Raphael Cohen-Almagor вЂњThe Work of the Press Councils in Britain, Canada, and Israel: Comparative AppraisalвЂќ 1953 - was founded the British Press Council. Its aims were: вЂў To preserve the freedom of the press; вЂў To guarantee the responsibility and objectivity of mass media; вЂў To improve efficiency of a profession The main functions of the Press Council were: вЂў To deal with complaints of the public against the press; вЂў To deal with complaints of the press against any other body for their conduct against the press; вЂў To institute own investigation into some aspects of press behavior Some reforms were carried out: вЂў The name of Council is changed: Press Complaints Commission вЂў The amount of its members is reduced (16 mans вЂ“ 9 editors and 6 members of the public coming + chairperson) вЂњDo you think the current system of selfregulation by the Press Complaints Commission is working?" yes no don't know вЂў 30% - the system was working вЂў 59 % - thought the system was not working вЂў 12 % - answered вЂњDon't knowвЂќ вЂњWould you be in favour or against the introduction of a law saving people the right to privacy?" 90 80 70 60 50 yes no 40 30 20 10 0 don't know вЂў 87 % were in favour вЂў 10 % were opposed вЂў 3 % answered "Don't know" Canada вЂў The first to be established were the press councils in Windsor in 1971 вЂў in Alberta and Ontario in 1972. вЂў In 1973 the Quebec Press Council was formed. вЂў This process continued well into the 1980s вЂў Today we find provincial press councils in all provinces except Saskatchewan. "Because in the modern era there are increasing points of friction between the need for freedom of the press and the public interests, the press realized that they should take it upon themselves to bridge the gap between them". Yitzhak Olshan The Israel Press Council consists of: 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 вЂў Press вЂ“30% вЂў Public representatives вЂ“ 40 % вЂў Publishers and editors -30 % Sixty members sit in the plenary organ and ten in the presidency organ The basic concepts of the Code of ethics: вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Decency Fairness Truth Objectivity Privacy Year No. complaints In Tribunal 1994 95 27 1995 94 19 1996 92 18 1997 148 17 1998 130 ?