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Top Ten Fish Caught in Maine

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FISHING IN THE GULF OF MAINE
THE TEN MOST
COMMONLY CAUGHT FISH
By
CT Barnett and Jordan Peterson
Kimball Union Academy
The Black Dogfish
• Located in the pelagic zone and also in brackish
water marine environment. Depth range 0-1280 m.
Primarily a coastal and offshore inhabitant of
continental and insular shelves
• It feeds on bony fishes, sharks, rays, seals,
cetaceans, sea birds, carrion, squid, octopi
Are commonly known to attack humans
The Atlantic Cod
• Located in the benthopelagic zone, brackish
waters; depth range 1 - 600 m. Found over a wide
range of habitats
• Form schools during the day
• They are omnivorous, and feed at dawn or dusk on
invertebrates and fish
The Atlantic Herring
• Located in the pelagic zone; brackish water. Depth
range: 0-200 m. Schooling in coastal waters, with
complex feeding strategies
• Feeds on small planktonic copepods in the first
year and thereafter mainly on copepods. A
facultative zooplanktivorous filter-feeder it can
switch to filter-feeding if the food density and
particle size are appropriate
The Haddock
• Located in the demersal zone; marine depth range
10 - 450 m. Commonly at depths 80 - 200 m, over
rocks, sand, gravel or shells, and at temperatures
from 4В° - 10В°C.
• Eats small bottom-living organisms including
crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and
fishes.
The Atlantic Shad
• Located in the pelagic zone; lives in freshwater;
brackish; marine. Depth range: 0-250 m. Spend
most of its life at sea, returning to freshwater
streams to breed .
• Feeds on plankton, mainly copepods and mysids,
and occasionally on small fishes. Feeding ceases
during upstream spawning migration and resumes
during the downstream post-spawning migration
The White Hake
• Located in the demersal zone; depth to 980 m.
Soft mud bottoms of the continental shelf and
upper slope.
• It feeds on small crustaceans, squids and small
fish
The Atlantic Halibut
• Located in the demersal zone in a marine habitat,
depth range 50 - 2000 m. Benthic zone, but
occasionally pelagic zone, as well
• It feeds mainly on other fish (cod, haddock, sandeels, herring, capelin), but also cephalopods, large
crustaceans and other bottom invertebrates
The American Four-Spotted Flounder
• Located in the demersal zone in a marine
habitat. Bays and sounds in northern part of
range, progressing deeper to 275 m or more
• It feeds mainly on invertebrates, and other
small fishes
The Black Sea Bass
• Located in the demersal zone; freshwater;
brackish; marine; depth range to 30 m. Commonly
found in bays and coastal waters.
• May enter rivers to spawn in spring. Some
populations are landlocked.
• Feeds on zooplankton, fishes and invertebrates,
mainly crustaceans. Juveniles feed on small
shrimps, other crustaceans, annelid worms as well
as insects
The Atlantic Mackerel
• Located in the pelagic zone; brackish; marine
waters; depth to 200 m. Cold and temperate shelf
waters
• They school near the surface. Over winter in deep
waters, move closer to shore when water
temperatures warm to 11В° to 14В°C
• It feeds on zooplankton, and other small fishes.
STATISTICS
Year
2001
Species
HADDOCK
Tons
1,269
Pounds
2,798,936
$$$$$
3,354,538
Year
2001
Species
Flounder
Tons
1,180
Pounds
2,603,173
$$$$$
2,962,820
Year
2001
Species
Shad
Tons
0.3
Pounds
576
$$$$$
158
Year
2001
Species
Hake
Tons
1,915
Pounds
4,222,538
$$$$$
2,219,772
STATISTICS
Year
2001
Species
Herring
Tons
52,537
Pounds
$$$$$
115,824,675 7,164,559
Year
2001
Species
Cod
Tons
1,334
Pounds
2,941,705
$$$$$
3,114,299
Year
2001
Species
Mackerel
Tons
1.4
Pounds
3,120
$$$$$
1,417
Year
2001
Species
Sea Bass
Tons
0.2
Pounds
465
$$$$$
728
Year
2001
Species
Halibut
Tons
5
Pounds
10,985
$$$$$
38,491
Bibliography
• http://www.whoi.edu/marinecensus/doc/Ref
erence/fishes_c09_38.htm
• Encarta computer dictionary
• http://www.whoi.edu/marinecensus/doc/Ref
erence/fishes_common.htm
• http://www.st.nmfs.gov/st1/commercial/lan
dings/annual_landings.html
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