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Rule-8-Free-Throw - Adirondack Chapter IAABO Board 36

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Rule 8: FREE THROW
BALL AT THE DISPOSAL
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The ball shall be bounced to
the free thrower or it shall be
placed on the floor at the free
throw line
The 10 Second Count
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The 10-second count shall begin once
the ball is at the disposal of the free
thrower
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The try for goal shall be made within 10
seconds after the ball has been placed at
the disposal of the free thrower at the free
throw line. This shall apply to each free
throw.
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The 10-second count is a visible count,
but it is a “wrist flick” not a full arm swing.
Use the hand which is closest to the
division line
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The outside official who is opposite
the table is responsible for the
visible count
Resuming Play after a
Time Out
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Resuming play procedure can only be used
following a time-out
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Either/both teams may be charged with a violation
during procedure
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Administrating official sounds whistle to indicate
play will resume
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If free-thrower is in semi-circle, the ball is bounced
to the free thrower, whether or not Team B is
occupying their required lower lane spaces
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If Team B is not occupying the lower lane spaces
and Team A’s free throw is successful, there has
been no violation. However, if the free throw was
unsuccessful, a VIOLATION shall be called on
Team B, thus allowing a substitute free throw
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Once either team violates, any further delay by
that team(s) is a technical foul
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If the free thrower is NOT in semi-circle, the
administering official shall place the ball on the
floor at the free throw line and the 10 sec. Count
shall begin
Resuming Play after a
Time Out
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Once the ball is at the disposal of
the free thrower… “no player shall
enter or leave a marked lane
space or enter or leave the free
throw semi-circle” (Clarification)
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If This occurs, a violation shall be
called. The only way for Team A to
avoid a violation in this situation, is
to request and be granted a timeout. If Team A does NOT receive a
time-out and the 10 sec. count is
reached, Team A has violated and
so has Team B, IF they were not
occupying their required lower lane
spaces (double violations)
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Position of Players When
Lane Spaces May Be
Occupied
During a free throw all players will move up one marked
lane space, leaving the two spaces closest to the end line
vacant. A new mark two inches by eight inches must reapplied to the lane line near the free throw line to
designate the last three foot marked lane space.
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One opponent of the free thrower shall occupy each of the
lane spaces adjacent to the end line. The rules book
states, “…unless the resuming play procedure is in
effect.” This allows the official to resume play without
allowing Team B to delay the game.
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The lane space adjacent to the end line shall be referred
to as lane space #1 and shall never be occupied by a
teammate of the free thrower.
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The next lane space is #2. This space may be occupied
by a teammate of the free thrower. If Team A desires not
to occupy lane space #2 on each or either side… Team B
is allowed to occupy that space.
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The opponent of the free thrower may occupy lane space
#3. If team B desires not to occupy lane space #3 on
each/either side, Team A is allowed to occupy that space.
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Maximum DEFENSIVE = 4, Maximum OFFENSE = 2
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If Team B has only three players along the lane, Max for
Team A is still 2
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Each lane space is 3 feet square!!!
Position of Players When Lane
Spaces May Be Occupied
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Only one person may occupy any
part of a lane space
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Any player, other than the free
thrower, who does not occupy a
marked lane space, must be behind
the free throw line extended and
the three point line.
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The free thrower shall receive the
ball and release the free throw
while inside the semi-circle. The
free thrower shall not allow either
foot to cross the vertical plane of
the free throw line or semi-circle
until the ball touches the ring or
backboard or until the free throw
ends.
Position of Player When
Lane Spaces May Not
Be Occupied
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Players are not allowed to
occupy lane spaces during free
throws if the ball is to become
dead when the last free throw
is unsuccessful
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These players must be behind
the free throw line extended
and the three-point line
Free Throws for
Personal Fouls
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The offended player shall attempt
the free throws for personal fouls
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If such player must withdraw
because of injury or disqualification,
his substitute shall attempt the
free throws
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If there are no substitutes available,
any teammate may attempt the
free throws
Free Throws for
Technical Fouls
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Any eligible team member,
including a sub or designated
starter, may attempt the free throws
awarded because of a technical
foul
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Players are never allowed to
occupy lane spaces during free
throws for a technical foul, because
the ball will become dead once the
last free throw ends
Resuming Play with a
Throw-in
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When the last free throw is successful,
the ball shall be put in play by a throw-in
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If the throw-in is by the opponent of the
free thrower, the throw-in shall be from
anywhere along the end line. The lead
official need not handle the ball
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If the throw in is by the free thrower’s
team, the throw-in will be from a
designated spot nearest to where the
intentional or flagrant foul occurred
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If the throw-in is following free throws for
a technical foul, the throw-in shall be from
a designated spot on the sideline
opposite the table.
Resuming Play on a
Missed Last Free Throw
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If the last free throw for a
personal foul, other than
intentional or flagrant, is
unsuccessful, the ball will
remain alive
Multiple Free Throws for
both Personal and
Technical Fouls
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A multiple throw is a succession of
free throws attempted by the same
team
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If there is a multiple throw and both
a personal and technical foul are
involved, the free throws are
attempted in the order in which they
were called
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Since no players are lined up on
the lane during free throws for a
technical, intentional or flagrant
foul, the ball shall be put in play by
a throw-in
Positions for Officials
During All Free Throws
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LEAD 2 Person Crew:
Approximately 4 feet from the
nearer lane line and well off the
end line (Table side)
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Trail 2 Person Crew:
Just behind the free throw line
extended and halfway between
the nearer free throw lane and
the nearest side line (Opposite
the table)
Responsibilities for
each Official During
Free Throws
LEAD
пЃ® Secure the ball
пЃ® See that all lane spaces are properly
occupied
пЃ® Take a final look at the table
пЃ® Step into the lane and visually & verbally
indicate the number of free throws
пЃ® Bounce ball to free thrower
 Stand about 4’ from nearer lane line and
well off the end line
пЃ® Watch the first lane space on the near
lane and all lane spaces on the opposite
side for violations
пЃ® Give the appropriate signal when either
team violates
пЃ® If the final throw is followed by a throw-in,
Signal to start the clock a the proper time
Responsibilities for each Official
During Free Throws
2 Person Trail/Center:
пЃ® See that all lane spaces are properly
occupied
пЃ® Take a final look at the table
пЃ® Observe the position of the throwers feet
пЃ® Do the 10 sec. Count (wrist flick, away
hand)
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Show the “stop the clock” signal using the
hand nearest the division line
Step toward the end line as the free
thrower releases the ball
Observe as to whether the ball goes
through, contacts, misses the ring
Watch for goaltending and/or basket
interference
Observe the free thrower for violations
Signal to start the clock when last throw
is missed
Responsibilities for each
Official During Free Throws
3-Person Trail
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See that all lane spaces are
properly occupied
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Take a final look at the table
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Make sure that the correct
player attempts the free throw
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Assist with free throw violations
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Step toward end line on
release & officiate rebounding
action
(2-person trail must also officiate
rebounding action)
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