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The Arrival Of Macedonia: Phillip And Alexander

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The Arrival Of Macedonia:
Phillip II And Alexander The
Great
The Northern Greeks: The
Macedonians
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Kingdom of Macedonia
was north of Greece
Macedonians were
considered barbaric
and not worthy of
Greek attention
Macedonians had their
own problems dealing
with invasions from
Europe and constant
fighting amongst
themselves
Phillip II
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359 B.C. Phillip Of
Macedonia assumes power
Skilled politician and
master of Greek warfare
who seeks to exploit
weaknesses of many Greek
poleis
He is skilled and daring
enough to seize the entire
Greek peleponese
Phillip II
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Army of Macedonia had
many strengths
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Army was based on
heavy and light cavalry
supported by hoplite
phalanxes
Phalanx consisted of
Greek soldiers in a tight
formation of shields and
long lances
Macedonians breed for
war
Phillip II
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Phillip of Macedonia controls
Greece by 339 B.C. through
conquest and by promising
to remove Persian presence
from Greece
He assassinated before
daughters wedding in 338
B.C. (alleged that Alexander
had role in his death)
Alexander assumes throne at
20 years of age
Alexander The Great
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Alexander is an
experienced commander
and determined to prove
himself
Calls for Greek troops but
is ignored by Greek poleis
Massacres the polis Thebes
in 335 B.C.to send a
message
His army swells with Greek
troops who fear him
Alexander The Great
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Alexander invades Persia
and at Battle of The
Granicus 334B.C. defeats
an army of 110,000
He moves into Egypt and is
proclaimed pharaoh
Builds the famous
lighthouse of Alexandria
Considered one of the
Seven Wonders of the
World
Alexander The Great: The Persian
Conquest
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Alexander seeks to conqueror
Babylon in 334 B.C.
Persian Emperor Darius fails
to stop the Greeks from
moving into the heart of his
kingdom
331 B.C. Battle of Issus
Alexander crushes the Persian
army led by Darius who flees
the field of battle
Darius is eventually killed by
own troops to appease
Alexander
Alexander The Great: The Persian
Conquest
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Alexander conquerors the
Persian empire and becomes
infatuated with Persian life
Convinced he is destined to
conqueror the world
He conquerors Afghanistan
and Pakistan until he
ventures into India past the
Indus River Valley
India proves to be more than
a challenge
Alexander the Greats Victory at
Hydaspes River, 326 B.C.
Alexander The Great: The Persian
Conquest
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Alexander’s army refuses
to go any further
He seeks to punish his
men by returning through
the deserts of Pakistan and
loses 50% of his men
Returns to Babylon by 324
B.C. and seeks to merge
the Greek and Persian
empires into one
Alexander The Great: The Persian
Conquest
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323 B.C. Alexander
seeks to cross into
Arabia and beyond
The Greek army is
exhausted and on
the brink of mutiny
Alexander
mysteriously dies
before his plans
are complete
Death is a mystery
The Significance Of Alexander
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A magnificent general and
leader whose
accomplishments of war
are still studied
He helped spread Greek
culture throughout the
Middle East
He built over 70 cities
along trade routes using
Greek style including
bathes and gymnasiums
which contribute to cultural
exchange
The Significance Of Alexander
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Introduced the
Hellenistic Age it was
the mixture of Greek
and Persian culture
that produced new
ideas on civilization
This lead to the birth
of cosmopolitan cities
Shortcoming was that
he was not concerned
with ruling an empire
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