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ICAO Legal guidance for the protection of information from Safety

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ICAO Legal guidance for the protection of
information from Safety Data Collection and
Processing Systems (SDCPS)
BenoГ®t Verhaegen
ICAO/ASPA Regional Seminar
(Mexico, 10-11 April 2007)
1.
INTRODUCTION
в”Ђ
SDCPS: Investigation records; Incident reporting
systems; Flight data analysis programmes
в”Ђ
Concern: protection vs. justice (Annex 13 - 5.12)
в”Ђ
Legal guidance for the protection of
information from Safety Data Collection and
Processing Systems (SDCPS)
в”Ђ
Historical/legal background
в”Ђ
Outline of Attachment E to Annex 13
2
1
2.
BACKGROUND
2.1 25th Session Legal Committee (1983)
в”Ђ
privacy or no disclosure of investigations
в”Ђ
availability of evidence is public
order issue
в”Ђ
restrictions not legally realistic
3
1
2.
BACKGROUND (Cont’d)
2.2 AIG Divisional Meeting (1999)
в”Ђ Rec. 1.2/3: protection from inappropriate use
в”Ђ Rec. 1.2/5: new own paras 5.8 and 5.8.1
в”Ђ Non-disclosure of CVRs and transcripts unless
decided by authority of justice – cf. 5.12
в”Ђ No exception clause ? (IATA)
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2.
BACKGROUND (Cont’d)
2.3 Assembly Resolution A33-17 (2001)
в”Ђ
“non-disclosure of certain accident and
incident records”
в”Ђ
Council to consider legal aspects of protection
в”Ђ
Council to examine Annex 13 to strengthen
protection
в”Ђ
States to comply with 5.12
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2.
BACKGROUND (Cont’d)
2.4 Work on Resolution A33-17 (2001)
в”Ђ
Secretariat: single out + enhanced protection of
aural recordings
в”Ђ
ANC: non-disclosure of aural recordings
в”Ђ
SL 02/86 dated 30 August 2002: negative feedback
в”Ђ
IFALPA: main concern is public disclosure
в”Ђ
ANC: proposal withdrawn in 2003
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2.
2.5
BACKGROUND (Cont’d)
11th Air Navigation Conference (2003)
в”Ђ
в”Ђ
в”Ђ
в”Ђ
в”Ђ
cf. A33-16 (GASP): guidance on protection of
privileged safety information
Rec. 2/4: “The protection of sources of safety
information”
ICAO to develop guidelines for States’ legislation
to protect sources and free flow of safety
information
considering public interest in the proper
administration of justice
7
1
2.
2.6
BACKGROUND (Cont’d)
Assembly Resolution A35-17 (2004)
в”Ђ
protect safety data collection systems and AIG
в”Ђ
Res. clause 1: Council to develop appropriate legal
guidance
в”Ђ
balance: protect safety information and administer
justice
8
1
2.
2.7
BACKGROUND (Cont’d)
Work on Resolution A35-17, clause 1
в”Ђ
SL 05/6 – samples of existing legislation
в”Ђ
analysis - draft
в”Ђ
Informal consultation
в”Ђ
ANC Jan. 06 (Drafting Group) Council 3 March 2006
в”Ђ
Legal guidance – Attachment E to Annex 13
9
1
3.
3.1
ATTACHMENT E TO ANNEX 13
Objective
в”Ђ
prevent inappropriate use of info collected for safety
в”Ђ
flexibility set of principles (not model legislation)
в”Ђ
guidelines in Attachment = not binding
в”Ђ
SDCPS investigation records and reporting systems
в”Ђ
Outline of 6 series of principles
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1
3. ATTACHMENT E TO ANNEX 13
(Cont’d)
3.2
General Principles
в”Ђ
availability to improve safety
в”Ђ
without interfering with justice
в”Ђ
balance to be struck
в”Ђ
to prevent inappropriate use
в”Ђ
inherent to State’s safety responsibilities
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3. ATTACHMENT E TO ANNEX 13
(Cont’d)
3.3
Principles of Protection
в”Ђ
qualification: safety aim and availability
в”Ђ
Specific as per nature
в”Ђ
Procedure and conditions
в”Ђ
no inappropriate use
в”Ђ
use for justice under safeguards
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3. ATTACHMENT E TO ANNEX 13
(Cont’d)
3.4
Principles of Exception
в”Ђ
provided by law
в”Ђ
evidence of intent to cause damage, gross negligence, …
в”Ђ
indication as considered by appropriate authority
в”Ђ
release determined as necessary for justice, beyond
safety perspective
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3. ATTACHMENT E TO ANNEX 13
(Cont’d)
3.5
Public disclosure
в”Ђ
subject to principles of protection/exception
в”Ђ
justification: onus on those seeking disclosure
в”Ђ
criteria: corrections needed; privacy laws;
de-identification; …
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3. ATTACHMENT E TO ANNEX 13
(Cont’d)
3.6
Responsibility of the custodian of safety information
в”Ђ
designated guardian
в”Ђ
principle: protection from disclosure - safeguards
в”Ђ
unless exception for release
в”Ђ
unless consent of originator
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3. ATTACHMENT E TO ANNEX 13
(Cont’d)
3.7
Protection of recorded information
в”Ђ
ambient workplace recordings (e.g. CVRs)
в”Ђ
privacy issues
в”Ђ
Enhanced protection by law
в”Ђ
specific measures for confidentiality/disclosure
(gag orders)
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4. CONCLUSIONS
4.1
Resolving Clause 2 of A35-17
в”Ђ
States to examine and adjust/enact their legislation as
necessary
в”Ђ
policy decision
в”Ђ
Based on ICAO guidance to the extent possible:
BALANCE
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4. CONCLUSIONS
4.2
Draft Canadian Aeronautics Act
4.3
ICAO Journal Vol. 61, No.6-2006
— END —
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