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Chapter Seven: Sundanese Dance Music

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Chapter Seven: Sundanese
Dance Music
Sundanese Popular Music Forms
• Dangdut -- mixes rock and Indian film
song
• Jaipongan -- ndigenous Sundanese
sounds
Drum “Grooves”
• Dangdut
–4
1
2
– “dang dut
3
4
1
2
3 ...
dang dut ...”
• Jaipongan
– “ja - i - pong
ja - i - pong …”
Which is more “Traditional” /
“Authentic”?
• Dangdut may be more “traditional”
• Despite dangdut’s Western sound
• Because the ideas and behaviors
behind dangdut are more “traditional”
Four Sundanese Dance Genres
• Ketuk tilu
• Bajidoran
– modern ketuk tilu
Four Sundanese Dance Genres
(cont.)
• Jaipongan
– “cleaned-up” version
– presentational, staged
• Dangdut
Ketuk Tilu
• Dance party
– Men dance with ronggeng and each other
– Ronggeng: female singer/dancer/prostitute
Ketuk Tilu (cont.)
• Musical ensemble
– Goong
– Three ketuk (small gongs)
– Rebab (spike fiddle)
– Drums
Three elements in Ketuk Tilu
• Ronggeng (female singer-dancer)
• Drumming that animates dancers
• “Freedom” in dance movements
Bajidoran (modern ketuk tilu)
•
•
•
•
Ronggeng on a high stage
Innovations in music and dance
Egot (holding hands with ronggeng)
Triping (“tripping”)
Jaipongan
• Combined features of
– Ketuk tilu / bajidoran
– Disco
– “Classical” dance
Jaipongan (cont.)
• Includes
– Separate female singer and female dancer
– Wild drumming
– Choreographed dancing on stage
Dangdut dance events
• Ketuk tilu ideas grafted onto dangdut
– Ronggeng (female singer/dancer)
– Drumming that animates dancers
– “freedom” in dance movements
What’s “Traditional” /
“Authentic”?
• Western approach: sounds /
instruments
– Continuity in sound, instruments, and
appearances
– Contexts and meanings can change
What’s “Traditional” /
“Authentic”? (cont.)
• Sundanese approach: ideas / behaviors
– Continuity in interactions, roles, and
meanings
– Sound, instruments, and appearances can
change
Summary
• “Tradition”
– Connected to the past
– Relevant to the present
– Helps articulate identity
Summary (cont.)
• Various “traditional” Sundanese forms
– Ketuk tilu, jaipongan, bajidoran, dangdut
• Three “traditional” elements
• focus on ideas and behaviors (vs. sounds)
• Ronggeng, drumming, “free” dancing
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