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OLYMPIC GAMES STORY

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Sport in our life
Кривошеина Л.А.
МОУ- лицей №10
г. Белгород
Read the words
• Ancient-древний
amateur-любительский
symbol-символ
mascot- талисман
competition-соревнование
champion- чемпион
athlete- атлет
professional-профессиональный
Что такое спорт
• Спорт- составная часть физической культурыкомплексы физических упражнений, имеющие целью
развитие и укрепление организма, а также
соревнования по таким комплексам и правилам их
проведения.
• Sport- an individual pr group activity pursued for
exercise or pleasure, often involving the testing of
physical capabilities and taking the form of a competitive
game such as football, tennis ets.
OLYMPIC GAMES STORY
The important thing is not
winning but taking part.
Pierre de Coubertin
The Ancient Olympic Games
776 B.C. - 393 A.D.
HISTORY
According to historical
records, the first ancient
Olympic Games were held
in 776 BC in the place of
Olimpia They were
dedicated to the Olympian
gods They continued for
nearly 12 centuries, and
were banned in 393 A.D. by
Emperor Theodosius
decreed
OLYMPIC TRUCE
The idea of a truce ( перемирие)
symbolises the spirit of the Ancient
Olympic Games. All wars were
stopped during the Olympic Gamed
THE SPORTS EVENTS
The ancient Olympic Games were
initially a one-day event until 684
BC, when they were extended to
three days. In the 5th century B.C.,
the Games were extended again to
cover five days.
The ancient Games included
running, long jump, shot put(
толкание ядра), javelin (метание
копья), boxing, pankration(
борьба) and equestrian
events(гонки на колесницах).
DID YOU KNOW?
The famous marathon race did not exist in the ancient Games. The starting
pistol of the first Olympic marathon was fired on 14 April 1896 at 2 p.m.
Famous Greeks took part in the ancient Olympic Games: the philosopher
Socrates, Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle and even the father of medicine,
Hippocrates.
The philosopher Plato (427-347) was a double winner of the pankration.
The 14 articles of the Olympic regulations included an article on corruption:
any corruption of a judge or an opponent would be punished by whipping.
Women were prohibited from attending the Games.
First modern Olympic Games
1896 A.D.
ATHENS 1896
Games of the I Olympiad
The revival of the ancient Olympics attracted
athletes from 14 nations, with the largest
delegations coming from Greece, Germany,
France and Great Britain. On 6 April 1896, the
American James Connolly won the triple jump
to become the first Olympic champion in more
than 1,500 years. Winners were awarded a
silver medal and an olive branch. The German
athlete Carl Schumann finished in the top five
events of three different sports. The people of
Athens greeted the Games with great
enthusiasm. Their support was rewarded when
a Greek shepherd, Spyridon Louis, won the
most popular event, the marathon.
14 NOCs (Nations)
241 athletes (0 women, 241 men)
43 events
Test
The ancient Olympic Games were held in 776 BC in the
place of Olympia, Greece.
• They were banned in 393 AD by Empreror Theodosius.
• The ancient Olympic Games included such kinds of
sports as: running, long jump, shot put, javelin, boxing,
pankration and equestrian events.
• First modern Olympic Games took place in Athens in
1896.
• James Connolly became the 1-st Olympic champion in
more than 1500 years.
• 241 athletes took part in this competition.
The moments of the first Olympiad
Athens 6 April 1896. Opening ceremony of the Games of the
I Olympiad. The Royal Family of Greece enter in the PanAthenian stadium
Athens 1896, Games of the I Olympiad. View of the Pan-Athenian
stadium stand and athletics track during the 110m hurdle event
Olympic Certificate designed by Nikiforos
Lytras
The Cup presented by Mr Bréal to the
marathon winner
Fencing a foil bout in the Zapeion Hall
Athletics the Princeton University team's
members Francis LANE, Herbert
JAMISON, Robert GARRETT and Albert
TYLER
An athlete puts the shot in the
Pan-Athenian stadium
Athletics eventual winner Robert
Garett of the United States performs
at the discus throw
French compatriot cyclists Léon
FLAMENG and Paul MASSON. Between
them they won 6 medals in the track
cycling events
Aristidis KONSTANTINIDIS of
Greece, winner of the
individual road race cycling
event
German gymnast Hermann
WEINGARTNER performing at the rings
Gymnastics eventual winner
Alfred FLATOW of Germany
performs at the parallel bars
The competitors at the start of the 100m
event, including in the 2nd lane from the left,
the eventual winner Thomas BURKE of the
United States
James CONNOLLY of the United
States who won gold in the triple jump,
silver in the high jump and bronze in
the long jump
View of a swimming event held in the sea
Men's artistic gymnastics Carl
SCHUMANN of Germany performs in
the horse vault event. He won the gold
medal
Spyridon LOUIS of Greece, winner of the
marathon, at the medal ceremony
OLYMPIC SPORTS OF THE
PAST
Sports no longer practised
at the Olympic Games
Tug-of-war
(Перетягивание каната)
Tug-of-war was on the Olympic programme in 1900, 1904, 1906
(Intercalated Games), 1908, 1912 and 1920. Tug-of-war was always
contested as a part of the track and field athletics programme, although it
is now considered a separate sport. The Olympic champions were as
follows: 1900: a combined Swedish/Danish team; 1904: an American club
team representing the Milwaukee Athletic Club; 1906:
Germany/Switzerland; 1908: a British team from the City of London Police
Club; 1912: Sweden; and 1920: Great Britain.
Golf
Golf has been on the Olympic programme twice, in 1900 and 1904. There
were two golf events in 1900 - one for gentlemen and one for ladies. Golf is
one of the world's most popular sports, being played in well over 100
nations world-wide. Golf also has a long history, as it origins can be traced
back several centuries, and it has had organised international competitions
since the mid-19th century. In the last decade golf has made entreaties to
be returned to the Olympic programme.
Rugby
Rugby football is one of the earliest forms of football in which the ball is
carried rather than kicked. It developed in Great Britain in the mid-19th
century. Originally, rugby league was considered the professional sport and
rugby union the amateur one, but in 1995 the International Rugby Board
made rugby union an open sport, allowing professional competition. Rugby
union football was held at the Olympics in 1900, 1908, 1920 and 1924.
Polo
Polo is considered the oldest mounted team sport, with a history reaching
back centuries, when it was played in the plains of Asia, ancient Persia,
China and India. Polo was on the Olympic programme in 1900, 1908, 1920,
1924 and 1936.
Lacrosse
Lacrosse was contested as a full medal sport at the 1904 and 1908 Olympics.
In 1904, two Canadian teams challenged a local team from St. Louis, with the
Shamrock Lacrosse Team of Winnipeg winning the gold medal. Lacrosse was
also a demonstration sport at the Olympics in 1928, 1932 and 1948.
The list of Olympic Games
Olympic Summer Games:
Athens 1896
Paris 1900
St Louis 1904
London 1908
Stockholm 1912
Antwerp 1920
Paris 1924
Amsterdam 1928
Los Angeles 1932
Berlin 1936
London 1948
Helsinki 1952
Melbourne / Stockholm 1956
Rome 1960
Tokyo 1964
Mexico 1968
Munich 1972
Montreal 1976
Moscow 1980
Los Angeles 1984
Seoul 1988
Barcelona 1992
Atlanta 1996
Sydney 2000
Athens 2004
Olympic Winter Games:
Chamonix 1924
St. Moritz 1928
Lake Placid 1932
Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936
St. Moritz 1948
Oslo 1952
Cortina d'Ampezzo 1956
Squaw Valley 1960
Innsbruck 1964
Grenoble 1968
Sapporo 1972
Innsbruck 1976
Lake Placid 1980
Sarajevo 1984
Calgary 1988
Albertville 1992
Lillehammer 1994
Nagano 1998
Salt Lake City 2002
Turin 2006
The list of Olympic Sports
Summer sports:
Aquatics
Archery
Athletics
Badminton
Baseball
Basketball
Boxing
Canoe / kayak
Cycling
Equestrian
Fencing
Football
Gymnastics
Handball
Hockey
Judo
Modern pentathlon
Rowing
Sailing
Shooting
Softball
Table tennis
Taekwondo
Tennis
Triathlon
Volleyball
Weightlifting
Wrestling
Winter sports:
Biathlon
Bobsleigh
Curling
Ice Hockey
Luge
Skating
Skiing
Moscow Olympic Games
1980 A.D.
MOSCOW 1980
Games of the XXII Olympiad
A U.S.-led boycott reduced the number of
participating nations to 80, the lowest number
since 1956. Aleksandr Dityatin earned medals in
every men's gymnastics event to become the
only athlete ever to win eight medals in one
Olympics. Super-heavyweight Teófilo Stevenson
became the first boxer to win the same division
three times.
Gerd Wessig became the first male high jumper
to break the world record at the Olympics
and swimmer Vladimir Salnikov broke the 15-minute barrier for the 1,500m. In adramatic
confrontation, runners Steve Ovett and Sebastian Coe split the 800 and 1,500m.
80 NOCs (Nations)
5,179 athletes (1,115 women, 4,064 men)
203 events
5,615 media (2,685 written press, 2,930 broadcasters)
The moments of the Moscow Olympiad
Emblem of the Moscow
Olympiad
Olympic Mishka – the mascot
of the Olympiad
Moscow 19 July 1980.
Opening ceremony,
performers form a human
pyramid
Opening ceremony, the
basketball player Sergei Belov
prepares to light the cauldron
with the Olympic flame
Moscow 19 July 1980. Opening
ceremony, the flag-bearers of the
different nations and the Olympic flag
in the stand
Opening ceremony, the Head of the
USSR Léonid Brejnev declares the
official opening of the Games of the
XXII Olympiad
Artistic gymnastics, men's team
competition. The gold medal-winning
Soviet Union team on the podium
Gerd WESSIG of the German
Democratic Republic jumps for
joy after winning the men's high
jump competition at the Games
of the XXII Olympiad
Men's athletic, Bronislaw
Malinowski of Poland in action
during the 3000m steeple
chase. He won the gold medal
Men's athletics, Allan Wells (right)
of Great Britain on his way to
victory during the 100m event
Men's athletics, Viktor Markin of the
Soviet Union in action during the
Mens 400 metres event. He won the
gold meda
Mirtus YIFTER of Ethiopia brushes
shoulders with Aleksandr FEDOTKIN
of the Soviet Union on his way to
victory in the 5000m at the Games of
the XXII Olympiad
Men's cycling, the field rounds a
bend during the individual road race
event
Teofilo STEVENSON of Cuba (left)
and Piotr ZAEV of the Soviet Union
in action during the heavyweight
boxing final bout
Nikolay ANDRIANOV from
the Soviet Union in action
during the rings event of the
team competition
Women's artistic
gymnastics, Nellie Kim of
Tajikistan in the Soviet
Union in action during her
performance in the floor
exercises
Moscow 3 August 1980. Closing ceremony, the mascot Misha flies away.
Sochi Winter Olympic Games
2014 A.D.
SOCHI 2014
XXII Olympic Winter Games
From the 7th to 23rd February 2014
ELECTION
The city of Sochi will be the host city
for the XXII Olympic Winter Games
in 2014. Sochi was elected on 4 July
2007 by the members of the
International Olympic Committee
(IOC) at the 119th Session in
Guatemala City. Sochi was up
against the cities of PyeongChang
and Salzburg, and Sochi prevailed
in the second round of voting, with
51 votes against 47 votes for
PyeongChang.
Unsurpassed Excellence
The vision of Sochi 2014 is to unite the resources of the city of Sochi,
the Krasnodar region and the Russian nation to develop in Sochi
greatly needed sports and resort infrastructure, in a sustainable,
inclusive, environmentally responsible manner. Their goal is to deliver
Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games of unsurpassed excellence for
the athletes, the Olympic family, the Paralympic family and the world.
Design of the Bolshoi Ice Hockey Palace
Inspire and Energise
The Sochi 2014 Games will provide a new gateway for winter sport in Russia.
Part of its legacy will look to establish Russia’s first international-quality training
and competition facilities for Alpine skiing, sliding sports and ski jumping. The
facilities in Sochi will inspire the youth of the nation and energise the growth of
winter sports, serving not only Russian athletes but also those of an entire
region. All the key Olympic infrastructure locations in Sochi have been selected
to ensure maximum sustainability and legacy after the Games by addressing
existing sport, tourism and commercial infrastructure needs.
Design of the Maly Ice Hockey Palace
Venues
Sochi 2014 will provide the Olympic Movement with a “once-in-a-lifetime” Winter Games
experience. The Sochi Olympic Park will offer an innovative solution, situated on the Black
Sea coast in an area designated for significant development. It will include all ice venues,
the Olympic Stadium, the Main Media Centre (MMC), and the main Olympic Village. It has
been designed by experienced Olympic planners to offer athletes and officials, the IOC,
the media, the sponsors and spectators extraordinary convenience and opportunities to
enjoy the Games. The mountain venues will be only 49 km away from the coastal cluster
and are located in the mountain region of Krasnaya Polyana, or “Red Meadow”. The
mountain venues are also clustered within a single valley, making travel times short.
Design of the Olympic Stadium
The Vote
The IOC members made their choice for 2014 based on not only the
candidature files and presentations made today by the delegations
from Sochi (Russia), Salzburg (Austria) and PyeongChang (Republic
of Korea)*, but also on the basis of the detailed report and
presentation made by the IOC’s Evaluation Commission for the 2014
Olympic Winter Games, which was chaired by IOC member Chiharu
Igaya.
Results of the vote:
Round 1
Sochi: 34
Salzburg: 25
PyeongChang: 36
Round 2
Sochi: 51
PyeongChang: 47
RECOGNISED
SPORTS
In order to promote the Olympic Movement, the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
RECOGNISED
SPORTS
LISTSports Federations (IFs) international non-governmental
may recognise as
International
organisations administering one or several sports at world level and encompassing
Air sports, Bandy, Billiard Sports, Boules, Bowling, Bridge
organisations administering such sports at national level.
Chess, Cricket, DanceSport, Golf, Karate, Korfball
Recognition of the International Federations (IFs)
Life Saving, Motorcycle Racing, Mountaineering and Climbing
In order
to be recognised,
organisations
must apply the Olympic Movement AntiNetball,
Orienteering,
Pelote these
Basque,
Polo, Powerboating,
Doping Code and conduct effective out-of-competition tests in accordance with the
Racquetball, Roller Sports, Rugby, Sport climbing,
established rules. The recognition of IFs newly recognised by the International Olympic
Committee
(IOC)
shallTug
be provisional
for a period
of two years or any other period fixed
Squash,
Surfing,
Sumo,
of War, Underwater
Sports,
by the IOC Executive Board. At the end of such period, the recognition shall
Water Skiing, Wushu
automatically lapse in the absence of definitive confirmation given in writing by the IOC.
As far as the role of the IFs within the Olympic Movement is concerned, their statutes,
practice and activities must be in conformity with the Olympic Charter. Subject to the
foregoing, each IF maintains its independence and autonomy in the administration of its
sport.
The end
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