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Alexander the Great PowerPoint Template

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Alexander The Great
Mr. Anders & Ms. Lee
Macedonia
Phillip II of Macedon
• Ruled Macedonia from 359336 B.C. and transformed it
into a powerful military
machine
• Moved into northern Greece
and met little resistance due
to residual effects of
Peloponnesian War
– By 338 he had Greece
under his control
Macedonian Battle Tactics
Used as a brute-force breakthrough formation.
Philip made the Phalanx a versatile weapon, with
the ability to advance, hold and retreat in good
order.
It was primarily used as a holding force while the
Companion cavalry delivered the main blow
against the enemy.
The Phalanx
Companion Calvary
Alexander the Great
• Phillip II is assassinated in
336 BCE
– Alexander is crowned king
• Phillip had prepared Alexander
well for kingship
– Military Experience
– Tutors
Alexander the Great
• Heavily influenced
by Greek culture
– Inspired by the stories of
Achilles and Hercules.
– Kept a dagger and a
copy of the Iliad under
his pillow.
– Wanted his
accomplishments to
surpass those of
Hercules.
Alexander’s Vision
• Alexander moved quickly to
fulfil his father’s dream –
The conquest of the
Persian Empire!
The Conquest Begins– 334 BCE
• His army totaled 37,000 Greek
and Macedonian men. 5,000
of which were cavalry.
• Darius III, king of Persia, called
forth a massive multinational
army to meet the invaders.
Estimates range from 200,000
to one million soldiers
The Conquests of Alexander
Conquests
Dates
1
Freed Ionian Greek
cities
333 BCE
2
Palestine, Syria, &
Egypt
332 BCE
3
The Battle of
Gaugamela
331 BCE
Alexander was still not satisfied!
1. Heavily
outnumbered,
Alexander
crushes the
Persians at the
Battle of Issus.
2. Alexander
establishes
Alexandria as the
Greek capitol of
Egypt!
3. Near Babylon,
Alexander
decisively
defeats Darius!
Becomes the
ruler of the entire
Persian Empire!
The Conquests of Alexander
• For the next three years, Alexander
moves east and northeast.
– Afghanistan & Pakistan
• In 326 BCE, Alexander moves into
India.
– Series of a hard fought campaigns
– Macedonians refuse to go any farther
• Alexander’s army returned to
Babylon, where he dies in June 323
BCE of wounds, fever, and too much
alcohol.
Why was Alexander so
successful??
• Great Military Leader
– Master of strategy and tactics
• He was fearless
– Led his men into battle
– Willing to risk his own life
– While in India, Alexander was
the first to leap over a city wall
in order to inspire his troops.
Example of a Timeline
356 BC
336 BC
332 BC
326 BC
324 BC
Alexander
the Great is
born.
Death of King
Phillip and
Crowning of
Alexander the
Great as ruler of
Macedonia
The Siege
of Tyre
Battle of
River
Hydaspes
Troops
mutiny at
Opis
323 B.C
356 B.C
338 BC
Battle of
Chaeronea
334 BC
331 BC
327 BC
323 BC
Battle of the
Granicus River
Foundation of
Alexandria and
Battle of
Gaugamela
Marriage to
Roxane and
the Beginning
of the Indian
Quest
The Death of
Alexander
the Great
Alexander The Great
Alexander’s Legacy
• The Marriage of East & West
• Alexander the Great ushered in
the Hellenistic Age – A period
where Greek influence could be
found throughout the known world!
Your Turn
• In 7-10 sentences, summarize
Alexander the Great’s life. Be
sure to use details!
• Be specific!!
Does
Alexander
really deserve
the title “the
great”?
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