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Ancient Britain

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Ancient Britain
Цели и Задачи:
изучить историю Великобритании,
собрать необходимую информацию
из
источников,
обобщить
информацию и создать презентацию,
составить таблицу с выводами
Методы исследования: Анализ
литературы
Traditions
Legends
Castles
Ancient
Britain
Knights
Mysteries
Monarchy
Kings
Queens
Stonehenge
Stonehenge - one of
the European biggest
stone circles 10 or 12
metres
high
of
prehistorical
time
1850-1400 BC. The
Druids
used
Stonehenge
for
a
calendar
to
know
when the months and
seasons started. On
the 24th of June the
Sun shines on the
Hecl Stone. It is
longest day of the
year. On that day we
can
see
Druids
festival. It is tradition.
Oxford
Oxford University
appeared in 1164 –
1169.
It consists of 35
different colleges and
5
“halls”.
The
scholars had to find
this place to study
when Henry II made
English clerks to go
to the University of
Paris.
They
taught
theology, law, maths,
natural
philosophy
and rhetoric. Oxford
is a beautiful ancient
city of 912 AD.
Legendary heroes
The legends of King
Arthur began to appear
in the XII century and are
based on a Celtic leader
of the 6th century (515)
who
defended
his
country against Saxon
invasion. He was born in
Tintagel (Cornwall) and
brought up by Merlin, an
old
Celtic
magician.
Arthur became King of
Britain at the age of 15
when he managed to
pull a sword from a rock.
His Knights sat the
round table so, that they
were equal. The legend
said King Arthur died in
a Tintagel
Monastery
which is King Arthur is
castle now.
Robin Hood is a legendary
hero who lived in Sherwood
Forest in Nottingham, situated
in the heart of England,
surrounded by country-side.
Stories about his adventures
appeared in the 14th century,
but it is believed that Robin
was born in 1160 at time of
many robbers living in the
woods. Robin Hood and his
Merry Men robbed the rich
give to the poor. He dressed in
green, lived in the forest with
his wife Maid Marion and his
men. Although the great
Sherwood
Forest
has
practically disappeared. A
stature of Robin Hood now
stands on
Robin Hood is
green
at
the
foot
of
Nottingham Castle, founded in
1068.
The Tower of London
– the oldest palace,
fortress and prison in
Europe. It was built
around 1090 by William
the Conqueror on a site
of a Roman fort. Massive
walls and other towers
were added later. Ravens
lived in Tower according
to the legend made noise
while
attacking
the
guardians were sleeping.
The Tower of London
The Tower of London is the
oldest palace, fortress and
prison. It was built around
1090
by
William
the
Conqueror on a site of a
Roman fort. Massive walls and
other towers were added later.
Three queens of England have
been beheaded within it’s
walls. Ravens lived in the
Tower according to the legend
made noise while attacking of
enemies at night, when the
guarding were sleeping.
Windsor castle
Windsor Castle was founded in 1086. it
has been the residence of the Kings and
Queens of England for over 800 years and it
is still a residence of Elizabeth II. In 1348 the
Order of the Garter was established in the
Castle when 26 Knights were elected
members. They included Edward III and the
Black Prince
Buckingham Palace
It is family house where children play and grow
and the place where presidents, Kings, politicians go
to meet the Queen. Being Queen is are really busy
job: reading letters from the public ( 1000 each
week), having daily meetings; thousands of
invitations, opening new hospitals, bridges,
factories. In her spare time Elizabeth II enjoys horse
racing, fishing, walking, taking photos on her travels.
She visited 128 countries during her official visits in
50 years.
THE QUEEN
Time
Sight
Legend
Tradition
Notes
1850-1400 BC
Stonehenge
Annual festival
A kind of
computer
1164-1169 AD
Oxford University
Black Square
caps
Consists of 35
colleges
515 AD
King Arthur’s
Castle
King Arthur and
the Knights of the
round table
Round tables and
meetings
Literary and
screen versions
1040 AD
Monument to
Lady Godiva
Lady Godiva
1160 AD
Robin Hood’s
stature
Robin Hood and
Merry Men
1050 AD
Westminster Abby
1066 AD
The Tower
1086 AD
Windsor Castle
1703 AD
Buckingham
Palace
Literary and
screen versions
Coronation of
Kings and Queens
Ravens
Famous people
are buried there
3 Queens were
beheaded
The Order of the
Garter in 1348
Changing the
Guardians
A family house
and a place to
meet guests
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