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Press-council

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Raphael Cohen-Almagor
“The Work of the Press
Councils in Britain,
Canada, and Israel:
Comparative Appraisal”
1953 - was founded the
British Press Council.
Its aims were:
• To preserve the freedom of the
press;
• To guarantee the responsibility and
objectivity of mass media;
• To improve efficiency of a profession
The main functions of the
Press Council were:
• To deal with complaints of the public
against the press;
• To deal with complaints of the press
against any other body for their
conduct against the press;
• To institute own investigation into
some aspects of press behavior
Some reforms were carried
out:
• The name of Council is changed:
Press Complaints Commission
• The amount of its members is
reduced
(16 mans – 9 editors and 6 members
of the public coming + chairperson)
“Do you think the current system of selfregulation by the Press Complaints
Commission is working?"
yes
no
don't
know
• 30% - the system
was working
• 59 % - thought the
system was not
working
• 12 % - answered
“Don't know”
“Would you be in favour or against the
introduction of a law saving people the
right to privacy?"
90
80
70
60
50
yes
no
40
30
20
10
0
don't
know
• 87 % were in favour
• 10 % were opposed
• 3 % answered
"Don't know"
Canada
• The first to be established were the press
councils in Windsor in 1971
• in Alberta and Ontario in 1972.
• In 1973 the Quebec Press Council was
formed.
• This process continued well into the 1980s
• Today we find provincial press councils in
all provinces except Saskatchewan.
"Because in the modern era there are
increasing points of friction between
the need for freedom of the press
and the public interests, the press
realized that they should take it upon
themselves to bridge the gap
between them".
Yitzhak Olshan
The Israel Press Council
consists of:
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
• Press –30%
• Public representatives
– 40 %
• Publishers and
editors -30 %
Sixty members sit in the
plenary organ and ten in
the presidency organ
The basic concepts of the
Code of ethics:
•
•
•
•
•
Decency
Fairness
Truth
Objectivity
Privacy
Year
No. complaints
In Tribunal
1994
95
27
1995
94
19
1996
92
18
1997
148
17
1998
130
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