Презентация по теме «СПОРТ» для 8 класса, УМК Кузовлев В.П. (дополнительный материал) Citius, Altius, Fortius ( faster, higher, stronger ) GAMES Ancient Olympic Games The ancient Olympic Games were celebrated in the summer every four years in the sanctuary of the god Zeus at Olympia. The history of the games dates from 776 B.C. The first day of the festival was devoted to sacrifices. On other days wrestling, boxing, and the pancratium, a combination of the two, were held. Horse racing, pentathlon, a series of five events: wrestling, discus throwing, javelin hurling, long jumping, and sprinting were added later. The ancient Olympic Games reached the height of their popularity in the 5th and 4th centuries B.C. In about ad 393 Roman emperor Theodosius I suppressed them. Ruins at Olympia Stadium at Olympia Discobolus Modern Olympic Games Olympic Games (modern), international sports competition, held every four years at a different site, in which athletes from different nations compete against each other in a variety of sports. There are two types of Olympics, the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics. The modern Olympic Games began in Athens, Greece, in 1896, two years after French educator Pierre de Coubertin proposed that the Olympic Games of ancient Greece be revived to promote a more peaceful world. The program for the 1896 Games, including only summer events (the Winter Olympics were not established until 1924), included about 300 athletes from fewer than 15 countries competing in 43 events in nine different sports. By contrast, when the Summer Olympics returned to Athens in 2004, more than 10,000 athletes from 202 countries competed in 28 different sports. Baron Pierre de Coubertin Olympic Ceremonies Lighting the Olympic Flame Olympics Opening Ceremony The torch is lit in Olympia, Greece, and is carried over several weeks or months from there to the host city. The last runner lights the Olympic Flame in the main Olympic stadium. The opening ceremony includes the parade of nations, in which the teams from each nation enter the main stadium as part of a procession. The Greek team always enters first. Summer Olympics 1896 Athens, Greece 1960 Rome, Italy 1900 Paris, France 1964 Tokyo, Japan 1904 St.Louis, USA 1968 Mexico City, Mexico 1908 London, England 1972 Munich, Germany 1912 Stockholm, Sweden 1976 Montreal, Canada 1920 Antwerp, Belgium 1980 Moscow, USSR 1924 Paris, France 1984 Los Angeles, USA 1928 Amsterdam, Netherland 1988 Seoul, South Korea 1932 Los Angeles, USA 1992 Barcelona, Spain 1936 Berlin, Germany 1996 Atlanta, USA 1948 London, England 2000 Sydney, Australia 1952 Helsinki, Finland 2004 Athens, Greece 1956 Melbourne, Australia 2008 Beijing, China 2012 London, England Summer Olympics 2004 Athens Participant Abbreviation Gold Silver Bronze Total United States USA 35 39 29 103 China CHN 32 17 14 63 Russia RUS 27 27 38 92 Australia AUS 17 16 16 49 Japan JPN 16 9 12 37 Olympic Gold Medal The International Olympic Committee awards gold, silver, and bronze medals for first-, second-, and third-place finishes in Olympic competition. Summer Olympics 2008 Beijing Abbreviation Gold Silver Bronze Total China CHN 51 21 28 100 United States USA 36 38 36 110 Russia RUS 23 21 28 72 United Kingdom UK 19 13 15 47 Participant Winter Olympics TheWinter Olympic Games were first held as a separate competition in 1924 at Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, France. From that time until 1992, they took place the same year as the Summer Games. Beginning with the 1994 the Winter Games were rescheduled to occur in the middle of the Olympic cycle. The 1924 Winter Games included 14 events in five different sports. By comparison, the program for the 2002 Winter Games, held in Salt Lake City, included more than 75 events in 15 different sports. Opening ceremony of the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, Norway. Winter Olympics 1924 Chamonix, France 1976 Insbruck, Austria 1928 St.Moritz, Switzerland 1980 Lake Placid, USA 1932 Lake Placid, USA 1984 Saraevo, Yugoslavia 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany 1988 Calgary, Canada 1948 St.Moritz, Switzerland 1994 Lillehammer, Norway NB! 1952 Oslo, Norway 1956 Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy 1960 Squaw Valley, USA 1964 Insbruck, Austria 1968 Grenoble, France 1972 Sapporo, Japan 1992 Albertville, France 1998 Nagano, Japan 2002 Salt Lake City, USA 2006 Turin, Italy 2010 Vancuver, Canada 2014 Sochi, Russia Winter Olympics 2006 Turin (Italy) Abbreviation Gold Silver Bronze Total Germany GER 11 12 6 29 United States USA 9 9 7 25 Austria AUT 9 7 7 23 Russia RUS 8 6 8 22 Canada CAN 7 10 7 24 Participant Paralympic Games Paralympic Games, athletic competition for people with disabilities: amputees, impaired vision, cerebral palsy. The Paralympic Games originated in 1948 at Stoke Mandeville Hospital in England. They were the outcome of work that had begun with the general rehabilitation of military veterans who suffered spinal injuries in World War II (1939-1945). The inspiration behind the Paralympics came from Ludwig Guttman, a Jewish neurologist and refugee from Nazi Germany. Tony Volpentest Volpentest, who was born without hands or feet, uses high-tech prosthetic feet for his sprinting races. He won gold medals in the 100m and 200m dashes in Atlanta, 1996. Paralympic Games Beginning in 1952 the Paralympics were staged in Olympic years. In 1960 the first official Paralympic Games took place in Rome, Italy, where 23 nations and 400 athletes competed. Winter Paralympics were first held in 1976. In 1992 in Barcelona, Spain, 3,500 athletes from 82 nations competed at the Summer Paralympics. The 2000 Summer Paralympic Games were held in Sydney, Australia, and the 2004 Games were held in Athens, Greece. At the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia.Marla Runyan (3375), Suzy Favor Hamilton, left, and Russian Lyudmila Rogachova, center. (1,500m)-blind girls.