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ENGLISH
LITERATURE
The Dawn of English Literature
The Ancient Britons
and Their Language
We find Celtic in geographical names:
dun/dum = down, dune (the towns of
Dunscore, Dunedin, Dumbarton)
avon=river (Stratford-on-Avon)
kil=wood (Kilbrook)
The Roman Invasion
• 55 B.C.:
•the Roman(Latin)
till 407 A.D.
• Julius Caesar the first Roman
• castra=camp
(Lancaster,
Manchester,
Worcester)
The Invasion by Germanic Tribes
410: Angles, Saxons,
Jutes
п‚Ў West Germanic
language
п‚Ў They were pagans,
believed in many
gods:
Tuesco (god of
darkness) –
Tuesday…
Beowulf
the first page of Beowulf in
Cotton Vitellius A. xv.
Remounted
page, British
Library Cotton Vitellius
A.XV
An illustration of Grendel by J.R.
Skelton from Stories of Beowulf.
Grendel is described as "Very
terrible to look upon."
An illustration of Grendel's
mother by J.R. Skelton
from Stories of Beowulf (1908)
described as a "water witch"
trying to stab Beowulf.
A 1908 depiction of
Beowulf fighting the
dragon by J. R.
Skelton.
Beowulf is challenged by a
Danish coast guard,
Evelyn Paul (1911).
Anglo-Saxon literature
(the 7th-11th Centuries)
п‚Ў
п‚Ў
п‚Ў
Caedmon (poet) - the 7th century wrote in Anglo-Saxon “The
Paraphrase”
Bede - the father of English history
”The History of the English Church”
Alfred the Great (849 – 901)
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle – the first
prose in English literature
The Norman conquest
William the
Conqueror and Harold at
the Battle of Hastings
The Bayeux Tapestry depicts
the Battle of Hastings and the
events leading to it.
King Harold Kern
Norman archer
Norman knights riding
Model of the Anglo-Norman castle
William of Normandy go
ashore in England,
French drawing from 1883.
William Bastarden invades England.
Illustration of French manuscript
from 1400-1410
King Arthur
Merlin kidnaps baby Arthur.
(N.K. Wyatt, 1922)
King Arthur by
Charles Ernest Butler (1903)
Mark Twain. "A
Connecticut Yankee
in King Arthur's
Court" (1889)
Lady of the
Lake presenting Excalibur
Culhwch entering Arthur's Court in the
Welsh tale Culhwch and Olwen, 1881
The Round Table experience a vision of the Holy
Grail. From a 15th century French manuscript.
Mordred, Arthur's final foe
according to Geoffrey of Monmouth,
illustrated by H. J. Ford for Andrew
Lang's King Arthur: The Tales of the
Round Table, 1902
The combat of Arthur and
Mordred, illustrated by N.C.
Wyeth for The Boy's King Arthur,
1922
The Canterbury Tales
The Canterbury Tales is a
collection of stories written
in Middle English by Geoffrey
Chaucer at the end of the 14th
century.
Geoffrey Chaucer, 1380, N
ew Catholic Encyclopedia.
The first page of
the Hengwrt Chaucer manuscript with
the beginning of theGeneral Prologue.
Then said the first of them when this was done:
“Now for a drink. Sit down and let’s be merry…”
He took a bottle full of poison up
And drank; and his companion, nothing loth,
Drank from it also, and they perished both,
Thus the two murderers received their due,
So did the treacherous young prisoner too
Woodcut
from William Caxton's
second edition of The
Canterbury Tales, ca
1484.
Chaucer as a pilgrim from the
Ellesmere Chaucer manuscript in
the Huntington Library in
San Marino, California.
A story
from Il Decameron by
John
William Waterhouse.
The English Peasant Revolt of
1381 is mentioned in The
Canterbury Tales.
Ezra Winter, Canterbury
Tales mural (1939), Library of Congress John
AdamsBuilding, Washington, DC
The murder of Thomas Becket.
The dilemma of Bors - he rescues
a girl instead of his brother Lionel.
The Wars of the Roses (1455-1485)
The White Rose of
the House of York
The Red Rose of
the House of Lancaster
The Tudor Rose, created at the end of the
Civil War, joining the two emblems.
Robin HOOD
The title page of Howard Pyle's
1883 novel, The Merry
Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood statue in Nottingham
"Robin shoots with Sir Guy"
by Louis Rhead
Douglas Fairbanks as Robin Hood;
the sword he is depicted with was
common in the oldest ballads
Robin Hood and Maid Marian
(Robin Hood wife)
When was England called
Britain?
in the 7th
century
B.C.
about 25
centuries
ago
in the 4th
century
A.D.
What Christmas tradition
originated from the Druids?
to go to
the
darkest
parts of
the woods
to hang
mistletoe
in the
houses
to eat the
leaves of
an oaktree
How long did the
from 55
Roman occupation last? B.C. to 704
A.D.
What interesting
some ruins
remains of Roman
of public
times can you still find baths and
in England?
tiled floors
of Roman
villas
more than more than
40 years
400 years
the
highways
have been
built on the
military
roads
made by
the
Romans
a large
number of
English
words
come from
the Latin
language
What dialects did
Angles, Saxons and
Jutes speak?
of the Latin
language
of the
English
language
of the West
Germanic
language
What traces of the
Germanic tribes’
language can we see
in the modern
English?
the names of the names of the names
many people the weekof fruit
days
Find the odd one:
п‚Ў
п‚Ў
The Roman invasion, the Danes invasion, the
Norman invasion, the French invasion
Celtic, Latin, West Germanic, Roman
THE END
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