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Alexander Graham Bell
A Great Inventor
 Many forces helped shaped the genius of
Alexander Graham Bell. As the son and
grandson of speech experts, he had unique
knowledge of the possibilities of sound. As
the son of a deaf mother, he had a true
appreciation of the effort required to live in
a hearing world. These two factors helped
set Bell on the road to the telephone.
The Early Years
 On March 3, 1847
Alexander Bell was
born in Edinburgh,
 May 21, 1868 Bell
begins teaching speech
to the deaf at Susanna
Hull’s school for deaf
children in London.
The 1870’s
 1870 Bell and his
family emigrate to
Canada and settle in
Brantford, Ontario.
 1872 Bell opens his
School Vocal
Physiology and begins
experimenting with
the multiple telegraph.
Bell’s Family Life
 On July 11, 1877 Bell and
Mabel Hubbard are married.
 On May 8, 1878 daughter Elsie
May Bell is born.
 On February 15, 1880 daughter
Marion (Daisy) Bell is born.
 In 1881 Bell’s son Edward is
born, but dies in infancy. In
1883 Bell’s son Robert also dies
in infancy.
Bell’s Inventions
 After inventing the telephone, Bell continued
his experiments in communication, which
culminated in the invention of the photophonetransmission of sound on a beam of light-a
precursor of today’s optical fiber systems. He
also worked in medical research and invented
techniques for teaching speech to the deaf. In
1888 Bell founded the National Geographic
The Early Telephone
 1874 Bell first
conceives the idea for
the telephone. Bell
meets Thomas Watson,
a young electrician
who would become
his assistant.
Bell’s Telephone
 On March 6, 1876 United
States Patent No. 174,465
is officially issued for
Bell’s telephone.
 On March 10, intelligible
speech is heard for the
first time when Bell calls
to Watson, “Mr. Watson-Come here--I want to see
Bell’s Silver Dart
 Glenn Curtiss, Thomas
Selfridge, Casey
Baldwin, J.A.D.
McCurdy, and Bell
form the Aerial
Association (AEA).
 The AEA’S Silver Dart
makes the first flight of
a heavier-than-air
machine in Canada.
The Later Years
 Bell spent the last
decade of his life
improving hydrofoil
designs, and in 1919 he
and Casey Baldwin
built a hydrofoil that
set a world water-speed
record that was not
broken until 1963.
Beinn Bhreagh
 In the summer of 1886
Bell begins buying
land in Cape Breton,
Nova Scotia.
 On August 2, 1922
Bell dies and is buried
here.On January 3,
1923 Mabel dies and
is buried beside him.
Alexander Graham Bell Museum
 Provides a center for the
commemoration and
interpretation of Bell and
his associates.
 Functions as a center for
the study of Bell’s
scientific and
humanitarian work.
 A variety of services and
resources are available to
the public.
For More Information:
Alexander Graham Bell
National Historic Site
P.O. Box 159
Baddeck, Nova Scotia
B0E 1B0
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