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The Intercontinental Eurasia-America Transport Link:
Key Element of a World Transport System
V.N.Razbegin
History of the Intercontinental Link Project
Late 19th century
1902-1905
October 1906
March 1907
April 1918
First proposals for a railroad to the Bering Strait, through Yakutsk and along the coastline of the Sea of Okhotsk.
French explorer Loicq de Lobel proposes an intercontinental railroad across the Bering Strait, on a concession
basis.
The Russian Government Commission on the Great Northern Route supports Lobel?s plan; it is decided to expedite
work on the project.
The Russian government terminated the contract, having decided its terms were not favorable.
Russian leader V.I. Lenin addressed the All-Russian Executive Committee on the need to intensify railroad
construction, including toward the Bering Strait.
1930s-1950s
Development and the start of construction on an Arctic Railroad from Vorkuta to Anadyr; construction of 1,700 km
from the western end.
1991
The international non-profit corporation "Interhemispheric Bering Strait Tunnel and Railroad Group" (IBSTRG) ?
also known as ?Transcontinental? ? was officially registered in Washington, DC.
The founding members of the IBSTRG from the American side were the State of Alaska, the American Railroad
Association, the Association of Low-population Ethnic Groups (it owns land along the Bering Strait), and several
large railroad, construction, and consulting companies, as well as firms that specialist in raw materials extraction
and processing. President: George Koumal.
The Russian section of the IBSTRG was registered at the same time. Director: V.N. Razbegin.
1992-1996
March 1996
March 1996
The IBSTRG did preliminary studies for the project and submitted its findings to the Russian and U.S.
governments.
The U.S.-Russian Intergovernmental Commission (the Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission) recommended support for
the Project as ?having great potential?? $10 million was allocated in the U.S. Federal Budget for studies, but
these funds were not disbursed.
The Government of the Russian Federation received a draft decision document defining the need for a set of
feasibility studies on the potential for a multimodal corridor, involving the Railways Ministry, the Ministry of
Construction, the State Committee for the North, the Main Administration of the Chukotka Autonomous Region, and
the CEOs of UES (the national power utility) and the Transstroy construction agency, as well as the Siberian
?? transport infrastructure is more than a mere economic task [for
Russia]. Its solution has a direct effect ? on the integrity of the country
as a whole.?
President Vladimir Putin, May 2004
?We need transportation access to the sparsely inhabited regions of the
country and promising industrial zones. ? In effect, this means
developing the sparsely inhabited regions of the country.?
President Putin, addressing the April 10, 2007 conference on
Russia?s rail development strategy to the year 2030
?The Russian economy will ? fully take up our historical mandate as the
energy and transportation center of Eurasia.?
First Deputy Premier Dmitri Medvedev, Jan. 2007 at the Davos
World Economic Forum
Why war? Why not a big project?
Former Governor of Alaska Walter Hickel
Russia Government decisions
on implementation of the project
2006
February
2007
September
6, 2007
Presidential go-ahead for Yakutsk-Magadan railroad by
2020.
Planning of Yakutsk-Uelen rail line?s first segment, to
Magadan, slated to start in 2007, with construction in
2009 and completion in 2015 in tandem with
hydroelectric power projects.
Russian Government rail strategy to 2030 is approved,
including Yakutsk-Uelen line to the Bering Strait as one of
the priority projects for strategic, social, and freight
purposes.
The Intercontinental Link ? a multimodal
corridor
? Two-track, fully electrified, high-speed rail mainline
Yakutsk-Zyryanka-Uelen-Fort Nelson (Canada),
total length 6,000 km
? Electric power transmission line ? up to 1500 Kv
DC, 12,000-15,000 Mw capacity
? Fiber optics telecommunications lines
? Oil and gas pipelines
Global importance of the
Intercontinental Link Project
?
Single, interlinked global transportation
network, with corridor for freight shipments
between Eurasia and America.
?
Accelerated global economic integration and
development
?
Development of northern regions of Russia, the
USA, and Canada, with enormous natural
resources becoming linked to world markets
?
Positive impact on international political
relations
The global transportation network
The Intercontinental Link will shorten the trip from Asia to
America by 14 days
The Intercontinental Link ? missing element in the global
transportation network
Russia is the key link, connecting Asia and America
6000 km
3% of world rail freight
in 2005 prices
The Intercontinental Link ? over 3% of world rail freight
shipments
148.9
165.4
89.6
182.0
Россия
TOTAL
238.5 - 2005
347.4 - 2030
million tons
Freight flows through tunnel
300-350 million
tons
Volume of freight on Intercontinental
Link system
500-600 million
tons - max
Transit shipments
60-80 million tons
Annual transit income
$8 ? 10 billion
Knitting together the rail networks of Eurasia and North America
The tunnel across the Bering Strait
Basic parameters of the railroad
Yakutsk-Uelen rail line
- Northern route
Yakutsk ? Zyryanka - Uelen
km
3850
- Southern route
Yakutsk-Susman-Markovo-AnadyrUelen
4020
- Yakutsk-Magadan railroad
1560
Wales-Fairbanks-Fort Nelson (BC)
railroad
Tunnel under the Bering Strait
1925
Different options:
98 - 113
The electric power component of the project
? Construction of electric power transmission line with capacity
of 12,000 ? 15,000 MW. Economies from integration of
energy systems and electricity transmission are estimated at
$20 billion annually.
? Construction of power stations exploiting tidal potential
Penzhinskaya
10.5 GW
Tungurskaya
5.3 GW
Cook Bay
9.4 GW
? Increased benefits from development of the Southern Yakutia
Hydroelectric Complex
The Intercontinental Link ? electric power
generation and transmission
Required capital investment for the Project
(IBSTRG estimates)
Billions of
U.S. $
Yakutsk-Uelen (Russia)
9.5-11.5
Wales (Alaska) ? Fort Nelson (BC)
2.5-3.5
12-15
Total for railroads
Tunnel construction
10-12
Electric power industry, including intercontinental
transmission line
23-25
Other (social infrastructure, fiber optics lines, etc.)
10-15
Total
55-67
Economic efficiency
Инвестиции:
железнодорожная магистраль
тоннель под Беринговым проливом
электроэнергетика
прочее
ВСЕГО
(млрд.долл.США)
12-15
10-12
23-25
10-15
55-67
Доходы
Освоение природных ресурсов и
социальное развитие территории
Доход от перевозок
Эффект от электроэнергетики
Прочие эффекты
Сроки окупаемости
IRR
25-30
8-10 в год
18-20 в год
10-15 в год
13-15 лет
не ниже 10%
The Intercontinental Link as a national project ?
its importance for Russia
?
Increased geopolitical presence in the Asia-Pacific Region
?
Improved position in world transportation services markets, as
well as energy and industrial markets
?
An important link in Russia?s own transportation network,
linking Northeast Russia to international transportation
corridors, thus bringing the country?s transportation potential to
life
?
Precondition for intensive economic development and
population of Northeast Russia (year-round transportation
access, reduced transport costs, competitive advantages for
key manufacturing)
?
Improved standards of living; new jobs; reversal of outmigration
The Intercontinental Link, hydroelectric power, and raw materials deposits
ПЭС
в заливе Кука
Каскад ГЭС на
р. Вилюй
Пенжинская
ПЭС
ГЭС
ГЭС
Southern Yakutsk
Hydroelectric Complex
Тугурская
ПЭС
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