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Birth Control Pills

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Birth Control Pills
What is the birth
control pill?
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The Pill is taken by
mouth by the woman to
prevent pregnancy, and
when taken correctly, is
up to 99.9% effective.
According to the Center
for disease control and
prevention, “The
leading contraceptive
method among women
aged 15-29 is the pill.”
How long have birth control
pills been around?
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Oral contraception is about four thousand years old.
There is a long history of woman orally consuming a
wide concoction of " potions" and toxins to prevent
pregnancy.
Women in China drank mercury to prevent
pregnancy.
Women in India swallowed carrot seeds as a
"morning after" contraceptive in 1500s.
Today's birth control pills were developed in the
1930s from Mexican plant barbasco root.
How long have birth control
pills been around?
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More than 45 years since the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) approved "the pill"
in 1960, it continues to be the most popular
and one of the most effective forms of
reversible birth control ever invented.
How does the birth control
pills prevent pregnancy?
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Normally a woman becomes pregnant when
an egg released from her ovary is fertilized by
a man's sperm. The fertilized egg attaches to
the woman's uterus where it receives
nourishment and develops into a baby.
Hormones in the woman's body control the
release of the egg from the ovary and
prepare the body to accept the fertilized egg.
How does the birth control
pills prevent pregnancy?
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The pill contains a small amount of
synthetic estrogens and progestin
hormones. These hormones work
to inhibit the body's natural cyclical
hormones to prevent pregnancy.
Pregnancy is prevented because
the pill:
пЃ¬ stops the body from releasing an
egg from the ovary
пЃ¬ changes the cervical mucus to
make it difficult for the sperm to
find an egg
пЃ¬ makes the lining of the womb
inhospitable for implantation
What types of birth control
pills are available?
The 3 most common types of birth control
pills:
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1. Progestin-only pills (POP).
пЃ¬ This type of pill contains no estrogen. Called the
progestin-only pill, or "mini-pill," it's ideal for
breastfeeding women because estrogen reduces milk
production. It's also ideal for women who cannot take
estrogen.
What types of birth control
pills are available?
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2. Combination pills
пЃ¬ When you hear the term
"birth control pill," it most
often refers to oral
contraceptives containing
estrogen and progestin.
Each pill in the pack
contains a combination of
these two hormones.
What types of birth control
pills are available?
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In September 2003, the Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) approved
a 91-day oral contraceptive regimen
called Seasonale, in which you take
a pill containing progestin and
estrogen for 12 weeks (84 days),
followed by one week of placebo
tablets. If you use this product, you
only menstruate about once every
three months instead of once a
month.
What types of birth control
pills are available?
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3. Emergency
contraceptive pills
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ECPs are not
intended to be used
regularly as a
contraceptive. They
are designed to
prevent pregnancy
after unprotected
sex.
What if I forget to take one or
more birth control pills?
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If you forget to take one active combination
pill at your usual time, take it as soon as you
remember.
Take your next pill at the regular time. Also,
use a back-up type of contraception such as
condoms for the 7 days after the missed pill.
If you do not remember until the next day,
then take two pills that day.
How many women actually use
birth control pills?
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According to the Johns Hopkins School of
Public Health Population Information
Program, more than 18 million US women
rely on birth control pills, also called oral
contraceptives, as their birth control method.
Only 73 % of women have admitted to ever
used a condom, yet 80% of women have
used BCPs.
Are birth control pills safe?
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Unlike the original oral contraceptives used
decades ago, low-dose forms with few health
risks are the norm. Today's birth control pills
even offer health benefits.
Although generally safe they do have some
side effects, and long term health risks, but
also many benefits.
What are the side effects?
Common:
пЃ¬ Nausea
пЃ¬ Weight gain
пЃ¬ Sore or swollen
breasts
пЃ¬ Small amount of
blood, or spotting,
between periods
пЃ¬ Lighter periods
пЃ¬ Mood changes
Abnormal & Serious:
пЃ¬ Abdominal pain
(stomach pain)
пЃ¬ Chest pain
пЃ¬ Headaches (severe)
пЃ¬ Eye problems (blurred
vision)
пЃ¬ Swelling and/or
aching in the legs and
thighs
Benefits
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Prevent pregnancy
Improve menstruation cycle
Prevent cancer
Improve bone density
Protect from ovarian cysts
Risks
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Heart attack
Ischemic stroke
Migraines and stroke
Venous thromboembolism
Worsen severe diabetes
Possible acceleration of gallbladder disease
Lupus/sickle cell anemia
What do other people in our
class think about taking
birth control pills?
When asked her opinion on birth control Lori
said she was "All for it. The absence of birth
control can alter your life dramatically.“
пЃ¶ Ashley, another student in the class said "I
think birth control is okay depending on what
its used for. If you need it, then its a good
idea."
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What do real women using birth
control pills think about them?
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Crystal is currently taking the brand "Ortho Tricyclen“.
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She has been using birth control pills takes them every
night for 4 years now.
Menstrual cycle has decrease in flow and length
Noticed a weight gain of 25 pounds
Experiences a constant feeling of hunger
Notices no headache
When she stopped using pills for about a year
because her doctor moved away, it took about 6
months for her body to go back/ regulate.
What do real women using birth
control pills think about them?
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Antonet started using birth control pills from
the age 14-18.
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Still got pregnant
Use to have really heavy menstrual cycle (it was
so bad that she even went to the hospital to get
shots, so her cramps wouldn't be so painful).
Her menstrual cycle is now light and short.
Conclusion
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According to the Center for disease control and prevention, “The leading
contraceptive method among women aged 15-29 is the pill.”
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There are 3 major types of the BCPs, within them are subgroups like Seasonale for
example.
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The birth control pill was an important invention for women, it has liberated women
and allowed them to be much more spontaneous and carefree.
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Interestingly only 73 % of women have admitted to ever used a condom, yet 80% of
women have used BCPs. It is the most popular and most effective form of birth
control. “the pill” is safe and women have adjusted to popping the pill on a daily
bases.
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By increasing the hormones in your body , your body chemistry changes, thus
preventing pregnancy.
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And remember NO contraceptive methods are 100% perfect. As we have heard
every contraceptive has advantages and disadvantages.
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When it comes time for you to pick what birth control you want, you have to take in
consideration your own body and what is best for yourself.
References
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"The Gynecological Sourcebook" Author : M. Sara
Rosenthal, Ph.D. 4th edition
Personal Reference - Lori
Personal Reference - Ashley
Personal Reference - Crystal
Personal Reference - Antonet
http://www.youngwomenshealth.org/femalehormone1.html
http://webmd.com
http://healthywomen.org
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