close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Open Office.Org

код для вставкиСкачать
Open Office.Org
• What is the Open Office.org Source
Project?
Open source project through which
Sun Microsystems is releasing the
technology for the popular Star
Office(tm) productivity suite.
• Name of the overall project and is
being hosted by CollabNet.
Features:
• downloadable sources and information
• the community and communication
mechanisms for the project
• The governance body called the Open
Office.org Foundation
Mission
• To create an open and ubiquitous XMLbased file format for office documents and
to provide an open reference
implementation for this format.
• XML adopted as the new native file format
for the Star Officeв„ў suite, replacing the old
binary file format.
Goal
• Two Fold
• Complete specification encompassing
all Star Office components
• Provide an open standard for office
documents
Why XML?
• Ideal open standard because of the
free availability of
• XML specifications
• DTDs
• XSL, XSLT, XLink, SVG, MathML
• One single XML format can be
applied to different types of documents
XML File Format Specification
• Name Spaces
• Structure
• Document Info
Name Spaces
•
•
•
•
•
•
Office
Style
Api
Table
Meta
Draw
Structure
• Element symbolizes structural
components
• The structure applies to all applications
• Text,spreadsheet,drawing… all differ
only by content and all are represented
by the same structure
Document Root
•
•
•
•
Root – �document’
XML code <office:document>
DTD <!ELEMENT office:document
(office:meta?,office:configs?,office:scri
pting?,…)>
Root element Attributes
• �Class’ –identifies document application
•
text
•
on-line text
•
Spreadsheet
•
Drawing
•
Presentation
• XML code: office:class
•
•
•
•
Version
Gives the version of the file format
XML code: office:version
DTD : <!ATTLIST office:document
office:version CDATA #implied>
Document Information
•
•
•
•
•
Title
Author
Document creation date
Specified using �meta’ element
XML code <office:meta>
Others
•
•
•
•
Scripting
Forms
Styles
Configuration management
Document Content
•
•
•
•
�body’ element contains content
XML code :<office:body>
DTD <!ELEMENT office:body ANY>
�ANY’ indicates any type of content
White Space processing & EOL handling
• White spaces ignored for elements that
have element contents
• Preserved by default
• Line feed & carriage return for line
ends
• Entity reference &#x0D
Document Validation
• If document is validated it must match the
DTD
• Not appropriate to validate in following
cases
1. Documents created by another version
2. Documents that contain a custom
extension
Why not Validate?
• Both documents may contain elements
& attributes that may be unknown to
the application processing the file
• Forward compatible processing rules
describes how to handle such elements
RULES
• Major version same as current major
version & minor version same or less
than current minor version then
• FCP is “DISABLED”
• The document may be validated
RULES
• If major version same as current major
version and minor version greater than
current minor version
• FCP “ENABLED”
• Document should not be validated
• The same thing holds good when major
versions are not equal
Preserving unknown attributes
• Attributes preserved by default
• Some attributes corrupt
document.These should not be
preserved
• <?staroffice:preserve excl-attrs =
“….”?>
• …. Is any valid xpath expression
Language element
• Language element specifies default
document language
• XML Code <dc:language>
• DTD <!ELEMENT dc:language
�language code’>
DATA STYLES
•
•
•
•
•
•
Displaying different types of data
Number style <number:number-style>
Currency
<number:currency-style>
Date
<number:time-style>
Boolean
Text
…
HANDLING HYPERLINKS
• Hyperlinks in text documents are
represented by a simple XLink
• XML Code: <text:a>
• Rules: If this element contains white-space
characters, the characters are collapsed
• DTD: <!ELEMENT text:a
(script:events?,(%inline-text;)*)>
ATTRIBUTES
• The attributes associated with the
<text:a> element are:
• Name
• Link locator
• Target frame
• Text styles
NAME
• A hyperlink can have a name, but it is
not essential. The name attribute
specifies the name of the hyperlink if
one exists.
• This name can serve as a target for
some other hyperlinks.
• XML –CODE text:name
• DTD: <!ATTLIST text:a text:name
CDATA #IMPLIED>
• Notes: This attribute is specified for
compatibility with HTML where an
<a> element may serve as link source
and target simultaneously
Target Frame
• The target frame name of the link is
specified by a �target- frame- name’
attribute
• XML Code: office:target-frame-name
RULES
• " _self “referenced document replaces
current frame
• " _blank “ referenced document
displayed in a new frame
• " _parent “referenced document
displayed in the parent frame of the
current frame
RULES
• " _top” The referenced document is
displayed in the uppermost frame
• A frame name referenced document is
displayed in the named frame
XLINK SPECIFICATION
• xlink:show attribute is attached to the
<text:a> element
• DTD: <!ATTLIST text:a office:targetframe-name CDATA #REQUIRED>
• <!ATTLIST text:a xlink:show
(new|replace) "replace">
Link Locator
• The location of the link (URL) is
specified by a href attribute
• XML Code: xlink:href
Link Locator
• DTD: <!ATTLIST text:a xlink:href
%url #REQUIRED>
• <!ATTLIST text:a xlink:type (simple)
#FIXED “simple”>
• <!ATTLIST text:a xlink:actuate
(onRequest) “onRequest”>
Text Styles
– Every hyperlink has two text styles
as follows:
Text Styles
– " If the link location of the hyperlink has
not been visited, a certain text style is
applied to the text of the hyperlink
• " If the link location of the
hyperlink has already been
visited, a different text style is
applied to the text of the
hyperlink
DatabaseFields
• Display data from databases as text
• Star office databases are either tables
or queries
• Every database has a name used for its
identity
DatabaseFields
• DTD <!ENTITY % database-table
• text:database-name CDATA #
REQUIRED
• text:table-name CDATA
#REQUIRED “>
Displaying databases
• �database-display’ element used
• �column-name’ attribute selects
selects column
• DTD <!ATTLIST text:database-display
text:column-name CDATA
#REQUIRED
Graphic Content
•
•
•
•
•
Configuring Graphic Document
Info needs to be supplied
Drawing
Rectangle
Line
Graphic Content
• Polygon
• Circle
• Ellipse
Rectangle
• � rect’ element represents rectangular
drawing shape
• DTD <!ELEMENT draw:rect text:p*>
• <!ATTLIST draw:rect %draw-position
•
%draw-size
•
%draw-style-name
•
%draw-transform
LINE
• �line’ element represents line
• DTD <!ELEMENT draw:line text:p*>
•
<!ATTLIST draw:line svg:x1
%coordinate; #IMPLIED
• svg:x2 %coordinate; #IMPLIED
• svg:y1 %coordinate; #IMPLIED
• svg:y2 %coordinate; #IMPLIED
POLYGON
• XML-CODE <draw:polygon>
• DTD <!ELEMENT draw:polygon text:p*>
• <!ATTLIST draw:polygon %draw-position
•
%draw-size
•
draw:points
%points; #REQUIRED
•
TRANSFORMATION
• �transform’ attributes specifies list of
transformations
• <draw:g> is the element
• XML CODE : svg:transform
• Value of it is a list of transform
definitions separated by white spaces
TRANSFORM DEFINITIONS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Matrix(<a> <b> <c> <d> <e> <f>)
Transformation matrix of six values
Equivalent to [a b c d e f]
Translate(<tx>[<ty>])
Scale(<sx> [<sy>])
Rotate(<rotate-angle>)
skewX(<skew-angle>)
CHARTS
• Can exist as standalone docments or as
documents inside XML documents
• To create a standalone chart document
• set the value of the �office:class’ attribute to
chart in the <office:document> element
• Chart data is contained in <table:table>
element
CHART INSIDE SPREADSHEET
• To reference the correct table and cells
you can use the table:cell-rangeaddress attributes, which
• are applied to the <chart:series>
elements that represent the data series
in the chart
�chart’ ELEMENT
• The chart element represents an entire
chart, including titles, a legend , and
the graphical object that visualizes the
underlying data called the plot area.
• The �class’ attribute specifies the chart
type.
CLASS
• DTD: <!ENTITY % chart-class
• "(line|area|circle|ring|scatter|radar|bar|st
ock|bubble)">
• <!ATTLIST chart:chart
CLASS
•
•
•
•
chart:class %chart-class; #REQUIRED
svg:width %length; #IMPLIED
svg:height %length; #IMPLIED
chart:style-name %style-name;
#IMPLIED >
DTD’S
•
•
•
•
•
•
Office.dtd is the main DTD file
Chart.mod
Text.mod
Dtypes.mod
Meta.mod
Datastyle.mod
•
•
•
•
Namespace.mod
Style.mod
Table.mod
Office.mod
Office.DTD
•
•
•
•
•
•
%dtypes-mod;
%nmspace-mod;
%style-mod;
%office-mod;
……
Office.mod has the root element �document’
To-Do List
• ·
• ·
• ·
•
a validating parser component
a document clean and repair program
transformations from or into
Open Office XML
(such that they could also be used as
Import or export filters for the
applications)
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
2
Размер файла
89 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа