close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Alexander the Great

код для вставкиСкачать
Alexander the
Great “Thousands of books have
been written about
Alexander the Great. He is
one of the most famous
men in history.”
(Mr. Donn’s site)
Why “the Great”?
In ten years, Alexander of
Macedonia created the largest
empire in the world up to that time.
Alexander spread Greek culture,
ensuring cultural diffusion and the
survival of the qualities of classical
Greece.
Alexander was a
prince, the son of the
king of Macedonia.
He was born in
Macedonia in 356
BCE. Macedonia was
not a Greek city-state.
It was a huge country
in the north of
Greece.
Olympia
Alexander’s mother
Philip
Alexander’s father
Alexander had Greek
teachers, one of which was
Aristotle. He spoke Greek.
He knew the Greek history.
He believed in the Greek
gods. When he was a boy,
Alexander dreamed of
teaching everyone,
everywhere, about the
wonderful Greek culture he
knew and loved so well.
Alexander Rules
Philip, Alexander’s dad, was
murdered in 336 B.C. by an
assassin…maybe hired by his wife,
Olympia…
So Alexander was only 20
when he became king of
Macedonia.
Alexander was trained to be a ruler, a warrior, and
a leader of men. Alexander started to expand the
Macedonia empire. Everywhere he went, he
introduced the newly conquered people to Greek
literature, myth, dance, language, money,
medicine, art, and theatre. He allowed conquered
people the opportunity to run their own country as
long as they learned the Greek ways. Those people
who refused…were killed. Alexander never lost a
battle.
Expanding the Empire
Alexander declared that the
whole of Asia would be won
by the spear.
Alexander’s Empire
The Gordian Knot
The Gordian Knot: the legend behind the
ancient knot was that the man who could
untie it was destined to rule the entire
world.
Alexander simply slashed the knot with
his sword and unraveled it.
Defeating Darius
of Persia
#1: Alexander’s forces defeated
the Persian army, losing only 110
men. (legend)
#2: Alexander was victorious, and
Darius was forced to flee,
abandoning is mother, wife and
children to Alexander.
Major cities in Asia Minor and
along the Phoenician coast
surrendered to Alexander.
Alexander proceeded
to Egypt, where he
established the city
of Alexandria and
was made pharaoh.
#3: Yet again, Alexander’s forces
defeated Darius, this time in
Mesopotamia…
Alexander was
proclaimed king of
Persia, and Darius’s
royal city and palace
were burned to the
Persepolis
ground…
Alexander’s divinity
While in Egypt, Alexander
had visited the temple of
Amon-Ra.
The oracle proclaimed that Alexander
was the divine son of Amon-Ra and
destined to rule the world.
Conflicts arose with his Greek soldiers
as he adopted Persian dress &
demanded to be recognized as a god.
The limits of expansion
In the spring of 327
BC, Alexander and
his army marched
into India.
As he conquered
regions he allowed
rulers to continue
to govern in his
name.
Antigonus
Seleucus
Ptolemy
The mystery of Alexander’s death
Alexander died of a fever at 33… but
why?
Many scholars believe that Alexander
died of typhoid fever. Some say it was
malaria. Others have suggested
murder and even the West Nile Virus.
Alexander died young. One day, he was out
boating. He became quite ill and died shortly
after. Before his death, he conquered the
ENTIRE known world in the Mediterranean
region. Everywhere he went, people were
introduced to Greek culture and history.
He died at age 33 before
he could produce an heir,
and his kingdom was
divided among 3 of his
generals.
This, then, was the legacy of
Alexander the Great: to bring the
West and the East together in a
brotherhood of mankind, peoples of
many descents making up one
people, speaking a common
language, trading a multitude of
goods with a common currency as
a means of exchange, sharing
knowledge of math, science, and
medicine--enjoying the world view
of a young man from Macedon who
didn't live to see his dream come
true.
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
6
Размер файла
4 578 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа