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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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The United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
Geographical position
In official documents this
country is named as
The United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern
But people usually call it Great
Britain because of the biggest
The capital of the country is
LONDON which was
formed by ROMANS
The common square of the
country is 244,8 km.
Countries and capitals
Англия - 50,431,700 человек.
Шотландия - 5,094,800 человек.
Уэльс- 2,958,600 человек. .
Северная Ирландия - 1,724,400 человек.
Численность населения Великобритании
составляет 60,1 млн человек.
England is the largest part. London is
its capital.
Scotland takes up one third of the
territory of Great Britain. Edinburgh
has been the capital since the 15th
Wales became part of England in
1536. The capital of Wales ( or Cymry
as they call themselves) is Cardiff.
Northern Ireland is the smallest part. It
occupies the northeast of the island of
Ireland, only one-sixth of its territory.
Its capital city is Belfast.
The Union Jack
• It is made up of three
crosses: the cross of
Saint George
(England), the cross of
Saint Andrew
(Scotland), the cross of
Saint Patrick (Ireland)
The Emblem
The Anthem
God save our gracious Queen
long live our noble Queen,
God save the Queen!
Send her victorious,
happy and glorious,
long to reign over us:
God save the Queen!
O Lord our God arise,
Strike down her enemies,
And make them fall:
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks,
On thee our hopes we fix:
God save us all!
Thy choicest gifts in store
on her be pleased to pour;
long may she reign;
may she defend our laws,
and ever give us cause
to sing with heart and voice
"God save the Queen!"
Political system
The United Kingdom is a
constitutional monarchy. This
means that it has a monarch (a
king or a queen) as its Head of
State. The monarch reigns with
the support of Parliament.
Parliament consists of two
chambers known as the House
of Commons and the House of
Lords. Parliament and the
monarch have different roles in
the government of the country,
and they only meet together on
symbolic occasions such as
the coronation or the opening
of Parliament. In reality, the
House of Commons is only one
of the three which has true
British Parliament
The House of Commons is
made up of 650 elected
members (MPs)
It is here that new bills are
introduced and debated.
It is presided by the Speaker.
The House of Lords has more
than 1,ooo members (only 250
take an active part in the work.
Members are not elected.
They debate a bill after it has
been passed by the House of
Commons. Ganges may be
recommended and agreement is
reached by negotiations.
Famous Stonehenge
Each region of Great Britain differs of its national staff,
historical and geographical peculiarities
Great Britain has its own money
and… banks.
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