to in d ic a t e t h a t i n t e r e s t in people
would be a b e t t e r te rm f o r t h i s fa o to r*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
73
TABLE 48
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF OBOU? T i l l ITEMS WITH FACTOR I
ITUS
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
397
Penmanship
*64
407
S p e llin g
.47
386
E n g lish C om position
•46
396
*Muelo
•44
398
Languages, Modern
•48
388
Dr&matios
•38
391
Languages, A n cien t
•37
383
*3& uoatlon
•36
409
T y p ew ritin g
.36
399
P h y sic a l T ra in in g
•32
374
A rt
•31
393
L ite r a tu r e
*30
404
P u b lic Speaking
#30
*Item s n o t h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith any o th e r f a o t o r .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
74
SABLE 43
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS Of GBOB? T i l l ITEMS WITH fAOTOB I I
ITEM
HUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITITS LOADINGS
373
A rith m e tic
.68
876
*Bookkeeping
•60
%n
A lgebra
•63
868
Geometry
•36
409
T y p ew riting
.34
899
P h y s ic a l T ra in in g
.36
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
398
L i te r a tu r e
-• 4 6
868
E n g lish C om position
—•33
398
Languages, Modern
-• 3 1
891
Languages, A ncient
-•3 6
*Item s n o t h e a v ily lo ad ed w ith any o th e r f a c t o r .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
T5
TABLE 44
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF ®OTJ? T i l l ITEMS WITH FACTOR I I I
ITEM
NUMBSB
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
392
Languages, Modern
,46
386
Geography
•44
389
H is to ry
.42
407
S p e llin g
•41
391
Languages, A n cien t
i3 6
380
0I v ie s
.29
NEGATIVE LOADINGS
382
D ram atics
-.6 9
374
A rt
- .3 4
404
P u b lic Speaking
—,28
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
76
TABLE 46
SIGHTIFICAHT LOADIHQS OF GfROU? T i l l ITEMS WITH FACTOR IT
ITEM
BOMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADIHOS
672
A lgebra
.65
666
Geometry
•60
676
A rith m e tic
•49
691
Languages, A n cien t
*42
696
L i te r a tu r e
•64
HBGATIVE LOADIROS
409
T y p ew ritin g
• •23
697
Penmanehip
••2 0
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
77
TABLE 46
SIGNIFICANT LOADINGS OF GROUP T i l l ITEMS WITH FACTOR 7
ITEM
NUMBER
ITEM
FACTOR
LOADING
POSITIVE LOADINGS
389
B ia to ry
•61
380
d rie s
•64
404
P u b lio Speaking
#47
$82
D ram atiea
•44
386
Geography
•36
293
L ite ra tu re
•26
NEGATIVE LOADING
37 2
A lgebra
-•2 3
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70
There i s a d i v e r s i t y o f o p in io n as to th e a d v i s a b i l i t y
o f naming th e f a c t o r s d e riv e d from a f r o t o r a n a ly s is study*
B egarding t h i s q u e s tio n , Thurston® (1 1 , p«2?9) s t a t e s :
In naming th o prim ary f a c t o r s 1 have ta k e n
th e e x p l i c i t p o lic y t h a t i t i s b e t t e r to name
th e f a c t o r s in term s o f w ell-know n co n c ep ts such
a s Humber, Space, V e rb a l, and Memory f a c to r s
th a n to name them in seme noncom m ittal way, suoh
a s H i, l £ , and so on* I f we name a f a c t o r lum ber,
i t w i l l provoke e x p e rim e n ta tio n w ith number t e s t s
and w ith no n -n u m n rical t e s t s , end th e ex p erim en ts
a re l i k e l y to be made in term s o f p s y c h o lo g ic a l
h y p o th eses t h e t can be s u s ta in e d o r d isp ro v e d
e x p e rim e n ta lly * In t h i s way we s h a l l advance
f a s t e r th a n i f th e prim ary f a c t o r s a re l e f t as
i n t e r e s t i n g s t a t i s t i c a l c u r i o s i t i e s . They should
be re c o g n iz e d a s p s y c h o lo g ic a lly c h a lle n g in g
e x p e rim e n ta l o f fe o ts *
On th e o th e r hand, i t would seem p o s s ib le th a t & f a c t o r
eo u ld be g iv e n a name t h a t would have one meaning f o r th e
f a c t o r a n a ly s t b a t i t m ight have & v ery d i f f e r e n t o o n n o ta tio n
f o r th e r e a d e r .
The d iv is io n o f tho item s o f t h i s study in to e ig h t
g rou p s r e s u lt e d i n th e d e r iv a tio n o f so many .f a c t o r s t h a t
i t i s d e s ir a b le to p r e s e n t th e r e s u l t s o f th e I n t e r p r e t a t i o n
o f these- f a c t o r s in ta b u la r form .
T able 47 (p ag es 79-81)
p r e s e n t a summary o f th e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s o f th e f a c t o r s
deriv ed *
In t h i s ta b le an e f f o r t was made to av o id th e con­
fu s io n th a t might a r i s e from sim ply naming th e f a c t o r s by
s u b s t i t u t i n g d e s c r ip tiv e p h ra se s f o r nam es,
These b r i e f
d e s c r ip tio n s are a b b re v ia te d from th e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s found
in th e f i r s t p a r t o f t h i s ch ap ter*
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79
SABLE 4?
SUMKAKY Of IKfF.E PBBS AS 1OT7 Or FACTORS
B r ie f D e s c rip tio n
(Each f a c t o r I s c o n s id e re d
a s a p re fe re n c e f o r th e
c a te g o ry d e s c rib e d * )
Y netor
GKOTJ? IA
( O ccu p atio n s)
I
II
III
IV
V
P ro f e s s io n a l l i n g u i s t i c and s o i e n t i f i o
o o o u p atio n s th a t a re e s s e n t i a l l y o f a
m ascu lin e ty p e .
S e m i-p ro fe ss io n a l ooo u p atio n s c h a r a c te r ­
ized p red o m in ately by p le a s in g o th e rs*
D e ta ile d o o o u p atio n s t h a t r e q u ir e con­
fo rm ity to s e t s ta n d a r d s .
O ooupations concerned w ith trie e x p re s s io n
Of c r e a tiv e id e a s , p rim a rily a e s t h e t i c .
O ooupations o f a d o m estic c h a ra c te r*
OROtJP 11
(O ooupations)
I
A e s th e tic o c c u p a tio n s t h a t have a
te c h n ic a l asp ect*
II
C l e r ic a l o o o u p atio n s t h a t a re co n cern ed ,
to some e x te n t, w ith management end
d e a lin g w ith people*
III
O ccupations t h a t depend e s s e n t i a l l y on
th e c o n tr o l o f p u b lic groups by in d ir e c t
a p p e a l.
I?
Y
VI
O ccupations concerned w ith H e a lth ed u catio n *
O ooupations t h a t d is p la y a tendency tow ard
m a sc u lin ity *
Oocupal Ions w hich in v o lv e group le a d e r ­
sh ip f o r th e common good.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
1ABLE 47 (c o n tin u e d )
SO
summas? o f i m n i f c m T i o f f op f a c t o r s
B rie f D e s c rip tio n
(Baoh f a c t o r i s c o n s id e re d
a s a p re fe re n c e f o r th e
c a te g o ry d e s c r ib e d .)
F a c to r
GROUP I I
{A m u s e m e n t s )
I
II
III
17
Amusements in v o lv in g p a r t i c i p a t i o n
in p h y s ic a l a c tiv ity *
Amusements on a h ig h c u l t u r a l ,
i n t e l l e c t u a l le v e l*
S o c ia lly approved amusements on a
low er i n t e l l e c t u a l le v e l t h a t te n d
to p ro v id e escap e from r e a l i t y *
Amusements t h a t p ro v id e v io e rio u s
ro m an tic s a t i s f a c t i o n s ,
GROUP I I I
(A c tiv itie s )
I
II
III
17
A c t i v i t i e s th a t a re e s s e n t i a l l y d o m e stic .
A c t i v i t i e s t h a t d is p la y d e f i n i t e
p ro m o tio n a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ,
A c t i v i t i e s t h a t have m etic u lo u sn esa
a s a b a a io elem en t.
A c t i v i t i e s o f a p o l i t i c a l n a tu re *
GROUP 17
( P e c u l i a r i t i e s o f P eo p le)
I
II
III
People whose o u ts ta n d in g c h a r a c te r ­
i s t i c i a eg o c e n trism ,
People who e x h ib it q u a l i t i e s o f
le a d e rs h ip *
People who a re p ro g re s s iv e and who ap p ear
to have th e te n d e n c ie s o f th e w e ll- a d ju s te d
e x tro v e rt*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
81
TABL3 47 ( c o n t i m o d )
SUMMARY OF II'TRR FRFT*? IO!T OF IV,OfORS
F a c to r
B r ie f D e s c rip tio n
( Bach f a c t o r ia c o n sid e re d
as a p re fe re n c e f o r th e
c a te g o ry d e s c r ib e d ,)
GROUP 71
( Comparison o f I n t e r e s t betw een two I te m s )
I
Item s t h a t would be c h a r a c t e r i s t i c o f
a fu n -lo v in g in d iv i d u a l.
II
Item s t h a t d is p la y a dom estic o r home*
lo v in g tendency*
III
Item s t h a t in d ic a te a p re fe re n c e f o r a
c a re e r*
17
Item s t h a t a re baseo on a d e s ir e f o r
c e rta in ty ,
GROUP VII
(B a tin g o f P re s e n t A b i l i t i e s and C h a r a c te r i s tic s )
I
II
III
17
C h a r a c te r i s tic s t h a t show p e rso n a l
in d ep en d en ce,
C h a r a c te r i s tic s t h a t imply a d e s ir e f o r
s te a d y , o r d e r ly , d e t a il e d a c t i v i t i e s ,
C h a r a c te r i s tic s t h a t would I d e n t i f y
s e lf - c e n te r e d le a d e r s h ip ,
C h a r a c te r i s tic s t h a t e r e b a s ic t©
s o c ia l competence*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
82
3PABLE 47 (c o n tin u e d )
3 U M : A K ¥ OF I H ^ ; K ? - r ^ A T l O N
F a c to r
OF F ' O f O E S
B r ie f D e s c rip tio n
(Bach f a c t o r i s c o n s id e re d
as e p re fe re n c e f o r th e
c a te g o ry d escrib ed * }
OBOU? T i l l
( School S u b je c ts )
I
II
III
IT
T
School s u b je c ts t h a t may be termed
th e p r a c t i c a l l i n g u i s t i c a r ts *
S o n - lin g u is tic sc h o o l s u b je c ts t h a t
r e q u ir e a c t i v i t i e s f o r t h e i r m a stery .
C h a ra c te rise d by th e o p p o rtu n ity f o r
imm ediate o b je c tiv e judgm ents o f the
q u a lity o f perform ance*
School s u b je c ts t h a t depend, to a
g r e a t e x te n t, f o r t h e i r m astery
upon th e m em orisation o f words#
S u b je c ts thr-1 a re g e n e ra lly c l a s s i ­
f ie d ps a b s t r a c t o r c l a s s i c a l *
S u b je c ts th a t have as a b a s ic elem ent
i n t e r e s t in p e o p le .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
$s
Sabi# 47 shows t h a t th e r e ap p ears to fee a s i m i l a r i t y
o f f a c t o r s In th e v a r io u s groups*
M a sc u lin ity ap p e ars l a
f a c t o r s found In Group IA and Group IB*
fh e se two f a c t o r s
may fee c lo s e ly a s s o c ia te d w ith each o th e r and w ith suoh
o th e r f a c t o r s as th e p o l i t i c a l f a o to r in Group I I I and th e
e x tr o v e r t ten d en cy i n Group I?*
L ik ew ise, th e r e I s a
dom estic f a c t o r In Group IA, Group I I I , and Group VI which
may be m easures o f th e same b a s ic e le m e n t.
O ther f r o t o r s
may a lso fee a l l i e d such a s th e p rom otional f a o to r in Group
I I I w ith th e c a r e e r f a o to r In Group V I, th e f a c t o r c h a ra c t­
e r iz e d as eg o c e n trism in Group 3V w ith th e s e lf - c e n te r e d
le a d e r s h ip f a c t o r in Group VII#
In a l i k e m anner, i t may fee p o s s ib le to f in d p o in ts
o f s i m i l a r i t y betw een th e f a c t o r s h e re e x tr a c te d and
f a c t o r s d e riv e d in o th e r s t u d i e s , such as th e f o o te r s t h a t
r e s u lt e d from th e a n a ly s e s o f th e Booring, keys f o r th e
S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t B lanks, o r two o f th e f a c t o r s
S t o t t (8} d e riv e d in h is stu d y on S e lf - r e l i a n c e w hich seem to
p a r a l l e l th e p e rs o n a l independence and s o c ia l competence
f a c t o r s in Group VII*
f h e s e a s s o c ia tio n s o f f a c t o r s i a v a rio u s g ro u p s a r e
o f co u rse raorely h y p o th e se s .
E vidence re g a rd in g th e
i d e n t i t y o f such elem en ts cannot fee o b ta in e d from t h i s
study*
fh e e x te n t o f such I d e n t i t y must fee l e f t f o r
f u tu r e in v e s tig a tio n s *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
04
In th e developm ent o f th e s e f a c t o r s I t seemed a p p a re n t
t h a t . In g e n e r a l, th e f a o to r i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s d e riv e d from
th o se groups o f item s t h a t were b ased on th e a c tu a l ex­
p e rie n c e s o f th e s tu d e n ts , each a s Oroup I I —Amusements—
co u ld be more d i s t i n c t l y i d e n t i f i e d th a n th e f a c t o r i n t e r ­
p r e ta tio n s d e riv e d from suoh item s as Sroups IA and IB—
O ooupations—w hich r e p r e s e n t s te r e o ty p e s r a t h e r th? n c e to a l
e x p e rie n c e s .
I t i s c l e a r t h a t th e i n t e r e s t s o f freshm en Women as
in d ic a te d by t h i s in v e s tig a tio n e r e very d iv e r s if ie d *
A lthough th e cau ses o f such d i v e r s i t y can n o t be d eterm in ed
from t h i s s tu d y , i t i s a re a s o n a b le h y p o th e s is t h a t m a tu rity
and o p p o rtu n ity f o r e x p e rie n c e s p ro b ab ly a r e s i g n i f i c a n t
Causes*
f u tu r e in v e s tig a tio n s a re needed to g iv e f u r t h e r
l i g h t on th e ca u ses f o r th e d i v e r s i t y o f p r e f e r e n c e s found
in t h i s stu d y *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
CHAPTER T
SUMMARY
purpose
The purpose o f t h i s stu d y was to d o t o r tains th e sim ple
s tr u o tu r e o f p re fe re n c e s a s in d ic a te d on 163 item s o f th e
S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t Blank f o r Women by §00 U hiT ers i t y o f lebra& ka Teaohera C o lleg e freshm en women*
Methods o f R esearch
I n a p re lim in a ry stu d y a s e l e e t i o n was made o f 163
item s from th e S tro n g V o n a tio n a l I n t e r e s t Blank f o r Women
a c c o rd in g to c r i t e r i a s e t up f o r th e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f item s
based on th e re sp o n se s o f 364 freshm en women to th e e n t i r e
q u e s tio n n a ire *
f o r th e I n v e s tig a tio n h ere re p o r te d BOO e a s e s , o f
which 316 were u sed in th e p re lim in a ry s tu d y , were used*
The s e le c te d item s w ere d iv id e d in to n in e groups a c c o rd in g
to t h e i r o r i g i n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n in th e S tro n g Blank and
a l l p o s s ib le te t r a o h o r i c c o e f f i c i e n t s were found w ith in
each group*
T h u rs to n s 1® c e n tro id
a p p lie d *
«*ihod o f f a c t o r a n a ly s is was
Axes wore r o t a t e d u n t i l a s many aero lo a d in g s as
p o s s ib le were o b tain ed *
In th e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f f a c t o r s , item s w ith p o s itiv e
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
e r n e g a tiv e f a c t o r Idt&dings g r e a t e r th a n »%0 were co n sid e re d
s ig n i f le a n t *
[D escrip tio n o f Group o f S u b je c ts
S ig h ty -n in e per c e n t o f tho e n t ir e group a re w ith in
th e age ran g e se v e n te e n to n in e te e n *
The group i s e s s e n ­
t i a l l y a m idw estern g roup and i s p rim a rily r e p r e s e n ta ti v e
o f b u t one s ta te * Hebraska*
About t h i r t y p er ce n t o f th e
f a th e r s o f th e group a re farm ers and ab o u t tw enty p e r c e n t
a r e engaged in some k in d o f s a le s work*
The uaan e d u o a tio n
f o r both th e f a th e r s and th e m others i s ab o u t th e e le v e n th
grade*
About t h i r t y - e i g h t p e r o en t of th e g roup l i v e a t home*
S eventy-one p e r o en t p la n to f i n i s h fo u r y e a rs o f
U n iv e rs ity work and tw enty p er o en t p lan to com plete b u t two
y e a rs w ork.
F o r ty - s ix p e r o en t o f th e group p la n to be h ig h
sohool te a c h e r 8 and t h i r t y p e r o en t p la n to be elem en tary
te a c h e rs *
In araav/er to th e q u e s tio n ”I f you oould do j u s t as
you p le a s e , what would you be doing te n to f i f t e e n y e a rs
from now?"
f o r t y - f o u r p er oent o f th e e n t ir e group s a id
th e y would l i k e to be housew ives, f i f t e e n p e r oent s a id
th e y would l i k e to be te a c h e r s and tw elv e p e r c e n t l i s t e d
no p re fe re n c e *
On th e S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t Blank a m a jo rity
o f th e group re c e iv e d A r a t i n g s on H ousew ife, G eneral
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
m
O ff ic e Worker and S te n o g ra p h e r-S e c re ta ry ; th e y r e c e iv e d
c o m p a ra tiv e ly h ig h r a tlu g e on Store# and low r a t i n g s on
th e o th e r o ooupations*
IHTHRPOTATION OF FACfOHS
th e fo llo w in g d e s c r ip tio n s o f th e f a e t o r s d e riv e d
a r e a b b r e v ia tio n s o f th e f u l l e r I n t e r p r e t a t i o n s to be found
In C hapter XT*
They a re oondenaed h e re m erely f o r summary
purposes*
droup IA ( O o o u p atio n s)— I , P ro f e s s io n a l l i n g u i s t i c
and s e l e n t l f l o o o o u p atio n s th a t a r e e s s e n t i a l l y o f a masoul i n e ty p e | II* 3 e m i-p ro fe s s lo n a l o o o u p atio n s c h a r a c te r iz e d
pred o m in an tly by p le a s in g o th e r s j XXI*
D e ta ile d o o o u p atio n s
t h a t r e q u ir e co n fo rm ity to s e t s ta n d a r d s ; IT*
O oeapations
concerned w ith th e e x p re s s io n o f c r e a tiv e id e a s , p r im a r ily
a e s t h e t i c ; and T*
O ooupations o f a dom estic c h a ra c te r*
Croup 23 (O ccupations)-«*I*
have a te c h n ic a l a s p e c t; II*
A e s th e tic o c c u p a tio n s t h a t
O le r is a l o o o u p atio n s t h a t a re
co n cern ed , to some e x te n t, w ith management and d e a lin g w ith
p e o p le ; XIX*
O ccupations t h a t depend e s s e n t i a l l y on th e
c o n tr o l o f p u b lic groups by i n d i r e c t a p p e a l; IT#
tio n s concerned w ith h e a lth e d u c a tio n ; V*
Occupa­
O ccupations th a t
d is p la y a tendency tow ard m a s c u lin ity ; and VI#
O ccupations
which in v o lv e group le a d e r s h ip f o r th e common good*
Group I I {Amusements }-*»I«
Amusements in v o lv in g p a r ­
t i c i p a t i o n In p h y s ic a l a c t i v i t y ; II*
Amusements on a h ig h
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88
c u l t u r a l , i n t e l l e c t u a l le v e l} I I I #
S o c ia lly approved amuse-
neats on a low er i n t e l l e c t u a l le v e l t h a t ten d to p ro v id e
escape from r e a l i t y ; and IV#
Amusements th a t p ro v id e v i ­
c a rio u s ro m an tic s a t i s f a c t i o n s #
Group I I I ( A c t i v i t i e s ) — I#
t i a l l y d o m estic; II#
A c t i v i t i e s t h a t a r e e s se n ­
A c t i v i t i e s t h « t d is p la y d e f i n i t e p ro ­
m o tio n al c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; I I I #
A c t i v i t i e s t h a t have m e ti-
ottlousnesa as a b a s ic elem e n t; and 17#
A c tiv itie s of a
p o l i t i c a l n a tu re #
Group 17 ( P e c u lia r i t le a o f P e o p le )— I#
o u ts ta n d in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c I s e g o c e n trism ; II#
e x h i b it q u a l i t i e s o f le a d e r s h ip ; and H I*
People whose
People who
People who a r e
p ro g re s s iv e and who ap p ear to have th e te n d e n c ie s o f th e
w e ll- a d ju s te d e x tro v e rt#
Group 71 (Com parison o f I n t e r e s t betw een two Ite m s )—
I#
Item s t h a t co u ld be c h a r a c t e r i s t i c o f a f u n -lo v in g
in d iv id u a l; II#
Item s th a t d is p la y a dom estic o r home-
lo v in g te n d en cy ; I I I #
a c a r e e r ; and 17#
Item s t h a t in d ic a te a p re fe re n c e f o r
Item s t h a t a r e based on a d e s ir e f o r
c e rta in ty .
Group 711 (B a tin g o f P re s e n t A b i l i t i e s and c h a r a c te r ­
i s t i c s ) — I#
II#
C h a r a c te r i s tic s th a t show p e rs o n a l in dependence;
C h a r a c te r i s tic s t h a t imply a d e s ir e f o r s te a d y , o r d e r ly ,
d e ta ile d a c t i v i t i e s ; III*
C h a r a c te r i s tic s t h a t would id e n ­
t i f y s e l f - c e n t e r e d le a d e r s h ip ; and 17*
C h a r a c te r i s tic s
t h a t a r e b a s ic to s o c ia l competence#
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
89
Clroup T i l l (School S u b je c ts
School s u b je c ts
t h a t may be term ed th e p r a c t i c a l l i n g u i s t i c a r t e ; I I • Sonl i n g u i s t i c sc h o o l s u b je c ts t h a t r e q u ir e a c t i v i t i e s f o r
t h e i r m astery c h a r a c te r is e d by th e o p p o rtu n ity f o r Immediate
o b je c tiv e judgm ents o f th e q u a l ity o f perform ance; I I I .
School s u b je c ts t h a t depend, to a g r e a t e x t e n t, f o r t h e i r
m astery upon th e m em orization o f w ords; XV.
S u b je c ts th a t
a re g e n e r a lly c l a s s i f i e d as a b s t r a c t o r c l a s s i c a l ; and V.
S u b je c ts t h e t have a s a b a s ic elem ent i n t e r e s t in p e o p le .
TAX.W1 OF THS STUDY
The f a c t o r s d e riv e d in each group p r e s e n t some o rd e r
to th e wide d i v e r s i t y o f i n t e r e s t s o f T eachers C ollege
Freshmen Women o f th e U n iv e r s ity o f hebraaica a s in d ic a te d
on s e le c te d Item s o f th e S tro n g V o ca tio n al I n t e r e s t H a n k .
These f a c t o r s p ro v id e th e in te rv ie w e r w ith c a te g o r ie s to
be ex p lo red in th e study o f p re fe re n c e s *
The stu d y shows th e p o s s i b i l i t y o f d e s c r ib in g a la r g e
number o f i n t e r e s t s in term s o f a co m p arativ e ly few b a s ic
c a te g o r ie s ,
The f a c t t h a t , by means o f f a c t o r a n a ly s is ,
th e s e 163 item s a r e grouped in to l e s s th a n f o r ty d iv is io n s ,
and t h a t , f o r th e most p a r t, in each o f th e s e d iv isio n ®
th e r e i s a b a s ic elem ent u n ify in g th e item s o f t h i s g ro u p ,
in d ic a te s th a t a p s y c h o lo g ic a l meaning can be g iv e n to th e
stu d y o f i n t e r e s t s and t h i s sh o u ld p o in t th e way f o r more
s tu d ie s to determ ine such p s y c h o lo g ic a l m eaning.
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90
I t was p o in te d o a t in C hapter I t h a t th e stu d y of
a b i l i t i e s i s a n e c e s s a ry b u t n o t a s u f f i c i e n t c r i t e r i o n
f o r th e s u c c e s s f u l a d ju stm e n t o f th e stu d e n t*
I f b o th th e
c u r r i c u l a r and th e e x t r a c u r r ic u la r a c t i v i t i e s a re to be
c e n te re d , to any e x te n t, ab o u t I n t e r e s t s o f th e s tu d e n t,
t h i s stu d y sh o u ld be o f v a lu e i n p o in tin g ' o u t to th e admin­
i s t r a t o r s o f such program s th e b a s ic c a te g o r ie s o f I n t e r e s t s
o f g ro u p s s i m i l a r to t h a t u se d in t h i s in v e s t i g a t i o n .
T his stu d y sh o u ld form an im p o rta n t b a s is f o r f u tu r e
s tu d ie s co n cern in g th e s c i e n t i f i c measurement o f s t u d e n t f s
i n t e r e s t s and sh o u ld c o n ta in im p lic a tio n s f o r in v e s tig a tio n s
concerned w ith th e r e o r g a n is a tio n o f h ig h e r ed u c atio n *
HBOOtitaOHDULTiaffS FOB FOTORi? STUDIES
1*
That th e methods her© a p p lie d be used w ith a groan
o f u n iv e r s ity freshm en in g e n e ra l to d eterm in e w h eth er o r
n o t th e f a c t o r s o b ta in e d f o r T eachers C ollege Freshmen o f
th e U n iv e r s ity o f H cbraska a re unique*
2,
T hat th e S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t Blank f o r
Women be a d m in is te re d a g a in to th e same group o f s tu d e n ts
when th ey a re s e n io r s to d eterm in e th e change of i n t e r e s t s ,
I t may be found from such a stu d y t h a t th e i n t e r e s t s them­
s e lv e s must be in te r p r e t e d d i f f e r e n t l y o r i t may be t h a t
th e same i n t e r e s t f a c t o r s w i l l p e r s i s t b u t t h a t th e lo a d in g s
in th e s e f a c t o r s w i l l change*
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
91
3*
That t h i s t e s t be a d m in is te re d to a s many o f
th e s e same s u b je c ts a s p o s s ib le te n y e a rs fro® bow to d e t e r ­
mine w hether th e r e l a any r e l a t i o n s h i p betw een th e i n t e r e s t
f a c t o r s d isp la y e d a s freshm en and l a t e r o c c u p a tio n a l su ccess*
4.
T hat a stu d y s i m i l a r to th e p re s e n t in v e s tig a tio n
be made w ith th e p re fe re n c e s in d ic a te d by a s im ila r group
o f men on th e S tro n g V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t Blank f o r Men*
6*
T hat th e i n t e r e s t f a c t o r s o f men and women be
compared by a d m in is te rin g b o th th e V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t s
T e sts f o r Men and f o r Women to b o th men and women s tu d e n ts *
6*
That th e te c h n iq u e u sed in t h i s stu d y be a p p lie d
to compare v a rio u s s tu d e n t groups such a s ( a ) s tu d e n ts en­
r o l l e d in d i f f e r e n t co u rse s in te a c h e r s C o lleg e, e . g« ,
s tu d e n ts e n r o lle d in elem e n tary e d u c a tio n w ith s tu d e n ts
e n r o lle d in secondary e d u c a tio n ? ( b ) s tu d e n ts e n r o lle d in
T eachers C o lleg e w ith s tu d e n ts e n r o lle d in o th e r c o lle g e s
©f th e U n iv e rsity ? ( e ) s tu d e n ts who work w ith s tu d e n ts who
do n o t work? (d ) s tu d e n ts who l iv e in th e s o r e r l t y houses
w ith s tu d e n ts l i v i n g in th e r e s id e n c e h a l l s m a in ta in ed by
th e U n iv e rs ity , and e i t h e r o r b o th o f th e se groups w ith
s tu d e n ts liv i n g in b o ard in g h o u ses; fe ) s tu d e n ts who ran k
h ig h on th e Ohio P sy c h o lo g ic a l T est w ith s tu d e n ts who rank
low on th e same te s t*
7*
The te c h n iq u e used in t h i s stu d y be used to
compare th e i n t e r e s t p re fe re n c e s o f s tu d e n ts who a r e
p re p a rin g to te a c h b u t who a r e a tte n d in g v a rio u s ty p e s o f
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
n
c o lle g e s , such a s th e u n iv e rs ity * th e s t a t e norm al s c h o o ls ,
p r iv a te e o -e d u c a tio n a l sc h o o ls and p r iv a te g i r l ' s sc h o o ls#
3#
T hat s c o rin g &eye be developed t h a t w i l l m easure
th e I n t e r e s t s o f s tu d e n ts In term s o f f a e t o r s r a t h e r th a n
In tern® o f o ccu p atio n s#
9#
That th e f a c t o r s d e riv e d in t h i s stu d y and in
s im ila r s tu d ie s t h a t may be made be f u r t h e r in v e s tig a te d
to determ in e th e p s y c h o lo g ic a l meaning o f s ta te d p r e f e r ­
en ces and t o ev o lv e new co n c ep ts in th e stu d y of p r e f e r ­
ences i f t h a t seems n ecessary #
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
n
BIBLIOGRAPHY
1*
s*
B e d e ll, B# C# " B e la tio n s h ip betw een S e lf-K s tim a te d
and Measured V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t s l a T each ers
C o llag e KTeehmen Women •" U npublished s tu d y ,
U h ir e r a ity o f I i b t a i k a , 1940*
ZJNSNM&sCfHtefg^
3#
G h e sire , Leone 2#, S a f f i r , H ilto n A, and T h o rsto n e,
4«
C ria s y , W# j« E, and D a n ie l, w. j# " V o c a tio n a l
I n t e r e s t P& etors I n Women*" Jo u rn a l o f A pplied
Psyohology, A ugust, 1999, 2 8 * lli-4 # 4 V
9*
f r y e r , Douglas* The Measurement o f I n t e r e s t s *
Hew Y ork, Henry H o lt and Company, i £ b!IV
6*
G u ilfo rd , J# P* Peyohom etrio M ethods* Hew York,
MeGraw-Hill Book Company, 1936#
7#
H o s ie r, C h arles I* " In flu e n c e o f Chance B rro r on
Simple S tr u c tu r e i An E m p iric a l I n v e s tig a tio n o f
th e E f f e c t o f Chanoe S r r o r and E stim ated Common*
a l i t i e s on Simple S tr u c tu r e in f a c t o r i a l A n aly sis# "
f c r c h a a a t r l k a . March 1999, 4 * 3 3 -4 4 ,
8#
S t o t t , L* H* "An A n a ly tic a l Study o f S e lf - R e lia n c e ."
The J o u rn a l o f Psyohology. 1998, 5*107-116#
o.
Strong* 2# Km V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t Blank f o r Women*
S ta n fo rd O n lT ersV tj, C a lifo rn ia';"'S t'an fo rB TTHl'Taralty
P re s s , 1933*
10*
Terman, Lewis M# and M iles, C a th a rin e Cox# Sex and
Pe r s o n a l i t y . Hew York, McGraw-Hill Book Company,
11#
T h u rs to n s, L# L . "C u rren t Is s u e s in P a s to r A n aly sis# "
P ay o h o lo g ic al B u l l e t i n . A p ril 1940, 37: 189-£36#
IS ,
T h u rsto n e, L. L . "E x p erim en tal Study o f Simple
S tr u c tu r e ," PsvQhometri^Rf June, 1940, 8*153-168#
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
15,
T h u rs to n s, I . L , "A M u ltip le F a c to r Study o f
V o c a tio n a l I n t e r e s t s . u P erso n n el J o u r n a l.
Vol# 10, Ho* 3 , O cto b er, T § '8 1 7
14#
T h u rsto n s, L. 1* P rim ary M ental A b i l i t i e s
( P sychom etric H onoitopno, l e • l } t ^ i r e r a I t y
Of Ohioago Prooo, 193#•
IB .
T h a rsto n e . L . L. The V eotora o f K in d .
D h iT o rsity o f Chto*go S o w , l f f l .
16*
W illiam son, B* 0* Bow to Counsel S tu d e n ts . How
Y ork, MoOraw*Hlli 39ook Company, ’1 § M •
C hicago.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Avmmu. a
8TBOHO VOCATIOHAL IHTCKKOT BLAHZ
FOB WOMEH
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Group
........... .
'
' .
Form WB. For Students
Key number....
Date.—!.....................—
,—
V O C A T IO N A L I N T E R E S T B L A N K F O R W O M E N
By EDWARD K. STRONG, JR.
Professor of Psychology, Stanford University
Published by Stanford University Press, Stanford University,
California
I t is possible w ith a fa ir degree o f accuracy to determ ine by this test w hether, one w ould like certain
occupations o r not. T h e te st is n o t one o f intelligence o r school w ork. I t m easures th e ex ten t to w hich
one’s in terests ag ree o r disag ree w ith those o f successful w om en in a given occupation.
Y o u r response will, o f course, be held strictly confidential.
Present address
.........
:..........................
...................... ................... ....
Permanent address.
Age....;..,..:...:..... Sex................
..........................................
—
.
Name.------------- :________ —....... —
.............................................. ...................................,.................... ..... ................—
— .........
Father: where bom ...................... ....................................... ..... Years in U.S
:.:....... Occupation..... :.... ....................................
Mother: where bom...
:........Occupation...............................................
.....___,____ .v—
Grade I am now in : Grammar School
Years in U.S
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8
High School
12 3
4 College
(Put a circle around appropriate grade)
Grade completed by
Father: Grammar School
1 2 3 4 5 6
Mother: Grammar School
1 2 3 4 5
School grade I expect to complete.
_____
7 8
High School
12 3
6 7 8
High School
1 2 3. 4 College
.............................
■ -
.
.................
Date of decision.,.,—,———
Number of
Months
Employed
Location
Inclusiye
Dates
(e.g., ’24-’26)
Monthly Income
'
Occupations I have f ormerly considered or day-dreamed of
Occupations suggested to you by others
Age
By whom ?
Sure of it then
Rather sure
Merely considered it
Why haven’t you agreed with them ? : :
.................
.<
1. 2 3 4 5 6 7
Sure of this.................. Not sure.
:.............. j......................
.........
..............................
2 3 4 5 6 7
— .............. ..................... ..... - —- — .—
Jobs I have been employed a t (e.g., clerical,
retail selling, farming, etc.)
■ •
1
I------ -------.i....— ....—.
j..................
............................................
Reasons fpr c h o i q e . . .
4 College
.......................................................
School subjects I expect to specialize in later on—
Occupation I am planning to enter
3 4 5 6 7
..Ifyouplantoleave school soon, is it because of lack of interest ?.............
Lack of money?_________ Want to go tq work?
School subjects I am now interested in
1 2
' •
.
If you could do just as you please, what would you like to be doing 10 to 15 years from.now?.
Before turning the page record the time (e.g., 10 minutes after 3 o’clock)
Copyright 1933 by the Board of T rustees
o f th e Leland S ta n fo rd Tunior U niversity
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
:
Items th a t a re s t ar^ed-^erge-
^
.4oT«.8tj.gati on .
P arts la, lb, and Ic. Occupations. Indicate after each occupation listed below whether you would like that kind of
work or not. Disregard considerations of salary, social standing, future advancement, etc. Consider only whether or not
you should like to do what is involved in the occupation. You are not asked if you Would take up the occupation
permanently, but merely whether, or not you would enjoy that kind of work, regardless df any necessary skills, abilities
or training which you may or may not possess.
Draw a circle around L if you like that kind of work
Draw a circle around I if you are indifferent to that kind of work
Draw a circle around D if you dislike that kind of work
Work rapidly. Your first impressions are desired here. Answer all the items. Many of the seemingly trivial and irrele­
vant items are very useful in diagnosing your real attitude.
1
2
3
4
Actress (movie) .................... . L
Actress (stage) ........................... . L
Accountant ................................... . L
Advertiser .....................................
L
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I
1
41 Florist ......................................... . L
D
D * 42 Foreign Correspondent . . . . . . . . . . L
D * 43 Governess ..................................... . L
D
44 Government C le rk ....................... . L
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D
D
D
D
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L
L
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D
D
Judge ........................... .............. . . L
Laboratory Technician . . . . . . . . . . L
Landscape Gardener ................... . L
Lawyer, Corporation . . . . . . . . . . .
L
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D * 45 Governor of a State..................... .
D * 46 Hostess ........................................ .
47 Hotel Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D
D * 48 Housekeeper . . . . ............ ........... . •
9 Author of Children’s Books. . . . . . . L
10 Author of Novel.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L
11 Author of Technical Book........... . L
* 1 2 A v iatrix .......................................
L
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D
49 Illustrator ................. .
D * 50 Interior Decorator ..................... .
D
51 Interpreter ................................... .
D
52 Inventor ................. .....................
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5 Architect .................................
Artist .............................................
* 7 Artist’s Model .............
8
Athletic D irector.........
6
13
14
15
* 16
.
.
.
•
Bacteriologist ...... ........................ . L
Bank Teller . 4 . .: . ..............
. L
Beauty Specialist ......................... . L
L
Biologist
..............
* 17 Bookkeeper ................................... . L
* 18 Buyer of Merchandise.................. . L
19 Cartoonist ................................... . L
* 20 Cashier ............ .............. ......... .
L
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*
*
53
54
55
56
D * 57 Lawyer, Criminal ......................... .
D
58 L ibrarian .................... . ..
59 Life Insurance Salesman.............. .
D
D * 60 Magazine Writer .......... ............. .
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1
21
* 22
23
* 24
Caterer .......................................
Chemist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civil Service Employee..........
College Professor .............. .......
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D * 61 Manager, Women’s Style Shop... . L
62 Manikin ........ ............................... . L
D
63 Manufacturer . . . . . . . . . . . .
. L
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64 Mechanical Engineer ...............
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26
* 27
* 28
Companion (to elderly person).. . L
Confectioner ............................... . L
Cook ......................... ................. . L
Costume Designer ...............
L
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65 Milliner ...................................
.
6 6
Minister ...................................... .
* 67 Missionary..................................... .
* 6 8 Museum D irector.........................
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D * 69 Music Composer ....................... .
D * 70 Musician . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 . . . . . . . .
71 Naturalist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D
D * 72 Nurse, Graduate General............
L
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29
30
31
32
Dean of Women.................
Dentist ........................... .
Dietitian .......................
Draftsman ............... ...................
.
.
.
,
.
.
.
.
L
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* 33 Dramatist ..................................... . . L
* 34 Dressmaker................■................ . L
35 Editor ......................................... . L
L
36 Educational D irector..................
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* 73
74
* 75
76
37
38
39
* 40
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77 Pharmacist ................. ...............
* 78 Physician.....................................
* 79 Playground D irector...........
* 80 Poet ..................... .......... ...........
Employment Manager ...............
Factory Manager ............... ....
Factory Worker ..........................
Farmer ......................................
.
..
..
,
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Nurse, Public H ealth................ .
Office C lerk ................................. .
Office Manager ...................
.
Opera Singer . . . . — ................
2
-
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1
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th e j j i v e s t i ^ t i o n .
Items t h a t are
P art II. Amusements. Indicate in the same manner as
in Part I whether you like the following or not. If in
doubt, consider your most f requent attitude. Work rapidly.
Do not think over various possibilities. Record your first
impressions.
P art Ic. Occupations, continued.
*
81 Politician
82 Postmistress
83 Private Secretary
84 Probation O fficer
L
L
L
L
85 Proof R ead er
86 Professional D ancer
87 Psychiatrist
88 Psychologist
L
L
L
L
89 Publisher
90 Purchasing Agent
* 91 Radio L ecturer
* 92 Radio Program Director
* 93 Radio S inger
* 94 Real Estate Saleswoman
95 Registrar
* 96 Reporter, General
*
*
*
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D
D
D
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97 Reporter, Women’s Page...................L
98 Retailer
L
99 Sales Manager
L
100 Scenario W rite r
L
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D*
D*
D*
D
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129
130
131
132
D ancing..........................
Swimming ....................................
Taking long walks.........................
Tennis ..........................................
L
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1
D
D
D
D
133
134
135
136
Camping ..................................
Golf ..............................................
Riding horses ...............................
Driving an automobile.................
L
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D
D
D
D
137
138
139
140
Bridge .........................................
Poker .............................. .
Afternoon te a s ..................... .
Observing birds (nature study). . .
L
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D
D
D
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141
142
143
144
Travel cross country in an au to ...
Solving mechanical puzzles............
Playing a musical instrument........
Amusement p ark s.........................
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145
146
147
148
Picnics .........................................
Conventions..........................
Formal affairs............. .................
Fortune tellers .............................
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149
150
151
152
Animal zoos *.................................
Art galleries .................................
M useums......................... ............
Attending lectures ..................
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153
154
155
156
Musical comedy.......................
Symphony concerts .....................
Plays .................................... .....
Movies ............................ ............
L
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Financial pages............. .
Women’s pages.............................
Poetry ..........................................
Romantic stories...................
L
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101 Scientific Illustrator
102 Scientific Research Worker
103, Sculptress
104 School Principal...........................
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105 Secret Service Woman..................
106 Social Worker
.............
107 Specialty Saleswoman..................
108 Statistician .............
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% 109 Stenographer ............
110 Stock Broker
..................
111 Surgeon .........................................
* 112 Teacher,A r t ..............
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113Teacher, Commercial
114 Teacher, Dancing
...........
115 Teacher, Domestic Science
* 116 Teacher, Grade S ch o o l...
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157
158
159
160
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161
162
163
164
Detective stories.....................
Movie magazines ..........................
“American Magazine’’ .................
“Atlantic Monthly” .....................
L
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165
166
167
168
“Good Housekeeping” magazine,. L
“House and Garden” magazine.... L
“Ladies Home Journal” ............... , L
“National Geographic Magazine” . L
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169
170
171
172
“New Republic” ......................... . L
“Reader’s Digest” ............... . . L
“True Story” magazine---- ----- . L
“Vanity Fair” .......................... . . L
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117 Teacher,High School....................
118 Teacher,Kindergarten..................
119Teacher, M usic..............................
120 Tea Room Proprietor....................
I D
121 Telephone Operator ...........
122 Traveling Saleswoman.................
123 Typist ..........................................
124 Vocational Counsellor
.............
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125
126
127
128
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Waitress ......................................
Wholesaler . . ...........
Wife ............................................
Y.W.C.A. Secretary ...................
—3—
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Item s t h a t a r e 's ta r r e d w ere u se d In t h e i n v e s t i g a t i o n
'■ I
D
P art IV. Peculiarities of People.' Record your first im­
pression. Do not think of various possibilities or of ex­
ceptional cases. “Let yourself go” and record the feeling
that comes to your mind as you read the item.
I
D
218 Progressive people
I
P a rt III. Activities. Indicate your interest as in Part II.
173 Being the first to wear the very
-lateri: fashions . . . . . . . . . . . A . . L
174 Being head of a civic improvement
program ..................................... L
175 Expressing judgments publicly, regardless of criticism
. L
176 Giving “first-aid” assistance. . . . . . L
*
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*
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177 Raising flowers and vegetables...
178 Operating machinery . . . . . . . . . . .
179 Repairing-electrical wiring-.. . . . . .
180 Doing your own laundry work. . . .
L
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D *
D *
225 Pessimists ............... .
D
181 Decorating a room with flowers..
.
183 Interviewing men for a j ob. ..
184 Interviewing clien ts...........
L
D * 226 People who are natural leaders. - . L ‘
L
D * 227 People who assume leadership
D * 228 Very intellectual people.. . . . . . . -./. L ■•■■■
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229 Emotional- people . . . . . . . . v .. f ; . L
D
# 182 Arguments ...........
#
*
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185 Attending ch u rch ..................... .. L
186 Making a speech..................: .A L
L
187 Cooking .............. ......'...... ..
*
189 Organizing a play.....................
190 Opening a conversation with
stranger ............... .......... .
191 Preparing dinner for guests.. . .
* 192 Teaching children . . . . . . . . . . .
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234 People who have done you favors.. L
235 People who take life seriously.. . . L
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Teaching adults _______ . . . .
Discussions of economic affairs.. .
Discussions of politics..........
Reading editorial columns.
197
* 198
* 199
200
Meeting artd directing people.
Taking responsibility . . . . . . . . . .
Meeting new situations. . . . . . . . .
Adjusting difficulties of others...
201
* 202
203
204
Doing research work. . . . . . . . . . .
Acting as yell-leader............. ..... .
Writing reports . . .
Entertaining others
L
205
206
207
208
Writing personal letters---- . . . . .
Buying at an auction sale.. . . . . . .
Trying new cooking recipes . .
Looking at shop windows.............
209
* 210
* 211
* 212
Displaying merchandise in a store.
Being left to yourself.......... .
Regular hours for work. . . . . . . . .
Continually changing activities...
* 213
214
215
216
Saving m oney............................. . L
Contributing to charities.. . . . . . . . LRaising money for a charity.. . . . . L
Looking aba collection of rare laces L
.
L
D *
L
D
231 Religious people...............
D
232 Irreligious people . . . . . . . : . . . L
D
233 People who are unconventional . . . L
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193
194
* 195
196
i..
L
L
L
L
238
239
240
241
Negroes ..........................
Cautious people ..................... .
Sick people . . . . . . . . . . . . A . . . . .
People with physical disabilities..
242
243
244
245
Self-conscious people . . . . . . . . . . . L
People who always agree with you L
People who tell you their troubles I.
People who talk very loudly.......... L
* 246
247
248
249
People who talk about themselves
Methodical people.........................
Fashionably dressed p e o p le .!....
Carelessly dressed people,. •, . . . . .
L L
L
L
-L
L
252 Independents in- p o l i t i c s . . L
253 Men who are indifferent to you. . . ,L
250 “Mannish”
217 Studying the latest hobby, e.g.,
Einstein’s theory, Freud, etc....
L
D
262 People who take chances on situa­
tions of doubtful outcome........
263 People who have made fortunes in
—4—
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
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I
I
. j .
D
D
D
D
I
I
I
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D
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D
D
I I
I
I .
b
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;T- ■' D
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T:
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1
D
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P art V. Order of Preference of Activities. Indicate which three of the following ten activities you would enjoy
most by checking (V ) opposite them in column one; also indicate which three you would enjoy least by checking opposite them
264
265
266
267
I
(
(
(
268
269
270
271
(
(
(
(
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
272 ( )
273 ( *)
4
Design a new home
Have responsibility for care of new home
Discover an improvement in the design of the house
Determine the cost of building and furnishing the house
Supervise the furnishing of the house
Plan the landscaping
Sell “ideal” houses
Prepare the advertising for new houses to be offered for sale
Teach others how to furnish their homes
Interest the public in building their own homes through public addresses
Indicate in the same way what you consider are the three most important factors affecting your work; also the three least
important factors. Be sure to mark 3 in each column.
274
275
276
277
(
(
(
(
Salary received for work
Steadiness and permanehce of work .
Opportunities for promotion
Courteous treatment from superiors
278
279
280
281
(
(
(
(
Opportunity to make use of all of one’s knowledge and experience
Opportunity to ask questions and to consult about difficulties
Opportunity to understand just how one’s superior expects work to be done
Certainty one’s work will be judged by fair standards
282 (
283 (
Freedom in working out one’s own methods of doing the work
Co-workers—congenial, competent, and adequate in number
Indicate in the same way the three women you would most like to have been; also the three you would least like to have
been.
284
285
286
287
(
(
(
(
288
289
290
291
(
(
(
(
292 (
293 (
Jane Addams, social worker
Ethel Barrymore, actress
Madame Curie, scientist
Amelia Earhart, aviatrix
-Edna Ferber, author
Mrs. F.. D. Roosevelt, “first lady”
Madame Schumann Heink, singer
Helen Wills Moody, tennis champion
Frances Perkins, U.S. Secretary of Labor
Lillian M. Gilbreth, industrial engineer
Indicate in the same way the three positions you would most prefer to hold in club or society; also the three you least
prefer to hold.
294
295
296
297
(
(
(
(
President of a Society
Secretary of a Society
Treasurer of a Society
Member of a Society
298
299
300
301
(
(
(
(
Chairman, Arrangement Committee
Chairman, Educational Committee
Chairman, Entertainment Committee
Chairman, Membership Committee
302
303
Chairman, Program Committee
Chairman, Publicity Committee
— S-
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Items that are starred were aged in the in v e stig a tio n .
Pact VI. Comparison of Interest between Two Items. Indicate your choice of the following pairs by checking ( V )
in the first space if you prefer the item to the, left, in the, second spa.ce if you like both equally well, and in the third space
if you prefer the item to the right. Assume dther things are equal except the two items to be compared.
Work rapidly.
304
305
306
307
Physical education director. . . . .........
Statistician ........... . ................. ..................
Aviatrix ..................... .................................
Teacher ..........................................................
)
)
)
)\:
( ) Magazine writer ■. ■
( ) Social worker
( ) Stenographer
( ) Saleswoman
*
308
309
310
311
House to house canvassing.............................
Permanence of residence.. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Develop p la n s................................................
Do a job yourself
...............................
)
)
)
)
(
(
(
(
*
312
313
314
315
Persuade o th e rs............................................
Evenings in company of women friends
.
Deal with things............................................
Many men friends............... .........................
)
)
)
)
( ) Order others
( ) Evenings in company of men friends
( ) Deal with, people
( ) Few men friends
316
317
318
319
Activity which produces tangible returns----Preparing a meal............................................
Taking a chance................. ............ ............
Work for yourself...........................................
)
)
)
)
(
(
(
(
* 320 Work which interests you with modest income
)
*
321 Follow own career after marriage................
322 Work involving few details.
............
323 Be married with small income. . . . . . . . . . . . .
)
)
)
( , ) Work which does not interest you with large in­
come
( ) Follow home and social activities after marriage
( ) Work involving many details
( ) Be single and earn your own living
324
325
326
327
Working for men. . . . . . . . . . . , — . . . . . . . .
Change from place to place.............................
Great variety of work.....................................
Physical activity
.................................
)
)
)
)
( )
( )
( )
( )
328 Be m arried ......................... ..........................
329 Travel alone and make preparations for the
trip yourself ..............................................
330 Present a report in writing...........................
331 Listening to a story........................................
)
(
)
)
)
(
(
(
Do your own housework.................................
Amusement where there is a crowd...............
People who are slow in making decisions. . . .
People who are always prompt and expect
others to be on time also...........................
)
)
)
)
( ) Have someone else do your housework
( ) Amusement alone or with one or two others
( ) People who are quick in making decisions
People who are seldom on time and who do not
( )
mmdif others are late
*
*
336
337
338
339
Nights spent at home.....................................
Reading a book
................................
Going to a play...............................................
Activities possessing thrills and uncertainties
)
)
)
)
( ) Nights spent away from home
( ) Going to movies
( ) Going, to a dance ,
( )
Activitiesof a conservative nature
*
*
340 Belonging to many societies............................
341 Few intimate friends.......................................
)
)
(
(
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
**
*
*
*
332
333
334
335
—
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
,
.
Retail selling
Frequent change of residence
Execute plans
Delegate job to another
Activity which is enjoyed for its own sake
Making a dress
Playing safe
Carry out general program of superior who is
respected
Working for women
Work in one location
Similarity in work
Mental activity
) Remain single
.Travel ;with someone who will make the neces)
sary preparations for you
) Present a report verbally
) Telling a story
)
Belongingto few societies
) Many acquaintances
6
—
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Item s t h a t a re s ta r r e d ware used In th e in v e s tig a tio n .
P art V II. Rating of Present Abilities and Characteristics. Indicate below what kind of a person you are right now
and what you have done. Check in the first column ( “Yes” ) if the item really describes you, in the third column (“No” )
if the item does not describe you, and in the second column ( ?) if you are not sure. (Be frank in pointing out your weak
points, for selection of a vocation must be made in terms of them as well as your strong points.)
* 342 Usually start activities of my group.......................... .......... ...................................
* 343 Usually drive myself steadily (do not work by fits and starts) .................. .........................
* 344 Win friends easily.........................................................
: ......... ......... ......................
345 Usually get other people to do what I want done..... .......................................................................
YES
?
( )
( )
(
(
(■)' ()
( ) ( )
NO
(
(
(
(
* 346 Am quite sure of myself
........ ................................................................ ....................... .
347 Usually liven up the group on a dull day.................................. ......................................................
* 348 Accept just criticism without getting sore'rr;.............................................. ....... ................. .
349 Have mechanical ingenuity (inventiveness)................................... .'...............................................
( '
( )
( )
( )
(
(
(
(
V
)
)
)
(
(
( '
(
350 Can carry out plans assigned by other people..................................................................................
* 351 Can discriminate between more or less important matters
................................................
* 352 Am inclined to keep silent (reticent)1in confidentialand semi-confidential affa irs................
* 353 Am always on time with my work ................. .........................................................................
(
(
(
(
)
)
)
)
(
(
(
(
)
)
)
)
(
(
(
(
* 354 Remember faces, names, and incidents better thantheaverage person ...... ........................... .
355 Can correct others without giving offense....................................................... .................................
356 Able to meet emergencies quickly and effectively....................1............................................... .......
* 357 Get “rattled” easily......................... .............................................................................................
( )
( )
( )
( )
(
(
(
(
)
)
)
)
(
(
(
(
358 Can write a concise, well-organized report.......................................................................................
359 Have good judgment in appraising values....................................................... .......................... ..
* 360 Plan my work in detail................................................................................. .................... .
361 Stimulate the ambition of my associates. ......... .........................................................................
(
(
(
(
)
)
)
)
(
(
(
(
)
)
)
)
(
(
(
(
* 362 Win confidence and loyalty. ....... ..................... .................... ...................................................
363 Smooth out tangles and disagreements between people
........................................................
* 364 Discuss my ideals with others
....................... ............................................. .....................
(
(
(
)
)
)
( )
( )
( )
(
(
(
(a )
( )
(b )
( )
(c
(
Check (V ) in the ( a ), ( b ), or ( c ) column at the right according as the ( a ), ( b ), or ( c )
statement in each item below applies ,to you
365 (a)
366 (a)
367 (a)
* 368 (a)
369 (a)
370 (a)
371 (a)
Worry considerably about
mistakes
Feelings easily hurt
Usually ignore the feelings of others
Loan money to acquaintances
Borrow frequently for
personal use
Tell jokes well
Frequently make wagers
(b) Worry very little
(c) Do not worry................
(b) Feelings hurt sometimes
(b) Consider them sometimes
(c) Feelings rarely hur t . . . . (
(c) Carefully consider them (
)
)
( )
( )
(
(
(b) Loan only to certain
people
(b) Borrow occasionally
(c) Rarely loan money
(
)
( )
(
(c) Practically never borrow (
)
( )
(
(b) Seldom tell jokes
(b) Occasionally make
wagers
(c) Practically never tell jokes ( )
(c) Practically never make
w agers........................ ( )
( )
(
( )
(
PLEASE TURN TO LAST PAGE.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Items th a t are starred were used In the In v e stig a tio n .
P art V III. School Subjects. Indipate whether you liked
the following or not when in school. Work rapidly. Do
not think over .various possibilities Record your first impressions.
*
*
*
#
*
*
#•
■St
H
r
*
*
H
r
•it
■St
•St
*
DO N O T W R ITE IN T H IS COLUMN
Eaw gcpre
Occupation
L
L
L
L
D
D
D
D
376
377
378
379
Bookkeeping .........................
Botany ................. .................
Calculus ............... ..
Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
L
L
L
L ......
D
D
D
D
380
381
382
383
Civics ..................................... . . . .
Domestic Science................. . . . .
Dramatics ............................. . . . .
Education (teacher training) . . . . .
L '
L
L
L
D
D
D
D
384
385
386
387
Economics .................................... . . ..
English Composition ............ . . . .
Geography ............................. . . . .
Geology . . . . j .......................
,
L
L
L
L
D
D
D
D
Teacher in general
388
389
390
391
Geometry ......................................
History ........................................
Journalism ..................................
Languages, A ncient .................
L
L
L
L
D
D
D
D
Lawyer
392
393
394
395
Languages, M odern .................
Literature ....................................
Mechanical Drawing ............
Music ..............................................
....
L
L
L
L
D
D
D
D
396
397
398
399
Nature Study ............................. . . . .
Penmanship ............ .................... . . . .
Philosophy .................................... . . . .
Physical Training ......................
L
L
L
L
D
D
D
D
400
401
402
403
Physics .............................
....
Physiology ............
....
Political Science . . . . . . . . . . :. . . . .
Psychology ..................................
L
....
....
....
....
....
L
"
■
L
L
D
D
D
D
404 Public Speaking ........................ . . . .
405 Shorthand ............
....
406 Sociology ...................................... -----
L
L
D
D
D
D
409 Typewriting ............................... . . . .
410 Zoology .........................................
L
L
D
D
D
L
Bating
i V' - ,
Algebra . . — ........................ . . . .
A rithm etic............................. . . . .
Art ........................................ . . . .
Bible S tu d y ...........................
....
....
Standard
Score ,
A uthor
372
373
374
375
....
....
,..,
.....
Percentile
L ibrarian
A rtist
Physician
D entist
Life Insurance
Saleswoman
Social W orker
Teacher of English
Teacher of Social
Sciences
Y.W.C.A. Secretary
Teacher of Math,
and Phys. Sciences
Nurse
StenographerSecretary
General Office
W orker
:-
Housewife
FemininityMasculinity
L
Record the time when you finished this page..........
Number of minutes required to fill out the blank..
BE SURE YOU HAVE NOT OMITTED ANY
PART OF THE BLANK.
Reproduced with permission o f the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
APBSBDIX 1
TABLES U3ED TO BSKlVs FA0T0B3
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE I
GROUP IA—ROTATED PACT OR IA L MATRIX
IM S
7
IE
16
17
18
80
88
84
87
£8
S3
34
40
48
45
46
46
48
50
55
54
55
56
57
60
61
67
68
69
70
I
•
m
m
m
1531
0805
6464
0391
0896
0169
6939
6307
8650
0496
0880
1669
4757
3464
0933
6612
0601
0850
0737
8014
6766
5177
7366
6081
8411
0845
6348
6870
3788
8731
II
III
IV
•8539
•0406
••0 61 8
•3058
•6666
•3853
••0 3 8 6
•0678
•1067
•4787
•0400
•4107
•0167
•0643
•4466
•1088
•7038
•3696
•8997
•0743
••0 8 0 4
•1801
•8108
•1136
•0438
.7864
••0 6 9 1
••0 1 3 3
••8944
••1 0 8 3
-•1 9 1 5
•1400
••8 06 6
•6359
-•8 4 8 8
•6669
••1 8 7 3
•0401
•8641
••63 98
•«0969
•0438
•8466
•0839
•8188
•0810
••0 83 6
•8335
-.6 8 1 4
••0405
••1788
-.8 4 1 4
••0 6 1 6
•0038
••8 48 6
-•1 4 7 1
*1114
•X27Y
.0937
•1809
•8168
•1577
•0088
•0396
•1365
•0836
•0340
••08 42
•*0097
.6084
•4810
•8636
*0597
•8251
•0743
•1416
•0164
••0 5 8 4
•4466
•0090
-.0 7 2 8
•8160
-.0 7 8 3
•0648
,5962
•2688
.1496
•0686
•7742
•7226
V
••0 94 2
••07 93
•1316
•0714
••I4 8 6
••0 60 8
•0625
*0027
•4483
••1038
-•1 7 6 3
•6171
•3365
-•4066
••0030
-•1 7 1 4
•0482
•3713
-.0 8 1 7
-.3 6 4 7
-.0 1 8 2
,3373
-•3 4 1 6
—*6068
-•2918
-.0 3 9 3
*2132
•2976
-•0017
•1628
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
102
TABLE I I
CROUP I A— CORRELATION MATRIX
7
7
12
16
17
18
20
22
£4
27
28
88
84
40
42
48
48
48
48
60
68
64
66
66
67
60
61
67
68
68
70
*0676
.0260
•*0960
*2276
-•1 1 6 0
-.0 8 7 6
*0476
*0626
•8660
#2876
#1060
•#0260
•1060
*0700
•1960
*2100
•0660
*2000
•I960
•1060
•2626
•2000
#2960
•1660
•2760
*0660
*1100
•1160
.1100
12
•0676
*0826
•0726
-.0 8 2 6
•0600
.0476
-.0 9 0 0
•0626
•0626
•0160
•0600
•1100
•1860
•0876
.1600
.0860
•0728
•0726
•0860
••0 0 6 0
•0676
•0160
•1276
•0226
•0600
•0126
•,0 1 2 6
•1476
•0976
16
17
18
•0260 •*0960 •2276
•0826 .0728 -•0 8 2 6
-•0 1 0 0 -•0 6 8 0
-.0 1 0 0
.0676
-•0 6 6 0 •0676
-•0 8 6 0 •6160 .1276
•6900 ••0 6 6 0 -.1 0 0 0
•4060 ••0 1 7 8 -.1 0 7 8
•1000 •2026 •0860
•0076 ••1 0 0 0 •4860
•0226 -.2 0 2 6 ,0626
•1860 #2060 •1776
•8000 •1100 *•0926
•1600 ••0 62 6 #1160
*•0426 •1800 .1426
•2626 •0226 •0476
•0826 •0876 •4026
*•1276 ,1660 •0060
•0900 ••16 26 •4000
•4176 ••0 6 7 6 •1026
•6260 -•0 1 0 0 •*0876
•8826 *.0728 •1376
•8660 •0126 •1800
*2260 •#1060 •1426
•1026 •*2220 •2860
-•0 0 7 6 •1800 •6000
•8076 ••0 6 0 0 *•0378
•4100 •0600 *•0100
*2260 •1060 -•04 78
•2426 •0600 ••0 1 6 0
22
24
-•1160 -.0 8 7 8
•0600 •0476
-.0 8 6 0 •6900
#6160 -•0 6 6 0
.1276 -•1 0 0 0
-.0 6 7 6
•*0676
•0260 •4376
•0626 .0860
••1076 •0460
-•0 42 6 •0260
•2000 •0800
•1000 ,2026
•0400 •8060
,2360 •0200
-•0 40 0 •3676
#1600 •0475
•0660 ••0 8 0 0
••1 8 0 0 •1478
••0826 •6050
*•0170 •7000
-•1 00 0 •3675
•0676 •8060
•0376 •2778
*•1700 •1060
•1960 •1260
•0760 •3660
•0628 •3400
••0926 •8275
•0226 •8000
•0476
-•0 9 0 0
•4060
-♦0176
-.1 0 7 6
•0250
•4375
20
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
•0800
-.0 6 0 0
•0660
•0960
.2676
•2975
•0400
•8650
.0900
•1260
—0860
•4600
•2900
•1850
•3400
•2150
•1226
•1100
.2325
•4675
•1876
•1360
103
TABLE I I ( c o n tin u e d )
GROUP I A—CORRELATION MATRIX
27
7
12
ie
17
18
£0
££
£4
£7
2@
33
34
40
42
43
43
46
48
30
63
34
33
66
57
60
61
67
68
68
70
28
33
.0625 •3660
#0628 •0625
#1000 .0076
•2023 -•1 0 0 0
#0330 •4860
#0625 -.1 0 7 6
•0850 •0430
•0800 -#0600
-.2 9 0 0
-.2 9 0 0
—#1426 •2350
•4900 •3600
#3700 -•0 92 6
-.1 4 7 3 •1600
-•1 4 2 6 .1073
.1676 •1323
•1550 •2930
#4100 .0176
-•I8 6 0 •7400
•0700 •0960
•0476 •0000
•2676 •2675
•1060 •1360
•0900 •1250
-.0 0 6 0 •5300
-•0 9 3 0 •4660
•2326 -•0 9 0 0
•2900 -.1 0 7 5
•0300 •2050
•0926 •1826
*2376
•0160
•0225
-•2 025
•0626
-.0 4 2 6
•0230
•0660
-•1 4 2 5
•2360
.0175
•0526
•2100
•1000
,1600
•2076
-.0 6 2 5
•2000
•1600
-•0 5 6 0
•1126
•1625
•1700
•4000
•1000
•0660
•0276
•3076
.2678
34
40
•1050 -•0 26 0
•0600 •HOC
•1360 •3000
•2060 •1100
•1776 -•0 9 2 6
•2000 •1000
•0800 •2026
.0960 ,2676
•4900 .3700
•3600 -.0 9 2 6
#0176 •0626
•2725
•2726
-•0 8 6 0 •0460
•1700 •1376
♦1300 •3100
•2860 -•0 5 7 6
•2600 •3000
•2276 -•0 3 6 0
•0160 •3360
-•0 0 6 0 •2160
•2900 •3826
•0960 •3100
-.1 0 7 6 •0576
•0000 .0100
•3160 -.1 6 0 0
•1900 .3500
•2926 •5700
•1400 •2326
•2060 •2060
42
43
46
•1060 .0700 ,1960
•1860 •0376 •1600
•1600 —.0426 .2626
-•0626 .1800 ,0225
•1160 ,1426 •0476
•0400 .2350 -•0 4 0 0
•3060 .0200 ,3676
,2976 •0400 •3650
-,1 4 7 6 -.1 4 2 6 .1676
.1600 •1076 •1326
•2100 •1000 •1600
-.0 8 6 0 .1700 •1300
•0460 •1375 •5100
•1600 •3500
•1600
•1476
•3600 •1476
*1000 •3150 •HOC
-•1 4 5 0 •3460 •0200
♦1960 •0676 •2300
•3900 •0950 .6625
•1800 • 1000 •3326
•1300 .1976 •3523
•2800 •0860 •6426
•5900 •0960 •4626
•4260 •0300 •2700
•0126 •2900 .0000
•0760 •1560 .3760
•1500 .1300 •3950
•2626 •0526 •3050
•1360 .0060 .1700
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
104
TABES I I ( c o n t i n u e d )
GROUP I A— CORRELATION MATRIX
7
12
16
17
18
20
82
24
87
86
S3
34
40
48
43
43
46
48
60
38
34
55
56
67
60
61
67
68
69
70
46
48
*2100
•0830
*0826
.0376
*4026
*1600
.0476
•0900
•1550
*8960
.2076
.2860
• .0376
.1000
*3160
•1100
.0650
*0785
-.1 2 7 6
.1660
•0060
•0650
<••0300
.1260
.4100
*0176
-*0686
*8600
•3000
-*1460
.8*50
.0200
.8676
.2676
*1486
.0775
.0076
.8473
*1000
.1276
•0460
*4966
-.0 7 2 6
.0850
-.3 3 6 0
.1776
-.0 4 6 0
-.1 0 0 0
-.0 5 0 0
*0275
-.0 6 5 0
-*0876
•0026
•1326
*1276
*0276
-.1 3 7 6
•0000
50
53
.2000 •I960
*0786 *0860
.0900 .4176
-.1 6 2 6 -.0 6 7 6
*4000 •1025
-.1 8 0 0 -.0 3 2 5
.1476 .6060
-.0 8 6 0 *4600
- .I8 6 0 *0700
•7400 •0960
•2000 .1600
.2276 .0160
-.0 3 6 0 .3360
•1960 .3900
.0676 •0950
*2300 *6626
*1425 .0776
-.0 4 5 0 -*1000
•1100
.1100
.0160 .5700
•3300 *2776
•1650 *7260
.1160 *6776
•4000 *3000
•5360 •0300
-•0 3 2 6 •3600
•0360 *3926
.2200 *2826
•1160 •1850
54
55
66
•1060 •2626 .2000
-.0 0 5 0 *0676 •0160
.5260 •3826 •3860
-.0 1 0 0 -.0 7 2 6 •0126
-.0 3 7 6 .1376 •1800
-.0 1 7 6 -•1 0 0 0 .0676
.7000 .3876 .3060
•2900 •I860 *3400
•0476 .2676 •1060
•0000 *2676 .1360
-.0 6 6 0 .1125 .1625
-.0 0 6 0 .2900 .0960
•2160 *3886 •3100
•1800 •1300 •2800
•1000 .1975 •0860
•3326 •3626 •6425
.0076 .2475 •1000
-.0 6 0 0 .0276 -.0 6 6 0
.0160 •3300 .1650
.6700 .2776 .7250
.3826 •4650
•3476
•3826
.4660 .3476
•4076 •1875 .8326
.1260 •1626 .2026
-•04 00 .1080 •0760
*2950 .3700 .2400
•3300 •4100 .3776
.2400 .2775 .1960
•1426 •2800 .0675
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE I I ( c o n tin u e d )
GROUP IA— CORRELATION MATRIX
57
7
IB
16
17
18
20
22
24
27
28
S3
54
40
42
45
46
46
48
60
63
64
66
66
67
60
61
67
66
69
70
60
61
67
68
*2980 *1660 *2760 *0660
*1276 *0226 *0500 *0126
<2260 ,1026 •*0076 *5076
•*1060 •*2226 *1800 -.0 6 0 0
*1426 *2660 *6000 •«0S76
•0676 •*1700 *1960 .0760
*2776 *1060 *1260 *5660
•2160 •1226 *1100 *2526
*0900 •*0060 •*0960 *2526
*1260 *5600 *4660 •#0900
*1700 *4000 .1000 •0660
•,1 0 7 6 #0000 *6160 •1900
*0676 *0100 •*1600 *5600
•6900 *4260 #0126 *0760
*0960 .0500 *2900 .1560
*4626 #2700 *0000 *576©
*1276 *0460 *4960 -#0726
•*0876 •0026 *1526 #1276
*1160 *4000 *5360 •*0526
.6776 *5000 *0500 .5600
*4076 .1260 -.0 4 0 0 #2960
.1876 *1626 *1060 *5700
*8626 *2026 *0760 #2400
*2600 -*0876 .2200
*1800 •1626
•2600
-*0676 *1800
*0176
*2200 #1626 .0176
*1900 #0660 -.0 7 7 6 *6100
*2560 *6126 *0226 .3100
*2160 *1686 *0976 #2700
*1100
-.0 1 2 6
•4100
*0600
-.0 1 0 0
*0625
*5400
•4575
#2900
-.1 0 7 5
.0276
*2926
#3700
*1600
.1300
.3960
*0860
*0276
*0350
#3926
•5300
.4100
*5776
*1900
#0660
-.0 7 7 6
#6100
69
70
*1160 *1100
.1476 #0976
•2260 *2426
*1060 ,0600
•#0476 —*0150
—#0926 .0226
.3275 .3000
#1876 .1360
.0500 .0926
#2050 .1825
*3075 .2676
*1400 #2060
*2325 .2060
#2626 •1360
.0325 ,0060
*5060 .1700
-.3 3 6 0 .1775
•*1376 .0000
#£200 .1160
*2825 .1850
•2400 ,1425
*2776 .2600
*1960 ,0676
•2660 ,2160
•3125 #1625
*0226 ,0976
*3100 .2700
•5260 .2326
•8626
*3260
*2526 #8626
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
106
TABLE I I I
8R0UP IA— CEBTROID FACTOR MATRIX
ITEMS
7
IE
16
17
16
EO
EE
£4
£7
£8
S3
34
40
4£
43
45
46
48
50
53
54
55
56
57
60
61
67
68
69
70
*1
*2
k3
*4
kB
h2
•3265
.1497
.4836
.1195
•3045
• 1408
•5447
•4E65
.2510
.3861
•8657
.4207
•4081
.3990
.3005
.6298
.3604
•1639
.3866
•6660
•4917
•5600
.6407
•5618
•3811
.3626
•4607
.5228
.5074
.4826
•1680
.0609
•>.4309
.2166
•4378
.2076
-.4 2 9 8
•>.3485
-.1 0 9 1
.5772
.2068
.2673
-.2 5 0 3
-.0 6 2 0
,2331
-.2 6 7 9
.3637
.1692
•3699
-.4 4 6 7
-.4 6 7 9
-.0 9 8 6
-.3 7 6 4
-.2 7 1 7
•0961
.6008
-.2 7 8 9
-.3 4 9 3
.0341
.1741
-•2 0 2 0
•0430
-.0 1 7 8
.4296
-•2762
,3572
-.0 8 8 2
•0303
•4967
-.4 5 4 7
-.1 9 2 5
•3948
•4122
-.2 6 9 9
•1626
-.0 6 3 9
•0139
.4277
-.4 2 6 4
-.2 7 9 6
-,1 3 8 6
•0678
-.2 8 5 0
-.3 6 6 1
-.3 7 7 8
-.1 3 1 5
.2296
•3006
•0651
•2431
•0301
-.0 5 1 0
,££88
-,3 6 5 4
—.1432
-.4 6 1 7
•1612
-•0 94 4
4.0389
.2366
.1509
.1694
•0666
—.1344
—.2968
-.1 0 9 6
-.3 0 5 8
-.1 3 6 1
.292$
-.1 9 0 0
•0638
.3068
-.2 8 1 6
-.2 7 9 6
•1511
-.1 7 9 7
•1662
•1046
.4866
.4064
.0672
-.1 6 6 2
•1624
-.0 9 9 1
.2369
-.1 5 5 0
•0886
.0570
•1563
•1999
—,2293
.3166
.0236
-,2 9 5 0
.0780
-.1 4 2 9
•3826
.2729
•1469
-.1 2 4 2
• 1062
.2719
•0015
-.2 3 0 3
—.2003
,2879
-.0 5 3 4
•0653
-.6 8 2 0
-.4 2 4 6
•1804
•0569
.4972
•3890
•4373
•4309
.6230
•3164
•3472
•7660
•2268
•6299
.4041
•3398
.2616
.6049
•5023
•3311
•6723
.7764
•4941
•6188
•7127
•6563
•3602
•6248
•3696
.6010
•8384
•6676
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
107
TABU IT
QEQtr? IA—.AIOLSS OF ROfA'i'IOH
O rder o f
n o ta tio n
I
Axes o f
R o ta tio n
I and I I
D egree o f
n o ta tio n
•5 8 °
£
IT and T
46°
3
I I I and T*
•45®
4
II* an d IT*
48®
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE V
GROUP IB—ROTATED FACTORIAL MATRIX
ITEMS
78
n
78
78
79
80
81
88
86
91
98
98
94
98
100
101
108
108
104
108
109
118
118
114
118
117
118
119
128
186
I
II
III
IV
•8489
•8082
•1021
•4792
•0948
•6488
•4862
•0871
•6218
<8886
•4680
•6666
•4690
•4866
•7826
•6696
•6861
•7181
•1679
•4060
*•0172
•4600
.0186
•4968
*•0868
•0914
•0662
•4828
.8104
•1702
-•44 39
-•4 9 1 6
-•49 82
-•1 08 6
*•8767
•0648
•0141
-•6 2 6 7
•0870
-.0 7 1 0
-•1 6 2 2
•1074
-•1 81 8
-•0 2 4 6
•1121
-.0 7 0 7
-•0 9 1 1
•1788
-•4 6 9 4
-•1 6 9 6
•*6946
-.0 8 2 0
-•6 2 7 6
-•0 9 8 1
-•4 47 1
<*«2246
-•3 8 6 0
*•0664
-•8164
-.2 9 4 8
-.1 1 4 8
-.0 4 8 4
.2824
-•0 2 8 6
•0966
-•2 6 1 4
•0288
•1087
•6426
-•1469
•3717
•3363
-•2 1 1 6
•2600
-•0 9 6 4
-•6 29 6
—*4426
-•3 43 7
-•0 1 6 6
•3818
•0069
-•3 3 6 7
-•0 4 2 7
•4240
•0407
-.1 6 0 6
•8066
•0893
-.1 9 1 3
-•2 4 6 1
-•6962
-.6 7 0 1
,2134
-•4 9 4 6
-•1 89 0
•1631
•1864
•4154
.0897
•1372
•0880
♦0387
•0480
•0095
•2449
-•1 6 0 4
-•0 8 8 2
-•0 8 7 2
•2068
-•0979
•4466
•0471
.6107
.0641
-•1 0 6 0
•8707
-•3 35 7
•0833
-•0 7 6 6
-•0 4 6 5
V
,0017
,0930
,3835
•3064
-•0 8 6 6
-.2 1 0 8
•3268
-.0 2 6 0
-,2 7 8 5
•2471
•1486
-.3 6 6 2
•2400
,3680
.0670
.0987
•2964
-.2 9 3 2
•0938
•8704
-•0 218
-•3 6 9 6
•0276
-.3 0 1 6
-.3 7 8 7
•1199
-.3 9 3 2
-.4 4 4 0
*3076
-,1 3 4 1
VI
-,2 7 0 0
—*£029
-•3 4 6 3
•0787
•4639
•0486
•2133
-.6 2 2 4
-*5270
•3105
•0428
-•0 7 8 6
•0870
-.1 8 9 9
-•0 3 8 0
•0912
•1908
-•0 6 8 3
•4669
-.1 0 8 7
-.4 6 5 1
•0296
-.2 4 4 8
-•2909
•4914
,2438
•2338
•1173
•0869
•0611
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
109
fABLE VI
GROUP IB--CORHELATION MATRIX
72
72
72
75
78
79
@0
81
85
86
91
92
95
94
96
100
101
102
105
104
105
109
112
115
114
116
117
118
119
122
125
75
76
•9225
•9225
.1075 •5600
•6575 •6950
•1075 •2560
•1600 •1050
•••0100 •0400
•1225 •0960
•0600 •0800
••0 25 0 •1026
•1400 •1576
•1100 .1475
•0876 •2050
•1560 •1900
•0476 •1000
•1826 •2625
•5576 •5550
•0960 •1926
-•0 6 6 0 •0926
•1800 •2000
•0650 •0976
•0925 •1700
••0 0 6 0 •0126
,1660 •1200
•0476 •0700
-•1 17 6 -.0 4 7 6
•2226 •2600
•0700 •0800
•5600 •2460
•5400 •0875
.1076
•5600
•0550
-•0 5 0 0
-.1 4 0 0
•1860
.6176
•1000
•0676
*5600
-•0 6 7 5
,2126
•2760
•0675
-.0 5 0 0
-•0 5 6 0
-•2 0 0 0
*5076
•5200
•5826
-.0 8 2 5
•6275
.1775
-•0 9 7 6
•0960
•0200
-•0 6 7 6
•0600
-.0 2 6 0
78
79
80
•6575 •1075 •1600
•6960 •2550 •1060
•0560 -•0 600 -.1 4 0 0
• 1276 •1600
•1276
,0260
•1500 •0260
•5100 •0175 •2460
-.1 1 7 6 -•0 660 •0000
•0975 -.0 8 5 0 •1700
•4050 •1800 •5000
•I8 60 •1700 ,1900
•1100 -.0 0 7 6 •5250
•2600 .1276 •1900
•2000 -•0 0 7 6 •2426
.1760 *0176 •6760
*4160 •1460 •4226
•6900 •1160 •5700
•2960 -•0 2 6 0 •6600
•1260 •5860 •1276
•5675 •0560 .0526
-•2200 -*0500 —•1500
•0850 *0200 •6026
•0000 -•0 9 6 0 •1150
•1126 •0860 •1400
-*0876 •4576 ,0726
•0776 •0660 •0475
*0000 •4575 •0800
.0700 •1000 •5400
•2150 •2200 •1126
-•0 1 0 0 •1900 .1126
81
85
-•0 1 0 0 .1226
•0400 •0950
•1850 •6176
•5100 -.1 1 7 6
•0176 -•05 50
•2450 •0000
-.0 9 0 0
-•0 9 0 0
*1726 .2176
•4560 •0160
*2000 •2226
,1650 •0850
•2875 •1525
•2060 •1550
•4900 •0660
*2676 -•0 4 5 0
.5060 -.1 0 5 0
•1126 -.0 4 0 0
•2100 •2225
• 2475 .1660
-.0 9 2 6 •9000
•0126 •0260
•0576 •7600
•0160 •3550
->•0226 -.0 2 0 0
•1900 •0650
-*1100 •0400
•0000 •0950.
*1576 *0800
.0776 .1200
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
110
TABLE VI ( o o n tin u e d )
GEOUP IB—OOI&SLATIOH MATRIX
92
95
*0800 -,0 2 5 0 *1400
•1026 .1376
.1000 •0875 •3800
*0976 *4060 •1260
-.0 8 6 0 •1800 .1700
.1700 •6000 •1900
.1785 •4660 *2000
*2176 •0160 •2225
-.0 1 0 0 •2960
-.0 1 0 0
•4660
.2960 *4650
*5576 •2000 •4360
*1400 •5576 •2400
*5100 •1926 .5200
*2475 •4900 •5486
•0626 •4676 .1600
•*0860 *4026 •0026
*5700 •5800 •1550
-.1 2 0 0 ,2000 .2400
•4200 • 1076 .2700
•1160 *0260 •0826
*0776 *8200 •0960
•0700 *0800 •0260
,8200 •0700 *2960
-.1 8 7 6 -*0200 •0100
-.1 4 7 6 .2276 .0100
*0900 •0000 •1500
.2476 .1960 •2600
-,0 6 2 6 •5526 •1100
•1000 .2175 -*0200
•1100
•1476
-.0 6 7 6
•1100
-•0 0 7 6
•5260
•1660
•0860
•6676
,2000
•4360
88
72
78
75
78
78
80
81
85
88
91
92
95
94
98
100
101
102
105
104
108
109
112
118
114
118
117
118
111
125
126
m oo
91
.1176
•1400
•3700
•0460
•0800
•3660
-.1 2 6 0
*1175
.0126
.2700
-♦0660
•4460
-•0 6 0 0
•0060
•1400
•1200
-•0 2 6 0
•0826
94
96
100
101
,0876 •1350 •0475 •1825
•2060 •1900 •1000 •2625
•2126 •2760 .0675 -•0 3 0 0
•2600 .2000 .1760 •4150
*1278 -•0 07 6 •0176 •1460
.1900 .2426 •6760 •4225
•2876 •2060 •4900 .2676
•1626 •1350 •0650 -*0450
•1400 •3100 •2475 •0626
*5376 .1925 .4900 •4676
•2400 ,3200 •3425 •1600
•1176 •1400 *8700 •0460
•1676 •3500 •4950
.1676
•3760 *1600
*3300 *3760
•3900
•4960 •1600 •3900
•3526 *0626 •6260 •8660
•3026 .1876 •6560 .6375
•1926 •0200 •0250 •1900
.1076 •6000 •2125 .2126
•0826 .0725 *1000 -*0060
•2000 •0626 •3000 •5000
•1600 -•0126 •0160 •0076
•1800 •1476 .3076 •0560
•0000 -•UO O -*1300 •0800
•1060 -.0 4 6 0 .1000 •1000
-.0 8 0 0 -•0 0 7 6 -.0 9 6 0 •0126
•1600 -.0 6 0 0 •3200 *1026
•4700 •8600 ,2000 •8200
•1060 -•0626 •0650 *2800
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE VI (eon t i m e d )
©ROIL? IB— COREBlAf 101 MATRIX
102
72
73
75
70
70
80
si
03
06
91
92
95
94
96
100
101
102
103
104
105
109
112
113
114
116
117
110
119
122
125
m
m
m
103
104
105
3375 4@950
3350 •1925
0550 -.£ 0 0 0
5900 •2960
1150 -.0 8 6 0
3700 •6600
3060 •1126
1050 —•0400
0660 •3700
4026 •3600
0025 •1560
0000 •3650
3526 •3026
0525 •1376
3250 •6660
0650 •6376
•4660
4650
1775 •0076
2176 ,0960
0950 -•1 3 7 5
2660 •6176
0400 -.1 5 2 6
0660 •2960
0850 •0060
1400 -.0 3 0 0
0400 •0100
2626 •2626
2726 •1926
2460 *1776
-•06 60
•0926
•3075
•1260
•3860
• 1276
•2100
•2226
-•1 2 0 0
•2000
*2400
*•1250
•1926
•0200
•0250
•1900
•1776
.0076
•1800
•2000
•3200
•3676
•0550
•0325
•2476
•1660
•4200
*1076
•2700
•1176
.1078
•6000
•2126
•2126
.2176
•0950
.0976
•0976
•1900
.1626
•2226
-•0026
•4076
•4100
•1060
*1750
•2000
•0900
•1176
—•1060
•1426
•2075
-•0 3 6 0
-.0 1 0 0
•0600
-•0 37 6
•3600
-.0 4 6 0
112
113
•0660 •0925
•0976 .1700
•6025 -.0 0 2 6
-•£ 2 0 0 •0850
-.0 3 0 0 .0200
-.1 3 0 0 •6026
-.0 9 2 6 •0126
•9000 •0260
.1150 ♦0776
•0260 • 2200
•0025 •0960
•0126 *2700
•0826 •2000
•0725 •0626
•1000 •3000
-.0 0 5 0 *6000
-•0 9 6 0 .2660
-•1 3 7 6 *6176
•1900 •1625
*1175 -•1050
-•0076
-•0 0 7 6
•7000 -*0600
•1000 •1900
•0800 •1900
.1400 •1100
•1000 •0100
•0326 •3125
•1426 •6800
•1860 .1776
-•0 0 6 0
•0125
.6276
•0000
-«0960
•1160
•0376
•7600
•0700
•0600
•0250
-.0 6 6 0
*1600
-•0 1 2 6
•0160
•0076
-•0 4 0 0
-•1 6 2 6
•2225
•1426
.7800
-.0 5 0 0
109
•1876
•0760
*4760
-*0400
-•0276
.1125
•1400
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE VI (c o n tin u e d )
GROUP IB — CORRELATION MATRIX
116
117
118
72
•1650 .0476
73
.1200 .0700
75
.1776 *.0976
78
•1126 .*0876
79
.0860 •4676
80
•1400 .0786
81
•0150 *•0826
63
.3360 -.0 8 0 0
86
•8200 -.1 8 7 6
91
.0700 •*0200
92
.2950 .0100
93
•4430 *•0600
94
•1800 •0000
96
.1476 *•1100
100 •3076 *•1300
101 •0560 •0800
102 •0660 •0860
103 •2960 .0060
104 -*0025 .4076
105 .2876 -.0 8 6 0
109 •1800 .0800
112 •1900 .1900
113 .1876 •0760
-*1200
114
116 *.1 20 0
117 *.0060 -.0 5 7 6
l i t .2100 .7200
119 .3000 *1660
122 *0060 .0800
125 •0476 .1060
-.1 1 7 6
*•0476
•0960
.0776
•0650
.0476
•1900
•0650
-.1 4 7 6
.2276
•0100
.0060
•1060
-.0 4 5 0
•1000
.1000
•1400
.*0600
•4100
*.0100
.1400
.1100
•4760
-.0 0 6 0
-.0 6 7 6
.2225
*2600
.0200
•0000
•4676
•0800
-.1 1 0 0
•0400
.0900
•0000
.1600
•1400
-.0 8 0 0
-.0 0 7 6
-.0 9 6 0
•0123
•0400
•0100
•1060
.0600
•1000
•0100
*•0400
.2100
.7200
*•2825
114
-.2 8 2 5
•0626
.1260
•1600
122
126
.0700 •3600
•0800 •2460
-•0676 .0600
.0700 •2160
*1000 .2200
•3400 •1125
•0000 .1376
•0960 •0600
.2476 -.0 5 2 3
•1960 •5326
•2600 • 1100
.6200 -•0260
•1600 .4700
-•0 6 0 0 •2600
.3200 •2000
•1025 .5200
.2626 .8725
.2826 •1926
.1760 .2000
-.0 3 7 6 *3600
.0326 .1486
.312^ •0800
-•0 2 7 6 •1125
.3000 .0030
•1660 •0800
•0526 .1260
•2000 .0076
-.0 1 0 0
•2000
.0076 -.0 1 0 0
•0326 .1400 .2776
.3400
•0876
-•0 2 5 0
—*0100
•1900
•1126
.0776
.1200
•1000
•2175
-.0 2 0 0
.0826
•1060
..0 8 2 6
•0660
•2800
,2460
.1776
•0900
-.0 4 6 0
«18u0
.1776
•1400
•0476
•1060
.1600
•0325
•1400
.2775
119
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
113
table
y ii
mom IB— CRHTROID FACTOR MATRIX
ITEMS
72
73
76
70
70
80
01
03
88
91
9B
93
94
96
100
101
102
103
104
106
109
112
113
114
116
117
110
119
122
128
*1
•4426
•6173
•3441
•4641
•2763
•6232
•3660
•3974
•4022
•6411
,4763
•4209
•4964
•3703
•6746
•6104
.6493
,6192
•3771
•4301
•3429
•4108
•3391
.4769
•1996
•1940
•2470
•3996
•4206
.2977
k2
••2 63 4
••2 62 6
••3 7 4 4
•1600
••2 7 4 1
•3781
.2362
-•4 9 2 3
•3431
•2423
.1080
•3782
•0861
.1987
•4660
•2042
• 2237
•6206
••3 21 0
.0724
••6 04 2
,2096
••6 2 0 3
•1716
-•4 0 1 7
••1 4 6 4
-.3 0 1 9
•1743
••1 1 0 6
••1 66 1
kg
-.1 0 9 7
-.1 1 7 8
-.4 0 9 2
•0607
•2746
•2123
•1341
-•4427
••6 14 8
.3233
••2 3 2 6
-•2 0 9 8
•1768
-.3 1 0 1
•0413
•4390
•4479
•1947
•3419
-.3 4 6 8
-•3 3 3 1
•2692
-•1429
••6 06 6
•3187
.2788
-•06 09
•0190
•1960
•2116
k4
-•4 927
-•4 0 8 1
•4221
-•1327
-.1 9 4 1
-.0 4 0 6
•3268
•2763
••1689
.2717
•1673
—•2316
•2037
.2670
,2206
-.0 4 3 6
•1472
-•2 3 3 6
•2116
.1927
.2998
-.2 2 0 9
•3806
-•1 8 0 6
-.3 4 2 7
•3469
-•6 164
-•2 6 6 1
•1641
-•1 277
h
•4904
•6396
• 1203
•6666
•0732
-•2070
•1363
-.3 1 2 1
-.2 2 6 0
•0777
•0420
-•2 0 6 3
•1367
•2636
••1268
•1832
•2720
-•1 01 0
-,0 7 8 8
•3312
-.3 3 0 6
-•2 87 6
-•3 416
-.2 6 7 1
-•1920
-.1 7 7 3
-.0 4 0 7
-•8729
•2708
-•0619
*6
-•2 7 8 0
••1 69 2
—•0806
•0366
•4097
-•1 4 3 3
•1676
-•2 9 6 1
•1624
•U 6 6
•2931
•1868
••1 2 3 6
•0496
••0 9 6 0
—•3100
••1 7 8 0
-.2 9 1 8
•3104
•1931
-•3 247
-.217©
-,2 0 3 3
•0941
•3762
•0660
•3816
•1461
-.0 7 4 6
-.1 3 9 3
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
kB
•8293
•8360
•6262
,6860
•4372
•6600
•3608
.8671
•7698
,6492
•4078
•6743
•3689
•4218
• 6226
•7776
•6797
•7606
•6145
•4949
•8982
•4664
.7174
♦6190
•6989
•2926
•6676
.4169
•3401
.2002
114
5ABLE T i l l
GROUP IB»-ANGLES Of BOfAflGB
Order o f
R otation
Axes o f
R otation
Dogreo o f
B o ta tio n
1
I and IX
SI®
2
I I I and ? I
40®
S
IT and
T
40®
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE DC
GROUP I I — ROTATED FACTORIAL MATRIX
ITEMS
120
132
185
142
143
144
147
149
150
161
164
168
160
162
163
171
I
•5919
•6735
•4633
•0780
•2143
•0196
•1644
•1401
*0976
•0796
•0996
•**0736
•0600
*•0268
*•0068
**0987
II
*•0638
♦0871
•.0 0 4 0
•3166
•6166
•1332
-.1 6 7 3
•4303
•5164
•6436
•6988
•1316
*•0913
•1082
•4616
-*0670
III
•0764
•1080
•1368
-*0711
-•1 0 0 1
•5624
.3728
*3709
•1904
•3228
*•0342
•6448
•5396
•6536
•1195
•2399
IT
*•0926
•1301
•1915
-•0067
•2666
•0048
*.0730
*.2682
-.6 3 6 7
-*6270
—*0841
*•1747
•2586
•6019
—•0918
•6404
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
116
TABLE X
GROUP X I— CORRELATION M ATRIX
130
132
135
142
143
130
132 ,4050
133 ,3025
142 ,0000
143 ,1000
144 ,1000
147 ,1550
149 ,1050
ISO ,0350
131 .0075
154 ,0375
153 *.1075
130 ,0100
132 ,0300
138 .0375
171 .2075
,4050
,3025
,2776
,0000
,0800
,1400
,1000
,2360
•0660
,0800
.2775
•0800 .1400
,2350 •0650 •0800
.0326 .0726 •1060 ,0826
,2226 •0300 **•1876 -.0 6 0 0
,1176 .1600 ,2326 •1450
.0826 •0950 .0900 .1700
.0173 -.0 2 2 5 •1600 .1676
•1376 *,0326 ,0260 •6176
,0075 •0226 •0023 —,0325
.1276 .1900 -.0 4 6 0 •0675
.1000 .1700 -.1 9 6 0 .0100
.0376 •0000 ,2676 •1950
,0150 *1026 .0160 •0350
144
147
149
.1000 •1650 • 1050
,0326 ,2226 .1176
.0726 .0300 .1600
•1050 -.1 8 7 6 .2386
,0826 -•0 6 0 0 •1460
.1376 .4750
•1376
-.0 1 0 0
,4760 -.0 1 0 0
.1300 •0460 .3875
•2076 .0975 .5275
•0150 -.0 1 0 0 .1760
,3050 .2060 .0360
,3226 •1150 •1760
.3000 ,2275 .0850
•0800 ,0376 •2376
•0850 -.0 1 0 0 -•1 1 2 6
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
117
TABLE Z ( o o n tizn ztd )
GROUP II--CORRELATION MATRIX
160
162
168
171
130 *066© •0076 •0376 -•1 0 7 6 •0100
132 •0826 •0176 •1675 •0075 •1276
135 -•0 9 6 0 -•0226 -•0 38 6 •0226 • 1900
142 •0900 • 1600 .0250 •0026 -•04 60
143 • 1700 •1676 *6176 -•0686 •0676
144 •1300 • 2075 •0160 •3060 •3226
147 •0460 •0976 -•0 1 0 0 .2060 •1160
149 .3876 •6276 .1760 •0660 .1760
150
,8150 •4300 .0476 •0760
131 .8160
•5626 •0825 •1376
154 •4300 •3525
•0126 •0500
168 •0476 •0826 •0126
•3100
150 *0760 *1375 •0600 •3100
152 -.2 4 7 6 -•1 1 2 6 -*1226 •3850 .4950
168 •2600 • 2576 .2700 •1600 •0125
171 -•5 2 6 0 -*1500 -.2 0 0 0 •0675 .3300
•0300
.1000
• 1700
-•I9 6 0
•0100
.8000
• 2276
•0850
-•2476
-.1 1 8 6
-•1 2 2 6
.3860
•4950
•0676
.0375
.0000
•2676
• 1960
•0800
.0675
•2676
.2600
• 2376
•2700
• 1600
.0126
.0376
-•2 0 7 5
•0160
.1026
•0160
.0660
.0860
-•0 1 0 0
-.1 1 2 6
-.3 2 6 0
-.1 6 0 0
-•2 0 0 0
•0676
•3300
•6400
—.1600
150
151
164
158
.0376
•5400 —*1600
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
118
TABLE X I
QBOU? I I — CSETROID FACTOR MATRIX
ITEMS
120
122
122
142
142
144
147
149
120
123
164
168
120
168
168
171
*1
*2818
*4029
*2842
*1727
•8982
•8046
*2207
•6626
•4687
•6685
*2765
•2206
•4896
•3829
*3600
•1016
kg
-.2 8 0 2
•**4626
*.3151
*.1442
*•4281
•2646
•1682
.1667
•2627
•3400
*•1607
•2662
•1442
*1611
*0284
**0611
*2
•1246
•1769
•2468
*•2246
-•2 7 2 6
.1476
.2722
-*2326
*•6916
-•6466
—*4446
•2582
•2699
•6637
—*2907
•4560
k4
-*4697
-•3022
-.1 6 7 2
*0732
•2891
•0636
-•2187
-•0879
-.2 7 8 6
-.2 6 0 2
•1210
.2152
.1710
•5079
*1210
•3992
••
.5667
•4899
•2690
•1114
•5060
•5605
,1990
,4091
•7167
•7991
•2768
.3500
•4266
.6916
•2260
•3627
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
119
IASEB X II
OROtf? XIWI&XBS OF EQUATION
Aacee o f
R o ta tio n
Q rdar o f
R o ta tio n
1
I
and
Bogroo o f
R o ta tio n
11
•6 1 °
£
II* and
III
-6 £ °
2
I* and
ir
-14®
4
I" and
IT
39°
2
and
IT*
31®
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE X III
SROUP III-*-ROTATED FACTORIAL MATRIX
ITEMS
176
in
118
ieo
le i
182
186
187
188
189
192
195
198
199
202
204
210
211
212
215
I
.0560
•5120
-•1007
•6180
•5709
-•0408
•0919
•6854
•6058
•1680
•4588
-•0966
•2616
•1123
-.2803
.0086
•1423
•1166
-.0028
•1264
II
•2619
-•0436
-.0526
-.1231
• 2006
•0890
•5323
•1049
-.0108
.6116
•1371
—•0058
•6489
.5807
•4127
•4442
-•0984
•2699
•0811
•1401
III
•5673
•6498
•4615
•4145
•3188
-.0340
-.1036
•2916
•3896
-*0845
•2114
.1100
-.0382
—.0404
,3251
•0116
•1304
•4764
-.1220
•5378
IT
•1920
•0460
•3370
.0706
•0766
•5682
•2944
.0899
.0571
.2665
-•0414
•4312
•3400
•4095
•0749
•1993
•2876
-•2623
.6167
•0120
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
121
TABUS X I ?
GBOUP I I I — CORBELATION MATRIX
178
m
ITT
IT®
i$o
181
182
186
18T
188
189
192
198
198
199
202
204
210
211
212
213
177
178
•3760
•2000
•2860
*3780
•2000 • 2860
♦0880 .4100
•2000 .5100
•0080 -.0300
-•0300 -.1375
.2426 ,4150
,1900 .8960
•0680 *•0326
.1176 .2475
,1326 •0626
,872® -•0300
•2900 .1400
•2476 •1600
•1376 -•0460
•0900 •1800
•0876 •2660
•1800 -.0826
•1COO ,2860
.2075
-•0100
.1700
,0976
.1960
•2300
-.0200
•0800
• 2200
.0750
,0860
•2160
•0600
•0100
.1000
•0860
,2660
180
181
•0860 .2000
•4100 •5100
*2076 -•0100
•2726
•2726
-.1300 •0680
.0228 •0360
.4378 •3960
•3760 •2350
-•0925 ,2400
•3200 *2900
•0726 .0200
.0776 •1076
•0300 .0860
-.0175 •0975
•0100 .2275
•1300 .1276
•2660 •1676
•1100 •0460
•3775 •1060
182
186
•0060 -.0300
-•0300 -•1378
•1700 •0976
-•1300 .0226
•0660 •0350
•1300
•1300
.0000 •0950
,0100 .0850
.2200 .3600
,0400 ,0475
,2800 ,2826
,2400 .2676
.2726 .2726
•0660 .1100
.2600 ,2178
•1760 •0276
-.0960 .0000
•3478 .0726
—*0626 •0060
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE XIV (c o n tin u e d )
GROUP I l l — CORRELATION MATRIX
187
176
177
17®
180
161
182
186
187
186
189
192
196
198
199
202
204
210
211
218
213
•2426
•4160
•I960
•4376
•3960
•0000
•0960
•6000
•1200
•3960
*•0460
•1900
•1800
.0760
•0626
•0776
*1700
•0600
.1660
188
189
•1900 •0660
•3960 *•0326
•m o *•0200
*3760 -•0926
•2360 •2400
•0100 •2200
•0660 •3600
• 6000 •1200
*1726
•1786
•3300 •1026
*•0300 •1000
•1300 •2826
•0600 •3426
*•0600 •2760
-•0176 •3060
•1760 •1300
•1960 •0876
*•0460 •1976
.3660 •0860
192
195
198
199
.1176 •1326 .2725
.2476 •0626 *♦0300
•0800 •2200 .0760
•3200 •0726 .0776
.2900 .0200 •1076
•0400 •2800 •2400
•0476 •2826 *2676
•3960 *•0460 •1900
•3300 *•0300 *1300
•1026 •1000 •2825
*•0460 •1760
•1600
*•0460
.1760 •1600
•0400 •1000 •6660
*.0176 •0626 •0600
*1300 •0160 •1660
•0226 •1660 •1260
*1760 *•0325 •1600
—.1200 •0525 •2026
•0660 *0000 •2050
.2900
•1400
•0850
*0300
•0860
*2726
.2726
• 1800
•0600
•3425
•0400
.1000
•6660
•1126
.2900
•0300
•0676
•2600
•1050
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE XXV ( co n tin u e d )
GROUP I I I — CORRELATION MATRIX
£08
176
ITT
178
no
181
188
188
187
188
189
198
196
198
199
£08
804
810
811
818
813
804
• 8476 •1375
•1600 -•0450
•8160 •0600
••0176 •0100
.0976 •8875
•0660 •8600
•1100 •8176
•0760 •0686
-•0600 -•0176
•8760 •6060
-•#176 •1300
•0686 •0160
•0600 •1660
•1186 •8900
.8876
•8876
-•0676 •DODO
,1600 •0600
•1686 *1786
•8400 •0100
810
811
818
213
•0900 •0876 •1600 •1600
•1800 •8660 -•0886 •8860
•0100 .1000 •0860 •8660
•1300 •8660 •1100 •3776
•1876 •1676 •0460 ,1060
.1760 -•0960 •8476 -•0628
•0876 •0000 •0786 •0060
•0776 •1700 •0600 ,1660
•1760 •1960 -•0450 •3660
•1300 •0376 •1976 •0860
•0886 •1760 -•1200 •0660
•1660 -•0386 •0686 •0000
•I860 •1600 •8086 •8060
•0300 •0676 •8600 •1060
-•0676 •1600 •1826 •8400
•0000 •0600 •1726 •0100
•1300 .1176 •0626
—•8400 •4460
•1300
•1176 -•8400
-•0100
,0686 ,4460 -•0100
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
124
TABLE XT
0100? I l l —OSHfSQID FACTOR MATRIX
ITEMS
in
177
178
180
181
182
186
187
188
189
192
196
198
199
202
204
210
211
212
213
*1
•4361
•4966
•3632
*4371
*4776
.2967
•2918
•6667
*6097
•4162
•3667
•2369
•6342
•6210
•3060
.3276
•2414
•3060
•2386
•4226
*2
•0064
-•4909
-*0460
—*4829
-.2049
•3778
•3333
-.3716
-•4611
•3639
-.2692
•2046
•3468
•4626
•1704
•3071
-•0298
-•3161
•3731
-.2751
*3
•8086
•1787
•3729
-•1303
-.0792
•0163
-.1370
—•3361
-.2122
-•1830
—*2003
•1446
-•2173
-*1120
•3923
•0009
-•0261
*2177
-.0762
•2489
*4
-•0633
•0632
•2636
•1381
-.0946
•3224
-•0423
-.0164
•0469
-•1924
—•1806
•2983
-•1696
-•1465
—•2608
—*1889
•2609
-.3621
•2924
-•0943
&£
•2365
•5235
•3374
•4603
•2863
•3344
.2168
•6712
•5196
•3681
*2678
.2074
•4816
•5192
•3389
•2373
•1278
.3716
• 2874
•3261
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE X V I
flsou.? h i —As o ia s of r o t a t io i
O rder o f
R o ta tio n
Axae o f
R o ta tio n
D egree o f
R o ta tio n
and
II
**45°
£
II* and
IT
4f®
2>
I* and
III
80®
1
I
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE m i
aSOtTP IV—ROTATED FACTORIAL MATRIX
ITEMS
2X8
221
228
££4
£20
£27
228
280
248
246
249
I
-•1020
,2219
•4066
*•0166
-•0190
•1686
•2021
-•0868
.4709
•6887
•8488
II
•1628
-*6620
•8847
-•2160
•4861
•6022
•8290
,2992
-.0890
—•0180
-•4960
III
.6868
•8668
•0666
,4699
•4671
•1966
•8269
,8681
-•0078
•2171
,8469
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE XYIII
GROUP IV— CORRELATION MATRIX
218
sxe
SSI
22 s
224
28$
22V
228
280
248
£4$
249
*2278
*1800
•1280
•2180
.1426
.1960
.2678
•*0400
*0300
•0800
221
223
*2276
•1600
-.0860
•*0860
*2928 -.0478
-.1780 .1800
-.1826 .2400
*0676 .2300
-.1600 .0200
•0800 •1660
.2900 .2700
.4778 .0100
224
226
227
228
•1260 .3180 •1426 .1960
.2926 -.1760 —.1826 .0676
-.0476 .1600 .2400 .2300
.2226 -.0860 .1178
.2226
.3900 .2626
.1600
-.0880 .3900
.1176 .2626 .1600
.1076 .2300 .1960 .2676
-.0900 -.0826 •0300 .1100
•1926 .1076 • 1826 .1700
.1728 -.0660 *,0860 -.0600
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE XVIII (o o n tin u e d )
SHOUP IV— CORRELATION MATRIX
230
£43
£18 *2675 *<0400
221 *•1600 •0800
228 40200 .1660
££4 •1076 -•0 90 0
226 .2300 -•06 26
287 •1960 •0300
2 28 •2676 • 1100
230
*•0476
£43 *•0476
£46 .0260 •1826
249 *0300 •3626
£46
£49
•0300 •0600
•2900 *4776
.2700 •0100
•1926 *1726
.1076 -*0660
•1826 **0860
•1700 *•0600
•0260 •0300
•1826 •3626
•2100
*2100
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
129
TABUS X U
GROUP 17— CENTROID FACTOR MATRIX
ITEMS
21®
221
£2®
224
226
227
22®
230
243
246
249
*1
•4386
.3232
.3362
•3208
•4380
•3374
•433?
•2967
•2648
•4812
•3923
*2
•8266
*•6792
•1640
*•1644
•4416
♦4179
•2616
•3329
*•2289
-.1 9 6 7
*.6661
k3
•3708
•2434
-.3 7 4 7
•3666
•1480
*•1694
*•0628
•1831
*•3286
*•2693
•1169
•3812
•4992
.2603
.2685
•4088
.3172
•2563
•2324
•2262
•3376
•4869
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
ISO
$ABIiE H.
g e o iff
rr—
angles
of
Axes o f
R o ta tio n
O rder o f
R o ta tio n
p o m
io n
D egree o f
N o ta tio n
1
I
and
III
*41®
2
I* and
II
-£2®
3
I * and
III'
*10°
4
II* and
III"
* 8®
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE XXI
GROUP VI—ROTATED FACTORIAL MATRIX
ITEMS
306
2 06
SOY
30$
311
S IS
SXY
318
820
821
823
326
326
3 28
330
331
332
336
338
839
340
341
I
.2 0 6 3
•0288
*•.8882
* .0 2 1 7
- .8 0 7 7
.6 0 7 1
•0806
•3409
-•1 9 6 4
.1 6 1 8
- .0 3 6 7
•0684
.2 4 8 3
•01 6 6
*0687
- .1 9 3 6
- .3 4 7 4
p0018
- .8 9 9 4
.4 4 4 7
•4792
- .8 4 7 7
II
•1 6 93
•0913
-•1 0 6 7
- .4 6 3 9
- .2 8 1 7
-•4 4 8 9
- .2 2 4 0
- .0 1 8 8
-•3 1 2 6
•46 7 6
- .7 1 6 9
•1860
- .1 8 2 2
- .7 0 8 3
•1668
- .0 1 7 7
- .3 8 6 6
- .1 2 9 1
•01 3 8
-•1 6 2 3
- .0 4 1 6
•07 0 1
III
- .0 0 8 0
- .3 9 9 4
•0863
- .0 9 8 1
•1361
- .0 3 3 1
-•1 0 6 6
- .4 2 1 1
.0 9 6 0
—.3 8 8 4
•0404
—.8 6 9 6
- .1 0 1 8
-•0 3 4 3
.6 7 2 7
•6627
.2 1 0 2
.0 9 6 8
-.2 6 8 6
•1784
•0 7 6 6
- .3 2 4 9
IV
-* 0 0 6 6
—.2 6 6 6
•1682
•6867
•1832
•06 9 1
•0026
- .1 0 8 6
.3 2 1 8
•0994
- .3 3 0 6
- .6 2 6 0
- .2 7 4 0
- .2 8 3 1
- .0 2 4 4
- .0 4 8 8
•0666
.2 6 7 1
.1 0 1 7
**2608
-•0 9 0 2
- .0 8 0 9
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
132
TABLE Z Z I I
GBOUP ? I — C0RRELATIOIT MATRIX
306
306
306
307
309
311
316
317
316
320
321
323
326
326
328
330
331
332
336
336
339
340
341
#0160
•#0760
*#1126
*•0926
•0800
•0100
#0760
*•1000
•1700
*•0460
#0760
•0000
*•1860
•0600
#0276
*.0626
•0000
*#1760
*•0260
•0760
*.0600
306
307
#0160 -.0 7 6 0
-•0 2 7 6
*#0276
*#1600 •1600
*•6460 •3400
•0360 -.1 1 7 6
-•0 1 7 6 -.1 3 6 0
v**08 -•0 800
-.1 9 7 6 •1900
•2100 -•11 60
•0460 *•0200
•2660 -•1 1 2 6
•1400 *•1026
-•1 2 7 6 -•0 3 5 0
-•2 6 0 0 .0076
-•2 0 0 0 •1826
-•1 7 6 0 •1160
-•0 8 6 0 •0426
•1460 •I8 6 0
•0176 -.1 8 0 0
•1050 -•0 9 0 0
•1676 •0276
309
311
316
-.1 1 2 6 *•0926 .0800
-.1 6 0 0 -.0 4 6 0 .0360
•1600 •3400 -.1 1 7 6
•2000 •1125
-•0626
•2000
•1126 —•0626
•1426 •0160 .8000
•2776 -•1 8 0 0 •1060
•1560 •1600 •1400
-•I8 6 0 -•0 7 7 6 •0160
•1676 •1160 •2960
-•6 1 2 6 -•8 1 7 6 •0000
*•1426 -.0 6 2 6 •2460
• 2226 •0160 •2900
-.0 7 0 0 *•0626 -.1 2 0 0
•0060 •1800 -.0 7 2 6
•2226 ♦3726 -.0 8 2 6
.1776 •1125 •1400
•0826 •1326 -•2900
-•1 1 7 6 -.0 1 5 0 •2660
-•0 376 *•0660 .2800
.0160 •0626 -.2 7 6 0
317
318
•0100 .0760
-.0 1 7 6 • 2800
-•1 3 6 0 -.0 8 0 0
•1426 .2776
•0160 -.1 2 0 0
.8000 • 1060
•1026
•1026
-•0 4 0 0 -.3000
-.1 0 6 0 •1900
•1326 -•0 5 0 0
-•1 0 0 0 •3400
-•0 3 0 0 •1626
• 2226 -.0 0 6 0
-.0 2 0 0 -♦1176
—.0200 -.2 8 0 0
•0460 *•1300
-•0 6 3 0 *•2400
•0000 —*0360
.0976 •3660
-.0 6 0 0 .3226
.1200 .1800
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE XXII ( o o n tin u ad )
SBOtJP VI— OORRELATIOH MATRIX
320
306
306
307
309
311
315
317
318
320
321
323
326
326
320
330
331
332
336
338
339
340
341
*.1000
-.1 9 9 3
.1900
•1550
.1600
.1400
*.0400
-.3 0 0 0
-.0 9 0 0
.1876
-.1 1 0 0
-.1 5 0 0
-.0 1 0 0
-.0 7 6 0
.1100
.2975
.2500
.0800
-.1 6 0 0
-.1 0 0 0
-.0 7 0 0
321
323
325
326
320
330
.1700 -.0 4 6 0
.2100 .0450
-.1 1 6 0 —.0200
-.1 8 6 0 .1676
-.0 7 7 5 .1160
.0150 .2950
-.1 0 5 0 ,1326
.1900 -.0 6 0 0
-.0 9 0 0 •1876
-.3 6 7 5
-.3 6 7 6
.1660 -.0 5 0 0
.0326 .1176
-.3 7 2 6 .6900
-.0 3 2 5 -.0 1 6 0
-.2 6 0 0 .0260
-.3 9 7 6 .2560
-.0 2 5 0 ,0160
.0560 -.0 8 0 0
-.0 7 7 5 •0860
-.0 3 7 6 ,0300
.1100 -.0 5 0 0
♦0750
•2660
-.1 1 2 6
-.6 1 2 5
-.2 1 7 6
.0000
-.1 0 0 0
•3400
-.110©
..1 6 6 0
-.0 5 0 0
.0000
.1400
-.1 0 2 6
-.1 4 2 6
-.0 6 2 5
•2460
-.0 3 0 0
.1686
-.1 6 0 0
,0326
.1176
.1375
,1376
,0025
-.0 8 6 0
-.2 1 0 0
—.,4 0 0
-.0 4 0 0
-.0 0 6 0
.1000
.0800
•0300
-.1 8 5 0
-.1 2 7 6
-.0 8 6 0
.2226
,0150
.8900
.2226
-.0 0 5 0
-.0 1 0 0
-.3 7 2 6
.6900
.0026
.0080
.0060
-.0 9 7 5
•0660
-.1 2 0 0
.0160
-.1 2 0 0
.3000
.2300
-.0 3 7 5
.0500
-.2 5 0 0
.0076
-.0 7 0 0
-.0 6 8 6
-.1 2 0 0
-.0 2 0 0
-,1 1 7 6
-.0 7 6 0
-.0 3 2 5
-.0 1 6 0
-.0 8 6 0
-.0 9 7 6
-.0 8 7 5
-.0 8 7 5
-.0 6 7 5 ,a?6 0
.1950 .1060
-.0 3 0 0 ,0100
-.1 0 7 6 -.1 0 0 0
,0876 .0976
-.0 2 6 0 ,2728
-.0 1 6 0 -.1 7 7 6
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE m
mom
306
306
307
309
311
316
317
318
320
321
323
326
326
328
330
331
332
336
338
339
340
341
i
{c o n tin u e d }
Y I— COBS'ILAxlOH’ MATRIX
331
332
335
538
039
340
34X
*0276
•* 2 0 0 0
,1 8 2 6
*0060
.1 8 0 0
<*#0726
- .0 2 0 0
-* 2 3 0 0
.1 1 0 0
-* 2 6 0 0
.0 2 6 0
- .2 1 0 0
.0 6 6 0
- .0 6 7 6
,4 7 6 0
- .0 6 2 8
- .1 7 5 0
.1 1 6 0
.2 2 2 5
*3725
- .0 8 2 8
*0460
- .1 3 0 0
.2 9 7 8
- .3 9 7 8
.2 5 6 0
—.1 4 0 0
- .1 2 0 0
.1 9 8 0
.1 0 6 0
.1 4 6 0
.0 0 0 0
- .0 8 5 0
•0428
*1776
.1 1 2 5
.1 4 0 0
-.0 6 6 0
—*2400
.2 5 0 0
-.0 2 6 0
.0 1 6 0
- .0 4 0 0
.0 1 6 0
- .0 3 0 0
.0 1 0 0
.0 3 0 0
-* 0 4 2 6
- .1 7 5 0
*1450
*1860
.0 8 2 6
.1 3 2 6
- .2 9 0 0
.0 0 0 0
- .0 3 5 0
•0800
.0 5 6 0
- .0 2 0 0
- .0 0 6 0
- .1 2 0 0
- .1 0 7 6
- .1 0 0 0
- .1 8 6 0
- .0 3 0 0
.0 9 0 0
- .0 2 5 0
.0 1 7 5
- .1 8 0 0
- .1 1 7 6
- .0 1 6 0
.2 6 5 0
.0 9 7 6
.3 6 6 0
—.1 6 0 0
- .0 7 7 5
.0 8 6 0
.1 0 0 0
•3000
.0 8 7 6
.0 9 7 6
.1 6 7 6
•0350
- .0 0 6 0
- .1 8 6 0
.0 7 6 0
.1 0 5 0
-.0 9 0 0
- .0 3 7 6
- .0 8 6 0
.2 8 0 0
- .0 6 0 0
.3 22 6
-.1 0 0 0
-.0 3 7 6
.0 3 0 0
.0 8 0 0
.2 3 0 0
- .0 2 5 0
.2 72 6
-.2 1 0 0
- .2 3 5 0
•0050
- .1 0 6 0
.3 0 6 0
- .0 6 0 0
.1 5 7 6
.0 2 7 6
.0 1 6 0
.0 6 2 6
- .2 7 6 0
.1 2 0 0
.1 8 0 0
- .0 7 0 0
.1 1 0 0
- .0 8 0 0
.0 3 0 0
- .0 3 7 6
- .0 1 6 0
- .1 7 7 6
- .0 4 0 0
•0275
- .0 8 0 0
.2 6 0 0
- .1 9 7 6
- .2 6 0 0
•1460
*0300 - .0 4 2 6
*0900
- • I 8 6 0 - .0 3 0 0
.1 6 7 6 .0 3 8 0 - .0 0 6 0 '.I 8 6 0
.3 0 6 0
-.2 1 0 0 - .2 3 6 0
.0 0 6 0 - .1 0 6 0
- .0 4 0 0
.0 2 7 6 - .0 8 0 0
.2 6 0 0 - .1 9 7 6 - .2 5 0 0
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
135
TABLS X X III
GROUP T I--C M T R O ID FACTOR MATRIX
ITEM3
505
506
SOT
509
5X1
5X6
5X7
5X8
550
521
323
326
556
528
530
S3X
552
555
558
559
540
54X
*1
•1676
•5807
-*4X 27
-•5 0 8 5
-•8 8 0 6
•4225
.0 9 7 8
.47X 0
-•5 8 9 7
•X9X5
•X426
•4858
.57X 5
•X828
-•X 634
-.S 6 5 X
-,8 7 2 9
-.X 7 8 5
-•2 6 4 6
,3 7 7 9
*3760
- .0 8 9 5
k£
•0801
•2 8 5 0
-* 0 2 2 6
- .5 0 0 8
-*2X0X
*•60X 4
••1 4 1 1
•X209
-•2 4 5 7
.50X 0
- .6 7 6 8
,5 5 0 1
- .1 6 6 7
-•6 5 9 7
-* 2 0 9 8
- .8 2 5 4
-•3 2 2 0
- .1 6 4 8
•2644
- .3 4 2 2
- .2 0 8 3
,3 3 0 6
*3
•1724
-.2 1 5 9
- .1 4 4 4
- .5 6 2 2
- .1 8 8 7
- .0 7 9 3
-•1 8 3 2
- .1 8 5 3
-•1 9 8 6
•10 2 0
-•4 2 6 2
-.1 2 0 4
-•0 9 6 6
-*46X 5
•62X6
•3861
-*2X4X
-•0 1 X 6
-.3 X 5 9
•1906
•X99X
- .3 0 9 3
*4
.0 9 9 6
-•1 0 6 5
- .0 7 8 6
•4998
- .0 3 6 7
.3 6 8 2
•0690
•1868
•1449
.2 4 8 9
-•3 0 2 6
- .5 0 8 2
- .0 8 0 1
-.8 X 8 2
-.1 0 2 9
- .3 0 5 1
- .1 7 1 3
•1897
-•0 4 9 1
•0034
•1446
-•1 6 7 8
M*
.0 7 0 9
•2398
•1978
•6694
•2269
•67 1 6
.0 6 7 9
•3057
.2 4 8 0
•5600
.6 2 6 2
•4526
.1 7 7 9
•6762
•3672
•4793
•3X79
•09X9
.2 3 6 9
.2 9 6 2
• 2453
,2 3 7 8
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
fA B L B X X I ?
cmoup n — h o l e s of rotation
Ordor ©f
R o ta tio n
Axes o f
H o ta tio n
X
I
£
II
3
jt
Itegre© o f
R o ta tio n
and I?
340
and I l l
38©
III
«*£7°
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE XXV
OROU? V I I — ROTATED FACTORIA L MATRIX
ITEMS
3 42
345
344
346
346
531
332
355
364
357
560
362
364
568
I
• 2284
.1 4 4 7
♦*0300
.8 2 7 6
.2 4 3 0
•2916
.5 9 9 8
•2641
•18 4 8
♦ •4 4 9 5
♦ .0 8 8 7
•3084
- .0 7 1 8
.0 1 9 4
II
♦ .2 9 4 6
• 7046
*••0602
-•1 8 1 8
•0652
•2328
.0 9 1 2
.8 0 7 1
♦ .1 7 6 4
♦ .0 9 8 6
.2 9 6 9
• 1508
.0 2 6 2
* .1 0 7 7
III
•4 6 8 6
• 1524
.2 0 6 1
•8842
- .4 4 0 6
.0 5 8 3
♦ •1 4 4 4
•20 8 1
.3 8 7 7
.0 1 9 0
.2 2 4 4
•2256
.0 9 8 2
.0 4 2 7
IV
•3979
- .0 7 7 9
.7 7 0 8
.2 6 4 6
•1214
•0002
-•1 4 0 0
-•4 2 5 0
.0 1 0 9
- .1 2 4 2
•0764
.4 7 1 6
,2 8 5 6
* .£ 8 7 3
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TAB!® XXVI
GROUP VII--CORRELATIOJT MATE IX
342
342
3 43
344
346
348
3 61
380
3 33
364
367
360
36S
364
368
-.1 X 7 5
*4476
.4 3 0 6
-# 2 0 0 0
- .0 2 5 0
- .1 6 0 0
- .8 3 0 0
.1 7 8 6
-* 8 0 7 6
*0806
*0360
.1 4 0 0
-* 0 7 0 0
343
344
-.1 X 7 6
.4 4 7 6
- .0 3 7 6
-# 0 3 7 6
•0X60
-* 0 7 0 0
•I8 6 0
*0776
.4 3 0 6
-•1 0 6 0
—#8106
•0400
•1276
•04 6 0
-* 1 1 6 0
•0960
•0000
-•0 3 0 0
-•0 1 6 0
-•0 9 6 0
•1900
-•1 6 2 6
- .0 3 0 0
•4676
•17 0 0
*1760
346
348
•4306 —*2000
•0160 - .0 7 0 0
•8960 .0 0 0 0
-•0 1 6 0
-•0 1 6 0
•0860 .0 2 0 0
*0076 .1 7 0 0
- .0 8 7 6
.0 0 0 0
•1860 —.1 7 2 5
- .1 1 6 0 - .1 8 7 6
-•0 3 0 0 -•0 9 6 0
♦2000 -•0 1 7 6
•0800 - .0 0 6 0
-•1 0 2 6
.0 4 7 6
361
362
- .0 2 6 0 - .1 6 0 0
• 1800 .0 7 7 6
- .0 3 0 0 - .2 1 6 0
•0860 .0 0 7 6
.0 2 0 0 .1 7 0 0
•1 9 00
•1900
.1 9 0 0 •0325
.0 7 0 0 .0 7 2 6
-.0 8 2 6 - .1 6 0 0
.0 7 2 6 .0 3 6 0
.1 6 7 6 .0 8 0 6
-* 0 1 0 0 - .0 0 7 6
.0 3 0 0 - .0 1 0 0
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
139
TABLE 3X71 (o o n tin u a d )
GROUP V II— CORRELATION MATRIX
363
343
343
344
346
348
361
363
363
364
367
360
363
364
368
364
367
<••3300 •1726 -,2 0 7 6
•4386 -*1260 -,2 1 2 6
-•0 96 0 .1900 -•1 5 2 6
-•0276 *1860 -.1 1 6 0
•0000 -*1726 -*1876
.1900 .0700 -.0 8 8 6
•0326 *0726 -.1 6 0 0
-*0626 -*0060
-•0 6 2 6
-•0 7 0 0
-•0 0 6 0 -*0700
• 3000 .0626 *0260
•0476 •0960 -*2176
-•0 2 5 0 .0150 *0900
-•0 2 0 0 -•0 7 2 5 *0560
360
363
364
368
•0826 •2350
.2400 .1276
-.0 3 0 0 .4676
-♦0300 •2000
-•0 9 6 0 -.0 1 7 5
.0726 .1675
•0360 .0826
*2000 •0476
.0625 •0960
*0260 -.2 1 7 6
-*0360
-.0 3 5 0
.0250 *0500
•0450 -.0 6 2 6
*1400
.0460
.1700
.0800
-*0060
-.0 1 0 0
-.0 0 7 5
-.0 2 5 0
.0160
*0900
•0260
.0500
-.0 7 0 0
-.1 1 6 0
.1750
-*1026
.0475
.0300
—*0100
-.0 2 0 0
-*0725
.0860
.0460
—*0626
• 0360
•0350
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
140
TABLE X X V II
0 R 0 U ? V I I — Q EK TRO IL FACTOR MATRIX
ITEMS
342
343
344
346
348
351
352
353
354
357
360
362
364
368
*1
.4732
•4126
.3878
.4720
-*1101
,2728
,0817
,2301
.2846
-.2 8 2 6
.2186
•6426
.1818
-.1 1 0 1
*8
-.5 0 6 3
,5426
-.5 3 7 4
—.2644
.1842
.2362
•3060
.4710
-.1 8 3 8
-.1 8 7 2
,1767
-.1 8 2 0
-.1 6 3 1
•0766
*8
-.0 8 0 6
•1483
-.2 2 3 3
-.1 0 1 7
-.4 6 8 3
-•1 0 7 0
-.8 6 4 7
•2118
•0853
•3306
,2408
-,2 4 6 8
-,0 0 2 6
,1326
*4
-.1 7 6 8
,2440
,8787
-.1 9 7 7
•0816
-,0 3 7 4
-.2 0 8 1
-.2 6 8 0
—,2066
•1123
•0898
,1361
,1736
-.2 4 6 6
h2
•6166
•5465
,6389
,8369
,2720
• 1426
.2086
,3862
,2156
,2263
•1449
.3912
,0709
•0963
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
SABLE X X V I I I
OROtr? V II— JJOLES OF BOSASIOI
JkXQB Of
O rder o f
R o ta tio n
R o ta tio n
D egree o f
R o ta tio n
1
I
and
IV
*41°
2
V
and
III
-80®
I I I * and
IV*
XO°
XV”
48®
26®
%
4
II
and
6
IX* and
III"
6
I" and
III" *
•11®
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
142
TABLE IX IX
GROUP V I I I — ROTATED FACTORIAL MATRIX
ITEMS
372
373
374
376
380
382
388
386
386
388
389
391
392
393
396
397
399
404
407
409
I
II
III
IV
V
* •0 5 7 0
•0651
•3129
* •0 4 8 7
*0884
•3785
•3664
•4479
•0288
* •0 8 2 2
•0432
.3 6 8 3
•4228
•2962
•44X6
•63 7 6
•3237
•2989
•47X0
•3672
- .6 2 6 8
* *6829
•X8X2
- .6 0 0 1
* •0 9 4 0
•0037
.0 5 4 7
•3X67
- .0 4 1 1
- *3506
•1065
• 2600
•31 1 3
•4689
-•0 4 8 3
- .1 2 8 1
—*2600
•0802
* •1 8 0 0
*♦3369
•0034
•0862
-♦ 3 3 6 0
♦1977
*2926
-•5 8 7 6
•X793
-•0 2 6 4
*4376
-•0 8 9 4
•4229
.3 4 6 2
•4643
•1264
-•0 7 0 1
•1631
-•0 2 6 4
-•2 7 8 2
•4082
•06X5
•6496
•4874
♦1470
- .1 0 0 1
♦1003
♦1662
-•0 9 6 0
•1647
•0874
•6954
•0989
•4179
•1390
•3419
- .0 7 0 6
- .1 9 7 8
-•0 0 9 4
•1426
*•03X 6
* •2 3 2 9
-•2 2 6 0
- .1 2 8 4
•0 6 4 3
-•0 9 6 2
•6367
•44 4 6
•X177
.1 6 3 8
•3 5 46
—*1062
.6 1 2 7
,0 8 6 9
-* 0 4 0 8
.2 6 8 0
•0X71
*•18 3 0
- .0 6 2 9
•4738
—•0444
•0826
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
143
TABLE XXX
OHOUP Y IH — CORRlIiATIOK MATHIX
3 72
372
373
374
376
380
382
3 83
386
386
3 88
389
391
392
3 93
396
397
399
404
4 07
409
*7400
**0630
.2 7 0 0
- .0 6 0 0
- .0 6 0 0
- .0 7 0 0
- .1 4 0 0
.0 0 0 0
.6 2 0 0
- .0 7 0 0
.0 3 7 3
- .0 8 0 0
- .1 1 0 0
- .0 6 3 0
- .0 4 7 6
.1 6 6 0
- .0 4 6 0
.0 7 0 0
-.0 6 7 6
3 73
374
.7 4 0 0 - .0 6 6 0
—.0 6 6 0
-.0 6 6 0
.4 2 0 0 - .2 4 7 6
.1 0 7 6 -.0 3 2 6
- .0 1 0 0
.3 3 7 6
—.0 6 0 0 •10 0 0
,2 2 7 6
- .0 8 6 0
.0 6 0 0 •68 6 0
.6 0 0 0 .0 1 7 6
- .0 8 5 0
.0 1 6 0
.0 1 6 0
,0 7 6 0
- .0 6 7 6 - .0 4 0 0
- .1 8 2 6
,1 6 7 6
- .0 1 6 0
.2 4 2 6
.1 1 2 6
.1 7 7 5
*1360 .1 6 2 6
.0 6 7 5
- .0 3 7 6
.1 8 2 6 - .2 3 0 0
.1 1 2 6 - .0 6 2 6
376
380
*2700 - .0 6 0 0
.4 2 0 0 ,1 0 7 6
- .2 4 7 5 -.0 3 2 6
.0 2 6 0
.0 2 6 0
- .2 1 2 6
.0 6 7 6
.1 4 0 0
- .0 0 7 6
- .1 6 2 5
.I 9 6 0
- .0 3 0 0
,2 7 0 0
.0 4 0 0
.1 6 7 6
,6 3 6 0
- .0 8 6 0
.0 6 2 6
- .0 6 6 0
- .1 8 2 6
.0 9 7 6
.2 4 0 0
- .3 1 2 6
.0 2 0 0
- .0 8 0 0
.1 2 0 0 .0 6 7 6
.1 4 0 0 .0 0 0 0
.1 2 6 0
- .1 3 2 6
.1 7 6 0 .1 4 2 6
.2 6 6 0 .0 8 0 0
38 2
383
- .0 6 0 0 - .0 7 0 0
-.0 1 0 0 -.0 6 0 0
.3 3 7 6 ,1 0 0 0
-.2 1 2 6 - .0 0 7 6
.0 6 7 6 *1400
,0 6 2 5
.0 6 2 6
.2 2 2 6 • 1926
- .1 2 0 0
.1 3 6 0
•0826 - .0 9 2 6
.0 4 0 0 •1600
.0 6 7 6 •0960
- .0 3 6 0
.2 6 0 0
.2 9 2 6 .1 0 0 0
•2650 •0626
- .0 6 6 0
,2 8 0 0
.0 8 7 5 .1 4 0 0
.6 1 7 6 .0 7 7 6
- .0 4 2 6
.1 2 6 0
.1 4 0 0 .1 1 5 0
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
144
TABLE XXX ( G ontlnu«d)
GROUP V III— CORRELATION MATRIX
386
372
373
874
376
380
382
383
383
386
388
389
391
392
393
396
897
399
404
407
409
386
**1400 •0000
-* 0 8 6 0 •0600
42276 •0860
-•1 6 2 6 —40300
• I9 6 0
.2 7 0 0
*2226 -•1 2 0 0
.1 9 2 6 .1 3 6 0
-.0 6 7 6
*40676
- .0 8 2 6
•0 2 0 0
•1600 •4700
.2 4 6 0
•1850
•2426 •2260
44660 .1 3 7 6
.0 6 7 6 * •0 5 2 5
.0 7 6 0 •0326
-•0 6 0 0
•1 3 00
•31 2 6 — 0660
•2676 • 1160
•0876 .0 7 2 6
391
392
393
•62 0 0 - .0 7 0 0
•0375
•0160
46000 - .0 8 6 0
.0 1 7 6 •0160 •0760
41675 —.0 8 5 0 -4 0 6 5 0
•04 0 0 •6360 •0526
•08 2 6 •0400 •0576
-•0 9 2 5
.1 6 0 0 •09 6 0
- .0 8 2 6
,1 6 0 0 •2460
•0 2 0 0 44700 •I8 6 0
-4 1 7 2 6 •0360
-•1 7 2 6
•26 0 0
.0 3 6 0 ♦2600
-•0 8 6 0
•1260 •6900
-•0 2 6 0
•8776 •4 62 5
-•1 4 0 0
•0760 •1876
-•0 6 5 0
.0 1 0 0 •0560
•0926 - .0 6 0 0
•0460
•0 3 6 0 •1626 •2600
•1476 •2450
-•0 6 2 6
- .1 1 0 0 -•0 1 0 0 •0060
-•0 8 0 0
* •0 5 7 6
- .0 4 0 0
-4 1 9 2 5
40976
-•0 3 6 0
•2600
• 2426
• 2260
- .0 8 6 0
•1260
45900
-* U 0 0
-•1 8 2 6
41676
*43126
42400
42926
•1000
44660
.1 3 7 5
- .0 2 6 0
43776
•4626
42760
388
389
•2760
•1250 •1360
• 1060 -4 0 6 0 0
•0026 -•1 4 0 0
•10 0 0 •1825
•4100 ,1 6 2 6
.0 8 7 5 -•0 2 6 0
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE XXX ( c o n t i n u e d )
GROUP V III— CORRELATION MATRIX
396
372
378
374
376
330
m
383
336
336
333
331
391
392
393
396
397
399
404
407
409
••0 6 6 0
••0 1 6 0
.2 4 2 6
-•0 8 0 0
•0 3 0 0
•26 6 0
•0626
•0676
—.0 6 2 5
-•1 4 0 0
•07 6 0
.1 3 7 6
•12 6 0
•1360
•1726
•19 2 6
.0 1 8 0
•2 0 00
.3 0 2 6
397
399
••0 4 7 6
•I8 6 0
•1126 •13 6 0
.1 7 7 6 •1626
.1 2 0 0 •14 0 0
•0676 •0 0 00
-•0 6 6 0 •08 7 6
•2300 •1 40 0
•0760 -•0 6 0 0
•0326 •1300
••0 6 6 0 •0926
•0100 - .0 6 0 0
•0660 •0 4 6 0
•1080 .0 0 2 6
-•0 6 0 0 - .1 4 0 0
•1726 •1928
•1 6 0 0
•1 6 0 0
•0078 •0626
•4276 •0676
•1900 .2 6 2 6
404
407
409
-•0 4 6 0
.0 7 0 0 - .0 6 7 6
- .0 3 7 6
•1326 .1 1 2 6
.0 6 7 6 -* 2 3 0 0 ••0 6 2 6
- .1 3 2 6
•17 5 0 *2660
•1280 •1426 .0 8 0 0
•6176 -•0 4 2 6
*1400
.0 7 7 6 •1260 •1160
•3126 •2676 *0676
•* 0 6 6 0 • 1160 •0726
.0 3 6 0 -•0 6 2 6 -* 1 1 0 0
•1628 •1476 ••0 1 0 0
•2600 •2 4 60 •0 06 0
•1000 •41 0 0 *0376
•1326 •1626 • ,0 2 6 0
•0160 *2000 •3026
•00 7 6 •4276 •1900
•06 2 6 *0876 •2626
*0978 •* 0 0 6 0
•2300
•0976
••0 0 6 0 •2 3 0 0
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
TABLE m i
GROUP V I I I — CRHTROID FACTOR MATRIX
ITEMS
272
373
374
374
380
382
383
385
386
388
389
391
392
393
398
397
399
404
407
409
*1
• 8686
•3809
•1914
•0746
•3990
•3836
•3127
•3884
.3123
• 2102
•3873
•8188
•4162
•3910
•3018
.3274
.2709
•3664
•4743
•8987
k2
*•6667
*•6473
.1877
*•6694
•2042
.2387
•1088
•3646
• 1631
*.3636
•4160
•2666
•2424
•6269
*•0319
-.2 0 8 6
*•2633
•3191
-.1 7 6 2
*•2411
*3
-.3 4 7 1
-•I8 6 0
*•3628
.2207
.1949
*•6806
.1971
*•1097
•3247
-.3 9 1 4
•3062
.0713
•3201
*•0740
*«0221
•2431
*•0191
*•3116
,3629
.1766
*4
•4827
4.3636
-.2 3 1 3
•0686
• 1904
-•3 3 2 0
*•1863
*•1669
• 2608
•4284
•2666
.2077
•0229
• 1108
-.3 3 8 2
*•3966
*,2022
*•1613
-•1 19 6
*•3176
*6
-.0 8 4 7
•0611
-.1 1 1 3
•2210
.3426
•2861
*•0481
-.1 9 6 7
• 1813
-•0397
•3028
-.3 4 1 0
*•4220
*•2249
-.0 6 1 4
-.2 0 9 0
*•0106
•2442
*•1479
.1723
h8
.7628
•7346
•2694
.4207
•3924
.7106
•1866
•3648
•6821
•6076
.6788
•6047
•6122
.4978
.8107
.3217
•1789
•4180
•4239
•3058
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
U f
TABis r a n
GROUP T I I I — AMGLSS OF R Of AT I OH
Axes of
Bot a t ion
O rder ©£
Rotation
Degree of
n o ta tio n
1
I
a nd
IT
-3 8 °
2
V
and
T
17°
3;
IT* and
T*
©
o
4
II
and
T"
•S£°
5
III
and
IT"
3£°
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
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