Alexander the Great вЂњThousands of books have been written about Alexander the Great. He is one of the most famous men in history.вЂќ (Mr. DonnвЂ™s site) Why вЂњthe GreatвЂќ? In ten years, Alexander of Macedonia created the largest empire in the world up to that time. Alexander spread Greek culture, ensuring cultural diffusion and the survival of the qualities of classical Greece. Alexander was a prince, the son of the king of Macedonia. He was born in Macedonia in 356 BCE. Macedonia was not a Greek city-state. It was a huge country in the north of Greece. Olympia AlexanderвЂ™s mother Philip AlexanderвЂ™s father Alexander had Greek teachers, one of which was Aristotle. He spoke Greek. He knew the Greek history. He believed in the Greek gods. When he was a boy, Alexander dreamed of teaching everyone, everywhere, about the wonderful Greek culture he knew and loved so well. Alexander Rules Philip, AlexanderвЂ™s dad, was murdered in 336 B.C. by an assassinвЂ¦maybe hired by his wife, OlympiaвЂ¦ So Alexander was only 20 when he became king of Macedonia. Alexander was trained to be a ruler, a warrior, and a leader of men. Alexander started to expand the Macedonia empire. Everywhere he went, he introduced the newly conquered people to Greek literature, myth, dance, language, money, medicine, art, and theatre. He allowed conquered people the opportunity to run their own country as long as they learned the Greek ways. Those people who refusedвЂ¦were killed. Alexander never lost a battle. Expanding the Empire Alexander declared that the whole of Asia would be won by the spear. AlexanderвЂ™s Empire The Gordian Knot The Gordian Knot: the legend behind the ancient knot was that the man who could untie it was destined to rule the entire world. Alexander simply slashed the knot with his sword and unraveled it. Defeating Darius of Persia #1: AlexanderвЂ™s forces defeated the Persian army, losing only 110 men. (legend) #2: Alexander was victorious, and Darius was forced to flee, abandoning is mother, wife and children to Alexander. Major cities in Asia Minor and along the Phoenician coast surrendered to Alexander. Alexander proceeded to Egypt, where he established the city of Alexandria and was made pharaoh. #3: Yet again, AlexanderвЂ™s forces defeated Darius, this time in MesopotamiaвЂ¦ Alexander was proclaimed king of Persia, and DariusвЂ™s royal city and palace were burned to the Persepolis groundвЂ¦ AlexanderвЂ™s divinity While in Egypt, Alexander had visited the temple of Amon-Ra. The oracle proclaimed that Alexander was the divine son of Amon-Ra and destined to rule the world. Conflicts arose with his Greek soldiers as he adopted Persian dress & demanded to be recognized as a god. The limits of expansion In the spring of 327 BC, Alexander and his army marched into India. As he conquered regions he allowed rulers to continue to govern in his name. Antigonus Seleucus Ptolemy The mystery of AlexanderвЂ™s death Alexander died of a fever at 33вЂ¦ but why? Many scholars believe that Alexander died of typhoid fever. Some say it was malaria. Others have suggested murder and even the West Nile Virus. Alexander died young. One day, he was out boating. He became quite ill and died shortly after. Before his death, he conquered the ENTIRE known world in the Mediterranean region. Everywhere he went, people were introduced to Greek culture and history. He died at age 33 before he could produce an heir, and his kingdom was divided among 3 of his generals. This, then, was the legacy of Alexander the Great: to bring the West and the East together in a brotherhood of mankind, peoples of many descents making up one people, speaking a common language, trading a multitude of goods with a common currency as a means of exchange, sharing knowledge of math, science, and medicine--enjoying the world view of a young man from Macedon who didn't live to see his dream come true.