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Reported Speech

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Reported Speech
Прямая речь –это речь, переданная
дословно, без изменений.
He says to Lena, “I see my friends every day.”
Косвенная речь – это передача
содержания прямой речи в форме
пересказа.
He says to Lena that he sees his friends
every day.
При переводе прямой речи в косвенную
местоимения изменяются согласно
требованиям логики.
• He tells them, “I can help you.”
• He tells them that he can help them.
Прямая речь
now
today
Косвенная речь
then
that day
yesterday the day before
tomorrow
this week
last week
the week before
next week
the week after
ago
before
here
there
the next day
that week
Reported Statements
Глаголы, вводящие косвенную речь:
•
•
•
•
•
•
say (that)
say to
tell
(that)
say to-infinitive
speak about
talk about
She said (that) she was very happy.
She said to me (that) she was very happy.
She told me (that) she was very happy.
Ann said to wake her up at 7:00.
He spoke about the meeting.
talked
• never say about
Direct speech
Present Simple
“I want to learn
Japanese”.
Present Progressive
“We are watching a
film”.
Present Perfect
“I have brushed my
teeth”.
Reported speech
Past Simple
She said (that) she
wanted to learn
Japanese.
Past Progressive
They said (that) they
were watching a film
Past Perfect
She said (that) she had
brushed her teeth.
Direct speech
Past Simple
Reported speech
Past Simple or Past Perfect
“I mowed the lawn”.
Past Progressive
She said (that) she
mowed/had mowed
the lawn.
Past Progressive or
Past Perfect Progressive
“He was playing the
piano”.
She said (that) he was
playing/had been
playing the piano.
Future Simple
Future in the Past
“I will meet you at
7:00”.
She said (that) she
would meet me at 7:00
Не всегда надо изменять время глагола, когда
мы используем его в косвенной речи:
Если глагол, вводящий косвенную речь, стоит в
Present или Future Tenses.
“I can’t speak French,” he says.
He says (that) he can’t speak French.
Если говорящий сообщает о какой-либо истине
или состоянии.
“The sun sets in the west,” Mr. Thom said.
Mr. Thom said that the sun sets in the west.
Reported Questions
•
•
Direct
Reported
An old man asked, "What time is it?”
An old man asked us what time it was.
•
•
Direct
Reported
The manager asked, ”Why did you apply for the job?”
The manager wanted to know why I had applied for the job.
•
•
Direct
Reported
Mary asked me, ”Do you like cats?”
Mary asked me if/whether I liked cats.
asked
Вопросит.
слово
if/whether
глагол
… .
Reported Request/Suggestions
• “Please, don’t go,” he said to me.
• He begged me not to go.
• “Let’s watch a film,” he said.
• He suggested watching a film.
•
ask
+ beg
+
suggest
to-infinitive
-ing form
Reported Orders/Commands
• “Be patient!” she said to me.
• She told me to be patient.
• “Don’t go!” he said to her.
• He ordered her not to go.
advise
+ order +
tell
+ (not) to-infinitive … .
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