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JSC Railway Research Institute
(VNIIZhT)
Methods of Harmonising Standards in Railway Transport in
View of the Russian Legislation on Technical Regulation
Speaker: Lidiya Ivanovna Kopchugova
Head of the Centre for Standardisation and Methodology of Technical
Regulation, JSC VNIIZhT
1 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 00, 2012 | VNIIZhT
The Russian Federation is a Member of the World Trade
Organisation
ACHIEVING THE AIMS OF THE WTO AGREEMENT ON
TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE
Create conditions ensuring that technical
regulations and standards, including
requirements on packaging, marking and
labelling, as well as procedures for assessing
compliance with the technical regulations and
standards, do not create unnecessary barriers to
international trade
2 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 2012 | VNIIZhT
SYSTEM OF TECHNICAL NORMS AND REGULATIONS IN
RAILWAY TRANSPORT
Constitution of the Russian Federation
LAWS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
184-FZ On technical regulation
Technical regulations of the Customs Union
Interstate standards
National standards of the Russian
Federation
Rules and regulations
Standards of JSC RZD
3 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 2012 | VNIIZhT
17-FZ On railway transport in the
Russian Federation
18-FZ Charter of Railway Transport of the
Russian Federation
Norms and regulations subject to registration with
the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation
Rules for safe
operation (operational,
signalling, traffic, etc.)
Shipping
rules
Norms and regulations
of the federal executive
branch
Technical Regulations of the Customs Union Approved by the Customs
Union Committee
National interests
On the safety
of railway
rolling stock
Technical regulations of the CU for
railway transport
On the safety
of the railway
infrastructure
On the safety
of high-speed
railway transport
Essential (minimum)
requirements on
subjects of technical
regulation
Body of evidence regarding compliance with the technical regulations
Interstate
standards
Regional
rules and regulations
Specific requirements on the subjects
of technical regulation
4 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 2012 | VNIIZhT
Draft technical regulations in railway transportation
within the “1520 area”
Interests of
CIS member states
Draft technical regulations
within the “1520 area”
On the safety
of railway
rolling stock
Interests of
CIS member states
On the safety
of the railway
infrastructure
Body of evidence regarding compliance with the technical regulations
Interstate
standards
5 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 2012 | VNIIZhT
Regional
rules and
regulations
APPLYING INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL (EUROPEAN) STANDARDS AS
NATIONAL AND INTERSTATE STANDARDS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
6 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 2012 | VNIIZhT
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NATIONAL / INTERSTATE STANDARDS AND THE
CORRESPONDING INTERNATIONAL / REGIONAL (EUROPEAN) STANDARDS
Three degrees of national and interstate standard conformity
with the international (regional) standard
Identical (IDT): an identical standard must not contain changes to the structure,
technical contents or presentation. Editing corrections to the technical contents
of an identical standard are allowed.
Modified (MOD): a modified standard contains changes to the technical
contents and/or structural changes, where the reasons for such changes are
provided. May contain editing corrections allowed in identical standards.
Non-equivalent (NEQ): a non-equivalent standard contains an insignificant
portion of an international standard’s provisions
7 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 2012 | VNIIZhT
DIRECT APPLICATION OF INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL
STANDARDS AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL
Federal law On Technical Regulation (art. 44, clauses 3–8)
GOST R 1.7-2008 (annex B)
DIRECT APPLICATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD WITHOUT EXECUTING A GOST R
CONDITIONS
Availability of a Russian version of the
international standard
The international standard is discussed
publicly in Russia
Findings of a specialist technical committee
on standardisation
The Federal Information Collection contains
official Russian versions of the cited
international standards
Rosstandart decision on registering the
international standard
8 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 2012 | VNIIZhT
TECHNOLOGY
Rosstandart’s decree on adopting the
international standard as a national
standard (GOST R)
Information on adoption is published
The international standard is rolled out
and directly applied in Russia
European normative documents
European Parliament
European Commission
European Committee for
Standardization (CEN)
European Committee for
Electrotechnical Standardization
(CENELEC)
European Telecommunications
Standards Institute (ETSI)
European Railway Agency (ERA)
9 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 2012 | VNIIZhT
EC Directive
Law of EU Member States, defines objectives for life and
health of people and product safety
Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSI)
Mandatory requirements to ensure conditions for interoperability
during the design, manufacturing, construction, modernization
and operation of infrastructure and rolling stock
CEN Standards for products, services, processes, test methods,
quality assurance systems, accreditation
CENELEC Standards for electrical engineering and electronics
products, electromagnetic compatibility, metrological assurance
ETSI Standards equipment compatibility, harmonization
of standards in the telecommunications field,
television broadcasting
Harmonization of requirements
in joint documents
Thank you!
10 | Topic: Standard harmonisation | October 2012 | VNIIZhT
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