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Презентация по теме «СПОРТ»
для 8 класса,
УМК Кузовлев В.П.
(дополнительный материал)
Citius, Altius, Fortius ( faster, higher, stronger )
GAMES
Ancient Olympic Games
The ancient Olympic Games were celebrated in the summer every four years in the
sanctuary of the god Zeus at Olympia. The history of the games dates from 776 B.C.
The first day of the festival was devoted to sacrifices.
On other days wrestling, boxing, and the pancratium, a combination of the two, were
held.
Horse racing, pentathlon, a series of five events: wrestling, discus throwing,
javelin hurling, long jumping, and sprinting were added later.
The ancient Olympic Games reached the height of their popularity in the 5th and 4th
centuries B.C. In about ad 393 Roman emperor Theodosius I suppressed them.
Ruins at Olympia
Stadium at Olympia
Discobolus
Modern Olympic Games
Olympic Games
(modern), international sports
competition, held every four years at a
different site, in which athletes from
different nations compete against each
other in a variety of sports.
There are two types of Olympics, the
Summer Olympics and the Winter
Olympics.
The modern Olympic Games began in
Athens, Greece, in 1896, two years
after French educator Pierre de
Coubertin proposed that the Olympic
Games of ancient Greece be revived to
promote a more peaceful world.
The program for the 1896 Games,
including only summer events (the
Winter Olympics were not established
until 1924), included about 300
athletes from fewer than 15 countries
competing in 43 events in nine different
sports. By contrast, when the Summer
Olympics returned to Athens in 2004,
more than 10,000 athletes from 202
countries competed in 28 different
sports.
Baron Pierre de Coubertin
Olympic Ceremonies
Lighting the Olympic Flame
Olympics Opening Ceremony
The torch is lit in Olympia, Greece, and is carried over several weeks or months
from there to the host city. The last runner lights the Olympic Flame in the main
Olympic stadium. The opening ceremony includes the parade of nations, in which
the teams from each nation enter the main stadium as part of a procession. The
Greek team always enters first.
Summer Olympics
1896 Athens, Greece
1960 Rome, Italy
1900 Paris, France
1964 Tokyo, Japan
1904 St.Louis, USA
1968 Mexico City, Mexico
1908 London, England
1972 Munich, Germany
1912 Stockholm, Sweden
1976 Montreal, Canada
1920 Antwerp, Belgium
1980 Moscow, USSR
1924 Paris, France
1984 Los Angeles, USA
1928 Amsterdam, Netherland
1988 Seoul, South Korea
1932 Los Angeles, USA
1992 Barcelona, Spain
1936 Berlin, Germany
1996 Atlanta, USA
1948 London, England
2000 Sydney, Australia
1952 Helsinki, Finland
2004 Athens, Greece
1956 Melbourne, Australia
2008 Beijing, China
2012 London, England
Summer Olympics 2004 Athens
Participant
Abbreviation
Gold
Silver
Bronze
Total
United States
USA
35
39
29
103
China
CHN
32
17
14
63
Russia
RUS
27
27
38
92
Australia
AUS
17
16
16
49
Japan
JPN
16
9
12
37
Olympic Gold Medal
The International Olympic Committee awards gold,
silver, and bronze medals for first-, second-, and
third-place finishes in Olympic competition.
Summer Olympics 2008 Beijing
Abbreviation
Gold
Silver
Bronze
Total
China
CHN
51
21
28
100
United
States
USA
36
38
36
110
Russia
RUS
23
21
28
72
United
Kingdom
UK
19
13
15
47
Participant
Winter Olympics
TheWinter Olympic Games were first
held as a separate competition in 1924
at Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, France.
From that time until 1992, they took place
the same year as the Summer Games.
Beginning with the 1994 the Winter
Games were rescheduled to occur in
the middle of the Olympic cycle.
The 1924 Winter Games included 14
events in five different sports. By
comparison, the program for the 2002
Winter Games, held in Salt Lake City,
included more than 75 events in 15
different sports.
Opening ceremony of the 1994
Winter Olympics in Lillehammer,
Norway.
Winter Olympics
1924 Chamonix, France
1976 Insbruck, Austria
1928 St.Moritz, Switzerland
1980 Lake Placid, USA
1932 Lake Placid, USA
1984 Saraevo, Yugoslavia
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen,
Germany
1988 Calgary, Canada
1948 St.Moritz, Switzerland
1994 Lillehammer, Norway NB!
1952 Oslo, Norway
1956 Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy
1960 Squaw Valley, USA
1964 Insbruck, Austria
1968 Grenoble, France
1972 Sapporo, Japan
1992 Albertville, France
1998 Nagano, Japan
2002 Salt Lake City, USA
2006 Turin, Italy
2010 Vancuver, Canada
2014 Sochi, Russia
Winter Olympics 2006 Turin (Italy)
Abbreviation
Gold
Silver
Bronze
Total
Germany
GER
11
12
6
29
United States
USA
9
9
7
25
Austria
AUT
9
7
7
23
Russia
RUS
8
6
8
22
Canada
CAN
7
10
7
24
Participant
Paralympic Games
Paralympic Games, athletic competition
for people with disabilities: amputees,
impaired vision, cerebral palsy.
The Paralympic Games originated in
1948 at Stoke Mandeville Hospital in
England. They were the outcome of
work that had begun with the general
rehabilitation of military veterans who
suffered spinal injuries in World War II
(1939-1945).
The inspiration behind the Paralympics
came from Ludwig Guttman, a Jewish
neurologist and refugee from Nazi
Germany.
Tony Volpentest
Volpentest, who was born without
hands or feet, uses high-tech prosthetic
feet for his sprinting races. He won
gold medals in the 100m and 200m
dashes in Atlanta, 1996.
Paralympic Games
Beginning in 1952 the Paralympics
were staged in Olympic years.
In 1960 the first official
Paralympic Games took place in
Rome, Italy, where 23 nations and 400
athletes competed.
Winter Paralympics were first
held in 1976. In 1992 in Barcelona,
Spain, 3,500 athletes from 82 nations
competed at the Summer Paralympics.
The 2000 Summer Paralympic Games
were held in Sydney, Australia, and the
2004 Games were held in Athens,
Greece.
At the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney,
Australia.Marla Runyan (3375), Suzy Favor
Hamilton, left, and Russian Lyudmila
Rogachova, center. (1,500m)-blind girls.
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