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The Book of Ruth

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The Book of Ruth
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Title- Ruth
Background- During the time of the judges
Date and Author- Inconclusive
Themes
– God’s mercy to two widows
– Redemption
• Key Verse- 1:16b-17
“Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay.
Your people will be my people and your God will be my
God. Where you die I will die, and there I will be
buried. May the Lord deal with me, be it ever so
severely, if anything but death separates you and me.”
Three Main Characters
Naomi -- means pleasant
• Changed her name to Mara, which means bitter
• She begins the book empty and hopeless and ends the book
renewed and with a new son
Ruth -- suggests friendship
• A young Moabite widow
• By faith, leaves her country, people and gods to follow Naomi
and her God.
• She is listed in Jesus’ genealogy (Mt 1:5)
Boaz – probably means in him is strength
• An old, wealthy relative of Naomi
• An upright man, concerned about Naomi, and generous to Ruth
• Marries Ruth and becomes an ancestor of Jesus
The Kinsmen Redeemer?
• The Leverite law is found in Dt 25:5-10
• It may be hard for modern people to understand
• When a man died without children, his widow
married his brother, to carry on the family line
– Guarded a family’s inheritance in the promised land
– Provided for the widow, who might be destitute
Outline
I. Ruth’s Faith (ch 1)
II. Ruth and Boaz (ch 2)
III. Naomi finds a home for Ruth (ch 3)
IV. Boaz marries Ruth (4:1-12)
V. Obed given to Naomi (4:13-22)
I. Ruth’s Faith (ch 1)
a.
Naomi loses her husband and sons in Moab
b.
Orpah and Ruth told to go home
c.
Ruth clings to Naomi
d.
Naomi returns to Bethlehem with Ruth
“Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay.
Your people will be my people and your God will be my
God. Where you die I will die, and there I will be buried.”
II. Ruth and Boaz (ch 2)
a.
Ruth gleans food for her and Naomi
b.
Boaz praises Ruth for her selflessness (2:11-12)
Boaz replied, “I’ve been told all about what you have done for your
mother-in-law since the death of your husband – how you left your
father and mother and your homeland and came to live with a people
you did not know before. May the Lord repay you for what you
have done. May you be richly rewarded by the LORD, the God of
Israel, under whose wings you have come to take refuge.
c)
Boaz’ generosity
d)
Naomi’s spirit revives
III. Naomi finds a home for Ruth (ch 3)
a. Naomi wants to provide for Ruth
b. Naomi tells Ruth to ask Boaz to marry her
c. Ruth obeys
d. Boaz promises to help
1. Points out that there is a closer kin
2. Promises to marry her if the other will not
IV. Boaz marries Ruth (4:1-12)
a. Closer kinsmen refuses to marry Ruth
1. Afraid to loose his own estate
b. Boaz marries Ruth
c. Elders pray for Ruth and her children
V. Obed given to Naomi (4:13-22)
a. Ruth gives birth to Obed
b. Obed given to Naomi
1. Life is no longer bitter
c. Obed is the grandfather of King David and an
ancestor of Jesus
The Relationship of Ruth and Naomi
• Naomi’s love to send Ruth and Orpah away
• Ruth’s selfless love not to leave Naomi alone
• We don’t know how their relationship developed
• Ruth developed her faith through Naomi
• When Naomi lost hope, God used Ruth to give her
hope again
Ruth’s Decision of Faith
“Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay. Your people
will be my people and your God will be my God. Where you die I
will die, and there I will be buried. May the Lord deal with me, be
it ever so severely, if anything but death separates you and me.”
• Was her decision based on human love or faith?
• Human relationship lead to personal faith
• Faith to leave everything and risk poverty and
alienation, in order to be one of God’s people
– Reminds us of Abraham, Rebekah and Moses
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