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PKSSSS CY2010
Level: J4
Lesson 2: Birth of Prince Siddhartha
Introduction to Family Background
• The hero of our story is
Prince Siddhartha, the
Buddha-to-be, who lived
more than 2,500 years
ago.
• The Shakyan clans live
along the Rohini River
which flows among the
southern foothills of the
Himalayas.
BIRTH
Page 1
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
The City of Kapilavastu
• Their king, Shuddhodana
Gautama, established
his capital at
Kapilavastu.
• He had a great castle
built and ruled wisely,
winning the praise of his
people.
BIRTH
Page 2
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
Queen Maya and King Suddhodana
• The Queen's name was
Maya.
• She was the daughter
of the King's uncle
who was also the king
of a neighboring
district of the same
Shakyan clan.
BIRTH
Page 3
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
Queen Maya’s Dream
Sanchi Stupa Queen Maya’s dream
BIRTH
Page 4
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
• One night, Queen Maya
had a strange dream.
• She saw a White
Elephant with six tusks
entering into her womb
through the right side
of her body and she
became pregnant.
• White Elephant
symbolize greatness
and unique child.
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
Birth of the Prince
• According to ancient
Indian custom, the Queen
need to returned to her
parents' home for the birth
of her child.
• On her way, in the beautiful
spring sunshine, she took
a rest in the garden called
Lumbini Park.
• While resting under the
Sala tree, she give birth to
a baby boy.
BIRTH
Page 5
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
Birth of the Prince
• The prince was born on the day of
the full moon in the fifth month of
the year.
• Some pictures to show the present
conditions of the birth place of the
Buddha – Lumbini Park.
– Ashoka Pillar
BIRTH
Page 6
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
Asita’s Prediction
• The sage called Asita went to
the palace to look at the royal
prince.
• He predicted that the prince
would become a Buddha.
• He was having mixed feelings
(happy and sad) when he saw
the prince, why?
– He was happy because the prince
would become a Buddha
– He was sad because he is old and
would not live long enough to
listen to the Teaching of the
Buddha
BIRTH
Page 7
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
The Naming Ceremony
• Fifth day after birth, many
priests were invited for
naming ceremony.
• Seven priests predicted the
prince would become either
a King of Kings or Buddha.
• Eighth and youngest priest
predicted the prince would
become a Buddha.
• The prince was named
Siddhartha which means
“wish fulfilled”
BIRTH
Page 8
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
The Passing Away of Queen Maya
• In the palace, the
happiness of the King,
however, was followed
quickly by sorrow.
• Seven days after the
prince birth, the lovely
Queen Maya passed
away.
BIRTH
Page 9
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
Taking Care of the Baby Prince
• The Queen’s younger
sister, Prajapati,
became the prince's
foster mother and
brought him up with
loving care.
BIRTH
Page 10
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
Summary on Birth of Prince Siddhartha
• Prince Siddhartha was born about 2,500 years
ago into the royal family of the Shakyans.
• Prince’s father was King Shuddhodana, mother
was Queen Maya.
• He was born in Lumbini Park.
• He was named Siddhartha means “wish
fulfilled”.
• Prince’s mother passed away seven days after
his birth.
• His aunt, Prajapati brought him up since.
BIRTH
Page 11
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
Recap on today learning
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Prince Siddhartha was born about _____ years ago into the royal
family of the Shakyans.
How many tusks does the white elephant have in Queen’s Maya
dream?
Prince’s father was _____________, mother was ___________.
Prince Siddhartha was born in ___________.
Who is the Sage that made the prediction that Prince Siddhartha will
become a Buddha?
Why did the sage have mixed feeling when he saw Prince
Siddhartha?
Siddhartha means “___________”.
Prince Siddhartha’s mother passed away _____ days after his birth.
Who looked after Prince Siddhartha after his mother passed away?
BIRTH
Page 12
Growing Up &
Four Encounters
Renunciation
Search for
Truth
Enlightenment
Learn. Practice. Realise. Share.
Teaching
Final
Nirvana
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