close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

The succession problem in Scotland

код для вставкиСкачать
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
ISSUE 1 The succession problem in
Scotland
Sub issue 1 The problems caused by the death of Alexander III
Sub issue 2 The reasons for the Scots’ appeal to Edward.
Sub issue 3 Edward’s resolution of the Great Cause
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Learning Intention:
We are developing our knowledge and understanding of the
succession problem in Scotland after the death of Alexander
III in 1286
Success Criteria:
I can put the main events of the succession problem in
chronological order
I can describe the events of the succession problem using my
timeline
I can give a basic overview of events from recall
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
ISSUE 1: The succession problem in Scotland
Activity 1: Timeline of Events (70 minutes)
In order to understand the chronology you are going to create an accurate, detailed and
imaginative timeline that will help you to understand the issue.
This timeline should include:
•The Death of Alexander III (March 1286)
•The Parliament of Scone (April 1286)
•The Treaty of Salisbury (1289)
•Treaty of Birgham (July 1290)
•The Death of Margaret, Maid of Norway (September 1290)
•Edward’s Court at Norham (1291-92)
•The Great Cause (1291-92)
•Edward’s decision (November 1292)
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
Timeline of the Succession Problem in Scotland 1286-92
The Death
of
Alexander
III
The
Parliament
of Scone
March
1286
April
1286
Alexander III fell
from his horse
while travelling to
meet his new wife
at Kinghorn. He
died without an
obvious heir as his
children had all
died before him.
Community of the
Realm elected: 2
Earls, 2 Bishops and
2 Barons, six men
given the title of
Guardians of
Scotland. They
would rule Scotland
in Margaret’s (Maid
of Norway) name
until she was old
enough.
The
Treaty of
Salisbury
1289
Treaty of
Birgham
The Death
of Margaret,
Maid of
Norway
July
1290
September
1290
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
Activity 2: Presentation to Class of Timeline (30 minutes)
To ensure that you have a thorough understanding of events each person in the
class will present their timeline to another member of the class. You will present
your presentation 4 times to different people. (12 minutes of presenting and 12 of
listening). Ensure that you cover all the major events.
•The Death of Alexander III (March 1286)
•The Parliament of Scone (April 1286)
•The Treaty of Salisbury (1289)
•Treaty of Birgham (July 1290)
•The Death of Margaret, Maid of Norway (September 1290)
•Edward’s Court at Norham (1291-92)
•The Great Cause (1291-92)
•Edward’s decision (November 1292)
•The Death of Alexander III (March 1286)
•The Parliament of Scone (April 1286)
•The Treaty of Salisbury (1289)
•Treaty of Birgham (July 1290)
•The Death of Margaret, Maid of
Norway (September 1290)
•Edward’s Court at Norham (1291-92)
•The Great Cause (1291-92)
•Edward’s decision (November 1292)
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Learning Intention:
We are developing our knowledge and understanding of the
succession problem in Scotland after the death of Alexander
III in 1286
Success Criteria:
I can identify the main protagonists of the Succession
problem
I can explain their significance in the succession problem
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
Key Figures of the Succession Problem
Alexander III
Margaret, Maid of Norway
Edward I
The Scottish clergy
Bishop William Fraser
Robert Bruce the Competitor
John Balliol
John of Hastings
You are going to create a “who’s who” of the Succession problem
Bishop William Fraser
Edward I
John of Hastings
The Scottish clergy
Margaret,
Maid of Norway
John Balliol
Key Figures of the Succession Problem
Alexander III
Robert Bruce,
the Competitor
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
ISSUE 1 The succession problem in
Scotland
Sub issue 1 The problems caused by the death of Alexander III
Sub issue 2 The reasons for the Scots’ appeal to Edward.
Sub issue 3 Edward’s resolution of the Great Cause
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Learning Intention:
We are developing our knowledge and understanding of the
succession problem in Scotland after the death of Alexander
III in 1286
Success Criteria:
I can identify the problems caused by the death of Alexander
III in 1286.
I can identify the problems caused by the death of the Maid in
1290.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Sub issue 1:
The problems caused by the death of Alexander III
p. 9-10 Pink Booklet
p. 6-12 Textbook
You are being asked to identify the problems caused by
Alexander III’s death and the death of the Maid of Norway.
ON YOUR OWN TAKE 25 MINUTES TO RECORD NOTES
1.Explain the problems caused by the death of Alexander III in 1286.
2.Explain the problems caused by the death of the Maid in 1290.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Sub issue 1:
The problems caused by the death of Alexander III
Create a group response to these questions:
•Explain the problems caused by the death of Alexander III in 1286.
•Explain the problems caused by the death of the Maid in 1290.
Ensure that you have evaluated your evidence for:
1. Accuracy
2. Relevance
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
RELEVANCY ROUND
•Explain the problems caused by the death of Alexander III in 1286.
•Explain the problems caused by the death of the Maid in 1290.
You are going to ensure that you create a group response that is relevant
and accurate.
You are going to evaluate each others notes on the 2 questions above.
ROLES IN GROUP:
1. Responder- Person who gives a point from their notes to be evaluated
by the group
2. Rephraser- Person who clarifies the point made by the responder,
ensures the group understands the point made
3. Rater- Person who asks group members to decide and vote if it should
be included
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Problems caused by
the death of
Alexander III in 1286
GROUP RESPONSE SHEET
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Fear of Civil war between
Bruce and Balliol factions
Alexander III children had
died before him leaving no
clear heir to the throne
A suitable husband had to
be found for the Margaret
Scots Nobles initially failed to
agree on heir to the throne despite
twice meeting at Scone
Problems caused by
the death of
Alexander III in 1286
Margaret, Maid of
Norway, chosen as
queen but she is a child
and a female
Guardians had to be chosen carefully to
rule Scotland in Margaret's name until she
was old enough-she could be overthrown
or kidnapped easily
GROUP RESPONSE SHEET
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Problems caused
by the death of the
Maid in 1290
GROUP RESPONSE SHEET
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Fear of Civil war between
Bruce and Balliol factions
arises once again
Treaty of Birgham, with all its
guarantees for Scottish
sovereignty and independence
is null and void
Problems caused
by the death of the
Maid in 1290
Need for someone powerful to keep
the Scottish nobles in check and
decide upon new King, Edward
demanded overlordship to adjudicate
on succession
There is no clear and
apparent heir to the
throne of the Kingdom
GROUP RESPONSE SHEET
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Sub issue 2 The reasons for the Scots’ appeal to Edward.
•Maid of Norway died on reaching Orkney causing the succession crisis.
•Bishop Fraser believes that Edward should come to an understanding with
Balliol, and this is the only way to avoid civil war.
•The Earls of Mar and Atholl were collecting their army, which further led to
fear of civil war.
•Scots were looking for Edward I to arbitrate between the two competitors.
•Fear that the guardianship would collapse.
•Alexander had had a good working relationship with Edward I of England.
•Edward I had a reputation as a statesman.
•Fraser’s letter led to a reaction from the Bruce faction: letter of the seven
earls.
•Balliol was also manoeuvring for the crown, he had established a close
relationship with Bishop Bek, Edward’s chief representative in Scotland.
•Desire of Edward to revive English claims of overlordship.
•The majority of Scots looked kindly on Edward’s intervention, at least at
the beginning.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Sub issue 2 The reasons for the Scots’ appeal to Edward.
1. Read through the reasons given for the Scots’
appeal to Edward I
2. THINK
3. Rank them individually in order of importance
5 minutes
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Sub issue 2 The reasons for the Scots’ appeal to Edward.
1. Starting with number 3, SHARE your top 3 answers with an
explanation of how you came to this conclusion
2. Come to a group consensus on the top 3- Number 3 will
lead this.
3. Record your top 3 with an explanation of why you think this
is important as a reason for the Scots’ appeal to Edward
4. Do the same again starting with number 4 (number 4
leading the discussion too!) for your next 3 reasons.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Sub issue 3 Edward’s resolution of the Great Cause
1. Name Malcolm the IV’s 2 brothers.
2. Name David the Earl of Huntingdon’s 3
daughters.
3. What relationship was Margaret the Maid of
Norway to Alexander III?
4. What relationship was John Balliol to David
the Earl of Huntingdon?
5. What relationship was Robert Bruce to
David the Earl of Huntingdon?
6. Who was the rightful king after the death of
the Maid of Norway?
7. Explain why you came to this answer.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Sub issue 3 Edward’s resolution of the Great Cause
P.14-16 Textbook
P.11-12 Pink Booklet
Describe in detail Edward’s resolution of the Great Cause.
10 marks
Thinks to include:
Reasons behind appeal to Edward
Edward’s demands at Norham
Details of the Great Cause and the competitors
The reasons behind Edward’s decision
Contextualisation Questions
How fully...?
How far...?
MARKING INSTRUCTIONS FOR
CONTEXTUALISATION QUESTIONS
MARKING INSTRUCTIONS FOR
CONTEXTUALISATION QUESTIONS
What does this mean?
The question is looking to see how much you know about an Issue or Sub Issue
You need to have 10 separate points in ten separate sentence to gain full marks
(10/10).
Up to 4 of the 10 marks can come from the source.
Up to 7 of the 10 can come from recalled knowledge.
Recall marks will be given for:
1. Developing points in the source
2. New points
All points must be developed in terms of the question. You cannot have
random recall or information from the source.
HOW FULLY...? CONTEXTUALISATION QUESTIONS
Contextualisation questions write up
FROM THE SOURCE
The source illustrates the growth of resistance to Edward by stating that
Andrew de Moray raised his standard at Avoch beginning the Northern
Rebellion in 1296 against English domination.
The source further illustrates the growth of Scottish resistance to Edward
as it states that people in the north such as tenants of Andrew de Moray
and citizens of Inverness joined Moray in the Northern rebellion.
The source further illustrates the growth of Scottish resistance as it
states that the Scots used their local knowledge of the ground to ambush
superior English forces which shows the Scots resisting English rule by
force in the North.
Finally, the source illustrates the growth of Scottish resistance to Edward
I by informing us of the capture of numerous castles in the north of
Scotland by Moray and his followers which shows that resistance had
grown considerably to English rule and that the Scots had considerable
forces at their disposal.
Contextualisation questions write up
FROM RECALL
However, the source fails to illustrate fully the growth of resistance to
Edward I between 1296 and 1297. It fails to mention that leading Scots
nobles rebelled against Edward but eventually capitulated at Irvine.
The source also fails to mention the pinnacle of Scottish resistance to
Edward in 1297 which was the battle of Stirling Bridge where Scots
forces led by Wallace and Murray (De Moray) routed the English and
won a famous victory.
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
The source illustrates the succession problem in Scotland as it states how
after Alexander’s death in 1286, without an obvious heir, there was no King
of Scots for 6 years until John Balliol was chosen by Edward I.
The source further illustrates the succession problem as it states how
guardians had to be elected from the church and nobility to rule in the
absence of a king after Alexander’s death.
The source illustrates the succession problem in Scotland as it tells us that
Margaret, Maid of Norway, was the lawful heir to the throne as she was
Alexander’s sole surviving grandchild-his children having all died before
him.
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
Self and Peer Assessment
2 colours-
One for your self assessment and another for marking your peers work
REMEMBER:
up to 4 marks for points from the source that are relevant and worded in terms
of the question
Up to 7 marks for points from recall that are relevant and worded in terms of the
question
Issue 2: The succession problem in Scotland 1286-92
Test your recall:
You have 45 seconds to record in bullet points the information you can
remember on each event.
•The Death of Alexander III (March 1286)
•The Parliament of Scone (April 1286)
•The Treaty of Salisbury (1289)
•Treaty of Birgham (July 1290)
•The Death of Margaret, Maid of Norway (September 1290)
•Edward’s Court at Norham (1291-92)
•The Great Cause (1291-92)
•Edward’s decision (November 1292)
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
15
Размер файла
1 406 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа