Презентация к учебнику «English VI» (Афанасьева О.В., Михеева И.В.) Выполнила: учитель МАОУ «Гимназия №23» Михалева Н.Г. • James Cook, an Englishman, is known to be the first who opened Australia in 1770. • But the Chinese had some knowledge of the continent as far back as the 13th century. • In 1931 Australia got independence from Great Britain. • Australia is the oldest, the flattest and the driest continent in the world. • Australia is sometimes called “Kangarooland”, “The land of Wattle” (акация), “The lucky country” or “Down Under” • The main mountain chain is the Great Dividing Range (Большой Водораздельный хребет) which is known as “the Australian Alps”. • The highest point is Kosciusko (2,000 metres high) • The capital of Australia is Canberra • The largest and the oldest city is Sydney. • A symbol of Sydney’s cultural life is Sydney Opera House • They are marsupial (сумчатые), endemic (свойственные данной местности): • The kangaroo • The koala • The wombat • The echidna • The platypus • The dingo • The emu • The kookaburra • When European explorers first saw these strange animals they asked a native Australian Aborigine about their name. He answered “kangaroo’ to say “I don’t understand your question.” • The name koala is the Aboriginal name for “no water” The koala is not a bear. It’s related to the wombat and the kangaroo. • Camel racing is a popular sport in the Northern Territory. The Camel Cup is a celebration with fun rides, great food and live music. The winning camel rider and camel’s owner get the trophy. • “The bush” for Australians is something opposite to town. “The bush” is the natural countryside of Australia. • The Australian National Flag was established in 1954. There is the Union Jack in the canton . There is a large seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star under it . To the right there are 5 white stars. They depict the Southern Cross. • Symbols of 6 states are on the shield. • The kangaroo and the emu are on it. • The national floral emblem is the golden wattle (acacia). • The platypus and the kookaburra are the symbols of New South Wales • The koala is Queensland’s Symbol and the symbol of Western Australia is the black swan. • National colours are green (landscape, forests, eucalyptus trees) and gold (beaches, harvest, wool) • Australia’s national day is on January, 26 in honour of Captain Arthur Phillip sailed into Port Jackson (Sydney) The Australian National Anthem is called “Advance Australia Fair” («Развивайся, прекрасная Австралия») • An Aborigine means first inhabitant. • Aborigines came to Australia over 40,000 years ago. They are good hunters, caring parents. • Children begin to attend school at the age of 6 up to 15. • Australia’s four-term school year begins in February with a two-week holiday between terms. • The Christmas holiday coincides with the end of school and the beginning of summer vacation. • 1)What names of this country do you know? • 2)Who is thought to be the first discoverer of Australia? • 3)When was it? • 4)How do they call the Great Dividing Range? • 5)Which is the highest peak of it? • 6)What does the word “Canberra” mean? • 7)What is the centre of Sydney’s cultural life? • 8)Name as many as you can Australian animals? • 9)What does the word “kangaroo” mean? • 10)What does the word “koala” mean? • 11)What racing is the most important in Northern Territory? • 12)Explain the word “the bush”. • 13)Describe the Australian Flag and the Coat of Arms. • 14)When do Australians celebrate the national day? • 15)How do we call the native inhabitants of Australia? • 16)When do Australian pupils have summer holidays?