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UAA Building and Office Safety

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BUILDING
&OFFICE &
SAFETY
Trig Trigiano
UAA Environmental Health & Safety
And
Risk Management Support
OHT1
OBJECTIVES
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Familiarization and Awareness of
Common Safety Concerns at UAA
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Provide Resources and Reference
Material for Building and Safety
Coordinators
OHT2
What Can Happen In An Unsafe Work
Area?
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Injuries & Illnesses
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physical
psychological
diseases
Which Can Lead To:
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absences
conflicts
decreased morale
decreased productivity
crabbiness
OHT3
Policies & Procedures and
Lots of Other Safety
Resources
http://ehsrms.uaa.alaska.edu
OHT4
Workplace Specific Hazards
& Risks?
пЃ® Slips, Trips & Falls
Manual Handling & Ergonomics
пЃ® Chemical & Biological Hazards
пЃ® Physical Hazards
пЃ® Psychological Hazards
пЃ® Aggression & Violence
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OHT5
Slips, Trips & Falls
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Icy Conditions (sand & Spikies)
Not Paying Attention
General Housekeeping
Cords, Cables & Wires
Cupboards, Cabinets, Drawers & Carpets
Personal Belongings
Furniture (44” clearance)
Fluid Spills & Floor Surfaces
Chewing Gum and Walking At the Same
Time пЃЉ
OHT6
Workplace Specific Hazards
& Risks?
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Slips, Trips & Falls
пЃ® Manual
Handling &
Ergonomics
Chemical & Biological Hazards
пЃ® Physical Hazards
пЃ® Psychological Hazards
пЃ® Aggression & Violence
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OHT7
Manual Handling Techniques
“To Do or Not To Do”
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Twisting & Bending
Pushing vs. Pulling
Center of Gravity
Frequency
Walking
Teamwork Lifting & Moving
Mechanical Aids
OHT8
Ergonomics: Evolution or Devolution?
OHT9
What is Ergonomics?
According to Webster: “Ergonomics is the study of
equipment design in order to reduce operator
fatigue and discomfort.”
According to Trig: “Making the
equipment work for the worker
rather than the worker working
for the equipment.”
OHT10
Office Ergonomics
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Office Equipment & Placement:
workstations, chairs, keyboards
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Worker Posture:
height & distance of equipment
periods of sitting & standing
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Breaks & Exercises:
5 – 10 minutes per hour suggested
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Web Ergonomic Self Evaluation
training button at the EHS/RMS Website
if problems are detected, call EHS
at 786-1351
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UAA EHS/RMS Ergonomics Policy 24
OHT11
Workplace Specific Hazards
& Risks?
Slips, Trips & Falls
пЃ® Manual Handling & Ergonomics
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пЃ® Chemical
& Biological
Hazards
Physical Hazards
пЃ® Psychological Hazards
пЃ® Aggression & Violence
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OHT12
Office Hazardous Material
пЃ± Toners,
Developers & Inks
пЃ± Cleaning Agents
пЃ± Solvents
пЃ± Paints
пЃ± Air
OHT13
Material Safety Data Sheets
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MSDSs are required for all hazmats
Should be available near or at the
worksite during or before the shift
when the associated material is to
be used
Provide detailed chemical, health,
and safety information
Often need an interpretation by a
chemical professional
“Grain of Salt”
OHT14
Contaminated Air or
Indoor Air Quality
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Stale air (lack of fresh air)
Carbon dioxide (CO2) vs. Carbon Monoxide (CO)
Temperature
Humidity
Cigarette Smoke
Micro-organisms (molds, mildews, bacteria, viruses)
Ozone
Miscellaneous odors and episodic contaminates
Neighbors
Measurements
OHT15
Workplace Specific Hazards
& Risks?
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Slips, Trips & Falls
Manual Handling &
Ergonomics
Chemical & Biological
Hazards
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Hazards
Psychological Hazards
Aggression & Violence
OHT16
Office Machinery
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Electricity
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Photocopiers
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noise, inks, ozone (laser)
Computers - VDUs
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toner, developer/toner, noise, ozone, light
Printers
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cords, cables & electrical hazards
faulty or arcing switches
Eyestrain and ergonomics
computer games
Typewriters
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repetitive motion strain
OHT17
Electrical Safety Problems
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Lock-out or Secure the Problem Area
Notify Your Co-workers and Supervisor
 Call
Maintenance at 786-6980
OHT18
Noise - In Here - Pardon?
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What is noise?
Legal limits: 85dB(Action Level)
How it’s measured
Control strategies
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Elimination & Hearing Protection
Engineering
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separating
enclosing
absorbing and diffusing
Administration
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staff rotation, shift duration timings
OHT19
Lighting & Glare
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How do you Know?
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headache?
fatigue?
eyestrain?
nausea?
can usually see it
Benefits of Eliminating Glare
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reduced absenteeism
reduced illnesses
OHT20
Fire Safety in the Office
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Call these numbers for all fire and medical
emergencies: UPD 786-1120 & EMS 911
Know two ways to get out!
Know how to trigger the building alarm
Appropriate Equipment?
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alarms, extinguishers, hoses, detectors
Training? Evacuations, Fire Extinguishers
Visitors, Clients, Public?
Should I put the fire out?
OHT21
Housekeeping
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What is Housekeeping?
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Good Housekeeping Benefits
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cleanliness, tidiness, maintenance
taking care of your work area
good housekeeping calls for
constant care
safer, easier, better, more fun
less tiring, more work and play
space, less aggravating, more
business-like
Part of YOUR Job
OHT22
Corridors or Exit Systems
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What is a Corridor?
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Common Deficiencies
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Means to get out of a building
Suite corridors vs. main or public
Doors in corridors
Excessive storage (includes
furniture, surplus material, free
standing displays, etc.)
Obstructions to smooth traffic
flow
Open and blocked doors
Requires constant vigilance
OHT23
Excessive Storage
Fire loading
 18” Sprinkler head rule
пЃ® Flammable storage
restrictions
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vigilance
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OHT24
Room Capacity
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50 or more people requires two
widely separated exits
Fixed seating rooms are limited to the
number of fixed chairs and few
additional.
Labs are limited to the number of
workstations plus a few additional
Standing room only is used some on
buses
We aren’t the airlines and cannot
overbook rooms with the expectation
that enrollment will drop after a few
weeks.
Requires constant vigilance
OHT25
Workplace Specific Hazards
& Risks?
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Slips, Trips & Falls
Manual Handling &
Ergonomics
Chemical & Biological
Hazards
Physical Hazards
пЃ® Psychological
Hazards
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Aggression & Violence
OHT26
Stress
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g
asin
Statistically incre
Costs
Causes
Effects
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Personal
Social
Organizational
OHT27
Stress – Things You Can Do
Talk with a co-worker, friend, your
S.O. , or your supervisor in private
пЃ® Analyze the situation & consider
constructive approaches to address
the problem
пЃ® Talk with an HRS consultant
пЃ® Use your EAP benefits
пЃ® Pick your battles
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OHT28
Go Fishing … A Great Stress Reliever
OHT29
Workplace Specific Hazards
& Risks?
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Slips, Trips & Falls
Manual Handling &
Ergonomics
Chemical & Biological
Hazards
Physical Hazards
Psychological Hazards
пЃ® Aggression
&
Violence
OHT30
What is Workplace
Violence?
 Any physical assault,
threatening behavior, or verbal
abuse occurring in the
workplace.
 The workplace may be any
location either permanent or
temporary where an employee
performs any work-related duty.
OHT31
Occupational Aggression &
Violence
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Laws & Policies
Types of Violence
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Physical & psychological
Control Measures
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Procedures
Reporting system
Infrastructure & training
Call UPD at 786-1120
When less severe, call HRS,
Diversity & Compliance or
Dean of Students depending
on the nature of the event
OHT32
Resource: EHS/RMS
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Most environmental and occupational health and
safety issues to include:
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EHS training and education
hazardous materials and waste management
ergonomic evaluations (temporarily discontinued)
fire code compliance
accident investigation and prevention
safety audits
indoor air quality (with FMS 786-6980)
specific safety code consultations
safety program development assistance
risk analysis
whole bunch of other stuff
OHT33
Resource: University Police Department
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Commissioned police officers (real cops)
Most public safety and security matters
Campus violence situations
Criminal and traffic law enforcement
Criminal investigations
Non-employee accident reporting
Crime statistics and reporting
Safety and security training, evaluations, and
consultations
After hours safety escorts and unlocks
Emergency campus phone system
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www.uaa.alaska.edu/upd
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786-1120
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OHT34
Resource: Facilities Maintenance
Services
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Most grounds and building maintenance
issues
Along with EHS, indoor air quality
investigation and amelioration
Electrical, mechanical, carpentry, and
plumbing concerns
www.uaa.alaska.edu/fcs/maintenanceoper
ations/index.cfm
786-6980
OHT35
Reporting
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UPD 786-1120: crimes, personal and auto accidents,
thefts, personal injuries, overly aggressive behavior,
misconduct, suspicious persons or activities, moose,
free donuts and free food
EHS/RMS 786-1351: unsafe conditions, hazmats and
hazwastes, regulatory contacts, IAQ problems,
ergonomics, food safety, permits, fire safety,
insurance claims, a whole bunch of other stuff
Parking 786-1119: parking lot problems
Maintenance 786-6980: plumbing, electrical,
mechanical, carpentry, locks, grounds, IAQ problems
(with EHS/RMS)
Custodial 786-4762: janitorial concerns and general
sanitation
SORS 786-7755: Workers Compensation, liability and
major loss claims
OHT36
FEED TRIG PIZZA AND
NOBODY GETS HURT
OHT37
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