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Word-building
Forming adjectives
We can use the following endings to form adjectives from
nouns and verbs:
-able (comfort-comfortable), -al (tradition-traditional)
-ary (imagine-imaginary), -ate (passion-passionate)
-ful (taste-tasteful), -ible (horror-horrible), -ical (type-typical)
-ish (child-childish), -ive (impress-impressive),-less (pointpointless)
-ory (advice-advisory), -ous(danger-dangerous), -y (lucklucky)
-ed (talent-talented), -ar (spectacle-spectacular)
Write the adjectives:
Comfort- ____________________
Tradition- ____________________
Passion- ______________________
Taste- _______________________
Horror- _____________________
Type- ______________________
Child- ______________________
Impress- ____________________
Point- ________________________
Danger- ____________________
Lucky- ______________________
Talent- _____________________
Spectacle- ______________________
Translate the words:
Совещательный- _____________________
Талантливый- ___________________
Бессмысленный; незаостренный-_____________________
Зрелище- ____________________
Эффектный, захватывающий- ___________________
Удобный-____________________
Вспыльчивый, страстный- ____________________
Удачливый- ________________________
Ужасный- ________________________
Традиционный- ______________________
Обладающий хорошим вкусом- ____________________
Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets.
1. He was sitting on a ________________ (comfort) sofa.
2. It was a _________ (luck) day.
3. The was a ___________(spectacle) fireworks display at the end
of the concert.
4. We enjoyed eating __________ (tradition) Chinese dishes.
5. This book has got an _________ (imagine) storyline.
6. His behavior is really ___________ (child), even though he is
20 years old.
7. He lives in a __________ (danger) area.
Word families - I
verb
adjective
noun
comfort
advice
competitive
to commit a crime
dead
make friends
---------
history
Word families
verb
adjective
noun
comfort
(un)comfortable
comfort
advise
advisory
advice/adviser
compete
competitive
competition
to commit a crime
criminal
crime/criminal
die
dead
death
make friends
friendly
friend
historic/historical
history/historian
--------Adviser-Personal Noun
Word families - II
verb
adjective
industrialize
noun
industry
invention/
investigate
to compose music
/
optimistic
(dis)organised
polluted
/
Word families - II
verb
adjective
noun
industrialize
industrial
industry
invent
inventive
invention/inventor
investigate
investigative
investigation/
investigator
to compose music
musical
music /musician
optimistic
optimism/optimist
organize
(dis)organized
organization /
organizer
pollute
polluted
pollution
-
Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets.
1.
2.
What __________ (music) instruments do you know?
Thomas Alva Edison was one of the greatest American __________ s
(invent).
3. His greatest ___________ (invent) was an incandescent lamp.
4. Christmas _____________s (tradition) are very important as in most
countries in the world.
5. Yesterday we talked about environmental ___________ (pollute).
6. Every man has a different attitude towards __________ (friend), but
everyone is _______(luck) and happy if he finds it.
7. The indifference of people and the incapability of the police help
the __________s (crime).
Word families - III
verb
adjective
produce
---
attract
enjoy
noun
Product/production
/producer
(un)scientific
………………/scientist
useful/less used
use/……………
(un)attractive
(in)decisive
decision
(un)……………….
enjoyment
(un)predictable
Word families - III
verb
adjective
noun
produce
produced
Product/production
/producer
---
(un)scientific
Science/scientist
use
useful/less used
Use/user
attract
(un)attractive
attraction
decide
(in)decisive
decision
enjoy
(un)enjoyable
enjoyment
predict
(un)predictable
prediction
producer-Personal Noun
Word families - IV
verb
adjective
noun
succeed
(un)successful
success
vary
Varied/various/
variable
variety
weaken
weak
weakness
---
(un)comfortable
(dis)comfort
---
dangerous
danger
---
dark
darkness
---
(in)famous
fame
Word families - IV
verb
adjective
succeed
(un)………………..
noun
Varied/various/
variable
weaken
weak
---
(un)……………………….
---
(dis)comfort
danger
---
dark
---
(in)……………………
fame
Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
He is a famous film______________(produce).
We have been learning about electricity in our ___________(science) lessons.
We decided to save money by buying a _________(use) car.
The State Russian Museum is one of the most popular tourist _____________
(attract).
I knew I’d made the right ___________ (decide).
Your _____________s (predict) never come true.
The film was a great ____________ (succeed).
They sell a wide ____________(vary) of books.
I have a ____________ (weak) for sweets.
This sofa is very _________________ (comfort).
Police say the escaped prisoner is a very ________________(danger) man.
I saw somebody in the ___________ (dark).
Russia is ___________ (fame) for its nature.
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