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Legal Informatics
& E-Governance
as tools for the
Knowledge Society
LEFIS Seminar, Reykjavik (Iceland), July 12-13, 2007
The Use of Alphabets Other Than Latin
(Roman) on the Internet and Its Impact on
Building a True Knowledge Society
Oleksandr Pastukhov
MPhil (Koretsky Institute)
LL.M. (Northwestern)
Introduction
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Global Reach: 64.8%of global Internet audience
is English-speaking (2004)
comScore Networks: ~14пЂҐ of the 694 mln
Internet users worldwide are in the U.S. (2006),
down from ~2/3 a decade ago
45 mln of ~255 bln people living in the U.S.
don’t speak English at home (2000 census)
ITU: 25 of the world’s “wired” population
come from China, Japan, India, S. Korea (2006)
Understandable Addresses
Needed!
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American Standard Code for Information
Interchange (ASCII): 26 letters, 10 digits,
dot[.] and hyphen [/]
Others: Greek, Cyrillic, Arabic, Thai,
Hindi, Han ideographs, …
Language variations, dialects, reforms
Diacritic signs: [é], [å], [ñ], [ç], [ü], …
Technical Solutions
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Unicode: ~1 mln characters – 1991
Dr. Tan Tin Wee – 1998
Multilingual Internet Names Consortium
(MINC) – June 2000
VeriSign: IDN Testbed (32 scripts covering
350 languages) – Nov. 2000
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF):
4 RFCs – Dec. 2002, March 2003
Unicode 3.2 Cyrillic Fonts
Progress
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i-DNS.net and RegTime.net launched .РєРѕРј,
.нет, .орг – May 2001
RegTime.net launched .ру – June 2003; .бг, .уа
– coming soon
i-DNS.net and CNNIC launched “.zhongguo”
(“.china”), “.gongsi”
(“company”),
“.wangluo” (“networking”) – Oct. 2004
ICANN 28th Annual Meeting (San Juan,
Puerto Rico) – June 25-26, 2007
Problems
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Access to knowledge
Cultural sovereignty/chauvinism
Cultural imperialism & trade expansion
Politics: PRC v. Taiwan & Diaspora
Internet fragmentation: PRC v. ICANN
Cybersquatting: kcepokc.py – xерох.ком
Resolvement – RFCs are not enough
Looking Forward
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“Mixed” IDNs: www.mötleycrew.us,
www.toysяus.com, www.папараzzи.уа
“Internationalized” e-mail: саша@лекс.бг
Whois operational in any language
Internet governance: the future of ICANN
ADR: UDRP for personal names, trade
names, geographical indications?
For more information
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www.minc.org
www.cyrlinc.org
www.i-dns.net
www.webnames.ru
www.iname.ua/cyrillic.php
www.icann.org/idn
www.unicode.org
Questions? Comments?
alex.pastukhov@clict.net
alex.pastukhov@lex.bg
Thank you!
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