Alfred Nobel Авторы проекта: Жукова Екатерина, Яблоков Илья, 9 класс школы при Посольстве РФ в Австрии Руководитель проекта: Карпакова З.С. Biographical Accounts Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was born in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 21, 1833. He was fluent in several languages, and wrote poetry and drama. Nobel was also very interested in social and peace-related issues. Alfred’s mother Alfred's mother, born Andriette Ahlsell, came from a wealthy family. In 1837 Immanuel Nobel and his family left Stockholm to start a new career in Russia. To support the family, Andriette Nobel started a grocery store which provided a modest income. Andriette Nobel Immanuel Nobel, the inventor One of his inventions Painting by Immanuel Nobel demonstrating his sea or naval mines to the Tsar of Russia. When Nobel's will was made known after his death in San Remo on 10 December 1896, this immediately created a great international sensation. Alfred Nobel’s final will "Wealthy, highly-educated elderly gentleman seeks lady, versed in languages, as secretary." The most qualified applicant turned out to be a woman, Bertha Kinsky. After working a very short time for Nobel she decided to marry Arthur von Suttner. In spite of this Alfred Nobel and Bertha von Suttner remained friends. Over the years Bertha von Suttner became critical of the arms race. She wrote a famous book, Lay Down Your Arms and became a prominent figure in the peace movement. No doubt this influenced Alfred Nobel when he wrote his final will which was to include a Prize for persons who promoted peace. Several years after the death of Alfred Nobel, the Norwegian Storting (Parliament) decided to award the 1905 Nobel Peace Prize to Bertha von Suttner. Every year since 1901 the Nobel Prize has been awarded for achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and for peace. The Nobel Prize is an international award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Each prize consists of a medal, personal diploma and a cash award. The Hall This is how the hall, where the ceremony takes place, looks like. Monument to Nobel in the Hall Ceremony The duty of the princess is to be present at the ceremony. That’s how the laureates should look like at the ceremony. A piece of Ahtisaari’s speech. Only very few of us can become peace mediators at a high international level. But we can all be peace mediators at a national or local level, in the neighborhood, at schools, or in families. In this respect universities and schools can make valuable contributions. Ahtisaari has put it as follows: "We must all look in the mirror and ask ourselves have I done my best for peace." Interesting Facts about Nobel Prize: 549 Nobel Prizes! Were given to one Laureate Shared by two Laureates Shared by three Laureates Physics 47 29 29 Chemistry 63 22 18 Medicine 38 31 33 Literature 100 4 - Peace 62 28 2 Economic Sciences 22 16 5 332 130 87 Total number: Years when Nobel Prize wasn’t given. Nobel Prize Year Physics 1916, 1931, 1934, 1940, 1941, 1942 Chemistry 1916, 1917, 1919, 1924, 1933, 1940, 1941, 1942 Medicine 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1921, 1925, 1940, 1941, 1942 Literature 1914, 1918, 1935, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943 Peace 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1948, 1955, 1956, 1966, 1967, 1972 Economic Sciences - Only 43 Nobel Prizes were given to women! Marie Curie Barbara McClintock Toni Morrison Four Nobel Laureates have been forced by authorities to decline the Nobel Prize! Richard Kuhn Adolf Butenandt Boris Pasternak Gerhard Domagk The Youngest Nobel Laureate is Lawrence Bragg. The oldest Nobel Laureate is Leonid Hurwicz. Two Nobel Laureates have declined the Nobel Prize! Jean- Paul Sartre Le Duc Tho Three Nobel Laureates were in prison at the time of the award. Carl von Ossietzky Aung San Suu Kyi Liu Xiaobo Alfred Nobel is really a man bringing fame to others.