Interpretation as an innovative sustainable management tool of nature protected areas Oleg RUBEL, Black Sea Branch of the Ukrainian Environmental Academy of Science, Ukraine Regional Workshop вЂњHow to Interpret Black Sea NatureвЂќ 20-22 April 2012 The main topics вЂў Economical theoretical basic (interpretation definition, Interpretation and ecomarketing) вЂў Principles of creation of eco-trails (Kiev University named by Taras Shevchenko) вЂў Other Ukrainian examples В«Green WaveВ» etc. Regional Workshop вЂњHow to Interpret Black Sea NatureвЂќ 20-22 April 2012 Pre вЂ“ conditions of Studies Environmental training В«Lower Dniester National Park by Youth EyesВ» (Jan 2010): (Youth Environmental center by Vernadskyi, Odessa, Tatyana Chernaya) 180 participants Aims: To show to youth importance of creation of eco- trails. (Structure of games, Playing roles вЂ“ director of LDNPвЂ¦, touristic managerвЂ¦; Model of 4 trails, Regulation of anthropogenous impact, Principles of Formation of touristic product, management of eco-tails, Technology of the equipment, Target groups, History of Lower Dniester by Vladimir Poltorak) Theoretically definitions of Interpretations of Eco вЂ“ trails: вЂў Interpretations of Environmental trails as instrument of Eco-MarketingвЂ¦ вЂў Interpretations of Environmental trails as part a Touristic Interpretations вЂў Interpretations of Environmental trails as a mechanism of Sustainable and economically effective reserves management system Green, environmental and eco-marketing are part of the new marketing approaches which do not just refocus, adjust or enhance existing marketing thinking and practice, but seek to challenge those approaches and provide a substantially different perspective. In more detail green, environmental and eco-marketing belong to the group of approaches which seek to address the lack of fit between marketing as it is currently practiced and the ecological and social realities of the wider marketing environment. Definition of 'Green Marketing' Green marketing companies seek to go above and beyond traditional marketing by promoting environmental core values in the hope that consumers will associate these values with their company or brand. Touristic Interpretation Defined - Interpretation is a communication tool that is used to facilitate the way visitors engage with the places they visit. It has been described as вЂ�an educational activityвЂ™ (Tilden 1977); - communication process (MacFarlane 1987); - management tool (Sharpe 1982)вЂ¦ Touristic Interpretation Defined Knudson, Cable and Beck (1995) list six objectives for interpretation: 1. to increase the visitorвЂ™s understanding, awareness and appreciation of nature, of heritage, and of site resource; 2. to communicate messages relating to nature and culture, including natural and historical processes, ecological relationships, and human roles in the environment; 3. to involve people in nature and history through first hand (personal) experience with the natural and cultural environment; 4. to affect the behaviour and attitudes of the public concerning the wise use of natural resources the preservation of cultural and natural heritage, and the respect and concern for the natural and cultural environment; 5. to provide an enjoyable and meaningful experience; 6. to increase the public understanding and support for an agencyвЂ™s role, its management objectives and its policies. Six objectives for interpretation The first two objectives reflect park agency management objectives related in particular to protection of both the park and the visitor. The last four reflect visitor experience objectives related to the understanding, awareness and appreciation of the park. Role of Interpretation in National Parks The importance of interpretation is reflected in organisational mission and vision statements on many park and protected area agencies with most agencies having a clear understanding of the benefits of interpretation throughout their organisation, at all levels of management (Wearing et al. 2006). Visitor Satisfaction in Parks Visitors come to parks for a variety of reasons and can undertake a range of activities in a park without engaging with the visitor centre, ranger guided walks or other forms of interpretationвЂ¦ Effective Interpretation and Interpretation Models EROT model: вЂ¦ it needs to be enjoyable so that people need to be motivated to engage with the interpretation. Secondly, it needs to be relevant to visitors; that is providing stories and concepts so that people can connect to the park through their own experience. The role of stories and metaphors is critical here. Thirdly, it needs to be organised and provide a clear structure to guide visitors through the program. Finally, interpretation needs to be thematic and provide a message that visitors will remember following their visit. Thematic Interpretation and the Concept of Meaning Making The way these messages are provided and the communication outcomes will have different emphasis depending on the park aims that are being addressed; either management aims or visitor experience aims. Interpretation that addresses management aims that may be related to visitor safety or protection of the park have clear outcomes associated with the message provided. Market Segmentation Who Visits Parks? вЂў International Tourists вЂў Domestic Tourists Market Segments: вЂў Trip planners вЂў Visitors who just turn up Visitor Profiles Framework for Identifying Market Segments, Interpretation and Audience Variables Associated with Satisfaction Levels Identifying Satisfaction Indicators for Interpretation Selection of Market Segments for Survey Questions which we have answered: вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Who will come? When will come? What expectations? What will pay? What should we make to satisfy demand? Creation of Inter Trails Ecological trail is a specific type of one-day green tourist route, it is geographically defined, tied to a particular locationand specific (particular) objects and described with some degree of detail trail hike, travel, recreational, health walks, ecoeducational tours... Design of Eco-trails Designing eco trails involves a the steps that forming a particular algorithm, compliance steps which optimizes this complex process. The first step of the algorithm is to generate ideas and awareness of the need to developeco trail with a particular territory. The second step is - handling of typical material area in the following sections: - geological structure; - topography; - climate and local weather; - conditions especially, hydrologic features; flora and fauna; - characteristics of nature and recreational activities; - unique natural sites and monuments, historic and cultural sites of the material and religious (including place names, myths and legends), socio-economic objects and more. The third step is the selection of cartographic material of the study area The fourth step of the algorithm is a method of positioning on the working map of the project, the hypothesis of the future route. Fifth step - reconnaissance of the learning area, the routehypothesis without surveying work to check the status of destanationsвЂ¦ The sixth step of the algorithm adjustment of projectroute hypothesis according to the selected objects. Step seven geographical positioning route: a contour and step route. n-0 вЂ¦ 6-7 5-6 4-5 2-3 1-2 0-1 в„– С‚РѕС‡РєРё РђР·РёРјСѓС‚ Р’С–РґСЃС‚Р°РЅСЊ Р§Р°СЃ РїСЂРѕС…РѕРґР¶РµРЅРЅСЏ Р§РЎРЎ РїРѕС‡Р°С‚РєРѕРІРµ Р§РЎРЎ РєС–РЅС†РµРІРµ Р§Р°СЃ РїРѕРІРЅРѕРіРѕ РІС–РґРЅРѕРІР»РµРЅРЅСЏ Р§РЎРЎ Р›Р°РЅРґС€Р°С„С‚РЅР° С…Р°СЂР°РєС‚РµСЂРёСЃС‚РёРєР° С‚РѕС‡РєРё Р›Р°РЅРґС€Р°С„С‚РЅР° С…Р°СЂР°РєС‚РµСЂРёСЃС‚РёРєР° РґС–Р»СЏРЅРєРё РїРµСЂРµС…РѕРґСѓ РќР°Р·РІР° С‚РѕС‡РєРё, РґС–Р»СЏРЅРєРё Step nine algorithms - making of eco trails, including: goal, objectives, general parameters of trip, texts of thematic toursвЂ¦ The tenth step of the algorithm -testing trip in compliance with the recommendedcharacter and tempo movementвЂ¦ Final eleventh step of the algorithm method approval of project materials eco trailrelevant licensing authorities and land users of this site. Examples of objects arrangement of ecological trail MARK LABELING ROUTE POINTER DISTANCE MODEL FOR THE NATURAL EXHIBITS Bridge House for bird watching Information board Thank You For attention!