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It is situated in the South- Eastern Europe - in the Eastern part of the
Balkan Peninsula
Bulgaria covers area of almost 111000 square kilometers - about the same
size as the US state of Ohio
It is fascinatingly
variegated - low, medium
and high mountains, hills
and plateaus, low lands,
gorges and passes, valleys
and meadows, gulfs and
Rila and Pirin are alpine mountains, Stara planina is the longest mountain; it divides
the country into two parts: Nortern and Southern. Called also Balkan/range/, it is the
“name - giver”of the whole peninsula. The climate is moderate continental with four
seasons and average annual temperature of 10.5 degrees centigrade.
Population: 8 000 000 (according to the census taken in 2000)
Nationality: noun: Bulgarian(s) adjective: Bulgarian
Ethnic groups: Bulgarian 83%, Turk 8.5%, Roma 2.6%, Armenian and
Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox 83.5%, Muslim 13%, Roman Catholic 1.5%,
Uniate Catholic, Jewish, Protestant, Gregorian-Armenian and other 1%
Languages: Bulgarian, secondary languages closely correspond to ethnic
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Currency: lev (BGL);Currency code: BGL
Settlements: 5406
Capital city: Sofia, with 1 188 000 inhabitants
Larger cities: Plovdiv, Varna, Bourgas, Stara Zagora, Rousse, Pleven
Airports: Sofia, Varna, Bourgas
Harbours: on the Black Sea - Varna, Bourgas, Balchick, Nessebur; on the
Danube - Vidin, Lom, Oriakhovo, Nickopol, Svishtov, Rousse, Toutrackan,
some of the most significant dates and events in the history of Bulgaria:
681 - The Bulgarian state was founded on the present-day territory of Europe
864 - 866 - Bulgaria adopted Christianity
885 - Cyril and Methodius created the Slavonic script
1018 - 1185 - Bulgaria fell within the limits of the Byzantine Empire and Rule
1186 - Restoration of the Bulgarian state
1396 - 1878 - Bulgaria was under the Turkish Yoke
The well-organized national liberation movement stared in the
middle of 19th century. One of the main figures was Vassil Levski
1876 - The April Uprising broke out
1878 - The Liberation from Ottoman domination
1878 - 1944 - Bulgaria was a constitutional monarchy
1944 - 1989 - Bulgaria was a people’s republic, governed
by the communist party
Since 10th of November 1989 Bulgaria has been a parliamentary republic.
Bulgarian president now is Georgi Parvanov and the Prime minister is Simeon
Saxe - Coburg - Gotha
The National Anthem of Bulgaria
The Bulgarian Flag is composed of three
color which all have any meaning
The WHITE - means Freedom
The GREEN - means The Beautiful Nature
The RED - means the blood of the Bulgarians
who defended the country in wars.
Proud Balkan mountains,
next to them the Danube flows,
the sun sheds its light over Thrace,
shining over Pirin.
Dear native land,
you are paradise on earth,
your beauty and your charm,
ah, they never end.
Many fighters gave their life
for our dear nation,
Mother, give us strength
to follow in their steps.
Bulgarian culture
A lot of different people, inhabited today’s Bulgarian territories have left numerous proofs
of their highly developed culture in hundred of vaults:
- Thracian gold treasures,the largest Tracian tumulus near Starosel, the first alphabet in
Slavic language, the Madara Horseman, the wonderful castle Tsarevets, many churches,
Madara Horseman
Rila monastery
Ivan Vazov National Theater
Manassius’s Chronicon
Bulgarian folklore
It bears all characteristic of a rich and still vital cultural system. It has a dual character as a type of culture:
it is as a spiritual expression of an agrarian type of sociality; it is permeated by the historical time of the Bulgarians
Bulgarian Folk music
Bulgarian folk songs and performers are liked and praised in many places
around the globe.
Valya Balkanska is a singer of Bulgarian folk songs from Rhodopes region.
A song of hers is included in the gramophone record in the Voyager 1 and Voyajer 2 as a message
to other civilizations
The Bulgarian folk music has had a strong impact on modern world music
The mystery of Bulgarian Voices is known and valued world - wide
Traditional Bulgarian musical instruments are:pipe, shepherd’s pipe or wooden flute /kaval/, bagpipe,
rebec, pandore etc.
Wind Instruments
Stringed Instruments
Bulgarian national folk costumes - beauty, colors ,
remarkable works of Bulgarian folk arts
In the mind of the Bulgarian people, clothing is not only an element of life but also an
inseparable part of one's identity
from the Region from the
of Strandja
Region of
from the Region from the
from the
of Pirin mountain Region of Sofia Region
of Stara
The most typical shoes to almost all
ethnographical regions in Bulgaria.
They are made of real leather.
Comfortable for dancing.
from the
Region of
St. Trifon's Day
The national holidays
In the agricultural calendar, St. Trifon's Day celebrates the pruning of the vines, and is held on February 14.
Kukerov Den
On the first Sunday before Lent, Kukerov Den celebrates the start of the agricultural year, and all over
Bulgaria you can witness processions led by the dancing. leaping Kukeri dressed in colourful masks and
Baba Marta
Baba Marta is celebrated on March 1 when peasant house-holds brush out the winter cobwebs with a
traditional spring clean. and people offer each other tokens of good luck called martenitsas.
Like western countries. the Bulgarian calendar is dotted with important feast days and festivals. The festival
of the Kukeri re-enacts ancient surovaki rites to ward off evil spirits and Kukeri fertility rites. Although only
held once every five years, it brings together dancers from all over Bulgaria in a rainbow of colours and
St. Lazarus Day
Lazaruvane is also celebrated in spring on St. Lazarus Day, and here village girls considered fit for marriage
perform ritual songs and dances.
St. Konstantin and St. Elena Day
The coming of summer is traditionally celebrated on St. Konstantin and St. Elena Day on May 21, and in
some of the remoter villages in the Stranzha hills fire dancing, dancing on heated coals, is still practised in
celebration of summer's arrival. Ethnologists have suggested that this practice is directly descended from
Dionysina rites of the ancient Thracian
The national holidays
Folk wedding
Trifon’s day
Fire dancing in the Strandja
Bulgarian Libraries the oldest, the most numerous and widespread cultural and
information institutions in Bulgaria
• Historical facts
– 865 AD - Brothers Cyril and Methodius gave the Slavic alphabet to the world
– Prior to the Ottoman oppression in 1396 - the Monastic libraries became centers
for learning and culture
– Centuries of Ottoman occupation (1396 - 1878) - had other more subtle effects on
library and scholarly communication
– The middle of 19th century - the first public libraries appeared in response to a
specific need of society during the Bulgarian Renaissance (in 1856 was established
the first Bulgarian chitalishte and its library in Svishtov)
– 1869- the establishment of the first scientific library - the Central library of the
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
– 1897 - The first Government decree for the deposit copy and the deposit system;
the beginning of the National bibliography.
– The years of socialism (1944 - 1989) - libraries were heavily dependent on
communist ideology, they existed in a well - developed hierarchical, state-regulated
Bulgarian Library network by 2001 the total number of libraries was 8 587
The major libraries in the national library information system with the biggest
contributions are the following:
"St. Cyril and St. Methodius" National Library - founded in 1878. Its holdings consist of about seven million
library units. It is the archives of Bulgarian literature, center of the national bibliography, and
a scientific institute.
Central scientific libraries - six libraries. They provide specialized library information services,
according to their profile. They are founded mainly at universities and academies and
their holdings consist of about ten million units altogether.
University libraries - 84 libraries.
3 877 public libraries includes:
12 libraries are Regional libraries ( public libraries with regional responsibilities)- consult and
conduct qualification activities of smaller public libraries in the district, maintain union
catalogs of their holdings. 15 libraries are municipality library.
Schitalishte Libraries -1646
School libraries -2 599
*is the sunniest place in the
Sea area
whole Black
- 2330 hours of sunshine on average more than in any other Black Sea resort
Geographical facts
*is situated in the farthest western part
of the Bourgas Bay, which is the largest
one on the Black Sea coast
*is locked between the Bourgas Bay and
the three lagoon lakes, that surround it.
*is situated at an altitude of only 17
*its climate is temperately continental
with a distinct impact from the sea
the largest town of South - Eastern Bulgaria
the second largest town at the Black Sea coast
the second largest industrial center of the country
the forth largest Bulgarian town in terms of
population (200 000 inhabitants)
Bourgas history
“The Sea brings together all that is distant”
Joan Ekzarch
* the earliest signs of life - can be traced back to the Bronze and the beginning
of the Iron age
*the first appearance of the name of Bourgas - in the poem of a Byzantine
author Manuill Fill in the year 1306 as Pirgos, which means “the tower”
* 6th February 1878 - The Liberation from the Ottoman oppression
* In 1903 - was opened the Port of Bourgas
The old Bourgas
First 40s of the XX century
The contemporary Bourgas
provides the second largest share of the national gross product of Bulgaria
Bourgas industry
Port of Bourgas - the key to the gateway to Europe and Asia
Every year it is visited by almost 2000 vessels and a number of petroleum tankers
Bourgas airport - the airport with the best weather conditions when considering
the Balkan Peninsula
Bourgas is a big railway and traffic center - the road and the railway line between
Bulgarian capital and Bourgas is the main line of communications of the country
LUKOIL Neftochim EAD - one of the biggest industrial plants on the Balkan
the machine-building, the sea and ocean fishing, the wood-processing,
the textile and food industries are well developed
the town of the free spirit, artistic atmosphere
and creative energy
The cultural institutes are:
“P.K. Yavorov” Regional library
The Bourgas galeries
The Bourgas Regional Museums
“A. Budevska” Drama Theater - has
formed the stages in the development of
Bulgarian theater
The Opera and Philharmonic Society
The Puppet theater, the Folklore
Ensemble “Strandja”, the music band
Hot sands”, the Choir “Rodna pesen”
The cultural events in Bourgas of national and international importance
the International Folklore Festival
Sofia International Film
Festival “At the coast”
the national competition for popular songs “Bourgas and the
Sea” , the Musical Feasts “Emil Cakarov”, the national
competition for children’s songs “Sladkopoyna Chuchuliga”
Bourgas Prof. Assen Zlatarov University
Bourgas Sea garden
Bourgas Free University
the central
square of
Bourgas is the first Bulgarian town
awarded that prestigious award
Bourgas - town of the poets, artists, musicians
Petya Dubarova
Stoian Tzanev
Stefan and Paulina
Nentscho Russev
Christo Fotev
Bulgarian Library Exchange:
Creating Gateways for Global Understanding
and Community Information Services
Cedar Rapids
Public Library
“P. K. Yavorov”
Regional Library Bourgas
The meeting of a part of the Library staff with Mr. Robert Anderson
on 8th November 2003
“P. K.Yavorov” Regional Library - Bourgas
The Reading rooms for
specialists. The Reference
department. Acquisition.
Cataloging and processing
The Arts Department.
The Reading room for
young adults.
The Reading room for
the daily periodicals The main building.
The Director.
The Circulation
desk. The Office
The Library in pictures
Bourgas Regional Library
in dates
• 1888 - The establishment of the Library
• 1944 - The Library became a State Peoples Library and was
included in the system for legal deposit
• 1953 - 1987 - The Library functioned as a District library
• 1978 - The library was given name of the famous Bulgarian
poet Peyo Yavorov
Bourgas Regional Library
in dates
• 1991 - The Library automation was started.The electronic
catalog of books was developed.
• 2000 - The Library was given a statute as Regional with a
decree of the Government
Library Structure
Circulation Desk.
Registration desk
Cataloging and Processing
Reference Department
Arts Department
Reading Rooms for specialists.
Registration desk
Reading Room for young adults
Children Department
“P. K. Yavorov”Regional Library resources
600 000 library materials:
400 000 books
68 000 periodicals
28 500 national and other standarts
16 000 music scores
7 000 graphical materials, map
collection, atlases
• two private libraries of Bourgas writers
-Paulina and Stefan Stanchevi-3000 units
-Petko Rosen -more than 700 units
•collection, connected with the town of Bourgas and the district - 4000 library materials,
including books, periodicals, posters, leaflets, old and new postcards
Library Statistics:
8000 registered patrons a year
80 000 visits a year
180 000 borrowed materials a year
10 000 new library materials a year
Electronic Library resources:
• OPAC includes machine - readable bibliographic records of :
– the acquired books - 50 000 records - since 1991 to present (retrospective
conversion is under way)
– periodicals index of publications about Bourgas and the district 27 000 records (since 2000 to present)
– more than 5000 titles of periodicals(which the Library possess or owns)
– the books, published in Bulgaria from 1878 to 1991
– the articles in Bulgarian periodicals - from 1991 to present 262 000 records
• Internet access, EBSCO (with low price subscription through the Bulgarian
information consortium)
• 2 databases with the laws and decrees of Bulgarian government
• The Web- Site of the Library created as a gateway of a culture informational center of the town and the
The Bourgas newspaper “Chernomorsky far”
14/ 04/ 2004
The publication about the participation of the
Regional Library in the Bulgarian - American
Library exchange Project.
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