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PAUSA
PAUSA: Automated Parking Garages
in Moscow
Preliminary Presentation. Second Draft
CONFIDENTIAL
Executive Summary
2
●
This presentation has been prepared by Power Engineering Group and discusses a project to develop the PAUSA network
of automated parking garages in Moscow.
●
The project is designed to address the current lack of parking space in Moscow, which is estimated to be 2.8 mln spaces.
●
The project envisages the construction of more than 500 automated parking garages with the capacity of 300 to 1000
spaces in extensively built-up areas with heavy traffic patterns.
●
Key advantages; social and economic benefits to the city:
●
Saving of up to 110 ha of land by constructing automated parking garages instead of conventional ramp multy-storey
parking facilities;
●
Releasing more than 70 ha of land by moving small-scale retailers to the ground floor of parking facilities, thus
improving the city’s appearance;
●
Clearing house courtyards from parked cars;
●
Reducing the load on the city power grid by 37 thousand mWh per year through in-house power generation;
●
Improving the city’s environmental situation by reducing emissions, and encouraging use of hybrid and electric
vehicles.
●
Construction of one garage takes 12 months and construction of 10 pilot garages can be undertaken simultaneously
●
Apart from the main investor (Power Engineering Group) their preliminary agreement to participate in the project
expressed a large manufacturer of automated parking equipment, major financial institutions and an engineering company
●
The proposed benefits can be maximised through: optimal distribution of garages across the city; provision of the required
utilities and infrastructure at the sites; stimulation of demand through enforcement of stopping and parking rules;
development of the corresponding technical regulations. The above depend more on city government, and requires its
close collaboration with the project initiators.
●
The most attractive schemes of obtaining construction sites are the land-to-rent auction and provision of the land with
preliminary agreement on the buildings’ localization
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Shortage of Parking Space Adversely Affects
Traffic, Safety, and the Appearance of Moscow
3
Involuntary violation of stopping and parking rules
has a negative impact on urban life
Demand for parking space in Moscow
exceeds supply by 2.8 mln spaces
Moscow parking space supply and demand
in 2011, mln of parking spaces
Supply*
1.3
Demand**
4.1
2.8 mln
*Supply– the number of legally available parking spaces
**Demand – the number of registered vehicles in Moscow as of 1 July 2011.
PAUSA
Source: Interviews with traffic police officers
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Most Affected: Built-Up Central Neighbourhoods, Old Residential Blocks;
New Business Centres; Recreational, Trading and Entertainment Areas
Центры деловой
Business
Centers, such
активности, такие как
asМосква-Сити,
Moscow International
специфичны своейCentre
Business
высокой плотностью
(Moscow-City),
застройки и большим are
densely-occupied
with
количеством сотрудников
и
посетителей,
которым
plenty of offices, office
необходимо в течении
staff
visitors
seeking
дняand
оставлять
свои
to машины
park nearby
на близлежащих
автостоянках и для
которых могут быть не
предусмотрены
подземные паркинги.
Дворы жилых домов,
Residential
yards,
особенно в центральной
части города, зачастую
particularly
in
the
не
предусматривают
centre, do not provide
парковки для большого (и
for
parking количества
spaces.
растущего)
автомобилей.
They
are congested
Характерно,
что дворы
with
cars not
only at
заполняются
не
только
night, but also during
ночью (когда жильцы
working
hours,
дома), но днем,
когда воby
дворах паркуются office
commuting
приезжающие в центр
workers
города работники
офисов
Крупные общественные
Major
public or social
или социальные
service
sites,
like
объекты, например
стадионы,arenas,
больницы,hotels,
sporting
университеты, с
transportation
hubs with
регулярным потоком
regular
peopleиз traffic. In
людей, многие
которых
предпочитают
most cases
there aren’t
добираться до объектов
enough
parking spaces
на автотранспорте.
provided.
Зачастую такие объекты
не оснащены
достаточным
количеством
парковочных мест, а
плотность застройки
вокругparking
них уже высока
allow
demand
Развлекательные /
Entertainment
/
торговые
зоны,
trading Пушкинская
areas, like
например
площадь,
Pushkin зачастую
Square,
привлекают большое
increasingly
attract
количество
жителей
many однако
visitors,не but do
города,
оснащены
достаточными
not provide
enough
парковочными местами
parking
spaces илиfor
для
краткосрочного
them
среднесрочного
паркования автомобилей
High density of buildings does not
to be met
by constructing surface parking areas or even multi-storey ramp garages
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
4
Automated Garages: International Best Practice
for Populous Urban Areas with Parking Shortages
Hollywood
Grande,
automated
parking garage
with 220 spaces
Located in the local government
centre and used by its employees
Copenhagen,
automated
parking garage
with 408 spaces
Public garage for local residents
New Jersey,
Hoboken,
automated
parking garage
with 314 spaces
Leased to residents and local
office workers
Munich,
automated
parking garage
with 284 spaces
For local residents in the old city
centre
Source: websites of equipment manufacturers for automated parking garages
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
5
Budapest
Parksafe,
automated
parking garage
with 200 spaces
Leased to residents and
employees of nearby offices
Graz, Austria,
automated
parking garage
with198 spaces
Public garage for visitors to a major
business centre
PAUSA
Key Advantage of Automated Garages:
More Spaces Within a Smaller Area
6
Ramp multi-storey parking facility
The technology used in the
construction of automated garages
permits more space for more vehicles
in half the area required for ramp
multi-storey facilities …
Automated parking garage
… the released land can then be used
by the city to accommodate other
required infrastructure
Sources: websites of equipment manufacturers for automated parking garages
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
PAUSA
With High Demand in Moscow, Automated Parking Garages Will Be Able
To Provide in Excess of 700,000 Parking Spaces
7
The Moscow City Government Program Development of Transport System for 2012—2016
envisages the construction of approximately 1.5 mln parking spaces:
People’s
Garages
Programme
310 ,000
spaces
Multi-storey
garages
Courtyard
level parking
areas
On-street
parkinig
Park-and-ride
facilities
430,000
spaces
100,000
spaces
177,000
spaces
230,000
spaces
Surface parking
close to social
service sites
210,000
spaces
can be offered through the use of
automated parking multi-storey
garages
Source: Moscow City Government Program Development of Transport System for 2012—2016
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
PAUSA
The Project Proposes More Than 500 Automated Parking Garages
Throughout the City with 10 Pilot Garages at Initial Stage
8
Possible distribution of automated garages in
Moscow by 2020
2011—
2012
Pilot project with the
construction of 10 automated
parking garages
2013—
2015
Approximately 100 automated
garages within the limits of the
Third Ring Road
2016—
2020
More than 500 automated
parking garages distributed
throughout the city
The proposed network solution will allow a reduction in Moscow’s demand
for parking space of 15—25%
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
The City will Receive a Number of Social and Economic Benefits Through
the Project’s Implementation*
Improvement in the city appearance
A saving in city resources
• Fitting well into any type of
development
• Releasing neighbouring territories
from small-scale retailers
• Reducing the pressure on
residential courtyards
• Saving in land that can be used to
accommodate other important
infrastructure
• Saving in power and reduction in
the load on the city power grid
Positive environmental impact
City benefits
from the
project
Comfort, security and economic
benefits for people
• May be used by the disabled
• Higher parking speed per car if
compared to conventional parking
• Improved vehicle security
• Affordable rates to all strata, etc.
• Encouraging the use of hybrid and
electric vehicles
• Reducing emissions
• Reducing noise pollution
The project will also result in less congestion, increased domestic production
and the creation of new jobs
*The benefits have been evaluated as regard to other types of garages and subject to technologies planned to be used
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
PAUSA
9
Automated Parking Garages Require a Smaller Footprint than Ramp
Facilities, Saving up to 110 ha of Land
10
Multi-storey automated parking garages:
…require half the area of ramp facilities…
…saving of up to 2.2 ha under a 10-pilot garage
scenario, and up to 110 ha* under fully
implemented project
The required area for the construction of
500 parking spaces in different parking
facilities, sq. m.
Building area saved through
construction of automated parking
garages, ha
Ramp
multi-storey
facility
Pilot project
(10 garages)
2000
2 times
Multi-storey
automated
garage
1100
500-garage
network
2.2 ha
PAUSA
*Calculated for garages with the capacity of 500 parking spaces
© 2011
110 ha
CONFIDENTIAL
Retailer Relocation to Garages Will Release up to 75 ha of Land and
Improve the City’s Appearance
The project will house small-scale retailers
on the ground floor of its facilities…
11
…saving up from 0.45 ha to 1.5 ha under a 10pilot garage scenario, and from 22 ha to 75 ha if
project fully implemented
Building structure
Land released after moving small-scale
retailers to ground floor of parking
facilities, ha
18-20 floors
Pilot project
Average kiosk takes up
to 15—20 sq. m.
500-garage
network
0.45 ha 1.5 ha
22 ha
75 ha
Removing small-scale retailers from city
streets will improve the city’s appearance
PAUSA
Sources: Strategy Partners research
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Automated Parking Garages Will Preserve Historic Sites Without
Worsening the City’s Overall Appearance
12
The technology used in the construction of automated parking garages is based on
framework structures that could be accommodated for various facades:
Modern
Classic
Historic
This means automated garages can blend well into any Moscow architectural solution
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Automated Garages will Relocate Cars of Neighbourhood Residents from
Courtyards
Parking facilities will offer a preferential night-time tariff for neighbourhood residents
As is: courtyards are congested with cars
parked on grass areas and pedestrian
walkways
To be: territory of yards can be used to accommodate
playgrounds, etc.
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
13
In-House Power Generation of a Fully Completed Network Will Reduce
the Load on the City Power Grid by 37K mWh p.a.
Power consumption by automated garages under the
project, mWh p.a. calculated on the basis of 10 garages
of 1,000 parking spaces
2 190
745
1 445
Power consumption by
an automated garage
Reduction of the load on the
city power grid will be up to
0.7K mWh p.a. at the pilot
stage, and will reach 37K mWh
p.a. for the whole network
Power generation by an Power purchased by an
automated garage*
automated garage from
the city
Sources: equipment manufacturers for automated parking garages (Stolzer, Germany); designer data
*Sourced by solar panels located on the building perimeter, wind-power generators and power accumulation systems working on
lithium-iodine batteries
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
PAUSA
14
Positive Environmental Impact: Hazardous Emissions Down by 50 Kt
(as compared with conventional facilities)
CO2 emissions per 10 pilot garages,
tonnes
CO emissions per 10 pilot garages,
tonnes
-77%
-83%
Conventional
garage
Automated garage
NОx emissions per 10 pilot garages,
tonnes
15
Conventional
garage
Automated garage
Volatile organic substances emitted per 10
pilot garages, tonnes
The fully completed
project of 500
automated garages
will permit a
reduction in
emissions on a
larger scale:
•46,857.14 tonnes of
carbon dioxide
•118.57 tonnes of
nitrogen oxide
•2,375.71 tonnes of
carbon monoxide
-68%
-81%
Conventional
garage
Automated garage
Conventional
garage
Sources: Air Quality Study Automated Parking System, EEA Consultants Inc., 2007
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
•232.86 tonnes of
volatile organic
substances
Automated garage
PAUSA
Driving Up the Use of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles
16
Automated parking garages can be used to facilitate induction charging of electric
motors and help popularise hybrid and electric vehicles:
Induction charging of electric
vehicles during parking
Electric charging depots can be located in
the areas adjacent to the garage
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Offering High Levels of Comfort and Safety for All
Comfort
17
Safety
Convenient entrance and payment
arrangements: automatic parking;
cashless settlements, including via
Universal Electronic Card
Protection from hijacking, vandalism,
malicious damage: the system of the
garage operation removes the possibility
of any intrusion to car storage areas
High speed of parking per unit: 5 times
quicker per car than conventional parking
Protection from incidental damage: an
advanced system of monitoring sensors
prevents damage to vehicles during time
of parking, while automatic parking
removes the possibility of damage to
bumpers and wheel disks
ITS integration: parking information
systems synchronised with navigation
transportation system allows advance
reservation of spaces
Reduced waiting time for parking or
retrieving through an increase in the
number of entry kiosks (1 per 70 spaces)
Convenient for disabled people: enough
space to exit the vehicle, no long drives,
staircases, or lifts
No errors or faults: power-operated
garages are equipped with a 5-level
protection system against faults and errors
Continuous operation: power accumulation
system storing 500 kWh and working on
lithium-ion cells ensures 24 hour continuous
operation; for 24 hour+ outages mobile highvoltage batteries (based on the KAMAZ
trucks) are available
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Converging Tariff Policy by Accommodating all Residential Strata, Including
Subsidised Categories
18
Potential drivers for the tariff policy
Range of tariffs, RUB
City area
Boulevard Ring
Garden Ring
A cheaper tariff
Daylight hourly
rate
RUB 50—100 per hour
Daily rate
RUB 250—300
Monthly rate
RUB 5,000—7,000
Neighbourhood
night time rate
RUB 10—30 per night
Third Ring Road
Moscow Beltway
Working hours
Time of
day
Night time
Year
Month
Week
Subsidised categories
Day
Hour
Parking permit
valid for
Other residents
Residential strata
© 2011
PAUSA
CONFIDENTIAL
Local Sourcing to Provide Additional Business to Russian Enterprises in
Excess of RUB 100 bln, and Create Approximately 4,500 New Jobs
Local sourcing will provide new business
totaling RUB 104 bln
19
The project will create
approximately 4,500 new jobs
Single garage construction
budget, RUB bln
100% = RUB 130 bln
Imported
20%
20%
2011—2012:
10 pilot
garages
2013—2015:
100 garages
80%
Domestic
production
90 new
jobs
900 new
jobs
80%
2016—2020:
500 garages
4,500 new
jobs
Equipment used by automated garages can be supplied
by leading Russian enterprises (e.g., Tushino MachineBuilding Plant and companies comprising TVEL
Corporation (ROSATOM fuel company)
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Constructing of a Garage will take around 12 months. All 10 Pilot
Garages can be Built Simultaneously
20
With simultaneous work all 10 pilot garages can be constructed in a year’s time
Main steps in constructing a garage*
Project
1 month
Production
4 months
All pilot garages can
be constructed
simultaneously
2 months
Transporting
Construction
5 months
Checking and start of
exploitation
1 month
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13
Months
*Without approval procedures
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Tentative Participation Confirmed by Major Manufacturers of Automated
Parking Systems and Leading Financial Institutions
Investments, project management,
garage operation
Power Engineering and
Electrotechnical Company
Russian major investment and
construction and investment
engineering companies
Equipment, project solutions
Dongyang Menics, Hundai *
One of the major Korean
companies involved in the
development and manufacturing
of automated parking systems
Loans
Sberbank, VTB and VEB
Major national financial
institutions
* Possible options
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
21
Success of the Project and its Social and Economic Benefits Depend on
a Number of Conditions to be Defined by the City Government
22
Factors affecting the level of social and economic benefits
of the project:
Distribution and size of
the garages
Required utilities and
infrastructure on the
sites
Demand for parking
Red tape and excessive
requirements and
standards
•Garages need to be located in areas with
heavy traffic
•Garage capacity should satisfy demand
•Land plots need to have utilities and
access roads for sufficient throughput
capacity
•Demand partly depends on enforcement
of stopping and parking rules, rules of
use in municipal parking areas
Many factors
are defined by
the policy
pursued by the
city
government
•Red tape and excessive requirements
and standards may prolong the
network’s development and make the
project more expensive
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Attractiveness of Construction Site Depends on several Parameters
Parameters
Necessary
23
Preferably
District
Central administrative
district
Localization
Within walking distance from
underground station (500 meters)
In close proximity to offices or
shopping centers without sufficient
parking spaces
Size
Minimal area – 1200 sq.m.
Allowance for a building 20
meters tall
Optimal area – 2000 sq.m.
Shape
Rectangular. Least side no less
than 20 meters long
Infrastructure
Adjacent roads;
Electricity facilitates of no less than
300 kW.
Encumbrance
No encumbrance. No existing
buildings
Accessible from different sides;
Water and sewage infrastructure
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Examples of Attractive Construction Sites
24
● If available
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
Attractive Schemes to Obtain Construction Sites: Site-to-Rent Auction and
Provision of Sites with Agreement on the Buildings’ Localization
Possible schemes of obtaining construction sites:
Attractive schemes
1
Site-to-Rent Auction
2
Site-to-Develop Auction
3
Concession
4
Joint-stock company with city participation
5
Provision of Sites with Agreement on the Buildings’ Localization
6
Development of land in accordance with owners rights
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
25
Next Steps
26
Garage network
deployment
Pilot
parking garages
Private Investor
1. Feasibility study for the project
2. Specific negotiations with potential
participants in the project
3. Standard garage design
City
1. Prospective locations for the distribution of 10 pilot garages and an
implementation scheme defined in conjunction with project
developers.
2. Participation in the development of a standardised garage design
3. Incorporation of the project into a program for the development of
an integrated parking environment
1. Identifying demand for automated parking garages and prospective
locations across the city
2. Land allotment conditions for selected plots; defining the required
architectural solutions. Tenders for lease rights.
3. Regulatory framework to develop technical regulations for
automated parking garages
PAUSA
© 2011
CONFIDENTIAL
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