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A course of study on the automobile

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A COURSE OF STUDY ON THE AUTOMOBILE
A T h e s is
P r e s e n te d t o
t h e F a c u lty o f t h e S c h o o l o f E d u c a tio n
The U n i v e r s i t y o f S o u th e rn C a l i f o r n i a
In P a r t i a l F u lfillm e n t
o f t h e R e q u ire m e n ts f o r t h e D egree
M a s te r o f S c ie n c e i n E d u c a tio n
by
D onice J u l i a n D in k ie r
Ju n e 1942
UMI Number: EP54194
All rights reserved
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Dissertation Publishing
UMI EP54194
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ProQuest LLC.
789 East Eisenhower Parkway
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, Ml 4 8 1 0 6 - 1346
This thesis, w rit ten under the direction of the
Cha ir ma n of the candidate’s Guida nce C o m m i t t e e
and a p p r o v e d by all membe rs of the C om m itt e e ,
has been p r es e n te d to an d ac ce pte d by the F acu lty
of the S c h o o l of Educa tion of T h e Univ ers ity of
Southern California in par tia l fu lfillme nt of the
requirements f o r the degree of M a s t e r of Science
in Education.
1 ? ......................
G uidance C om m ittee
C, C, Crawford
Chairman
Louis P. fhorpe
D. Welty Lefever
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER
I.
II.
III.
IV .
PAGE
THE PROBLEM ...........................................................................................................
1
N a tu re o f t h e s t u d y .......................................................
1
Need f o r t h e s t u d y .........................................................................................
2
Need f o r f u n c t i o n a l p r e s e n t a t i o n
4
..........................................
O r g a n iz a tio n o f t h e s tu d y
11
THE PROCEDURE......................................................................................................
13
M a t e r i a l u s e d ......................................................................................................
13
O r g a n iz a tio n o f m a t e r i a l ...........................................................................
14
T ech n iq u e o f l e s s o n - p l a n s ...........................................................................
15
HOW TO BUY A C A R ..................................................................................................
17
How t o
s e l e c t th e b e s t k in d o f c a r f o r you t o b u y . . . . .
19
How t o
buy a new c a r .....................................................................
20
How t o
b u y a u s e d c a r .....................................................................
21
How t o
s e l e c t th e b e s t p la c e t o b u y .....................................
22
How to
u s e m a rk e t t r e n d i n f o r m a t io n b e f o r e you buy
How t o
c h e c k a s a l e s c o n t r a c t when you buy a c a r .....
How t o
f in a n c e yo u r c a r
. . . .
23
24
.........................................................................
25
HOW TO BUI ANDUSE S U P P L I E S ........................................................................
26
How t o
buy and sa v e g a s o l i n e ..................................................................
27
How t o
buy and u s e m o to r o i l .................................................................
28
How t o
b u y and s a v e t i r e s
and t u b e s ......................................................
29
How t o
buy and u s e o t h e r a u to m o tiv e p a r t s ......................................
30
iii
CHAPTER
V.
V I.
PAGE
HOW TO DRIVE A C A R .....................................................................................
How t o
s t a r t y o u r c a r ..............................................................................
33
How to
s h i f t g e a r s .............................
34
How t o
s h i f t g e a r s on h i l l s .................................................................
35
How to
s t e e r .................................................................................................
36
How to
s t o p ....................................................................
37
. How t o
d r i v e i n t r a f f i c .........................................................................
38
How to
t u r n c o r n e r s and t u r n a r o u n d ..............................................
39
How t o
p a r k .....................................................................................................
40
HOW TO MAKE DRIVING EASIERFORYOURSELFUNDER USUAL
.......................................................................
41
How t o
d r i v e a t n i g h t ..............................................................................
43
How t o
s i t c o r r e c t l y w h ile d r i v i n g ..............................................
44
How t o
v e n t i l a t e w ith o u t d r a f t s .......................................................
45
How t o
com bat n o i s e an d u s e y o u r h o r n .........................................
46
How t o
im prove y o u r v i s i o n ................................................................
47
How to
d r i v e on w et an d s l i p p e r y p a v e m e n t s ...........................
48
How to
d r iv e i n snow, i c e , and f o g ..............................................
49
How to
g e t a lo n g w ith o t h e r m o t o r i s t s .........................................
50
AND UNUSUAL CONDITIONS
How t o g e t a lo n g w ith p e d e s t r i a n s ..............................................
V II*
31
,
51
How to g e t a lo n g w ith y o u r ownp a s s e n g e r s ....................................
52
HOW TO DRIVE SAFELY.......................................................................................
53
How t o
d r i v e s a f e l y ...................................................................................
55
How t o
p r e v e n t a c c i d e n t s ....................................................................
56
iv
CHAPTER
PAGE
How t o
V III.
IX .
h a n d le t h e s i t u a t i o n i f you a r e in v o lv e d i n
o r a w itn e s s t o an a c c i d e n t ...........................................................
57
How t o
h e lp p e o p le who a r e h u r t i n a c c i d e n t s .......................
58
How t o
d e te rm in e y o u r l e g a l r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s i n c a s e
you h a v e a n a c c i d e n t .................................................................................
59
How t o f i l e an a c c id e n t s u i t i n c o u r t ..........................................
60
HOW TO PERFORM YOUR LEGALO BLIG A TIO N S..............................................
6l
How to
g e t a d r i v e r 1s l i c e n s e ............................................................
63
How to
g e t y o u r c a r l i c e n s e ................................................................
64
How t o
obey t r a f f i c l a w s .....................................................................
65
HOW TO INSURE YOUR C A R ................................................................................
66
How to g e t th e m ost im p o r ta n t ty p e o f in s u r a n c e
c o v e r a g e .......................................................................................................
How to
X.
68
d e te rm in e th e s i z e o f p o l i c y to c a r r y ......................
69
How t o be a c l a i m - f r e e d r i v e r ................... * ....................................
70
HOW TO KEEP UP YOUR CARINSIDE
ANDO U T ............................................
71
How to
p r o t e c t th e f i n i s h on y o u r c a r .........................................
73
How t o
p o l i s h y o u r c a r ..............................................................................
71-
How t o
c le a n t h e u p h o l s t e r y ................................................................
75
How to
r e f i n i s h y o u r c a r .....................................................................
76
How t o
d r a i n and f l u s h th e r a d i a t o r ..............................................
77
How t o
d r a i n th e c r a n k c a s e an d r e p l a c e new o i l ..................
78
How to
a d j u s t th e c a r b u r e t o r an d blow o u t t h e gas
l i n e .....................................................................................................................
How t o
change and p a tc h a t i r e
and t u b e ....................................
79
80
V
CHAPTER
PAGE
How t o c le a n th e s p a r k p lu g s and c a rb o n fro m th e
c y l i n d e r s .......................................................................................................
81
How t o c a r e f o r y o u r l i g h t s and p u t i n a f u s e ........................
82
■How to buy and c a r e f o r y o u r b a t t e r y ..............................
83
How to ch o o se y o u r m e c h a n i c .................................................................
81
How to k eep r e p a i r c h a rg e s d o w n ........................................................
85
How to u s e y o u r d a s h b o a rd a s an i n d i c a t o r o f
X I.
t r o u b l e ...........................................................................................................
86
BOOKSHELF................................................................................................................
87
B ib lio g r a p h y
..................................................................................................
87
E x p la n a tio n an d u s e ....................................................................................
90
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS...........................................................................
92
Summary and c o n c l u s i o n s ..........................................................................
92
BIBLIOGRAPHY ....................................................................................................................
91
X II.
CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM
The p u rp o s e o f t h i s w ork i s t o p r e p a r e a f u n c t i o n a l o u t l i n e f o r
a c o u rs e on t h e a u to m o b ile .
The a u to m o b ile h as become a v e ry im p o r ta n t
f a c t o r i n t h e l i v e s o f p e o p le w ith in th e l a s t few y e a r s and h as g r a d u a te d
from t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f a lu x u r y t o t h a t o f a n e c e s s ity #
b e e n r e l a t i v e l y few a t t e m p t s i n t h e l i n e
T h ere have
o f l i t e r a t u r e to b rin g t h i s
f a s c i n a t i n g m echanism , t h e a u to m o b ile , down t o th e u n d e r s ta n d in g o f t h e
a v e ra g e man o r woman.
BKcept f o r th e g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s an d c a u tio n s
t o p u sh t h i s an d p u l l t h a t ; f i l l th e o t h e r t h i n g , a n d t h i s a u to m o b ile
w i l l g o , t h e r e i s r e a l l y a d e a r t h o f m a t e r i a l on t h e s u b j e c t .
The ma­
j o r i t y o f w r i t i n g w hich has b een done has b een s t r i c t l y on th e m e c h a n ic a l
p h a se and m ore from th e s ta n d p o i n t o f m a n u fa c tu re and r e p a i r t h a n w ith
an y th o u g h t f o r th e n e e d s o f a n o w n er o r d r i v e r .
R e c e n t l y some few
i s o l a t e d h u m a n ita r ia n s have b e e n a n n o u n c in g t o t h e d r i v i n g p u b li c t h a t
to be an e x p e r t d r i v e r i t i s n e c e s s a ry t o know som ething a b o u t t h e a u to ­
m o b ile w hich i s t o be d r iv e n .
These same p e o p le have a tte m p te d t o b r i n g
o u t , i n v a r i o u s s c a t t e r e d e f f o r t s , some o f t h e p e r t i n e n t p h a s e s o f
o p e r a t i o n w hich w ere in te n d e d t o a i d th e d r i v e r become more aw are o f th e
"pow er p l a n t " he so c a s u a l l y h u r l s a lo n g th e highw ay an d o v e r t h e c i t y
s tre e ts .
At t h e same tim e v e ry l i t t l e
o r a c c o m p lis h e d i n th e s c h o o ls .
c o n s tr u c ti v e work h as b een a tte m p te d
T h is i s p a r t i a l l y due t o t h e f a c t t h a t
o n ly u n t i l r e c e n t y e a r s has th e s c h o o l, as a s o c i a l i n s t i t u t i o n , f e l t i t
2
w i t h i n th e r e a lm o f i t s
p e r o g a t i v e t o do much o f a n y th in g t o a id t h e
p r o s p e c t i v e consum er w ith p ro b le m s w h ic h w ould c o n f r o n t him i n a c t u a l
l i f e , o r any way t o i n t e r f e r w i th t h e s c h o o l o f e x p e r i e n c e .
The o u t l i n e p r e s e n te d h e re i s an e f f o r t t o c o o r d in a te tw o o f t h e s e
n e g le c te d , p r i n c i p l e s .
I t i s an e f f o r t t o b r in g o u t t o th e s tu d e n t some
o f t h e m ore s a l i e n t p o i n t s o f c o n su m e r b u y in g b y p ro b le m s an d l e s s o n
p la n s on t h e p u r c h a s e , m a in te n a n c e , p r o t e c t i o n o f t h e a r t i c l e i t s e l f
and s u p p l i e s f o r i t s
s u c c e s s fu l o p e ra tio n .
A ls o , i t
a tte m p ts t o show
some r e l a t i o n s h i p b etw een th e o p e r a tio n s o f th e m echanism and th e fu n c ­
t i o n s o f th e p a r t s .
I.
NEED FOR THE STUDY
The need i s p r e d ic a te d upon th e h y p o th e s is t h a t i t i s th e b u s in e s s
o f t h e s c h o o l t o t r a i n t h e s t u d e n t so t h a t
he
may becom e f i t as an
i n d i v i d u a l t o cope w ith th e problem s w hich w i l l a r i s e i n h i s l a t e r l i f e .
One o f t h e m ost im p o r ta n t p ro b lem s w hich an y i n d i v i d u a l i s c a l l e d upon
t o m eet i s t h a t o f b e in g a co n su m er.
G re a t s t r i d e s and much good w ork
h as b e e n done i n th e f i e l d o f consum er e d u c a tio n th ro u g h th e f u n c t i o n a l
e d u c a t i o n a l m e th o d , b u t so f a r t h e g r e a t e s t s t r e s s h a s b e e n l a i d upon
t h e g e n e r a l and o v e r a l l a s p e c ts o f consum er b u y in g .
I t i s b e lie v e d th a t
th e tim e i s now o p p o rtu n e f o r a l i t t l e more s p e c i a l i z e d w ork i n t h e co n ­
sum er f i e l d .
T h is s tu d y has b e en d e d ic a te d s o l e l y t o one consum er p ro b ­
le m , t h a t o f t h e a u to m o b ile , i t s p u r c h a s e an d m a in te n a n c e .
I t is not
c la im e d t h a t t h i s work w i l l have c o m p le te ly e x h a u s te d t h e p o s s i b i l i t i e s
w i t h i n t h i s f i e l d ; i t i s m e re ly o f f e r e d a s a b e g in n in g .
b e e n m ade, h o w e v e r, t o m ake t h i s
s tu d y o f th e
The e f f o r t h§,s
c o n su m e r p h a se o f t h e
3
a u to m o b ile a s th o ro u g h a s p o s s i b l e a t t h i s tim e .
When u s e d as a g u id e
f o r t e a c h e r s i n h ig h s c h o o ls i t i s s u g g e s te d t h a t t h e o u t l i n e be k e p t
open f o r a d a p t a t i o n and c h a n g e a t a n y tim e t h a t c h a n g e i s w a r r a n te d .
P h a s e s o t h e r t h a n co n su m er w h ic h a r e i n c l u d e d i n t h i s o u t l i n e
a r e o p e r a t i o n a l and m e c h a n ic a l.
S in c e , i n o r d e r t o o p e ra te an a u to m o b ile ,
i t i s n e c e s s a r y t o know how to d r iv e , t h e n eed f o r th e o p e r a t i o n a l p h a se
•is e s s e n t i a l .
L e f t t o l e a r n how t o d r iv e by h im s e l f a lm o s t an y p e rs o n
w i l l f i g u r e o u t th e e s s e n t i a l e le m e n ts o f how t o s t a r t a n d how t o s t o p ,
b u t t h e s p e c i a l o p e r a t i o n a l p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h go t o make up t h e '’g o o d ”
d riv e r a re n e v e r d is c o v e re d a u to m a tic a lly .
The m e c h a n ic a l p h a se was
in c lu d e d t o s a t i s f y th e grow ing d e s i r e s o f p e o p le t o know how to a t t e n d
t o m in o r d i f f i c u l t i e s i n c a s e o f em erg en cy o r t o b e a b le t o d e te rm in e
w ith some d e g re e o f a c c u r a c y th e n a t u r e and e x t e n t o f t r o u b l e -when and
i f tro u b le a r i s e s .
When t h i s
w ork was d o n e , g i r l s t u d e n t s w e re p r i m a r i l y i n m in d .
I t i s w e l l known t h a t some o f t h e f i n e s t m e ch a n ic s i n th e w o rld can be
fo u n d i n t h e r a n k s o f o u r p r e s e n t d a y h ig h s c h o o l b o y s , h o w ev er, th e
c o n te n ts and m a t e r i a l may be o f b e n e f i t t o boys and t h e r e i s n o th in g to
p re v e n t t h e i r p a r t i c i p a t i n g .
re a so n s:
G i r l s w e re i n m ind f o r t h r e e p r i n c i p a l
( l ) T here a r e fe w e r avenues open t o g i r l s th a n t h e r e a r e
boys t o l e a r n a l l th e v a r io u s l i t t l e
fo r
h e l p f u l h i n t s and t i p s a b o u t t h e i r
a u to m o b ile s , s in c e i t i s s t i l l n o t c o n s id e r e d to o good t a s t e f o r g i r l s
t o be i n t e r e s t e d i n th i n g s m e c h a n ic a l and w hat makes th o s e t h i n g s r u n ,
(2 )
C u rs o ry s t a t i s t i c s fro m t h e consum er s t a n d p o i n t seem t o i n d i c a t e
t h a t m ore th a n t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f th e b u y in g , r e l a t i v e t o t h e a u to m o b ile
from t h e o r i g i n a l p u rc h a se th ro u g h m a in te n an c e and u p -k e e p to t h e t r a d e -
k
i n f o r a new c a r , i s i n t h e h a n d s o f women.
I t i s t h e i r jo b to make
c e r ta in t h a t a l l d e c is io n a ry m a tte rs a re a tte n d e d t o .
I f t h i s i s th e
c a s e i t w ould seem a lm o s t s e l f - e v i d e n t t h a t a consum er w ith some know­
le d g e w ould be a b e t t e r b u y e r th a n a consum er w ith no k n o w led g e.
hoped t h a t t h i s
I t is
o u t l i n e w i l l b e t h e m eans o f a s s i s t i n g t h e s e p r e s e n t
consum ers and f u tu r e m anagers o f b u d g e ts and b u y in g power t o l e a r n some­
t h i n g m ore, o f th e au to m o b ile th a n i s o f f e r e d by salesm en and a d v e r t i s i n g .
(3 )
T h e re seem s t o b e an e v e r g ro w in g t r e n d f o r g i r l s an d women t o
p r o t e s t a g a i n s t t h e s i t u a t i o n w h e r e , b o t h i n a d u l t s c h o o ls and h ig h
s c h o o ls , c u r r ic u lu m o f f e r i n g s do n o t in c l u d e
to s a t i s f y t h e i r n eeds.
some s tu d y o f t h i s n a tu r e
I f t h e i r n e ed s a r e p r e s e n t , t h e i r n e ed s
s h o u ld
be s a t i s f i e d .
II.
NEED FOR FUNCTIONAL PRESENTATION
T here i s no n eed to d e fe n d so m eth in g w hich h as p ro v e d i t s w o rth ,
ev en i f t h a t w o rth can n o t be s t a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y a t th e p r e s e n t tim e .
T h e re fo re , t h i s is n o t a d e fe n se b u t an e x p la n a tio n .
D is c u s s io n and
w r i t i n g s o f t h e a im s , p r o c e d u r e s , and r e s u l t s o f f u n c t i o n a l e d u c a tio n ,
have b e e n p r e s e n te d many tim e s b y v e r y a b le a u t h o r i t i e s , h o w ev er, s i n c e
r e p e t i t i o n i s one o f th e g r e a t e s t form s o f em phasis and s in c e t h i s s tu d y
i s a f u n c t i o n a l o u t l i n e , a p r e f a c e on how t o te a c h f u n c t i o n a l l y and t h e
p u rp o s e o f f u n c t i o n a l e d u c a tio n w i l l n o t be o u t o f p la c e .
I t h a s b e e n s t a t e d and a c c e p te d as a tr u i s m t h a t t h e s c h o o l h as
become th e a g e n t o f th e p a r e n ts and a c ts i n t h e i r s te a d w ith r e l a t i o n t o
t h e e d u c a tio n o f t h e c h i l d .
The c u rric u lu m o f f e r e d b y th e s c h o o l d e t e r ­
m in es t h e v a lu e o f t h e s c h o o l t o t h e g ro w th
m akes t h i s o b s e r v a t i o n a s f o l l o w s :
o f th e c h ild .K ilp a tric k
5
The c u r r ic u lu m becom es th e n a l l o f t h e c h i l d 's l i f e f o r w hich
th e sch o o l c a r r ie s r e s p o n s ib i l it y .
I n o u r d e m o c ra tic s o c i e t y
c e r t a i n a im s im m e d ia te ly em erge f o r g u i d i n g t h e w ork o f th e
s c h o o l. We aim t h a t o u r c h i l d r e n , a s t h e y grow u p , s h a l l i n ­
c r e a s e i n i n t e l l i g e n t s e l f - d i r e c t i o n and i n r ic h n e s s o f p e r s o n ­
a l i t y . We w ish them t o s h a re e v e r more f u l l y i n th e g ro u p l i f e
on a b a s i s o f e v e r more a d e o u a te and r e s p o n s ib le c o n s i d e r a t i o n
o f a l l c o n ce rn e d . As re g a rd s th e c u l tu r e o f t h e s u rro u n d in g l i f e ,
o u r y o u th m ust (a s we saw i n th e p re c e d in g c h a p te r ) l e a r n i t a s
t h e y s h a re e v e r more f u l l y i n t h a t l i f e . ' They m u st, h o w ev er, so
l e a r n t h i s c u l t u r e , a s on t h e one h a n d , t o e sc a p e e v e r b e t t e r
from i t s m ere d o m in a tio n an d , on th e o th e r h an d , to be e v e r m ore
a b le and d is p o s e d to s h a re i n th e c o n tin u o u s p ro c e s s o f re m a k in g
i t as th e need s h a l l c o n tin u a lly a r i s e .
The t a s k o f t h e
c u rric u lu m i s t o h e lp each c h i l d so t o l i v e and grow t h a t t h e s e
s e v e r a l aims may be p r o g r e s s i v e ly r e a l i z e d . ^
I t h a s b e e n h e ld b y e d u c a to rs o f some s c h o o ls o f th o u g h t t h a t know ledge
i s pow er
and
t h a t h u g e a c c u m u la tio n s o f f a c t s ,
w i t h no p a r t i c u l a r
r e f e r e n c e t o s i g n i f i c a n c e , w o u ld e q u ip t h e c h i l d t o s o lv e p ro b lem s a s
th e y a r o s e i n t h e f u t u r e .
V a rio u s s t u d i e s h a v e show n u s f a i r l y co n ­
c l u s i v e l y t h a t t h e g r e a t e r p o r t i o n o f t h i s m i s c e l l a n e o u s i n f o r m a t io n
s e l e c t e d a t ra n d o m i s p r o m p t l y , o r n e a r l y s o , f o r g o t t e n .
They a l s o
show t h a t when th e tim e comes t o u s e a n y o f t h i s p re p o n d ro u s s t o r e o f
f a c t s i t i s u s u a l l y n e c e s s a r y f o r th e a v e ra g e p e r s o n t o r e l e a r n b e f o r e
t h e s e f a c t s c an b e p u t t o any u s e .
H ow ever, t h i s s c h o o l o f th o u g h t i s
g iv in g way t o t h e new er c o n c e p tio n o f th e u s e an d p u rp o s e o f l e a r n i n g .
F u n c tio n a lis m i s coming i n t o i t s own. L e a rn in g by d o in g , b y s o lv in g r e a l
and c u r r e n t p ro b le m s, i s now becom ing more and more re c o g n iz e d a s t h e way
t o i n s u r e t h a t some good w i l l come from th e p ro c e s s o f e d u c a tio n .
S tre s s
i s now b e in g p u t on s o l u t i o n o f p ro b le m s a s th e y a r i s e and th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n b etw een th e s e s i t u a t i o n s .
In t h i s way a r i g h t t h i n k i n g p a t t e r n
■^William H. K i l p a t r i c k , Remaking th e C u rricu lu m (New York and
C h ic ag o : News on and Company, 1 9 3 6 ), p7 47
.
6
i s c r e a t e d i n th e m inds o f th e s t u d e n t s and t h e way i s opened f o r e a c h
i n d i v i d u a l l y t o a t t a i n i n t e l l e c t u a l in d e p e n d e n c e .
The s u c c e s s o r f a i l u r e o f an y u n i t i n e d u c a t i o n i s p r e d i c a t e d '
upon t h e d e g re e o f i n t e r e s t i t h a s f o r t h e p a r t i c i p a n t s *
In te re s t is
th e o n ly c r i t e r i o n t h a t c an b e d e p en d e d u p o n t o g e t t h e b e s t r e s u l t s .
I t m ust be h e ld c l e a r l y i n
mind t h a t i n t e r e s t i s sp o n tan e o u s and
and t h a t t h e r e i s no such th in g
as f o r c e d i n t e r e s t .
The p ro b lem
n a tu ra l
m ust ice
o f i n t e r e s t f o r i t s own sa k e and n o t m e re ly a "tru m p e d -u p ’' i l l u s t r a t i o n
f o r some o th e r p ro b lem which, i s c o n s id e re d b a s i c .
T h is f a c t i s p o in te d
o u t b y John Dewey, who s a y s :
When in f o r m a t io n i s s u rv e y i n chunks s im p ly a s in f o r m a t io n t o
be r e t a i n e d f o r i t s own s a k e , i t te n d s t o s t a t i f y o u r v i t a l
e x p e r ie n c e . E n t e r i n g
a s a f a c t o r i n t o an a c t i v i t y p u rs u e d
fo r
i t s own s a k e —w h e th e r as a means o r a s a w id e n in g o f t h e con­
t e n t o f t h e aim — i t i s in f o r m in g .
And f u r t h e r i n t e r e s t p ro te n d s o f i t s i t s e l f t h a t so m eth in g w i l l be done
a b o u t t h e th i n g and q u e s tio n a t h an d .
As C raw ford s a y s ;
When a p e r s o n i s " i n t e r e s t e d " o r " m o tiv a te d " , h i s m o tiv a tio n
c o n s i s t s o f an u r g e o r d r i v e o r t e n s i o n t o do so m e th in g t h a t
w i l l b r in g him some form o f s a t i s f a c t i o n . I f t h e r e i s n o th in g
t o do t h e r e i s no i n t e r e s t . 3
Doing i s th e n e x t v i t a l c o n s id e r a tio n .
C ourses s h o u ld b e p la n n e d
so t h a t th e y r e f l e c t r e a l l i f e i s s u e s and a re n o t j u s t a b s t r a c t i o n s .
The
s t u d e n t sh o u ld be ta u g h t t o do som ething ab o u t l i f e as w e ll as t a l k a b o u t
it.
D oing, i t a p p e a rs , i s one o f th e v e ry f i r s t v e rb s i n a b a b y 's v o c ab u ­
l a r y and as a r t i c u l a t i o n p ro g r e s s e s to th e p o in t o f s e n te n c e f o r m a tio n i t %
r e s o l v e s i t s e l f i n t o "Mamma d o in g ?" and "Daddy d o in g ? " .
2
John Dewey, Democracy and E d u c a tio n (New York:
Company, 1 9 3 7 ), p . 244
A c tio n i s one o f
The M acM illan
o
^C laude C. C raw ford, How t o Teach (Los A n g eles:
S c h o o l Book D e p o s ito ry , 1938) p . 82
S o u th e rn C a l i f o r n i a
th e f i r s t th in g s w hich e n te r s i n t o th e v e ry young p e rso n * s c o n s c io u s n e s s .
I t s l e a r n i n g p r o c e s s e s b e g in w ith a c t i o n .
I t l e a r n s how t o c r a w l, how
t o w a lk , how to t a l k ; a l l o f i t s e f f o r t s and a b i l i t i e s a r e c o n c e n tr a te d
upon how t o do so m eth in g .
T h is te n d e n c y does n o t c u t o f f a u t o m a t i c a l l y
when s c h o o l a g e h a s b e e n a t t a i n e d , t o b e d i s c o n t i n u e d from t h e r e o n .
P e o p le a r e n o t , e x ce p t i n a v e ry few i n s t a n c e s , carb o n c o p ie s o f S c a t t e r good B ain es who can s i t on h is p o rc h and tw id d le h i s to e s and d i r e c t t h e
a c t i v i t i e s o f th o s e a b o u t h im .
P e o p le a r e e n g a g e d i n a c t i v i t y o f one
s o r t o r a n o th e r t h e g r e a t e r p o r t i o n o f t h e i r w aking l i v e s .
C raw ford f e e l s t h a t one o f th e re a s o n s why o u r e d u c a ti o n a l sy ste m
i s so i n e f f e c t i v e to d a y i s b e c a u s e to o much o f i t i s on th e m e n ta l s id e
an d t h e r e i s n o th in g t o b e done a b o u t th e p ro b lem s w hich a r i s e :
The f u t i l i t y o f much o f o u r m e n ta l e d u c a tio n l i e s i n th e v e r y
f a c t t h a t i t i s m e n ta l and t h a t t h e r e i s n o th in g t o b e done
about i t .
The f a r t h e r we g e t away from m u s c u la r o v e r t o th e
s i d e o f p u r e l y m e n ta l, t h e f a r t h e r we a r e rem oved from t h e
r e a l f i r i n g l i n e o f human a c t i o n and from th e r e a l chance f o r
an e d u c a tio n t o change human co nduct and b e h a v io r .^
E d u c a tio n i s n o t in te n d e d t o be a s t a t i c t h in g b u t a m eans f o r c h a n g in g
th e b e h a v io r p a t t e r n s o f t h e s t u d e n t s .
Through c o r r e c t d i r e c t i o n t h e y
a r e t o d e v elo p f o r t h e i r own s a t i s f a c t i o n m ethods o f p ro c e d u re w h ich w i l l
s ta n d them i n good s te a d t o t a c k l e and s o lv e th e problem s w h ich th e y w i l l
e n c o u n te r a l l th ro u g h t h e i r l i f e jo u rn e y .
T h is p o in t has b e e n s t r e s s e d
by Jo h n Dewey a s f o llo w s :
N o rm a lly e v e r y a c t i v i t y e n g ag ed i n f o r i t s own sa k e re a c h e s o u t
beyond i t s im m ediate s e l f . . I t does n o t p a s s iv e ly w a it f o r i n f o r ­
m a tio n t o be b e sto w e d w h ich w i l l i n c r e a s e i t s m e an in g ; i t se e k s
i t o u t.^
4 I b i d . , p . 2 OB
^ Jo h n Dewey, o £ . c i t . , p . 245
8
And f u r t h e r t o t h i s p o i n t Dewey g o es on t o s t a t e :
I t i s th e n a tu r e o f an e x p e rie n c e t o have i m p lic a tio n s
f a r beyond w hat i s a t f i r s t c o n s c io u s ly n o te d i n i t .
w h ich go
. . . s in c e dem ocracy s ta n d s i n p r i n c i p l e f o r f r e e i n t e r ­
c h a n g e , f o r s o c i a l c o n t i n u i t y , i t m u s t d e v e lo p a t h e o r y o f
k n o w led g e w h ic h s e e s i n k n o w le d g e t h e m e th o d b y w h ich one
e x p e r ie n c e i s made a v a i l a b l e i n g iv in g d i r e c t i o n an d m eaning
t o a n o t h e r .^
L i g h ts , cam era, ACTIONI
n o th in g t o r e c o r d .
Ju st
N othing happens b e fo re a c t i o n .
film
T h ere i s
g r i n d i n g aw ay a t a d e a d s c e n e , u n t i l
f o r c e s a r e s e t i n t o m o tio n n o t h i n g i s
a c c o m p lis h e d .. I f a c h i l d knows
n o th in g o f a g iv e n s i t u a t i o n he can h av e no p ro b le m s
in re g a rd to i t .
P roblem s a r i s e from d i f f i c u l t i e s e x p e rie n c e d , a l i v e and r e a l w h ich n eed
s o lu tio n .
P ro b le m s p r e s e n t e d t o
s t u d e n t s s h o u ld n o t o n ly be u s e f u l and
in v o lv e d o in g s o m e th in g a b o u t th em b u t a l s o
t h e y m u s t b e o p p o rtu n e .
They m ust n o t o n ly have i n t r i n s i c v a lu e th e m s e lv e s b u t th e y m ust r e p r e ­
s e n t som ething w hich th e s tu d e n ts need as s o l u ti o n s f o r t h e i r d i f f i c u l t i e s .
H ow ever, t h i s does n o t mean t h a t any d i f f i c u l t problem i s a good p ro b lem
a s c o n te n d e d b y many te a c h e r s who b e l i e v e t h a t d i f f i c u l t p ro b lem s w i l l
d e v e lo p th e f a c u l t i e s o f th e m ind.
Problem s m ust be p r e s e n te d a t t h e tim e
when t h e s t u d e n t s * m inds a re re a d y and w i l l i n g t o a c c e p t t h e d i f f i c u l t y
f o r th e e x p r e s s e d p u rp o s e o f a r r i v i n g a t some c o n c lu s io n on t h e i r own.
I t h a s b e e n p o i n t e d o u t t h a t one o f th e ways t o f o r m u la te p ro b lem s
t o be p r e s e n te d t o s tu d e n t s i s t o l e t th o s e s t u d e n t s p ic k o u t and w ord
th e problem s th e m s e lv e s .
T h e ir m inds a r e f u l l o f th e d i f f i c u l t i e s w h ich
p e r t a i n t o t h e i r own w o rld o f e x p e r i e n c e s .
I f th e s tu d e n ts a re l e f t
t o u s e t h e i r own d i s c r e t i o n th e y th e m se lv e s w ould b r in g up r e a l p ro b le m s .
^ I b i d . , p . 255
9
I f m is - d ir e c t io n were to be taken out o f t h e ir way th e y would p ro b a b ly do
a l o t o f w o rth w h ile e d u c a t i n g .
I f t h e t e a c h e r w i l l r e c o g n iz e t h i s as
th e c a s e an d n o t o n l y f i n d o u t w h a t p ro b le m s a r e p e r t i n e n t b u t a l s o
jump i n and h e lp t h e s tu d e n t s o lv e th e m , e d u c a tio n w i l l be w e ll on i t s
way t o acc o m p lish some o f th e h ig h -s o u n d in g aims s e t up and p r o g n o s t i c a t e d
b y e x p o n e n ts o f t h e o ld c o ld s to r a g e e r a .
I t w ould seem, t h e r e f o r e , t h a t
th e t e a c h e r w ould do w e ll t o have a s a n e c e s s a r y p ie c e o f h i s t e a c h in g
e q u ip m en t one c r y s t a l b a l l .
T h is equipm ent i s t o be u s e d when s t u d e n t s
have problem s and d o n rt know i t .
New avenues c o u ld and s h o u ld be op en ed
t o t h e s tu d e n t so t h a t he can d e te rm in e f o r h im s e lf w h e th e r o r n o t t h e y
p r e s e n t d i f f i c u l t i e s t o him .
K i l p a t r i c k e x p la i n s th e n e c e s s a r y change
i n t e a c h e r a t t i t u d e as f o llo w s :
M o re o v er, he m ust t h i n k alw ay s o f t h e w hole c h i l d w h ich i s alw ay s
in v o lv e d . The o l d e r t e a c h e r th o u g h t f i r s t o f h i s s u b j e c t m a t t e r ,
t h a t i t g e t. l e a r n e d .
He w o u ld a c c o r d i n g l y b e n d , i f n e ed b e , and
ev en b r e a k t h e s p i r i t o f t h e p u p i l i n o r d e r t o g e t t h e a s s ig n e d
t a s k s le a r n e d . The good te a c h e r o f th e newer v iew w e ll u n d e r s ta n d s
how i t i s th e p r o c e s s i t s e l f , e s p e c i a l l y a s s o c i a l l y c o n d itio n e d ,
t h a t e d u c a te s ; and he makes e v e r y e f f o r t t o g e t and keep t h e p r o ­
c e s s g o in g on s u c h te r m s a s w i l l c a u s e i t t o g a i n i n e v e r more
c e r t a i n an d i n t e l l i g e n t l y - d i r e c t e d momentum. T h is i s h i s c h i e f
aim . T h at a t t a i n e d , th e r e s t f o l l o w s . '
C ra w fo rd h a s summed u p t h e e s s e n t i a l s o f f u n c t i o n a l te a c h in g
t o in c lu d e t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p o n en t p a r t s :
(3 )
t h i n k i n g , an d ( 4 )
k n o w in g .
(l)
w a n tin g ,
(2 ) d o in g ,
A need a r i s e s , a te n s io n i s s e t u p,
r e l e a s e i s e x p r e s s e d i n a c t i o n , a c t i o n b r in g s o u t t h e com ponents p a r t s
o f th e p ro b le m w h ich in v o lv e s a c o o r d in a te d c o n s i d e r a t i o n o f t h e w hole
p i c t u r e , and c a r e f u l l y d i r e c t e d c o n s id e r a tio n b r in g s f o r t h th e s o l u t i o n . ^
7VT. H. K i l p a t r i c k , op. c a t . , p . 55
$
C. C. C raw ford, op. c i t . , p . 140
10
And f u r t h e r t o q u o te d i r e c t l y :
P ro b a b ly th e
l i e s i n w ise
s o lu tio n . .
h i s th o u g h ts
a ro u n d h im .^
b e s t and m ost p erm anent r e c o r d o f good t h i n k i n g
a c t i o n . The aim o f good th in k in g i s t o g e t th e
. . The t h i n k e r who l e a v e s t h e b e s t r e c o r d o f
l e a v e s i t i n t h e fo rm o f c h a n g e s i n t h e w o rld
W. H. K i l p a t r i c k one o f th e m ost e a r n e s t and a r d e n t b e l i e v e r s and
l e a d e r s i n th e f i e l d o f new c u rric u lu m th o u g h t h as o u t l i n e d th e p ro c e d u re
and p r o g r e s s i o n th ro u g h a f u n c t i o n a l u n i t a s f o llo w s :
The e f f o r t a t t h i s p o i n t i s t o s e e t h e e d u c a tiv e p r o c e s s g o in g
on i n and th r o u g h an i n s t a n c e o f a c t u a l c h i l d - d i r e c t e d l i v i n g .
(1 ) Suppose a c h i l d f a c e s a s i t u a t i o n . F i r s t o f a l l t h e r e
i s i n him t h a t w hich makes t h i s a s i t u a t i o n f o r him , and sec o n d
t h e r e i s i n t h e e n v iro n m e n t so m eth in g t h a t so s t i r s him t h a t he
i s moved t o a c t .
O nly a s t h e s e t h i n g s h a p p en t o g e t h e r d o e s a
c h i l d f a c e an a c t u a l s i t u a t i o n . . .
(2 )
F a c in g th u s an a c t u a l l i f e s i t u a t i o n , t h e se c o n d s t e p
i s t o a n a ly z e i t , p a r t l y t o s e t up o r c l a r i f y e n d s , p a r t l y t o
g e t m a t e r i a l s f o r t h e p la n n in g t h a t comes n e x t .
(3 ) The t h i r d s te p i s to make one o r more p la n s an d choose
from them , f o r d e a lin g w ith th e s i t u a t i o n . I n a d e v e lo p in g s i t u ­
a t i o n th e p la n w i l l be i n p ro c e s s o f m aking from s te p t o s t e p a s
t h e s i t u a t i o n d e v e lo p s . P la n n in g i s c l e a r l y an im a g in a tiv e and
c r e a t i v e s t e p , b u t t h e im a g in a tio n i s ch eck ed and m olded by th e
h a r d f a c t s o f th e s i t u a t i o n .
(4 ) Then comes th e s te p o f p u t t i n g th e p la n i n t o o p e r a t i o n ,
w a tc h in g m eanw hile to s e e how i t w o rk s, so t h a t i f n e e d a r i s e s
r e v i s i o n may be m ade.
(5 ) I f t h e p la n s u c c e e d s , a f i n a l s t a g e i s t h e backw ard
lo o k t o s e e w hat h a s b e e n done an d how i t m ig h t be done b e t t e r
a n o th e r tim e .
We a r e t o t h i n k o f t h e f o r e g o in g n o t so much a s s e p a r a t e
c h r o n o lo g ic a l s t e p s , th o u g h t h e y may b e s o , b u t r a t h e r l o g i c a l
p h a s e s t h a t e n t e r i n t o an y i n s t a n c e o f d e a l i n g w i th an a c t u a l
s i t u a t i o n , w h e th er i t be b u ild in g a c am p fire o r w r i t i n g a p l a y . ^
By fo llo w in g th e f u n c tio n a l m ethod, e d u c a tio n i s m aking a v a l i a n t
s ta n d t o e x p re ss i t s e l f i n th e term s o f th e new er p sy c h o lo g y w h ich ta k e s
9I b i d . , p . 218
■*"^W. H. K i l p a t r i c k , o£. c i t . , p p . 4B-50
11
i t s p ro b lem s from c u r r e n t l i f e i n t e r e s t and makes th e s e l i f e i n t e r e s t s
its
aim s
e le m e n ts
and p u r p o s e s . R e a l d i f f i c u l t i e s w i l l p r e s e n t t o t h e s tu d e n t s
o f c h a lle n g e t o cope w ith
new s i t u a t i o n s .
I n d e a lin g w ith t h e s e
d i f f i c u l t i e s c o n s t r u c t i v e l y t h e y n o t o n ly s o lv e th e c u r r e n t p ro b le m b u t
t h e y become c o n s c io u s o f t h e p ro c e d u re f o r s a t i s f a c t o r y s e l f - d i r e c t i o n
i n f a c in g o t h e r p ro b le m s .
IV .
ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
A ll problem s have b een s e t up i n th e form o f l e s s o n - p l a n s f o r th e
u s e o f b o t h t h e s t u d e n t s a n d t h e t e a c h e r a s a g u id e i n a c c u m u la tin g
in f o r m a t io n and m a t e r i a l n e c e s s a r y
t o answ er q u e s tio n s w h ich w i l l a r i s e
re la tiv e
The l e s s o n - p l a n s th e m s e lv e s c o n ta in
t o t h e p ro b le m a t h a n d .
q u e s ti o n s p e r t i n e n t t o th e problem and r e p r e s e n t a number o f t h e d e c is io n s
t o be made*
S ources a re in c lu d e d w ith each le s s o n - p la n and t h e s e s o u rc e s
a r e g iv e n t o augment th e in fo r m a tio n and m a t e r i a l w hich i s o b ta in e d from
c a r r y in g th ro u g h th e a c t i v i t i e s .
Each le s s o n - p l a n i s in te n d e d t o r e p r e ­
s e n t a good w orking s k e le to n th ro u g h w hich a s a t i s f a c t o r y s o l u t i o n o f th e
p ro b le m may be r e a c h e d .
B o th t h e c h a p t e r d i v i s i o n s and t h e i n d i v i d u a l
u n i t s th e m se lv e s a r e e x p re s s e d i n t h e f u n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y 1fhow t o " fo rm .
T h is o u t l i n e has b e e n in te n d e d f o r u s e b y s tu d e n ts o f h ig h s c h o o l,
p r e f e r a b l y j u n i o r and s e n i o r y e a r s , s i n c e i t i s b e l i e v e d t h a t a t t h a t
tim e t h e y w i l l have a p p ro x im a te ly re a c h e d l e g a l d r iv in g age and w i l l h ave
become d i r e c t l y c o n c e rn e d w i t h a u to m o tiv e p ro b le m s .
In a l l th e r e a re
f i f t y - f i v e le s s o n - p la n s p r e s e n te d h e r e , w hich s h o u ld f u r n i s h s u f f i c i e n t
w o rk in g m a t e r i a l f o r an e n t i r e s e m i s t e r c o u r s e .
T h ese d i v i s i o n s an d
p ro b le m s a r e f l e x i b l e and c a n b e a m p l i f i e d o r c o n d e n s e d i n a c c o rd a n c e
12
w ith t h e needs o f th e s t u d e n t s , th e d e c is io n o f w hich r e n a in s a t t h e d i s ­
c r e t i o n o f th e t e a c h e r , d e te rm in e d by th e w a n ts , n e e d s , and i n t e r e s t o f
th e s t u d e n t s .
S e q u e n c e h a s b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d i n t h i s s tu d y b e g in n in g w ith th e
o r i g i n a l in v e s tm e n t and p r o g r e s s in g th ro u g h t h e consum er p h a se o f b u y in g
s u p p l i e s , th ro u g h th e o p e r a tio n a l p h a se , th e in s u r a n c e , l e g a l and m echan­
i c a l p h ases.
I t i s n o t to be assum ed t h a t t h i s seq u en ce h a s p r e f e r e n c e
o v e r an y o th e r a rra n g e m e n t.
S in c e t h e r e was no gauge a v a i l a b l e t o d e t e r ­
m ine t h e i n t e n s i t y o f p r e s e n t l i f e problem s a t th e tim e t h i s o u t l i n e was
p r e p a r e d , a n a r b i t r a r y sequence f o r t h e o u tli n e was d e v is e d .
No s h u f f l e
o r re a rra n g e m e n t w ould d e s t r o y an y v a lu e o f i t .
The e le v e n th c h a p te r i s e n t i t l e d " B o o k s h e lf."
T h is c h a p te r i s a
s e l e c t e d b ib lio g r a p h y w hich i s in te n d e d f o r u s e th ro u g h o u t th e c o u rs e o f
s tu d y .
B ecau se o f th e
c o n c is e n e s s o f th e
" B o o k s h e lf " i t s h o u ld n o t
b e d i f f i c u l t "to o b t a i n t h e s e b o o k s a s a r e s e r v e s e c t i o n f o r c o n s ta n t
re fe re n c e .
CHAPTER
II
THE PROCEDURE
At t h e o u t s e t o f t h i s s tu d y an e f f o r t was made t o d e te r m in e , as
n e a r l y a s p o s s i b l e , t h e a c t u a l an d e v e r y d a y l i f e
e n c o u n te r e d b y d r i v e r s o f a u t o m o b i l e s .
p ro b le m s w h ich a r e
M ost o f t h e p ro b le m s i n t h i s
o u t l i n e w e re t a k e n fro m d i s c u s s i o n s w i t h a d u l t s .
Even th o u g h a d u l t
p ro b le m s w e re u s e d , t h e a s s u m p tio n w as t h a t a u to m o tiv e p ro b lem s a r e
a u to m o tiv e p ro b le m s w h e th e r e x p e r ie n c e d b y a d u l t s o r young p e o p le o f
s e n io r h i g h s c h o o l a g e .
g r a n te d a d r i v e r * s
L e g a lly i t i s
assu m ed t h a t when a p e r s o n i s
l i c e n s e t h a t p e r s o n , even i f n o t o f l e g a l a g e , s t i l l
h a s th e same a b i l i t y and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y to o p e r a te an a u to m o b ile a s any
o t h e r p e r s o n s h o u ld h a v e .
S o , c a r r y i n g t h i s f u r t h e r , i t was assum ed
t h a t a s a d r i v e r , th e young p e rs o n w ould have much th e same d i f f i c u l t i e s
as w ould an o ld e r p e rs o n .
The p e o p le who w ere i n te r v ie w e d w ere p ic k e d , f o r th e m o st p a r t ,
from o f f i c e w orkers who own a u to m o b ile s and who d r iv e them a g r e a t d e a l .
They w ere a s k e d j u s t w hat p r o b le m s , b o th o p e r a t i o n a l an d m e c h a n ic a l,
th e y had e x p e r i e n c e d and w e re e x p e r i e n c i n g w i t h t h e i r c a r s .
I n some in s ta n c e s ''C raw fo rd s l i p s " w ere l e f t w ith t h e s e p e o p le to
f i l l i n a t t h e i r l e i s u r e an d i n o t h e r i n s t a n c e s d i s c u s s i o n s w ere h e ld
w ith t h e p e r s o n s .
I n t h e l a t t e r c a s e d i r e c t q u e s t i o n s , ta k e n from a
h y p o t h e t i c a l o u t l i n e , w ere a sk e d i n a l l th e v a rio u s p h a se s o f t h e p ro b le m
f i e l d , su ch a s , " I f you w ere g o in g t o buy a c a r tom orrow , w h at w ould you
w ant t o know how t o d o ?"
When t h e s e d i r e c t q u e s t i o n s w ere a n sw ered
"How t o ’s " w e re w r i t t e n on C ra w fo rd s l i p s b y t h e w r i t e r .
I n a few
14
i n s t a n c e s t h e p ro b le m s w ere l i t e r a l l y made u p .
H ow ever, i n a l l c a s e s ,
i t was th e s in c e r e e f f o r t t o e s t a b l i s h th e m ost d i f f i c u l t an d p re d o m in a n t
p ro b le m s e x i s t i n g i n th e d r i v e r ’s m ind.
A p p ro x im ately f i f t y p e o p le w ere
c o n ta c te d and a p p r o x im a te ly f i v e h u n d re d s l i p s w ere c o l l e c t e d .
II.
ORGANIZATION OF MATERIAL
A f t e r t h e s l i p s w ere c o l l e c t e d an d a c c u m u la te d th e n e x t s t e p was
s e g re g a tio n .
At th e o u ts e t th e h y p o th e tic a l o u t l i n e was u s e d as a g u id e
f o r t h i s s e g r e g a tio n .
c o n c lu s iv e o u t l i n e .
N e c e ssa ry r e v i s i o n was th e n made t o b u i l d a m ore
The m a jo r d i v i s i o n s w ere s e t up t o in c lu d e th o s e
s e c t i o n s w hich seemed t o be th e m ost l o g i c a l and o p p o rtu n e f o r th e m ost
p r e s s i n g p ro b le m s .
M ost o f t h e i n f o r m a t i o n a l q u e s t i o n s and q u e s ti o n s
on t h e a c t u a l m e c h a n ic a l w orkings o f th e m a ch in ery i t s e l f w ere d is c a r d e d
a t t h i s tim e .
These q u e s tio n s w ere more o r l e s s s c a t t e r e d and u n o rg a n iz e d
and r e p r e s e n t e d no c o n c r e te d e l i n e a t i o n o f p ro b le m s f o r th e p u rp o s e o f
t h is o u tlin e .
"When, a t a f u t u r e tim e , in f o r m a tio n has b e en s u f f i c i e n t l y
d is s e m in a te d and p e o p le a re n o t n e a r l y so t o t a l l y unaw are o f t h e w o rk in g s
o f th e m a ch in e, and t h e r e a r e s u f f i c i e n t p r e s s in g n e e d s , t h e s e p ro b lem s
can be s e t u p on a f u n c t i o n a l b a s i s a s a v a l u a b l e c o n t r i b u t i o n t o t h e
f i e l d o f r e v is e d c u rric u lu m .
However, a t th e p r e s e n t tim e t h e y s u g g e s te d
th e m s e lv e s as more o r l e s s in f o r m a t io n a l i n c h a r a c t e r , m ore o f " w h a t’s ”
and " w h y 's " t h a n "how t o ' s " .
Hence f o r t h e s a k e o f c o n c is e n e s s th e y
w ere e x c lu d e d a t t h i s t i m e .
A f t e r t h e m a jo r d i v i s i o n o u t l i n e was r e c o n s t r u c t e d , t h e s l i p s
w ere r e c l a s s i f i e d , d u p lic a te s and problem s o f r e l a t i v e l y l i t t l e
s ig n ifi­
can ce w ere d i s c a r d e d , l i s t s w ere made up fro m t h e s l i p s a s s e g r e g a te d
15
a n d .l e s s o n p la n s b u i l t on e a c h p ro b le m .
III.
TECHNIQUE OF THE LESSON PLANS
A ll th e le s s o n - p la n s h ave b e en s e t up on t h e f u n c t i o n a l "how t o "
b a s is .
T h is m eans i n e f f e c t t h a t i t
p ro b le m s i n a c t i o n form .
i s th e in te n t to p r e s e n t a l l th e
The q u e s tio n s a r e o rg a n iz e d so t h a t t h e y w i l l
b r i n g o u t t h e v a r io u s p h a s e s o f t h e s i t u a t i o n and le a v e t h e o b l i g a t i o n
upon t h e s t u d e n t t o make h i s i n v e s t i g a t i o n and d e d u ce f o r h im s e lf th e
b e s t p r o c e d u r e t o f o ll o w i n th e p a r t i c u l a r i n s t a n c e .
T hese d e c is io n s
a r e n o t t o b e c o n s id e r e d s t a t i c b u t r e p r e s e n t th e b e s t p o s s i b l e r e s u l t
from t h e a c c u m u la tio n o f th e in f o r m a t io n a t h a n d .
a b e tte r s o lu tio n i s
I f , a t a l a t e r tim e ,
fo u n d i t w i l l b e an o u tg r o w th o f th e p r e v io u s
i n v e s t i g a t i o n c o u p le d w ith ad v an ced in f o r m a tio n and k n o w led g e.
In th is
way i t i s hoped t h a t a c t i o n p a t t e r n s ~vn.ll be form ed b y t h e s t u d e n t him­
s e lf.
He w i l l b e i n a b e t t e r p o s i t i o n t o make d e c i s i o n s l a t e r on i n
l i f e t h a t w i l l be t o h i s a d v a n ta g e .
The i n t e n t o f t h e f u n c t i o n a l m ethod
o f le s s o n - p l a n s i s n o t t o e s t a b l i s h i r o n c la d and u n c h a n g e a b le s o l u t i o n s
r e l a t e d t o some f u t u r e d a t e , b u t s o lv in g p r e s e n t p ro b le m s t o h e lp th e
s tu d e n t e s t a b l i s h b e h a v io r p a t t e r n s w h ich w i l l s e r v e him a l l th r o u g h
life .
The a c t i v i t i e s a r e l i s t e d t o b r i n g o u t , f o r p a r t i c i p a t i o n and
o b s e rv a tio n ,
as
m any o f t h e p h a s e s o f t h e p ro b le m a s p o s s i b l e .
By
a c t u a l l y becom ing p a r t o f t h e p roblem th e s tu d e n t w i l l f i r s t " d o ," t h e n
"k n o w ,11 and th e n " t h i n k ."
The s o u rc e s have b e e n l i s t e d a c c o r d in g t o t h e a u t h o r rs name and
p a g e number o f th e book.
A ll r e f e r e n c e s u s e d i n th e " B o o k sh e lf" s e c t i o n
16
o f t h e l e s s o n - p l a n s w i l l be fo u n d i n th e s e c t i o n o f t h i s s tu d y b y t h a t
name.
T hese r e f e r e n c e s r e p r e s e n t a s e l e c t e d l i s t w h ic h w i l l a i d th e
s tu d e n t i n h i s s o l u t i o n o f th e problem a t hand.
These may be augm ented
f r e e l y by e i t h e r th e te a c h e r o r th e s tu d e n t h im s e lf .
CHAPTER I I I
HOW TO BUY A CAR
The au to m o b ile has become a v e ry im p o rta n t m echanism i n o u r scheme
of life .
I t o f f e r s many t h i n g s i n t h e r o u t i n e b u s in e s s o f l i v i n g fro m
t h e lu x u r y o f s i g h t s e e i n g t o t h e n e c e s s a r y t r a n s p o r t a t i o n t o and i n o u r
■o c c u p a tio n s .
T here a r e many t h in g s t o c o n s id e r i n th e b u s in e s s o f b u y in g a c a r.
One o f t h e m ost im p o rta n t i s th e u s e we h a v e , i n o u r p a r t i c u l a r i n s t a n c e ,
f o r t h e a u to m o b ile .
S e l e c t i o n s h o u ld b e g u id e d b y t h e r e s u l t s w h ich
th e d r iv e r hopes to o b ta in r a t h e r th a n in flu e n c e d e i t h e r by s e ll in g ,
s h in y a p p e a r a n c e , o r a ’’good b u y . ”
A ’’g ood b u y " i s n e v e r a good buy
u n l e s s th e a r t i c l e p u rc h a se d f u l f i l l s th e n eed th e p u rc h a s e r h a s f o r i t .
Then, t o o , t h e r e a r e such f a c t o r s as e a se o f o p e r a tio n and economy
o f m a in te n a n c e to be c o n s id e re d .
The new c a r m a n u fa c tu re rs o f to d a y a r e
m ore c o n c e rn e d , i t seem s, w ith p ro d u c in g c a r s w hich have d r i v i n g c o m fo rt
and eye a p p e a l th a n g iv in g any p a r t i c u l a r em phasis t o ad vanced e n g in e e r in g
p r i n c i p l e s w hich w ould enhance t h e economy and s a f e t y f a c t o r s .
T h is i s
n o t in te n d e d t o be a c o n d em n a tio n o f new c a r m a n u f a c tu r e r s ; i t i s more
j u s t t o condem n t h e b u y in g an d u s i n g p u b l i c .
I t i s t h e p u b lic w hich
buys th e c a r s and s in c e th e m a n u f a c tu r e r s a r e i n a p r o f i t b u s in e s s and
s e l l i n g t o th e t r a d e , i t i s , o f c o u rs e , n e c e s s a ry t h a t th e y g iv e t o t h a t
t r a d e th e k in d o f a r t i c l e w hich i t dem ands.
I t a p p e a rs t o be t r u e t h a t
p e o p le as a w hole r e s i s t c h an g e w h ich a f f e c t s t h e i r l i v e s an d h a b i t s .
S o , i t may j u s t as w e ll be t h a t t h e p u b l i c ’ s l e t h a r g y i s th e r e a s o n why
many im p ro v em en ts a r e n o t in c l u d e d i n th e new c a r s a s w e l l as t h e f a c t
t h a t su ch im provem ents m ig h t a t tim e s c u t i n on some e s t a b l i s h e d i n d u s t r y .
T h is i s a d e f i n i t e c h a ll e n g e t o th e m o to r in g p u b l i c .
The e n li g h t e n e d
d r i v e r s h o u ld make i t h i s b u s in e s s t o f i n d o u t f o r h im s e lf th e im p ro v e ­
m en ts w hich he t h i n k s c o u ld b e made t o h i s a d v a n ta g e an d demand t h a t
h i s w a n ts b e s a t i s f i e d .
When t h e p e o p l e s p e a k t h e y s h a l l be h e a r d .
E s s e n t i a l l y i t s h o u ld be rem em bered t h a t i t i s n o t w is e t o a llo w
o n e s e lf
to
b e i n f l u e n c e d b y some f a c t o r s
a t th e expense o f o th e rs .
C o n s id e r w e l l t h e n e e d s w h ic h you h a v e f o r t h e c a r y o u w ish t o bu y ;
c o n s id e r w e ll th e a u to m o b ile s on th e m ark et w hich w i l l b e s t f u l f i l l y o u r
n e e d s ; c o n s i d e r w e l l t h e d e a l e r o r p e r s o n from whom you b u y ; and a ls o
c o n s id e r w e ll how you p ro p o s e t o p a y f o r t h i s p l a y t h i n g o r t o o l a s th e
c a s e may b e .
The a u to m o b ile i s u s u a l l y a r a t h e r e x p e n s iv e m echanism
and n e e d s th e th o u g h t o f a l l f o u r o f t h e . ab o v e " c o n s i d e r w e l l f s . "
19
HOW TO SELECT THE BEST KIND OF CAR FOR YOU TO BUY
ACTIVITIES:
1.
L i s t th e u s e d you h av e f o r a c a r .
2.
W r ite a b r i e f s t a t e m e n t o f t h e k in d
you s h o u ld b u y an d g iv e t h e r e a s b n s
R ead t h i s s ta t e m e n t t o t h e c l a s s and
d e te r m in e i f t h e y t h i n k t h e r e a s o n s
y o u r c h o ic e .
3.
I f t h e c a r you b e l i e v e w i l l b e s t s e r v e y o u r p u rp o s e s
i s a new c a r , b r in g p am p h lets t o c l a s s o f th e c a r s w i t h i n
th e p r i c e ra n g e you have c h o se n . A nalyze th e s e new c a r s
v e r b a l l y b e f o r e t h e s t u d e n t s v o te a s t o t h e i r c h o ic e .
4.
o f c a r you t h i n k
f o r t h i s c h o ic e .
l e t th e s tu d e n ts
you gave j u s t i f y
I f th e c a r you b e l i e v e w i l l b e s t s e r v e y o u r p u rp o s e s i s
a u s e d c a r , v i s i t a u s e d c a r d e a l e r , g iv e him y o u r s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s and a sk him t o make a l i s t o f u s e d c a r s w h ic h
he b e lie v e s w i l l b e s t s e rv e you. A nalyze th e s e c a r s and
p r ic e s b e f o r e th e c l a s s and ta k e th e v o te o f th e s tu d e n t s
a s t o t h e i r c h o ic e o f t h e s e c a r s .
5* Show th e r e l a t i o n s h i p b etw een co n sp icu o u s d i s p l a y , s t y l e ,
econom y o f o p e r a t i o n , an d s a f e t y , i n r e l a t i o n t o f o u r
d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f c a r s on t h e m a r k e t.
QUESTIONS:
1.
How w ould you go a b o u t d e te r m in in g y o u r n e e d s and u s e d
f o r a c a r?
2.
How i s t h e b e s t way t o ju d g e t h e m e c h a n ic a l f e a t u r e s
o f t h e c a r you p ro p o s e t o b u y ? Economy o f o p e r a t io n ?
S a f e t y and s p e c i a l f e a t u r e s ? ■
3.
How w o u ld y o u go a b o u t d e t e r m i n i n g w h e th e r o r n o t a
p a r t i c u l a r c a r w ould f u l f i l l th e re q u ire m e n ts you h av e?
4*
W hat c o n s i d e r a t i o n s h o u ld e x t r a d e v ic e s r e c e i v e when
you a r e c o n s i d e r i n g t h e p u r c h a s e o f a n a u to m o b ile ?
5.
What a r e t h e e f f e c t s o f c o m p e titio n among c a r m an u fac­
t u r e r s u p o n t h e c o n su m e r fro m t h e b u y e r ’s p o i n t o f
v ie w ?
BOOKSHELF:
P alm er— 6 - 1 5 , 4 6 -6 5
20
HOW TO BUY A NEW CAR
ACTIVITIES:
1.
L i s t y o u r p a r t i c u l a r n e e d s f o r a new c a r an d g iv e c o r r e ­
s p o n d in g l i s t o f d e v i c e s on new c a r s w h ic h w o u ld f u l f i l l
your needs.
2.
B rin g t o c l a s s a d v e r t i s i n g p a m p h le ts p r i n t e d an d d i s t r i b u t e d
by new c a r d e a l e r s . A nalyze th e s e p am p h lets f o r c o n te n ts and
p re s e n ta tio n .
3.
G ive an im prom ptu s k i t o f a c o n v e r s a tio n h a v in g one s tu d e n t
b e th e p r o s p e c tiv e cu sto m er and a n o th e r s tu d e n t th e c a r s a l e s ­
man.
4.
Ask a n o ld e r p e rs o n to g iv e you some p o i n t s o f a d v a n ta g e and
d is a d v a n ta g e on k in d s o f new c a r s . L i s t th e s e and in c lu d e a
b r i e f p h r a s e a s t o why th e o l d e r p e rs o n t h i n k s t h e s e p o i n t s
a r e a d v a n ta g e s o r d is a d v a n ta g e s .
5.
V i s i t a new c a r showroom an d t a l k to t h e s a le s m a n . Ask him
i f he w i l l p l e a s e g iv e you p o i n t s t h a t he w o u ld e x p la i n t o
you i f you w ere a p r o s p e c tiv e c u sto m e r. O u tlin e t h e s e c a r e ­
f u l l y and p r e s e n t to th e c l a s s . In c lu d e y o u r own re m a rk s a s
t o why you, w ere im p re s s e d o r n o t im p re s s e d .
6.
D ebate th e p r o p o s i t i o n . Power v s . D u r a b i l i t y .
7.
Make a l i s t o f th e m a jo r ro a d t e s t s you s h o u ld g iv e a new c a r
and e x p l a i n why e a c h i s e s s e n t i a l .
QUESTIONS:
1.
What i s th e m ost e s s e n t i a l th i n g f o r you p e r s o n a l l y t o con­
s i d e r i n b u y in g a new c a r?
2.
W hat p r o p o r t i o n o f c o n s i d e r a t i o n s h o u ld " lo o k s ” have t o th e
m e c h a n ic a l o p e r a t i o n o f th e a u to m o b ile ? .
3.
To w hat e x te n t s h o u ld you a llo w y o u r s e l f t o be i n f l u e n c e d b y
t h e o p in io n o f o t h e r p e o p le ? F o r ex am p le:
"Mr. Jo n e s s a i d
h e * s h ad n o th in g b u t t r o u b l e w ith h i s ________.____ . ”
4.
How s h o u ld you i n v e s t i g a t e th e c la im s o f a d e a le r f o r a p a r t i c ­
u l a r new c a r?
5.
How w ould you go a b o u t g u a r a n te e in g f o r y o u r s e l f minimum ex ­
p e n s e and maximum p l e a s u r e i n y o u r c h o ic e o f a new c a r?
6.
As a p r o s p e c t i v e new c a r b u y e r w h at c h o ic e s do you have i n
r e l a t i o n t o y o u r p u rc h a s e ?
BOOKSHELF:
P a lm e r— 6 6 -8 4
21
HOW TO BUY A USED GAR
ACTIVITIES:
1.
V i s i t tw o o r m ore u s e d c a r l o t s an d make n o te s o f t h e " b e s t
b u y 11 f o r t h e d a y .
R ead t h e s e t o th e c l a s s .
S t a t e why you
b e l i e v e t h a t t h e c a r s a r e " b e s t b u y s " o r why th e y a r e n o t*
2.
Make a d o u b le l i s t
b u y in g a u s e d c a r .
3.
Make a l i s t o f some o f t h e ways a u s e d c a r d e a l e r c a n i n s p i r e
f a l s e c o n fid e n c e i n th e p r o s p e c tiv e b u y e r.
4.
L i s t e n t o t h e u s e d c a r a d v e r t i s e r s o v e r t h e r a d i o . Take down
t h e i r d e s c r i p t i o n s o f t h e i r " s p e c i a l s " th e n v i s i t t h e l o t and
lo o k a t th e s e c a r s . E s t a b l i s h t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p i n s o f a r as you
can d e te rm in e i t * b e tw ee n t h e d e s c r i p t i o n and th e a r t i c l e f o r
s a le ,
5.
I n v i t e a m e c h a n ic to s p e a k t o th e c l a s s . Ask him t o s t r e s s
p a r t i c u l a r l y some o f th e u n e t h i c a l p r a c t i c e s som etim es u s e d b y
u n s c ru p u lo u s u s e d c a r d e a l e r s .
6.
I n u s e d c a r b u y in g d e b h te t h e q u e s t i o n , M e c h a n ic a l C o n d itio n
v s . E x t e r n a l A p p e a ra n c e .
7.
Make a l i s t o f s p e c i a l r o a d t e s t s w h ic h s h o u ld b e g iv e n t o
u s e d c a r s a n d t e l l t h e v a lu e o f e a c h .
o f t h e a d v a n ta g e s a n d d is a d v a n t a g e s o f
QUESTIONS:
1.
How s h o u l d you i n v e s t i g a t e t h e r e p u t a t i o n o f t h e u s e d c a r
d e a l e r ? To w hat e x t e n t s h o u ld you i n v e s t i g a t e h i s d e a lin g s
w ith o t h e r p e o p le ?
2.
What a r e some o f t h e t r i c k s p u ll e d on p e o p le b u y in g u s e d c a r s ?
3.
To w hat e x t e n t i s i t n e c e s s a r y t o ' o b t a i n o u t s i d e a d v ic e when
i n t e n d i n g t o b u y a u s e d c a r ? What a r e some o f t h e p ro b lem s
w h ic h you w o uld w an t s o lv e d ?
4.
W h y .is i t
5.
How w o uld you u s e a u s e d c a r d e a l e r ’ s g u a r a n t e e so t h a t you
w ould g e t t h e m o st b e n e f i t fro m i t ? . .
6.
How w ould you p e r s o n a l l y i n s p e c t a c a r w hich you th o u g h t you
m ig h t buy?
7.
Can y o u , and how w ou ld y o u , j u s t i f y th e e x p e n s e o f h a v in g a
good in d e p e n d e n t m e c h a n ic g iv e t h e c a r t e s t s f o r you?
a good t h i n g to g e t a d e a l e r f s w r i t t e n , g u a ra n te e ?
BOOKSHELF:
P a lm e r— 8 3 -1 0 0
22
HOW TO SELECT THE PLACE TO BUY
ACTIVITIES:
1.
P ic k o u t two o r more d e a l e r s , e i t h e r new o r u s e d c a r d e a l e r s ,
who a r e h e a v y a d v e r t i s e r s . Make a l i s t o f t h e i r n ew sp ap er
a d v e r t i s i n g , r a d io a d v e r t i s i n g , p a m p h le ts, and an y o t h e r you
can f i n d . Then g e t t h r e e o u ts id e o p in io n s on e a c h o f t h e s e
d e a l e r s . A nalyze a l l t h i s in f o r m a tio n . W rite up a s ta te m e n t
o f y o u r c h o ic e o f d e a le r and t e l l w hat r e l a t i o n t h e i r a d v e r­
t i s i n g program had t o y o u r c h o ic e .
2.
Check t h e g u a r a n te e s o f f e r e d b y two o r m ore d e a l e r s .
o u t i f t h e s e g u a r a n te e s w ould be p u t i n t o w r i t i n g .
3.
Make a l i s t o f t h e th in g s you w ould lo o k f o r and th e th i n g s
you w ould r e q u i r e o f a d e a l e r b e f o r e you w ould p u rc h a s e fro m
him .
4.
T e l l t h e c l a s s o f some e x p e r ie n c e e i t h e r good o r b ad w h ich
h ap p en ed t o a b u y e r o f an a u to m o b ile fro m a d e a l e r .
5.
D e b a te t h e q u e s t i o n , f,A d e a l e r i s a s g o o d a s th e f in a n c e
com pany b e h in d h i m . ”
F in d
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w h a t. e x t e n t s h o u ld t h e d e a l e r ’ s r e p u t a t i o n a f i e c t y o u r
d e a l i n g w ith him? To w hat e x t e n t s h o u ld th e g u a r a n te e he
o f f e r s a f f e c t your d e a lin g w ith him? To w hat e x t e n t s h o u ld
th e t r a d e - i n v a lu e he o f f e r s a f f e c t y o u r d e a lin g w ith him?
To w hat e x te n t sh o u ld h i s g u a ra n te e a f f e c t y o u r d e a li n g w ith
him?
2.
What i s th e v a lu e o f a d v e r t i s i n g to th e consum er?
way s h o u ld i t a f f e c t y o u r s e l e c t i o n ?
3.
W hat a r e t h e b e s t w ays to d e te r m in e w h e th e r o r n o t a c a r
d e a le r is r e lia b le ?
How w o u ld you go a b o u t e s t a b l i s h i n g
f o r y o u r own in f o r m a t i o n h i s h o n e s ty , h i s r e l i a b i l i t y , an d
h i s s i n c e r i t y i n d e a l i n g w ith t h e b u y in g p u b lic ?
4.
To w h a t e x t e n t s h o u l d o p i n i o n s o f f r i e n d s a n d n e ig h b o rs
i n f l u e n c e you i n y o u r d e c i s i o n ?
5.
W hat a r e t h e a d v a n ta g e s o f know ing -who t h e p r e v io u s ow ner
was o f th e c a r you e x p e c t t o b uy?
BOOKSHELF:
Palm er— 1 0 0 -1 2 0
I n w hat
23
HOW TO USE MARKET TREND INFORMATION BEFORE YOU BUY
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f th e f l u c t u a t i o n s up o r down i n th e p r i c e s
o f a u to m o b ile s f o r th e p a s t s i x m onths.
2.
Make l i s t o f th e re a s o n s w hich cau sed th e s e p r i c e s t o
flu c tu a te .
3.
B rin g a copy o f th e f i n a n c i a l page t o s c h o o l. R ead t o
th e c l a s s t h e a r t i c l e s a b o u t p r i c e c h a n g e s an d p r i c e
c o n tro l.
4.
Get a copy o f th e A utom obile B u y e rs 1 G uide f o r t h i s y e a r
and l a s t y e a r . Compare th e p r ic e s o f two o r more m o d els
f o r th e two y e a r s .
5.
I f t h e r e i s any d if f e r e n c e i n p r i c e betw een t h e tw o > g iv e
th e r e a s o n s why you t h i n k t h i s s h o u ld h av e h a p p e n e d .
QUESTIONS:
1.
How w ould you go a b o u t d e te r m in in g w h at t h e t r e n d o f
p r i c e s a c t u a l l y was a t a n y one tim e ?
2.
To w hat e x te n t do n a t i o n a l and i n t e r n a t i o n a l e m e rg e n c ie s
a f f e c t th e p r i c e tr e n d ?
3.
I f you w ere a law m aker w hat s id e w ould you ta k e on t h e
q u e s ti o n o f p r i c e c o n t r o l and g iv e y o u r re a s o n s ?
4.
How w ould you go a b o u t g e t t i n g r e l i a b l e in f o r m a t io n on
th e p r i c e s i t u a t i o n a t th e tim e you w ish ed t o b u y a c a r ?
5-
To w hat e x t e n t w ould y o u r i n f o r m a t io n r e l a t i v e t o t h e
p o s s ib le p r i c e m a rk e t in f l u e n c e th e way you m ig h t f in a n c e
your c a r?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
INTERVIEW:
M anager o f y o u r l o c a l bank.
O f f i c e r o f th e s to c k ex ch an g e.
O f f i c e r o f a lo a n c o r p o r a tio n .
24
HOW TO CHECK A SALES CONTRACT WHEN YOU BUY A CAR
ACTIVITIES:
1.
B rin g c o p ie s o f s a l e s c o n t r a c t s from, tw o o r m ore d e a l e r s
t o c l a s s . Compare t h e tw o c o n t r a c t s f o r l i k e n e s s e s and
d iffe re n c e s .
2.
I n v i t e a sale sm an o r a c a r d e a le r t o come t o y o u r c l a s s and
e x p la in a s a l e s c o n t r a c t , how i t i s made o u t, w hat i t m ean s.
3* Make a l i s t o f a l l t h e im p o r ta n t ite m s w h ic h s h o u ld be
checked c a r e f u l l y b e fo re s ig n in g a s a le s c o n tr a c t.
4.
I f you know o f an e x p e rie n c e where someone was in v o lv e d i n
an u n f o r tu n a te s i t u a t i o n b e ca u se o f n o t c a r e f u l l y c h e c k in g
a s a l e s c o n tr a c t * t e l l i t to th e c l a s s .
5.
E x p la in how f in a r ic in g w orks i n r e l a t i o n t o t h e d e a l e r ,
t h e f i n a n c i n g com pany, th e b u y e r .
6.
Show how " p a c k in g ” c a n b e a c c o m p lis h e d i n m ak in g up a
s a le s c o n tra c t.
QUESTIONS:
1.
W hat a r e th e m o st e s s e n t i a l e le m e n ts t o b e c o n s id e r e d
b e fo re s ig n in g a s a le s c o n tra c t?
2.
To w hat e x t e n t s h o u ld th e o r a l o r w r i t t e n g u a r a n te e f o r
c a re and s e r v ic in g in f lu e n c e y o u r s ig n in g a s a l e s c o n t r a c t ?
3.
How w ould you go ab o u t d e te rm in in g w h e th e r o r n o t a l l t h e
p r o v is io n s w hich you r e q u ir e d t o make t h e d e a l a r e c l e a r l y
r e p r e s e n te d i n th e s a l e s c o n tr a c t?
4.
When s h o u ld you c o n s u l t c o u n s e l i n r e l a t i o n t o a s a l e s
c o n t r a c t , i f e v e r ? I f n o t , why n o t?
5.
How d o es t h e a c t u a l i n t e r e s t r a t e d i f f e r fro m a p p a r e n t
i n te r e s t ra te ?
6.
I n w hat w ay c a n a b u y e r p r o t e c t h i m s e l f fro m f r a u d i n
fin a n c in g ?
BOOKSHELF:
P alm er— 1 0 1 -1 1 1
25
HOW TO FINANCE YOUR CAR
ACTIVITIES:
1.
G et l i t e r a t u r e on tw o o r m ore f i n a n c e p l a n s .
Compare
t h e s e p l a n s and p r e s e n t y o u r f i n d i n g s t o t h e c l a s s .
2.
L i s t t h e a d v a n ta g e s o f th e p l a n w h ic h you t h i n k i s th e
m o st s o u n d .
3.
F ig u r e o u t th e a c t u a l money p a i d i n i n t e r e s t , c a r r y in g
c h a r g e s , and o t h e r ite m s w h ic h w ould be p a i d u n d e r two
o r m ore f i n a n c e p l a n s .
4.
Make a l i s t o f t h e ways w h ic h have b e en em ployed to g e t
a ro u n d th e u s u r y la w .
5-
Show t h e a d v a n ta g e s an d d is a d v a n ta g e s o f f i n a n c i n g w ith
( l ) a r e g u l a r a u t o f i n a n c i n g co m p an y , ( 2 ) a n o u t s i d e
fin a n c in g agency.
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w h a t e x t e n t s h o u ld th e i n t e r e s t r a t e d e te rm in e y o u r
c h o ic e o f f i n a n c e p la n s ?
2.
Why sh o u ld you i n v e s t i g a t e f in a n c e p la n s b e fo re a c c e p tin g
j u s t any p la n w hich i s handed to you?
3.
What a re th e ways you can u se to d e te rm in e w h e th e r o r n o t
you w i l l b e p a y in g a n u n r e a s o n a b le am ount o f i n t e r e s t ?
4.
How c a n you c h e c k t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s t a t e m e n t s t o th e
e f f e c t t h a t you w i l l b e p a y in g j u s t a s t a t e d am ount o f
in te re s t?
5.
What p e rc e n ta g e o f your income sh o u ld b e u s e d f o r c a r p ay ­
m ents? How d id you a r r i v e a t t h i s c o n c lu s io n ?
6.
What a r e th e a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s o f a lo n g t e r n
c o n t r a c t a s com pared w ith a s h o r t te rm c o n t r a c t ?
7-
W hat p a r t does i n s u r a n c e p l a y i n th e f in a n c in g o f y o u r
a u to m o b ile ?
BOOKSHELF:
Palme r — 1 0 1 -1 1 1
CHAPTER IV
HOW TO BUY AND USE SUPPLIES
How o f t e n h av e you h e a r d some p e r s o n s a y , j o k i n g l y , o f c o u r s e ,
" I t ' s n o t t h e o r i g i n a l c o s t b u t t h e u p k e e p w h ic h g e t s m e."
I t goes
w ith o u t s a y in g t h a t t o make t h e a u to m o b ile you have purchased^, g o , r u n ,
o r i n o th e rw a y s s e r v e y o u , you m u s t h a v e s u p p l i e s .
H ow ever, a p o i n t
n o t so o b v io u s , i s t h e f a c t t h a t good s u p p l i e s may do much to p ro m o te
y o u r s a f e t y and c o m fo rt, an d c u t down y o u r r e p a i r b i l l s .
Bad s u p p l i e s
can do much t o harm b o th y o u r s e l f a n d y o u r a u to m o b ile i n ways from a
h ig h c a u s t i c g a s o l i n e r u s t i n g o u t y o u r g a s t a n k a n d / o r th e c o p p e r and
chrome p a r t s o f y o u r a u to m o b ile to a d e f e c t i v e t i r e b lo w in g o u t on th e
o pen ro a d p u t t i n g y o u r l i f e i n je o p a r d y .
P r a c t i c a l l y a l l s u p p l i e s w h ich a r e p u rc h a s e d f o r an a u to m o b ile ,
o t h e r t h a n p a r t s , a r e m a n u fa c tu re d and p ro d u c e d i n t h i s
d u s t r i e s com peting f o r y o u r f a v o r s .
c o u n tr y b y i n ­
Many means a re u s e d , fro m c a r e f u l l y
w orded g u a r a n te e s t o h i g h l y i n t r i g u i n g a d v e r t i s i n g p ro g ra m s .
However.^,
t h e e s s e n t i a l f a c t o r and t h e one w hich s h o u ld i n f l u e n c e y o u , th e con­
su m er, i s t h e v a lu e o f t h e p r o d u c t .
I t i s o f t e n a t r i c k y b u s in e s s to
make y o u r own d e c i s i o n s i n m a t t e r s u p o n w h ich you a r e n o t th o r o u g h ly
in fo r m e d ,
b u t t h i s m a t t e r o f b u y in g s u p p l i e s a f f e c t s
n o t o n ly y o u r
p o c k e tb o o k b u t a ls o y o u r s a f e t y i t s e l f , so i t w ould be tim e w e ll s p e n t
f o r you t o f a m i l i a r i z e y o u r s e l f w it h some o f t h e e s s e n t i a l s i n b u y in g
s u p p l i e s so t h a t you w i l l be b e t t e r p r e p a r e d to g iv e b o th y o u r s e l f and
y o u r a u to m o b ile a w e ll d e s e rv e d " b r e a k . ”
27
HOW TO BUY AMD SAVE GASOLINE
ACTIVITIES:
1.
G e t a s much i n f o r m a t i o n a s y o u c a n a c c u m u la te on t h e
r e l a t i v e m ile a g e c la im s f o r v a r i o u s k in d s o f g a s o l i n e .
Compare t h e s e a n d v e r i f y th e c la im s i f p o s s i b l e .
2.
Make a l i s t o f r e a s o n s g iv e n i n o i l c o m p a n ie s ’ a d v e r t i s ­
in g f o r th e u s e o f t h e d i f f e r e n t s t r u c t u r e s o f g a s o l i n e .
3.
A n aly ze th e c la im s made b y o i l com panies i n t h e i r a d v e r­
tis in g .
G et a r e f i n e r t o e x p l a i n t o you t h e m ean in g o f
t h e v a r i o u s c la im s an d how you c a n v e r i f y th e m .
4*
V i s i t a r e f i n e r y and w itn e s s t h e m a n u fa c tu r e o f g a s o l i n e
and r e f i n e d p r o d u c t s .
5.
O b ta in c o m p arativ e t e s t s on th e v a rio u s b ra n d s o f g a s o li n e s
and a s k a p e tro le u m e n g in e e r t o e x p la in t h e m eanings o f th e
t e s t s and how t o t e l l w hich g ra d e and k in d i s b e s t f o r y o u r
car.
6.
Make a c h a r t o f t h e g a s o lin e consum ption r a t e s t o t h e s p e e d
o f d r i v i n g . D e term in e t h e m o st e c o n o m ic a l d r i v i n g sp e e d
and g iv e th e r e a s o n s why l e s s g a s o l i n e i s consum ed.
7.
Make a l i s t o f " t i p s ” f o r s a v in g g a s o l i n e .
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w h a t e x t e n t d o e s t h e k i n d o f c a r you d r i v e d e te rm in e
th e k in d o f g a s o l i n e you s h o u ld u s e ?
2.
To w hat d e g re e s h o u ld you a llo w y o u r s e l f t o b e i n f l u e n c e d
b y a d v e r t i s i n g cam paigns?
3.
What a r e t h e a d v a n ta g e s o r d is a d v a n ta g e s o f k e e p in g y o u r
g a s t a n k n e a r l y f u l l a t a l l tim e s ?
4.
To w hat e x t e n t do you t h i n k i t i s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e con­
sum er t o know a b o u t t h e b a s e p ro d u c t and th e c o m p a ra tiv e
t e s t s on g a s o l i n e he b u y s?
5.
W hat do you t h i n k a r e t h e a d v a n ta g e s a n d d is a d v a n ta g e s
o f u s in g s e c o n d s t r u c t u r e g a s o l i n e s and e t h y l g a s o li n e s ?
6.
How can you d e te rm in e f o r y o u r s e l f w hich i s th e b e s t g a so ­
l i n e f o r you to buy?
BOOKSHELF:
F lo h e r ty — 59-64
M ather— 86-87
How t o D riv e — 96-97
P alm er—122-144
28
HOW TO BUY AND USE MOTOR OIL
ACTIVITIES:
4.
O b ta in v i s c o s i t y in d e x c h a r t s on tw o o r m ore b ra n d s o f
m o to r o i l s .
A sk a r e f i n e r o r p e t r o l e u m e n g i n e e r t o
e x p l a i n th e s i g n i f i c a n c e o f t h e v i s c o s i t y c u r v e .
2.
V i s i t a r e f i n e r y an d o b s e r v e how m o to r o i l s a r e b le n d e d
an d com pounded. Ask th e g u id e t o e x p l a i n how m o to r o i l s
a r e m ade.
3.
I n v e s t i g a t e th e c la im s made f o r d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f f i l t e r s .
L i s t t h e a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s o f th e s e f i l t e r s and
d e c id e w h e th e r th e y r e p r e s e n t a s u b s t a n t i a l s a v in g i n th e
con su m p tio n o f m o to r o i l .
4*
A sk a m e c h a n ic t o e x p l a i n t o y o u t h e r e a s o n s why a c a r
w i l l u s e to o much o i l . How t h i s c o n d itio n can b e re m e d ie d
and w hat th e a p p ro x im a te c o s t w ould b e . L i s t t h e s e ite m s
and r e p o r t t o t h e c l a s s .
QUESTIONS:
1.
What a r e t h e r e a s o n s f o r s a y in g t h a t a m o to r o i l w ith a
h ig h v i s c o s i t y in d e x i s a b e t t e r m o to r o i l ?
2.
To w hat e x te n t s h o u ld th e w e a th e r c o n d itio n s u n d e r w h ich you
d r iv e your c a r d e te rm in e t h e k in d o f m o to r o i l you s h o u ld
u s e ? What a r e th e f a c t o r s w hich d e term in e when you s h o u ld
have th e c ra n k c a se d ra in e d and new o i l p u t in ?
3.
What a re th e a d v a n ta g e s o f t h e p ack ag ed m o to r o i l s as com­
p a re d t o th e b u lk s to r a g e o i l s from t h e c o n su m e r’ s p o i n t
o f view?
4.
What a r e t h e f a c t o r s w hich d e te rm in e th e w e ig h t o f o i l you
sh o u ld u se ?
5.
What a r e t h e d i s a d v a n t a g e s , i f a n y , i n m ix in g b ra n d s o r
w e ig h ts o f o i l s i n y o u r c r a n k c a s e ?
6.
What a r e th e e s s e n t i a l d i f f e r e n c e s b e tw ee n th e s o - c a l l e d
e a s t e r n and w e s te r n o i l s ?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 3 3 -3 7
How t o D riv e — 94 -9 5
Palm e r-—1 4 6 -1 6 8
29
HOW TO BUY AND SAVE TIRES AND TUBES
ACTIVITIES:
1.
V i s i t a t i r e m a n u fa c tu rin g p l a n t an d w atch how t i r e s and
tu b e s a r e b u i l t . Have th e g u id e e x p la in why t h e d i f f e r e n t
m a t e r i a l s a r e u s e d and j u s t how th e t i r e i s b u i l t .
2.
Make a l i s t o f some o f t h e a d v e r t i s e d s a f e t y d e v ic e s i n
tire s .
E s t a b l i s h t h e v a l i d i t y o f t h e s e c la im s .
3.
T e l l a s t o r y t o th e c la s s o f a blow o u t e x p e r ie n c e .
c au se d th e blow o u t?
4.
B r in g a s e c t i o n o f an o l d t i r e a n d t u b e i n t o c l a s s .
D iscu ss th e c o n s tr u c ti o n . Show th e a v e ra g e t i r e ' s m ain
s p o ts o f w ear and e x p la in how t o p re v e n t t h i s w e a r.
5.
O b ta in c h a r t s o r s t a t i s t i c s w hich show t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p
b etw een t i r e w ear and d r iv i n g c o n d itio n s . E x p la in t h i s t o
th e c l a s s and show how d r iv in g c o n d itio n s s h o u ld i n f l u e n c e
t h e i r c h o ic e o f t i r e s and tu b e s .
What
QUESTIONS:
1.
What a r e some o f t h e ways you d e s t r o y t h e r u b b e r i n th e
" tre a d o f y o u r t i r e s ?
2.
How can you p re v e n t i n j u r y t o t h e s id e w a lls o f y o u r t i r e s ?
3.
How i s t h e r e r e l a t i o n s h i p betw een t h e t r e a d on y o u r t i r e s
and y o u r c a r 's te n d e n c y t o s k id and s l i p ?
4.
What a r e th e a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s o f r e t r e a d i n g as
com pared t o t h e p u rc h a s e o f new t i r e s ?
5.
How w ould you go ab o u t d e te rm in in g th e b e s t b ra n d o f t i r e
and tu b e t o b u y f o r y o u r c a r ? What f a c t o r s w ould m ost
i n f l u e n c e y o u r c h o ic e ?
6.
What a r e t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s o f t h e d r i v e r o f a c a r t o
m a in ta in good s e r v ic e and lo n g l i f e from t i r e s and tu b e s ?
7.
W hat i s
8.
I f you s t r i k e a s h a r p o b j e c t w ith y o u r t i r e , i f i t lo o k s
a l l r i g h t s h o u ld you have i t i n s p e c t e d , o r j u s t le a v e i t
a lo n e ? Why i n e i t h e r c a se ?
9.
What tim e o f y e a r i s i t b e s t to b u y t i r e s and why?
th e p ro p e r i n f l a t i o n
fo r your tir e s
and why?
BOOKSHELF:
F lo h e r t y —4 7 -5 1
How t o D riv e — 85-87
M ath e r— 86
P a lm e r— 194-209
30
HOW TO BUY AND USE OTHER AUTOMOTIVE ACCESSORIES AND SUPPLIES
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a d o u b le l i s t , one o f d e v ic e s m a rk e te d to a t t r a c t
g a d g e t- lo v in g p e o p le , and a n o th e r o f a c c e s s o r i e s o f r e a l
v a lu e t o t h e d r i v e r .
2.
B r in g t o c l a s s a d v e r t i s i n g e x t o l l i n g t h e p r a i s e s o f
v a rio u s a c c e s s o r ie s .
E v a l u a t e t h e c la im s m ade.
3.
Make a l i s t o f t h e re a s o n s why you w ould buy a p a r t i c u l a r
a c c e s s o ry .
u.
E x p la in t o th e c l a s s why one ty p e o f a c c e s s o r y i s b e t t e r
t h a n a n o t h e r t y p e o f t h e sam e a c c e s s o r y .
G ive y o u r
r e a s o n s f o r t h e c h o ic e a n d y o u r p r o c e d u r e i n a r r i v i n g
a t th e c h o ic e .
QUESTIONS :
1.
What f a c t o r s s h o u ld p r i m a r i l y i n f l u e n c e y o u r p u rc h a s e o f
a c c e s s o r ie s ?
2.
What a r e t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b etw een s a f e d r i v i n g and some
a c c e s s o r i e s on m o d ern c a r s ? E x a m p le s : a d v a n ta g e and
d is a d v a n ta g e s o f r a d i o s , h e a t e r s , d e f r o s t e r s , a n t i - f r e e z e s
e tc .
3.
How can you p r o t e c t y o u r s e l f i f some a c c e s s o r ie s a r e u n ­
s a fe ?
4.
How sh o u ld you i n v e s t i g a t e t h e a d v a n ta g e s v s . d is a d v a n ta g e s
o f an a c c e s s o r y b e f o r e you buy i t ?
5.
To w hat e x te n t do some a c c e s s o r ie s p r o t e c t th e d r i v e r and
a ls o p re v e n t w ear on th e au to m o b ile?
BOOKSHELF:
P alm er— 209-22$
CHAPTER V
HOW TO DRIVE A CAR
I t h as b e e n s a i d t h a t t o be an e x p e r t d r i v e r i t i s n o t o n ly n e c ­
e s s a r y t o know t h e p r o p e r p ro c e d u re f o r h a n d lin g t h e g a d g e ts w hich w i l l
s e t th e c a r i n m o tio n , b u t a l s o i t
i s n e c e s s a r y to know so m e th in g o f
t h e m e c h a n ic a l o p e r a tio n o f y o u r a u to m o b ile .
I t h a r d ly seem s r e a s o n a b le
bub t h e r e - r e a l l y a r e p e o p le who b l i s s f u l l y d r i v e a lo n g t h e highw ay
s i t t i n g a t th e w h eel a s th e m o tiv a tin g f o r c e o f a b ig m e c h a n ic a l d e v ic e
w hich can w i t h v e r y l i t t l e
p r o v o c a t i o n becom e a m o n s te r o f d e a th and
d e s t r u c t i o n and who a r e n o t even aw are o f i t .
I f many p e o p le knew th e
pow er w hich i s g e n e r a te d u n d e r th e hood o f t h e i r c a r s th e y w ould a c t u a l l y
f e e l t h a t i t was " to o h o t to h a n d le ."
T h e re i s
s ip a te f e a r .
one red eem in g f e a t u r e .
Knowledge and f a m i l i a r i t y d i s ­
T h e r e f o r e , b y know ing th e o p e r a t i o n o f y o u r c a r you may
become a c q u a i n t e d w i t h m any f a s c i n a t i n g
a s w e l l a s u s e f u l f a c t s and
make a good and f a i t h f u l m e c h a n ic a l f r i e n d as w e l l.
I t i s b e lie v e d th a t
one o f t h e re a s o n s why women d r i v e r s have f a l l e n i n t o
as f a r as r e p u t a t i o n i s
su ch i l l r e p u t e ,
c o n c e r n e d , i n h a n d lin g an a u to m o b ile i s t h a t
th e y a r e i n many in s ta n c e s e n t i r e l y u n f a m il ia r w ith th e w o rk in g p a r t s o f
th e c a r th e y d r iv e .
Women o f t e n f r a n k l y a d m it and e v e n ta k e p r i d e i n
th e f a c t t h a t th e y know n o th in g a b o u t a c a r and v e ry o f te n u s e i t a s one
m ore in s t a n c e t o pro v e t h e i r h e lp le s s n e s s and t h e i r dependence upon men.
T h is a t t i t u d e i s b a s e d on t h e p r e m is e , o f c o u r s e , t h a t men l i k e women
t o be h e l p l e s s and dep en d en t upon them f o r a n y th in g w hich r e q u i r e s i n i t i ­
a t i v e , m e n ta l a l e r t n e s s , and m e c h a n ic a l a b i l i t y .
I t w ould b e w e ll f o r
32
t h e s e g i r l s and women to ta k e h e e d o f th e f a c t t h a t i t
t o be s e l f s u f f i c i e n t ; i t i s
i s no crim e to
a c rim e t o b e a p a r a s i t e .
I f t h e r e a r e t h o s e women who a c t u a l l y f e e l t h a t t h e p r i n c i p l e
o f th e g a s o l i n e e n g in e i s
c an become v e ry c o m p lic a te d .
t o o much f o r th e m we a g r e e t h a t m e ch a n ic s
However, a know ledge and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith
th e a c t u a l w o rk in g p a r t s , s u f f i c i e n t f o r y o u r n e e d s a s an i n t e l l i g e n t
co n su m er, i s n o t n e c e s s a r i l y more c o m p lic a te d th a n th e i n t r i c a t e j i t t e r ­
bug dance s te p s o r th e th e o r y o f c o n tr a c t b r id g e .
I f th e s e l a t t e r th i n g s
a r e e a s y f o r y o u , do n o t f e a r t h e e n g in e u n d e r t h e h o o d o f y o u r c a r .
33
HOW TO START YOUR CAR
ACTIVITIES:
1*
E x p la in i n d e t a i l , d e s c r i b i n g e ac h o p e r a t i o n , how t o
s t a r t th e e n g in e , ( l ) o r d i n a r i l y , (2 ) i n c o ld w e a th e r .
2.
B rin g t o c l a s s d ia g ra m s o r p i c t u r e s o f t h e d a sh and
f r o n t s e a t o f a c a r . P o in t o u t each m e c h a n ic a l d e v ic e
u s e d i n s t a r t i n g t h e m o to r a n d show how i t i s d o n e .
3.
Hake o r b r in g s i m p l i f i e d d ieag ram s o f t h e s t a r t e r m o to r
and i t s c o n n e c tin g d e v ic e s . E x p la in t o t h e c l a s s t h e
p r i n c i p l e o f how i t w o rk s.
4.
E x p la in i n d e t a i l how you w ould s t a r t y o u r e n g in e i f
you s t a l l e d on an i n c l i n e .
QUESTIONS:
1.
When s t a r t i n g y o u r c a r , u n d e r w h at c o n d iti o n s s h o u ld
you u s e t h e t h r o t t l e a n d / o r t h e c h o k e an d s p a rk ?
2.
W ould you p u t y o u r c a r i n g e a r o r l e a v e i t n e u t r a l
b e f o r e you s t a r t t h e e n g in e ?
G iv e y o u r r e a s o n s .
3-
How d o e s t h e s e l f s t a r t e r t a k e t h e p l a c e o f th e o ld
h a n d c ra n k ?
4.
What p a r t does th e b a t t e r y p la y i n s t a r t i n g y o u r c a r ?
5.
W ould you u s e t h e same s t a r t i n p r o c e d u r e i f you
s t a l l e d on a h i l l , o r w ould you m o d ify i t ? Why o r How?
6.
I n c o ld w e a th e r, w hat a r e some o f th e s p e c i a l p r e c a u t io n s
t o ta k e ?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o t h e r t y —30-34
L a p o rte — 5 -6 , 21-25
M ather— 82-83
How t o D riv e —43-46
HOW TO SHIFT GEARS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Give th e name and p u rp o se o f each g e a r i n y o u r a u to m o b ile .
2*
Give th e c o o r d in a tio n w hich w ould b e fo llo w e d i n p r o g r e s s i n g
from one g e a r t o a n o th e r .
3.
D eb ate t h e s ta t e m e n t: The d i f f e r e n c e b e tw ee n t h e a v e ra g e
d r i v e r and th e r e a l a r t i s t i s b e s t i l l u s t r a t e d i n s h i f t i n g
g e ars.
4.
Br i ng t o c l a s s a d iag ram o f th e tr a n s m is s io n ; e x p l a i n i t s
m e c h a n ic a l m ake-up, l o c a t i o n , g e a r r a t e s and w hat i t m e an s.
5.
D em onstrate f o r th e c l a s s t h e a c t u a l s h i f t i n g o f g e a r s and
e x p la in why each g e a r i s u s e d and w hat happens w h ile i t i s
engaged.
6.
Get i n y o u r c a r o r th e f a m ily c a r , and w ith a d e ad m o to r ,
p r a c t i c e s h i f t i n g g e a r s and u s i n g t h e c l u t c h p r o p e r l y .
QUESTIONS:
1.
Why s h o u ld i t be n e c e s s a r y to s t a r t th e a u to m o b ile i n lo w
g e a r?
2.
I s t h e r e any re a s o n why th e e n g in e sh o u ld o r s h o u ld n o t b e
ra c e d i n second g e a r?
3.
I n w hat way d oes e x p e r t g e a r s h i f t i n g know ledge ta k e o u t
much o f t h e d a n g e r o f m o u n ta in d r iv i n g ?
4.
Why i s t h e f o l l o w i n g a g o o d r u l e t o re m e m b er:
" It is
a d v is a b le to u s e th e same g e a r g o in g down a h i l l t h a t you
u s e d i n g o in g up?"
5.
What a r e t h e a d v a n ta g e s o f t h e s t e e r i n g w h e el g e a r s h i f t
o v e r t h e f l o o r b o a r d s h i f t , i f an y ?
I f n o t , why n o t?
6.
What a r e th e a d v a n ta g e s , i f an y , o f s h i f t i n g a u t o m a ti c a ll y ?
BOOKSHELF:
F lo h e r ty —43-37
How t o D riv e —47-51
L a p o rte —3 - 4 , 32-33
f a t h e r —87-88
35
HOW TO SHIFT GEARS ON HILLS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
E x p la in t o t h e c l a s s t h e m a n u al o p e r a t i o n n e c e s s a r y to
change from one g e a r t o a n o th e r , ( l ) when g o in g up h i l l ,
(2 ) when g o in g down h i l l .
.2.
Ask one o f y o u r p a r e n t s , o r a f r i e n d , t o d e m o n s tra te f o r
you t h e i r way o f s h i f t i n g when g o in g up a g ra d e and when
coming down a g ra d e . R ep o rt t o th e c l a s s how i t was d o n e .
3-
Make a summary o f t h e o p e r a tio n s you t h i n k n e c e s s a r y f o r
s h i f t i n g on g r a d e s .
4.
Ask t h r e e p e o p le t o e x p la i n t o you how t h e y w ould s h i f t
g e a rs on g r a d e s . How does t h e i r e x p la n a tio n com pare w ith
th e p ro c e d u re you have w orked o u t?
QUESTIONS:
1.
U nder w hat c irc u m s ta n c e s s h o u ld you s h i f t t o se c o n d g e a r
on a h i l l ?
2.
What w ould you do i f you a c c i d e n t a l l y s t a l l e d t h e e n g in e
on an u p g ra d e ? '
3.
What i s th e r e l a t i o n s h i p b etw een th e sp e e d o f t h e e n g in e
an d th e s p e e d o f th e a u to m o b ile w hen c h a n g in g g e a r s ?
4.
How c a n you make y o u r e n g in e s e r v e i n h e l p i n g t o b ra k e
y o u r s p e e d when com ing down h i l l s ?
BOOKSHELF:
How t o D r iv e — 5 0 -5 1
L a p o r te — 3 2 -3 3
M a th e r— 88
36
HOW TO STEER
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f d r i v i n g p r i n c i p l e s w hich come u n d e r t h e
h e a d in g o f t h e " A rt o f . S t e e r i n g . M
2.
E x p l a i n how a s t e e r i n g w h e e l s h o u ld b e h e l d f o r t h e
maximum e f f i c i e n c y i n s t e e r i n g , ( l ) a lo n g a s t r a i g h t
ro a d , (2 ) tu rn in g c o rn e rs .
3.
Draw d ia g ra m s t o show how r i g h t an d l e f t h an d t u r n s
s h o u ld be e x e c u te d . E x p la in y o u r diagram s to th e c l a s s .
4.
Make a l i s t o f t h e h a n d s i g n a l s w h ich you s h o u ld u s e
w h ile d r iv i n g . E x p la in w hat each means and d e m o n s tra te
how each i s accom plished*
5.
Make d iag ram s o f i n t e r s e c t i o n s an d show a t e a c h c o r n e r
w h a t a u to m o b ile s h a v e t h e r i g h t o f way o v e r o t h e r s and
e x p l a i n why.
6.
B rin g t o c l a s s a d iag ram o f th e s t e e r i n g m echanism and
e x p l a i n how t h e s t e e r i n g w h e el g u id e s th e a u to m o b ile .
QUESTIONS:
1.
Why i s i t n e v e r a good i d e a to p a s s a c a r w h ile g o in g
up a h i l l ?
2.
What i s m eant by " o v e r - s te e r in g " ?
3.
How s h o u ld a p e r s o n h o l d
4.
What i s m eant b y t h e " c o s t e r e f f e c t " o f y o u r s t e e r i n g
w h e el and w hat s h o u ld .y o u do a b o u t i t ?
5.
When s h o u ld you g iv e th e r i g h t o f way t o o th e r m o t o r i s t s ?
BOOKSHELF:
F lo h e r ty —111-114
How to D riv e —46-47
L a p o rte — 9 -1 4
M ather— 89-90
a
How can i t b e a v o id e d ?
s te e rin g
g e a r a n d why?
HOW TO STOP
ACTIVITIES:
1.
E x p la in th e a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s o f th e two m a jo r
k in d s o f b r a k e s .
2.
Make a l i s t o f th e b e s t ways t o a p p ly b ra k e s i n d i f f e r e n t
d r iv i n g c o n d itio n s , and e x p la in why each i s th e b e s t p la n .
3.
E x p la in how y o u r e n g in e can h e lp you to b ra k e y o u r s p e e d .
4.
B rin g to c la s s diagram s o f b ra k e sh o es and drum s. E x p la in
to th e c l a s s how th e y o p e r a t e , th e c au se s o f w e a r, and how
b e s t , i n y o u r o p in io n , t o p re v e n t t h i s w ear.
5.
E x p l a in e x p l i c i t l y , s t e p b y s t e p , th e p r o c e d u r e to b e
f o llo w e d i n o r d i n a r y s to p p in g .
QUESTIONS:
1.
Why i s i t n e c e s s a r y t o b r e a k i n new b r a k e s c a r e f u l l y ?
2.
What i s t h e b e s t way to s t o p when coming down a h i l l ?
3.
How s h o u l d you u s e b r a k e s on s l i p p e r y p a v e m e n ts ?
4.
What i s t h e b e s t way to s to p when y o u r c a r goes i n t o a
s k id ?
5.
How can you m a in ta in th e b e s t c o n tr o l o f y o u r c a r i f you
s h o u ld have a b lo w -o u t?
6.
How can y o u r g e a r s h e lp you i n s to p p in g ?
7.
How can you p r e v e n t w ear on y o u r b r a k e s ?
8.
I n s to p p in g y o u r a u to m o b ile , s h o u ld you ta k e a d v a n ta g e
o f t h e p r a c t i c e o f " s n u b b i n g ," o r j u s t d i s r e g a r d i t ?
Why, o r why n o t?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 1 2 0 -1 2 6
How to D r iv e — 3 5 > 4 7 -4 9
L a p o r t e — 8 -9
M a th e r— 8 4 , 8 6 -8 7
38
HOW TO DRIVE IN TRAFFIC
ACTIVITIES: :
1.
Make a l i s t o f t h e t r a f f i c r e g u la t io n s w hich s p e c i f i c a l l y
a p p ly to c i t y d r i v i n g .
2.
I n v i t e a member from th e P o lic e t r a f f i c s c h o o l to a d d r e s s
th e c la s s and e x p la in some o f th e h a z a rd s i n c i t y d r i v i n g
and how th e y can be a v o id e d ,
3.
Make a l i s t o f a number o f c au se s o f a c c id e n ts i n t r a f f i c .
E x p la in how you t h i n k each c o u ld be a v o id e d .
4.
B rin g i n s a f e t y and a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n l i t e r a t u r e pub­
l i s h e d b y y o u r c i t y . R eview i t an d t e l l how you t h i n k
i t m ig h t be im p ro v e d .
5.
Make a l i s t o f t h e s p e e d l i m i t s i n y o u r c i t y and g iv e
t h e d i s t r i c t s f o r each s p e e d .
QUESTIONS:
1.
I n c o n g e s te d t r a f f i c i s i t b e t t e r t o a tte m p t to p a s s o r
t o s t a y i n th e l i n e ?
2.
W hat i s
3*
Why i s i t som etim es b e t t e r t o g iv e up y o u r r i g h t o f way?
U nder w hat c ir c u m s ta n c e s s h o u ld you go on r e g a r d l e s s ?
4.
As a d r i v e r . , how c a n you b e s t p r o t e c t t h e r i g h t s o f
* p e d e s tria n s ?
t h e p e n a l t y f o r g o in g t h r o u g h a r e d l i g h t ?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 5 7 - 5 9 , 1 1 1 - 1 1 4 , 1 2 9 - 1 3 2 , 1 3 2 -1 3 3
HOW TO TURN CORNERS AND TURN AROUND
ACTIVTTIRES:
1.
Make d ia g ra m s an d e x p l a i n t h e p r o p e r m e th o d s t o u s e
w hen m a k in g a r i g h t t u r n an d a l e f t t u r n .
2.
Make a l i s t o f th e d i s a d v a n t a g e s o f t u r n i n g
on tw o w h e e ls .
3.
B rin g to c l a s s a d ia g ra m o f t h e d i f f e r e n t i a l — e x p la i n
i t s l o c a t i o n i n th e a u to m o b ile and e x p la in i t s f u n c t i o n .
4.
Draw a d ia g ra m w ith a rro w s show ing j u s t how you w ould
t u r n a ro u n d i n t h e s t r e e t .
5.
Make a l i s t o f r e a s o n s why y o u s h o u ld b e e x tr e m e ly
c a u t i o u s w hen t u r n i n g a r o u n d .
E x p la in to th e c la s s .
c o rn e rs
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w hat e x te n t and i n w hat way do th e w h eels o f y o u r c a r
t u r n in d e p e n d e n tly o f each o th e r?
2.
W hat a r e t h e e s s e n t i a l s you s h o u ld c o n s i d e r b e f o r e
m a k in g a t u r n ?
3.
What m ethod c o u ld you u s e i n t u r n i n g aro u n d i f you w ere
a p p ro a c h in g a s i d e s t r e e t on t h e r i g h t ? Can you g iv e
a n o th e r ?
4.
What m ethod c o u ld you u s e i f you w ere a p p ro a c h in g a s i d e
s t r e e t on th e l e f t ?
5.
Where sh o u ld y o u r .au to m o b ile be i n th e ro a d when you s to p
a t an i n t e r s e c t i o n and you w ant t o make a r i g h t tu r n ?
A l e f t tu r n ? Why?
6.
I f you w ere ta k in g a t e s t f o r a d r i v e r ’s l i c e n s e and you
w ere t o l d to t u r n a ro u n d i n t h e s t r e e t , w hat d e t a i l e d
s t e p s w ould you ta k e ?
7.
How w ould you go a b o u t e x e c u tin g a "U” tu r n ?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 1 1 7-118
How t o D riv e — 56-62
L a p o r te — 1 1 -1 5 , 1 6 -2 1
40
HOW TO PARK
ACTIVITIES:
1.
O u t l i n e t h e s t e p s o f t h e b e s t p r o c e d u r e f o r p a r k in g
your c a r.
E x p l a in why e a c h o p e r a t i o n i s n e c e s s a r y .
2.
D e m o n s tr a te f o r t h e c l a s s how t o p a r k y o u r c a r .
3.
Make a l i s t o f t h e num bers o f w ays o f s t r e e t p a rk in g
p e r m i t t e d th r o u g h o u t t h e U n ite d S t a t e s and g iv e th e
a d v a n ta g e s and d i s a d v a n t a g e s o f e a c h .
4.
D ebate t h e q u e s t i o n :
5-
F in d o u t th e t r a f f i c r e g u l a t i o n s c o n c e rn in g p a r k in g i n
y o u r c i t y and e x p la i n to th e c l a s s .
P a r k in g i s a d r i v e r ’s W a te rlo o ?
..QUESTIONS *
1.
Why i s
r e v e r s e g e a r t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t i n p a r k in g ?
2 . ^What do you c o n s id e r to b e t h e b e s t m ethod o f p a r k in g
on a h i l l o r on h i l l y s t r e e t s ?
3.
How c a n you p a r k y o u r c a r on a s h o r t s p a c e and a v o id
l o t s o f e x tra tu rn s ?
4.
What do you c o n s id e r t o be a p r o p e r d i s t a n c e fro m t h e
c u rb i n p a r k in g , and why?
5.
Why i s d o u b le p a r k in g t o be a v o id e d ?
6.
What p r o v i s i o n s r e g a r d i n g p a r k in g a r e to be fo u n d i n
y o u r S t a t e V e h ic le A ct?
7.
I n p a r k i n g how c a n y o u b e s t p r e v e n t b e n t f e n d e r s ?
*
BOOKSHELF
:
F l o h e r t y — 1 1 4 -1 1 7
How t o D r iv e — 5 0 -6 1
M ath e r-— 8 8 - 8 9
i
CHAPTER VI
HOW TO MAKE DRIVING EASIER FOR. YOURSELF UNDER USUAL AND UNUSUAL CONDITIONS
In u s u a l t r a f f i c
s tra in .
c o n d i t i o n s t h e r e a r e tw o p r i n c i p a l k in d s o f
The " s te a d y s t r a i n " and th e "su d d e n s h o c k ."
The s te a d y s t r a i n
i s made u p o f c o n s t a n t a n d c o n t i n u a l i r r i t a n t s w h ic h o c c u r th ro u g h o u t
t h e p e r i o d o f r o u t i n e d r i v i n g an d w h ich c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e l e s s e n i n g o f
s k i l l o f o p e r a tio n and e a s e o f d r i v i n g .
Some o f t h e s e s t r a i n s a r e p o o r
p o s t u r e , im p ro p er v e n t i l i a t i o n , low v i s i b i l i t y , and n o i s e .
T hese s t r a i n s
a r e o f t e n p a r t i a l c a u s e s o f i r r i t a b i l i t y , n e r v o u s n e s s , t i r e d n e s s , and
c o n t r i b u t e much t o th e t o t a l s t r a i n o f m odern l i v i n g .
I n many c a s e s th e
d r i v e r c a n do m uch t o h e l p h i m s e l f b y e l i m i n a t i n g o r m in im iz in g t h e
e ffe c t of th e s e s tr a in s
on h i s n e r v e s .
S udden s h o c k s a r e t h e u n u s u a l h a p p e n in g s w h ich o c c u r w h ile th e
d r i v e r i s on t h e r o a d .
T hese may ta k e th e form o f s k i d s , c a r s c u t t i n g
i n a h e a d o f th e c r i v e r , o r f a i l u r e o f h i s c a r t o p ic k u p i n an em erg en cy .
A ll o f t h e s e u n u s u a l h a p p e n in g s ta k e t h e i r t o l l on t h e d r i v e r * s n e rv o u s
s y s te m .
To b e a n e x p e r t and s a f e d r i v e r i t i s w e ll t o know w hat many
o f t h e s e u n u s u a l s t r a i n s a r e and ho w to go about com bating th e m .
In s ta n ­
ta n e o u s d e c i s i o n i s u s u a l l y n e c e s s a r y i n t h e . o p e r a ti o n o f th e a u to m o b ile
b e c a u s e o f t h e s p e e d o f m ovem ent.
T h e re i s n o t much tim e t o c a r e f u l l y
go o v e r t h e p ro b le m and s p e c u l a t e on t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f a v a r i e t y o f
a n sw e rs and b e s t p r o c e d u r e s .
When t h e o c c a s io n a r i s e s so m e th in g m ust
b e done and done im m e d ia te ly .
I f th e d r i v e r i s w h o lly aw are o f a m a j o r i t y
o f i n s t a n c e s w hich may o c c u r and th e c o n sen su s o f o p in io n a s t o t h e b e s t
p o s s i b l e p ro c e d u re i n h a n d lin g th e s i t u a t i o n he w i l l n o t o n ly r e a p g r e a t
42
re w a rd s from t h e s ta n d p o i n t o f h i s own and h i s p a s s e n g e r s s a f e t y b u t he
w i l l have t h e c o n f id e n c e o f h i s own a b i l i t y t o o p e r a t e h i s a u to m o b ile
and w i l l a u t o m a t i c a l l y r a i s e h i m s e l f u p on t h e l i s t o f th o s e who a r e
s k i l l f u l and e x p e rt d r iv e r s .
43
HOW TO DRIVE AT NIGHT
ACTIVITIES:
1.
V i s i t an o c u l i s t and have him e x p la in t o you t h e p h y s i­
c a l r e l a t i o n o f t h e e y e t o an i n t e n s e g l a r e o f l i g h t .
E x p l a in t o t h e c l a s s .
2.
B rin g t o c l a s s a c h a r t o f c a l c u l a t e d s to p p in g d i s t a n c e s
a t d i f f e r e n t s p e e d s 5 a l s o a c h a r t o f t h e beam ra n g e o f
h e a d l i g h t s . Show how i n d i f f e r e n t c a s e s you can f i g u r e
a s a fe speed f o r d r iv in g a n i g h t .
3.
Make a l i s t o f t h e f a c t o r s w hich a r e d a n g ero u s i n n ig h t
d r i v i n g and e x p la i n i n e a c h c a s e .
4.
Show t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n t h e s e f a c t o r s and t h e
a c c id e n t r a t e .
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w hat e x te n t s h o u ld th e le n g th o f d is ta n c e you can s e e
a f f e c t y o u r sp eed when d r iv in g a t n ig h t?
2.
To w h a t e x t e n t i s t h e l i g h t i n g o f a m a tc h t o l i g h t a
c i g a r e t t e in y o u r c a r a t n ig h t d an g ero u s?
3.
How c o u ld you d e fe n d o r r e f u t e t h e s t a t e m e n t t h a t you
s h o u ld g lu e y o u r e y e s t o t h e ex tre m e r i g h t o f y o u r own
s id e o f th e ro a d when a c a r i s a p p ro a c h in g y o u rs a t n i g h t?
4.
How would you go a b o u t k e e p in g y o u r s e l f awake i f you d id
n o t h a v e tim e to s to p an d s l e e p when d r i v i n g a t n ig h t ?
5.
Why i s i t im p o rta n t t o y o u r s a f e t y n o t to o v e r d r i v e
h e a d lig h ts ?
BOOKSHELF:
F lo h e r ty —32-34* 56-39
How t o D riv e —13-15* 88-90
T r a f f i c N erves— 17 -1 8
th e
44
HOW TO SIT CORRECTLY WHILE DRIVING
ACTIVITIES:
1.
O bserve o th e r d r i v e r s t o s e e w h e th e r o r n o t t h e y s i t i n
good p o s itio n s w ith s e a t s a d ju s te d to t h e i r n e e d s . Make
n o te s and r e p o r t to th e c l a s s .
2.
D s n o n s tr a te t o t h e c l a s s how s e a t s c a n b e a d j u s t e d i n
a u to m o b ile s .
3.
D ebate t h e s ta te m e n t:
c o m fo rta b le .
4.
D em onstrate f o r t h e c l a s s th e c o r r e c t p o s i t i o n t o assum e
when d r i v i n g . Show how you s h o u ld s i t , t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p
o f th e f e e t t o t h e f l o o r p e d a ls , and th e c o o r d in a ti o n o f
a l l o th e r d r iv in g m an eu v ers.
We d o n ! t alw ays know when we a r e
QUESTIONS:
1.
How c an you b e s t i n c r e a s e y o u r own c o m fo rt and e a s e o f
d r i v i n g b y p o s tu r e ?
2.
To w hat e x te n t i s t h e r e a r e l a t i o n s h i p betw een th e d r i v e r f s
s p in e and r e s i s t a n c e t o s t r a i n and f a tig u e ?
3.
How w ould you d e fe n d o r r e f u t e th e c o n te n t io n t h a t good
d r iv i n g p o s i t i o n makes y o u r r e f l e x e s . . f a s t e r , y o u r m u s c le s
r e la x e d and v i s i o n c l e a r e r ?
BOOKSHELF:
How t o D riv e — 42-43
L a p o rte —4 -5
T r a f f i c N erv es— 9
HOW TO VENTILATE WITHOUT DRAFTS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make diagram s and e x p la in h o w to open windows to a s s u r e
t h e b e s t c i r c u l a t i o n o f a i r th r o u g h y o u r, c a r .
In a
s e d a n an d i n a c o u p e . E x p la in to th e c l a s s how t h e
f lo w o f a i r t a k e s p l a c e .
2.
Make a l i s t o f t h e new c a r s on th e m ark et w hich p r o v id e
a i r c o n d itio n in g . B rin g l i t e r a t u r e on t h e s e m akes o f
c a r s t o c l a s s a n d e x p l a i n how t h i s f e a t u r e w o rk s.
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w hat e x te n t s h o u ld you ta k e p re c a u tio n s a g a i n s t th e
a c c u m u la tio n of c arb o n m onoxide i n y o u r c a r?
2.
To g e t t h e m o st b e n e f i t fro m th e h e a t e r i n y o u r c a r
s h o u ld you l e a v e t h e windows t i g h t l y c l o s e d o r make
p r o v i s i o n f o r some v e n t i l a t i o n ? Why o r why n o t?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 1 2 6 -1 2 8
L a p o r te — 48
T r a f f i c N e rv e s — 7 -8
HOW TO COMBAT NOISE AND HOW TO USE YOUR HORN
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f many o f th e s m a ll b u t n o is y r a t t l e s w hich
your c a r can d e v e lo p .
2.
Show t h e s t u d e n t s i n th e c l a s s how th e y c o u ld b e s t go
about e lim in a tin g o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y c u t tin g down on t h e s e
ra ttle s .
3.
Make a l i s t o f t h e r u l e s o f c o u r te s y f o r th e u s e o f th e
h o rn .
4.
I f t h e r e a r e an y t r a f f i c o r p o l i c e r e g u l a t i o n s i n y o u r
c i t y r e l a t i v e to t h e u s e of h o rn s e x p l a i n t o th e c l a s s
w hat t h e y a r e and why th e y w ere p u t i n t o e f f e c t .
5.
D e m o n stra te e i t h e r b y d ia g ra m o r a c t u a l l y on y o u r h o rn
how i t w o u ld b e p o s s i b l e t o d i s c o n n e c t th e w ir e s and
s t o p t h e h o rn i f i t w e re s t u c k .
QUESTIONS:
1.
What a r e th e claim s o f p s y c h o lo g is ts r e g a r d in g th e o v e r­
b u rd e n in g o f th e s e n s e s and how does t h i s a f f e c t you as
a d riv e r?
2.
How w ould you go abou t l e s s e n i n g th e s t r a i n on y o u r n e rv e s
i n com bating n o is e .
3.
S hould you spend a l l y o u r e n e rg y t r y i n g t o make a g e n tle m a n
o u t o f th e o th e r d r i v e r o r sh o u ld you p ay some a t t e n t i o n
t o a l l e v i a t i n g th e im m ediate s t r a i n ?
4.
S h o u ld you u s e y o u r h o rn i n d i s c r i m i n a t e l y i n t r a f f i c o r
s h o u ld you fo llo w some d e f i n i t e r u l e s ? I f so w hat r u l e s
w ould you s e t up and why?
BOOKSHELF:
F lo h e r ty — 57-59
How t o D riv e — 13-16
T r a f f i c N erv es—6 -7
47
HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR VISION
ACTIVITIES:
1.
E x p l a i n to t h e c l a s s th e v i s i o n t e s t g iv e n when a
p e rs o n a p p lie s f o r a d r iv e r * s l i c e n s e . What a r e t h e
l e g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts i n th e w ay o f s e e i n g a b i l i t y o f
d riv e rs ?
2.
l i s t a num ber o f ways you can c l e a r y o u r w in d s h ie l d
i f i t i s i c e d o v e r . E x p la in how e a c h way c an b e s t
b e a c c o m p lis h e d .
3.
T e l l t h e c l a s s th e c a u s e s a n d re m e d ie s f o r f o g in g
w in d s h ie ld s .
4-
E x p la in how f a r s i g h t e d n e s s an d n e a r s i g h t e d n e s s can
a f f e c t your s a f e ty in d riv in g .
3.
D iscu ss th e a d v a n ta g e s o f eye e x e r c is e f o r t i r e s e y e s ;
t h e a d v a n ta g e s o f V ita m in A i n y o u r d i e t i n a i d in g
your v is io n .
B r in g e v id e n c e s t o c l a s s t o s u p p o r t
y o u r c la im s .
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w hat e x te n t i s i t w is e t o w ear d a rk g l a s s e s w h ile
d r iv in g ?
2.
How s h o u ld you b e s t go a b o u t f i n d i n g g l a r e s w h ich
b o t h e r you w h ile you a r e d r i v i n g and how w ould you
go a b o u t e l i m i n a t i n g them ?
3.
I n w hat way can th e e l i m i n a t i o n o f o t h e r d i s t u r b i n g
f a c t o r s im p ro v e y o u r v i s i o n w h ile you a r e d r i v i n g ?
4.
On lo n g t r i p s why i s i t s a i d t h a t i t i s a good id e a
t o ta k e tim e o u t d u r in g t h e t w i l i g h t h o u r?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 1 3 5-136
T r a f f i c N e rv e s — 22-23
HOW TO DRIVE ON WET AND SLIPPERY PAVEMENTS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
E x p la in b y d ia g ra m s th e p r i n c i p l e o f t r a c t i o n and i t s
r e l a t i o n t o s l i p p e r y p a v e m e n ts .
2.
E x p la in i n d e t a i l , s t e p b y s t e p , how you w ould go a b o u t
s to p p in g on w et p av em en ts.
3.
E x p la in i n d e t a i l how you w ould h a n d le y o u r c a r i f i t
s ta r te d to s k id .
4.
I f p o s s i b l e , i n v i t e a r a c e d r i v e r to e x p l a i n t o you how
on th e t r a c k he ta k e s c u r v e s , h a n d le s h i s c a r i n s k i d s ,
p r e v e n ts s k i d s , and o t h e r t r i c k s o f h is s k i l l .
QUESTIONS:
1.
Why i s i t a good id e a to s t a r t i n "h ig h " on i c y p av em en ts?
2.
What p a r t can g e a r s h i f t i n g p la y i n a id in g you to s to p on
s l i p p e r y pavem ents?
3.
I f you w ere to go i n t o a s k id , how would you h a n d le y o u r
c a r?
4.
To w h at e x t e n t i s t h e p r a c t i c e o f s n u b b in g h e l p f u l i n
s t o p p i n g on s l i p p e r y s t r e e t s ?
5.
Would you do as you f e l t you sh o u ld do i f y o u r c a r s t a r t e d
t o s k i d , o r w ould you do th e o p p o s ite ? Why i n e i t h e r
case?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 1 2 0 -1 2 6
Lap o r t e — 43 -4 4
M a th e r— 87
T r a f f i c N e rv e s — 2 0 -2 3
49
HOW TO DRIVE IN SNOW, IC E , AND FOG
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f th e ways you can p re v e n t i c e fro m fo rm in g
on y o u r 'vp.nd.shield? D is c u s s th e e f f e c t i v e n e s s o f t h e s e
m e th o d s .
2.
Have an e x p e r t d r i v e r who f r e q u e n t l y d r i v e s i n snow an d
on i c y ro a d s t e l l t h e c l a s s how he d r i v e s , w hat p r e c a u ­
t i o n s he t a k e s , a n d g i v e t h e s t u d e n t s t i p s on a c t u a l
d riv in g c o n d tio n s .
3.
A lso have an e x p e r t d r i v e r e x p la in how i t i s b e s t t o d r i v e
i n a fo g .
4.
T e l l t h e c l a s s some e x p e r i e n c e s o f d r i v i n g o r r i d i n g
u n d e r t h e s e c o n d i t i o n s , how you r e a c t e d , and w hat th e
c o n d i t i o n s lo o k e d and f e l t l i k e .
5.
Have t h e m e t e r o l o g i s t i n y o u r s c h o o l t e l l you how snow ,
r a i n , i c e , and fo g a r e fo rm ed .
QUESTIONS:
1.
Why i s i t im p o r ta n t to have h e a d li g h t s low when d r i v i n g
i n fo g ?
2.
U nder w hat c ir c u m s ta n c e s w ould you f e e l i t n e c e s s a r y t o
u s e c h a in s and why?
3.
I n w h a t way d o e s th e a i r p r e s s u r e i n y o u r t i r e s a f f e c t
y o u r s a f e t y w hen d r i v i n g on i c y p a v e m e n ts an d ro a d s ?
4.
What i s t h e a d v a n ta g e o f j i g g l i n g th e w h e el i f you have
come i n t o a n i c y c u rv e t o o f a s t ?
Does t h i s h o ld t r u e
i n r e l a t i o n to a n y c u rv e ?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 1 3 4 -1 3 5
How t o D r iv e — 1 5 , 7 4 -7 9
T r a f f i c N e rv e s — 1 6 - 7 , 2 0 -2 3
50
HOW TO GET ALONG WITH OTHER MOTORISTS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
D ra m a tiz e t h e s i t u a t i o n w hich u s u a l l y o c c u r s when two
c a r s s c r a p e f e n d e r s o r l o c k b u m p e rs .
D ra m a tiz e th e
same s i t u a t i o n i f b o th d r i v e r s w e re c o u rte o u s to e a c h
o th e r.
2.
Make u p a t r a f f i c code o f c o u r te s y w hich you t h i n k a l l
d r i v e r s . s h o u ld f o llo w .
3*
D ebate th e s ta te m e n t:
"The a v e ra g e p e rs o n changes co n ­
s i d e r a b l y from a s ta n d p o in t o f m anners when he g e t s b e ­
h in d th e w heel o f a c a r . "
4.
I n a n u m b er o f i n s t a n c e s show how g o o d m a n n e rs a r e
p r a c t i c e d b y i n d i v i d u a l s i n s o c i e t y , an d how i n com­
p a r a b le i n s t a n c e s , th e y a r e v i o l a t e d i n th e a u to m o b ile .
5.
D isc u ss th e s ta te m e n t t h a t t h e s h o r t e s t p e r io d o f tim e
i s t h a t b etw een th e tim e t h e t r a f f i c l i g h t c h an g es and
th e guy i n b a ck o f you honks h i s h o rn .
6.
Make a l i s t o f a number o f t h in g s w hich a good s p o r t s ­
m a n lik e d r i v e r w ould do t o h e lp o t h e r m o t o r i s t s .
QUESTIONS:
1.
I f you w ere a t e a c h e r how would you go ab o u t d e v e lo p in g
a r e s p e c t f o r th e r i g h t s o f o t h e r s i n y o u r s t u d e n t s ?
2.
W hat do you t h i n k i s a m o t o r i s t s
to w a r d o t h e r m o t o r i s t s ?
3.
How w ould you d e fe n d o r r e f u t e th e s ta te m e n t t h a t s p o r t s ­
m anship i s r e a l l y e v e n m ore e s s e n t i a l t o t h e k in d o f
d r i v i n g we a l l w an t t o do t h a n a r e k n o w le d g e , s k i l l ,
a n d e x p e r ie n c e ?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 65-91* 1 1 1 -1 1 4
How t o D r iv e — 79
re s p o n s ib ilitie s
51
HOW TO GET ALONG WITH PEDESTRIANS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
D ebate th e s ta te m e n t:
11A p e d e s t r i a n who s t a r t s t o c r o s s
th e s t r e e t on a g re e n l i g h t , sh o u ld be p r i v i l e g e d t o com­
p l e t e h i s jo u r n e y t o t h e o p p o s ite s i d e , n o tw ith s ta n d in g
th e f a c t t h a t th e l i g h t may h ave tu r n e d r e d i n th e m ean­
tim e .
2.
D iscu ss th e s ta te m e n t t h a t th e p e d e s t r i a n i s alw ays r i g h t .
3.
L i s t a num ber o f d o f s a n d d o n Tt * s f o r p e d e s t r i a n u s e .
4.
From a p e d e s t r i a n Ts s ta n d p o i n t, l i s t a number o f d o Ts and
d o n !t * s f o r m o t o r i s t s .
QUESTIONS:
1.
W hat do you p e r s o n a l l y f e e l a r e t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s
o f m o to ris ts to p e d e s tria n s ?
2.
W hat p a r t d o es n e g li g e n c e and c a r e l e s s n e s s p l a y i n t h e
h ig h a c c i d e n t t o l l among p e d e s t r i a n s ?
3*
I f you w ere a law m aker, how w ould you go a b o u t e l i m i n a t i n g
many o f t h e a c c id e n ts t o p e d e s tr ia n s ?
4.
To w hat e x te n t do you t h i n k t h a t f a u l t y p e d e s t r i a n e d u c a ­
t i o n i s r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e s e a c c id e n ts .
5.
To w hat e x te n t do you th i n k t h e r e sh o u ld be t r a f f i c r u l e s
f o r p e d e s t r i a n s , a n d r i g i d e n fo rc e m e n t o f t h e s e ru le s ,?
BOOKSHELF:
P a lm e r— 2 2 -2 3
T r a f f i c N e rv e s — 1 8 -1 9
52
HOW TO GET ALONG WITH YOUR OWN PASSENGERS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
D is c u s s th e s ta te m e n t: ’’You can t e l l h e ’ s a good d r i v e r
b y th e way he ta k e s th e c u r v e s . ”
2.
Make a l i s t o f a num ber o f b a d d r i v i n g p r a c t i c e s w h ich
t e n d to make d r i v i n g u n c o m fo rta b le f o r p a s s e n g e r s . Ex­
p l a i n how t h e s e can b e a v o id e d .
QUESTIONS:
1.
How w ould you d e fe n d o r r e f u t e th e s ta te m e n t t h a t one o f
th e f i r s t re q u ire m e n ts o f a f f e c t i o n w o u ld b e c o n s i d e r a t i o n
f o r s a f e ty ?
2.
W hat do you t h i n k i s m e a n t by th e s t a t e m e n t t h a t y o u r
p a s s e n g e rs s h o u ld be c o m fo rta b le ? How would you go a b o u t
i n s u r i n g t h e i r co m fo rt?
3.
How w ould you go a b o u t e l i m i n a t i n g b a c k s e a t d r iv i n g ?
4.
To w hat e x te n t can you c o n v e rse w ith y o u r p a s s e n g e r s and
s t i l l s a f e l y o p e r a te y o u r a u to m o b ile ?
5.
W hat p r o v i s i o n s do you t h i n k you s h o u ld make f o r y o u r
p a s s e n g e r s ’ c o m f o r t o n lo n g t r i p s ?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 7 2 -7 3 * 8 3 -8 5
How t o D r iv e — 6 6 -6 8
T r a f f i c N e rv e s — 2 2 -2 3
CHAPTER
VII:
HOW TO DRIVE SAFELY
F a c t s and f i g u r e s w h ic h a r e p r e s e n t e d t o t h e p u b l i c i n s a f e t y
cam paigns t e l l s t a r t l i n g s t o r i e s o f t h e t o l l o f a c c id e n t s b o th i n l i v e s
and i n p r o p e r ty damage.
By lo o k in g a t th e s e f i g u r e s th e d r i v e r can s e e ,
f o r i n s t a n c e , t h a t i n t h e U n ite d S t a t e s t h e r e a r e more p e o p le k i l l e d i n
a u to m o b ile a c c id e n ts each y e a r th a n men w ere k i l l e d i n t h e A .E .F . d u r in g
t h e w hole e ig h te e n m onths o f o u r p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n th e W orld War I .
S a f e ty
e x p e r ts have e s tim a te d t h a t on t h e b a s i s o f th e number o f a c c i d e n t s w h ich
o c c u r r e g u l a r l y , a c c o rd in g t o p a s t s t a t i s t i c s , e v e r y d r i v e r on t h e ro a d
h a s a f i f t y - f i f t y chance o f h a v in g a t l e a s t one b a d a c c i d e n t d u rin g h i s
d r iv i n g c a r e e r .
S a f e t y e n g i n e e r s h a v e f o r m any y e a r s g i v e n much s tu d y t o t h i s
p ro b le m o f a c c i d e n t s a n d t h e y h a v e fo u n d t h a t t h e r e a r e c e r t a i n v e r y
e s s e n t i a l an d b a s i c c o n t r i b u t o r y c a u s e s f o r a c c i d e n t s .
T hese c a u s e s
a r e n o t k e p t s e c r e t b u t a r e made a v a i l a b l e f o r t h e d r i v e r ! s in f o r m a t i o n .
They h av e a l s o fo u n d t h a t t h e r e a r e many good an d i n t e l l i g e n t ways t o
h e lp p r e v e n t a c c i d e n t s o f a l l s o r t s .
T h e se , t o o , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r th e
i n f o r m a t io n and g u id a n c e o f t h e m o t o r i s t .
A goo d d r i v e r and one who a s p i r e s t o becom e a n e x p e r t h a s n o t
o n ly h is own s a f e t y t o c o n s id e r b u t a ls o t h a t o f a l l th e o t h e r m o t o r i s t s
he m e e ts and p a s s e s on th e r o a d .
The o n ly way t o make d r iv i n g s a f e i s
f o r a l l d r i v e r s t o assume t h e i r r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s an d h a n d le t h e i r a u to ­
m o b ile s i n l i n e w i t h t h e s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s
as
a m o ra l o b lig a tio n .
54
E d u c a tio n i n t h i s i n s t a n c e can b e a p r im a r y f a c t o r an d th r o u g h
th e medium o f t h e s c h o o ls an d s e l f e d u c a t i o n , d r i v e r s c a n b e in fo rm e d
o n , an d become aw are o f , t h e r u l e s o f s a f e t y and th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f t h e s e
r u l e s t o t h e i r own b e n e f i t and th e b e n e f i t o f a l l c o n c e rn e d .
55
HOW TO DRIVE SAFELY
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f c ir c u m s t a n c e s w h e re s p e e d i s a d e f i n i t e
c o n tr ib u tin g f o r c e to a c c id e n ts . N e g lig e n c e , I n to x i c a t i o n #
2.
Make a l i s t o f m is c e lla n e o u s c a u s e s o f a c c id e n ts and t e l l
how you t h i n k th e y c o u ld be e lim i n a te d .
3.
D e b ate t h e s t a t e m e n t :
causes a c c id e n ts .n
A.
A c c u m u la te s t a t i s t i c s o f t h e f a t a l i t i e s fro m t r a f f i c
a c c i d e n t s n a t i o n a l l y f o r t h e p e r i o d s i n c e t h e w ar was
d e c la re d .
C om pare t h e s e f i g u r e s w i t h t h e c a s u a l t i e s
o f th e w a r ,
5.
L i s t a number o f ways i n w hich you t h i n k th e a c c id e n t t o l l
i n your c i t y c o u ld be c u t down.
6.
D ebate th e s ta te m e n t: "The a s t o n i s h in g th in g i s t h a t th e
developm ent o f th e c a r s h as f a r o u t s t r i p p e d th e d ev elo p m en t
o f t h e d r i v e r s . 11
"LtWs t h e u n e x p e c te d t h i n g w h ich
QUESTIONS:
1.
Why do you f e e l t h a t i t may be n e c e s s a r y t o a ro u s e p u b l ic
o p i n i o n a g a i n s t r e c k l e s s n e s s an d i n f a v o r o f c a r e and
c a u t i o n b e f o r e much c a n b e a c c o m p lis h e d i n s o lv i n g t h e
t r a f f i c p ro b le m ?
2.
I f you w ere a t e a c h e r w hat k in d o f s a f e t y c o u rse w ould you
p u t i n t o e f f e c t i n y o u r sc h o o l?
3.
Why i s c a r e l e s s n e s s b la m e d f o r m any o f t h e
a c c id e n ts ?
4.
What i s t h e r e l a t i o n o f g o o d t r a f f i c
d e c re a s in g o f t r a f f i c a c c id e n ts ?
5.
How c a n y o u go a b o u t m ak in g t h e m o tto " A c c id e n ts s h a l l
n o t h a p p e n " come t o l i f e ?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y —'7 1 - 7 2 , 8 8 - 9 1 , 1 0 2 -1 1 1
How t o D r iv e — 1 3 -1 6
M a th e r — 2 5 , 3 8 - 4 3 , 4 5 -5 0
a u to m o b ile
e n g in e e r i n g to th e
56
HOW TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
D e b a te th e s ta t e m e n t t h a t t h e r e i s no one t h i n g t h a t can
b e done to e l i m i n a t e a c c i d e n t s .
*2.
E x p la in why t h e c a r , t h e d r i v e r , an d th e h ig h w a y a r e th e
t h r e e b a s i c e le m e n ts i n th e c a u s e o f a c c i d e n t s .
3.
E x p l a i n how you t h i n k t h e s e c a n b e c o n t r o l l e d i n some
m e asu re b y th e t h r e e b a s i c re m e d ie s — e d u c a t i o n , e n g in e e r ­
i n g , and e n fo rc e m e n t.
4.
I n v i t e an i n s t r u c t o r fro m t h e P o l i c e T r a f f i c
e x p l a i n to t h e s t u d e n t s how s a f e t y i n s t r u c t i o n
5.
I n v i t e a c i t y e n g i n e e r to t h e c l a s s to e x p l a i n th e con­
s t r u c t i o n o f h ig h w a y s i n r e l a t i o n t o a c c i d e n t p r e v e n ti o n
an d s a f e t y .
6.
B rin g to c l a s s draw in g s o f t h e new highw ays w ith o v e r p a s s e s ,
u n d e r p a s s e s , t r a f f i c c i r c l e s , and e x p la i n t o t h e c l a s s th e
a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s .
School to
i s g iv e n .
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w hat e x t e n t i s d r i n k i n g w h ile d r i v i n g , o r d r i v i n g when
d ru n k , r e s p o n s i b l e f o r a c c i d e n t s ?
2.
I f you w ere a law m aker, w hat w ould you do a b o u t t h e h i t and
ru n d r iv e r ?
3.
To w hat e x te n t do you t h i n k t h e r e is . a grow ing p u b lic demand
f o r t h e s c h o o l s to t e a c h s a f e d r i v i n g ?
How w ould you
s u g g e s t t h a t t h i s be done?
4.
How w o u ld you d e fe n d o r r e f u t e t h e s t a t e m e n t t h a t a s a f e
d r i v e r i s one who i s an e x p e r t and w ants t o a v o id a c c i d e n ts ?
5.
How do you t h i n k a d u l t e d u c a tio n i n s a f e t y can b e accomp­
l i s h e d ? How c o u ld you do a n y th in g a b o u t i t ?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y —8 8 -1 1 1
Hoffm an— 1 - 2 7 , 55-76
57
HOW TO HANDLE THE SITUATION I F YOU ARE ENVOLVED IN OR WITNESS TO AN
ACCIDENT
ACTIVITIES:
1.
I n v i t e a s p e c i a l t r a f f i c o f f i c e r a s s ig n e d t o a c c i d e n t
d e t a i l to e x p la in t o th e c l a s s th e l e g a l r e s p o n s i b i l i t y
o f th o s e in v o lv e d i n a c c id e n ts .
2.
Have him e x p l a i n why a c c i d e n t s m u st b e r e p o r t e d .
3.
Go o v e r c a r e f u l l y t h e a c c i d e n t r e p o r t fo rm i n c l a s s .
Why a r e p o l i c e a s p u b l i c s e r v a n t s i n t e r e s t e d i n th e
q u e s tio n s th e y a s k .
4.
L i s t a num ber o f common c a u s e s o f a c c i d e n t s and t e l l
how e a c h c o u ld be a v o id e d .
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w hat e x t e n t do you t h i n k t h a t i t w o u ld b e w is e to
o f f e r y o u r s e l f a s a w itn e s s i f you have se e n an a c c id e n t?
2.
How would you go ab o u t a s s i s t i n g th e p e rs o n s in v o lv e d i n
th e a c c id e n t?
3.
Have you any l e g a l o r m o ra l r e s p o n s i b i l i t y t o n o t i f y th e
p o l i c e , c a l l an a m b u la n c e , e t c .
Why o r why n o t?
4.
How do you t h i n k a n a im le s s crow d a t th e sc e n e o f an
a c c i d e n t i n t e r f e r s w ith p o l i c e i n v e s t i g a t i o n ?
5.
Why i s i t n e c e s s a r y t o o b t a i n i n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t th e
owner and d r i v e r , a s w e ll as th e c a r w ith w hich you have
c o llid e d ?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
TO INTERVIEW:
' T r a f f i c O f f i c e r a s s ig n e d t o T r a f f i c d e t a i l .
D octor o r i n t e r n e a s s ig n e d t o am bulance d u ty .
F am ily la w y e r o r a t to r n e y .
HOW TO HELP PEOPLE WHO ARE HURT IN ACCIDENTS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Ask a d o c to r , i n t e r n e , o r a f i r s t a i d i n s t r u c t o r , t o t e l l
th e c l a s s w hat a r e th e b e s t t h i n g s to do and not, t o do
f o r p e rs o n s i n j u r e d i n a c c i d e n t s .
2.
Ask a t r a f f i c p o lic e m an to e x p la i n to th e c la s s h i s l e g a l
and m o r a l d u t i e s a t t h e tim e and on t h e s c e n e o f an
a c c id e n t.
3.
Make a l i s t o f c ir c u m s t a n c e s u n d e r w h ich you m ig h t be
s u b j e c t t o a c i v i l s u i t i f you a tte m p te d to a i d p e rs o n s
h u r t . G et c a s e h i s t o r i e s from an a t t o r n e y on t h i s p o in t
and e x p la in t o th e c l a s s .
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w hat e x te n t and u n d e r w hat c o n d itio n s i s i t d a n g e ro u s
t o move p e o p le # 1 0 have been h u r t i n a c c id e n ts ?
2.
W hat a r e t h e a i d s w h ich th e a v e r a g e p e r s o n c a n g iv e to
p e rso n s h u rt?
3.
To w hat e x te n t c a n a p e rs o n w ith a f i r s t - a i d c e r t i f i c a t e
a s s i s t p e rs o n s i n ju r e d ?
4.
I f you w ere a t t h e sc e n e o f an a c c i d e n t t o w h a t e x t e n t
w ou ld you b e l e g a l l y o r m o r a ll y o b l i g e d t o ta k e o r d e r s
fro m th e d o c to r o r p o lic e m a n i n c h a rg e ?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
TO INTERVIEW:
T r a f f ic O f f ic e r a s s ig n e d to a c c id e n t d e t a i l .
D o c to r o f i n t e r n e a s s i g n e d t o am b u lan ce d u ty .
F a m ily a t t o r n e y .
I n s tr u c to r in f i r s t a id .
59
HOW TO DETERMINE YOUR LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES IN CASE YOU HAVE AN ACCIDENT
ACTIVITIES:
1.
G ive a b r i e f e x p la n a tio n o f th e F i n a n c i a l R e s p o n s i b i l i t y
Law w h ic h m any s t a t e s h a v e e n a c t e d i n t o l e g i s l a t i o n ,
2.
Make up a h y p o th e tic a l a c c i d e n t . Make c h a r ts t o show how
i t happened and e x p la in how you w ould d e term in e th e c a u s e
and th e d r i v e r s ' r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .
3.
On th e same a c c id e n t show how i t c o u ld have b een a v o id e d .
4.
By c h a r ts show how r i g h t s o f ways a r e d e te rm in e d so t h a t
i t c a n be s e e n w h ich d r i v e r i s a t f a u l t .
QUESTIONS :
1.
I n w hat way a r e F i n a n c i a l R e s p o n s i b i l i t y Laws g o o d , even
th o u g h some s a y t h a t i t i s c l o s i n g t h e b a r n a f t e r th e
h o rse i s s to le n ?
2.
How w ould you go a b o u t d e te r m in in g who an d w h at c a u s e d
an a c c id e n t?
3.
To wfciat e x te n t i s th e p o l i c e r e p o r t v a lu a b le i n d e te r m in ­
in g c a u se s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ?
4.
How c a n y o u r i n s u r a n c e a g e n t h e l p you t o
re s p o n s ib ility ?
d e c id e y o u r
BOOKSHELF
M a th e r — 7 9 -8 1
TO INTERVIEW:
T ra ffic
O f f ic e r a s s ig n e d to
a c c id e n t d e t a i l .
60
HOW TO FILE AN ACCIDENT SUIT IN COURT
ACTIVITIES :
1.
V i s i t a s m a l l c la im s c o u r t and f i n d o u t t h e p ro c e d u re
t o b e f o llo w e d i n f i l i n g a c la i m .
2.
V i s i t a s e s s i o n o f t h e c o u r t i t s e l f an d r e p o r t on th e
h a n d lin g o f t h e a c c i d e n t damage s u i t s .
3.
C o n su lt an a t t o r n e y to f i n d o u t th e p ro c e d u re to f o l l o w
t o f i l e a s u i t f o r dam ages i n th e c i v i l c o u r t s . What
a r e t h e c o s t s in v o lv e d ? The tim e and t h e e f f o r t ?
4.
From th e a t t o r n e y f i n d
i n j u r y a re h a n d le d .
out
how c la im s f o r p e r s o n a l
QUESTIONS :
1.
U nder w hat c ir c u m s t a n c e s do you f e e l t h a t i t w o u ld be
a d v a n ta g e o u s t o f i l e a c l a i m i n s m a l l c la im s c o u r t?
2.
W hat f a c t o r s w ould you an d y o u r a t t o r n e y c o n s i d e r p r i ­
m a r i l y b e f o r e f i l i n g a c la im f o r p r o p e r t y damage?
3.
What do you th i n k i s th e r e a s o n f o r th e l a r g e p e r c e n ta g e
o f w in s f o r t h e i n j u r e d p e r s o n s i n c a s e o f p e r s o n a l
i n j u r i e s in a c c id e n ts ?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
TO, INTERVIEW:
F a m ily a t t o r n e y ,
TO VISIT:
S m a ll C la im s C o u rt i n y o u r c i t y .
CHAPTER V III
HOW TO PERFORM YOUR LEGAL OBLIGATIONS
D riv in g h a s become s u c h a u n i v e r s a l p a s tim e t h a t i t i s no l o n g e r
p o s s i b l e f o r th e s t a t e a g e n c ie s o f la w e n fo rcem en t t o m a i n ta in a l a s s e z
f a i r e p o l i c y i n r e l a t i o n to t h e d r i v e r and th e o p e r a t i o n o f h i s a u to ­
m o b ile .
D r iv in g a c a r i s
th e s t r e e t an d i t
n o t a s s im p le an o p e r a t i o n a s w a lk in g down
e n t a i l s th e n e c e s s i t y o f know ing how t o o p e r a t e th e
v e h ic le w ith o u t e n c ro a c h in g u p o n th e r i g h t s
and p r i v i l e g e s o f o t h e r
pe o p l e .
I n m o st s t a t e s now i t
h a s b e e n r e c o g n iz e d t h a t a d r i v e r s h o u ld
b e l i c e n s e d o r c e r t i f i e d t h a t he c a n , a c c o r d in g to c e r t a i n e s t a b l i s h e d
s t a n d a r d s , o p e r a te an a u to m o b ile w ith a r e a s o n a b le amount o f s k i l l and
e x p e r tn e s s and t h a t he i s f a m i l i a r w ith th e r u l e s an d r e g u l a t i o n s w h ich
have b e e n s e t up t o c o n t r o l th e flo w o f t r a f f i c .
A u to m o b ile s th e m s e lv e s h a v e to b e r e g i s t e r e d b y th e ow ners and
th e y h ave t o h av e l i c e n s e s so t h a t t h e y may b e c h e c k e d a s t o p e r s o n a l
p r o p e r t y and th e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f t h e owner f o r highw ays and th e g e n e r a l
r u l e s f o r th e o p e r a t i o n o f an a u to m o b ile .
There a re l e g a l a g e n c ie s and r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s who a r e c h a rg e d w ith
t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f m a in ta in in g c o n fo rm ity w ith r u l e s .
I t i s t h e ob­
l i g a t i o n o f t h e d r i v e i s t o c o o p e r a te w ith t h e s e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s and t o
do e v e r y t h i n g i n t h e i r pow er t o d r i v e c o n s c i e n c i o u s l y a n d s t a y w i t h i n
th e la w .
The d r i v e r ' s
k n o w le d g e o f h i s
o b l i g a t i o n s t o h i s S t a t e M otor
V e h ic le D e p a r tm e n t a n d h i s l o c a l p o l i c e i s
an i m p o r t a n t p a r t o f h i s
e d u c a tio n and s h o u ld b e g iv e n due and c a r e f u l c o n s i d e r a t i o n .
In th is
way a u n i v e r s a l s t a n d a r d may b e c r e a t e d so t h a t much o f t h e c o n f u s io n
and u n n e c e s s a ry damage r e s u l t i n g from h a p h a z a rd o p e r a tio n can be a v o id e d .
63
HOW TO GET A DRIVER'S LICENSE
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a g r a p h sh o w in g t h e p e r c e n t a g e f i g u r e s o f t h e
c o m p u ls o ry l i c e n s e la w s i n t h e U n i te d S t a t e s .
2.
From t h e v e h i c l e a c t i n y o u r s t a t e , e n u m e r a te th e
re q u ire m e n ts f o r o b ta in in g a d r i v e r 's l i c e n s e .
3.
E x p la in t o th e c l a s s th e a c t u a l r o u t i n e t o be fo llo w e d
t o o b ta in a d r i v e r 's l i c e n s e . Supplem ent y o u r e x p la n a ­
t i o n s w i t h a c o p y .o f t y p i c a l w r i t t e n t e s t s , p h y s i c a l
te s t s , e tc .
4.
D ebate t h e s ta te m e n t:
i n h e r e n t ."
5.
Make a l i s t and show th e u s e s o f a number o f ex am in in g
m achines t o r e c o r d a c ti o n s and r e a c t i o n s o f a p p l i c a n t s
f o r d r i v e r 's l i c e n s e s .
6.
Make a l i s t o f a p p a r e n t a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s
o f h a v in g a c e n t r a l l i c e n s i n g b o a rd t o keep a l l r e c o r d s .
"The r i g h t to d r iv e a c a r i s n o t
QUESTIONS:
1.
W hat w o u ld b e t h e a d v a n ta g e s o f a S t a n d a r d D r i v e r 's
L i c e n s e law ?
2.
How w o u ld you go a b o u t g e t t i n g one s u c h i n t o
3.
I n w h a t ways c o u ld t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r l i c e n s e s be
im p ro v e d i n y o u r s t a t e ?
4.
How w ould you im prove th e t e s t s g iv e n t o o b ta i n a d r i v e r 's
lic e n s e in your s ta te ?
5.
Why p a r t i c u l a r l y , do you b e l i e v e c a r e s h o u ld b e ta k e n
i n th e is s u a n c e o f d r i v e r ' s l i c e n s e s ?
6.
Why o r why n o t would you a g re e t h a t t h e ex am in in g b o a rd
f o r d r i v e r s ' l i c e n s e s s h o u ld c o n s i s t o f a p o l ic e o f f i c e r ,
a m e ch a n ic , ..and a p s y c h i a t r i s t ?
e ffe c t?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
TO INTERVIEW:
Member o f t h e M otor V e h ic le D e p a rtm e n t's p e r s o n n e l.
64
HOW TO GET YOUR CAR LICENSE
ACTIVITIES:
1.
I n v i t e a member fro m th e l o c a l A u to m o b ile V e h ic le
D epartm ent t o e x p la in how t o go ab o u t g e t t i n g a l i c e n s e
f o r y o u r car*
2.
Make a l i s t o f th e p r o v is io n s i n th e M otor V e h ic le A ct
r e l a t i v e t o th e p u rc h a se o f l i c e n s e s .
3.
T e l l t h e c l a s s how t h e p in k s l i p on a u s e d c a r i s
changed t o a new r e g i s t r y -when s o ld and how i t a f f e c t s
lic e n s e s .
QUESTIONS:
1.
I f f o r some re a s o n you do n o t know what th e t a x i s on
yo u r c a r , how w ould you go a b o u t f in d i n g o u t w h at i t
is ?
2.
When you buy a new c a r i n th e m id d le o f th e y e a r , how
do you g e t th e l i c e n s e f o r i t ?
3.
What i s a d e a l e r 's l i c e n s e and u n d e r w hat c irc u m s ta n c e s
can you u s e i t ? .
4.
How i s a g u e s t p e r m it u s e d b y o u t - o f - s t a t e p e o p le ?
5.
To w hat e x te n t do you t h i n k i t sm art to a v o id t h e t a x
b y g e t t i n g l i c e n s e s i n o th e r s t a t e s ?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
TO INTERVIEW:
Member o f th e M otor V e h ic le D e p a rtm e n t's p e r s o n n e l.
65
HOW TO OBEY TRAFFIC LAWS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Get a copy o f th e V e h ic le A ct i n y o u r s t a t e and e x p la i n
t o th e c l a s s th e g e n e r a l r u l e s s e t down f o r th e o p e r a ­
t i o n o f a u to m o b ile s b y m o t o r i s t s .
2.
From a b r a n c h o f f i c e o f th e S t a t e A u to m o tiv e V e h ic le
Agency g e t one o f t h e i r p u b lis h e d b u l l e t i n s d e s c r i b i n g
i n b r i e f th e la w s r e g u l a t i n g t r a f f i c and d r i v i n g co n ­
d u c t.
O u tlin e f o r th e c l a s s .
3.
D e b a te t h e s t a t e m e n t :
nA t r a f f i c c o u r t s h o u ld be a
c l i n i c f o r t r a f f i c i l l s , , r a t h e r th a n a s o u r c e o f r e v ­
enue . M
4.
V i s i t a t r a f f i c c o u r t an d r e p o r t to th e c la s s th e
h a p p e n in g s i n t h e h e a r i n g s .
P o in t o u t t h e good and
b a d i n s t a n c e s and u p h o ld o r e x p l a i n how you f e e l some
c h a n g e s f o r th e b e t t e r m ig h t be a c c o m p lis h e d .
5.
D ebate t h e s ta t e m e n t:
11A fe w e r number o f t r a f f i c law s
b u t w ith more s ta n d a r d p r o v is io n s w ould r e s u l t i n g r e a t e r
la w o b se rv a n c e and few er a c c i d e n ts .
QUESTIONS:
1.
I f you w e re a la w m a k e r, w hat g e n e r a l r e v i s i o n s w o u ld
you make i n t h e t r a f f i c la w s ?
2.
W hat w ould b e th e a d v an ta g e o r d is a d v a n ta g e o f a n a t i o n ­
a l t r a f f i c code?
3.
I n w h a t way w ou ld you c h a n g e t h e p r o c e d u r e i n l o c a l
c o u r ts i n h a n d lin g t r a f f i c v i o l a t i o n s ,
4.
How w o u ld you go a b o u t c o r r e c t i n g t h e f e e l i n g t h a t
t r a f f i c r e g u l a t i o n s a r e m ade f o r t h e o t h e r f e l l o w .
BOOKSHELF:
M a th e r — 1 1 - 1 S , 2 2 -2 3
OTHER REFERENCES:
S t a t e V e h i c l e A ct
C i t y T r a f f i c O r d in a n c e s
CHAPTER IX
HOW TO INSURE YOUR CAR
L e g i s l a t i o n h a s e s t a b l i s h e d c e r t a i n c i r c u m s t a n c e s u n d e r w h ic h
l i a b i l i t y f o r damage can be d e te rm in e d .
D r iv e r s # 1 0 become in v o lv e d i n
a c c i d e n t s m u st be r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e damage w hich t h e y i n f l i c t .
l i a b i l i t y e x te n d s from damage t o p r o p e r ty t o p e r s o n a l i n j u r y .
d r i v e r i s n o t f i n a n c i a l l y a b le a t a moment n o t i c e t o
i n d e b te d n e s s w h ic h so o f t e n i s
T h is
The a v e ra g e
assum e th e l a r g e
t h e r e s u l t o f a n a u to m o b ile a c c i d e n t .
F o r t h i s r e a s o n i t i s o f te n w is e to i n s u r e w ith r e l i a b l e i n s u r a n c e com­
p a n ie s t o assum e th e f i n a n c i a l b u rd e n f o r him .
i s g a m b lin g t h a t he w i l l h a v e a n a c c i d e n t .
By i n s u r i n g h i s c a r he
T h is i n i t s e l f i s n o t a
happy t h o u g h t b u t when t h e d r i v e r rem em b ers t h a t t h e s t a t i s t i c s show
t h a t he h as a f i f t y - f i f t y chance o f b e in g in v o lv e d i n a s e r i o u s a c c id e n t
and v e r y p o s s i b l y h av e t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y a t h i s own d o o r , i t a p p e a rs
t h a t i n s u r a n c e may be a v e r y good g a m b le .
I n s u r a n c e p r e s e n t s a f i n a n c i a l p ro b le m to t h e d r i v e r and i t i s
n e c e s s a r y f o r him to c o n s id e r c a r e f u l l y w hat h is ch an ces a r e f o r d i f f e r e n t
k in d s o f a c c id e n ts and i n s u r e , i f n o t f o r f u l l c o v e ra g e , t o p r o t e c t him ­
s e l f i n th e s p o ts w here he i s l i k e l y to be th e m o st v u l n e r a b l e .
T h e re a r e many k in d s o f a u to m o b ile i n s u r a n c e s a s w e ll as many
k in d s o f a u to m o b ile in s u r a n c e co m p an ies.
I t i s w ise to become f a m i l i a r
w i t h th e k in d s o f in s u r a n c e w h ic h i s a v a i l a b l e and th e r a t e s
in s u ra n c e .
fo r
each
B ut i t i s a l s o w is e t o f a m i l i a r i z e y o u r s e l f w ith t h e k in d s
67
o f co m p an ies a n d how t h e y o p e r a t e .
T h e re h a v e b e e n i n s t a n c e s w here
com panies have become i n s o l v e n t and th e m em bers, o r p e rs o n s who i n s u r e d
w ith th e com pany, h av e b e e n h e ld l e g a l l y l i a b l e f o r th e o b l i g a t i o n s o f
th e com pany.
S in c e i n s u r a n c e i s to p r o t e c t th e d r i v e r a g a i n s t h im s e lf
p r i m a r i l y , t h e r e i s good r e a s o n t o b e c a r e f u l t h a t he d o e s n o t assum e
th e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f o t h e r s a s w e ll a s h i s own when he d o e s c a r r y i n ­
su ra n ce .
68
HOW TO GET THE MOST IMPORTANT TYPE OF INSURANCE COVERAGE
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f th e v a r io u s ty p e s o f in s u r a n c e c o v e ra g e s
o f f e r e d f o r a u to m o b ile s . E x p la in w hat each one c o v e r s .
2.
Have an i n s u r a n c e a g e n t make o u t a t e n t a t i v e in s u r a n c e
p ro g ra m f o r y o u . E x p la in t o th e c l a s s why o r why n o t
you t h i n k e a c h i t e m i s n e c e s s a r y f o r y o u r p r o t e c t i o n .
3.
B rin g to c l a s s l i t e r a t u r e from a t l e a s t t h r e e c o m p a n ie s.
Compare t h e i r c la im s f o r b e n e f i t s and t e l l how you w ould
■ d e c id e among them and why.
4.
E x p la in t o th e c l a s s th e d i f f e r e n c e b e tw e e n c o n f e r e n c e
and non c o n f e r e n c e i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s.
QUESTIONS:
1.
Why do you t h i n k you s h o u ld o r s h o u ld n o t c a r r y f u l l
c o v erag e in c o l l i s i o n in s u ra n c e ?
2.
How s h o u ld you i n v e s t i g a t e th e p o s s i b i l i t y o f a s s e s s m e n t
by th e company w ith w hich you in te n d to in s u r e ?
3.
To w h a t e x t e n t s h o u l d t h e c a p i t a l b a c k in g an d l e g a l
r e s e r v e s o f a com pany a f f e c t y o u r c a r r y i n g in s u r a n c e
w ith i t ?
How w o u ld you i n v e s t i g a t e t h e company?
4.
I f you w anted t h e b e s t p r o t e c t i o n f o r y o u r s e l f w h at ty p e s
o f in s u r a n c e w ould you c a r r y and how much?
5.
I n w hat way w ou ld t h e P a s s e n g e r A ccom odation Law a f f e c t
y o u r in s u r a n c e program ?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
TO INTERVIEW:
Two o r more in s u r a n c e a g e n ts .
P r o f e s s o r o r t e a c h e r o f e co n o m ics.
M anager o f a b ra n c h o f f i c e o f a l a r g e i n s u r a n c e company.
69
HOW TO DETERMINE THE SIZE OF POLICY TO CARRY
ACTIVITIES:
1.
I n v i t e a n in s u r a n c e e x p e r t t o t e l l th e c l a s s a b o u t th e
d i f f e r e n t fo rm s o f p o l i c i e s and t h e i r u s e s .
2 . . Have a s t u d e n t e x h i b i t a c h a r t o f h i s t e n t a t i v e i n s u r ­
an c e p ro g ram .
3.
F ig u r e fro m e i t h e r y o u r own, o r th e f a m i l y b u d g e t,h o w
much money can b e s p e n t on i n s u r a n c e . W ith t h i s amount
o f m oney show w h a t i n s u r a n c e you w o u ld c a r r y an d why
you c h o s e e a c h .
4.
D is c u s s th e s ta t e m e n t: " T h e re i s a d i f f e r e n c e b e tw e e n
w hat i n s u r a n c e a d r i v e r s h o u ld h av e and th e in s u r a n c e
he c a n g e t f o r t h e am ount he i s w i l l i n g to s p e n d .
QUESTIONS:
1.
What f a c t o r s s h o u ld d e te rm in e th e s i z e o f th e in s u r a n c e
p o l i c y you s h o u ld c a r r y ?
2.
W hat f a c t o r s s h o u ld d e te rm in e th e k in d o f c o v e ra g e you
s h o u ld h av e?
3.
What c o u ld you do t o a v o id h a v in g th e f a m ily be r e s p o n ­
s i b l e i f you w ere t o have an a u to m o b ile a c c id e n t?
4.
To w h at e x t e n t d o es t h e t y p e o f d r i v i n g you do a f f e c t
th e a m o u n ts an d t y p e s o f i n s u r a n c e y o u w o u ld c a r r y ?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
TO INTERVIEW:
Two o r m ore i n s u r a n c e a g e n t s .
P r o f e s s o r o r t e a c h e r o f e c o n o m ic s .
M anager o f y o u r l o c a l b a n k .
70
HOW TO BE A CLAIM FREE DRIVER
ACTIVITIES:
1.
R e c o n c ile th e s ta te m e n t: "R esp ec t f o r th e r i g h t s o f o t h e r s
i n th e u s e o f o u r s t r e e t s and highw ays w i l l a id g r e a t l y
i n re d u c in g a c c id e n ts #
2.
Show how o u r n a t i o n a l d is r e s p e c t f o r law s may be re s p o n ­
s i b l e f o r many a c c id e n t s .
3.
G e t a n i n s u r a n c e a g e n t t o e x p l a i n t h e a d v a n ta g e t o
in s u r a n c e p o l i c y h o ld e r s o f h a v in g a non a c c id e n t r e c o r d .
4.
B r in g t o c l a s s l i t e r a t u r e fro m a num ber o f in s u r a n c e
c o m p an ies a n d p o i n t o u t i n e a c h i n s t a n c e th e b e n e f i t s
a llo w e d f o r t h e d r i v e r who h a s a c le a n a c c id e n t r e c o r d .
5.
L i s t a num ber o f t i p s w h ich w i l l h e lp a d r i v e r t o be a
c la im f r e e d r i v e r .
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w h a t e x t e n t d o e s b e i n g a c l a i m f r e e
a f f e c t y o u r in s u r a n c e c o s t?
d r iv e r o fte n
2.
How c a n you b e s t a s s u r e y o u r s e l f o f b e in g a c la im f r e e
d riv e r?
3.
How s h o u ld you go a b o u t a v o id in g a c c i d e n t s t o t h e b e s t
o f your a b ility ?
4.
To w h a t e x t e n t do c l a i m e x p e n s e s a f f e c t , a n d m e d ic a l
f i r s t a i d e x p e n s e s a f f e c t y o u r s t a t u s a s a c la im f r e e
d riv e r?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
TO INTERVIEW:
Two o r m ore i n s u r a n c e a g e n t s .
M anager o f a b r a n c h o f f i c e o f a l a r g e i n s u r a n c e company.
Member o f t h e C ity o f f i c e f o r t r a f f i c s a f e t y .
CHAPTER X
HOW TO KEEP UP YOUR CAR INSIDE AND OUT
An a u to m o b ile i s a p ie c e of* m a c h in e ry and i s , t h e r e f o r e , s u b j e c t
t o d e t e r i o r a t i o n an d w e a r.
I t can n o t m a in ta in i t s o r i g i n a l m e c h a n ic a l
p e r f e c t i o n e v e n ,i f i t i s n o t p u t to h a rd u s e .
A ll th in g s o f m a t t e r w h ich
c a n n o t r e p la c e th e m se lv e s become worn b y e x p o su re t o u s e an d t h e e le m e n ts
of n a tu re .
th e
I f a p e rs o n b a rk s h i s s h in o r h i s hand i t w i l l h e a l b e c a u s e
c e ll s o f h is s k in have th e
r e c r e a t e th e m s e lv e s .
pow er w i t h i n th e m s e lv e s t o d i v i d e and
B ut i f he s c r a p s t h e p a i n t o f f o f
h is fe n d e r i t
w i l l s t a y o f f u n t i l i t i s m a n u a lly r e p l a c e d w ith m ore p a i n t .
The ow ner a n d d r i v e r o f a n a u to m o b ile , how ever, c a n do much t o
p r e v e n t w ear on h i s a u to m o b ile .
He c a n , i n th e f i r s t p l a c e , b e c a r e f u l
n o t to sc ra p e th e p a in t o f f o f h is fe n d e r.
c lo s e t o a n o t h e r o b j e c t t h a t th e p a i n t i s
T h ere i s no n e e d to g e t so
scrap ed o f f .
T hen, t o o , he
c a n , b y c a r e o f t h e f i n i s h on h i s a u to m o b ile , k e e p i t s
o r i g i n a l g lo s s
and b e a u ty much lo n g e r th a n i f he p a id no a t t e n t i o n to i t .
one way i n w h ich h e can h e lp p r o lo n g th e l i f e
o f h is c a r .
T h is i s j u s t
I n t h e same
way i t i s p o s s i b l e f o r him t o c a re f o r v a r io u s o t h e r p a r t s o f h i s a u t o ­
m o b ile •
T h e re a r e , o f c o u r s e , m any t h i n g s w h ic h c a n go w rong w i th h i s
a u to m o b ile w h ic h he knows n o th in g a b o u t an d w h ic h he c o u ld n o t f i x i f
he knew a b o u t th e m .
In th e s e in s ta n c e s i t
is
n e c e s s a r y to ta k e th e
a u to m o b ile to a good and r e l i a b l e m ech an ic who w i l l cons c i e n c i o u s l y f i x
72
t h e d e f e c t s and g iv e a d v ic e f o r t h e f u r t h e r p r o t e c t i o n o f th e m echanism
so t h a t b e t t e r o p e r a t i o n can b e a s s u r e d .
A good m echanic can b e one o f
a d r i v e r ’ s b e s t b e n e f a c t o r s and i f t h e ow ner i s
s u f f i c i e n t l y aw are o f
th e m e c h a n ic a l o p e r a t i o n o f h i s c a r so t h a t he c a n a i d th e m e ch a n ic b y
g iv in g e x a c t sy m p to m s, b o th o f t h e i r j o b s w i l l b e e a s i e r and w hat i s
m o re , th e s t r a i n on th e o w n e r’ s p o c k e tb o o k w i l l b e c o n s i d e r a b l y l e s s .
73
HOW TO PROTECT THE FINISH ON YOUR CAR
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f t h e ty p e s o f f i n i s h e s p u t on a u to m o b ile s
b y t h e m a n u f a c tu r e r s an d g iv e th e a d v a n ta g e s and d i s ­
a d v a n ta g e s o f t h e s e f i n i s h e s from th e o w n e r 's p o i n t o f
view*
2.
From a u to m o tiv e handbooks t e l l th e c l a s s o f th e recom ­
m en d atio n s o f m a n u fa c tu re rs f o r e x p e r t c a r e o f f i n i s h e s .
3.
O u tlin e a p ro c e d u re you w ould f o llo w i f you in te n d e d t o
g e t t h e maximum s e r v i c e fro m t h e f i n i s h on y o u r c a r .
k-
Have two s tu d e n ts d ra m a tiz e th e o c c u rre n c e o f a s a le sm a n
s e l l i n g a p o l i s h to a c u sto m e r w ith r e s p e c t t o t h e p r o ­
t e c t i o n o f th e f i n i s h .
QUESTIONS:
1.
How o f t e n s h o u ld you p o l i s h y o u r c a r and e x p la in why you
a r e c o n v in ce d t h a t t h i s i s th e b e s t p ro c e d u re ?
2.
W hat a r e t h e r e l a t i v e
p o l i s h e s v s . wax?
3.
W hat h a p p e n s to t h e f i n i s h on an a u to m o b ile i f i t i s
n o t p ro te c te d ?
BOOKSHELF:
P a lm e r— 2 2 5 -2 2 9
a d v a n t a g e s o f o i l o r e m u ls io n
74
HOW TO POLISH YOUR CAR
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f some l i q u i d c le a n e r s on th e m a rk e t and
t h e c la im s made f o r them .
2.
From th e l a b e l s on c le a n e r s make n o te s o f t h e co m p o si­
t i o n o f t h e s e c l e a n e r s . G et th e c h e m is tr y i n s t r u c t o r
t o e x p l a i n th e p u rp o s e s and u s e s o f th e c h e m ic a ls i n
t h e s e com pounds.
QUESTIONS;
1.
What a r e th e r e l a t i v e a d v a n ta g e s o f 11so ap and w a te r 11
c le a n in g o v e r l i q u i d c l e a n e r s ?
2.
How can you b e s t p r o t e c t t h e f i n i s h when you p o l i s h
your car?
3.
W hat w o u ld b e th e b e s t p r o c e d u r e to
p o lis h in g your c a r y o u rs e lf?
4.
How w ould you i n v e s t i g a t e th e u s e f u l n e s s o f a c l e a n e r
and wax?
3.
To w h a t e x t e n t i s a b r a s i v e good f o r o r h a r m f u l to
t h e f i n i s h on y o u r c a r ?
BOOKSHELF;
P a lm er — 2 2 5 -2 2 9
f o l l o w when
75
HOW TO CLEAN THE UPHOLSTERY
ACTIVITIES:
1.
D is c u s s a num ber o f m e th o d s f o r c l e a n in g t h e d u s t from
t h e c a r and u p h o l s t e r y b e f o r e c l e a n i n g .
T e l l w h ich i s
t h e b e s t m ethod and why.
2.
E x p la in t o t h e c l a s s how g r e a s e s p o ts and s t a i n s
be t r e a t e d .
3.
E x p la in m ethods o f a c t u a l l y c le a n in g t h e w hole u p h o l s t e r y .
T e l l which, you c o n s i d e r t o b e t h e b e s t m e th o d and why.
4.
Show how w orn u p h o l s t e r y fro m h a r d u s e can a f f e c t y o u r
p o s tu r e and d r iv i n g c o m fo rt. T e l l w hat you can do ab o u t
it.
5.
B rin g to c l a s s l a b e l s from m ix tu re s p re p a re d f o r c le a n in g
u p h o l s t e r y . T e l l w h ic h one was m o st h i g h l y recommended
a n d why. G ive y o u r own c h o ic e and why.
s h o u ld
QUESTIONS:
1.
To w hat e x te n t i s i t a good id e a t o co v er your u p h o l s t e r y
w ith s e a t c o v e r s ? Would you g e t f i t t e d c o v e r s o r d ra p e
o n es an d why?
2.
To h a v e y o u r s e a t c o v e r s c le a n e d p r o f e s s i o n a l l y s h o u ld
you t a k e t h e c a r t o a s e r v i c e s t a t i o n o r d i r e c t l y t o an
a u to la u n d r y ? Why?
3-
I n w hat way may ev en y o u r c h o ic e o f m e ch a n ic a f f e c t th e
c a r e you g iv e t o y o u r u p h o ls t e r y ?
4.
I f you w ere to have y o u r c a r r e u p h o ls te r e d w hat m a t e r i a l s
w ould you have u s e d and why?
BOOKSHELF:
Kuns—1071
TO INTERVIEW:
S alesm an o f an Auto S u p p ly S t o r e .
Owner o f an a u to la u n d r y .
76
HOW TO REFINISH THE CAR
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f t h e e q u ip m e n t n e e d e d t o do a home
r e f in is h in g jo b ,
2.
E x p l a in an d d e m o n s tr a te how t o rem ove a l l o u t s i d e
a tta c h m e n ts on th e c a r b e f o r e b e g in n in g th e r e f i n ­
i s h i n g jo b ,
3.
Show how o ld p a i n t can b e re n o v e d .
4.
E x p l a in t h e p r o c e s s e s o f s a n d i n g , s t r i p p i n g , and
r u b b in g .
QUESTIONS :
1.
To w hat e x t e n t d oes m a t e r i a l u s e d i n a r e f i n i s h i n g
jo b a f f e c t th e c o m p le te d jo b ?
2.
Why i s i t
3.
How w ould a p e rs o n go a b o u t f i l l i n g i n im p e r f e c tio n s
i n t h e m e ta l s u r f a c e b e f o r e p a in tin g ?
4«
How s h o u l d l a c q u e r b e a p p l i e d
re s u lts ?
5.
I f you w anted a two to n e d job how w ould you mask o u t
one p a r t to p a i n t t h e o th e r ?
6.
What i s t h e f e a t h e r edge p r o c e s s and how c o u ld you
u s e i t to r e p a i r s p o ts i n y o u r p a i n t jo b ?
o r i s n !t i t
BOOKSHELF:
P a c k e r — 1 -5 4
n e c e s s a r y t o u s e a p r im e r ?
to
g iv e t h e b e s t
77
HOW TO DRAIN AND FLUSH THE RADIATOR
ACTIVITIES:
1.
D e m o n s tr a te f o r t h e c l a s s t h e t u r n i n g o f t h e p e t
c o c k t o d r a i n t h e w a t e r fro m t h e r a d i a t o r .
2.
E x p la in how t h e r a d i a t o r can b e f l u s h e d o u t w ith t h e
g a rd e n h o s e .
3.
E x p l a in to th e c l a s s how some c e r e a l s su ch a s c o rn
m e a l can b e u s e d t e m p o r a r i l y t o s t o p l e a k s .
A lso
e x p la i n why th e u s e o f t h i s m eth o d s h o u ld be a v o id e d
when n o t n eed ed i n an em ergency.
4.
By c h a r t s show th e c l a s s how th e c i r c u l a t o r y sy ste m
o f t h e w a te r w o rk s. G ive th e re a s o n s f o r th e c o o lin g
sy ste m .
5.
By p i c t u r e s o r b y b r i n g i n g a n a c t u a l w a te r pump and
f a n b e l t to c l a s s show how th e s e o p e r a te and Why t h e y
s h o u ld alw ays be c a r e f u l l y checked*
QUESTIONS:
1.
Why s h o u ld you be c a r e f u l w here you a llo w th e w a te r
fro m th e r a d i a t o r t o d r a in ?
2.
Why s h o u ld a s tr o n g a l k a l i be u s e d f o r f lu s h in g ?
th e m ost common home v a r i e t y .
3.
What i s t h e v a lu e o f many s t o p l e a k p r e p a r a t i o n s on
t h e m a rk e t? When s h o u ld th e y be u s e d ? How a r e th e y
used?
4.
W hat d o e s s u d d e n d i s a p p e a r a n c e o f w a t e r fro m th e
r a d i a t o r u s u a l l y mean? What w ould you do a b o u t i t ?
5.
How c a n you t e l l w hen d r i v i n g t h a t y o u r e n g in e i s
o v e r h e a te d ? What a r e some u s u a l c a u s e s ? And w hat
c a n you do -about c o o lin g th e e n g in e ?
BOOKSHELF:
Kuns — 600-615
Name
78
HOW TO DRAIN THE CRANKCASE
ACTIVITIES:
1.
S h o w .th e c l a s s how t o c h e c k th e o i l l e v e l i n a c a r .
A lso show how o f te n i t i s p o s s ib le f o r an u n s c r u p u lo u s
sa le sm a n to s e l l a p e rs o n o i l he d o e s n lt n e e d ,
2.
Check y o u r own c a r ; How much o i l does th e m a n u fa c tu r e r
s a y i t need s to be f u l l . Check i t a q u a r t lo w , tw o q u a r t s
low . Check th e amount o f o i l i n th e c ra n k c a se when th e
s t i c k shows !llo w .n Make a c h a r t o r d iag ram show ing a l l
o f th e s e t h i n g s ,
3«
E x p la in t h e p u rp o s e o f th e o i l gauge and how i t w orks
and w hat i t r e g i s t e r s .
4*
E x p l a in t h e e x a c t p r o c e d u r e o f d r a i n i n g a n d f l u s h i n g
th e c ra n k c a se from ro n o v in g th e d r a in p lu g t o r e p l a c i n g
th e new o i l .
QUESTIONS:
1.
W hat a r e t h e a d v a n ta g e s an d d i s a d v a n t a g e s o f an o i l
filte r?
2.
I s i t e v e r a s p e c i a l jo b to
so how s h o u ld i t b e d o n e ?
3.
How c a n you t e l l w hen y o u r c a r i s
w h a t s h o u ld you do a b o u t i t ?
4.
W hat a r e some o f t h e common t r o u b l e s r e s u l t i n g fro m
i m p a i r e d q u a l i t i e s o f l u b r i c a t i n g o i l an d w h a t can
b e d one t o re m e d y th e m ?
BOOKSHELF:
Kuns— 5 8 9 -5 9 7
c l e a n t h e o i l p an ?
p um ping o i l ?
If
And
79
HOW TO ADJUST THE CARBURETOR AND BLOW OUT THE GAS LINE
ACTIVITIES:
1.
E x p l a in w ith d ia g ra m s t h e p r i n c i p l e o f c a r b u r e t i o n
and how i t w orks i n t h e g a s o l i n e e n g in e .
2.
E x p la in and show p i c t u r e s to th e c l a s s o f th e a d j u s t ­
m ent on th e c a r b u r e t o r . D e n o n s tra te on a c a r .
3.
Show t h e c l a s s w here th e g a s l i n e i s lo c a t e d and show
how i t c a n b e b lo w n o u t b y a n a i r h o s e and b y y o u r
m outh i f n e c e s s a r y .
QUESTIONS:
1.
I n w h a t ways c a n t h e a d ju s tm e n t on y o u r c a r b u r e t o r
a f f e c t th e o p e r a tio n o f your c ar?
2.
What a r e th e a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s o f a l e a n
m ix tu r e ? Of a r i c h m ix tu r e ?
3.
What a r e t h e a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s o f s u p e r ­
c h a r g e r s on c a r s ?
4»
Why i s p o o r c a r b u r e t i o n one o f th e c h i e f re a s o n s f o r
l o s s o f pow er i n an a u to m o b ile ?
3.
How does a c a r u s u a l l y a c t i f t h e r e i s so m eth in g s tu c k
i n th e g as l i n e ?
BOOKSHELF:
Kuns— 639-660
HOW TO CHANGE AND PATCH A TIRE AND TUBE
ACTIVITIES:
1.
V i s i t a t i r e m a n u fa c tu re p l a n t and w atch t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n
of tir e s .
2.
J a c k up yo u r c a r and ta k e t h e w h eel o f f . Take th e c a s in g
from th e rim and remove t h e t u b e . E x p la in th e p ro c e d u re
as you go a lo n g .
3.
Show how you w ould go a b o u t f i n d i n g a l e a k i n th e t u b e .
4.
B r in g a t u b e to
p a tc h .
5.
B rin g p a r t o r a w ho le c a s in g to c l a s s and show how you
w ould p u t i n a b o o t .
c l a s s and show how you w o u ld a p p ly a
QUESTIONS:
1.
What a r e th e a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s o f b a l l o o n t i r e s
S i x p l y t i r e s v e rs u s fo u r p ly ?
2.
When sh o u ld you c o n s id e r th e u s e o f v u l c a n i z a t i o n i n t i r e
c a s in g r e p a i r ?
3.
What a r e some o f th e common c a u s e s o f i n j u r y t o c a s in g s ?
P u n c tu re s t o tu b e s ?
4.
Why do many r e p a i r jo b s f a i l to h o ld ?
a g a in s t th e s e c a u se s?
5.
Would you e v e r u s e a c o ld p a tc h when f i x i n g a p u n c tu r e
i n y o u r tu b e ?
BOOKSHELF:
Kuns — 1 0 4 4 -1 0 6 4
How can you g u a rd
81
HOW TO CLEAN THE SPARK PLUGS AND CARBON FROM THE CYLINDERS
ACTIVITIES:
1.
D e m o n s tra te -with p i c t u r e s and v e r b a l e x p l a n a t i o n how
c a r b o n s h o u ld b e b u rn e d o u t when t h e r e a r e e x c e s s i v e
d e p o s i t s on th e c y l i n d e r w a l l s .
2.
L i s t th e m o st f r e q u e n t c a u s e s f o r s p a r k p lu g f a i l u r e s .
3.
B r in g t o c l a s s a nu m b er o f a d v e r t i s e m e n t s f o r s p a r k
p lu g s .
E x p l a i n t o t h e c l a s s why y o u t h i n k one p lu g
m ig h t b e s u p e r i o r t o a n o t h e r .
4-
B rin g a s p a rk p lu g to c l a s s and e x p la in why th e m a t e r i a l s
u s e d a r e n e c e s s a r y and w hat r e l a t i o n th e p lu g h as t o th e
i g n i t i o n sy stem o f y o u r c a r .
5.
W ith a p e n k n i f e
s p a rk p lu g .
6.
T e l l t h e c l a s s t h e d i f f e r e n t ways s p a r k p lu g s can be
c l e a n e d a n d why i t i s n e c e s s a r y t o k e e p th e m c l e a n .
show how t o
c l e a n c a r b o n fro m th e
QUESTIONS:
1.
U n d e r w hat c i r c u m s t a n c e s i s i t n e c e s s a r y t o b u rn o u t
c a r b o n d e p o s i t s fro m t h e c y l i n d e r w a l l s ?
How i s th e
b u r n in g o u t done?
2.
U nder w hat c irc u m s ta n c e s s h o u ld a s p a rk p lu g be d is c a r d e d ?
How w ould you d e c id e w h e th e r o r n o t you n eed ed new o n e s?
3.
Why i s i t n e c e s s a r y to c le a n th e s p a rk p lu g s p e r i o d i c a l l y ?
How does i t a f f e c t th e o p e r a tio n o f y o u r c a r?
4.
To w hat e x t e n t d o es th e s p a r k g ap a f f e c t y o u r i g n i t i o n
sy ste m ?
BOOKSHELF:
P a lm e r— 2 0 3 -2 0 4
Kuns— 1 0 9 5 -1 0 9 6
82
HOW TO CARE FOR YOUR LIGHTS AND PUT IN A FUSE
ACTIVITIES:
1.
B rin g to c l a s s h e a d lig h t b u lb s and a h e a d l i g h t lam p
i f p o s s i b l e and d e m o n s tra te how th e y can b e c h a n g e d .
2.
Show why you b e l i e v e im p ro p e r h e a d l i g h t a d ju s tm e n t
i s th e r e a s o n why many c a r s a r e r e j e c t e d on p e r i o d i c
i n s p e c t i o n r e q u i r e d b y some s t a t e s .
3*
E x p la in to th e c l a s s th e n e c e s s i t y f o r knowing w h ere t o
p u t i n a f u s e i n e m e rg e n c ie s. I l l u s t r a t e b y d e s c r ib i n g
t h e s i t u a t i o n i f a f u s e w e re t o b u r n o u t o n a d a rk
h ig h w a y a t n i g h t .
4.
D e m o n stra te f o r t h e c l a s s how a f u s e c a n be r e p l a c e d .
B r in g a f u s e t o t h e c l a s s so t h a t t h e s t u d e n t s may
in s p e c t i t .
QUESTIONS:
1.
What and w here i s t h e v a lu e o f y e llo w l i g h t s and why
a r e th e y u s e d ?
2.
How s h o u ld t h e beam s o f y o u r h e a d l i g h t la m p s be
p la c e d f o r ( l ) n o rm al c i t y d r i v i n g (2 ) open r o a d , and
(3 ) u n u s u a l c o n d itio n s and e x p la i n th e re a s o n s TAihy i n
each c a s e .
3.
Why s h o u ld i t b e n e c e s s a r y t o c a r r y s p a r e l i g h t b u lb s
and f u s e s i n y o u r c a r?
BOOKSHELF:
F l o h e r t y — 3 1 -3 2 , 56-57
Kuns— 987-992
P a lm e r— 205-206
83
HOW TO BUY AND CARE FOR YOUR BATTERY
ACTIVITIES:
1.
B rin g t o c l a s s a s t o r a g e b a t t e r y an d e x p l a i n i t s
c o m p o s itio n a n d how i t s t o r e s and r e l e a s e s e l e c t r i c
c u rre n t.
2.
E x p la in to t h e c l a s s w hat i s m eant b y th e r e v e r s i b l e
a b i l i t i e s o f th e c h e m ic a l p r o c e s s e s and w hy t h i s i s
n e c e s s a r y i n th e o p e r a t i o n o f y o u r c a r .
3*
Make a l i s t o f t h e m o st im p o r ta n t r a t i n g s you s h o u ld
c o n s id e r when b u y in g a b a t t e r y .
4.
G ive th e m ost u s u a l re a so n s why a b a t t e r y may go b a d .
T e l l why i n e a c h c a s e and how you m ig h t p r e v e n t i t s
g o in g b a d o r p r o lo n g i t s o c c u r r e n c e .
5.
Show how c o r r o s i o n c an be c le a n e d fro m b a t t e r y t e r ­
m in a ls and c o n n e c t io n s .
6.
Show t h e c l a s s b y d e m o n s t r a t i o n how to rem ove t h e
c a b le and t a k e t h e b a t t e r y o u t o f t h e c a r .
QUESTIONS:
1.
What p o r t i o n o f th e e l e c t r i c a l b u rd e n o f y o u r c a r does
th e b a t t e r y a c t u a l l y c a r r y ? What i s t h e r e a s o n i t i s
n e c e s s a r y t o th e c a r ’s o p e r a tio n ?
2.
Why i s u n d e rc h a rg in g b ad f o r th e b a t t e r y ?
o v e rc h a rg in g ? F a i l u r e to add w a te r .
3.
How c a n you b e s t p r o lo n g th e l i f e
4.
To w h a t e x t e n t s h o u l d th e
in flu e n c e your p u rc h a se ?
5.
Why i s i t n e c e s s a r y to k eep w a te r i n th e b a t t e r y and
how do you p u t i t i n ?
BOOKSHELF:
F lo h e r t y — 3 0 -3 4
P a lm e r— 193-199
C o n tin u o u s
o f your b a tte ry ?
g u a r a n t e e on a b a t t e r y
84
HOW TO CHOOSE YOUR MECHANIC
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f a number o f p a r t s -which f o r m ost econom­
i c a l o p e r a tio n r e q u i r e p e r io d ic a d ju s tm e n t.
2.
D isc u ss th e p r o p o s i t i on5’t h a t th e m odern c a r i s d e s ig n e d
t o be a sse m b le d c h e a p ly , n o t t o be w orked on c h e a p ly ."
Show how t h i s may h av e some b e a r in g on y o u r c h o ic e o f
m e c h a n ic .
3.
Make a l i s t o f t h e v a r i o u s ty p e s o f p l a c e s w here one
can go when so m e th in g i s w ro n g . E x p la in to th e c l a s s
t h e a d v a n ta g e s and d is a d v a n ta g e s o f e a c h .
4.
Make a l i s t o f a number o f n eed s w hich you m ig h t e x p e c t
t o have i n th e o p e r a tio n o f an a u to m o b ile and g iv e ty p e
o f s e r v ic e m ost needed f o r th e r e p a i r o f e a c h .
QUESTION:
1.
To w hat e x te n t s h o u ld each o f th e two f a c t o r s , d ia g n o s is
and r e p a i r , in f l u e n c e y o u r c h o ic e o f m echanic?
2.
W hat a r e t h e r e l a t i v e a d v a n ta g e s o f p a t r o n i z i n g ( l )
s e r v i c e s t a t i o n ( 2 ) g e n e r a l g a r a g e man ( 3 ) c a r d e a l e r
and ( 4 ) s p e c i a l i s t ?
BOOKSHELF:
No r e f e r e n c e
TO INTERVIEW:
Two o r more ( l )
(2 )
(3 )
(4 )
s e r v i c e s t a t i o n sa le sm e n
g e n e r a l g a ra g e men
c a r d e a le r s
s p e c ia lis ts
85
HOW TO KEEP REPAIR CHARGES DOWN
ACTIVITIES:
1.
Make a l i s t o f t h e m ost l i k e l y c a u s e s f o r a c c e l e r a t e d
w ear and in c lu d e y o u r s u g g e s tio n s a s t o w hat c o u ld b e
done a b o u t th em .
2.
C o n su lt a m echanic on th e c a u s e o f some r e a p i r jo b i n
h i s s h o p , i t s e x t e n t , when t h e r e p a i r may b e n e e d e d
a g a in and w h e th e r i t w ould be pos s i b l e t o a v o id o r p o s t ­
pone a r e c u r r e n c e . R e p o rt t o th e c la s s *
3.
Make a lo g o f a week*s r e g u l a r d r iv in g r o u t i n e , i n c l u d e
m ile a g e , g a s and o i l . c o n su m p tio n , d r iv i n g c o n d i t i o n s .
N ote any p o t e n t i a l c a u s e s f o r r e p a i r . E x p la in t o t h e
c la s s .
4.
Make a l i s t o f s p e c i a l c o n d itio n s from d r i v i n g h a b i t s
t o m e c h a n ic a l c a r e w h ic h you p e r s o n a l l y m ig h t do to
p re v e n t r e p a i r b i l l s .
QUESTIONS:
1.
What e f f e c t do o p e r a t i n g c a u s e s h av e on y o u r r e p a i r
b ills ?
2.
How c a n y o u p r e v e n t th e n e c e s s i t y f o r m in o r r e p a i r
b ills ?
3.
What w ould be y o u r b e s t p ro c e d u re when c o n s u lt in g w ith
a m echanic on " re p a ir s n e c e s s a r y t o y o u r c a r? How c o u ld
you h e lp him a r r i v e a t th e tr o u b l e ?
4*
To w h at e x t e n t do d r i v i n g ' h a b i t s a f f e c t th e l i f e o f
your c ar?
BOOKSHELF:
P alm er— 2 4 2 -2 4 6
86
HOW TO USE THE DASH BOARD AS AN INDICATOR OF TROUBLE
ACTIVITIES:
1.
L i s t t h e in s tr u m e n ts on th e d a sh b o a rd a c c o rd in g t o two
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s ( l ) g a u g e s w h ic h t e l l w h a t r s g o in g
on i n s i d e t h e c a r , a n d ( 2 )
c o n tr o l in s tru m e n ts f o r
u s e i n o p e r a t i n g t h e c a r . G iv e th e u s e s o f e a c h o n e .
2.
B r in g p i c t u r e s t o c l a s s o f
e a c h one o f t h e s e g a u g e s .
3.
Make a p i c t u r e o f t h e m o st i d e a l a r r a n g e m e n ts o f
th e
d a sh in s tr u m e n ts a c c o rd in g t o t h e way you ■would a r r a n g e
th em .
d ash b o a rd s
and p o i n t o u t
QUESTIONS:
1.
What i s t h e v a lu e o f knowing th e u s e s o f t h e in s tr u m e n ts
on y o u r d a sh b o a rd ?
2.
Why i s i t b ad p r a c t i c e to le a v e y o u r i g n i t i o n s w itc h on?
3.
What i s c a rb o n m onoxide g as and why i s i t so d a n g e ro u s?
4.
What w ould you do i f y o u r t a u p e r a t u r e gauge re a d s 180 F .
o r h ig h e r?
5-
What does i t mean and w hat w ould you do i f y o u r p r e s s u r e
gauge re a d s l e s s th a n 30 F .?
6.
What does i t mean and w hat w ould you do i f th e n e e d le o f
th e ammeter d i a l r e g i s t e r e d d is c h a rg e ?
7.
What a r e t h e u s e s o f th e v a r io u s l i g h t beams a d ju s tm e n ts ?
BOOKSHELF:
M ath er— 81-83
CHAPTER IX
THE BOOKSHELF
A.
BOOKS
F l o h e r t y , John J . , Y outh a t t h e W heel.
Company, 19 3 7 . 154 p p .
P h ila d e lp h ia :
H offm an, P a u l G ., Seven Roads t o S a f e t y . New York:
1 9 3 9 . 37 pp.
L a p o r te , R . J . , The O p e ra tio n o f an A u to m o b ile .
Company, 19 2 6 . 51 p p .
K uns, Ray F . , A u to m o b ile S e r v i c e .
Company, 1 9 3 1 .
1120 p p .
New Y o rk :
M a th e r, J o h n J . , M ind O v er M o to r .
178 p p .
D e tro it:
P a c k e r , C. F . , A u to m o b ile R e f i n i s h i n g .
Company, I n c . , 1933* 152 p p .
H a rp e r an d B r o t h e r s ,
B o sto n :
C h ic a g o :
L . D. L i p p i n c o t t
The F o u r S e a s
The B ru c e P u b li s h in g
J o h n J . M a th e r, 1 9 3 7 .
The G oodhard W ilc o x
P a lm e r, Dewey H. and L aw rence E. C ro o k s, M illio n s on W h e e ls .
V anguard P r e s s , 19 3 8 . 308 p p .
New Y ork:
B. PERIODICAL ARTICLES
A Symposium, "The R e p a i r Man W i l l Gyp You I f You D o n 't W atch Out , "
The R e a d e r s ' D i g e s t , 3 9 :2 3 4 1 4 4 - 1 4 8 , O c to b e r 1 9 4 1 .
C.
PARTS OF SERIES
M arsh , B u rto n W., d i r e c t o r , S p o rts m a n lik e D riv in g S e r i e s . (5 p a m p h le ts )
No. 5 How t o D r iv e ; A m erican A utom obile A s s o c ia tio n , 1937
U nion O il Company T r a f f i c C l i n i c * How t o Reduce T r a f f i c N e rv e s .
Los A n g e le s : U nion O il Company o f C a l i f o r n i a , 1 9 4 0 .
89
II.
EXPLANATION AND USE
The " B o o k s h e lf" c o n s i s t s o f a num ber o f b i b l i o g r a p h i c a l r e f e r ­
ences r e l a t i v e
to th e p a r t i c u l a r f i e l d th e
c o u rse o u tlin e p re s e n ts .
I t i s n o t c o n te n d e d t h a t t h i s b i b l i o g r a p h y i s
p l e t e l y c o v e rs t h e f i e l d .
tio n o f th e u s e r .
I t may b e augm ented f a v o r a b ly a t t h e d i s c r e ­
H o w ev e r, i t i s
w h ic h , b e c a u s e o f i t s
a l l i n c l u s i v e and com­
in te n d e d to be a " s e le c te d " l i s t ,
c o m p ac tn e ss and c o m p le te n e s s , c a n b e made e a s i l y
a v a i l a b l e and t h e r e b y a i d and a s s i s t b o th t h e t e a c h e r an d t h e s t u d e n t s
to a r r iv e
a t c e r t a i n f u n d a m e n t a l d e c i s i o n s on t h e p ro b le m s a t h a n d .
P a r t i c u l a r r e f e r e n c e t o th e TrB o o k s h e lf11 s o u rc e s h a s b e e n made b y
a u t h o r ’s name and page num bers o f t h e books th ro u g h o u t th e o u t l i n e .
In
t h e c a s e o f t h e tw o p a m p h le ts th e S p o rtsm a n s h ip D riv in g S e r i e s p a m p h le t
i s r e f e r r e d t o a s How t o D riv e an d t h e p a m p h le t p u b li s h e d b y th e U nion
O il C om pany's T r a f f i c C l i n i c i s c a l l e d T r a f f i c N e rv e s .
The B o o k s h e lf c an f u r t h e r b e a u g m en ted b y th e f o ll o w i n g f a i r l y
r e c e n t and good m a t e r i a l i f a v a i l a b l e .
R e fe re n c e t o th e in d e x e s i n e a c h
c a s e w i l l g iv e t h e s t u d e n t t h e n e c e s s a r y p a g e num bers f o r t h e p ro b le m
a t hand.
B la n c h a r d , H a ro ld F . , My A u to m o b ile : I t s O p e r a t i o n , C a r e , and R e p a i r .
,New Y ork: S c i e n t i f i c Book C o r p o r a tio n , 1 9 3 0 . 373 p p .
F u r n a s , J . C. a n d E r n e s t N. S m ith , S u d d en D e a th an d How t o A void ‘I t .
New Y o rk : Sim on a n d S c h u s t e r , 1935*
58 p p .
P a lm e r, Dewey H. an d L aw ren ce E. C ro o k s , A S u p p le m e n t t o M i l l i o n s on
W heels
New Y o rk : V a n g u a rd P r e s s , 1 9 3 8 . 42 p p .
90
R eck, F r a n k li n M ., A u to m o b iles From S t a r t t o F i n i s h . New Y ork:
Y. C ro w e ll Company, 1941* R e v ise d E d i t i o n . 92 p p .
Thomas
W h itn e y , A lb e r t W ., Man and th e M otor C a r . New Y ork: N a tio n a l B ureau
o f C a s u a lty and S u r e t y U n d e r w r ite r s , 1 9 3 6 . 256 p p .
91
The i d e a o f t h e B o o k sh e lf h a s b e e n b o rro w ed from C. C. C ra w fo rd , *
P hD ., P r o f e s s o r o f E d u c a t i o n , U n i v e r s i t y o f S o u th e r n C a l i f o r n i a , who
has s u c c e s s f u l l y u s e d t h i s m e th o d o f b i b l i o g r a p h i c a l r e f e r e n c e i n a
num ber o f s y l l a b u s p u b l i c a t i o n s o f f u n c t i o n a l c o u r s e m a t e r i a l .
I t i s f u r t h e r s u g g e s te d t h a t s in c e p u b lis h e d l i t e r a t u r e i n con­
sum er la n g u a g e on t h i s p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t i s s e r i o u s l y l i m i t e d as y e t ,
t h a t b o th t h e t e a c h e r a n d s t u d e n t s k e e p a c a r e f u l w a tc h f o r c u r r e n t
m a te ria l p u b lis h e d in p e r io d ic a l s .
T h is m a t e r i a l may be fo u n d to be
c o n s id e r a b ly h e l p f u l on th e problem s a s th e y a r i s e .
They w i l l a ls o h av e
t h e a d v a n ta g e o f b e in g up t o t h e m in u te i n f o r m a t i o n c o m p ile d b y i n t e r ­
e s te d p a r t i e s i n th e f i e l d .
a rtic le s
P e rh a p s
a s c r a p book o f in fo rm a tio n a l
c a r e f u l l y c u l l e d fro m s u c h c o n su m e r f o u n d a t i o n p u b l i c a t i o n s
a s C onsum ers' U nion, C onsum ers1 D ig e s t, C onsum ers' R e s e a rc h , t o g e t h e r
w ith g o v e r n m e n ta l p u b l i c a t i o n s , and s u c h m a g a z in e s a s t h e S c i e n t i f i c
M o n th ly a n d p u b l i c m in d ed p e r i o d i c a l s s u c h a s th e R e a d e r s ' D ig e s t.
In
t h i s way a r u n n in g r e c o r d can b e e s t a b l i s h e d an d c a r e f u l l y in d e x e d t o
p r o v id e much m ore v a lu a b l e s o u r c e m a t e r i a l t h a n p u b lis h e d w orks w h ich
m ay"be o u t d a te d b y a few y e a r s o r e v e n a few m o n th s.
CHAPTER X II
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
As p r e v i o u s l y p o in te d o u t i t h a s b e e n t h e i d e a and o b j e c t i v e o f
t h i s s tu d y t o a i d t h e t e a c h e r i n h ig h s c h o o l b y p r e s e n t i n g a w o rk a b le
o u tlin e f o r h is u se in f u n c tio n a l e d u c a tio n a l e f f o r t s .
i n t h i s fo rm t h i s
As p r e s e n te d
o u t l i n e i s n o t i r o n c l a d and u n c h a n g e a b le b u t i s t o
b e u s e d as a g u id e i n t h e a c t u a l p r e s e n t a t i o n .
Any u s e r o f t h i s m a t e r i a l
s h o u ld b e a r i n m ind t h a t to b e o f u s e t o t h e c h i l d o r p e r s o n e x p o se d t o
e d u c a tio n t h e i n f o r m a t i o n m u st h a v e , a t t h e o u t s e t , d e f i n i t e u t i l i t y .
P r e s e n t a t i o n m u st be made a t a tim e when th e n e e d i s f e l t , and th e ma­
t e r i a l u s e d m u st h av e an i n d i v i d u a l p u rp o s e and u s e i n i t s
own r i g h t .
T h e re may be ite m s and le s s o n - p la n s in c lu d e d i n t h i s o u t l i n e w hich w i l l ,
o f th e m s e lv e s , have no r e l a t i v e v a lu e f o r th e p a r t i c u l a r g ro u p t o w hich
t h e y a r e t o be p r e s e n t e d .
not p re sen t i t .
I n t h a t c a s e th e b e s t a d v ic e to f o ll o w i s , do
A u th o ritie s
in
th e new f i e l d o f f u n c t i o n a l e d u c a tio n
seem t o be more o r l e s s a g re e d t h a t t h e r e i s r e l a t i v e l y no a d v a n ta g e i n
p re s e n tin g m a te r ia l, in fo r m a tio n , f a c t s ,
o r th e li k e
someone somewhere th in k s t h a t i t i s a good i d e a .
is
o f c o m p a ra tiv e ly l i t t l e
m ethods i f t r a n s f e r r a b l e .
Cold s to r a g e e d u c a tio n
v a lu e a s h a s b e en p o in te d o u t i n v a rio u s
s t u d i e s c o n c e rn in g t h e t r a n s f e r o f l e a r n i n g .
i s t r a n s f e r r e d and l i t t l e
p u re ly becau se
L i t t l e o f w hat i s le a r n e d
o f w hat i s le a r n e d b y means o f t h e c o ld s to r a g e
To q u o te Bode:
93
Wo am ount o f t r a i n i n g c an c o n v e r t d u l l n e s s i n t o g e n i u s , and
i f t h e i n d i v i d u a l i s to o s lo w w itte d o r to o much u p s e t b y t h e
em ergency t o u s e h i s r e s o u r c e s , t h i s f a c t can h a r d ly be blam ed
on e d u c a tio n . B u t, u n f o r t u n a t e l y , th e f a i l u r e t o a p p ly p r e v i ­
ous t r a i n i n g t o t h e new s i t u a t i o n may be due t o th e c h a r a c t e r
o f th e t r a i n i n g .
I f t h e c o n c e p t s a r e m a i n l y v e r b a l , to o
em pty t o f u r n i s h s u g g e s ti o n s , t h e n e d u c a tio n m ust assum e t h e
re s p o n s ib ility .^
T h is s tu d y was made w i t h t h e h o p e t h a t i t w o u ld b e a c o n t r i b u t i o n t o
t h e g e n e r a l program o f f u n c t i o n a l e d u c a tio n b y p r e s e n tin g a m ore d e t a i l e d
s tu d y o f t h e p ro b le m s w hich a r i s e i n one p h a se o f consum er b u y in g .
re p o rts i n
c u rre n t p e rio d ic a ls
If
c o n t i n u a l l y p r e s e n t J o h n Q. P u b lic a s
b e in g a lm o s t t o t a l l y i g n o r a n t o f h i s l i a b i l i t y , r e s p o n s i b i l i t y , a b i l i t y
and d i s a b i l i t y r e l a t i v e t o t h i s e s s e n t i a l p ie c e o f equipm ent w h ich m akes
up a v i t a l p a r t o f h is e v ery d ay l i f e
t h e n i t w o u ld seem o n ly f a i r t o
g iv e him some e n lig h te n m e n t and some s a t i s f a c t o r y s o l u t i o n s f o r h i s p ro b ­
le m s .
T h is p ro b lem i s n o t n e c e s s a r i l y p u r e ly an a d u l t o n e , f o r
Jo h n
Q.
n e e d n o t be 4 0 , he may a l s o be 1 5 .
And i n c o n c lu s io n an d d e g r e s s i n g fro m t h i s p a r t i c u l a r s tu d y t o
th e g e n e r a l f i e l d
o f f u n c t i o n a l e d u c a t i o n may t h e w r i t e r s a y t h a t i f
t h i s w ork c a n h av e no o t h e r c la im to g l o r y i t i s ho p ed t h a t i t w i l l be
a t l e a s t e v id e n c e t h a t t h e r e i s one more c o n v e r t u n d e r t h e su n and t h e r e ­
b y b e an i n c e n t i v e f o r o t h e r s t o t r y i t .
And t o t e a c h e r s and e d u c a to r s
i n g e n e r a l ( w i t h a p o l o g i e s t o G e n e r a l M o to r s ) i t
th e y "ey e i t ,
try i t ,
is
recom m ended t h a t
and buy i t j "
^B oyd H. B o d e, F u n d a m e n ta ls o f E d u c a tio n (New Y ork:
M acM illan Company, 1 9 2 1 ) , p . 159
The
94
BIBLIOGRAPHY
A.
BOOKS
B la n c h a r d , H a ro ld F . , My A u to m o b ile : I t s O p e r a t i o n , C a r e , an d R e p a i r .
New Y ork: S c i e n t i f i c Book C o r p o r a tio n , 1 9 3 0 . 373 PP*
B ode, Boyd H ., F u n d a m e n ta ls o f E d u c a t i o n .
Company, 1 9 2 1 307 p p .
New Y o rk :
C ra w fo rd , C lau d e C ., How t o T e a c h . Los A n g e le s :
Book D e p o s ito r y , 1938*
511 p p .
The M acM illan
S o u th e r n C a l i f o r n i a
C ra w fo rd , C laude C ., S tu d y in g t h e M ajo r S u b j e c t s . Los A n g e le s : C. C.
C ra w fo rd , U n i v e r s i t y o f S o u th e rn C a l i f o r n i a , 1 9 3 0 . 384 PP*
Dewey, Jo h n , Democracy and E d u c a tio n .
1 9 3 7 . 434 p p .
New York:
The M acM illan Company,
E v e r e t t , S a m u a l, A C h a lle n g e t o S e c o n d a r y E d u c a t i o n .
A p p le to n - C e n t u r y Company, I n c . , 1 9 3 5 .
553 p p .
F l o h e r t y , Jo h n J . , Y outh a t t h e W heel.
Company, 1937* 154 p p .
P h ila d e lp h ia :
New Y ork:
D.
L. D. L i p p i n c o t t
F u r n a s , J . C. a n d E r n e s t N. S m ith , S u d d e n D e a th and How t o A void I t .
New Y o rk : Sim on a n d S c h u s t e r , 1935*
58 p p .
H offm an, P a u l G ., Seven Roads t o S a f e t y .
1939. 87 p p .
New York:
H a rp e r and B r o th e r s ,
K i l p a t r i c k , W illia m H ., The E d u c a tio n a l F r o n t i e r . New Y ork:
C e n tu ry Company, I n c . , 1937. 325 p p .
K i l p a t r i c k , W illia m H ., Rem aking t h e C u rric u lu m .
Newson and Company, 1 9 3 6 . 128 p p .
D. A p p le to n -
New Y ork and C h ic a g o :
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K uns, Ray F . , A utom obile S e r v i c e , New York:
1 9 3 1 . 1120 pp.
The B ruce P u b lis h in g Company,
L a p o r te , R. J . , The O p e ra tio n o f an A u to m o b ile .
Company, 19 2 6 . 51 PP*
M aher, John J . , Mind Over M o to r.
D e tro it:
P a c k e r , C. E . , A u to m o b ile R e f i n i s h i n g .
Company, I n c . , 1933* 152 p p .
B o sto n :
The F o u r S eas
J o h n J . M aher, 1937*
C h ic a g o :
176 p p .
The G o o d h e a rt W ilco x
P a lm e r, Dewey H. and Law rence E. C ro o k s, M il lio n s on W h ee ls.
V anguard P r e s s , 19 3 6 . 308 p p .
New Y ork:
P a lm e r, Dewey H. an d L aw ren ce E. C ro o k s , A S u p p le m e n t t o M i l l i o n s on
W h e e ls.
New Y o rk : V a n g u ard P r e s s , 1 9 3 8 .
42 p p .
R eck , F r a n k li n M ., A u to m o b iles from S t a r t t o F i n i s h . New Y ork:
Y. C ro w e ll Company, 1941* R e v ise d E d i t i o n . 92 p p .
Thomas
W h itn e y , A lb e r t W ., Man and t h e M otor C a r. New Y ork: N a tio n a l B u reau
o f C a s u a lty an d S u r e t y U n d e r w r ite r s , 1 9 3 6 , 2 5 6 p p .
B.
PERIODICAL ARTICLES
A Sym posium ,
"The R e p a i r Man W i l l Gyp You I f You D o n * t W atch O u t."
The R e a d e r s 1 D i g e s t , 3 9 :2 3 4 1 4 4 - 1 4 8 , O c to b e r 1 9 4 1 .
C.
PARTS OF SERIES
M arsh , B u rto n W ., d i r e c t o r , S p o rts m a n lik e D riv in g S e r i e s . (5 p a m p h le ts )
No. 5 How t o D r iv e ; W ash in g to n , D. C .: The A m erican A u to m o b ile
A s s o c i a t i o n , 19 3 7 .
U nion O il Company T r a f f i c C l i n i c , How t o R ed u ce T r a f f i c N e rv e s .
Los A n g e le s : U n io n O i l Company o f C a l i f o r n i a , 1 9 4 0 .
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