THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND г. Краснодар, 2014 Презентация подготовлена Ванькаевой А. А., учителем английского языка МБОУ СОШ № 6 The map of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The official name of the country is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The country is situated in the north-west of Europe and consists of two large islands: Great Britain and the Isle of Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. There are four regions in the UК: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The country is washed by the North Sea in the north, the Irish Sea in the west and the English Channel in the south. The English Channel separates Great Britain from France. The Union flag - Union Jack The flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a combination of more flags. It is known as "Union Jack" although it is often stated that the Union Flag should only be described as the "Union Jack" when flown in the bows of a warship. There is also the theory that the name "Union Jack" came from King James, whose name is "Jacobus" in Latin, and "Jacob" in Hebrew. Parts of the country: Capitals: England London Scotland Edinburgh Wales Cardiff Northern Ireland Belfast Her Majesty the queen Elizabeth II Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy with the Queen as the Head of the state. Elizabeth II became queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in 1952 upon the death of her father, King George VI. Throughout her reign she has been a symbol of unity and continuity within the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth of Nations. Symbols of Britain: England Wales red rose thistle Scotland Northern Ireland daffodil shamrock Symbols of England: Double-decker and telephone box English bulldog Stonehenge DISCOVER LONDON Welcome to London, a city that attracts more than 16 million overseas visitors annually! Discover the capital’s well-known attractions alongside the many hidden gems in the centre, north, east, south and west. MAP OF LONDON Parts of London: the City, the West End The East End Sightseeing in London The Houses of Parliament The Houses of Parliament are the building in which Parliament sits. Big Ben, the famous clock, is situated there. The Houses of Parliament The British Parliament consist of the House of Lords and the House of Commons and the Queen as its head. Westminster Bridge , Big Ben and Parliament on the Thames River in London Big Ben Big Ben is actually the name of the bell in the clock tower which chimes every 15 minutes. Tours inside the Houses of Parliament for overseas visitors are only available during August and September. Buckingham Palace London has a number of royal palaces. Buckingham Palace is one of them. It has been the residence of British kings and queens for ages. When Queen Elizabeth is at home the flag is above the palace. Buckingham Palace The State Rooms of the Palace are open to visitors during the Annual Summer Opening in August and September. Changing the guards at Buckingham Palace-one of the oldest British traditions If you are visiting at a different time of the year go along to see the Changing of the Guard which happens on scheduled days so check before setting off, and arrive early to get a good position to watch the action! Piccadilly Circus Piccadilly Circus is the heart of London. On special occasions many people come to the statue of Eros in the centre of the Circus. Trafalgar Square Trafalgar Square is famous for the tall monument in the centre of it. The monument, which is called Nelson’s Column, was built to commemorate the Battle of Trafalgar and to honour Admiral Nelson. Trafalgar Square Trafalgar Square was designed by John Nash in the 1820s and constructed in the 1830s. It is both a tourist attraction and the main focus for political demonstrations. Every December, Norway donates a marvelous Christmas tree, to thank Britain for liberation from the Nazis. Admiral Nelson's Column Nelson's Column arrived in Trafalgar Square in 1843, and commemorates the one-armed, oneeyed admiral who died defeating Napoleon at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The column is 169 feet 5 3/4 inches (51.659 meters) high, and the statue is actually more than triple life-size. Lion Statues in Trafalgar Square The four bronze lions at the base of the column, by Edwin Landseer, didn't arrive until 1868. It's a bit of a scramble to get up there, but many people have a friend take their photo sitting on top of a lion! Westminster Abbey Westminster Abbey is one of the most popular cathedrals. A lot of famous people are buried inside Queen Elizabeth I, Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens and many others. The Tower of London The Tower of London is the oldest building in the city built in the 11-th century. It used to be a prison, a fortress, a palace, a treasury and even a zoo. The oldest part of the Tower is the White tower. Most of the public displays are in the White Tower nowadays. They include a big collection of armour, jewels and clothes. The Tower of London The Tower of London "The Royal Fortress on the Thames" - was started by William the Conqueror almost 1000 years ago, when he built the White Tower on the site of a Roman fort. Other kings added smaller towers, and walls around the central keep; the term "Tower of London" refers to the whole complex. The Tower of London Black ravens live in the Tower of London. There is a legend that England will be prosperous till the ravens live behind the Tower walls. If one of the ravens dies, it is replaced by another. Tower of London – Yeoman Warders The Raven master one of the Yeoman Warders - tends the birds; they even have their own pens. Visitors will probably see ravens on the Tower Green. Tower of London-weapons knight in armor Keeping in mind that the official name of the Tower of London is "Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London", it's no surprise that England's national collection of arms and armour is here. Tower of London – Bloody Tower It is the infamous Bloody Tower, where - it's believed-- in 1483 the Duke of Gloucester imprisoned his two young nephews, the princes who were the rightful heirs to the crown. They disappeared; he became King Richard the Third. Tower Bridge One of the London sites is Tower Bridge. This is a bridge across the Thames built because of the need for an open waterway for large ships. Tower Bridge Walk on down to the River Thames and you will see Tower Bridge. The high-level walkway was intended to be a pedestrian crossing when the bridge was raised for boats to go through, but the idea wasn't really popular. (Probably too many steps!) You can get some amazing views of London from up there. St. Paul's Cathedral St. Paul's Cathedral is Sir Christopher Wren's creation. It contains a lot of paintings, sculptures and other works of art. London Eye The London Eye really has to be included in a trip to London. The 32 capsules carry around 10,000 visitors every day. Because of the way the capsules are suspended it allows for a full 360 degreepanorama when you're at the top of the wheel. Tickets can be booked online, which really is the right thing to do as it saves a lot of time. The queues look long when you arrive but they move quickly as everyone is issued with a timed ticket. Don't forget your camera! LONDON MUSEUMS London has over 200 museums that play an important part in the cultural life of the capital. It would take years to get round all of the museums, but it can be fun trying! British Museum V&A (Victoria & Albert Museum) Museum of London Science Museum National History Museum National Gallery Museum of Childhood The Sherlock Holmes About The Sherlock Museum Holmes Museum: Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson are detective characters created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. According to the books, Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson lived at 221b Baker Street, London between 18811904. The building at 221b Baker Street is open as a museum dedicated to the life and times of Sherlock Holmes, and the interior has been maintained exactly as described in the published stories. THE ROYAL PARKS St. James Park The Green Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Richmond Park Greenwich Park The Regent’s Park Bushy Park Brompton Cemetery The London Underground The London Underground, or ‘the Tube’ as it is universally known to Londoners, is normally the quickest and easiest way of getting around London with 275 stations conveniently dotted across the city (63 in central London), you are never far from a Tube station. Most people in London use the Tube.’ The first section of the London Underground Railway was opened on January 10, 1863 between Paddington and Farringdon Street. Today London is served by 12 Tube lines. Underground trains on all lines run every few minutes between 5.30 until 00:30 Monday to Saturday, and between 7.30 - 23.30 on Sundays. MODERN LONDON Skyscrapers and architecture in modern London Nursery Rhymes About London Pussy-cat, pussy-cat, where have you been? I've been to London to look at the Queen. Pussy-cat, pussy-cat, what did you there? I frightened a little mouse under the chair. London Bridge is broken down, Dance o'er my lady lee, London Bridge is broken down, With a gay lady. How shall we build it up again? Dance o'er my lady lee. Gay go up and gay go down, To ring the bells of London town. Halfpence and farthings, Say the bells of St. Martin's. Oranges and lemons, Say the bells of St. Clements's. Quiz Which answer is correct? 1) What is the capital of Scotland? Aberdeen Edinburgh Glasgow 2) What is the capital of Wales? Cardiff Belfast Edinburgh 3) Which part does not belong to the UK? Wales The Republic of Ireland Northern Ireland 4) Which part does not belong to Great Britain? Northern Ireland Wales Scotland Quiz 5) What is the symbol of England? shamrock rose thistle 6) What is the symbol of Scotland? shamrock rose thistle 7) Which part of the UK is not to be found in the Union Flag? Scotland England Wales Quiz Match the pictures and the names of the sights 1 4 2 5 3 6 a) No. 10 Downing Street b)Buckingham Palace c)Westminster Abbey d)Tower Bridge e)Picadilly Circus f)Clock Tower Clock g)Nelson's Column h)The Tower of London i)St. Paul's Cathedral j)Horseguards 7 8 9 10 THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION Презентация подготовлена учителем английского языка МБОУ СОШ № 6 Ванькаевой А.А.