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Do Now:
в– Please open your notebooks to page 32. I realize we
are skipping pages right now we will go back to fill
them in during class.)
в– On the top of page 32 title the page Greece Quiz/
Review and Results.
в– We will be completing the quiz review at the very
beginning of the class and then filling in the missing
Greece notes and wrapping up the speed dating
activity.
в– Thank you.
What form of government was
invented in Athens?
A.
B.
C.
D.
monarchy
communism
oligarchy
democracy
#1
Which famous Greek writer wrote
The Odyssey and The Iliad?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Aristotle
Plato
Homer
Pythagoras
#2
What is Pythagoras known for making
contributions to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
literature
mathematics
art
government
#3
Which of these was NOT one of the
three greatest Greek philosophers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Aristotle
Plato
Socrates
Archimedes
#4
Which of these famous Greeks is considered
the “father of modern medicine”?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Hippocrates
Homer
Aristotle
Plato
#5
What form of government was
invented in Athens?
A.
B.
C.
D.
monarchy
communism
oligarchy
democracy
#1
ANSWER: D
Which famous Greek writer wrote
The Odyssey and The Iliad?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Aristotle
Plato
Homer
Pythagoras
#2
ANSWER: C
What is Pythagoras known for making
contributions to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
literature
mathematics
art
government
#3
ANSWER: B
Which of these was NOT one of the
three greatest Greek philosophers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Aristotle
Plato
Socrates
Archimedes
#4
ANSWER: D
Which of these famous Greeks is considered
the “father of modern medicine”?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Hippocrates
Homer
Aristotle
Plato
#5
ANSWER: A
HELLENISM
and
ALEXANDER
THE GREAT
Mountains divided the Greeks
into independent city-states,
like Athens and Sparta
Access to the sea increased trade and cultural
diffusion (sharing of ideas) with other cultures
The Greek city-states, especially Athens,
developed cultural innovations that are still
used today which transformed Greece into a
“classical civilization”
Greek wealth and innovation made it a target
for outside invaders (especially Persia)
The Greek city-states, led by
Sparta, defended themselves
From 493 B.C.E. to 479 B.C.E., Persian kings
Darius and Xerxes tried (but failed) to conquer
the Greeks in the Persian Wars
After the Persian Wars, the Greek city-states,
led by rivals Athens and Sparta, fought each
other in the Peloponnesian Wars
The Peloponnesian Wars left the Greeks weak
and open to invasion; the invasion came from
the Greeks’ neighbors to the north: Macedonia
Macedonians
viewed themselves
as Greeks and
shared much of
their culture
However, the Greeks (especially the Athenians)
viewed the Macedonians as barbarians, not as
kinsmen (someone who is related)
In 338 B.C.E., King Philip II of Macedonia attacked
and conquered the Greeks, but he was assassinated
soon after this (possibly arranged by his wife)
The
Macedonian
Empire at the
time of King
Philip’s death
King Philip II had hired the great teacher and
philosopher Aristotle to tutor his son Alexander
“I am
indebted to
my father for
living…but I
am indebted
to my teacher
for living
well.”
Aristotle had recognized brilliance in the young
Alexander and jumped at the chance to teach him
King Alexander of Macedonia
Alexander was only
20 years old when he
became king
The well-educated
Alexander was just as
ambitious as he was
brilliant at military
strategy
Once he cemented
his power, he began
to expand his empire
Alexander began his conquest by crushing a Greek
revolt in Thebes; he ordered the death of 6,000
The
Empire
Alexander
Great
people
and soldof
everyone
else intothe
slavery;
his
brutality convinced other Greeks to not rebel
After gaining the generalship of all
Greece, Alexander then launched his
late father’s plans for expansion
Alexander set his
sights on the Persian
Empire and began his
attack by conquering
Egypt; Egyptians
viewed Alexander as a
liberator, freeing them
from the Persians
In 331 B.C., Alexander
attacked and defeated the
mighty Persian army led
by King Darius III
Alexander destroyed
the Persian capital of
Persepolis
Alexander repeatedly
defeated the Persians,
a task that, years
before, would have
seemed impossible
“There is nothing impossible to him who will try.”
“I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep.
I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion.”
“The heavens
cannot brook two
suns… nor Earth
two masters.”
Alexander completely conquered the Persian Empire,
overthrowing its king; he then set his sights on India
Alexander led his army to conquer India; after taking
the Indus River Valley, Alexander planned on reaching
“the ends of the Earth and the Great Outer Sea”;
basically, he wanted to conquer Asia
After a particularly hard-fought battle against an
Indian king, Alexander faced a crisis: his troops were
exhausted after being away for 11 years and wanted
to return home; after a near-mutiny, he agreed
At this point, it was 323 B.C.E;
Alexander had conquered a massive
empire, one of the largest in history
Alexander began plans to govern and unify his
kingdom, but he fell ill in Babylon and died at the
Empire
ofwas
Alexander
Great
ageThe
of 32;
his death
caused by the
a combination
of exhaustion, fever, and too much drink
When Alexander died without an heir,
his empire was divided among his top
generals, who fought each other
Alexander's empire was the largest of the
Classical Era, but it was short-lived (only
13 years) and was never fully unified
Remarkable as his conquests were, Alexander’s
legacy was not his reign; his true legacy was
spreading Greek innovations and culture
throughout his empire
In each territory he conquered, Alexander left
behind a Greek-styled city named Alexandria
Alexander brought Greek colonists and culture to
Persia and parts of Asia, blending the cultures
together; this created a new culture called Hellenism
The term “Hellenism” comes from the sun goddess
Helen, which the Greeks thought themselves the
children of; they called Greek culture “Hellenism”
Alexandria in Egypt was the most significant of
these cities and best represented Hellenism
(the spread and blending of Greek culture)
Alexandria became the center for
Hellenistic culture and trade for
the Mediterranean world
Alexandria had a museum and library that
preserved Greek, Egyptian, Persian, Indian
cultures and attracted scholars for centuries
ALEXANDER THE GREAT: A SUMMARY
He was well-educated
and a military genius
His interest in Greek
culture as well as
Persian, Egyptian, and
Indian ideas led to a
vibrant new culture:
Hellenism
Hellenism helped
shape future
civilizations (including
Western civilization)
ALEXANDER THE GREAT: A SUMMARY
His empire was
enormous, but would
not last as long as other
great empires in history
Nonetheless, he is a
major part of Greek
history and myth
He became the measure
against which many
generals, even to this
day, compare
themselves to
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