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THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN …

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THE UNITED KINGDOM
OF GREAT BRITAIN AND
NORTHERN IRELAND
г. Краснодар, 2014
Презентация
подготовлена
Ванькаевой А. А.,
учителем английского
языка МБОУ СОШ № 6
The map of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
The official name of the country is
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland.
The country is situated in the north-west of
Europe and consists of two large islands:
Great Britain and the Isle of Ireland, and
about five thousand small islands.
There are four regions in the UК:
England, Wales, Scotland and Northern
Ireland.
The country is washed by the North Sea in the
north, the Irish Sea in the west and
the English Channel in the south. The English
Channel separates Great Britain from France.
The Union flag - Union Jack
The flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland is a combination of more flags.
It is known as "Union Jack" although it is often stated
that the Union Flag should only be described as the
"Union Jack" when flown in the bows of a warship.
There is also the theory that the name "Union Jack"
came from King James, whose name is "Jacobus" in
Latin, and "Jacob" in Hebrew.
Parts of the country:
Capitals:
England
London
Scotland
Edinburgh
Wales
Cardiff
Northern Ireland
Belfast
Her Majesty
the queen
Elizabeth II
Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy with
the Queen as the Head of the state.
Elizabeth II became queen of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in 1952 upon the
death of her father, King George VI. Throughout her
reign she has been a symbol of unity and continuity
within the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth of
Nations.
Symbols of Britain:
England
Wales
red rose
thistle
Scotland
Northern Ireland
daffodil
shamrock
Symbols of England:
Double-decker and
telephone box
English bulldog
Stonehenge
DISCOVER LONDON
Welcome to London, a city that attracts
more than 16 million overseas visitors
annually!
Discover the capital’s well-known
attractions alongside the many hidden
gems in the centre, north, east, south and
west.
MAP OF LONDON
Parts of
London:
the City,
the West
End
The East
End
Sightseeing in London
The Houses of Parliament
The Houses of Parliament are the building in which
Parliament sits.
Big Ben, the famous clock, is situated there.
The Houses of Parliament
The British
Parliament
consist of
the House of
Lords and
the House of
Commons
and
the Queen
as its head.
Westminster Bridge ,
Big Ben and Parliament on
the Thames River in London
Big Ben
Big Ben
is actually
the name of
the bell in the
clock tower
which chimes
every 15
minutes. Tours
inside the
Houses of
Parliament for
overseas
visitors are
only available
during August
and
September.
Buckingham Palace
London has a number of royal palaces.
Buckingham Palace is one of them. It has
been the residence of British kings and queens
for ages. When Queen Elizabeth is at home
the flag is above the palace.
Buckingham Palace
The State
Rooms of
the Palace are
open to
visitors during
the Annual
Summer
Opening in
August and
September.
Changing the guards
at Buckingham Palace-one of
the oldest British traditions
If you are visiting at a
different time of the
year go along to see
the Changing of the
Guard which happens
on scheduled days so
check before setting
off, and arrive early
to get a good position
to watch the action!
Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
is the heart of London.
On special occasions
many people come
to the statue of Eros in
the centre of the Circus.
Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
is famous for the tall
monument in the
centre of it.
The monument,
which is called
Nelson’s Column,
was built to
commemorate the
Battle of Trafalgar
and to honour
Admiral Nelson.
Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
was designed by
John Nash in the
1820s and
constructed in the
1830s. It is both a
tourist attraction and
the main focus for
political
demonstrations.
Every December,
Norway donates a
marvelous Christmas
tree, to thank Britain
for liberation from
the Nazis.
Admiral Nelson's Column
Nelson's Column
arrived in Trafalgar
Square in 1843, and
commemorates the
one-armed, oneeyed admiral who
died defeating
Napoleon at the
Battle of Trafalgar
in 1805. The column
is 169 feet 5 3/4
inches (51.659
meters) high, and
the statue is
actually more than
triple life-size.
Lion Statues
in Trafalgar Square
The four bronze
lions at the base
of the column, by
Edwin Landseer,
didn't arrive until
1868. It's a bit of
a scramble to get
up there, but
many people
have a friend
take their photo
sitting on top of a
lion!
Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey is
one of the most
popular cathedrals.
A lot of famous people
are buried inside
Queen Elizabeth I,
Isaac Newton, Charles
Darwin, William
Shakespeare, Charles
Dickens and many
others.
The Tower of London
The Tower of London
is the oldest building in
the city built in
the 11-th century. It used
to be a prison,
a fortress, a palace,
a treasury and even
a zoo. The oldest part of
the Tower is the White
tower. Most of the public
displays are in the White
Tower nowadays. They
include a big collection
of armour, jewels and
clothes.
The Tower of London
The Tower of London "The Royal Fortress on
the Thames" - was
started by William the
Conqueror almost
1000 years ago, when
he built the White
Tower on the site of a
Roman fort. Other
kings added smaller
towers, and walls
around the central
keep; the term "Tower
of London" refers to
the whole complex.
The Tower of London
Black ravens live in
the Tower of
London. There is a
legend that
England will be
prosperous till the
ravens live behind
the Tower walls. If
one of the ravens
dies, it is replaced
by another.
Tower of London –
Yeoman Warders
The Raven master one of the Yeoman
Warders - tends the
birds; they even
have their own
pens. Visitors will
probably see ravens
on the Tower Green.
Tower of London-weapons
knight in armor
Keeping in
mind that the
official name of
the Tower of
London is "Her
Majesty's Royal
Palace and
Fortress the
Tower of
London", it's no
surprise that
England's
national
collection of
arms and
armour is here.
Tower of London –
Bloody Tower
It is the infamous
Bloody Tower,
where - it's
believed-- in 1483
the Duke of
Gloucester
imprisoned his two
young nephews,
the princes who
were the rightful
heirs to the crown.
They disappeared;
he became King
Richard the Third.
Tower Bridge
One of the
London sites
is Tower
Bridge. This
is a bridge
across the
Thames built
because of
the need for
an open
waterway for
large ships.
Tower Bridge
Walk on down to the River
Thames and you will see Tower
Bridge. The high-level walkway
was intended to be a pedestrian
crossing when the bridge was
raised for boats to go through,
but the idea wasn't really
popular.
(Probably too many steps!)
You can get some amazing
views of London from up there.
St. Paul's Cathedral
St. Paul's Cathedral is Sir
Christopher Wren's creation.
It contains a lot of paintings,
sculptures and other works of
art.
London Eye
The London Eye really has to
be included in a trip to
London. The 32 capsules carry
around 10,000 visitors every
day. Because of the way the
capsules are suspended it
allows for a full 360 degreepanorama when you're at the
top of the wheel. Tickets can
be booked online, which really
is the right thing to do as it
saves a lot of time. The
queues look long when you
arrive but they move quickly
as everyone is issued with a
timed ticket.
Don't forget your camera!
LONDON MUSEUMS
London has over 200 museums that play an important part
in the cultural life of the capital. It would take years to get
round all of the museums, but it can be fun trying!
British Museum
V&A (Victoria & Albert Museum)
Museum of London
Science Museum
National History Museum
National Gallery
Museum of Childhood
The Sherlock Holmes
About The Sherlock Museum
Holmes Museum:
Sherlock Holmes and Doctor
Watson are detective
characters created by Sir
Arthur Conan Doyle.
According to the books,
Sherlock Holmes and Doctor
Watson lived at 221b Baker
Street, London between 18811904. The building at 221b
Baker Street is open as a
museum dedicated to the life
and times of Sherlock Holmes,
and the interior has been
maintained exactly as
described in the published
stories.
THE ROYAL PARKS
St. James Park
The Green Park
Hyde Park
Kensington Gardens
Richmond Park
Greenwich Park
The Regent’s Park
Bushy Park
Brompton Cemetery
The London Underground
The
London Underground, or ‘the Tube’ as it is
universally known to Londoners, is normally the
quickest and easiest way of getting around London
with 275 stations conveniently dotted across the city
(63 in central London), you are never far from a Tube
station. Most people in London use the Tube.’ The
first section of the London Underground Railway was
opened on January 10, 1863 between Paddington and
Farringdon Street.
Today
London is served by 12 Tube lines.
Underground trains on all lines run every few minutes
between 5.30 until 00:30 Monday to Saturday, and
between 7.30 - 23.30 on Sundays.
MODERN LONDON
Skyscrapers and architecture
in modern
London
Nursery Rhymes About London
Pussy-cat, pussy-cat, where have you been?
I've been to London to look at the Queen.
Pussy-cat, pussy-cat, what did you there?
I frightened a little mouse under the chair.
London Bridge is broken down,
Dance o'er my lady lee,
London Bridge is broken down,
With a gay lady.
How shall we build it up again?
Dance o'er my lady lee.
Gay go up and gay go down,
To ring the bells of London town.
Halfpence and farthings,
Say the bells of St. Martin's.
Oranges and lemons,
Say the bells of St. Clements's.
Quiz
Which answer is correct?
1) What is the capital of Scotland?
Aberdeen
Edinburgh
Glasgow
2) What is the capital of Wales?
Cardiff
Belfast
Edinburgh
3) Which part does not belong to the UK?
Wales
The Republic of Ireland
Northern Ireland
4) Which part does not belong to Great Britain?
Northern Ireland
Wales
Scotland
Quiz
5) What is the symbol of England?
shamrock
rose
thistle
6) What is the symbol of Scotland?
shamrock
rose
thistle
7) Which part of the UK is not to be found in the
Union Flag?
Scotland
England
Wales
Quiz
Match the pictures and the names of the sights
1
4
2
5
3
6
a) No. 10 Downing Street
b)Buckingham Palace
c)Westminster Abbey
d)Tower Bridge
e)Picadilly Circus
f)Clock Tower Clock
g)Nelson's Column
h)The Tower of London
i)St. Paul's Cathedral
j)Horseguards
7
8
9
10
THANK YOU
FOR ATTENTION
Презентация подготовлена
учителем английского
языка МБОУ СОШ № 6
Ванькаевой А.А.
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