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A survey of Lewis County, Missouri with proposals for reorganization of attendance and control units

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This thesis, having been approved by the
special Faculty Committee, is accepted by
the Committee on Graduate S tu dy o f the
University o f Wyoming,
in partial fulfillm ent o f the requirements
tzC ...........
Chairman o f the Committee on Graduate Study .
Secretary,
....
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A S u r v e y o f Lewis
C o u n t y , E i s s o u r i T/Iib. p r o p o s a l s
f o r R eoryani z a t io n o f A tten d an ce
and C o n t r o l U n i t s
oy
R oberts
u\
C hester
floes i s
subm itted
to th e
C o l l e g e o f E d u c a t i o n and t h e
C o m m i t t e e on G r a d u a t e S t u d y a t
the U n iv e rs ity
o f V’y o n i n y , i n p a r t i a l f u l f i l l m e n t o f t h e
recu irev en ts
E a s te r of S cience
narauae,
b y or
1S 40
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UMI Number: EP20858
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I
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C hapter
pv p i
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'
I.
I n t r o d u c t i o n ............................................................... .. . . . .
II.
R e c e n t S u r v e y s ............................................................ . . . .
III.
S o c i a l , Econom ic and G e o g r a p h i c a l C o n d i t i o a s
L e w i s C o u n t y ...........................•.............................................
Page
of
/
IV.
L e w i s Co untv . R u r a l S c h o o l s ........................................
V.
P r e s e n t E d u c a t i o n a l C o n d i t i o n s ................ .............
•
i—1
P r o o o s e d R e o r g a n i z a t i o n ............................. .................
V II.
C o n c l u s i o n . ...............................................................................
BooM
»
t
116482
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
/i g
LIST
OP
TABLES
T able
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
V I.
V II.
V III.
IX.
X.
X I.
X II.
X III.
X IV .
XV.
XVI.
X V II.
CVIII.
Page
P e r s o n s i n L e w i s C o u n t y M i s s o u r i o v e r Te n
Y e a r s o f Age G a i n f u l l y E m p l o y e d .............................................
28
P ou u latio n
C o u n t y b y T o w n s h i p s ...........................
29
N a t i v e w h i t e , F o r e i g n Born U h i t e , andNegro
p o p u l a t i o n i n L e w i s C o u n t y ..........................................................
30
i n L e w i s ....C o u n t y ..........................................................
52
Illiteracy
of L eris
A s s e s s e d V a l u a t i o n o f Lew is C ounty b y F i v e
Y e a r p e r i o d s ............................................................................................... 33
Sum mary o f S c o r e C a r d f o r
R u r a l S c h o o l s .......................... 37
N um be r o f R u r a l S c h o o l s h a v i n g S c o r e s U n d e r
e a c h U n i t o f M i s s o u r i R u r a l S c o r e C a r d ........................... 4 0
N umber o f D i s t r i c t , Name a nd S c o r e o f E a c h
R u r a l S c h o o l o f L e w i s C o u n t y b y BAs s o u r i R u r a l
S c o r e C a r d .........................................................
41
E n u m e r a t i o n of R u r a l , C i t y , and C o n s o l i d a t e d
D i s t r i c t s o f L e w i s C o u n t y ............................................................. 54
p u b l i c S c h o o l E n r o l l m e n t , N um be r o f T e a c h e r s
p u o i l - I e a c h e r R a t i o , and P e r c e n t p u o i l s a r e o f
T o t a l ...................................................................................
56
Days A t t e n d e d , p u o i l s E n r o l l e d , A v e r a g e D a i l y
A t t e n d a n c e f o r R u r a l , C i t y , and C o n s o l i d a t e d
D i s t r i c t s .......................................................................................................
58
N um be r o f T e a c h e r s h a v i n g
C ertificatio n
C o l l e g e H o u r s .......................
o f T e a c h e r s ......................................
61
62
E x p e r i e n c e o f T e a c h e r s f o r R u r a l , C i t y , and
C o n s o l i d a t e d D i s t r i c t s o f L e w i s C o u n t y ........................... 63
T e n u r e o f T e a c h e r s ..............................................................................
66
N um be r o f T e a c h e r s
67
and A v e r a t e A n n u a l S a l a r y
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f S c h o o ls i n Lewis C o u n t y A c c o rd ­
i n g t o V a l u a t i o n i n T h o u s a n d s o f D o l l a r s ...................... 69
A s s e s s e d V a l u a t i o n Back o f Each C h ild E n r o l l e d
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in
ill
LIST
OP
TABLES
(CCaUrillTFED)
T able
Page
A ll D i s t r i c t s
X IX .
XX.
X X I.
XXII.
X X III.
i n Lewis
C o u n t y ....................
71
Ta x L ev y f o r S c h o o l S u p p o r t .............................................................7 3
L o c a l S u p p o r t f o r Lewis
S tate
A pportlonuent
C o u n t y S c h o o l s ................................7 4
to Schools
o f Lewis
C o u n t y . . . . 76
Form U sed f o r C a l c u l a t i n g T e a c h e r
U nits
h i g h S c h o o l a n d E l e m e n t a r y S c h o o l ..................
in th e
Dame, D u m b e r , A s s e s s e d V a l u a t i o n , a n d H um be r o f
p u p i l s t o b e e n r o l l e d I n E n l a r g e d D i s t r i c t s ..................
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82
36
iv
_ I OJ.
lo
■■■' -j
O
F igure
I.
II.
III.
ID.
V.
Page
D istric t
System o f S ch o o ls
P ro p o se d 'E n la rg e d D i s t r i c t s
S tate
i n Lewis
C o u n t y ................
11
loy G a r r e t S u r v e y ................
21
o f L i s s o u r i Showing L o c a t i o n
School D is tr ic ts
Proposed
o f Lewis
C ounty.
26
o f L e w i s C o u n t y , h i s s o u r i ....................
52
Dew a n d E n l a r g e d D i s t r i c t s ..................................
64
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited without perm ission.
V
The w r i t e r w i s h e s
of D r.
0.
0.
to
S c h w ie rin g , Lean of th e
U n i v e r s i t y o f Wyoming i n
F urther
shaw,
acknow ledge th e h e l p f u l a d v ic e
C ollege of E d u c a tio n ,
the p r e p a r a t io n of t h i s
a c k n o w le d g m e n t i s made t o E r a .
C ounty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f S c h o o l s ,
M i s s o u r i , whose a s s i s t a n c e
i n making t h e r e c o r d s
w ork p o s s i b l e ,
of the
o ffice
K erle
L evis
in th e c o lle c tio n
T h esis.
T. B r a d ­
C ounty,
of d a ta
and
a v a i l a b l e made t h e
a n d t o h r s . E t h e l V. S h a c k l e f o r d ,
o p e r a t e d b y s u p p l y i n g muc h n e e d e d d a t a - f r o m t h e
who c o ­
O ffice of
C ounty T r e a s u r e r .
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CbAFTER I
ITTTROLTJC TI OR
problem
'3 'c p'urpose o f
th is
study
is
t o make a s u r v e y o f t h e
e d u c a tio n a l system s
of L evis
a reo rg an izatio n
th en in such a n an o er t h a t th e
of
tio n a l o p p o rtu n ities
The s c h o o l s
of the
o f Le v/i s
v e r y much a c c o r d i n g t o
the c o n s t i t u t i o n
schools
in
c h ild r e n w i l l he im prov ed.
C o u n t y k i s s o u r i a r e now o r g a n i z e d
sane
e d u c a t i o n a l p ro g ram w hich
s e t up as niriiuxrn r e q u i r e m e n t s
th ree
a t C anton,
city
LaC range,
e d u c a tio n a l needs
of
th eir
s c h o o l system s
for
the
com m unity t h r o u g h t h e
in ra th e r
Lewis C ounty a r e a l s o
seven co n so lid ated
con trib u ted
valu ab le
gram o f s t u d i e s
serv ice
to
th eir
In a m anner,
o f t h e b o y s • and p u r l s
C ounty l o ­
in th e se
h igh sch o o l
a s a t i s f a c t o r y m anner.
in th e se sm all schools
This h a s ,
in lev/is
a n d L a f e l l e which; h a v e n e t t h e
and e le m e n ta r y g ra d e s
stric te d .
educa­
1074.
There a r e
cated
the
C o u n ty K i s s o u r i and t o p r o p o s e
w hich have
c o m m u n itie s'.
is
caused
schools
schools
In
The p r o ­
of n e ce ssity '',
re­
the o p p o r tu n i tie s
t o be somewhat l i m i t ­
ed .
The r u r a l
sch o o ls
th e program of s tu d ie s
and a r i t h m e t i c
tio n a l needs
Is
still
o f Lewis
consisted
been a very
of th e ir
ch iefly
the
o ast,
of r e a d i n g ,
Im portant f a c to r
co-ununity.
-probably a l a r g e
County h av e i n
In th e s e
in
the
when
w ritin g ,
educa­
came s c h o o l s
there;
a m o u n t o f e d u c a t i o n a l worm b e i n g
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2
d o n e , b u t w i t h new a d d i t i o n s
to
im p o s s ib le f o r one t e a c h e r to
ner,
all
erous,
self
eig h t grades.
(1)
to
it
is
prepare h e rs e lf
and c l a s s e s ,
sch o o l to
The r e a s o n s
eig h t grades;
to
o f m u sic and a r t ;
creased th a t,
teach ,
im possible fo r
teach a l l
the cu rricu lu m
teach a l l
for th is
one t e a c h e r t o p r e p a r e h e r ­
(2)
one t e a c h e r can seldom
to
say nothing
(3) t h e p ro g ra m o f s t u d i e s h a s b e e n so i n ­
is
necessary fo r the
to
w hich i s
each c la s s
tw enty c la s s e s
i n a d e q u a t e as
in the
in grades
te a c h e r in th e
'This w i l l n o t a l l o w m o r e t h a n f i f t e e n
en to
alm ost
a r e r a t h e r num­
even by t h e m ethod o f a l t e r n a t i o n
it
is
i n a s a t i s f a c t o r y man­
to o l su b jec ts,
co n d u ct from f i f t e e n
each c l a s s ,
it
one room
p er day.
to tw enty m inutes f o r
compared
to
the tim e g i v ­
la r g e r scho ol system s.
Llm.it a t i o n s
of th e Problem
This s tu d y w i l l be l i m i t e d t o ;
1.
related
2.
The s o c i a l - E c o n o m i c
to
co n d itio n s
o f Lewis
G o u n ty as
ed u catio n .
The p r e s e n t
e d u c a t i o n a l c o n d i t i o n s w hich p e r t a i n
a. F in an cial a b ility
of schools
to ;
to s u p p o r t an a d e ­
q u a te program of e d u c a tio n .
b.
A ttendance U nits
c.
C o n tro l U nits
d.
E x p erience,
e.
Twelve g r a d e s
f.
A p ro p o sed r e o r g a n i z a t i o n o f th e s c h o o ls .
ten u re,
train in g
and s a l a r y o f t e a c h ­
ers .
of p u b lic sch o o l a t p u b lic
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expense.
M ethod
The m a t e r i a l f o r
th is
stu d y has been c o lle c te d
from th e
records in th e
O f f i c e o f G ounty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f S c h o o ls
Lewis
G ounty,
from re c o rd s
Lewis
G ounty, fro m s e l e c t e d
t h a t has been o b ta in e d
th ree
sug g estio n s
references,
of
of the re c o rd s
of the
of d a ta fo r
the county.
of
taught
in
A lso p e r s o n a l
in th e various
adm in istrato rs
th is
and f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n
thro u g h th e w r i t e r h av in g
p e r s o n a l i n t e r v i e w s , have
tio n
i n t h e O f f i c e o f Gounty C l e r k o f
of t h e s c h o o l system s
in v estig atio n s
of
s c h o o l s , W ith
th ese schools
oeen o f m a t e r i a l a id
through
in th e
co llec­
survey.
Need f o r t h e S tu d y
The p o p u l a t i o n o f L e w i s C o u n t y h a d b e e n g r a d u a l l y d e ­
creasin g
areas,
sin ce
and i n
1910.
This
is
e sp e c ia lly true
th e s m a l l towns and v i l l a g e s .
in th e g e n e r a l p o p u la tio n has had a s im ila r
s c h o o l p o p u l a t i o n w hich
There w ere 4 ,0 7 6 p e r s o n s
ty in
1910,
th is
the r u r a l
This d e c r e a s e
e f f e c t upon the
i s shown b y t h e f o l l o w i n g f a c t s .
betw een th e
was r e d u c e d
w ere 2 ,8 5 0 p e rs o n s
1
in
ages
to 2 ,9 1 4
enum erated in
in
1930.^
o f sev e n and tw en­
1920,
In th e
and t h e r e
school year
o f 1938-1939 t h e r e w ere o n ly 2 ,2 2 5 p e rs o n s b e tw ee n t h e
ages
o f s i x and tw e n ty .'"’
1. U nited S t a t e s , F i f t e e n t h
2.
Ib id .,
p.
Census,
1930, P o p u la tio n , p . 17.
18.
3 . Lewis C o u n ty M i s s o u r i , R e c o rd o f t h e
d e n t of S c h o o ls , 1938-1939.
County S u p e r i n t e n ­
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
4
From 1 9 2 8 - 1 9 5 0 ,
th e f i n a n c i a l problem of th e
o f M i s s o u r i became v e ry g r a v e ,
m an y s c h o o l s w e r e f o r c e d t o
term ,
were no a v a i l a b l e f u n d s .
effo rts
and to
reduce th e len g th of th e
to a c c e p t w a r r a n ts
Due t o
th e se acute c o n d itio n s ,
of schools
T e a c h e r's
its
grad u ally
in creased.
in to
larg e r u n its
t h e 1931 s c h o o l law
e n a c tm e n t t h e amount o f f i n a n c i a l a i d h a s
At t h e
p r e s e n t tim e th e
t i c a l l y p a y in g one h u n d re d p e r c e n t o f
f o r w hich t h e
state
is p ra c ­
the f i n a n c i a l su p p o rt
law p r o v i d e s .
Lewis C ounty h a s t a k e n a d v a n t a g e o f t h e f i n a n c i a l
schools
b u t up t o
the p re s e n t
o rg a n iz a tio n of the d i s t r i c t
the
electo rs
of the
schools
sup­
tim e th e p l a n f o r r e ­
has been r e j e c t e d
by
common s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s .
E x p l a n a t i o n o f Terms
The t e r m s
to be used
in th is
survey are herew ith
ex­
plained .
A t t e n d a n c e u n i t w i l l c o n s i s t o f t h e g e o g r a p h i c a l and
p o p u latio n
4. S tate
a nd
of f i n a n c ia l burden f o r school su p p o rti
c o m m o n l y kno wn i n M i s s o u r i a s
and s i n c e
port fo r
to
t h e F i f t y - S i x t h G e n e r a l A sse m b ly e n a c t e d a law
the e q u a l i z a t i o n
is
Many
f o r w hich t h e r e
th e u n t i r i n g w ork o f th e M is s o u r i S t a t e
p roviding fo r re o rg a n iz a tio n
This
school
o f th e M iss o u ri S t a t e D epartm ent o f E d u c a tio n ,
A sso ciatio n ,
for
i t w as s u c h t h a t
a n d t o o p e r a t e w i t h o u t muc h n e e d e d e q u i p m e n t .
te a c h e r s w ere a ls o f o r c e d
th e
in f a c t ,
schools
a rea served by a sin g le
of M isso u ri,
school.
R e v ise d S c h o o l Laws, 1938, p .
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
62.
5
C o n tro l u n i t w i l l c o n s is t of b o th the f i n a n c i a l
ad m in istrativ e
asp ect of
R ural sch o o l is
eig h t in c lu siv e ,
the sch o o l.
a s c h o o l o f f e r i n g work i n g r a d e s
a s c h o o l o f f e r i n g work i n g r a d e s
in clu siv e.
J u n i o r H igh S c h o o l i s
seven to n in e
a s c h o o l o f f e r i n g work i n g r a d e s
in clu siv e.
S e n i o r H igh S c h o o l i s
ten to
a s c h o o l o f f e r i n g work in g ra d e s
tw elv e i n c l u s i v e .
An e l e m e n t a r y s c h o o l c e n t e r i s
o n ly elem entary grades
is
b o th e le m e n ta ry and
ju n io r high
grades' is
ju n io r hig h
a p l a c e w here work o f
school grades
A S e n i o r H igh S c h o o l C e n te r i s
elem entary,
a p l a c e w here w ork o f
offered.
A J u n i o r H igh S c h o o l C e n t e r i s
the
one to
a n d t a u g h t b y o n e o r tw o t e a c h e r s .
E lem entary s c h o o l is
one to s i x
and
sch o o l,
is
offered.
a p l a c e w here w ork i n
and s e n i o r h i g h s c h o o l
offered.
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
CHAPTER I I
RECENT SURVEYS
C lassificatio n
o f M is s o u ri S chools
A M i s s o u r i s c h o o l may h e
i n any one o f f o u r c l a s s e s
w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r o v i d e d b y lav/ a c c o r d i n g t o
the
sch o o l.
This
is
stated
the
rath er sp ecific ally
lo c a tio n of
as f o l l o w s ;
F i r s t , a l l d i s t r i c t s having only th re e d i r e c t o r s
s h a l l b e k n o w n a s common s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s ; s e c o n d ,
a l l d i s t r i c t s o u t s i d e o f i n c o r p o r a t e d c i t i e s , tow ns,
o r v i l l a g e s w hich a r e g overned by s i x d i r e c t o r s
s h a l l b e know n a s c o n s o l i d a t e d d i s t r i c t s ; t h i r d , a l l
d i s t r i c t s g o v e rn e d by s i x d i r e c t o r s and i n w h ic h i s
l o c a t e d any c i t y o f t h e f o u r t h c l a s s o r an in c o r p o ­
r a t e d t o w n o r v i l l a g e s h a l l b e kn ow n a s a t o w n s c h o o l
d i s t r i c t ; and f o u r t h , a l l d i s t r i c t s in w hich i s l o ­
c a te d any c i t y o f t h e f i r s t , s e c o n d , o r t h i r d c l a s s
s h a l l b e known as c i t y s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s . ®
M issouri F i r s t
C o n s o l i d a t e d S c h o o l Law
D u r i n g t h e s e s s i o n o f t h e G e n e r a l Assembly® i n
w as r e a l i z e d
th at
c h ild to re c e iv e
p a rtia lly
tak e
t h e r e w ere n o t
equal advantages
an e d u c a tio n of th e
care of th is
situ atio n
secondary
w ould be
A co n so lid ated d i s t r i c t
m o r e common s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s
le ss
lev el.
to
see
Ib id .,
p.
10.
6.
Ib id ., p.
62.
every
To
i f new c o n ­
ju stifie d .
c o u ld b e form ed by t h r e e o r
o r by a v i l l a g e d i s t r i c t having
t h a n two h u n d r e d e n u m e r a t e d as o f s c h o o l a g e ,
5.
for
t h e r e w e r e many s u r ­
v e y s made b y t h e c o u n t y s u p e r i n t e n d e n t s
so lid ated d is tr ic ts
1919 i t
to g eth er
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
7
w i t h tw o o r m o r e a d j o i n i n g d i s t r i c t s .
w ere to be form ed f o r
T h e s e ne w d i s t r i c t s
t h e p u r p o s e o f m a i n t a i n i n g b o t h an
e le m e n ta ry and a s e c o n d a ry s c h o o l .
T h e s e new d i s t r i c t s
c o u l d o n l y b e form ed when t h e y
w ould h a v e an a r e a o f a t
least
fifty
square m ile s ,
or at
l e a s t a n e n u m e r a t i o n o f two h u n d r e d c h i l d r e n o f s c h o o l a g e .
T he y c o u l d n o t i n c l u d e a t o w n o r c i t y
tio n
in w hich th e
enum era­
o f c h i l d r e n o f s c h o o l a g e w as f i v e h u n d r e d o r m o r e .
The c o u n t y s u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f s c h o o l s h a d r a t h e r a p r o m ­
in en t p a rt
in the fo rm atio n of th is
dent citizen s
o f a c o m m u n i t y 'when t h e y d e s i r e d
d ated d i s t r i c t p re sen te d
t i t i o n b earin g
p etitio n
to
vote
a co n so li­
tw en ty -fiv e
in th e d i s t r i c t .
and to d e t e r m i n e t h e
th e needs
exact b oundaries
electo rs
On r e c e i p t o f
th e county s u p e rin te n d e n t v i s i t e d
ty f o r th e purpose of in v e s tig a tin g
n ity
The r e s i ­
to th e county s u p e r in te n d e n t a p e ­
t h e names o f a t l e a s t
t h a t w ere q u a l i f i e d
th is
new d i s t r i c t .
of
the
communi­
the
commu­
o f t h e new d i s ­
trict.
A fte r determ in in g
the
th e bou ndaries
of
t h e new d i s t r i c t
c o u n t y s u p e r i n t e n d e n t was r e q u i r e d t o
the q u a lifie d
tim e,
v o te rs by p o s tin g
ten n o tic e s
and p u rp o s e of t h e m e e tin g .
q u ired to be p o sted a t
c a l l a m eeting of
These n o t i c e s w ere r e ­
l e a s t f i f t e e n days b e f o r e th e m eeting.
A ls o t h e c o u n t y s u p e r i n t e n d e n t was r e q u i r e d
p lo ts
fore
of th e new ly form ed d i s t r i c t
the m eeting.
B oth t h e n o t i c e s
p l o t s w ere to be p o s te d
of the p la c e ,
at
least
to p o s t f i v e
at least fifte e n
o f th e m eeting
th irty
days a f t e r
days b e ­
and t h e
receiv in g
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
8
the p e t i t i o n
from th e
com m unity.
I t wa3 f u r t h e r m o r e p r o v i d e d ' b y l a w t h a t w h e n t h e
i d a t i o n w as f o r m e d
r u r a l sch o o ls,
the p u p ils
to
t h e new d i s t r i c t
o r by a v o te of th e
could r e t a i n
electo rs,
the c e n tr a l sch o o l.
It
its
could c lo se
th at
one o f t h e
than te n .
schools
of the d i s t r i c t
. Im m ediately a f t e r
its
or to
activ e
s c h o o l s , w hich i s
in th e
the
atten d ­
could be tr a n s p o r te d
to
the c e n t r a l s c h o o l.
th e passage of th is
M i s s o u r i became r a t h e r
of
The p u p i l s
lav; L e w i s G o u n t y
c o n s o l i d a t i o n o f .some
shown i n F i g u r e
I.
E w i n g C o n s o l i d a t e d D i s t r i c t l u m b e r One w a s t h e f i r s t
b e form ed and i t
tra l
c o n s is te d of f i v e r u r a l schools
s c h o o l a t Ew ing.
A ll of th e r u r a l schools
be operated f o r grades
one to
eig h t
in clu siv e,
cen­
co n tin u ed
to
and th o s e , d e ­
to a tte n d h ig h
tio n .
T h i s new d i s t r i c t was f o r m e d u p o n t h e b a s i s
square m iles,
to
and th e
sirin g
fifty
of
any school,
w i t h o u t a v o t e o f t h e p e o p l e , when t h e a v e r a g e d a i l y
a n c e was l e s s
o rig in al
tran sp o rt a ll
also pro v id ed
b o a r d o f e d u c a t i o n o f t h e new d i s t r i c t
co n so l­
s c h o o l p r o v i d e d t h e i r own t r a n s p o r t a ­
alth o u g h a t
th a n tw o -hundred enum erated
th e tim e
of having
t h e r e w e re more
o f s c h o o l age in th e
en tire
d istric t.
C o n s o l i d a t e d D i s t r i c t N um be r Two w i t h t h e c e n t r a l s c h o o l
a t L e w i s t o w n was c o m p o s e d o f f i v e
t r a l s c h o o l a t L ew istow n.
b asis
to
sch o o l.
and t h e c e n ­
T h i s d i s t r i c t was f o r m e d u p o n t h e
of enum eration of sch o o l c h ild r e n .
tr a n s p o r t both
tra l
r u r a l schools
The p e o p l e v o t e d
e l e m e n t a r y and s e c o n d a r y p x ip ils t o
When t h i s
the
cen­
d i s t r i c t was f o r m e d t h e r e w e r e m ore
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
t h a n , tw o h u n d r e d o f s c h o o l a g e e n u m e r a t e d
In the
en tire d is ­
D u rh a m C o n s o l i d a t e d D i s t r i c t N um be r F o u r i s
composed o f
trict.
four ru ra l school d is tr ic ts
a t Durham.
tr ic t for
T ran sp o rtatio n
eith er
and t h e
is
not provided w ith in
elem entary o r secondary p u p i l s .
t r i c t wa.3 f o r m e d u p o n t h e b a s i s
dred
c en tral school d i s t r i c t
o f h a v i n g m o r e t h a n two h u n ­
after
the fo rm a tio n of C o n so lid ate d D i s t r i c t
Numb er F o u r o n e o f t h e f o r m e r r u r a l s c h o o l s
voted out o f th e d i s t r i c t .
b u t a p o rtio n of the r u r a l
d i s t r i c t rem ained a p a r t of th e
M on ticello ,
tra l
the
asked to be
U n i s w as d o n e b y a v o t e o f t h e
e n tire co n so lid ated d i s t r i c t ,
co n so lid atio n .
c o u n t y s e a t o f Lewis C o u n ty ,
is
s c h o o l o f C o n s o l i d a t e d D i s t r i c t Number F i v e .
trict
co n sists
of fiv e ru ra l
school d i s t r i c t
t r i c t of its
for
This d i s ­
c h i l d r e n o f s c h o o l age enum erated in th e d i s t r i c t .
Pour y ears
tral
the d i s ­
school d i s t r i c t s
a t M on ticello .
kind in th e
county.
This
is
county,
t r a l school.
h a v in g o n ly one r u r a l
the
la rg e st d is­
pro v id ed
is
the s m a lle s t
s c h o o l and t h e
T h i s d i s t r i c t vn'as f o r m e d u p o n t h e b a s i s
enum eration o f sch o o l c h ild r e n .
v id e d* f o r
and t h e c e n ­
of the d i s t r i c t .
Maywood C o n s o l i d a t e d D i s t r i c t N um be r S i x
one in t h e
eith e r
to m a in ta in a hig h
th is
sch o o l.
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n w as n o t p r o ­
m entary s c h o o l i s b e in g
d istric t
In
cen­
of
elem entary or secondary sch o o l p u p i l s .
a vote of th e p eo p le
cen­
This d i s ­
T ransioortation is
e l e m e n t a r y and h i g h s c h o o l p u p i l s
the
its
has
in re c e n t years
place
a two t e a c h e r
co ntinued.
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
By
ceased
ele­
10
The l a s t d i s t r i c t
i n Lewis
County i s
r u r a l schools
ry
of th e
a t W illiam stow n.
and t h e
was f a i r l y
for
composed o f t h r e e
This d i s t r i c t
o f h a v i n g m o r e t h a n tw o h u n d r e d
c h i l d r e n enum erated in th e d i s t r i c t .
These changes
to
is
are tra n sp o rte d .
was fo rm e d u p o n t h e b a s i s
tag es
It
t y p e t o Toe f o r m e d
c e n t r a l s c h o o l t o w h ic h Doth e l e m e n t a ­
and h i g h s c h o o l p u p i l s
sch o o l-ag e
co n so lid ated
in d icated
th at
a d e q u a te and f u r n i s h e d
th o se
the
su rv ey .o f
some e d u c a t i o n a l a d v a n ­
liv in g w ith in th e d i s t r i c t s .
I t was p o s s i b l e
th o se n o t liv in g w ith in a c o n so lid a te d d i s t r i c t
tu itio n
a nd h a v e t h e same a d v a n t a g e s a s t h o s e
trict.
Because th e
er the
c o u n t y i t was p o s s i b l e
fo r n early a l l
The F i f t y - S i x t h
th e schools
tio n ,
u sefu ln ess
of the
and t h a t a l l
o p p o rtu n ities
This
the
Survey
from an e d u c a t i o n a l v i e w p o i n t ,
c h ild re n o f the s t a t e
th at
th at
d id n ot have equal
so t h e y p a s s e d w h at i s
com­
1 9 3 1 S c h o o l Law.
law p r o v i d e s f o r
Ib id ., p.
a
s t a t e were i n a c r i t i c a l f i n a n c i a l c o n d i­
f i n a n c i a l su p p o rt of
7.
atten d
ov­
system o f th e s t a t e had p r a c t i c a l ­
f o r an e d u c a tio n ,
m o n l y kn ow n a s
to
G e n e r a l A ssem bly^ I n 1931 r e a l i z e d
sm all school d i s t r i c t
its
in the d i s ­
they d e s ire d .
M issouri R e d is tr ie tin g
ly served
to pay
s c h o o ls were f a i r l y w e ll d i s t r i b u t e d
school of secondary le v e l i f
th e
t h a t tim e
an I n c r e a s e
the sch o o ls
in s ta t e
and th e
aid f o r
eq u alizatio n
43.
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
the
of ap-
11
«(
20
19
18
12
15
22
26
25
13
25
SeBe
Levels to w n
30
38
M onticello
\ C
iCa nt on
48
-
40
49
C -2
46 I 45
48
44
58
54
81
69
61
63
62
4H ’c
tT
#
S leffen v ille
_ 0 z 3 ___________
72
pD urham
I # C -4
59
82
80
I
D i s t r i c t System o f S c h o o ls
''
60
■ sh k -
.
F igure
rin
i n Lev/is C o u n t y
R u ra l Schools
4b ;-
C onsolidated. Schools
4;-*-
C ity Schools
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
&
12
p o rtio n m e n t, based upon th e
teach er-u n it,
the a b i l i t y
average d a ily atten d an ce or
of the
l o c a l s c h o o l to s u p p o r t an
ad eq u a te s c h o o l program f i n a n c i a l l y ,
reo rg an izain g
the lo c a l
The r e o r g a n i z a t i o n
cou n ties
school d i s t r i c t
The l a w r e q u i r e d
o f schools
call
each d i s t r i c t
co unty.
a proxy m ust be p r e s e n t .
co unty.
The p u r p o s e
I f th e y could n o t be p r e s e n t
1931,
of th is
to b e h e l d on
a t th e county s e a t of th e
m e e t i n g was
to s e l e c t a c o u n ty
common s c h o o l d i s t r i c t b o a r d s .
and e ac h c l e r k h a d one v o t e
board.
be a c itiz e n
and c l e r k fro m
b o a r d o f s i x m e m b e r s who c o u l d o r c o u l d n o t b e
members o f t h e
d istric tin g
th e county s u p e r in te n d e n t
S u c h a m e e t i n g was
of Septem ber,
red istrictin g
th at
of the
through a r e d i s t r i e t -
a m eeting of th e p r e s id e n t
in the
the f i f t e e n t h
system .
of th e county s c h o o l system s
o f M i s s o u r i was p r o v i d e d f o r
ing b o a rd .
county,
a n d f ’o r t h e p u r p o s e o f
each in
and must be
the e le c tio n
Each p e rso n e le c te d
of th e U nited S t a t e s ,
Each p r e s i d e n t
the r e -
t o t h e new b o a r d m u s t
of the
tw en ty -o n e y e a rs
of
state,
of age.
and o f th e
I t w as p r o v i d e d
t h a t t w o m e m b e r s o f t h e n ew b o a r d may n o t b e r e s i d e n t s
same t o w n s h i p ,
sh ip s,
trict
and i f
the
county is
t h e n n o t m o r e t h a n tw o may r e s i d e
of
the co u n ty .
This p r a c t i c a l l y
s e n ta tio n of the d i s t r i c t s
ten d en t is
E a c h member o f
Q
tak e the fo llo w in g o ath ;
Ib id .,
p.
tow n­
in any j u d i c i a l d i s ­
Insures
of th e county.
in to
equal re p re ­
The G o u n t y S u p e r i n ­
a m e m b e r o f t h e b o a r d b u t may n o t v o t e
case of a t i e .
8.
not d iv id ed
of the
t h e new b o a r d I s
except in
req u ired
43.
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
to
13
I do s o l e m n l y s w e a r t h a t I w i l l s u p p o r t t h e c o n s t i t u ­
t i o n o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , and t h e c o n s t i t u t i o n o f t h e
S t a t e o f M i s s o u r i , and t h a t I w i l l f a i t h f u l l y and im­
p a r t i a l l y d i s c h a r g e t h e d u t i e s i m p o s e d u p o n me a s a
m e m be r o f t h e b o a r d s e l e c t e d t o d i v i d e ______ G o u n t y , S t a t e
of M issouri in to proposed en larg ed school d i s t r i c t s , to
t h e b e s t o f my a b i l i t y a c c o r d i n g t o l a v / , s o h e l p me G od.
Hie r e d i s t r i e t i n g
b o a r d was r e q u i r e d b y la w ^ t o p r o p o s e
new a n d e n l a r g e d d i s t r i c t s
d istric t
It
as
o f continguous
i t w as o r i g i n a l l y
co n stitu ted
territo ry
a n d no
could be d iv id e d .
a ls o p ro v id e d t h a t an e n la rg e d d i s t r i c t m ust h ave a v a l u ­
a tio n of not less
d o llars,
u n less
o r m ore.
th a n one m i l l i o n
t h e r e was a t o t a l
I f sm aller d i s t r i c t s
f i v e hundred
thousand
a rea of f i f t y
are
square m iles
to be form ed i t m ust be
w ith th e co n sen t o f th e S ta te S u p e rin te n d e n t of S c h o o ls .
order fo r
for
th is
each o f
enlarged d i s t r i c t
the sch o o l d i s t r i c t s
larged d i s t r i c t s
to
to be form ed i t
is necessary
m a k i n g u p t h e new a n d e n ­
v o te fa v o ra b ly upon th e m a tte r .
som e p a r t i c u l a r d i s t r i c t d o e s n o t v o t e f a v o r a b l y
When
the
County
S u p e rin ten d e n t can d e s i g n a t e ^
a new e n l a r g e d d i s t r i c t
exclude th o se n o t fa v o r a b le
lo n g as t h e
tiguous.
so
In
territo ry
is
and
con­
When a p r o p o s e d d i s t r i c t h a s o n c e b e e n r e j e c t e d ,
t h e r e j e c t e d p r o p o s a l may n o t b e v o t e d u p o n a g a i n f o r o n e
year.
There a re
th re e fundam ental w eaknesses
posed by th e M is s o u ri L e g i s l a t u r e
by th e U nited S ta te s
9.
Ib id .,
p.
43.
10.
Ib id .,
p.
46.
according
In th e p la n p r o ­
to
a s u r v e y m a de
O ffice of E d u catio n .
11. U nitedS ta te s O ffic e o f E d u c a tio n ,
pp.
74-75.
B u l l e t i n Wo.
15,
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
1935,
—
14
F irst,
the
law f o r b i d s
a r e d i s t r i c t i n g board to d iv id e
any p r e s e n t s c h o o l d i s t r i c t
trict.
Ib is
I n s e t t i n g up t h e
s i m p l y means t h a t
c o n v e n i e n t t o some c h i l d r e n
It w ill
tend to p e r p e tu a te
p racticed
nom ical s c a le
to
th e s c h o o l w i l l n o t be so
and h e n c e t h e y w i l l b e n e g l e c t e d .
the gerrym andering
I n so many o f t h e
very d i f f i c u l t
enlarged d i s ­
lo cal d iv isio n s.
s e t up d i s t r i c t s
th a t has been
I t w i l l be
on a c o n v e n i e n t and e c o ­
th a t w ill not req u ire
a d iv isio n
o f som e o f
the p re s e n t d i s t r i c t s .
Second,
th e
lav/ w i l l n o t p e r m i t t h e f o r m a t i o n o f
enlarged d i s t r i c t s
if
a m ajo rity
does n o t v o te f o r th e p r o p o s a l,
the
enlarged d i s t r i c t
d em ocratic
can d e f e a t
and w i l l r e s u l t
q u ate sch o o l advantages
th at
is
expensive to
b e made i f
v o te of th e
the
the d i s t r i c t
q u alified
I n one o f t h e d i v i s i o n s
hence a sm all m in o rity
the m a jo r ity .
This
T h i r d , many o f
su fficien t
p lete
in
is un­
i n d e n y i n g t o many c h i l d r e n a d e ­
and w i l l c o n t i n u e
tax p ay er.
a
s c h o o l system
M uch b e t t e r p r o g r e s s
can
can be c o n s o lid a te d by th e m a jo rity
v o ters
in the
enlarged d i s t r i c t .
m a j o r i t y s h o u l d n o t b e d e t e r m i n e d on t h e b a s i s
ent e x istin g d i s t r i c t
the
A
of the p re s ­
lin es.
the
proposed d i s t r i c t s
c h ild re n nor fin a n c ia l resources
arrangem ent f o r a d m in is tr a tiv e
I t w i l l be n e c e s sa ry to
w i l l have n e i t h e r
to
a f f o r d c om ­
and s u p e r v i s o r y u n i t s .
s u p e r im p o s e them th r o u g h
th e county
In a la r g e r u n i t .
The S t a t e D e p a r t m e n t o f E d u c a t i o n r e a l i z e d
Gounty R e d i s t r i c t i n g
th a t the
B o a r d s s h o u l d h a v e som e a s s i s t a n c e
R ep ro d u ced with p erm ission o f th e copyright ow ner. Further reproduction prohibited w ithout perm ission.
in
15
t h e form o f a s u r v e y ,
i n f o r m i n g t h e nev; a n d e n l a r g e d d i s -
1P
D r . R. L . G a r n e t t - 1-* w a s e m p l o y e d b y t h e
tric ts.
p a r t m e n t o f E d u c a t i o n t o m a ke a s u r v e y
o f the
one h u n d red f i f t e e n
co u n ties
S t a t e De­
in one h u n d re d s e v e n
in th e s ta t e
o f M issouri
in 1952.
These su rv e y s w ere f o r th e p u rp o se of p r o v id i n g
county r e d i s t r i c t i n g
fa c ilitie s
hoards w ith
f o r education
in th e
t h in g s w hich w ere d e f e c t i v e
system s o f th e s t a t e ,
to
in fo rm atio n concerning th e
county,
provide
in p la n n in g f o r th e f u tu r e ,
trictin g
boards w ith g u id es
The c o u n t i e s
be expected,
to
ed u catio n al
i n f o r m a t i o n w hich w ould be
valu ab le
propose a p lan fo r
to p o in t out th o s e
in th e d if f e r e n t
as
the
to pro v id e
the r e d i s -
the b e s t p r a c tic e s ,
the r e d i s t r i c t i n g
and to
of each county.
s u r v e y e d h a d o n e common d e f e c t t h a t w a s t o
a v e r y l a r g e number o f l o c a l s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s .
T his number v a r i e d fro m t w e n t y - n i n e i n C a r t e r C ounty to one
hundred th ir ty - tw o
i n Nodaway C o u n t y .
report th a t p ra c tic a lly
13
I t w as s h o w n i n t h e
a l l of th e governm ent e n t e r p r i s e s
t h e c o u n t y w e r e c o n d u c t e d on t h e b a s i s
of the
of
c o u n ty as a
w hole.
I t w as a l s o p o i n t e d
out th a t
it
was i m p o s s i b l e f o r
C o u n ty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t t o p r o p e r l y c a r r y on t h e
tiv e d u ties
tie s,
the
ad m in istra­
i n t h a t t h e r e w ere a l a r g e number o f o f f i c e
du­
t h a t t h e r e w e r e a l a r g e numb e r o f s c h o o l s .to b e v i s -
12.
S t a t e o f M is s o u ri, E ig h ty -T h ird R eport of th e D epartm ent
o f P u b l i c S c h o o l s , J e f f e r s o n C i t y , M o., 1932, p . 145.
13.
Ib id .,
p.
109.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
16
ited ,
t h a t o f t e n t h e d i s t a n c e b e t w e e n s c h o o l s was r a t h e r
long,
and t h a t
the type of roads
w ould n o t p e r m i t a r o u t i n e
and th e w e a th e r c o n d i t i o n s
of v i s i t a t i o n
to
the d i f f e r e n t
sch o o ls.
In g e n e ra l th e fo llo w in g
th e schools
eq u alities
of th e d i f f e r e n t co u n ties
ex ist
in
lim ited
sch o o ls,
lack
sch o o ls,
and l a c k o f
the
courses
of sp e c ia l
Second,
v ariatio n
length
In value
and s a n i t a r y
co n d itio n s,
d istric ts
support
great
sch o o ls.
F ourth,
a high d egree
the
the
ab ilities
of m ain tain in g
sm all
value
and ty p e
in h e a lth f u l
of the d i f f e r e n t
the sc h o o ls.
in ta x burdens f o r
the
and
T hird,
support of
l a r g e number o f l o c a l u n i t s
of in e ffic ie n c y
stand­
In th e s m a ll
an a d e q u a te p ro g ram o f e d u c a t i o n ,
ex ist
in ­
e x is t from th e s ta n d p o in t of
of school term s,
in
all
and s m a ll
in the
and amount o f e q u ip m e n t,
co sts
in eq u alities
In th e r u r a l
lead ersh ip
great
from th e
or v o c a tio n a l courses
in eq u alities
in the
in th e p e r c a p it a
of study
e ffic ie n t
of b u ild in g s,
to
F irst,
ed u catio n al o p p o rtu n itie s
p o in t of
sch o o ls.
c o n c lu s io n s were found f o r
resu lt
In
In g e n e r a l a d m in is tr a tio n of
the sch o o ls.
The S t a t e D e p a r t m e n t o f E d u c a t i o n t h o u g h t t o
th is u n satisfacto ry
c o n d itio n by a d r a s t i c
number o f s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s
pro p o sals
fo r reo rg an izatio n
In th e v a rio u s
14.
Ib id .,
in the s t a t e .
p.
of
re d u c tio n in th e
A ccording to
the v a rio u s
co u n ties fo llo w in g
the
rem edy
the
school d is tr ic ts
surveys,
the
county
169.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
.
17
u n it
v;‘
s recommended In t e n o f t h e
number- o f d i s t r i c t s
w h i c h w as
in S t.
co u n ties.
t o b e f o r m e d i n any c o u n t y was
L ouis
C ounty.
At th e
tim e th e
m a de t h e r e w e r e 8 , 1 5 1 s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s
S t.
‘H ie l a r g e s t
L o u is and K ansas
in the
C ity b ein g ex clu d ed .
r e o r g a n i z a t i o n were t o
reduce t h i s
s u rv e y s were
107 c o u n t i e s ,
The p r o p o s a l s f o r
num ber to 388 o r l e s s
f i v e p e r c e n t o f th e o r i g i n a l num ber.
Lew is C ounty M i s s o u r i S u r v e y .
c o u n t y r e v e a l e d , many d e f e c t s
ten,
th an
15
^
The s u r v e y i n t h i s
t h a t w e r e common t o
c o u n t i e s b u t a s u m m a ry o f t h e d e f e c t s
all
as fo u n d in
the
1932 a r e
giv en h e re .
1.
The b u r d e n o f a d m i n i s t e r i n g
schools
i n Lev/is C o u n t y f a l l s
S u p erin ten d en t.
office d u tie s,
tio n s,
Teachers
carry
in
o f f i c i a l ’s e v e r
county
in creasin g
on a l l
i t was o b v i o u s
th e work t h a t
t h a t one p e rs o n
is
to be done.
o n e room, s c h o o l s h a v e s o ma ny g r a d e s ,
and s u b j e c t s
ma ny d e t a i l s
the
the
th e d i s t a n c e betw een s c h o o ls , w e a th e r c o n d i­
cannot adequately
classes,
upon one p e r s o n ,
I n vie?/ o f t h a t
a n d ma ny o t h e r f a c t o r s
2.
and s u p e r v i s i n g
to te a c h and have to
t h a t thorough, work i s
than o n e -th ird of th e
look a f t e r
im p o ssib le.
s c h o o l c h i l d r e n i n Lewis
so
Y e t , more
County a t t e n d
such s c h o o ls .
3 . None o f t h e
one and two t e a c h e r s c h o o l s h a d m ore
t h a n an e i g h t m onth s c h o o l t e r m ,
w h ile only n in e d i s t r i c t s
m a i n t a i n s c h o o l s w h ich h a v e n i n e m onth te r m s .
15.
Ib id .,
p.
174.
16.
Ib id .,
p.
17.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
18
4.
The c o u r s e
of study
and c a n n o t raeet t h e n e ed s
in th e sm all schools
of the
su ch as m u s ic ,
d r a w in g , hom em aking, v o c a t i o n a l s u b j e c t s ,
and c o m m ercial s u b j e c t s
6.
narrow
In d iv id u al p u p il.
5 . No s p e c i a l o r v o c a t i o n a l c o u r s e s
p h y sic a l edu catio n ,
Is
can be o f f e r e d
in the
sm all sc h o o ls.
The c h a r a c t e r o f t h e s c h o o l p r o p r a m , o f f e r e d
sm all schools
i n Lewis C ounty a t t e s t s
com m uniti' s l a c k
7.
efficien t
The a l t e r n a t i o n
to
the f a c t
i n many
t h a t som e
lead ersh ip .
o f g ra d e s w hich is p r a c t i c e d
in the
o n e ro om s c h o o l s , a l t h o u g h b e t t e r
th a n one t a c h e r te a c h i n g
a ll
to
the
eig h t
grades,
is
in fe rio r
the p r a c t i c e fo llo w e d
i n t h e tow n g r a d e d and d e p a r t m e n t a l i s e d
sch o o ls.
8 . N ine hu n d red o r 3 6 .5 p e r c e n t o f th e 2 ,4 6 2 s c h o o l
ch ild ren
i n Lewis C o u n ty a r e e n r o l l e d
schools.
It
is
ev ident th a t th e se c h ild re n
ing e d u c a tio n a l o p p o r t u n i t i e s
t h o s e who a t t e n d
i n one and two t e a c h e r
larg e
equal to
are n o t r e c e iv ­
t h o s e r e c e i v e d by
graded s c h o o ls .
9 . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 33 p e r c e n t o f t h e c h i l d r e n i n L e w i s
C ounty a r e a t t e n d i n g
schools
having
less
than t h i r t y
pupils
en ro lled .
10.
to
three
to
take
to
the
The t r a n s p o r t a t i o n o f s c h o o l c h i l d r e n
co n so lid ated d i s t r i c t s .
the
ch ild ren
It
is
confined
i s mu ch m o r e e c o n o m i c a l
to th e s c h o o l th a n to
take th e sch o o l
ch ild ren .
11.
The e n r o l l m e n t
County r a n g e s
12.
in the
from f o u r to
one t e a c h e r s c h o o l s
i n Lewis
tw enty-tw o p u p i l s .
T here a r e 763 p u p i l s
o f h ig h sc h o o l age in th e
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
county.
first
Three h u n d red n in e o r f o r t y p e r c e n t l i v e
c la s s high
13.
ou tsid e
school d i s t r i c t s .
Th e s c h o o l s
o f Lewis
County a r e r e a c h i n g
only about
e ig h t-fo u r p e r cen t o f the p o t e n tia l h ig h school p u p ils .
14.
Hie a v e r a g e a s s e s s e d v a l u a t i o n p e r p u p i l
C ounty i s
6,692 d o l l a r s .
d istric ts
ranges
15.
The a v e r a g e a m o u n t i n t h e d i f f e r e n t
from 3 ,9 2 2 d o l l a r s
The l o c a l t a x
d o l l a r and f i f t y
i n Lewis
to
60,865 d o l l a r s .
le v y ra n g e s from f i f t e e n
cents
to
one
c e n t s upon, t h e o n e h u n d r e d d o l l a r v a l u a t i o n
fo r school purposes.
16.
The a v e r a g e c o s t p e r p u p i l o f t h e 1 9 3 0 - 1 9 3 1 s c h o o l
program i n M is s o u ri ran g ed from t h i r t y
The a v e r a g e f o r
L e w i s C o u n t y was s i x t y - f i v e
17. Seven h u n d re d f o r t y - s i x
p ils
in average d a ily
of less
than f i f t y
d o llars
of less
19.
o f Lewis
It
is
d o llars.
1930-1931 had an a v e ra g e
s p e n t on e ac h of them .
o r 25 .5 p e r c e n t of a l l
back o f each o f them .
There are s i x t y - t h r e e b u ild in g s
stru ctio n .
253 d o l l a r s .
C ounty h a v e an a v e r a g e a s s e s s e d v a l u a t i o n
th a n 5,000 d o l l a r s
tw o t e a c h e r s c h o o l s .
to
or 3 2.9 p e r c en t of a l l pu­
attendance fo r
18. Seven hundred s i x t y - n i n e
the p u p ils
d o llars
F ifty -n in e
t h a t h o u s e one and
o f them a r e
agreed th a t b u ild in g s
o f wo od c o n ­
f o r school purposes
sh o u ld be o f f i r e p r o o f m a t e r i a l .
20.
Trie e s t i m a t e d v a l u e o f e q u i p m e n t i n t h e o n e r o o m
one t e a c h e r s c h o o l r a n g e s
from f i f t y
d o llars
to
1,400 d o l ­
lars .
21.
The e s t i m a t e d v a l u e o f e a c h b u i l d i n g
ra n g e s from
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
20
500 d o l l a r s
to
4,500 d o l l a r s .
22. F if ty - n in e
o f 87 p e r c e n t o f a l l r u r a l s c h o o l s
are
in a d e q u a te ly or im p ro p erly lig h te d .
23.
T w e n t y - f i v e o r 39 p e r c e n t o f a l l r u r a l
schools
are
schools
are
in a d e q u a te ly or im properly h e a te d .
2 4 . F o r t y - t h r e e o r 68 p e r c e n t o f t h e r u r a l
n o t pro v id ed w ith
25.
san itary
to ile t
conv en ien ces.
Only f i v e p e r c e n t o f t h e r u r a l s c h o o l s h a v e an a p ­
proved w a te r su p p ly .
26. A ll except th re e
w ith
of th e r u r a l schools
approved p la y g ro u n d s
or approved p lay g ro u n d equipm ent.
17
proposed E nlarged D i s t r i c t s .
G arnett
and s t a f f fro m
t h e i r s u r v e y recommended t h a t
ta l
are provided
t h e r e b e i n Lewis C ounty a t o ­
o f f o u r S e n i o r H igh S c h o o l d i s t r i c t s ,
e a c h o f w hich
s h o u l d m a i n t a i n one o r more e l e m e n t a r y s c h o o l s .
II,
page 21.}
L e w i s t o w n w as p r o p o s e d
w ith
(See F i g u r e
elem entary7 s c h o o ls
as a S e n i o r H igh S c h o o l c e n t e r
a t Ewing and M o n t i d e l l o .
This d i s ­
t r i c t w ould have a v a l u a t i o n of 5 ,1 1 3 ,0 0 0 d o l l a r s ,
eratio n
of 715,
and a t o t a l
b e 19 1 I n g r a d e s
one to s i x
in grades
one to
six
a t M o n ticello ,
seven to n in e ,
e n ro llm e n t of 811.
en ro lled
a t Ew ing,
a n d 13 3 i n g r a d e s
T here w ould
101 i n g r a d e s
one t o
and 145 I n g r a d e s t e n
an enum­
six ,
241
to tw elve a t
Lewis to w n .
LaG range w a s - p r o p o s e d as a S e n i o r H igh S c h o o l c e n t e r
17.
Ib id .,
pp.
20-23.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
F ig u re
II
Proposed E nlarged D i s t r i c t s
By G a r n e t t
S e n i o r H igh S c h o o l C e n te r
E lem entary School C enter
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
v/ith an e le m e n ta r y
h a v e r., v a l n a t i o n
s c h o o l a t hsvwood.
Inis
of 3,037,17 5 d o l l a r s ,
and a n e n r o l l m e n t o f 4 5 6 .
d i s t r i c t would
a n e n u u e r a t i o n of. 4 5 9 ,
L a d r a n . e \.ro'.'1IcL e n r o l l 2 0 1 i n
grades
onet o s i n ,
120 i n g r a d e s
seven
to n in e
grades
t e n t o t w e l v e . . haywood mould e n r o l l
a n d 72 i n
63 i n g r a d e s
one
to s ix .
The p r o p o s e d h i g h
school
t i o n of 3,775,757 d o l l a r s ,
ro llm en t of
590.
center
onet o s i x ,
grades
tento tw elve.
Canton has
an e n u m e r a t i o n o f
The s c h o o l a t
grades
at
C anton would
16 6 i n g r a d e s
623,
a valua­
and an en­
e n r o l l 279 i n
seven to n in e ,
a n d 86 i n
T h e r e w o u l d b e 59 e n r o l i e d
in grades
o n e t o s i n a.t a r e n a V i s t a .
The p r o p o s e d L a b e l ] e d i s t r i c t w o u l d c o n s i s t
as a H i g h S c h o o l c e n t e r ,
and. e l e m e n t a r y s c h o o l
l i arcs t o w n a n d S t e f f e n v i l i e .
atio n
of 4 ,545,522 d o l l a r s ,
enrollment
of 605.
one t o
six,
in graces
fen
twelve.
six. a t S t e f f e n v i l l e
as a t V i l ­
wam;..d "save a v a l u ­
an e n u m e r a ti o n o f 66 4,
and an
Tice s c h o o l a t L a u e l l e w o u l d e n r o l l
in grades
to
The d i s t r i c t
o f Ls . b e l i e
17 5 i n g r a d e s
seven to n in e ,
a n d 105
T h e r e w o u l d b e 66 i n g r a d e s
and 75 i n g r a d e s
134
one to
o n e t o s i c . a t h i l l l a ms -
tow n.
0ther
h u r s . l 3 cho o 1 3ticdl.es
o f S i m. l l . v r C h a r a d : e r
The o r o t l e n o f s c h o o l a t e e n h a n c e a n d s c h o o l c o s t s
boon s t u d i e d
in various
u e-eral studies
ent s ta te s
of
localities
i n t h e Tint t e d
h a v e b e e n made o f a t t e n d a n c e
th e Incited S t a t e s .
One o f
has
States,
in the d i f f e r ­
the s tu d ie s
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
t h a t lias
23
is
concluded t h a t
3 ,9 6 4 o f t h e 9 ,6 9 1 r u r a l s c h o o l s , w hich
if
t h a t o f H. S . H i c k s
1R
so me s i g n i f i c a n c e
have an a v erag e d a i l y
attendance of le ss
p u p ils were abandoned,
ratio
o f 25 t o
d o llars
after
one.
i t w ould r e s u l t
o f 4 , 7 7 6 , 574-
an allo w an ce o f 1 ,6 7 6 ,5 7 4 d o l l a r s had been
to
A ccording to h is
la rg e r schools.
c o s t had b e e n $ 8 0 .4 3 .
or at
He
than tw e n ty -fiv e
T h ere w ould b e a s a v in g
of p u p ils
§47.38,
Illin o is.
in a p u p il-te a c h e r
made f o r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n
the
in
from abandoned d i s t r i c t s
By t h i s p l a n
re p o rt th e p u p il
i t w ould b e re d u c e d t o
a sav in g of $33 .0 5 p e r p u p i l i n
average d a ily
atten d an ce.
The s t u d y m a d e b y f r a n k B ac hm a n
co n fer w ith
the
He f o u n d t h a t
Iowa L e g i s l a t u r e
is
19
another s im ila r
the
to
exam ple.
t h e r e w e r e 9 , 5 4 0 t o w n s h i p and r u r a l s c h o o l s
w h ic h as a g ro u p h a d an a v e r a g e d a i l y
or le s s .
when h e was c a l l e d
He c o n c l u d e d t h a t
if
th is
attendance
of f i f t e e n
c o u ld be ch an g ed so t h a t
a v e r a g e d a i l y a t t e n d a n c e w ould b e t h i r t y - t w o p u p i l s p e r
t e a c h e r t h e r e w ould be a s a v in g o f 3 ,4 6 2 ,7 9 0 d o l l a r s
to
the
state .
In a r e p o r t to
s i o n S t o d d a r d ‘S
th e N a tio n a l E ducation P o li c ie s
concluded t h a t
in s c h o o ls w here th e
1 8 . H i c k s , H. S .
The R u r a l S c h o o l s
S t a t e Tax C o m m is sio n , 1 9 3 2 .
of
Illin o is,
Commis­
ch ild ren
Illin o is
19 . U n i te d S t a t e s O f f i c e o f E d u c a t i o n . Econom ics Through
t h e E l i m i n a t i o n o f V ery S m a ll S c h o o ls , B u l l e t i n No. 3,
1932, p . 32.
20.
S t o d d a r d , A. J .
The S t r u c t u r e a n d A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f
E d u c a tio n i n A m erican D em ocracy, N a t i o n a l E d u c a tio n
A s s o c i a t i o n , E d u c a t i o n a l P o l i c i e s C om m ission, 19 3 8 , o .
127.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
24
a re grouped
te ac h e rs
in c l a s s e s
are
a b l e t o ma ke m o s t o f
in the a b i l i t i e s
th ere
of from tw en ty to tw e n t y - f i v e th e
and e x p e r ie n c e s
can be l i t t l e
S
t a
th irty
t i s
- t i c
s
^
th at
He s u g g e s t e d
th at
t h a t from
the upper li m i t of a
com piled by th e U n ite d S t a t e s
l
th irty -sev en
th irty
also
to t h i r t y - f i v e .
E ducation in d ic a te
near
classes.
exam ple o f l a r g e r sy ste m s
class be
of t h e ir p u p ils ,
req u ired
hone o f h ig h ly s u c c e s s f u l e x p e rie n c e f o r
c h i l d r e n who w o r k i n l a r g e
the
the adju stm en ts
th a t the p u p il-te a c h e r r a tio
to
one f o r
the
O ffice of
in
c itie s
elem entary s c h o o l,
is
and
to one f o r h ig h s c h o o ls .
The l a w
22
in M is s o u ri s e t s up a t e a c h in g u n i t f o r
elem entary sch o o l of
th ir ty p u p ils
th e high s c h o o l of tw enty p u p i l s .
the
and a t e a c h i n g u n i t f o r
This is
th e b a s is
for
the
a p p o r t i o n m e n t o f e q u a l i z a t i o n money i n t h e d i s t r i c t s .
Prom t h e
i n f o r m a t i o n a t hand and i n c o m p lia n c e w i t h t h e
law s o f M i s s o u r i i t p r o b a b l y w i l l b e e c o n o m i c a l t o
an a t t e n d a n c e r a t i o
the
elem entary
high sch o o l.
of
school,
th irty
o r more p u p i l s
co nsider
per teacher
and tw e n t y o r more p e r t e a c h e r i n
the
The u p p e r l i m i t i n t h e h i g h s c h o o l s h o u l d b e
near tw en ty -fiv e
and th e u p p e r l i m i t n e a r t h i r t y - f i v e
in the
elem entary sch o o l.
21. U nited S ta te s
22. S ta te
in
O ffice o f E ducation.
of M issouri.
On.
c i t .,
pp.
Op. c 1 1 . , p .
42-47.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
32.
CHAPTER I I I
SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND GEOGRAPHICAL
CONDITIONS 0 ? LE I S COUNTY
This
cated
It
stu d y in c lu d e s
a ll
o f Lewis C ounty w h ic h i s
in t h e N orth E a st s e c t i o n
of th e S ta te o f M isso u ri.
i s h o u n d e d on t h e n o r t h b y C l a r k
o n l y c o u n t y b e t w e e n Lew is , a n d t h e
is
Knox C o u n t y ,
and to
s i s s i p p i R iv e r form s
clearly
Lewis C ounty i s
C ounty, w h ic h i s
Iowa b o r d e r .
th e South i s
the
On t h e w e s t
M arion C ounty.
th e E a stern boundary.
shown i n F i g u r e
lo ­
Its
The M i s ­
lo catio n
is
III.
s lig h tly rectan g u lar
i n sh a p e and co n ­
ta in s n e a r ly f i v e hundred te n sq u are m ile s .
Lew is
C ounty i s
Omaha, a n d K a n s a s
Durham,
s e r v e d by two r a i l r o a d s .
C ity R ailro ad
E w ing, Lewis to w n ,
serves
and L a B e l l e .
the
The Q u i n c y ,
t o w n s o f Maywood,
This
r a i l r o a d was
r e c e n t l y p u rc h a se d by th e B u r lin g to n R a ilro a d
now b e i n g u t i l i z e d
as
a feeder lin e .
road p r a c t i c a l l y p a r a l l e l s
Company a n d i s
The B u r l i n g t o n R a i l ­
th e M i s s i s s i p p i R iv e r and s e r v e s
t h e tow ns o f L aG range and C a n to n .
Trie h i g h w a y s y s t e m s
o f Lewis
town and a l a r g e p a r t o f t h e
H i g h w a y N u m b e r 61 e n t e r s
E a ste rn boundary,
to n .
all
r u r a l com m unities.
Lewis
and s e r v e s
County s e r v e s
C ounty s i x m i l e s
of the
F ederal
from th e
t h e tow ns o f L aG ran g e and Can­
S t a t e H i g h w a y N um be r 6 l e a d s f r o m t h e J u n c t i o n o f
H ighw ay Number 81 i n M a r io n C o u n ty t h r o u g h t h e
tow ns o f D ur­
ham,
is
E w ing, Lewis to w n ,
and L a B e l l e . '
This ro a d
of o il
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
26
F igure
o tate
III
o f M i s s o u r i Showing L o c a t i o n o f Lewis
1.
Lewis
2.
C l a r k C ounty
3.
Knox C o u n t y
4.
S h e lb y County
County.
C ounty
5 . M arion C ounty
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
27
mat c o n s t r u c t i o n .
o f No.
61 a t
S t a t e H i g h w a y H um be r 96 f r o m t h e
O anton t h r o u g h M o n t i c e l l o
o f o i l mat c o n s t r u c t i o n .
Ju n ctio n
to Lew istow n i s
also
The t w o t o w n s o f S t e f f e n v i l l e
and
W illia m s to w n a r e s e r v e d b y Farm to M a rk e t r o a d s w h ic h a r e
m a i n t a i n e d b y t h e M i s s o u r i S t a t e Highw ay D e p a r t m e n t .
l a r g e p e r c e n t a g e o f t h e r u r a l hom e s a r e
A
l o c a t e d on o r v e r y
n e a r an a l l - w e a t h e r r o a d .
Lewis
The l a n d
C ounty i s
is
essen tially
very f e r t i l e
in the
an a g r i c u l t u r a l
eastern
broad v a lle y of the M is s is s ip p i R iv er,
sm all stream s
in
the
along th e v a l l e y s .
more t h a n one h a l f
tu ra l in d u stry .
trad e,
w hich
is
county.
s e c tio n along th e
and t h e r e
a r e many
co u n ty w hich have v e ry f e r t i l e
It
is
q u ite
obvious from T able
th e p o p u latio n
Next to t h i s
is
is
so il
I th at
engaged in th e a g r i c u l ­
the w h o lesale
and r e t a i l
c l o s e l y f o l l o w e d by th e p r o f e s s i o n a l and
S em i-P ro fessio n al c la s s e s .
L o c a te d a t LaGrange Is
t h e M i s s o u r i Sand and G r a v e l
C omp a ny , w h i c h s u p p l i e s m o s t o f t h e s a n d a n d g r a v e l f o r r o a d
and c em e n t c o n s t r u c t i o n
s te e l m ill
ploys
In th e county is
also
located
H ie o n l y
a t L a G r a n g e a n d em­
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f men a n d w omen.
There Is
C anton.
th is
In N o r t h e a s t M is s o u r i.
a p l a n n i n g m i l l and c a b i n e t m aking shop a t
Hie o n l y i c e p l a n t
in th e
county Is
also
lo cated
in
tow n.
H i e p o p u l a t i o n o f L e w i s C o u n t y i n 1 9 3 0 w as 1 2 , 0 9 3 a n d
from th e tr e n d
of po p u latio n
h as d e c li n e d from 1 5 ,9 3 0 .
In th e
la st
fo u r decades
The t r e n d o f p o p u l a t i o n
Is
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
it
shown
26
T able I
P e r s o n s i n Lewis C ounty M i s s o u r i o v e r
Ten Y e a r s o f Age G a i n f u l l y E m p l o y e d
O ccupation
H um be r o f P e r s o n s
M ale
A g ricu ltu re
P o r e s t r y and P i s h i n g
E x tr a c tio n of M inerals
B u ilding
C h em ica l and A l l i e d I n d u s t r i e s
C l a y , G l a s s , and S t o n e I n d .
C lothing
B akeries
S l a u g h t e r and P ac k in g
O th er fo o d and A l l i e d In d .
A utom obile r e p a i r shop
I r o n and S t e e l I n d .
L eather In d .
Saw a n d P l a n n i n g m i l l
W oodworking and F i n i s h i n g
Paper P rin tin g , e tc .
I n d e p e n d e n t H a nd T r a d e s
O ther m a n u fa c tu rin g
C o n st, and M ain ten an ce o f S t .
G arages, P i l l i n g S t a t i o n s , e t c .
p o stal serv ice
S te a m and s t r e e t r a i l w a y s
T e le g ra p h and T elephone
O t h e r T r a n s p . a n d Commun.
B an k in g and B r o k e r a g e
I n s u ra n c e and R eal E s t a t e
A utom obile a g e n c ie s
W h o le s a le and R e t a i l T ra d e
O ther t r a d e I n d u s t r i e s
P u b lic S e rv ic e
R e c r e a t i o n a n d A mu sem en t
P r o f e s s i o n a l and S e m i - P r o f .
H o tel, R esta u ra n t, e tc .
L aundry, c l e a n i n g , p r e s s i n g
D o m estic and P e r s o n a l
In d u stry not s p e c ifie d
T otals
Fem ale
2359
14
44
99
8
3
1
9
2
11
25
77
1
36
2
10
28
97
53
45
42
56
21
58
35
21
36
259
20
42
14
134
30
9
43
178
3922
^ - F if te e n th Census o f t h e U n ite d S t a t e s ,
M iss o u ri, p . 1365.
53
1
1
1
1
7
1
3
26
7
2
5
32
1
12
2
2
56
2
2
9
170
44
6
140
7
60 3
1930,
T otal
2412
14
44
10 0
9
3
2
9
2
11
26
84
1
37
2
13
54
104
53
47
47
56
53
59
47
23
38
315
09
t-J
44
23
309
74
15
1 83
185
4525
popu latio n ,
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
T a b l e XI
P o p u l a t i o n o f Lewis
C ounty by Townships
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
Canton
3607
3596
3217
2769
2758
D ickerson
1449
1540
1362
1103
995
H ighland
1712
1790
1953
16 24
1387
L aB elle
2201
2636
2568
2296
1196
Ly on
129 7
1124
99 6
977
789
R eddish
1012
1565
1505
1244
913
Salem
1793
1129
997
880
801
U nion
2864
3153
2916
2572
2454
15935
16724
15514
13465
12093
Township
T otals
■^-Fifteenth C ensus o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s ,
M is s o u ri, V ol. 3, P a r t I , p . 1332.
1930, P o p u la tio n *
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Table I I I
N ative
’' l h . i l e ,
F o r e i g n Born W h ite ,
and
Negro P o p u l a t i o n i n Lewis C ounty
Lewis C o u n ty ,
T otal
12093
N ative w h ite
11443
F o r e i g n B orn W hite
11 4
Negro
535
p e r c e n t N a tiv e W hite
9 4 .6
Per cent fo r e ig n born w h ite
S tate
of M issouri,
.9
3629367
T otal
N ative w h ite
3249497
F o r e i g n Born W h ite
149390
Negro
223840
Per cen t N ative w h ite
8 9.5
p e r c e n t F o r e i g n Born W hite
4 .1
P e r c e n t Negro
6 .2
^ - F if te e n th Census o f th e U n ite d S t a t e s ,
V ol. 3, P a r t I , p . 1350.
P o p u latio n ,
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
1930,
31
in Table I I .
It
is
in the E a stern p a r t
segregated
is
also
q u ite n o ticeab le
tow ns,
C anton and LaG range,
t i o n of the
county.
are
in
lo cated
two t o w n s h i p s
located
in th is
lo c a te d L aB elle,
county.
c o m p r i s e a b o u t one h a l f
a r e shown b y T a b le
94.6 p e r c e n t o f th e
to tal,
w hile
of th e p o p u la tio n .
state
90 p e r
in d icates
th at
Is
a hig h er p e rc e n t­
a sm aller p ercen tag e of
For th e m ost p a r t th e p o p u l a t i o n has d e sc en d ed from
w h ic h moved i n t o
settlem en t.
are
The d a t a
Illiteracy
n eg lig ib le
i n Lewis
im portance.
over ten years
This
Th e s am e f i g u r e f o r
th e county has
an a g r i c u l t u r a l c la s s
are
is
c e n t n a t i v e w h i t e and 6 .2 p e r c e n t
age of n a t i v e w h ite w h ile th e r e
negroes.
about
th e negro p o p u la tio n
to ta l p o p u latio n .
This
The
II.
4 .4 p e r c e n t of the
negro.
sec­
the area
The n a t i v e w h i t e p o p u l a t i o n o f L e w i s C o u n t y i s
as a w hole Is
tw o
In th e s e
Ew ing, and Durham.
c o u n ty and c o n t a i n n e a r l y t w o - t h i r d s
These d a t a
in th a t th e
The t o w n s h i p s o f L a B e l l e a n d H i g h l a n d
a b o v e f o u r named t o w n s h i p s
of the
are
the S o u th ern p a r t of th e
are
as U n io n and
the p o p u la tio n of th e
T h i s may p r o b a b l y b e a c c o u n t e d f o r
larg est
the p o p u la tio n
of th e county,
Canton to w n sh ip s' have a b o u t one h a l f
co unty.
th at
of age,
illite ra te .
is not
tru e
the
shown I n T a b l e
C ounty,
There a r e
state
early
its
is
of
III.
as shown i n T a b l e
10,287
In
IV,
in h ab itan ts
th at
are
and o f t h a t number o n ly 1 .5 p e r c e n t
I n 1920 t h e r e w e re 2 . 1 p e r c e n t i l l i t e r a t e .
of th e negro p o p u la tio n
p e r c e n t of them i l l i t e r a t e
n e g r o e s d o e s n o t m a ke t h i s
in
as t h e r e -were 1 5 . 8
1930, b u t th e s m a ll number of
one o f im p o r ta n c e .
Th e n e g r o e s
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
T a b le . IV
Illiterac y
i n Lewis C ounty M i s s o u r i
T otal P o p u latio n ten years
o ld and o v e r
10287
Nu mbe r i l l i t e r a t e
151
Per cent i l l i t e r a t e
per cent
illite ra te
N ative w h ite ,
1.5
in
1920
2 .1
to ta l
9736
Number i l l i t e r a t e
Per cent
77
illiterate
F o r e i g n Born W h ite ,
.8
to tal
114
Numb er i l l i t e r a t e
5
per cent I ll it e r a t e
4 .4
N egro,
4-36
to tal
Number I l l i t e r a t e
69
Per cent
15.8
illite ra te
^ F i f t e e n t h Census o f t h e U n ite d S t a t e s ,
M i s s o u r i , V ol. 3 , P a r t I , p . 1333.
1930,
P o p u latio n ,
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Table V
A ssessed V alu atio n
of Lewis C ounty b y F i v e
Year P e rio d s #
Year
V alu atio n
1900
4 ,7 0 0 ,0 0 0
1905
4 ,9 00 ,0 00
1910
5,5 0 0 ,0 0 0
1915
7 ,0 0 0 ,0 0 0
1920
1 2 ,3 0 0 ,0 0 0
1925
2 2 ,6 0 0 ,0 0 0
1930
20,3 0 0 ,0 0 0
1935
1 8 ,4 0 0 ,0 0 0
•x-State o f M i s s o u r i .
z a t i o n , 1950, 1955.
Journals
o f th e S t a t e Board o f E q u a l i -
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
are also
larg ely
M onticello,
segregated
In th e
and L a B e l l e m aking i t p o s s i b l e
e d u c a tio n a l needs
if
The v a l u a t i o n
creased w ith in
in terest
of a ll
is
th e p re s e n t
th at
causing a d e c re a se
has
care fo r
tim e is
as
County h a s d e ­
shown b y T a b l e V.
slig h tly
above t h a t
of
T h i s d e c l i n e may b e a t t r i b
the p o p u la tio n has d e c re a se d ,
in p erso n al
th eir
p ro p erty .
thus
Much o f t h e l a n d
i n t h e p a s t b e e n i n t e n s i v e l y f a r m e d a n d i s now b e i n g
used fo r
the g razin g of c a t t l e ,
E a stern p a r t of the
has
i n Lewis
years
t h e p e r i o d b e f o r e t h e W orld W ar.
to th e f a c t
to
C anton
shown.
p ro p erty
th e p a s t f i f t e e n
The v a l u a t i o n a t
u ted
tow ns o f L a G ra n g e ,
rath er
horses,
and s h e e p .
The
c o u n t y w h ic h i s more a d a p t e d t o f a r m i n g
a h i g h v a l u a t i o n b e c a u s e t h e r e a r e many f e e d e r s
th at sp ecialize
i n hog and c a t t l e
feeding.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
CHAPTER IV
LEWIS COTJHTY RURAL SCHOOLS
There a r e f i f t y - o n e
R ural sch o o l d i s t r i c t s
County and f o r t h e m o st p a r t t h e b u i l d i n g s
are
i n Lewis
located
on
an a l l w e a th e r r o a d o r a w e l l g ra d e d e a r t h r o a d .
There a r e
a t the p re sen t
tran sp o rt­
tim e s i x o f th e s e s c h o o ls
ing t h e i r c h i l d r e n
th a t are
to a n e ig h b o rin g d i s t r i c t .
I t was t h o u g h t t h a t a b e t t e r u n d e r s t a n d i n g
schools
o f Lew is C ounty w ould b e p o s s i b l e
schools
in the
Score Card.
p endix.
reach
22
if
each o f
the
c o u n t y w as c h e c k e d b y t h e M i s s o u r i R u r a l
A copy o f t h i s
c ard w i l l be found In th e a p ­
Two s c h o o l s w e r e n o t s c o r e d d u e t o
the
of the r u r a l
s c h o o l s when i n
being tra n s p o rte d
th at v ic in ity ,
could n o t be scored
the
In ab ility
and t h o s e
except fo r
to
t h a t were
the
school
p l a n t and t h a t d i d n o t seem n e c e s s a r y .
The s c o r i n g o f a s c h o o l
u n less
the
check s h e e t has
The c h e c k s h e e t u s e d
for
sco rin g
mu ch t o
a m a tte r of opinion
rath er sp ecific
in t h is
is
how ever,
it
the o p in io n of th e
w ork o f c h e c k in g
The s c o r i n g
lar
larg ely
one t h a t
th e r u r a l schoolsof M isso u ri.
u s e I n ma ny r e s p e c t s ,
leav e
is
school year.
the
in stru ctio n s.
is
I n common u s e
It
is
sim ple to
d o e s h a v e some p a r t s , w h i c h
person th a t
is
doing th e
school.
of a school
sh o u ld be done d u rin g th e
regu­
Much o f t h i s m a t e r i a l h a s b e e n c o l l e c t e d
22. S ta te of M issouri.
R u ral School Score
p a rtm e n t of E d u c a t i o n ,. 1935.
C a r d , S t a t e De­
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
36
during th a t
ences w ith
th a t
the
t i m e . F a c t s have) b e e n o b t a i n e d t h r o u g h c o n f e r ­
the te a c h e r,
liv ed near
through the co o p eratio n of p atro n s
the sch o o l,
and t h r o u g h
C o u n ty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f Lewis
Each o f
the
o f one h u n d r e d p e r c e n t .
c lassificatio n
ings
of th e
ranges
of ten s e p a ra te c l a s ­
ten d iv is io n s has
a p o ssib le
check s h e e t are
to te n .
Trie g r o u p h e a d ­
shown i n T a b le V I.
th at
the p e rfe c t
10 0 p e r c e n t a n d t h a t
s c o re .u n d e r each
classific atio n
is
each school Is
based upon the t o t a l o f th e se
the
The S t a t e D e p a r t m e n t o f E d u c a t i o n h a s
school of f i r s t
above in
all
class
item s.
as
w hich p r o v id e s
p articu lar
The s e c o n d c l a s s
s c h o o l m u s t h a v e 80
ten
Item s
th e schools
to be reco g n ized
as s u c h .
a re b a se d upon 1 ,0 0 0 ,
school.
for a ll
schools
I n Lewis C ounty h a v e b e e n
The m e d i a n h a s b e e n d e t e r m i n e d f o r
c lassific atio n s,
and a l s o
fo r the
to tal
scores
sch o o ls.
The s c o r e s
th a t there
is
for
the
one f i r s t
schools
class
A lso th e m edian s c o r e f o r a l l
cen t.
s e t up a s t a n d a r d
a p e r c e n t o f 90 o r
■ tabulated i n T ab le V I I .
of the
scores.
a q u i c k way o f d e t e r m i n i n g t h e r a n k o f a n y
T he s c o r e s
each of th e
"core given to
one t h a t h as
p e r c e n t or above in a l l
T otal scores fo r
score
The n u m b e r o f i t e m s u n d e r e a c h
from t h r e e
I t w i l l be n o tic e d
of
C ounty S c h o o l s .
The M i s s o u r i S c o r e C a r d c o n s i s t s
sificatio n s.
the a s s is ta n c e
The i n t e r q u a r t i l e
range
o f Lewis C ounty i n d i c a t e
and one seco n d c l a s s
schools
is
com bined i s
1 2 .3 .
This
school.
66.9 p e r
shows v e r y
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
37
Table
VI
Summary o f S c o r e C a r d f o r
U nit
P erfect
School u n it
II
Grounds
100#
III
B uilding
100#
IV
Equipm ent
100#
V
L ibrary
100#
VI
S ch o o l Board
100#
V II.
Teacher
V III
P upils
tv
H e a l t h and
S an itatio n
100#
X
C o m m u n it y
100#
'
O
O
>.o
o"
o
I
i-1
o
o
Item lum ber
R u ra l S chools
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
C red it
O 1.6 C .r’l ' : '
t h l t
.■C h O 0 1 5
th e
s are In _eneral
the
i s
schools
^enors.l
a
0 ;pPS t y
-
V f.; 0 '
P 0
The v a r i o u s
in the
ore; e r w h i c h
In t i n s
discussion
d
la
of
003 a io n
- i f f . h o t 1-., a. . o o i t i v e
c r i t i c i s a ! o f s ome o f t i e
sheet.
tb.O
vUCh
th e
c l a s o I f i c - t '■o n s .
The1 f o l l o v i n y
p i as os o f
o r
ana
major c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s
itnos
they
the various
w i l l he d is c u s s e d
a negative
of t h e c t e c i
rather b rie fly
appear upon the f i s s o n r i
reference w ill
be s a l e
to
score
Tables
V
care
and
I
VIII.
bchool Unit
The s c h o o l u n i t h a s
t h e h i g h e s t veciian o f a l l
c l a s s i f i e s t i e r , s on t h e c h e c h s h e e t .
cent,
is
00
with
an i r i t e i v y i a r t i l e ra n y o of 21.
85 p e r
The r a r y y
of score;
.
The h l y h
fact
The m e d i a n i s
other
that nost
located
cases
on a l l
the
score
of
of t h i s
The s c h o o l s ,
■- e a t h e r o r
valuation
is
Low a v e r e . e e d a i l y
rather
low i n s o - e
fie
jofeed
stances
the
b e e n ■v P n t i o n e d ,
-:re
d i r t roods.
I n ma ny
shove the n e c e s s a ry 75,000 d o l ­
Vais e
.3
the
scores
of
the
various
ape s r r a n y e d f o r
to be
found a very f I m t v o t i r y
i n r a t h e r an a r b i t r a r y
trees
the
as w i l l b e shove . in. a. l a t e r
The • s c h o o l p r o m t s
:i t y be
to
a l i e n ; ’a n c o c a u s e d
cases.
schools
be a t t r i b u t e d
as h a s
improved
far
lars.
item in
i i e n nay
schools
manner.
chapter.
e r u s t o f sap ;;
I n many i n ­
the b e s t p l a y
space,
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
anc
n o t in an a r t i s t i c
t i o n e d on t h e
m anner.
In most c a se s
th e w alks
as men­
c h e c k s h e e t a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y n e e d e d as
ch ild ren
c o u l d uise c i n d e r p a t h s w h i c h w e r e m a d e d u r i n g
w in ter.
Few o f t h e s c h o o l s
slid es
h u t th e grounds
are
the
the
e q u ip p e d w i t h sw ings and
a re so a rra n g e d
th at
th e
ch ild ren
h a v e a m p l e room, t o p l a y .
The c i s t e r n s
n o t to f u r n is h
necessary
on t h e s c h o o l y a r d s
s u f f ic ie n t w ater.
of the s a n i t a r y
p a i n t e d b u t a r e much a b u s e d ,
In t h i s
p articu lar
an i n t e r q u a r t i l e
ty p e,
are
esp ecially
range
low .
It
There a r e
the
very
in te rio r.
th ere
a r e some s c o r e s
The m e d i a n s c o r e
of 21.
is
h o s t o f them a r e
classific atio n
r a th e r h ig h w hile o th e rs
is
I n so me i n s t a n c e s
to c a r r y w a te r from a n e a rb y home.
few o u t b u i l d i n g s
w ith
a r e s m a l l and l i k e l y
The r a n g e
Is
69,
in th e sco res
60.
B uildings
Hie r u r a l s c h o o l b u i l d i n g s
su lts
of very poor p la n n in g .
o f L e w i s C o u n t y show t h e r e ­
Most o f t h e b u i l d i n g s
o f t h e m odern t y p e and seem t o be j u s t p l a c e s
d ren to
spend a p a r t
of the day.
b u t have been changed to meet th e
cent y e ars.
When i t
is
u s e d d a r k window s h a d e s
n o t more t h a n t e n
There a r e
co nsidered
it
Is
fo r the
The b u i l d i n g s
p a r t h a v e a t one tim e h a d windows I n e a c h s i d e
state
ch il­
f o r th e most
of th e w a lls ,
re q u ire m e n t In r e ­
t h a t ma ny o f t h e b u i l d i n g s
obvious
th a t the
lig h t
to f i f t e e n p e r c en t of the f lo o r
only th r e e b u ild in g s
are not
area is
area.
th a t have a s e p a r a te
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
lib rary
40
T able V II
N um be r o f R u r a l S c h o o l s H a v i n g S c o r e s U n d e r
Each U n i t o f M i s s o u r i R u r a l S c o r e Gsrd
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
V I I V I I I IX
X
1-9
10-19
20-29
30-39
1
2
o
2
1
7
10
3
2
Q
15
1
1
7
3
39
6
6
2
15
11
87
9
12
12
5
12
3
100
4
3
18
9
18
4
3
81
3
1
2
5
11
14
4
1
57
2
1
1
1
2
4
'Z
U
1
4
39
43
43
43
43
43
43
43
43
43
430
40-49
1
2
1
11
12
50-59
2
8
10
14
13
60-69
3
11
26
7
70-79
11
9
2
80-89
6
10
90-100 20
43
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
41
T able V I I I
N um be r o f D i s t r i c t ,
Name a n d S c o r e o f E a c h R u r a l
S c h o o l o f L e w i s C o u n t y M i s s o u r i By M i s s o u r i S c o r e
No.
5.
44.
57.
23.
80.
40.
15.
72.
54.
68.
63.
13.
62.
60.
46.
25.
1 .
52.
11.
17.
18.
45.
12.
41.
56.
51.
21.
17.
30.
59.
2 .
27.
42.
81.
69.
67.
9.
4.
43.
III
I
Name
A llen
M idw ay
P l e a s a n t R idge
B e n j ixnan
W alnut Grove
H igh H i l l
M orris
K aycraft
ToIona
Shrader
P leasan t H ill
Turp i n
Dover
B ozarth
S elton
Reynolds
Augus t a
O akland
D eer R idge
P l e a s a n t Grove
Plano
Te n M i l e
W alker
P ink P r a i r i e
L indale
A irp o rt
B land
B oudreau
H illsd ale
M aple G rove
Buena V i s t a
G regory
C entral
G laves
Salem
R ickards
Dare
D arrahs '
Sunnyside
II
90 92
94
73 68
85 81
90 8 8
96 82
96 8 0
71 78
96 80
80 87
96 7 3
79 71
90 81
90 87
91 74
96 81
80 84
92 7 4
86 74
93 7 3
96 7 2
71 78
96 65
91 69
7 3 54
91 61
60 61
56 67
45 45
7 2 55
61 6 6
71 48
81 51
93 56
7 3 62
84 51
7 5 50
52 59
65 69
100
V
IV
T
IX
V II
VI
Card
V III
X
95 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 90 1 0 0 1 0 0
95 962
80
57 1 0 0 87
96 8 5 1 0 0 8 8 0
82
65 7 6
69 7 8 89
8 4 80
88 770
65
61
88
69 7 9 7 9
81 7 5 7 6 4
68
86 68
84 7 6
46 739
62 7 1
60
62
44
62
95 7 2 5
82 6 8 7 4
67
49
61 7 0 7 2 2
67
68 84
79
61
56 4-5 7 9 7 4
86
59
61 7 2 2
66
77
52 78 7 0 7 9
4-9 7 0 7 2 0
54 7 7 64 83
52
51 7 1 1
83 70
57
56 47
7 8 69 8 0
58
93 7 0 7
68
69 7 2
67 8 0 7 5
62
53 697
68
51
59
87
65 89 7 6
30 6 9 6
54
56
65 82 80 7 0
80
30 69 4
61
59
56 7 0 7 5
81
66
60 6 9 4
r-> o
61 77 58. 74
d687
63 77
72
59
59 6 8 6
54
89
54
63 80 64
67
58 77 53 83
56
67 68 3
56
61 44
95
50 679
59 7 2 7 5
63
69
67 93 77
2 0 678
58
55
73
54
67
65
52 6 7 4
63
65 76 64
86
71
61
56 45 7 9 7 4
4-8 66 9
38 6 4 5
62 49
52
55 90 7 5
63
30 64-3
64
53 4-5 49 7 1 8 5 77
55
50 6 1 8
81
50
59 6 8 7 2
56
57
7 1 69 84
54
41 61 3
39 46
56
71
51
50
6 8 64
80
35 6 0 6
67 4 8
56
66 83
32 597
64 48
58
64
50 59 4
62
50
52 8 0 7 8
67 7 0 69 7 9
62 2 4 5 9 3
64
32
79
62
30 59 1
58 7 2 7 1 7 1 7 1
2 0 57 9
52
61 89
68
40
67
62
80 42 7 9
49
2 0 574
65
54
52
kj 5
64
60 52 69
59 5 7 3
44
21
19 569
68
46
40
6 6 64
6
8
63
52
68 66
54
59
49
53
31 567
58 28 . 41
80
56
6 8 77
2 0 562
60
54 7 6 7 4
58
51 55 8
37
47
41
37
56
49
72
72
44
52 557
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x r o v e f
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p r e p a r a t i o n .
i.h o n
th e x a
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io'eeif.
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Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
v e r y
-.have
h a v e
43
The m e d i a n s c o r e f o r b u i l d i n g s
p erfect score.
‘T he f i r s t
and t h i r d
is
63 p e r c e n t o f t h e
quart lie
and. 6 8 , o r a n i n t e r q u a r t i l e r a n g e o f 9 .
f r o m 71 t o
scores
The s c o r e s
are
59
range
95 p e r c e n t .
Equipm ent
The e q u i p m e n t o f t h e r u r a l s c h o o l c o m p a r e s f a v o r a b l y
w ith
the b u i l d i n g s .
s m a l l enough f o r
desks
As a g e n e r a l r u l e
the prim ary c h ild r e n .
are fa ste n e d
in groups
The b l a c k b o a r d s
com position.
It
th e desks
are not
In most c a se s
the
of
th ree
w hich a r e m o v ab le.
are not of
slate
but of
seems
th at
the schools
a goodg ra d e
take p r id e
in having
a very s a t i s f a c t o r y b lack b o ard ,
host
of
the schools have access
was f o u n d t h a t
and t h e
the sc h o o ls.
tab les
and s m a ll c h a ir s
B urlap
the sc h o o l.
a r e found
in
some o f
The s c h o o l s u s u a l l y h a v e a s u p p l y o f f o l d i n g
to be u sed a t
com m unity m e e t i n g s
There a r e b u l l e t i n b o a rd s
u su ally
it
was u s u a l l y t h e p r o p e r t y o f t h e t e a c h e r
r e c o r d s , o n l y , 'w ere t h e p r o p e r t y o f
R eading
chairs
it
to a phonograph, b u t
a p o rtio n
w a l l and s e r v e s
The h e a t i n g
i n so me o f t h e s c h o o l s b u t
of th e blackboard
I n some s c h o o l s
is
and f o r v i s i t o r s .
stretch ed
serves
th is
purpose.
along a p o r ti o n
of
the
as a b u l l e t i n b o a r d .
system s
a re u s u a l l y of the
jack et
These s t o v e s m eet t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s v e r y w e l l as t o
type s to v a
type b u t
ma ny a r e b a d l y i n n e e d o f r e p a i r s .
'Hie m e d i a n f o r
equipm ent is
56,
and th e
in terq u artile
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
44
range 17.
The l o w e s t s c o r e
Is
26 and one s c h o o l I s
given a
score of 100 per c e n t.
Many o f t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s
p a r a t i v e way w i t h t h a t
in
o th er
have
to he r a t e d
i n a com­
schools.
L ibrary
The l i b r a r y o f
p o rtan t
the
a v e r a g e s c h o o l s h o u l d b e a v e r y im­
e d u ca tio n a l p a r t of
tex tb o o k s,
the school
in th is
day of fre e
and t h e s u p p l e m e n t a r y m a t e r i a l t h a t
The l i b r a r y
really
should c o n ta in th e
Is
av ailab le.
t o o l s w ith w hich th e
t e a c h e r and p u p i l s w ork.
I t was
im po ssible to
ma ny o f t h e b o o k s
score
the
are out of d a te,
lib raries
very h ig h
as
and o t h e r s
are b ad ly
in
n e e d of r e p a i r .
Trie s c h o o l s
are
a ll
su p p lie d w ith
t h e amount o f s u p p l e m e n t a r y m a t e r i a l
ly
in th e upper g ra d e s.
in a l l
is
the
of the
P rin tin g
schools .
There
‘T h i s
is
free
Is
textb o o k s b u t
Inadequate,
esp ecial­
some f o r m o f e n c y c l o o e d i a
I s u s u a l l y t h e W orld B ook, w h ic h
t e n volum e s e t and o f c o u r s e
and d u p l i c a t o r s e t s
Is r a t h e r o u t of d a te .
are u su a lly
the p ro p e rty
of th e
t e a c h e r and w ere n o t g i v e n a s c o r e on t h e c h e c k s h e e t .
M agazines
th ree
fo r th e
of the s c h o o ls.
ch ild ren
to u se
U su ally the
a re found
te a c h e r su b scrib ed fo r
The G r a d e T e a c h e r a n d N o r m a l I n s t r u c t o r f o r
o b t a i n i n g b u s y work f o r
The l i b r a r i e s
in only
the purpose of
the p u p ils .
are not c la s s if ie d
according
p l a n b u t a r e k e p t i n a v e ry o r d e r l y manner i n
to any s e t
the c a se s.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
45
The m e d i a n f o r
lib raries
lo w e r and u p p e r a u a r t i l e s
g iv en the
one c a s e
low r a t i n g
is
100 p e r
is
54,
and t h e
a r e 46 and 6 5 .
o f 20 p e r
cen t.
lim its
of the
One l i b r a r y , i s
The h i g h e s t r a t i n g
in
cen t.
S ch o o l Board
The s c h o o l h o a r d i n
be expected hav e,
than in th e
the r u r a l sch o o l d i s t r i c t s
in g e n e r a l,
more i n t e r e s t
i n t h e i r work
school.
F o r t h e rao st p a r t t h e members a r e r a t h e r
c a l l e d m eetin g s by the
usu ally
W arrants are
the
to
se n t to
th e
but
such m e etin g s.
t e a c h e r by one o f t h e p u p i l s .
a n o p e n a c c o u n t a t a n e a r b y s t o r e 'which e n a b l e s
te a c h e r to purchase
kerosene,
are
a tte n tiv e
C ounty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f S c h o o l s ,
o n l y one member a t t e n d s
There i s
a s may
etc.
some n e e d e d s u p p l i e s
R egular m eetings w ith
such
as
chalk,
the te a c h e r p re s e n t
s eI dorn h e l d .
N inutes
of b o ard m eetings
a re n o t of an e f f i c i e n t
m eetings
type.
and t h e t e a c h e r ' s
r e c o r d s .to be fo u n d as p a r t
F riendship
of te ac h e rs.
is
as w e l l a s r e c o r d s
of p u p ils
The m i n u t e b o o k o f b o a r d
r e g is te r are u su a lly
of the
the o n ly
school.
a very im portant f a c to r
The b o a r d u s u a l l y a s k s
in
the
em ploym ent
fo r th e ap p ro v al of
the
County S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f S c h o o ls b e f o r e m aking a d e f i n i t e
d e c i s i o n when t h e r e
is
The m e d i a n o f t h i s
the ite m s .
It
is
a co n tro v ersy .
classific atio n
71, w ith
is
above t h a t f o r
all
t h e u p p e r and lo w er q u a r t l i e s
be-
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
inx
75
and.
SB.
T eachers
x" x
t h e
t e a x
'i& ve
As
r i l l
r a t h e r
hixh.
s c h o o l
o f
to
t i c a l l y
.node
h e
o f
is
i s
f r o r
eri
t o
t e a c h e r ,
f o r
l a t e r
as
t h e
ra re r
s e e x e d
r
th e
f o r
t h - t
in
by t h e
t o
c o ^ x e n x e :
b e
as
is
a x v a n e e r e n t
b ’r . o
te rc h x ln ,!.
tr a ix .in x
t e a c h e r s
up
b e
o f
o f
t h e
,_ e n e ra l
c h e c h
v e i l
t e a c h e r s
is
la .rx e r
h a v e
t r i e d
s h e e t .
p la n n e d
i n
p r a c ­
. c h o o l s ,
73
,
42
r a n y e
to
y r e r n rr n t 1 on
The
w ord
t h e
The
t h e
r o t
a r e
S c h o o ls
s t a n d a r d s s e t
jx e d i a n
c o u r a g e d
t h e
c o u n t y .
t h e
all.
t h e
i n
Ooxxity
o f
d is c x s s e c .
t e a c h e r ’s
i t .e
L e v is
a lth r u y h .
th;e
a t t a i n
"Joe
o f
Suo er I n ten d en t
covrnty
t e a c h e r s
t r s
n r d
93
t o
a l s o
t e a c h e r s
i h e.
.
i n t e r on a r t
i n c h o f
t h e C o n n e r
t o
t h e
t h e
i 1e
r a n y e
c r e d i t
s 19.
r u s t
h e
lias
e n ­
S u p e r t a x end. e n t
f u l l e s t
i
x;iv-
e x t e n t .
f n.pt I s
The
v e r y
in y
a t t e n d a n c e ,
a o e r r a t e
aha e n t
as
f o r
c e n t
o f
b e e n
o t h e r v i s o .
a
p u p i l
’t h r e e
a t d e n d a n n e
H
r h i c r
i s
(days.
t o
i s
b e
b a a e d
u p o n
;.er
c e n t ,
d r o p p e d
T r o r
t h e
r o l l
dxh. i . a
n x .tn rx .lly
s o x .e r h a t
e r e
is
very
a n d
G it I.pens h i e
" i x ' u r
l i t t l e
c a u s e s
t h a n
l.t
e v i d e n c e
o f
i s
n o t
a f t e r
th e
b e -
p e r
voov.lc
1 a r e
p u p i l
a c -
c or. a t i n y .
T h e r e
s c h o o l s ,
s.re
h e r e
4
t h e r e
a r e
su c h
C lu b s
i n
o r g a n i s a t i o n s
c o n e
t h e y
o f
th.e
a r e
a. c t i. v e .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
v e r y
47
The m e d i a n f o r
q u artile
th is .classific atio n
ran g e of 11.
The r a n g e
H ealth
The m e d i a n f o r
m e d ia n was 5 9 ,
is
in scores
is
and an i n t e r ­
43 t o
100.
and S a n i t a t i o n
th is
classific atio n
is
rath er
and t h e u p p e r and lo w e r q u a r t i l e s
and 66 r e s p e c t f u l l y .
range
is 78 ,
The i n t e r q u a r t i l e
range
low .
The
b e i n g 54
is
12
and t h e
and s a n i t a t i o n
is
very
56.
I t was f o u n d t h a t
muc h n e g l e c t e d
the h e a lth
i n many o f
the
scho ols.
aid c a b in e t but i t
There i s
schools
a first
Lunches
are not served because of in s u f f ic ie n t
Handwashing
is
lacks
in most
su fficien t
su p p lies.
equipm ent.
c o n d u cted in m ost sch o o ls upon a c o n t e s t
b asis.
The c h i l d r e n h a v e b e e n i m m u n i z e d a g a i n s t so me d i s e a s e s .
This
I s u s u a l l y done when t i e r e h as
in the
com m unity.
p o in t p u p il,
schools
There i s
although
t h a t have th e
little
evidence of th e n in e
t h e r e are s e v e r a l i n t h e d i f f e r e n t
six p o in t b u tto n .
o f d e f e c t s h a v e b e e n made b u t t h e
the
been an ep id em ic s c a r e
Some c o r r e c t i o n s
c h a r t s do h o t
eyes have b e en g iv e n th e n e c e s s a r y
show t h a t
atten tio n .
Community
The c o m m u n i t y a s
centage
is
to be e x p e c te d has
on t h e c h e c k s h e e t .
card th e re
are o nly f iv e
a rath er
As w i l l b e n o t i c e d
low p e r ­
on t h e
ite m s w ith w hich to s c o r e th e
m unity.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
score
com­
48
I t ?iras f o u n d t h a t p a r e n t s
it
is
to w ait f o r a c h ild
to
seldom v i s i t
the
school u n less
a c c o m p a n y t h e m home a s
they are
p assin g .
P aren t-teach er
o rg an izatio n s
centage of th e s c h o o ls .
T h e ir program s
o f th e t e a c h e r and p u p i l s .
purpose of conducting
are found
in a la rg e p e r ­
are u su a lly
th e work
A parent org an izatio n fo r
a reg u lar
e d u c a tio n program
is
the
seldom
found.
The m e d i a n s c o r e f o r t h i s
u p p e r and lo w e r q u a r t i l e
are
c lassific atio n
is
50,
and t h e
60 a n d 3 0 .
Summary
To b r i e f l y
many o f t h e
sum m arize t h i s
schools
number c o u ld a t t a i n
b u t very l i t t l e
It
seems
c h a p te r i t m ight he s a id
o f L e w i s C o u n t y h a v e lo w r a t i n g s .
the
standards
th at
A
s e t up by t h e s t a t e w i t h
effo rt.
th a t those th in g s
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y are r a t e d h ig h e r
in w hich the te a c h e r has
th an
other item s.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
the
CHAPTER V
PRESENT EDUCATIONAL COUDITIOHS
H isto rical
e d u c a tio n a l program i n
The
g e n e ra l w ay w ith
the h is to r y
co n stitu tio n
f i r s t
of sch o o ls.
The
sy stem
and
The
a to w n sh ip
fo r
sy stem
1825 a l m o s t c o m p e lle d
In
l e a s t one s c h o o l,
common
in a
of ed ucation in M i s s o u r i .
G eneral A s s e m b ly
of
County co n fo rm s
of M is s o u r i p r o v id e d
each tow nship to form a t
co m p lete
Lewis
and i n
1833 a more
p rim a ry s ch o o ls w ere e s t a b ­
lish ed
D u r i n g 1 8 6 7 a d i s t r i c t s y s t e m o f e d u c a t i o n was s e t u p
by th e S t a t e S u p e rin te n d e n t of S chools un d er
le g a l p ro v isio n ,
b u t I t was d e s t r o y e d b y a r a d i c a l r e v i s i o n
of th e
in
in
1 8 7 4 .^
H i e l a w o f 10 67 was r e - e n a c t e d
tab lish in g
In
th e d i s t r i c t
th e
system of L e w is
beginning o f p u b lic
c u r r i c u l u m w a s mu ch r e s t r i c t e d .
have
u n t i l a t the p re s e n t
v ersified
been
thus
is
laws
es­
C ounty.
'The o n l y s u b j e c t s
adued t o
tim e t h e r e
1875,
ed ucation i n H isso u ri
any g r e a t e x t e n t w ere r e a d i n g , w r i t i n g ,
G radually s u b j e c t s
school
the
ta u g h t to
and a r i t h m e t i c .
th e
school
program
a demand f o r a r a t h e r d i ­
cours e of s tu d y .
A more e x t e n d e d p r o g r a m
sch o o l today than f i f t y
years
of
s tu d ie s
ago.
. is
dem anded
The s t a n d a r d s
of
the
t h a t were
2 4 . P h i l l i p s , C. A .
A H i s t o r y o f E d u c a t i o n i n M i s s o u r i . Co­
l u m b i a ; H ugh S t e p h e n s P r i n t i n g Co mp an y, 1 9 1 1 , p . 6 4 .
25.
Ib id .,
p .
75.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
50
s e t up i n 1874 a r e n o t a d e q u a t e f o r
ent day.
tio n
is
H ow ever,
W ithout a d o u b t th e
its
sm all
those days,
u sefu ln ess.
It
is
The v e r y f a c t t h a t
th at
C o u n t y a s was s e t u p
d istric t
but lik e
the s t a t e s .
an a d e q u a te s y ste m ,
o rg an ized
railro ad s,
p ro v id e
left
M issouri,
estab lish ed
an o th er.
w ealth.
th e
o rg an izatio n .
in e x i s t ­
continued.
p ro v isio n fo r p u b lic
endeavor to
provide
lo c al school d i s t r i c t
When t h e
schools
A lso a t t h a t
f a c ilitie s
o u tliv ed
l e d some t o b e l i e v e
In i t s
v/ere f i r s t
a b le to su p ­
and no l a r g e
th at
th ro u g h
as
t i m e t h e r e w e r e no
lin es,
I t was o n l y n a t u r a l
ed u catio n al
has
have been
has
the
no h i g h p o w e r e l e c t r i c
1874.
a progressive
o n e l o c a l i t y was a b o u t a s f i n a n c i a l l y
p o r t a s c h o o l as
of
it
why t h e y s h o u l d , b e
t h e b e s t means o f d o i n g t h i s .
ters
im agine t h a t
lo cal d is tr ic ts
are v i t a l reasons
to
in
on s u c h an a n t i q u a t e d
■Trie F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t w i s e l y
schools
ox c a r t ,
s o lo 'n g i n many l o c a l i t i e s
there
o rg an iza­
s y s t e m o f s c h o o l s was a d ­
the
absurd to
sc h o o l system can b e b u i l t
ence f o r
sch o o l o f the p r e s ­
alm ost th e sam e a d m in is tr a tiv e
being u sed in L e w is
equate f o r
the
the s t a t e
lo c a l
school
cen­
sh o u ld
d is tr ic t
org an izatio n .
H ow ever,
w ith
th e
accum ulation o f w e a l t h
tricts
n its
in
c ertain
larg e
w h ich
T h is
has
co rp o ratio n s
cen ters,
h a v e become somewhat w e a l t h y
become v e r y p o o r .
itie s
grow th o f
and
som e o f t h e
th e
d is­
and o t h e r d i s t r i c t s hav e
caused g r e a t
can p ro b a b ly be a d ju s te d o n l y
e d u catio n al
through
in eq u al­
larg er u-
of c o n tr o l.
When t h e p u b l i c
s c h o o ls were e s t a b l i s h e d
I n Lewis
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
County
51
t h e r e was
S chool.
catio n
little
tho u g h t or i n t e r - s t
Those t h a t d e s i r e d
above th e e le m e n ta ry
to a p r i v a t e
M issouri a t
academy.
th is
tim e.
it
g e n e ra lly reco gnized
atten d ,
sch o o l.
However,
free
th at
at p u b lic
in
of­
Now
an in h e r e n t
a s ta n d a r d approved h ig h
i n Lewis C ounty t h e r e
liv in g
expense.
every c h ild has
of charge,
school ch ild ren
them
a s s i s t a n c e was n o t p r o v i d e d
school advantages
rig h t to
sent
G r a d u a l l y so me o f t h e d i s t r i c t s
so me h i g h
of th e
c h i l d r e n t o hav e an ed u ­
o r coram.on s c h o o l l e v e l
S tate
fered
is
th eir
i n t h e p u b l i c High
a re a h ig h percentage
in school d i s t r i c t s
w hich p r o ­
v i d e no h i g h s c h o o l .
W ithin
of
criticism
ness
as
th e p a s t few y e a r s
in th a t
schools
t h e r e has b e e n a g r e a t amount
are
co stin g
too much.
If
a busi­
e n t e r p r i s e w e r e b e i n g c o n d u c t e d on t h e s a m e s t a n d a r d s
i t had been f i f t y
ru p tcy
years
in a very s h o rt
C ounty i s
try in g
ago,
tim e.
i t w ould p r o b a b l y b e i n b an k ­
This
is
e x a c t l y w h a t Lewis
t o d o j r u n a p r e s e n t d a y b u s i n e s s w i t h 1874
m ethods.
A c a r e f u l s t u d y h a s b e e n made o f t h e c h i l d r e n
cated
i n Lewis
County and t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y
sources n ecessary
to t h i s
u n lik e m ost o th e r p u b lic
on t h e b a s i s
arate
end.
C ounty.
and s i x
of fin a n c ia l r e ­
The s c h o o l s ' o f L e w i s
en terp rises,
C ounty,
are n o t ad m in istered
o f t h e c o u n ty as a w h o le , b u t u n d e r s i x t y s e p ­
ad m in istrativ e u n its
There i s
to be edu­
a to tal
F o rty -fiv e
of co n tro l.
o f 51 t h r e e - d i r e c t o r
schools
i n Lewis
o f t h e s e m a i n t a i n a one t e a c h e r s c h o o l ,
tra n sp o rt p u o ils
to
a nearby r u r a l or c o n so lid ated
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
52
V —-
10
0-7
_) L
11
1—iJ
20
•
19
18
16
121
22
29
21
iJ
13
28
25
41
42
31
30
39
—1------
140
C -2
45
49
44
46
51
54
J2l
c
„ ""Lei
^
__r
—
68
r
69
56
0-1
0-3
G" 4
F igure
School D is tr ic ts
4H'c
60
59
67
4:-
61
62
|"^ ■*>At
^ _0 - 6
82
80
IV
o f Lev/Is
County M is s o u r i
R u ra l Schools
C o n s o lid a te d S chools
0 i ty
Schools
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
At
‘T
K
*
53
school.
There a r e 3 s i x - d i r e c t o r
city
school d is tr ic ts
w h ich m a i n t a i n a c e n t r a l e l e m e n t a r y s c h o o l and a h i g h
There a r e 7 ,
tain
six -d irecto r
a cen tral
tain s
school,
elem entary sch o o l,
schools;
a h igh
m ain tain s
a high sch o o l,
one m a in ta in s
a c e n t r a l elem entary s c h o o l,
and one m a in ta i n s
o
'with, tw o t e a c h e r s .
There a r e
at th is
schools,
and 4 o n e -
a high
schools;
a c e n t r a l elem entary school
seventy
one h u n d re d tw e n ty -s e v e n t e a c h e r s ,
so
one
s c h o o l and 1
tim e s ix ty - o n e d i s t r i c t s ,
tw o h u n d r e d t h i r t e e n d i r e c t o r s ,
e n te rp ris e w ith
one m ain­
a c e n tr a l elem entary
s c h o o l and 3 o n e - t e a c h e r r u r a l
r u r a l school;
d ifferen t
th r e e m ain­
e le m e n ta ry s c h o o l and a h ig h s c h o o l;
a c en tral
teacher r u r a l
co n so lid ated schools;
school.
w ith o u t do u b t,
many d i r e c t o r s
and
any b u s in e s s
w ould p r o b a b ly n o t be
e ffic ie n t.
F igure
C ounty as
IV s h o w s t h e p r e s e n t s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s
t h e y a p p e a r o n t h e p l a t maps i n t h e
County C l e r k .
W ith t h e
man y a r e n e c e s s a r i l y
A number o f t h e d i s t r i c t s
f ix in g boundaries
i t has
25.
to
if
in shape.
of gerrym andering.
s m a ll stream s have been a f a c t o r
in th a t
say th a t
and I r r e g u l a r
sh ow t h e r e s u l t s
the c h ild r e n .
th e county had th e road
a t th e p r e s e n t tim e th e d i s t r i c t s
Lewis C ounty M i s s o u r i .
S u p erin ten d en t.
In
th e s e stream s d id n o t have s u i t a b l e
means o f c r o s s i n g w i t h o u t d a n g e r t o
be s a fe
O ffice of the
l a r g e number o f s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s ,
sm all in s iz e
A l s o I n som e i n s t a n c e s
o f Lewis
I t m ight
system t h a t
w ould have b e e n
Records of th e
O ffice
o f C ounty
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
£>4
T a b l e IX
E num eration o f R u ra l,
C ity and C o n s o lid a te d D i s t r i c t s
of
Levels C o u n t y
W hite
C olored
T otal
P e r Cents o f
R ural
871
14
885
33 .2
Canton
546
19
565
2 1 .1
Durham
132
132
4 .9
Ewing
13 1
13 1
5 .0
L aB elle
177
44
221
8 .2
LaGrange
23 2
74
306
11.4
Lewis town
146
146
5 .5
K o n ticello
83
11
94
3 .5
S teff e n v ille
70
2
72
5.4
W illiam stow n
122
122'
4 .6
T otal
2,510
■a-Lewis C o u n t y M i s s o u r i .
S ch o ols.
164
2 ,6 7 4
T otal
100.0
R eco rd s o f County S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
55
much l a r g e r .
S chool E num eration
Lewis C ounty h as a t o t a l
th e ages
tically
of six
in the
and tw e n ty y e a r s .
one t h i r d
ra l d istric ts
en u m eratio n of 2,674 betw een
of the
of the
T able
t o t a l enum eration liv e s
co u n ty .
th e various
the
amount o f f o r e i g n
d istric ts.
be used s o le ly
as
as
the
th at
th e
are w ith ­
in su ran ce re c e iv e d by
is
In tu rn
liv in g
in r u r a l areas
enrollm ent of the r u r a l d i s t r i c t s
average d a ily
to
textbook fund.
The s m a l l p e r c e n t o f c h i l d r e n
in d icates
in th e r u ­
The g i v e n e n u m e r a ­
The m on e y t h u s d e r i v e d
a free
th at prac­
The o t h e r tw o t h i r d s
c i t y and c o n s o l i d a t e d d i s t r i c t s .
tio n determ ines
IX s h o w s
as w e l l
atten d an ce of p u p ils w ill n a tu r a lly be
low .
The n u m b e r o f n e g r o e s
in th e
fro m an e d u c a t i o n a l s t a n d p o i n t
of
them a r e i n t h e
as
county is
riot a la r m in g
T a b l e IX s h o w s
t h a t m ost
l a r g e r tow ns.
School E nrolInent
There a r e 2 ,2 8 4 p u p i l s
C ounty as
of the
shown I n T a b l e X.
pup ils' e n ro lle d
en ro lled
There a re
i n 45 s c h o o ls
e r s , m aking a p tfp .il-t e a c h e r r a t i o
in d icates
th at
th ere
cent of a l l pu p ils
d ated sc h o o ls,
are
in th e
schools
55 0 o r 2 4 . 8 p e r
cent
a n d t a u g h t b y 46 t e a c h ­
of 11.9 5 .
H ie same t a b l e
973 e l e m e n t a r y p u p i l s
en ro lled
o f Lewis
in th e nine c ity
or 4 2 .5 p e r
and c o n s o l i ­
and t a u g h t b y 40 t e a c h e r s , t h u s m a k in g a p u -
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Table X
P ublic School enrollm ent,
Pup 1 1 - T e a c h e r R a t i o ,
School
N um be r o f T e a c h e r s ,
& P e r Cent p u p i l s
Ho. p u p i l s
A r e Of T o t a l * -
Ho. T e a c h e r s
R atio
per cent
550
46
11 .9 5 -1
24 .3
C onsolidated.
973
40
2 4 .4
4 2 .5
H igh S c h o o l
67 4
36
I n •o
28.7
37
5
17 . 4
4 .0
2234
127
R ural
Elem ent a ry
C ity
c
C olored
(elem ).
T otals
#Lew is C o u n ty , M i s s o u r i .
of S ch o ols.
1 0 0 .0
R ec o rd s o f C ounty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
p i 1-1; e a c h ' - r r a t i o
ment
are
is
574 o r 2 4 . 7
teach ers
pils
t o t a l ’ f . ;_;v o c t r o i
p e r o.-nt o f t i e
total
enroll­
enroll/rent.
Lug a pop; 1 1 - t c a c h e r
H ere
ratio
of
■
final
an aly sis
the
Is
reveals
that
i n Lev/Is C o u n t y a r e
In t h e f i r s t
eight
Is not tra in e d
seldom t h a t
teaching
are
to
also
one t h i n -
elem entary
of th e
of the
pu­
-■■molls
a t l e n d i n g ■a s c h o o l w h e r e t h e
c a r r y on v o r h
an I n s t r u e t o r
e .ra lly w ell
o a e r one h a l f t h e
teaching; one f o u r t h
-races .
elem entary le v e l
teacher
It
ire
31 ' lai. s c h o o l t e a c h e r s
10. i .
of
of t o . 4.
in a l l
is
,;„n s p e c i a l i z e d , f i e l d s .
found f ; o
fields
Is
caoable of
as w o u l d h e n e c e s s a r ;
in
t h e one r n o a s c h o o 1.
luring
districts
the school year
which conducted
and e n r o l l e d
55 0 p u p i l s ,
1935—1 9 3 3 t h e r e w e r e 4 5 r u r a l
only
an e i g h t month t e r n
w hile the
city
s c ho o l s m a i n t a i n e d , a n i n e m o n t h s c h o o l ,
in the
pupils .
elem entary g ra d e s,
27
‘H i i s c l e a r l y
ch ild re n of the
ral. d i s t r i c t s
attended,
It
as
574 i n h i g h
shows
county l o s t
compared
and. c o n s o l i d a t e d
enrolled
s chool,
that nearly
one y e a r
to th e
of school,
.
67 4 p u p i l s
a n d 47 n e g r o
one f o u r t h
of schoo ling
of th e
in the r u ­
o f ‘. or t h r e e f o u r t h s
that
s c h o o l w h e r e a n i n e m o n t h t e r n was m a i n t a i n e d .
la
to he
expected
then,
that
children
In t h e
eighth
:>• "l 1
g r a d e who h a v e a t t e n d e d , o n l y o n e t e a c h e r
schools
a r e found
I >>p
to be a p p r o x i m a t e l y one y e a r b e h in d
those children, of
s a m e g r a d e who h a v e a t t e n d e d , s c h o o l I n s ome o f t h e
27.
Lewis
County, l l s s o u r i ,
the
larger
Op. c i t .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
p.
58
T a b l e XI
Days A t t e n d e d ,
P upils
Dor R u r a l ,
E n ro lled ,
A verage D a ily A tte n d a n c e
C i t y and C o n s o l i d a t e d D i s t r i c t s *
D a ys A t t .
E nrollm ent
A.D .A .
p e r c e n t o f ADA
of e n ro lle d
550
498.8
90.7
439
397 .7
90.6
20,623
1J-<O
CfD
114.5
39.
Ew in g
21,718
129
1 2 0 .6
92.7
L aB elle
32,021
242
215.7
90.
LaG-range
45,662
280
253.6
9 0.5
Lew is town
27,577
179
153.2
8 6 .0
M o n ticello
16,857
10 5
93.6
90.
S teffen v ille
15,510
81
75 .0
9 2 .6
W illia m s town
23,037
14 0
127 .9
91.4
R ural
T otal
7 9,823
550
90.7
C i t y and
Cons .
T otal
272,609
1,734
38 .9
R ural
7 9 ,8 2 3
Canton
71,604
D u rh a m
'
R ecords of
*Lewis C ounty , M i s s o u r i ,
in te n d e n t o f Schools »
O ffice
o f C ounty S u p e r-
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
sy stem s.
PA
There a r e
Lewis
te n
C om ity.
a to tal
of n in e f i r s t
These n in e
to tw e lv e i n c l u s i v e ,
schools
course.
to
I n ma ny i n s t a n c e s ,
c i a l l y when i t
a ll th at
Lewis C ounty r a n g e s
T a b le XI i n d i c a t e s
age d a i l y
attendance
th a t th ere
in th e
city
r u r a l school of
the appendix.
a b e t t e r p e rc e n ta g e of aver­
than in th e
and c o n s o l i d a t e d
C ity
of average
s c h o o l s may b e
3 5.5 p e r c e n t of th e h ig h s c h o o l p u p ils
T herefore,
same o p p o r t u n i t i e s
to
th ese
s t u d e n t s do n o t h a v e t h e
atten d re g u la rly
as do t h o s e
th at
a t­
t h e i r home d i s t r i c t .
An e l e m e n t a r y t e a c h i n g u n i t
d aily
espe­
offers.
The l o w e r p e r c e n t a g e
are n o n -re sid e n t.
in
in the
20 as shown i n
is
the
County S c h o o ls
in th e r u r a l schools
due to th e f a c t t h a t
tend
in th e ir ed u catio n ,
i n Lewis
attendance
and C o n s o l i d a t e d s c h o o l s .
d aily
c h ild re n regard
t h e i r own d i s t r i c t
from 1 t o
atten d an ce
a fo u r y ear h igh school
th erefo re,
A ttendance F a c to rs
The a v e r a g e d a i l y
in grades
a t t e n d i n g h ig h s c h o o l must
com plete
a com plete c o u rse
is
in
238 o f them b e i n g n o n - r e s i d e n t .
own d i s t r i c t s
e i g h t h g ra d e as
h igh schools
e n r o l l 67 4 p u p i l s
Th us 3 5 . 3 p e r c e n t o f t h o s e p u p i l s
leav e t h e i r
class
attendance
of
puniIs
is based upon th e
in yrades
one to
eig h t
28.
N a tio n a l S o c ie ty f o r th e Study o f E d u c a tio n .
R u ral E d u c a tio n " , T h i r te e n th Y earbook, P a r t
op. 1 0 9 -1 1 0 .
29.
S tate
of M isso u ri.
On.
average
in clu siv e.
2Q
"S tatu s of
I , 1931,
c it.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
One t e a c h i n g u n i t
average d a ily
anci l e s s
consists
attendance,
than a i x t y .
all
above 240.
erase d a ily
is
ral
thirty
is
further
attendance
is
less
In the
at
the
s a me m u l t i p l e
provided,
t h a t when t h e a v o: p
than f i f t e e n 0 ' th a t the school
equalization
the S ta te
for
teacher units
Superintendent
of Schools.
q u i t e n o t i c e a b l e from, t h e ' a v e r a y e d a i l y a t t e n ­
shown i n t h e
schools
t wo - u n i t s w i t h n o n e t h a n
in
9 4 0 , w h e n t h e m u l t i p l e b e c o n . e s 32
w ithout th e approval of
d a n ce as
pupils
It
•say n o t p a r t i c i p a t e
I t is
than t h i r t y
This c o n t i n u e s
u n t i l the attendance
for
-w n o t n r e
apoendix
th at there
are only fo u r r u ­
i n Lewis County t h a t n a y p a r t i c i p a t e
er u n it
equalization.
The o t h e r
through
the approval of
the S ta te
39 t h e n ,
are
in
the teach­
in s e ssio n only
Superintendent
of S c h o o ls .
T ea ch e r Fer-soone 1
Lewis
daily
has
County is
attendance
is
r e c o r wv e n c . e d ,
only 493.
t h i s would
s ix te e n teachers'
size
e m p l o y i n g 40 t e a c h e r s w h e n t h e
if
the
s u pvo . .. e s t e d b vV t h e
would oven n e a t
erage d a i l y
the
a ernes t e r h o u r s
teachers
5°.
pupils
i v
attendance,
T a b l e X I I s hows
of th e
entitle
state.
i i i n
tle
. m
m
In l i g h t
the r u r a l
were p l a c e d
If
the
there
of
p.
schools
to
of t h e
15 p u I l s
of the
c o n r t u%Jr
In av­
amount o f c o l l e g e p r e p a r a t i o n
teachers
only
s h o u l d , h e 33 t e a c h e r s .
o f Lewis C o u n ty .
do. n o t h a v e a s n a n y ■s ernes t e r h o u r s
Ibid.,
the s t a t e
In. s c h o o l s
schoojs
requirement
then,
of what
average
in
The r u r a l
per te a c h e r
53.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
as
T able X II
Humber o f T e a c h e r s R a v i n g C o l l e g e H o u rs#
R ural
8
to
15
16
to
29
30
to
59
60
to
89
90
to
119
120
or
more
1
3
16
20
2
4
46
17
17
Canton
T otal
Durham
3
1
4
8
L aB elle
2
2
6
10
2
1
7
11
Levtlstown
2
2
4
8
K onticello
3
1
3
7
S teff en v ille
2
3
5
' W i l l i ar ns t own
3
3
6
Lwing
4
1
4
8
1
LaG range
R ural
T o tal.
C ity &
Cons .
T otal
1
3
16
20
2
4
46
0
0
1
21
8
51
81
R ecords
o£_
vJ-Lewis C o u n t y , W'i s c o u r i .
of S chools.
C o u n t y S u p e r i n t encl e n t
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
T able X I II
C ertificatio n
o f le a e h e r s - ; ; -
Types o f C e r t i f i c a t e s
S u p t.
S pecial
H igh S c h o o l
L ife
5 year
High S c h o o l
1 year
H igh S c h o o l
1
R ural
C ity &
C onsol.
2
7
9
1
T otal
2
o
r-,
9
1
5 year
Elem .
R ural
1
C ity &
C onsol.
6
T otal
7
12 0
hour
R ural
Elem.
L ife
4
8
S
2
3
24
6
60
hour
T chr.
train .
1
1
1s t g r a d e
county
2 nd g r a d e
county
4
3
27
9
T otal
30
9
C ity &
C onsol.
T otal
1 yr.
Elem .
15
C ity &
C onsol.
R ural
2 yr.
Elem.
7
1
4
8
3rd g rad e
county
10
T otals
46
10
81
127
'bLewis C o u n t y , M i s s o u r i .
R ecords o f O ffic e
in te n d e n t of S chools.
o f C ounty S u p e r -
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
oo
T a b l e XIV
E xperience of Teachers f o r R u ra l,
C o n so lid ated D i s t r i c t s
C ity and
of
Lewis C ounty K i s s o u r i # '
E xperience
R ural School
D istricts
H igh S c h o o l
D istricts
T otal
in
years in clu d in g
1
2
3
4
5
8
10
5
3
3
4
2
2
9
4
4
10
4
12
14
7
7
14
6
Lewis C o u n t y , M i s s o u r i .
of S chools.
Records
of
7
the p re s e n t
8
9
10
TT
3
2
14
4S
2
6
2
38
81
2
9
4
52
127
County S u p e r l n t e n d e n t
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
C>4
do t h o s e
in th e c ity
and c o n s o l i d a t e d
a l m o s t 50 per- c e n t o f t h e r u r a l
schools.
te a c h e rs , have
s ix ty sem ester h o u rs,
w h ile
c ity
schools have le s s
and c o n s o l i d a t e d
hours
d ated te ac h e rs
o n ly one o u t o f a t o t a l
o r 63 p e r c e n t ,
w h ile o n ly 4,
r a l te a c h e rs have t h i s
The l a r g e r
o f 81 i n
to p re p a re
them selves
illu stra te d
tab le,
in th e
S ince th e la r g e r
seems
14 t y p e s
in th e schools
E ducation has
This
to
is
o f Lewis
schools
teach,
schools
larg er
It
teach ers
is
s h o u l d be
sch o o ls.
of te a c h e rs
being
C ounty.
issued
to
is
the te ac h ­
The S t a t e D e p a r t m e n t o f
105 t e a c h e r s ’ c e r t i f i c a t e s .
h av e been o b ta in e d by co u n ty e x a m in a tio n u n d er th e
of th e
as
shown i n T a b l e X I I I , p a g e 62.
of c e r t i f i c a t e s
issued
the r u ­
th a t the r u r a l school
o th erw ise the
tran sp o rted
to
a sso c iate d w ith the p re p a ra tio n
the c e r ti f i c a t i o n .
of
of c o l­
t e a c h e r s more
fo r p rep aratio n
it
should be r a i s e d ,
abandoned and p u p i l s
There a r e
and c o n s o l i ­
e n c o u ra g e d 'th e te a c h ­
t o become b e t t e r
criteria
C losely
city
o r 8 .7 p e r c e n t,
system s have d o u b tle s s
have e s ta b lis h e d
standards
of the
amount of p r e p a r a t i o n .
than have th e s m a lle r sc h o o ls .
sio n
than
t h a n 60 s e m e s t e r
t h a t h a v e 12 0 o r more s e m e s t e r h o u r s
lege p re p a ra tio n ,
ers
less
or
of c o lle g e p re p a ra tio n .
There a r e 51,
ers
Tw enty,
Tw enty-tw o
su p erv i­
C o u n ty .S u p e rin te n d e n t of S ch o o ls.
Is h ig h ly p o ssib le
o f Lewis
C ounty c o u ld o b t a i n
T a b le X I I I shows t h a t
co lleg e h o u rs.
t h a t a l l b u t one o f t h e r u r a l
a state
a l l b u t one t e a c h e r h a v e
Th e s m a l l n u m b e r o f s t a t e
c ertific ate.
su fficien t
certificates
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Is
p o s s ib ly due to
the f a c t
th at
courses
repuirep
by t h e S t a t e
h e oa. rt is ie .a t o f “e d u c a t i o n h a v e n o t t e e n s e l e c t e d .
T a b l e XIV I n d i c a t e s
are
th at
the t e a c h e r s
o b ta in in g t h e i r b eginning
There a r e
t e n who h a v e
schools w h ile
the c i t y
may h e c l a s s e d
so l i t t l e
schools,
h earty
In the r u r a l
In t h i s
o f Lewis
of years
ly
in
the
school
the
in
less
the c ity
teach ers
In
o r .wore o f
th a n one t h i r d
group.
County Is
city
exp erien ce
one h a l f
schools
doe m e d ia n num ber o f y e a r s
schools
r u r a d .
s c h o o l s ’rave t e n y e a r s
and c o n s o l i d a t e d
ex p erien ce w hile
In t h e
County
t a u g h t o n l y one yes.r i n t h e r u r a l
o n ly one has
and c o n s o l i d a t e d
ex p erien ce
o f Lev"i s
fio e
of ex p erien ce
in the r u r a l
years
m edian number
and. t h e
and c o n s o l i d a t e d , s c h o o l s
Is
approxim ate
eight years.
T h i s may i n d i c a t e
la rg e r d is t r i c t s
the
rural
th at
u su ally
is
cent of the
the
first
year.
ent p o s itio n
emp loye d, i n t h e
co n so lid ated
clo se
re latio n
In
e x p erien ce..
betw een th e
T able
in
the
schools
teach ers
are
In t h e i r p re s e n t
hf in d ic a te s
o f L m / l s C o u n t y as
p o sitio n
Only 1 0 . 2 p e r c e n t h a v e b e e n i n
for
an I n d i c a t i o n
a rath er
and t h e i r
not tru e
per
11'.e r e
are
a f t e x : t l ey h a v e b e e n s u c c e s s f u l t e a c h e r s
of teach ers
tl I s
touchers
sch o o ls.
There is
tenure
th at
ten y e a rs
or m ore.
are
th an
only f i v e
for
pres­
from. T a b l e XV t h e r e
t h a t te a c h e r s rem ain lo n g e r in th e
d istric ts
th e ir
44
city
is
and
In th e r u r a l d i s t r i c t s .
teachers
L e w i s C o u n t y v/ho h a v e b e e n i n
In. t h e r u r a l
the p r e s e n t
schools
of
p o sitio n fo r fiv e
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
T a b l e XV
Tenure o f T e a c h e r s *
Y ears o f Tenure
1
2
Rural Sch ool
D istricts
26
9
5
2
1
1
High S c h o o l
D istricts
30
18
11
1
2
1
56
27
16
3
Total
3
*Lewis C ounty, M i s s o u r i .
of S ch ools.
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
1
2
1
46
3
12
8!
3
13
127
R e c o r d s o f C o u n ty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
67
T a b l e XVI
Humber o f T e a c h e r s
and A v e ra g e A nnual S a l a r y
r
Elem entar T
tJ
'• m ,
No .
*
;.
C olored
1t e
Salary
No.
1gh S c h o o l
Teac h e r s
S alary
SUp t .
S alary
■b
1,219
2 ,2 5 0
513
0
Canto n
8
890
1
Durham
5
606
5
810
900
■Swing
6
51 5
o
765
900
L aB elle
4
698
1
405
5
891
1,520
LaCfrange
5
761
2
607
4
1,000
1,900
L e w i s town
4
58 5
4
855
1,170
E o n ticello
3
495
kJ
'Z
765
1,125
S teffen v ill e 2
513
3
65o
H iIlian stow n 3
<L.) £ /
5
3
795
1,000
Rural
1
63 0
630
R e c o r d s o f O il i c e
ewis C ounty, EIs s o u r l .
i n t e n d e n t o f Sol io o I s .
•V
46
o
o
o
rH
No.
o f C oun ty S u p e r -
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
68
years
o r m ore.
so lid ated
It
ers
Is
There a re
schools w ith
19 t e a c h e r s
i t was d u r i n g
each y e ar
the
In th e sch o o ls
school year
so lid ated
school only re c e iv e
p e r m onth.
schools
T h is
Lewis
of
salary
is
o f Lewis
C o u n ty as
of the te a c h e rs
relativ ely
In Lewis
low .
i t w i l l be n o t i c e d , i n
teach ers,
on t h e n i n e m o n t h t e r m t h i s
of te a c h ­
1938-1939.
s h o w n i n T a b l e XYI i s
The e l e m e n t a r y
and c o n ­
the o rd in a ry tu rn -o v e r
The a v e r a g e a n n u a l s a l a r y
County as
city
t h e s am e t e n u r e .
do es n o t seem t h a t
so g r e a t
In th e
is
495 d o l l a r s
a salary
low er t h a n
County w h ic h i s
512
one c o n ­
per year.
of o n ly
Based-
55 d o l l a r s
average fo r r u r a l
th e
d o lla rs
fo r
sn e i g h t
m onth te r m .
A fu rth er
as
seen
study o f
T h is
fa r belo w
the
average
than th o se
shown i n
schools
h ig h
salary for
of th e
school teach ers
in th e
th e
tw o
ru ra l
th e
In th e
receiv e
640 d o l l a r s
p er
are paying
r u r a l sch o o ls.
school teach ers
elem entary te a c h e r s ,
a larg er
sch o o ls
teach ers
t h a t som e o f t h e d i s t r i c t s
of th e high
are re c e iv in g
v ariatio n
In
th ree r e c e i v e
T a b l e XVI some e l e m e n t a r y
Trie s a l a r i e s
the
per year and
in d icates
The s a l a r i e s
la rg e r
s a la rie s
t h e A p p e n d i x w i l l show t h a t
in
only 3 2 0 d o l l a r s
year.
th e
teach ers
a r e somewhat
although
in the
salary per y e a r
as
larg er
than are
the
sm aller sch o o ls.
of su p erin ten d e n ts
show a b o u t t h e s a m e
s m a l l e r and l a r g e r s c h o o l s
as
is
shown In
te a c h e r ’s s a l a r i e s .
The n e g r o
s a la rie s
are not as
great
in
th e ir
re sp e c tiv e
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
69
T a b l e XVII
C la ssifica tio n
o f S chools
A ccording to V a lu a t io n ,
V aluation
41
61
SI
101
121
141
161
181
201
22 1
241
261
281
301
321
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
60
SO
100
120
14 0
160
180
200
220
24-0
260
280
300
320
340
i n L e w is
C o u n ty
i n T h o u s a n d s o f D o ll a r s * "
Ho.
of Schools
7
11
13
c
o
4
3
1
1
1
396
412
442
511
602
617
271
975
*-Lev/ i s C o u n t y , M i s s o u r i .
of S ch o ols.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
O f f i c e o f C oun ty S u p e r i n t e n d
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
70
d is tr ic ts
as a r e t h e w h i t e
above
average
th e
fo r
th e
teach ers
but
in
gen eral
and s m a l l d i s t r i c t
ru ra l
th ey
are
elem en tary
teachers.
Finane i a l E f f o r t
The
ries
g re a tly
b u ted
valu ation o f p r o p e r t y
assessed
in
the d i f f e r e n c e
to
ence
in l o c a t i o n ,
X V II
in d ic a te s
80,0 0 0 .
It
th a t
a lso
d o lla rs.
th e
Augusta,
to
a t t r i ­
the d i f f e r ­
of p op u lation .
v alu atio n
va­
Table
approxim ately
is
t h a t one h a l f t h e d i s t r i c t s
have an
t h a t r a n g e s b e t w e e n 6 1 , 0 0 0 and 1 6 0 , 0 0 0
There a r e
has
C ounty
may b e
T h is
of d i s t r i c t s ,
UJ..L0 VUe n a i t y
m ed ian
reveals
some e x t r e m e
and c o n s o l i d a t e d
tr ic t,
In s i z e
and t o
assessed valu ation
c ity
d ifferen t d i s t r i c t s .
th e
Lewis
in
sch ools.
cases,
Canton,
e sp e c ia lly
a city
in
th e
school d is ­
an a s s e s s e d v a l u a t i o n o f 9 7 3 , 0 0 0 d o l l a r s w h i l e
a
ru ra l
D is tric t,
has
an
assessed
v alu atio n
of
o n ly
41,6 9 1 d o l l a r s .
The a s s e s s e d v a l u a t i o n b a c k o f e a c h c h i l d
C ou n ty i s
r a th e r low .
As s h o w n i n T a b l e X V I I I , p a g e 7 1 ,
ran ges from 3 ,0 0 0 to
151,000 d o l l a r s .
to
the e n r o l l m e n t
th e
d iffe re n c e
S ix ty -sev en
less
th an
p er
5 ,0 0 0
in
cent
of
d o lla rs
For t h e most part t h e s e
sch o o ls
where a n
i n Lewis
e ffo rt
th e
ch ild re n
of a s s e s s e d
T his
of
course
of t h e d i f f e r e n t
i n Lewis
C o u n ty
v alu atio n , back
is
it
due
sc h o o ls.
have
o f them.
ch ild re n
are e n r o l l e d
Is
made t o m a i n t a i n a s t a n d a r d
b ein g
in
the la r g er
sch ool.
The m e d i a n v a l u a t i o n b a c k
of e a c h
c h ild
In
L e w i s C oun ty
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
71
T able XVIII
A s s e s s e d V a l u a t i o n B a c k o f E ach C h i l d E n r o l l e d
In
-h
i
V
A ll
D istricts
No . o f
.u i s t r . f
4
1
1
1
3
4
1
3
4
4
2
3
6
3,000
3,500
4,000
4 ,5 0 0
5,000
5 , 500
6,000
6 , 50 0
7 ,0 0 0
7 ,5 0 0
8,000
8,500
9,000
9,500
2
10,000
10,500
2
11,000
1
11,500
1
o
12,000
1
12,500
13,000
3
13,500
14,000
14,500
15,000
15,500
1
16,000
16,500
17,000
1
17,500
18,000
1
10,500
1
2
19,000
19,500
1
20,000
20,500 &
4
above
fo n -res id en t
J-Lewis C o u n t y , M i s s o u r i .
in Lewis
Bo. o f
p u o ils
583
250
14
125
126
5413
40
90
120
12
26
63
C ounty#
vo o f
ou o i I s
3 4.83
14.94
.84
7 .47
7 .52
3.2
.78
2 .39
4 •38
7 .27
.73
1.55
3.66
15
15
7
8
21
10
23
.89
.89
.42
.48
1.24
.59
1.27
7
.42
4
.24
10
4
10
. 59
.24
• 59
'.J
16
.48
. 96
Or?
o ao
R ecords o f O f f i c e o f County C le rk
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
72
is
approxim ately 8 ,5 0 0 d o l l a r s .
o f th e c h ild r e n have a g r e a t e r
them.
Prom
th is
Lewis
C ounty
it
seems
su rely is
lev y
fo r
th e
There i s
assessed v a l u a t i o n
t h a t th e burden f o r
w ith t h e
of t h e
support
assessed
tw en ty
w ise
of L ew is
valu ation ,
w hich h a s
is
an
County.
A study
th e
10 0 d o l l a r
th e
am ount
of
taxes
10,4 5 4 ,5 5 3 d o lla r s .
carried a l e v y
assessed
o f only''
valu ation .
L ik e­
o f 3 ,400,034 d o l l a r s
v a lu a tio n
a levy of n in ety cen ts
in
o f T a b l e XIX sho ws
o f th e county i s
assessed
is
a r e p a y i n g as l o c a l
3 ,1 5 6 ,5 0 3 d o lla r s
c e n t s upon t h e
th ere
v a lu a tio n
a r a t h e r marked i n c o n s i s t e n c y
th a t the t o t a l v a lu a t io n
Of t h i s
ed u cation i n
e d u c a t i o n a l program.
money w h i c h t h e d i f f e r e n t d i s t r i c t s
in the s c h o o ls
hack o f
un eq ual.
C losely a s s o c i a t e d
tax
A pproxim ately t e n p er c e n t
or above upon t h e
100 d o l ­
lars .
Those d i s t r i c t s
w hich have th e tw en ty c e n t l e v y
on ly t w e n t y p e r - c e n t o f
d is tr ic ts
th e
w ith t h e h i g h e r
p u p ils
lev y
of
e n ro ll
th e
co u n ty
en ro ll
w h ile
ap p ro x im ately
th e
fifty
p er cen t o f the p u p i l s .
T w en ty -eig h t
tw en ty
o f the d i s t r i c t s ,
cent le v y u p o n
a
tio n
as t h e o n l y e f f o r t o f t h e l o c a l d i s t r i c t
law i f
100
d o lla r
assessed v a l u a ­
have
e d u c a t i o n a l program.
th e
a l l o f which are r u r a l ,
to support i t s
Tims I s t h e m i n i m u m l e v y r e q u i r e d b y
a d i s t r i c t w ishes
to p a r t i c i p a t e
In t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n
o f the e q u a li z a t io n fund.
Local support fo r sch o o ls
t h e t a x l e v y and t h e a s s e s s e d
In Lewis
valu ation .
C oun ty v a r i e s
as d o e s
Trie r u r a l d i s t r i c t s
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
T a b l e XIX
Tax L e v y f o r S c h o o l ' S u p p o r t *
L ev y I n c e n t s
he) . D i s t .
E n ro ll.
3
3
315,499
28
3
8
1
1
330
22
72
12
8
3 ,1 5 6 ,5 0 3
323,027
677,226
88,8 4- 6
9 9 ,830
3
19
214,858
3
3
1
24
185
125
172,449
9 85,512
617,347
1
52
387,000
2
213
855,429
2
355
1 ,1 8 2 ,7 0 5
.1
250 '
1674
975,000
1 0 ,0 5 4 ,2 3 1
.0 5
.10
.1 5
.20
.25
.30
.35
.40
.45
.50
. 55
.60
.65
.70
.7 5
.3 0
.85
.9 0
.95
1 .0 0
1.05
1.10
1.15
1.37
*Lewis
G o u n t y , 17i s s o u r 1 .
Records o f
Property
O f f i c e o f Countv C l e r k .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
74
T a b l e XX
L o c a l S u p p o r t T o r L e w is
C oun ty S c h o o l s *
Amount i n D o l l a r s
0
50
10 0
150
200
250
30 0
35 0
400
450
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
N o. o f S c h o o l s
49
89
148
199
249
299
349
399
449
499
2
2
o
9
16
8
5
3
2
2
C i t y and C o n s o l i d a t e d
Durham
St ei'f e n v i l l e
h o n ticello
S w in g
W i l l i a m s tow n
L aB elle
Lewistown
LaGrange
C a n to n
*Lew is County, M i s s o u r i .
tendent of S c h o o ls .
Schools
2 ,2 5 7 .8 7
2 ,8 3 6 .0 7
3 ,2 5 5 .0 5
3 ,9 7 3 .8 5
4 ,0 0 5 .5 7
4 ,0 3 3 .0 3
6 ,0 2 2 .6 4
7 ,5 7 3 .2 8
1 2 ,9 3 3 .0 7
O f f i c e R e c o r d s o f C o un ty S u p e r i n -
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
75
ran ge from 7 0 d o l l a r s
is
an a c c o u n t
of
th e funds
sch ool.
for
T ab le
is n o tice a b le
support
is
to
port.
be e x p e c t e d ,
that
ear t h e
In m a n y i n s t a n c e s
th e burden o f
tn x u s
found
be
co n trib u te
to th e
local
t h e m e d i a n amount o f mon ey
250
d o lla rs
which have th e l o w e s t
lea st b u rd e n f o r
the
in
lev y
sch ool sup­
have
ra th e r
a
and d e p e n d up on e q u a l i z a t i o n t o b e a r
support of t h e ir
that v e r y fe w
w ill
pay adequate s a l a r i e s
of
to
T here
s ho w s a d i s t r i b u t i o n o f
t h e s e same d i s t r i c t s
fact
of
lo c a l
p a g e 74
d istr ic ts
Those
assessed v a l u a t i o n
low
from
approxim ately 2 0 0 t o
is
rural d is tr ic ts .
as
XX,
that ru ral d i s t r i c t s
It
lo c a l
receip ts
a ll
In th e Appendix.
lo c a l support to 4 9 0 d o l l a r s .
th e
sch ool.
sch o o ls
fo r
It
is
an e v i d e n t
are p r o v i d i n g
the t e a c h e r ,
to
funds
which
say n othing
t h e i n c i d e n t a l and o t h e r e x p e n s e .
The c i t y
to w ard
th e ir
and
co n so lid ated
school
support
sch o o ls
by e x a c t i n g
a la rg e r
pay
a
h ig h er
amou nt
lev y
and
by
having a g r e a te r a s s e s s e d v a l u a t i o n .
The
of
state
of M is s o u r i
a p p o rtio n s funds
to t h e
sch ools
^1
t h e s t a t e b y w h a t I s known a s t h e e q u a l i z a t i o n q u o t a . 0
The e q u a l i z a t i o n
quota i s
f o r each elem en tary
high
known
teaching u n it ,
school teach in g u n it ,
tation
and t u i t i o n ,
adding 7 5 0 d o l l a r s
1,000 d o lla r s
for
th e a m o u n t approved f o r
each
transpor­
and. t h e n s u b t r a c t i n g : f r o m t h i s w h a t i s
a s minimum g u a r a n t e e
guarantee is
determ ined b y
of
the d i s t r i c t .
t h e sum o f t h e c o m p u t e d y i e l d
31. S tate of 1 'isso u r i.
The
m inim um
of tw enty cen ts
Op. c i t . , p p . 4 4 - 4 5 .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
76
T a b l e XXI
S t a t e A poortlom nent to S c h o o ls
o f Lewis C o u n t y #
Amount i n D o l l a r s
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
Ho
49
99
149
1S9
249
299
349
399
449
499
549
599
. o f Schools
19
1
1
2
1
8
12
7
C i t y and C o n s o l i d a t e d S c h o o l s
S teffen v ille
D urham
w illiam s
town
Sw in g
K o n ticello
Lewistown
LaGrange
L aB elle
C an to n
#3tate
of M i s s o u r i .
2 , 663
3, 891
4, 536
4 ,7 4 1
4 ,9 0 1
5 ,4 0 1
8 ,4 0 9
8 , 7 07
1 2 ,8 5 4
Apportionment o f S t a t e S c h o o l F u n d s.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
*7*7
upon t h e 100 d o l l a r
u tility
m ent,
assessed v a lu ation ,
app ortionm ent,
the
township
the r a ilr o a d
Interest
and
fund a p p o r t io n ­
and t h e c o u n t y i n t e r e s t f u n d a p p o r t i o n m e n t .
The l a s t
three
funds m e n tio n e d above a r e
of
n eg lig ib le
im p o rta n c e as t h e s e fu n d s h a v e n o t b e e n p r o p e r ly s a f e g u a r d e d
and t h e u t i l i t i e s
to p r o v i d e
an
of th e c o u n t y
apportionm ent o f
A pp rop riations
not p a rticip a te
i n t h e e q u a l i z a t i o n i f money f r o m p u b l i c
100 d o l l a r v a l u a t i o n
is
1 .3 cents
per day f o r
to r e c e iv e
there
is
allow ed fo r
A ll of the
an y c o n s e q u e n c e .
a r e a l s o made t o t h o s e s c h o o l s w h i c h may
f u n d s amount t o 3 5 0 d o l l a r s ,
d ollars
ar e n o t t a x e d h e a v y enough
or a l e v y o f 40 c e n t s upon t h e
assessed.
Of t h i s
the te a c h e r of
the days
sch o o ls
a p p o r t i o n m e n t 25
the r u r a l s c h o o ls p lu s
of average d a ily atten d an ce.
o f Lewis
County w hich a r e e l i g i b l e
the e q u a l i z a t i o n are t a k i n g
advantage of
it,
but
ar e i n t h e c o u n ty 21 s c h o o l s w h i c h c a n n o t m eet t h e r e ­
quirem ents .
T a b l e XXI I l l u s t r a t e s
t h e number o f
sch ools
County" and t h e amount o f money a p o o r t i o n e d
state.
state
T h e r e a r e 19 s c h o o l s
ap p o rtio n m en t
that
to
o f L ew is
them, bp t h e
i n d i v i d u a l l y r e c e i v e more
t h a n any o n e o f t h e r u r a l s c h o o l s
pay
fo r lo c a l support.
G en era lly speaking the
ceive
c ity
and c o n s o l i d a t e d s c h o o l s r e ­
a b o u t t h e s a m e amount f r o m t h e s t a t e
as
they c o n t r i ­
b u te through l o c a l su p p o r t.
The
s t a t e h a s s ho w n I t s w i l l i n g i n e s s
to h elp
s c h o o l s where t h e r e a r e s u f f i c i e n t c h i l d r e n .
those
In t h e s m a ll
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
r?1 C
d istr ic ts
w i t h a v e r y low a v e r a g e d a i l y a t t e n d a n c e
p o r t i o n m e n t i n some c a s e s
the ap­
I s made I f t h e c h i l d r e n a r e t r a n s ­
ported to another s c h o o l.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
CHAPTER V I
PROPOSED R E O R G A N I Z A T I O N
Any p r o p o s a l o r p r o p o s a l s f o r
lo c a l
school
baht o f
system in L e w is
th e r e c e n t changes
the r e o r g a n i z a t i o n o f t h e
County s h o u l d b e
c o n s i d e r e d in
in t h e
d is tr ic t
o rg an izatio n .
A lso s o m e c o n s id e r a t io n s h o u l d b e
given to
the r e c e n t pro­
posed changes
in
th e
d istricts.
A p r o p o s e d r e o r g a n i z a t i o n o f Lewis County,
liev ed
by th e w r i t e r ,
the
sh o u ld
co n sid er
it
Is b e ­
the f o l l o w i n g
o rin ci-
T h a t every c h i l d h a s a r i g h t t o a t t e n d s c h o o l
as m a n y d a y s as e v e r y o t h e r c h i l d .
That e v e r y c h i l d has a r i g h t to b e i n s t r u c t e d
by a w e l l tr a in e d te a c h e r .
That e v e r y c h i l d h a s a r i g h t t o a t t e n d s c h o o l
i n a b u ild in g t h a t i s lo c a te d I n a h e a l t h f u l en­
v i r o n m e n t , t h a t i s s c i e n t i f i c a l l y b u i l t and e q u i p p e d , and k e p t s a n i t a r y .
T h a t e v e r y c h i l d has a r i g h t to b e t r a n s p o r t e d
to s c h o o l i f t r a v e l d is t a n c e Is too g r e a t .
T h a t e v e r y child, h a s a r i g h t to a t t e n d s c h o o l
where m e d i c a l a n d d e n t a l i n s p e c t i o n a r e a v a i l ­
ab le w ith ou t charge.
T h a t e v e r y c h i l d has a r ig h t t o su cceed i n
sch o o l.
'T h a t e v e r y c h i l d h a s a r i g h t to a tte n d s c h o o l
where o r g a n iz ed p la y i s c o n sid e re d a norm al a c ­
t i v i t y and i S i . . p r o v i d e d .
T h a t e v e r y ' c h i 1d h a s a r i g h t t o a t t e n d s c h o o l
w here t h e l o v e . o f home, t h e d e s i r e f o r i t s i m p r o v e ­
m ent, a n d a n a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r th e good a n d b e a u t i ­
f u l are tau gh t.
T h a t e v e r y c h i l d has a r i g h t to a t t e n d s c h o o l
w here c o o p e ra tio n in a c t i v i t i e s
i s encouraged.
T h a t . e v e r y c h i l d has th e r i g h t t o a t t e n d a
s c h o o l where a p p r e c i a t i o n o f s o c i e t y , i t s s t r u g ­
g l e s and v i c t o r i e s , a r e made c l e a r ; i t s c h a l ­
lenge t o t h e f u t u r e m a d e p ero sn a l.
32.
C arpenter, a .
n R i g h t s and p r i v i l e g e s o f S c h o o l
d r e n " , S c h o o l and C o m m u ni ty , O c t . , 1 9 3 5 .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
C h il­
Hi a t e v e r y ch: Lia Las t h e r i g h t t o a t t e n d s c h o o l
w here- t h e l i f e w o r k o f e a c h i n d i v i d u a l i s n o t l e f t
to chance.
T h a t e v e r y c h i l d has t h e r i g h t t o a t t e n d s c h o o l
where th e i n d i v i d u a l i s t r a i n e d f o r h i s l i f e - w o r k .
T h at e v e r y c h i l d h a s a r i g h t t o a t t e n d s c h o o l
w h e r e t h e p r o b l e m s o f t h e s c h o o l come from, p r o b ­
le m s o f t h e c o m m u n i t y , s t a t e , and n a t i o n and n o t
a lto g e th er out of b ook s.
If th e
th a t
people o f
a c o m m u n it y c o u l d be made t o r e a l i z e
the a b o v e p r i n c i p l e s
ch ild ren ,
and t h a t
zation of
the s c h o o ls
tu n itie s
In
are w ith in t h e
th ey have a r ig h t
reach
to t h e m ,
f o r more e q u a l i z e d
of
th eir
the r e o r g a n i ­
ed u cation al o p p o r ­
would b e p o s s i b l e .
p r e s e n t s u r v e y as s h o w n i n
th e
Chapter V t h e r e
has
been m a d e a stud y of the p r e se n t e d u c a tio n a l o p p o r tu n itie s
of
the co u n ty .
w h ich
sh o u ld
o th er
defects
T here
be
in
a r e some d e f e c t s
changed f o r
th e
of th e
present s y s te m
fin a n cia l reasons.
atten d an ce
th a t
sh o u ld
There a r e
be
a lte re d
fo r
ed u cation al reasons.
The
ra d ica l,
proposed changes
It
is b elieved
b u t be c o n s i d e r e d from th e v i e w p o i n t
th e g r e a t e s t n u m b e r o f p e o p le
It is
rea lized
that the sch o o l p o p u l a t i o n
several years.
tin e
the p o p u la tio n of c h ild r e n o f
area
is
to w n s
and c i t i e s
o n l y abou t one h a l f
of
w h i c h w o u l d do
t h e maximum amount o f g o o d .
areas has been d e c r e a s in g f o r
Lewis
s c h o o l a,.e
the p op u lation
of
At t h e p r e s e n t
In t h e r u r a l
In th e s m a ll
called
a tte n tio n
to
the t e a c h e r - p u p 1 1 lo a d in t h e s e r u r a l s c h o o l s
sm all.
The l a r g e r s y s t e m s
the r u r a l
C o u n ty .
Hie w r i t e r h a s p r e v i o u s l y
that
should not be too
in th e c o u n t y
th e
fa c t
Is very
have a t e a c h e r -p u n i]
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
81
l o a d w h i c h more n e a r l y a p p r o a c h e s
State Leg i s l a t u r e .
' J ' :>
Teaching u n i t s
are a l l o t t e d
b asis
o f attendance fo r
u n its
are based
en,
t h e s t a n d a r d s e t up b y t h e
to
every d i s t r i c t
the p r e c e d in g y e a r .
on
th e
Eigh s c h o o l
attendance f o r grades n i n e , ten , e l e v <
E l e m e n t a r y u n i t s a r e b a s e d on g r a d e s o n e t o
on t h e
and t w e l v e .
eigh t in c lu s iv e .
T a b l e XX II i s u s e d I n c a l c u l a t i n g
t h e num­
ber of t e a c h i n g u n i t s .
The p r o p o s e d c h a n g e s
th g t were s u g g e ste d
n o t a c c e p t e d by t h e p e o p l e
m endations u p
and t h e r e h a v e -not b e e n any r e c o m ­
the p r e se n t t i m e f o r
to
r ed istrictin g .
The n e w a n d r e o r g a n i z e d d i s t r i c t s
th is
study w ith
w ith
the s u g g e s tio n of S tod d a rd .w
sion o f a
o rg an ize
the s t a t e
w i l l be o r g a n i z e d
su ggestion s fo r teacher u n its
com p lete program o f
minimum u n i t s
i n 1 S 32 w e r e
"Econoray
ed u catio n
m ake
in
and
and t h e p r o v i ­
i t
d e sira b le
of attendance a c c o m m o d a tin g
from
to
300
t o 50 0 p u p i l s . !!
T h e r e a r e f o u r b u i l d i n g s w h i c h w i l l a c c o m m o d a te t h e
minimum number as
ton,
suggested.
T h e s e w i l l b e l o c a t e d a t Can­
L a& r a n g e , L a B e l l e ,
and
These f o u r s c h o o l s
are n o t
the s iz e
o f L e w i s C ou n ty I s
be tra n sp o r ted
33. S ta te
Lev/is t o w n .
id ea lly
located .
However,
s m a ll enough to p e r m it p u p i l s
to
to t h e s e s c h o o l s w ith a m i n i m u m tim e r e c s u i r e d
of M issouri.
Op. c 1 t . ,
1938, pp. 4 6 -4 7 .
3 4 . S t o d d a r d , A. J .
Th e S t r u c t u r e a n d A d m i n i a t r a t I o n o f E d u ­
c a t i o n i n A m erican D em o cracy . N a t i o n a l E d u c a t i o n As­
s o c i a t i o n , E d u c a t i o n a l P o l i c i e s C o m m i s s i o n , 1 9 3 8 , p . 127.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
T a b l e XXII
Form U s e d F o r C a l c u l a t i n g
In
th e
Teaching U n its
E l e m e n t a r y and H i g h S c h o o l
Elem entary
D i s t r i c t w i t h n o t more t h a n 30,
Fore
CD
ro
t h a n 3 0 , b u t ■n o t m o r e t h a n 60
More t h a n 6 0 , b u t n o t m o r e
o
1 t e a c h i n g ian I t
than
tp t e a c h i n g u n i t s
t h a n 90
90, b u t n o t more t h a n
teachIng u n its
45
O
4 teaching u n its
120
Fore th an
1 2 0 , b u t n o t m o r e t h a n 15 0 b t e a c h i n g u n i t s
Fore
than
150
Fore
than
1 80, b u t n o t m ore t h a n 210 7 t e a c h i n g u n i t s
,
More t h a n 2 1 0 ,
D istr le ts
but not m ore
t h a n 18 0
teaching u n its
o
b u t n o t m ore t h a n 240 8 t e a c h i n g u n i t s
w i t h more
than 240,
one t e a ch in g u n i t
pup i 1s o r m a jo r f r a c t I o n t h e r e o f .
for
each
( Onl y A v e r ap­e d a i l y
a t t e n d a n c e m ay b e u se d In com puting o f t e a c h i n g u n i t s . )
High S c h o o l
Hot l e s s
th an
5,
but
not
more t h a n
21
1
teach in g u n it
Fore than
2 1 , b u t l e s s t h a n 40
2 teach in g
u n its
Fore than
40,but not
more t h a n 65
5 teach in g
u n its
More t h a n
65,but not
more t h a n 90
4 teach in g
u n its
Fore t h a n
90,b u t n o t
more t h a n 1 1 5
5 teach in g
u n its
More t h a n
1 1 5 ,but
M ore
than
More t h a n
major f r a c t i o n
n o t more
than
140
6 teach in g u n its
140,b u t n o t m o r e
th an
185
7
1 6 5 , one
u n it
f o r e a c h 24 p u p i l s
teach in g
th ereof.
teach in g u n i t s
or
(U s e o n l y a v e r a g e d a i l y a t t e n d a n c e )
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
O
O
on a b u s ,
It
has
o f Lewis
been p rev io u sly
County a r e n o t m e e tin g
state
has
m ents
are n o t
set
mum l o a d f o r
it
up f o r
as
larg e
as
th e
In
s ta te has
w hich
ad d itio n
su g g ested
From r e c e n t t r e n d s
in
rural
s e v e r a l sm all h igh
many c h i l d r e n
o b tain in g
th e re
Is
enough s u b je c ts
in clu d ed
in th e
I n Lewis
teach ers
the r u r a l
sch o o ls
In th e
Some h a v e b e e n
an e d u c a t i o n
of
rendered,
a lo n g er
a minim um c o u r s e
allow
to
program o f
C ounty t h e
v arie s
th o u g h ,th e
th e
e n ro ll­
as
a m ini­
in p o p u la tio n
en ro llm en t,
w ith
larg er
th e
secondary
are keeping th e
le v el
In t h e s e
a co lleg e
are
stu d ie s.
ten u re,
salary
of the
are
and
experience
sch o o l.
It
p a y in g m ore f o r
same t e a c h e r s
and as a r e s u l t
p erio d ,
in to
of
U sually
offered.
entrance
the s i z e
system s
county h a v ­
t h e means
who w o u l d h a v e n o t o t h e r w i s e t a d t h e o p p o r t u n i t y .
ju st
the
schools have serv ed t h e i r
These
In a v a l u a b l e w ay.
same s c h o o l s
sch o o ls
a d eclin e.
are
com m unities
sch o o ls.
th e
th ree te a c h e rs .
on ly
th at
stan d ard s
th e
o f an i n c r e a s e
in ste ad
th e re w ill be
'Hi e r e
rural
one t e a c h e r .
th at
seems
ing
in d icated
in
the
are re ta in in g
th e
of
seems
as
serv ice
system o v e r
t e a c h e r s who
h a v e more e x p e r i e n c e .
The p r o p o s e d
reo rg an izatio n
d istric ts
i n Lew is C o u n ty .
la rg e d
sch o o ls
w ill be
m entary
school
ton.
estab lish ed
cen ters
O ther b u i l d i n g s
at
w ill be
In
the
w ill
co n sist of
Ju n io r
a nd S e n i o r h i g h
LaG range and
lo cated
two e n ­
L aB elle.
E le­
a t Lew istow n and
county w i l l be abandoned.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Can­
This
/?
-L aB elle
anton
p L ew i& w ln
QLaG rang
P r o p o s e d New a n d E n l a r g e d D i s t r i c t s
-»
D istric t
I
D istric t
II
E lem entary
-
Ju n io r
S chools
and S e n i o r H igh S c h o o ls
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
85
is
ju stified
rep air,
m ents
and
in
some i n s t a n c e s
th e re
fo rm o f gym nasium s,
in th e
b rarie s,
t h a t many o f t h e b u i l d i n g s
in
is
are
a need
la b o ra to ry
in
need of
im prove­
for
equipm ent,
l i ­
and s u p p le m e n ta r y m a t e r i a l .
P u p il Personnel
It
is
su g g ested
th at
two e n l a r g e d d i s t r i c t s
D istric t
C anton,
th e
I of
tw e lfth
lie v e d by
It
It
is
tio n
to be
th e w r ite r
Is
in d icated
en ro lled
q u ite
at
grades
the
first
tran sp o rted
th a t
The g r e a t e s t
to
in
from
a w ell
in
to b e t r a n s p o r t e d
to
grades
LaG range.
in clu d in g
It
Is
be­
and
and a t o t a l
th a t four
th e re w ill be
of
sch o o ls
be to
sch o o l.
in
get
It
is
th e
th o se
th e
651
LaG range.
a larg e
por­
tran sp o rta tio n .
of th e
b eliev ed
few l i v e
th a t
576 a t
supply
w hich w i l l f a c i l i t a t e
cen tral
and
first
th is
six
d ifficu lty
any g r e a t
d istan ce
im proved r o a d .
tim e.
In
to
The p u p i l s
T able X X III t h a t
tim e be overcom e
en ro lled
six
th e
accom m odate t h e p u p i l s .
C anton,
Three d i s t r i c t s
present
are
in to
th e h o u sin g w i l l b e - b e t t e r
problem w i l l
the
w ill
in
n o tic e a b le
of th e p u o ils
grades
six
w i l l more n e a r l y
sch o o ls
p u p ils
are
above
C ounty be d i v i d e d
s h o w n i n F i g u r e V.
as
th e f i r s t
and t h o s e
Lew is
are n o t
S everal
one o r th e
o p eratin g
o th ers
o th er
th e ir
schools
h av e p u p i l s w hich w i l l
of
the
schools
of th e
at
all
the
be
enlarged
d is t r i c t .
The s c h o o l s
a t Durham,
M o n ticello ,
LaG range s u p p ly 419 o f t h e p u p i l s
Maywood,
in g rad es
C anton,
one -to s i x .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
and
T a b le XXIII
Name, N u m b er,
Be E n r o l l e d
No .
C-4
0-5
C-S
39
58
1
2
3
4
5
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
38
40
41
42
43
44
45
47
5657
59
60
61
62
63
80
82
at
A ssessed
LaG range and
Name
Durham
M o n ticello
Maywood
C anton
LaG range
Angus t a
B uen a-V ista
P a i r Oak
D errahs
A llen
B oudreau
P lano
P l e a s a n t G rove
H ardin
B land
M elrose
Ben j iraan
H a z l e Girove
N igh H i l l
P ink P r a i r i e
C entral
S unnyside
Midway
Ten 1 l i e
S elto n
L in d ale
P l e a s a n t R idge
M aple G rove
B ozarth
p o rter
Dover
P leasan t H ill
W a ln u t Grove
Rainbow
T o tals
V alu atio n ,
to
C a n to n E n l a r g e d D i s t r i c t No.
V alu atio n
335,450
531,913
229,974
975,102
671,616
4 1 ,691
113,795
7 2 ,4 5 7
109,038
111,595
122,836
87,606
• '8 4 ,5 8 9
6 8 ,585
80,976'
151,287
160,873
1 14,430
8 8 ,8 4 5
7 1 ,950
91,725
37,376
99,396
166,233
117,071
54,181
77,508
68,980
244,834
53 ,6 3 8
127,814
51,572
157,266
45,4 8 0
5, 6 6 7 ,6 8 3
and. H u m b e r o f P u p i l s
1-6
7-9
69
38
26
192
94
5
6
13
15
18
7
10
8
5
7
31
21
9
98
71
1
1
10-12
29
32
137
75
6
6
3
4
2
6
16
8
9
11
9
10
7
10
6
5
4
6
5
12
4
17
4
1
1
4
6
3
3
651
293
4
2
2
4
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
273
1
T able XXIII
N u m b e r , H am b,
Snrollm ent
and V a l u a t i o n
o f L ew istow n
To.
!ame
0-1
Ew ing
L ew istow n
S tefx en v ille
'Vi 1 1 1 ams t o w n
L aB elle
D are
U nion
D eer R idge
W alker
Turp i n
D o rris
Bunker H i l l
R eynolds
G overnm ent
G regory
Bowls
Sharp
H illsd ale
'T u rn er
A ir P o in t
'O a k la n d
Tolona
R ickards
Shrader
S alem
H aycraft
S laves
C-3
C-7
31
9
10
11
12
13
15
16
25
26
27
28
29
30
49
51
52
54
67
68
69
72
81
T o tals
(C ond’t )
of 'D is tr ic ts
and L a B e lle
111
108
108
56
85
99
164
96
74
74
71
97
49
66
18 3
94.
82
14 1
88
107
78
■ 13 3
37 4
966
57 1
699
672
421
33 9
138
071
820
54 3
62 3
737
561
060
224 '
683
S8 8
801
709
015
745
013
402
483
032
4 , 7 8 6 , 87 Q
7-9
60
86
25
53
000
86
-
T otal
E n la rg e d D i s t r i c t Do.
1-6
V alu atio n
619
' 642
396
442
511
w ith
13
5
7
13
14 •
42
16
6
'
'
34
46
15
38
50
9 .
1 0 -1 2
o4
47
. 41
49
85
1
5
2
^ '
3
KJ
1
1
3
7
4
6
3
8
4
12
'1 1
6
2
7
5
4
12
3
485
235
D
2
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
256
II
O to
are p u p ils
There
tw en ty -n in e
d istric ts,
one to
grades
in grades seven to
in
num ber,
E n l a r g e d D i s t r i c t N um be r I I
tw enty-tw o
tric ts
and
th e
city
d istric t
sch o o ls.
The s c h o o l s
for
of
er b u ild in g
first
six
the
Is
in
tw elve
l i a n s tow n,
the
at
th e
s h o w n i n B’i g u r e V i n ­
four
co n so lid ated
d is­
d istric t
tw e lfth
grades
L ew is tow n f o r
by
at L aB elle
in c lu siv e.
A noth­
of. th e
th o se p u p ils
en ro ll
Ew ing, S t e f f e n v i l l e ,
310 p u p i l s
183 p u p i l s
th e re w i l l be
from
L i l l i a n s tow n,
th e
and
from th e
22
enlarged d i s t r i c t .
a t L a B e lle w o u ld e n r o l l 439 p u p i l s
f r o m Living,
and L a B e l l e .
Lew is tow n,
There w i l l
in g ra d e s
L il­
S teff e n v ille ,
also
b e 53 p u o i l s
from
tw en ty -tw o r u r a l s c h o o l s .
In th e p ro p o se d
fo r the p u p ils
acc essib le
of
at
in
L aB elle.
Lew is tow n w i l l
ad d itio n
In
sch o o ls
to
to
132
tw elv e.
to be e s ta b lis h e d w ill be
sev en th
a t L aB elle,
The s c h o o l
seven
to be
grades.
Lew is t o w n .
rural
are
en ro llm en t of th i s
the
lo cated ,
The s c h o o l
sch o o ls
of
From t h e r u r a l
seven to
as
rural d istric ts,
T a b le X X III shows
th o se
th e re
a n d 63 i n g r a d e s
six ,
cludes
tw elv e.
to
th e p u p ils
enlarged d i s t r i c t s
to be cen te re d
th e
sch o o ls.
sim p le r from
in th e
th ere
areas
Is
th at
T h is w i l l make t h e
the
a tendency
are
rath e r
tra n sp o rta tio n
standpoint of ro u te s .
T eachin g p e r s o n n e l
As h a s b e e n shown, t h e number o f p u p i l s
e n r o l l e d should
and w i l l c o n t r o l t h e num ber of t e a c h e r s t h a t a r e t o b e eiti-
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
ployed
In th e
Prom t h e
atten d an ce
is
ment in
the
be used
as
[proposed
e nlarged d i s t r i c t s .
stu d y
has
it
been found
ap p ro x im ately
90 p e r
r u r a l and l a r g e r
a b asis
for
th a t
cent of th e
sch o o l sy stem s.
calcu latio n
T a b l e X XII shows
teach in g u n its
is
to
th e
schools
m ethod t o u s e a t t h i s
tim e
T here a r e 864 p u p i l s
pil. s
en ro lled
stan d ard
be
in
s e t up by th e
th e
d aily
atten d an ce
eighth g rad es
ing to
fer
to
elem en tary
the proposed
of th o se
th e hig h
state
As
one to
tw elv e.
for
th at
th e b e s t
survey.
eig h t
and 355 p u ­
A ccording
teach in g u n its
Is
to
the
th ere
eight
in c lu d ed w ith
based upon
grades
sho u ld
and
the
th e
sev en th
th e re w ill be n e c e s s ita te d
of
th e
average
th e high s c h o o l a c c o rd ­
a tran s­
s e v e n t h and e i g h t h g r a d e s
sch o o l.
of
eig h t
Ho.
II has
an e n ro llm e n t
and 319 i n g r a d e s
calcu la tio n
as
in
te n to
teach in g u n i t s .
A gain
teachers- t h a t
some o f
th e
are
m entary
school average d a ily
it
of
w ill
and
atten d an ce
Cn t h e
th ere
t h ir te e n high
be n ece ssary
a llo tted
658 I n
tw elv e.
th e above d i s t r i c t
w i l l be n in e te e n e le m e n ta ry te a c h in g u n i t s
school
tim e.
a n d 14 h i g h s c h o o l t e a c h e r s .
te ach er u n its
one to
same b a s i s
to
first
law ,
E nlarged d i s t r i c t
grades
th is
teach in g u n it
are
teach in g
i t w i l l be u s e d as
and I n
nin e
fo r th e
w i l l then
In th e d i f f e r e n t
a t th e p re se n t
in grades
25 e l e m e n t a r y t e a c h e r s
S in ce
and
grades
This
e n ro ll­
t h e I l l s s o u r i m ethod o f a l l o t t i n g
a c c e p t e d law i n t h e s t a t e
the
to tal
the number of
of
u n i t s w h ich w i l l be t h e most e c o n o m ic a l
sch o o ls.
average d a ily
the
to u se
on t h e b a s i s
In
the
hig h
of
ele­
sch o o l.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
90
Trie f i n d i n g s
of th is
of the te a c h e r i s
tio n
having th e
study i n d i c a t e
h igh er
th at the p r e p a r a ­
in the la rg er
l a r g e s t sy ste m in th e coun ty has
■with 12 0 o r mor e c o l l e g e s e m e s t e r h o u r s .
a ll
teachers
in f i r s t
12 0 o r more h o u r s
hours
cla ss
a ll
C an to n
teachers
The s t a t e
school d is t r ic t s
h ig h
req uires
to have
t e a c h i n h i g h s c h o o l and 60 o r raore
to
co lleg e p r e p a r a t i o n
of
sch ools .
to
teach
in
the elem en ta ry
sch ool.
To m e e t t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
sary' f o r a l l
teach ers
d is tr ic ts
have
cred it.
to
cation t o
It
m inim um , o f
school a t
in terv a ls
of
num ber
S tate
of M is s o u r i,
to
of
The
b ein g
p ro b lem
of
a tten d
the b o a r d
school
co lleg e
fo r
o f edu­
a
sh o rt
o f c o l l e g e hours b y a tte n d in g
I s n o t an e x i s t i n g
and i t
is
u n law fu l
It
t e n u r e l a w In t h e
to
is
issu e
co n tracts
for
t o be a s s u m e d t h a t
w i l l con tin u e in th e p r e s e n t ' p o s i t i o n
s o l o n g as s a t i s f a c t o r y ' w o r k i s b e i n g d o n e ,
growth i s
enlarged
in th e s c h o o l system cannot be
a p e r i o d o f m ore than, o n e y e a r .
the b e tt e r t e a c h e r s
th e
t h r e e or f o u r y e a r s .
The t e n u r e o f t e a c h e r s
d e te r m in e d as t h e r e
in
60 s e m e s t e r h o u r s
be a p o l i c y
teach ers
earn a r e q u i r e d
w i l l be n e c e s ­
i t
t e a c h e r s m u s t h a v e a minimum o f 120
sh o u ld
req u ire a l l
trie s t a t e
elem entary l e v e l
of
A ll high sch o o l
sem ester h ou rs.
tim e o r
a
of
and p r o p e r
m a d e.
of s a l a r i e s w i l l be d i s c u s s e d under t h e
n an cial reorgan ization
of L e w is
f i­
County.
Tr an s po r t a t i on
The t r a n s p o r t a t i o n p r o b l e m i n L e w i s
C oun ty w i l l b e much
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
m ore
sim p le
tim e
u sin g
th e
in
som e
p u p ils.
form
the l a r g e r
are
p artm en t
w ith
roads
a ll
tra n sp o rta tio n
approval o f the p e o p le i n
The
th a t
are
every
p u p ils
to
th e
th e
p re se n t
Some
c e n tra l
of
school
seem s
be m e e tin g w i t h
to
th e
g en eral.
m ain tain ed
a r e sh ow n on F i g u r e V.
p ra c tic a lly
are a t
on ly the n o n -resid en t h igh, s c h o o l
tra n sp o rtin g
P resen t
sch o o ls
a tran sp ortation p ro g ra m .
of
are t r a n s p o r t i n g
sch o o ls
and o t h e r s
that a l l
com m unity
by t h e
S ta te
Triese h i g h w a y s
by w e l l
H ig h w a y d e ­
are connected
im p ro v ed
a ll
w eath er
roads.
L ew is County i s
rectan gu lar
a r e 20 m i l e s b y 22 m i l e s .
in e it h e r
It
is
of
p u p il
bus
d im en s
t ! s.t
ion s
ci b u s r o u t e
cannot be very lo n g .
t h a t th e l o n g e s t r o u t e w hich would s e r v e
the
c o m ' u n i t y w o u l d n o t b e m or e t h a n 40 m i l e s .
amount o f t i m e ,
65
Its
This s im p ly m e a n s
t h e two p r o p o s e d d i s t r i c t s
estim ated
most d i s t a n t
in shape.
req u ired
to d r i v e t h a t d i s t a n c e
The
and l o a d a
w ith near t h i r t y s to p s has been e stim a te d
at
o n e h o u r a nd f i f t e e n m i n u t e s .
The p r o b l e m o f w o r k i n g o u t t h e e x a c t r o u t e s
p ils
is
to be t r a n s p o r t e d Is
one
th at w i l l
have
to
too d e t a i l e d f o r t h i s
be
changed
alm o st
for
study.
every
year
a r e many r o u t e s w h i c h w i l l h a v e m e r e p u p i l s
th e re
pu p ils
a l l pu­
It
as
or l e s s
from tim e to t i m e .
The
Y /in n eb ag o ,
contracted fo r
I llin o is
C o n so lid ated
D is tr ic t^ 5
the t r a n s p o r t a t i o n o f a l l p u p ils
in
1933
on t h e b a s i s
3 5 . P a t t e r s o n , E . A.
Som e I n e q u a l i t i e s in th e E l e m e n t a r y
S c h o o l s o f O g l e C o u n t y , I l l i n o i s . ThesT s p r e s e n t e d 14"to
th e U n i v e r s i t y " o f W y o m in g , L a r a m i e , 1 9 3 3 ,'" o . 7 6 .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
92
of
eigh teen d o l l a r s
per year fo r
each p u p il.
M i s s o u r i ® & p r o v i d e r eir ob u rse iri en t f r o m
school d i s t r i c t s
m eet
w ith
S ta te
amount a p p o r t i o n e d
for
each o ir o il t r a n s p o r t e d
two m i l e s
or more.
th e
ap p ortion m en t from t h e
state,
is
not
nance a r ea so n a b le p r o g r a m ,
th is
to
such
exceed
it
as
th e
3
of
fa c ilities
Superin tendent o f
The
is
law s
s c h o o l funds
w hich p r o v id e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n
approval o f t h e
th e
state
The
d o lla rs
p er
On t h i s
b eliev ed ,
to
th a t
Schools .
m onth
o a sis,
should f i ­
s u g g e s t e d by
one
study.
th e t o p i c
Under
of
fin a n c ia l
amount o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n f u n d s
co n d itio n s
th e
ap p ro x im ate
t h a t w i l l b e r e c e i v e d from th e
s t a t e w i l l be l i s t e d .
F in an cial
The
in
th e
more.
I is
to ta l
m atter
assessed
of
v alu atio n
en larg ed
Trie t o t a l a s s e s s e d
4 5 ,6 5 7 ,6 8 3 ,
4 4 ,7 8 6 ,8 7 0 .
T h is
as
d is tr ic ts
su g g ested
must b e
by
v a l u a t i o n o f p r o p o s e d D i s t r i c t N o.
and t h a t o f o r o p o s e d D i s t r i c t T o .
II
a to ta l assessed v a l u a t i o n
of
makes
s ta te
1,5 0 0 ,0 0 0 o r
f o r t h e c o u n t y on w h i c h t h e r e q u i r e d
•f-10,454,553
th e
is
tax l e v y
w i l l be l e v i e d .
It is
necessary for
upon t h e
tw en ty
cen ts
if
d is tr ic t
for
th e
w ish es
a school d is t r ic t
one
to
hundred
d o lla r
p a rtic ip a te
in
to l e v y a ta x o f
assessed
th e
v alu atio n
e q u a liz a tio n ^
teach ers.
36. S ta te
37'. I b i d . ,
of M isso u ri.
p.
Op. c u t . ,
p.
49.
46.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
The c u r r e n t
tax ra ised
to 0 2 0 ,9 0 8 .9 1 fo r
f r o m t h e t w e n t y c e n t l e v y am ou nts
one f i s c a l y e a r .
insurance, u t i l i t y
funds,
T h is
county funds
ad
tea-to
the fo r e ig n
and t o w n s h i p f u n d s
makes a t o t a l o f § 3 0 , 2 1 0 . 6 5 .
T here
27
are
an
estim ated
n igh s c h o o l u n i t s .
each
u n it
elem en tary
45
elem entary te a c h in g u n i t s
The s t a t e
eq u alization
and § 1 , 0 0 0 f o r
each h i g h
and
of §750 f o r
school
u n it
makes a t o t a l o f § 6 0 , 7 5 0 .
amount o f f u n d s
The
approxim ate t h e
be d e r iv ed f r o m
to
betw een t h e
d iffe re n c e
the s t a t e w i l l
§60,750 a n d the
§5 0 ,5 3 9 .3 5 .
The
d istricts
larg ed
has s e t
§750
VJhen
sum i s
be
to
fo r
teach in g
and i f
funds
school
h i , 000
fo r
are a v a ila b le
of
th e
th e
co u n ty
the high s c h o o l te a c h e r s
ru ra l
is
or
Ib id .,
p.
h ig h
school
teach ers
c o n so lid ated
less
The
th is
and
a
is
far
above
teach ers
and ‘
average for
than §1,000 a t th e p r e se n t
to pay th e t e a c h e r s
p o ssib le
i t w i l l b e r ec om m e nd ed a s
8.
c h a p te r—
in the s t a t e
tim e w it h th e e x c e p t io n o f v o c a t i o n a l t e a c h e r s .
i t
en­
The s t a t e
th is
elem entary te a c h e r s
would be a f a i r wsge f o r t h e p r e s e n t t i m e .
sta te h as m ade
th e
t e a c h e r s . Oo
The s a l a r y o f § 7 5 0 f o r
average
and
in c r e a s e d to §900 f o r e l e m e n t a r y
h ig h
in
are o f a q u e s tio n a b le c h a r a c te r .
elem en tary
teacher.
th e
are to r e c e iv e
minimum w a g e a s s t a t e d p r e v i o u s l y i n
a
fo r
§1200
'which t e a c h e r s
s a la rie s
m inim um
w age
.
As t h e
th o se
There a r e
46.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
sa la ries
in su f-
94
fie le n t
data a v a i l a b l e
it
at
In
the proposed p l a n
th is
tin e,
the s c h o o ls .
and tw o h i g h
salary
sch ed ule to co n sid er
sch ed u le
would be d e s i r a b l e .
co n cern in g
alth o u g h
such
th e re
a
be p r i n c i p a l s
sh o u ld
each o f
at
T h i s w i l l r e q u i r e two e l e m e n t a r y p r i n c i p a l s ,
school p r in c ip a ls.
It
is b elieved
they
th a t
c o u l d do some t e a c h i n g and do t h e w o r k o f t h e o f f i c e .
sa la ries,
County,
to
$1600
The
in
sh o u ld
fo r
th o se th a t are being p a id
from h i , 000 f o r
range
In th e stu d y
County i t
th e
elem en tary p r i n c i p a l
t e a c h e r s would b e
of exp en d itu res
been f o u n d
has
that
approxim ately
fo r a sch o o l year in
th e
a p p ro x im a te ly one t h i r d th e s a l a r i e s
l i g h t the t o t a l
In Lewis
high s c h o o l p r i n c i p a l .
th e
to ta l p a y ro ll for
$ 6 6 ,0 0 0 .
L ew is
r e l a t i o n to
The
in c id e n ta l
co st
p aid te a c h e r s .
is
In t h i s
c o s t o f t h e s c h o o l s f o r one f i s c a l y e a r would
approxim ate $ 3 7 ,9 0 0 .
The
w ill
of
amount o f s -
be a p p r o x im a t e ly $ 4 2 , 6 6 0 .
This
I s b a s e d on 90 p e r c e n t
t h e e n r o l l m e n t and d o e s n o t c o n s i d e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n f o r
the h ig h s c h o o l p u p i l s
mentary s c h o o l p u p i l s
There i s
Lewis
In LaG r a n g e
and L a B e l l e ,
nor the e l e ­
i n C a n to n and L e w i s t o w n .
a t o t a l o f $ 5 9 ,0 0 0 bonded in d e b te d n e s s
C o u n ty w h i c h h a s b e e n v o t e d
by t h e p e o p l e .
A
In
su ffi­
c i e n t l e v y b y t h e b o a r d o f e d u c a t i o n may b e a u t h o r i z e d t o
t a k e c a r e o f t h e p r i n c i p a l and i n t e r e s t .
To r a i s e
as
alread y
about
2 1 .2
the f u n d s
o v e r and a b o v e t h e l e v y o f 2 0 c e n t s
m entioned w i ’ l r e q u i r e
c e n ts
.
A ccording t o
an a d d i t i o n a l
th ese
p ro p o sals
levy o f
a
to ta l
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
lev y
95
In L e v ; i s
C ou n ty f o r t e a c h e r
and I n c i d e n t a l e x p e n s e would, be
c e n t s upon th e 1 0 0 d o l l a r
4 1 .2
The t o t a l b u d p e t f o r t h e
This i s
9 1 3 0 ,5 9 3 .
but
it
state
does not
s o nev/hat
allow fo r
eq u alization m eth o d
school d is t r ic t s
cases
to
the t e a c h e r
' eep
v alu a tio n .
cou n ty would be a p p r o x im a t e ly
low er than th e county b u d g e t ,
a balan ce o f
o f a pv o r t i o n m e n t h a s
and t h e
a ll
a d istrict
expenses
s c h o o l b y means o f t h e s t a t e
effort
The p r o p o s e d p l a n p r o v i d e s
th e
In one
and p a i d
aop ortion -
next.
f o r an i n c r e a s e o f t h e t a x
levy
i n some o f t h e r u r a l d i s t r i c t s .
m eet
w ith the a p p r o v a l of
th is
sen tim en t the p u b l i c i t y
ed u cation al
said
e q u a liz a tio n fund.
v o t e d a l e v y o n c e i n two y e a r s
of the
the
many
,In
o p e r a tio n of the sch o o l is
n e n t o n e y e a r and b y t h e l o c a l
better
allow ed
in the d i s t r i c t fund.
from, t h e money r e c e i v e d f r o m t h e
in stan ce
.,3 4 ,8 6 3 .7 5 which th e
T h i s p o s s i b l y •w i l l n o t
sore ru ral d i s t r i c t s .
To o f f s e t
o r o g i ’am w n s t c e n t e r a r o u n d a
program .
Course o f Studv
The c o u r s e o f s t u d y t o be u s e d
should f o l l o w
ra th e r
the s t a t e d e p a r t m e n t
con sid eration
m usic,
art,
th e
sp ecia liza tio n
th at
o f KI s s o u r i .
t h e
the co u r se a s
of ed u cation .
and e x t r a c l a s s
o p in io n has b e e n
59., S t a t e
clo sely
in
of
elem entary s c h o o l
recom m ended
This c o u r s e ta k e s
some s u b j e c t s
room a c t i v i t l e s . ° y
by
Into
s u c h as
The g e n e r a l
t h e new c o u r s e o f s t u d y was p l a n n e d
E lem en tary
Connse o f S t u d y ,
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
1936.
j
b e e n aug; e s t e d
The
sch ools
in t h i s
m in lu u n
ent
of
stu d y proposed- f o r th e s e c o n d a r y
in th e e n l a r g e d d i s t r i c t s
s h o u ld be e q u a l to th e s a x -
is b e in g o ff e r e d in the county at th e p r e s ­
tim e.
The c o u r s e s
u n its
as
proposed are g iv e n w ith th e n u m b e r of
in each f i e l d .
b; m a t h e m a t i c s ,
2;
study.
course
Imum. p r o g r a m t h a t
th e ones t h a t have
E n glish ,
oj-; A g r i c u l t u r e ,
In d u stria l S cien ce,
Languages,
cation ,
4;
1.
but there
2;
Voc? L forial
There Is
Is
b;
S o c ia l S cien ce,
1;
Oommierical S u b j e c t s ,
Home E c o n o m i c s ,
a t o t a l o f 33 u n i t s
a p o ssib ility
f o r some o f t h e c o u r s e s
that
each
2;
high
3; m u s i c ,
2;
and p h y s i c a l e d u ­
year.
any t e a c h e r
in t h e
J u n ior-
than the s t a t e
e d u c a t i o n recommends, w h ic h I s
c la s s e s per day.
A g ricu ltu re,
of w o r k o f f e r e d ,
S e n i o r h i g h s c h o o l s more o f a t e a c h i n g l o a d
departm ent o f
S cien ce,
t h e r e w i l l n o t b e a demand
program s h o u ld n o t g i v e
T h is
'lo c a tio n a l
5;
sir. r e g u la r
T h e r e a r e a t o t a l o f 18 t e a c h e r s
In the
s c h o o l a t 'LaGrange and. 16 i n t h e h i g h s c h o o l a t L a b e l ] , e .
T h i s rmmber d o e s n o t i n c l u d e
It
is
q u ite obviou s th a t the elem entary s c h o o l w i l l
h a v e enough t e a c h e r s
school
c en ter
It
is
& o r i n c i p a l In e a c h p lo .e e.
as
t h e r e a r e t o be 2 1 i n t h e
a t C a n t o n and 1 8 a t L e w i s t o w n .
rea lized
th a t the
proposed p la n o f r e o r g a n i z a t i o n
w o u l d m e e t w i t h many o b s t a c l e s when p l a c e d b e f o r e
of L ew is
elem entary
the p eop le
County.
Trie 1 9 3 1 s c h o o l
la w as s t a t e d
p reviou slv
Is u n d em ocratic
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
In t h a t
one s n a i l d i s t r i c t n ay i n j e c t
reorgan ization
jo rity .
and t h u s d e f e a t
one w e a k n e s s
T h is
largem ent of d i s t r i c t s
M any
p u p ils
in
of
in the
w ill
law
average
attendance.
d a ily
p riv ileg e
in
m any
to accom plish.
cases
f if te e n
at p r e s e n t
Y et,
g iv en
p a rticip a tio n
of
t h e ma­
a l w a y s make e n ­
s c h o o ls d o not have t h e n e c e s s a r y
th e
th e
the change d e s ir e d t y
very d i f f i c u l t
S ta te Su perin tendent h a s
d is tr ic ts
the plan f o r d i s t r i c t
in
th e
these
to
same
eq u alization
th e
of fin a n c ia l e ffo r t.
The s m a l l
sch o o ls
w ill
not
w hich w o u l d he n e c e s s a r y u n d e r
p resen t
d o lla r
se t
up
assessed
th ey
may
dren to another s c h o o l .
T rad itio n
tin u an ce
th a t
of
th ey
of
has
receive a i d
and
The
to
levy
Under
th e
one hundred
tra n sp o rt
c h il­
transportation r e im b u r s e m e n t
is
the sm a ll s c h o o l.
p lay ed
atten d ed
re o rg a n iz atio n
Increase t h e i r
the proposed p l a n .
a very
the sm a ll s c h o o ls .
have
to
l e v y 20 c e n t s u p o n t h e
v a lu a tio n
easy to o b ta in f o r
care
th e
th re a te n s
im p o rtan t
The p a t r o n s
sam e
to
be
school
p a rt
in
th e
ch erish
w hich a t
th e
the f a c t
tim e
ta k en a w a y from t h e m .
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
con­
z a t i o n which has been s u g g e s t e d .
to
cen ter
of
Lewis
th e
Interest o f
th e
p atro n s
C ou n ty u p o n p r o c u r i n g
h igh ly e f f ic ie n t
The d i f f i c u l t p r o b l e m i s
fo r
It w ill,
teachers
Hi e r e
an
fo r
th e
ch ild ren
g e n e ra lly
in the
sch ools
th e ir
sm all
ch ild ren
some d i s t i n c t
of
L ew is
speaking.,
d istricts
th e
m ost
of
ed u cation al
C ounty.
provide b e t t e r
train ed
the county.
i s more o f a p o s s i b i l i t y
edu cation o n t h e
o f every p u p il ob tain in g
secondary l e v e l .
V o c a t i o n a l and s p e c i a l i z e d
for
th e
school train in g p o ssib le .
This r e o r g a n i z e d program has
opp ortu n ities
of
courses
a r e made p o s s i b l e
e v e r y b o y and g i r l .
There w o u l d b e
This
i n 'turn w i l l
p i l w ou ld b e
only
an e l i m i n a t i o n
a b o lish
th e
of
th e
teacher s c h o o l
one
e i g h t month, s c h o o l .
In a s c h o o l w h e r e
each
teacher h a s
Every pu­
charge of
one g r a d e .
T here
is
p rovision
for l a r g e r
sch ools
and l a r g e r
school
u s u a l l y p r o v i d e more e c o n o m i c a l e d u c a t i o n a l o p p o r t u n i t i e s .
In t h e p r o p o s e d p l a n t h e r e
ch ild
to
attend a s t a t e
approved
Is
a p o s s ib ility for
schoo1
Is n o t tr u e i n the p r e se n t d i s t r i c t
in
th e
every
co u n ty .
T h is
system .
I t p r o v i d e s f o r more o f an e q u a l i z a t i o n
o f th e burden
o f sch ool support.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
It provides fo r
ties
v/here t h e t a x r a t e
w i l l be g r e a t e r
tie s
a decrease o f taxation
w here
re tu rn s
is
now t h e h i g h e s t .
for
S u rely th ere
t h e money s p e n t i n t h o s e c o m m u n i ­
burden o f s c h o o l s u p p o r t
th e
i n t h o s e communi­
is
now
rela tiv ely
low .
There I s
not n e c e s s a r i l y
o f the s c h o o l s .
total
In
fa c t
an I n c r e a s e i n t h e t o t a l c o s t
there
is
a
p o ssib le
chance
th a t
th e
c o s t may b e r e d u c e d b y c a r e f u l and l o n g t i m e p l a n n i n g .
Hie t e a c h i n g c o n d i t i o n s
for teachers w i l l
be i m p r o v e d
as w e l l as a s a l a r y s c h e d u l e w h i c h w i l l b e more a t t r a c t i v e
to
the
teachers.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
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t i o n o f S chool B u sin ess O f f i c i a l s , P ro c e e d in g s , I $36.
C a rp e n te r, W.W. “R ig h ts and P r iv ile g e s o f S ch o o l C h ild re n ” ,
School and Community, V ol. 18, O cto b er, 1932.
C ocking, W a lte r D. "R ed u ctin g S chool B i l l s by th e C o n so lid a­
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S c h o o ls, Volume 15, 1935.
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C o lleg e P u b lic a tio n , Columbia U n iv e r s ity , 1925.
F o s t e r , E.IS. “School S u rv iv a l R a te s ” , S ehool L i f e , V o l. 22,
Septem ber, 1936.
F o s te r , E.M. " S t a t i s t i c a l l& um btaeks” , S chool L i f e , V ol. 22,
J a n u a ry , 1937.
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o f P u b lic S chool B u sin ess O f f i c i a l s , 1936.
G eorge, J .H . “County Wide Program o f R u ral S c h o o ls” , N a tio n ­
a l E d u ca tio n A s s o c ia tio n , P ro c e e d in g s, 1936.
Gaum nitz, W.H. "How S m all a r e Our Sm all S c h o o ls " , School
L i f e , V ol. 20 , May, 1935.
U n ited S ta te s O ffic e o f E d u c a tio n . Economics Through th e
E lim in a tio n o f th e Very S m all S ch o o ls', U n ite d S t a t e s Of­
f i c e o f E d u c a tio n , B u l l e t i n , No.' 3 , 1934.
Heck, A «0., and B la in e , L .J . “S ch o o l A tte n d an ce” , Review of
E d u c a tio n a l R e se a rc h , V o l. 6 , A p r i l, 1936.
H ick s, H .S . Ih e R u ra l S chools o f I l l i n o i s , I l l i n o i s S t a t e
Tax Commission, i $ 3 ^
J a g g a r s , R .E . A d m in is te rin g th e County S chool S ystem , Ameri
can Book Company, 1934.
Eandel, I . L . “We Move Toward C e n t r a l i z a t i o n " , N atio n s
S c n o o ls, V ol. 15, F e b ru a ry , 1935.
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101
L ew is, County o f ;
A p p lic a tio n f o r S t a t e S chool Money, Record o f th e County
S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f S c h o o ls , 1938-1939.
High S ch o o l D i s t r i c t s R ep o rt o f Sup e r in te n d e n t to County
S u p e r ln tendent and S e c r e ta r y o f S chool B oard* Records or
She County Superintendent o r S c h o o ls , 1938-1939.
High S ch o o l D i s t r i c t s Rep o r t o f S e c r e ta r y o f Board to
County""and S t a t e S u p e rin te n d e n t, R ecords o F “th e County
S u p e rin te n d e n t o f S c h o o ls, 1§3S-1939.
R ecords o f th e County S u p e rin te n d e n t o f S c h o o ls, 1938m
-------------------------------------------
R u ral S ch o o l R ep o rt o f T eacher to S e c r e ta r y o f Board and
Coun ty~"Sup e r i n l end entT"of S c h o o ls , Records o f "The County ’
S u p e rin te n d e n t o f S c h o o ls , 1958-1939.
S tate m e n t o f th e County T re a s u re r and th e County C lerk
to th e D i s t r i c t 'C leric, Record o f ’tS e"C ounty t r e a s u r e r ,
1 ^ 3 8 -1 9 3 ^
D ir e c to ry o f Schools* O ffic e o f County S u p e rin te n d e n t,
1535=15S6."-------------- ------- -----------------------------------------M a rtin , C.W. " I s M is so u ri S u p p o rtin g E d u c a tio n " , S ch o o l and
Community, V o l. 2 0 , December, 1934.
M is s o u ri, S t a te of*
Annual R ep o rts o f th e jpublic S ch o o ls o f M is s o u ri, E ig h ty
s e c " 6 n d ,'" i m 7 " E l g h t y " t E r i ^ r i ^ 2 'r E T g H F y " l '^ r W 1933,
E ig h ty F i f t h , 1934, E ig h ty S ix th , 1935, E ig h ty S ev en th ,
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1939. S t a te D epartm ent o f E d u c a tio n .
A pportlonm ent o f S t a t e S chool F unds, 1938-1939.
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n and C r e d its o f S econdary S c h o o ls, S ta te
D epartm ent o f""E cR ^ aiT o ir7 T 9 ^ .------------- -------R evised S ch o o l Laws, 1933.
R evised S chool Laws, 1938.
J o u r n a l o f th e S t a t e Board o f E q u a liz a tio n , 1935.
J o u r n a l o f th e S t a te Board o f E q u a liz a tio n , 1938.
R u ral S ch o o l S co re C ard, S t a te D epartm ent o f E d u c a tio n ,
T333T7-------------------------------------
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102
E lem entary S t a te Course o f S tu d y , S ta te D epartm ent of
E d u c a tio n , 1936.
N a tio n a l S o c ie ty f o r th e S tudy o f E d u c a tio n . " S ta tio n o f Ru­
r a l E d u c a tio n " , t h i r t e e n t h Y earbook, P a r t I , 1931.
N o rto n , John D. "A Sound F in an c e Program W ill Save th e Pub­
l i c S c h o o ls " , N a tio n s S c h o o ls , V o l. 12, 1933.
P a tte r s o n , H.A. Some I n e q u a l i t i e s in th e E lem en tary S chools
o f Ogle C ounty, I l l i n o i s . S te a ls ’ p r e s e n te d to th e U n iv e rs T t y o F Wyoming,* L aram ie, 1933.
P h i l l i p s , C.A. A H is to r y o f E d u ca tio n in M is s o u ri, Hugh
S tep h en s P r i n t i n g Company," 1911,1
S to d d a rd , A .J . The S tr u c tu r e and A d m in is tra tio n o f E d u ca tio n
in Am erican JSemocracy, N a tio n a l E d u ca tio n A s s o c ia tio n ,
P o li c l e s Commis a io n , 1938.
S tr a y e r , G .D ., and E n g le h a rd t, N .L. S ta n d a rd s f o r High
S chool B u ild in g s , Columbia U n iv e r s ity P u b lic a tio n , 1924.
U n ite d S ta te s F i f t e e n t h C ensus, 1930, P o p u la tio n , V o l. 3 ,
farF T
U n ite d S t a t e s O ffic e o f E d u c a tio n .
B u l l e t i n No. 1 5 , 1935.
U n ite d S t a t e s O ffic e o f E d u c a tio n .
B u l l e t i n No. 3 , 1932.
Vaughn, T .E . "Twenty Y ears o f S chool C osts In M is s o u ri" ,
S chool and Community, V o l. 2 0 , A p r il, 1934.
Vaughn, T .E . "Perm anent County and Township School F u n d s",
School and Community, V o l. 19, J a n u a ry , 1933.
Vaughn, T .E . "M isso u ri G ives I t s T axpayers a New D e a l" , Na­
t i o n s S c h o o ls, V o l. 11, May, 1933.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
appendix
Or 34 ; i n a l D a t a S h e e t
Do. D i s t r i c t
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
9.
10 .
11.
12.
13.
15.
16.
17 .
IS.
IS.
20.
21.
22.
23.
25.
26 .
27.
28.
29.
30.
38.
40.
41.
AO
—
W•
Augusta
Bue na V i s t a
P a i r Oak
Derrahs
A llen
Dare
Union
Deer R idge
W a lk e r
Turpin
M orris
Bu nk er H i l l
Boudreau
Plano
P l e a s a n t Grove
Hardin
Bland
M elros e
B e n j irnan
R eynolds
Go vernment
Gregory
B ow ls
Sh ar p
H illsd a le
H a z l e Grove
High H i l l
pink P r a i r i e
C entral
As s e s s ed
V aluation
4 1 ,691
1 13,795
72,457
109,038
1 11,595
111,672
108,421
108,339
56,138
8 5,0 7 1
99,820
164,543
122,836
87,606
84,589
68,585
80,976
151,287
1 60,873
96,623
74,737
74,561
7 1,060
97,224
49,683
114,430
88,846
7 1,950
91,725
Levy
.20
.20
.20
.20
.20
.20
.20
,20
.20
.20
.60
.20
.30
.20
.20
.55
.25
.20
.20
.20
.20
.50
.20
.05
.20
.20
.20
.40
.30
enrollm ent
5
7
7
21
24
22
5
11
18
16
8
5
IS
13
12
11
13
1
16
19
7
4
11
1
9
6
12
10
12
A .D .A .
4.97
9.2 6
10.9
18.39
2 0.65
I B . 14
9 .0 6
9.88
15,59
9.54
7 .86
4 .8
12.5
10.6
11.23
6 .81
12.1
1.37
13.28
1 2 .0
6.64
3 .8 3
8 .23
7 .23
5.8
11.21
9.27
9.44
Enumeratlon
6
22
19
22
53
35
14
16
25
15
13
5
13
17
26
.7
19
13
14
18
*Ind/■*
8
11
4
6
15
16
14
12
Teach «rs
S alaries
403.
635.84
6 22.55
5 74.84
530.
300.52
525
440
7 8 9.29
396.67
5 60
719.88
657.49
550.66
415
63 0
60 0
629.50
4 14 .6 0
1 14.50
920.15
36 0
67 5
640
43
A ssessed
V aluation
p e r Ch i Id
8
16
5
■ 5
5
5
7
13
4
7
12
32
g
5
6
7
6
15 1
12
6
8
18
10
97
5
19
7
5
10
33 8
256
573
452
57 9
318
225
417
010
734
479
90 8
449
738
507
52 0
229
280
37 5
902
285
540
176
224
52 0
070
704
99 5
190
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O r i g i n a l Da
Do . D i s t r i c t
43.
44.
45.
47.
49.
51.
52.
54.
56.
57.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
67.
68.
7S.
72.
80.
81.
82.
C-6 .
C -l.
C- 2 .
0-3.
0-4.
G-5.
0-7.
31.
Sunnyside
MidwayTen M i l e
S elton
D arner
A ir P o in t
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Tolona
L indale
p l e a s a n t Ridge
M aple Drove
B ozarth
P o rter
Dover
p le asa n t ".ill
R ickards
Shrader
Salem
H aycraft
W a ln u t Grove
G laves
Rainbow
Maywood
Ew in g
Lewis town
S teff en v ille
Durham.
M onticello
W i l l i a m s to w n
L aB elle
A ss e s s ed
Va l u a t i o n
37
99
166
117
66
18 3
94
82
54
77
68
24 4
53
127
51
141
38
107
78
157
133
45
229
619
642
39 6
335
581
442
511
37 6
396
233
081
988
801
709
015
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980
83 4
638
81 4
572
745
013
402
433
265
032
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13
16.
10
13
5
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12
8
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20
1 0 .8 8
17
23
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14
25
13
34
14.37
11.71
9 .18
6 .6
9.82
5.78
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2 .8 8
5.4
4 .9 9
11
12
8
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8
18
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9.4 4
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27.89
120.4
153.2
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114.6
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127.96
199.5
18
15
16
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21
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41
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72
132
94
122
221
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630
60 0
480
500
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7 1.60
670
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M i s s o u r i R ural S c h o o l S c o r e Card
Name o f S c h o o l .................................................................
C o u n t y ........................
D i s t r i c t N o..
. D a t e ............................................
T e a c h e r ...................................................................... Add r e s s ...............................................
Years
taught
No. y e a r s
(in clu d in g present
s c h o o l y e a r ) ... ..
I n p r e s e n t p o s i t i o n .............. . . . S a l a r y p e r m o n t h ,
p . ..
Kind o f C e r t i f i c a t e ........................... No. o f ' E . S . U n i t s .............................
i n E l e m e n t a r y o r R u r a l Edut ion
S c h o o l h o a r d ................................................. ............................................................. ..
No .
C ollege H o u rs
Address o f B o a rd
..N o . Hours
.........................................................................................................
C ou n ty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t ................................... A d d r e s s . ..........................................
R u r a l S u p e r v i s o r ..................................................................... D i s t r i c t .....................
D a t e I n s p e c t e d ................................... P r e s e n t C l a s s i f i c a t i o n .........................
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n R e c o m m e n d e d ............................................ R e m a r k s .......................
A p p r o v e d ........................ ............................ ....................
L loyd D. K in g ,
S ta te Su perin tendent of S c h o o ls .
The w ork o f t h e s c h o o l i s d i v i d e d i n t o t e n u n i t s w h i c h a r e
This
j u d g e d a n d s c o r e d , as d i s t i n c e u n i t s o n t h e 100A b a s i s .
p l a n makes i t p o s s i b l e t o make a c o m p a r a t i v e s t u d y o f e a c h
p h a s e and b y g i v i n g b o t h a l a t e r a l and h o r i z o n t a l c o m p a r i s o n ,
p r o v id e s an o p p o r tu n i ty to ev a lu a te th e sc h o o l w ith o u t r a t i n g
on e p a r t a g a i n s t t h e o t h e r .
A p e r f e c t s c o r e w o u ld b e 100 p o i n t s on e a c h u n i t .
No
s c h o o l w i l l b e approved as f i r s t c l a s s u n l e s s each d i v i s i o n
i s r a t e d 9 0 g o r a b o v e , o r as s e c o n d c l a s s u n l e s s r a t e d 80;$
or above.
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Ill
Summary o f P o i n t s
P erfect
Score
1. S chool U n i t
'
100$
2 . G r o u n d s ...........................................................................................1 0 0 $
3. B u ild in g
100$
4. E quipm ent
100$
5 . L i b r a r y ...........................................................................................1 0 0 $
6 . S c h o o l B o a r d ..............................................................................1 0 0 $
7 . T e a c h e r ...........................................................................................1 0 0 $
S. p u p i l s
100$
9 . H e a l t h a n d S a n i t a t i o n .........................................................1 0 0 $
1 0 . -C om m u ni ty ..................................................................................... 1 0 0 $
C redit
Given
. ...$
. .. . $
....$
....$
••••$
. . . .$
. . . .$
. . . .$
.. . .$
. . . .$
C hecking L i s t f o r Sco rin g School
Ee r:f e c t
Score
I.
SCHOOL UT; IT
1. 3i ze ;
V alu ation of $75,000; or n in e
s q u a r e m i l e s ; o r an e n r o l l m e n t
o f 30 p u p i l s ................................................. . . 20;■-jf
A ccess a b i l i t y ;
B u i l d i n g s o l o c a t e d and b o u n d a r y
l i n e s so f i x e d th a t i t w i l l be most
a c c e s s i b l e to th e p u p ils a tte n d in g 60$
E nrollm ent;
F i f t e e n p u p i l s o r m or e i n a t t e n d ­
a n c e ............................................................................ 2 0 $
Or ed i t
Given
cf
•
•
• • ,0
*
"
*
*
•
• /O
100;
IJ.
GH0UHD3
1 . One t o two a c r e s ................................................... 2 0 $
2 . Yard w e l l g r a d e d and s o d d e d ; f r e e f r o m
u n d e r g r o w t h , s t u m p s and w e e d s ; mowed
a t l e a s t t w i c e e a c h y e a r and. k e p t i n
a t t r a c t i v e c o n d i t i o n .......................................... 2 0 $
3 . P l a n t e d i n t r e e s and s h r u b b e r y a r t i s ­
t i c a l l y a r r a n g e d .....................................................
5$
4 . P l a y g r o u n d p l a n n e d and e q u i p :ed f o r
c a r r y i n g on a s u p e r v i s e d p l a y p r o g r a m 1 5 $
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
w
112
jhecking L i s t f o r
Scoring S c h o o l - C o n t i n u e d ,
Perfect
Score
5.
6.
Good, w e l l o r c i s t e r n on g r o u n d s .................... 10/5
O u t b u i l d i n g s c o n v e n i e n t l y and s u i t ­
a b l y l o c a t e d . . . ................... ...................................... 10%
7 . F l a g p o l e e c u i p p e d ; f l a g f l o a t i n g on
e v e r y s u i t a b l e d a y .................................................. 10%
6 . Cement or t r a v e l w a l k s w h e r e n e e d e d . . . 10%
Score
Given
..../J
•
*
•
7
TooJ
III
BUILD IdG1. A t t r a c t iv e , w e ll p lan n ed ; w e ll lo c a te d
on s c h o o l g r o u n d s .............. ..................................... 20%
2 . C l a s s ro om , 23 f t . x 12 f t . i s s t a n ­
d a r d : o r 16 s q . f t . f l o o r s p a c e , and
200 c u . f t . o f a i r s p a c e p e r c h i l d ;
r e c t a n g u l a r in o m o o r t i o n s 5 * 4 or
o r 4 ; 5 .........................., . ...............
20,:?
3 . C lo a k r o o m s and s t o r e r o o m s ;
Adequate,
w e l l p l a n n e d and e q u i p p e d ................................ 1 0
4 . L i b r a r y room c o n v e n i e n t l y l o c a t e d ...........
5 . Basement;
S u ita b le fo r p lay a c t i v i ­
t i e s ; f u r n a c e and c o a l r o o m s ........................
5%
6 . U in d ow p l a c e m e n t ;
Groupe d a t l e f t
o n l y o r l e f t and r e a r .
Uind ow s p a c e
20% o f t h e f l o o r a r e a .......................................... 10%
7 . B a l l s and c e i l i n g t i n t e d a c c o r d i n g
t o a p p r o v e d p l a n o f i n t e r i o r d e c o r a t io n 7 % %
3.
F loor;
T ig h t , c l e a n , sm ooth, f r e e from
du s t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ^a m
9 . S c r e e n s and l o c k s f o r d o o r s and w i n O- Ol/v S . . . . .
10.
IV
.
. . . . . .
3p
10%
B u i l d i n g k e p t i n good
c o n d i t i o n ............... ____
_
o'
100 0
E g g lP k E K I
1. P r o p e r t y p l a c e d , m ovable d e sk s o f v a ­
r io u s s i z e s to f i t th e needs of the
jUu x I s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C0
2 . S u i t a b l e t e a c h e r ’s d e s k and c h a i r
5%
3. At l e a s t tw e lv e e x t r a c h a i r s f o r v i s i t o r s ,
p r e f e r a b l y f o l d i n g c h a i r s ............................
10%
4. B la c k b o a r d o f s l a t e o r good c o m p o s i tio n ,
p r o p e i l i a r r a n g e d and a d j u s t e d , s u f f i c i e n t
t o acc
d a t e t h e n e e d s o f t h e p u p i l s lOp
5 . Iv'usic; 1 p s t r u m e n t i n g o o d c o n d i t i o n ,
p r e f e r a b l y a phonograph, w i t h t h e re c o m ­
m e n d e d 3 . C. 0 . 3 . r e c o r d s ...............
10%
6 . A good s e l e c t i o n o f p i c t u r e s f o r t h e
w a l l , s t a n d a r d s i z e s , t h r e e o f w hich
s h o u ld be p r i n t s from re c o g n iz e d a r t .^
IS tS i < • « « • t • • «<
’—o'O
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
U
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• • • 0/0
113
Checking L i s t f o r S c o r in g S c h o o l - - C o n t i n n e d .
Perfect
Score
A d e q u a t e and s u b s t a n t i a l b o o d and
s u p p l y c a s e s ............................................................... 10/i
8 . B u l l e t i n b o a r d .........................................................
5/a
9 . B e a d i n g t a b l e and c h a i r s ....................................
5/a
1 0 . S t a n d a r d h e a t i n g and v e n t i l a t i n g
s y s t e n .................................■
............................................. 201?
Score
Given
7.
• • • •f v
• • • •/O
• ••
* f-J
Tcotr
LI3RARY
1 . At l e a s t 2 0 0 v o l u m e s s u i t a b l e f o r c a r ­
r y i n g o u t t h e C o u r s e o f S t u d y ...................... 5 by
2. Free Textbooks w it h at l e a s t th ree
s e t s o f sup e l e m e n t a r y r e a d e r s f o r l o w ­
e r g r a d e s and o n e f o r t h e u p p e r
g r a d e s ............. . ............................................................... 1 0 /
3 . An a p p r o v e d e n c y c l o p e d i a ........................... . . 1 5 /
4 . An u p - t o - d a t e s e t o f m a p s ............................... 7 / /
5 . G l o b e .............................................
2/j/g
5/
6 . A p r i n t i n g s e t and a d u p l i c a t o r ...............
7 . A good s e l e c t i o n o f b u l l e t i n s , magaz i n e s , e t c ............. ' .............
.
5/
8 . A s e t o f p i c t u r e s f o r a r t steady f o r
t h e y e a r . . ....................................................................
5/
9 . B ooks k e p t i n g o o d c o n d i t i o n , a c c e s ­
s i b l e t o . t h e c h i l d r e n and c l a s s i f i e d
u d - t o - d a t e as s u g g e s t e d i n t h e R e a d i n g
............................................... ~ 1 0 /
C ircle L is t .
1 0 . F r e e T e x t b o o k s r e c o r d book w i t h a l l '
t e x t b o o k s o r o o e r l y c l a s s i f i e d . ..................
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SCI-ICOL BOARD
1. R e p r esen te d at a l l board m e e tin g s
c a l l e d b y C o u n t y S u p e r i n t e n d e n t .............. 2 0 /
2 . Have r e g u l a r m o n t h l y m e e t i n g s w i t h
teach er p r e s e n t . . . .
•................................ 1 5 /
5. A l l m in u te s and r e c o r d s kept in o r d e r
f o r p e r m a n e n t f i l i n g .......................................... 1 0 /
■4. A p e r m a n e n t p u p i l r e c o r d k e p t on f i l e 1 0 /
5 . R e p o r t s t o C o u n ty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t s made
p r o m p t l y and a c c u r a t e l y . . . . ........................ 1 0 /
6 . Pa y t h e t e a c h e r a s a l a r y a v e r a g e o r
above f o r r u r a l t e a c h e r s o f c o u n t y . . . 10/
7 . Have a d e f i n i t e and w e l l o r g a n i z e d
s c h o o l p r o g r a m ................... ...................................... 1 0 /
8. A dvise w ith C ounty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t b e ­
f o r e e m p l o y i n g t e a c h e r a s w e l l as o t h e r
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Checking L i s t f o r S c o r in g S c h o o l - C o n t i n u e d .
P erfect
Score
im portant m atters concernin g the
s c h o o l ...............................................................................
Score
Given
15%
/■j
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-
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V II.
TEACHER
1. T rain in g:
60 h o u r s o f c o l l e g e c r e d i t w it h
s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g f o r r u r a l and e l e ­
m e n t a r y s c h o o l s ( o n e t h i r d -point o f f
f o r e a c h h o u r u n d e r s i x t y ) . . . . . . . . 20%
....%
2 . p r o f e s s i o n a l Gr ow th:
O ne-tenth of a p o in t fo r each hour
o v e r 60 h o u r s , up t o 1 2 0 h o u r s .
Addi­
t i o n a l c o l l e g e work, e d u c a t i o n a l
t r a v e l , and p r o f e s s i o n a l r e a d i n g . . 10%
%
5. S u c c e s s f u l te a c h in g e x p e r ie n c e
. • 2 ;b'/0 . . . . . %
4 . R e e m p l o y e d f o r same p o s i t i o n .................... 2%%
%
5 . C h a r a c t e r w o r k ......................................................... 1. 6 %
%
6. A ttend a l l p r o f e s s i o n a l m eetin g s c a l l e d
%
b y t h e C o u n t y S u p e r i n t e n d e n t ..................... 10%
7 . A member o f S t a t e and. l o c a l o r g a n i z a ­
t i o n s and a t t e n d s t h e i r m e e t i n g s
10%
%
3 . Heat and a t t r a c t i v e and k e e p s s c h o o l
5%/
room o r d e r I tv ...............................................................
■o
9 . C a r r y o u t t h e S t a t e C o u r s e o f S t u d y . . 10%
1 0 . D e f i n i t e l y p l a n n e d s c h e d u l e o f w o r k . . 10%
1 1 . T e a c h e r and H e a l t h C e r t i f i c a t e s r e g i s ­
t e r e d w i t h t h e C ou n ty S u p e r i n t e n d e n t . 1 0 ,
100%
77773
V III.
PUPILS
1. A t t e n d a n c e ( S c o r e b a s e d on p e r
c e n t ) . 20%%
2 . P r o m p tn e s s ( S c o r e b a s e d on p e r
c e n t ) . 20%
%
3 . C h a r a c t e r o f p u p i l w o r k .................................. 20%
%
4-. E n g a g e d i n e x t r a - c u r r i c u l a r a c t i v i ' t i e s , s u c h a s !<R e a d i n g C i r c l e ■Cork'*,
;/
F o u r K C l u b , e t c ........................................... 10%
’V
5 . C i t i z e n s h i p ........................................................ 10%
0 0*00
/
.U
6 . P e r s o n a l h y g i e n e ................................................... lOp’0
0 0 0 0 0 ,0
7 . A p e rm a n en t s y s te m o f r e c o r d and c h i l d
acco u n tin g
.. l r 3
%
T o o % r~ T 7 :~
>0
I X.
HEALTH AND SANITATIOH
1. Im m unization:
Per c en t of p u p ils
im m unized
2 . H ealth E d u c a tio n
10%
40%
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
0
0 0 /0
%
%
C hecking L i s t f o r S c o r in g S c h o o l - - C o n t i n u e d .
P erfect
Score
Score
Given
C u r r i c u l a r h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n ............................... .%
P e r c e n t of days s u p e rv ise d lunches
s e r v e d ................................ ..............................................
A pp ro v e d , f i r s t - a i d k i t .............................................. %
F i r s t - a i d i n s t r u c t i o n f o r t e a c h e r s and
p u ; i l s ........................................................................................ %
M o r n i n g i n s e p e c t i o n "by t e a c h e r s . . . .
%
h a n d w a s h i n g b e f o r e m e a l s .............................
A n n u a l h e a l t h e x h i b i t . .............................
S u p e r v i s e d p l a y . . . ........................................................ ;!
30/?
5 . S a n i t a t i o n ...............
S a t i s f a c t o r y w a t e r s u p p l y ...................................... %
%
S a n i t a r y t o i l e t s ..................
W a s t e d i s p o s a l a n d c l e a n l i n e s s ......................... %
4, P e r c e n t o f 9 - p o i n t p u p i l s .......................... 10;!
5, P e r c e n t o f d e f e c t c o r r e c t i o n s
........... 1 0 b
T o o :'
X.
COMMIJKITY
1 . A p a t r o n ' s o r g a n i z a t i o n a c t i v e i n some
20)o
f o r m o f e d u c a t i o n p r o g r a m ..........................
2 . P a t r o n s v i s i t s c h o o l . . . . ...........................
201b
3 . T e a c h e r v i s i t s a l l ho m e s i n d i s t r i c t
d u r i n g t h e y e a r . ..................................................... 2 0 ;!
4 . At l e a s t f o u r com munity p ro g ra m s e a c h
y e a r , o n e o f w h i c h i s t o b e p u t on b y
t h e p a t r o n s ..................................................................... 2 0 %
2 0 >b
5. A P a re n t-T e a r h e r O rg a n iz a tio n
Tool'
T o ta l Score,
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
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