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Universal Free School Breakfast

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Universal Breakfast
What is Universal Breakfast?
• Breakfast is available at no cost to all students,
regardless of their household income.
• An accurate meal count must be taken at the
point of service.
What is Universal Breakfast?
• Meals are counted and claimed for federal
reimbursement according to correct income categoryfree, reduced or paid eligibility status. If operational
costs exceed revenue, then the school district must
make up the difference to the school’s non-profit food
service account from non-federal sources.
Why Universal Breakfast?
• Universal Breakfast dramatically increases student
participation.
• Universal Breakfast improves student achievement,
diets, and behavior.
Where Does Universal
Breakfast Work Best?
• In schools with greater than 70% of students
eligible for free and reduced price meals.
• Schools with fewer eligible students have
operated the program successfully.
• Individual circumstances should be evaluated.
Factors Contributing to Success
of Universal Breakfast:
• Reduces stigma
• Support of school personnel
• Flexibility
• Offer appealing choices
• Reduction in competition
Universal Breakfast & Serving
Methods
•
•
•
•
•
Traditional breakfast in the cafeteria
In the classroom during school hours
Grab n’ Go from a central location
Mid-morning, after 1st period
Menus depend on the serving style
Classroom Component
Enhances Success
• Serving Universal Breakfast in the classroom enhances
breakfast success.
• Baltimore City:
• A school that switched to Universal Breakfast in
the cafeteria increased participation 5%.
• A school that offered Universal Breakfast in the
classroom saw participation rate triple.
Increases Student Breakfast
Participation
• Removes stigma
• Increased revenue and economies of scale
• USDA Universal Free School Breakfast Program
Pilot Project showed:
• Paid-eligible participation increased fourfold
• Free and reduced price eligible participation
doubled
Financial Benefits of an
Effective Breakfast Program
By maximizing breakfast participation food service
directors receive:
• The greatest amount of federal
reimbursement and student payments.
• Greater cafeteria staff efficiency resulting in
more meals per labor hour.
Financial Benefits of
Increasing School Breakfast
Participation
• Provides additional revenue stream to the school
district
• Creates or expands jobs
• Increases overall financial stability of foodservice
• Brings money into the local economy
Labor Costs
• Universal Breakfast can potentially lower labor
costs:
• No longer collect money
• Speeds-up service
• Participation rises increasing # meals/labor hour
while decreasing labor cost/meal
Determining Labor Needs
•
•
•
•
•
Location
Service method
Menu selections
Participation levels
Training/skills of personnel
Profit and Loss Worksheet
Free students
Number
Federal Aid
State Aid*
Aid Per Day
Total Aid
(176 days/year)
Total Revenue
Expense Per Meal
Expense Per Day
Total Expense (year)
Total Expenses
Profit/Loss
Reduced students
Paid students
Minimum Participation
Break-Even Sample Calculations
Step One: Calculating Per Meal Cost Without Labor
Food
$0.47
Supplies
+ $0.03
Purchased
Services
+ $0.06
Other
Per Meal Cost
Without Labor
+ $0.04 = $0.60
Minimum Participation
Break-Even Sample Calculations
Step Two: Calculating Per Meal Income Without Labor
Revenue Per
meal
$1.40
Per Meal Cost
Without Labor
-
$0.80
Revenue per
Meal Without
Labor
=
$0.60
Minimum Participation
Break-Even Sample Calculations
Step Three: Minimum Amount of Labor Needed
Minimum Hours Labor Cost Per Minimum Labor
Hour
Cost
2
X $13.65
= $27.03
Minimum Participation
Break-Even Sample Calculations
Step Four: Minimum Amount of Participation
Minimum Labor
Cost
Revenue Per
Meal
$27.03
$0.60
Number of
Meals to Break
Even
45
School Breakfast Program
Cost/Benefit Analysis
п‚— Access through USDA School
Breakfast Toolkit
www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Breakfast
Phasing in Universal Breakfast
• Eliminate reduced price breakfast:
• Students qualifying for reduced price meals receive
their breakfast for free, while full priced students
continue to pay.
• Federal reimbursements may be enough to offset the
cost due to increased participation.
• Note: District must pay the difference for all breakfasts
distributed to reduced-priced eligible and paid students.
Conclusion
Many schools are implementing strategies to
increase student participation in School
Breakfast Programs.
One proven way to increase school breakfast
participation is through Universal
Breakfast.
Universal Breakfast
Email Questions to:
MDE-SchoolNutrition@michigan.gov
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