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Alfred
Nobel
Авторы проекта:
Жукова Екатерина,
Яблоков Илья, 9 класс школы
при Посольстве РФ в Австрии
Руководитель проекта:
Карпакова З.С.
Biographical Accounts
Alfred Nobel (1833-1896)
was born in Stockholm,
Sweden, on October 21,
1833. He was fluent in
several languages, and
wrote poetry and drama.
Nobel was also very
interested in social and
peace-related issues.
Alfred’s mother
Alfred's mother, born
Andriette Ahlsell, came
from a wealthy family.
In 1837 Immanuel Nobel and
his family left Stockholm to
start a new career in Russia.
To support the family,
Andriette Nobel started a
grocery store which provided a
modest income.
Andriette Nobel
Immanuel Nobel,
the inventor
One of his
inventions
Painting by Immanuel Nobel demonstrating his
sea or naval mines to the Tsar of Russia.
When Nobel's will was made
known after his death in San
Remo on 10 December 1896, this
immediately created a great
international sensation.
Alfred Nobel’s final will
"Wealthy, highly-educated elderly
gentleman seeks lady, versed in
languages, as secretary." The most
qualified applicant turned out to be a
woman, Bertha Kinsky. After working
a very short time for Nobel she
decided to marry Arthur von Suttner.
In spite of this Alfred Nobel and
Bertha von Suttner remained friends.
Over the years Bertha von Suttner
became critical of the arms race. She
wrote a famous book, Lay Down Your
Arms and became a prominent figure
in the peace movement. No doubt
this influenced Alfred Nobel when he
wrote his final will which was to
include a Prize for persons who
promoted peace. Several years after
the death of Alfred Nobel, the
Norwegian Storting (Parliament)
decided to award the 1905 Nobel
Peace Prize to Bertha von Suttner.
Every year since 1901 the Nobel Prize has been
awarded for achievements in physics, chemistry,
physiology or medicine, literature and for
peace. The Nobel Prize is an international
award administered by the Nobel Foundation in
Stockholm, Sweden. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank
established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in
Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel,
founder of the Nobel Prize. Each prize consists
of a medal, personal diploma and a cash award.
The Hall
This is how
the hall,
where the
ceremony
takes place,
looks like.
Monument to
Nobel
in the Hall
Ceremony
The duty of the
princess is to be
present at the
ceremony.
That’s how the laureates should look
like at the ceremony.
A piece of Ahtisaari’s
speech.
Only very few of us can become
peace mediators at a high
international level. But we can all
be peace mediators at a national
or local level, in the neighborhood,
at schools, or in families. In this
respect universities and schools
can make valuable contributions.
Ahtisaari has put it as follows: "We
must all look in the mirror and ask
ourselves have I done my best for
peace."
Interesting Facts about
Nobel Prize:
549 Nobel Prizes!
Were given to one
Laureate
Shared by two
Laureates
Shared by three
Laureates
Physics
47
29
29
Chemistry
63
22
18
Medicine
38
31
33
Literature
100
4
-
Peace
62
28
2
Economic
Sciences
22
16
5
332
130
87
Total number:
Years when Nobel Prize wasn’t given.
Nobel Prize
Year
Physics
1916, 1931, 1934, 1940, 1941, 1942
Chemistry
1916, 1917, 1919, 1924, 1933, 1940, 1941, 1942
Medicine
1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1921, 1925, 1940, 1941, 1942
Literature
1914, 1918, 1935, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943
Peace
1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1939, 1940,
1941, 1942, 1943, 1948, 1955, 1956, 1966, 1967, 1972
Economic
Sciences
-
Only 43 Nobel Prizes were given to women!
Marie Curie
Barbara McClintock
Toni Morrison
Four Nobel Laureates have been forced by
authorities to decline the Nobel Prize!
Richard Kuhn
Adolf Butenandt
Boris Pasternak
Gerhard Domagk
The Youngest Nobel Laureate
is Lawrence Bragg.
The oldest Nobel Laureate is Leonid
Hurwicz.
Two Nobel Laureates have declined the
Nobel Prize!
Jean- Paul Sartre
Le Duc Tho
Three Nobel Laureates were in prison at the
time of the award.
Carl von
Ossietzky
Aung San
Suu Kyi
Liu Xiaobo
Alfred Nobel is
really a man
bringing fame to
others.
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