Reported Speech Прямая речь –это речь, переданная дословно, без изменений. He says to Lena, “I see my friends every day.” Косвенная речь – это передача содержания прямой речи в форме пересказа. He says to Lena that he sees his friends every day. При переводе прямой речи в косвенную местоимения изменяются согласно требованиям логики. • He tells them, “I can help you.” • He tells them that he can help them. Прямая речь now today Косвенная речь then that day yesterday the day before tomorrow this week last week the week before next week the week after ago before here there the next day that week Reported Statements Глаголы, вводящие косвенную речь: • • • • • • say (that) say to tell (that) say to-infinitive speak about talk about She said (that) she was very happy. She said to me (that) she was very happy. She told me (that) she was very happy. Ann said to wake her up at 7:00. He spoke about the meeting. talked • never say about Direct speech Present Simple “I want to learn Japanese”. Present Progressive “We are watching a film”. Present Perfect “I have brushed my teeth”. Reported speech Past Simple She said (that) she wanted to learn Japanese. Past Progressive They said (that) they were watching a film Past Perfect She said (that) she had brushed her teeth. Direct speech Past Simple Reported speech Past Simple or Past Perfect “I mowed the lawn”. Past Progressive She said (that) she mowed/had mowed the lawn. Past Progressive or Past Perfect Progressive “He was playing the piano”. She said (that) he was playing/had been playing the piano. Future Simple Future in the Past “I will meet you at 7:00”. She said (that) she would meet me at 7:00 Не всегда надо изменять время глагола, когда мы используем его в косвенной речи: Если глагол, вводящий косвенную речь, стоит в Present или Future Tenses. “I can’t speak French,” he says. He says (that) he can’t speak French. Если говорящий сообщает о какой-либо истине или состоянии. “The sun sets in the west,” Mr. Thom said. Mr. Thom said that the sun sets in the west. Reported Questions • • Direct Reported An old man asked, "What time is it?” An old man asked us what time it was. • • Direct Reported The manager asked, ”Why did you apply for the job?” The manager wanted to know why I had applied for the job. • • Direct Reported Mary asked me, ”Do you like cats?” Mary asked me if/whether I liked cats. asked Вопросит. слово if/whether глагол … . Reported Request/Suggestions • “Please, don’t go,” he said to me. • He begged me not to go. • “Let’s watch a film,” he said. • He suggested watching a film. • ask + beg + suggest to-infinitive -ing form Reported Orders/Commands • “Be patient!” she said to me. • She told me to be patient. • “Don’t go!” he said to her. • He ordered her not to go. advise + order + tell + (not) to-infinitive … .